129 relations: Afonso III of Portugal, Albertus Magnus, Algarve, Ancien Régime, April 30, April 6, Arsenic, Asher ben Jehiel, August 10, Bahri dynasty, Baibars, Ban (title), Battle of Fariskur, Batu Khan, Birger Jarl, Common year starting on Saturday, Court, Croatia, Cuckold, Damietta, December 13, Dinar, Dmitry of Pereslavl, Douai, Economy of the Song dynasty, Egypt, Eric IV of Denmark, Eric XI of Sweden, Esclaramunda of Foix, Ethiopian Empire, Eurasian golden oriole, February, February 2, February 8, Fibonacci, Flemish, Folkung, France, Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, Giovanni Pisano, Gran Tavola, Guido Cavalcanti, Guillaume de Sonnac, Herman VI, Margrave of Baden, Hohenstaufen, House of Habsburg, Interregnum, Italy, James II of Majorca, Jeanne de Montfort de Chambéon, ..., Julian calendar, June 18, Khan (title), Knights Templar, Kurultai, Little Ice Age, Lombard League, Louis IX of France, Malietoa, Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo), Margaret of Burgundy, Queen of Sicily, Matej Ninoslav, May 26, Möngke Khan, Medieval music, Medieval Warm Period, Mongol Empire, Moses de León, Naples, Naples Plague, Notre Dame school, October 12, October 4, Old World oriole, Oxford English Dictionary, Parlement, Peter I, Duke of Brittany, Pierre Dubois, Polyphony, Ponts Couverts, Strasbourg, Port, Portugal, Quanzhou, Reims, Republic of Siena, Rialto Bridge, River Rother, East Sussex, Robert I, Count of Artois, Robert II, Count of Artois, Roman numerals, Romney Marsh, Samoa, Sawmill, September, Seventh Crusade, Siberia, Song dynasty, Spain, Strasbourg, Theresa of Portugal, Queen of León, Tuʻi Tonga Empire, University of Valladolid, Valdemar, King of Sweden, Venice, Villard de Honnecourt, Vincent of Beauvais, Vladimir-Suzdal, Welayta people, William II Longespée, World population, Zohar, 1,000,000, 1190, 1194, 1216, 1218, 1222, 1229, 1234, 1251, 1275, 1294, 1300, 1305, 1308, 1312, 1314, 1315, 1328. Expand index (79 more) » « Shrink index
Afonso III (rare English alternatives: Alphonzo or Alphonse), or Affonso (Archaic Portuguese), Alfonso or Alphonso (Portuguese-Galician) or Alphonsus (Latin), the Bolognian (Port. o Bolonhês), King of Portugal (5 May 121016 February 1279) was the first to use the title King of Portugal and the Algarve, from 1249.
Albertus Magnus, O.P. (c. 1200 – November 15, 1280), also known as Saint Albert the Great and Albert of Cologne, was a German Catholic Dominican friar and bishop.
The Algarve (from الغرب "the west") is the southernmost region of continental Portugal.
The Ancien Régime (French for "old regime") was the political and social system of the Kingdom of France from the Late Middle Ages (circa 15th century) until 1789, when hereditary monarchy and the feudal system of French nobility were abolished by the.
Arsenic is a chemical element with symbol As and atomic number 33.
Asher ben Jehiel (אשר בן יחיאל, or Asher ben Yechiel, sometimes Asheri) (1250 or 1259 – 1327) was an eminent rabbi and Talmudist best known for his abstract of Talmudic law.
The term 'the 10th of August' is widely used by historians as a shorthand for the Storming of the Tuileries Palace on the 10th of August, 1792, the effective end of the French monarchy until it was restored in 1814.
The Bahri dynasty or Bahriyya Mamluks (translit) was a Mamluk dynasty of mostly Cuman-Kipchak Turkic origin that ruled the Egyptian Mamluk Sultanate from 1250 to 1382.
Baibars or Baybars (الملك الظاهر ركن الدين بيبرس البندقداري, al-Malik al-Ẓāhir Rukn al-Dīn Baybars al-Bunduqdārī) (1223/1228 – 1 July 1277), of Turkic Kipchak origin — nicknamed Abu al-Futuh and Abu l-Futuhat (Arabic: أبو الفتوح; English: Father of Conquest, referring to his victories) — was the fourth Sultan of Egypt in the Mamluk Bahri dynasty.
Ban was a noble title used in several states in Central and Southeastern Europe between the 7th century and the 20th century.
The Battle of Fariskur was the last major battle of the Seventh Crusade.
