64 relations: Aden, Bad Fallingbostel, Battle of Kasserine Pass, Battle of Monte Cassino, Bertie Fisher, Bovington Camp, British Army, British Ceylon, Catterick Garrison, Cavalry regiments of the British Army, Ceylon Mounted Rifles, Crusader tank, Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, German Army (Wehrmacht), Gothic Line, Greece, Gulf War, Herbert Alexander Lawrence, HM Prison Maze, Hong Kong, India, Interwar period, Italian Campaign (World War II), Libya, Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians), M4 Sherman, Meerut, Munster, Northern Ireland, Omagh, Operation Diadem, Operation Torch, Paderborn, Persian Gulf, Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy, Prisoner of war, Queen's Royal Lancers, Richard Gustavus Hamilton-Russell, Richard Hull, Royal Armoured Corps, Royal Italian Army during World War II, Sennelager, Spring 1945 offensive in Italy, St Lucia Barracks, Omagh, Suez Canal, The Troubles, Trench warfare, Tunisian Campaign, Valentine tank, West Germany, ..., Winter Line, Wolfenbüttel, World War II, 11th Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom), 16th/5th The Queen's Royal Lancers, 17th Lancers, 1st Armoured Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 20th Armoured Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 21st Lancers, 24th Lancers, 26th Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom), 4th Guards Brigade (United Kingdom), 4th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters North East, 6th Armoured Division (United Kingdom). Expand index (14 more) » « Shrink index
Aden (عدن Yemeni) is a port city in Yemen, located by the eastern approach to the Red Sea (the Gulf of Aden), some east of Bab-el-Mandeb.
Bad Fallingbostel is the district town (Kreisstadt) of the Heidekreis district in the German state of Lower Saxony.
The Battle of Kasserine Pass was a battle of the Tunisia Campaign of World War II that took place in February 1943.
The Battle of Monte Cassino (also known as the Battle for Rome and the Battle for Cassino) was a costly series of four assaults by the Allies against the Winter Line in Italy held by Axis forces during the Italian Campaign of World War II.
Lieutenant General Sir Bertie Drew Fisher, KCB, CMG, DSO (13 July 1878 – 24 July 1972) was a British Army General during World War II.
Bovington Camp is a British Army military base in Dorset, England.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
Ceylon (Sinhala: බ්රිතාන්ය ලංකාව, Brithānya Laṃkāva; Tamil: பிரித்தானிய இலங்கை, Birithaniya Ilangai) was a British Crown colony between 1815 and 1948.
Catterick Garrison is a major garrison and town south of Richmond in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England.
There are currently nine regular cavalry regiments of the British Army, of these, two serve as armoured regiments, three as armoured cavalry regiments, three as light cavalry and one as a mounted ceremonial regiment.
Ceylon Mounted Rifles (The Horse) was the only cavalry regiment attached to the Ceylon Defence Force which was the predecessor to the Sri Lanka Army prior to 1949 when the Ceylon Army was formed.
The Tank, Cruiser, Mk VI or A15 Crusader was one of the primary British cruiser tanks during the early part of the Second World War.
Field Marshal Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, (19 June 1861 – 29 January 1928), was a senior officer of the British Army.
The German Army (Heer) was the land forces component of the Wehrmacht, the regular German Armed Forces, from 1935 until it was demobilized and later dissolved in August 1946.
The Gothic Line (Gotenstellung; Linea Gotica) was a German defensive line of the Italian Campaign of World War II.
The Gulf War (2 August 199028 February 1991), codenamed Operation Desert Shield (2 August 199017 January 1991) for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia and Operation Desert Storm (17 January 199128 February 1991) in its combat phase, was a war waged by coalition forces from 35 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait.
General Sir Herbert Alexander Lawrence, (8 August 1861 – 17 January 1943) was a general in the British Army, a banker and a businessman.
Her Majesty's Prison Maze (previously Long Kesh Detention Centre and known colloquially as the Maze Prison, The Maze, the H Blocks or Long Kesh) was a prison in Northern Ireland that was used to house paramilitary prisoners during the Troubles from mid-1971 to mid-2000.
Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
In the context of the history of the 20th century, the interwar period was the period between the end of the First World War in November 1918 and the beginning of the Second World War in September 1939.
The Italian Campaign of World War II consisted of the Allied operations in and around Italy, from 1943 to the end of the war in Europe.
Libya (ليبيا), officially the State of Libya (دولة ليبيا), is a sovereign state in the Maghreb region of North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south and Algeria and Tunisia to the west.
Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians) (LdSH) is a regular armoured regiment of the Canadian Army.
The M4 Sherman, officially Medium Tank, M4, was the most widely used medium tank by the United States and Western Allies in World War II.
Meerut (IAST: Meraṭha), is a city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.
Munster (an Mhumhain / Cúige Mumhan,.
Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann; Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom in the north-east of the island of Ireland, variously described as a country, province or region.
Omagh is the county town of County Tyrone, Northern Ireland.
