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591 relations: Abdication, Abdulmejid II, Abergele rail disaster, Académie Julian, Adah Isaacs Menken, Adalbert Stifter, Adolf von Trotha, African Americans, Agnes von Konow, Akiyama Saneyuki, Al Shean, Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Amba Mariam, American Civil War, American Indian Wars, Amphibious warfare, Andrew Johnson, Apostolic vicariate, April 1, April 10, April 11, April 12, April 13, April 21, April 25, April 28, April 29, April 3, April 7, April 8, April 9, Archbishop of Canterbury, Arnold Sommerfeld, Arturo Alessandri, Association internationale des femmes, Astronomer, Asunción, August 10, August 11, August 13, August 18, August 20, August 22, August 23, August 25, August 26, August 29, August 3, August 5, August Ferdinand Möbius, ..., August Schleicher, Austria-Hungary, Battle of Awa, Battle of Hakodate, Battle of Magdala, Battle of Toba–Fushimi, Battle of Ueno, Battle of Utsunomiya Castle, Battle of Washita River, Battle of Ytororó, BBC, Belgrade, Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, Bill Lockwood (cricketer), Black Kettle, Boshin War, Brisbane, Brisbane Grammar School, British Expedition to Abyssinia, Cai Yuanpei, California, Capital Punishment Amendment Act 1868, Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, Catherine Booth, Charles Longley, Charles Rennie Mackintosh, Charles Stewart (Canadian politician), Charlotte Birch-Pfeiffer, Charter Oath, Chōshū Domain, Chemical element, Cheyenne, Chief of Staff of the United States Army, Christian Friedrich Schönbein, Chromosphere, Chulalongkorn, Church of Christ (Latter Day Saints), Citizenship Clause, City of Westminster, Coal mining, Color photography, Constance Markievicz, Convict ship, Convicts in Australia, Croatian–Hungarian Settlement, Cuba, Cyrus Kingsbury, Damien Marchesseault, David Brewster, December 19, December 20, December 21, December 22, December 25, December 31, December 4, December 5, December 6, December 9, Delfim Moreira, Dordogne, Dortmunder Actien Brauerei, Due process, Duke of Edinburgh, East End of London, Edgar Lee Masters, Edmond Rostand, Edo, Edo period, Edward S. Curtis, Edward Welch, Edwin Stanton, Eleanor H. Porter, Elevated railway, Emily Murphy, Emission spectrum, Emperor Meiji, Equal Protection Clause, Ernest Newman, Ernest Swinton, Ernst Didring, Ethiopia, Eugenie Besserer, European early modern humans, Exotic Zoology, Expatriation Act of 1868, Fall of Edo, February, February 10, February 11, February 12, February 13, February 16, February 19, February 20, February 23, February 24, February 26, February 29, February 4, February 5, February 8, Federal government of the United States, Felix Hausdorff, Felix Hoffmann, Fenian, Feudalism, Florence Foster Jenkins, Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Francisco Solano López, Franz Berwald, Fraunhofer lines, French people, Fritz Haber, Fushimi-ku, Kyoto, Gaston Leroux, Geologist, George Arliss, George Armstrong Custer, George W. 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P. L. Sørensen, Samuel Lover, Sand Creek massacre, Satsuma Domain, Scott Joplin, September, September 1, September 17, September 18, September 19, September 22, September 23, September 24, September 26, September 3, September 6, September 7, September 8, September 9, Seth Weeks, Sewanee, Tennessee, Sewanee: The University of the South, Shōgitai, Shōgun, Shinsengumi, Sinclair, Wyoming, Sir Peter Rylands, 1st Baronet, Snitz Edwards, Sodium, Solar eclipse of August 18, 1868, South Taranaki District, Srivilailaksana, Steele Rudd, Stefan George, Taiping Rebellion, Tata Group, Tītokowaru, Tītokowaru's War, Tewodros II, Thaddeus Stevens, The Salvation Army, Theodor Wulf, Theodore William Richards, Thomas Blake Glover, Thomas D'Arcy McGee, Thomas Edison, Thomas Henry Huxley, Thomas Spence, Time zone, Tokugawa shogunate, Tokugawa Yoshinobu, Tosa Domain, Trades Union Congress, Traffic light, Treaty of Bosque Redondo, Treaty of Fort Laramie (1868), Tsunami, Ulysses S. 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Du Bois, War Office, William Allen White, William Bland, William Booth, William Faversham, William Sprague (Michigan), William Tecumseh Sherman, Willie Maley, Wyoming, Yangzhou riot, 1775, 1778, 1781, 1786, 1789, 1790, 1791, 1792, 1794, 1796, 1797, 1799, 1801, 1803, 1804, 1805, 1806, 1808, 1809, 1814, 1815, 1818, 1819, 1821, 1825, 1827, 1833, 1834, 1835, 1840, 1842, 1844, 1868 Arica earthquake, 1870, 1871, 1904, 1910, 1912, 1916, 1917, 1918, 1920, 1921, 1922, 1924, 1926, 1927, 1928, 1930, 1931, 1932, 1933, 1934, 1935, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1963, 1966, 1967, 1968, 66th Street (Manhattan). Expand index (541 more) »

Abdication

Abdication is the act of formally relinquishing monarchical authority.

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Abdulmejid II

Abdulmejid II (عبد المجید الثانی, Abd al-Madjeed al-Thâni – Halife İkinci Abdülmecit Efendi, 29 May 1868 – 23 August 1944) was the last Caliph of Islam, nominally the 37th Head of the Ottoman Imperial House from 1922 to 1924.

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Abergele rail disaster

The Abergele rail disaster, which took place near the town of Abergele, on the north coast of Wales in 1868, was, at the time, the worst railway disaster yet in Britain, and also the most alarming.

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Académie Julian

The Académie Julian was a private art school for painting and sculpture founded in Paris, France, in 1867 by French painter and teacher Rodolphe Julian (1839–1907) that was active from 1868 through 1968.

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Adah Isaacs Menken

Adah Isaacs Menken (June 15, 1835August 10, 1868), was an American actress, painter and poet, and was the highest earning actress of her time.

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Adalbert Stifter

Adalbert Stifter (23 October 1805 – 28 January 1868) was an Austrian writer, poet, painter, and pedagogue.

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Adolf von Trotha

Adolf von Trotha (1 March 1868, Koblenz, Rhine Province – 11 October 1940) was a German admiral in the Kaiserliche Marine.

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African Americans

African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.

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Agnes von Konow

Agnes von Konow (5 March 1868 - 15 May 1944), was a Finnish activist for the protection of animals.

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Akiyama Saneyuki

was a Meiji-period career officer in the Imperial Japanese Navy.

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Al Shean

Abraham Elieser Adolph Schönberg (12 May 1868 – 12 August 1949), known as Al Shean, was a comedian and vaudeville performer.

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Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

Alfred (Alfred Ernest Albert; 6 August 184430 July 1900) reigned as Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha from 1893 to 1900.

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Amba Mariam

Amba Mariam (Amharic: አምባ ማሪያም) is a village in central Ethiopia.

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American Civil War

The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.

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American Indian Wars

The American Indian Wars (or Indian Wars) is the collective name for the various armed conflicts fought by European governments and colonists, and later the United States government and American settlers, against various American Indian tribes.

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Amphibious warfare

Amphibious warfare is a type of offensive military operation that today uses naval ships to project ground and air power onto a hostile or potentially hostile shore at a designated landing beach.

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Andrew Johnson

Andrew Johnson (December 29, 1808 July 31, 1875) was the 17th President of the United States, serving from 1865 to 1869.

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Apostolic vicariate

An apostolic vicariate is a form of territorial jurisdiction of the Roman Catholic Church centered in missionary regions and countries where a diocese has not yet been established.

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April 1

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April 10

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April 11

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April 12

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April 13

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April 21

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April 25

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April 28

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April 29

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April 3

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April 7

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April 8

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April 9

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Archbishop of Canterbury

The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior bishop and principal leader of the Church of England, the symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion and the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Canterbury.

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Arnold Sommerfeld

Arnold Johannes Wilhelm Sommerfeld, (5 December 1868 – 26 April 1951) was a German theoretical physicist who pioneered developments in atomic and quantum physics, and also educated and mentored a large number of students for the new era of theoretical physics.

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Arturo Alessandri

Arturo Fortunato Alessandri Palma (December 20, 1868 – August 24, 1950) was a Chilean political figure and reformer, who served thrice as the President of Chile, first between 1920 and 1924, then for part of 1925, and finally from 1932 until 1938.

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Association internationale des femmes

The Association internationale des femmes (AIF; International Association of Women) was a short-lived feminist and pacifist organization based in Geneva that was active between 1868 and 1872.

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Astronomer

An astronomer is a scientist in the field of astronomy who concentrates their studies on a specific question or field outside the scope of Earth.

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Asunción

Asunción is the capital and largest city of Paraguay.

