124 relations: Acute accent, Adjective, Afrikaans, Albanian language, Alemannic German, Ancient Rome, Anglo-Saxon runes, ASCII, Attic Greek, Aubrey–Maturin series, Aymara language, ¥, Ƴ, Brazil, Brazilian Portuguese, Canal de Isabel II, Circumflex, Claudius, Close front rounded vowel, Conjunction (grammar), Consonant, Diaeresis (diacritic), Diphthong, Dot (diacritic), Dutch language, Dutch orthography, EBCDIC, English alphabet, English language, English orthography, Estonian language, European Portuguese, F, Faroese language, Ferdinand II of Aragon, Finnish language, French orthography, Gallicism, German language, Gh (digraph), Gimel, Given name, Grave accent, Great Vowel Shift, Guarani language, Hebrew language, I, Icelandic orthography, IJ (digraph), Isabella I of Castile, ..., ISO basic Latin alphabet, Italian language, Italic languages, J, Japanese language, K, Kazakh Short U, Labial consonant, Letter (alphabet), Lithuanian language, Loanword, Malagasy language, Meier, Meyer (surname), Middle English, Moÿ-de-l'Aisne, Modern English, Morphology (linguistics), Near-close near-front rounded vowel, Niterói, North Germanic languages, Old English, Oxford English Dictionary, Palatal approximant, Palatal consonant, Phoenician alphabet, Polish language, Portugal, Portuguese language, Portuguese Language Orthographic Agreement of 1990, Portuguese name, Portuguese orthography, Proper noun, Quechuan languages, Real Academia Española, Resale price maintenance, Romanization of Japanese, Roundedness, Russian language, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Schneider (surname), Schnyder, Schwa, Schwyz, Semitic people, Semivowel, Spanish language, Spanish naming customs, Spelling pronunciation, Switzerland, Thorn (letter), Tilde, Tupi language, Turkish language, Turkmen language, Typeface, U, U (Cyrillic), Ue (Cyrillic), Ue with acute (Cyrillic), Upsilon, Ur (rune), V, Vietnamese language, Vowel, W, Waw (letter), Welsh language, William Caxton, Y with stroke, Ybarra, Ye olde, Yodh, Yogh. Expand index (74 more) » « Shrink index
The acute accent (´) is a diacritic used in many modern written languages with alphabets based on the Latin, Cyrillic, and Greek scripts.
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In linguistics, an adjective is a describing word, the main syntactic role of which is to qualify a noun or noun phrase, giving more information about the object signified.
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Afrikaans is one of the official languages of South Africa.
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Albanian (shqip or gjuha shqipe, meaning Albanian language) is an Indo-European language spoken by five million people, primarily in Albania, Kosovo, the Republic of Macedonia, and Greece, but also in other areas of Southeastern Europe in which there is an Albanian population, including Montenegro and the Preševo Valley of Serbia.
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Gressoney, Issime and Rimella Alemannic (German) is a group of dialects of the Upper German branch of the Germanic language family.
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Ancient Rome was an Italic civilization that began on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 8th century BC.
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Anglo-Saxon runes are runes used by the early Anglo-Saxons as an alphabet in their writing.
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ASCII, abbreviated from American Standard Code for Information Interchange, is a character-encoding scheme (the IANA prefers the name US-ASCII).
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Attic Greek is the main Greek dialect that was spoken in ancient Attica, which includes Athens.
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The Aubrey–Maturin series is a sequence of nautical historical novels—20 completed and one unfinished—by Patrick O'Brian, set during the Napoleonic Wars and centering on the friendship between Captain Jack Aubrey of the Royal Navy and his ship's surgeon Stephen Maturin, a physician, natural philosopher, and intelligence agent.
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Aymara (Aymar aru) is an Aymaran language spoken by the Aymara people of the Andes.
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¥ is a currency sign used by the Chinese yuan (CNY) and the Japanese yen (JPY) currencies.
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(minuscule) is a letter of the Latin alphabet, formed from Y with the addition of a hook.
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Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and the Latin American region.
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Brazilian Portuguese (português do Brasil or Português brasileiro) is a set of dialects of the Portuguese language used mostly in Brazil.
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Canal de Isabel II (CYII) is the public company that manages the water supplies for Madrid, Spain.
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The circumflex is a diacritic in the Latin, Greek and Cyrillic scripts that is used in the written forms of many languages and in various romanization and transcription schemes.
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Claudius (Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; 1 August 10 BC – 13 October 54 AD) was Roman emperor from 41 to 54.
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The close front rounded vowel, or high front rounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound, used in some spoken languages.
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In grammar, a conjunction (abbreviated or) is a part of speech that connects words, sentences, phrases, or clauses.
