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529 relations: Abdülaziz, Abdulmejid I, Aberdare, Abraham Lincoln, Alabama, Albert Niemann (chemist), Albert, Prince Consort, Alcée Louis la Branche, Alexander H. Stephens, Alexey Kaledin, Alice Stevenson, Almroth Wright, American Civil War, Andrew Jackson, Angkor Wat, Antoine Bourdelle, Antoni Melchior Fijałkowski, Antonio de La Gándara, April 12, April 13, April 15, April 17, April 2, April 20, April 22, April 23, April 24, April 25, April 26, April 27, April 6, April 7, April 8, Archaeopteryx, Archibald Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton, Argentina, Argentine Civil Wars, Argentine Confederation, Aristide Maillol, Arkansas, Armando Diaz, Army of the Potomac, Arvid Järnefelt, Association Against the Prohibition Amendment, Asteroid, Attempted murder, August 10, August 12, August 17, August 19, ..., August 20, August 22, August 24, August 27, August 28, August 4, August 5, August 6, August 7, Bahrain–United Kingdom relations, Baltimore, Baltimore Plot, Bamana Empire, Barcelona, Barnard Elliott Bee Jr., Battle of Ball's Bluff, Battle of Belmont, Battle of Corrick's Ford, Battle of Ky Hoa, Battle of Pavón, Battle of Round Mountain, Battle of Santa Rosa Island, Battle of Shanghai (1861), Battle of Wilson's Creek, Benito Juárez, Bezdna unrest, Black Hawk War, Bliss Carman, Bolton, British Empire, C/1861 J1, Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour, Capital punishment, Carousel, Charles Édouard Guillaume, Charles Duryea, Charles Martin Loeffler, Charles Swickard, Chatham Dockyard, Chichester Cathedral, Civitella del Tronto, Colorado Territory, Comet, Confederate Arizona, Confederate government of Kentucky, Confederate government of Missouri, Confederate States Army, Confederate States Constitution, Confederate States of America, Cornerstone Speech, Crittenden–Johnson Resolution, David Hunter, December 10, December 14, December 15, December 16, December 18, December 20, December 21, December 29, December 4, December 5, December 8, Delaware, Dimitrios Ioannou, Dixie Haygood, Eastern Orthodox Church, Edith Roosevelt, Edmund Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby, Edward "Ned" Kendall, Edward Dickinson Baker, El Hadj Umar Tall, Eliphalet Remington, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Elsa Eschelsson, Emancipation reform of 1861, Erich von Falkenhayn, Ernst Anschütz, External debt, February 1, February 11, February 12, February 13, February 15, February 17, February 18, February 19, February 20, February 22, February 23, February 24, February 26, February 27, February 28, February 4, February 8, February 9, Federal Council (Switzerland), Ferdinand I of Bulgaria, First Battle of Bull Run, First inauguration of Abraham Lincoln, First Lady of the United States, First Taranaki War, Flagellation, Flags of the Confederate States of America, Florida, Fort Sumter, Francis II of the Two Sicilies, Fray Bentos, Frederic Remington, Frederick Gowland Hopkins, Frederick Russell Burnham, Frederick William IV of Prussia, French Indochina, Fridtjof Nansen, George B. McClellan, Georges Méliès, Georgia (U.S. state), Gerald Strickland, 1st Baron Strickland, Germogen (Maximov), Giovanni Schiaparelli, Gram, Guillermo Miller, H. H. Holmes, Habeas corpus, Hakodate, Hannes Hafstein, Harro Magnussen, Hedda Andersson, Helen Herron Taft, Henri Mouhot, Henrietta Crosman, Henry Head, Henry Horne, 1st Baron Horne, Hong Kong General Chamber of Commerce, Hungarian Slovenes, Income tax, Indian Territory, Indian Territory in the American Civil War, Isaiah Stillman, Isobel Gunn, István Tisza, Italian unification, Ivana Kobilca, Iván Persa, J. B. Bury, James Braidwood (firefighter), James Murray Mason, James Naismith, January 1, January 10, January 11, January 12, January 14, January 17, January 19, January 2, January 21, January 26, January 28, January 29, January 3, January 30, January 6, January 9, János Zsupánek, József Konkolics, Jefferson Davis, Joachim Lelewel, John C. Frémont, John Peltz, John Slidell, Jonas Furrer, José Rizal, Judah P. Benjamin, Juhani Aho, Julián Felipe, July 1, July 10, July 12, July 13, July 14, July 2, July 21, July 22, July 25, July 26, June 12, June 13, June 15, June 19, June 2, June 20, June 22, June 25, June 29, June 3, June 6, June 9, Kalliroi Parren, Kansas, Katō Tomosaburō, Kate M. Gordon, Kentucky, Kingdom of Italy, Kingdom of Sardinia, Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, Korea Strait, Korean independence movement, Kurt Hensel, L'Osservatore Romano, Lagos, Leonidas Polk, Lillian Russell, List of sultans of the Ottoman Empire, Lola Montez, London Fire Brigade, Lorcha (boat), Lou Andreas-Salomé, Louisiana, Ludwig I of Bavaria, Malaysia, Mali, Manassas, Virginia, March 10, March 11, March 12, March 13, March 16, March 17, March 19, March 2, March 20, March 21, March 28, March 3, March 30, March 4, Mary Elizabeth Coleridge, Maximilian von Spee, May 11, May 13, May 14, May 16, May 20, May 21, May 23, May 24, May 29, May 5, May 6, May 7, May 8, Meat packing industry, Medal of Honor, Mehmed VI, Melbourne, Melbourne Cup, Mendoza, Argentina, Meteorite, Mexico City, Mississippi, Mississippi River, Missouri, Missouri secession, Monarch, Montgomery, Alabama, Mount Lebanon Mutasarrifate, Mutasarrıf, Nathaniel Lyon, National Eisteddfod of Wales, Neutral country, Nevada Territory, New Mexico Territory, Nguyễn Trung Trực, Nicholas of Japan, Niels Hansen Jacobsen, Nikola Ivanov, Nobel Prize, Nobel Prize in Physics, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, North Carolina, North Star affair, November 1, November 10, November 11, November 19, November 2, November 21, November 25, November 28, November 4, November 5, November 6, November 7, November 8, October 10, October 16, October 21, October 24, October 25, October 26, October 28, October 30, October 31, October 4, October 5, October 9, Old Town, Edinburgh, Ottoman dynasty, Ottoman Empire, Paducah, Kentucky, Pedro V of Portugal, Pehr Evind Svinhufvud, Perpetual Truce of Peace and Friendship, Peter Cooper Hewitt, Physician, Pierre Berthier, Pony Express, Prekmurje Slovenes, President of Finland, Prime Minister of Finland, Prime Minister of Iceland, Prime Minister of Japan, Princess Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont, Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Provisional Congress of the Confederate States, Qing dynasty, Queen Victoria, Rabindranath Tagore, Règlement Organique (Mount Lebanon), Remington Arms, Revenue Act of 1861, Richard Lawrence (failed assassin), Richmond, Virginia, Robert Anderson (Civil War), Robert Bosch, Robert E. Lee, Royal Navy, Royal Seminary, Rudolf Steiner, Russian Empire, Savannah, Georgia, Ségou, September, September 10, September 11, September 17, September 2, September 23, September 28, September 3, September 30, September 6, September 7, Serfdom, Sidon Eyalet, Siege of Gaeta (1860), Slavery in the United States, Slovenes, Son Byong-hi, South Carolina, Spencer S. Wood, Stanislas de Guaita, State of Buenos Aires, State school, Stephen A. Douglas, Sweden, Taiping Rebellion, Taras Shevchenko, Tenement, Tennessee, Tennessee River, Tertiary education, Texas, Thallium, The Crystal Palace, Timeline of chemical element discoveries, Toronto Stock Exchange, Treaty with Choctaws and Chickasaws, Trent Affair, Tsushima incident, Tsushima Island, U.S. state, Ukrainians, Ulysses S. Grant, Union (American Civil War), Union Army, United States, United States Army, United States Congress, United States Senate, United States territory, Vatican City, Vengayil Kunhiraman Nayanar, Vice President of the Confederate States of America, Victoire Jean-Baptiste, Victor Emmanuel II of Italy, Virginia, Warsaw, Weisshorn, Wilhelm Diegelmann, William Attewell, William Crookes, William H. Stayton, William I, German Emperor, William Lyon Mackenzie, William Wrigley Jr., Willie Person Mangum, Winfield Scott, World Digital Library, Xianfeng Emperor, 1778, 1780, 1782, 1786, 1792, 1793, 1795, 1800, 1805, 1806, 1808, 1810, 1812, 1813, 1814, 1818, 1819, 1821, 1823, 1824, 1831, 1834, 1837, 1839, 1861 Mendoza earthquake, 1861 Tooley Street fire, 1872, 1876, 1896, 1897, 1906, 1907, 1908, 1909, 1911, 1914, 1915, 1917, 1918, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1925, 1926, 1927, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1932, 1934, 1935, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1947, 1948, 1951, 1953, 1973, 69 Hesperia. Expand index (479 more) »

Abdülaziz

Abdülaziz (Ottoman Turkish: عبد العزيز / `Abdü’l-`Azīz, Abdülaziz; 8 February 18304 June 1876) was the 32nd Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and reigned between 25 June 1861 and 30 May 1876.

