187 relations: Achaemenid Empire, Ahura Mazda, Akan calendar, Akkadian language, Amoghavajra, Anastasia the Patrician, Ancient Near East, Ancient Rome, Anthony R. Michaelis, Aphrodite, Ares, Augustus, Babylonian astrology, Babylonian calendar, Babylonian captivity, Biblical Sabbath, Book of Exodus, Book of Genesis, Braga, Catholic liturgy, Celestial spheres, Celtic calendar, Chinese calendar, Cihai, Classical Latin, Classical planet, Computus, Constantine the Great, Coptic calendar, Crescent, Cronus, Crucifixion of Jesus, Culture of Korea, Daylight saving time, Dominical letter, Easter, Eastern Christianity, Eastman Kodak, Ecclesiastical Latin, Egyptian calendar, Eight-day week, Elohim, Enûma Eliš, Etiology, Eudoxus of Cnidus, February, Fortnight, Frank Senn, French Republican Calendar, Friday, ..., Friedrich Delitzsch, Frige, Fujiwara no Michinaga, Full moon, Galician-Portuguese, Genesis creation narrative, George Aaron Barton, Germanic calendar, Gilgamesh, Gipuzkoan dialect, Gospel of Luke, Gothic Christianity, Gothic language, Greek language, Gregorian calendar, Gudea, Gupta Empire, Gutian dynasty of Sumer, Haab', Hebrew Bible, Heian period, Helios, Hellenistic astrology, Hellenistic Judaism, Hellenistic period, Hermes, History of Dharmaśāstra, Horoscope, Hudibras, Icelandic language, Interpretatio graeca, Ishtar, ISO 8601, ISO week date, James Orr (theologian), Jane Austen, Japan, Javanese calendar, Jin dynasty (265–420), Johannesburg, Judaism, Julian calendar, Julian day, Jupiter (mythology), Justin Martyr, Kangju, Kūkai, Koine Greek, Lagash, Latin, Leap second, Leap year, Lord's Day, Luna (goddess), Lunar phase, Manichaeism, Marduk, Mars (mythology), Martin of Braga, Máni, Medieval Greek, Meiji period, Mercury (mythology), Modulo operation, Monday, Month, Moon, Nabu, Names of the days of the week, Nergal, New moon, Nine-day week, Ninurta, Noah, Octave (liturgical), Odin, Old Church Slavonic, Old English, Old High German, Ordinal number, Oxford English Dictionary, Parables of Jesus, Paraskevi, Paris Commune, Pawukon calendar, Persian Empire, Pharisee and the Publican, Planetary hours, Planets in astrology, Plutarch, Proleptic Julian calendar, Proto-Germanic language, Remainder, Resurrection of Jesus, Roman calendar, Roman Empire, Romance languages, Sabbath, Samarkand, Samuel Butler (poet), San Cristóbal de La Laguna, Saturday, Saturn (mythology), Sól (sun), Second Temple Judaism, Selene, Septuagint, Shabbat, Short chronology timeline, Sol (mythology), Solomon's Temple, Soviet Union, Sunday, Tang dynasty, Týr, Ten Commandments, Terminus post quem, The Day of the Lord, The Economist, Thor, Thursday, Tonalpohualli, Trecena, Tuesday, Tzolk'in, Unit of time, Utnapishtim, Venus (mythology), Wednesday, Welsh language, Western Christianity, Workweek and weekend, Yijing (monk), Yuga Purana, Zeus, Zoroastrian calendar, 60. Expand index (137 more) » « Shrink index
The Achaemenid Empire, also called the, was an empire based in Western Asia, founded by Cyrus the Great, notable for embracing various civilizations and becoming the largest empire of the ancient history, spanning at its maximum extent from the Balkans and Eastern Europe proper in the west, to the Indus Valley in the east.
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Ahura Mazda (also known as Ohrmazd, Ahuramazda, Hourmazd, Hormazd, and Hurmuz, Lord or simply as spirit) is the Avestan name for the creator and sole God of Zoroastrianism, the old Iranian religion predating Islam.
