105 relations: A18 autostrada (Poland), A4 autostrada (Poland), Association football, Łęknica, Żary County, Babimost, Basil Faber, Bóbr, Bell tower, Berlin, Bolesław I the Brave, Bolesławiec, Bundesautobahn 15, Cemetery, Central European Summer Time, Central European Time, Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor, Christoph Christian Sturm, Christoph Friedrich Richter, Chronicle, Composer, Congress of Vienna, Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor, Electorate of Saxony, Erdmann Neumeister, Ernst Kummer, European route E36, Focke-Wulf, Foreign Relations of the United States (book series), Forst (Lausitz), France, Franciscans, Friedrich Schoenfelder, Friedrich von Wendt, Garrison, Gárdony, Georg Philipp Telemann, German Empire, Germans, Germany, Gmina, Gmina Żary, Greater Poland, Gustav Fechner, Hamburg, Henry III, Margrave of Meissen, Herald, House of Wettin, Hungary, III liga, ..., Józef Tracz, Johann Crüger, Köppen climate classification, Kingdom of Poland (1025–1385), Kingdom of Prussia, Kraków, Kwisa, Lands of the Bohemian Crown, Leipzig, List of Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross recipients (J), Longuyon, Lower Lusatia, Lubusz Voivodeship, Lusatia, Lutheranism, Magdeburg rights, March of Lusatia, Maximilian Gritzner, Oceanic climate, Oder, Oder–Neisse line, Olszyna, Optical fiber, Parish, Peace of Prague (1635), Phare, Polabian Slavs, Poland, Potsdam Conference, Powiat, Promień Żary, Przewóz, Żary County, Red Army, Renaissance, Rothenburg, Oberlausitz, Silesia, Silesian Piasts, Sister city, Slavs, Tadeusz Ślusarski, Thietmar of Merseburg, Track and field, Tribe, Unia Kunice Żary, Vehicle registration plates of Poland, Voivodeships of Poland, Volleyball, Wehrmacht, Weißwasser, World War II, Wrestling, Wrocław, Zasieki, Zielona Góra, Zielona Góra Voivodeship (1975–98). Expand index (55 more) » « Shrink index
Autostrada A18 is a short, planned motorway in southwestern Poland which is to run from the Polish/German border at Olszyna/Forst-Bademeusel and the German Bundesautobahn 15 to the Polish Autostrada A4.
The autostrada A4 in Poland is a long east-west motorway that runs through southern Poland, along the north side the Sudetes and Carpathian Mountains, from the Polish-German border at Zgorzelec-Görlitz (connecting to the German A4 autobahn), bypassing Wrocław, Opole, Strzelce Opolskie, Gliwice, Katowice, Kraków, Tarnów, Dębica and Rzeszów to the Polish-Ukrainian border at Korczowa-Krakovets.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
Łęknica (Lugknitz; Wjeska) is a border town in western Poland, one of the two gminas of Żary County in Lubusz Voivodeship.
Żary County (powiat żarski) is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Lubusz Voivodeship, western Poland, on the German border.
Babimost (Bomst) is a small town in Poland in Zielona Gora County, Lubusz Voivodeship.
Basil Faber (1520–1576), Lutheran schoolmaster and theologian, was born in Sorau (modern Żary), in lower Lusatia, in 1520.
Bóbr (Bobr, Bober) is a river which runs through the north of the Czech Republic and the southwest of Poland, a left tributary of the Oder.
A bell tower is a tower that contains one or more bells, or that is designed to hold bells even if it has none.
Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.
Bolesław I the Brave (Bolesław I Chrobry, Boleslav Chrabrý; 967 – 17 June 1025), less often known as Bolesław I the Great (Bolesław I Wielki), was Duke of Poland from 992 to 1025, and the first King of Poland in 1025.
Bolesławiec (Bunzlau; Bolesławjec) is a town located on the Bóbr River in the Lower Silesian Voivodeship in southwestern Poland, with 40,837 inhabitants (2006).
is an autobahn in eastern Germany.
A cemetery or graveyard is a place where the remains of dead people are buried or otherwise interred.
Central European Summer Time (CEST), sometime referred also as Central European Daylight Time (CEDT), is the standard clock time observed during the period of summer daylight-saving in those European countries which observe Central European Time (UTC+1) during the other part of the year.
