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Z Pulsed Power Facility

The Z Pulsed Power Facility, informally known as the Z machine, is the largest X-ray generator in the world and is designed to test materials in conditions of extreme temperature and pressure. [1]

66 relations: Albuquerque, New Mexico, Aneutronic fusion, Atmosphere (unit), Boron, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Capacitor, Computer simulation, Deuterium, Dielectric, Electromagnetic pulse, Escape velocity, Fahrenheit, Fusion power, Gramat, Guinness World Records, Hydrogen, Ice VII, Imperial College London, Inertial confinement fusion, Inertial fusion power plant, Insulator (electricity), Joule, Kelvin, Kinetic energy, Kurchatov Institute, Large Hadron Collider, Laser, Linear transformer driver, List of fusion power technologies, List of plasma (physics) articles, Lithium, Lorentz force, Magnetized Liner Inertial Fusion, Magnetohydrodynamics, MAGPIE, Marx generator, Mode-locking, National Ignition Facility, Neutron, New Mexico, Nuclear fusion, Nuclear power, Nuclear weapon, Pascal (unit), Pulsed power, Purified water, Q-switching, Radioactive decay, Radioactive waste, Rayleigh–Taylor instability, ..., Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider, Sandia National Laboratories, Second, Stainless steel, Stockpile stewardship, Sun, Thermonuclear weapon, Tokamak, Transformer oil, Tritium, Tungsten, United States Department of Energy, Valentin Panteleimonovich Smirnov, Willard Harrison Bennett, X-ray generator, Z-pinch. Expand index (16 more) »

Albuquerque, New Mexico

Albuquerque is the most populous city in the U.S. state of New Mexico.

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Aneutronic fusion

Aneutronic fusion is any form of fusion power in which neutrons carry no more than 1% of the total released energy.

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Atmosphere (unit)

The standard atmosphere (symbol: atm) is a unit of pressure defined as.

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Boron

Boron is a chemical element with symbol B and atomic number 5.

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Brookhaven National Laboratory

Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) is a United States national laboratory located in Upton, New York, on Long Island, and was formally established in 1947 at the site of Camp Upton, a former U.S. Army base.

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Capacitor

A capacitor (originally known as a condenser) is a passive two-terminal electrical component used to store electrical energy temporarily in an electric field.

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Computer simulation

A computer simulation is a simulation, run on a single computer, or a network of computers, to reproduce behavior of a system.

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Deuterium

Deuterium (symbol or, also known as heavy hydrogen) is one of two stable isotopes of hydrogen.

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Dielectric

A dielectric material (dielectric for short) is an electrical insulator that can be polarized by an applied electric field.

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Electromagnetic pulse

An electromagnetic pulse (EMP), also sometimes called a transient electromagnetic disturbance, is a short burst of electromagnetic energy.

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Escape velocity

In physics, escape velocity is the minimum speed needed for an object to "break free" from the gravitational attraction of a massive body.

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Fahrenheit

Fahrenheit (symbol °F) is a temperature scale based on one proposed in 1724 by the German physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686–1736), after whom the scale is named.

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Fusion power

Fusion power is the generation of energy by nuclear fusion.

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Gramat

Gramat is a commune in the Lot department in south-western France.

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Guinness World Records

Guinness World Records, known from its inception in 1955 until 1998 as The Guinness Book of Records and in previous U.S. editions as The Guinness Book of World Records, is a reference book published annually, listing world records, both human achievements and the extremes of the natural world.

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Hydrogen

Hydrogen is a chemical element with chemical symbol H and atomic number 1.

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Ice VII

Ice VII is a cubic crystalline form of ice.

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Imperial College London

Imperial College London is a public research university, located in London, United Kingdom.

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Inertial confinement fusion

Inertial confinement fusion (ICF) is a type of fusion energy research that attempts to initiate nuclear fusion reactions by heating and compressing a fuel target, typically in the form of a pellet that most often contains a mixture of deuterium and tritium.

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Inertial fusion power plant

An inertial fusion power plant is intended to produce electric power by use of inertial confinement fusion techniques on an industrial scale.

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Insulator (electricity)

An electrical insulator is a material whose internal electric charges do not flow freely, and therefore make it impossible to conduct an electric current under the influence of an electric field.

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Joule

The joule, symbol J, is a derived unit of energy in the International System of Units.

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Kelvin

The kelvin is a unit of measure for temperature based upon an absolute scale.

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Kinetic energy

In physics, the kinetic energy of an object is the energy that it possesses due to its motion.

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Kurchatov Institute

The Kurchatov Institute (Hациональный исследовательский центр "Курчатовский Институт" (since 2010) i.e. (Russia's) National Research Centre "Kurchatov Institute"; 1991-2010: Роcсийский научный центр "Курчатовский Институт". — Russian Scientific Centre "Kurchatov Institute") is Russia's leading research and development institution in the field of nuclear energy.

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Large Hadron Collider

The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is the world's largest and most powerful particle collider, the largest, most complex experimental facility ever built, and the largest single machine in the world.

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Laser

A laser is a device that emits light through a process of optical amplification based on the stimulated emission of electromagnetic radiation.

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Linear transformer driver

A linear transformer driver (LTD) is an annular parallel connection of switches and capacitors designed to deliver rapid high power pulses.

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List of fusion power technologies

The following is a list of fusion power technologies that have been practically attempted.

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List of plasma (physics) articles

This is a list of Plasma (physics) topics.

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Lithium

Lithium (from λίθος lithos, "stone") is a chemical element with symbol Li and atomic number 3.