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The Akan people (a Kwa group of West Africa) appear to have used a traditional system of timekeeping based on a six-day week (known as nnanson "seven-days" via inclusive counting).
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Akkadian (akkadû, ak.kADû) is an extinct east Semitic language (part of the greater Afroasiatic language family) that was spoken in ancient Mesopotamia.
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Amoghavajra (अमोघवज्र;, 705–774) was a prolific translator who became one of the most politically powerful Buddhist monks in Chinese history and is acknowledged as one of the Eight Patriarchs of the Doctrine in Shingon Buddhism.
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Saint Anastasia the Patrician (Anastasia Patricia) was the wife of a consul and a lady-in-waiting to the Byzantine empress Theodora.
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The ancient Near East was the home of early civilizations within a region roughly corresponding to the modern Middle East: Mesopotamia (modern Iraq, southeast Turkey, southwest Iran, northeastern Syria and Kuwait), ancient Egypt, ancient Iran (Elam, Media, Parthia and Persia), Anatolia/Asia Minor and Armenian Highlands (Turkey's Eastern Anatolia Region, Armenia, northwestern Iran, southern Georgia, and western Azerbaijan), the Levant (modern Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Israel, and Jordan), Cyprus and the Arabian Peninsula.
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Ancient Rome was an Italic civilization that began on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 8th century BC.
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Anthony R. Michaelis (22 August 1916 in Berlin – 18 October 2007 in Heidelberg) was a science journalist and publisher.
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Aphrodite (Greek: Ἀφροδίτη) is the Greek goddess of love, beauty, pleasure, and procreation.
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Ares (Ἄρης, literally meaning "battle") is the Greek god of war.
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Augustus (Imperātor Caesar Dīvī Fīlius Augustus;Classical Latin spelling and reconstructed Classical Latin pronunciation of the names of Augustus.
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In Babylon as well as in Assyria as a direct offshoot of Babylonian culture, astrology takes its place as one of the two chief means at the disposal of the priests (who were called bare or "inspectors") for ascertaining the will and intention of the gods, the other being through the inspection of the livers of sacrificial animals (see omen).
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The Babylonian calendar was a lunisolar calendar with years consisting of 12 lunar months, each beginning when a new crescent moon was first sighted low on the western horizon at sunset, plus an intercalary month inserted as needed by decree.
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The Babylonian captivity or Babylonian exile is the period in Jewish history during which a number of Judahites of the ancient Kingdom of Judah were captives in Babylonia.
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Biblical Sabbath is a weekly day of rest or time of worship.
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The Book of Exodus or, simply, Exodus (from Greek ἔξοδος, exodos, meaning "going out"; שמות, Sh'mot, "Names"), is the second book of the Torah and the Hebrew Bible (the Old Testament).
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The Book of Genesis (from the Latin Vulgate, in turn borrowed or transliterated from Greek γένεσις, meaning "origin"; בְּרֵאשִׁית, Bərēšīṯ, "In beginning") is the first book of the Hebrew Bible (the Tanakh) and the Christian Old Testament.
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Braga is a city and a municipality in the northwestern Portuguese district of Braga, in the historical and cultural Minho Province.
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The Catholic Church is fundamentally liturgical and sacramental in its public life of worship.
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The celestial spheres, or celestial orbs, were the fundamental entities of the cosmological models developed by Plato, Eudoxus, Aristotle, Ptolemy, Copernicus and others.
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The Celtic calendar is a compilation of pre-Christian Celtic systems of timekeeping, including the Gaulish Coligny calendar, used by Celtic countries to define the beginning and length of the day, the week, the month, the seasons, quarter days, and festivals.
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The Chinese calendar is a lunisolar calendar which arranges the year, month and day number upon the astronomical date.
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The Cihai is a large-scale Chinese dictionary and encyclopedia.
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Classical Latin is the modern term used to describe the form of the Latin language recognized as standard by writers of the late Roman Republic and the Roman Empire.
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In antiquity, the classical planets or naked eye planets were the seven non-fixed objects visible in the sky.
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Computus (Latin for "computation") is the calculation used to determine the calendar date of Easter.