Central European Time (CET), used in most parts of Europe and a few North African countries, is a standard time which is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).
Charles IV (Karel IV., Karl IV., Carolus IV; 14 May 1316 – 29 November 1378Karl IV. In: (1960): Geschichte in Gestalten (History in figures), vol. 2: F-K. 38, Frankfurt 1963, p. 294), born Wenceslaus, was a King of Bohemia and the first King of Bohemia to also become Holy Roman Emperor.
Christoph Christian Sturm (1740–1786) was a German preacher and author, best known for his Reflections on the Works of God in Nature.
Christoph, or Christian, Friedrich Richter (5 October 1676 – 5 October 1711) was a German hymnwriter and entomologist.
A chronicle (chronica, from Greek χρονικά, from χρόνος, chronos, "time") is a historical account of facts and events ranged in chronological order, as in a time line.
A composer (Latin ''compōnō''; literally "one who puts together") is a musician who is an author of music in any form, including vocal music (for a singer or choir), instrumental music, electronic music, and music which combines multiple forms.
The Congress of Vienna (Wiener Kongress) also called Vienna Congress, was a meeting of ambassadors of European states chaired by Austrian statesman Klemens von Metternich, and held in Vienna from November 1814 to June 1815, though the delegates had arrived and were already negotiating by late September 1814.
Conrad II (4 June 1039), also known as and, was Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire from 1027 until his death in 1039.
The Electorate of Saxony (Kurfürstentum Sachsen, also Kursachsen) was a state of the Holy Roman Empire established when Emperor Charles IV raised the Ascanian duchy of Saxe-Wittenberg to the status of an Electorate by the Golden Bull of 1356.
Erdmann Neumeister (12 May 1671 – 18 August 1756) was a German Lutheran pastor and hymnologist.
Ernst Eduard Kummer (29 January 1810 – 14 May 1893) was a German mathematician.
European route E 36 is a west to east intermediate-category European route connecting Berlin in Germany with Bolesławiec in Poland.
Focke-Wulf Flugzeugbau AG was a German manufacturer of civil and military aircraft before and during World War II.
Foreign Relations of the United States (FRUS) is a book series published by the Office of the Historian in the United States Department of State.
Forst (Lausitz) (Baršć) is a town in Brandenburg, Germany.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
The Franciscans are a group of related mendicant religious orders within the Catholic Church, founded in 1209 by Saint Francis of Assisi.
Friedrich Schoenfelder (17 October 1916 – 14 August 2011) was a German actor and voice artist.
Friedrich von Wendt (28 September 1738 in Sorau – 24 September 1818 in Erlangen) was a German physician.
Garrison (various spellings) (from the French garnison, itself from the verb garnir, "to equip") is the collective term for a body of troops stationed in a particular location, originally to guard it, but now often simply using it as a home base.
Gárdony is a town in Fejér county, Hungary.
Georg Philipp Telemann (– 25 June 1767) was a German Baroque composer and multi-instrumentalist.
The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.
Germans (Deutsche) are a Germanic ethnic group native to Central Europe, who share a common German ancestry, culture and history.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
The gmina (Polish pronunciation, plural gminy) is the principal unit of the administrative division of Poland, similar to a municipality.
Gmina Żary is a rural gmina (administrative district) in Żary County, Lubusz Voivodeship, in western Poland.
Greater Poland, often known by its Polish name Wielkopolska (Großpolen; Latin: Polonia Maior), is a historical region of west-central Poland.
Gustav Theodor Fechner (19 April 1801 – 18 November 1887), was a German philosopher, physicist and experimental psychologist.
Hamburg (locally), Hamborg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg),Constitution of Hamburg), is the second-largest city of Germany as well as one of the country's 16 constituent states, with a population of roughly 1.8 million people. The city lies at the core of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region which spreads across four German federal states and is home to more than five million people. The official name reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919 it formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten. The city has repeatedly been beset by disasters such as the Great Fire of Hamburg, exceptional coastal flooding and military conflicts including World War II bombing raids. Historians remark that the city has managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe. Situated on the river Elbe, Hamburg is home to Europe's second-largest port and a broad corporate base. In media, the major regional broadcasting firm NDR, the printing and publishing firm italic and the newspapers italic and italic are based in the city. Hamburg remains an important financial center, the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank. Media, commercial, logistical, and industrial firms with significant locations in the city include multinationals Airbus, italic, italic, italic, and Unilever. The city is a forum for and has specialists in world economics and international law with such consular and diplomatic missions as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the EU-LAC Foundation, and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. In recent years, the city has played host to multipartite international political conferences and summits such as Europe and China and the G20. Former German Chancellor italic, who governed Germany for eight years, and Angela Merkel, German chancellor since 2005, come from Hamburg. The city is a major international and domestic tourist destination. It ranked 18th in the world for livability in 2016. The Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015. Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions. Among its most notable cultural venues are the italic and italic concert halls. It gave birth to movements like Hamburger Schule and paved the way for bands including The Beatles. Hamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows. St. Pauli's italic is among the best-known European entertainment districts.
