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William Ewart Gladstone

William Ewart Gladstone (29 December 1809 – 19 May 1898), was a British Liberal politician. [1]

338 relations: Abolitionism, Alabama Claims, Albert Bruce-Joy, Albert Square, Manchester, Aldwych, Algernon Egerton, American Civil War, Anglo-Egyptian War, Anglo-Zulu War, Angus, Annie Besant, Anti-Ice, April Uprising, Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, Arthur Balfour, Arthur Godley, 1st Baron Kilbracken, Arthur Young (actor), Athens, ‘Urabi Revolt, Ballot Act 1872, Barrister, Bartimaeus Sequence, Battle of Waterloo, Benjamin Disraeli, Bibliophilia, Biggar, South Lanarkshire, Bishop of St Andrews, Dunkeld and Dunblane, Bombardment of Alexandria, Bow Church, Bow Quarter, Bow, London, Bradford, British Army, British Empire Medal, British undergraduate degree classification, Bulgaria, Call to the bar, Cambridge, Cardwell Reforms, Catherine Gladstone, Catholic Church, Cato Institute, Chancellor of the Exchequer, Charity Organization Society, Charles George Gordon, Charles Greville (diarist), Charles Stewart Parnell, Charles Tilston Bright, Charles Turner (MP), Christ Church, Oxford, ..., Church of England, Church of Ireland, Church of Scotland, Classics, Clewer, Clonmel, Cobden–Chevalier Treaty, Cold War, Colin Matthew, Colonialism, Confederate States of America, Conservative Party (UK), Corn Laws, Crimean War, David Lloyd George, David Salomons, Dingwall, Dollis Hill House, Dudley Marjoribanks, 1st Baron Tweedmouth, Dudley Ryder, 3rd Earl of Harrowby, Earl, Edinburgh, Edward Grey, 1st Viscount Grey of Fallodon, Edward Marjoribanks, 2nd Baron Tweedmouth, Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby, Edward the Seventh, Edward VII, Electoral district, Elementary Education Act 1870, Encyclopædia Britannica, Eton College, Eugenio Biagini, Evelyn Ashley, F. J. Robinson, 1st Viscount Goderich, Fallen woman, Fasque House, Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies, First Boer War, First Vatican Council, Flagellation, Flintshire, Florence Nightingale, Fox Maule-Ramsay, 11th Earl of Dalhousie, Francis Wrigley Hirst, Franco-Prussian War, Frank Field (British politician), Free Breakfast Table, Free Man (film), Freedom of the City, Friedrich Hayek, Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy, 1st Earl of Cranbrook, George Cadogan, 5th Earl Cadogan, George Canning, George Douglas, 17th Earl of Morton, George Goschen, 1st Viscount Goschen, George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen, George Holyoake, George Howell (trade unionist), George IV of the United Kingdom, George Square, George V, George Wilkinson (bishop), Giustino Fortunato (1777–1862), Gladstone bag, Gladstone Hotel (Toronto), Gladstone Park, London, Gladstone's Library, Gladstone, Manitoba, Gladstone, New Jersey, Gladstone, New Mexico, Gladstone, Oregon, Gladstone, Queensland, Glasgow, Glenalmond College, Government of Ireland Bill 1893, Governor General of Canada, Graham Chapman, Grand Tour, Granville Leveson-Gower, 2nd Earl Granville, Greenwich (UK Parliament constituency), Hamidian massacres, Hawarden, Hawarden Castle (18th century), Henry de Worms, 1st Baron Pirbright, Henry Gladstone, 1st Baron Gladstone of Hawarden, Henry Grey, 3rd Earl Grey, Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, Henry Knight Storks, Henry Pelham-Clinton, 4th Duke of Newcastle, Herbert Gladstone, 1st Viscount Gladstone, Herbert Spencer, High church, High Commission of Australia, London, High Tory, Historical rankings of Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom, Home rule, House of Commons of the United Kingdom, Howard Vincent, Hugh Childers, Index finger, Inheritance tax, Irish Home Rule movement, James Broun-Ramsay, 1st Marquess of Dalhousie, James Bryce, 1st Viscount Bryce, James Milnes Gaskell, Jefferson Davis, Jingoism, John Bright, John Dalberg-Acton, 1st Baron Acton, John Hamilton-Gordon, 1st Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair, John Henry Newman, John Manners, 7th Duke of Rutland, John Morley, 1st Viscount Morley of Blackburn, John Neilson Gladstone, John Russell, 1st Earl Russell, John Spencer, 5th Earl Spencer, John Stuart (judge), John Stuart-Wortley, 2nd Baron Wharncliffe, John Young, 1st Baron Lisgar, Joseph Schumpeter, Khartoum (film), Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, Landlord and Tenant (Ireland) Act 1870, Leader of the House of Commons, Leader of the Opposition (United Kingdom), Leeds, Legislative session, Liberal Party (UK), Liberal Unionist Party, Limassol, Lincoln's Inn, List of Fellows of the Royal Society elected in 1881, List of Lord High Commissioners of the Ionian Islands, List of public art in Liverpool, List of senior members of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom, Liverpool, Local Government Board, London, London Dock strike of 1889, London matchgirls strike of 1888, London Underground, Lord Frederick Cavendish, Lord George Hamilton, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Lord of the Treasury, Lord Privy Seal, Lord Randolph Churchill, Mahdist War, Malcolm Keen, Mancot, Margaret Thatcher, Mary Gladstone, Matriculation, Merchant, Michael Hicks Beach, 1st Earl St Aldwyn, Michael Hordern, Michel Chevalier, Midlothian (UK Parliament constituency), Midlothian (UK Parliament constituency) (1708–1918), Midlothian campaign, Money bill, Montagu Love, Monty Python's Flying Circus, Muhammad Ahmad, Municipal Borough of Willesden, Muslim, Naples, Neuralgia, Neville Chamberlain, New Social Alliance, Newark (UK Parliament constituency), Newark-on-Trent, Newcastle upon Tyne, Newnham College, Cambridge, Nigel Lawson, One-nation conservatism, Ottawa, Ottoman Empire, Oxford Union, Oxford University (UK Parliament constituency), Papal infallibility, Parnell (film), Peelite, People's Budget, Phoenix Park Murders, Phonograph, Plovdiv, Poor Law Amendment Act 1834, Pound sterling, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Protection of Person and Property Act 1881, Protestantism, Purchase of commissions in the British army, Queen Victoria, Quran, Ralph Richardson, Rector of the University of Edinburgh, Rector of the University of Glasgow, Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, Reform Act 1867, Representation of the People Act 1884, Retrenchment, Review of Reviews, Richard Cobden, Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, Robert Lowe, Robert Peel, Rodney Street, Liverpool, Royal Courts of Justice, Royal Society, Royal Statistical Society, Sage Publications, Said Nursî, Scarborough, North Yorkshire, Scotland, Scottish Episcopal Church, Scottish people, Scramble for Africa, Seaforth House, Seaforth, Merseyside, Second Anglo-Afghan War, Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills, Secretary of State for War and the Colonies, Sedition, Sir George Cornewall Lewis, 2nd Baronet, Sir George Grey, 2nd Baronet, Sir John Gladstone, 1st Baronet, Sir Robert Inglis, 2nd Baronet, Sir William Heathcote, 5th Baronet, Sixty Glorious Years, Snowdon, Sofia, South East Lancashire (UK Parliament constituency), South Lancashire (UK Parliament constituency), South West Lancashire (UK Parliament constituency), Southport, Spencer Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire, Spencer Horatio Walpole, Springs, Gauteng, St John's Gardens, St Patrick's College, Maynooth, St Paul's Cathedral, Stafford Northcote, 1st Earl of Iddesleigh, State funeral, Stephen Murray (actor), Studies on Homer and the Homeric Age, Thatcherism, The Bee-Hive (journal), The Dream of Gerontius (poem), The Great Game, The Prime Minister (film), The Right Honourable, The Vatican Decrees in their Bearing on Civil Allegiance, Thomas Babington Macaulay, 1st Baron Macaulay, Thomas Baring, 1st Earl of Northbrook, Thomas Boord, Thomas Carlyle, Thomas Edison, Thomas Estcourt, Thomas Gibson-Carmichael, 1st Baron Carmichael, Thomas Gladstones, Thomas Wilde, 1st Baron Truro, Tithe, Tom Murphy (artist), Tories (British political party), Ulama, Under-Secretary of State for War and the Colonies, United Kingdom budget, United Kingdom general election, 1832, United Kingdom general election, 1847, United Kingdom general election, 1865, United Kingdom general election, 1868, United Kingdom general election, 1874, United Kingdom general election, 1880, United Kingdom general election, 1892, United Kingdom general election, 1895, Universities Tests Act 1871, Vice-President of the Board of Trade, Waterford, Westminster Abbey, Whigs (British political party), William Farnworth Handley, William Henry Gladstone, William Legh, 1st Baron Newton, William Montagu Douglas Scott, 6th Duke of Buccleuch, William Thomas Stead, William Vernon Harcourt (politician), Windsor, Berkshire. Expand index (288 more) »

Abolitionism

Abolitionism is a movement to end slavery, whether formal or informal.

