134 relations: Allies of World War II, Argyll, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, Army Reserve (United Kingdom), Battle for Caen, Battle of Arras (1917), Battle of Broekhuizen, Battle of Flers–Courcelette, Battle of Loos, Battle of Passchendaele, Battle of Pozières, Battle of the Somme, Black Watch, Bocage, Brigadier (United Kingdom), British Army, British Army during the Second World War, British Army Order of Battle (September 1939), Buchan, Caen, Cameronians (Scottish Rifles), Carlo D'Este, Caumont-l'Éventé, Cherbourg-Octeville, Cheux, Churchill tank, Coldstream Guards, Colin John Mackenzie, Colin Muir Barber, Counter-offensive, Counterattack, Courtney Hodges, Derek Mills-Roberts, Division (military), Dundee, Elbe, End of World War II in Europe, Falaise Pocket, First United States Army, Formartine, Frederick McCracken, German Army (Wehrmacht), Glasgow Highlanders, Gordon Highlanders, Gordon MacMillan (British Army officer), Grenadier Guards, Hamilton Reed, Highland Light Infantry, Humber Scout Car, Infantry, ..., Invasion of Normandy, Invasion of Poland, King's Own Scottish Borderers, Kitchener's Army, Land mine, Lieutenant general (United States), Lieutenant-general (United Kingdom), List of British divisions in World War I, List of British divisions in World War II, M4 Sherman, Machine Gun Corps, Major-general (United Kingdom), Middlesex Regiment, Miles Dempsey, Nazi Germany, Normandy landings, Northumberland Hussars, Odon (river), Office of Public Sector Information, Officer (armed forces), Oliver Leese, Operation Bluecoat, Operation Cobra, Operation Epsom, Operation Jupiter (1944), Operation Overlord, Operation Plunder, Operation Veritable, Orne (river), Other ranks (UK), Panzer division, Parachute Regiment (United Kingdom), Paul Hausser, Philip Christison, Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders, Queen's Own Royal Glasgow Yeomanry, Reconnaissance Corps, Rhine, Richard O'Connor, Robert Cotton Money, Royal Armoured Corps, Royal Artillery, Royal Corps of Signals, Royal Engineers, Royal Navy, Royal Scots, Royal Scots Fusiliers, Salient (military), Scots Guards, Scottish Command, Seaforth Highlanders, Second Army (United Kingdom), Suffolk Regiment, Surrender of Japan, Tiger I, VIII Corps (United Kingdom), Villers-Bocage, Calvados, Vire, Wehrmacht, Western Allied invasion of Germany, Western Front (World War I), Western Front (World War II), World War I, World War II, 101st SS Heavy Panzer Battalion, 11th Armoured Division (United Kingdom), 12th SS Panzer Division Hitlerjugend, 181st Field Regiment, Royal Artillery, 1st Special Service Brigade, 21st Army Group, 227th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 23rd Hussars, 31st Armoured Brigade, 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Division, 44th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 45th Brigade (United Kingdom), 46th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 52nd (Lowland) Infantry Division, 53rd (Welsh) Infantry Division, 5th (Scottish) Parachute Battalion, 6th Guards Tank Brigade (United Kingdom), 7th Royal Tank Regiment, 9th Royal Tank Regiment, 9th SS Panzer Division Hohenstaufen. Expand index (84 more) » « Shrink index
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
Argyll (archaically Argyle, Earra-Ghàidheal in modern Gaelic), sometimes anglicised as Argyllshire, is a historic county and registration county of western Scotland.
The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that existed from 1881 until amalgamation into the Royal Regiment of Scotland on 28 March 2006, from when it became a single battalion in the Royal Regiment of Scotland.
The Army Reserve is the active-duty volunteer reserve force and integrated element of the British Army.
The Battle for Caen (June to August 1944) is the name for the fighting between the British Second Army and German Panzergruppe West in the Second World War for control of the city of Caen and vicinity, during the Battle of Normandy.
The Battle of Arras (also known as the Second Battle of Arras) was a British offensive on the Western Front during World War I. From 9 April to 16 May 1917, British troops attacked German defences near the French city of Arras on the Western Front.
