344 relations: Abidjan, Abuja, Acarajé, Accra, Accra Hearts of Oak SC, Africa, Africa Cup of Nations, Afroasiatic languages, Afrobeat, Ajam, Akan language, Akan people, Akan religion, Algeria, Almoravid dynasty, Amílcar Cabral International Airport, Ancient Rome, Arab world, Arab-Berber, Aro Confederacy, Asante Kotoko SC, ASEC Mimosas, Ashanti Empire, Ashanti people, Ashanti Region, Askia Mohammad I, Association football, Atlantic Ocean, Aya Virginie Toure, Bamako, Bamako–Sénou International Airport, Bamana Empire, Bambara people, Banjul, Banjul International Airport, Bantu languages, Bard, Benin, Benin City, Benue Trough, Berbers, Bird's-eye view, Bissau, Bonoman, Boubou (clothing), Brazil, Breeches, British Overseas Territories, Burkina Faso, Cadjehoun Airport, ..., Camel, Cape Verde, Cape Verdean escudo, Caribbean, Carthage, Cassava, Central Africa, CFA franc, Christianity, Cinema of the United States, City, Columbia University, Comfort Freeman, Compound (enclosure), Conakry, 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Abidjan is the economic capital of Ivory Coast and is the most populated West African French-speaking city.
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Abuja is the capital city of Nigeria.
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Acarajé or Akara is a dish made from peeled black-eyed peas formed into a ball and then deep-fried in dendê (palm oil).
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Accra is the capital and largest city of Ghana, with an estimated urban population of 2.27 million.
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Accra Hearts of Oak Sporting Club, commonly referred to as Hearts of Oak or just Hearts, is a professional football club based in Accra, Greater Accra.
Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most-populous continent.
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The Africa Cup of Nations, officially CAN (Coupe d'Afrique des Nations), also referred to as African Cup of Nations, or AFCON, is the main international association football competition in Africa.
Afroasiatic (Afro-Asiatic), also known as Afrasian and traditionally as Hamito-Semitic (Chamito-Semitic),Daniel Don Nanjira,, (ABC-CLIO: 2010).
Afrobeat is a combination of traditional Ghana music, jazz, highlife, funk, and chanted vocals, fused with percussion and vocal styles, popularised in Africa in the 1970s.
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Ajam is a word used in Persian and Arabic literature, but with different meanings.
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Akan is a Central Tano language that is the principal native language of the Akan people of Ghana, spoken over much of the southern half of that country, by about 58% of the population, and among 30% of the population of Ivory Coast.
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The Akan are a meta-ethnicity and Potou–Tano Kwa ethno-linguistic group residing on the Gulf of Guinea in the southern regions of the former Gold Coast region in what are today the republics of Ghana and the Ivory Coast in West Africa.
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The Akan people of Ghana and Ivory Coast believe in a Supreme Creator who takes on various names depending upon the region of worship.
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Algeria (الجزائر), officially People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a country in North Africa on the Mediterranean coast.
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The Almoravids (ⵉⵎⵕⴰⴱⴹⴻⵏ Imṛabḍen, المرابطون Al-Murābiṭūn) were a Berber dynasty of Morocco, who formed an empire in the 11th century that stretched over the western Maghreb and Al-Andalus.
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Amílcar Cabral International Airport, also known as Sal International Airport or Amílcar Cabral Airport, is the principal international airport of Cape Verde.
Ancient Rome was an Italic civilization that began on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 8th century BC.
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The Arab world (العالم العربي; formally: الوطن العربي), also known as the Arab Nation (الأمة العربية), consists of the 22 Arabic-speaking countries of the Arab League.
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Arab-Berber (العرب والبربر; Arabo-berbères) is a term to denote an inhabitant of the North African Maghreb who is of mixed Arab and Berber origin and whose native language is a dialect of Arabic and who also has an Arab ethnic identity.
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The Aro Confederacy (1690–1902) was a political union orchestrated by the Igbo subgroup, the Aro people, centered in Arochukwu in present-day southeastern Nigeria.
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Asante Kotoko Sporting Club, also known as Asante Kotoko or Ashanti Kotoko, is a professional football club from Kumasi, Ashanti.
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The Association Sportive des Employés de Commerce Mimosas, literally Mimosas Commerce Employees' Sporting Association, is an Ivorian football club based in Abidjan.
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The Ashanti (also spelled Asante) Empire (1701–1957) was an Akan empire and kingdom now Ashanti region.
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Ashanti, or Asante, or Asanti, are a nation and ethnic group native to Ashanti and the Kingdom of Ashanti situated on the semi-island exclave Ashantiland, who speak the Ashanti language and indistinguishable Ashanti Twi.
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Ashanti Region (or Ashanti) is a city-state autonomous region and homeland of the Ashanti people ethnic group occupying a total land surface of situated on the semi-island exclave Ashantiland.
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Askia Muhammad I (ca. 1443 – 1538), born Muhammad Ture or Mohamed Toure in Futa Tooro, later called Askia, also known as Askia the Great, was an emperor, military commander, and political reformer of the Songhai Empire in the late 15th century, the successor of Sunni Ali Ber.
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Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
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The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceanic divisions, following the Pacific Ocean.
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Aya Virginie Toure is a peace activist in Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast).
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Bamako is the capital and largest city of Mali, with a population of 1.8 million (2009 census, provisional).
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Bamako Senou International Airport is Mali's main airport located approximately south of downtown Bamako, the capital of Mali in West Africa.
The Bamana Empire (also Bambara Empire or Ségou Empire) was a large West African state based at Ségou, now in Mali.
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The Bambara (Bamana or Banmana) are a Mandé people living in west Africa, primarily in Mali but also in Guinea, Burkina Faso and Senegal.
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Banjul, officially the City of Banjul and formerly known as Bathurst, is the capital of the Gambia and is in a division of the same name.