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Constantine the Great (Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus Augustus; Greek: Κωνσταντίνος ὁ Μέγας; 27 February 272 ADBirth dates vary but most modern historians use 272". Lenski, "Reign of Constantine" (CC), 59. – 22 May 337 AD), also known as Constantine I or Saint Constantine (in the Orthodox Church as Saint Constantine the Great, Equal-to-the-Apostles), was a Roman Emperor from 306 to 337 AD of Illyrian ancestry.
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The Coptic calendar, also called the Alexandrian calendar, is used by the Coptic Orthodox Church and still used in Egypt.
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In art and symbolism, a crescent (US:, UK) is generally the shape produced when a circular disk has a segment of another circle removed from its edge, so that what remains is a shape enclosed by two circular arcs of different diameters which intersect at two points (usually in such a manner that the enclosed shape does not include the center of the original circle).
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In Greek mythology, Cronus or Kronos (Κρόνος, krónos) was the leader and youngest of the first generation of Titans, the divine descendants of Uranus, the sky, and Gaia, the earth.
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The crucifixion of Jesus occurred during the 1st century AD, most probably between the years 30 and 33.
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The traditional culture of Korea refers to the shared cultural heritage of the Korean Peninsula.
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Daylight saving time (DST) or summer time is the practice of advancing clocks during summer months by one hour so that in the evening hours day light is experienced later, while sacrificing normal sunrise times.
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Dominical letters are letters A, B, C, D, E, F and G assigned to days in a cycle of seven with the letter A always set against 1 January as an aid for finding the day of the week of a given calendar date and in calculating Easter.
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EasterTraditional names for the feast in English are "Easter Day", as in the Book of Common Prayer, "Easter Sunday", used by James Ussher and Samuel Pepys and plain "Easter", as in books printed in,, (Old English usually Ēastrun, -on, or -an; also Ēastru, -o; and Ēostre), also called Pasch (derived, through Pascha and Greek Πάσχα Paskha, from פסחא, cognate to פֶּסַח Pesaḥ)In the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Greek word Pascha is used for the celebration; in English, the analogous word is Pasch.
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Eastern Christianity consists of four main church families: the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Oriental Orthodox Churches, the Assyrian Church of the East and the Eastern Catholic Churches.
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Eastman Kodak Company, commonly known as Kodak, is an American technology company that concentrates on imaging products, with its historic basis on photography.
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Ecclesiastical Latin (also called Liturgical Latin or Church Latin) is the form of the Latin language used in the Roman Rite of the Catholic Church for liturgical and other purposes.
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The ancient civil Egyptian calendar had a year that was 365 days long.
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Some historical calendars had "weeks" of eight days.
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Elohim (Hebrew: אֱלֹהִים) is a grammatically singular or plural noun for "god" or "gods" in both modern and Biblical Hebrew.
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The Enûma Eliš (Akkadian Cuneiform:, also spelled "Enuma Elish"), is the Babylonian creation mythos (named after its opening words).
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Etiology (alternatively aetiology or ætiology) is the study of causation, or origination.
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Eudoxus of Cnidus (Εὔδοξος ὁ Κνίδιος, Eúdoxos ho Knídios; 408–355 BC) was a Greek astronomer, mathematician, scholar and student of Plato.
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February (or or) is the second month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars.
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A fortnight is a unit of time equal to 14 days (2 weeks).
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Frank Colvin Senn (born April 22, 1943, Buffalo, New York) is an American pastor and liturgist of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of America.
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The French Republican Calendar (calendrier républicain français) or French Revolutionary Calendar (calendrier révolutionnaire français) was a calendar created and implemented during the French Revolution, and used by the French government for about 12 years from late 1793 to 1805, and for 18 days by the Paris Commune in 1871.
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Friday is the day after Thursday which precedes Saturday.
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Friedrich Delitzsch (September 3, 1850 – December 19, 1922) was a German Assyriologist.
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Frige, or Frig, was the "presumed" Old English name for a goddess found within Anglo-Saxon paganism, the religion that dominated Anglo-Saxon England from the 5th to the 7th centuries CE.
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represents the highpoint of the Fujiwara clan's control over the government of Japan.
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A full moon is the lunar phase that occurs when the Moon is completely illuminated as seen from the Earth.
