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16-bit microcomputers are computers in which 16-bit microprocessors were the norm. [1]

103 relations: Angstrem (company), Apple Inc., Application-specific integrated circuit, Arithmetic logic unit, Audio bit depth, Binary-code compatibility, Bit, Byte, Byte addressing, C166 family, Compact disc, Data General, Data General Eclipse, Data General Nova, DEC J-11, DEC T-11, Digital Equipment Corporation, Dual in-line package, EnSilica, ESi-RISC, Ferranti, Fourth generation of video game consoles, Freescale 68HC12, Freescale 68HC16, Freescale Semiconductor, General Instrument, General Instrument CP1600, Heap (data structure), Hewlett-Packard, Honeywell, Honeywell Level 6, HP 2100, HP 3000, IBM, IBM 1130, IBM 1800 Data Acquisition and Control System, IBM PC compatible, IBM Series/1, IBM System/36, IBM System/7, IMP-16, Infineon Technologies, Integer, Intel, Intel 80186, Intel 80188, Intel 80286, Intel 80386, Intel 8086, Intel 8088, ..., Intel MCS-96, Kilobyte, Lockheed Corporation, Lockheed MAC-16, Macintosh, MCP-1600, Memory address, Memory segmentation, Microcode, Microcomputer, Microprocessor, Microsoft Windows, Motorola, Motorola 68000, Motorola 68010, MS-DOS, National Semiconductor, National Semiconductor PACE, NEC, NEC V20, OS/2, Panafacom, PDP-11, Personal computer, Program counter, Random-access memory, Renesas Electronics, Ricoh, Ricoh 5A22, Sega Genesis, Signedness, Super Nintendo Entertainment System, Texas Instruments, Texas Instruments TMS9900, TI MSP430, Two's complement, WDC 65816/65802, Western Design Center, Western Digital, Whirlwind I, Wintel, X86 memory segmentation, XAP processor, XC2000, XE166 family, Xerox, Xerox Alto, Zilog, Zilog Z8000, 0, 1801 series CPU, 24-bit, 32-bit. Expand index (53 more) »

Angstrem (company)

Angstrem Group (ОАО «Ангстрем», named after angstrom) is a group of Russian companies.

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Apple Inc.

Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.

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Application-specific integrated circuit

An Application-Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC), is an integrated circuit (IC) customized for a particular use, rather than intended for general-purpose use.

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Arithmetic logic unit

An arithmetic logic unit (ALU) is a combinational digital electronic circuit that performs arithmetic and bitwise operations on integer binary numbers.

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Audio bit depth

In digital audio using pulse-code modulation (PCM), bit depth is the number of bits of information in each sample, and it directly corresponds to the resolution of each sample.

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Binary-code compatibility

Binary-code compatibility (binary compatible or object-code-compatible) is a property of computer systems meaning that they can run the same executable code, typically machine code for a general-purpose computer CPU.

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The bit (a portmanteau of binary digit) is a basic unit of information used in computing and digital communications.

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The byte is a unit of digital information that most commonly consists of eight bits, representing a binary number.

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Byte addressing

Byte addressing refers to hardware architectures which support accessing individual bytes of data rather than only larger units called words, which would be word-addressable.

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C166 family

The C166 family is a 16-bit microcontroller architecture from Infineon (formerly the semiconductor division of Siemens) in cooperation with STMicroelectronics.

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Compact disc

Compact disc (CD) is a digital optical disc data storage format that was co-developed by Philips and Sony and released in 1982.

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Data General

Data General was one of the first minicomputer firms from the late 1960s.

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Data General Eclipse

The Data General Eclipse line of computers by Data General were 16-bit minicomputers released in early 1974 and sold until 1988.

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Data General Nova

The Data General Nova is a series of 16-bit minicomputers released by the American company Data General.

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DEC J-11

The J-11 is a microprocessor chip set that implements the PDP-11 instruction set architecture (ISA) jointly developed by Digital Equipment Corporation and Harris Semiconductor.

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DEC T-11

The T-11, also known as DC310, is a microprocessor that implements the PDP-11 instruction set architecture (ISA) developed by Digital Equipment Corporation.

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Digital Equipment Corporation

Digital Equipment Corporation, also known as DEC and using the trademark Digital, was a major American company in the computer industry from the 1950s to the 1990s.

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Dual in-line package

In microelectronics, a dual in-line package (DIP or DIL), or dual in-line pin package (DIPP) is an electronic component package with a rectangular housing and two parallel rows of electrical connecting pins.

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EnSilica is a design services and IP core company based in Wokingham, UK.

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eSi-RISC is a configurable CPU architecture from Ensilica.

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Ferranti or Ferranti International plc was a UK electrical engineering and equipment firm that operated for over a century from 1885 until it went bankrupt in 1993.

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Fourth generation of video game consoles

In the history of computer and video games, the fourth generation (more commonly referred to as the 16-bit era) of games consoles began on October 30, 1987 with the Japanese release of NEC Home Electronics' PC Engine (known as the TurboGrafx-16 in North America).

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Freescale 68HC12

The 68HC12 (6812 or HC12 for short) is a microcontroller family from Freescale Semiconductor.

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Freescale 68HC16

The 68HC16 (also abbreviated as HC16) is a highly modular microcontroller family based on the CPU16 16-bit core made by Freescale Semiconductor (formerly known as Motorola Semiconductor).

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Freescale Semiconductor

Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. was an American multinational corporation headquartered in Austin, Texas, with design, research and development, manufacturing and sales operations in more than 75 locations in 19 countries.

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General Instrument

General Instrument (GI) was an American electronics manufacturer based in Horsham, Pennsylvania, specializing in semiconductors and cable television equipment.

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General Instrument CP1600

The CP1600 is a 16-bit microprocessor created in a partnership between General Instrument and Honeywell in the 1970s.

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Heap (data structure)

In computer science, a heap is a specialized tree-based data structure that satisfies the heap property: if P is a parent node of C, then the key (the value) of P is either greater than or equal to (in a max heap) or less than or equal to (in a min heap) the key of C. The node at the "top" of the heap (with no parents) is called the root node.

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The Hewlett-Packard Company (commonly referred to as HP) or shortened to Hewlett-Packard was an American multinational information technology company headquartered in Palo Alto, California.

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Honeywell International Inc. is an American multinational conglomerate company that produces a variety of commercial and consumer products, engineering services and aerospace systems for a wide variety of customers, from private consumers to major corporations and governments.

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Honeywell Level 6

The Honeywell Level 6 was a line of 16-bit minicomputers, later upgraded to 32-bits, manufactured by Honeywell, Inc. from the mid 1970s.

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HP 2100

The HP 2100 was a series of minicomputers produced by Hewlett-Packard (HP) from the mid-1960s to early 1990s.

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HP 3000

The HP 3000 series is a family of minicomputers released by Hewlett-Packard in 1972.

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The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.

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IBM 1130

The IBM 1130 Computing System, introduced in 1965, was IBM's least expensive computer at that time.

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IBM 1800 Data Acquisition and Control System

The IBM 1800 Data Acquisition and Control System (DACS) was a process control variant of the IBM 1130 with two extra instructions (CMP and DCM), extra I/O capabilities, 'selector channel like' cycle-stealing capability and three hardware index registers.

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IBM PC compatible

IBM PC compatible computers are computers similar to the original IBM PC, XT, and AT, able to use the same software and expansion cards.

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IBM Series/1

The IBM Series/1 is a 16-bit minicomputer, introduced in 1976, that in many respects competed with other minicomputers of the time, such as the PDP-11 from Digital Equipment Corporation and similar offerings from Data General and HP.

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IBM System/36

The IBM System/36 (often abbreviated as S/36) was a small computer system marketed by IBM from 1983 to 2000 - a multi-user, multi-tasking successor to the System/34.

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IBM System/7

The IBM System/7 was a computer system, designed in Boca Raton, Florida, and delivered in 1971.

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The IMP-16, by National Semiconductor, was the first multi-chip 16-bit microprocessor in 1973.

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Infineon Technologies

Infineon Technologies AG is a German semiconductor manufacturer founded on 1 April 1999, when the semiconductor operations of the parent company Siemens AG were spun off to form a separate legal entity.

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An integer (from the Latin ''integer'' meaning "whole")Integer 's first literal meaning in Latin is "untouched", from in ("not") plus tangere ("to touch").

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Intel Corporation (stylized as intel) is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California, in the Silicon Valley.

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Intel 80186

The Intel 80186, also known as the iAPX 186, or just 186, is a microprocessor and microcontroller introduced in 1982.

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Intel 80188

The Intel 80188 microprocessor was a variant of the Intel 80186.

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Intel 80286

The Intel 80286 (also marketed as the iAPX 286 and often called Intel 286) is a 16-bit microprocessor that was introduced on 1 February 1982.

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Intel 80386

The Intel 80386, also known as i386 or just 386, is a 32-bit microprocessor introduced in 1985.

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Intel 8086

The 8086 (also called iAPX 86) is a 16-bit microprocessor chip designed by Intel between early 1976 and mid-1978, when it was released.

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Intel 8088

The Intel 8088 ("eighty-eighty-eight", also called iAPX 88) microprocessor is a variant of the Intel 8086.

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Intel MCS-96

The Intel MCS-96 is a family of microcontrollers (MCU) commonly used in embedded systems.

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The kilobyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.

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Lockheed Corporation

The Lockheed Corporation was an American aerospace company.

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Lockheed MAC-16

The MAC-16 (or LEC-16) was a 16-bit minicomputer introduced in 1966 by Lockheed Electronics.

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The Macintosh (pronounced as; branded as Mac since 1998) is a family of personal computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Inc. since January 1984.

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The MCP-1600 was a multi-chip microprocessor made by Western Digital in the late 1970s through the early 1980s.

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Memory address

In computing, a memory address is a reference to a specific memory location used at various levels by software and hardware.

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Memory segmentation

Memory segmentation is the division of a computer's primary memory into segments or sections.

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Microcode is a computer hardware technique that imposes an interpreter between the CPU hardware and the programmer-visible instruction set architecture of the computer.

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A microcomputer is a small, relatively inexpensive computer with a microprocessor as its central processing unit (CPU).

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A microprocessor is a computer processor that incorporates the functions of a central processing unit on a single integrated circuit (IC), or at most a few integrated circuits.

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Microsoft Windows

Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.

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Motorola, Inc. was an American multinational telecommunications company founded on September 25, 1928, based in Schaumburg, Illinois.

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Motorola 68000

The Motorola 68000 ("'sixty-eight-thousand'"; also called the m68k or Motorola 68k, "sixty-eight-kay") is a 16/32-bit CISC microprocessor, which implements a 32-bit instruction set, with 32-bit registers and 32-bit internal data bus, but with a 16-bit data ALU and two 16-bit arithmetic ALUs and a 16-bit external data bus, designed and marketed by Motorola Semiconductor Products Sector.

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Motorola 68010

The Motorola MC68010 processor is a 16/32-bit microprocessor from Motorola, released in 1982 as the successor to the Motorola 68000.

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MS-DOS (acronym for Microsoft Disk Operating System) is an operating system for x86-based personal computers mostly developed by Microsoft.

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National Semiconductor

National Semiconductor was an American semiconductor manufacturer which specialized in analog devices and subsystems, formerly with headquarters in Santa Clara, California, United States.

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National Semiconductor PACE

National Semiconductor's IPC-16A/520 PACE, short for "Processing and Control Element", was the first commercial single-chip 16-bit microprocessor.

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is a Japanese multinational provider of information technology (IT) services and products, headquartered in Minato, Tokyo, Japan.

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The NEC V20 (μPD70108) was a processor made by NEC that was a reverse-engineered, pin-compatible version of the Intel 8088 with an instruction set compatible with the Intel 80186.

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OS/2 is a series of computer operating systems, initially created by Microsoft and IBM under the leadership of IBM software designer Ed Iacobucci.

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Panafacom (currently PFU) was a conglomerate of the Japanese companies—formed by Fujitsu, Fuji Electric and the Matsushita Group on July 2, 1973.

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The PDP-11 is a series of 16-bit minicomputers sold by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) from 1970 into the 1990s, one of a succession of products in the PDP series.

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Personal computer

A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.

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Program counter

The program counter (PC), commonly called the instruction pointer (IP) in Intel x86 and Itanium microprocessors, and sometimes called the instruction address register (IAR), the instruction counter, or just part of the instruction sequencer, is a processor register that indicates where a computer is in its program sequence.

