100 relations: Anglo-Scottish border, Ardwick railway station, Ashbury Railway Carriage and Iron Company Ltd, B. Hick and Sons, Benjamin Hick, Bessemer process, Birmingham, Blast furnace, Blowing engine, Boiler, Bolton, British Newspaper Archive, Buenos Aires, Butterley Company, Caledonian (locomotive), Capital (economics), Charleston, South Carolina, Cheltenham, City of Salford, Coldstream, Compound engine, Connecting rod, County Borough of Salford, Cylinder (locomotive), Dowlais Ironworks, Dunkirk, Earle's Shipbuilding, Essen, Exposition Internationale d'Anvers (1894), Firth Brown Steels, Flued boiler, Foundry, Gear, George Henry Corliss, Glossop, Gorton, Henry Bessemer, Hulme, Institution of Mechanical Engineers, James Lillie, James Prescott Joule, James Watt, John Hetherington & Sons, John Kennedy (manufacturer), John Musgrave & Sons, Justice of the peace, Knutsford, Krupp, Lead, Lille, ..., Line shaft, Liquidation, Liverpool and Manchester Railway, Lords of Appeal in Ordinary, Madrid, Manchester, Manchester Central railway station, Manchester Hydraulic Power, Manchester Liners, Manchester Ship Canal, Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway, Millwright, Mitchell and Kenyon, Mobberley, Museum of Science and Industry (Manchester), Old Trafford, Greater Manchester, Openshaw, Paris, Pattern (casting), Pennsylvania Steel Company, Phosphorus, Pig iron, Piston, Priming (steam locomotive), Railway Museum (Madrid), Raoul Pictet, River Leven, Cumbria, River Medlock, River Tweed, Runcorn, Scottish people, Smokebox, South Wales, Southport Pier, SS Bessemer, Stationary steam engine, Steam engine, Superheater, The Engineer (magazine), The Great Exhibition, The London Gazette, Thermic siphon, Timothy Hackworth, Tranmere, Merseyside, Ulverston, Water wheel, William Fairbairn, William Johnson Galloway, William Murdoch, Yeovil. Expand index (50 more) » « Shrink index
The Anglo-Scottish border or English-Scottish border known locally as simply The Border) is the official border and mark of entry between Scotland and England. It runs for 96 miles (154 km) between Marshall Meadows Bay on the east coast and the Solway Firth in the west. It is Scotland's only land border. England shares a longer border with Wales. Although it had long been the de facto border, it was legally established in 1237, by the Treaty of York between England and Scotland, with the exception of the Debatable Lands, north of Carlisle, and a small area around Berwick, which was taken by England in 1482. It is thus one of the oldest extant borders in the world, although Berwick was not fully annexed into England until 1885. For centuries until the Union of the Crowns the region on either side of the boundary was a lawless territory suffering from the repeated raids in each direction of the Border Reivers. Following the Treaty of Union 1707 which united Scotland and England to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, the Border continues to form the boundary of two distinct legal jurisdictions as the treaty between the two countries guaranteed the continued separation of English law and Scots law. The age of legal capacity under Scots law is 16, while it was previously 18 under English law. The border settlements of Gretna Green, Coldstream and Lamberton were convenient for elopers from England who wanted to marry under Scottish laws, and marry without publicity. The marine boundary was adjusted by the Scottish Adjacent Waters Boundaries Order 1999 so that the boundary within the territorial waters (up to the limit) is 0.09 km north of the boundary for oil installations established by the Civil Jurisdiction (Offshore Activities) Order 1987. The border is marked by signposts welcoming travellers both into Scotland and into England.
Ardwick railway station in Manchester, England is about one mile (1.5 km) south of Manchester Piccadilly.
The Ashbury Carriage and Iron Company Limited was a manufacturer of railway rolling stock founded by John Ashbury in 1837 at Knott Mill in Manchester, England, near the original terminus of the Sheffield, Ashton-under-Lyne and Manchester Railway.
Benjamin Hick (1 August 1790 – 9 September 1842) was an English civil and mechanical engineer, art collector and patron.
The Bessemer process was the first inexpensive industrial process for the mass-production of steel from molten pig iron prior to the open hearth furnace.
Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England.
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A blast furnace is a type of metallurgical furnace used for smelting to produce industrial metals, generally iron, but also others such as lead or copper.
A blowing engine is a large stationary steam engine directly coupled to air pumping cylinders.
A boiler is a closed vessel in which water or other fluid is heated.
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Bolton (or locally) is a town in Greater Manchester, in the North West of England.
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The British Newspaper Archive web site provides access to searchable digitised archives of British newspapers.
Buenos Aires is the capital and largest city of Argentina, and the second-largest metropolitan area in South America.
The Butterley Company was an English manufacturing firm founded as Benjamin Outram and Company in 1790.
Caledonian was an early steam locomotive which had a short career on the Liverpool and Manchester Railway (L&MR).
Capital is the result of productive human action not immediately consumed but directly employed in the pursuit of additional goods.
