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Z

Z (named zed ' or zee "Z", Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (1993); "zee", op. cit.) is the 26th and final letter of the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet. [1]

121 relations: Adam Bede, Affricate consonant, Albanian language, Allophone, American English, Ampersand, Andalusia, Antiqua (typeface class), ASCII, Athens, Azerbaijani language, , , Å, Ö, ß, Ź, Ż, Ž, Basic English, Blackletter, Breton language, Caron, Classical Latin, Crete, Cursive, Czech language, Danish language, Danish orthography, Dutch language, EBCDIC, English alphabet, English language, English orthography, Eta, Etruscan language, Ezh, Finnish language, Finnish orthography, French language, George Eliot, German language, German orthography, Greek alphabet, Hepburn romanization, Hungarian language, Hussites, Icelandic language, Icelandic orthography, Igbo language, ..., Inari Sami language, Indonesian language, Insular G, Integer, International Phonetic Alphabet, ISO basic Latin alphabet, Italian language, Japanese language, John Wycliffe, Koine Greek, Kunrei-shiki romanization, Latin America, Latvian language, Letter (alphabet), Letter frequency, Letterlike Symbols, Linguistic reconstruction, Lithuanian language, Long s, Macron below, Mathematical Alphanumeric Symbols, Mathematics, Minimal pair, Northern Sami, Norwegian language, Norwegian orthography, Occitan language, Old French, Old Italic script, Old Norse, Oxford spelling, Phoenician alphabet, Phonological history of English consonant clusters, Pinyin, Polish language, Portuguese language, Project Gutenberg, Prothesis (linguistics), Proto-Sinaitic script, Rhotacism, Romanian language, Serbo-Croatian, Shona language, Sibilant, Sleep, Slovak language, Snoring, Spanish language, Standard Chinese, Swahili language, Swedish language, Swedish orthography, Tatar language, Theta, Turkish language, Turkmen language, Unicode, Upsilon, Vietnamese language, Voiced alveolar fricative, Voiced palato-alveolar sibilant, Vulgar Latin, Yogh, Z with stroke, Z with swash tail, Zayin, Ze (Cyrillic), Zed, Zee, Zeta, Zulu language. Expand index (71 more) »

Adam Bede

Adam Bede, the first novel written by George Eliot (the pen name of Mary Ann Evans), was published in 1859.

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Affricate consonant

An affricate is a consonant that begins as a stop and releases as a fricative, generally with the same place of articulation (most often coronal).

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Albanian language

Albanian (shqip or gjuha shqipe, meaning Albanian language) is an Indo-European language spoken by five million people, primarily in Albania, Kosovo, the Republic of Macedonia, and Greece, but also in other areas of Southeastern Europe in which there is an Albanian population, including Montenegro and the Preševo Valley of Serbia.

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Allophone

In phonology, an allophone (from the ἄλλος, állos, "other" and φωνή, phōnē, "voice, sound") is one of a set of multiple possible spoken sounds (or phones) or signs used to pronounce a single phoneme in a particular language.

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American English

American English, or United States (U.S.) English, is the set of dialects of the English language native to the United States.

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Ampersand

An ampersand is a logogram "&" representing the conjunction word "and", though to save confusion it is called a symbol.

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Andalusia

Andalusia (Andalucía) is a south-western European region established as an autonomous community of the Kingdom of Spain.

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Antiqua (typeface class)

Antiqua is a style of text used to mimic the hand.

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ASCII

ASCII, abbreviated from American Standard Code for Information Interchange, is a character-encoding scheme (the IANA prefers the name US-ASCII).

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Athens

Athens (Αθήνα, Athína,; Ἀθῆναι, Athēnai) is the capital and largest city of Greece.

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Azerbaijani language

Azerbaijani or Azeri, sometimes referred to as Azerbaijani Turkish or Azeri Turkish, is a Turkic language spoken primarily by the Azerbaijani people, who are concentrated mainly in the South Caucasus geographical region.