The battle of Broekhuizen, a small Dutch village near the Meuse, was a small battle which took place at the end of the Second World War as part of the allied campaign to liberate the left bank of the river Meuse in the Netherlands (Peel marshes).
The Battle of Flers–Courcelette was fought during the Battle of the Somme in France, by the French Sixth Army and the British Fourth Army and Reserve Army, against the German 1st Army, during the First World War.
The Battle of Loos was a battle that took place from 1915 in France on the Western Front, during the First World War.
The Battle of Passchendaele (Flandernschlacht, Deuxième Bataille des Flandres), also known as the Third Battle of Ypres, was a campaign of the First World War, fought by the Allies against the German Empire.
The Battle of Pozières (23 July – 3 September 1916) took place in France around the village of Pozières, during the Battle of the Somme.
The Battle of the Somme (Bataille de la Somme, Schlacht an der Somme), also known as the Somme Offensive, was a battle of the First World War fought by the armies of the British Empire and France against the German Empire.
The Black Watch, 3rd Battalion, Royal Regiment of Scotland (3 SCOTS) is an infantry battalion of the Royal Regiment of Scotland.
Bocage is a terrain of mixed woodland and pasture.
Brigadier (Brig) is a senior rank in the British Army and the Royal Marines.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
The British Army was, in 1939, a volunteer army, that introduced limited conscription in early 1939, and full conscription shortly after the declaration of war with Germany.
The organisation of Divisions and Brigades of British Army in 1939, at the outbreak of the Second World War, is listed below.
Buchan is one of the six committee areas and administrative areas of Aberdeenshire Council, Scotland.
Caen (Norman: Kaem) is a commune in northwestern France.
The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) was a rifle regiment of the British Army, the only regiment of rifles amongst the Scottish regiments of infantry.
Carlo D'Este (born 1938 in Oakland, California) is an American military historian and biographer, author of several books, especially on World War II.
Caumont-l'Éventé is a former commune in the Calvados department in northwestern France.
Cherbourg-Octeville is a city and former commune situated at the northern end of the Cotentin peninsula in the northwestern French department of Manche.
Cheux is a former commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
The Tank, Infantry, Mk IV (A22) Churchill was a British heavy infantry tank used in the Second World War, best known for its heavy armour, large longitudinal chassis with all-around tracks with multiple bogies, its ability to climb steep slopes, and its use as the basis of many specialist vehicles.
The Coldstream Guards (COLDM GDS) is a part of the Guards Division, Foot Guards regiments of the British Army.
Major-General Sir Colin John Mackenzie, KCB (26 November 1861 – 7 July 1956) was a British soldier and Chief of the General Staff, the head of the Canadian Army, from 1910 until 1913.
Lieutenant General Sir Colin Muir Barber & Bar (27 June 1897 – 5 May 1964) was a senior British Army officer who fought in both World War I and World War II where he commanded the 15th (Scottish) Infantry Division during their actions across Northwest Europe, from August 1944 until Victory in Europe Day in May 1945.
A counter-offensive is the term used by the military to describe large-scale, usually strategic offensive operations by forces that had successfully halted the enemy's offensive, while occupying defensive positions.
A counterattack is a tactic employed in response to an attack, with the term originating in "war games".
General Courtney Hicks Hodges (January 5, 1887 – January 16, 1966) was a decorated senior officer of the United States Army, most prominent for his role in World War II, in which he commanded the U.S. First Army in the Western Europe Campaign.
Brigadier Derek Mills-Roberts, CBE, DSO and bar, MC (23 November 1908 – 1 October 1980) was a British commando who fought with the 1st Special Service Brigade during World War II.
A division is a large military unit or formation, usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers.
Dundee (Dùn Dè) is Scotland's fourth-largest city and the 51st-most-populous built-up area in the United Kingdom.
The Elbe (Elbe; Low German: Elv) is one of the major rivers of Central Europe.
The final battles of the European Theatre of World War II as well as the German surrender to the Allies took place in late April and early May 1945.
The Falaise Pocket or Battle of the Falaise Pocket (12 – 21 August 1944) was the decisive engagement of the Battle of Normandy in the Second World War.
The First Army is the oldest and longest established field army of the United States Army, having seen service in both World War I and World War II, under some of the most famous and distinguished officers of the U.S. Army.