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Banjul International Airport also known as Yundum International is the international airport of Banjul, capital of the Gambia.
The Bantu languages, technically the Narrow Bantu languages, constitute a traditional branch of the Niger–Congo languages.
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In medieval Gaelic and British culture, a bard was a professional poet/story teller, employed by a patron, such as a monarch or nobleman, to commemorate one or more of the patron's ancestors and to praise the patron's own activities.
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Benin (or; Bénin), officially the Republic of Benin (République du Bénin) and formerly Dahomey, is a country in West Africa.
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Benin City is a city (2006 est. pop. 1,147,188) and the capital of Edo State in southern Nigeria.
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The Benue Trough is a major geological formation underlying a large part of Nigeria and extending about 1,000 km northeast from the Bight of Benin to Lake Chad.
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The Berbers or Amazighs (Berber: ⵉⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵏ Imaziɣen/imazighen/, singular: ⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖ Amaziɣ/Amazigh) are an ethnic group indigenous to North Africa.
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A bird's-eye view is an elevated view of an object from above, with a perspective as though the observer were a bird, often used in the making of blueprints, floor plans and maps.
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Bissau is the capital city of Guinea-Bissau.
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Bonoman (Bono State) was a trading state created by the Abron people.
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The grand boubou/bubu is one of the names for a flowing wide sleeved robe worn by men in much of West Africa, and to a lesser extent in North Africa, related to the Dashiki suit.
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Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and the Latin American region.
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Breeches are an article of clothing covering the body from the waist down, with separate coverings for each leg, usually stopping just below the knee, though in some cases reaching to the ankles.
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The fourteen British Overseas Territories (BOT) are territories under the jurisdiction and sovereignty of the United Kingdom; they do not, however, form part of it.
Burkina Faso is a landlocked country in West Africa around in size.
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Cotonou Cadjehoun Airport is an airport in Cotonou, the largest city in Benin in West Africa.
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A camel is an even-toed ungulate within the genus Camelus, bearing distinctive fatty deposits known as "humps" on its back.
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Cape Verde or Cabo Verde (Cabo Verde), officially the Republic of Cabo Verde, is an island country spanning an archipelago of 10 volcanic islands in the central Atlantic Ocean.
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The escudo (sign: \mathrm\!\!\!\Vert-->; ISO 4217: CVE) is the currency of the Republic of Cape Verde.
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The Caribbean (or; Caribe; Caraïben; Caribbean Hindustani: कैरिबियन (Kairibiyana); Caraïbe or more commonly Antilles) is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean), and the surrounding coasts.
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The city of Carthage (قرطاج) is a city in Tunisia that was once the center of the ancient Carthaginian civilization.
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Manihot esculenta, with common names cassava, Brazilian arrowroot, manioc, and tapioca, is a woody shrub of the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae, native to South America.
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Central Africa is a core region of the African continent which includes Burundi, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Rwanda.
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The CFA franc (in French: franc CFA, or colloquially franc) is the name of two currencies used in Africa which are guaranteed by the French treasury.
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ChristianityFrom the Ancient Greek word Χριστός, Christos, a translation of the Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", together with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
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The cinema of the United States, often generally referred to as Hollywood, has had a profound effect on cinema across the world since the early 20th century.
A city is a large and permanent human settlement.
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Columbia University (officially Columbia University in the City of New York) is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City.
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Comfort M. Freeman is a peace activist in Liberia.
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Compound when applied to a human habitat refers to a cluster of buildings in an enclosure, having a shared or associated purpose, such as the houses of an extended family (e.g. the Kennedy Compound for the Kennedy family).
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Conakry (Sosso) is the capital and largest city of Guinea.
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Conakry International Airport, also known as Gbessia International Airport, is an airport located in Conakry, the capital of the Republic of Guinea in West Africa.
A plantain, or cooking plantain, is one of the less sweet cultivated varieties (cultivars) of the genus Musa whose fruit is also known as the banana.
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Cotonou, formerly Kutonu, is the largest city and economic centre of Benin.
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Couscous (or; Berber:, seksu, كسكس, kuskus or كسكسو kseksou) is a traditional Berber dish of semolina (granules of durum wheat) which is cooked by steaming.
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The Dagombas are ethnic group of the Kingdom of Dagbon (Northern Ghana) and they number about 825,736 (2002).
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Dahomey was an African kingdom (located in the area of the present-day country of Benin) which lasted from about 1600 until 1894, when the last chief Behanzin was defeated by the French and the country was annexed into the French colonial empire.
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Dakar is the capital and largest city of Senegal.
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Dan Maraya Jos (born Adamu Wayya in 1946 - 20 June 2015) was a Nigerian Hausa Griot best known for playing the kontigi.
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The Dashiki is a colorful garment for both men and women widely worn in Africa that covers the top half of the body.
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Demonym (δῆμος dẽmos 'people, tribe', ὄνομα ónoma 'name') is a recently created word that denotes terms that are used to identify natives or residents of a certain or specific place and which are derived from the name of that place.
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Diori Hamani International Airport is an airport in Niamey, the capital of Niger.
A dual-gauge railway is a line of track that provides for trains of two separate gauges.
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The most widespread epidemic of Ebola virus disease (commonly known as "Ebola") in history is currently ongoing in two West African countries.
The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS; French: Communauté économique des États de l'Afrique de l'Ouest, CEDEAO) is a regional group of fifteen West African countries.
al-Hajj Umar ibn Sa'id al-Futi Tal (عمر بن سعيد طعل), (c. 1797–1864 CE), Umar Saidou Tall, born in Futa Tooro, Senegal, was a West African political leader, Islamic scholar, and Toucouleur military commander who founded a brief empire encompassing much of what is now Guinea, Senegal, and Mali.
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Embroidery is the handicraft of decorating fabric or other materials with needle and thread or yarn.
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Emigration is the act of leaving one's native country with the intent to settle elsewhere.
