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480 relations: Abner Powell, Abraham Lincoln, Alan Leo, Albert Giraud, Albert Niemann (chemist), Alexandra Feodorovna (Charlotte of Prussia), Alfred Ploetz, Algiers, Alkaloid, All the Year Round, Anders Sandøe Ørsted, Anders Zorn, Andrew Volstead, Anna Brownell Jameson, Annie Oakley, Anton Chekhov, April 1, April 2, April 3, April 4, April 7, April 9, Arcata, California, Argentine Confederation, Arthur Schopenhauer, Artists Rifles, Au clair de la lune, August 10, August 13, August 15, August 16, August 20, August 22, August 25, August 3, August 7, Augustana College (Illinois), Auguste Adib Pacha, Ayrshire, Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville, Bartolomé Mitre, Battle of Calatafimi, Battle of Castelfidardo, Battle of Guayaquil, Battle of Jiangnan (1860), Battle of Milazzo (1860), Battle of Tétouan, Battle of Volturnus (1860), Battleship, Boden Professor of Sanskrit, ..., Boden Professor of Sanskrit election, 1860, Boies Penrose, Bolívar Department, Bret Harte, Brig, Buenos Aires, Burlington House, Caesium, Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour, Carl Georg Barth, Carl Ritter von Ghega, Casbah of Algiers, Catherine Booth, Cauca Department, Central Bank of Russia, Charles Barry, Charles Curtis, Charles de Broqueville, Charles Dickens, Charles Goodyear, Charles K. French, Charlotte Perkins Gilman, Coca, Cocaine, Colombia, Colombian Civil War (1860–1862), Colorado Party (Uruguay), Constitutional Union Party (United States), Convention of Peking, Coronal mass ejection, Crown prince, Dai Xi, Damascus, David Suchet, December 1, December 14, December 15, December 20, December 25, December 26, December 29, December 31, December 4, December 7, Douglas Hyde, Druze, Ecuador, Edo Castle, Eduard Buchner, Ellen Axson Wilson, Emma Booth-Tucker, Emperor Meiji, Ernst Moritz Arndt, Eugénie de Montijo, Eugen Schiffer, Eureka, California, Expedition of the Thousand, Ezequiel Zamora, February 11, February 14, February 18, February 22, February 25, February 26, February 28, February 29, First Lady of the United States, First Taranaki War, Florence Harding, Florence Nightingale, Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Francis II of the Two Sicilies, Frank Frost Abbott, French Academy of Sciences, Friedrich Dotzauer, Friedrich Wilhelm von Bismarck, Gabriel García Moreno, Gaeta, Genoa, George Bridgetower, George Fawcett, George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen, Giuseppe Garibaldi, Gotthilf Heinrich von Schubert, Granadine Confederation, Grand Duchy of Baden, Grand Duchy of Tuscany, Grandma Moses, Great Expectations, Gustav Mahler, Gustave Charpentier, Hallam F.C., Henrietta Vinton Davis, Herman Hollerith, Hjalmar Branting, HMS Warrior (1860), Hugo Wolf, Ido language, Ignacy Jan Paderewski, Ii Naosuke, Indian Island (Humboldt Bay), Isaac Albéniz, Italian Parliament, J. M. Barrie, Jack Worrall, James Augustus Grant, James Braid (surgeon), James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin, James McKeen Cattell, Jane Addams, January 1, January 10, January 13, January 17, January 2, January 20, January 21, January 25, January 27, January 28, January 29, January 3, January 5, January 8, Japanese Embassy to the United States, János Bolyai, Jiangnan Daying, John Bell (Tennessee politician), John C. Breckinridge, John Hanning Speke, John Henry Kirby, John J. Pershing, John Neumann, John T. Thompson, Joseph Cook, Joseph S. Cullinan, Juan José Flores, Jules Laforgue, Juliette Gordon Low, July 1, July 11, July 16, July 19, July 2, July 20, July 3, July 31, July 7, July 9, June 13, June 18, June 20, June 22, June 23, June 25, June 30, Karl Staaff, Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe Congress, Katō Takaaki, Kellogg's, King of Italy, Kingdom of Italy, Kingdom of Sardinia, Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, Lady Byron, Lake Michigan, Lancelot Speed, Lawrence, Massachusetts, Lebanese people (Maronite Christians), Lebanon, List of Vice Presidents of the United States, Lizzie Borden, Lord Byron, Lynn, Massachusetts, M. 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Douglas, Strike action, Susanna M. Salter, Tairō, Teano, Texaco, The Open Championship, Theodor Herzl, Theodore Parker, Thomas Brisbane, Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald, Thomas Hobbes Scott, Thompson submachine gun, Timeline of chemical element discoveries, Tom Norman, Tom O'Brien (second baseman), TSV 1860 Munich, Turin, Unequal treaty, United States presidential election, 1860, Uruguay, Venancio Flores, Venezuela, Vice President of the United States, Victor Emmanuel II of Italy, Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande, Vladivostok, Vulcan (hypothetical planet), W. G. Read Mullan, Waitara, New Zealand, Wanda Malecka, Will Keith Kellogg, Willem Einthoven, William Ashley (economic historian), William Booth, William Jacob Baer, William Jennings Bryan, William Kennedy Dickson, William Mason (U.S. politician), William Walker (filibuster), Willie Park Sr., Wiyot, World Digital Library, Zanzibar, 1769, 1773, 1775, 1778, 1780, 1783, 1784, 1786, 1787, 1788, 1789, 1792, 1794, 1795, 1798, 1800, 1801, 1802, 1810, 1811, 1817, 1823, 1824, 1860 Mount Lebanon civil war, 1860 Oxford evolution debate, 1860 Wiyot massacre, 1862, 1875, 1887, 1898, 1900, 1903, 1904, 1909, 1910, 1911, 1914, 1915, 1917, 1918, 1920, 1921, 1922, 1924, 1925, 1926, 1927, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1934, 1935, 1936, 1937, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1943, 1944, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1956, 1961, 1962, 2008. Expand index (430 more) »

Abner Powell

Abner Charles Powell (December 15, 1860, in Shenandoah, Pennsylvania – August 7, 1953, in New Orleans) was a Major League Baseball player who was a member of the Washington Nationals of the Union Association in 1884.

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Abraham Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th President of the United States from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865.

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Alan Leo

Alan Leo, born William Frederick Allan, (Westminster, 7 August 1860 – Bude, 30 August 1917), was a prominent British astrologer, author, publisher, astrological data collector and theosophist.

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Albert Giraud

Albert Giraud (23 June 1860 – 26 December 1929) was a Belgian poet who wrote in French.

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Albert Niemann (chemist)

Albert Friedrich Emil Niemann (May 20, 1834 – January 19, 1861) was a German chemist.

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Alexandra Feodorovna (Charlotte of Prussia)

Alexandra Feodorovna (p), born Princess Charlotte of Prussia (13 July 1798 – 1 November 1860), was Empress consort of Russia.

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Alfred Ploetz

Alfred Ploetz (August 22, 1860 – March 20, 1940) was a German physician, biologist, eugenicist known for coining the term racial hygiene (Rassenhygiene) and promoting the concept in Germany.

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Algiers

Algiers (الجزائر al-Jazā’er, ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻ, Alger) is the capital and largest city of Algeria.

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Alkaloid

Alkaloids are a class of naturally occurring chemical compounds that mostly contain basic nitrogen atoms.

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All the Year Round

All the Year Round was a Victorian periodical, being a British weekly literary magazine founded and owned by Charles Dickens, published between 1859 and 1895 throughout the United Kingdom.

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Anders Sandøe Ørsted

Anders Sandøe Ørsted (21 December 1778, Rudkøbing – 1 May 1860) was a Danish lawyer, politician and jurist.

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Anders Zorn

Anders Leonard Zorn (18 February 1860 – 22 August 1920) was one of Sweden's foremost artists.

