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Index 1855

No description. [1]

323 relations: Adam Mickiewicz, Alexander Bethell, Alexander II of Russia, Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Alkaloid, Andrew Mellon, Anhui, April 21, April 27, April 3, April 9, Archibald Berkeley Milne, Arthur Nikisch, August 1, August 25, August 28, August 30, August 31, August 4, August 7, Émile Verhaeren, Bartholomew Fair, Bates College, Benson, North Carolina, Bessemer process, Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery, Bleeding Kansas, Bohuslav Brauner, Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855, Border Ruffian, Bowery Boys, British Library, Brooklyn, Carl Friedrich Gauss, Caroline Rémy de Guebhard, Charles Robert Malden, Charlotte Brontë, Chartism, Chemist, Cocaine, Colt's Manufacturing Company, Cook Strait, Crimean War, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, David Livingstone, December 17, December 22, December 28, December 29, December 6, ..., E. S. Gosney, Eduard von Capelle, Edward Angle, Effie Ellsler, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Emilio Estrada Carmona, Emperor of Ethiopia, Ernest Chausson, Eugene V. Debs, Exposition Universelle (1855), Feargus O'Connor, February 11, February 12, February 13, February 15, February 17, February 20, February 22, February 23, February 4, February 5, February 6, Ferdinand Tönnies, FitzRoy Somerset, 1st Baron Raglan, Folkestone, Frank Hedges Butler, Friederike Lienig, Friedrich Gaedcke, Gérard de Nerval, George Cope (artist), George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen, Giacomo Beltrami, Great Gold Robbery, Hardy Richardson, Haugan & Lindgren, Hennepin Avenue Bridge, Henri Braconnot, Henri Druey, Henry Bessemer, Henry Jackson (Royal Navy officer), Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, Henry Victor Deligny, History of Australia, Houston Stewart Chamberlain, Howard Hyde Russell, Hugo von Pohl, International trade, Isabella Ford, Isabella II of Spain, James P. Parker, James S. Sherman, January 1, January 10, January 15, January 20, January 21, January 23, January 26, January 27, January 29, January 5, January 6, Jay Hunt (director), John Browning, John Marden, John R. Lindgren, John William Wood Sr., José Trinidad Reyes, Josef Munzinger, Julius Röntgen, July 1, July 12, July 16, July 2, July 26, July 4, June 1, June 14, June 15, June 2, June 28, June 29, June 30, June 5, June 7, Kansas Territory, King C. Gillette, Land-grant university, Léon Teisserenc de Bort, Leaves of Grass, Lewiston, Maine, List of Governors of Guam, List of Vice Presidents of the United States, London, London Bridge station, Louis Heilprin, Luther Emmett Holt, March 13, March 16, March 17, March 2, March 24, March 29, March 3, March 30, March 31, March 4, March 8, Mariano Arista, Marie Corelli, Marie-Anne de Bovet, Marieta de Veintemilla, Mary Reibey, Mary Russell Mitford, Mass media, Maud, and Other Poems, May 1, May 10, May 15, May 17, May 21, May 22, May 23, May 28, May 30, May 5, May 8, May 9, Metropolitan Board of Works, Michigan State University, Minneapolis, Mississippi River, Monarchy of Spain, Monte Rosa, Mount Sinai Hospital (Manhattan), Nepal, Nepalese–Tibetan War, New South Wales, New Zealand, Nicholas I of Russia, Nikolaos Triantafyllakos, North Carolina General Assembly, November 1, November 11, November 17, November 21, November 26, November 5, November 6, November 8, October 10, October 12, October 17, October 21, October 24, Old Style and New Style dates, Ontario, Ottawa, Otto Liman von Sanders, Palm oil, Panama Canal Railway, Pangasinan, Patent, Paul Deschanel, Pavel Nakhimov, Pavlos Kountouriotis, Pawnee, Kansas, Pennsylvania State University, Percival Lowell, Point No Point Treaty, Port of Iloilo, President of Peru, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Quileute, Quinault people, Quinault Treaty, Ramón Castilla, Robert Browning, Robert M. La Follette, Royal Aero Club, Salisbury, North Carolina, Søren Kierkegaard, Scottish people, September 17, September 20, September 25, September 27, September 29, September 3, September 5, September 7, September 8, September 9, Sevastopol, Siege of Sevastopol (1854–55), Sir Robert Inglis, 2nd Baronet, Slavery in the United States, Stamp duty, Steel, Swami Sri Yukteswar Giri, Taiping Rebellion, Tasmania, Templin Potts, Tewodros II, The Daily Telegraph, The Holy Science, Theodor Reuss, Tibet, United States Camel Corps, United States Congress, Van Diemen's Land, Vice President of the United States, Victoria (Australia), Victoria Falls, Vsevolod Rudnev, Wakarusa War, Walt Whitman, Washington Territory, Western North Carolina Railroad, William Barton Wade Dent, William John Swainson, William Poole, William Thompson Sedgwick, Wine-Searcher, Zambia, Zamboanga City, Zimbabwe, 1777, 1779, 1786, 1787, 1788, 1789, 1790, 1791, 1794, 1796, 1797, 1798, 1799, 1802, 1806, 1808, 1813, 1816, 1821, 1855 Wairarapa earthquake, 1899, 1907, 1911, 1912, 1913, 1915, 1916, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1925, 1926, 1927, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1932, 1935, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1942, 1946. Expand index (273 more) »

Adam Mickiewicz

Adam Bernard Mickiewicz (24 December 179826 November 1855) was a Polish poet, dramatist, essayist, publicist, translator, professor of Slavic literature, and political activist.