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Enyimba International Football Club, or simply Enyimba, is a Nigerian football (soccer) club based in the city of Aba which plays in the Nigerian Premier League.
The Federal Capital Territory is a federal territory in central Nigeria.
A firearm is a portable gun, being a barreled weapon that launches one or more projectiles often driven by the action of an explosive force.
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The First Capital Plus Bank Premier League is the top professional football division of the football league system in Ghana.
The First Ivorian Civil War was a conflict in the Ivory Coast (also known as Côte d'Ivoire) that began in 2002.
The First Liberian Civil War was an internal conflict in Liberia from 1989 until 1997.
Folk music includes both traditional music and the genre that evolved from it during the 20th century folk revival.
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A football team is the collective name given to a group of players selected together in the various team sports known as football.
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A forest is a large area of land covered with trees or other woody vegetation.
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France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state comprising territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.
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Freetown is the capital and largest city of Sierra Leone.
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French West Africa (Afrique occidentale française, AOF) was a federation of eight French colonial territories in Africa: Mauritania, Senegal, French Sudan (now Mali), French Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast), Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso), Dahomey (now Benin) and Niger.
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Fufu (variants of the name include foofoo, fufuo, foufou) is a staple food of many countries in Africa and the Caribbean.
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Fuji is a popular Nigerian musical genre.
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The Fula people or Fulani or Fulɓe (Fulɓe; Peul; Fulani; Fula; Pël; Fulaw) numbering approximately 20 million people in total are one of the most widely dispersed and culturally diverse of the peoples of Africa.
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The dalasi is the currency of the Gambia.
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Gao is a city in Mali and the capital of the Gao Region.
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Benin, a narrow, key-shaped, north-south strip of land in West Africa, lies between the Equator and the Tropic of Cancer.
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Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta) is a landlocked Sahel country that shares borders with six nations.
Ghana is a country in Africa, along the Gulf of Guinea, just a few degrees north of the equator.
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Guinea is a country on the coast of West Africa and is bordered by Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, and Sierra Leone.
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This article describes the geography of Guinea-Bissau.
Ivory Coast (Côte d'Ivoire) is a sub-Saharan nation in southern West Africa located at 8 00°N, 5 00°W.
Liberia is a Sub-Saharan nation in West Africa located at 6 °N, 9 °W.
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Mali is a landlocked nation in West Africa, located southwest of Algeria, extending south-west from the southern Sahara Desert through the Sahel to the Sudanian savanna zone.
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Mauritania, a country in the western region of the continent of Africa, is generally flat, its 1,030,700 square kilometres forming vast, arid plains broken by occasional ridges and clifflike outcroppings.
Niger is a landlocked nation in West Africa located along the border between the Sahara and Sub-Saharan regions.
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Nigeria is a country in West Africa.
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Senegal is a coastal West African nation located 14 degrees north of the Equator and 14 degrees west of the Prime Meridian.
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Sierra Leone is located on the west coast of Africa, between the 7th and 10th parallels north of the equator.
The Gambia is a very small and narrow country with the border based on the Gambia River.
Togo is a small Sub-Saharan state, comprising a long strip of land in West Africa.
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Geopolitics (from Greek γῆ ge "earth, land" and πολιτική politikē "politics") is the study of the effects of geography (human and physical) on international politics and international relations.
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Georgetown is the capital and chief settlement of Ascension Island, Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha, situated on the west coast of the island.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a federal parliamentary republic in western-central Europe.
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Ghana, officially called the Republic of Ghana, is a sovereign unitary presidential constitutional democracy, located along the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean, in the subregion of West Africa.
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The Ghana Empire (c. 300 until c. 1235) was located in what is now southeastern Mauritania and western Mali.
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The Ghana national football team (Gaana adehyeman nan-bɔɔl tiim), popularly nicknamed as the Black Stars (Nsoroma Tuntum), represents Ghana in international association football and has done so since the 1950s.
The Ghana cedi (currency sign: GH₵; currency code: GHS) is the unit of currency of Ghana.
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Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au (from aurum) and atomic number 79.
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The Greater Accra Region has the smallest area of Ghana's 10 administrative regions, occupying a total land surface of 3,245 square kilometres or 1.4 per cent of the total land area of Ghana.
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The Maghreb (or;Literally sunset; المغرب العربي, "the Arab West"; ⵜⴰⵎⴰⵣⵖⴰ; previously known as Barbary Coast), or the Greater Maghreb (المغرب الكبير el-Maghrib el-Kbīr), is usually defined as much or most of the region of western North Africa or Northwest Africa, west of Egypt.
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A griot, jali or jeli (djeli or djéli in French spelling) is a West African historian, storyteller, praise singer, poet and/or musician.
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Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is a measure of the size of an economy.
Guinea, officially the Republic of Guinea (République de Guinée), is a country in West Africa.
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Guinea is a traditional name for the region of West Africa that lies along the Gulf of Guinea.
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Guinea-Bissau, officially the Republic of Guinea-Bissau (República da Guiné-Bissau), is a country in West Africa.
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The Guinea-Bissau Civil War was fought from 7 June 1998 to 10 May 1999 and was triggered by an attempted coup d'état against the government of President João Bernardo Vieira led by Brigadier-General Ansumane Mané.
The Guinean franc (franc guinéen, ISO 4217 code: GNF) is the currency of Guinea.
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The Gulf of Guinea is the northeasternmost part of the tropical Atlantic Ocean between Cape Lopez in Gabon, north and west to Cape Three Points in Western region Ghana.
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Haiti (Haïti; Ayiti), officially the Republic of Haiti, is a country in the western hemisphere, and is located on the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean.
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Hausa (Yaren Hausa or Harshen Hausa) is the Chadic language (a branch of the Afroasiatic language family) with the largest number of speakers, spoken as a first language by about 35 million people, and as a second language by 15 million in Nigeria, and millions more in other countries, for a total of at least 50 million speakers.