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Abdulmejid I

Abdülmecid I (Ottoman Turkish: عبد المجيد اول ‘Abdü’l-Mecīd-i evvel; 23/25 April 182325 June 1861), also known as Abdulmejid and similar spellings, was the 31st Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and succeeded his father Mahmud II on 2 July 1839.

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Aberdare

Aberdare (Aberdâr) is a town in the Cynon Valley area of Rhondda Cynon Taf, Wales, at the confluence of the Rivers Dare (Dâr) and Cynon.

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Abraham Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th President of the United States from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865.

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Alabama

Alabama is a state in the southeastern region of the United States.

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Albert Niemann (chemist)

Albert Friedrich Emil Niemann (May 20, 1834 – January 19, 1861) was a German chemist.

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Albert, Prince Consort

Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Francis Albert Augustus Charles Emmanuel; 26 August 1819 – 14 December 1861) was the husband and consort of Queen Victoria.

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Alcée Louis la Branche

Alcée Louis la Branche (1806 – August 17, 1861) was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from the state of Louisiana.

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Alexander H. Stephens

Alexander Hamilton Stephens (born February 11, 1812 – March 4, 1883) was an American politician who served as the 50th Governor of Georgia from 1882 until his death in 1883.

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Alexey Kaledin

Aleksei Maximovich Kaledin (Алексе́й Макси́мович Каледи́н; 24 October 1861 – 11 February 1918) was a Don Cossack Cavalry General who led the Don Cossack White movement in the opening stages of the Russian Civil War.

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Alice Stevenson

Alice Stevenson (10 July 1861 – 18 August 1973) The Gerontology Research Group was born at Piccadilly, England and became a British supercentenarian.

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Almroth Wright

Sir Almroth Edward Wright (10 August 1861 – 30 April 1947) was a British bacteriologist and immunologist.

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American Civil War

The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.

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Andrew Jackson

Andrew Jackson (March 15, 1767 – June 8, 1845) was an American soldier and statesman who served as the seventh President of the United States from 1829 to 1837.

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Angkor Wat

Angkor Wat (អង្គរវត្ត, "Capital Temple") is a temple complex in Cambodia and the largest religious monument in the world, on a site measuring.

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Antoine Bourdelle

Antoine Bourdelle (30 October 1861 – 1 October 1929), born Émile Antoine Bordelles, was an influential and prolific French sculptor, painter, and teacher.

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Antoni Melchior Fijałkowski

Antoni Melchior Fijałkowski (Pszczew, near Poznań, January 3, 1778 – October 5, 1861, Warsaw) was the Archbishop Metropolitan of Warsaw and spiritual leader of the nation during the Partitions of Poland.

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Antonio de La Gándara

Antonio de La Gándara (16 December 186130 June 1917) was a French painter, pastellist and draughtsman.

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April 12

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April 13

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April 15

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April 17

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April 2

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April 20

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April 22

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April 23

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April 24

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April 25

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April 26

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April 27

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April 6

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April 7

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April 8

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Archaeopteryx

Archaeopteryx, meaning "old wing" (sometimes referred to by its German name Urvogel ("original bird" or "first bird")), is a genus of bird-like dinosaurs that is transitional between non-avian feathered dinosaurs and modern birds.

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Archibald Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton

Archibald William Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton, 1st Earl of Winton, KT, PC (29 September 1812 – 4 October 1861), styled Lord Montgomerie from 1814 to 1819, was a British Conservative politician.

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Argentina

Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.

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Argentine Civil Wars

The Argentine Civil Wars were a series of civil wars that took place in Argentina from 1814 to 1880.

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Argentine Confederation

The Argentine Confederation (Spanish: Confederación Argentina) is one of the official names of Argentina according to the Argentine Constitution, Article 35.

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Aristide Maillol

Aristide Joseph Bonaventure Maillol (December 8, 1861 – September 27, 1944) was a French sculptor, painter, and printmaker.

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Arkansas

Arkansas is a state in the southeastern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2017.

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Armando Diaz

Armando Diaz, 1st Duke of the Victory, (5 December 1861 – 28 February 1928) was an Italian general and a Marshal of Italy.

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Army of the Potomac

The Army of the Potomac was the principal Union Army in the Eastern Theater of the American Civil War.

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Arvid Järnefelt

Arvid Järnefelt (16 November 1861 in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire – 27 December 1932 in Helsinki, Finland) was a Finnish judge and writer.

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Association Against the Prohibition Amendment

The Association Against the Prohibition Amendment was established in 1918 and became a leading organization working for the repeal of prohibition in the United States.

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Asteroid

Asteroids are minor planets, especially those of the inner Solar System.

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Attempted murder

Attempted murder is a crime of attempt in various jurisdictions.

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August 10

The term 'the 10th of August' is widely used by historians as a shorthand for the Storming of the Tuileries Palace on the 10th of August, 1792, the effective end of the French monarchy until it was restored in 1814.

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August 12

It is the peak of the Perseid meteor shower.

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August 17

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August 19

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August 20

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August 22

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August 24

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August 27

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August 28

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August 4

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August 5

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August 6

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August 7

This day marks the approximate midpoint of summer in the Northern Hemisphere and of winter in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the June solstice).

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Bahrain–United Kingdom relations

Bahrain – United Kingdom relations are bilateral relations between Kingdom of Bahrain and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

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Baltimore

Baltimore is the largest city in the U.S. state of Maryland, and the 30th-most populous city in the United States.

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Baltimore Plot

The Baltimore Plot was an alleged conspiracy in late February 1861 to assassinate President-elect Abraham Lincoln en route to his inauguration.

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Bamana Empire

The Bamana Empire (also Bambara Empire or Ségou Empire) was a large West African state based at Ségou, now in Mali.

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Barcelona

Barcelona is a city in Spain.

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Barnard Elliott Bee Jr.

Barnard Elliott Bee Jr. (February 8, 1824 – July 22, 1861) was a career United States Army officer and a Confederate States Army general during the American Civil War.

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Battle of Ball's Bluff

The Battle of Ball's Bluff in Loudoun County, Virginia on October 21, 1861, was one of the early battles of the American Civil War, where Union Army forces under Major General George B. McClellan, suffered a humiliating defeat.

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Battle of Belmont

The Battle of Belmont was fought on November 7, 1861 in Mississippi County, Missouri.

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Battle of Corrick's Ford

The Battle of Corrick's Ford took place on July 13, 1861, on the Cheat River in western Virginia (now the state of West Virginia) as part of the Operations in Western Virginia Campaign during the American Civil War.

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Battle of Ky Hoa

The Battle of Kỳ Hòa (Trận Đại đồn Chí Hòa) on 24 and 25 February 1861 was an important French victory in the Cochinchina campaign (1858–62).

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Battle of Pavón

The Battle of Pavón was a key battle of the Argentine civil wars.

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Battle of Round Mountain

The Battle of Round Mountain was the first battle in the Trail of Blood on Ice campaign for the control of Indian Territory during the American Civil War and occurred on November 19, 1861.

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Battle of Santa Rosa Island

The Battle of Santa Rosa Island (October 9, 1861) was an unsuccessful Confederate attempt to take Union-held Fort Pickens on Santa Rosa Island, Florida.

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Battle of Shanghai (1861)

The Battle of Shanghai (太平軍二攻上海) was a major engagement of the Taiping Rebellion that occurred from June 1861 to July 1862.

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Battle of Wilson's Creek

The Battle of Wilson's Creek, also known as the Battle of Oak Hills, was the first major battle of the Trans-Mississippi Theater of the American Civil War.

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Benito Juárez

Benito Pablo Juárez García (21 March 1806 – 18 July 1872) was a Mexican lawyer and liberal politician of Zapotec origin from Oaxaca.

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Bezdna unrest

1861 Bezdna unrest or Bezdna peasant revolt (Бездненские волнения, Бизнә крәстияннәр кузгалышы) was an unrest of former serfs after the Emancipation reform of 1861 in Russia in April 1861.

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Black Hawk War

The Black Hawk War was a brief conflict between the United States and Native Americans led by Black Hawk, a Sauk leader.