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Alexander Bethell

Admiral Sir Alexander Edward Bethell GCMG KCB (28 August 1855 – 13 June 1932) was a Royal Navy officer who served as Commander-in-Chief, Plymouth.

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Alexander II of Russia

Alexander II (p; 29 April 1818 – 13 March 1881) was the Emperor of Russia from the 2nd March 1855 until his assassination on 13 March 1881.

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Alfred, Lord Tennyson

Alfred Tennyson, 1st Baron Tennyson (6 August 1809 – 6 October 1892) was Poet Laureate of Great Britain and Ireland during much of Queen Victoria's reign and remains one of the most popular British poets.

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Alkaloids are a class of naturally occurring chemical compounds that mostly contain basic nitrogen atoms.

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Andrew Mellon

Andrew William Mellon (March 24, 1855 – August 26, 1937), sometimes A.W., was an American banker, businessman, industrialist, philanthropist, art collector, and politician.

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Anhui is a province of the People's Republic of China located in the eastern region of the country.

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April 21

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April 27

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April 3

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April 9

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Archibald Berkeley Milne

Admiral Sir (Archibald) Berkeley Milne, 2nd Baronet (2 June 1855 – 4 July 1938) was a senior Royal Navy officer who commanded the Mediterranean Fleet at the outbreak of the First World War.

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Arthur Nikisch

Arthur Nikisch (12 October 185523 January 1922) was a Hungarian conductor who performed internationally, holding posts in Boston, London, Leipzig and—most importantly—Berlin.

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August 1

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August 25

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August 28

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August 30

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August 31

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August 4

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August 7

This day marks the approximate midpoint of summer in the Northern Hemisphere and of winter in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the June solstice).

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Émile Verhaeren

Émile Adolphe Gustave Verhaeren (21 May 1855 – 27 November 1916) was a Belgian poet who wrote in the French language, art critic, and one of the chief founders of the school of Symbolism.

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Bartholomew Fair

The Bartholomew Fair was one of London's pre-eminent summer Charter fairs.

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Bates College

Bates College (Bates; officially the President and Trustees of Bates College) is a private liberal arts college in Lewiston, Maine.

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Benson, North Carolina

Benson is a town located in Johnston County, North Carolina, United States.

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Bessemer process

The Bessemer process was the first inexpensive industrial process for the mass production of steel from molten pig iron before the development of the open hearth furnace.

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Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery

Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery (BM&AG) is a museum and art gallery in Birmingham, England.

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Bleeding Kansas

Bleeding Kansas, Bloody Kansas or the Border War was a series of violent civil confrontations in the United States between 1854 and 1861 which emerged from a political and ideological debate over the legality of slavery in the proposed state of Kansas.

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Bohuslav Brauner

Bohuslav Brauner (May 8, 1855 – February 15, 1935) was a Czech chemist.

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Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855

The Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855 resulted from the 1855 Exposition Universelle de Paris, when Emperor Napoleon III requested a classification system for France's best Bordeaux wines that were to be on display for visitors from around the world.

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Border Ruffian

In Kansas, Border Ruffians was the name applied to pro-slavery activists from the slave state of Missouri, who in 1854 to 1860 crossed the state border into Kansas Territory to force the acceptance of slavery there.

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Bowery Boys

The Bowery Boys were a Nativist, anti-Catholic, and anti-Irish gang based out of the Bowery neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City in the early-mid-19th century.

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British Library

The British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom and the largest national library in the world by number of items catalogued.

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Brooklyn is the most populous borough of New York City, with a census-estimated 2,648,771 residents in 2017.

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Carl Friedrich Gauss

Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss (Gauß; Carolus Fridericus Gauss; 30 April 177723 February 1855) was a German mathematician and physicist who made significant contributions to many fields, including algebra, analysis, astronomy, differential geometry, electrostatics, geodesy, geophysics, magnetic fields, matrix theory, mechanics, number theory, optics and statistics.

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Caroline Rémy de Guebhard

Caroline Rémy de Guebhard (April 27, 1855 – April 24, 1929) was a French anarchist, journalist, and feminist best known under the pen name Séverine.

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Charles Robert Malden

Charles Robert Malden (9 August 1797 – 23 May 1855), was a nineteenth-century British naval officer, surveyor and educator.

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Charlotte Brontë

Charlotte Brontë (commonly; 21 April 1816 – 31 March 1855) was an English novelist and poet, the eldest of the three Brontë sisters who survived into adulthood and whose novels have become classics of English literature.

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Chartism was a working-class movement for political reform in Britain that existed from 1838 to 1857.

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A chemist (from Greek chēm (ía) alchemy; replacing chymist from Medieval Latin alchimista) is a scientist trained in the study of chemistry.

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Cocaine, also known as coke, is a strong stimulant mostly used as a recreational drug.

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Colt's Manufacturing Company

Colt's Manufacturing Company, LLC (CMC, formerly Colt's Patent Firearms Manufacturing Company) is an American firearms manufacturer, founded in 1855 by Samuel Colt.

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Cook Strait

Cook Strait (Te Moana-o-Raukawa) lies between the North and South Islands of New Zealand.

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Crimean War

The Crimean War (or translation) was a military conflict fought from October 1853 to February 1856 in which the Russian Empire lost to an alliance of the Ottoman Empire, France, Britain and Sardinia.