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The Hausa (autonyms for singular: Bahaushe (m), Bahaushiya (f); plural Hausawa and general: Hausa/Haoussa; exonyms being Ausa, Mgbakpa, Kado, Al-Takari, Fellata and Abakwariga) are one of the largest ethnic groups in Africa.
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A hem in sewing is a garment finishing method, where the edge of a piece of cloth is folded narrowly and sewn to prevent unravelling of the fabric.
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Highlife is a music genre that originated in Ghana at the turn of the 20th century and incorporated the traditional harmonic 9th, as well as melodic and the main rhythmic structures in traditional Akan music, and married them with Western instruments.
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A highway is any public road or other public way on land.
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Hinterland is a German word meaning "the land behind" (a city, a port, or similar).
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Recent archeological discoveries at Bura in southwest Niger and in adjacent southwest Burkina Faso have documented the existence of the iron-age Bura culture from the 3rd century to the 13th century.
The Republic of Ghana is named after the medieval West African Ghana Empire.
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Hollywood is a neighborhood in the central region of Los Angeles, California.
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The horse (Equus ferus caballus) is one of two extant subspecies of ''Equus ferus''.
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Ife (Ifè, also Ilé-Ifẹ̀) is an ancient Yoruba city in southwestern Nigeria.
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Igbo (Laurie Bauer, 2007, The Linguistics Student's Handbook, Edinburgh archaically Ibo) (Igbo: Asụsụ Igbo), is the principal native language of the Igbo people, an ethnic group of southeastern Nigeria.
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The Igbo people, historically spelled "Ibo", are an ethnic group of southeastern Nigeria.
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Igboland (Standard), also known as Southeastern Nigeria and formerly known as Ibo or Iboland, is a non-governmental cultural region and a linguistic area in Nigeria that is defined by the Igbo culture and language.
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Islam (There are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster). The most common are (Oxford English Dictionary, Random House) and (American Heritage Dictionary). الإسلام,: Arabic pronunciation varies regionally. The first vowel ranges from ~~. The second vowel ranges from ~~~. In Northwestern Africa, they do not have stress or lengthened vowels.) is a monotheistic, Abrahamic religion articulated by the Qur'an, a religious text considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God, and, for the vast majority of adherents, by the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah, composed of accounts called hadith) of Muhammad (circa 570–8 June 632 CE), considered by most of them to be the last prophet of God.
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Ivory Coast or Côte d'Ivoire, officially the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire (République de Côte d'Ivoire), is a country in West Africa.
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The Ivory Coast national football team (Équipe de Côte d'Ivoire de football), nicknamed Les Éléphants (The Elephants), represents Ivory Coast in international football and is controlled by the Fédération Ivoirienne de Football (FIF).
A jacket is a mid-stomach–length garment for the upper body.
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Jamestown is the capital and historic chief settlement of the island of Saint Helena, in the South Atlantic Ocean.
Jihad (جهاد) is an Islamic term referring to the religious duty of Muslims to maintain the religion.
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Jollof rice, also called Benachin (Wolof: "one pot"), is a popular one-pot rice dish popular in many West African countries, usually eaten on special and festive occassions.
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A kaftan or caftan (Arabic: قفطان qaftân) is a variant of the robe or tunic, versions of which have been worn by several cultures around the world for thousands of years.
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The Kanuri people (Kanouri, Kanowri, also Yerwa and several subgroup names) are an African ethnic group living largely in the lands of the former Kanem and Bornu Empires in Niger, Nigeria and Cameroon.
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Kente cloth, known as nwentom in Akan, is a type of silk and cotton fabric made of interwoven cloth strips and is native to the Akan ethnic group of South Ghana.
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The Kingdom of Jolof (Djolof or Diolof), also known as Wolof and Wollof, was a West African rump state located in what is today the nation of Senegal.
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The Kingdom of Nri (948–1911) was the West African medieval state of the Nri-Igbo, a subgroup of the Igbo people.
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Kotoka International Airport in Accra, Ghana, is the country's premier international airport and has the capacity for large aircraft such as the Boeing 747-8.
Koumbi Saleh, sometimes Kumbi Saleh is the site of a ruined medieval town in south east Mauritania that may have been the capital of the Ghana Empire.
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Kumasi (historically spelled Comassie or Coomassie) Kumasi Metropolis, is a metropolis and capital city of Ashanti situated on the semi-island exclave Ashantiland.
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Kwame Nkrumah PC (1909? – 27 April 1972) led Ghana to independence from Britain in 1957 and served as its first prime minister and president.
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Lagos, (Yoruba: Èkó) is the most populous city in Nigeria, the second fastest growing city in Africa and the seventh fastest growing in the world.
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Lagos, usually referred to as Lagos State to distinguish it from the city of Lagos, is a state located in the southwestern geopolitical zone of Nigeria.
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Lagunes (literally meaning "lagoons" in French) is one of the 19 regions of Côte d'Ivoire.
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Lake Chad (lac Tchad) is a historically large, shallow, endorheic lake in Africa, which has varied in size over the centuries.
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Léopold Sédar Senghor International Airport (Aéroport international Léopold-Sédar-Senghor) is an international airport serving Dakar, the capital of Senegal.
Leymah Roberta Gbowee (born 1 February 1972) is a Liberian peace activist responsible for leading a women's peace movement that helped bring an end to the Second Liberian Civil War in 2003.
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Liberia, Cape Mesurado, Grain Coast, Pepper Coast, (Little America) or (LIB), commonly and officially referred to as the Republic of Liberia, is a country on the West African coast.
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The dollar (currency code LRD) has been the currency of Liberia since 1943.
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The Ivory Coast Ligue 1 is the top division of the Fédération Ivoirienne de Football.
The Liptako–Gourma Authority (LGA) is a regional organization seeking to develop the contiguous areas of Mali, Burkina Faso, and Niger.
