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W. D. Hamilton

William Donald "Bill" Hamilton, FRS (1 August 1936 – 7 March 2000) was an English evolutionary biologist, widely recognised as one of the most significant evolutionary theorists of the 20th century. [1]

136 relations: A. M. Hamilton, A. W. F. Edwards, Agnosticism, Alan Grafen, Altruism, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Ant, Artery, Arthur Burks, Atheism, Autumn leaf color, BBC, Bee, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, Butterfly, Cairo, Cedric Smith (statistician), Coefficient of relationship, Coprophanaeus, Coroner, Crafoord Prize, Darwin Medal, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Diverticulum, Duodenum, E. B. Ford, Edinburgh, Egypt, Elytron, English people, Eugenics, Eusociality, Evolution, Evolution of sexual reproduction, Evolutionarily stable strategy, Evolutionary biology, Explosive material, Fecundity, Fitzrovia, France, Frink Medal, Fyssen Foundation, Game theory, Gene-centered view of evolution, Genetics, George R. Price, Hamiltonian spite, Hand grenade, Haplodiploidy, ..., Harvard University, Hilary Koprowski, HIV, Home Guard (United Kingdom), Hymenoptera, Imperial College London, Inamori Foundation, Italy, John Hajnal, John Henry Holland, John Maynard Smith, Journal of Theoretical Biology, Journalist, Kent, Kin selection, King's College Hospital, Kingdom of Egypt, Kyoto Prize, Laurence Hurst, Leigh Van Valen, Lewis Carroll, Linnean Medal, Linnean Society of London, London, London School of Economics, Malaria, Master of Science, Mathematical and theoretical biology, Michael D. Cohen, Middlesex Hospital, National service, Natural history, Natural selection, Nature (journal), New College, Oxford, New Naturalist, New Zealand, Newcomb Cleveland Prize, Olivia Judson, OPV AIDS hypothesis, Parasitism, Peptic ulcer, Physician, Polio vaccine, Political science, Population genetics, Price equation, Prisoner's dilemma, Red Queen hypothesis, Richard Dawkins, Richard Southwood, Robert Axelrod, Robin Dunbar, Ronald Fisher, Royal Geographical Society, Royal Society, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Science (journal), Sewall Wright, Sewall Wright Award, Sex ratio, Signalling theory, Simian immunodeficiency virus, Sit-in, Social evolution, Sociobiology, St John's College, Cambridge, Statistician, The Genetical Evolution of Social Behaviour, The Genetical Theory of Natural Selection, The Selfish Gene, Thoracotomy, Through the Looking-Glass, Tonbridge School, Undergraduate education, United Kingdom, University College Hospital, University College London, University of Bern, University of Cambridge, University of Michigan, University of Oxford, University of São Paulo, Wasp, World War II, Wytham. Expand index (86 more) »

A. M. Hamilton

Archibald Milne Hamilton (1898–1972) was a New Zealand-born civil engineer, notable for building the Hamilton Road through Kurdistan and designing the Callender-Hamilton bridge system.

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A. W. F. Edwards

Anthony William Fairbank Edwards, FRS (born 1935) is a British statistician, geneticist, and evolutionary biologist, sometimes called "Fisher's Edwards" because he was mentored by Ronald Fisher.

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Agnosticism

Agnosticism is the view that the truth values of certain claims – especially metaphysical and religious claims such as whether or not God, the divine or the supernatural exist – are unknown and perhaps unknowable.

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Alan Grafen

Alan Grafen is a Scottish ethologist and evolutionary biologist.

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Altruism

Altruism or selflessness is the principle or practice of concern for the welfare of others.

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American Academy of Arts and Sciences

The American Academy of Arts and Sciences, frequently known as the American Academy, is one of the oldest and most prestigious honorary societies and a leading center for policy research in the United States.

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American Association for the Advancement of Science

The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) is an American international non-profit organization with the stated goals of promoting cooperation among scientists, defending scientific freedom, encouraging scientific responsibility, and supporting scientific education and science outreach for the betterment of all humanity.

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Ant

Ants are eusocial insects of the family Formicidae and, along with the related wasps and bees, belong to the order Hymenoptera.

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Artery

The anatomy of arteries can be separated into gross anatomy, at the macroscopic level, and microscopic anatomy, which must be studied with the aid of a microscope.

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Arthur Burks

Arthur Walter Burks (October 13, 1915 – May 14, 2008) was an American mathematician who worked in the 1940s as a senior engineer on the project that contributed to the design of the ENIAC, the first general-purpose electronic digital computer.

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Atheism

Atheism is, in a broad sense, the rejection of belief in the existence of deities.