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Dante Gabriel Rossetti

Gabriel Charles Dante Rossetti (12 May 1828 – 9 April 1882), generally known as Dante Gabriel Rossetti, was a British poet, illustrator, painter and translator, and a member of the Rossetti family.

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David Livingstone

David Livingstone (19 March 1813 – 1 May 1873) was a Scottish Christian Congregationalist, pioneer medical missionary with the London Missionary Society, an explorer in Africa, and one of the most popular British heroes of the late-19th-century Victorian era.

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December 17

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December 22

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December 28

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December 29

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December 6

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E. S. Gosney

Ezra Seymour Gosney (November 6, 1855 – September 14, 1942) was an American philanthropist and eugenicist.

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Eduard von Capelle

Admiral Eduard von Capelle (10 October 1855 – 23 February 1931) was a German Imperial Navy officer from Celle.

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Edward Angle

Edward Hartley Angle (June 1, 1855 – August 11, 1930) was an American dentist, widely regarded as "the father of American orthodontics".

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Effie Ellsler

Effie Ellsler (September 17, 1855 – October 8, 1942) was an American actress of stage and screen whose career had its beginnings when she was a child and lasted well into the 1930s.

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Elizabeth Barrett Browning

Elizabeth Barrett Browning (née Moulton-Barrett,; 6 March 1806 – 29 June 1861) was an English poet of the Victorian era, popular in Britain and the United States during her lifetime.

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Emilio Estrada Carmona

Emilio Estrada Carmona (May 28, 1855 – December 21, 1911) was President of Ecuador from September 1 until his death from a heart attack on December 21, 1911.

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Emperor of Ethiopia

The Emperor of Ethiopia (ንጉሠ ነገሥት, nəgusä nägäst, "King of Kings") was the hereditary ruler of the Ethiopian Empire, until the abolition of the monarchy in 1975.

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Ernest Chausson

Amédée-Ernest Chausson (20 January 1855 – 10 June 1899) was a French romantic composer who died just as his career was beginning to flourish.

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Eugene V. Debs

Eugene Victor Debs (November 5, 1855 – October 20, 1926) was an American democratic socialist political activist and trade unionist, one of the founding members of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW or the Wobblies), and five times the candidate of the Socialist Party of America for President of the United States.

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Exposition Universelle (1855)

The Exposition Universelle of 1855 was an International Exhibition held on the Champs-Élysées in Paris from 15 May to 15 November 1855.

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Feargus O'Connor

Feargus Edward O'Connor (18 July 1794 – 30 August 1855) was an Irish Chartist leader and advocate of the Land Plan, which sought to provide smallholdings for the labouring classes.

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February 11

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February 12

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February 13

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February 15

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February 17

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February 20

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February 22

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February 23

No description.

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February 4

This day marks the approximate midpoint of winter in the Northern Hemisphere and of summer in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the December solstice).

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February 5

No description.

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February 6

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Ferdinand Tönnies

Ferdinand Tönnies (26 July 1855 – 9 April 1936) was a German sociologist and philosopher.

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FitzRoy Somerset, 1st Baron Raglan

Field Marshal FitzRoy James Henry Somerset, 1st Baron Raglan, (30 September 1788 – 28 June 1855), known before 1852 as Lord FitzRoy Somerset, was a British Army officer.

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Folkestone is a port town on the English Channel, in Kent, south-east England.

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Frank Hedges Butler

Frank Hedges Butler (17 December 1855 – 27 November 1928) was a British wine merchant, and a founding member of the Aero Club of Great Britain.

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Friederike Lienig

Friederike Lienig (December 8, 1790 – 7 June, 1855) was a Latvian entomologist.

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Friedrich Gaedcke

Friedrich Georg Carl (Friedrich) Gaedcke (5 June 1828 – 19 September 1890) was a German chemist.

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Gérard de Nerval

Gérard de Nerval (22 May 1808 – 26 January 1855) was the nom-de-plume of the French writer, poet, essayist and translator Gérard Labrunie.

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George Cope (artist)

George Cope (February 4, 1855 – January 15, 1929) was an American painter.

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George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen

George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen, (28 January 178414 December 1860), styled Lord Haddo from 1791 to 1801, was a British politician, diplomat and landowner, successively a Tory, Conservative and Peelite, who served as Prime Minister from 1852 until 1855 in a coalition between the Whigs and Peelites, with Radical and Irish support.

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Giacomo Beltrami

Giacomo Costantino Beltrami (1779 in Bergamo – January 6, 1855 in Filottrano) was an Italian jurist, author, and explorer, best known for claiming to have discovered the headwaters of the Mississippi River in 1823 while on a trip through much of the United States (later expeditions determined a different source, however).

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Great Gold Robbery

The Great Gold Robbery took place on the night of 15 May 1855, when three London firms each sent a box of gold bars and coins from London Bridge station for Paris via the South Eastern Railway.

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Hardy Richardson

Abram Harding "Hardy" Richardson (April 21, 1855 – January 14, 1931), also known as "Hardie" and "Old True Blue", was an American professional baseball player whose career spanned from 1875 to 1892 with a brief minor league comeback in 1898.

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Haugan & Lindgren

Haugan & Lindgren was a bank headquartered in Chicago, Illinois.

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Hennepin Avenue Bridge

The Hennepin Avenue Bridge is the structure that carries Hennepin County State Aid Highway 52, Hennepin Avenue, across the Mississippi River in Minneapolis, Minnesota at Nicollet Island.

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Henri Braconnot

Henri Braconnot (May 29, 1780, Commercy, Meuse – January 15, 1855, Nancy) was a French chemist and pharmacist.