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Ẑ is a Latin alphabet letter, the letter Z with a circumflex, used for transliteration of the Cyrillic letter Ѕ in ISO 9 family of transliteration standards.

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(minuscule) is a letter of the Latin alphabet, formed from Z with the addition of a dot below the letter.

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Å

Å (lower case: å) represents various (although often very similar) sounds in several languages.

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Ö

Ö, or ö, is a character used in several extended Latin alphabets, or the letter O with umlaut to denote the front vowels or.

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ß

In the German alphabet, the letter ß, called "Eszett" or "scharfes S", in English "sharp S", is a consonant that evolved as a ligature of "long s and z" (ſz) and "long s over round s" (ſs).

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Ź

Ź (minuscule) is a letter of the Latin alphabet, formed from Z with the addition of an acute accent.

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Ż

Ż, ż is a letter in the Polish, Kashubian and Maltese alphabets.

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Ž

The grapheme Ž (minuscule: ž) is formed from Latin Z with the addition of caron (háček, mäkčeň, strešica, kvačica).

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Basic English

Basic English is an English-based controlled language created by linguist and philosopher Charles Kay Ogden as an international auxiliary language, and as an aid for teaching English as a second language.

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Blackletter

Blackletter, also known as Gothic script, Gothic minuscule, or Textura, was a script used throughout Western Europe from approximately 1150 to well into the 17th century.

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Breton language

Breton (Brezhoneg) is a Celtic language spoken in Brittany (Breton: Breizh; Bretagne), France.

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Caron

A caron (ˇ) or háček (from Czech háček) or mäkčeň (from Slovak mäkčeň or), also known as a wedge, inverted circumflex, inverted hat, is a diacritic placed over certain letters to indicate present or historical palatalization, iotation, or postalveolar pronunciation in the orthography of some Baltic, Slavic, Finnic, Samic, Berber and other languages.

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Classical Latin

Classical Latin is the modern term used to describe the form of the Latin language recognized as standard by writers of the late Roman Republic and the Roman Empire.

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Crete

Crete (Κρήτη,; Ancient Greek: Κρήτη, Krḗtē) is the largest and most populous of the Greek islands, and the fifth-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, after Sicily, Sardinia, Cyprus, and Corsica.

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Cursive

Cursive, also known as longhand, script, looped writing, joined-up writing, joint writing, running writing, or handwriting is any style of penmanship in which the symbols of the language are written in a conjoined and/or flowing manner, generally for the purpose of making writing faster.

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Czech language

Czech (čeština), formerly known as Bohemian (lingua Bohemica in Latin), is a West Slavic language spoken by over 10 million people.

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Danish language

Danish (dansk; dansk sprog) is a North Germanic language spoken by around six million people, principally in Denmark and in the region of Southern Schleswig in northern Germany, where it has minority language status.

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Danish orthography

Danish orthography is the system used to write the Danish language.

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Dutch language

Dutch is a West Germanic language that is spoken in the European Union by about 23 million people as a first language—including most of the population of the Netherlands and about sixty percent of that of Belgium—and by another 5 million as a second language.

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EBCDIC

Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code (EBCDIC) is an 8-bit character encoding used mainly on IBM mainframe and IBM midrange computer operating systems.

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English alphabet

The modern English alphabet is a Latin alphabet consisting of 26 letters (each having an uppercase and a lowercase form) – the same letters that are found in the ISO basic Latin alphabet: The exact shape of printed letters varies depending on the typeface.

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English language

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.

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English orthography

English orthography is the orthography used in writing the English language, including English spelling, hyphenation, capitalization, word breaks, emphasis, and punctuation.

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Eta

Eta (uppercase Η, lowercase η; Ήτα Hēta) is the seventh letter of the Greek alphabet.

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Etruscan language

The Etruscan language was the spoken and written language of the Etruscan civilization, in Italy, in the ancient region of Etruria (modern Tuscany plus western Umbria and northern Latium) and in parts of Lombardy, Veneto, and Emilia-Romagna (where the Etruscans were displaced by Gauls).

