43 relations: !Kung language, Accidental gap, Alveolar clicks, Aspirated consonant, Bilabial clicks, Botswana, Cambridge University Press, Click consonant, Contour (linguistics), Dental clicks, Depressor consonant, Dutlwe, Ejective consonant, Endangered language, First language, Function word, Gǀui dialect, Glottalization, Glottalized clicks, Journal of Asian and African Studies, Kgalagadi language, Khoe languages, Kweneng District, Kx'a languages, Lateral clicks, Lingua franca, Modal voice, Murmured voice, Nasal clicks, Nasal vowel, Palatal clicks, Part of speech, Pharyngealization, Pluractionality, Poloka, Pulmonic-contour clicks, Salajwe, Subject–verb–object, Taa language, Tenuis consonant, Tone (linguistics), Tuu languages, Voice onset time.
!Kung (!Xuun), also known as Ju, is a dialect continuum (language complex) spoken in Namibia, Botswana, and Angola by the ǃKung people.
In linguistics an accidental gap, also known as a gap, accidental lexical gap, lexical gap, lacuna, or hole in the pattern, is a word or other form that does not exist in some language but which would be permitted by the grammatical rules of the language.
The alveolar or postalveolar clicks are a family of click consonants found only in Africa and in the Damin ritual jargon of Australia.
In phonetics, aspiration is the strong burst of breath that accompanies either the release or, in the case of preaspiration, the closure of some obstruents.
The labial or bilabial clicks are a family of click consonants that sound something like a smack of the lips.
Botswana, officially the Republic of Botswana (Lefatshe la Botswana), is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
Click consonants, or clicks, are speech sounds that occur as consonants in many languages of Southern Africa and in three languages of East Africa.
In phonetics, contour describes speech sounds which behave as single segments, but which make an internal transition from one quality, place, or manner to another.
Dental (or more precisely denti-alveolar) clicks are a family of click consonants found, as constituents of words, only in Africa and in the Damin ritual jargon of Australia.
A depressor consonant is a consonant that depresses (lowers) the tone of its or a neighboring syllable.
Dutlwe is a village in Kweneng District of Botswana.
In phonetics, ejective consonants are usually voiceless consonants that are pronounced with a glottalic egressive airstream.
An endangered language, or moribund language, is a language that is at risk of falling out of use as its speakers die out or shift to speaking another language.
A first language, native language or mother/father/parent tongue (also known as arterial language or L1) is a language that a person has been exposed to from birth or within the critical period.
In linguistics, function words (also called functors) are words that have little lexical meaning or have ambiguous meaning and express grammatical relationships among other words within a sentence, or specify the attitude or mood of the speaker.
Gǀui or Gǀwi (pronounced in English, and also spelled ǀGwi, Dcui, Gcwi, or Cgui) is a Khoe dialect of Botswana with 2,500 speakers (2004 Cook).
Glottalization is the complete or partial closure of the glottis during the articulation of another sound.
Glottalized clicks are click consonants pronounced with closure of the glottis.
The Journal of Asian and African Studies is a bimonthly peer-reviewed academic journal that covers research in the fields of Asian and African studies.
Kgalagadi is one of the Bantu languages spoken in Botswana, along the South African border and in Namibia.
The Khoe languages are the largest of the non-Bantu language families indigenous to southern Africa.
Kweneng is one of the districts of Botswana and is the recent historical homeland of the Bakwena people, the first group in Botswana converted to Christianity by famed missionary David Livingstone.
The Kx'a languages, also called Ju–ǂHoan, are a family established in 2010 linking the ǂ’Amkoe (ǂHoan) language with the ǃKung (Juu) dialect cluster, a relationship that had been suspected for a decade.
The lateral clicks are a family of click consonants found only in African languages.
A lingua franca, also known as a bridge language, common language, trade language, auxiliary language, vernacular language, or link language is a language or dialect systematically used to make communication possible between people who do not share a native language or dialect, particularly when it is a third language that is distinct from both native languages.
Modal voice is the vocal register used most frequently in speech and singing in most languages.
Murmur (also called breathy voice, whispery voice, soughing and susurration) is a phonation in which the vocal folds vibrate, as they do in normal (modal) voicing, but are adjusted to let more air escape which produces a sighing-like sound.
Nasal clicks are click consonants pronounced with nasal airflow.
A nasal vowel is a vowel that is produced with a lowering of the velum so that air escapes both through the nose as well as the mouth, such as the French vowel.
The palatal or palato-alveolar clicks are a family of click consonants found, as components of words, only in Africa.
In traditional grammar, a part of speech (abbreviated form: PoS or POS) is a category of words (or, more generally, of lexical items) which have similar grammatical properties.
Pharyngealization is a secondary articulation of consonants or vowels by which the pharynx or epiglottis is constricted during the articulation of the sound.
Pluractionality, or verbal number, if not used in its aspectual sense, is a grammatical device that indicates that the action or participants of a verb is/are plural.
Poloka is a village in Central District of Botswana.
Pulmonic-contour clicks, also called sequential linguo-pulmonic consonants, are consonants that transition from a click to an ordinary pulmonic sound, or more precisely, have an audible delay between the front and rear release of the click.
Salajwe is a village in Kweneng District of Botswana.
In linguistic typology, subject–verb–object (SVO) is a sentence structure where the subject comes first, the verb second, and the object third.
Taa, also known as ǃXóõ (ǃKhong, ǃXoon – pronounced), is a Tuu language notable for its large number of phonemes, perhaps the largest in the world.
In linguistics, a tenuis consonant is an obstruent that is unvoiced, unaspirated, unpalatalized, and unglottalized.
Tone is the use of pitch in language to distinguish lexical or grammatical meaning – that is, to distinguish or to inflect words.
The Tuu languages, or Taa–ǃKwi (Taa–ǃUi, ǃUi–Taa, Kwi) languages, are a language family consisting of two language clusters spoken in Botswana and South Africa.
In phonetics, voice onset time (VOT) is a feature of the production of stop consonants.
'Amkoe language, ++Hoa language, /Hu language, /Hua language, /Hû language, ='Amkoe language, =/'Amkoe language, =/Hoa language, =/Hua, =/Hua language, =/Hua-Owani, =/Hua-Owani language, =Amkoe language, =Hoan, =Hoan language, =Hua language, Amkhoe language, Amkoe language, Eastern /=Hoan language, Hoa language, Hoan language, Hua-Owani language, ISO 639:huc, ǂ'Amkoe language, ǂHoa language, ǂHoan, ǂHoan language, ǂHua language, ǂHõã language, ǂQhôã, ǂ’Amkoe, ‡Hoa language, ‡Hoan, ‡Hoan language, ‡Hua, ‡Hua language, ‡Hõã language, ≠Hua language, ≠Hû language.