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Henri Druey

Daniel-Henri Druey (12 April 1799 – 29 March 1855) was a Swiss politician of the 19th century and a founding father of constitutional democracy in Switzerland.

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Henry Bessemer

Sir Henry Bessemer (19 January 1813 – 15 March 1898) was an English inventor, whose steelmaking process would become the most important technique for making steel in the nineteenth century for almost one century from year 1856 to 1950.

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Henry Jackson (Royal Navy officer)

Admiral of the Fleet Sir Henry Bradwardine Jackson, (21 January 1855 – 14 December 1929) was a Royal Navy officer.

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Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston

Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, (20 October 1784 – 18 October 1865) was a British statesman who served twice as Prime Minister in the mid-19th century.

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Henry Victor Deligny

Henry Victor Deligny (5 September 1855 - 2 January 1938) was a French divisional general who served in the First World War.

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History of Australia

The History of Australia refers to the history of the area and people of the Commonwealth of Australia and its preceding Indigenous and colonial societies.

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Houston Stewart Chamberlain

Houston Stewart Chamberlain (9 September 1855 – 9 January 1927) was a British-born German philosopher who wrote works about political philosophy and natural science; he is described by Michael D. Biddiss, a contributor to the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, as a "racialist writer".

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Howard Hyde Russell

Howard Hyde Russell (1855–1946) was the founder of the Anti-Saloon League.

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Hugo von Pohl

Hugo von Pohl (25 August 1855 – 23 February 1916) was a German admiral who served during the First World War.

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International trade

International trade is the exchange of capital, goods, and services across international borders or territories.

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Isabella Ford

Isabella Ormston Ford (1855–1924) was an English social reformer, suffragist and writer.

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Isabella II of Spain

Isabella II (Isabel; 10 October 1830 – 9 April 1904) was Queen of Spain from 1833 until 1868.

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James P. Parker

Commodore James Philips Parker (25 September 1855 – 18 January 1942) was a United States Navy officer.

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James S. Sherman

James Schoolcraft Sherman (October 24, 1855 – October 30, 1912) was an American politician who was a United States Representative from New York from 1887 to 1891 and 1893 to 1909, and the 27th Vice President of the United States from 1909 until his death.

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January 1

January 1 is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar.

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January 10

No description.

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January 15

No description.

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January 20

In the ancient astronomy, it is the cusp day between Capricorn and Aquarius.

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January 21

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January 23

No description.

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January 26

No description.

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January 27

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January 29

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January 5

No description.

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January 6

No description.

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Jay Hunt (director)

Jay Hunt (August 4, 1855 – November 18, 1932) was an American film director and actor.

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John Browning

John Moses Browning (January 23, 1855 – November 26, 1926) was an American firearms designer who developed many varieties of military and civilian firearms, cartridges, and gun mechanisms, many of which are still in use around the world.

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John Marden


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John R. Lindgren

John R. Lindgren (February 20, 1855 – April 29, 1915) was an American banking executive.

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John William Wood Sr.

John William Wood Sr. (December 28, 1855 – October 31, 1928) was one of the founders of Benson, North Carolina.

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José Trinidad Reyes

The Father José Trinidad Reyes y Sevilla (June 11, 1797 – September 20, 1855) is considered Honduras' national hero and is the founder of the Autonomous National University of Honduras, formerly called "La Sociedad del Genio emprendedor y del buen gusto" ("The Society of the Enterprising Genius and Good Taste").

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Josef Munzinger

Martin Josef Munzinger (11 November 1791 – 6 February 1855) was a Swiss politician.

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Julius Röntgen

Julius Engelbert Röntgen (9 May 1855 – 13 September 1932) was a German-Dutch composer of classical music.

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July 1

It is the first day of the second half of the year.

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July 12

No description.

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July 16

No description.

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July 2

This day is the midpoint of a common year because there are 182 days before and 182 days after it in common years, and 183 before and 182 after in leap years.

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July 26

No description.

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July 4

The Aphelion, the point in the year when the Earth is farthest from the Sun, occurs around this date.

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June 1

No description.

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June 14

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June 15

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June 2

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June 28

In common years it is always in ISO week 26.

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June 29

No description.

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June 30

It is the last day of the first half of the year.

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June 5

No description.

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June 7

No description.

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Kansas Territory

The Territory of Kansas was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from May 30, 1854, until January 29, 1861, when the eastern portion of the territory was admitted to the Union as the state of Kansas.

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King C. Gillette

King Camp Gillette (January 5, 1855 – July 9, 1932) was an American businessman.

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Land-grant university

A land-grant university (also called land-grant college or land-grant institution) is an institution of higher education in the United States designated by a state to receive the benefits of the Morrill Acts of 1862 and 1890.

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Léon Teisserenc de Bort

Léon Philippe Teisserenc de Bort (5 November 1855 in Paris, France – 2 January 1913 in Cannes, France) was a French meteorologist and a pioneer in the field of aerology.

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Leaves of Grass

Leaves of Grass is a poetry collection by the American poet Walt Whitman (1819–1892).

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Lewiston, Maine

Lewiston (officially the City of Lewiston, Maine) is the second largest city in Maine and the most central city in Androscoggin County.

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List of Governors of Guam

The Governor of Guam (''Chamorro'': I Maga'låhen Guåhan) is the chief executive of the Government of Guam and the commander-in-chief of the Guam National Guard, whose responsibilities also include making the annual State of the Island (formerly the State of the Territory) addresses to the Guam Legislature, submitting the budget, and ensuring that Guam's public laws are enforced.