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Bliss Carman

Bliss Carman, (April 15, 1861 – June 8, 1929) was a Canadian poet who lived most of his life in the United States, where he achieved international fame.

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Bolton

Bolton (locally) is a town in Greater Manchester in North West England. A former mill town, Bolton has been a production centre for textiles since Flemish weavers settled in the area in the 14th century, introducing a wool and cotton-weaving tradition. The urbanisation and development of the town largely coincided with the introduction of textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution. Bolton was a 19th-century boomtown, and at its zenith in 1929 its 216 cotton mills and 26 bleaching and dyeing works made it one of the largest and most productive centres of cotton spinning in the world. The British cotton industry declined sharply after the First World War, and by the 1980s cotton manufacture had virtually ceased in Bolton. Close to the West Pennine Moors, Bolton is northwest of Manchester. It is surrounded by several smaller towns and villages that together form the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton, of which Bolton is the administrative centre. The town of Bolton has a population of 139,403, whilst the wider metropolitan borough has a population of 262,400. Historically part of Lancashire, Bolton originated as a small settlement in the moorland known as Bolton le Moors. In the English Civil War, the town was a Parliamentarian outpost in a staunchly Royalist region, and as a result was stormed by 3,000 Royalist troops led by Prince Rupert of the Rhine in 1644. In what became known as the Bolton Massacre, 1,600 residents were killed and 700 were taken prisoner. Bolton Wanderers football club play home games at the Macron Stadium and the WBA World light-welterweight champion Amir Khan was born in the town. Cultural interests include the Octagon Theatre and the Bolton Museum and Art Gallery, as well as one of the earliest public libraries established after the Public Libraries Act 1850.

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British Empire

The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.

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C/1861 J1

The Great Comet of 1861 formally designated C/1861 J1 and 1861 II, is a long-period comet that was visible to the naked eye for approximately 3 months.

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Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour

Camillo Paolo Filippo Giulio Benso, Count of Cavour, Isolabella and Leri (10 August 1810 – 6 June 1861), generally known as Cavour, was an Italian statesman and a leading figure in the movement toward Italian unification.

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Capital punishment

Capital punishment, also known as the death penalty, is a government-sanctioned practice whereby a person is put to death by the state as a punishment for a crime.

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Carousel

A carousel (American English: from French carrousel and Italian carosello), roundabout (British English), or merry-go-round, is a type of amusement ride consisting of a rotating circular platform with seats for riders.

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Charles Édouard Guillaume

Charles Édouard Guillaume (15 February 1861, Fleurier, Switzerland – 13 May 1938, Sèvres, France) was a Swiss physicist who received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1920 in recognition of the service he had rendered to precision measurements in physics by his discovery of anomalies in nickel steel alloys.

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Charles Duryea

Charles Edgar Duryea (December 15, 1861 – September 28, 1938) was the engineer of the first-ever working American gasoline-powered car and co-founder of Duryea Motor Wagon Company.

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Charles Martin Loeffler

Charles Martin Tornov Loeffler (January 30, 1861 – May 19, 1935) was a German-born American violinist and composer.

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Charles Swickard

Charles Swickard (March 21, 1861–May 12, 1929) was a German-born American actor and film director of the silent era.

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Chatham Dockyard

Chatham Dockyard was a Royal Navy Dockyard located on the River Medway in Kent.

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Chichester Cathedral

Chichester Cathedral, formally known as the Cathedral Church of the Holy Trinity, is the seat of the Anglican Bishop of Chichester.

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Civitella del Tronto

Civitella del Tronto is a town and comune in the province of Teramo, within the Abruzzo region of central Italy.

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Colorado Territory

The Territory of Colorado was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from February 28, 1861, until August 1, 1876, when it was admitted to the Union as the State of Colorado.

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Comet

A comet is an icy small Solar System body that, when passing close to the Sun, warms and begins to release gases, a process called outgassing.

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Confederate Arizona

Confederate Arizona, officially the Territory of Arizona, and also known as Arizona Territory, was a territory claimed by the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War, between 1861 and 1865.

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Confederate government of Kentucky

The Confederate government of Kentucky was a shadow government established for the Commonwealth of Kentucky by a self-constituted group of Confederate sympathizers during the American Civil War.

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Confederate government of Missouri

The Confederate government of Missouri was a shadow government, established for the state of Missouri by pro-Confederate Governor Claiborne Fox Jackson and other Southern sympathizers, during the American Civil War.

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Confederate States Army

The Confederate States Army (C.S.A.) was the military land force of the Confederate States of America (Confederacy) during the American Civil War (1861–1865).

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Confederate States Constitution

The Confederate States Constitution, formally the Constitution of the Confederate States of America, was the supreme law of the Confederate States, as adopted on March 11, 1861, and in effect from February 22, 1862, through the conclusion of the American Civil War.

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Confederate States of America

The Confederate States of America (CSA or C.S.), commonly referred to as the Confederacy, was an unrecognized country in North America that existed from 1861 to 1865.

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Cornerstone Speech

The Cornerstone Speech, also known as the Cornerstone Address, was an oration delivered by Confederate Vice President Alexander H. Stephens at the Athenaeum in Savannah, Georgia, on March 21, 1861.

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Crittenden–Johnson Resolution

The Crittenden–Johnson Resolution (also called the Crittenden Resolution) was a measure passed by the 37th United States Congress on July 25, 1861 after the start of the American Civil War, which began on April 12, 1861.

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David Hunter

David Hunter (July 21, 1802 – February 2, 1886) was a Union general during the American Civil War.

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December 10

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December 14

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December 15

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December 16

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December 18

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December 20

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December 21

In the Northern Hemisphere, December 21 is usually the shortest day of the year and is sometimes regarded as the first day of winter.

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December 29

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December 4

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December 5

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December 8

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Delaware

Delaware is one of the 50 states of the United States, in the Mid-Atlantic or Northeastern region.

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Dimitrios Ioannou

Dimitrios Ioannou (Δημήτριος Ιωάννου, 1861–1926) was a senior Greek Army officer who fought in the Macedonian Front during World War I and in the opening stages of the Greco-Turkish War of 1919–1922.

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Dixie Haygood

Dixie Annie Haygood (née Jarrett; 1861 – November 21, 1915) a.k.a. Annie Abbott, from Milledgeville, Georgia was an American stage magician.

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Eastern Orthodox Church

The Eastern Orthodox Church, also known as the Orthodox Church, or officially as the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian Church, with over 250 million members.

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Edith Roosevelt

Edith Kermit Carow Roosevelt (August 6, 1861 – September 30, 1948) was the second wife of President Theodore Roosevelt and served as the First Lady of the United States during his presidency from 1901 to 1909.

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Edmund Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby

Field Marshal Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby, (23 April 1861 – 14 May 1936) was an English soldier and British Imperial Governor.

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Edward "Ned" Kendall

Edward "Ned" Kendall (March 1, 1808 in Fort Wolcott, Goat Island, Rhode Island – October 26, 1861 in Boston) was a bandleader and musician who played the keyed bugle.

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Edward Dickinson Baker

Edward Dickinson Baker (February 24, 1811October 21, 1861) was an English-born American politician, lawyer, and military leader.

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El Hadj Umar Tall

al-Hajj Umar ibn Sa'id al-Futi Tal (حاج عمر بن سعيد طعل), (c. 1794–1864 CE), Umar Saidou Tall, born in Futa Tooro, Senegambia, was a West African political leader, Islamic scholar, Tijani Sufi and Toucouleur military commander who founded a brief empire encompassing much of what is now Guinea, Senegal, and Mali.

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Eliphalet Remington

Eliphalet Remington (October 28, 1793 – August 12, 1861) founded what is now known as the Remington Arms Co., L.L.C. Originally the company was known as E. Remington followed by E. Remington & Son and then E. Remington and Sons.

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Elizabeth Barrett Browning

Elizabeth Barrett Browning (née Moulton-Barrett,; 6 March 1806 – 29 June 1861) was an English poet of the Victorian era, popular in Britain and the United States during her lifetime.

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Elsa Eschelsson

Elsa Olava Kristina Eschelsson (11 November 1861 – 10 March 1911) was the first woman to finish a Doctor of Laws (juris utriusque doctor) degree and the first to attain the academic position of docent at a Swedish university, but was denied the right to even serve as acting professor because of her sex.

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Emancipation reform of 1861

The Emancipation Reform of 1861 in Russia (translit, literally: "the peasants Reform of 1861") was the first and most important of liberal reforms passed during the reign (1855-1881) of Emperor Alexander II of Russia.

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Erich von Falkenhayn

General Erich Georg Anton von Falkenhayn (11 September 1861 – 8 April 1922) was the Chief of the German General Staff during the First World War from September 1914 until 29 August 1916.