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Galician-Portuguese (galego-portugués or galaico-portugués) (galego-português or galaico-português, also known as Old Portuguese or Medieval Galician), was a West Iberian Romance language spoken in the Middle Ages, in the northwest area of the Iberian Peninsula.
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The Genesis creation narrative is the creation myth of both Judaism and Christianity.
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Reverend George Aaron Barton Ph.D. (12 November 1859 in East Farnham, Quebec, Canada - 28 June 1942 in Weston, Massachusetts) was a Canadian author, Episcopal clergyman and professor of Semitic languages and the history of religion.
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The Germanic calendars were the regional calendars used amongst the early Germanic peoples, prior to the adoption of the Julian calendar in the Early Middle Ages.
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Gilgamesh (Gilgameš, originally Bilgamesh) is the main character in the Epic of Gilgamesh, an Akkadian poem that is considered the first great work of literature, and in earlier Sumerian poems.
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Gipuzkoan (Gipuzkera in Basque, Guipuzcoano in Spanish) is a dialect of the Basque language spoken mainly in the province of Gipuzkoa in Basque Country but also in a small part of Navarre.
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The Gospel According to Luke (Τὸ κατὰ Λουκᾶν εὐαγγέλιον, to kata Loukan euangelion), commonly shortened to the Gospel of Luke or simply Luke, is the third and longest of the four canonical Gospels.
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Gothic Christianity refers to the Christian religion of the Goths and sometimes the Gepids, Vandals, and Burgundians, who may have used Wulfila's translation of the Bible into Gothic and shared common doctrines and practices.
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Gothic is an extinct Germanic language that was spoken by the Goths.
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Greek or Hellenic (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to the southern Balkans, the Aegean Islands, western Asia Minor, parts of northern and Eastern Anatolia and the South Caucasus, southern Italy, Albania and Cyprus.
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The Gregorian calendar, also called the Western calendar and the Christian calendar, is internationally the most widely used civil calendar.
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Gudea was a ruler (ensi) of the state of Lagash in Southern Mesopotamia who ruled ca.
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The Gupta Empire (गुप्तसाम्राज्य) was an ancient Indian empire, founded by Maharaja Sri Gupta, which existed at its zenith from approximately 320 to 550 CE and covered much of the Indian Subcontinent.
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The Gutian dynasty came to power in Mesopotamia around 2150 BC (short chronology), by destabilising Akkad, according to the Sumerian kinglist at the end of the reign of king Ur-Utu (or Lugal-melem) of Uruk.
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The Haab' is part of the Maya calendric system.
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Hebrew Bible or Hebrew Scriptures (Biblia Hebraica) is the term used by biblical scholars to refer to the Tanakh (תנ"ך), the canonical collection of Jewish texts, which is the common textual source of the several canonical editions of the Christian Old Testament.
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The is the last division of classical Japanese history, running from 794 to 1185.
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Helios (Ἥλιος Hēlios; Latinized as Helius; Ἠέλιος in Homeric Greek) was the personification of the Sun in Greek mythology.
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Hellenistic astrology is a tradition of horoscopic astrology that was developed and practiced in the late Hellenistic period in and around the Mediterranean region, especially in Egypt.
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Hellenistic Judaism was a form of Judaism in the ancient world that combined Jewish religious tradition with elements of Greek culture.
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The Hellenistic period covers the period of ancient Greek (Hellenic) history and Mediterranean history between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC and the emergence of the Roman Empire as signified by the Battle of Actium in 31 BC and the subsequent conquest of Ptolemaic Egypt the following year.
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Hermes (Ἑρμῆς) is an Olympian god in Greek religion and mythology, the son of Zeus and the Pleiad Maia.
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The History of Dharmaśāstra, with subtitle Ancient and Medieval Religious and Civil Law in India, is a monumental five-volume work consisting of around 6,500 pages.
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A horoscope is an astrological chart or diagram representing the positions of the Sun, Moon, planets, astrological aspects, and sensitive angles at the time of an event, such as the moment of a person's birth.
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Hudibras is an English mock heroic narrative poem from the 17th century written by Samuel Butler.