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Alabama Claims

The Alabama Claims were a series of demands for damages, sought by the United States government from the British government in 1869, for the attacks upon American merchant ships by the and similar warships, built secretly in Britain and sold to the Confederate States Navy during the American Civil War.

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Albert Bruce-Joy

Albert Bruce-Joy (21 August 1842 – 22 July 1924) was an Irish sculptor working in England.

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Albert Square, Manchester

Albert Square is a public square in the centre of Manchester, England.

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Aldwych

Aldwych (pronounced) is a one-way street and also the name of the area immediately surrounding the street, in the City of Westminster in London.

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Algernon Egerton

The Honourable Algernon Fulke Egerton (31 December 1825-14 July 1891), known as Algernon Leveson-Gower until 1833, was a British Conservative politician from the Egerton family.

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American Civil War

The American Civil War, widely known in the United States as simply the Civil War as well as other sectional names, was a civil war fought from 1861 to 1865 to determine the survival of the Union or independence for the Confederacy.

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Anglo-Egyptian War

The Anglo-Egyptian War occurred in 1882 between Egyptian and Sudanese forces under Ahmed ‘Urabi and the United Kingdom.

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Anglo-Zulu War

The Anglo-Zulu War was fought in 1879 between the British Empire and the Zulu Kingdom.

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Angus

Angus (Aonghas) is one of the 32 local government council areas of Scotland, a registration county and a lieutenancy area.

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Annie Besant

Annie Besant (1 October 1847 – 20 September 1933) was a prominent British socialist, theosophist, women's rights activist, writer and orator and supporter of Irish and Indian self-rule.

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Anti-Ice

Anti-Ice is a science fiction novel by Stephen Baxter.

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April Uprising

The April Uprising (Априлско въстание, Aprilsko vastanie) was an insurrection organised by the Bulgarians in the Ottoman Empire from April to May 1876, which indirectly resulted in the re-establishment of Bulgaria in 1878.

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Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery

Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, 1st Earl of Midlothian (7 May 1847 – 21 May 1929) was a British Liberal statesman and Prime Minister.

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Arthur Balfour

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour (25 July 1848 – 19 March 1930) was a British Conservative politician who was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from July 1902 to December 1905, and later Foreign Secretary.

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Arthur Godley, 1st Baron Kilbracken

John Arthur Godley, 1st Baron Kilbracken, GCB (17 June 1847 – 27 June 1932) was a British civil servant and the longest serving, and probably the most influential, Permanent Under-Secretary of State for India.

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Arthur Young (actor)

Arthur Young (2 September 1898 – 24 February 1959) was an English actor, notable for roles including Gladstone in the 1951 The Lady with the Lamp.

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Athens

Athens (Αθήνα, Athína,; Ἀθῆναι, Athēnai) is the capital and largest city of Greece.

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‘Urabi Revolt

The ‘Urabi Revolt, also known as the ‘Urabi Revolution (الثورة العرابية), was a nationalist uprising in Egypt from 1879 to 1882.

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Ballot Act 1872

The Ballot Act 1872 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that introduced the requirement that parliamentary and local government elections in the United Kingdom be held by secret ballot.

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Barrister

A barrister (also known as barrister-at-law or Bar-at-law) is a type of lawyer in common law jurisdictions with a split legal profession.

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Bartimaeus Sequence

The Bartimaeus Sequence is a series of children's novels of alternate history, fantasy and magic reminiscent of the Harry Potter series but much darker in tone.

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Battle of Waterloo

The Battle of Waterloo was fought on Sunday, 18 June 1815, near Waterloo in present-day Belgium, then part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands.

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Benjamin Disraeli

Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield (21 December 1804 – 19 April 1881) was a British Conservative politician and writer, who twice served as Prime Minister.

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Bibliophilia

Bibliophilia or bibliophilism is the love of books, and a bibliophile is an individual who loves books.

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Biggar, South Lanarkshire

Biggar (Bigear) is a town and former burgh in South Lanarkshire, Scotland.

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Bishop of St Andrews, Dunkeld and Dunblane

The Bishop of St Andrews, Dunkeld and Dunblane is the Ordinary of the Scottish Episcopal Diocese of St Andrews, Dunkeld and Dunblane.

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Bombardment of Alexandria

The Bombardment of Alexandria in Egypt by the British Mediterranean Fleet took place on 11–13 July 1882.

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Bow Church

Bow Church is the parish church of St Mary and Holy Trinity, Stratford, Bow.

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Bow Quarter

The Bow Quarter is a gated community in Bow in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets.

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Bow, London

Bow is a district in east London, England, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets.

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Bradford

Bradford is in the Metropolitan Borough of the City of Bradford in West Yorkshire, England, in the foothills of the Pennines west of Leeds, and northwest of Wakefield.

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British Army

The British Army is the United Kingdom's principal land warfare force.

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British Empire Medal

The British Empire Medal (formally British Empire Medal for Meritorious Service) is a British medal awarded for meritorious civil or military service worthy of recognition by the Crown.

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British undergraduate degree classification

The British undergraduate degree classification system is a grading structure for undergraduate degrees (bachelor's degrees and integrated master's degrees) in the United Kingdom.

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Bulgaria

Bulgaria (България, tr.), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Република България, tr.), is a country in southeastern Europe.

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Call to the bar

The call to the bar is a legal term of art in most common law jurisdictions where persons must be qualified to be allowed to argue in court on behalf of another party, and are then said to have been "called to the bar" or to have received a "call to the bar".

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Cambridge

The city of Cambridge is a university city and the county town of Cambridgeshire, England.

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Cardwell Reforms

The Cardwell Reforms refer to a series of reforms of the British Army undertaken by Secretary of State for War Edward Cardwell between 1868 and 1874 with the support of Liberal Prime Minister William E. Gladstone.

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Catherine Gladstone

Catherine Glynne Gladstone (6 January 1812 – 14 June 1900) was the wife of British Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone for 59 years, until his death in 1898.

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Catholic Church

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is, the largest Christian church, with more than 1.25 billion members worldwide.

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Cato Institute

The Cato Institute is an American libertarian think tank headquartered in Washington, D.C. It was founded as the Charles Koch Foundation in 1974 by Ed Crane, Murray Rothbard, and Charles Koch, chairman of the board and chief executive officer of the conglomerate Koch Industries.

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Chancellor of the Exchequer

The Chancellor of the Exchequer is a senior official as one of the Great Offices of State within Her Majesty's Government and head of Her Majesty's Treasury.

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Charity Organization Society

The Charity Organization Societies were founded in England in 1869 following the 'Goschen Minute' (Poor Law Board; 22nd Annual Report (1869–70), Appendix A No.4. Relief to the Poor in the Metropolis. PP XXXI, 1871) that sought to severely restrict outdoor relief distributed by the Poor Law Guardians.

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Charles George Gordon

Major-General Charles George Gordon, CB (28 January 1833 – 26 January 1885), also known as Chinese Gordon, Gordon Pasha, and Gordon of Khartoum, was a British Army officer and administrator.

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Charles Greville (diarist)

Charles Cavendish Fulke Greville (2 April 1794 – 17 January 1865) was an English diarist and an amateur cricketer who played first-class cricket from 1819 to 1827.

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Charles Stewart Parnell

Charles Stewart Parnell (Cathal Stiúbhard Pharnell; 27 June 1846 – 6 October 1891) was an Irish landlord, nationalist political leader, land reform agitator, and the founder and leader of the Irish Parliamentary Party.