Henry III, called Henry the Illustrious (Heinrich der Erlauchte) (c. 1215 – 15 February 1288) from the House of Wettin was Margrave of Meissen and last Margrave of Lusatia (as Henry IV) from 1221 until his death; from 1242 also Landgrave of Thuringia.
A herald, or a herald of arms, is an officer of arms, ranking between pursuivant and king of arms.
The House of Wettin is a dynasty of German counts, dukes, prince-electors and kings that once ruled territories in the present-day German states of Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt and Thuringia.
Hungary (Magyarország) is a country in Central Europe that covers an area of in the Carpathian Basin, bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west.
III Liga (Trzecia Liga) is a Polish football league that sits at the 4th tier of the Polish football league system.
Józef Tracz (born 1 September 1964 in Żary) is a Polish wrestler (Greco-Roman style) who has won three Olympic medals.
Johann Crüger (9 April 1598 – 23 February 1662) was a German composer of well-known hymns.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
The Kingdom of Poland (Polish: Królestwo Polskie; Latin: Regnum Poloniae) was the Polish state from the coronation of the first King Bolesław I the Brave in 1025 to the union with Lithuania and the rule of the Jagiellon dynasty in 1385.
The Kingdom of Prussia (Königreich Preußen) was a German kingdom that constituted the state of Prussia between 1701 and 1918.
Kraków, also spelled Cracow or Krakow, is the second largest and one of the oldest cities in Poland.
The Kwisa (Queis) is a river in south-western Poland, a left tributary of the Bóbr, which itself is a left tributary of the Oder river.
The Lands of the Bohemian Crown, sometimes called Czech lands in modern times, were a number of incorporated states in Central Europe during the medieval and early modern periods connected by feudal relations under the Bohemian kings.
Leipzig is the most populous city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany.
The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes) and its variants were the highest awards in the military and paramilitary forces of Nazi Germany during World War II.
Longuyon is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in the Grand Est region of north-eastern France.
Lower Lusatia is a historical region in Central Europe, stretching from the southeast of the German state of Brandenburg to the southwest of Lubusz Voivodeship in Poland.
Lubusz Voivodeship, or Lubusz Province (in Polish, województwo lubuskie), is a voivodeship (province) in western Poland.
Lusatia (Lausitz, Łužica, Łužyca, Łużyce, Lužice) is a region in Central Europe.
Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity which identifies with the theology of Martin Luther (1483–1546), a German friar, ecclesiastical reformer and theologian.
Magdeburg rights (Magdeburger Recht; also called Magdeburg Law) were a set of town privileges first developed by Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor (936–973) and based on the Flemish law, which regulated the degree of internal autonomy within cities and villages, granted by the local ruler.
The March or Margraviate of Lusatia (Mark(grafschaft) Lausitz) was as an eastern border march of the Holy Roman Empire in the lands settled by Polabian Slavs.
Adolf Maximilian Ferdinand Gritzner (29 July 1843 – 10 July 1902) was a German expert on heraldry and a herald in the Ministry of the Interior in Berlin.
An oceanic or highland climate, also known as a marine or maritime climate, is the Köppen classification of climate typical of west coasts in higher middle latitudes of continents, and generally features cool summers (relative to their latitude) and cool winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range and few extremes of temperature, with the exception for transitional areas to continental, subarctic and highland climates.
The Oder (Czech, Lower Sorbian and Odra, Oder, Upper Sorbian: Wódra) is a river in Central Europe.
The Oder–Neisse line (granica na Odrze i Nysie Łużyckiej, Oder-Neiße-Grenze) is the international border between Germany and Poland.