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List of Vice Presidents of the United States

There have been 48 Vice Presidents of the United States since the office came into existence in 1789.

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London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

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London Bridge station

London Bridge is a central London railway terminus and connected London Underground station in Southwark, south-east London.

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Louis Heilprin

Louis Heilprin (1851–1912) was a Hungarian American author, historian, and encyclopedia editor.

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Luther Emmett Holt

Luther Emmett Holt (March 4, 1855 – January 14, 1924) was an American pediatrician and author, noted for writing The Care and Feeding of Children: A Catechism for the Use of Mothers and Children's Nurses in 1894.

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March 13

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March 16

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March 17

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March 2

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March 24

March 24th is the 365th and last day of the year in many European implementations of the Julian calendar.

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March 29

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March 3

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March 30

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March 31

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March 4

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March 8

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Mariano Arista

José Mariano Martín Buenaventura Ignacio Nepomuceno García de Arista Nuez (26 July 1802 – 7 August 1855) was a noted veteran of many of Mexico's nineteenth-century wars.

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Marie Corelli

Marie Corelli (1 May 185521 April 1924) was an English novelist and mystic.

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Marie-Anne de Bovet

Marie-Anne de Bovet (February 12, 1855 - ?) was a French writer.

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Marieta de Veintemilla

Marieta de Veintimilla (1855-1907) was an Ecuadorian writer, feminist and politician.

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Mary Reibey

Mary Reibey née Haydock (12 May 177730 May 1855) was an Australian merchant, shipowner and trader.

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Mary Russell Mitford

Mary Russell Mitford (16 December 1787 – 10 January 1855) was an English author and dramatist.

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Mass media

The mass media is a diversified collection of media technologies that reach a large audience via mass communication.

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Maud, and Other Poems

Maud and other poems was Alfred Tennyson's first collection after becoming poet laureate in 1850, published in 1855.

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May 1

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May 10

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May 15

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May 17

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May 21

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May 22

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May 23

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May 28

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May 30

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May 5

This day marks the approximate midpoint of spring in the Northern Hemisphere and of autumn in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the March equinox).

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May 8

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May 9

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Metropolitan Board of Works

The Metropolitan Board of Works (MBW) was the principal instrument of London-wide government from December 1855 until the establishment of the London County Council in March 1889.

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Michigan State University

Michigan State University (MSU) is a public research university in East Lansing, Michigan, United States.

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Minneapolis is the county seat of Hennepin County, and the larger of the Twin Cities, the 16th-largest metropolitan area in the United States.

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Mississippi River

The Mississippi River is the chief river of the second-largest drainage system on the North American continent, second only to the Hudson Bay drainage system.

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Monarchy of Spain

The monarchy of Spain (Monarquía de España), constitutionally referred to as the Crown (La Corona), is a constitutional institution and historic office of Spain.

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Monte Rosa

The Monte Rosa (or synonymously used as a pleonasm: Monte Rosa massif (massiccio del Monte Rosa; Monte Rosa-Massiv; massif du Mont Rose) is a mountain massif located in the eastern part of the Pennine Alps. It is located between Switzerland (Valais) and Italy (Piedmont and Aosta Valley). Monte Rosa is the second highest mountain in the Alps and western Europe.John Ball, A Guide to the Western Alps, pp. 308-314 Monte Rosa is a huge ice-covered mountain in the Alps, located on the watershed between central and southern Europe. Its main summit, named Dufourspitze in honor of the surveyor Guillaume-Henri Dufour, culminates at above sea level and is followed by the five nearly equally high subsidiary summits of Dunantspitze, Grenzgipfel, Nordend, Zumsteinspitze and Signalkuppe. Monte Rosa is the highest mountain of both Switzerland and the Pennine Alps and is also the second-highest mountain of the Alps and Europe outside the Caucasus. The north-west side of the central Monte Rosa massif, with its enormous ice slopes and seracs, constitutes the boundary and upper basin of the large Gorner Glacier, which descends towards Zermatt and merges with its nowadays much larger tributary, the Grenzgletscher (Border Glacier), right below the Monte Rosa Hut on the lower end of the visible western wing. The Grenzgletscher is an impressive glacier formation between the western wing of the mountain and Liskamm, a ridge on its southwestern side on the Swiss-Italian border. On the eastern side, in Italy, the mountain falls away in an almost vertical wall of granite and ice, the biggest in Europe, overlooking Macugnaga and several smaller glaciers. Monte Rosa was studied by pioneering geologists and explorers, including Leonardo da Vinci in the late fifteenth century and Horace-Bénédict de Saussure in the late eighteenth century. Following a long series of attempts beginning in the early nineteenth century, Monte Rosa's summit, then still called Höchste Spitze (Highest Peak), was first reached in 1855 from Zermatt by a party of eight climbers led by three guides. The great east wall was first climbed in 1872, from Macugnaga. Each summer a large number of climbers set out from the Monte Rosa Hut on the mountain's west wing for one of its summits via the normal route or for the Margherita Hut on the Signalkuppe (Punta Gnifetti), used as a research station. Many tourists and hikers also come each year to the Gornergrat on the north-west side of the massif, to see the panorama that extends over the giants of the Alps, from Monte Rosa to the Matterhorn.

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Mount Sinai Hospital (Manhattan)

Mount Sinai Hospital, founded in 1852, is one of the oldest and largest teaching hospitals in the United States.