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Lorentz force

In physics, particularly electromagnetism, the Lorentz force is the combination of electric and magnetic force on a point charge due to electromagnetic fields.

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Magnetized Liner Inertial Fusion

Magnetized Liner Inertial Fusion (MagLIF) is a method of generating energy by using a 100 nanosecond pulse of electricity to create an intense Z-pinch magnetic field that inwardly crushes a fuel filled cylindrical metal liner (a hohlraum) through which the electric pulse runs.

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Magnetohydrodynamics

Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) (magneto fluid dynamics or hydromagnetics) is the study of the magnetic properties of electrically conducting fluids.

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MAGPIE

MAGPIE (Mega Ampere Generator for Plasma Implosion Experiments) is a pulsed power generator based at Imperial College London, United Kingdom.

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Marx generator

A Marx generator is an electrical circuit first described by Erwin Otto Marx in 1924.

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Mode-locking

Mode-locking is a technique in optics by which a laser can be made to produce pulses of light of extremely short duration, on the order of picoseconds (10−12 s) or femtoseconds (10−15 s).

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National Ignition Facility

The National Ignition Facility, or NIF, is a large laser-based inertial confinement fusion (ICF) research device, located at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in Livermore, California.

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Neutron

The neutron is a subatomic particle, symbol or, with no net electric charge and a mass slightly larger than that of a proton.

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New Mexico

New Mexico (Nuevo México; Yootó Hahoodzo) is a state located in the southwestern and western regions of the United States, admitted to the union as the 47th state on January 6, 1912.

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Nuclear fusion

In nuclear physics, nuclear fusion is a nuclear reaction in which two or more atomic nuclei come very close and then collide at a very high speed and join to form a new nucleus.

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Nuclear power

Nuclear power is the use of nuclear reactions that release nuclear energy to generate heat, which most frequently is then used in steam turbines to produce electricity in a nuclear power station.

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Nuclear weapon

A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions, either fission (fission bomb) or a combination of fission and fusion (thermonuclear weapon).

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Pascal (unit)

The pascal (symbol: Pa) is the SI derived unit of pressure, internal pressure, stress, Young's modulus and ultimate tensile strength, defined as one newton per square metre.

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Pulsed power

Pulsed power is the science and technology of accumulating energy over a relatively long period of time and releasing it very quickly, thus increasing the instantaneous power.

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Purified water

Purified water is water that has been mechanically filtered or processed to remove impurities and make it suitable for use.

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Q-switching

Q-switching, sometimes known as giant pulse formation or Q-spoiling, is a technique by which a laser can be made to produce a pulsed output beam.

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Radioactive decay

Radioactive decay, also known as nuclear decay or radioactivity, is the process by which a nucleus of an unstable atom loses energy by emitting radiation.

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Radioactive waste

Radioactive wastes are wastes that contain radioactive material.

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Rayleigh–Taylor instability

The Rayleigh–Taylor instability, or RT instability (after Lord Rayleigh and G. I. Taylor), is an instability of an interface between two fluids of different densities which occurs when the lighter fluid is pushing the heavier fluid.

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Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider

The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) is one of only two operating heavy-ion colliders, and the only spin-polarized proton collider ever built.

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Sandia National Laboratories

The Sandia National Laboratories, managed and operated by the Sandia Corporation (a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation), are two major United States Department of Energy research and development national laboratories.

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Second

The second (symbol: s) (abbreviated s or sec) is the base unit of time in the International System of Units (SI).

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Stainless steel

In metallurgy, stainless steel, also known as inox steel or inox from French "inoxydable", is a steel alloy with a minimum of 10.5% chromium content by mass.

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Stockpile stewardship

Stockpile stewardship refers to the United States program of reliability testing and maintenance of its nuclear weapons without the use of nuclear testing.

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Sun

The Sun (in Greek: Helios, in Latin: Sol) is the star at the center of the Solar System and is by far the most important source of energy for life on Earth.

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Thermonuclear weapon

A thermonuclear weapon is a nuclear weapon that uses the energy from a primary nuclear fission reaction to compress and ignite a secondary nuclear fusion reaction.

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Tokamak

A tokamak (токамак) is a device using a magnetic field to confine a plasma in the shape of a torus.

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Transformer oil

Transformer oil or insulating oil is an oil that is stable at high temperatures and has excellent electrical insulating properties.

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Tritium

Tritium (or; symbol or, also known as hydrogen-3) is a radioactive isotope of hydrogen.

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Tungsten

Tungsten, also known as wolfram, is a chemical element with symbol W and atomic number 74.

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United States Department of Energy

The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is a Cabinet-level department of the United States Government concerned with the United States' policies regarding energy and safety in handling nuclear material.

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Valentin Panteleimonovich Smirnov

Valentin Panteleimonovich Smirnov (Валенти́н Пантелеи́монович Cмирно́в, b. 2 October 1937), is a Russian scientist, director of the Nuclear Fusion Institute at Kurchatov Institute, and academician (since 2003) of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

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Willard Harrison Bennett

Willard Harrison Bennett (June 13, 1903 – September 28, 1987) was an American scientist and inventor, born in Findlay, Ohio.

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X-ray generator

An X-ray generator is a device used to generate X-rays.

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Z-pinch

In fusion power research, the Z-pinch, also known as zeta pinch, is a type of plasma confinement system that uses an electrical current in the plasma to generate a magnetic field that compresses it (see pinch).

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Z_Pulsed_Power_Facility

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