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August 10

The term 'the 10th of August' is widely used by historians as a shorthand for the Storming of the Tuileries Palace on the 10th of August, 1792, the effective end of the French monarchy until it was restored in 1814.

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August 11

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August 13

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August 18

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August 20

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August 22

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August 23

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August 25

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August 26

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August 29

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August 3

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August 5

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August Ferdinand Möbius

August Ferdinand Möbius (17 November 1790 – 26 September 1868) was a German mathematician and theoretical astronomer.

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August Schleicher

August Schleicher (19 February 1821 – 6 December 1868) was a German linguist.

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Austria-Hungary

Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy in English-language sources, was a constitutional union of the Austrian Empire (the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council, or Cisleithania) and the Kingdom of Hungary (Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen or Transleithania) that existed from 1867 to 1918, when it collapsed as a result of defeat in World War I. The union was a result of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 and came into existence on 30 March 1867.

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Battle of Awa

The occurred on 28 January 1868 during the Boshin War in Japan, in the area of Awa Bay near Osaka.

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Battle of Hakodate

The was fought in Japan from December 4, 1868 to June 27, 1869, between the remnants of the Tokugawa shogunate army, consolidated into the armed forces of the rebel Ezo Republic, and the armies of the newly formed Imperial government (composed mainly of forces of the Chōshū and the Satsuma domains).

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Battle of Magdala

The Battle of Magdala was fought in April 1868 between British and Abyssinian forces at Magdala, from the Red Sea coast.

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Battle of Toba–Fushimi

The occurred between pro-Imperial and Tokugawa shogunate forces during the Boshin War in Japan.

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Battle of Ueno

The was a battle of the Boshin War, which occurred on July 4, 1868 (Meiji 1, 15th day of the 5th month), between the troops of the Shōgitai under Shibusawa Seiichirō and Amano Hachirō, and Imperial "Kangun" troops.

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Battle of Utsunomiya Castle

The was a battle between pro-imperial and Tokugawa shogunate forces during the Boshin War in Japan in May 1868.

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Battle of Washita River

The Battle of Washita River (also called Battle of the Washita or the Washita Massacre) occurred on November 27, 1868 when Lt.

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Battle of Ytororó

On the morning of December 6, 1868, Marshal of the Brazilian Army, Luís Alves de Lima e Silva, Marquis (later Duke) of Caxias, moved with 16,999 infantrymen, 926 cavalrymen and 742 artillerymen, to take Villeta, a Paraguayan city, as a plan to make further attacks on the Paraguayan Army rear.

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BBC

The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.

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Belgrade

Belgrade (Beograd / Београд, meaning "White city",; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Serbia.

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Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks

The Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks (BPOE; also often known as the Elks Lodge or simply The Elks) is an American fraternal order founded in 1868 originally as a social club in New York City.

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Bill Lockwood (cricketer)

William Henry Lockwood (25 March 1868 – 26 April 1932) was an English Test cricketer, best known as a fast bowler and the unpredictable, occasionally devastating counterpart to the amazingly hard-working Tom Richardson for Surrey in the early County Championship.

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Black Kettle

Black Kettle (Cheyenne: Mo'ohtavetoo'o) (c. 1803November 27, 1868) was a prominent leader of the Southern Cheyenne during the American Indian Wars.

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Boshin War

The, sometimes known as the Japanese Revolution, was a civil war in Japan, fought from 1868 to 1869 between forces of the ruling Tokugawa shogunate and those seeking to return political power to the Imperial Court.

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Brisbane

Brisbane is the capital of and most populous city in the Australian state of Queensland, and the third most populous city in Australia.

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Brisbane Grammar School

Brisbane Grammar School (BGS) is an independent, non-denominational, day and boarding school for boys, located in Spring Hill, an inner suburb of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

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British Expedition to Abyssinia

The British Expedition to Abyssinia was a rescue mission and punitive expedition carried out in 1868 by the armed forces of the British Empire against the Ethiopian Empire.

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Cai Yuanpei

Cai Yuanpei (11 January 1868 – 5 March 1940) was a Chinese educator, Esperantist, president of Peking University, and founder of the Academia Sinica.

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California

California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.

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Capital Punishment Amendment Act 1868

The Capital Punishment Amendment Act 1868 (31 & 32 Vict. c.24) received Royal Assent on 29 May 1868, putting an end to public executions for murder in the United Kingdom.

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Carlos Manuel de Céspedes

Carlos Manuel de Céspedes del Castillo (April 18, 1819, Bayamo, Spanish Cuba – February 27, 1874, San Lorenzo, Spanish Cuba) was a Cuban revolutionary hero.

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Catherine Booth

Catherine Booth (17 January 1829 – 4 October 1890) was co-founder of The Salvation Army, along with her husband William Booth.

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Charles Longley

Charles Thomas Longley (28 July 1794 – 27 October 1868) was a bishop in the Church of England.

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Charles Rennie Mackintosh

Charles Rennie Mackintosh (7 June 1868 – 10 December 1928) was a Scottish architect, designer, water colourist and artist.

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Charles Stewart (Canadian politician)

Charles Stewart, (August 26, 1868 – December 6, 1946) was a Canadian politician who served as the third Premier of Alberta from 1917 until 1921.

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Charlotte Birch-Pfeiffer

Charlotte Birch-Pfeiffer (23 June 1799 in Stuttgart25 August 1868 in Berlin) was a German actress, writer, director of the Stadttheater in Zurich for six years, and author of over 100 plays and libretto.

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Charter Oath

The was promulgated at the enthronement of Emperor Meiji of Japan on 6 April 1868 in Kyoto Imperial Palace.

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Chōshū Domain

The was a feudal domain of Japan during the Edo period (1603–1867).

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Chemical element

A chemical element is a species of atoms having the same number of protons in their atomic nuclei (that is, the same atomic number, or Z).

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Cheyenne

The Cheyenne are one of the indigenous peoples of the Great Plains and their language is of the Algonquian language family.

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Chief of Staff of the United States Army

The Chief of Staff of the Army (CSA) is a statutory office held by a four-star general in the United States Army.

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Christian Friedrich Schönbein

Prof Christian Friedrich Schönbein HFRSE(18 October 1799 – 29 August 1868) was a German-Swiss chemist who is best known for inventing the fuel cell (1838) at the same time as William Robert Grove and his discoveries of guncotton and ozone.

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Chromosphere

The chromosphere (literally, "sphere of color") is the second of the three main layers in the Sun's atmosphere and is roughly 3,000 to 5,000 kilometers deep.

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Chulalongkorn

Phra Bat Somdet Phra Poraminthra Maha Chulalongkorn Phra Chunla Chom Klao Chao Yu Hua (พระบาทสมเด็จพระปรมินทรมหาจุฬาลงกรณ์ พระจุลจอมเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว), or Rama V (20 September 1853 – 23 October 1910), was the fifth monarch of Siam under the House of Chakri.

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Church of Christ (Latter Day Saints)

The Church of Christ was the original name of the Latter Day Saint church founded by Joseph Smith.

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Citizenship Clause

The Citizenship Clause is the first sentence of Section 1 in the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which was adopted on July 9, 1868.

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City of Westminster

The City of Westminster is an Inner London borough which also holds city status.

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Coal mining

Coal mining is the process of extracting coal from the ground.

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Color photography

Color (or colour) photography is photography that uses media capable of reproducing colors.

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Constance Markievicz

Constance Georgine Markievicz, known as Countess Markievicz (Markiewicz; née Gore-Booth; 4 February 1868 – 15 July 1927) was an Irish Sinn Féin and Fianna Fáil politician, revolutionary nationalist, suffragette and socialist.

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Convict ship

A convict ship was any ship engaged on a voyage to carry convicted felons under sentence of penal transportation from their place of conviction to their place of exile.

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Convicts in Australia

Between 1788 and 1868, about 162,000 convicts were transported by the British government to various penal colonies in Australia.

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Croatian–Hungarian Settlement

Croatian–Hungarian Settlement (Hrvatsko-ugarska nagodba, Horvát–magyar kiegyezés, Kroatisch-Ungarischer Ausgleich) was a pact signed in 1868, that governed Croatia's political status in the Hungarian-ruled part of Austria-Hungary.

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Cuba

Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos.

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Cyrus Kingsbury

Cyrus Kingsbury (November 22, 1786–June 27, 1870) was a Christian missionary active among the American Indians in the nineteenth century. He first worked with the Cherokee and founded Brainerd Mission near Chickamauga, Tennessee, later he served the Choctaw of Mississippi. He was known as "the Father of the Missions" in Indian Territory.

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Damien Marchesseault

Damien Marchesseault (or Marchesseau) (April 1, 1818 – January 20, 1868) was the seventh Mayor of Los Angeles from May 9, 1859 to May 9, 1860 and then again from January 7, 1861 to May 6, 1865.