This is a list of the world's sovereign states and their dependent territories by area, ranked by its total area.
This is a list of countries and dependent territories by population with inclusion within the list being based on the ISO standard ISO 3166-1.
This article includes a list of countries in the world sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP), the value of all final goods and services produced within a state in a given year.
This is a list of historians.
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Locusts are the swarming phase of certain species of short-horned grasshoppers in the family Acrididae.
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Lomé, with a population of 837,437 (metro population 1,570,283), is the capital and largest city of Togo.
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Lomé–Tokoin Airport, also known as Gnassingbé Eyadéma International Airport, is an airport in Lomé, the capital of Togo.
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Louisiana (or; État de Louisiane,; Louisiana Creole: Léta de la Lwizyàn) is a state located in the southern region of the United States.
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Freetown-Lungi International Airport is an international airport located in the coastal town of Lungi, Sierra Leone.
Maafe (var. mafé, maffé, maffe, sauce d'arachide (French), tigadèguèna or tigadenena (Bamana; literally 'peanut butter sauce'), or groundnut stew, is a stew or sauce (depending on water content) common to much of West Africa. It originates from the Mandinka and Bambara people of Mali. Variants of the dish appear in the cuisine of nations throughout West Africa and Central Africa.
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Maghrebis or Maghrebians are the inhabitants of the Maghreb countries in western North Africa (Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Libya, Mauritania).
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Mali, officially the Republic of Mali (République du Mali), is a landlocked country in West Africa.
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The Mali Empire (Manding: Nyeni; Niani), also historically referred to as the Manden Kurufaba, was a Mandinka/Bambara empire in West Africa from c. 1230 to c. 1600.
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Mamadou Diabaté (born 1975) is a kora player.
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Alhaji (Dr) Mamman Shata Daura (born in 1923 in Musawa, Katsina State, Nigeria, died on 18 June 1999) was a Nigerian singer.
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Mandé or Manden is a family of ethnic groups in West Africa who speak any of the many related Mande languages of the region.
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The Mande languages are spoken in several countries in West Africa by the Mandé people and include Mandinka, Soninke, Bambara, Dioula, Bozo, Mende, Susu, and Vai.
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The Mandinka language (Mandi'nka kango), or Manding, is a Mandé language spoken by the Mandinka people of the Casamance region of Senegal, the Gambia, and northern Guinea-Bissau.
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The Mandinka, Malinke (also known as Mandinko or Mandingo) is a West African ethnic group with an estimated global population of eleven million (the other three major ethnic groups in the region being the non-related Fula, Hausa and Songhai).
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Manillas are penannular armlets, mostly in bronze or copper, very rarely gold, which served as a form of commodity money (and, to a degree, ornamentation) among certain West African peoples (Aro Confederacy, Guinea Coast, Gold Coast, Calabar and other parts of Nigeria, etc.).Chamberlain, C. C.(1963).
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The Massina Empire (Var.: Maasina or Macina: also: Dina of Massina, Sise Jihad state, and Caliphate of Hamdullahi) was an early nineteenth-century Fulbe Jihad state centered in the Inner Niger Delta area of what is now the Mopti and Ségou Regions of Mali.
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Mauritania (موريتانيا; Berber: Muritanya or Agawej; Gànnaar; Soninke: Murutaane; Pulaar: Moritani), officially the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, is a country in the Maghreb region of western North Africa.
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Mbalax (or Mbalakh) is the national popular dance music of Senegal and the Gambia.
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A merchant is a businessperson who trades in commodities produced by others, in order to earn a profit.
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The Middle Belt is a human geographical term designating the region of central Nigeria populated largely by minority ethnic groups and stretching across the country longitudinally.
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A minstrel was a medieval European person who performed songs whose lyrics told stories of distant places or of existing or imaginary historical events.
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Monrovia is the capital city of the West African country of Liberia.
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The Moors were Muslim inhabitants of the Maghreb, the Iberian Peninsula, Sicily, and Malta during the Middle Ages.
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Morocco (المغرب; ⵍⵎⴰⵖⵔⵉⴱ or Muṛṛakuc, ⵎⵓⵔⴰⴽⵓⵛ; Maroc), officially the Kingdom of Morocco, is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa.
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The Mossi (or Mole, Mosse, sing. Moaaga) are a people in central Burkina Faso, living mostly in the villages of the Nazinon and Nakanbe (formerly Volta) River Basin. The Mossi are the largest ethnic group in Burkina Faso, constituting more than 40% of the population, or about 6.2 million people. The other 60% of Burkina Faso's population is composed of more than 60 ethnic groups, mainly the Gurunsi, Senufo, Lobi, Bobo, and Fulani. The Mossi speak the Mòoré language.
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Mount Cameroon is an active volcano in Cameroon near the Gulf of Guinea.
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A multi-sport event is an organized sporting event, often held over multiple days, featuring competition in many different sports between organized teams of athletes from (mostly) nation-states.
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Murtala Muhammed International Airport (MMIA) is an international airport located in Ikeja, Lagos State, Nigeria, and is the major airport serving the city of Lagos.
Musa Keita I (1280 – 1337) was the tenth Mansa, which translates as "King of Kings" or "Emperor", of the wealthy West African Mali Empire.
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West Africa has a particularly rich and diverse music tradition.
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N'Ko is both a script devised by Solomana Kante in 1949, as a writing system for the Manding languages of West Africa, and the name of the literary language itself written in the script.
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Niamey is the capital and largest city of the West African country Niger.
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Niger, officially the Republic of Niger, is a landlocked country in Western Africa, named after the Niger River.
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The Niger–Congo languages constitute one of the world's major language families, and Africa's largest in terms of geographical area, number of speakers, and number of distinct languages.
Federal Republic of Nigeria, commonly referred to as Nigeria, is a federal constitutional republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.