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Nepal (नेपाल), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल), is a landlocked country in South Asia located mainly in the Himalayas but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.

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Nepalese–Tibetan War

The Nepalese–Tibetan War (नेपाल-भोट युध्द) was fought from 1855 to 1856 in Tibet between the forces of the Tibetan government (Ganden Phodrang, then under administrative rule of the Qing dynasty) and the invading Nepalese army, resulting in victory for Nepal.

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New South Wales

New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is a state on the east coast of:Australia.

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New Zealand

New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.

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Nicholas I of Russia

Nicholas I (r; –) was the Emperor of Russia from 1825 until 1855.

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Nikolaos Triantafyllakos

Nikolaos Triantafyllakos (Νικόλαος Τριανταφυλλάκος) (8 November 1855, Tripoli - 16 September 1939) was a Prime Minister of Greece during a tumultuous time in Greek history in August/September 1922.

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North Carolina General Assembly

The North Carolina General Assembly is the state legislature of the U.S. state of North Carolina.

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November 1

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November 11

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November 17

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November 21

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November 26

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November 5

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November 6

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November 8

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October 10

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October 12

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October 17

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October 21

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October 24

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Old Style and New Style dates

Old Style (O.S.) and New Style (N.S.) are terms sometimes used with dates to indicate that the calendar convention used at the time described is different from that in use at the time the document was being written.

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Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada.

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Ottawa is the capital city of Canada.

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Otto Liman von Sanders

Otto Viktor Karl Liman von Sanders (17 February 1855 – 22 August 1929) was a German general who served as an adviser and military commander to the Ottoman Empire during the First World War.

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Palm oil

Palm oil is an edible vegetable oil derived from the mesocarp (reddish pulp) of the fruit of the oil palms, primarily the African oil palm Elaeis guineensis, and to a lesser extent from the American oil palm Elaeis oleifera and the maripa palm Attalea maripa.

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Panama Canal Railway

The Panama Canal Railway (Ferrocarril de Panamá) is a railway line that runs parallel to the Panama Canal, linking the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean in Central America.

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Pangasinan (Luyag na Pangasinan; Lalawigan ng Pangasinan; Probinsia ti Pangasinan) is a province in the Philippines.

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A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state or intergovernmental organization to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention.

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Paul Deschanel

Paul Eugène Louis Deschanel (13 February 1855 in Schaerbeek28 April 1922) was a French statesman.

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Pavel Nakhimov

Pavel Stepanovich Nakhimov (Па́вел Степа́нович Нахи́мов) (&ndash) was one of the most famous admirals in Russian naval history, best remembered as the commander of naval and land forces during the Siege of Sevastopol during the Crimean War.

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Pavlos Kountouriotis

Pavlos Kountouriotis (Παύλος Κουντουριώτης, 9 April 1855 – 22 August 1935) was a Greek rear admiral during the Balkan Wars, regent, and the first President of the Second Hellenic Republic.

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Pawnee, Kansas

Pawnee is a ghost town in Geary County, Kansas, United States, which briefly served as the first official capital of the Kansas Territory in 1855.

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Pennsylvania State University

The Pennsylvania State University (commonly referred to as Penn State or PSU) is a state-related, land-grant, doctoral university with campuses and facilities throughout Pennsylvania.

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Percival Lowell

Percival Lawrence Lowell (March 13, 1855 – November 12, 1916) was an American businessman, author, mathematician, and astronomer who fueled speculation that there were canals on Mars.

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Point No Point Treaty

The Point No Point Treaty was signed on January 26, 1855 at Point No Point, on the northern tip of the Kitsap Peninsula.

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Port of Iloilo

The Port of Iloilo in Iloilo City, Philippines, serves the province and city of Iloilo and the entire Panay Island, in Western Visayas of the Philippines.

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President of Peru

The President of the Republic of Peru (Presidente de la República del Perú) is the head of state and head of government of Peru and represents the republic in official international matters.

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Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of the United Kingdom government.

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The Quileute, also known as the Quillayute, are a Native American people in western Washington state in the United States, currently numbering approximately 2000.

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Quinault people

The Quinault are a group of Native American peoples from western Washington in the United States.

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Quinault Treaty

The Quinault Treaty (also known as the Quinault River Treaty and the Treaty of Olympia) was a treaty agreement between the United States and the Native American Quinault and Quileute tribes located in the western Olympic Peninsula north of Grays Harbor, in the recently formed Washington Territory.

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Ramón Castilla

Ramón Castilla y Marquesado (31 August 1797 – 30 May 1867) was a Peruvian caudillo who served as President of Peru three times as well as the Interim President of Peru (Revolution Self-proclaimed President) in 1863.

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Robert Browning

Robert Browning (7 May 1812 – 12 December 1889) was an English poet and playwright whose mastery of the dramatic monologue made him one of the foremost Victorian poets.

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Robert M. La Follette

Robert Marion La Follette, Sr. (June 14, 1855June 18, 1925) was an American lawyer and politician.

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Royal Aero Club

The Royal Aero Club (RAeC) is the national co-ordinating body for Air Sport in the United Kingdom.

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Salisbury, North Carolina

Salisbury is a city in North Carolina and the county seat of Rowan County, North Carolina, United States.

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Søren Kierkegaard

Søren Aabye Kierkegaard (5 May 1813 – 11 November 1855) was a Danish philosopher, theologian, poet, social critic and religious author who is widely considered to be the first existentialist philosopher.