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David Brewster

Sir David Brewster KH PRSE FRS FSA(Scot) FSSA MICE (11 December 178110 February 1868) was a British scientist, inventor, author, and academic administrator.

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December 19

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December 20

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December 21

In the Northern Hemisphere, December 21 is usually the shortest day of the year and is sometimes regarded as the first day of winter.

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December 22

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December 25

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December 31

It is known by a collection of names including: Saint Sylvester's Day, New Year's Eve or Old Years Day/Night, as the following day is New Year's Day.

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December 4

No description.

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December 5

No description.

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December 6

No description.

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December 9

No description.

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Delfim Moreira

Delfim Moreira da Costa Ribeiro (7 November 1868 – 1 July 1920) was a Brazilian politician who served as tenth President of Brazil.

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Dordogne

Dordogne (Dordonha) is a department in southwestern France, with its prefecture in Périgueux.

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Dortmunder Actien Brauerei

Dortmunder Actien Brauerei is a German brewery in the city of Dortmund, founded in 1868 by the businessmen Laurenz Fischer and Heinrich and Friedrich Mauritz together with master brewer Heinrich Herberz.

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Due process

Due process is the legal requirement that the state must respect all legal rights that are owed to a person.

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Duke of Edinburgh

Duke of Edinburgh, named after the city of Edinburgh, Scotland, is a substantive title that has been created three times for members of the British royal family since 1726.

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East End of London

The East End of London, usually called the East End, is the historic core of wider East London, east of the Roman and medieval walls of the City of London, and north of the River Thames.

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Edgar Lee Masters

Edgar Lee Masters (August 23, 1868 – March 5, 1950) was an American attorney, poet, biographer, and dramatist.

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Edmond Rostand

Edmond Eugène Alexis Rostand (1 April 1868 – 2 December 1918) was a French poet and dramatist.

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Edo

, also romanized as Jedo, Yedo or Yeddo, is the former name of Tokyo.

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Edo period

The or is the period between 1603 and 1868 in the history of Japan, when Japanese society was under the rule of the Tokugawa shogunate and the country's 300 regional daimyō.

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Edward S. Curtis

Edward Sheriff Curtis (February 16, 1868 – October 19, 1952) was an American photographer and ethnologist whose work focused on the American West and on Native American peoples.

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Edward Welch

Edward Welch (1806-1868) was an architect born in Overton, Flintshire, in North Wales.

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Edwin Stanton

Edwin McMasters Stanton (December 19, 1814December 24, 1869) was an American lawyer and politician who served as Secretary of War under the Lincoln Administration during most of the American Civil War.

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Eleanor H. Porter

Eleanor Emily Hodgman Porter (December 19, 1868 – May 21, 1920) was an American novelist.

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Elevated railway

An elevated railway (also known as an El rail, El train or simply an El for short, and, in Europe, as an overhead railway) is a rapid transit railway with the tracks above street level on a viaduct or other elevated structure (usually constructed of steel, concrete, or brick).

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Emily Murphy

Emily Murphy (born Emily Gowan Ferguson; 14 March 186827 October 1933) was a Canadian women's rights activist, jurist, and author.

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Emission spectrum

The emission spectrum of a chemical element or chemical compound is the spectrum of frequencies of electromagnetic radiation emitted due to an atom or molecule making a transition from a high energy state to a lower energy state.

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Emperor Meiji

, or, was the 122nd Emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession, reigning from February 3, 1867 until his death on July 29, 1912.

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Equal Protection Clause

The Equal Protection Clause is part of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.

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Ernest Newman

Ernest Newman (30 November 1868 – 7 July 1959) was an English music critic and musicologist.

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Ernest Swinton

Major-General Sir Ernest Dunlop Swinton, (21 October 1868 – 15 January 1951) was a British Army officer who was active in the development and adoption of the tank during the First World War.

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Ernst Didring

Ernst Didring (18 October 1868 – 13 October 1931) was an early 20th-century author who wrote mainly of life in his home country of Sweden.

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Ethiopia

Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk), is a country located in the Horn of Africa.

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Eugenie Besserer

Eugenie Besserer (December 25, 1868 – May 28, 1934) was an American actress who starred in silent films and features of the early sound motion-picture era, beginning in 1910.

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European early modern humans

European early modern humans (EEMH) in the context of the Upper Paleolithic in Europe refers to the early presence of anatomically modern humans in Europe.

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Exotic Zoology

Exotic Zoology is a cryptozoological book by Willy Ley, a science writer and space advocate.

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Expatriation Act of 1868

The Expatriation Act of 1868 was an act of the 40th United States Congress regarding the right to renounce one's citizenship.

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Fall of Edo

The took place in May and July 1868, when the Japanese capital of Edo (modern Tokyo), controlled by the Tokugawa shogunate, fell to forces favorable to the restoration of Emperor Meiji during the Boshin War.

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February

February is the second and shortest month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendar with 28 days in common years and 29 days in leap years, with the quadrennial 29th day being called the leap day.

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February 10

No description.

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February 11

No description.

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February 12

No description.

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February 13

No description.

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February 16

No description.

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February 19

No description.

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February 20

No description.

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February 23

No description.

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February 24

For superstitious reasons, when the Romans began to intercalate to bring their calendar into line with the solar year, they chose not to place their extra month of Mercedonius after February but within it.

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February 26

No description.

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February 29

February 29, also known as leap day or leap year day, is a date added to most years that are divisible by 4, such as 2008, 2012, 2016, 2020, and 2024.

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February 4

This day marks the approximate midpoint of winter in the Northern Hemisphere and of summer in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the December solstice).

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February 5

No description.

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February 8

No description.

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Federal government of the United States

The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government) is the national government of the United States, a constitutional republic in North America, composed of 50 states, one district, Washington, D.C. (the nation's capital), and several territories.

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Felix Hausdorff

Felix Hausdorff (November 8, 1868 – January 26, 1942) was a German mathematician who is considered to be one of the founders of modern topology and who contributed significantly to set theory, descriptive set theory, measure theory, function theory, and functional analysis.

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Felix Hoffmann

Felix Hoffmann was born on 21 January 1868 in Ludwigsburg, the son of an industrialist.

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Fenian

Fenian was an umbrella term for the Fenian Brotherhood and Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB), fraternal organisations dedicated to the establishment of an independent Irish Republic in the 19th and early 20th centuries.

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Feudalism

Feudalism was a combination of legal and military customs in medieval Europe that flourished between the 9th and 15th centuries.

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Florence Foster Jenkins

Florence Foster Jenkins (born Narcissa Florence Foster; July 19, 1868 – November 26, 1944) was an American socialite and amateur soprano who was known and mocked for her flamboyant performance costumes and notably poor singing ability.

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Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution

The Fourteenth Amendment (Amendment XIV) to the United States Constitution was adopted on July 9, 1868, as one of the Reconstruction Amendments.

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Francisco Solano López

Francisco Solano López (24 July 1827 – 1 March 1870) was President of Paraguay from 1862 until his death in 1870.

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Franz Berwald

Franz Adolf Berwald (23 July 1796 – 3 April 1868) was a Swedish Romantic composer.

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Fraunhofer lines

In physics and optics, the Fraunhofer lines are a set of spectral lines named after the German physicist Joseph von Fraunhofer (1787–1826).

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French people

The French (Français) are a Latin European ethnic group and nation who are identified with the country of France.

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Fritz Haber

Fritz Haber (9 December 1868 – 29 January 1934) was a German chemist who received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1918 for his invention of the Haber–Bosch process, a method used in industry to synthesize ammonia from nitrogen gas and hydrogen gas.

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Fushimi-ku, Kyoto

is one of the eleven wards in the city of Kyoto, in Kyoto Prefecture, Japan.

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Gaston Leroux

Gaston Louis Alfred Leroux (6 May 186815 April 1927) was a French journalist and author of detective fiction.

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Geologist

A geologist is a scientist who studies the solid and liquid matter that constitutes the Earth as well as the processes that shape it.

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George Arliss

George Arliss (10 April 1868 – 5 February 1946) was an English actor, author, playwright and filmmaker who found success in the United States.

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George Armstrong Custer

George Armstrong Custer (December 5, 1839 – June 25, 1876) was a United States Army officer and cavalry commander in the American Civil War and the American Indian Wars.

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George W. Fuller

George Warren Fuller (December 21, 1868 – June 15, 1934) was a sanitary engineer who was also trained in bacteriology and chemistry.

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Georges Lacombe (painter)

Georges Lacombe (18 June 1868 – 29 June 1916) was a French sculptor and painter.

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Gertrude Bell

Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell, CBE (14 July 1868 – 12 July 1926) was an English writer, traveller, political officer, administrator, and archaeologist who explored, mapped, and became highly influential to British imperial policy-making due to her knowledge and contacts, built up through extensive travels in Greater Syria, Mesopotamia, Asia Minor, and Arabia.