Olszyna is a town in Lubań County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, in south-western Poland.
An optical fiber or optical fibre is a flexible, transparent fiber made by drawing glass (silica) or plastic to a diameter slightly thicker than that of a human hair.
A parish is a church territorial entity constituting a division within a diocese.
The Peace of Prague was a peace treaty signed on 30 May 1635 by the Habsburg Emperor Ferdinand II and Elector John George I of Saxony representing most of the Protestant Estates of the Holy Roman Empire.
The Phare programme is one of the three pre-accession instruments financed by the European Union to assist the applicant countries of Central and Eastern Europe in their preparations for joining the European Union.
Polabian Slavs (Połobske Słowjany, Słowianie połabscy, Polabští Slované) is a collective term applied to a number of Lechitic (West Slavic) tribes who lived along the Elbe river in what is today Eastern Germany.
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
The Potsdam Conference (Potsdamer Konferenz) was held at Cecilienhof, the home of Crown Prince Wilhelm, in Potsdam, occupied Germany, from 17 July to 2 August 1945.
A powiat (pronounced; Polish plural: powiaty) is the second-level unit of local government and administration in Poland, equivalent to a county, district or prefecture (LAU-1, formerly NUTS-4) in other countries.
KS Promień Żary is a football club based in Żary, Poland.
Przewóz (Priebus) is a village in Żary County, Lubusz Voivodeship, in western Poland.
The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (Рабоче-крестьянская Красная армия (РККА), Raboche-krest'yanskaya Krasnaya armiya (RKKA), frequently shortened in Russian to Красная aрмия (КА), Krasnaya armiya (KA), in English: Red Army, also in critical literature and folklore of that epoch – Red Horde, Army of Work) was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.
Rothenburg/Oberlausitz (Upper Sorbian Rózbork) is a small Lusatian town in eastern Saxony, Germany on the Neisse river on the German-Polish border.
Silesia (Śląsk; Slezsko;; Silesian German: Schläsing; Silesian: Ślůnsk; Šlazyńska; Šleska; Silesia) is a region of Central Europe located mostly in Poland, with small parts in the Czech Republic and Germany.
The Silesian Piasts were the elder of four lines of the Polish Piast dynasty beginning with Władysław II the Exile (1105–1159), eldest son of Duke Bolesław III of Poland.
Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.
Slavs are an Indo-European ethno-linguistic group who speak the various Slavic languages of the larger Balto-Slavic linguistic group.
Tadeusz Ślusarski (19 May 1950 in Żary – 17 August 1998 on the E65 road near Ostromice) was a Polish Olympic gold medalist in pole vault at the 1976 Olympics, as well as a silver medalist at the 1980 Olympics (behind another Polish champion Władysław Kozakiewicz).
Thietmar (also Dietmar or Dithmar; 25 July 975 – 1 December 1018), Prince-Bishop of Merseburg from 1009 until his death, was an important chronicler recording the reigns of German kings and Holy Roman Emperors of the Ottonian (Saxon) dynasty.
Track and field is a sport which includes athletic contests established on the skills of running, jumping, and throwing.
A tribe is viewed developmentally, economically and historically as a social group existing outside of or before the development of states.
Unia Kunice is a football (soccer) club based in Żary, Poland.
Vehicle registration plates of Poland indicate the region of registration of the vehicle encoded in the number plate.
A województwo (plural: województwa) is the highest-level administrative subdivision of Poland, corresponding to a "province" in many other countries.
Volleyball is a team sport in which two teams of six players are separated by a net.
The Wehrmacht (lit. "defence force")From wehren, "to defend" and Macht., "power, force".
Weißwasser (Běła Woda) is a town in Upper Lusatia in eastern Saxony, Germany.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Wrestling is a combat sport involving grappling type techniques such as clinch fighting, throws and takedowns, joint locks, pins and other grappling holds.
Wrocław (Breslau; Vratislav; Vratislavia) is the largest city in western Poland.
Zasieki (Forst-Berge) is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Brody, within Żary County, Lubusz Voivodeship, in western Poland, close to the German border.
Zielona Góra (Grünberg in Schlesien) is the largest city in Lubusz Voivodeship, in western Poland, with 138,512 inhabitants (2015).
Zielona Góra Voivodeship (województwo zielonogórskie) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland in years 1975–1998, superseded by Lubusz Voivodeship.