Formartine (Fearann Mhàrtainn meaning "Martin's land") is a committee area in Aberdeenshire, Scotland.
Lieutenant-General Sir Frederick William Nicholas McCracken, KCB, DSO, (18 August 1859 – 8 August 1949) was a British Army officer who saw regimental service in Africa during the late nineteenth century, and later held senior command during the First World War.
The German Army (Heer) was the land forces component of the Wehrmacht, the regular German Armed Forces, from 1935 until it was demobilized and later dissolved in August 1946.
The Glasgow Highlanders was a former infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Territorial Force, later renamed the Territorial Army.
The Gordon Highlanders was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that existed for 113 years, from 1881 until 1994, when it was amalgamated with the Queen's Own Highlanders (Seaforth and Camerons) to form the Highlanders (Seaforth, Gordons and Camerons).
General Sir Gordon Holmes Alexander MacMillan of MacMillan and Knap, (7 January 1897 – 21 January 1986) was a professional soldier who rose to become a general in the British Army.
The Grenadier Guards (GREN GDS) is an infantry regiment of the British Army.
Major General Hamilton Lyster Reed,, (23 May 1869 – 7 March 1931) was an Irish British Army officer, and recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
The Highland Light Infantry (HLI) was a light infantry regiment of the British Army formed in 1881.
The Humber Scout Car was a British light scout car used in the Second World War.
Infantry is the branch of an army that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and tank forces.
The Western Allies of World War II launched the largest amphibious invasion in history when they assaulted Normandy, located on the northern coast of France, on 6 June 1944.
The Invasion of Poland, known in Poland as the September Campaign (Kampania wrześniowa) or the 1939 Defensive War (Wojna obronna 1939 roku), and in Germany as the Poland Campaign (Polenfeldzug) or Fall Weiss ("Case White"), was a joint invasion of Poland by Germany, the Soviet Union, the Free City of Danzig, and a small Slovak contingent that marked the beginning of World War II.
The King's Own Scottish Borderers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Scottish Division.
The New Army, often referred to as Kitchener's Army or, disparagingly, as Kitchener's Mob, was an (initially) all-volunteer army of the British Army formed in the United Kingdom from 1914 onwards following the outbreak of hostilities in the First World War in late July 1914.
A land mine is an explosive device concealed under or on the ground and designed to destroy or disable enemy targets, ranging from combatants to vehicles and tanks, as they pass over or near it.
In the United States Army, United States Marine Corps, and the United States Air Force, lieutenant general (abbreviated LTG in the Army, Lt Gen in the Air Force, and LtGen in the Marine Corps) is a three-star general officer rank, with the pay grade of O-9.
Lieutenant general (Lt Gen), formerly more commonly lieutenant-general, is a senior rank in the British Army and the Royal Marines.
List of military divisions — List of British divisions in World War I This page is a list of British divisions that existed in World War I. Divisions were either infantry or cavalry.
This page is a list of British Army divisions that existed in World War II.
The M4 Sherman, officially Medium Tank, M4, was the most widely used medium tank by the United States and Western Allies in World War II.
The Machine Gun Corps (MGC) was a corps of the British Army, formed in October 1915 in response to the need for more effective use of machine guns on the Western Front in the First World War.
Major general (Maj Gen), is a "two-star" rank in the British Army and Royal Marines.
The Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambridge's Own) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 until 1966.
General Sir Miles Christopher Dempsey, (15 December 1896 – 5 June 1969) was a senior British Army officer who served in both world wars.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
The Normandy landings were the landing operations on Tuesday, 6 June 1944 of the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord during World War II.
The Northumberland Hussars is a British Territorial Army Squadron equipped with FV107 Scimitar and FV103 Spartan armoured reconnaissance vehicles.
The Odon is a river in the Calvados department, in Normandy, northwestern France.
The Office of Public Sector Information (OPSI) is the body responsible for the operation of Her Majesty's Stationery Office (HMSO) and of other public information services of the United Kingdom.
An officer is a member of an armed force or uniformed service who holds a position of authority.
Lieutenant General Sir Oliver William Hargreaves Leese, 3rd Baronet, (27 October 1894 – 22 January 1978) was a senior British Army officer who saw distinguished active service during both the world wars.