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Autumn leaf color

Autumn leaf color is a phenomenon that affects the normally green leaves of many deciduous trees and shrubs by which they take on, during a few weeks in the autumn season, various shades of red, yellow, purple, black, orange, pink, magenta, blue and brown.

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BBC

The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is the public-service broadcaster of the United Kingdom, headquartered at Broadcasting House in London.

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Bee

Bees are flying insects closely related to wasps and ants, known for their role in pollination and, in the case of the best-known bee species, the European honey bee, for producing honey and beeswax.

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Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society

The Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society is an academic journal on the history of science published annually by the Royal Society.

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Butterfly

Butterflies are part of the class of insects in the order Lepidoptera, along with the moths.

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Cairo

Cairo (القاهرة; Ⲕⲁϩⲓⲣⲏ) is the capital of Egypt and the largest city in the Middle-East and second-largest in Africa after Lagos.

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Cedric Smith (statistician)

Cedric Austen Bardell Smith (5 February 1917 – 10 January 2002) was a British statistician and geneticist.

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Coefficient of relationship

The coefficient of relationship is a measure of the degree of consanguinity (or biological relationship) between two individuals.

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Coprophanaeus

Coprophanaeus is a genus of Scarabaeidae or scarab beetles in the superfamily Scarabaeoidea.

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Coroner

A coroner is a government official who confirms and certifies the death of an individual within a jurisdiction.

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Crafoord Prize

The Crafoord Prize is an annual science prize established in 1980 by Holger Crafoord, a Swedish industrialist, and his wife Anna-Greta Crafoord.

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Darwin Medal

The Darwin Medal is awarded by the Royal Society every alternate year for "work of acknowledged distinction in the broad area of biology in which Charles Darwin worked, notably in evolution, population biology, organismal biology and biological diversity".

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Democratic Republic of the Congo

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (République démocratique du Congo), also known as DR Congo, DRC, DROC, RDC, Congo-Kinshasa, or simply Congo is a country located in Central Africa.

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Diverticulum

A diverticulum (plural: diverticula) is the medical or biological term for an outpouching of a hollow (or a fluid-filled) structure in the body.

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Duodenum

The duodenum, also known as dodecadactylum, is the first section of the small intestine in most higher vertebrates, including mammals, reptiles, and birds.

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E. B. Ford

Edmund Brisco "Henry" Ford FRS Also available at Hon. FRCP (23 April 1901 – 21 January 1988) was a British ecological geneticist.

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Edinburgh

Edinburgh (Dùn Èideann) is the capital city of Scotland, located in Lothian on the southern shore of the Firth of Forth.

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Egypt

Egypt (مِصر, مَصر), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia, via a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.

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Elytron

An elytron (from ἔλυτρον; plural: elytra) is a modified, hardened forewing of certain insect orders, notably beetles (Coleoptera) and a few of the true bugs (Heteroptera); in most true bugs, the forewings are instead called hemelytra (sometimes misspelled as "hemielytra"), as only the basal half is thickened while the apex is membranous.

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English people

The English are a nation and ethnic group native to England, who speak the English language.

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Eugenics

Eugenics (from Greek εὐγενής eugenes "well-born" from εὖ eu, "good, well" and γένος genos, "race, stock, kin") is a set of beliefs and practices which aims at improving the genetic quality of the human population.

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Eusociality

Eusociality (Greek eu: "good/real" + "social"), the highest level of organization of animal sociality, is defined by the following characteristics: cooperative brood care (including brood care of offspring from other individuals), overlapping generations within a colony of adults, and a division of labour into reproductive and non-reproductive groups.

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Evolution

Evolution is change in the heritable traits of biological populations over successive generations.

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Evolution of sexual reproduction

The evolution of sexual reproduction describes how sexually reproducing animals, plants, fungi and protists evolved from a common ancestor that was a single celled eukaryotic species.

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Evolutionarily stable strategy

An evolutionarily stable strategy (ESS) is a strategy which, if adopted by a population in a given environment, cannot be invaded by any alternative strategy that is initially rare.

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Evolutionary biology

Evolutionary biology is a subfield of biology concerned with the study of the evolutionary processes that produced the diversity of life on Earth.

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Explosive material

An explosive material, also called an explosive, is a reactive substance that contains a great amount of potential energy that can produce an explosion if released suddenly, usually accompanied by the production of light, heat, sound, and pressure.

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Fecundity

In demography and biology, fecundity is the actual reproductive rate of an organism or population, measured by the number of gametes (eggs), seed set, or asexual propagules.