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Andrew Volstead

Andrew John Volstead (October 31, 1860 – January 20, 1947) was an American member of the United States House of Representatives from Minnesota, 1903–1923, and a member of the Republican Party.

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Anna Brownell Jameson

Anna Brownell Jameson (nee Murphy) (17 May 179417 March 1860) was the first English art historian.

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Annie Oakley

Annie Oakley (born Phoebe Ann Mosey; August 13, 1860 – November 3, 1926) was an American sharpshooter and exhibition shooter.

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Anton Chekhov

Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (ɐnˈton ˈpavɫəvʲɪtɕ ˈtɕɛxəf; 29 January 1860 – 15 July 1904) was a Russian playwright and short-story writer, who is considered to be among the greatest writers of short fiction in history.

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April 1

No description.

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April 2

No description.

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April 3

No description.

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April 4

On the Roman calendar, this was known as the day before the nones of April (Pridie).

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April 7

No description.

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April 9

No description.

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Arcata, California

Arcata, originally Union Town or Union, is a city adjacent to the Arcata Bay (northern) portion of Humboldt Bay in Humboldt County, California, United States.

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Argentine Confederation

The Argentine Confederation (Spanish: Confederación Argentina) is one of the official names of Argentina according to the Argentine Constitution, Article 35.

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Arthur Schopenhauer

Arthur Schopenhauer (22 February 1788 – 21 September 1860) was a German philosopher.

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Artists Rifles

The Artists Rifles is a regiment of the British Army Reserve.

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Au clair de la lune

"" (lit. "By the Light of the Moon") is a French folk song of the 18th century.

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August 10

The term 'the 10th of August' is widely used by historians as a shorthand for the Storming of the Tuileries Palace on the 10th of August, 1792, the effective end of the French monarchy until it was restored in 1814.

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August 13

No description.

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August 15

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August 16

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August 20

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August 22

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August 25

No description.

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August 3

No description.

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August 7

This day marks the approximate midpoint of summer in the Northern Hemisphere and of winter in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the June solstice).

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Augustana College (Illinois)

Augustana College is a private liberal arts college in Rock Island, Illinois, United States.

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Auguste Adib Pacha

Auguste Adib Pacha (1860 – 12 July 1936) (أوغست أديب باشا) was the first Prime Minister of Greater Lebanon, which at the time was a part of the French Mandate of Syria and Lebanon.

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Ayrshire

Ayrshire (Siorrachd Inbhir Àir) is an historic county and registration county in south-west Scotland, located on the shores of the Firth of Clyde.

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Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville

Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville (25 April 1817 – 26 April 1879) was a French printer and bookseller who lived in Paris.

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Bartolomé Mitre

Bartolomé Mitre Martínez (26 June 1821 – 19 January 1906) was an Argentine statesman, military figure, and author.

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Battle of Calatafimi

The Battle of Calatafimi was fought on May 15, 1860 between Giuseppe Garibaldi's volunteers and the troops of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies at Calatafimi, Sicily, as part of the Expedition of the Thousand (Italian: I Mille).

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Battle of Castelfidardo

The Battle of Castelfidardo was a battle that took place on 18 September 1860, at Castelfidardo, a small town in the Marche region of Italy.

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Battle of Guayaquil

The Battle of Guayaquil was the final and pivotal armed confrontation of the Ecuadorian Civil War.

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Battle of Jiangnan (1860)

The Battle of Jiangnan in 1860, also known as the Second Rout of the Jiangnan Army Group (18571860) was a battle between the Qing government's Green Standard Army and the army of the Taiping Rebellion.

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Battle of Milazzo (1860)

The Battle of Milazzo was fought on 17–24 July 1860 between Giuseppe Garibaldi's volunteers and the troops of the Kingdom of Two Sicilies at Milazzo, Sicily, then part of the Kingdom of Two Sicilies.

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Battle of Tétouan

The Battle of Tétouan (Spanish Tetuán) was fought in 1860, near Tétouan, Morocco, between a Spanish army sent to North Africa and the tribal levies which at the time made up the Moroccan Army.

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Battle of Volturnus (1860)

The Battle of Volturnus or Volturno refers to a series of military clashes between Giuseppe Garibaldi's volunteers known as the Matese Legion and the troops of the Kingdom of Two Sicilies occurring around the river Volturno, between the cities of Capua and Caserta in northern Campania, in September and October 1860.

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Battleship

A battleship is a large armored warship with a main battery consisting of large caliber guns.

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Boden Professor of Sanskrit

The position of Boden Professor of Sanskrit at the University of Oxford was established in 1832 with money bequeathed to the university by Lieutenant Colonel Joseph Boden, a retired soldier in the service of the East India Company.

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Boden Professor of Sanskrit election, 1860

The election in 1860 for the position of Boden Professor of Sanskrit at the University of Oxford was a hotly contested affair between two rival candidates offering different approaches to Sanskrit scholarship.

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Boies Penrose

Boies Penrose (November 1, 1860 – December 31, 1921) was an American lawyer and Republican politician from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

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Bolívar Department

Bolívar is a department of Colombia.

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Bret Harte

Francis Bret Harte (August 25, 1836 – May 5, 1902) was an American short story writer and poet, best remembered for his short fiction featuring miners, gamblers, and other romantic figures of the California Gold Rush.

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Brig

A brig is a sailing vessel with two square-rigged masts.

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Buenos Aires

Buenos Aires is the capital and most populous city of Argentina.

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Burlington House

Burlington House is a building on Piccadilly in Mayfair, London.

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Caesium

Caesium (British spelling and IUPAC spelling) or cesium (American spelling) is a chemical element with symbol Cs and atomic number 55.

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Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour

Camillo Paolo Filippo Giulio Benso, Count of Cavour, Isolabella and Leri (10 August 1810 – 6 June 1861), generally known as Cavour, was an Italian statesman and a leading figure in the movement toward Italian unification.

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Carl Georg Barth

Carl Georg Lange Barth (February 28, 1860 – October 28, 1939) was a Norwegian-American mathematician, mechanical and consulting engineer, and lecturer at Harvard University.

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Carl Ritter von Ghega

Carl Ritter von Ghega or Karl von Ghega (10 January 1802 – 14 March 1860) was an Albanian-Austrian nobleman and the designer of the Semmering Railway from Gloggnitz to Mürzzuschlag.

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Casbah of Algiers

The Casbah (قصبة, qaṣba, meaning citadel (fortress)) is specifically the citadel of Algiers in Algeria and the traditional quarter clustered around it.

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Catherine Booth

Catherine Booth (17 January 1829 – 4 October 1890) was co-founder of The Salvation Army, along with her husband William Booth.

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Cauca Department

Cauca Department (Departamento del Cauca) is a Department of Colombia.

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Central Bank of Russia

The Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Центральный банк Российской Федерации Tsentral'nyy bank Rossiyskoy Federatsii) also known as the Bank of Russia (Банк России Bank Rossii) is the central bank of the Russian Federation, founded in 1860 as The State Bank of the Russian Empire, headquartered on Neglinnaya Street in Moscow.

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Charles Barry

Sir Charles Barry (23 May 1795 – 12 May 1860) was an English architect, best known for his role in the rebuilding of the Palace of Westminster (also known as the Houses of Parliament) in London during the mid-19th century, but also responsible for numerous other buildings and gardens.

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Charles Curtis

Charles Curtis (January 25, 1860February 8, 1936) was an American attorney and politician, who served as the 31st Vice President of the United States from 1929 to 1933.

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Charles de Broqueville

Charles Marie Pierre Albert, Count de Broqueville (4 December 1860 – 5 September 1940) was the 20th Prime Minister of Belgium, serving during World War I.

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Charles Dickens

Charles John Huffam Dickens (7 February 1812 – 9 June 1870) was an English writer and social critic.

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Charles Goodyear

Charles Goodyear (December 29, 1800 – July 1, 1860) was an American self-taught chemist and manufacturing engineer who developed vulcanized rubber, for which he received patent number 3633 from the United States Patent Office on June 15, 1844.