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Charles Tilston Bright

Sir Charles Tilston Bright (8 June 1832 – 3 May 1888) was a British electrical engineer who oversaw the laying of the first transatlantic telegraph cable in 1858, for which work he was knighted.

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Charles Turner (MP)

Charles Turner (13 June 1803 – 15 October 1875) was a British businessman and Conservative politician.

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Christ Church, Oxford

Christ Church (Ædes Christi, the temple or house, ædēs, of Christ, and thus sometimes known as "The House") is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in England.

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Church of England

The Church of England is the officially-established Christian church in England, and the mother church of the worldwide Anglican Communion.

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Church of Ireland

The Church of Ireland (Eaglais na hÉireann) is a Christian church in Ireland and an autonomous province of the Anglican Communion.

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Church of Scotland

The Church of Scotland (The Scots Kirk, Eaglais na h-Alba), known informally by its Scots language name, the Kirk, is the established church of Scotland.

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Classics

Classics (also Classical Studies) is the study of the languages, literature, laws, philosophy, history, art, archaeology and other material culture of Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome; especially during Classical Antiquity (ca. BCE 600 – AD 600).

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Clewer

Clewer (also known as Clewer Village) is an ecclesiastical parish and region of Windsor making up three wards of the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead in the English county of Berkshire.

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Clonmel

Clonmel is the county town of County Tipperary in Ireland.

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Cobden–Chevalier Treaty

The so-called Cobden–Chevalier Treaty was an Anglo-French free trade agreement signed between the United Kingdom and France on 23 January 1860.

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Cold War

The Cold War was a state of political and military tension after World War II between powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others) and powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its allies in the Warsaw Pact).

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Colin Matthew

Henry Colin Gray Matthew (15 January 1941 – 29 October 1999) was a British historian and academic.

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Colonialism

Colonialism is the establishment, exploitation, maintenance, acquisition, and expansion of colony in one territory by a political power from another territory.

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Confederate States of America

The Confederate States of America (CSA or C.S.), commonly referred to as the Confederacy, was a confederation of secessionist American states existing from 1861 to 1865.

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Conservative Party (UK)

The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom.

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Corn Laws

The Corn Laws were measures in force in the United Kingdom between 1815 and 1846, which imposed restrictions and tariffs on imported grain.

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Crimean War

The Crimean War (October 1853 – February 1856), also known in Russian historiography as the Eastern War of 1853–1856 (Восточная война, Vostochnaya Voina), was a conflict in which Russia lost to an alliance of France, the United Kingdom, the Ottoman Empire, and Sardinia.

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David Lloyd George

David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor, (17 January 1863 – 26 March 1945) was a British Liberal politician and statesman.

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David Salomons

Sir David Salomons, 1st Baronet (22 November 1797 – 18 July 1873) was a leading figure in the 19th century struggle for Jewish emancipation in the United Kingdom.

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Dingwall

Dingwall (Dingwal, Inbhir Pheofharain) is a town and former royal burgh in the Highland council area of Scotland.

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Dollis Hill House

Dollis Hill House was an early 19th-century farmhouse located in the north London suburb of Dollis Hill, on the northern boundary of Gladstone Park.

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Dudley Marjoribanks, 1st Baron Tweedmouth

Dudley Coutts Marjoribanks, 1st Baron Tweedmouth (29 December 1820 ––4 March 1894) was a Scottish businessman and a Liberal politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1853 until 1880, when he was elevated to the peerage as Baron Tweedmouth.

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Dudley Ryder, 3rd Earl of Harrowby

Dudley Francis Stuart Ryder, 3rd Earl of Harrowby PC, DL, JP (16 January 1831 – 26 March 1900), known as Viscount Sandon from 1847 to 1882, was a British peer and politician.

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Earl

An earl is a member of the nobility.

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Edinburgh

Edinburgh (Dùn Èideann) is the capital city of Scotland, located in Lothian on the southern shore of the Firth of Forth.

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Edward Grey, 1st Viscount Grey of Fallodon

Edward Grey, 1st Viscount Grey of Fallodon, (25 April 1862 – 7 September 1933), better known as Sir Edward Grey, 3rd Baronet, was a British Liberal statesman.

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Edward Marjoribanks, 2nd Baron Tweedmouth

Edward Marjoribanks, 2nd Baron Tweedmouth (8 July 1849 – 15 September 1909) was a moderate British Liberal Party statesman who sat in the House of Commons from 1880 until 1894 when he inherited his peerage and then sat in the House of Lords.

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Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby

Edward George Geoffrey Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby (29 March 1799 – 23 October 1869) was a British statesman, three times Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, and to date the longest serving leader of the Conservative Party.

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Edward the Seventh

Edward the Seventh is a 1975 British television drama series, made by ATV in 13 episodes.

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Edward VII

Edward VII (Albert Edward; 9 November 1841 – 6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 until his death.

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Electoral district

An electoral district (also known as a constituency, riding, ward, division, electoral area or electorate) is a territorial subdivision for electing members to a legislative body.

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Elementary Education Act 1870

The Elementary Education Act 1870, commonly known as Forster's Education Act, set the framework for schooling of all children between the ages of 5 and 13 in England and Wales.

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Encyclopædia Britannica

The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.

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Eton College

Eton College, often informally referred to simply as Eton, is an English boys' independent boarding school located in Eton, Berkshire, near Windsor.

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Eugenio Biagini

Eugenio F. Biagini is an Italian historian, specialising in democracy and liberalism in nineteenth- and twentieth-century Britain, Ireland and Italy, and is currently Professor in Modern British and European History at the University of Cambridge.

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Evelyn Ashley

(Anthony) Evelyn Melbourne Ashley (24 July 1836 – 16 November 1907), was British barrister and Liberal politician.

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F. J. Robinson, 1st Viscount Goderich

Frederick John Robinson, 1st Earl of Ripon PC (1 November 1782 – 28 January 1859), styled The Honourable F. J. Robinson until 1827 and known as The Viscount Goderich between 1827 and 1833, the name by which he is best known to history, was a British statesman.

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Fallen woman

The term fallen woman was used to describe a woman who has "lost her innocence", and fallen from the grace of God.

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Fasque House

Fasque, also known as Fasque House, is a mansion in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, situated near the village of Fettercairn, in the former county of Kincardineshire.

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Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies

Ferdinand II (Ferdinando Carlo, 12 January 1810 – 22 May 1859) was King of the Two Sicilies from 1830 until his early death in 1859.

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First Boer War

The First Boer War (Eerste Vryheidsoorlog, literally "First Freedom War"), also known as the First Anglo-Boer War or the Transvaal War, was a war fought from 16 December 1880 until 23 March 1881 between the United Kingdom and the Boers of the South African Republic (also known as Transvaal; not to be confused with the modern-day Republic of South Africa).

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First Vatican Council

The First Vatican Council (Concilium Vaticanum Primum) was convoked by Pope Pius IX on 29 June 1868, after a period of planning and preparation that began on 6 December 1864.

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Flagellation

Flagellation (Latin flagellum, "whip"), flogging, whipping or lashing is the act of methodically beating the human body with special implements such as whips, lashes, rods, switches, the cat o' nine tails, the sjambok, etc.

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Flintshire

Flintshire (Sir y Fflint) is the most north-easterly county in Wales bordering the English county of Cheshire to the east, Denbighshire to the west and Wrexham County Borough to the south.

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Florence Nightingale

Florence Nightingale, OM, RRC (12 May 1820 – 13 August 1910) was a celebrated English social reformer and statistician, and the founder of modern nursing.

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Fox Maule-Ramsay, 11th Earl of Dalhousie

Fox Maule-Ramsay, 11th Earl of Dalhousie KT, GCB, PC (22 April 1801 – 6 July 1874), known as Fox Maule before 1852, as The Lord Panmure between 1852 and 1860 and as Earl of Dalhousie after 1860, was a British politician.

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Francis Wrigley Hirst

Francis Wrigley Hirst (10 June 1873 – 22 February 1953) was a British journalist, writer and editor of The Economist magazine.

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Franco-Prussian War

The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War (Deutsch-Französischer Krieg, lit. German-French War, Guerre franco-allemande, lit. Franco-German War), often referred to in France as the War of 1870 (19 July 1871), was a conflict between the Second French Empire and the German states of the North German Confederation led by the Kingdom of Prussia.

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Frank Field (British politician)

Frank Ernest Field DL (born 16 July 1942) is a British Labour Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament for Birkenhead since 1979.