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Scottish people

The Scottish people (Scots: Scots Fowk, Scottish Gaelic: Albannaich), or Scots, are a nation and ethnic group native to Scotland. Historically, they emerged from an amalgamation of two Celtic-speaking peoples, the Picts and Gaels, who founded the Kingdom of Scotland (or Alba) in the 9th century. Later, the neighbouring Celtic-speaking Cumbrians, as well as Germanic-speaking Anglo-Saxons and Norse, were incorporated into the Scottish nation. In modern usage, "Scottish people" or "Scots" is used to refer to anyone whose linguistic, cultural, family ancestral or genetic origins are from Scotland. The Latin word Scoti originally referred to the Gaels, but came to describe all inhabitants of Scotland. Considered archaic or pejorative, the term Scotch has also been used for Scottish people, primarily outside Scotland. John Kenneth Galbraith in his book The Scotch (Toronto: MacMillan, 1964) documents the descendants of 19th-century Scottish pioneers who settled in Southwestern Ontario and affectionately referred to themselves as 'Scotch'. He states the book was meant to give a true picture of life in the community in the early decades of the 20th century. People of Scottish descent live in many countries other than Scotland. Emigration, influenced by factors such as the Highland and Lowland Clearances, Scottish participation in the British Empire, and latterly industrial decline and unemployment, have resulted in Scottish people being found throughout the world. Scottish emigrants took with them their Scottish languages and culture. Large populations of Scottish people settled the new-world lands of North and South America, Australia and New Zealand. Canada has the highest level of Scottish descendants per capita in the world and the second-largest population of Scottish descendants, after the United States. Scotland has seen migration and settlement of many peoples at different periods in its history. The Gaels, the Picts and the Britons have their respective origin myths, like most medieval European peoples. Germanic peoples, such as the Anglo-Saxons, arrived beginning in the 7th century, while the Norse settled parts of Scotland from the 8th century onwards. In the High Middle Ages, from the reign of David I of Scotland, there was some emigration from France, England and the Low Countries to Scotland. Some famous Scottish family names, including those bearing the names which became Bruce, Balliol, Murray and Stewart came to Scotland at this time. Today Scotland is one of the countries of the United Kingdom, and the majority of people living there are British citizens.

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September 17

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September 20

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September 25

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September 27

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September 29

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September 3

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September 5

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September 7

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September 8

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September 9

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Sevastopol (Севастополь; Севасто́поль; Акъяр, Aqyar), traditionally Sebastopol, is the largest city on the Crimean Peninsula and a major Black Sea port.

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Siege of Sevastopol (1854–55)

The Siege of Sevastopol (at the time called in English the Siege of Sebastopol) lasted from September 1854 until September 1855, during the Crimean War.

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Sir Robert Inglis, 2nd Baronet

Sir Robert Harry Inglis, 2nd Baronet, FRS (12 January 1786 – 5 May 1855) was an English Conservative politician, noted for his staunch high church views.

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Slavery in the United States

Slavery in the United States was the legal institution of human chattel enslavement, primarily of Africans and African Americans, that existed in the United States of America in the 18th and 19th centuries.

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Stamp duty

Stamp duty is a tax that is levied on documents.

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Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon and other elements.

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Swami Sri Yukteswar Giri

Sri Yukteswar Giri (also written Sriyuktesvara, Sri Yukteshwar) (Devanagari: श्रीयुक्तेश्वर गिरि,, শ্রীযুক্তেশ্বর গিরী) (10 May 1855 – 9 March 1936) is the monastic name of Priya Nath Karar (প্রিয়নাথ কাঁড়ার), the guru of Satyananda Giri and Paramahansa Yogananda.

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Taiping Rebellion

The Taiping Rebellion, also known as the Taiping Civil War or the Taiping Revolution, was a massive rebellion or total civil war in China that was waged from 1850 to 1864 between the established Manchu-led Qing dynasty and the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom under Hong Xiuquan.

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Tasmania (abbreviated as Tas and known colloquially as Tassie) is an island state of Australia.

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Templin Potts

Templin Morris Potts (November 1, 1855 – March 22, 1927) was a United States Navy Captain and the 11th Naval Governor of Guam.

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Tewodros II

Téwodros II (ቴዎድሮስ, baptized as Sahle Dingil, and often referred to in English by the equivalent Theodore II) (c. 1818 – April 13, 1868) was the Emperor of Ethiopia from 1855 until his death.

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The Daily Telegraph

The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.

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The Holy Science

The Holy Science is a book written by Swami Sri Yukteswar Giri in 1894 under the title Kaivalya Darsanam.

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Theodor Reuss

Albert Karl Theodor Reuss (June 28, 1855 – October 28, 1923) was an Anglo-German tantric occultist, freemason, alleged police agent, journalist, singer, and head of Ordo Templi Orientis.

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Tibet is a historical region covering much of the Tibetan Plateau in Central Asia.

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United States Camel Corps

The United States Camel Corps was a mid-19th century experiment by the United States Army in using camels as pack animals in the Southwestern United States.

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United States Congress

The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.

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Van Diemen's Land

Van Diemen's Land was the original name used by most Europeans for the island of Tasmania, now part of Australia.

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Vice President of the United States

The Vice President of the United States (informally referred to as VPOTUS, or Veep) is a constitutional officer in the legislative branch of the federal government of the United States as the President of the Senate under Article I, Section 3, Clause 4, of the United States Constitution, as well as the second highest executive branch officer, after the President of the United States.

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Victoria (Australia)

Victoria (abbreviated as Vic) is a state in south-eastern Australia.