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Gioachino Rossini

Gioachino Antonio Rossini (29 February 1792 – 13 November 1868) was an Italian composer who wrote 39 operas as well as some sacred music, songs, chamber music, and piano pieces.

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Glorious Revolution (Spain)

The Glorious Revolution (La Gloriosa or Sexenio Democrático) took place in Spain in 1868, resulting in the deposition of Queen Isabella II.

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Grito de Lares

The Grito de Lares (Cry of Lares)—also referred to as the Lares uprising, the Lares revolt, the Lares rebellion, or the Lares revolution—was the first major revolt against Spanish rule in Puerto Rico.

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Guntur

Guntur; is a city within the Andhra Pradesh Capital Region.

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Hampton University

Hampton University (HU) is a private historically black university in Hampton, Virginia.

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Hampton, Virginia

Hampton is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.

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Hanging

Hanging is the suspension of a person by a noose or ligature around the neck.

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Hanover

Hanover or Hannover (Hannover), on the River Leine, is the capital and largest city of the German state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), and was once by personal union the family seat of the Hanoverian Kings of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, under their title as the dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg (later described as the Elector of Hanover).

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Harada Sanosuke

was a Japanese warrior (samurai) who lived in the late Edo period.

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Hashima Island

, commonly called Gunkanjima (軍艦島; meaning Battleship Island), is an abandoned island lying about 15 kilometers (9 miles) from the city of Nagasaki, in southern Japan.

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Heber C. Kimball

Heber Chase Kimball (June 14, 1801 – June 22, 1868) was a leader in the early Latter Day Saint movement.

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Heinrich Häberlin

Heinrich Häberlin (6 September 1868 – 26 February 1947) was a Swiss politician, judge and member of the Swiss Federal Council (1920-1934).

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Helium

Helium (from lit) is a chemical element with symbol He and atomic number 2.

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Henri Bourassa

Joseph-Napoléon-Henri Bourassa (September 1, 1868 – August 31, 1952) was a French Canadian political leader and publisher.

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Henri Nathansen

Henri Nathansen (17 July 1868 – 16 February 1944) was a Danish writer and stage director, today best known for the play Inside the Walls (Indenfor Murene).

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Henrietta Swan Leavitt

Henrietta Swan Leavitt (July 4, 1868 – December 12, 1921) was an American astronomer who discovered the relation between the luminosity and the period of Cepheid variable stars.

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Henry Bennett (American politician)

Henry Bennett (September 29, 1808 – May 10, 1868) was an American politician and a United States Representative from New York.

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Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux

Henry Peter Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux, (19 September 1778 – 7 May 1868) was a British statesman who became Lord Chancellor of Great Britain.

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Henry O'Farrell

Henry James O'Farrell (183321 April 1868) was the first person to attempt a political assassination in Australia.

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Herbert Spencer Jennings

Prof Herbert Spencer Jennings HFRSE (1868-1947) was an American zoologist, geneticist, and eugenicist.

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Herrenhäuser Brewery

The Herrenhäuser Brewery (Herrenhäuser Brauerei) was founded in 1868 in the Herrenhausen district of Hannover, Germany.

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Homo sapiens

Homo sapiens is the systematic name used in taxonomy (also known as binomial nomenclature) for the only extant human species.

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Horatio Seymour

Horatio Seymour (May 31, 1810February 12, 1886) was an American politician.

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Hougoumont (ship)

Hougoumont was the last convict ship to transport convicts to Australia.

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Howell Cobb

Thomas Howell Cobb (September 7, 1815 – October 9, 1868) was an American political figure.

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Hugo Eckener

Dr.

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Humaitá

Humaitá is a town and distrito on the Paraguay River in southern Paraguay.

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Impeachment

Impeachment is the process by which a legislative body formally levels charges against a high official of government.

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Impeachment in the United States

Impeachment in the United States is the process by which the lower house of a legislature brings charges against a civil officer of government for crimes alleged to have been committed, analogous to the bringing of an indictment by a grand jury.

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Impeachment of Andrew Johnson

The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson occurred in 1868, when the United States House of Representatives resolved to impeach President Andrew Johnson, adopting eleven articles of impeachment detailing his "high crimes and misdemeanors," in accordance with Article Two of the United States Constitution.

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Ioannis Trilivas

Ioannis Trilivas (Ιωάννης Τριλίβας) was a Greek Army officer who reached the rank of Lieutenant General, and fought in the Greco-Turkish War of 1897, the Balkan Wars, the Macedonian Front of World War I, and in the Asia Minor Campaign.

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Isabella II of Spain

Isabella II (Isabel; 10 October 1830 – 9 April 1904) was Queen of Spain from 1833 until 1868.

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Ivan Regen

Ivan (Janez) Regen (known also as Johann Regen) (December 9, 1868 – July 27, 1947) was a Slovenian biologist, best known for his studies in the field of bioacoustics.

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Jaan Tõnisson

Jaan Tõnisson (near Tänassilma – 1941?, in Tallinn?) was an Estonian statesman, serving as the Prime Minister of Estonia twice during 1919 to 1920, as State Elder (head of state and government) from 1927 to 1928 and in 1933, and as Foreign Minister of Estonia from 1931 to 1932.

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James Alexander Calder

James Alexander Calder, (September 17, 1868 – July 20, 1956) was a Canadian politician.

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James Brudenell, 7th Earl of Cardigan

Lieutenant General James Thomas Brudenell, 7th Earl of Cardigan (16 October 1797 – 28 March 1868) was an officer in the British Army who commanded the Light Brigade during the Crimean War.

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James Buchanan

James Buchanan Jr. (April 23, 1791June 1, 1868) was an American politician who served as the 15th President of the United States (1857–61), serving immediately prior to the American Civil War.

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James Connolly

James Connolly (Séamas Ó Conghaile; 5 June 1868 – 12 May 1916) was an Irish republican and socialist leader.

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James Gascoyne-Cecil, 2nd Marquess of Salisbury

James Brownlow William Gascoyne-Cecil, 2nd Marquess of Salisbury, (17 April 1791 – 12 April 1868), styled Viscount Cranborne until 1823, was a British Conservative politician.

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James Mayer de Rothschild

James Mayer de Rothschild, Baron de Rothschild (15 May 1792 – 15 November 1868), born Jakob Mayer Rothschild, was a German-French banker and the founder of the French branch of the Rothschild family.

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Jamsetji Tata

Jamshedji Nusserwanji Tata (also spelled as Jamsetji) (3 March 1839 – 19 May 1904) was an Indian pioneer industrialist, who founded the Tata Group, India's biggest conglomerate company.

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January 1

January 1 is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar.

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January 10

No description.

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January 11

No description.

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January 12

No description.

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January 15

No description.

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January 18

No description.

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January 2

No description.

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January 20

In the ancient astronomy, it is the cusp day between Capricorn and Aquarius.

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January 21

No description.

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January 23

No description.

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January 27

No description.

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January 28

No description.

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January 3

Perihelion, the point during the year when the Earth is closest to the Sun, occurs around this date.

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January 31

No description.

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January 5

No description.

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January 6

No description.

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January 7

No description.

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January 9

No description.

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Japanese era name

The, also known as, is the first of the two elements that identify years in the Japanese era calendar scheme.

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János Erdélyi

János Erdélyi (1814 in Veľké Kapušany – January 23, 1868 in Sárospatak) was a Hungarian poet, critic, author, philosopher and ethnographist.

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Jesse Chisholm

Jesse Chisholm (circa 1805 - March 4, 1868) was a mixed-blood Cherokee fur trader.

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John A. Logan

John Alexander Logan (February 9, 1826 – December 26, 1886) was an American soldier and political leader.

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John Elliotson

John Elliotson (29 October 1791 – 29 July 1868), M.D. (Edinburgh, 1810), M.D.(Oxford, 1821), F.R.C.P.(London, 1822), F.R.S. (1829), professor of the principles and practice of medicine at University College London (1832), senior physician to University College Hospital (1834) — and, in concert with William Collins Engledue M.D., the co-editor of The Zoist.

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John L. Hines

John Leonard Hines (May 21, 1868 – October 13, 1968) was an American soldier who served as Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army from 1924 to 1926.

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John Moisant

John Bevins Moisant (April 25, 1868 – December 31, 1910), known as the "King of Aviators," was an American aviator, aeronautical engineer, flight instructor, businessman, and revolutionary.

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John Nance Garner

John Nance Garner III (November 22, 1868 – November 7, 1967), known among his contemporaries as "Cactus Jack", was an American Democratic politician and lawyer from Texas.

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John Nathan Cobb

John Nathan Cobb (February 20, 1868 – January 13, 1930) was an American author, naturalist, conservationist, canneryman, and educator who attained a high position in academia without the benefit of a college education.

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John Scott Lillie

Sir John Scott Lillie (1790 – 29 June 1868) was a decorated officer of the British Army and Portuguese Army who fought in the Peninsular War (1808-1814).