Batu Khan (Бат хаан, Bat haan, Бату хан, Bá dū, хан Баты́й, Μπατού; c. 1207–1255), also known as Sain Khan (Good Khan, Сайн хаан, Sayn hân) and Tsar Batu, was a Mongol ruler and founder of the Golden Horde, a division of the Mongol Empire.
(c. 121021 October 1266), or Birger Magnusson, was a Swedish statesman, Jarl of Sweden and a member of the House of Bjelbo, who played a pivotal role in the consolidation of Sweden.
A common year starting on Saturday is any non-leap year (i.e. a year with 365 days) that begins on Saturday, 1 January, and ends on Saturday, 31 December.
A court is a tribunal, often as a government institution, with the authority to adjudicate legal disputes between parties and carry out the administration of justice in civil, criminal, and administrative matters in accordance with the rule of law.
Croatia (Hrvatska), officially the Republic of Croatia (Republika Hrvatska), is a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, on the Adriatic Sea.
A cuckold is the husband of an adulterous wife.
Damietta (دمياط,; ⲧⲁⲙⲓⲁϯ) also known as Damiata, or Domyat, is a port and the capital of the Damietta Governorate in Egypt, a former bishopric and present multiple Catholic titular see.
The dinar is the principal currency unit in several countries which were formerly territories of the Ottoman Empire, and was used historically in several more.
Dmitry Alexandrovich (ca. 1250–1294) was Grand Prince of Vladimir-Suzdal from 1276 until 1281 and then from 1283 until 1293.
Douai (Dowaai; historically "Doway" in English) is a commune in the Nord département in northern France.
For over three centuries during the Song dynasty (960–1279) China experienced sustained growth in per capita income and population, structural change in the economy, and increased pace of technological innovation.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
Eric IV, also known as Eric Ploughpenny or Eric Plowpenny (Erik Plovpenning), (– 10 August 1250) was king of Denmark from 1241 until his death in 1250.
Eric "XI" the Lisp and Lame Swedish: Erik Eriksson or Erik läspe och halte; Old Norse: Eiríkr Eiríksson (1216 – February 2, 1250) was king of Sweden in 1222–1229 and 1234–1250.
Esclaramunda of Foix (1250–1315) was Queen consort of Majorca.
The Ethiopian Empire (የኢትዮጵያ ንጉሠ ነገሥት መንግሥተ), also known as Abyssinia (derived from the Arabic al-Habash), was a kingdom that spanned a geographical area in the current state of Ethiopia.
The Eurasian golden oriole (Oriolus oriolus) or simply golden oriole, is the only member of the oriole family of passerine birds breeding in Northern Hemisphere temperate regions.
February is the second and shortest month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendar with 28 days in common years and 29 days in leap years, with the quadrennial 29th day being called the leap day.
Fibonacci (c. 1175 – c. 1250) was an Italian mathematician from the Republic of Pisa, considered to be "the most talented Western mathematician of the Middle Ages".
Flemish (Vlaams), also called Flemish Dutch (Vlaams-Nederlands), Belgian Dutch (Belgisch-Nederlands), or Southern Dutch (Zuid-Nederlands), is any of the varieties of the Dutch language dialects spoken in Flanders, the northern part of Belgium, as well as French Flanders and the Dutch Zeelandic Flanders by approximately 6.5 million people.
In modern Swedish, Folkung has two meanings, which appear to be opposites.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Frederick II (26 December 1194 – 13 December 1250; Fidiricu, Federico, Friedrich) was King of Sicily from 1198, King of Germany from 1212, King of Italy and Holy Roman Emperor from 1220 and King of Jerusalem from 1225.
Giovanni Pisano (c. 1250 – c. 1315) was an Italian sculptor, painter and architect, who worked in the cities of Pisa, Siena and Pistoia.
During the Middle Ages, the Gran Tavola (Italian for "Great Table") was the largest Sienese bank,de Roover, Raymond A., and Larson, Henrietta M. 1999.
Guido Cavalcanti (between 1250 and 1259 – August 1300) was an Italian poet and troubadour, as well as an intellectual influence on his best friend, Dante Alighieri.
Guillaume de Sonnac (died 6 April 1250) was Grand Master of the Knights Templar from 1247 to 1250.
Herman VI (c. 1226 – 4 October 1250) was Margrave of Baden and titular margrave of Verona from 1243 until his death.
The Staufer, also known as the House of Staufen, or of Hohenstaufen, were a dynasty of German kings (1138–1254) during the Middle Ages.
The House of Habsburg (traditionally spelled Hapsburg in English), also called House of Austria was one of the most influential and distinguished royal houses of Europe.