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Icelandic is a North Germanic language, the language of Iceland.
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Interpretatio graeca (Latin, "Greek translation" or "interpretation by means of Greek ") is a discourse in which ancient Greek religious concepts and practices, deities, and myths are used to interpret or attempt to understand the mythology and religion of other cultures.
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Ishtar (English pronunciation; Transliteration: DIŠTAR; Akkadian:; Sumerian𒀭) is the East Semitic Akkadian, Assyrian and Babylonian goddess of fertility, love, war, and sex.
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ISO 8601 Data elements and interchange formats – Information interchange – Representation of dates and times is an international standard covering the exchange of date and time-related data.
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The ISO week date system is a leap week calendar system that is part of the ISO 8601 date and time standard.
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James Orr (1844–6 September 1913) was a Scottish Presbyterian minister and professor of church history and then theology.
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Jane Austen (16 December 1775 – 18 July 1817) was an English novelist whose works of romantic fiction, set among the landed gentry, earned her a place as one of the most widely read writers in English literature.
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Japan (日本 Nippon or Nihon; formally or Nihon-koku, "State of Japan") is an island country in East Asia.
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The Javanese calendar is the calendar of the Javanese people.
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The Jin dynasty was a dynasty in Chinese history, lasting between the years 265 and 420 AD.
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Johannesburg (also known as Jozi, Jo'burg, eGoli, and Joeys, and abbreviated as JHB) is the largest city in South Africa.
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Judaism (from Iudaismus, derived from Greek Ἰουδαϊσμός, originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; in Hebrew:, Yahadut, the distinctive characteristics of the Judean ethnos) encompasses the religion, philosophy, culture and way of life of the Jewish people.
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The Julian calendar, introduced by Julius Caesar in 46 BC (708 AUC), was a reform of the Roman calendar.
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Julian day is the continuous count of days since the beginning of the Julian Period used primarily by astronomers.
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Jupiter (Iuppiter;; genitive case: Iovis) or Jove is the king of the gods and the god of sky and thunder in Ancient Roman religion and mythology.
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Justin Martyr, also known as Saint Justin (100 – 165 AD), was an early Christian apologist, and is regarded as the foremost interpreter of the theory of the Logos in the 2nd century.
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Kangju was the Chinese name of an ancient kingdom in Central Asia which became for a couple of centuries the second greatest power in Transoxiana after the Yuezhi.
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Kūkai (空海), also known posthumously as, 774–835, was a Japanese monk, civil servant, scholar, poet, and artist, founder of the Shingon or "True Word" school of Buddhism.
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Koine Greek (UK English, US English, or; in Merriam-Webster from Koine Greek ἡ κοινὴ διάλεκτος, "the common dialect"), also known as Alexandrian dialect, common Attic or Hellenistic Greek (Modern Greek Ελληνιστική Κοινή, "Hellenistic Koiné", in the sense of "Hellenistic supraregional language"), was the common supra-regional form of Greek spoken and written during Hellenistic and Roman antiquity.
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Lagash is an ancient city located northwest of the junction of the Euphrates and Tigris rivers and east of Uruk, about east of the modern town of Ash Shatrah, Iraq.
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Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
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A leap second is a one-second adjustment that is occasionally applied to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) in order to keep its time of day close to the mean solar time, or UT1.
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A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or a bissextile year) is a year containing one additional day (or, in the case of lunisolar calendars, a month) in order to keep the calendar year synchronized with the astronomical or seasonal year.
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The Lord's Day in Christianity is generally Sunday, the principal day of communal worship.
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In ancient Roman religion and myth, Luna is the divine embodiment of the Moon (Latin luna; cf. English "lunar").
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The lunar phase or phase of the moon is the shape of the illuminated (sunlit) portion of the Moon as seen by an observer on Earth.
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Manichaeism (in Modern Persian آیین مانی Āyin e Māni) was a major religion that was founded by the Iranian prophet Mani (in Persian: مانی, Syriac: ܡܐܢܝ, Latin: Manichaeus or Manes; 216–276 AD) in the Sasanian Empire.