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John Sealy Townsend

Sir John Sealy Edward Townsend, FRS (7 June 1868 – 16 February 1957) was an Irish mathematical physicist who conducted various studies concerning the electrical conduction of gases (concerning the kinetics of electrons and ions) and directly measured the electrical charge.

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John T. Raulston

John Tate Raulston (September 22, 1868 – July 11, 1956) was an American state judge in Rhea County, Tennessee, who received national publicity for presiding over the 1925 Scopes Trial, a famous creationism-evolution debate.

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Joseph Cawthorn

Joseph Cawthorn (March 29, 1868, New York City, New York – January 21, 1949, Beverly Hills, California) was an American stage and film comic actor.

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Julius Plücker

Julius Plücker (16 June 1801 – 22 May 1868) was a German mathematician and physicist.

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July 1

It is the first day of the second half of the year.

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July 12

No description.

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July 14

No description.

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July 15

No description.

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July 17

No description.

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July 18

No description.

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July 19

No description.

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July 20

No description.

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July 21

No description.

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July 24

No description.

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July 25

No description.

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July 26

No description.

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July 27

No description.

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July 28

No description.

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July 29

No description.

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July 4

The Aphelion, the point in the year when the Earth is farthest from the Sun, occurs around this date.

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July 5

No description.

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July 6

No description.

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July 9

No description.

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June

June is the sixth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, the second of four months to have a length of 30 days, and the third of five months to have a length of less than 31 days.

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June 1

No description.

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June 10

No description.

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June 14

No description.

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June 18

No description.

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June 2

No description.

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June 20

In the Northern Hemisphere, the Summer solstice sometimes occurs on this date, while the Winter solstice occurs in the Southern Hemisphere.

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June 22

On this day the Summer solstice may occur in the Northern Hemisphere, and the Winter solstice may occur in the Southern Hemisphere.

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June 25

No description.

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June 29

No description.

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June 5

No description.

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June 6

No description.

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June 7

No description.

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Kantarō Suzuki

Baron was an admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy, member and final leader of the Imperial Rule Assistance Association and 42nd Prime Minister of Japan from 7 April to 17 August 1945.

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Karl Landsteiner

Karl Landsteiner,, (June 14, 1868 – June 26, 1943) was an Austrian biologist, physician, and immunologist.

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Kerosene

Kerosene, also known as paraffin, lamp oil, and coal oil (an obsolete term), is a combustible hydrocarbon liquid which is derived from petroleum.

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Kit Carson

Christopher Houston Carson (December 24, 1809 – May 23, 1868), better known as Kit Carson, was an American frontiersman.

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Košutnjak

Košutnjak (Кошутњак)) is a park-forest and urban neighborhood of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. It is divided between in the municipalities of Čukarica (upper and central parts) and Rakovica (lower part). With the adjoining Topčider, it is colloquially styled "Belgrade's oxygen factory".

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Kobe

is the sixth-largest city in Japan and the capital city of Hyōgo Prefecture.

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Kondō Isami

was a Japanese swordsman and official of the late Edo period, famed for his role as commander of the Shinsengumi.

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Korbinian Brodmann

Korbinian Brodmann (17 November 1868 – 22 August 1918) was a German neurologist who became famous for his definition of the cerebral cortex into 52 distinct regions from their cytoarchitectonic (histological) characteristics, known as Brodmann areas.

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Kyoto

, officially, is the capital city of Kyoto Prefecture, located in the Kansai region of Japan.

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La Bayamesa

El Himno de Bayamo (The Bayamo Anthem) is the national anthem of Cuba.

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Lai Wenguang

Lai Wenguang (賴文光, 1827–1868), born in Mei County (now Meixian District), Guangdong, and later worked in Guangxi, was an eminent military leader of the Taiping Rebellion and Nian Rebellion, and known during his military tenure as the King of Zun (遵王) ("believe God").

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Lake Ontario Shore Railroad

The Lake Ontario Shore Railroad (LOSRR) was a short-lived common carrier railroad in New York that was absorbed by the Rome, Watertown and Ogdensburg Railroad.

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Laura Secord

Laura Secord (Ingersoll; 13 September 1775 – 17 October 1868) was a Canadian heroine of the War of 1812.

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Léon Foucault

Jean Bernard Léon Foucault (18 September 1819 – 11 February 1868) was a French physicist best known for his demonstration of the Foucault pendulum, a device demonstrating the effect of the Earth's rotation.

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Les Eyzies-de-Tayac-Sireuil

Les Eyzies-de-Tayac-Sireuil (Las Aisiás de Taiac e Siruèlh) is a commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

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Lesotho

Lesotho officially the Kingdom of Lesotho ('Muso oa Lesotho), is an enclaved country in southern Africa.

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Lexington Avenue

Lexington Avenue, often colloquially abbreviated as "Lex", is an avenue on the East Side of the borough of Manhattan in New York City that carries southbound one-way traffic from East 131st Street to Gramercy Park at East 21st Street.

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Lieutenant colonel (United States)

In the United States Army, U.S. Marine Corps, and U.S. Air Force, a lieutenant colonel is a field grade military officer rank just above the rank of major and just below the rank of colonel.

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Linus Yale Jr.

Linus Yale Jr. (April 4, 1821 – December 25, 1868) was an American mechanical engineer, manufacturer, and co-founder of the Yale Lock Manufacturing Company.

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List of Vice Presidents of the United States

There have been 48 Vice Presidents of the United States since the office came into existence in 1789.

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Little Rock, Arkansas

Little Rock is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Arkansas.

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Lord Chancellor

The Lord Chancellor, formally the Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, is the highest ranking among those Great Officers of State which are appointed regularly in the United Kingdom, nominally outranking even the Prime Minister.

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Louis Arthur Ducos du Hauron

Louis Arthur Ducos du Hauron (8 December 1837 – 31 August 1920) was a French pioneer of color photography.

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Louis Lartet

Louis Lartet (1840 – 1899) was a French geologist and paleontologist.

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Luís Alves de Lima e Silva, Duke of Caxias

Luís Alves de Lima e Silva, Duke of Caxias (25 August 1803 – 7 May 1880), nicknamed "the Peacemaker" and "Iron Duke", was an army officer, politician and monarchist of the Empire of Brazil.

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Lucy Booth

Commissioner Lucy Milward Booth-Hellberg (28 April 1868 – 18 July 1953) was the eighth and youngest child of Catherine and William Booth, the Founder of The Salvation Army.

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Ludwig I of Bavaria

Ludwig I (also rendered in English as Louis I; 25 August 1786 – 29 February 1868) was king of Bavaria from 1825 until the 1848 revolutions in the German states.

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LZ 127 Graf Zeppelin

LZ 127 Graf Zeppelin (Deutsches Luftschiff Zeppelin #127; Registration: D-LZ 127) was a German-built and -operated, passenger-carrying, hydrogen-filled, rigid airship which operated commercially from 1928 to 1937.

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Manchester

Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 530,300.

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Manhattan

Manhattan is the most densely populated borough of New York City, its economic and administrative center, and its historical birthplace.

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Marcelo Torcuato de Alvear

Máximo Marcelo Torcuato de Alvear Pacheco (October 4, 1868 – March 23, 1942), better known as Marcelo T. de Alvear was an Argentine politician and President of Argentina October 12, 1922 to October 12, 1928.

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March

March is the third month of the year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars.

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March 1

No description.

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March 12

No description.

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March 14

No description.

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March 22

No description.

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March 23

No description.

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March 24

March 24th is the 365th and last day of the year in many European implementations of the Julian calendar.

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March 25

No description.

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March 27

No description.

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March 28

No description.

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March 29

No description.

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March 4

No description.

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March 5

No description.

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Mardi Gras

Mardi Gras, or Fat Tuesday, refers to events of the Carnival celebration, beginning on or after the Christian feasts of the Epiphany (Three Kings Day) and culminating on the day before Ash Wednesday (known as Shrove Tuesday).

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Marie Dressler

Marie Dressler (born Leila Marie Koerber, November 9, 1868 – July 28, 1934) was a Canadian-American stage and screen actress, comedian, and early silent film and Depression-era film star.

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Mary Brewster Hazelton

Mary Brewster Hazelton (November 23, 1868 – September 13, 1953) was an American portrait painter.

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Mary Hunter Austin

Mary Hunter Austin (September 9, 1868 – August 13, 1934) was an American writer.

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Maryland School for the Deaf

The Maryland School for the Deaf is a school that provides free public education to deaf and hard-of-hearing Maryland residents, from birth to age 21.

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Maxim Gorky

Alexei Maximovich Peshkov (Алексе́й Макси́мович Пешко́в or Пе́шков; – 18 June 1936), primarily known as Maxim (Maksim) Gorky (Макси́м Го́рький), was a Russian and Soviet writer, a founder of the socialist realism literary method and a political activist.