An interregnum (plural interregna or interregnums) is a period of discontinuity or "gap" in a government, organization, or social order.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
James II (Jaume) (31 May 1243 – 29 May 1311) was King of Majorca and Lord of Montpellier from 1276 until his death.
Jeanne de Montfort de Chambéon (1250 - 1300) was a Swiss noble.
The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC (708 AUC), was a reform of the Roman calendar.
Khan خان/khan; is a title for a sovereign or a military ruler, used by Mongolians living to the north of China. Khan has equivalent meanings such as "commander", "leader", or "ruler", "king" and "chief". khans exist in South Asia, Middle East, Central Asia, Eastern Europe, East Africa and Turkey. The female alternatives are Khatun and Khanum. These titles or names are sometimes written as Khan/خان in Persian, Han, Kan, Hakan, Hanum, or Hatun (in Turkey) and as "xan", "xanım" (in Azerbaijan), and medieval Turkic tribes.
The Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon (Pauperes commilitones Christi Templique Salomonici), also known as the Order of Solomon's Temple, the Knights Templar or simply as Templars, were a Catholic military order recognised in 1139 by papal bull Omne Datum Optimum of the Holy See.
Kurultai (Mongolian:, Хуралдай, Khuruldai; Turkish: Kurultay),Kazakh: Құрылтай, Qurıltay; Корылтай, Qorıltay; Ҡоролтай, Qoroltay; Qurultay; Gurultaý was a political and military council of ancient Mongol and some Turkic chiefs and khans.
The Little Ice Age (LIA) was a period of cooling that occurred after the Medieval Warm Period.
The Lombard League (Italian and Lombard: Lega Lombarda) was a medieval alliance formed in 1167, supported by the Pope, to counter the attempts by the Hohenstaufen Holy Roman Emperors to assert influence over the Kingdom of Italy as a part of the Holy Roman Empire.
Louis IX (25 April 1214 – 25 August 1270), commonly known as Saint Louis, was King of France and is a canonized Catholic and Anglican saint.
Malietoa King (Mālietoa, of Samoa colloquially) is a state dynasty and chiefly title in Samoa.
The Mamluk Sultanate (سلطنة المماليك Salṭanat al-Mamālīk) was a medieval realm spanning Egypt, the Levant, and Hejaz.
Margaret of Burgundy (1250 – 4 September 1308) was Queen of Sicily and Naples by marriage to Charles I of Sicily.
Matej Ninoslav (died 1250) was the Ban of Bosnia in the period of 1232–50.
Möngke (valign / Мөнх;; January 11, 1209 – August 11, 1259) was the fourth khagan of the Mongol Empire, ruling from July 1, 1251, to August 11, 1259.
Medieval music consists of songs, instrumental pieces, and liturgical music from about 500 A.D. to 1400.
The Medieval Warm Period (MWP) also known as the Medieval Climate Optimum, or Medieval Climatic Anomaly was a time of warm climate in the North Atlantic region that may have been related to other warming events in other regions during that time, including China and other areas, lasting from to.
The Mongol Empire (Mongolian: Mongolyn Ezent Güren; Mongolian Cyrillic: Монголын эзэнт гүрэн;; also Орда ("Horde") in Russian chronicles) existed during the 13th and 14th centuries and was the largest contiguous land empire in history.
Moses de León (c. 1240 – 1305), known in Hebrew as Moshe ben Shem-Tov (משה בן שם-טוב די-ליאון), was a Spanish rabbi and Kabbalist who is considered the composer or redactor of the Zohar.
Naples (Napoli, Napule or; Neapolis; lit) is the regional capital of Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy after Rome and Milan.
In 1656, a plague nearly eradicated the population of Naples, Italy.
The Notre Dame school or the Notre Dame school of polyphony refers to the group of composers working at or near the Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris from about 1160 to 1250, along with the music they produced.
The Old World orioles (Oriolidae) are an Old World family of passerine birds.
The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the main historical dictionary of the English language, published by the Oxford University Press.
A parlement, in the Ancien Régime of France, was a provincial appellate court.
Peter I (Pierre; c. 1187 – 26 May 1250), also known as Peter Mauclerc, was Duke of Brittany jure uxoris from 1213 to 1221, and regent of the duchy for his minor son John I from 1221 to 1237.
Pierre Dubois (c. 1255 – after. 1321), a French publicist in the reign of Philip the Fair, was the author of a series of political pamphlets embodying original and daring views.
In music, polyphony is one type of musical texture, where a texture is, generally speaking, the way that melodic, rhythmic, and harmonic aspects of a musical composition are combined to shape the overall sound and quality of the work.