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Fitzrovia

Fitzrovia is a district in central London, near London's West End lying partly in the City of Westminster (in the west), and partly in the London Borough of Camden (in the east); and situated between Bloomsbury and Marylebone, and north of Soho.

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France

France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state comprising territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.

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Frink Medal

The Frink Medal for British Zoologists is awarded by the Zoological Society of London "For significant and original contributions by a professional zoologist to the development of zoology." It consists of a bronze plaque (76 by 83 millimetres), depicting a bison and carved by British sculptor Elisabeth Frink.

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Fyssen Foundation

The Fyssen Foundation (French: Fondation Fyssen) is a French charitable organization that was established and endowed in 1979 by H. Fyssen.

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Game theory

Game theory is the study of strategic decision-making.

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Gene-centered view of evolution

The gene-centered view of evolution, gene's eye view, gene selection theory, or selfish gene theory holds that adaptive evolution occurs through the differential survival of competing genes, increasing the allele frequency of those alleles whose Phenotypic traits effects successfully promote their own propagation, with gene defined as "not just one single physical bit of DNA all replicas of a particular bit of DNA distributed throughout the world".

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Genetics

Genetics is the study of genes, heredity, and genetic variation in living organisms.

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George R. Price

George Robert Price (October 6, 1922 – January 6, 1975) was an American population geneticist.

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Hamiltonian spite

Within the field of social evolution, Hamiltonian spite is a term for behaviours occurring among conspecifics that have a cost for the actor and a negative impact upon the recipient.

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Hand grenade

A hand grenade is any small bomb that can be thrown by hand.

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Haplodiploidy

Haplodiploidy is a sex-determination system in which males develop from unfertilized eggs and are haploid, and females develop from fertilized eggs and are diploid.

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Harvard University

Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, established in 1636.

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Hilary Koprowski

Hilary Koprowski (5 December 191611 April 2013) was a Polish and American virologist and immunologist, and the inventor of the world's first effective live polio vaccine.

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HIV

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a subgroup of retrovirus) that causes HIV infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).

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Home Guard (United Kingdom)

The Home Guard (initially "Local Defence Volunteers" or LDV) was a defence organisation of the British Army during the Second World War.

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Hymenoptera

The Hymenoptera are the third largest orders of insects, comprising the sawflies, wasps, bees and ants.

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Imperial College London

Imperial College London is a public research university, located in London, United Kingdom.

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Inamori Foundation

The Inamori Foundation is a private foundation known for its annual announcement of the Kyoto Prize, founded by Kazuo Inamori in 1984.

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Italy

Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe.

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John Hajnal

John Hajnal FBA (born Hajnal-Kónyi; 26 November 1924 – 30 November 2008), was a Hungarian-British academic in the fields of mathematics and economics (statistics).

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John Henry Holland

John Henry Holland (February 2, 1929 – August 9, 2015) was an American scientist and Professor of psychology and Professor of electrical engineering and computer science at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

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John Maynard Smith

John Maynard SmithHis surname was Maynard Smith, not Smith, nor was it hyphenated.

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Journal of Theoretical Biology

The Journal of Theoretical Biology is a biweekly peer-reviewed scientific journal covering theoretical biology, as well as mathematical and computational aspects of biology.

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Journalist

A journalist is a person who collects, writes, or distributes news or other current information.

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Kent

Kent is a county in South East England and one of the home counties.

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Kin selection

Kin selection is the evolutionary strategy that favours the reproductive success of an organism's relatives, even at a cost to the organism's own survival and reproduction.

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King's College Hospital

King's College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust is an acute care facility in Denmark Hill, Camberwell in the London Borough of Lambeth, referred to locally and by staff simply as "King's" or abbreviated internally to "KCH".

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Kingdom of Egypt

The Kingdom of Egypt (المملكة المصرية; المملكه المصريه, "the Egyptian Kingdom") was the independent Egyptian state established under the Muhammad Ali Dynasty in 1922 following the Unilateral Declaration of Egyptian Independence by the United Kingdom.

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Kyoto Prize

The is Japan’s highest private award for global achievement.

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Laurence Hurst

Laurence Daniel Hurst FMedSci FRS is a Professor of Evolutionary Genetics in the Department of Biology and Biochemistry at the University of Bath.

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Leigh Van Valen

Leigh Van Valen (August 12, 1935 – October 16, 2010) was an American evolutionary biologist.

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Lewis Carroll

Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (27 January 1832 – 14 January 1898), better known by his pen name, Lewis Carroll, was an English writer, mathematician, logician, Anglican deacon, and photographer.