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The Nigeria national football team, known as the "Super Eagles", represents Nigeria in international association football and is controlled by the Nigeria Football Federation (NFF).
The Nigeria Premier League is the highest level of domestic Nigerian football.
The Nigerian Civil War, also known as the Biafran War, 6 July 1967 – 15 January 1970, was a war fought to counter the secession of Biafra from Nigeria.
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The Naira (sign: ₦; code: NGN) is the currency of Nigeria.
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The Nilo-Saharan languages are a proposed family of African languages spoken by some 50–60 million Nilotic people, mainly in the upper parts of the Chari and Nile rivers, including historic Nubia, north of where the two tributaries of the Nile meet.
The Nok culture appeared in Northern Nigeria around 1000 BC and vanished under unknown circumstances around 300 AD in the region of West Africa.
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Nollywood is a sobriquet, that was originally used to refer to the Nigerian film industry, but over the years have also been used to refer to English-language Ghanaian films, which are usually co-produced with Nigeria and/or distributed by Nigerian companies, as well as Nigerian diaspora films considered to be affiliated with Nigeria or made specifically to capture the Nigerian audience.
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Nonviolent resistance (NVR or nonviolent action) is the practice of achieving goals through symbolic protests, civil disobedience, economic or political noncooperation, satyagraha, or other methods, without using violence.
North Africa or Northern Africa is the northernmost region of Africa.
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North Carolina is a state in the Southeastern United States.
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Nouakchott (نواكشوط, originally derived from Berber Nawākšūṭ, "place of the winds") is the capital and by far the largest city of Mauritania.
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Nsibidi (also known as nsibiri, nchibiddi or nchibiddy) is a system of symbols indigenous to what is now southeastern Nigeria that is apparently an ideographic script, though there have been suggestions that it includes logographic elements.
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Odinani comprises the traditional religious practices and cultural beliefs of the Igbo people.
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Okra or Okro (or; Abelmoschus esculentus Moench), known in many English-speaking countries as ladies' fingers, bhendi, bhindi, bamia, ochro or gumbo, is a flowering plant in the mallow family.
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Osvaldo Vieira International Airport is an airport that serves the city of Bissau, the capital city of Guinea-Bissau.
Ouagadougou (Mossi) is the capital of Burkina Faso and the administrative, communications, cultural and economic centre of the nation.
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Ouagadougou Airport is an airport in the centre of the city of Ouagadougou in Burkina Faso.
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Oualata or Walata (ولاته) (also Biru in 17th century chronicles) is a small oasis town in southeast Mauritania, located at the eastern end of the Aoukar basin.
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Ousmane Sembène (1 January 1923 – 9 June 2007), often credited in the French style as Sembène Ousmane in articles and reference works, was a Senegalese film director, producer and writer.
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Oware is an abstract strategy game among the Mancala family of board games (pit and pebble games) played world-wide with slight variations as to the layout of the game, number of players and strategy of play.
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The Oyo Empire was a Yoruba empire of what is today western Nigeria, north central Nigeria and Western Republic of Benin.
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Pan-Africanism is an ideology and movement that encourages the solidarity of Africans worldwide.
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A peace movement is a social movement that seeks to achieve ideals such as the ending of a particular war (or all wars), minimize inter-human violence in a particular place or type of situation, including ban guns, and often linked to the goal of achieving world peace.
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Port Bouet Airport, also known as Félix-Houphouët-Boigny International Airport, is located 10 miles (16 kilometres) south east of Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.
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Port Harcourt (Pidgin: "Po-ta-kot") is the capital of Rivers State, Nigeria.
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Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa), is a country on the Iberian Peninsula, in southwestern Europe.
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Praia (meaning "beach", in both Portuguese and Cape Verdean Creole), is the capital and largest city of Cape Verde, an island nation in the Atlantic Ocean west of Senegal.
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Pray the Devil Back to Hell is a documentary film directed by Gini Reticker and produced by Abigail Disney.
Purchasing power parity (PPP) is a component of some economic theories and is a technique used to determine the relative value of different currencies.
Rail transport is a means of conveyance of passengers and goods, by way of wheeled vehicles running on rails.
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A religion is an organized collection of beliefs, cultural systems, and world views that relate humanity to an order of existence.
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Nigeria, the largest African country by population (over 182 million in 2015), is nearly equally divided between Christianity and Islam though the exact ratio is uncertain.
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Rivers State, also known simply as Rivers, is one of the 36 states of Nigeria.
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Roberts International Airport, informally also known as Robertsfield, is an international airport in the West African nation of Liberia.
Rokia Traoré (born January 26, 1974) is a Victoires de la Musique award-winning Malian singer, songwriter and guitarist, born in Mali as a member of the Bambara ethnic group.
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The Sahara (الصحراء الكبرى,, 'the Greatest Desert') is the largest hot desert and third largest desert after Antarctica and the Arctic.
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The Sahel (pronounced as "suh-Hell" or "suh-Heel") is the ecoclimatic and biogeographic zone of transition in Africa between the Sahara Desert to the north and the Sudanian Savanna to the south.
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Saint Helena is a tropical island of volcanic origin in the South Atlantic Ocean, east of Rio de Janeiro and west of the southern coast of Africa.
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Saint Helena Airport is an airport under construction since early 2012 in the British Overseas Territory of Saint Helena, a remote island in the south Atlantic Ocean.
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The Saint Helena pound (also called simply "pound") is the currency of the Atlantic islands of Saint Helena and Ascension, which are constituents of the British overseas territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha.
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Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha is a British Overseas Territory in the southern Atlantic Ocean consisting of the island of Saint Helena, Ascension Island and the archipelago of Tristan da Cunha.
Salif Keïta (IPA) (born August 25, 1949) is an afro-pop singer-songwriter from Mali.
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Common salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of salts; salt in its natural form as a crystalline mineral is known as rock salt or halite.