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Ernst Anschütz

Ernst Gebhard Salomon Anschütz (28 October 1780 in Goldlauter near Suhl, Electorate of Saxony; 18 December 1861 in Leipzig) was a German teacher, organist, poet, and composer.

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External debt

External loan (or foreign debt) is the total debt a country owes to foreign creditors, complemented by internal debt owed to domestic lenders.

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February 1

No description.

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February 11

No description.

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February 12

No description.

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February 13

No description.

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February 15

No description.

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February 17

No description.

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February 18

No description.

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February 19

No description.

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February 20

No description.

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February 22

No description.

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February 23

No description.

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February 24

For superstitious reasons, when the Romans began to intercalate to bring their calendar into line with the solar year, they chose not to place their extra month of Mercedonius after February but within it.

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February 26

No description.

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February 27

No description.

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February 28

No description.

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February 4

This day marks the approximate midpoint of winter in the Northern Hemisphere and of summer in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the December solstice).

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February 8

No description.

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February 9

No description.

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Federal Council (Switzerland)

The Federal Council is the seven-member executive council which constitutes the federal government of the Swiss Confederation and serves as the collective executive head of government and state of Switzerland.

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Ferdinand I of Bulgaria

Ferdinand I (Фердинанд I; 26 February 1861 – 10 September 1948),Louda, 1981, ''Lines of Succession'', Table 149 born Ferdinand Maximilian Karl Leopold Maria of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, was the second monarch of the Third Bulgarian State, firstly as knyaz (ruling prince) from 1887 to 1908, and later as tsar (emperor) from 1908 until his abdication in 1918.

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First Battle of Bull Run

The First Battle of Bull Run (the name used by Union forces), also known as the First Battle of Manassas.

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First inauguration of Abraham Lincoln

The first inauguration of Abraham Lincoln as the 16th President of the United States was held on Monday, March 4, 1861, on the East Portico of the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C..

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First Lady of the United States

The First Lady of the United States (FLOTUS) is the title held by the hostess of the White House, usually the wife of the President of the United States, concurrent with the President's term in office.

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First Taranaki War

The First Taranaki War was an armed conflict over land ownership and sovereignty that took place between Māori and the New Zealand Government in the Taranaki district of New Zealand's North Island from March 1860 to March 1861.

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Flagellation

Flagellation (Latin flagellum, "whip"), flogging, whipping or lashing is the act of beating the human body with special implements such as whips, lashes, rods, switches, the cat o' nine tails, the sjambok, etc.

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Flags of the Confederate States of America

Three successive designs served as the official national flag of the Confederate States of America (the "Confederate States" or the "Confederacy") during its existence from 1861 to 1865.

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Florida

Florida (Spanish for "land of flowers") is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States.

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Fort Sumter

Fort Sumter is a sea fort in Charleston, South Carolina, notable for two battles of the American Civil War.

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Francis II of the Two Sicilies

Francis II (Francesco II, christened Francesco d'Assisi Maria Leopoldo, 16 January 1836 – 27 December 1894) was King of the Two Sicilies from 1859 to 1861.

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Fray Bentos

Fray Bentos is the capital city of the Río Negro Department, in south-western Uruguay.

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Frederic Remington

Frederic Sackrider Remington (October 4, 1861 – December 26, 1909) was an American painter, illustrator, sculptor, and writer who specialized in depictions of the American Old West, specifically concentrating on scenes from the last quarter of the 19th century in the Western United States and featuring images of cowboys, American Indians, and the U.S. Cavalry, among other figures from Western culture.

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Frederick Gowland Hopkins

Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins (20 June 1861 – 16 May 1947) was an English biochemist who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1929, with Christiaan Eijkman, for the discovery of vitamins, even though Casimir Funk, a Polish biochemist, is widely credited with discovering vitamins.

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Frederick Russell Burnham

Frederick Russell Burnham DSO (May 11, 1861 – September 1, 1947) was an American scout and world-traveling adventurer.

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Frederick William IV of Prussia

Frederick William IV (Friedrich Wilhelm IV.; 15 October 17952 January 1861), the eldest son and successor of Frederick William III of Prussia, reigned as King of Prussia from 1840 to 1861.

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French Indochina

French Indochina (previously spelled as French Indo-China) (French: Indochine française; Lao: ສະຫະພັນອິນດູຈີນ; Khmer: សហភាពឥណ្ឌូចិន; Vietnamese: Đông Dương thuộc Pháp/東洋屬法,, frequently abbreviated to Đông Pháp; Chinese: 法属印度支那), officially known as the Indochinese Union (French: Union indochinoise) after 1887 and the Indochinese Federation (French: Fédération indochinoise) after 1947, was a grouping of French colonial territories in Southeast Asia.

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Fridtjof Nansen

Fridtjof Nansen (10 October 1861 – 13 May 1930) was a Norwegian explorer, scientist, diplomat, humanitarian, and Nobel Peace Prize laureate.

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George B. McClellan

George Brinton McClellan (December 3, 1826October 29, 1885) was an American soldier, civil engineer, railroad executive, and politician.

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Georges Méliès

Marie-Georges-Jean Méliès, known as Georges Méliès (8 December 1861 – 21 January 1938), was a French illusionist and film director who led many technical and narrative developments in the earliest days of cinema.

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Georgia (U.S. state)

Georgia is a state in the Southeastern United States.

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Gerald Strickland, 1st Baron Strickland

Gerald Paul Joseph Cajetan Carmel Antony Martin Strickland, 6th Count della Catena, 1st Baron Strickland, GCMG (24 May 186122 August 1940), was a Maltese and British politician and peer, who served as Prime Minister of Malta, Governor of the Leeward Islands, Governor of Tasmania, Governor of Western Australia and Governor of New South Wales, in addition to sitting successively in the House of Commons and House of Lords in the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

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Germogen (Maximov)

Metropolitan Germogen (Митрополит Гермоген, secular name Georgy Ivanovich Maximov, Георгий Иванович Максимов; 10 January 1861 – 30 June 1945) was bishop of Aksay (9 May 1910 – 1919), Vicar of the Don Diocese, 23rd Bishop of Yekaterinoslav and Novomoskovsk (1919 – November 1920), Governor of the Russian Orthodox municipalities on Crete and North Africa with a seat in Athens (1922), Archbishop of Yekaterinoslav and Novomoskovsk (ROCOR, titular) (1922–1942), member of the Synod of Bishops of the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad (1924–1942), the head (Patriarch or Metropolitan) of the Croatian Orthodox Church (1942–1945).

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Giovanni Schiaparelli

Giovanni Virginio Schiaparelli FRS(For) HFRSE (14 March 1835 Savigliano – 4 July 1910 Milan) was an Italian astronomer and science historian.

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Gram

The gram (alternative spelling: gramme; SI unit symbol: g) (Latin gramma, from Greek γράμμα, grámma) is a metric system unit of mass.

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Guillermo Miller

William Miller (2 December 1795–31 October 1861) known throughout Latin America as Guillermo Miller, was an English-born soldier who participated in several South American revolutions, and then became a diplomat.

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H. H. Holmes

Herman Webster Mudgett (May 16, 1861 – May 7, 1896), better known as Dr.

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Habeas corpus

Habeas corpus (Medieval Latin meaning literally "that you have the body") is a recourse in law through which a person can report an unlawful detention or imprisonment to a court and request that the court order the custodian of the person, usually a prison official, to bring the prisoner to court, to determine whether the detention is lawful.

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Hakodate

is a city and port located in Oshima Subprefecture, Hokkaido, Japan.

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Hannes Hafstein

Hannes Þórður Pétursson Hafstein (4 December 1861 – 13 December 1922) was an Icelandic politician and poet.

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Harro Magnussen

Harro Magnussen (14 May 1861, Hamm - 3 November 1908, Grunewald) was a German sculptor.

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Hedda Andersson

Hedda Albertina Andersson (24 April 1861, Malmö - 7 September 1950, Lund), was a Swedish physician.

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Helen Herron Taft

Helen Louise Herron "Nellie" Taft (June 2, 1861 – May 22, 1943) was the wife of William Howard Taft and the First Lady of the United States from 1909 to 1913.

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Henri Mouhot

Henri Mouhot (May 15, 1826 — November 10, 1861) was a French naturalist and explorer of the mid-19th century.

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Henrietta Crosman

Henrietta Foster Crosman (September 2, 1861 – October 31, 1944) was an American stage and film actress.

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Henry Head

Sir Henry Head, FRS (4 August 1861 – 8 October 1940) was an English neurologist who conducted pioneering work into the somatosensory system and sensory nerves.

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Henry Horne, 1st Baron Horne

General Henry Sinclair Horne, 1st Baron Horne, (19 February 1861 – 14 August 1929) was a military officer in the British Army, most notable for his generalship during the First World War.