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Ezh

Ezh, also called the "tailed z", is a letter whose lower case form is used in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA), representing the voiced postalveolar fricative consonant.

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Finnish language

Finnish (or suomen kieli) is the language spoken by the majority of the population in Finland and by ethnic Finns outside Finland.

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Finnish orthography

Finnish orthography is based on the Latin script, and uses an alphabet derived from the Swedish alphabet, officially comprising 28 letters.

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French language

French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language, belonging to the Indo-European family.

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George Eliot

Mary Ann Evans (22 November 1819 – 22 December 1880; alternatively "Mary Anne" or "Marian"), known by her pen name George Eliot, was an English novelist, journalist, translator and one of the leading writers of the Victorian era.

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German language

German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that derives most of its vocabulary from the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family.

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German orthography

German orthography is the orthography used in writing the German language.

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Greek alphabet

The Greek alphabet has been used to write the Greek language since the 8th century BC.

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Hepburn romanization

The is named after James Curtis Hepburn, who used it to transcribe the sounds of the Japanese language into the Latin alphabet in the third edition of his Japanese–English dictionary, published in 1887.

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Hungarian language

Hungarian is the official language of Hungary and one of the 24 official languages of the European Union.

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Hussites

The Hussites (Husité or Kališníci; "Chalice People") were a Christian movement following the teachings of Czech reformer Jan Hus (c. 1369–1415), who became the best-known representative of the Bohemian Reformation and one of the forerunners of the Protestant Reformation.

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Icelandic language

Icelandic is a North Germanic language, the language of Iceland.

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Icelandic orthography

Icelandic orthography is the way in which Icelandic words are spelt and how their spelling corresponds with their pronunciation.

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Igbo language

Igbo (Laurie Bauer, 2007, The Linguistics Student's Handbook, Edinburgh archaically Ibo) (Igbo: Asụsụ Igbo), is the principal native language of the Igbo people, an ethnic group of southeastern Nigeria.

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Inari Sami language

Inari Sámi (anarâškielâ) is a Uralic, Sami language spoken by the Inari Sami of Finland.

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Indonesian language

Indonesian (Bahasa Indonesia) is the official language of Indonesia.

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Insular G

Insular G (font:; image) is a form of the letter g used in Insular fonts somewhat resembling a tailed z or lowercase delta, used in the United Kingdom and Ireland.

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Integer

An integer (from the Latin ''integer'' meaning "whole")Integer 's first, literal meaning in Latin is "untouched", from in ("not") plus tangere ("to touch").

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International Phonetic Alphabet

The International Phonetic Alphabet (unofficially—though commonly—abbreviated IPA)"The acronym 'IPA' strictly refers to the 'International Phonetic Association'.

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ISO basic Latin alphabet

The ISO Basic Latin alphabet is a Latin-script alphabet and consists of two sets of 26 letters, codified in various national and international standards and used widely in international communication.

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Italian language

Italian (or lingua italiana) is a Romance language spoken mainly in Europe: Italy, Switzerland, San Marino, Vatican City, as a second language in Albania, Malta, Slovenia and Croatia, by minorities in Crimea, Eritrea, France, Libya, Monaco, Montenegro, Romania and Somalia, – Gordon, Raymond G., Jr.

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Japanese language

is an East Asian language spoken by about 125 million speakers, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language.

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John Wycliffe

John Wycliffe (also spelled Wyclif, Wycliff, Wiclef, Wicliffe, Wickliffe; 1331 – 31 December 1384) was an English Scholastic philosopher, theologian, lay preacher, translator, reformer and university teacher at Oxford in England.