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In articulatory phonetics, a consonant is a speech sound that is articulated with complete or partial closure of the vocal tract.
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The diaeresis (plural: diaereses), also spelled diæresis or dieresis and also known as the trema or the umlaut, is a diacritical mark that consists of two dots placed over a letter, usually a vowel.
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A diphthong (Greek: δίφθογγος, diphthongos, literally "two sounds" or "two tones"), also known as a gliding vowel, refers to two adjacent vowel sounds occurring within the same syllable.
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When used as a diacritic mark, the term dot is usually reserved for the Interpunct (·), or to the glyphs 'combining dot above' and 'combining dot below' which may be combined with some letters of the extended Latin alphabets in use in Central European languages and Vietnamese.
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Dutch is a West Germanic language that is spoken in the European Union by about 23 million people as a first language—including most of the population of the Netherlands and about sixty percent of that of Belgium—and by another 5 million as a second language.
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Dutch orthography uses the Latin alphabet according to a system which has evolved to suit the needs of the Dutch language.
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Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code (EBCDIC) is an 8-bit character encoding used mainly on IBM mainframe and IBM midrange computer operating systems.
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The modern English alphabet is a Latin alphabet consisting of 26 letters (each having an uppercase and a lowercase form) – the same letters that are found in the ISO basic Latin alphabet: The exact shape of printed letters varies depending on the typeface.
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English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
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English orthography is the orthography used in writing the English language, including English spelling, hyphenation, capitalization, word breaks, emphasis, and punctuation.
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Estonian (eesti keel) is the official language of Estonia, spoken natively by about 1.1 million people in Estonia and tens of thousands in various migrant communities.
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European Portuguese (Português europeu), also known as Lusitanian Portuguese (Português lusitano) and Portuguese of Portugal (Português de Portugal) in Brazil, refers to the Portuguese language spoken in Portugal.
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F (named ef) is the 6th letter in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
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Faroese (føroyskt) is a North Germanic language spoken as a native language by about 66,000 people, 45,000 of whom reside on the Faroe Islands and 21,000 in other areas, mainly Denmark.
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Ferdinand II (10 March 1452 – 23 January 1516), called the Catholic, was King of Sicily from 1468 and King of Aragon from 1479 until his death.
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Finnish (or suomen kieli) is the language spoken by the majority of the population in Finland and by ethnic Finns outside Finland.
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French orthography encompasses the spelling and punctuation of the French language.
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A Gallicism can be.
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German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that derives most of its vocabulary from the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family.
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Gh is a digraph found in many languages.
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Gimel is the third letter of the Semitic abjads, including Phoenician Gīml, Hebrew ˈGimel ג, Aramaic Gāmal, Syriac Gāmal ܓ, and Arabic ج (in alphabetical order; fifth in spelling order).
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A given name (also known as a personal name, first name, forename, or Christian name) is a part of a person's full nomenclature.
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The grave accent (`) is a diacritical mark used in many written languages, including Breton, Catalan, Corsican, Dutch, French, Greek (until 1982; see polytonic orthography), Haitian Creole, Italian, Macedonian, Mohawk, Norwegian, Occitan, Portuguese, Ligurian, Scottish Gaelic, Vietnamese, Welsh, Romansh and Yoruba.
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The Great Vowel Shift was a major change in the pronunciation of the English language that took place in England between 1350 and 1700.
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Guarani, specifically the primary variety known as Paraguayan Guarani (endonym avañe'ẽ 'the people's language'), is an indigenous language of South America that belongs to the Tupi–Guarani subfamily of the Tupian languages.
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Hebrew is a West Semitic language of the Afroasiatic language family.
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I (named i, plural ies) is the 9th letter and the third vowel in the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
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Icelandic orthography is the way in which Icelandic words are spelt and how their spelling corresponds with their pronunciation.
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The IJ (lowercase ij) is the digraph of the letters i and j. Occurring in the Dutch language, it is sometimes considered a ligature, or even a letter in itself – although in most fonts that have a separate character for ij the two composing parts are not connected, but are separate glyphs, sometimes slightly kerned.
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Isabella I (Isabel I, Old Spanish: Ysabel I; Madrigal de las Altas Torres, 22 April 1451–Medina del Campo, 26 November 1504) was Queen of Castille.
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The ISO Basic Latin alphabet is a Latin-script alphabet and consists of two sets of 26 letters, codified in various national and international standards and used widely in international communication.
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Italian (or lingua italiana) is a Romance language spoken mainly in Europe: Italy, Switzerland, San Marino, Vatican City, as a second language in Albania, Malta, Slovenia and Croatia, by minorities in Crimea, Eritrea, France, Libya, Monaco, Montenegro, Romania and Somalia, – Gordon, Raymond G., Jr.