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Maxine Elliott

Maxine Elliott (February 5, 1868 – March 5, 1940) was an American actress and businesswoman.

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May 10

No description.

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May 12

No description.

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May 14

No description.

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May 16

No description.

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May 17

No description.

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May 21

No description.

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May 22

No description.

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May 23

No description.

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May 26

No description.

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May 29

No description.

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May 30

No description.

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May 31

No description.

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May 5

This day marks the approximate midpoint of spring in the Northern Hemisphere and of autumn in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the March equinox).

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May 6

No description.

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May 7

No description.

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Mayor of Los Angeles

The Mayor of the City of Los Angeles is the official head and chief executive officer of Los Angeles, California.

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Māori people

The Māori are the indigenous Polynesian people of New Zealand.

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Meiji period

The, also known as the Meiji era, is a Japanese era which extended from October 23, 1868, to July 30, 1912.

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Meiji Restoration

The, also known as the Meiji Ishin, Renovation, Revolution, Reform, or Renewal, was an event that restored practical imperial rule to the Empire of Japan in 1868 under Emperor Meiji.

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Memorial Day

Memorial Day or Decoration Day is a federal holiday in the United States for remembering the people who died while serving in the country's armed forces.

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Mercalli intensity scale

The Mercalli intensity scale is a seismic intensity scale used for measuring the intensity of an earthquake.

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MetLife

MetLife, Inc. is the holding corporation for the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company (MLIC), better known as MetLife, and its affiliates.

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Michael Barrett (Fenian)

Michael Barrett (184126 May 1868) was born in Drumnagreshial in the Ederney area of County Fermanagh.

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Mihailo Obrenović

Mihailo Obrenović (Mihajlo Obrenović.; 16 September 1823 – 10 June 1868) was Prince of Serbia from 1839 to 1842 and again from 1860 to 1868.

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Miklós Horthy

Miklós Horthy de Nagybánya (Vitéz"Vitéz" refers to a Hungarian knightly order founded by Miklós Horthy ("Vitézi Rend"); literally, "vitéz" means "knight" or "valiant".;; English: Nicholas Horthy; Nikolaus Horthy Ritter von Nagybánya; 18 June 18689 February 1957) was a Hungarian admiral and statesman, who became the Regent of Hungary.

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Monarchy of Thailand

The monarchy of Thailand (whose monarch is referred to as the King of Thailand or historically as the King of Siam; พระมหากษัตริย์ไทย) refers to the constitutional monarchy and monarch of the Kingdom of Thailand (formerly Siam). The King of Thailand is the head of state and head of the ruling Royal House of Chakri. Although the current Chakri Dynasty was created in 1782, the existence of the institution of monarchy in Thailand is traditionally considered to have its roots from the founding of the Sukhothai Kingdom in 1238, with a brief interregnum from the death of Ekkathat to the accession of Taksin in the 18th century. The institution was transformed into a constitutional monarchy in 1932 after the bloodless Siamese Revolution of 1932. The monarchy's official ceremonial residence is the Grand Palace in Bangkok, while the private residence has been at the Dusit Palace. The King of Thailand's titles include Head of State, Head of the Royal Thai Armed Forces, Adherent of Buddhism and Upholder of religions.

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Mongkut

Phra Bat Somdet Phra Poramenthra Maha Mongkut Phra Chom Klao Chao Yu Hua (พระบาทสมเด็จพระปรเมนทรมหามงกุฎ พระจอมเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว), or Rama IV, known in English-speaking countries as King Mongkut (18 October 18041 October 1868), was the fourth monarch of Siam (Thailand) under the House of Chakri, ruling from 1851 to 1868.

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Mount Sinai Hospital (Manhattan)

Mount Sinai Hospital, founded in 1852, is one of the oldest and largest teaching hospitals in the United States.

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Navajo

The Navajo (British English: Navaho, Diné or Naabeehó) are a Native American people of the Southwestern United States.

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New Orleans

New Orleans (. Merriam-Webster.; La Nouvelle-Orléans) is a major United States port and the largest city and metropolitan area in the state of Louisiana.

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New York City

The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.

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Nian Rebellion

The Nian Rebellion was an armed uprising that took place in northern China from 1851 to 1868, contemporaneously with Taiping Rebellion (1851–1864) in South China.

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Nicholas II of Russia

Nicholas II or Nikolai II (r; 1868 – 17 July 1918), known as Saint Nicholas II of Russia in the Russian Orthodox Church, was the last Emperor of Russia, ruling from 1 November 1894 until his forced abdication on 15 March 1917.

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Nobel Prize in Chemistry

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry (Nobelpriset i kemi) is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to scientists in the various fields of chemistry.

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Nobel Prize in Physics

The Nobel Prize in Physics (Nobelpriset i fysik) is a yearly award given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for those who conferred the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of physics.

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Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (Nobelpriset i fysiologi eller medicin), administered by the Nobel Foundation, is awarded once a year for outstanding discoveries in the fields of life sciences and medicine.

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Nobuyoshi Mutō

Gensui Baron was Commander of the Kwantung Army in 1933, Japanese ambassador to Manchukuo, and a field marshal in the Imperial Japanese Army.

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Norman Lockyer

Sir Joseph Norman Lockyer, KCB FRS (17 May 1836 – 16 August 1920), known simply as Norman Lockyer, was an English scientist and astronomer.

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North Island

The North Island (Māori: Te Ika-a-Māui) is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the slightly larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait.

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November 13

No description.

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November 14

No description.

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November 15

No description.

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November 17

No description.

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November 2

No description.

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November 22

In the ancient astronomy, it is the cusp day between Scorpio and Sagittarius.

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November 23

No description.

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November 27

No description.

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November 3

No description.

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November 30

No description.

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November 7

This day marks the approximate midpoint of autumn in the Northern Hemisphere and of spring in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the September equinox).

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November 8

No description.

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November 9

No description.

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Oakland, California

Oakland is the largest city and the county seat of Alameda County, California, United States.

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October 1

No description.

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October 10

No description.

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October 17

No description.

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October 18

No description.

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October 20

No description.

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October 21

No description.

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October 23

No description.

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October 27

No description.

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October 28

No description.

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October 4

No description.

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October 6

No description.

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October 9

No description.

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Okita Sōji

was the captain of the first unit of the Shinsengumi, a special police force in Kyoto during the late shogunate period.

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OMF International

OMF International (formerly Overseas Missionary Fellowship and before 1964 the China Inland Mission) is an international and interdenominational Protestant Christian missionary society with an international centre in Singapore.

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Oskar Merikanto

Oskar Merikanto (5 August 1868, Helsinki 17 February 1924) was a Finnish musician and composer.

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Oswego, New York

Oswego is a city in Oswego County, New York, United States.

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Otto von Lossow

General Otto Hermann von Lossow (15 January 1868 – 25 November 1938) was a Bavarian Army and then German Army officer who played a prominent role in the events surrounding the attempted Beer Hall Putsch by Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party in November 1923.

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Paraguay

Paraguay (Paraguái), officially the Republic of Paraguay (República del Paraguay; Tetã Paraguái), is a landlocked country in central South America, bordered by Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the east and northeast, and Bolivia to the northwest.

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Paraguay River

The Paraguay River (Río Paraguay in Spanish, Rio Paraguai in Portuguese, Ysyry Paraguái in Guarani) is a major river in south-central South America, running through Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay and Argentina.

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Paraguayan War

The Paraguayan War, also known as the War of the Triple Alliance and the Great War in Paraguay, was a South American war fought from 1864 to 1870 between Paraguay and the Triple Alliance of Argentina, the Empire of Brazil, and Uruguay.

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Parc de Saint-Cloud

The Parc de Saint-Cloud, officially the Domaine National de Saint-Cloud, is a domaine national (federal territory), located mostly within Saint-Cloud, in the Hauts-de-Seine department, near Paris, France.

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Parliament of the United Kingdom

The Parliament of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the UK Parliament or British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and overseas territories.

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Passage of Humaitá

The Passage of Humaitá (Portuguese: Passagem de Humaitá) was an operation of riverine warfare during the Paraguayan War − the most lethal in South American history − in which a force of six Brazilian Navy armoured vessels was ordered to dash past under the guns of the Paraguayan fortress of Humaitá.

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Patent

A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state or intergovernmental organization to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention.

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Patriarch Miron of Romania

Miron Cristea (monastic name of Elie Cristea; 20 July 1868 – 6 March 1939) was an Austro-Hungarian-born Romanian cleric and politician.

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Penal transportation

Penal transportation or transportation refers to the relocation of convicted criminals, or other persons regarded as undesirable, to a distant place, often a colony for a specified term; later, specifically established penal colonies became their destination.

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Peru

Peru (Perú; Piruw Republika; Piruw Suyu), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.