Operation Bluecoat was an offensive in the Battle of Normandy, from 30 July until 7 August 1944, during the Second World War.
Operation Cobra was the codename for an offensive launched by the First United States Army (Lieutenant General Omar Bradley) seven weeks after the D-Day landings, during the Normandy Campaign of World War II.
Operation Epsom, also known as the First Battle of the Odon, was a British Second World War offensive that took place between 26 and 30 June 1944, during the Battle of Normandy.
Operation Jupiter was an offensive by VIII Corps of the British Second Army on 10 July 1944 during the Battle of Normandy in the Second World War.
Operation Overlord was the codename for the Battle of Normandy, the Allied operation that launched the successful invasion of German-occupied Western Europe during World War II.
Beginning on the night of March 23, 1945 the 21st Army Group under Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery launched Operation Plunder, as a part of a coordinated set of Rhine crossings.
Operation Veritable (also known as the Battle of the Reichswald) was the northern part of an Allied pincer movement that took place between 8 February and 11 March 1945 during the final stages of the Second World War.
The Orne (Ptolemeus Olina) is a river in Normandy, within northwestern France.
Other ranks (ORs) in the Royal Marines, British Army, Royal Air Force and in the armies and air forces of many other Commonwealth countries are those personnel who are not commissioned officers, usually including non-commissioned officers (NCOs).
A panzer division is one of the armored (tank) divisions in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II.
The Parachute Regiment, colloquially known as the Paras, is an elite airborne infantry regiment of the British Army.
Paul Hausser (7 October 1880 – 21 December 1972) was a high-ranking commander in the Waffen-SS of Nazi Germany during World War II who played a key role in the post-war efforts by former members of the Waffen-SS to achieve historical and legal rehabilitation.
General Sir (Alexander Frank) Philip Christison, 4th Baronet, (17 November 1893 – 21 December 1993) was a British Army officer who served with distinction during the world wars.
The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders or 79th (The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders) Regiment of Foot was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, raised in 1793.
The Queen's Own Royal Glasgow Yeomanry was a yeomanry regiment of the British Army that can trace their formation back to 1796.
The Reconnaissance Corps, or simply Recce Corps, was a corps of the British Army, formed during the Second World War whose units provided the mobile spearhead of infantry divisions.
--> The Rhine (Rhenus, Rein, Rhein, le Rhin,, Italiano: Reno, Rijn) is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Liechtenstein, Swiss-Austrian, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the German Rhineland and the Netherlands and eventually empties into the North Sea.
General Sir Richard Nugent O'Connor & Bar, MC (21 August 1889 – 17 June 1981) was a senior British Army officer who fought in both the First and Second World Wars, and commanded the Western Desert Force in the early years of the Second World War.
Major General Robert Cotton Money, (21 July 1888 – 16 April 1985) was a senior British Army officer, who commanded the 15th (Scottish) Infantry Division during the early part of the Second World War.
The Royal Armoured Corps (RAC) provides the armour capability of the British Army, with vehicles such as the Challenger 2 Tank and the Scimitar Reconnaissance Vehicle.
The Royal Regiment of Artillery, commonly referred to as the Royal Artillery (RA) and colloquially known as "The Gunners", is the artillery arm of the British Army.
The Royal Corps of Signals (often simply known as the Royal Signals - abbreviated to R SIGNALS) is one of the combat support arms of the British Army.
The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually just called the Royal Engineers (RE), and commonly known as the Sappers, is one of the corps of the British Army.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
The Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment), once known as the Royal Regiment of Foot, was the oldest and most senior infantry regiment of the line of the British Army, having been raised in 1633 during the reign of Charles I of Scotland.
The Royal Scots Fusiliers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that existed from 1678 until 1959 when it was amalgamated with the Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment) to form the Royal Highland Fusiliers (Princess Margaret's Own Glasgow and Ayrshire Regiment) which was later itself merged with the Royal Scots Borderers, the Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment), the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders and the Highlanders (Seaforth, Gordons and Camerons) to form a new large regiment, the Royal Regiment of Scotland.
A salient, also known as a bulge, is a battlefield feature that projects into enemy territory.
The Scots Guards (SG), part of the Guards Division, is one of the Foot Guards regiments of the British Army.
