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!Kung (!Xuun), also known as Ju, is a dialect continuum (language complex) spoken in Namibia, Botswana, and Angola by the ǃKung people. [1]

36 relations: Alveolar clicks, Angola, Angolan Civil War, Botswana, Caprivi Strip, Central !Kung, Click consonant, Consonant, ǂ’Amkoe language, ǂKx'ao-ǁ'ae, ǃKung people, Dental clicks, Dialect continuum, Ekoka !Kung, Etosha pan, Gobabis, Grootfontein, Juǀ'hoan dialect, Khoekhoe language, Khoisan languages, Kx'a languages, Language family, Lateral clicks, Namibia, Naro language, Nasal vowel, Okavango Delta, Palatal clicks, Retroflex clicks, Rundu, Sandawe language, Sekele language, South Africa, Tone (linguistics), Vowel, Windhoek.

Alveolar clicks

The alveolar or postalveolar clicks are a family of click consonants found only in Africa and in the Damin ritual jargon of Australia.

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Angola, officially the Republic of Angola (República de Angola; Kikongo, Kimbundu, Umbundu: Repubilika ya Ngola), is a country in Southern Africa.

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Angolan Civil War

The Angolan Civil War (Guerra civil angolana) was a major civil conflict in the African country of Angola, beginning in 1975 and continuing, with some interludes, until 2002.

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Botswana, officially the Republic of Botswana (Lefatshe la Botswana), is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa.

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Caprivi Strip

Caprivi, sometimes called the Caprivi Strip (in German: Caprivizipfel), Caprivi Panhandle, Okavango Strip, or Okavango Panhandle and formerly known as Itenge, is a narrow protrusion of Namibia eastwards from the Okavango Region about, between Botswana to the south, and Angola and Zambia to the north.

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Central !Kung

Central !Kung (Central !Xuun), or Central Ju, is a recently distinguished variety of the !Kung dialect cluster, spoken in a small area of northern Namibia: Neitsas, in Grootfontein district, and Gaub, in Tsumeb district.

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Click consonant

Clicks are speech sounds that occur as consonants in many languages of southern Africa, and in three languages of East Africa.

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In articulatory phonetics, a consonant is a speech sound that is articulated with complete or partial closure of the vocal tract.

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ǂ’Amkoe language

, formerly called by the dialectal name (or in native orthography), is a severely endangered Kx'a language of Botswana.

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ǂKxʼao-ǁʼae (ǂKxʼauǁʼein, Auen, Kaukau) is a southeastern variety of the !Xuun dialect continuum, spoken in Botswana (Grootelaagte, East Hanahai, Kanagas, and Ghanzi villages in Ghanzi District, and on the commercial farms) and in Namibia (Gobabis, and settlements along the C22 road to Otjinene as far as Eiseb (Omaheke District)) by about 7,000 people.

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ǃKung people

The ǃKung, also spelled ǃXun, are a San people living in the Kalahari Desert in Namibia, Botswana and in Angola.

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Dental clicks

Dental (or more precisely denti-alveolar) clicks are a family of click consonants found, as constituents of words, only in Africa and in the Damin ritual jargon of Australia.

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Dialect continuum

A dialect continuum or dialect area was defined by Leonard Bloomfield as a range of dialects spoken across some geographical area that differ only slightly between neighboring areas, but as one travels in any direction, these differences accumulate in such a way that speakers from opposite ends of the continuum are no longer mutually intelligible.

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Ekoka !Kung

Western !Xuun (North-Central Ju) or Ekoka !Kung (Ekoka !Xuun, Ekoka-!Xû, Kung-Ekoka) is a variety of the !Kung dialect cluster, spoken originally in the area of the central Namibian–Angolan border, west of the Okavango River, but since the Angolan civil war also in South Africa.

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Etosha pan

The Etosha pan is a large endorheic salt pan, forming part of the Kalahari Basin in the north of Namibia.

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Gobabis is a city in eastern Namibia.

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Grootfontein (Large Spring after the nearby hot springs) is a city of 23,793 inhabitants in the Otjozondjupa Region of central Namibia.

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Juǀ'hoan dialect

(also rendered), or Southeastern ǃXuun (Southeastern Ju), is the southern variety of the !Kung dialect continuum spoken by about 30,000 people in the northeast of Namibia and by another 5,000 in the Northwest District of Botswana.

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Khoekhoe language

The Khoekhoe language, Khoekhoegowab, also known by the ethnic term Nama and formerly as Hottentot, is the most widespread of those non-Bantu languages of southern Africa that contain "click" sounds and have therefore been loosely classified as Khoisan.

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Khoisan languages

The Khoisan languages (also Khoesan or Khoesaan) are the languages of Africa that have click consonants but do not belong to other language families.

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Kx'a languages

The Kx'a languages, also called Ju–ǂHoan, are a family established in 2010 linking the ǂ’Amkoe (ǂHoan) language with the ǃKung (Juu) dialect cluster, a relationship that had been suspected for a decade.

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Language family

A language family is a group of languages related through descent from a common ancestor, called the proto-language of that family.

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Lateral clicks

The lateral clicks are a family of click consonants found only in African languages.

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Namibia, officially the Republic of Namibia (German:; Republiek van Namibië), and formerly German South-West Africa and then South West Africa, is a country in southern Africa whose western border is the Atlantic Ocean.

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Naro language

Naro, also Nharo, is a Khoe language spoken in Ghanzi District of Botswana and in eastern Namibia.

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Nasal vowel

A nasal vowel is a vowel that is produced with a lowering of the velum so that air escapes both through the nose as well as the mouth.

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Okavango Delta

The Okavango Delta (or Okavango Grassland) in Botswana is a very large inland delta formed where the Okavango River reaches a tectonic trough in the central part of the endorheic basin of the Kalahari.

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Palatal clicks

The palatal or palato-alveolar clicks are a family of click consonants found only in Africa.

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Retroflex clicks

The retroflex clicks are a family of click consonants known only from the Central !Kung dialects of Namibia and the Damin ritual jargon of Australia.

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Rundu is the capital of the Kavango-East Region, northern Namibia, on the border with Angola on the banks of the Kavango River about 1000 m above sea level.

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Sandawe language

Sandawe is a click language spoken by about 60,000 Sandawe people in the Dodoma region of Tanzania.

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Sekele language

Sekele (Vasekele, the Angolan Bantu name), or Northern ǃXuun (Northern Ju); also known by the outdated term ǃʼOǃKung (ǃʼO ǃuŋ) "Forest ǃKung" and in one source as Maligo (Sekele Maligo), is the northern variety of the !Kung (ǃXuun) dialect continuum.

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South Africa

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa, is the southernmost country in Africa.

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Tone (linguistics)

Tone is the use of pitch in language to distinguish lexical or grammatical meaning – that is, to distinguish or to inflect words.

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In phonetics, a vowel is a sound in spoken language, such as an English "ah!" or "oh!", pronounced with an open vocal tract so that there is no build-up of air pressure at any point above the glottis.

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Windhoek (German:; ǀAiǁgams; Otjomuise) is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Namibia.

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Redirects here:

!Hu language, !Khung language, !Ku language, !Xu language, !Xun language, !Xung language, !Xũ, Ju languages, Juu, Juu dialects, Juu languages, Kung language, Northern Khoisan languages, Northern South African Khoisan languages, Qxu language, Qxû language, Qxü language, Zhu languages, ǃKung language.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/!Kung_language

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