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Charles K. French

Charles K. French (born Charles Ekrauss French (or Charles E. Krauss); January 17, 1860 – August 2, 1952) was an American film actor, screenwriter and director who appeared in more than 240 films between 1909 and 1945.

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Charlotte Perkins Gilman

Charlotte Perkins Gilman; also Charlotte Perkins Stetson (July 3, 1860 – August 17, 1935), was a prominent American feminist, sociologist, novelist, writer of short stories, poetry, and nonfiction, and a lecturer for social reform.

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Coca

Coca is any of the four cultivated plants in the family Erythroxylaceae, native to western South America.

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Cocaine

Cocaine, also known as coke, is a strong stimulant mostly used as a recreational drug.

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Colombia

Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a sovereign state largely situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America.

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Colombian Civil War (1860–1862)

The Colombian Civil War began on May 8, 1860, and lasted until November 1862.

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Colorado Party (Uruguay)

The Colorado Party (Partido Colorado, lit. "The Colored Party") is a political party in Uruguay.

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Constitutional Union Party (United States)

The Constitutional Union Party was a political party in the United States created in 1860 which ran against the Republicans and Democrats as a fourth party in 1860.

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Convention of Peking

The Convention or First Convention of Peking, sometimes now known as the Convention of Beijing, is an agreement comprising three distinct treaties concluded between the Qing dynasty of China and the United Kingdom, French Empire, and Russian Empire in 1860.

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Coronal mass ejection

A coronal mass ejection (CME) is a significant release of plasma and magnetic field from the solar corona.

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Crown prince

A crown prince is the male heir apparent to the throne in a royal or imperial monarchy.

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Dai Xi

Dai Xi (1801 – 1860) was a Chinese painter of the 19th century and representative of the academic manner.

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Damascus

Damascus (دمشق, Syrian) is the capital of the Syrian Arab Republic; it is also the country's largest city, following the decline in population of Aleppo due to the battle for the city.

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David Suchet

David Suchet, (born 2 May 1946) is an English actor, known for his work on British stage and television.

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December 1

No description.

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December 14

No description.

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December 15

No description.

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December 20

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December 25

No description.

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December 26

No description.

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December 29

No description.

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December 31

It is known by a collection of names including: Saint Sylvester's Day, New Year's Eve or Old Years Day/Night, as the following day is New Year's Day.

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December 4

No description.

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December 7

No description.

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Douglas Hyde

Douglas Ross Hyde (Dubhghlas de hÍde; 17 January 1860 – 12 July 1949), known as An Craoibhín Aoibhinn (lit. "The Pleasant Little Branch"), was an Irish academic, linguist, scholar of the Irish language, politician and diplomat who served as the 1st President of Ireland from June 1938 to June 1945.

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Druze

The Druze (درزي or, plural دروز; דרוזי plural דרוזים) are an Arabic-speaking esoteric ethnoreligious group originating in Western Asia who self-identify as unitarians (Al-Muwaḥḥidūn/Muwahhidun).

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Ecuador

Ecuador (Ikwadur), officially the Republic of Ecuador (República del Ecuador, which literally translates as "Republic of the Equator"; Ikwadur Ripuwlika), is a representative democratic republic in northwestern South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.

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Edo Castle

, also known as, is a flatland castle that was built in 1457 by Ōta Dōkan.

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Eduard Buchner

Eduard Buchner (20 May 1860 – 13 August 1917) was a German chemist and zymologist, awarded the 1907 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on fermentation.

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Ellen Axson Wilson

Ellen Louise Axson Wilson (May 15, 1860 – August 6, 1914), was the first wife of Woodrow Wilson and the mother of their three daughters.

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Emma Booth-Tucker

Emma Moss Booth-Tucker (8 January 1860 – 28 October 1903) known as 'The Consul', was the fourth child and second daughter of Catherine and William Booth, the Founder of The Salvation Army.

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Emperor Meiji

, or, was the 122nd Emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession, reigning from February 3, 1867 until his death on July 29, 1912.

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Ernst Moritz Arndt

Ernst Moritz Arndt (26 December 1769 – 29 January 1860) was a German nationalist historian, writer, and poet.

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Eugénie de Montijo

Doña María Eugenia Ignacia Augustina de Palafox y KirkPatrick, 16th Countess of Teba, 15th Marchioness of Ardales (5 May 1826 – 11 July 1920), known as Eugénie de Montijo, was the last Empress Consort of the French (1853–70) as the wife of Napoleon III, Emperor of the French.

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Eugen Schiffer

Eugen Schiffer (14 February 1860 – 5 September 1954) was a German lawyer and liberal politician.

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Eureka, California

Eureka (Hupa: do'-wi-lotl-ding, Karuk: uuth) is the principal city and county seat of Humboldt County in the Redwood Empire region of California.

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Expedition of the Thousand

The Expedition of the Thousand (Italian Spedizione dei Mille) was an event of the Italian Risorgimento that took place in 1860.

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Ezequiel Zamora

Ezequiel Zamora (1 February 1817 – 10 January 1860) was a Venezuelan soldier, and leader of the Federalists in the Federal War (Guerra Federal) of 1859-1863.

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February 11

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February 14

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February 18

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February 22

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February 25

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February 26

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February 28

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February 29

February 29, also known as leap day or leap year day, is a date added to most years that are divisible by 4, such as 2008, 2012, 2016, 2020, and 2024.

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First Lady of the United States

The First Lady of the United States (FLOTUS) is the title held by the hostess of the White House, usually the wife of the President of the United States, concurrent with the President's term in office.

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First Taranaki War

The First Taranaki War was an armed conflict over land ownership and sovereignty that took place between Māori and the New Zealand Government in the Taranaki district of New Zealand's North Island from March 1860 to March 1861.

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Florence Harding

Florence Mabel Harding (née Kling; August 15, 1860 – November 21, 1924) was the First Lady of the United States from 1921 to 1923 as the wife of President Warren G. Harding.

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Florence Nightingale

Florence Nightingale, (12 May 1820 – 13 August 1910) was an English social reformer and statistician, and the founder of modern nursing.

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Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery

The Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing, Midwifery & Palliative Care is an academic faculty within King's College London.

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Francis II of the Two Sicilies

Francis II (Francesco II, christened Francesco d'Assisi Maria Leopoldo, 16 January 1836 – 27 December 1894) was King of the Two Sicilies from 1859 to 1861.

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Frank Frost Abbott

Frank Frost Abbott (March 27, 1860 – July 23, 1924) was an American classical scholar.

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French Academy of Sciences

The French Academy of Sciences (French: Académie des sciences) is a learned society, founded in 1666 by Louis XIV at the suggestion of Jean-Baptiste Colbert, to encourage and protect the spirit of French scientific research.

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Friedrich Dotzauer

Justus Johann Friedrich Dotzauer (20 January 1783 – 6 March 1860) was a German cellist and composer.

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Friedrich Wilhelm von Bismarck

Friedrich Wilhelm Graf von Bismarck (28 July 1783 – 18 June 1860) was a German lieutenant general, diplomat and military writer.

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Gabriel García Moreno

Gabriel Gregorio Fernando José María García y Moreno y Morán de Buitrón (December 24, 1821 – August 6, 1875) was an Ecuadorian politician who twice served as President of Ecuador (1861–65 and 1869–75) and was assassinated during his second term, after being elected to a third.

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Gaeta

Gaeta (Caiēta, Ancient Greek: Καιέτα) is a city and comune in the province of Latina, in Lazio, central Italy.

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Genoa

Genoa (Genova,; Zêna; English, historically, and Genua) is the capital of the Italian region of Liguria and the sixth-largest city in Italy.

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George Bridgetower

George Augustus Polgreen Bridgetower (11 October 1778 – 29 February 1860) was an Afro-European musician, born in Poland.

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George Fawcett

George Fawcett (August 25, 1860 – June 6, 1939) was an American stage and film actor of the silent era.