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Free Breakfast Table

The Free Breakfast Table was the demand of British working-class Liberalism from the 1860s to the early twentieth-century.

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Free Man (film)

Free Man (Hür Adam: Bediüzzaman Said Nursi) is a 2011 Turkish biographical film, co-written, produced and directed by Mehmet Tanrısever, starring Mürşit Ağa Bağ as controversial Muslim scholar Said Nursî.

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Freedom of the City

The Freedom of the City is an honour bestowed by a municipality upon a valued member of the community, or upon a visiting celebrity or dignitary.

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Friedrich Hayek

Friedrich Hayek CH (8 May 189923 March 1992), born in Austria-Hungary as Friedrich August von Hayek and frequently referred to as F. A. Hayek, was an Austrian and British economist and philosopher best known for his defence of classical liberalism.

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Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy, 1st Earl of Cranbrook

Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy, 1st Earl of Cranbrook GCSI PC (1 October 1814 – 30 October 1906), known as Gathorne Hardy until 1878, was a prominent British Conservative politician, a moderate, middle-of-the road Anglian.

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George Cadogan, 5th Earl Cadogan

George Henry Cadogan, 5th Earl Cadogan KG KP PC JP (12 May 1840 – 6 March 1915) was a British Conservative politician.

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George Canning

George Canning, FRS, (11 April 1770 – 8 August 1827) was a British statesman and Tory politician who served in various senior cabinet positions under numerous Prime Ministers, before himself serving as Prime Minister for the final four months of his life.

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George Douglas, 17th Earl of Morton

George Sholto Douglas, 17th Earl of Morton (23 December 1789-31 March 1858), known as George Douglas until 1827, was a Scottish Tory politician.

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George Goschen, 1st Viscount Goschen

George Joachim Goschen, 1st Viscount Goschen (10 August 1831 – 7 February 1907) was a British statesman and businessman best remembered for being "forgotten" by Lord Randolph Churchill.

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George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen

George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen (28 January 1784 – 14 December 1860), styled Lord Haddo from 1791 to 1801, was a British politician, diplomat and landowner, successively a Tory, Conservative and Peelite, who served as Prime Minister from 1852 until 1855 in a coalition between the Whigs and Peelites, with Radical and Irish support.

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George Holyoake

George Jacob Holyoake (13 April 1817 – 22 January 1906), was a British secularist, co-operator, and newspaper editor.

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George Howell (trade unionist)

George Howell (5 October 1833 – 17 September 1910) was a British trade unionist and reform campaigner and a Lib-Lab politician, who sat in the House of Commons from 1885 to 1895.

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George IV of the United Kingdom

George IV (George Augustus Frederick; 12 August 1762 – 26 June 1830) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of Hanover following the death of his father, George III, on 29 January 1820, until his own death ten years later.

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George Square

George Square is the principal civic square in the city of Glasgow, Scotland.

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George V

George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert; 3 June 1865 – 20 January 1936) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India, from 6 May 1910 until his death in 1936.

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George Wilkinson (bishop)

George Howard Wilkinson was Bishop of Truro and then of St Andrews, Dunkeld and Dunblane, in the last quarter of the 19th century and the early part of the 20th.

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Giustino Fortunato (1777–1862)

Giustino Fortunato, also known as Giustino Fortunato senior (20 August 1777 – 22 August 1862) was an Italian magistrate and politician, as well as great uncle of the homonymous historian and politician.

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Gladstone bag

A Gladstone bag is a small portmanteau suitcase built over a rigid frame which could separate into two equal sections.

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Gladstone Hotel (Toronto)

The Gladstone Hotel was built in 1889 and named after Gladstone Avenue, next to the hotel.

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Gladstone Park, London

Gladstone Park is situated in the Dollis Hill area of north-west London.

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Gladstone's Library

Gladstone's Library, known until 2010 as St Deiniol's Library (Llyfrgell Deiniol Sant), is a residential library in Hawarden, Flintshire, Wales.

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Gladstone, Manitoba

Gladstone is a former town in the Canadian province of Manitoba.

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Gladstone, New Jersey

Gladstone is an unincorporated community located within Peapack-Gladstone in Somerset County, New Jersey, United States.

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Gladstone, New Mexico

Gladstone is an unincorporated community in Union County, New Mexico, founded in 1880.

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Gladstone, Oregon

Gladstone is a city located in Clackamas County, Oregon, United States.

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Gladstone, Queensland

Gladstone is a city in the Gladstone Region, Queensland, Australia.

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Glasgow

Glasgow (Glesga; Glaschu) is the largest city in Scotland, and the third largest in the United Kingdom (after London and Birmingham).

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Glenalmond College

Glenalmond College (formerly Trinity College, Glenalmond) is a co-educational independent boarding school in Perth and Kinross, Scotland, for children aged between 12 and 18 years.

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Government of Ireland Bill 1893

The Government of Ireland Bill 1893 (known generally as the Second Home Rule Bill) was the second attempt made by William Ewart Gladstone, as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, to enact a system of home rule for Ireland.

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Governor General of Canada

The Governor General of Canada (French: Gouverneur général du Canada, or: Gouverneure générale du Canada) is the federal viceregal representative of the.

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Graham Chapman

Graham Arthur Chapman (8 January 1941 – 4 October 1989) was an English comedian, writer, actor, and one of the six members of the surreal comedy group Monty Python.

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Grand Tour

The Grand Tour was the traditional trip of Europe undertaken by mainly upper-class European young men of means, or those of more humble origin who could find a sponsor.

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Granville Leveson-Gower, 2nd Earl Granville

For the 20th and 21st century Lord Justice, see Brian Leveson. Granville George Leveson-Gower, 2nd Earl Granville, KG, PC, FRS (11 May 1815 – 31 March 1891), styled Lord Leveson until 1846, was a British Liberal statesman from the Leveson-Gower family.

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Greenwich (UK Parliament constituency)

Greenwich was a parliamentary constituency in South-East London, which returned Members of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1832 to 1997 by the first past the post system.

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Hamidian massacres

The Hamidian massacres (Համիդյան ջարդեր), also referred to as the Armenian Massacres of 1894–1896.

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Hawarden

Hawarden (Penarlâg), Flintshire, Wales is a village, community and electoral ward in part of the Deeside conurbation on the Welsh/English border and was historically significant settlement in the area, see Hawarden Castle.

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Hawarden Castle (18th century)

New Hawarden Castle is a house in Hawarden, Flintshire, Wales.

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Henry de Worms, 1st Baron Pirbright

Henry de Worms, 1st Baron Pirbright PC, DL, JP, FRS (20 October 1840 – 9 January 1903), known before his elevation to the peerage in 1895 as Baron Henry de Worms, was a British Conservative politician.

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Henry Gladstone, 1st Baron Gladstone of Hawarden

Henry Neville Gladstone, 1st Baron Gladstone of Hawarden (2 April 1852 – 28 April 1935) was a British businessman and politician.

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Henry Grey, 3rd Earl Grey

Henry George Grey, 3rd Earl Grey, (28 December 1802 – 9 October 1894), known as Viscount Howick from 1807 until 1845, was an English statesman.

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Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston

Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston (20 October 1784 – 18 October 1865) was a British statesman who served twice as Prime Minister in the mid-19th century.

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Henry Knight Storks

Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Knight Storks GCB, GCMG (1811 – 6 September 1874) was a British soldier and colonial governor.

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Henry Pelham-Clinton, 4th Duke of Newcastle

Henry Pelham Fiennes Pelham-Clinton, 4th Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne KG (31 January 1785 – 12 January 1851) was a British nobleman and politician who played a leading part in British politics in the late 1820s and early 1830s.

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Herbert Gladstone, 1st Viscount Gladstone

Herbert John Gladstone, 1st Viscount Gladstone GCB, GCMG, GBE, PC, JP (18 February 1854 – 6 March 1930) was a British Liberal statesman.

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Herbert Spencer

Herbert Spencer (27 April 1820 – 8 December 1903) was an English philosopher, biologist, anthropologist, sociologist, and prominent classical liberal political theorist of the Victorian era.

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High church

The term "high church" refers to beliefs and practices of ecclesiology, liturgy, and theology, generally with an emphasis on formality and resistance to "modernisation".

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High Commission of Australia, London

The High Commission of Australia in London is the diplomatic mission of Australia in the United Kingdom.