Operation Diadem, also referred to as the Fourth Battle of Monte Cassino or, in Canada, the Battle of the Liri Valley, was an offensive operation undertaken by the Allies of World War II (U.S. Fifth Army and British Eighth Army in May 1944, as part of the Italian Campaign of World War II. Diadem was supported by air attacks called Operation Strangle. The opposing force was the German 10th Army. The object of Diadem was to break the German defenses on the Gustav Line (the western half of the Winter Line) and open up the Liri Valley, the main route to Rome. General Sir Harold Alexander, Commander-in-Chief (C-in-C) of the Allied Armies in Italy (AAI), planned Diadem to coordinate roughly with the invasion of Normandy, so that German forces would be tied down in Italy, and could not be redeployed to France. Four corps were employed in the attack. From right to left these were Polish II Corps and British XIII Corps, of Eighth Army, and the Free French Corps (including Moroccan Goumiers) and U.S. II Corps, of Fifth Army. Fifth Army also controlled U.S. VI Corps in the Anzio beachhead, some 60 miles northwest. Diadem was launched at 23:00pm on 11 May 1944 by elements, composed of the British 4th Infantry Division and 8th Indian Infantry Division with supporting fire from the 1st Canadian Armoured Brigade. They made a successful strongly opposed night crossing of the Garigliano and Rapido rivers. This broke into the heart of the German defenses in the Liri valley against strong opposition and drew German theater reserves reducing pressure on the Anzio beachhead. The Free French Corps pushed through the mountains to the left on 14 May, supported by U.S. II Corps along the coast. On 17 May, Polish II Corps on the right attacked Monte Cassino. The German position collapsed, and the Germans fell back from the Gustav Line to the Hitler Line some 10 miles to their rear. On 23 May, the four corps attacked the Hitler Line. On the same day, the U.S. VI Corps attacked out of the Anzio beachhead. The Hitler Line was breached by 1st Canadian Infantry Division's 4th Princess Louise Dragoon Guards at Pontecorvo on 23 May. German Tenth Army was forced to retire northwestward. U.S. VI Corps, moving northeast from Anzio, was on the point of cutting the German line of retreat, when Lieutenant General Mark W. Clark, commander of the U.S. Fifth Army, inexplicably ordered them to turn northwest and advance on Rome instead. There is much speculation that he did this so that his Fifth Army would capture Rome ahead of the Eighth Army advancing up the Liri Valley. The German 10th Army thus avoided being surrounded. The Germans fought a series of delaying actions, retired to the Trasimene Line, and then to the Gothic Line (identified on German maps as the "Green" Line), north of the Arno River.
Operation Torch (8–16 November 1942, formerly Operation Gymnast) was a Anglo–American invasion of French North Africa, during the North African Campaign of the Second World War.
Paderborn is a city in eastern North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, capital of the Paderborn district.
The Persian Gulf (lit), (الخليج الفارسي) is a mediterranean sea in Western Asia.
Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy, (Alexandra Helen Elizabeth Olga Christabel; born 25 December 1936) is a member of the British royal family.
A prisoner of war (POW) is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.
The Queen's Royal Lancers (QRL) was a cavalry regiment of the British Army.
Brigadier Richard Gustavus Hamilton-Russell DSO, LVO, DL (4 February 1909 – 2 March 1999) was an Irish peer, soldier and polo player.
Field Marshal Sir Richard Amyatt Hull, (7 May 1907 – 17 September 1989) was a senior British Army officer.
The Royal Armoured Corps (RAC) provides the armour capability of the British Army, with vehicles such as the Challenger 2 Tank and the Scimitar Reconnaissance Vehicle.
This article is about the Italian Royal Army (Regio Esercito) which participated in World War II.
Sennelager is a village in Germany that forms part of the City of Paderborn.
The spring 1945 offensive in Italy, codenamed Operation Grapeshot, was the final Allied attack during the Italian Campaign in the final stages of the Second World War.
St Lucia Barracks, Omagh is a former military base in Omagh, Northern Ireland.
thumb The Suez Canal (قناة السويس) is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea through the Isthmus of Suez.
The Troubles (Na Trioblóidí) was an ethno-nationalist conflict in Northern Ireland during the late 20th century.
Trench warfare is a type of land warfare using occupied fighting lines consisting largely of military trenches, in which troops are well-protected from the enemy's small arms fire and are substantially sheltered from artillery.
The Tunisian Campaign (also known as the Battle of Tunisia) was a series of battles that took place in Tunisia during the North African Campaign of the Second World War, between Axis and Allied forces.
The Tank, Infantry, Mk III, Valentine was an infantry tank produced in the United Kingdom during the Second World War.
West Germany is the common English name for the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG; Bundesrepublik Deutschland, BRD) in the period between its creation on 23 May 1949 and German reunification on 3 October 1990.
The Winter Line was a series of German and Italian military fortifications in Italy, constructed during World War II by Organisation Todt and commanded by Albert Kesselring.
Wolfenbüttel is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany, the administrative capital of Wolfenbüttel District.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The 11th Armoured Brigade was an armoured brigade of the British Army raised during the Second World War.
The 16th/5th The Queen's Royal Lancers was a cavalry regiment of the British Army.
The 17th Lancers (Duke of Cambridge's Own) was a cavalry regiment of the British Army, raised in 1759 and notable for its participation in the Charge of the Light Brigade during the Crimean War.
The 1st Armoured Infantry Brigade is an infantry brigade of the British Army with a long history including service during both World War I and World War II.
The 20th Armoured Infantry Brigade (The Iron Fist) is an armoured infantry brigade formation of the British Army, currently based at Antwerp Barracks, part of Westfalen Garrison, northern Germany, as part of the 3rd (United Kingdom) Division.
The 21st Lancers (Empress of India's) was a cavalry regiment of the British Army, raised in 1858 and amalgamated with the 17th Lancers in 1922 to form the 17th/21st Lancers.
The 24th Lancers was a cavalry regiment of the British Army that existed from late 1940 to mid-1944.
The 26th Armoured Brigade was part of the British Army during the Second World War.
The 4th Guards Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army.
4th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters North East (The Black Rats), previously known as 4th Mechanized Brigade (The Black Rats) is a brigade formation of the British Army, currently based in Catterick, North Yorkshire as part of 1st (United Kingdom) Division.
The 6th Armoured Division was an armoured division of the British Army, created in September 1940 during the Second World War.