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George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen

George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen, (28 January 178414 December 1860), styled Lord Haddo from 1791 to 1801, was a British politician, diplomat and landowner, successively a Tory, Conservative and Peelite, who served as Prime Minister from 1852 until 1855 in a coalition between the Whigs and Peelites, with Radical and Irish support.

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Giuseppe Garibaldi

Giuseppe Garibaldi; 4 July 1807 – 2 June 1882) was an Italian general, politician and nationalist. He is considered one of the greatest generals of modern times and one of Italy's "fathers of the fatherland" along with Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour, Victor Emmanuel II of Italy and Giuseppe Mazzini. Garibaldi has been called the "Hero of the Two Worlds" because of his military enterprises in Brazil, Uruguay and Europe. He personally commanded and fought in many military campaigns that led eventually to the Italian unification. Garibaldi was appointed general by the provisional government of Milan in 1848, General of the Roman Republic in 1849 by the Minister of War, and led the Expedition of the Thousand on behalf and with the consent of Victor Emmanuel II. His last military campaign took place during the Franco-Prussian War as commander of the Army of the Vosges. Garibaldi was very popular in Italy and abroad, aided by exceptional international media coverage at the time. Many of the greatest intellectuals of his time, such as Victor Hugo, Alexandre Dumas, and George Sand, showered him with admiration. The United Kingdom and the United States helped him a great deal, offering him financial and military support in difficult circumstances. In the popular telling of his story, he is associated with the red shirts worn by his volunteers, the Garibaldini, in lieu of a uniform.

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Gotthilf Heinrich von Schubert

Gotthilf Heinrich von Schubert (26 April 1780, in Hohenstein-Ernstthal – 30 June 1860, in Laufzorn, a village in Oberhaching) was a German physician and naturalist.

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Granadine Confederation

The Granadine Confederation (Confederación Granadina) was a short-lived federal republic established in 1858 as a result of a constitutional change replacing the Republic of New Granada.

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Grand Duchy of Baden

The Grand Duchy of Baden (Großherzogtum Baden) was a state in the southwest German Empire on the east bank of the Rhine.

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Grand Duchy of Tuscany

The Grand Duchy of Tuscany (Granducato di Toscana, Magnus Ducatus Etruriae) was a central Italian monarchy that existed, with interruptions, from 1569 to 1859, replacing the Duchy of Florence.

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Grandma Moses

Anna Mary Robertson Moses (September 7, 1860 – December 13, 1961), known by her nickname Grandma Moses, was an American folk artist.

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Great Expectations

Great Expectations is the thirteenth novel by Charles Dickens and his penultimate completed novel: a bildungsroman that depicts the personal growth and personal development of an orphan nicknamed Pip.

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Gustav Mahler

Gustav Mahler (7 July 1860 – 18 May 1911) was an Austro-Bohemian late-Romantic composer, and one of the leading conductors of his generation.

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Gustave Charpentier

Gustave Charpentier (25 June 1860 – 18 February 1956) was a French composer, best known for his opera Louise.

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Hallam F.C.

Hallam Football Club is an English football club based in Crosspool, Sheffield, South Yorkshire.

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Henrietta Vinton Davis

Henrietta Vinton Davis (August 25, 1860 – November 23, 1941) was an African-American elocutionist, dramatist, and impersonator.

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Herman Hollerith

Herman Hollerith (February 29, 1860 – November 17, 1929) was an American inventor who developed an electromechanical punched card tabulator to assist in summarizing information and, later, accounting.

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Hjalmar Branting

(23 November 186024 February 1925) was a Swedish politician.

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HMS Warrior (1860)

HMS Warrior is a 40-gun steam-powered armoured frigateIronclad is the general term for armoured warships of this period.

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Hugo Wolf

Hugo Philipp Jacob Wolf (13 March 1860 – 22 February 1903) was an Austrian composer of Slovene origin, particularly noted for his art songs, or Lieder.

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Ido language

Ido is a constructed language, derived from Reformed Esperanto, created to be a universal second language for speakers of diverse backgrounds.

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Ignacy Jan Paderewski

Ignacy Jan Paderewski (– 29 June 1941) was a Polish pianist and composer, politician, statesman and spokesman for Polish independence.

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Ii Naosuke

was daimyō of Hikone (1850–1860) and also Tairō of the Tokugawa shogunate, Japan, a position he held from April 23, 1858, until his death on March 24, 1860.

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Indian Island (Humboldt Bay)

Indian Island or Duluwat Island is located on Humboldt Bay within the city of Eureka, California.

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Isaac Albéniz

Isaac Manuel Francisco Albéniz y Pascual (29 May 186018 May 1909) was a Spanish virtuoso pianist, composer, and conductor.

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Italian Parliament

The Italian Parliament (Parlamento Italiano) is the national parliament of the Italian Republic.

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J. M. Barrie

Sir James Matthew Barrie, 1st Baronet, (9 May 1860 19 June 1937) was a Scottish novelist and playwright, best remembered today as the creator of Peter Pan.

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Jack Worrall

John "Jack" Worrall (20 June 1861 – 17 November 1937) was an Australian rules footballer who played for the Fitzroy Football Club in the VFA, and a Test cricketer.

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James Augustus Grant

Lieutenant-Colonel James Augustus Grant (11 April 1827 – 11 February 1892) was a Scottish explorer of eastern equatorial Africa.

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James Braid (surgeon)

James Braid (19 June 1795 – 25 March 1860) was a Scottish surgeon and "gentleman scientist".

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James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin

James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin and 12th Earl of Kincardine, (20 July 1811 – 20 November 1863) was a British colonial administrator and diplomat. He served as Governor of Jamaica (1842–1846), Governor General of the Province of Canada (1847–1854), and Viceroy of India (1862–1863). In 1857, he was appointed High Commissioner and Plenipotentiary in China and the Far East to assist in the process of opening up China and Japan to Western trade. In 1860, during the Second Opium War in China, in the retaliation of the torture and execution of almost twenty European and Indian prisoners, he ordered the destruction of the Old Summer Palace in Beijing, an architectural wonder with immeasurable collections of artworks and historic antiques, inflicting invaluable loss of cultural heritage. Subsequently, he submitted the Qing Dynasty to the unequal treaty of the Convention of Peking, adding Kowloon Peninsula to the British crown colony of Hong Kong.

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James McKeen Cattell

James McKeen Cattell (May 25, 1860 – January 20, 1944), American psychologist, was the first professor of psychology in the United States, teaching at the University of Pennsylvania, and long-time editor and publisher of scientific journals and publications, most notably the journal Science.

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Jane Addams

Jane Addams (September 8, 1860May 21, 1935), known as the "mother" of social work, was a pioneer American settlement activist/reformer, social worker, public philosopher, sociologist, public administrator, protestor, author, and leader in women's suffrage and world peace.

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January 1

January 1 is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar.

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January 10

No description.

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January 13

No description.

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January 17

No description.

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January 2

No description.

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January 20

In the ancient astronomy, it is the cusp day between Capricorn and Aquarius.

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January 21

No description.

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January 25

No description.

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January 27

No description.

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January 28

No description.

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January 29

No description.

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January 3

Perihelion, the point during the year when the Earth is closest to the Sun, occurs around this date.

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January 5

No description.

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January 8

No description.

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Japanese Embassy to the United States

The was dispatched in 1860 by the Tokugawa shogunate (bakufu).

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János Bolyai

János Bolyai (15 December 1802 – 27 January 1860) or Johann Bolyai, was a Hungarian mathematician, one of the founders of non-Euclidean geometry — a geometry that differs from Euclidean geometry in its definition of parallel lines.

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Jiangnan Daying

Jiangnan DaYing (or the Army Group Jiangnan; (first: 1853 - 1856 and second: 1857 - 1860) was an army group in China. The Qing government raised the Green Standard Army to quell the Taiping Rebellion. Qing twice surrounded Nanjing (the capital of the Taiping Rebellion) and lost at last.