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The Italic languages are a subfamily of the Indo-European language family originally spoken by Italic peoples.
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J is the 10th letter in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
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is an East Asian language spoken by about 125 million speakers, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language.
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K (named kay) is the 11th letter of the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
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Kazakh Short U (italics) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
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Labial consonants are consonants in which one or both lips are the active articulator.
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A letter is a grapheme (written character) in an alphabetic system of writing, such as the Greek alphabet and its descendants.
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Lithuanian (lietuvių kalba) is the official state language of Lithuania and is recognized as one of the official languages of the European Union.
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A loanword (or loan word or loan-word) is a word borrowed from a donor language and incorporated into a recipient language without translation.
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Malagasy is an Austronesian language and the national language of Madagascar.
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Meier may refer to.
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Meyer is a surname of English, German and Jewish origin, many branches of the Meyer(s) family trace their origins to ancient Anglo-Saxon culture.
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Middle English (ME) refers to the dialects of the English language spoken in parts of the British Isles after the Norman conquest (1066) until the late 15th century.
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Moÿ-de-l'Aisne is a commune in the Aisne department in Picardy in northern France.
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Modern English (sometimes New English or NE as opposed to Middle English and Old English) is the form of the English language spoken since the Great Vowel Shift in England, which began in the late 15th century and was completed in roughly 1550.
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In linguistics, morphology is the identification, analysis and description of the structure of a given language's morphemes and other linguistic units, such as root words, affixes, parts of speech, intonations and stresses, or implied context.
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The near-close near-front rounded vowel, or near-high near-front rounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound, used in some spoken languages.
Niterói is a municipality of the state of Rio de Janeiro in the southeast region of Brazil.
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The North Germanic languages make up one of the three branches of the Germanic languages, a sub-family of the Indo-European languages, along with the West Germanic languages and the extinct East Germanic languages.
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Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc) or Anglo-Saxon is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.
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The Oxford English Dictionary (OED), published by the Oxford University Press, is a descriptive (as opposed to prescriptive) dictionary of the English language.
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The voiced palatal approximant is a type of consonantal sound used in many spoken languages.
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Palatal consonants are consonants articulated with the body of the tongue raised against the hard palate (the middle part of the roof of the mouth).
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The Phoenician alphabet, called by convention the Proto-Canaanite alphabet for inscriptions older than around 1050 BC, is the oldest verified alphabet.
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Polish (język polski, polszczyzna) is a Slavic language spoken primarily in Poland and the native language of the Poles.
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Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa), is a country on the Iberian Peninsula, in southwestern Europe.
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Portuguese (português or, in full, língua portuguesa) is a Romance language and the sole official language of Portugal, Brazil, Mozambique, Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau and São Tomé and Príncipe.
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The Portuguese Language Orthographic Agreement of 1990 (Acordo Ortográfico da Língua Portuguesa de 1990) is an international treaty whose purpose is to create a unified orthography for the Portuguese language, to be used by all the countries that have Portuguese as their official language.
A Portuguese name is typically composed of one or two given names, and a number of family names (rarely one, but often two or three, seldom more).
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The Portuguese orthography is based on the Latin alphabet, and makes use of the acute accent, the circumflex accent, the grave accent, the tilde, and the cedilla, to denote stress, vowel height, nasalization, and other sound changes.
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A proper noun is a noun that in its primary application refers to a unique entity, such as London, Jupiter, Sarah, or Microsoft, as distinguished from a common noun, which usually refers to a class of entities (city, planet, person, corporation), or non-unique instances of a specific class (a city, another planet, these persons, our corporation).
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Quechuan, also known as runa simi ("people's language"), is a Native American language family spoken primarily in the Andes region of South America, derived from a common ancestral language.
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The Real Academia Española (English: Royal Spanish Academy), generally abbreviated as RAE, is the official royal institution responsible for overseeing the Spanish language.
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Resale price maintenance (RPM) (US) or Retail Price Maintenance (UK) is the practice whereby a manufacturer and its distributors agree that the distributors will sell the manufacturer's product at certain prices (resale price maintenance), at or above a price floor (minimum resale price maintenance) or at or below a price ceiling (maximum resale price maintenance).
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The romanization of Japanese is the application of the Latin script to write the Japanese language.
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In phonetics, vowel roundedness refers to the amount of rounding in the lips during the articulation of a vowel.
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Russian (ру́сский язы́к, russkiy yazyk, pronounced) is an East Slavic language and an official language in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan.
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Santiago Ramón y Cajal (1 May 1852 – 18 October 1934) was a Spanish pathologist, histologist, neuroscientist, and Nobel laureate.
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Schneider (German for "tailor", literally "someone who cuts," from the verb schneiden "to cut") is a very common family name in Germany.