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Hong Kong General Chamber of Commerce

The Hong Kong General Chamber of Commerce (HKGCC) was founded in Hong Kong in 1861.

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Hungarian Slovenes

Hungarian Slovenes (Slovene: Madžarski Slovenci, Magyarországi szlovének) are an autochthonous ethnic and linguistic Slovene minority living in Hungary.

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Income tax

An income tax is a tax imposed on individuals or entities (taxpayers) that varies with respective income or profits (taxable income).

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Indian Territory

As general terms, Indian Territory, the Indian Territories, or Indian country describe an evolving land area set aside by the United States Government for the relocation of Native Americans who held aboriginal title to their land.

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Indian Territory in the American Civil War

During the American Civil War, most of what is now the U.S. state of Oklahoma was designated as the Indian Territory.

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Isaiah Stillman

Isaiah Stillman (1793–15 April 1861) was an American Cavalry Major who led the Illinois militia in the first armed confrontation of the Black Hawk War against Black Hawk's Sauk Indian Band.

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Isobel Gunn

Isobel (or Isobella) Gunn (c. 1780? – 7 November 1861), also known as John Fubbister or Mary Fubbister, was a Scottish labourer employed by the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC), noted for having passed herself as a man, thereby becoming, not just a pioneer of feminism, but the first European woman to travel to Rupert's Land, now part of Western Canada.

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István Tisza

Count István Tisza de Borosjenő et Szeged (archaically English: Stephen Tisza; 22 April 1861 – 31 October 1918) was a Hungarian politician, prime minister, political scientist and member of Hungarian Academy of Sciences.

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Italian unification

Italian unification (Unità d'Italia), or the Risorgimento (meaning "the Resurgence" or "revival"), was the political and social movement that consolidated different states of the Italian peninsula into the single state of the Kingdom of Italy in the 19th century.

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Ivana Kobilca

Ivana Kobilca (20 December 1861 – 4 December 1926) is the most prominent Slovene female painter and a key figure of Slovene cultural identity.

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Iván Persa

Iván Persa (Ivan Perša) (April 2, 1861 – September 26, 1935) was a Hungarian Slovene Roman Catholic priest and writer.

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J. B. Bury

John Bagnell Bury, (16 October 1861 – 1 June 1927) was an Irish historian, classical scholar, Medieval Roman historian and philologist.

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James Braidwood (firefighter)

James Braidwood (1800–1861) founded the world's first municipal fire service in Edinburgh in 1824, and was the first director of the London Fire Engine Establishment (the brigade which was eventually to become the London Fire Brigade).

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James Murray Mason

James Murray Mason (November 3, 1798April 28, 1871) was a US Representative and US Senator from Virginia.

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James Naismith

James Naismith (November 6, 1861 – November 28, 1939) was an American physical educator, physician, chaplain, sports coach and innovator.

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January 1

January 1 is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar.

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January 10

No description.

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January 11

No description.

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January 12

No description.

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January 14

In the 20th and 21st centuries the Julian calendar is 13 days behind the Gregorian calendar, thus January 14 is sometimes celebrated as New Year's Day (Old New Year) by religious groups who use the Julian calendar.

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January 17

No description.

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January 19

No description.

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January 2

No description.

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January 21

No description.

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January 26

No description.

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January 28

No description.

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January 29

No description.

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January 3

Perihelion, the point during the year when the Earth is closest to the Sun, occurs around this date.

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January 30

No description.

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January 6

No description.

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January 9

No description.

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János Zsupánek

János Zsupánek or Zsupanek (Janoš Županek; January 6, 1861 – March 11, 1951) was a Slovene writer and poet in Hungary, son of the poet and writer Mihály Zsupánek.

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József Konkolics

József Konkolics (Jožef Konkolič) (March 12, 1861 – January 1, 1941) was a Hungarian Slovene writer and cantor, and an associate of Miklós Kovács.

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Jefferson Davis

Jefferson Davis (June 3, 1808 – December 6, 1889) was an American politician who served as the only President of the Confederate States from 1861 to 1865.

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Joachim Lelewel

Joachim Lelewel (22 March 1786 – 29 May 1861) was a Polish historian, bibliographer, polyglot and politician.

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John C. Frémont

John Charles Frémont or Fremont (January 21, 1813July 13, 1890) was an American explorer, politician, and soldier who, in 1856, became the first candidate of the Republican Party for the office of President of the United States.

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John Peltz

John Peltz (April 23, 1861 – February 27, 1906) was a professional baseball player in the 19th century.

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John Slidell

John Slidell (1793July 9, 1871) was an American politician, lawyer, and businessman.

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Jonas Furrer

Jonas Furrer (3 March 1805 – 25 July 1861) was a Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council (1848–1861).

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José Rizal

José Protasio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda, widely known as José Rizal (June 19, 1861 – December 30, 1896), was a Filipino nationalist and polymath during the tail end of the Spanish colonial period of the Philippines.

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Judah P. Benjamin

Judah Philip Benjamin, QC (August 11, 1811 – May 6, 1884) was a lawyer and politician who was a United States Senator from Louisiana, a Cabinet officer of the Confederate States and, after his escape to the United Kingdom at the end of the American Civil War, an English barrister.

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Juhani Aho

Juhani Aho, originally Johannes Brofeldt (11 September 1861 – 8 August 1921), was a Finnish author and journalist.

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Julián Felipe

Julián Felipe (January 28, 1861 – October 2, 1944), was the composer of the music of the Philippine national anthem, formerly known as "Marcha Nacional Filipina", now known as Lupang Hinirang.

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July 1

It is the first day of the second half of the year.

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July 10

No description.

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July 12

No description.

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July 13

No description.

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July 14

No description.

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July 2

This day is the midpoint of a common year because there are 182 days before and 182 days after it in common years, and 183 before and 182 after in leap years.

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July 21

No description.

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July 22

No description.

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July 25

No description.

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July 26

No description.

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June 12

No description.

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June 13

No description.

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June 15

No description.

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June 19

No description.

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June 2

No description.

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June 20

In the Northern Hemisphere, the Summer solstice sometimes occurs on this date, while the Winter solstice occurs in the Southern Hemisphere.

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June 22

On this day the Summer solstice may occur in the Northern Hemisphere, and the Winter solstice may occur in the Southern Hemisphere.

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June 25

No description.

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June 29

No description.

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June 3

No description.

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June 6

No description.

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June 9

No description.

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Kalliroi Parren

Kallirhoe Parren (Καλλιρρόη Παρρέν; 1861 – January 15, 1940) launched the feminist movement in Greece and was a journalist and writer in the late 19th and early 20th century.

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Kansas

Kansas is a U.S. state in the Midwestern United States.

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Katō Tomosaburō

Marshal-Admiral Viscount was a career officer in the Imperial Japanese Navy, cabinet minister, and 12th Prime Minister of Japan from 12 June 1922 to 24 August 1923.

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Kate M. Gordon

Kate M. Gordon (1861-1932) was an American suffragist, civic leader, and one of the leading advocates of women's voting rights in the Southern United States.

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Kentucky

Kentucky, officially the Commonwealth of Kentucky, is a state located in the east south-central region of the United States.

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Kingdom of Italy

The Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia) was a state which existed from 1861—when King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia was proclaimed King of Italy—until 1946—when a constitutional referendum led civil discontent to abandon the monarchy and form the modern Italian Republic.

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Kingdom of Sardinia

The Kingdom of SardiniaThe name of the state was originally Latin: Regnum Sardiniae, or Regnum Sardiniae et Corsicae when the kingdom was still considered to include Corsica.

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Kingdom of the Two Sicilies

The Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (Regno dê Doje Sicilie, Regnu dî Dui Sicili, Regno delle Due Sicilie) was the largest of the states of Italy before the Italian unification.

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Korea Strait

The Korea Strait is a sea passage between South Korea and Japan, connecting the East China Sea, the Yellow Sea (West sea) and the East Sea (Sea of Japan) in the northwest Pacific Ocean.

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Korean independence movement

The Korean independence movement was a military and diplomatic campaign to achieve the independence of Korea from Japan.

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Kurt Hensel

Kurt Wilhelm Sebastian Hensel (29 December 1861 – 1 June 1941) was a German mathematician born in Königsberg.

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L'Osservatore Romano

L'Osservatore Romano (Italian for "The Roman Observer") is the daily newspaper of Vatican City State which carries the Pope’s discourses and reports on the activities of the Holy See, reports on events taking place in the Church and the world, and many cultural articles.

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Lagos

Lagos is a city in the Nigerian state of Lagos.

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Leonidas Polk

Leonidas Polk (April 10, 1806 – June 14, 1864) was a planter in Maury County, Tennessee, and a second cousin of President James K. Polk.