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High Tory

High Toryism is a term used in Britain, Canada, Australia and elsewhere to refer to old traditionalist conservatism which is in line with the Toryism originating in the 17th century.

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Historical rankings of Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom

The Times constructed a poll for the first time of all British Prime Ministers in the lead-up to the 2010 general election.

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Home rule

Home rule is the power of a constituent part (administrative division) of a state to exercise such of the state's powers of governance within its own administrative area that have been decentralized to it by the central government.

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House of Commons of the United Kingdom

The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland which, like the House of Lords (the upper house), meets in the Palace of Westminster.

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Howard Vincent

Colonel Sir Charles Edward Howard Vincent KCMG CB DL (31 May 1849 – 7 April 1908), known as Howard Vincent or C. E. Howard Vincent, was a British soldier, barrister, police official and Conservative Party politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1885 to 1908.

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Hugh Childers

Hugh Culling Eardley Childers (25 June 1827 – 29 January 1896) was a British and Australian Liberal statesman of the nineteenth century.

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Index finger

The index finger, (also referred to as forefinger, pointer finger, trigger finger, digitus secundus, digitus II, and many other terms), is the first finger and the second digit of a human hand.

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Inheritance tax

An inheritance or estate tax is a tax paid by a person who inherits money or property or a levy on the estate (money and property) of a person who has died.

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Irish Home Rule movement

The Irish Home Rule movement was a political movement which sought to achieve home rule for Ireland and reduce the political control of the British state over the island.

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James Broun-Ramsay, 1st Marquess of Dalhousie

James Andrew Broun-Ramsay, 1st Marquess of Dalhousie KT, PC (22 April 1812 – 19 December 1860), styled Lord Ramsay until 1838 and known as The Earl of Dalhousie between 1838 and 1849, was a Scottish statesman, and a colonial administrator in British India.

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James Bryce, 1st Viscount Bryce

James Bryce, 1st Viscount Bryce (10 May 1838 – 22 January 1922) was a British academic, jurist, historian and Liberal politician.

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James Milnes Gaskell

James Milnes Gaskell (19 October 1810 – 5 February 1873) was a British Conservative politician.

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Jefferson Davis

Jefferson Finis Davis (June 3, 1808 – December 6, 1889) was an American politician who was U.S. Representative and Senator from Mississippi, U.S. Secretary of War, and the President of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War.

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Jingoism

Jingoism is patriotism in the form of aggressive foreign policy.

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John Bright

John Bright (16 November 1811 – 27 March 1889), Quaker, was a British Radical and Liberal statesman, one of the greatest orators of his generation and a promoter of free trade policies.

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John Dalberg-Acton, 1st Baron Acton

John Emerich Edward Dalberg-Acton, 1st Baron Acton, KCVO, DL (10 January 1834 – 19 June 1902)—known as Sir John Dalberg-Acton, 8th Baronet from 1837 to 1869 and usually referred to simply as Lord Acton—was an English Catholic historian, politician, and writer.

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John Hamilton-Gordon, 1st Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair

John Campbell Hamilton-Gordon, 1st Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair (3 August 1847 – 7 March 1934), known as The Earl of Aberdeen from 1870 to 1916, was a Scottish politician.

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John Henry Newman

John Henry Newman Cong. Orat. (21 February 1801 – 11 August 1890), also referred to as Cardinal Newman and Blessed John Henry Newman, was an important figure in the religious history of England in the 19th century.

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John Manners, 7th Duke of Rutland

John James Robert Manners, 7th Duke of Rutland KG, GCB, PC (13 December 1818 – 4 August 1906), known as Lord John Manners before 1888, was an English statesman.

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John Morley, 1st Viscount Morley of Blackburn

John Morley, 1st Viscount Morley of Blackburn OM, PC (24 December 1838 – 23 September 1923) was a British Liberal statesman, writer and newspaper editor.

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John Neilson Gladstone

Captain John Neilson Gladstone (18 January 1807 – 7 February 1863) was a British Conservative politician and an officer in the Royal Navy.

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John Russell, 1st Earl Russell

John Russell, 1st Earl Russell (18 August 1792 – 28 May 1878), known as Lord John Russell before 1861, was a leading Whig and Liberal politician who served as Prime Minister on two occasions during the mid-19th century.

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John Spencer, 5th Earl Spencer

John Poyntz Spencer, 5th Earl Spencer, KG, PC (27 October 1835 – 13 August 1910), known as Viscount Althorp from 1845 to 1857 (and also known as the Red Earl because of his distinctive long red beard), was a British Liberal Party politician under, and close friend of, British prime minister William Ewart Gladstone.

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John Stuart (judge)

Sir John Stuart (1793 – 29 October 1876) was a British Conservative Party politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1846 to 1852, before becoming a judge.

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John Stuart-Wortley, 2nd Baron Wharncliffe

John Stuart-Wortley-Mackenzie, 2nd Baron Wharncliffe FRS (20 April 1801 – 22 October 1855), was a British Tory politician.

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John Young, 1st Baron Lisgar

John Young, 1st Baron Lisgar (31 August 1807 – 6 October 1876) was a British diplomat and politician.

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Joseph Schumpeter

Joseph Alois Schumpeter (8 February 1883 – 8 January 1950) was an Austrian-American economist and political scientist.

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Khartoum (film)

Khartoum is a 1966 film written by Robert Ardrey and directed by Basil Dearden.

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Kingdom of the Two Sicilies

The Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (Regno d"e Ddoje Sicilie, Regnu dî Dui Sicili, Regno delle Due Sicilie) was the largest of the states of Italy before the Italian unification.

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Landlord and Tenant (Ireland) Act 1870

The Landlord and Tenant (Ireland) Act 1870 was an Act passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom in 1870.

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Leader of the House of Commons

The Leader of the House of Commons is a member of the Cabinet of the United Kingdom who is responsible for arranging government business in the House of Commons.

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Leader of the Opposition (United Kingdom)

The Leader of Her Majesty's Most Loyal Opposition (more commonly known as the Leader of the Opposition) is the politician who leads the official opposition in the United Kingdom.

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Leeds

Leeds is a city in West Yorkshire, England.

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Legislative session

A legislative session is the period of time in which a legislature, in both parliamentary and presidential systems, is convened for purpose of lawmaking, usually being one of two or more smaller divisions of the entire time between two elections.

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Liberal Party (UK)

The Liberal Party was a liberal political party which was one of the two major parties in the United Kingdom in the 19th and early 20th century.

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Liberal Unionist Party

The Liberal Unionist Party was a British political party that was formed in 1886 by a faction that broke away from the Liberal Party.

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Limassol

Limassol (Λεμεσός; Limasol or Leymosun; Լիմասոլ) is a city on the southern coast of Cyprus and capital of the eponymous district.

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Lincoln's Inn

The Honourable Society of Lincoln's Inn is one of four Inns of Court in London to which barristers of England and Wales belong and where they are called to the Bar.

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List of Fellows of the Royal Society elected in 1881

Fellows of the Royal Society elected in 1881.

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List of Lord High Commissioners of the Ionian Islands

The Lord High Commissioner of the Ionian Islands was the local representative of the British government in the United States of the Ionian Islands between 1814 and 1863.

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List of public art in Liverpool

The city of Liverpool has a greater number of public sculptures than any other location in the United Kingdom aside from Westminster.

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List of senior members of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom

This is a list of the most senior Privy Counsellors in length of service of England, Great Britain and the United Kingdom since 1708.

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Liverpool

Liverpool is a city in Merseyside, England, on the eastern side of the Mersey Estuary.

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Local Government Board

The Local Government Board (LGB) was a British Government supervisory body overseeing local administration in England and Wales from 1871 to 1919.

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London

London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

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London Dock strike of 1889

The London Dock strike was an industrial dispute involving dock workers in the Port of London.

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London matchgirls strike of 1888

The London matchgirls’ strike of 1888 was a strike of the women and teenage girls working at the Bryant and May Factory in Bow, London.

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London Underground

The London Underground (also known as the Tube or simply the Underground) is a public rapid transit system serving a large part of Greater London and parts of the home counties of Buckinghamshire, Hertfordshire and Essex.

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Lord Frederick Cavendish

Lord Frederick Charles Cavendish (30 November 1836 – 6 May 1882) was an English Liberal politician and protégé of the Prime Minister, William Ewart Gladstone.