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John Bell (Tennessee politician)

John Bell (February 18, 1796September 10, 1869) was an American politician, attorney, and planter.

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John C. Breckinridge

John Cabell Breckinridge (January 16, 1821 – May 17, 1875) was an American lawyer, politician, and soldier.

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John Hanning Speke

John Hanning Speke (4 May 1827 – 15 September 1864) was an English explorer and officer in the British Indian Army who made three exploratory expeditions to Africa.

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John Henry Kirby

John Henry Kirby (16 November, 1860 – 9 November, 1940) was a businessman whose ventures made him arguably the largest lumber manufacturer in Texas and the Southern United States.

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John J. Pershing

General of the Armies John Joseph "Black Jack" Pershing (September 13, 1860 – July 15, 1948) was a senior United States Army officer.

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John Neumann

John Nepomucene Neumann (Jan Nepomucký Neumann, Johann Nepomuk Neumann; March 28, 1811 – January 5, 1860) was a Catholic priest from Bohemia.

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John T. Thompson

John Taliaferro (anglicized to "Tolliver"http://www.nfatoys.com/tsmg/web/genthomp.htm John T. Thompson; A Brief History) Thompson (December 31, 1860 – June 21, 1940) was a United States Army officer best remembered as the inventor of the Thompson submachine gun.

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Joseph Cook

Sir Joseph Cook, (7 December 1860 – 30 July 1947) was an Australian politician who served as Prime Minister of Australia from 1913 to 1914.

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Joseph S. Cullinan

Joseph Stephen Cullinan (December 31, 1860 – March 11, 1937) was a U.S. oil industrialist.

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Juan José Flores

Juan José Flores y Aramburu (July 19, 1800 – October 1, 1864) was a Venezuelan military general who became Supreme Chief, and later the first President of the new Republic of Ecuador.

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Jules Laforgue

Jules Laforgue (16 August 1860 – 20 August 1887) was a Franco-Uruguayan poet, often referred to as a Symbolist poet.

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Juliette Gordon Low

Juliette Gordon Low (October 31, 1860 – January 17, 1927) was the founder of Girl Scouts of the USA.

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July 1

It is the first day of the second half of the year.

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July 11

No description.

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July 16

No description.

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July 19

No description.

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July 2

This day is the midpoint of a common year because there are 182 days before and 182 days after it in common years, and 183 before and 182 after in leap years.

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July 20

No description.

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July 3

No description.

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July 31

No description.

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July 7

The terms 7th July, July 7th, and 7/7 (pronounced "Seven-seven") have been widely used in the Western media as a shorthand for the 7 July 2005 bombings on London's transport system.

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July 9

No description.

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June 13

No description.

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June 18

No description.

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June 20

In the Northern Hemisphere, the Summer solstice sometimes occurs on this date, while the Winter solstice occurs in the Southern Hemisphere.

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June 22

On this day the Summer solstice may occur in the Northern Hemisphere, and the Winter solstice may occur in the Southern Hemisphere.

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June 23

No description.

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June 25

No description.

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June 30

It is the last day of the first half of the year.

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Karl Staaff

Karl Albert Staaff (21 January 1860 – 4 October 1915) was a Swedish liberal politician and lawyer.

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Karlsruhe

Karlsruhe (formerly Carlsruhe) is the second-largest city in the state of Baden-Württemberg, in southwest Germany, near the French-German border.

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Karlsruhe Congress

The Karlsruhe Congress was an international meeting of chemists held in Karlsruhe, Germany from 3 to 5 September 1860.

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Katō Takaaki

Count was a Japanese politician and the 14th Prime Minister of Japan from 11 June 1924 until his death on 28 January 1926, during the period which historians have called "Taishō Democracy".

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Kellogg's

Kellogg's is a DBA for the Kellogg Company, an American multinational food-manufacturing company headquartered in Battle Creek, Michigan, United States.

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King of Italy

King of Italy (Latin: Rex Italiae; Italian: Re d'Italia) was the title given to the ruler of the Kingdom of Italy after the fall of the Western Roman Empire.

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Kingdom of Italy

The Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia) was a state which existed from 1861—when King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia was proclaimed King of Italy—until 1946—when a constitutional referendum led civil discontent to abandon the monarchy and form the modern Italian Republic.

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Kingdom of Sardinia

The Kingdom of SardiniaThe name of the state was originally Latin: Regnum Sardiniae, or Regnum Sardiniae et Corsicae when the kingdom was still considered to include Corsica.

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Kingdom of the Two Sicilies

The Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (Regno dê Doje Sicilie, Regnu dî Dui Sicili, Regno delle Due Sicilie) was the largest of the states of Italy before the Italian unification.

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Lady Byron

Anne Isabella Noel Byron, 11th Baroness Wentworth and Baroness Byron (née Milbanke; 17 May 1792 – 16 May 1860), nicknamed Annabella and commonly known as Lady Byron, was the wife of poet George Gordon Byron, more commonly known as Lord Byron.

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Lake Michigan

Lake Michigan is one of the five Great Lakes of North America and the only one located entirely within the United States.

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Lancelot Speed

Lancelot Speed (13 June 1860 – 31 December 1931) was a Victorian illustrator of books, usually of a fantastical or romantic nature.

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Lawrence, Massachusetts

Lawrence is a city in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States, on the Merrimack River.

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Lebanese people (Maronite Christians)

Lebanese Maronite Christians (Arabic: المسيحية المارونية في لبنان) refers to Lebanese people who are adherents of the Maronite Church in Lebanon, which is the largest Christian denomination in the country.

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Lebanon

Lebanon (لبنان; Lebanese pronunciation:; Liban), officially known as the Lebanese RepublicRepublic of Lebanon is the most common phrase used by Lebanese government agencies.

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List of Vice Presidents of the United States

There have been 48 Vice Presidents of the United States since the office came into existence in 1789.

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Lizzie Borden

Lizzie Andrew Borden (July 19, 1860 – June 1, 1927) was an American woman who is best known for being the main suspect in the 1892 axe murders of her father and stepmother in Fall River, Massachusetts.

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Lord Byron

George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron (22 January 1788 – 19 April 1824), known as Lord Byron, was an English nobleman, poet, peer, politician, and leading figure in the Romantic movement.

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Lynn, Massachusetts

Lynn is the 9th largest municipality in Massachusetts and the largest city in Essex County.

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M. Visvesvaraya

Sir Mokshagundam Vishveshwarya KCIE, FASc popularly known as Sir MV; 15 September 1861 – 12 April 1962) was an Indian engineer, scholar, statesman, and the 19th Diwan of Mysore, who served from 1912 to 1918. He received India's highest honour, the Bharat Ratna, in 1955. He was knighted as a Knight Commander of the British Indian Empire (KCIE) by King George V for his contributions to the public good. 15 September is celebrated as Engineer's Day in India in his memory. He is held in high regard as a pre-eminent Engineer of India. He was chief engineer responsible for the construction of the Krishna Raja Sagara dam in Mandya district and chief engineer of the flood protection system for the city of Hyderabad.

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Magdalena Department

Magdalena is a department of Colombia, located to the north of the country by the Caribbean Sea.

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Magnetosphere

A magnetosphere is the region of space surrounding an astronomical object in which charged particles are manipulated or affected by that object's magnetic field.

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Major League Baseball

Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organization, the oldest of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada.

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Manuel Teixeira Gomes

Manuel Teixeira Gomes, GCSE (May 27, 1860 – October 18, 1941) was a Portuguese politician and writer.

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Manwel Dimech

Manuel Dimech (25 December 1860, Valletta – 17 April 1921, Alexandria, Egypt) was the pre-eminent social reformer in pre-independence Malta, a philosopher, a journalist, and a writer of novels and poetry.

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March

March is the third month of the year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars.

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March 13

No description.

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March 14

No description.

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March 17

No description.

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March 19

No description.

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March 2

No description.