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Marduk (Sumerian spelling in Akkadian: AMAR.UTU "solar calf"; Greek Μαρδοχαῖος, Mardochaios) was a late-generation god from ancient Mesopotamia and patron deity of the city of Babylon.
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In ancient Roman religion and myth, Mars (Mārs) was the god of war and also an agricultural guardian, a combination characteristic of early Rome.
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Saint Martin of Braga (in Latin Martinus Bracarensis, 520–580 AD) was an archbishop of Bracara Augusta in Gallaecia (now Braga in Portugal), a missionary, a monastic founder, and an ecclesiastical author.
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Máni (Old Norse/Icelandic "moon"Orchard (1997:109).) is the personification of the moon in Norse mythology.
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Medieval Greek, also known as Byzantine Greek, is the stage of the Greek language between the end of Classical antiquity in the 5th-6th centuries and the end of the Middle Ages, conventionally dated to the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople in 1453. From the 7th century onwards, Greek was the only language of administration and government in the Byzantine Empire. This stage of language is thus described as Byzantine Greek. The study of the Medieval Greek language and literature is a branch of Byzantine Studies, or Byzantinology, the study of the history and culture of the Byzantine Empire. The beginning of Medieval Greek is occasionally dated back to as early as the 4th century, either to 330 AD, when the political centre of the Roman Empire was moved to Constantinople, or to 395 AD, the division of the Empire. However, this approach is rather arbitrary as it is more an assumption of political as opposed to cultural and linguistic developments. Indeed, by this time the spoken language, particularly pronunciation, had already shifted towards modern forms. The conquests of Alexander, and the ensuing Hellenistic period, had caused Greek to spread to peoples throughout Anatolia and the Eastern Mediterranean, altering the spoken language's pronunciation and structure. Medieval Greek is the link between this vernacular, known as Koine Greek, and the Modern Greek language. Though Byzantine Greek literature was still strongly influenced by Ancient Greek, it was also influenced by vernacular Koine Greek, which is the language of the New Testament and the liturgical language of the church.
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The, also known as the Meiji era, is a Japanese era which extended from September 8, 1868 through July 30, 1912.
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Mercury (Latin: Mercurius) is a major Roman god, being one of the Dii Consentes within the ancient Roman pantheon.
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In computing, the modulo operation finds the remainder after division of one number by another (sometimes called modulus).
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Monday is the day of the week between Sunday and Tuesday.
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A month is a unit of time, used with calendars, which is approximately as long as a natural period related to the motion of the Moon; month and Moon are cognates.
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The Moon (in Greek: Selene, in Latin: Luna) is Earth's only natural satellite.
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Nabu (in Biblical Hebrew Nebo נבו) is the Assyrian and Babylonian god of wisdom and writing, worshipped by Babylonians as Marduk and Sarpanitum's son and as Ea's grandson.
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The names of the days of the seven-day week in many languages, including English, are derived from their being named after the classical planets in Hellenistic astrology, a system introduced in the Roman Empire during Late Antiquity.
The name Nergal, Nirgal, or Nirgali (Aramaic ܢܹܪܓܵܐܠ; Nergel) was a deity worshipped throughout Mesopotamia (Akkad, Assyria and Babylonia) with the main seat of his worship at Cuthah represented by the mound of Tell-Ibrahim.
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In astronomy, new moon is the first phase of the Moon, when it orbits as seen from the Earth, the moment when the Moon and the Sun have the same ecliptical longitude.
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Nine day week may refer to time intervals used in.
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Ninurta was a Sumerian and the Akkadian god of hunting and war.
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In the Abrahamic religions, Noah, or Noé or Noach (ܢܘܚ Nukh; نُوح; Νῶε), was the tenth and last of the pre-flood Patriarchs.
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"Octave" has two senses in Christian liturgical usage.
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In Germanic mythology, Odin (from Old Norse Óðinn) is a widely attested god.
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Old Church Slavonic, also known as Old Church Slavic (often abbreviated to OCS; self-name, slověnĭskŭ językŭ), was the first Slavic literary language.
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Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc) or Anglo-Saxon is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.