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Victoria Falls

Victoria Falls (Tokaleya Tonga: Mosi-oa-Tunya, "The Smoke that Thunders") is a waterfall in southern Africa on the Zambezi River at the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe.

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Vsevolod Rudnev

Vsevolod Fyodorovich Rudnev (Все́волод Фёдорович Ру́днев; 31 August 1855 – 20 July 1913) was a career naval officer in the Imperial Russian Navy, noted for his heroic role in the Battle of Chemulpo Bay during the Russo-Japanese War of 1904–1905.

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Wakarusa War

The Wakarusa War was a skirmish that took place in Kansas Territory during November and December 1855 as part of the "Bleeding Kansas" violence between Free-Staters and pro-slavery militias.

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Walt Whitman

Walter "Walt" Whitman (May 31, 1819 – March 26, 1892) was an American poet, essayist, and journalist.

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Washington Territory

The Territory of Washington was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from March 2, 1853, until November 11, 1889, when the territory was admitted to the Union as the State of Washington.

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Western North Carolina Railroad

Western North-Carolina Railroad Company was incorporated under act of North Carolina on February 15, 1855.

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William Barton Wade Dent

William Barton Wade Dent (September 8, 1806 – September 7, 1855) was an American politician, educator, soldier and businessman from Georgia.

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William John Swainson

William John Swainson FLS, FRS (8 October 1789 – 6 December 1855), was an English ornithologist, malacologist, conchologist, entomologist and artist.

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William Poole

William Poole (July 24, 1821 – March 8, 1855), also known as Bill the Butcher, was a founder of the street gang the Bowery Boys and a leader of the Know Nothing political movement in mid-19th century New York City.

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William Thompson Sedgwick

William Thompson Sedgwick (December 29, 1855 – January 25, 1921) was a teacher, epidemiologist, bacteriologist, and a key figure in shaping public health in the United States.

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Wine-Searcher is a web search engine enabling users to locate the price and availability of a given wine, spirit or beer globally, and be directed to a retail outlet selling the alcoholic beverage.

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Zambia, officially the Republic of Zambia, is a landlocked country in south-central Africa, (although some sources prefer to consider it part of the region of east Africa) neighbouring the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia to the south, and Angola to the west.

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Zamboanga City

, officially the, (Chavacano: Ciudad de Zamboanga, Lungsod ng Zamboanga), is a highly urbanized city in the Zamboanga Peninsula,.

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Zimbabwe, officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers, bordered by South Africa, Botswana, Zambia and Mozambique. The capital and largest city is Harare. A country of roughly million people, Zimbabwe has 16 official languages, with English, Shona, and Ndebele the most commonly used. Since the 11th century, present-day Zimbabwe has been the site of several organised states and kingdoms as well as a major route for migration and trade. The British South Africa Company of Cecil Rhodes first demarcated the present territory during the 1890s; it became the self-governing British colony of Southern Rhodesia in 1923. In 1965, the conservative white minority government unilaterally declared independence as Rhodesia. The state endured international isolation and a 15-year guerrilla war with black nationalist forces; this culminated in a peace agreement that established universal enfranchisement and de jure sovereignty as Zimbabwe in April 1980. Zimbabwe then joined the Commonwealth of Nations, from which it was suspended in 2002 for breaches of international law by its then government and from which it withdrew from in December 2003. It is a member of the United Nations, the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU), and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA). It was once known as the "Jewel of Africa" for its prosperity. Robert Mugabe became Prime Minister of Zimbabwe in 1980, when his ZANU-PF party won the elections following the end of white minority rule; he was the President of Zimbabwe from 1987 until his resignation in 2017. Under Mugabe's authoritarian regime, the state security apparatus dominated the country and was responsible for widespread human rights violations. Mugabe maintained the revolutionary socialist rhetoric of the Cold War era, blaming Zimbabwe's economic woes on conspiring Western capitalist countries. Contemporary African political leaders were reluctant to criticise Mugabe, who was burnished by his anti-imperialist credentials, though Archbishop Desmond Tutu called him "a cartoon figure of an archetypal African dictator". The country has been in economic decline since the 1990s, experiencing several crashes and hyperinflation along the way. On 15 November 2017, in the wake of over a year of protests against his government as well as Zimbabwe's rapidly declining economy, Mugabe was placed under house arrest by the country's national army in a coup d'état. On 19 November 2017, ZANU-PF sacked Robert Mugabe as party leader and appointed former Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa in his place. On 21 November 2017, Mugabe tendered his resignation prior to impeachment proceedings being completed.

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This year was known as the Year Without a Summer, because of low temperatures in the Northern Hemisphere, the result of the Mount Tambora volcanic eruption in Indonesia in 1815.

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1855 Wairarapa earthquake

The 1855 Wairarapa earthquake occurred on 23 January at about 9 p.m., affecting much of the Cook Strait area of New Zealand, including Marlborough in the South Island and Wellington and Wairarapa in the North Island.

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A highlight was the race for the South Pole.

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Below, the events of World War I have the "WWI" prefix.

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Below, the events of the First World War have the "WWI" prefix.

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This year marked the end of a period known in American history as the Roaring Twenties after the Wall Street Crash of 1929 ushered in a worldwide Great Depression.

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This year also marks the start of the Second World War, the largest and deadliest conflict in human history.

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Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

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Redirects here:

1855 (year), 1855 AD, 1855 CE, AD 1855, Births in 1855, Deaths in 1855, Events in 1855, MDCCCLV, Year 1855.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1855

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