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Ỷ Lan

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Ỷ Lan (Hán tự: 倚蘭, literally leaning on the orchid, ?–1117) or Empress Mother Linh Nhân (Vietnamese: Linh Nhân thái hậu, Hán tự: 靈仁太后) was a Vietnamese regent, the imperial concubine of Lý Thánh Tông, the third emperor and the natural mother of Lý Nhân Tông, the fourth emperor of the Lý Dynasty. [1]

37 relations: Đại Việt, Đại Việt sử ký toàn thư, Bắc Ninh, Buddhism, Champa, Chèo, Confucianism, Crown prince, David G. Marr, Embroidery, Encyclopedic Dictionary of Vietnam, Gia Lâm District, Guanyin, Hanoi, Hưng Yên, History of Vietnam, History of writing in Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh City, Imperial examination, Khâm định Việt sử Thông giám cương mục, Lê Văn Thịnh, Lý Đạo Thành, Lý dynasty, Lý Nhân Tông, Lý Thánh Tông, Lý Thường Kiệt, List of emperors of the Lý dynasty, Ngô Sĩ Liên, Posthumous name, Regnal year, Từ Sơn, Thông Biện, Tuyên Quang, Văn Lâm District, Việt Nam sử lược, Vietnam News Agency, Vietnamese language.


Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.

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Christmas and holiday season

The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.

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Christmas Eve

Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.

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Christmas traditions

Christmas traditions vary from country to country.

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New Year

New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.

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New Year's Day

New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.

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New Year's Eve

In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.

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Đại Việt

Đại Việt (literally Great Viet) is the name of Vietnam for the periods from 1054 to 1400 and 1428 to 1804.

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Đại Việt sử ký toàn thư

The Đại Việt sử ký toàn thư (Complete Annals of Đại Việt) is the official historical text of the Lê Dynasty, that was originally compiled by the royal historian Ngô Sĩ Liên under the order of the Emperor Lê Thánh Tông and was finished in 1479.

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Bắc Ninh

Bắc Ninh is a city in the northern part of Vietnam and is the capital of Bắc Ninh Province.

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Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.

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Champa (Chăm Pa) was a collection of independent Cham polities that extended across the coast of what is today central and southern Vietnam from approximately the 2nd century AD before being absorbed and annexed by Vietnamese Emperor Minh Mạng in AD 1832.

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Chèo is a form of generally satirical musical theatre, often encompassing dance, traditionally performed by Vietnamese peasants in northern Vietnam.

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Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life.

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Crown prince

A crown prince is the male heir apparent to the throne in a royal or imperial monarchy.

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David G. Marr

David George Marr (born September 22, 1937) is an American historian specializing in the modern history of Vietnam.

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Embroidery is the craft of decorating fabric or other materials using a needle to apply thread or yarn.

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Encyclopedic Dictionary of Vietnam

Từ điển bách khoa Việt Nam (Literally Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Vietnam) is a state-sponsored Vietnamese language encyclopedia that was published in Vietnam in 2005.

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Gia Lâm District

Gia Lâm is a district (huyện) of Hanoi, the capital city of Vietnam.

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Guanyin or Guan Yin is an East Asian bodhisattva associated with compassion and venerated by Mahayana Buddhists and followers of Chinese folk religions, also known as the "Goddess of Mercy" in English.

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Hanoi (or; Hà Nội)) is the capital of Vietnam and the country's second largest city by population. The population in 2015 was estimated at 7.7 million people. The city lies on the right bank of the Red River. Hanoi is north of Ho Chi Minh City and west of Hai Phong city. From 1010 until 1802, it was the most important political centre of Vietnam. It was eclipsed by Huế, the imperial capital of Vietnam during the Nguyễn Dynasty (1802–1945). In 1873 Hanoi was conquered by the French. From 1883 to 1945, the city was the administrative center of the colony of French Indochina. The French built a modern administrative city south of Old Hanoi, creating broad, perpendicular tree-lined avenues of opera, churches, public buildings, and luxury villas, but they also destroyed large parts of the city, shedding or reducing the size of lakes and canals, while also clearing out various imperial palaces and citadels. From 1940 to 1945 Hanoi, as well as the largest part of French Indochina and Southeast Asia, was occupied by the Japanese. On September 2, 1945, Ho Chi Minh proclaimed the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam). The Vietnamese National Assembly under Ho Chi Minh decided on January 6, 1946, to make Hanoi the capital of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. From 1954 to 1976, it was the capital of North Vietnam, and it became the capital of a reunified Vietnam in 1976, after the North's victory in the Vietnam War. October 2010 officially marked 1,000 years since the establishment of the city. The Hanoi Ceramic Mosaic Mural is a ceramic mosaic mural created to mark the occasion.

