44 relations: Alfred-Maurice de Zayas, An Eye for an Eye: The Untold Story of Jewish Revenge Against Germans in 1945, Arbeitslager, Armia Ludowa, Auschwitz concentration camp, Świętochłowice, Communist crimes (Polish legal concept), Crimes against humanity, Eintrachthütte concentration camp, Epidemic, Extradition, Franz W. Seidler, Głubczyce, General Government, Germans, Institute of National Remembrance, Internment, Israel, Jaworzno, John Sack, List of concentration and internment camps, List of subcamps of Auschwitz, Militia, Ministry of Public Security (Poland), Nazi concentration camps, Nazi Party, NKVD, Occupation of Poland (1939–45), Poles, Polish People's Republic, Prudnik, Ranks and insignia of the Nazi Party, Salomon Morel, Silesia, Silesians, Stalinism, Stanisław Radkiewicz, The Holocaust, Torture, Typhus, Upper Silesia, Volksdeutsche, War crime, World War II.
Alfred-Maurice de Zayas (born 31 May 1947 in Havana, Cuba; né Alfredo (de) Zayas), also known as Alfred de Zayas, is an American lawyer, writer, historian, a leading expert in the field of human rights and international law, a retired high-ranking United Nations official, a peace activist, and since 2012 the United Nations Independent Expert on the Promotion of a Democratic and Equitable International Order (also known as Special Rapporteur), appointed by the United Nations Human Rights Council.
An Eye for an Eye: The Untold Story of Jewish Revenge Against Germans in 1945 (ISBN 978-0465042142) is a book by John Sack, which states that some Jews in Eastern Europe took revenge on their former captors while overseeing over 1,000 concentration camps in Poland for German civilians.
Arbeitslager is a German language word which means labor camp.
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Armia Ludowa (AL, pronounced; English: the People's Army) was a communist partisan force set up by the communist Polish Workers' Party (PPR) during World War II.
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Auschwitz concentration camp (Konzentrationslager Auschwitz, also KZ Auschwitz) was a network of German Nazi concentration camps and extermination camps built and operated by the Third Reich in Polish areas annexed by Nazi Germany during World War II.
Świętochłowice (Schwientochlowitz, 1941-1945 Schwingen) is a city in Silesia in southern Poland, near Katowice.
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Communist crimes (zbrodnie komunistyczne), is a legal definition used in Polish criminal law.
Crimes against humanity are certain acts which are committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against any civilian population.
Eintrachthütte concentration camp (in German: Arbeitslager Eintrachtshütte) was formerly a labour subcamp of the German concentration camp Auschwitz, opened in Świętochłowice (Schwientochlowitz), Poland, in 1943, in operation until January 1945.
An epidemic (from Greek ἐπί epi "upon or above" and δῆμος demos "people") is the rapid spread of infectious disease to a large number of people in a given population within a short period of time, usually two weeks or less.
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Extradition is the official process whereby one country transfers a suspected or convicted criminal to another country.
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Franz Wilhelm Seidler (2 March 1933 in Vítkov/Wigstadt, Czechoslovakia) is a German historian, author and expert on German military history.
Głubczyce (Hlubčice or sparsely Glubčice, Leobschütz, Silesian German: Lischwitz) is a town in southern Poland, near the border with the Czech Republic.
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The General Government, sometimes also General Governorate (Generalgouvernement, Generalne Gubernatorstwo, Генеральна губернія) was a territory in Poland and Ukraine carved out by Adolf Hitler at the onset of World War II after the invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union.
Germans (Deutsche) are a Germanic ethnic group native to Central Europe, who share a common German ancestry, culture and history, and speak the German language as their native language.
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The Institute of National Remembrance – Commission for the Prosecution of Crimes against the Polish Nation (Instytut Pamięci Narodowej – Komisja Ścigania Zbrodni przeciwko Narodowi Polskiemu; IPN) is a Polish government-affiliated research institute with lustration prerogatives and prosecution powers founded by specific legislation.
Internment is the imprisonment or confinement of people, commonly in large groups, without trial.
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Israel, officially the State of Israel (מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל; دولة إِسْرَائِيل), is a country in West Asia, situated at the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Gulf of Aqaba in the Red Sea.