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Lillian Russell

Lillian Russell (December 4, 1860/1861 – June 6, 1922), born Helen Louise Leonard, was an American actress and singer.

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List of sultans of the Ottoman Empire

The sultans of the Ottoman Empire (Osmanlı padişahları), who were all members of the Ottoman dynasty (House of Osman), ruled over the transcontinental empire from its perceived inception in 1299 to its dissolution in 1922.

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Lola Montez

Marie Dolores Eliza Rosanna Gilbert, Countess of Landsfeld (17 February 1821 – 17 January 1861), better known by the stage name Lola Montez, was an Irish dancer and actress who became famous as a "Spanish dancer", courtesan, and mistress of King Ludwig I of Bavaria, who made her Countess of Landsfeld.

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London Fire Brigade

The London Fire Brigade (LFB) is the statutory fire and rescue service for London.

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Lorcha (boat)

The lorcha is a type of sailing vessel having a junk rig on a Portuguese or other European-style hull.

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Lou Andreas-Salomé

Lou Andreas-Salomé (born either Louise von Salomé or Luíza Gustavovna Salomé or Lioulia von Salomé, Луиза Густавовна Саломе; 12 February 18615 February 1937) was a Russian-born psychoanalyst and author.

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Louisiana

Louisiana is a state in the southeastern region of the United States.

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Ludwig I of Bavaria

Ludwig I (also rendered in English as Louis I; 25 August 1786 – 29 February 1868) was king of Bavaria from 1825 until the 1848 revolutions in the German states.

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Malaysia

Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.

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Mali

Mali, officially the Republic of Mali (République du Mali), is a landlocked country in West Africa, a region geologically identified with the West African Craton.

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Manassas, Virginia

Manassas (formerly Manassas Junction) is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia.

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March 10

No description.

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March 11

No description.

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March 12

No description.

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March 13

No description.

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March 16

No description.

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March 17

No description.

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March 19

No description.

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March 2

No description.

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March 20

Typically the March equinox falls on this date, marking the vernal point in the Northern Hemisphere and the autumnal point in the Southern Hemisphere.

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March 21

In astrology, the day of the equinox is the first full day of the sign of Aries.

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March 28

No description.

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March 3

No description.

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March 30

No description.

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March 4

No description.

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Mary Elizabeth Coleridge

Mary Elizabeth Coleridge (23 September 1861 – 25 August 1907) was a British novelist and poet who also wrote essays and reviews.

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Maximilian von Spee

Maximilian Johannes Maria Hubert Reichsgraf von Spee (22 June 1861 – 8 December 1914) was a naval officer of the German Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial Navy), who famously commanded the German East Asia Squadron during World War I. Spee entered the navy in 1878 and served in a variety of roles and locations, including on a colonial gunboat in German West Africa in the 1880s, the East Africa Squadron in the late 1890s, and as commander of several warships in the main German fleet in the early 1900s.

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May 11

No description.

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May 13

No description.

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May 14

No description.

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May 16

No description.

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May 20

No description.

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May 21

No description.

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May 23

No description.

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May 24

No description.

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May 29

No description.

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May 5

This day marks the approximate midpoint of spring in the Northern Hemisphere and of autumn in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the March equinox).

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May 6

No description.

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May 7

No description.

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May 8

No description.

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Meat packing industry

The meat packing industry handles the slaughtering, processing, packaging, and distribution of animals such as cattle, pigs, sheep and other livestock.

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Medal of Honor

The Medal of Honor is the United States of America's highest and most prestigious personal military decoration that may be awarded to recognize U.S. military service members who distinguished themselves by acts of valor.

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Mehmed VI

Mehmed VI (محمد السادس Meḥmed-i sâdis, وحيد الدين Vahideddin, Vahideddin or Altıncı Mehmet), who is also known as Şahbaba (meaning "Emperor-father") among his relatives, (14 January 1861 – 16 May 1926) was the 36th and last Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, reigning from 1918 to 1922.

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Melbourne

Melbourne is the state capital of Victoria and the second-most populous city in Australia and Oceania.

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Melbourne Cup

The Melbourne Cup is Australia's most prestigious annual Thoroughbred horse race.

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Mendoza, Argentina

Mendoza is the capital of the province of Mendoza in Argentina.

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Meteorite

A meteorite is a solid piece of debris from an object, such as a comet, asteroid, or meteoroid, that originates in outer space and survives its passage through the atmosphere to reach the surface of a planet or moon.

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Mexico City

Mexico City, or the City of Mexico (Ciudad de México,; abbreviated as CDMX), is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America.

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Mississippi

Mississippi is a state in the Southern United States, with part of its southern border formed by the Gulf of Mexico.

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Mississippi River

The Mississippi River is the chief river of the second-largest drainage system on the North American continent, second only to the Hudson Bay drainage system.

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Missouri

Missouri is a state in the Midwestern United States.

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Missouri secession

During the American Civil War, the secession of Missouri was controversial because of the disputed status of the state of Missouri.

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Monarch

A monarch is a sovereign head of state in a monarchy.

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Montgomery, Alabama

Montgomery is the capital city of the U.S. state of Alabama and the county seat of Montgomery County.

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Mount Lebanon Mutasarrifate

The Mount Lebanon Mutasarrifate (متصرفية جبل لبنان; Cebel-i Lübnan Mutasarrıflığı) was one of the Ottoman Empire's subdivisions following the Tanzimat reform.

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Mutasarrıf

In the Ottoman Empire, a mutasarrıf was an administrative authority of any of certain sanjaks, who were appointed directly by the Sultan.

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Nathaniel Lyon

Nathaniel Lyon (July 14, 1818 – August 10, 1861) was the first Union general to be killed in the American Civil War and is noted for his actions in the state of Missouri at the beginning of the conflict.

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National Eisteddfod of Wales

The National Eisteddfod of Wales (Welsh: Eisteddfod Genedlaethol Cymru) is the most important of several eisteddfodau that are held annually, mostly in Wales.

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Neutral country

A neutral country is a state, which is either neutral towards belligerents in a specific war, or holds itself as permanently neutral in all future conflicts (including avoiding entering into military alliances such as NATO).

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Nevada Territory

The Territory of Nevada was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from March 2, 1861, until October 31, 1864, when it was admitted to the Union as the State of Nevada.

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New Mexico Territory

The Territory of New Mexico was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed (with varying boundaries) from September 9, 1850, until January 6, 1912, when the remaining extent of the territory was admitted to the Union as the State of New Mexico, making it the longest-lived organized incorporated territory of the United States, lasting approximately 62 years.

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Nguyễn Trung Trực

Nguyễn Trung Trực (1839 – October 27, 1868) was a Vietnamese fisherman who organized and led village militia forces which fought against French colonial forces in the Mekong Delta in southern Vietnam in the 1860s.

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Nicholas of Japan

Saint Nicholas, Equal-to-the-Apostles, Archbishop of Japan, born Ivan Dimitrovich Kasatkin (Иван Дмитриевич Касаткин; – February 16, 1912) was a Russian Orthodox priest, monk, bishop, and saint.

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Niels Hansen Jacobsen

Niels Hansen Jacobsen (September 10, 1861 – November 26, 1941) was a Danish sculptor and ceramist who is famous for creating the once controversial sculpture, Trold, der vejrer kristenblod (Troll that smells Christian blood).

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Nikola Ivanov

Nikola Ivanov (Никола Иванов) (2 March 1861, Kalofer – 10 September 1940, Sofia) was a Bulgarian general, Chief of the Headquarters of the Bulgarian Army between 10 May 1894 and 29 November 1896, Minister of war between 29 November 1896 - 30 January 1899.

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Nobel Prize

The Nobel Prize (Swedish definite form, singular: Nobelpriset; Nobelprisen) is a set of six annual international awards bestowed in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural, or scientific advances.

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Nobel Prize in Physics

The Nobel Prize in Physics (Nobelpriset i fysik) is a yearly award given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for those who conferred the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of physics.

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Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (Nobelpriset i fysiologi eller medicin), administered by the Nobel Foundation, is awarded once a year for outstanding discoveries in the fields of life sciences and medicine.

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North Carolina

North Carolina is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States.

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North Star affair

The North Star affair occurred in May 1861 when Chinese pirates attacked the British merchant ship North Star.

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November 1

No description.

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November 10

No description.

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November 11

No description.

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November 19

No description.

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November 2

No description.

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November 21

No description.

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November 25

No description.

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November 28

No description.

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November 4

No description.

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November 5

No description.

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November 6

No description.

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November 7

This day marks the approximate midpoint of autumn in the Northern Hemisphere and of spring in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the September equinox).

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November 8

No description.

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October 10

No description.

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October 16

No description.

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October 21

No description.

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October 24

No description.

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October 25

No description.

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October 26

No description.

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October 28

No description.