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March 22

No description.

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March 24

March 24th is the 365th and last day of the year in many European implementations of the Julian calendar.

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March 25

No description.

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March 27

No description.

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March 5

No description.

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March 6

No description.

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March 9

No description.

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Mathematician

A mathematician is someone who uses an extensive knowledge of mathematics in his or her work, typically to solve mathematical problems.

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May 1

No description.

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May 10

No description.

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May 12

No description.

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May 15

No description.

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May 16

No description.

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May 17

No description.

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May 18

No description.

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May 2

No description.

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May 20

No description.

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May 21

No description.

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May 25

No description.

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May 27

No description.

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May 28

No description.

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May 29

No description.

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May 6

No description.

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May 7

No description.

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May 8

No description.

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May 9

No description.

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Māori people

The Māori are the indigenous Polynesian people of New Zealand.

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Mechanical engineering

Mechanical engineering is the discipline that applies engineering, physics, engineering mathematics, and materials science principles to design, analyze, manufacture, and maintain mechanical systems.

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Meteorite

A meteorite is a solid piece of debris from an object, such as a comet, asteroid, or meteoroid, that originates in outer space and survives its passage through the atmosphere to reach the surface of a planet or moon.

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Mito Domain

was a Japanese domain of the Edo period.

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Monier Monier-Williams

Sir Monier Monier-Williams, KCIE (né Williams; 12 November 1819 – 11 April 1899) was the second Boden Professor of Sanskrit at Oxford University, England.

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Morocco

Morocco (officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco, is a unitary sovereign state located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is one of the native homelands of the indigenous Berber people. Geographically, Morocco is characterised by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of. Its capital is Rabat, and the largest city is Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Salé, Fes, Meknes and Oujda. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid dynasty and Almohad dynasty, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, and Morocco remained the only North African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier, and regained its independence in 1956. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, West African and European influences. Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, formerly Spanish Sahara, as its Southern Provinces. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. Mauritania relinquished its claim in 1979, and the war lasted until a cease-fire in 1991. Morocco currently occupies two thirds of the territory, and peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock. Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs, which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the constitutional court. Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber, with Berber being the native language of Morocco before the Arab conquest in the 600s AD. The Moroccan dialect of Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken. Morocco is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean and the African Union. It has the fifth largest economy of Africa.

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Muskingum County, Ohio

Muskingum County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio.

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Naples

Naples (Napoli, Napule or; Neapolis; lit) is the regional capital of Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy after Rome and Milan.

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Napoleon III

Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte (born Charles-Louis Napoléon Bonaparte; 20 April 1808 – 9 January 1873) was the President of France from 1848 to 1852 and as Napoleon III the Emperor of the French from 1852 to 1870.

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New Concord, Ohio

New Concord is a village in Muskingum County, Ohio, United States.

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New England

New England is a geographical region comprising six states of the northeastern United States: Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut.

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Nicaragua

Nicaragua, officially the Republic of Nicaragua, is the largest country in the Central American isthmus, bordered by Honduras to the north, the Caribbean to the east, Costa Rica to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.

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Nicholas I of Russia

Nicholas I (r; –) was the Emperor of Russia from 1825 until 1855.

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Niels Ryberg Finsen

Niels Ryberg Finsen (15 December 1860 – 24 September 1904) was a Danish physician and scientist of Icelandic descent.

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Nile

The Nile River (النيل, Egyptian Arabic en-Nīl, Standard Arabic an-Nīl; ⲫⲓⲁⲣⲱ, P(h)iaro; Ancient Egyptian: Ḥ'pī and Jtrw; Biblical Hebrew:, Ha-Ye'or or, Ha-Shiḥor) is a major north-flowing river in northeastern Africa, and is commonly regarded as the longest river in the world, though some sources cite the Amazon River as the longest.

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Nobel Peace Prize

The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish, Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is one of the five Nobel Prizes created by the Swedish industrialist, inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, and Literature.

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Nobel Prize in Chemistry

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry (Nobelpriset i kemi) is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to scientists in the various fields of chemistry.

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Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (Nobelpriset i fysiologi eller medicin), administered by the Nobel Foundation, is awarded once a year for outstanding discoveries in the fields of life sciences and medicine.

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November 1

No description.

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November 16

No description.

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November 2

No description.

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November 23

No description.

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November 3

No description.

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November 6

No description.

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Novial

Novial is a constructed international auxiliary language (IAL) for universal communication between speakers of different native languages.

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Nursing school

A nursing school is a type of educational institution, or part thereof, providing education and training to become a fully qualified nurse.

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October

October is the tenth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian Calendars and the sixth of seven months to have a length of 31 days.

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October 1

No description.

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October 12

No description.

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October 17

No description.

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October 18

No description.

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October 19

No description.

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October 21

No description.

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October 22

No description.

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October 26

No description.

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October 31

No description.

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October 5

No description.

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Ohio

Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States.

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Old Summer Palace

The Old Summer Palace, known in Chinese as Yuanming Yuan, and originally called the Imperial Gardens, was a complex of palaces and gardens in present-day Haidian District, Beijing, China. It is located northwest of the walls of the former Imperial City section of Beijing.

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On a New Organic Base in the Coca Leaves

On a New Organic Base in the Coca Leaves is an 1860 dissertation written by Dr.

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Otto Jespersen

Jens Otto Harry Jespersen or Otto Jespersen (16 July 1860 – 30 April 1943) was a Danish linguist who specialized in the grammar of the English language.

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Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.

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Oxford University Museum of Natural History

The Oxford University Museum of Natural History, sometimes known simply as the Oxford University Museum or OUMNH, is a museum displaying many of the University of Oxford's natural history specimens, located on Parks Road in Oxford, England.

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Palermo

Palermo (Sicilian: Palermu, Panormus, from Πάνορμος, Panormos) is a city of Southern Italy, the capital of both the autonomous region of Sicily and the Metropolitan City of Palermo.

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Papal States

The Papal States, officially the State of the Church (Stato della Chiesa,; Status Ecclesiasticus; also Dicio Pontificia), were a series of territories in the Italian Peninsula under the direct sovereign rule of the Pope, from the 8th century until 1870.

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Paxton, Illinois

Paxton is a city in Ford County, Illinois, United States.

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Pemberton Mill

The Pemberton Mill was a large factory in Lawrence, Massachusetts, which collapsed without warning on January 10, 1860 in what is likely "the worst industrial accident in Massachusetts history" and "one of the worst industrial calamities in American history".

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Peru

Peru (Perú; Piruw Republika; Piruw Suyu), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.

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Phineas Gage

Phineas P. Gage (18231860) was an American railroad construction foreman remembered for his improbable survival of an accident in which a large iron rod was driven completely through his head, destroying much of his brain's left frontal lobe, and for that injury's reported effects on his personality and behavior over the remaining 12 years of his lifeeffects sufficiently profound (for a time at least) that friends saw him as "no longer Gage".

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Phonautograph

The phonautograph is the earliest known device for recording sound.

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Pony Express

The Pony Express was a mail service delivering messages, newspapers, and mail.

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Pony Express Bible

The Pony Express Bible is a Protestant Bible that was distributed to the Pony Express riders in 1860 and 1861.

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President of the United States

The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.

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Prestwick Golf Club

Prestwick Golf Club is located in the town of Prestwick, South Ayrshire, Scotland.

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Prime Minister of Australia

The Prime Minister of Australia (sometimes informally abbreviated to PM) is the head of government of Australia.

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Prime Minister of Japan

The is the head of government of Japan.

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Prime Minister of Sweden

The Prime Minister (statsminister, literally "Minister of the State") is the head of government in Sweden.

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Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of the United Kingdom government.

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Prisoner of war

A prisoner of war (POW) is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.

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Prussia

Prussia (Preußen) was a historically prominent German state that originated in 1525 with a duchy centred on the region of Prussia.