Scottish Command or Army Headquarters Scotland (from 1972) is a command of the British Army.
The Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs, The Duke of Albany's) was a historic line infantry regiment of the British Army, mainly associated with large areas of the northern Highlands of Scotland.
The British Second Army was a field army active during the First and Second World Wars.
The Suffolk Regiment was an infantry regiment of the line in the British Army with a history dating back to 1685.
The surrender of Imperial Japan was announced on August 15 and formally signed on September 2, 1945, bringing the hostilities of World War II to a close.
The Tiger I is a German heavy tank of World War II deployed from 1942 in Africa and Europe, usually in independent heavy tank battalions.
VIII Corps was a British Army corps formation that existed during the First and Second World Wars.
Villers-Bocage is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in Northern France.
Vire is a town and a former commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
The Wehrmacht (lit. "defence force")From wehren, "to defend" and Macht., "power, force".
The Western Allied invasion of Germany was coordinated by the Western Allies during the final months of hostilities in the European theatre of World War II.
The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.
The Western Front was a military theatre of World War II encompassing Denmark, Norway, Luxembourg, Belgium, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, France, Italy, and Germany. World War II military engagements in Southern Europe and elsewhere are generally considered under separate headings. The Western Front was marked by two phases of large-scale combat operations. The first phase saw the capitulation of the Netherlands, Belgium, and France during May and June 1940 after their defeat in the Low Countries and the northern half of France, and continued into an air war between Germany and Britain that climaxed with the Battle of Britain. The second phase consisted of large-scale ground combat (supported by a massive air war considered to be an additional front), which began in June 1944 with the Allied landings in Normandy and continued until the defeat of Germany in May 1945.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
101st Heavy SS Panzer Battalion (Schwere SS-Panzerabteilung 101) was a German heavy tank battalion in the Waffen-SS during World War II.
The 11th Armoured Division, also known as The Black Bull, was an armoured division of the British Army which was created in March 1941 during the Second World War.
12th SS Panzer Division "Hitlerjugend" (12.) was a German armoured division of the Waffen-SS during World War II.
The 181st Field Regiment, Royal Artillery ('The Shropshire Gunners') was a unit of the Royal Artillery, raised by the British Army during World War II.
The 1st Special Service Brigade was a commando brigade of the British Army.
The 21st Army Group was a World War II British headquarters formation, in command of two field armies and other supporting units, consisting primarily of the British Second Army and the First Canadian Army.
227th Brigade was an infantry formation of the British Army formed for Home Service under various short-lived titles in World War I and the early part of World War II.
The 23rd Hussars was a cavalry regiment of the British Army raised in World War II in existence from 1940 to 1946.
The 31st Armoured Brigade was an armoured brigade formation of the British Army, created during World War II.
The 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army.
The 44th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service in both World War I and World War II with 15th (Scottish) Division.
The 45th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service in both the First and Second World Wars with 15th (Scottish) Division.
The 46th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service in both World War I and World War II with the 15th (Scottish) Infantry Division.
The 52nd (Lowland) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that was originally formed as the Lowland Division, in 1908 as part of the Territorial Force.
The 53rd (Welsh) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that fought in both World War I and World War II.
The 5th (Scottish) Parachute Battalion was an airborne infantry battalion of the Parachute Regiment, raised by the British Army during the Second World War.
The 6th Guards Tank Brigade was an armoured brigade of the British Army during the Second World War formed from the Foot Guards in 1941 as the 6th Guards Armoured Brigade when the United Kingdom was under the threat of invasion and more armoured formations were required.
The 7th Royal Tank Regiment (7th RTR) was an armoured regiment of the British Army from 1917 until disbandment in 1959.
The 9th Royal Tank Regiment (9 RTR) was an armoured regiment of the British Army active during the Second World War.
The 9th SS Panzer Division "Hohenstaufen" (9. SS-Panzerdivision "Hohenstaufen".) was a Waffen-SS armoured division of Nazi Germany during World War II.
15th (Scottish) Division, 15th (Scottish) Division (United Kingdom), 15th (Scottish) Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 15th Scottish Division, 15th Scottish Infantry Division, British 15th (Scottish) Division, British 15th (Scottish) Infantry Division, British 15th Division.