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Samori Ture (also known as Samory Touré or Almamy Samore Lafiya Toure, c. 1830 – June 2, 1900) was the founder of the Wassoulou Empire, an Islamic state in present-day Guinea that resisted French colonial rule in West Africa from 1882 until Ture's capture in 1898.
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A savanna or savannah is a grassland ecosystem characterised by the trees being sufficiently widely spaced so that the canopy does not close.
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São Tomé and Príncipe officially the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe, is a Portuguese-speaking island nation in the Gulf of Guinea, off the western equatorial coast of Central Africa.
The "Scramble for Africa" was the invasion, occupation, colonization and annexation of African territory by European powers during the period of New Imperialism, between 1881 and 1914.
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The Second Liberian Civil War began in 1999 when a rebel group backed by the government of neighbouring Guinea, the Liberians United for Reconciliation and Democracy (LURD), emerged in northern Liberia.
Seku Amadu (Seeku Aamadu; t; Cheikhou Amadou or Sékou Amadou) (c. 1776 – 20 April 1845) was the Fulbe founder of the Massina Empire (Diina of Hamdullahi) in the Inner Niger Delta, now the Mopti Region of Mali.
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Senegal (le Sénégal), officially the Republic of Senegal, is a country in West Africa.
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Senegambia, officially the Senegambia Confederation, was a loose confederation in the late 20th century between the West African countries of Senegal and its neighbour the Gambia, which is almost completely surrounded by Senegal.
Serer, sometimes called Serer-Sine "Serer proper" (Seereer-Siin, etc.) after its prestige dialect, is a language of the Senegambian branch of Niger–Congo spoken by 1.2 million people in Senegal and 30,000 in the Gambia.
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The Serer people (also spelt "Sérère", "Sereer", "Serere", "Seereer" and sometimes wrongly "Serre") are a West African ethnoreligious group.
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The Serer religion, or a ƭat Roog ("the way of the Divine") is the original religious beliefs, practices and teachings of the Serer people of Senegal in western Africa.
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Shirley Frimpong-Manso (born 1977) is a Ghanaian film director, writer, and producer.
A shirt is a cloth garment for the upper body.
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Sierra Leone, officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, is a country in West Africa.
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The Sierra Leone Civil War (1991–2002) began on 23 March 1991 when the Revolutionary United Front (RUF), with support from the special forces of Charles Taylor’s National Patriotic Front of Liberia (NPFL), intervened in Sierra Leone in an attempt to overthrow the Joseph Momoh government.
The leone is the currency of Sierra Leone.
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Slavery in Africa has not only existed throughout the continent for many centuries, but still continues in the current day in some countries.
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The Sokoto Caliphate was an independent Islamic Caliphate, in West Africa.
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The Songhai Empire, also spelled as the Songhay Empire, was a Songhai state that dominated the western Sahel in the 15th and 16th century.
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The Songhai (also Songhay or Sonrai) are west Africans who speak Songhai languages, the lingua franca of the Songhai Empire which dominated the western Sahel in the 15th and 16th century.
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The Soninke (also called Sarakole, Seraculeh, or Serahuli) are a Mandé people who descend from the Bafour and are closely related to the Imraguen of Mauritania.
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Sonni Ali, also known as Sunni Ali Ber or "Sunni Ali", was born Ali Kolon.
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Sorghum is a genus of plants in the grass family.
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The Sosso Empire was a twelfth-century Kaniaga kingdom of West Africa.
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South Carolina is a state in the southeastern United States, bordered to the north by North Carolina, to the south and west by Georgia across the Savannah River, and to the east by the Atlantic Ocean.
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In international law, a sovereign state is a nonphysical juridical entity that is represented by one centralized government that has sovereignty over a geographic area.
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Spirituality may refer to almost any kind of meaningful activity, personal growth, or blissful experience.
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The standard gauge (also Stephenson gauge after George Stephenson, International gauge or normal gauge) is a widely used railway track gauge.
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A subregion is a part of a larger region or continent and is usually based on location.
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Sudan (السودان as-Sūdān), officially the Republic of the Sudan (جمهورية السودان Jumhūrīyat as-Sūdān), is a country in the Nile Valley of North Africa, bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea, Eritrea, and Ethiopia, to the east, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west and Libya to the northwest.
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The Sudan is the name given to a geographic region to the south of the Sahara, stretching from Western to eastern Central Africa.
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The Sudanian Savanna is a broad belt of tropical savanna that runs east and west across the African continent, from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Ethiopian Highlands in the east.
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The Sudano-Sahelian architecture (also Sudanese) covers an umbrella of similar indigenous architectural styles common to the African peoples of the Sahel and Sudanian grassland (geographical) regions of West Africa, south of the Sahara, but above fertile forest regions of the coast.
Sundiata Keita (IPA (Mandinka, Malinke, Bambara)) (c. 1217 – c. 1255) was a puissant prince and founder of the Mali Empire, the renowned hero celebrated by the Mandinka people in the semi-historical Epic of Sundiata, which is primarily known through oral tradition, transmitted by generations of Mandinka griots (djeli or jeliw).
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The Gambia (officially the Republic of the Gambia and often called simply Gambia) is a country in West Africa mostly surrounded by Senegal with a short strip of its coastline bordered with the Atlantic Ocean at its western end.
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Tichit (or Tichitt) (تيشيت) is a partly abandoned village at the foot of the Tagant Plateau in central southern Mauritania that is known for its vernacular architecture.
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The toga, a distinctive garment of Ancient Rome, was a cloth of perhaps in length which was wrapped around the body and was generally worn over a tunic.
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Togo, officially the Togolese Republic (République Togolaise), is a country in West Africa bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north.
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Togoland was a German protectorate in West Africa from 1884 to 1914, encompassing what is now the nation of Togo and most of what is now the Volta Region of Ghana.