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Linnean Medal

The Linnean Medal of the Linnean Society of London was established in 1888, and is awarded annually to alternately a botanist or a zoologist or (as has been common since 1958) to one of each in the same year.

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Linnean Society of London

The Linnean Society of London is a society for the study and dissemination of taxonomy and natural history.

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London

London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

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London School of Economics

The London School of Economics and Political Science (commonly referred to as the London School of Economics or LSE) is a public research university located in London, England which specialises in social sciences, and a constituent college of the federal University of London.

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Malaria

Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease of humans and other animals caused by parasitic protozoans (a group of single-celled microorganism) belonging to the genus Plasmodium.

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Master of Science

A Master of Science degree (Magister Scientiae; abbreviated M.S., MS, M.Sc., MSc, M.Sci., MSci, S.M., Sc.M., or Sci.M.) is a type of master's degree awarded by universities in many countries.

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Mathematical and theoretical biology

Mathematical and theoretical biology is an interdisciplinary scientific research field with a range of applications in biology, biotechnology, and medicine.

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Michael D. Cohen

Michael D. Cohen (22 March 1945 - 2 February 2013) was the William D. Hamilton Collegiate Professor of Complex Systems, Information and Public Policy at the University of Michigan.

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Middlesex Hospital

The Middlesex Hospital was a teaching hospital located in the Fitzrovia area of London, England.

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National service

National service is a common name for a system of either compulsory or voluntary government service (usually military service, also known as conscription).

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Natural history

Natural history is the research and study of organisms including plants or animals in their environment, leaning more towards observational than experimental methods of study.

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Natural selection

Natural selection is the differential survival and reproduction of individuals due to differences in phenotype; it is a key mechanism of evolution.

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Nature (journal)

Nature is a British interdisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.

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New College, Oxford

New College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom.

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New Naturalist

The New Naturalist Library (also known as The New Naturalists) is a series of books published by Collins in the United Kingdom, on a variety of natural history topics relevant to the British Isles.

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New Zealand

New Zealand (Aotearoa) is an island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.

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Newcomb Cleveland Prize

The Newcomb Cleveland Prize of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) is annually awarded to author(s) of outstanding scientific paper published in the Research Articles or Reports sections of Science.

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Olivia Judson

Olivia P. Judson (born 1970) is an evolutionary biologist and science writer.

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OPV AIDS hypothesis

The oral polio vaccine (OPV) AIDS hypothesis suggests that the AIDS pandemic originated from live polio vaccines prepared in rhesus macaque tissue cultures and then administered to up to one million Africans between 1957 and 1960 in experimental mass vaccination campaigns.

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Parasitism

In biology/ecology, parasitism is a non-mutual symbiotic relationship between species, where one species, the parasite, benefits at the expense of the other, the host.

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Peptic ulcer

Peptic ulcer disease (PUD), also known as a peptic ulcer or stomach ulcer, is a break in the lining of the stomach, first part of the small intestine, or occasionally the lower esophagus.

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Physician

A physician is a professional who practices medicine, which is concerned with promoting, maintaining or restoring human health through the study, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments.

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Polio vaccine

Two polio vaccines are used throughout the world to provide immunity to the virus that causes poliomyelitis (or polio).

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Political science

Political science is a social science discipline that deals with systems of government and the analysis of political activity and political behavior.

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Population genetics

Population genetics is the study of the distribution and change in frequency of alleles within populations, and as such it sits firmly within the field of evolutionary biology.

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Price equation

The Price equation (also known as Price's equation or Price's theorem) is describes how a trait or gene changes in frequency over time.

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Prisoner's dilemma

The prisoner's dilemma is a standard example of a game analyzed in game theory that shows why two completely "rational" individuals might not cooperate, even if it appears that it is in their best interests to do so.

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Red Queen hypothesis

The Red Queen hypothesis, also referred to as Red Queen's, Red Queen's race or The Red Queen Effect, is an evolutionary hypothesis which proposes that organisms must constantly adapt, evolve, and proliferate not merely to gain reproductive advantage, but also simply to survive while pitted against ever-evolving opposing organisms in an ever-changing environment, and intends to explain two different phenomena: the constant extinction rates as observed in the paleontological record caused by co-evolution between competing species and the advantage of sexual reproduction (as opposed to asexual reproduction) at the level of individuals.

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Richard Dawkins

Clinton Richard Dawkins (born 26 March 1941) is a British ethologist, evolutionary biologist, and writer.

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Richard Southwood

Sir Thomas Richard Edmund Southwood DL FRS (20 June 1931 – 26 October 2005) was a British biologist, Professor of Zoology and Vice-Chancellor of the University of Oxford.