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Jaworzno is a city in southern Poland, near Katowice.
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John Sack (March 24, 1930 – March 27, 2004) was an American literary journalist and war correspondent.
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This is a list of internment and concentration camps, organized by country.
The following, is the list of subcamps of the Auschwitz concentration camp run by Nazi Germany in occupied Poland during World War II.
A militia generally is an army or other fighting force that is composed of non-professional fighters; citizens of a nation or subjects of a state or government that can be called upon to enter a combat situation, as opposed to a professional force of regular, full-time military personnel, or historically, members of the fighting nobility class (e.g., knights or samurai).
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The Ministry of Public Security of Poland (Ministerstwo Bezpieczeństwa Publicznego or MBP) was a postwar communist, secret police, intelligence and counter-espionage service operating from 1945 to 1954 under minister for Public Security general Stanisław Radkiewicz, and supervised by Jakub Berman of the Politburo.
Nazi Germany maintained concentration camps (Konzentrationslager, KZ or KL) throughout the territories it controlled.
The National Socialist German Workers' Party (abbreviated NSDAP), commonly referred to in English as the Nazi Party, was a political party in Germany active between 1920 and 1945 that practised Nazism.
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The People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs (Народный комиссариат внутренних дел, Narodnyy Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del), abbreviated NKVD (НКВД), was a law enforcement agency of the Soviet Union that directly executed the rule of power of the All Union Communist Party.
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The occupation of Poland by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union during the Second World War (1939–1945) began with the invasion of Poland in September 1939, and formally concluded with the defeat of Nazism by the Allies in May 1945.
The Poles (Polacy,; singular masculine: Polak, singular feminine: Polka) are a nation and West Slavic ethnic group native to Poland.
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The Polish People's Republic (Polish: Polska Rzeczpospolita Ludowa, PRL) was the official name of Poland until 1989 according to Constitution of 1952 based originally on the Soviet blueprint.
Prudnik (Neustadt in Oberschlesien) is a town in Poland, located in the southern part of Opole Voivodeship.
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Ranks and insignia of the Nazi Party were paramilitary titles used by the National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP) between approximately 1928 and the fall of Nazi Germany in 1945.
Salomon Morel (November 15, 1919 – February 14, 2007) was a Jewish partisan, Stalinist official and an accused war criminal.
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Silesia (or; Śląsk;; Silesian German: Schläsing; Slezsko; Silesian: Ślůnsk; Silesia) is a region of Central Europe now located mostly in Poland, with small parts in the Czech Republic and Germany.
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Silesians (Silesian: Ślůnzoki; Silesian German: Schläsinger; Ślązacy; Slezané; Schlesier) are the inhabitants of Silesia, a region divided by the current boundaries of Poland, Germany and the Czech Republic.
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Stalinism is the means of governing and related policies implemented by Joseph Stalin.
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Stanisław Radkiewicz (January 19, 1903 – December 13, 1987) was a Polish communist activist with Soviet citizenship, member of the pre-war Communist Party of Poland and of the post-war Polish United Workers' Party (PZPR).
The Holocaust (from the Greek ὁλόκαυστος holókaustos: hólos, "whole" and kaustós, "burnt"), also known as the Shoah (Hebrew: השואה, HaShoah, "the catastrophe"), was a genocide in which approximately six million Jews were killed by Adolf Hitler's Nazi regime and its collaborators.
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Torture is the act of deliberately inflicting severe physical or psychological pain and possibly injury to an organism, usually to one who is physically restrained or otherwise under the torturer's control or custody and unable to defend against what is being done to him or her.
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Typhus is any of several similar diseases caused by Rickettsia bacteria.
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Upper Silesia (Górny Śląsk; Silesian: Gůrny Ślůnsk; Horní Slezsko; Oberschlesien; Silesian German: Oberschläsing; Silesia Superior) is the southeastern part of the historical and geographical region of Silesia.
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Volksdeutsche is a Nazi term to describe "Germans in terms of people or race".
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A war crime is a serious violation of the laws and customs of war (also known as international humanitarian law) giving rise to individual criminal responsibility.
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World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.
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