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Schnyder is used in Switzerland as an alternative spelling of the more common German surname Schneider (tailor).
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In linguistics, specifically phonetics and phonology, schwa (sometimes spelled shwa) refers to the mid-central vowel sound (rounded or unrounded) in the middle of the vowel chart, denoted by the IPA symbol ə, or another vowel sound close to that position.
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The town of Schwyz (Svitto) is the capital of the canton of Schwyz in Switzerland.
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In studies of linguistics and ethnology, the term Semitic (from the biblical "Shem", שם) was first used to refer to a family of languages native to West Asia (the Middle East).
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In phonetics and phonology, a semivowel or glide is a sound that is phonetically similar to a vowel sound but functions as the syllable boundary rather than as the nucleus of a syllable.
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Spanish (español), also called Castilian, is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native-speakers.
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Spanish naming customs are historical traditions for naming children practised in Spain.
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A spelling pronunciation is the pronunciation of a word according to its spelling, at odds with a standard or traditional pronunciation.
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Switzerland (Schweiz;Swiss Standard German spelling and pronunciation. The Swiss German name is sometimes spelled as Schwyz or Schwiiz. Schwyz is also the standard German (and international) name of one of the Swiss cantons. Suisse; Svizzera; Svizra or),The latter is the common Sursilvan pronunciation.
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Thorn or þorn (Þ, þ) is a letter in the Old English, Gothic, Old Norse and modern Icelandic alphabets, as well as some dialects of Middle English.
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The tilde (in the American Heritage dictionary ˜ or ~) is a grapheme with several uses.
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Old Tupi or Classical Tupi is an extinct Tupian language which was spoken by the native Tupí people of Brazil, mostly those who lived close to the sea.
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Turkish, also referred to as Istanbul Turkish, is the most widely spoken of the Turkic languages, with around 10–15 million native speakers in Southeastern Europe and 55–60 million native speakers in Western Asia.
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Turkmen or Torkoman (Türkmençe, türkmen dili, түркменче, түркмен дили, تورکمن تیلی,تورکمنچه), is a Turkic language spoken by 3½ million people in Turkmenistan, where it is the official state language, as well as by around 2 million people in northeastern Iran and 1½ million people in northwestern Afghanistan.
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In typography, a typeface (also known as font family) is a set of one or more fonts each composed of glyphs that share common design features.
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U (named u, plural ues) is the 21st letter in the ISO basic Latin alphabet and the fifth and last vowel in the English alphabet (if W and Y are not counted as vowels).
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U (У у; italics: У у) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
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Ue or Straight U (italics) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
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Ue with acute (Ү́ ү́; italics: Ү́ ү́) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
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Upsilon (uppercase Υ, lowercase υ; ύψιλον, ýpsilon,; or, or) is the 20th letter of the Greek alphabet.
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The reconstructed Proto-Germanic name of the Elder Futhark u rune is *Ūruz meaning "wild ox"Page, R.I. (2005).
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V (named vee) is the 22nd letter in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
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Vietnamese (tiếng Việt) is an Austroasiatic language that originated in the north of Vietnam and is the national and official language of the country.
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In phonetics, a vowel is a sound in spoken language, such as an English "ah!" or "oh!", pronounced with an open vocal tract so that there is no build-up of air pressure at any point above the glottis.
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W (named double-u,Pronounced,,, or plural double-ues) is the 23rd letter in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
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Waw ("hook") is the sixth letter of the Semitic abjads, including Phoenician wāw, Aramaic waw, Hebrew vav (also vau) ו, Syriac waw and Arabic wāw و (sixth in abjadi order; 27th in modern Arabic order).
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Welsh (Cymraeg or y Gymraeg, pronounced) is a member of the Brittonic branch of the Celtic languages spoken natively in Wales, by some along the Welsh border in England, and in Y Wladfa (the Welsh colony in Chubut Province, Argentina).
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William Caxton (c. 1422 – c. 1491) was an English merchant, diplomat, writer and printer.
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Y with stroke (majuscule:; minuscule) is a letter of the Latin alphabet, derived from Y with the addition of a bar through the letter.
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Ybarra is a surname of Basque origin, and may refer to.
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"Ye olde" is a pseudo-Early Modern English stock prefix, used anachronistically, suggestive of a Merry England, Deep England or "old, as in Medieval old" feel.
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Yodh (also spelled Yud, Yod, Jod, or Jodh) is the tenth letter of the Semitic abjads, including Phoenician Yōd, Hebrew Yōd, Aramaic Yodh, Syriac Yōḏ, and Arabic ي (in abjadi order, 28th in modern order).
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The letter yogh (Ȝ ȝ; Middle English: yoȝ) was used in Middle English and Older Scots, representing y and various velar phonemes.
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