Communication
Faster access than browser!

# Z N model

The Z_N model is a simplified statistical mechanical spin model. [1]

## Boltzmann distribution

In statistical mechanics and mathematics, a Boltzmann distribution (also called Gibbs distribution Translated by J.B. Sykes and M.J. Kearsley. See section 28) is a probability distribution, probability measure, or frequency distribution of particles in a system over various possible states.

## Chiral Potts model

The Chiral Potts model is a spin model on a planar lattice in statistical mechanics.

## Classical XY model

The classical XY model (sometimes also called classical rotor (rotator) model or O(2) model) is a lattice model of statistical mechanics.

## Complex conjugate

In mathematics, the complex conjugate of a complex number is the number with equal real part and imaginary part equal in magnitude but opposite in sign.

## Critical phenomena

In physics, critical phenomena is the collective name associated with the physics of critical points.

## Graph (mathematics)

In mathematics, and more specifically in graph theory, a graph is a representation of a set of objects where some pairs of objects are connected by links.

## Integrable system

In mathematics and physics, there are various distinct notions that are referred to under the name of integrable systems.

## Ising model

The Ising model, named after the physicist Ernst Ising, is a mathematical model of ferromagnetism in statistical mechanics.

## Kramers–Wannier duality

The Kramers–Wannier duality is a symmetry in statistical physics.

## Lattice model (physics)

In physics, a lattice model is a physical model that is defined on a lattice, as opposed to the continuum of space or spacetime.

## Potts model

In statistical mechanics, the Potts model, a generalization of the Ising model, is a model of interacting spins on a crystalline lattice.

## Root of unity

In mathematics, a root of unity, occasionally called a de Moivre number, is any complex number that gives 1 when raised to some positive integer power.

## Spin model

A spin model is a mathematical model used in physics primarily to explain magnetism.

## Statistical mechanics

Statistical mechanics is a branch of theoretical physics that studies, using probability theory, the average behaviour of a mechanical system where the state of the system is uncertain.

## Yang–Baxter equation

In physics, the Yang–Baxter equation (or star-triangle relation) is a consistency equation which was first introduced in the field of statistical mechanics.

## References

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »