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1657

Index 1657

No description. [1]

334 relations: Abraham de Peyster, Accademia del Cimento, Agathe de Saint-Père, Anders Bille, Andreas Gryphius, Andrew Bobola, Anglo-Spanish War (1654–1660), Anna Dorothea, Abbess of Quedlinburg, Antonio Fernandez Carvajal, Antonio Margil, April 16, April 2, April 20, April 29, Arai Hakuseki, Archbishop of Canterbury, Architect, Arnold Vinnius, Arvid Wittenberg, August 14, August 18, August 19, August 20, August 29, August 6, August 7, August 9, Auguste Magdalene of Hessen-Darmstadt, Autopsy, Barthold Nihus, Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife (1657), Bernard Le Bovier de Fontenelle, Blaise Gisbert, Bohdan Khmelnytsky, Brandenburg-Prussia, Cadbury, Cesare Dandini, Changning (prince), Charles FitzCharles, 1st Earl of Plymouth, Charles II, Duke of Elbeuf, Christiaan Huygens, Christina, Queen of Sweden, Claude, Duke of Chevreuse, Clopton Havers, Coffee, Coroner's jury, Daimyō, Dano-Swedish War (1657–58), December 14, December 15, ..., December 2, December 23, December 24, December 27, December 28, December 5, December 8, Dictionary of National Biography, Domenico Massenzio, Domenico Rossi (architect), Dudley Cullum, Dunkirk, Edmund Dunch (Whig), Edo, Edo Castle, Edward Hopkins, Eleonore Marie of Anhalt-Bernburg, Elisabeth van der Woude, February 10, February 11, February 19, February 2, February 21, February 23, February 24, February 25, February 4, February 7, February 8, Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor, Ferdinando Galli-Bibiena, Florence, Flushing Remonstrance, Fort-Mardyck, Francesco Cupani, Francesco Solimena, Francis Moore (astrologer), Frans Snyders, Franz Anton, Count of Hohenzollern-Haigerloch, Frederick I of Prussia, Frederick III of Denmark, Freedom of religion, Friedrich Wilhelm III, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg, George Carpenter, 1st Baron Carpenter, Giovanni Paolo Lascaris, Giuseppe Ottavio Pitoni, Great fire of Meireki, Green Bay, Wisconsin, Guillaume Baudry, Gustav Horn, Count of Pori, Hannah Duston, Hayashi Razan, Heinrich of Saxe-Weissenfels, Count of Barby, Henri Basnage de Beauval, Henri-Pons de Thiard de Bissy, Henry Casimir II, Prince of Nassau-Dietz, Humble Petition and Advice, Jacob van Campen, James Craggs the Elder, January 1, January 11, January 17, January 18, January 21, January 24, January 26, January 29, January 4, January 6, January 8, Jean Leclerc (theologian), Jean Mathieu de Chazelles, Jean Riolan the Younger, Jean-Jacques Olier, Joachim Jungius, Johan Oxenstierna, John Lambert (general), John Lilburne, Joseph Denis, Josiah Franklin, Juliane Louise of East Frisia, July 11, July 12, July 13, July 14, July 17, July 18, July 24, July 25, July 8, June 1, June 10, June 14, June 17, June 26, June 3, Katharina von Georgien, Knights Hospitaller, Laura Mancini, Levellers, Lord Protector, Louis Ellies Dupin, Louis Thomas, Count of Soissons, Luigi Omodei (1607–1685), Luke Wadding, March, March 1, March 10, March 18, March 19, March 2, March 20, March 23, March 24, March 6, March 7, Martino Altomonte, May 10, May 14, May 16, May 25, May 7, May 8, May 9, Michael Bernhard Valentini, Michel Richard Delalande, Miles Sindercombe, Monaldeschi, Mughal Empire, Muhammad Akbar (Mughal prince), Nabeshima Katsushige, New Amsterdam, New France, Nicole, Duchess of Lorraine, November 10, November 12, November 16, November 18, November 20, November 26, November 28, November 5, November 6, October 1, October 2, October 23, October 26, October 3, October 4, October 8, Olimpia Maidalchini, Oliver Cromwell, Otto Friedrich von der Groeben, Overijssel, Painting, Palace of Fontainebleau, Palace of Whitehall, Philip Prospero, Prince of Asturias, Philipp Heinrich Erlebach, Philipp, Duke of Saxe-Merseburg-Lauchstädt, Philippe Le Sueur de Petiville, Pierre-Étienne Monnot, Pieter Schuyler, Pieter van Bloemen, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Prince Maurice of Savoy, Probability theory, Province of Maryland, Quakers, Quebec, Richard Lovelace, Robert Blake (admiral), Sambhaji, Samuel Werenfels, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Sébastien Rale, Sebastian Stoskopff, September, September 1, September 13, September 14, September 17, September 19, September 21, September 23, September 24, September 27, September 29, September 7, Shah Jahan, Simon Digby, 4th Baron Digby, Sir Charles Blois, 1st Baronet, Sir Hugh Cholmeley, 1st Baronet, Sir William Blackett, 1st Baronet, of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Sophia Alekseyevna of Russia, Sophie Elisabeth Pentz, Spanish treasure fleet, Stadtholder, Sweden, Theodorus Janssonius van Almeloveen, Thomas Fairfax, 5th Lord Fairfax of Cameron, Thomas Middleton, Tobias Michael, Treaty of Bromberg, Treaty of Paris (1657), Treaty of Raalte, Wigerus Vitringa, Willem Bontekoe, William Bowes, William Bradford (Plymouth Colony governor), William Cheyne, 2nd Viscount Newhaven, William Derham, William Harvey, William III of England, William Wake, Women Beware Women, 1560, 1577, 1578, 1579, 1580, 1583, 1586, 1587, 1588, 1590, 1591, 1592, 1593, 1595, 1596, 1597, 1599, 1600, 1606, 1607, 1608, 1611, 1614, 1617, 1619, 1636, 1661, 1672, 1674, 1680, 1686, 1689, 1690, 1694, 1696, 1702, 1703, 1704, 1705, 1706, 1707, 1710, 1712, 1713, 1714, 1715, 1719, 1720, 1721, 1724, 1725, 1726, 1728, 1729, 1731, 1732, 1733, 1735, 1736, 1737, 1738, 1740, 1743, 1745, 1747, 1748, 1757, 1862. Expand index (284 more) »

Abraham de Peyster

Abraham de Peyster (July 8, 1657 – August 3, 1728) was the 20th Mayor of New York City from 1691 to 1694, and served as Governor of New York, 1700-1701.

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Accademia del Cimento

The Accademia del Cimento (Academy of Experiment), an early scientific society, was founded in Florence in 1657 by students of Galileo, Giovanni Alfonso Borelli and Vincenzo Viviani and ceased to exist about a decade later.

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Agathe de Saint-Père

Agathe de Saint-Père (1657–1748) was a French-Canadian business entrepreneur and inventor.

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Anders Bille

Anders Bille (19 March 1600 – 10 November 1657) was the Danish Rigsmarsk, the officer leading the entire armed forces of Denmark, from 1642.

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Andreas Gryphius

Andreas Gryphius (2 October 161616 July 1664) was a German lyric poet and dramatist.

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Andrew Bobola

Saint Andrew Bobola, S.J. (Andrzej Bobola, 1591 – 16 May 1657) was a Polish missionary and martyr of the Society of Jesus, known as the Apostle of Lithuania and the "hunter of souls".

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Anglo-Spanish War (1654–1660)

The Anglo-Spanish War was a conflict between the English Protectorate under Oliver Cromwell and Spain, between 1654 and 1660.

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Anna Dorothea, Abbess of Quedlinburg

Duchess Anna Dorothea of Saxe-Weimar (12 November 1657 - 24 June 1704) reigned as Princess-Abbess of Quedlinburg from 1684 until her death.

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Antonio Fernandez Carvajal

Antonio Fernandez Carvajal (c. 1590November 10, 1659)—in António Fernandes Carvalhal—was a Portuguese-Jewish merchant, who became the first endenizened English Jew.

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Antonio Margil

Antonio Margil (18 August 1657 – 6 August 1726) was a Spanish (American) Franciscan missionary in North and Central America.

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April 16

No description.

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April 2

No description.

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April 20

No description.

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April 29

No description.

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Arai Hakuseki

was a Confucianist, scholar-bureaucrat, academic, administrator, writer and politician in Japan during the middle of the Edo period, who advised the shōgun Tokugawa Ienobu.

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Archbishop of Canterbury

The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior bishop and principal leader of the Church of England, the symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion and the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Canterbury.

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Architect

An architect is a person who plans, designs, and reviews the construction of buildings.

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Arnold Vinnius

Arnold Vinnius (4 January 1588, Monster – 1 September 1657, Leiden) was one of the leading jurists of the 17th century in the Netherlands.

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Arvid Wittenberg

Arvid Wittenberg or Arvid Wirtenberg von Debern (1606 – 7 September 1657), Swedish count, field marshal and privy councillor.

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August 14

No description.

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August 18

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August 19

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August 20

No description.

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August 29

No description.

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August 6

No description.

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August 7

This day marks the approximate midpoint of summer in the Northern Hemisphere and of winter in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the June solstice).

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August 9

No description.

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Auguste Magdalene of Hessen-Darmstadt

Auguste Magdalene of Hesse-Darmstadt (6 March 1657, Darmstadt – 1 September 1674, Darmstadt) was a German noblewoman and poet.

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Autopsy

An autopsy (post-mortem examination, obduction, necropsy, or autopsia cadaverum) is a highly specialized surgical procedure that consists of a thorough examination of a corpse by dissection to determine the cause and manner of death or to evaluate any disease or injury that may be present for research or educational purposes.

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Barthold Nihus

Barthold Nihus, OPraem (born on 7 February 1590, Holtorf, Hanover, now Germany – died on 10 March 1657, Erfurt, now Germany) was a Catholic convert, a German Catholic bishop and controversialist.

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Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife (1657)

The Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife was a military operation in the Anglo-Spanish War (1654–60) in which an English fleet under Admiral Robert Blake attacked a Spanish treasure fleet at Santa Cruz de Tenerife in the Spanish Canary Islands.

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Bernard Le Bovier de Fontenelle

Bernard Le Bovier de Fontenelle (11 February 16579 January 1757), also called Bernard Le Bouyer de Fontenelle, was a French author and an influential member of three of the academies of the Institut de France, noted especially for his accessible treatment of scientific topics during the unfolding of the Age of Enlightenment.

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Blaise Gisbert

Blaise Gisbert (21 February 1657 – 21 February 1731) was a French Jesuit rhetorician and critic.

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Bohdan Khmelnytsky

Zynoviy Bohdan Khmelnytsky (Ruthenian language: Ѕѣнові Богдан Хмелнiцкiи; modern Bohdan Zynoviy Mykhailovych Khmelnytsky; Bohdan Zenobi Chmielnicki; 6 August 1657) was a Polish–Lithuanian-born Hetman of the Zaporozhian Host of the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (now part of Ukraine).

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Brandenburg-Prussia

Brandenburg-Prussia (Brandenburg-Preußen) is the historiographic denomination for the Early Modern realm of the Brandenburgian Hohenzollerns between 1618 and 1701.

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Cadbury

Cadbury, formerly Cadbury's and Cadbury Schweppes, is a British multinational confectionery company wholly owned by Mondelez International (originally Kraft Foods) since 2010.

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Cesare Dandini

Cesare Dandini (October 1, 1596 – February 7, 1657) was an Italian painter of the Baroque period, active mainly in his native city of Florence.

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Changning (prince)

(8 December 1657 – 20 July 1703), formally known as Prince Gong, was a Manchu prince of the Qing dynasty.

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Charles FitzCharles, 1st Earl of Plymouth

Charles FitzCharles, 1st Earl of Plymouth (1657 – 17 October 1680) was the illegitimate son of King Charles II of England, by Catherine Pegge.

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Charles II, Duke of Elbeuf

Charles II, Duke of Elbeuf (5 November 1596 – 5 November 1657), was a French nobleman, the son of Charles I, Duke of Elbeuf, by his wife, Marguerite de Chabot.

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Christiaan Huygens

Christiaan Huygens (Hugenius; 14 April 1629 – 8 July 1695) was a Dutch physicist, mathematician, astronomer and inventor, who is widely regarded as one of the greatest scientists of all time and a major figure in the scientific revolution.

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Christina, Queen of Sweden

Christina (– 19 April 1689) reigned as Queen of Sweden from 1632 until her abdication in 1654.

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Claude, Duke of Chevreuse

Claude de Lorraine (5 June 1578 – 24 January 1657), also called Claude de Guise, was a French noble and husband of Marie de Rohan.

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Clopton Havers

Clopton Havers (24 February 1657 – April 1702) was an English physician who did pioneering research on the microstructure of bone.

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Coffee

Coffee is a brewed drink prepared from roasted coffee beans, which are the seeds of berries from the Coffea plant.

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Coroner's jury

A coroner's jury is a body convened to assist a coroner in an inquest, that is, in determining the identity of a deceased person and the cause of death.

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Daimyō

The were powerful Japanese feudal lords who, until their decline in the early Meiji period, ruled most of Japan from their vast, hereditary land holdings.

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Dano-Swedish War (1657–58)

The Dano-Swedish War of 1657–58 was a conflict between Sweden and Denmark–Norway during the Second Northern War.

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December 14

No description.

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December 15

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December 2

No description.

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December 23

No description.

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December 24

No description.

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December 27

No description.

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December 28

No description.

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December 5

No description.

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December 8

No description.

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Dictionary of National Biography

The Dictionary of National Biography (DNB) is a standard work of reference on notable figures from British history, published from 1885.

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Domenico Massenzio

Domenico Massenzio (28 March 1586 - 23 October 1657) was an Italian baroque composer.

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Domenico Rossi (architect)

Domenico Rossi (28 December 1657 – 8 March 1737) was a Swiss-Italian architect.

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Dudley Cullum

Sir Dudley Cullum, 3rd Baronet (17 September 1657 – 16 September 1720) was an English Member of Parliament and horticultural author.

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Dunkirk

Dunkirk (Dunkerque; Duinkerke(n)) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.

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Edmund Dunch (Whig)

Edmund Dunch (or Dunche) (14 December 1657 Westminster – 31 May 1719 Little Wittenham) was Master of the Royal Household to Queen Anne and a British Member of Parliament (MP).

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Edo

, also romanized as Jedo, Yedo or Yeddo, is the former name of Tokyo.

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Edo Castle

, also known as, is a flatland castle that was built in 1457 by Ōta Dōkan.

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Edward Hopkins

Edward Hopkins (1600 – March 1657) was an English colonist and politician and Governor of the Connecticut Colony.

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Eleonore Marie of Anhalt-Bernburg

Eleanor Marie of Anhalt-Bernburg (7 August 1600 in Amberg – 17 July 1657 in Strelitz) was a princess of Anhalt-Bernburg by birth and by marriage Duchess of Mecklenburg-Güstrow.

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Elisabeth van der Woude

Elisabeth van der Woude (January 11, 1657 – December 11, 1698 (buried)) was a Dutch traveller and author.

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February 10

No description.

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February 11

No description.

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February 19

No description.

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February 2

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February 21

No description.

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February 23

No description.

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February 24

For superstitious reasons, when the Romans began to intercalate to bring their calendar into line with the solar year, they chose not to place their extra month of Mercedonius after February but within it.

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February 25

No description.

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February 4

This day marks the approximate midpoint of winter in the Northern Hemisphere and of summer in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the December solstice).

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February 7

No description.

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February 8

No description.

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Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor

Ferdinand III (13 July 1608 – 2 April 1657) was Holy Roman Emperor from 15 February 1637 until his death, as well as King of Hungary and Croatia, King of Bohemia and Archduke of Austria.

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Ferdinando Galli-Bibiena

Ferdinando Galli Bibiena or Ferdinando Galli-Bibiena (18 August 1657 – 3 January 1743), also Ferdinando Galli da Bibiena or Bibbiena, was an Italian Baroque-era architect, designer, and painter.

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Florence

Florence (Firenze) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany.

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Flushing Remonstrance

The Flushing Remonstrance was a 1657 petition to Director-General of New Netherland Peter Stuyvesant, in which some thirty residents of the small settlement at Flushing requested an exemption to his ban on Quaker worship.

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Fort-Mardyck

Fort-Mardyck is a former commune in the Nord department in northern France.

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Francesco Cupani

Francesco Cupani (21 January 1657, Mirto – 19 January 1710, Palermo) was an Italian naturalist mainly interested in botany.

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Francesco Solimena

Francesco Solimena (October 4, 1657 – April 3, 1747) was a prolific Italian painter of the Baroque era, one of an established family of painters and draughtsmen.

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Francis Moore (astrologer)

Francis Moore (29 January 1657 – 1715) was a British physician and astrologer who wrote and published Old Moore's Almanack.

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Frans Snyders

Frans Snyders or Frans Snijders (11 November 1579, Antwerp – 19 August 1657, Antwerp) was a Flemish painter of animals, hunting scenes, market scenes and still lifes.

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Franz Anton, Count of Hohenzollern-Haigerloch

Franz Anton, Count of Hohenzollern-Haigerloch (2 December 1657 at Sigmaringen Castle – 14 October 1702 in Friedlingen), was a reigning Count of Hohenzollern-Haigerloch.

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Frederick I of Prussia

Frederick I (Friedrich I.) (11 July 1657 – 25 February 1713), of the Hohenzollern dynasty, was (as Frederick III) Elector of Brandenburg (1688–1713) and Duke of Prussia in personal union (Brandenburg-Prussia).

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Frederick III of Denmark

Frederick III (Frederik; 18 March 1609 – 9 February 1670) was king of Denmark and Norway from 1648 until his death in 1670.

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Freedom of religion

Freedom of religion is a principle that supports the freedom of an individual or community, in public or private, to manifest religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship, and observance without government influence or intervention.

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Friedrich Wilhelm III, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg

Friedrich Wilhelm III (b. Altenburg, 12 July 1657 – d. Altenburg, 14 April 1672), was a duke of Saxe-Altenburg.

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George Carpenter, 1st Baron Carpenter

Lieutenant-General George Carpenter, 1st Baron Carpenter of Killaghy (10 February 1657 – 10 February 1731) was a British soldier and politician who was Commander-in-Chief in Scotland between 1716-1725.

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Giovanni Paolo Lascaris

Giovanni Paolo Lascaris di Ventimiglia e Castellar (28 June 156014 August 1657) was an Italian nobleman and Grand Master of the Knights of Malta.

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Giuseppe Ottavio Pitoni

Giuseppe Ottavio Pitoni (Rieti, 18 March 1657 – Rome, 1 February 1743) was an Italian organist and composer.

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Great fire of Meireki

The, also known as the Furisode Fire, destroyed 60–70% of the Japanese capital city of Edo (now Tokyo) on March 2, 1657, the third year of the Meireki Imperial era.

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Green Bay, Wisconsin

Green Bay is a city in and the county seat of Brown County in the U.S. state of Wisconsin, at the head of Green Bay, a sub-basin of Lake Michigan, at the mouth of the Fox River.

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Guillaume Baudry

Guillaume Baudry (2 October 1657 – 1732) was a gunsmith and gold and silversmith in Lower Canada.

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Gustav Horn, Count of Pori

Count Gustav Horn af Björneborg (October 22, 1592 – May 10, 1657) was a Swedish Nobleman, Military Officer and Governor-General.

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Hannah Duston

Hannah Duston (Dustin, Dustan, and Durstan) (born Hannah Emerson, December 23, 1657 – c. 1737) was a colonial Massachusetts Puritan mother of nine who was taken captive by Abenaki people from Québec during King William's War, with her newborn daughter, during the Raid on Haverhill in 1697, in which 27 colonists were killed.

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Hayashi Razan

, also known as Hayashi Dōshun, was a Japanese Neo-Confucian philosopher, serving as a tutor and an advisor to the first four shōguns of the Tokugawa ''bakufu''.

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Heinrich of Saxe-Weissenfels, Count of Barby

Heinrich of Saxe-Weissenfels, Count of Barby (b. Halle, 29 September 1657 - d. Barby, 16 February 1728), was a German prince of the House of Wettin and count of Barby.

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Henri Basnage de Beauval

Henri Basnage de Beauval (7 August 1657 – 29 May 1710) was a French Huguenot historian and lexicographer, known also as a journal editor.

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Henri-Pons de Thiard de Bissy

Henri-Pons de Thiard de Bissy (25 May 1657 - 26 July 1737) was a French priest who was Bishop of Toul from 1687 to 1704, Bishop of Meaux from 1704 to 1737, and Cardinal from 1715 to 1737.

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Henry Casimir II, Prince of Nassau-Dietz

Henry Casimir II of Nassau-Dietz (The Hague, 18 January 1657 – Leeuwarden, 25 March 1696) was Stadtholder of Friesland and Groningen from 1664 till 1696.

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Humble Petition and Advice

The Humble Petition and Advice was the second, and last, codified constitution of England after the Instrument of Government.

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Jacob van Campen

Jacob van Campen (2 February 1596 – 13 September 1657), was a Dutch artist and architect of the Golden Age.

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James Craggs the Elder

James Craggs the Elder (bap. 10 June 1657 – 16 March 1721) was an English politician and the father of James Craggs the Younger.

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January 1

January 1 is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar.

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January 11

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January 17

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January 18

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January 21

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January 24

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January 26

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January 29

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January 4

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January 6

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January 8

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Jean Leclerc (theologian)

Jean Le Clerc, also Johannes Clericus (March 19, 1657 in Geneva – January 8, 1736 in Amsterdam), was a Genevan theologian and biblical scholar.

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Jean Mathieu de Chazelles

Jean Mathieu de Chazelles (24 July 1657 – 16 January 1710), French hydrographer, was born in Lyon.

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Jean Riolan the Younger

Jean Riolan (the Younger) (15 February 1577 or 1580 – 19 February 1657) was a French anatomist who was an influential member of the Medical Faculty of Paris.

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Jean-Jacques Olier

Jean-Jacques Olier, S.S. (20 September 1608 – 2 April 1657) was a French Catholic priest and the founder of the Sulpicians.

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Joachim Jungius

Joachim Jungius (22 October 1587 – 23 September 1657) was a German mathematician, logician and philosopher of sciences.

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Johan Oxenstierna

Johan Axelsson Oxenstierna af Södermöre (24 June 1611 – 5 December 1657) was a Count and a Swedish statesman.

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John Lambert (general)

John Lambert (Autumn 1619 – March 1684) was an English Parliamentary general and politician.

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John Lilburne

John Lilburne (161429 August 1657), also known as Freeborn John, was an English political Leveller before, during and after the English Civil Wars 1642–1650.

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Joseph Denis

Joseph Denis (baptismal name Jacques) (born 6 November 1657, at Trois-Rivières, Canada; died 25 January 1736) was a Canadian Récollet priest.

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Josiah Franklin

Josiah Franklin Sr. (December 23, 1657 – January 16, 1745) was an English businessman and the father of Benjamin Franklin.

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Juliane Louise of East Frisia

Princess Louise Juliane of East Frisia (16 November 1657 in Aurich – 30 October 1715 in Hamburg) was the eldest daughter of Prince Enno Louis of East Frisia and his second wife Justine Sophie of Barby.

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July 11

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July 12

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July 13

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July 14

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July 17

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July 18

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July 24

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July 25

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July 8

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June 1

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June 10

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June 14

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June 17

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June 26

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June 3

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Katharina von Georgien

Katharina von Georgien is a drama written by baroque writer Andreas Gryphius.

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Knights Hospitaller

The Order of Knights of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem (Ordo Fratrum Hospitalis Sancti Ioannis Hierosolymitani), also known as the Order of Saint John, Order of Hospitallers, Knights Hospitaller, Knights Hospitalier or Hospitallers, was a medieval Catholic military order.

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Laura Mancini

Laura Mancini (6 May 1636 – 8 February 1657) was a niece of Cardinal Mazarin.

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Levellers

The Levellers was a political movement during the English Civil War (1642–1651).

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Lord Protector

Lord Protector (pl. Lords Protectors) is a title that has been used in British constitutional law for the head of state.

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Louis Ellies Dupin

Louis Ellies du Pin, or Dupin (17 June 1657 – 6 June 1719) was a French ecclesiastical historian, who was responsible for the Nouvelle bibliothèque des auteurs ecclésiastiques.

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Louis Thomas, Count of Soissons

Prince Louis Thomas of Savoy (Ludwig Thomas von Savoyen, Graf von Soissons; Italian: Luigi Tommaso di Savoia; 15 December 1657 – 14 August 1702) was a Count of Soissons and Prince of Savoy.

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Luigi Omodei (1607–1685)

Luigi Omodei (1607 – 26 April 1685) was an Italian Catholic Cardinal.

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Luke Wadding

Luke Wadding, O.F.M. (16 October 1588 – 18 November 1657), was an Irish Franciscan friar and historian.

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March

March is the third month of the year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars.

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March 1

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March 10

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March 18

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March 19

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March 2

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March 20

Typically the March equinox falls on this date, marking the vernal point in the Northern Hemisphere and the autumnal point in the Southern Hemisphere.

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March 23

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March 24

March 24th is the 365th and last day of the year in many European implementations of the Julian calendar.

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March 6

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March 7

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Martino Altomonte

Martino Altomonte, born Johann Martin Hohenberg (8 May 1657, Naples – 14 September 1745, Vienna) was an Italian Baroque painter of Austrian descent who mainly worked in Poland and Austria.

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May 10

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May 14

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May 16

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May 25

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May 7

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May 8

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May 9

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Michael Bernhard Valentini

Michael Bernhard Valentini (26 November 1657 – 18 March 1729) was a German doctor and a collector.

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Michel Richard Delalande

Michel Richard Delalande (15 December 1657 – 18 June 1726) was a French Baroque composer and organist who was in the service of King Louis XIV.

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Miles Sindercombe

Miles Sindercombe (died 13 February 1657) was the leader of a group that tried to assassinate Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell during the period of the Protectorate in 1657.

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Monaldeschi

The Monaldeschi were one of the powerful noble families of Orvieto, central Italy, members of the Guelph party who contested with murders and violence the Ghibelline Filippeschi for control of the commune of Orvieto and the castelli of Umbria.

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Mughal Empire

The Mughal Empire (گورکانیان, Gūrkāniyān)) or Mogul Empire was an empire in the Indian subcontinent, founded in 1526. It was established and ruled by a Muslim dynasty with Turco-Mongol Chagatai roots from Central Asia, but with significant Indian Rajput and Persian ancestry through marriage alliances; only the first two Mughal emperors were fully Central Asian, while successive emperors were of predominantly Rajput and Persian ancestry. The dynasty was Indo-Persian in culture, combining Persianate culture with local Indian cultural influences visible in its traits and customs. The Mughal Empire at its peak extended over nearly all of the Indian subcontinent and parts of Afghanistan. It was the second largest empire to have existed in the Indian subcontinent, spanning approximately four million square kilometres at its zenith, after only the Maurya Empire, which spanned approximately five million square kilometres. The Mughal Empire ushered in a period of proto-industrialization, and around the 17th century, Mughal India became the world's largest economic power, accounting for 24.4% of world GDP, and the world leader in manufacturing, producing 25% of global industrial output up until the 18th century. The Mughal Empire is considered "India's last golden age" and one of the three Islamic Gunpowder Empires (along with the Ottoman Empire and Safavid Persia). The beginning of the empire is conventionally dated to the victory by its founder Babur over Ibrahim Lodi, the last ruler of the Delhi Sultanate, in the First Battle of Panipat (1526). The Mughal emperors had roots in the Turco-Mongol Timurid dynasty of Central Asia, claiming direct descent from both Genghis Khan (founder of the Mongol Empire, through his son Chagatai Khan) and Timur (Turco-Mongol conqueror who founded the Timurid Empire). During the reign of Humayun, the successor of Babur, the empire was briefly interrupted by the Sur Empire. The "classic period" of the Mughal Empire started in 1556 with the ascension of Akbar the Great to the throne. Under the rule of Akbar and his son Jahangir, the region enjoyed economic progress as well as religious harmony, and the monarchs were interested in local religious and cultural traditions. Akbar was a successful warrior who also forged alliances with several Hindu Rajput kingdoms. Some Rajput kingdoms continued to pose a significant threat to the Mughal dominance of northwestern India, but most of them were subdued by Akbar. All Mughal emperors were Muslims; Akbar, however, propounded a syncretic religion in the latter part of his life called Dīn-i Ilāhī, as recorded in historical books like Ain-i-Akbari and Dabistān-i Mazāhib. The Mughal Empire did not try to intervene in the local societies during most of its existence, but rather balanced and pacified them through new administrative practices and diverse and inclusive ruling elites, leading to more systematic, centralised, and uniform rule. Traditional and newly coherent social groups in northern and western India, such as the Maratha Empire|Marathas, the Rajputs, the Pashtuns, the Hindu Jats and the Sikhs, gained military and governing ambitions during Mughal rule, which, through collaboration or adversity, gave them both recognition and military experience. The reign of Shah Jahan, the fifth emperor, between 1628 and 1658, was the zenith of Mughal architecture. He erected several large monuments, the best known of which is the Taj Mahal at Agra, as well as the Moti Masjid, Agra, the Red Fort, the Badshahi Mosque, the Jama Masjid, Delhi, and the Lahore Fort. The Mughal Empire reached the zenith of its territorial expanse during the reign of Aurangzeb and also started its terminal decline in his reign due to Maratha military resurgence under Category:History of Bengal Category:History of West Bengal Category:History of Bangladesh Category:History of Kolkata Category:Empires and kingdoms of Afghanistan Category:Medieval India Category:Historical Turkic states Category:Mongol states Category:1526 establishments in the Mughal Empire Category:1857 disestablishments in the Mughal Empire Category:History of Pakistan.

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Muhammad Akbar (Mughal prince)

Muhammad Akbar (11 September 1657 – 31 March 1706) was a Mughal prince and the youngest son of Emperor Aurangzeb and his chief consort Dilras Banu Begum.

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Nabeshima Katsushige

(December 4, 1580 – May 7, 1657) was a Japanese daimyō of the early Edo period.

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New Amsterdam

New Amsterdam (Nieuw Amsterdam, or) was a 17th-century Dutch settlement established at the southern tip of Manhattan Island that served as the seat of the colonial government in New Netherland.

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New France

New France (Nouvelle-France) was the area colonized by France in North America during a period beginning with the exploration of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence by Jacques Cartier in 1534 and ending with the cession of New France to Great Britain and Spain in 1763.

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Nicole, Duchess of Lorraine

Nicole de Lorraine (3 October 1608 – 2 February 1657) was Duchess of Lorraine and Bar from 1 August 1624 to 21 November 1625, and Duchess consort in 1625–1634.

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November 10

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November 12

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November 16

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November 18

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November 20

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November 26

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November 28

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November 5

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November 6

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October 1

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October 2

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October 23

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October 26

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October 3

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October 4

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October 8

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Olimpia Maidalchini

Olimpia Maidalchini Pamphilj (26 May 1591 – 27 September 1657), (also spelled Pamphili and known as Olimpia Pamphili), was the sister-in-law of Pope Innocent X (Pamphili).

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Oliver Cromwell

Oliver Cromwell (25 April 15993 September 1658) was an English military and political leader.

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Otto Friedrich von der Groeben

Otto Friedrich von der Groeben (16 April 1657 – 30 June 1728) was a Prussian explorer, officer and German Generalleutnant in Polish service.

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Overijssel

Overijssel (Dutch Low Saxon: Oaveriessel) is a province of the Netherlands in the central-eastern part of the country.

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Painting

Painting is the practice of applying paint, pigment, color or other medium to a solid surface (support base).

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Palace of Fontainebleau

The Palace of Fontainebleau or Château de Fontainebleau, located southeast of the center of Paris, in the commune of Fontainebleau, is one of the largest French royal châteaux.

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Palace of Whitehall

The Palace of Whitehall (or Palace of White Hall) at Westminster, Middlesex, was the main residence of the English monarchs from 1530 until 1698, when most of its structures, except for Inigo Jones's Banqueting House of 1622, were destroyed by fire.

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Philip Prospero, Prince of Asturias

Philip Prospero, Prince of Asturias (Felipe Próspero José Francisco Domingo Ignacio Antonio Buenaventura Diego Miguel Luis Alfonso Isidro Ramón Víctor; 28 November 1657 1 November 1661) was the first son of Philip IV of Spain and Mariana of Austria to survive infancy.

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Philipp Heinrich Erlebach

Philipp Heinrich Erlebach (25 July 1657 - 17 April 1714) was a German Baroque composer.

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Philipp, Duke of Saxe-Merseburg-Lauchstädt

Philipp, Duke of Saxe-Merseburg-Lauchstädt (Merseburg, 26 October 1657 – 1 July 1690), was a German prince.

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Philippe Le Sueur de Petiville

Philippe Le Sueur, sieur de Petiville (31 March 1607 – 24 December 1657), was a neo-Latin French poet.

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Pierre-Étienne Monnot

Pierre-Étienne Monnot (9 August 1657 – 24 August 1733) was a French sculptor from the Franche-Comté who settled in Rome in 1687 for the rest of his life.

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Pieter Schuyler

Pieter Schuyler (September 17, 1657 – February 19, 1724) was the first mayor of Albany, New York.

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Pieter van Bloemen

Pieter van Bloemen, also known as Standaart (bapt. 17 January 1657 – 6 March 1720), first name also spelled Peter or Peeter, was a Flemish painter.

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Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth

The Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, formally the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, after 1791 the Commonwealth of Poland, was a dualistic state, a bi-confederation of Poland and Lithuania ruled by a common monarch, who was both the King of Poland and the Grand Duke of Lithuania.

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Prince Maurice of Savoy

Maurice of Savoy (10 January 1593 – 4 October 1657, Turin) was a Prince of Savoy and a 17th-century cardinal.

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Probability theory

Probability theory is the branch of mathematics concerned with probability.

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Province of Maryland

The Province of Maryland was an English and later British colony in North America that existed from 1632 until 1776, when it joined the other twelve of the Thirteen Colonies in rebellion against Great Britain and became the U.S. state of Maryland.

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Quakers

Quakers (or Friends) are members of a historically Christian group of religious movements formally known as the Religious Society of Friends or Friends Church.

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Quebec

Quebec (Québec)According to the Canadian government, Québec (with the acute accent) is the official name in French and Quebec (without the accent) is the province's official name in English; the name is.

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Richard Lovelace

Richard Lovelace (pronounced, homophone of "loveless") (9 December 1617 – 1657) was an English poet in the seventeenth century.

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Robert Blake (admiral)

Robert Blake (27 September 1598 – 7 August 1657) was one of the most important military commanders of the Commonwealth of England and one of the most famous English admirals of the 17th century, whose successes have "never been excelled, not even by Nelson" according to one biographer.

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Sambhaji

Sambhaji (14 May 1657 – 11 March 1689) was the second ruler of the Maratha kingdom.

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Samuel Werenfels

Samuel Werenfels (1 March 1657 – 1 June 1740) was a Swiss theologian.

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Santa Cruz de Tenerife

Santa Cruz de Tenerife (commonly abbreviated as Santa Cruz is a global city (with Sufficiency status) and capital (jointly with Las Palmas) of the Canary Islands, the capital of Province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife, and of the island of Tenerife. Santa Cruz has a population of 206,593 (2013) within its administrative limits. The urban zone of Santa Cruz extends beyond the city limits with a population of 507,306 and 538,000 within urban area. It is the second largest city in the Canary Islands and the main city on the island of Tenerife, with nearly half the island population living in or around it. Santa Cruz is located in northeast quadrant of Tenerife, about off the northwestern coast of Africa within the Atlantic Ocean. The distance to the nearest point of mainland Spain is about. Between the 1833 territorial division of Spain and 1927 Santa Cruz de Tenerife was the sole capital of the Canary Islands, until 1927 when a decree ordered that the capital of the Canary Islands be shared, as it remains at present. on wikisource at the official website of the Canary Islands Government The port is of great importance and is the communications hub between Europe, Africa and Americas, with cruise ships arriving from many nations. The city is the focus for domestic and inter-island communications in the Canary Islands. The city is home to the Parliament of the Canary Islands, the Canarian Ministry of the Presidency (shared on a four-year cycle with Las Palmas), one half of the Ministries and Boards of the Canarian Government, (the other half being located in Gran Canaria), the Tenerife Provincial Courts and two courts of the Superior Court of Justice of the Canary Islands. There are several faculties of the La Laguna University in Santa Cruz, including the Fine Arts School and the Naval Sciences Faculty. Its harbour is one of Spain's busiest; it comprises three sectors. It is important for commercial and passenger traffic, as well as for being a major stopover for cruisers en route from Europe to the Caribbean. The city also has one of the world's largest carnivals. The Carnival of Santa Cruz de Tenerife now aspires to become a World Heritage Site, and is the most important of Spain and the second largest in the world. The main landmarks of the city include the Auditorio de Tenerife (Auditorium of Tenerife), the Santa Cruz Towers (Torres de Santa Cruz) and the Iglesia de la Concepción. Santa Cruz de Tenerife hosts the first headquarters of the Center UNESCO in the Canary Islands. In recent years the city of Santa Cruz de Tenerife has seen the construction of a significant number of modern structures and the city's skyline is the sixth in height across the country, only behind Madrid, Benidorm, Barcelona, Valencia and Bilbao. In 2012, the British newspaper The Guardian included Santa Cruz de Tenerife in the list of the five best places in the world to live. The 82% of the municipal territory of Santa Cruz de Tenerife is considered a natural area, this is due in large part to the presence of the Anaga Rural Park. This fact makes Santa Cruz the third largest municipality in Spain with the highest percentage of natural territory, after Cuenca (87%) and Cáceres (83%).

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Sébastien Rale

Sébastien Racle (anglicized as Sebastian Rale or Râle, Rasle, Rasles (January 20, 1657 – August 23, 1724)) was a Jesuit missionary and lexicographer who worked among the eastern Abenaki people.

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Sebastian Stoskopff

Sebastian (or Sébastien) Stoskopff (July 13, 1597 – February 10, 1657) was an Alsatian painter.

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September

September is the ninth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, the third of four months to have a length of 30 days, and the fourth of five months to have a length of less than 31 days.

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September 1

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September 13

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September 14

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September 17

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September 19

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September 21

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September 23

It is frequently the day of the autumnal equinox in the Northern Hemisphere and the day of the vernal equinox in the Southern Hemisphere.

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September 24

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September 27

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September 29

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September 7

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Shah Jahan

Mirza Shahab-ud-din Baig Muhammad Khan Khurram (5 January 1592 – 22 January 1666), better known by his regnal name Shah Jahan (شاہ جہاں), (Persian:شاه جهان "King of the World"), was the fifth Mughal emperor, who reigned from 1628 to 1658.

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Simon Digby, 4th Baron Digby

Simon Digby, 4th Baron Digby (18 July 1657 – 19 January 1686) was an Irish peer and English Member of Parliament.

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Sir Charles Blois, 1st Baronet

Sir Charles Blois, 1st Baronet (14 September 1657 – 9 April 1738) was a British politician who served as a member of parliament for both Ipswich (May 1689 – 1695) and Dunwich (January 1700 and 1709).

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Sir Hugh Cholmeley, 1st Baronet

Sir Hugh Cholmeley, 1st Baronet (22 July 1600 – 20 November 1657) was an English landowner and Member of Parliament who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1624 and 1643.

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Sir William Blackett, 1st Baronet, of Newcastle-upon-Tyne

Sir William Blackett, 1st Baronet (14 June 1657 – December 1705) was a landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons in three periods between 1685 and 1705.

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Sophia Alekseyevna of Russia

Sophia Alekseyevna (p) ruled as regent of Russia from 1682 to 1689.

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Sophie Elisabeth Pentz

Sophie Elisabeth of Schleswig-Holstein (20 September 1619 – April 29, 1657) was a daughter and the eldest child of king Christian IV of Denmark and Kirsten Munk.

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Spanish treasure fleet

The Spanish treasure fleet, or West Indies Fleet from Spanish Flota de Indias, also called silver fleet or plate fleet (from the Spanish plata meaning "silver"), was a convoy system adopted by the Spanish Empire from 1566 to 1790, linking Spain with its territories in America across the Atlantic.

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Stadtholder

In the Low Countries, stadtholder (stadhouder) was an office of steward, designated a medieval official and then a national leader.

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Sweden

Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.

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Theodorus Janssonius van Almeloveen

Theodorus Janssonius van Almeloveen (24 July 1657 – 28 July 1712) (Theodoor Jansson) was a Dutch physician, and the learned editor of various classical and medical works.

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Thomas Fairfax, 5th Lord Fairfax of Cameron

Thomas Fairfax, 5th Lord Fairfax of Cameron MP (16 April 1657 – 6 January 1710 N.S.) was an English nobleman and politician.

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Thomas Middleton

Thomas Middleton (baptised 18 April 1580 – July 1627; also spelled Midleton) was an English Jacobean playwright and poet.

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Tobias Michael

Tobias Michael (13 June 1592 in Dresden – 26 June 1657 in Leipzig) was a German composer and cantor of the Thomasschule in Leipzig from 1631 until his death.

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Treaty of Bromberg

The Treaty of Bromberg (Latin: Pacta Bydgostensia) or Treaty of Bydgoszcz was a treaty between John II Casimir of Poland and Elector Frederick William of Brandenburg-Prussia, ratified at Bromberg (Bydgoszcz) on 6 November 1657.

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Treaty of Paris (1657)

The Treaty of Paris signed in March 1657 allied the English Protectorate of Oliver Cromwell with King Louis XIV of France against King Philip IV of Spain, merging the Anglo-Spanish War (1654–1660) with the larger Franco-Spanish War (1635-1659).

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Treaty of Raalte

The Treaty of Raalte was signed on 1 October 1657 by Willem III and resulted in Willem giving up the stadtholdership of Overijssel, which is a province located in what is currently the central-eastern part of the Netherlands.

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Wigerus Vitringa

Wigerus Vitringa (October 8, 1657 – January 18, 1725), was a Dutch seascape painter.

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Willem Bontekoe

Willem Ysbrandtszoon Bontekoe (June 2, 1587 – 1657) was a skipper in the Dutch East India Company (VOC), who made only one voyage for the company (1618–1625).

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William Bowes

Sir William Bowes (6 January 1657 – 16 January 1707) was a British landowner and M.P. Sir William Bowes Kt.

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William Bradford (Plymouth Colony governor)

William Bradford (19 March 1590May 9, 1657) was an English Separatist originally from the West Riding of Yorkshire.

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William Cheyne, 2nd Viscount Newhaven

William Cheyne, 2nd Viscount Newhaven (14 July 1657 – 26 May 1728) was an English Tory politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1681 until 1707 when as a viscount in the Peerage of Scotland he was required to sit in the House of Lords.

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William Derham

William Derham FRS (26 November 1657 – 5 April 1735)Smolenaars, Marja.

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William Harvey

William Harvey (1 April 1578 – 3 June 1657) was an English physician who made seminal contributions in anatomy and physiology.

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William III of England

William III (Willem; 4 November 1650 – 8 March 1702), also widely known as William of Orange, was sovereign Prince of Orange from birth, Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Gelderland and Overijssel in the Dutch Republic from 1672 and King of England, Ireland and Scotland from 1689 until his death in 1702.

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William Wake

William Wake (26 January 1657 – 24 January 1737) was a priest in the Church of England and Archbishop of Canterbury from 1716 until his death in 1737.

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Women Beware Women

Women Beware Women is a Jacobean tragedy written by Thomas Middleton, and first published in 1657.

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1560

Year 1560 (MDLX) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1577

Year 1577 (MDLXXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1578

Year 1578 (MDLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1579

Year 1579 (MDLXXIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar, and a common year starting on Monday of the Proleptic Gregorian calendar.

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1580

Year 1580 (MDLXXX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar, and a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Proleptic Gregorian calendar.

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1583

No description.

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1586

No description.

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1587

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1588

No description.

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1590

No description.

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1591

No description.

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1592

No description.

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1593

No description.

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1595

No description.

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1596

No description.

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1597

No description.

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1599

No description.

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1600

No description.

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1606

No description.

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1607

No description.

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1608

No description.

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1611

No description.

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1614

No description.

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1617

No description.

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1619

No description.

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1636

No description.

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1661

No description.

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1672

No description.

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1674

No description.

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1680

No description.

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1686

No description.

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1689

No description.

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1690

No description.

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1694

No description.

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1696

No description.

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1702

In the Swedish calendar it was a common year starting on Wednesday, one day ahead of the Julian and ten days behind the Gregorian calendar.

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1703

In the Swedish calendar it was a common year starting on Thursday, one day ahead of the Julian and ten days behind the Gregorian calendar.

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1704

In the Swedish calendar it was a leap year starting on Friday, one day ahead of the Julian and ten days behind the Gregorian calendar.

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1705

In the Swedish calendar it was a common year starting on Sunday, one day ahead of the Julian and ten days behind the Gregorian calendar.

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1706

In the Swedish calendar it was a common year starting on Monday, one day ahead of the Julian and ten days behind the Gregorian calendar.

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1707

In the Swedish calendar it was a common year starting on Tuesday, one day ahead of the Julian and ten days behind the Gregorian calendar.

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1710

In the Swedish calendar it was a common year starting on Saturday, one day ahead of the Julian and ten days behind the Gregorian calendar.

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1712

In the Swedish calendar it began as a leap year starting on Monday and remained so until Thursday, February 29.

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1713

No description.

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1714

No description.

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1715

No description.

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1719

No description.

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1720

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1721

No description.

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1724

No description.

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1725

No description.

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1726

No description.

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1728

No description.

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1729

No description.

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1731

No description.

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1732

No description.

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1733

No description.

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1735

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1736

No description.

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1737

No description.

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1738

No description.

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1740

No description.

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1743

No description.

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1745

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1747

No description.

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1748

No description.

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1757

No description.

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1862

This year was named by Mitchell Stephens as the greatest year to read newspapers.

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Redirects here:

1657 (year), 1657 AD, 1657 CE, AD 1657, Births in 1657, Deaths in 1657, Events in 1657, Year 1657.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1657

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