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The Toucouleur Empire (also known as the Tijaniyya Jihad state or the Segu Tukulor) (1861-1890) was founded in the mid-nineteenth century by El Hadj Umar Tall of the Toucouleur people, in part of present-day Mali.
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Toumani Diabaté (born August 10, 1965) is a Malian kora player.
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The traditional beliefs and practices of African peoples include various traditional religions.
The Trans-African Highway network comprises transcontinental road projects in Africa being developed by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), the African Development Bank (ADB), and the African Union in conjunction with regional international communities.
The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) was created by the Treaty of Lagos on May 28, 1975, in Lagos, Lagos State, Nigeria.
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The Treaty of Versailles (Traité de Versailles) was one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers.
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Tristan da Cunha, colloquially Tristan, is both a remote group of volcanic islands in the south Atlantic Ocean and the main island of that group.
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The Tuareg (or; also spelled Twareg or Touareg; endonym Imuhagh) are Berber people with a traditionally nomadic pastoralist lifestyle.
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A tunic is any of several types of garment for the body, usually simple in style, reaching from the shoulders to a length somewhere between the hips and the ankles.
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Twi (pronounced) or Ashanti Twi, is spoken by over 9 million ethnic Ashanti people as a first language and second language.
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(أمة) is an Arabic word meaning "nation" or "community".
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The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN).
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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign state in Europe.
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The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization to promote international co-operation.
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The following is an alphabetical list of subregions in the United Nations geoscheme for Africa, used by the UN and maintained by the UNSD department for statistical purposes.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSRC 1325) was adopted unanimously on 31 October 2000, after recalling resolutions 1261 (1999), 1265 (1999), 1296 (2000), and 1314 (2000).
Shaihu Usman dan Fodio, born Usuman ɓii Foduye, (also referred to as Shaikh Usman Ibn Fodio, Shehu Uthman Dan Fuduye, Shehu Usman dan Fodio or Shaikh Uthman Ibn Fodio) (born 1754 in Gobir–died 1817 in Sokoto) was a religious teacher, writer and Islamic promoter, and the founder of the Sokoto Caliphate.
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UTC+01:00 is a time offset that adds 1 hour to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).
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UTC±00:00 is the following time.
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The Vai syllabary is a syllabic writing system devised for the Vai language by Momolu Duwalu Bukele of Jondu, in what is now Grand Cape Mount County, Liberia.
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Virginia (U.S.:, U.K.), officially the Commonwealth of Virginia, is a U.S. state located in the South Atlantic region of the United States.
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The WAFU Nations Cup (often abbreviated as the WAFU Cup) is an association football competition that is contested by representative teams of the West African Football Union.
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The Wassoulou Empire, sometimes referred to as the Mandinka Empire, was a short-lived (1878–1898) empire of West Africa built from the conquests of Dyula ruler Samori Touré and destroyed by the French colonial army.
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West is a noun, adjective, or adverb indicating direction or geography.
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West Africa, also called Western Africa and the West of Africa, is the westernmost subcontinent of Africa.
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The West African CFA franc (franc CFA;franco CFA or simply franc, ISO 4217 code: XOF) is the currency of eight independent states in West Africa: Benin, Burkina Faso, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Sénégal and Togo.
The West African Club Championship (UFOA Cup), also known as the General Eyadéma Cup, was a West African Club tournament from 1977 to 1999.
West African cuisine encompasses a diverse range of foods that are split between its 16 countries.
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The West African Football Union (Union des Fédérations Ouest-Africaines de Football; União das Federações Oeste Africanas), officially abbreviated as WAFU-UFOA and WAFU, is an association of the football playing nations in West Africa.
The West African Footballer of the Year, or The Best of the Best was an annual association football award.
The West Indies is a region of the Caribbean Basin and North Atlantic Ocean that includes the many islands and island nations of the Antilles and the Lucayan Archipelago.
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Western culture, sometimes equated with Western civilization, Western lifestyle, or European civilization, is a term used very broadly to refer to a heritage of social norms, ethical values, traditional customs, belief systems, political systems, and specific artifacts and technologies that have some origin or association with Europe, having both indigenous and foreign origin.
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The Western Sahara (الصحراء المغربية; Sahara Occidental; Berber: Taneẓroft Tutrimt) is a disputed territory in the Maghreb region of North Africa, bordered by Morocco to the north, Algeria to the northeast, Mauritania to the east and south, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.
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The Wolof people (UK) (US) are an ethnic group in Senegal, The Gambia, and Mauritania.
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Women of Liberia Mass Action for Peace is a peace movement started by women in Liberia, Africa that brought an end to the Second Liberian Civil War in 2003.
World War I (WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918.
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World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.
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Yaa Asantewaa (c. 1840–17 October 1921) (pronounced) was appointed queen mother of Ejisu in the Ashanti Empire—now part of modern-day Ghana—by her brother Nana Akwasi Afrane Okpese, the Ejisuhene—or ruler of Ejisu.
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Yam is the common name for some plant species in the genus Dioscorea (family Dioscoreaceae) that form edible tubers.
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Yoruba (Yor. èdè Yorùbá) is a language spoken in West Africa mainly in Nigeria.
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The Yoruba people are an ethnic group of Southwestern and North central Nigeria as well as Southern and Central Benin in West Africa.
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The religion of the Yoruba people is found primarily in southwestern Nigeria and the adjoining parts of Benin, commonly known as Yorubaland.
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The cultural region of the Yoruba people is commonly referred to as Yorubaland (Yorùbáland in Yoruba orthography).
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Youssou N'Dour (born 1 October 1959) is a Senegalese singer, percussionist, songwriter, composer, occasional actor, businessman and a politician.
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The Zarma people (var. Djerma, Zerma, Dyerma, or Zabarma), are a people of westernmost Niger and adjacent areas of Burkina Faso, Benin, Ghana and Nigeria.
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Zimbabwe, officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers.
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The meridian 10° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Europe, Africa, the Atlantic Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.
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