Charleston is the oldest and second-largest city in the U.S. state of South Carolina, the county seat of Charleston County, and the principal city in the Charleston–North Charleston–Summerville Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Cheltenham, also known as Cheltenham Spa, is a large spa town and borough in Gloucestershire, England, located on the edge of the Cotswolds.
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The City of Salford is a city and metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester, England.
Coldstream (An Sruthan Fuar, Caustrim) is a town and civil parish in the Scottish Borders area of Scotland.
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A compound engine is an engine that has more than one stage for recovering energy from the same working fluid, with the exhaust from the first stage passing through the second stage, and in some cases then on to another subsequent stage or even stages.
In a reciprocating piston engine, the connecting rod or conrod connects the piston to the crank or crankshaft.
Salford was, from 1844 to 1974, a local government district in the northwest of England, coterminate with Salford.
The cylinders of a steam locomotive are the components that convert the power stored in the steam into motion.
The Dowlais Ironworks was a major ironworks and steelworks located at Dowlais near Merthyr Tydfil, in Wales.
Dunkirk (Duinkerke(n)) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
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Earle's Shipbuilding was an engineering company that was based in Hull, East Riding of Yorkshire, England from 1845 to 1932.
Essen (Latin: Assindia) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
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Exposition Internationale d'Anvers was a World's Fair held in Antwerp, Belgium between 5 May and 5 November in 1894.
Firth Brown Steels was initially formed in 1902, when Sheffield steelmakers John Brown & Company exchanged shares and came to a working agreement with neighbouring company Thomas Firth & Sons.
A shell or flued boiler is an early and relatively simple form of boiler used to make steam, usually for the purpose of driving a steam engine.
A foundry is a factory that produces metal castings.
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A gear or cogwheel is a rotating machine part having cut teeth, or cogs, which mesh with another toothed part to transmit torque, in most cases with teeth on the one gear being of identical shape, and often also with that shape on the other gear.
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George Henry Corliss (June 2, 1817 – February 21, 1888) was an American mechanical engineer and inventor, who developed the Corliss steam engine, which was a great improvement over any other stationary steam engine of its time.
Glossop is a market town within the Borough of High Peak in Derbyshire, England.
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Gorton is an area of the city of Manchester, in North West England.
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Sir Henry Bessemer (19 January 1813 – 15 March 1898) was an English inventor whose steelmaking process established the town of Sheffield as a major manufacturing centre.
Hulme is an inner city area and electoral ward of Manchester, England, immediately south of Manchester city centre.
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The Institution of Mechanical Engineers (IMechE) is an independent engineering society, headquartered in central London, that represents mechanical engineers.
James Lillie is the CEO of Jarden Corporation.
James Prescott Joule FRS ((24 December 1818 – 11 October 1889) was an English physicist and brewer, born in Salford, Lancashire. Joule studied the nature of heat, and discovered its relationship to mechanical work (see energy). This led to the law of conservation of energy, which led to the development of the first law of thermodynamics. The SI derived unit of energy, the joule, is named after James Joule. He worked with Lord Kelvin to develop the absolute scale of temperature the kelvin. Joule also made observations of magnetostriction, and he found the relationship between the current through a resistor and the heat dissipated, which is now called Joule's first law.
James Watt, FRS, FRSE (30 January 1736 (19 January 1736 OS) – 25 August 1819) was a Scottish inventor and mechanical engineer whose Watt steam engine, an improvement of the Newcomen steam engine, was fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution in both his native Great Britain and the rest of the world.
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John Hetherington & Sons was a textile machinery manufacturer from Ancoats, Manchester in England, founded in 1830.
John Kennedy (4 July 1769 – 30 October 1855) was a Scottish-born textile industrialist in Manchester.
John Musgrave & Sons was a company that manufactured stationary steam engines.
A justice of the peace (JP) is a judicial officer, of a lower or puisne court, elected or appointed by means of a commission (letters patent) to keep the peace.
Knutsford is a town in Cheshire, England, southwest of Manchester and northwest of Macclesfield.
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The Krupp family (see pronunciation), a prominent 400-year-old German dynasty from Essen, have become famous for their production of steel, artillery, ammunition, and other armaments.
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Lead is a chemical element in the carbon group with symbol Pb (from plumbum) and atomic number 82.
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Lille (Rijsel) is a city in the North of France.
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A line shaft is a power driven rotating shaft for power transmission that was used extensively from the Industrial Revolution until the early 20th century.
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In law and business, liquidation is the process by which a company (or part of a company) is brought to an end, and the assets and property of the company are redistributed.
The Liverpool and Manchester Railway (L&MR) was a railway opened on 15 September 1830 between the Lancashire towns of Liverpool and Manchester in the United Kingdom.
Lords of Appeal in Ordinary, commonly known as Law Lords, were appointed under the Appellate Jurisdiction Act 1876 to the House of Lords of the United Kingdom in order to exercise its judicial functions, which included acting as the highest court of appeal for most domestic matters.
Madrid is a south-western European city and the capital and largest municipality of Spain.