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Old High German (OHG, German: Althochdeutsch, German abbr. Ahd.) is the earliest stage of the German language, conventionally covering the period from around 700 to 1050 AD.
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In set theory, an ordinal number, or ordinal, is the order type of a well-ordered set.
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The Oxford English Dictionary (OED), published by the Oxford University Press, is a descriptive (as opposed to prescriptive) dictionary of the English language.
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The Parables of Jesus can be found in all the canonical gospels, and in some of the non-canonical gospels, but are located mainly within the three synoptic gospels.
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Paraskevi (Παρασκευή, Paraskeuē, literally "Preparation", and also the name of the "day of preparation" for the Sabbath, i.e. Friday) is a female given name.
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The Paris Commune was a radical socialist and revolutionary government that ruled Paris from 18 March to 28 May 1871.
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The Pawukon is a 210 day calendar that has its origins in the Hindu religion in Bali, Indonesia.
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The Persian Empire is any of a series of imperial dynasties centered in Persia (now Iran).
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The parable of the Pharisee and the Publican (or the Pharisee and the Tax Collector), is a parable of Jesus that appears in the Gospel of Luke.
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The planetary hours are an ancient system in which one of the seven classical planets is given rulership over each day and various parts of the day.
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Planets in astrology have a meaning different from the modern astronomical understanding of what a planet is.
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Plutarch (Πλούταρχος, Ploútarkhos,; later named, upon becoming a Roman citizen, Lucius Mestrius Plutarchus (Λούκιος Μέστριος Πλούταρχος); c. AD 46 – AD 120) was a Greek historian, biographer and essayist, known primarily for his Parallel Lives and Moralia.
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The proleptic Julian calendar is produced by extending the Julian calendar backwards to dates preceding AD 4 when the quadrennial leap year stabilized.
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Proto-Germanic (PGmc; German Urgermanisch; also called Common Germanic, German Gemeingermanisch) is the reconstructed proto-language of the Germanic branch of the Indo-European family of languages.
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In mathematics, the remainder is the amount "left over" after performing some computation.
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The resurrection of Jesus is the Christian religious belief that, after being put to death to take the punishment deserved by others for the sins of the world, Jesus rose again from the dead.
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The Roman calendar changed its form several times between the founding of Rome and the fall of the Roman Empire.
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The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum; Ancient and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων Basileia tōn Rhōmaiōn) was the post-Republican period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
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The Romance languages— sometimes called the Latin languages, and occasionally the Romanic or Neo-Latin languages—are the modern languages that evolved from spoken Latin between the sixth and ninth centuries A.D. and that thus form a branch of the Italic languages within the Indo-European language family.
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Sabbath is the seventh day of the Hebrew calendar week.
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Samarkand (Samarqand; Самарқанд; سمرقند; Cyrillic/Самарканд from Sogdian: "Stone Fort" or "Rock Town"), alternatively Samarqand or Samarcand, traditionally was the second-largest city in Uzbekistan and the capital of Samarqand Region.
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Samuel Butler (baptized 14 February 1613 – 25 September 1680) was a poet and satirist.
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San Cristóbal de La Laguna (commonly known as La Laguna) is a city and municipality in the northern part of the island of Tenerife in the Province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife, on the Canary Islands, (Spain).
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Saturday is the day of the week following Friday and preceding Sunday.
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Saturn (Saturnus) is a god in ancient Roman religion, and a character in myth.
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Sól (Old Norse "Sun")Orchard (1997:152).
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Second Temple Judaism (Judaism between the construction of the second Jewish temple in Jerusalem c. 515 BCE, and its destruction by the Romans in 70 CE) witnessed major historical upheavals and significant religious changes that would affect not only Judaism but also Christianity (which calls it the Deuterocanonical period or Intertestamental period).
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In Greek mythology, Selene (Greek Σελήνη 'moon') is the goddess of the moon.
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The Septuagint (from the Latin septuaginta, "seventy") is a translation of the Hebrew Bible and some related texts into Koine Greek.
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Shabbat (שַׁבָּת, "rest" or "cessation") or Shabbos (r) (English: Sabbath) is Judaism's day of rest and seventh day of the week, on which religious Jews remember the Biblical creation of the heavens and the earth in six days and the Exodus of the Hebrews, and look forward to a future Messianic Age.