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Koine Greek

Koine Greek (UK English, US English, or; in Merriam-Webster from Koine Greek ἡ κοινὴ διάλεκτος, "the common dialect"), also known as Alexandrian dialect, common Attic or Hellenistic Greek (Modern Greek Ελληνιστική Κοινή, "Hellenistic Koiné", in the sense of "Hellenistic supraregional language"), was the common supra-regional form of Greek spoken and written during Hellenistic and Roman antiquity.

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Kunrei-shiki romanization

is a Japanese romanization system, i.e. a system for transcribing the Japanese language into the Latin alphabet.

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Latin America

Latin America is a region of the Americas that comprises countries where Romance languages are predominant; primarily Spanish and Portuguese, but also French.

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Latvian language

Latvian (latviešu valoda) is the official state language of Latvia.

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Letter (alphabet)

A letter is a grapheme (written character) in an alphabetic system of writing, such as the Greek alphabet and its descendants.

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Letter frequency

The frequency of letters in text has been studied for use in cryptanalysis, and frequency analysis in particular, dating back to the Iraqi mathematician Al-Kindi (c. 801–873 CE), who formally developed the method (the ciphers breakable by this technique go back at least to the Caesar cipher invented by Julius Caesar, so this method could have been explored in classical times).

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Letterlike Symbols

Letterlike Symbols is a Unicode block containing 80 characters which are constructed mainly from the glyphs of one or more letters.

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Linguistic reconstruction

Linguistic reconstruction is the practice of establishing the features of an unattested ancestor language of one or more given languages.

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Lithuanian language

Lithuanian (lietuvių kalba) is the official state language of Lithuania and is recognized as one of the official languages of the European Union.

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Long s

The long, medial, or descending s (ſ) is a form of the minuscule letter s, which was formerly used where s occurred in the middle or at the beginning of a word (e.g. "ſinfulneſs" "sinfulness").

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Macron below

Macron below,, is a combining diacritical mark used in various orthographies.

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Mathematical Alphanumeric Symbols

Mathematical Alphanumeric Symbols is a Unicode block of Latin and Greek letters and decimal digits that enable mathematicians to denote different notions with different letter styles.

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Mathematics

Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, “knowledge, study, learning”) is the study of topics such as quantity (numbers), structure, space, and change.

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Minimal pair

In phonology, minimal pairs are pairs of words or phrases in a particular language that differ in only one phonological element, such as a phoneme, toneme or chroneme, and have distinct meanings.

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Northern Sami

Northern or North Sami (davvisámegiella; disapproved exonym Lappish or Lapp), sometimes also simply referred to as Sami, is the most widely spoken of all Sami languages.

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Norwegian language

Norwegian (norsk) is a North Germanic language spoken mainly in Norway, where it is the sole official language.

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Norwegian orthography

Norwegian orthography is the method of writing the Norwegian language, of which there are two written standards: Bokmål and Nynorsk.

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Occitan language

Occitan, also known as lenga d'òc (langue d'oc) by its native speakers, is a Romance language.

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Old French

Old French (franceis, françois, romanz; Modern French ancien français) was the Gallo-Romance dialect continuum spoken from the 9th century to the 14th century.

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Old Italic script

Old Italic is any of several now extinct alphabet systems used on the Italian Peninsula in ancient times for various Indo-European languages (predominantly Italic) and non-Indo-European (e.g. Etruscan) languages.

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Old Norse

Old Norse was a North Germanic language that was spoken by inhabitants of Scandinavia and inhabitants of their overseas settlements during about the 9th to 13th centuries.

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Oxford spelling

Oxford spelling (or Oxford English Dictionary spelling) is the spelling used by the Oxford University Press (OUP), including in its Oxford English Dictionary (OED), and by other publishers who are "etymology conscious", according to Merriam-Webster.

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Phoenician alphabet

The Phoenician alphabet, called by convention the Proto-Canaanite alphabet for inscriptions older than around 1050 BC, is the oldest verified alphabet.

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Phonological history of English consonant clusters

The phonological history of the English language includes various changes in the phonology of consonant clusters.

