41 relations: Abkhaz language, Advanced and retracted tongue root, Arabic, Arabic alphabet, Arabic phonology, Consonant, Cyrillic script, Ergative case, Index of phonetics articles, Ingush language, International Phonetic Alphabet, Inuit languages, Ket language, Khat, Kwak'wala, Language, Modern Standard Arabic, Mogadishu, Mongolian Cyrillic alphabet, Mongolian language, Nivkh language, Northeast Caucasian languages, Northwest Caucasian languages, Persian alphabet, Persian language, Persian phonology, Shor language, Somali language, Somali phonology, Speech, Sudanese Arabic, Taa language, Tabasaran language, Tsakhur language, Turkic languages, Uyghur language, Voiced uvular fricative, Voiced velar stop, X-SAMPA, Yakut language, Yemeni Arabic.
Abkhaz (sometimes spelled Abxaz; Аԥсуа бызшәа) is a Northwest Caucasian language spoken mostly by the Abkhaz people.
In phonetics, advanced tongue root and retracted tongue root, abbreviated ATR or RTR, are contrasting states of the root of the tongue during the pronunciation of vowels in some languages, especially in West and East Africa, but also in Kazakh and Mongolian.
Arabic (العَرَبِية, or عربي,عربى) is the Classical Arabic language of the 6th century and its modern descendants excluding Maltese.
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The Arabic alphabet (الأَبْجَدِيَّة العَرَبِيَّة or الحُرُوف العَرَبِيَّة) or Arabic abjad is the Arabic script as it is codified for writing the Arabic language.
While many languages have numerous dialects that differ in phonology, the contemporary spoken Arabic language is more properly described as a continuum of varieties.
In articulatory phonetics, a consonant is a speech sound that is articulated with complete or partial closure of the vocal tract.
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The Cyrillic script is an alphabetic writing system employed across Eastern Europe and north and central Asia.
The ergative case (abbreviated) is the grammatical case that identifies the noun as a subject of a transitive verb in ergative–absolutive languages.
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Ingush (ГӀалгӀай,, pronounced) is a language spoken by about 300,000 people, known as the Ingush, across a region covering the Russian republics of Ingushetia and Chechnya.
The International Phonetic Alphabet (unofficially—though commonly—abbreviated IPA)"The acronym 'IPA' strictly refers to the 'International Phonetic Association'.
The Inuit languages are a closely related group of Native American languages traditionally spoken across the North American Arctic and to some extent in the subarctic in Labrador.
The Ket language, or more specifically Imbak and formerly known as Yenisei Ostyak,Laurie Bauer, 2007, The Linguistics Student's Handbook, Edinburgh is a Siberian language long thought to be an isolate, the sole surviving language of a Yeniseian language family.
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Catha edulis (khat, qat) is a flowering plant native to the Horn of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula.
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Kwak'wala, also known as Kwakiutl, is the indigenous language spoken by the Kwakwaka'wakw (which means "those who speak Kwak'wala").
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Language is the ability to acquire and use complex systems of communication, particularly the human ability to do so, and a language is any specific example of such a system.
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Modern Standard Arabic (MSA; اللغة العربية الفصحى 'the most eloquent Arabic language'), Standard Arabic, or Literary Arabic is the standardized and literary variety of Arabic used in writing and in most formal speech.
Mogadishu (Muqdisho; مقديشو), known locally as Xamar (Hamar), is the largest and capital city of Somalia.
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The Mongolian Cyrillic alphabet (Монгол Кирилл үсэг, Mongol kirill üseg or Кирилл цагаан толгой, Kirill tsagaan tolgoi) is the writing system used for the standard dialect of the Mongolian language in the modern state of Mongolia.
The Mongolian language (in Mongolian script:, Mongɣol kele; in Mongolian Cyrillic: Монгол хэл, Mongol khel) is the official language of Mongolia and largest-known member of the Mongolic language family.
Nivkh or Gilyak (self-designation: Нивхгу диф Nivxgu dif) is a language spoken in Outer Manchuria, in the basin of the Amgun (a tributary of the Amur), along the lower reaches of the Amur itself, and on the northern half of Sakhalin.
The Northeast Caucasian, East Caucasian, Dagestanian (Daghestanian), or Nakho-Dagestanian languages are a language family spoken in the Russian republics of Dagestan, Chechnya, and Ingushetia, in northern Azerbaijan and northeastern Georgia, as well as in diaspora populations in Russia, Turkey, and the Middle East.
The Northwest Caucasian languages, also called West Caucasian, Abkhazo-Adyghean, or sometimes Pontic (as opposed to Caspian for the Northeast Caucasian languages), are a group of languages spoken in the northwestern Caucasus region,Hoiberg, Dale H. (2010) chiefly in three Russian republics (Adygea, Kabardino-Balkaria, Karachay–Cherkessia), the disputed territory of Abkhazia (whose sovereignty is claimed by Georgia), and Turkey, with smaller communities scattered throughout the Middle East.
The Persian alphabet or Perso-Arabic script is a writing system based on the Arabic script.
Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi or Parsi (English:; Persian: فارسی), is the predominant modern descendant of Old Persian, a southwestern Iranian language within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European languages.
The Persian language has six vowel phonemes and twenty-three consonant phonemes.
The Shor language (Шор тили) is a Turkic language spoken by about 2,800 people in a region called Mountain Shoriya, in the Kemerovo Province in southwest Siberia.
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Somali Retrieved on 21 September 2013 (Af-Soomaali) is an Afroasiatic language, belonging to that family's Cushitic branch.
This article describes the phonology of the Somali language.
Speech is the vocalized form of human communication.
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Sudanese Arabic is the variety of Arabic spoken throughout Sudan.
Taa, also known as !Xóõ (ǃKhong, ǃXoon – pronounced), is a Khoisan language notable for its large number of phonemes, perhaps the largest in the world.
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Tabasaran (also written Tabassaran) is a Northeast Caucasian language of the Lezgic branch.
Tsakhur (Tsaxur, Caxur) is a language spoken by the Tsakhurs in northern Azerbaijan and southwestern Dagestan (Russia).
The Turkic languages are a language family of at least thirty-five languages, spoken by Turkic peoples from Southeastern Europe and the Mediterranean to Siberia and Western China, and are proposed to be part of the controversial Altaic language family.
Uyghur or Uighur (Uyghur tili, Uyghurche), formerly known as Eastern Turki, is a Turkic language with 8 to 11 million speakers, spoken primarily by the Uyghur people in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of Western China.
The voiced uvular fricative or approximant is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiced velar stop is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The Extended Speech Assessment Methods Phonetic Alphabet (X-SAMPA) is a variant of SAMPA developed in 1995 by John C. Wells, professor of phonetics at the University of London.
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Yakut, also known as Sakha, is a Turkic language with around 360,000 native speakers spoken in the Sakha Republic in the Russian Federation by the Yakuts.
Yemeni Arabic is a cluster of Arabic varieties spoken in Yemen, southwestern Saudi Arabia, Somalia, and Djibouti.
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