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Perucho Figueredo

Lawyer and landowner (full name) was a principal player in the 19th century Cuban resistance against Spain and a talented composer, poet, and musician.

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Pierre Janssen

Pierre Jules César Janssen (22 February 1824 – 23 December 1907), also known as Jules Janssen, was a French astronomer who, along with English scientist Joseph Norman Lockyer, is credited with discovering the gaseous nature of the solar chromosphere, and with some justification the element helium.

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Plains Indians

Plains Indians, Interior Plains Indians or Indigenous people of the Great Plains and Canadian Prairies are the Native American tribes and First Nation band governments who have traditionally lived on the greater Interior Plains (i.e. the Great Plains and the Canadian Prairies) in North America.

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Post Office Rifles

The Post Office Rifles was a unit of the British Army, first formed in 1868 from volunteers as part of the Volunteer Force, which later became the Territorial Force (and later the Territorial Army).

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Premier of Alberta

The Premier of Alberta is the first minister for the Canadian province of Alberta.

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Presidencies and provinces of British India

The Provinces of India, earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns, were the administrative divisions of British governance in the subcontinent.

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President of Chile

The President of the Republic of Chile (Presidente de la República de Chile) is the head of state and the head of government of the Republic of Chile.

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President of the United States

The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.

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Principality of Serbia

The Principality of Serbia (Кнежевина Србија / Kneževina Srbija) was a semi-independent state in the Balkans that came into existence as a result of the Serbian Revolution, which lasted between 1804 and 1817.

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Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico (Spanish for "Rich Port"), officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, "Free Associated State of Puerto Rico") and briefly called Porto Rico, is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the northeast Caribbean Sea.

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Ramón Emeterio Betances

Ramón Emeterio Betances y Alacán (April 8, 1827 – September 16, 1898) was a Puerto Rican nationalist.

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Rattanakosin Kingdom (1782–1932)

The Rattanakosin Kingdom (อาณาจักรรัตนโกสินทร์) is the fourth and present traditional centre of power in the history of Thailand (or Siam).

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Republic of Manitobah

The Republic of Manitobah was a short-lived, unrecognized state founded in June 1867 by Thomas Spence at the town of Portage la Prairie in what is now the Canadian province of Manitoba.

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Robert Andrews Millikan

Robert Andrews Millikan (March 22, 1868 – December 19, 1953) was an American experimental physicist honored with the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1923 for the measurement of the elementary electronic charge and for his work on the photoelectric effect.

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Robert Falcon Scott

Captain Robert Falcon Scott, (6 June 1868 – 29 March 1912) was a British Royal Navy officer and explorer who led two expeditions to the Antarctic regions: the Discovery Expedition (1901–1904) and the ill-fated Terra Nova Expedition (1910–1913).

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Robert Napier, 1st Baron Napier of Magdala

Field Marshal Robert Cornelius Napier, 1st Baron Napier of Magdala (6 December 1810 – 14 January 1890) was an Indian Army officer.

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Robert Rolfe, 1st Baron Cranworth

Robert Monsey Rolfe, 1st Baron Cranworth, PC (18 December 1790 – 26 July 1868) was a British lawyer and Liberal politician.

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Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Santa Fe

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Santa Fe (Archidioecesis Sanctae Fidei in America Septentrionali, Arquidiócesis de Santa Fe) is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the southwestern region of the United States in the state of New Mexico.

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Roman Catholic Diocese of Tucson

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Tucson (Dioecesis Tucsonensis) is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in the southwestern region of the United States.

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S. P. L. Sørensen

Søren Peder Lauritz Sørensen (9 January 1868 – 12 February 1939) was a Danish chemist, famous for the introduction of the concept of pH, a scale for measuring acidity and alkalinity.

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Samuel Lover

Samuel Lover (24 February 1797 – 6 July 1868) was an Irish songwriter, composer, novelist, and a painter of portraits, chiefly miniatures.

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Sand Creek massacre

The Sand Creek Massacre (also known as the Chivington Massacre, the Battle of Sand Creek or the Massacre of Cheyenne Indians) was a massacre in the American Indian Wars that occurred on November 29, 1864, when a 675-man force of Colorado U.S. Volunteer Cavalry under the command of U.S. Army Colonel John Chivington attacked and destroyed a village of Cheyenne and Arapaho in southeastern Colorado Territory, killing and mutilating an estimated 70–500 Native Americans, about two-thirds of whom were women and children.

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Satsuma Domain

, also known as Kagoshima Domain, was a Japanese domain of the Edo period.

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Scott Joplin

Scott Joplin (1867/68 or November 24, 1868 – April 1, 1917) was an African-American composer and pianist.

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September

September is the ninth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, the third of four months to have a length of 30 days, and the fourth of five months to have a length of less than 31 days.

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September 1

No description.

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September 17

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September 18

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September 19

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September 22

It is frequently the day of the autumnal equinox in the Northern Hemisphere and the day of the vernal equinox in the Southern Hemisphere.

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September 23

It is frequently the day of the autumnal equinox in the Northern Hemisphere and the day of the vernal equinox in the Southern Hemisphere.

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September 24

No description.

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September 26

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September 3

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September 6

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September 7

No description.

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September 8

No description.

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September 9

No description.

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Seth Weeks

Silas Seth Weeks (b. Vermont, Illinois, 8 Sept. 1868 – d. Dec. 1953) was an American composer who played mandolin, violin, banjo and guitar.

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Sewanee, Tennessee

Sewanee is a census-designated place (CDP) in Franklin County, Tennessee, United States.

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Sewanee: The University of the South

Sewanee: The University of the South, also known as Sewanee, is a private, residential, coeducational liberal arts college located in Sewanee, Tennessee, United States.

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Shōgitai

The Shōgitai (彰義隊, "League to Demonstrate Righteousness") was an elite corps of the shogunate formed in 1868 during the Bakumatsu period in Japan.

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Shōgun

The was the military dictator of Japan during the period from 1185 to 1868 (with exceptions).

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Shinsengumi

The was a special police force organized by the Bakufu (military government) during Japan's Bakumatsu period (late Tokugawa shogunate) in 1863.

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Sinclair, Wyoming

Sinclair is a town in Carbon County, Wyoming, United States.

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Sir Peter Rylands, 1st Baronet

Sir William Peter Rylands, 1st Baronet (23 October 1868 – 22 October 1948) was a British businessman.

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Snitz Edwards

Snitz Edwards (born Edward Neumann, 1 January 1868 – 1 May 1937) was a stage and character actor of the early years of the silent film era into the 1930s.

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Sodium

Sodium is a chemical element with symbol Na (from Latin natrium) and atomic number 11.

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Solar eclipse of August 18, 1868

A total solar eclipse occurred on August 18, 1868, also known as "The King of Siam's eclipse".

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South Taranaki District

South Taranaki is a territorial authority on the west coast of New Zealand's North Island that contains the towns of Hawera, Manaia, Opunake, Patea, Eltham, and Waverley.

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Srivilailaksana

Srivilailaksana, Princess of Suphanburi (ศรีวิไลยลักษณ์;; 24 July 1868 – 26 October 1904), was the Princess of Siam (later Thailand).

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Steele Rudd

Steele Rudd was the pseudonym of Arthur Hoey Davis (14 November 1868 – 11 October 1935) an Australian author, from Queensland best known for his novel On Our Selection.

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Stefan George

Stefan Anton George (12 July 18684 December 1933) was a German symbolist poet and a translator of Dante Alighieri, William Shakespeare, and Charles Baudelaire.

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Taiping Rebellion

The Taiping Rebellion, also known as the Taiping Civil War or the Taiping Revolution, was a massive rebellion or total civil war in China that was waged from 1850 to 1864 between the established Manchu-led Qing dynasty and the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom under Hong Xiuquan.

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Tata Group

Tata Group is an Indian multinational conglomerate holding company headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

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Tītokowaru

Riwha Tītokowaru (c. 1823–1888) became a Māori leader in the Taranaki region and one of the most successful opponents of British colonization anywhere.

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Tītokowaru's War

Tītokowarus War was a military conflict that took place in the South Taranaki region of New Zealand's North Island from June 1868 to March 1869 between the Ngāti Ruanui Māori tribe and the New Zealand Government.

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Tewodros II

Téwodros II (ቴዎድሮስ, baptized as Sahle Dingil, and often referred to in English by the equivalent Theodore II) (c. 1818 – April 13, 1868) was the Emperor of Ethiopia from 1855 until his death.

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Thaddeus Stevens

Thaddeus Stevens (April 4, 1792 – August 11, 1868) was a member of the United States House of Representatives from Pennsylvania and one of the leaders of the Radical Republican faction of the Republican Party during the 1860s.

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The Salvation Army

The Salvation Army is a Protestant Christian church and an international charitable organisation structured in a quasi-military fashion.

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Theodor Wulf

Theodor Wulf (July 28, 1868 – June 19, 1946) was a German physicist and Jesuit priest who was one of the first experimenters to detect excess atmospheric radiation.