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Robert Axelrod

Robert Marshall Axelrod (born May 27, 1943) is an American political scientist.

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Robin Dunbar

Robin Ian MacDonald Dunbar (born 28 June 1947) is a British anthropologist and evolutionary psychologist and a specialist in primate behaviour.

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Ronald Fisher

Sir Ronald Aylmer Fisher FRS (17 February 1890 – 29 July 1962), known as R.A. Fisher, was an English statistician, evolutionary biologist, mathematician, geneticist, and eugenicist.

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Royal Geographical Society

The Royal Geographical Society (with the Institute of British Geographers) is the UK's learned society and professional body for geography, founded in 1830 for the advancement of geographical sciences.

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Royal Society

The President, Council, and Fellows of the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, commonly known as the Royal Society, is a learned society for science and is possibly the oldest such society still in existence.

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Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences or Kungl.

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Science (journal)

Science, also widely referred to as Science Magazine, is the academic journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and is one of the world's top scientific journals.

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Sewall Wright

Sewall Green Wright (December 16, 1889March 3, 1988) was an American geneticist known for his influential work on evolutionary theory and also for his work on path analysis.

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Sewall Wright Award

The Sewall Wright Award is given annually by the American Society of Naturalists to a "senior-level" and active investigator making fundamental contributions the conceptual unification of the biological sciences.

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Sex ratio

The sex ratio is the ratio of males to females in a population.

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Signalling theory

Within evolutionary biology, signalling theory is a body of theoretical work examining communication between individuals.

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Simian immunodeficiency virus

Simian immunodeficiency viruses (SIVs) are retroviruses able to infect at least 45 species of African non-human primates.

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Sit-in

A sit-in or sit-down is a form of direct action that involves one or more people occupying an area for a protest, often to promote political, social, or economic change.

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Social evolution

Social evolution is a subdiscipline of evolutionary biology that is concerned with social behaviors that have fitness consequences for individuals other than the actor.

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Sociobiology

Sociobiology is a field of scientific study that is based on the hypothesis that social behavior has resulted from evolution and attempts to explain and examine social behavior within that context.

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St John's College, Cambridge

St John's College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge.

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Statistician

A statistician is someone who works with theoretical or applied statistics.

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The Genetical Evolution of Social Behaviour

The Genetic Evolution of Social Behaviour is a 1964 scientific paper by the British evolutionary biologist W.D. Hamilton in which he mathematically lays out the basis for inclusive fitness.

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The Genetical Theory of Natural Selection

The Genetical Theory of Natural Selection is a book by Ronald Fisher which combines Mendelian genetics with Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection.

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The Selfish Gene

The Selfish Gene is a book on evolution by Richard Dawkins, published in 1976.

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Thoracotomy

A thoracotomy is an incision into the pleural space of the chest.

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Through the Looking-Glass

Through the Looking-Glass, and What Alice Found There (1871) is a novel by Lewis Carroll (Charles Lutwidge Dodgson), the sequel to Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (1865).

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Tonbridge School

Tonbridge School is an independent day and boarding school for boys in Tonbridge, Kent, England, founded in 1553 by Sir Andrew Judd (sometimes spelled Judde).

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Undergraduate education

Undergraduate education is the post-secondary education previous to the postgraduate education.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign state in Europe.

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University College Hospital

University College Hospital (UCH) is a teaching hospital located in London, United Kingdom.

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University College London

University College London (UCL) is a public research university in London, England and a constituent college of the federal University of London.

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University of Bern

The University of Bern (Universität Bern, Université de Berne, Universitas Bernensis) is a university in the Swiss capital of Bern and was founded in 1834.

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University of Cambridge

The University of CambridgeThe corporate title of the university is The Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Cambridge.

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University of Michigan

The University of Michigan (U-M, UM, UMich, or U of M), frequently referred to simply as Michigan, is a public research university located in Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States.

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University of Oxford

The University of Oxford (informally Oxford University or simply Oxford) is a collegiate research university located in Oxford, England.

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University of São Paulo

The University of São Paulo (Universidade de São Paulo, USP) is a public university in the Brazilian state of São Paulo.

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Wasp

A wasp is any insect of the order Hymenoptera and suborder Apocrita that is neither a bee nor an ant.

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World War II

World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.

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Wytham

Wytham is a village and civil parish on Seacourt Stream, a branch of the River Thames, about northwest of Oxford.

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Redirects here:

Hamilton, W. D., W D Hamilton, W.D. Hamilton, W.D.Hamilton, WD Hamilton, William D. Hamilton, William Donald Hamilton.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/W._D._Hamilton

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