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Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 514,417 in 2013.
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Manchester Central railway station is a former railway station in Manchester city centre, England.
Manchester's Hydraulic Power system was a public hydraulic power network supplying energy across the city of Manchester via a system of high-pressure water pipes from three pumping stations from 1894 until 1972.
Manchester Liners was a cargo and passenger shipping company founded in 1898, based in Manchester, England.
The Manchester Ship Canal is a inland waterway in the North West of England linking Manchester to the Irish Sea.
The Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway (MS&LR) was formed by amalgamation in 1847.
In modern usage, a millwright is a craftsman or tradesman engaged with the erection of machinery.
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The Mitchell & Kenyon film company was a pioneer of early commercial motion pictures based in Blackburn in Lancashire, England at the start of the 20th century.
Mobberley is a village in Cheshire, England, between Wilmslow and Knutsford, which in 2001 had a population of 2,546.
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The Museum of Science and Industry (MOSI) in Manchester, England, is a large museum devoted to the development of science, technology and industry with emphasis on the city's achievements in these fields.
Old Trafford is an area of Stretford, in the Metropolitan Borough of Trafford, Greater Manchester, England.
Openshaw is an area of Manchester, England, about two miles east of the city centre.
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Paris (UK:; US:; French) is the capital and most-populous city of France.
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In casting, a pattern is a replica of the object to be cast, used to prepare the cavity into which molten material will be poured during the casting process.
The Pennsylvania Steel Company was located in Steelton, Pennsylvania.
Phosphorus is a chemical element with symbol P and atomic number 15.
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Pig iron is the intermediate product of smelting iron ore.
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A piston is a component of reciprocating engines, reciprocating pumps, gas compressors and pneumatic cylinders, among other similar mechanisms.
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Priming (foaming in North America) is a condition in the boiler of a steam locomotive in which water is carried over into the steam delivery.
The Museo del Ferrocarril (Railway Museum) in Madrid, Spain, is one of the largest historic railroad collections in Europe.
Raoul-Pierre Pictet (4 April 1846 – 27 July 1929) was a Swiss physicist and the first person to liquefy nitrogen.
The River Leven (pron. levven) is a short river in the county of Cumbria, falling within the historic boundaries of Lancashire.
The River Medlock is a river in Greater Manchester in North West England.
The River Tweed, or Tweed Water, (Abhainn Thuaidh, Watter o Tweid) is a river long that flows east across the Border region in Scotland and northern England.
Runcorn is an industrial town and cargo port in the Metropolitan Borough of Halton, Cheshire, England, and a member of the Liverpool City Region Combined Authority.
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A smokebox is one of the major basic parts of a steam locomotive exhaust system.
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South Wales (De Cymru) is the region of Wales bordered by England and the Bristol Channel to the east and south, and mid Wales and west Wales to the north and west.
Southport Pier is a Grade II listed building in Southport, Merseyside, England.
The SS Bessemer (also called the Bessemer Saloon) was an experimental Victorian cross-Channel passenger paddle steamer with a swinging cabin, a concept devised by the engineer and inventor Sir Henry Bessemer, intended to combat seasickness.
Stationary steam engines are fixed steam engines used for pumping or driving mills and factories, and for power generation.
A steam engine is a heat engine that performs mechanical work using steam as its working fluid.
A superheater is a device used to convert saturated steam or wet steam into dry steam used in steam engines or in processes, such as steam reforming.
The Engineer is a London-based monthly magazine covering the latest developments and business news in engineering and technology in the UK and internationally.
The Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of all Nations or The Great Exhibition, sometimes referred to as the Crystal Palace Exhibition in reference to the temporary structure in which it was held, was an international exhibition that took place in Hyde Park, London, from 1 May to 11 October 1851.
The London Gazette is one of the official journals of record of the British government, and the most important among such official journals in the United Kingdom, in which certain statutory notices are required to be published.
Thermic siphons (alt. thermic syphons) are heat-exchanging elements in the firebox or combustion chamber of some steam boiler and steam locomotive designs.
Timothy Hackworth (22 December 1786 – 7 July 1850) was a steam locomotive engineer who lived in Shildon, County Durham, England and was the first locomotive superintendent of the Stockton and Darlington Railway.
Tranmere is a suburb of Birkenhead, on the Wirral Peninsula, England.
Ulverston is a market town and civil parish in the South Lakeland district of Cumbria in North West England.
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A water wheel is a machine for converting the energy of free-flowing or falling water into useful forms of power, often in a watermill.
Sir William Fairbairn, 1st Baronet (of Ardwick) (19 February 1789 – 18 August 1874) was a Scottish civil engineer, structural engineer and shipbuilder.
William Johnson Galloway (5 October 1868 – 28 January 1931) was a British businessman and Conservative politician.
William Murdoch (sometimes spelled Murdock) (21 August 1754 – 15 November 1839) was a Scottish engineer and long-term inventor.
Yeovil is a town and civil parish in south Somerset, England with a population of 45,000.
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