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Pinyin

Pinyin, or Hanyu Pinyin, is the official phonetic system for transcribing the Mandarin pronunciations of Chinese characters into the Latin alphabet in China, Taiwan, and Singapore. It is often used to teach Standard Chinese and a pinyin without diacritic markers is often used in foreign publications to spell Chinese names familiar to non-Chinese and may be used as an input method to enter Chinese characters into computers. The Hanyu Pinyin system was developed in the 1950s based on earlier forms of romanization. It was published by the Chinese government in 1958 and revised several times. The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) adopted pinyin as an international standard in 1982. The system was adopted as the official standard in Taiwan in 2009, where it is used for romanization alone rather than for educational and computer input purposes. The word Hànyǔ means the spoken language of the Han people and pīnyīn literally means "spelled-out sounds".

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Polish language

Polish (język polski, polszczyzna) is a Slavic language spoken primarily in Poland and the native language of the Poles.

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Portuguese language

Portuguese (português or, in full, língua portuguesa) is a Romance language and the sole official language of Portugal, Brazil, Mozambique, Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau and São Tomé and Príncipe.

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Project Gutenberg

Project Gutenberg (PG) is a volunteer effort to digitize and archive cultural works, to "encourage the creation and distribution of eBooks".

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Prothesis (linguistics)

In linguistics, prothesis (from post-classical Latin based on Ancient Greek πρόθεσις próthesis 'placing before'), or less commonly prosthesis (from Ancient Greek πρόσθεσις prósthesis 'addition') is the addition of a sound or syllable at the beginning of a word without changing the word's meaning or the rest of its structure.

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Proto-Sinaitic script

Proto-Sinaitic is a term for both a Middle Bronze Age (Middle Kingdom) script attested in a small corpus of inscriptions found at Serabit el-Khadim in the Sinai Peninsula, and the reconstructed common ancestor of the Phoenician and South Arabian scripts, and by extension of most historical and modern alphabets.

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Rhotacism

Rhotacism may refer to an excessive or idiosyncratic use of the letter r, the inability to pronounce (or difficulty in pronouncing) r, or the conversion of another consonant into r. The term comes from the Greek letter rho, denoting "r".

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Romanian language

Romanian (obsolete spellings Rumanian, Roumanian; autonym: română, limba română, "the Romanian language", or românește, lit. "in Romanian") is a Romance language spoken by around 24 million people as a native language, primarily in Romania and Moldova, and by another 4 million people as a second language.

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Serbo-Croatian

Serbo-Croatian, also called Serbo-Croat, Serbo-Croat-Bosnian (SCB), Bosnian-Croatian-Serbian (BCS), or Bosnian-Croatian-Montenegrin-Serbian (BCMS), is a South Slavic language and the primary language of Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Montenegro.

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Shona language

Shona, or chiShona, is a Bantu language, native to the Shona people of Zimbabwe.

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Sibilant

Sibilance is a manner of articulation of fricative and affricate consonants, made by directing a stream of air with the tongue towards the sharp edge of the teeth, which are held close together; a consonant that uses sibilance may be called a sibilant, or a strident.

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Sleep

Sleep is a naturally recurring state of mind characterized by altered consciousness, relatively inhibited sensory activity, inhibition of nearly all voluntary muscles, and reduced interactions with surroundings.

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Slovak language

Slovak (slovenský jazyk,; slovenčina; not to be confused with slovenski jezik or slovenščina, the native names of the Slovene language) is an Indo-European language that belongs to the West Slavic languages (together with Czech, Polish, Silesian, Kashubian, and Sorbian).

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Snoring

Snoring is the vibration of respiratory structures and the resulting sound due to obstructed air movement during breathing while sleeping.

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Spanish language

Spanish (español), also called Castilian, is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native-speakers.

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Standard Chinese

Standard Chinese, also known as Modern Standard Mandarin and Putonghua, sometimes simply referred to as "Mandarin", is a standard language that is the sole official language of both China and Taiwan, and also one of the four official languages of Singapore.