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Theodore William Richards

Theodore William Richards (January 31, 1868 – April 2, 1928) was the first American scientist to receive the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, earning the award "in recognition of his exact determinations of the atomic weights of a large number of the chemical elements.".

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Thomas Blake Glover

Thomas Blake Glover (6 June 1838 – 16 December 1911) was a Scottish merchant in Bakumatsu and Meiji period Japan.

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Thomas D'Arcy McGee

Thomas D'Arcy Etienne Grace Hughes McGee, (13 April 1825 – 7 April 1868) was an Irish-Canadian politician, Catholic spokesman, journalist, poet, and a Father of Canadian Confederation.

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Thomas Edison

Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847October 18, 1931) was an American inventor and businessman, who has been described as America's greatest inventor.

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Thomas Henry Huxley

Thomas Henry Huxley (4 May 1825 – 29 June 1895) was an English biologist specialising in comparative anatomy.

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Thomas Spence

Thomas Spence (21 June Old Style/ 2 July New Style, 1750 – 8 September 1814) was an English Radical, Spartacus.schoolnet, accessed 29 August 2010 and advocate of the common ownership of land.

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Time zone

A time zone is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal, commercial, and social purposes.

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Tokugawa shogunate

The Tokugawa shogunate, also known as the and the, was the last feudal Japanese military government, which existed between 1600 and 1868.

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Tokugawa Yoshinobu

was the 15th and last shōgun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan.

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Tosa Domain

The was a feudal domain in Tosa Province of Japan (present-day Kōchi Prefecture) during the Edo period.

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Trades Union Congress

The Trades Union Congress (TUC) is a national trade union centre, a federation of trade unions in England and Wales, representing the majority of trade unions.

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Traffic light

Traffic lights, also known as traffic signals, traffic lamps, traffic semaphore, signal lights, stop lights, robots (in South Africa and most of Africa), and traffic control signals (in technical parlance), are signalling devices positioned at road intersections, pedestrian crossings, and other locations to control flows of traffic.

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Treaty of Bosque Redondo

The Treaty of Bosque Redondo (also the Navajo Treaty of 1868 or Treaty of Fort Sumner, Navajo or) was an agreement between the Navajo and the US Federal Government signed on June 1, 1868.

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Treaty of Fort Laramie (1868)

The Treaty of Fort Laramie (also the Sioux Treaty of 1868) was an agreement between the United States and the Oglala, Miniconjou, and Brulé bands of Lakota people, Yanktonai Dakota and Arapaho Nation, following the failure of the first Fort Laramie treaty, signed in 1851.

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Tsunami

A tsunami (from 津波, "harbour wave"; English pronunciation) or tidal wave, also known as a seismic sea wave, is a series of waves in a water body caused by the displacement of a large volume of water, generally in an ocean or a large lake.

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Ulysses S. Grant

Ulysses Simpson Grant (born Hiram Ulysses Grant; April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was an American soldier and statesman who served as Commanding General of the Army and the 18th President of the United States, the highest positions in the military and the government of the United States.

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Union Pacific Railroad

The Union Pacific Railroad (or Union Pacific Railroad Company and simply Union Pacific) is a freight hauling railroad that operates 8,500 locomotives over 32,100 route-miles in 23 states west of Chicago and New Orleans.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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United States House of Representatives

The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber.

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United States presidential election, 1868

The United States presidential election of 1868 was the 21st quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 3, 1868.

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United States Secretary of War

The Secretary of War was a member of the United States President's Cabinet, beginning with George Washington's administration.

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United States Senate

The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprise the legislature of the United States.

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United States territory

United States territory is any extent of region under the sovereign jurisdiction of the federal government of the United States, including all waters (around islands or continental tracts) and all U.S. naval vessels.

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University of California

The University of California (UC) is a public university system in the US state of California.

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Uruguay

Uruguay, officially the Oriental Republic of Uruguay (República Oriental del Uruguay), is a sovereign state in the southeastern region of South America.

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Venancio Flores

Venancio Flores Barrios (18 May 1808 – 19 February 1868) was a Uruguayan political leader and general.

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Venceslau Brás

Venceslau Brás Pereira Gomes (26 February 1868 – 15 May 1966) was a Brazilian politician who served as ninth President of Brazil between 1914 and 1918, during the First Brazilian Republic.

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Vice President of the United States

The Vice President of the United States (informally referred to as VPOTUS, or Veep) is a constitutional officer in the legislative branch of the federal government of the United States as the President of the Senate under Article I, Section 3, Clause 4, of the United States Constitution, as well as the second highest executive branch officer, after the President of the United States.

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Victor Villiger

Victor Villiger (1 September 1868 – 10 June 1934) was a Swiss-born German chemist and the discoverer of the Baeyer-Villiger oxidation.

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Vittorio Monti

Vittorio Monti (6 January 186820 June 1922) was an Italian composer, violinist, mandolinist and conductor.

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W. E. B. Du Bois

William Edward Burghardt "W.

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War Office

The War Office was a department of the British Government responsible for the administration of the British Army between 1857 and 1964, when its functions were transferred to the Ministry of Defence.

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William Allen White

William Allen White (February 10, 1868 – January 29, 1944) was an American newspaper editor, politician, author, and leader of the Progressive movement.

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William Bland

William Bland (5 November 1789 – 21 July 1868) was a transported convict, medical practitioner and surgeon, politician, farmer and inventor in colonial New South Wales, Australia.

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William Booth

William Booth (10 April 182920 August 1912) was an English Methodist preacher who founded The Salvation Army and became its first General (1878–1912).

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William Faversham

William FavershamBlum, Daniel (c. 1954).

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William Sprague (Michigan)

William Sprague (February 23, 1809 – September 19, 1868) was a minister and politician in the U.S. state of Michigan.

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William Tecumseh Sherman

William Tecumseh Sherman (February 8, 1820 – February 14, 1891) was an American soldier, businessman, educator, and author.

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Willie Maley

William Patrick Maley (25 April 1868 – 2 April 1958) was a Scottish international football player and manager.

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Wyoming

Wyoming is a state in the mountain region of the western United States.

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Yangzhou riot

The Yangzhou riot of August 22–23, 1868 was a brief crisis in Anglo-Chinese relations during the late Qing dynasty.

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1775

The American Revolution begins this year, with the first military engagement being the April 19 Battles of Lexington and Concord on the day after Paul Revere's now-epic ride.

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1778

No description.

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1781

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1786

No description.

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1789

No description.

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1790

No description.

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1791

No description.

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1792

No description.

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1794

No description.

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1796

No description.

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1797

No description.

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1799

No description.

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1801

No description.

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1803

No description.

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1804

No description.

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1805

After thirteen years the First French Empire abolished the French Republican Calendar in favour of the Gregorian calendar.

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1806

No description.

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1808

No description.

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1809

No description.

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1814

No description.

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1815

No description.

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1818

No description.

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1819

No description.

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1821

No description.

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1825

No description.

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1827

No description.

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1833

No description.

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1834

No description.

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1835

No description.

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1840

No description.

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1842

No description.

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1844

No description.

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1868 Arica earthquake

The 1868 Arica earthquake occurred on 13 August 1868, near Arica, then part of Peru, now part of Chile, at 21:30 UTC.

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1870

No description.

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1871

No description.

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1904

No description.

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1910

No description.

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1912

No description.

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1916

Below, the events of the First World War have the "WWI" prefix.

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1917

This year was famous for the October Revolution in Russia, by Vladimir Lenin.

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1918

This year is famous for the end of the First World War, on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month, as well as for the flu pandemic, that killed 50-100 million people worldwide.

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1920

No description.

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1921

No description.

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1922

No description.

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1924

No description.

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1926

No description.

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1927

No description.

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1928

No description.

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1930

No description.

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1931

No description.

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1932

No description.

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1933

No description.

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1934

No description.

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1935

No description.

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1936

No description.

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1937

No description.

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1938

No description.

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1939

This year also marks the start of the Second World War, the largest and deadliest conflict in human history.

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1940

Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

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1941

Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" acronym.

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1942

Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

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1943

Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

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1944

Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

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1946

No description.

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1947

No description.

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1948

No description.

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1949

No description.

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1950

No description.

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1951

No description.

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1952

No description.

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1953

No description.

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1954

No description.

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1956

No description.

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1957

No description.

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1958

No description.

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1959

No description.

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1963

No description.

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1966

No description.

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1967

No description.

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1968

This was the year of the Protests of 1968.

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66th Street (Manhattan)

66th Street is a crosstown street in the New York City borough of Manhattan with portions on the Upper East Side and Upper West Side connected across Central Park via the 66th Street Transverse.

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Redirects here:

1868 (year), 1868 AD, 1868 CE, AD 1868, Births in 1868, Deaths in 1868, Events in 1868, Year 1868.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1868

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