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Qing dynasty

The Qing dynasty, also known as the Qing Empire, officially the Great Qing, was the last imperial dynasty of China, established in 1636 and ruling China from 1644 to 1912.

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Rachilde

Rachilde was the pen name and preferred identity of novelist and playwright Marguerite Vallette-Eymery (February 11, 1860 – April 4, 1953).

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Raymond Poincaré

Raymond Nicolas Landry Poincaré (20 August 1860 – 15 October 1934) was a French statesman who served three times as 58th Prime Minister of France, and as President of France from 1913 to 1920.

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Rōnin

A was a samurai without lord or master during the feudal period (1185–1868) of Japan.

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Republican Party (United States)

The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the two major political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party.

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Robert Bunsen

Robert Wilhelm Eberhard Bunsen (30 March 1811N1 – 16 August 1899) was a German chemist.

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Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Philadelphia

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Philadelphia is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in southeastern Pennsylvania, in the United States.

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Rubidium

Rubidium is a chemical element with symbol Rb and atomic number 37.

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Rules derby

Rules derby is a football derby played in Sheffield, England between Sheffield F.C. and Hallam F.C..

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Russian Empire

The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.

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Sacramento, California

Sacramento is the capital city of the U.S. state of California and the seat of Sacramento County.

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Saint

A saint (also historically known as a hallow) is a person who is recognized as having an exceptional degree of holiness or likeness or closeness to God.

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Sakuradamon Incident (1860)

The was the assassination of Japanese Chief Minister (Tairō) Ii Naosuke (1815–1860) on 24 March 1860 by rōnin samurai of the Mito Domain, outside the Sakurada Gate of Edo Castle.

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Sam Thompson

Samuel Luther "Big Sam" Thompson (March 5, 1860 – November 7, 1922) was an American professional baseball player from 1884 to 1898 and with a brief comeback in 1906.

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Samurai

were the military nobility and officer caste of medieval and early-modern Japan.

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San Francisco

San Francisco (initials SF;, Spanish for 'Saint Francis'), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California.

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Second Opium War

The Second Opium War (第二次鴉片戰爭), the Second Anglo-Chinese War, the Second China War, the Arrow War, or the Anglo-French expedition to China, was a war pitting the United Kingdom and the French Empire against the Qing dynasty of China, lasting from 1856 to 1860.

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September 1

No description.

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September 10

No description.

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September 12

No description.

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September 13

No description.

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September 15

No description.

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September 18

No description.

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September 21

No description.

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September 24

No description.

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September 3

No description.

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September 5

No description.

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September 6

No description.

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September 7

No description.

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Sergey Reformatsky

Sergey Nikolaevich Reformatsky (Серге́й Никола́евич Реформа́тский) (April 1, 1860 – July 28, 1934) was a Russian chemist.

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Sheffield F.C.

Sheffield Football Club is an English football club from Sheffield, South Yorkshire, although now based in Dronfield, Derbyshire.

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Showman

Showman can have a variety of meanings, usually by context and depending on the country.

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Sicily

Sicily (Sicilia; Sicìlia) is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea.

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Siege of Gaeta (1860)

The Siege of Gaeta was the concluding event of the war between the Kingdom of Sardinia and the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, part of the unification of Italy.

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Sir George Warrender, 7th Baronet

Vice-Admiral Sir George John Scott Warrender of Lochend, 7th Baronet, (31 July 1860 – 8 January 1917) was a senior officer in the Royal Navy during the First World War.

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Sir Harry Smith, 1st Baronet

Lieutenant General Sir Henry George Wakelyn Smith, 1st Baronet GCB (28 June 1787 – 12 October 1860), known as Sir Harry Smith, was a notable English soldier and military commander in the British Army of the early 19th century.

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Soapy Smith

Jefferson Randolph "Soapy" Smith II (November 2, 1860 – July 8, 1898) was a con artist and gangster in the Old West.

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Sound recording and reproduction

Sound recording and reproduction is an electrical, mechanical, electronic, or digital inscription and re-creation of sound waves, such as spoken voice, singing, instrumental music, or sound effects.

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South Carolina

South Carolina is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States.

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Southern United States

The Southern United States, also known as the American South, Dixie, Dixieland, or simply the South, is a region of the United States of America.

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St Thomas' Hospital

St Thomas' Hospital is a large NHS teaching hospital in Central London, England.

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St. Joseph, Missouri

St.

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Stéphanie de Beauharnais

Stéphanie, Grand Duchess of Baden (Stéphanie Louise Adrienne de Beauharnais; August 28, 1789 – January 29, 1860) was the Grand Duchess consort of Baden by marriage to Karl, Grand Duke of Baden.

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Stephen A. Douglas

Stephen Arnold Douglas (April 23, 1813 – June 3, 1861) was an American politician from Illinois and the designer of the Kansas–Nebraska Act.

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Strike action

Strike action, also called labor strike, labour strike, or simply strike, is a work stoppage caused by the mass refusal of employees to work.

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Susanna M. Salter

Susanna Madora Salter (née Kinsey; March 2, 1860 – March 17, 1961) was a U.S. politician and activist.

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Tairō

Tairō (大老, "great elder") was a high-ranking official position in the Tokugawa shogunate government of Japan, roughly comparable to the office of prime minister.

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Teano

Teano (Teanese: Tiánë) is a town and comune in the province of Caserta, Campania, southern Italy, northwest of Caserta on the main line to Rome from Naples.

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Texaco

Texaco, Inc. ("The Texas Company") is an American oil subsidiary of Chevron Corporation.

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The Open Championship

The Open Championship, often referred to as The Open or the British Open, is the oldest of the four major championships in professional golf.

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Theodor Herzl

Theodor Herzl (תאודור הֶרְצֵל Te'odor Hertsel, Herzl Tivadar; 2 May 1860 – 3 July 1904), Hebrew name given at his brit milah Binyamin Ze'ev (בִּנְיָמִין זְאֵב), also known in Hebrew as, Chozeh HaMedinah (lit. "Visionary of the State") was an Austro-Hungarian journalist, playwright, political activist, and writer who was the father of modern political Zionism.

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Theodore Parker

Theodore Parker (August 24, 1810 – May 10, 1860) was an American Transcendentalist and reforming minister of the Unitarian church.

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Thomas Brisbane

Major General Sir Thomas Makdougall Brisbane, 1st Baronet, (23 July 1773 – 27 January 1860), was a British Army officer, administrator, and astronomer.

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Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald

Admiral Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald, Marquess of Maranhão, GCB, ODM, OSC (14 December 1775 – 31 October 1860), styled Lord Cochrane between 1778 and 1831, was a British naval flag officer of the Royal Navy, mercenary and radical politician.

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Thomas Hobbes Scott

Thomas Hobbes Scott (17 April 1783 – 1 January 1860) was an English-born Anglican cleric active in Australia.

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Thompson submachine gun

The Thompson submachine gun is an American submachine gun, invented by John T. Thompson in 1918, that became infamous during the Prohibition era, becoming a signature weapon of various organized crime syndicates in the United States.

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Timeline of chemical element discoveries

The discovery of the 118 chemical elements known to exist today is presented here in chronological order.

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Tom Norman

Tom Norman, born Thomas Noakes, (7 May 1860 – 24 August 1930), was an English businessman, showman and the last exhibitor of Joseph Merrick who was otherwise known as the "Elephant Man".

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Tom O'Brien (second baseman)

Thomas H. (Tom) O'Brien (June 22, 1860 – April 21, 1921) was an infielder in Major League Baseball who played for five clubs in parts of six seasons between 1882 and 1890.

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TSV 1860 Munich

Turn- und Sportverein München von 1860, commonly known as TSV 1860 München or 1860 Munich, is a German sports club based in Munich.

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Turin

Turin (Torino; Turin) is a city and an important business and cultural centre in northern Italy.

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Unequal treaty

Unequal treaty is the name given by the Chinese to a series of treaties signed with Western powers during the 19th and early 20th centuries by Qing dynasty China after suffering military defeat by the West or when there was a threat of military action by those powers.