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October 30

No description.

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October 31

No description.

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October 4

No description.

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October 5

No description.

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October 9

No description.

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Old Town, Edinburgh

The Old Town (Auld Toun) is the name popularly given to the oldest part of Scotland's capital city of Edinburgh.

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Ottoman dynasty

The Ottoman dynasty (Osmanlı Hanedanı) was made up of the members of the imperial House of Osman (خاندان آل عثمان Ḫānedān-ı Āl-ı ʿOsmān), also known as the Ottomans (Osmanlılar).

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Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.

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Paducah, Kentucky

Paducah is a home rule-class city in and the county seat of McCracken County, Kentucky, United States.

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Pedro V of Portugal

Dom Pedro V (English: Peter V; 16 September 1837 – 11 November 1861), nicknamed "the Hopeful" (o Esperançoso), was King of Portugal from 1853 to 1861.

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Pehr Evind Svinhufvud

Pehr Evind Svinhufvud af Qvalstad (15 December 1861 – 29 February 1944) was the third President of Finland from 1931 to 1937.

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Perpetual Truce of Peace and Friendship

The Perpetual Truce of Peace and Friendship was a treaty that went into effect in 1861 between the United Kingdom and Bahrain.

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Peter Cooper Hewitt

Hewitt was born in New York City, the son of New York City Mayor Abram Hewitt and the grandson of industrialist Peter Cooper.

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Physician

A physician, medical practitioner, medical doctor, or simply doctor is a professional who practises medicine, which is concerned with promoting, maintaining, or restoring health through the study, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments.

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Pierre Berthier

Pierre Berthier (3 July 1782, Nemours, Seine-et-Marne – 24 August 1861) was a French geologist and mining engineer.

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Pony Express

The Pony Express was a mail service delivering messages, newspapers, and mail.

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Prekmurje Slovenes

The Prekmurje Slovenes (Prekmurci,Prekmürci, Prekmörci, Prekmörge) are Slovenes from Prekmurje in Slovenia and Vendvidék and Somogy in Hungary.

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President of Finland

The President of the Republic of Finland (Suomen tasavallan presidentti, Republiken Finlands president) is the head of state of Finland.

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Prime Minister of Finland

The Prime Minister of Finland (Suomen pääministeri) is the head of the Finnish Government.

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Prime Minister of Iceland

The Prime Minister of Iceland (Forsætisráðherra Íslands) is Iceland's head of government.

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Prime Minister of Japan

The is the head of government of Japan.

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Princess Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont

Princess Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont (Helene Friederike Auguste; later Duchess of Albany; 17 February 1861 – 1 September 1922), who became a member of the British Royal Family by marriage, was the daughter of George Victor, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont (regions now in Germany) and his wife, Princess Helena of Nassau (also in Germany).

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Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld

Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (17 August 1786 – 16 March 1861), later Duchess of Kent and Strathearn, was a German princess and the mother of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

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Provisional Congress of the Confederate States

The Provisional Congress of the Confederate States, also known as the Provisional Congress of the Confederate States of America, was a congress of deputies and delegates called together from the Southern States which became the governing body of the Provisional Government of the Confederate States of America (CSA) from February 4, 1861, to February 17, 1862.

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Qing dynasty

The Qing dynasty, also known as the Qing Empire, officially the Great Qing, was the last imperial dynasty of China, established in 1636 and ruling China from 1644 to 1912.

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Queen Victoria

Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.

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Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore FRAS, also written Ravīndranātha Ṭhākura (7 May 1861 – 7 August 1941), sobriquet Gurudev, was a Bengali polymath who reshaped Bengali literature and music, as well as Indian art with Contextual Modernism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

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Règlement Organique (Mount Lebanon)

The Règlement Organique ("Organic Regulation") was a series of international conventions, between 1860 and 1864, between the Ottoman Empire and the European Powers, which led to the creation of the Mount Lebanon Mutasarrifate.

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Remington Arms

Remington Arms Company, LLC is an American manufacturer of firearms and ammunition in the United States.

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Revenue Act of 1861

The Revenue Act of 1861, formally cited as, included the first U.S. Federal income tax statute (see). The Act, motivated by the need to fund the Civil War, imposed an income tax to be "levied, collected, and paid, upon the annual income of every person residing in the United States, whether such income is derived from any kind of property, or from any profession, trade, employment, or vocation carried on in the United States or elsewhere, or from any other source whatever " The tax imposed was a flat tax, with a rate of 3% on incomes above $800.

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Richard Lawrence (failed assassin)

Richard Lawrence (c. 1800 – June 13, 1861) was an American house painter who was the first known person to attempt to assassinate a sitting President of the United States.

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Richmond, Virginia

Richmond is the capital of the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.

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Robert Anderson (Civil War)

Robert Anderson (June 14, 1805 – October 26, 1871) was a United States Army officer during the American Civil War.

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Robert Bosch

Robert Bosch (23 September 1861 – 12 March 1942) was a German industrialist, engineer and inventor, founder of Robert Bosch GmbH.

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Robert E. Lee

Robert Edward Lee (January 19, 1807 – October 12, 1870) was an American and Confederate soldier, best known as a commander of the Confederate States Army.

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Royal Navy

The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.

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Royal Seminary

The Royal Seminary, fully the Royal Advanced Female Teachers' Seminary (Kungliga Högre Lärarinneseminariet, abbreviated KHLS), was a normal school (teachers' college) in Stockholm, Sweden.

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Rudolf Steiner

Rudolf Joseph Lorenz Steiner (27 (or 25) February 1861 – 30 March 1925) was an Austrian philosopher, social reformer, architect and esotericist.

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Russian Empire

The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.

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Savannah, Georgia

Savannah is the oldest city in the U.S. state of Georgia and is the county seat of Chatham County.

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Ségou

Ségou (also Segou, Segu, Seku) is a town and an urban commune in south-central Mali that lies northeast of Bamako on the River Niger.

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September

September is the ninth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, the third of four months to have a length of 30 days, and the fourth of five months to have a length of less than 31 days.

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September 10

No description.

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September 11

Between the years AD 1900 and 2099, September 11 of the Gregorian calendar is the leap day of the Coptic and Ethiopian calendars.

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September 17

No description.

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September 2

No description.

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September 23

It is frequently the day of the autumnal equinox in the Northern Hemisphere and the day of the vernal equinox in the Southern Hemisphere.

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September 28

No description.

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September 3

No description.

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September 30

No description.

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September 6

No description.

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September 7

No description.

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Serfdom

Serfdom is the status of many peasants under feudalism, specifically relating to manorialism.

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Sidon Eyalet

The Eyalet of Sidon (ایالت صیدا, Eyālet-i Ṣaydā) was an eyalet (also known as a beylerbeylik) of the Ottoman Empire.

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Siege of Gaeta (1860)

The Siege of Gaeta was the concluding event of the war between the Kingdom of Sardinia and the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, part of the unification of Italy.

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Slavery in the United States

Slavery in the United States was the legal institution of human chattel enslavement, primarily of Africans and African Americans, that existed in the United States of America in the 18th and 19th centuries.

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Slovenes

The Slovenes, also called as Slovenians (Slovenci), are a nation and South Slavic ethnic group native to Slovenia who share a common ancestry, culture, history and speak Slovenian as their first language.

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Son Byong-hi

Son Byong-hi (April 8, 1861 - May 19, 1922) was a Korean nationalist and Korean independence activist.

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South Carolina

South Carolina is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States.

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Spencer S. Wood

Rear Admiral Spencer Shepard Wood (7 August 1861 – 30 July 1940) was a United States Navy officer.

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Stanislas de Guaita

Stanislas De Guaita (6 April 1861, Tarquimpol, Moselle – 19 December 1897, Tarquimpol) was a French poet based in Paris, an expert on esotericism and European mysticism, and an active member of the Rosicrucian Order.

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State of Buenos Aires

No description.

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State school

State schools (also known as public schools outside England and Wales)In England and Wales, some independent schools for 13- to 18-year-olds are known as 'public schools'.

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Stephen A. Douglas

Stephen Arnold Douglas (April 23, 1813 – June 3, 1861) was an American politician from Illinois and the designer of the Kansas–Nebraska Act.

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Sweden

Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.

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Taiping Rebellion

The Taiping Rebellion, also known as the Taiping Civil War or the Taiping Revolution, was a massive rebellion or total civil war in China that was waged from 1850 to 1864 between the established Manchu-led Qing dynasty and the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom under Hong Xiuquan.

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Taras Shevchenko

Taras Hryhorovych Shevchenko (–) was a Ukrainian poet, writer, artist, public and political figure, as well as folklorist and ethnographer.

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Tenement

A tenement is a multi-occupancy building of any sort.

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Tennessee

Tennessee (translit) is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States.