The Ponts Couverts (Gedeckte Brücken) are a set of three bridges and four towers that make up a defensive work erected in the 13th century on the River Ill in the city of Strasbourg in France.
A port is a maritime commercial facility which may comprise one or more wharves where ships may dock to load and discharge passengers and cargo.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
Quanzhou, formerly known as Chinchew, is a prefecture-level city beside the Taiwan Strait in Fujian Province, China.
Reims (also spelled Rheims), a city in the Grand Est region of France, lies east-northeast of Paris.
The Republic of Siena (Repubblica di Siena) was a historic state consisting of the city of Siena and its surrounding territory in Tuscany, central Italy.
The Rialto Bridge (Ponte di Rialto; Ponte de Rialto) is the oldest of the four bridges spanning the Grand Canal in Venice, Italy.
The River Rother flows for through the English counties of East Sussex and Kent.
Robert I (25 September 1216 – 8 February 1250), called the Good, was the first Count of Artois, the fifth (and second surviving) son of Louis VIII of France and Blanche of Castile.
Robert II (September 1250 – 11 July 1302) was the Count of Artois, the posthumous son and heir of Robert I and Matilda of Brabant.
The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages.
Romney Marsh is a sparsely populated wetland area in the counties of Kent and East Sussex in the south-east of England.
Samoa, officially the Independent State of Samoa (Malo Saʻoloto Tutoʻatasi o Sāmoa; Sāmoa) and, until 4 July 1997, known as Western Samoa, is a unitary parliamentary democracy with eleven administrative divisions.
A sawmill or lumber mill is a facility where logs are cut into lumber.
September is the ninth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, the third of four months to have a length of 30 days, and the fourth of five months to have a length of less than 31 days.
The Seventh Crusade was a crusade led by Louis IX of France from 1248 to 1254.
Siberia (a) is an extensive geographical region, and by the broadest definition is also known as North Asia.
The Song dynasty (960–1279) was an era of Chinese history that began in 960 and continued until 1279.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
Strasbourg (Alsatian: Strossburi; Straßburg) is the capital and largest city of the Grand Est region of France and is the official seat of the European Parliament.
Theresa of Portugal (October 4, 1178 – June 18, 1250) was Queen of Léon as the first wife of King Alfonso IX of León.
The Tui Tonga Empire, or Tongan Empire, are descriptions sometimes given to Tongan expansionism and projected hegemony in Oceania which began around 950 CE, reaching its peak during the period 1200–1500.
The University of Valladolid is a public university in the city of Valladolid, province of Valladolid, in the autonomous region of Castile and Leon, Spain.
Valdemar (English: Waldemar; Valdemar Birgersson; 1239 – 26 December 1302) was King of Sweden from 1250–1275.
Venice (Venezia,; Venesia) is a city in northeastern Italy and the capital of the Veneto region.
Villard de Honnecourt (Wilars dehonecort, Vilars de Honecourt) was a 13th-century artist from Picardy in northern France.
Vincent of Beauvais (Vincentius Bellovacensis or Vincentius Burgundus; 1184/1194 – c. 1264) was a Dominican friar at the Cistercian monastery of Royaumont Abbey, France.
Vladimir-Suzdal (Владимирско-Су́здальская, Vladimirsko-Suzdal'skaya), formally known as the Grand Duchy of Vladimir (1157–1331) (Владимиро-Су́здальское кня́жество, Vladimiro-Suzdal'skoye knyazhestvo), was one of the major principalities that succeeded Kievan Rus' in the late 12th century, centered in Vladimir-on-Klyazma.
Wolayta (also spelled Wolaitta) (Ge'ez: ወላይታ Wolaytta) is the name of an ethnic group and its former kingdom, located in southern Ethiopia.
Sir William Longespée (c. 1212 – 8 February 1250) was an English knight and crusader, the son of William Longespée and Ela, Countess of Salisbury.
In demographics, the world population is the total number of humans currently living, and was estimated to have reached 7.6 billion people as of May 2018.
The Zohar (זֹהַר, lit. "Splendor" or "Radiance") is the foundational work in the literature of Jewish mystical thought known as Kabbalah.
1,000,000 (one million), or one thousand thousand, is the natural number following 999,999 and preceding 1,000,001.
Year 1190 (MCXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1194 (MCXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
560 Year 1216 (MCCXVI) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1218 (MCCXVIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1222 (MCCXXII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1229 (MCCXXIX) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1234 (MCCXXXIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1251 (MCCLI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1275 (MCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1294 (MCCXCIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1300 (MCCC) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1305 (MCCCV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1308 (MCCCVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1312 (MCCCXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1314 (MCCCXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1315 (MCCCXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1328 (MCCCXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.