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Lord George Hamilton

Lord George Francis Hamilton GCSI, PC, JP (17 December 1845 – 22 September 1927) was a British Conservative Party politician of the late 19th and early 20th centuries who served as First Lord of the Admiralty and Secretary of State for India.

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Lord Lieutenant of Ireland

The Lord Lieutenant of Ireland was the British monarch's official representative and head of the Irish executive during the Lordship of Ireland (1171–1541), the Kingdom of Ireland (1541–1800) and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1801–1922).

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Lord of the Treasury

In the United Kingdom, there are at least six Lords of the Treasury who serve concurrently.

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Lord Privy Seal

The Lord Privy Seal (or, more formally, the Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal) is the fifth of the Great Officers of State in the United Kingdom, ranking beneath the Lord President of the Council and above the Lord Great Chamberlain.

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Lord Randolph Churchill

Lord Randolph Henry Spencer-Churchill PC (13 February 1849 – 24 January 1895) was a British statesman.

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Mahdist War

The Mahdist War (1881–99) was a British colonial war of the late 19th century, which was fought between the Mahdist Sudanese, of the religious leader Muhammad Ahmad bin Abd Allah, the Mahdi (the “Guided One”), and the forces of the Khedivate of Egypt, initially, and later the forces of Britain.

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Malcolm Keen

Malcolm Keen (8 August 1887 – 30 January 1970) was an English actor.

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Mancot

Mancot is a village in south east Flintshire, Wales, approximately 1 mile from Queensferry, and Hawarden and 6 miles from Chester.

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Margaret Thatcher

Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, (Roberts, 13 October 1925 – 8 April 2013) was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 and the Leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990.

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Mary Gladstone

Mary Drew (née Gladstone; 23 November 1847–1 January 1927), was a political secretary, writer and hostess.

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Matriculation

Matriculation is the formal process of entering a university, or of becoming eligible to enter by fulfilling certain academic requirements such as a matriculation examination.

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Merchant

A merchant is a businessperson who trades in commodities produced by others, in order to earn a profit.

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Michael Hicks Beach, 1st Earl St Aldwyn

Michael Edward Hicks Beach, 1st Earl St Aldwyn Bt, PC, PC (Ire) (23 October 1837 – 30 April 1916), known as Sir Michael Hicks Beach, Bt, from 1854 to 1906 and subsequently as The Viscount St Aldwyn to 1915, was a British Conservative politician.

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Michael Hordern

Sir Michael Murray Hordern, CBE (3 October 19112 May 1995) was an English actor.

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Michel Chevalier

Michel Chevalier (13 January 1806 – 18 November 1879) was a French engineer, statesman, economist and free market liberal.

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Midlothian (UK Parliament constituency)

Midlothian in Scotland, is a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

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Midlothian (UK Parliament constituency) (1708–1918)

Edinburghshire (also known as Midlothian) was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of Great Britain (at Westminster) from 1708 to 1801 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (also at Westminster) from 1801 to 1918.

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Midlothian campaign

The Midlothian campaign of 1878-80 was a series of foreign policy speeches given by William Ewart Gladstone, leader of Britain's Liberal Party.

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Money bill

In the Westminster system (and, colloquially, in the United States), a money bill or supply bill is a bill that solely concerns taxation or government spending (also known as appropriation of money), as opposed to changes in public law.

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Montagu Love

Montagu Love (15 March 1877 – 17 May 1943), also known as Montague Love, was an English screen, stage and vaudeville actor.

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Monty Python's Flying Circus

Monty Python’s Flying Circus (known during the final series as just Monty Python) is a British sketch comedy series commissioned by David Attenborough, created by the comedy group Monty Python and broadcast by the BBC from 1969 to 1974.

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Muhammad Ahmad

Muhammad Ahmad bin Abd Allah (Arabic: محمد أحمد ابن عبد الله; August 12, 1844 – June 22, 1885) was a religious leader of the Samaniyya order in Sudan who, on June 29, 1881, proclaimed himself the Mahdi (or Madhi), the messianic redeemer of the Islamic faith.

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Municipal Borough of Willesden

Willesden was a local government district in the county of Middlesex, England from 1874 to 1965.

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Muslim

A Muslim, sometimes spelled Moslem, relates to a person who follows the religion of Islam, a monotheistic and Abrahamic religion based on the Quran.

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Naples

Naples (Napoli, Neapolitan: nNapule; Neapolis; Νεάπολις, meaning "new city") is the capital of the Italian region Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy, after Rome and Milan.

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Neuralgia

Neuralgia (Greek neuron, "nerve" + algos, "pain") is pain in the distribution of a nerve or nerves, as in intercostal neuralgia, trigeminal neuralgia, and glossopharyngeal neuralgia.

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Neville Chamberlain

Arthur Neville Chamberlain (18 March 1869 – 9 November 1940) was a British Conservative politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from May 1937 to May 1940.

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New Social Alliance

The New Social Alliance or New Social Movement was an idea supported by some British Conservatives in 1871 for an alliance between working-class leaders and aristocratic Conservatives to ameliorate the conditions of the working class.

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Newark (UK Parliament constituency)

Newark is a constituency in Nottinghamshire, England.

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Newark-on-Trent

Newark-on-Trent or Newark is a market town in Nottinghamshire in the East Midlands of England.

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Newcastle upon Tyne

Newcastle upon Tyne (RP:; Locally), commonly known as Newcastle, is a city in Tyne and Wear, North East England, 103 miles (166 km) south of Edinburgh and 277 miles (446 km) north of London on the northern bank of the River Tyne, from the North Sea.

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Newnham College, Cambridge

Newnham College is a women-only constituent college of the University of Cambridge, England.

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Nigel Lawson

Nigel Lawson, Baron Lawson of Blaby, PC (born 11 March 1932) is a British Conservative politician and journalist.

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One-nation conservatism

One-nation conservatism (also known as one-nationism, or Tory democracy) is a form of British political conservatism that views society as organic and values paternalism and pragmatism.

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Ottawa

Ottawa is the capital of Canada.

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Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire (دَوْلَتِ عَلِيّهٔ عُثمَانِیّه Devlet-i Aliyye-i Osmâniyye, Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti) which is also known as the Turkish Empire or Turkey, was an empire founded in 1299 by Oghuz Turks under Osman I in northwestern Anatolia.

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Oxford Union

The Oxford Union Society, commonly referred to simply as the Oxford Union, is a debating society in the city of Oxford, England, whose membership is drawn primarily from the University of Oxford.

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Oxford University (UK Parliament constituency)

Oxford University was a university constituency electing two members to the British House of Commons, from 1603 to 1950.

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Papal infallibility

Papal infallibility is a dogma of the Catholic Church that states that, in virtue of the promise of Jesus to Peter, the Pope is preserved from the possibility of error "When, in the exercise of his office as shepherd and teacher of all Christians, in virtue of his supreme apostolic authority, he defines a doctrine concerning faith or morals to be held by the whole Church." This doctrine was defined dogmatically in the First Vatican Council of 1869–1870, but had been defended before that, existing already in medieval theology and being the majority opinion at the time of the Counter-Reformation.

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Parnell (film)

Parnell is a 1937 biographical film released by MGM starring Clark Gable as Charles Stewart Parnell, the famous Irish politician.

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Peelite

The Peelites were a breakaway faction of the British Conservative Party, existing from 1846 to 1859, who joined with the Whigs and Radicals to form the Liberal Party ('Liberal' referring to their position on economic matters).

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People's Budget

The 1909/1910 People's Budget was a product of then British Prime Minister H. H. Asquith's Liberal government, introducing unprecedented taxes on the wealthy in Britain and radical social welfare programmes to the country's policies.

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Phoenix Park Murders

The Phoenix Park MurdersMoloney (2006) were the fatal stabbings on 6 May 1882 in the Phoenix Park in Dublin of Lord Frederick Cavendish and Thomas Henry Burke.

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Phonograph

The phonograph is a device invented in 1877 for the mechanical recording and reproduction of sound.

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Plovdiv

Plovdiv (Пловдив) is the second-largest city in Bulgaria with a population of 341,567 inhabitants as of 2015.

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Poor Law Amendment Act 1834

The Poor Law Amendment Act 1834 (PLAA), known widely as the New Poor Law, was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom passed by the Whig government of Earl Grey.