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Swahili language

Swahili, also known as Kiswahili, is a Bantu language and the first language of the Swahili people.

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Swedish language

Swedish is a North Germanic language, spoken natively by about 9 million people predominantly in Sweden and parts of Finland, where it has equal legal standing with Finnish.

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Swedish orthography

Swedish orthography is the system used to write the Swedish language.

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Tatar language

The Tatar language (татар теле, татарча, tatar tele, tatarça, تاتار تيلی) is a Turkic language spoken by Volga Tatars mainly located in modern Tatarstan, Bashkortostan and Nizhny Novgorod Oblast.

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Theta

Theta (uppercase Θ or Ө, lowercase θ (which resembles digit 0 with horizontal line) or ϑ; θῆτα, thē̂ta,; Modern: θήτα|, thī́ta) is the eighth letter of the Greek alphabet, derived from the Phoenician letter Teth.

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Turkish language

Turkish, also referred to as Istanbul Turkish, is the most widely spoken of the Turkic languages, with around 10–15 million native speakers in Southeastern Europe and 55–60 million native speakers in Western Asia.

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Turkmen language

Turkmen or Torkoman (Türkmençe, türkmen dili, түркменче, түркмен дили, تورکمن تیلی,تورکمنچه), is a Turkic language spoken by 3½ million people in Turkmenistan, where it is the official state language, as well as by around 2 million people in northeastern Iran and 1½ million people in northwestern Afghanistan.

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Unicode

Unicode is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding, representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems.

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Upsilon

Upsilon (uppercase Υ, lowercase υ; ύψιλον, ýpsilon,; or, or) is the 20th letter of the Greek alphabet.

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Vietnamese language

Vietnamese (tiếng Việt) is an Austroasiatic language that originated in the north of Vietnam and is the national and official language of the country.

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Voiced alveolar fricative

The voiced alveolar fricatives are consonantal sounds.

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Voiced palato-alveolar sibilant

The voiced palato-alveolar sibilant fricative or voiced domed postalveolar sibilant fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.

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Vulgar Latin

Vulgar Latin is a generic term for the nonstandard (as opposed to classical) sociolects of Latin from which the Romance languages developed.

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Yogh

The letter yogh (Ȝ ȝ; Middle English: yoȝ) was used in Middle English and Older Scots, representing y and various velar phonemes.

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Z with stroke

(minuscule) is a letter of the Latin alphabet, derived from Z with the addition of a stroke.

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Z with swash tail

(lowercase) is a Latin letter z with a "swash tail" (encoded by Unicode, at codepoints U+2C7F for uppercase and U+0240 for lowercase) was used as a phonetic symbol by linguists studying African languages to represent a voiced labio-alveolar fricative.

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Zayin

Zayin (also spelled zain or zayn or simply zay) is the seventh letter of the Semitic abjads, including Phoenician Zayin, Hebrew 'Zayin ז, Aramaic Zain, Syriac Zayn, and Arabic Zayn ز. It represents the sound.

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Ze (Cyrillic)

Ze (З з; italics: З з) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.

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Zed

Zed is the pronunciation of the letter Z in Commonwealth English (it is pronounced "zee" in American English).

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Zee

Zee is the phonetic pronunciation of the letter Z in American English.

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Zeta

Zeta (uppercase Ζ, lowercase ζ; ζήτα, classical or zḗta, zíta) is the sixth letter of the Greek alphabet.

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Zulu language

Zulu or isiZulu is the language of the Zulu people with about 10 million speakers, the vast majority (over 95%) of whom live in South Africa.

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Redirects here:

Geschwaenztes Z, Geschwaenztes z, Geschwanztes Z, Geschwanztes z, Geschwänztes Z, Geschwänztes z, Long-tailed z, Tailed z, Z (letter), Z with tail, Z., , , , , 𝓩, 🄩, 🅉, 🅩, 🆉.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Z

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