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The short chronology is one of the chronologies of the Near Eastern Bronze and Early Iron Age, which fixes the reign of Hammurabi to 1728–1686 BC and the sack of Babylon to 1531 BC.
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Sol was the solar deity in Ancient Roman religion.
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According to the Bible, Solomon's Temple, also known as the First Temple, was the Holy Temple (בֵּית־הַמִּקְדָּשׁ: Bet HaMikdash) in ancient Jerusalem, on the Temple Mount (also known as Mount Zion), before its destruction by Nebuchadnezzar II after the Siege of Jerusalem of 587 BCE.
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The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (a) abbreviated to USSR (r) or shortened to the Soviet Union (p), was a Marxist–Leninist state on the Eurasian continent that existed between 1922 and 1991.
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Sunday is the day of the week following Saturday but before Monday.
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The Tang dynasty, was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui dynasty and followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.
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Týr (Old Norse: Týr) is a god associated with law and heroic glory in Norse mythology, portrayed as one-handed.
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The Ten Commandments, also known as the Decalogue, are a set of commandments which the Bible describes as being given to the Israelites by God at biblical Mount Sinai.
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Terminus post quem ("limit after which", often abbreviated to TPQ) and terminus ante quem ("limit before which") specify the known limits of dating for events.
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"The Day of the Lord" is a biblical term and theme used in both the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament; יְהוָה) and the New Testament (κυρίου), as in "The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and the terrible day of the come" (Joel 2:31, cited in Acts 2:20).
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The Economist is an English-language weekly newspaper owned by the Economist Group and edited in offices in London.
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In Norse mythology, Thor (from Old Norse Þórr) is a hammer-wielding god associated with thunder, lightning, storms, oak trees, strength, the protection of mankind, and also hallowing, healing and fertility.
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Thursday is the day of the week following Wednesday and before Friday.
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The tonalpohualli, a Nahuatl word meaning "count of days", is an Aztec version of the 260-day calendar in use in pre-Columbian Mesoamerica.
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A trecena is a 13-day period used in pre-Columbian Mesoamerican calendars.
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Tuesday (/ˈtuːzdeɪ/ or /ˈtuːzdi/) is a day of the week occurring after Monday and before Wednesday.
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Tzolk'in (from the revised Guatemala Mayan languages Academy orthography, which is preferred by the linguists of the Summer Institute of Linguistics; formerly and commonly tzolkin) is the name bestowed by Mayanists on the 260-day Mesoamerican calendar originated by the Maya civilization of pre-Columbian Mesoamerica.
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The base unit of time in the International System of Units (SI), and by extension most of the Western world, is the second, defined as about 9 thousand million periods of radiation of the caesium atom.
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Utnapishtim, or Utanapishtim, is a character in the epic of Gilgamesh who is tasked by Enki (Ea) to abandon his worldly possessions and create a giant ship to be called The Preserver of Life.
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Venus (Classical Latin) is the Roman goddess whose functions encompassed love, beauty, sex, fertility, prosperity and desire.
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Wednesday (or archaically) is the day of the week following Tuesday and before Thursday.
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Welsh (Cymraeg or y Gymraeg, pronounced) is a member of the Brittonic branch of the Celtic languages spoken natively in Wales, by some along the Welsh border in England, and in Y Wladfa (the Welsh colony in Chubut Province, Argentina).
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Western Christianity consists of the Latin Church of the Catholic Church and a variety of Protestant denominations.
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The workweek and weekend are those complementary parts of the week devoted to labour and rest, respectively.
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Yijing (635–713 CE) was a Tang Chinese Buddhist monk originally named Zhang Wenming (張文明).
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The Yuga Purana is an ancient Indian text, part of the larger Puranic literature.
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Zeus (Ζεύς, Zeús,; Modern Δίας, Días) was the sky and thunder god in ancient Greek religion, who ruled as king of the gods of Mount Olympus.
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This article treats of the reckoning of days, months and years in the calendar used by adherents of the Zoroastrian faith.
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Year 60 (LX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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