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Pound sterling

The pound sterling (symbol: £; ISO code: GBP), commonly known simply as the pound, is the official currency of the United Kingdom, Jersey, Guernsey, the Isle of Man, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, the British Antarctic Territory, and Tristan da Cunha.

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Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the head of Her Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom.

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Protection of Person and Property Act 1881

The Protection of Person and Property Act 1881 was one of more than 100 Coercion Acts passed by the Parliament of United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland between 1801 and 1922, in an attempt to establish law and order in Ireland.

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Protestantism

Protestantism is a form of Christian faith and practice which originated with the Protestant Reformation, a movement against what its followers considered to be errors in the Roman Catholic Church.

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Purchase of commissions in the British army

The purchase of officer commissions in the British Army was a common practice through most of its history.

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Queen Victoria

Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.

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Quran

The Quran (القرآن, literally meaning "the recitation"; also romanized Qurʾan or Koran) is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be a revelation from God (الله, Allah).

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Ralph Richardson

Sir Ralph David Richardson (19 December 1902 – 10 October 1983) was an English actor who, along with his contemporaries John Gielgud and Laurence Olivier, dominated the British stage of the mid-20th century.

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Rector of the University of Edinburgh

The Lord Rector of the University of Edinburgh is elected every three years by the students and staff at the University of Edinburgh.

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Rector of the University of Glasgow

The Lord Rector (more commonly known just as the Rector) of the University of Glasgow is one of the most senior posts within that institution, elected every three years by students.

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Redistribution of Seats Act 1885

The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 (48 & 49 Vict., c. 23) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

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Reform Act 1867

The Representation of the People Act 1867, 30 & 31 Vict.

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Representation of the People Act 1884

In the United Kingdom, the Representation of the People Act 1884 (48 & 49 Vict. c. 3, also known informally as the Third Reform Act) and the Redistribution Act of the following year were laws which further extended the suffrage in Britain after the Disraeli Government's Reform Act 1867.

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Retrenchment

Retrenchment (retrenchment, an old form of retranchement, from retrancher, to cut down, cut short) is an act of cutting down or reduction, particularly of public expenditure.

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Review of Reviews

The Review of Reviews was a noted family of monthly journals founded in 1890-1893 by British reform journalist William Thomas Stead (1849–1912).

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Richard Cobden

Richard Cobden (3 June 1804 – 2 April 1865) was an English manufacturer and Radical and Liberal statesman, associated with two major free trade campaigns, the Anti-Corn Law League and the Cobden–Chevalier Treaty.

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Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury

Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, (3 February 1830 – 22 August 1903), styled Lord Robert Cecil before 1865 and Viscount Cranborne from June 1865 until April 1868, was a British Conservative statesman and thrice Prime Minister, serving for a total of over 13 years.

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Robert Lowe

Robert Lowe, 1st Viscount Sherbrooke PC (4 December 1811 – 27 July 1892), British statesman, was a pivotal but often forgotten figure who shaped British politics in the latter half of the 19th century.

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Robert Peel

Sir Robert Peel, 2nd Baronet (5 February 17882 July 1850) was a British Conservative statesman, who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 10 December 1834 to 8 April 1835, and again from 30 August 1841 to 29 June 1846.

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Rodney Street, Liverpool

Rodney Street in Liverpool, England is noted for the number of doctors and its Georgian architecture.

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Royal Courts of Justice

The Royal Courts of Justice, commonly called the Law Courts, is a court building in London which houses both the High Court and Court of Appeal of England and Wales.

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Royal Society

The President, Council, and Fellows of the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, commonly known as the Royal Society, is a learned society for science and is possibly the oldest such society still in existence.

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Royal Statistical Society

The Royal Statistical Society (RSS) is a learned society for statistics, a professional body for statisticians, and a charity which promotes statistics for the public good.

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Sage Publications

Sage Publications is an independent publishing company founded in 1965 in New York by Sara Miller McCune.

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Said Nursî

Said Nursî (سعيد النُّورسی / سەعید نوورسی‎; 1877 – 23 March 1960), also spelled Said-i Nursî, officially Said Okur and commonly known with the honorific Bediüzzaman (بديع الزّمان, Badī' al-Zamān), was a Kurdish Sunni Muslim theologian.

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Scarborough, North Yorkshire

Scarborough is a town on the North Sea coast of North Yorkshire, England.

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Scotland

Scotland (Scots:; Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.

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Scottish Episcopal Church

The Scottish Episcopal Church (Eaglais Easbaigeach na h-Alba) is a Christian church in Scotland, consisting of seven dioceses.

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Scottish people

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Scramble for Africa

The "Scramble for Africa" was the invasion, occupation, colonization and annexation of African territory by European powers during the period of New Imperialism, between 1881 and 1914.

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Seaforth House

Seaforth House was a mansion in Seaforth, Merseyside England built in 1813 for Sir John Gladstone, father of William Ewart Gladstone who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom four times.

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Seaforth, Merseyside

Seaforth is a district within the Metropolitan Borough of Sefton, Merseyside, England.

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Second Anglo-Afghan War

The Second Anglo–Afghan War (Pashto: د افغان-انګرېز دويمه جګړه) was fought between the United Kingdom and the Emirate of Afghanistan from 1878 to 1880, when the latter was ruled by Sher Ali Khan of the Barakzai dynasty, the son of former Emir Dost Mohammad Khan.

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Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills

Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills, commonly known as the Business Secretary, is a cabinet position in the United Kingdom government.

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Secretary of State for War and the Colonies

The Secretary of State for War and the Colonies was a British cabinet level position responsible for the army and the British colonies (other than India).

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Sedition

In law, sedition is overt conduct, such as speech and organization, that tends toward insurrection against the established order.

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Sir George Cornewall Lewis, 2nd Baronet

Sir George Cornewall Lewis, 2nd Baronet PC (21 April 1806 – 13 April 1863) was a British statesman and man of letters.

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Sir George Grey, 2nd Baronet

Sir George Grey, 2nd Baronet, PC (11 May 1799 – 9 September 1882) was a British Whig politician.

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Sir John Gladstone, 1st Baronet

Sir John Gladstone, 1st Baronet, FRSE (11 December 1764 – 7 December 1851) was a Scottish merchant, philanthropist, Member of Parliament, and the father of the British Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone.

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Sir Robert Inglis, 2nd Baronet

Sir Robert Harry Inglis, 2nd Baronet FRS (12 January 1786 – 5 May 1855) was an English Conservative politician, noted for his staunch High church views.

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Sir William Heathcote, 5th Baronet

Sir William Heathcote, 5th Baronet PC (17 May 1801 – 17 August 1881), was a British landowner and Conservative politician.

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Sixty Glorious Years

Sixty Glorious Years is a 1938 British color film directed by Herbert Wilcox.

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Snowdon

, Dewey, Sim sub Dewey Snowdon (Yr Wyddfa) is the highest mountain in Wales, at an elevation of above sea level, and the highest point in the British Isles outside the Scottish Highlands.

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Sofia

Sofia (София, Sofiya) is the capital and largest city of Bulgaria.

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South East Lancashire (UK Parliament constituency)

South East Lancashire was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

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South Lancashire (UK Parliament constituency)

South Lancashire, formally called the Southern Division of Lancashire or Lancashire Southern, is a former county constituency in England.

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South West Lancashire (UK Parliament constituency)

South West Lancashire was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

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Southport

Southport is a large seaside town in the Metropolitan Borough of Sefton, Merseyside, England.

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Spencer Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire

Spencer Compton Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire (23 July 1833 – 24 March 1908), styled Lord Cavendish of Keighley between 1834 and 1858 and Marquess of Hartington between 1858 and 1891, was a British statesman.

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Spencer Horatio Walpole

Spencer Horatio Walpole, QC, LLD (11 September 1806–22 May 1898) was a British Conservative politician who served three times as Home Secretary in the administrations of Lord Derby.

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Springs, Gauteng

Springs is a city on the East Rand in the Gauteng province of South Africa.

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St John's Gardens

St John's Gardens is an open space in Liverpool, England, to the west of St George's Hall.

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St Patrick's College, Maynooth

St Patrick's College, Maynooth (Coláiste Naoimh Phádraig, Maigh Nuad), is the "National Seminary for Ireland" (a Roman Catholic college), and a Pontifical University, located in the village of Maynooth, 24 km from Dublin, Ireland.