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Hưng Yên

Hưng Yên is a city in Vietnam.

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History of Vietnam

Vietnam's recorded history stretches back to the mid-to-late 3rd century BCE, when Âu Lạc and Nanyue (Nam Việt in Vietnamese) were established (Nanyue conquered Âu Lạc in 179 BCE).

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History of writing in Vietnam

Until the beginning of the 20th century, government and scholarly documents in Vietnam were written in classical Chinese (Vietnamese: cổ văn 古文 or văn ngôn 文言), using Chinese characters with Vietnamese approximation of Middle Chinese pronunciations.

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Ho Chi Minh City

Ho Chi Minh City (Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh; or; formerly Hô-Chi-Minh-Ville), also widely known by its former name of Saigon (Sài Gòn; or), is the largest city in Vietnam by population.

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Imperial examination

The Chinese imperial examinations were a civil service examination system in Imperial China to select candidates for the state bureaucracy.

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Khâm định Việt sử Thông giám cương mục

The Khâm định Việt sử Thông giám cương mục (欽定越史通鑑綱目 The Imperially Ordered Annotated Text Completely Reflecting the History of Viet, 1871) is a Chinese-language history of Vietnam commissioned by the emperor Tự Đức.

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Lê Văn Thịnh

Lê Văn Thịnh (1038 - 1096), courtesy name Mậu Phu (茂夫), was an official in the royal court of the Lý dynasty.

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Lý Đạo Thành

Lý Đạo Thành (? - 1081), courtesy name Bá Định (伯定), was a member of the royal family and the chancellor in the royal court of Lý Dynasty.

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Lý dynasty

The Lý dynasty (Nhà Lý, Hán Nôm: 家李), sometimes known as the Later Lý dynasty, was a Vietnamese dynasty that began in 1009 when emperor Lý Thái Tổ overthrew the Early Lê dynasty and ended in 1225, when the empress Lý Chiêu Hoàng (then 8 years old) was forced to abdicate the throne in favor of her husband, Trần Cảnh.

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Lý Nhân Tông

Lý Nhân Tông (22 February 1066–15 January 1127), given name Lý Càn Đức, was the fourth emperor of the Lý Dynasty, reigning over Vietnam from 1072 to his death in 1127.

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Lý Thánh Tông

Lý Thánh Tông (born Lý Nhật Tôn, ruled 1054–1072) was the posthumous title of the third emperor of the Lý dynasty of Vietnam.

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Lý Thường Kiệt

Lý Thường Kiệt (1019–1105) was a Vietnamese general and admiral during the Lý Dynasty in Vietnam.

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List of emperors of the Lý dynasty

The Lý dynasty (1009–1225), founded by the Lý clan, was an imperial dynasty of Đại Việt that succeeded the Early Lê dynasty (980–1009) and preceded the Trần dynasty (1225–1400).

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Ngô Sĩ Liên

Ngô Sĩ Liên was an historian of the Lê Dynasty.

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Posthumous name

A posthumous name is an honorary name given to royalty, nobles, and sometimes others, in East Asia after the person's death, and is used almost exclusively instead of one's personal name or other official titles during his life.

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Regnal year

A regnal year is a year of the reign of a sovereign, from the Latin regnum meaning kingdom, rule.

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Từ Sơn

Từ Sơn is a county-level town (Vietnam) of Bắc Ninh Province in the Red River Delta region of Vietnam.

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Thông Biện

Thông Biện (通辯) born Trí Không (d.1134) was a Vietnamese Buddhist historian and zen master whose recorded statements are the earliest written source for the history of Buddhism in Vietnam.

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Tuyên Quang

Tuyên Quang is a town in Vietnam, and is the capital of Tuyên Quang Province.

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Văn Lâm District

Văn Lâm is a rural district (huyện) of Hưng Yên Province in the Red River Delta region of Vietnam.

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Việt Nam sử lược

Việt Nam sử lược (1920, Outline History of Vietnam), was the first history text published in the Vietnamese alphabet.

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Vietnam News Agency

The Vietnam News Agency (VNA), a governmental agency, is the official state news provider of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

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Vietnamese language

Vietnamese (Tiếng Việt) is an Austroasiatic language that originated in Vietnam, where it is the national and official language.

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2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.

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2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.

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Y Lan.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ỷ_Lan

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