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United States presidential election, 1860

The United States Presidential Election of 1860 was the nineteenth quadrennial presidential election to select the President and Vice President of the United States.

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Uruguay

Uruguay, officially the Oriental Republic of Uruguay (República Oriental del Uruguay), is a sovereign state in the southeastern region of South America.

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Venancio Flores

Venancio Flores Barrios (18 May 1808 – 19 February 1868) was a Uruguayan political leader and general.

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Venezuela

Venezuela, officially denominated Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (República Bolivariana de Venezuela),Previously, the official name was Estado de Venezuela (1830–1856), República de Venezuela (1856–1864), Estados Unidos de Venezuela (1864–1953), and again República de Venezuela (1953–1999).

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Vice President of the United States

The Vice President of the United States (informally referred to as VPOTUS, or Veep) is a constitutional officer in the legislative branch of the federal government of the United States as the President of the Senate under Article I, Section 3, Clause 4, of the United States Constitution, as well as the second highest executive branch officer, after the President of the United States.

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Victor Emmanuel II of Italy

Victor Emmanuel II (Vittorio Emanuele Maria Alberto Eugenio Ferdinando Tommaso di Savoia; 14 March 1820 – 9 January 1878) was King of Sardinia from 1849 until 17 March 1861.

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Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande

Pandit Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande (10 August 1860 – 19 September 1936) was an Indian musicologist who wrote the first modern treatise on Hindustani classical music (The north Indian variety of Indian classical music), an art which had been propagated earlier for a few centuries mostly through oral traditions.

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Vladivostok

Vladivostok (p, literally ruler of the east) is a city and the administrative center of Primorsky Krai, Russia, located around the Golden Horn Bay, not far from Russia's borders with China and North Korea.

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Vulcan (hypothetical planet)

Vulcan is a small hypothetical planet that was proposed to exist in an orbit between Mercury and the Sun.

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W. G. Read Mullan

William G. Read Mullan, SJ (January 28, 1860 – January 25, 1910), was an American Jesuit and academic who served as President of Boston College from 1898 to 1903 and President of Loyola University Maryland from 1907 to 1908.

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Waitara, New Zealand

Waitara is a town in the northern part of the Taranaki region of the North Island of New Zealand.

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Wanda Malecka

Wanda Malecka (1800 – October 22, 1860) was a Polish editor, translator, poet, novelist, printer, publisher and journalist.

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Will Keith Kellogg

Will Keith Kellogg, generally referred to as W.K. Kellogg (April 7, 1860 – October 6, 1951), was an American industrialist in food manufacturing, best known as the founder of the Kellogg Company, which to this day produces a wide variety of popular breakfast cereals.

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Willem Einthoven

Willem Einthoven (21 May 1860 – 29 September 1927) was a Dutch doctor and physiologist.

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William Ashley (economic historian)

Sir William James Ashley (25 February 1860 – 23 July 1927) was an influential English economic historian.

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William Booth

William Booth (10 April 182920 August 1912) was an English Methodist preacher who founded The Salvation Army and became its first General (1878–1912).

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William Jacob Baer

William Jacob Baer (January 29, 1860 – 1941), considered the foremost American miniature painter, was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, January 29, 1860 and died in East Orange, New Jersey in 1941.

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William Jennings Bryan

William Jennings Bryan (March 19, 1860 – July 26, 1925) was an American orator and politician from Nebraska.

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William Kennedy Dickson

William Kennedy-Laurie Dickson (3 August 1860 – 28 September 1935) was a Scottish inventor who devised an early motion picture camera under the employment of Thomas Edison (post-dating the work of Louis Le Prince).

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William Mason (U.S. politician)

William Mason (September 10, 1786 – January 13, 1860) was a United States Representative from New York.

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William Walker (filibuster)

William Walker (May 8, 1824 – September 12, 1860) was an American physician, lawyer, journalist and mercenary who organized several private military expeditions into Latin America, with the intention of establishing English-speaking slave colonies under his personal control, an enterprise then known as "filibustering".

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Willie Park Sr.

William "Willie" Park Sr. (30 June 1833 – 25 July 1903) was a Scottish professional golfer.

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Wiyot

The Wiyot (Chetco-Tolowa: Wee-’at Yurok: Weyet) are an indigenous people of California living near Humboldt Bay, California and a small surrounding area.

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World Digital Library

The World Digital Library (WDL) is an international digital library operated by UNESCO and the United States Library of Congress.

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Zanzibar

Zanzibar is a semi-autonomous region of Tanzania.

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1769

No description.

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1773

No description.

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1775

The American Revolution begins this year, with the first military engagement being the April 19 Battles of Lexington and Concord on the day after Paul Revere's now-epic ride.

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1778

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1780

No description.

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1783

No description.

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1784

No description.

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1786

No description.

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1787

No description.

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1788

No description.

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1789

No description.

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1792

No description.

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1794

No description.

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1795

No description.

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1798

No description.

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1800

As of March 1 (O.S. February 18), when the Julian calendar acknowledged a leap day and the Gregorian calendar did not, the Julian calendar fell one day further behind, bringing the difference to 12 days until 1899.

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1801

No description.

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1802

No description.

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1810

No description.

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1811

No description.

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1817

No description.

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1823

No description.

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1824

No description.

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1860 Mount Lebanon civil war

The 1860 Mount Lebanon civil war (also called the 1860 Civil War in Syria) was the culmination of a peasant uprising, which began in the north of Mount Lebanon as a rebellion of Maronite peasants against their Druze overlords and culminated in a massacre in Damascus.

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1860 Oxford evolution debate

The 1860 Oxford evolution debate took place at the Oxford University Museum in Oxford, England, on 30 June 1860, seven months after the publication of Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species.

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1860 Wiyot massacre

The Wiyot massacre refers to the incidents on February 26, 1860, at Tuluwat on what is now known as Indian Island, near Eureka in Humboldt County, California.

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1862

This year was named by Mitchell Stephens as the greatest year to read newspapers.

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1875

No description.

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1887

No description.

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1898

No description.

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1900

As of March 1 (O.S. February 17), when the Julian calendar acknowledged a leap day and the Gregorian calendar did not, the Julian calendar fell one day further behind, bringing the difference to 13 days until February 28 (O.S. February 15), 2100.

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1903

No description.

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1904

No description.

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1909

No description.

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1910

No description.

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1911

A highlight was the race for the South Pole.

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1914

This year saw the beginning of what became known as World War I, after an heir to the Austrian throne was assassinated by a Serbian nationalist.

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1915

Below, the events of World War I have the "WWI" prefix.

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1917

This year was famous for the October Revolution in Russia, by Vladimir Lenin.

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1918

This year is famous for the end of the First World War, on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month, as well as for the flu pandemic, that killed 50-100 million people worldwide.

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1920

No description.

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1921

No description.

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1922

No description.

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1924

No description.

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1925

No description.

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1926

No description.

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1927

No description.

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1929

This year marked the end of a period known in American history as the Roaring Twenties after the Wall Street Crash of 1929 ushered in a worldwide Great Depression.

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1930

No description.

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1931

No description.

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1934

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1935

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1936

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1937

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1939

This year also marks the start of the Second World War, the largest and deadliest conflict in human history.

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1940

Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

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1941

Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" acronym.

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1943

Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

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1944

Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

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1947

No description.

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1948

No description.

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1949

No description.

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1951

No description.

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1952

No description.

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1953

No description.

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1954

No description.

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1956

No description.

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1961

As MAD Magazine pointed out on its cover for the March 1961 issue, this was the first "upside-up" year — i.e., one in which the numerals that form the year look the same as when the numerals are rotated upside down, a strobogrammatic number — since 1881.

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1962

No description.

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2008

2008 was designated as.

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Redirects here:

1860 (year), 1860 AD, 1860 CE, AD 1860, Births in 1860, Deaths in 1860, Events in 1860, MDCCCLX, Year 1860.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1860

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