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St Paul's Cathedral

St Paul's Cathedral, London, is an Anglican cathedral, the seat of the Bishop of London and the mother church church of the Diocese of London.

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Stafford Northcote, 1st Earl of Iddesleigh

Stafford Henry Northcote, 1st Earl of Iddesleigh GCB, PC (27 October 1818 – 12 January 1887), known as Sir Stafford Northcote, Bt, from 1851 to 1885, was a British Conservative politician.

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State funeral

A state funeral is a public funeral ceremony, observing the strict rules of protocol, held to honor people of national significance.

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Stephen Murray (actor)

Stephen Umfreville Hay Murray (6 September 1912 – 31 March 1983) was an English cinema, radio, theatre and television actor.

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Studies on Homer and the Homeric Age

Studies on Homer and the Homeric Age is a book written by William Ewart Gladstone.

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Thatcherism

Thatcherism describes the conviction politics, economic, social policy, and political style of the British Conservative politician Margaret Thatcher, who was leader of her party from 1975 to 1990.

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The Bee-Hive (journal)

The Bee-Hive was a trade unionist journal published weekly in the United Kingdom between 1861 and 1878.

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The Dream of Gerontius (poem)

The Dream of Gerontius is a poem written by Blessed John Henry Newman (February 21, 1801 – August 11, 1890) consisting of the prayer of a dying man, and angelic and demonic responses.

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The Great Game

"The Great Game" was the strategic rivalry and conflict between the British Empire and the Russian Empire for supremacy in Central Asia.

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The Prime Minister (film)

The Prime Minister is a British film from 1941 directed by Thorold Dickinson.

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The Right Honourable

The Right Honourable (The Rt Hon. or Rt Hon.) is an honorific style traditionally applied to certain persons and to certain collective bodies in the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, some other Commonwealth realms, the Anglophone Caribbean, Mauritius and occasionally elsewhere.

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The Vatican Decrees in their Bearing on Civil Allegiance

The Vatican Decrees in their Bearing on Civil Allegiance is an anti-Catholic pamphlet written by British politician William Ewart Gladstone in November 1874.

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Thomas Babington Macaulay, 1st Baron Macaulay

Thomas Babington Macaulay, 1st Baron Macaulay, PC (25 October 1800 – 28 December 1859) was a British historian and Whig politician.

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Thomas Baring, 1st Earl of Northbrook

Thomas George Baring, 1st Earl of Northbrook GCSI, PC, FRS (22 January 1826 – 15 November 1904), was a British Liberal politician and statesman.

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Thomas Boord

Sir Thomas William Boord, 1st Baronet FSA JP VD (14 July 1838 – 2 May 1912) was a British Conservative Party politician.

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Thomas Carlyle

Thomas Carlyle (4 December 1795 – 5 February 1881) was a Scottish philosopher, satirical writer, essayist, historian and teacher.

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Thomas Edison

Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847 – October 18, 1931) was an American inventor and businessman.

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Thomas Estcourt

Sir Thomas Estcourt (c 1570 – 4 July 1624) was an English lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1624.

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Thomas Gibson-Carmichael, 1st Baron Carmichael

Thomas David Gibson-Carmichael, 1st Baron Carmichael GCSI, GCIE, KCMG, DL FRSE (18 March 1859 – 16 January 1926), known as Sir Thomas Gibson-Carmichael, Bt, between 1891 and 1912, was a Scottish Liberal politician and colonial administrator.

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Thomas Gladstones

Thomas Gladstones (3 June 1732 - 12 May 1809) was a Scottish merchant and philanthropist.

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Thomas Wilde, 1st Baron Truro

Thomas Wilde, 1st Baron Truro PC (7 July 1782 – 11 November 1855), was a British lawyer, judge and politician.

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Tithe

A tithe (from Old English: teogoþa "tenth") is a one-tenth part of something, paid as a contribution to a religious organization or compulsory tax to government.

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Tom Murphy (artist)

Tom Murphy (born 1949) is an English artist who is best known for his bronze sculptures..

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Tories (British political party)

The Tories were members of two political parties which existed, sequentially, in the Kingdom of England, the Kingdom of Great Britain and later the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from the 17th to the early 19th centuries.

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Ulama

Ulama (علماء., singular عالِم, "scholar", also spelled ulema; female is alimah (singular) and uluma (plural)), is defined as "those recognized as scholars or authorities" of the Islamic religious sciences.

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Under-Secretary of State for War and the Colonies

The Under-Secretary of State for War and the Colonies was a junior Ministerial post in the United Kingdom government, subordinate to the Secretary of State for War and the Colonies.

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United Kingdom budget

The United Kingdom budget is an annual budget set by HM Treasury for the revenues to be gathered by HM Revenue and Customs and the expenditures of the public sector, in compliance with government policy.

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United Kingdom general election, 1832

The 1832 United Kingdom general election, the first after the Reform Act, saw the Whigs win a large majority, with the Tories winning less than 30% of the vote.

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United Kingdom general election, 1847

The 1847 United Kingdom general election saw candidates calling themselves Conservatives win the most seats, in part because they won a number of uncontested seats.

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United Kingdom general election, 1865

The 1865 United Kingdom general election saw the Liberals, led by Lord Palmerston, increase their large majority over the Earl of Derby's Conservatives to more than 80.

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United Kingdom general election, 1868

The 1868 United Kingdom general election was the first after passage of the Reform Act 1867, which enfranchised many male householders, thus greatly increasing the number of men who could vote in elections in the United Kingdom.

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United Kingdom general election, 1874

The 1874 United Kingdom general election saw the Liberals, led by William Ewart Gladstone, win a majority of the votes cast, but Benjamin Disraeli's Conservatives won the majority of seats in the House of Commons, largely because they won a number of uncontested seats.

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United Kingdom general election, 1880

The United Kingdom general election of 1880 was a general election in the United Kingdom held from March to April 1880.

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United Kingdom general election, 1892

The 1892 United Kingdom general election was held from 4 July to 26 July 1892.

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United Kingdom general election, 1895

The United Kingdom general election of 1895 was held from 13 July – 7 August 1895.

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Universities Tests Act 1871

The Universities Tests Act 1871 in the United Kingdom abolished the communion "Tests" and allowed Roman Catholics, non-conformists and non-Christians to take up fellowships at the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge, London and Durham.

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Vice-President of the Board of Trade

The office of Vice-President of the Board of Trade was a junior ministerial position in the government of the United Kingdom.

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Waterford

WaterfordDiscover Waterford, by Eamon McEneaney (2001).

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Westminster Abbey

Westminster Abbey, formally titled the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, is a large, mainly Gothic abbey church in the City of Westminster, London, located just to the west of the Palace of Westminster.

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Whigs (British political party)

The Whigs were a political faction and then a political party in the parliaments of England, Scotland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom.

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William Farnworth Handley

William Farnworth Handley (9 October 1780 – 4 December 1851) was a British Member of Parliament.

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William Henry Gladstone

William Henry Gladstone (3 June 1840 – 4 July 1891) was a British Liberal Party Member of Parliament, and the eldest son of Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone and his wife Catherine née Glynne.

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William Legh, 1st Baron Newton

William John Legh, 1st Baron Newton (19 December 1828 – 15 December 1898), was a British Conservative politician.

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William Montagu Douglas Scott, 6th Duke of Buccleuch

William Henry Walter Montagu Douglas Scott, 6th Duke of Buccleuch and 8th Duke of Queensberry, KG KT PC JP DL (9 September 1831 – 5 November 1914) was a Scottish Member of Parliament and peer.

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William Thomas Stead

William Thomas Stead (5 July 1849 – 15 April 1912) was an English newspaper editor who, as a pioneer of investigative journalism, became a controversial figure of the Victorian era.

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William Vernon Harcourt (politician)

Sir William George Granville Venables Vernon Harcourt (14 October 1827 – 1 October 1904) was a British lawyer, journalist and Liberal statesman.

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Windsor, Berkshire

Windsor is a town and unparished area in the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead in Berkshire, England.

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Redirects here:

Ewart Gladstone, Gladstonian, Mr. Gresham, Sir William Ewart Gladstone, W E Gladstone, W. E. Gladstone, W.E. Gladstone, WE Gladstone, William E Gladstone, William E. Gladstone, William Ewert Gladstone, William Gladstone.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Ewart_Gladstone

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