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Random-access memory

Random-access memory (RAM) is a form of computer data storage that stores data and machine code currently being used.

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Renesas Electronics

is a Japanese semiconductor manufacturer headquartered in Tokyo.

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is a Japanese multinational imaging and electronics company.

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Ricoh 5A22

The Ricoh 5A22 is a microprocessor produced by Ricoh for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) video game console.

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Sega Genesis

The Sega Genesis, known as the in regions outside of North America, is a 16-bit home video game console developed and sold by Sega.

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In computing, signedness is a property of data types representing numbers in computer programs.

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Super Nintendo Entertainment System

The Super Nintendo Entertainment System (officially abbreviated the Super NES or SNES, and colloquially shortened to Super Nintendo) is a 16-bit home video game console developed by Nintendo that was released in 1990 in Japan and South Korea, 1991 in North America, 1992 in Europe and Australasia (Oceania), and 1993 in South America.

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Texas Instruments

Texas Instruments Inc. (TI) is an American technology company that designs and manufactures semiconductors and various integrated circuits, which it sells to electronics designers and manufacturers globally.

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Texas Instruments TMS9900

Introduced in June 1976, the TMS9900 was one of the first commercially available, single-chip 16-bit microprocessors.

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The MSP430 is a mixed-signal microcontroller family from Texas Instruments.

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Two's complement

Two's complement is a mathematical operation on binary numbers, best known for its role in computing as a method of signed number representation.

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WDC 65816/65802

The W65C816S (also 65C816 or 65816) is a 16-bit microprocessor (MPU) developed and sold by the Western Design Center (WDC).

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Western Design Center

The Western Design Center (WDC), located in Mesa, Arizona, USA, is a company developing and manufacturing MOS 65xx-based microprocessors, microcontrollers (µCs), and related support devices.

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Western Digital

Western Digital Corporation (abbreviated WDC, commonly shortened to Western Digital or WD) is an American computer data storage company and one of the largest computer hard disk drive manufacturers in the world, along with its main competitor Seagate Technology.

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Whirlwind I

Whirlwind I was a Cold War-era vacuum tube computer developed by the MIT Servomechanisms Laboratory for the U.S. Navy.

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Wintel is a portmanteau of Windows and Intel, referring to personal computers using Intel x86-compatible processors running Microsoft Windows.

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X86 memory segmentation

x86 memory segmentation refers to the implementation of memory segmentation in the Intel x86 computer instruction set architecture.

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XAP processor

The XAP processor is a RISC processor architecture developed by Cambridge Consultants since 1994.

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The Infineon XC2000 family is a 16-bit microcontroller that can be found in automotive applications including transmissions, hybrid applications, driver assistant systems and engine management systems.

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XE166 family

The Infineon XE166 family is a 16-bit microcontroller family, first introduced in 2007.

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Xerox Corporation (also known as Xerox, stylized as xerox since 2008, and previously as XEROX or XeroX from 1960 to 2008) is an American global corporation that sells print and digital document solutions, and document technology products in more than 160 countries.

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Xerox Alto

The Xerox Alto is the first computer designed from its inception to support an operating system based on a graphical user interface (GUI), later using the desktop metaphor.

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Zilog, Inc. is an American manufacturer of 8-bit and 16-bit microcontrollers.

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Zilog Z8000

The Z8000 ("zee-eight-thousand") is a 16-bit microprocessor introduced by Zilog in early 1979, between the launch of the Intel 8086 (April 1978) and the Motorola 68000 (September 1979).

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0 (zero) is both a number and the numerical digit used to represent that number in numerals.

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1801 series CPU

The 1801 series CPUs were a family of 16-bit Soviet microprocessors based on the indigenous Elektronika NC microarchitecture cores, but binary compatible with DEC's PDP-11 machines.

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Notable 24-bit machines include the CDC 924 – a 24-bit version of the CDC 1604, CDC lower 3000 series, SDS 930 and SDS 940, the ICT 1900 series, and the Datacraft minicomputers/Harris H series.

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32-bit microcomputers are computers in which 32-bit microprocessors are the norm.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/16-bit

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