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Tennessee River

The Tennessee River is the largest tributary of the Ohio River.

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Tertiary education

Tertiary education, also referred to as third stage, third level, and postsecondary education, is the educational level following the completion of a school providing a secondary education.

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Texas

Texas (Texas or Tejas) is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population.

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Thallium

Thallium is a chemical element with symbol Tl and atomic number 81.

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The Crystal Palace

The Crystal Palace was a cast-iron and plate-glass structure originally built in Hyde Park, London, to house the Great Exhibition of 1851.

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Timeline of chemical element discoveries

The discovery of the 118 chemical elements known to exist today is presented here in chronological order.

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Toronto Stock Exchange

No description.

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Treaty with Choctaws and Chickasaws

The Treaty with Choctaws and Chickasaws was a treaty signed on July 12, 1861 between the Choctaw and Chickasaw (American Indian) and the Confederate States of America.

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Trent Affair

The Trent Affair was a diplomatic incident in 1861 during the American Civil War that threatened a war between the United States and the United Kingdom.

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Tsushima incident

The Tsushima incident occurred in 1861 when the Russians attempted to establish a year-round anchorage on the coast of the island of Tsushima, a Japanese territory located between Kyushu and Korea.

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Tsushima Island

is an island of the Japanese archipelago situated in the Korea Strait, approximately halfway between the Japanese mainland and the Korean Peninsula.

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U.S. state

A state is a constituent political entity of the United States.

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Ukrainians

Ukrainians (українці, ukrayintsi) are an East Slavic ethnic group native to Ukraine, which is by total population the sixth-largest nation in Europe.

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Ulysses S. Grant

Ulysses Simpson Grant (born Hiram Ulysses Grant; April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was an American soldier and statesman who served as Commanding General of the Army and the 18th President of the United States, the highest positions in the military and the government of the United States.

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Union (American Civil War)

During the American Civil War (1861–1865), the Union, also known as the North, referred to the United States of America and specifically to the national government of President Abraham Lincoln and the 20 free states, as well as 4 border and slave states (some with split governments and troops sent both north and south) that supported it.

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Union Army

During the American Civil War, the Union Army referred to the United States Army, the land force that fought to preserve the Union of the collective states.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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United States Army

The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.

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United States Congress

The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.

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United States Senate

The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprise the legislature of the United States.

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United States territory

United States territory is any extent of region under the sovereign jurisdiction of the federal government of the United States, including all waters (around islands or continental tracts) and all U.S. naval vessels.

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Vatican City

Vatican City (Città del Vaticano; Civitas Vaticana), officially the Vatican City State or the State of Vatican City (Stato della Città del Vaticano; Status Civitatis Vaticanae), is an independent state located within the city of Rome.

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Vengayil Kunhiraman Nayanar

Vengayil Kunhiraman Nayanar (1861 – 14 November 1914) was a Malayali essayist and short story writer, and a prominent landlord of Malabar.

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Vice President of the Confederate States of America

The Vice President of the Confederate States of America was the office held by Alexander H. Stephens of Georgia, who served under President Jefferson Davis of Mississippi from February 18, 1861 to May 11, 1865.

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Victoire Jean-Baptiste

Victoire Jean-Baptiste (1861–1923), known as "La Belle Victoire", was a Haitian politician de facto, mistress to president Florvil Hyppolite and highly influential during his reign.

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Victor Emmanuel II of Italy

Victor Emmanuel II (Vittorio Emanuele Maria Alberto Eugenio Ferdinando Tommaso di Savoia; 14 March 1820 – 9 January 1878) was King of Sardinia from 1849 until 17 March 1861.

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Virginia

Virginia (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains.

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Warsaw

Warsaw (Warszawa; see also other names) is the capital and largest city of Poland.

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Weisshorn

The Weisshorn (German, lit. white peak/mountain) is a major peak of the Swiss Alps, culminating at above sea level.

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Wilhelm Diegelmann

Wilhelm Diegelmann (28 September 1861 – 1 March 1934) was a German actor.

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William Attewell

William Attewell (commonly known as Dick Attewell) (12 June 1861 – 11 June 1927) was a cricketer who played for Nottinghamshire County Cricket Club and England.

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William Crookes

Sir William Crookes (17 June 1832 – 4 April 1919) was a British chemist and physicist who attended the Royal College of Chemistry in London, and worked on spectroscopy.

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William H. Stayton

American attorney Naval Captain William H. Stayton (1861-1953) founded the Association Against the Prohibition Amendment in 1918 and served as chairman of its board of directors.

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William I, German Emperor

William I, or in German Wilhelm I. (full name: William Frederick Louis of Hohenzollern, Wilhelm Friedrich Ludwig von Hohenzollern, 22 March 1797 – 9 March 1888), of the House of Hohenzollern was King of Prussia from 2 January 1861 and the first German Emperor from 18 January 1871 to his death, the first Head of State of a united Germany.

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William Lyon Mackenzie

William Lyon Mackenzie (March 12, 1795 – August 28, 1861) was a Scottish-Canadian-American journalist and politician.

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William Wrigley Jr.

William L. Wrigley Jr. (September 30, 1861 – January 26, 1932) was an American chewing gum industrialist.

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Willie Person Mangum

Willie Person Mangum (pronounced Wylie Parson; May 10, 1792September 7, 1861) was a U.S. Senator from the state of North Carolina between 1831 and 1836 and between 1840 and 1853.

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Winfield Scott

Winfield Scott (June 13, 1786 – May 29, 1866) was a United States Army general and the unsuccessful presidential candidate of the Whig Party in 1852.

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World Digital Library

The World Digital Library (WDL) is an international digital library operated by UNESCO and the United States Library of Congress.

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Xianfeng Emperor

The Xianfeng Emperor (17 July 183122 August 1861), personal name I-ju (or Yizhu), was the ninth Emperor of the Manchu-led Qing dynasty, and the seventh Qing emperor to rule over China, from 1850 to 1861.

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1778

No description.

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1780

No description.

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1782

No description.

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1786

No description.

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1792

No description.

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1793

The French Republic introduced the French Revolutionary Calendar starting with the year I.

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1795

No description.

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1800

As of March 1 (O.S. February 18), when the Julian calendar acknowledged a leap day and the Gregorian calendar did not, the Julian calendar fell one day further behind, bringing the difference to 12 days until 1899.

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1805

After thirteen years the First French Empire abolished the French Republican Calendar in favour of the Gregorian calendar.

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1806

No description.

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1808

No description.

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1810

No description.

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1812

No description.

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1813

No description.

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1814

No description.

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1818

No description.

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1819

No description.

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1821

No description.

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1823

No description.

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1824

No description.

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1831

No description.

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1834

No description.

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1837

No description.

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1839

No description.

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1861 Mendoza earthquake

The 1861 Mendoza earthquake occurred in the province of Mendoza, Argentina on 20 March at 11:30 PM.

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1861 Tooley Street fire

The 1861 Tooley Street fire, also called the Great Fire of Tooley Street, started in Cotton's Wharf on Tooley Street, London, England, on 22 June 1861.

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1872

No description.

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1876

No description.

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1896

No description.

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1897

No description.

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1906

No description.

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1907

No description.

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1908

According to NASA reports, 1908 was the coldest recorded year since 1880.

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1909

No description.

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1911

A highlight was the race for the South Pole.

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1914

This year saw the beginning of what became known as World War I, after an heir to the Austrian throne was assassinated by a Serbian nationalist.

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1915

Below, the events of World War I have the "WWI" prefix.

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1917

This year was famous for the October Revolution in Russia, by Vladimir Lenin.

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1918

This year is famous for the end of the First World War, on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month, as well as for the flu pandemic, that killed 50-100 million people worldwide.

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1921

No description.

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1922

No description.

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1923

No description.

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1925

No description.

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1926

No description.

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1927

No description.

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1928

No description.

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1929

This year marked the end of a period known in American history as the Roaring Twenties after the Wall Street Crash of 1929 ushered in a worldwide Great Depression.

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1930

No description.

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1932

No description.

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1934

No description.

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1935

No description.

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1936

No description.

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1937

No description.

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1938

No description.

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1939

This year also marks the start of the Second World War, the largest and deadliest conflict in human history.

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1940

Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

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1941

Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" acronym.

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1942

Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

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1943

Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

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1944

Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

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1945

This year also marks the end of the Second World War, the deadliest conflict in human history.

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1947

No description.

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1948

No description.

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1951

No description.

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1953

No description.

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1973

No description.

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69 Hesperia

69 Hesperia is a large, M-type main-belt asteroid.

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Redirects here:

17 March 1861, 1861 (year), 1861 AD, 1861 CE, AD 1861, Births in 1861, Deaths in 1861, Events in 1861, MDCCCLXI, Year 1861.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1861

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