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1900s (decade)

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The 1900s (pronounced "nineteen-hundreds") was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 1900, and ended on December 31, 1909. [1]

626 relations: Aéro-Club de France, Abbas Helmi II of Egypt, Abdul Hamid II, Abe Holzmann, Addie Joss, Ahmad Shah Qajar, Air conditioning, Airplane, Albert E. Richardson, Albert Einstein, Albert Pinkham Ryder, Alberto Santos-Dumont, Alexander Glazunov, Alexander Scriabin, Alfonso XIII of Spain, Alfred Bryan, Alfred Deakin, Alfred Jarry, Alfred Sisley, Alternator, Amedeo Modigliani, Amelita Galli-Curci, American Chemical Society, American English, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Amplifier, Amy Woodforde-Finden, An Jung-geun, André Derain, Andrew B. Sterling, Andrew Fisher, Angola, New York, Anna Held, Anne of Green Gables, Anton Webern, Antonín Dvořák, Antonio Maura, Armed Forces of Saudi Arabia, Arnold Schoenberg, Art Nouveau, Arthur Balfour, Arthur Conan Doyle, Arthur Marshall (composer), Ashton-under-Lyne, Assassination of William McKinley, Assembly line, Atmospheric noise, Aubrey Faulkner, Audion, Auger (drill), ..., August Enna, Auguste Beernaert, Auguste Rodin, Australia, Austria-Hungary, Autochrome Lumière, Édouard Manet, Bakelite, Baltimore, Barnes Foundation, Battle of Dilam, Battle of Riyadh (1902), Béla Bartók, BCG vaccine, Belgrade, Benjamin Holt, Bert Vogler, Bert Williams, Bible, Billy Murray (singer), Biodiesel, Biplane, Birmingham, Blickensderfer typewriter, Blood pressure, Bob Cole (composer), Brazil, Bremen, Bridgeport, Connecticut, British Raj, Broadway (Manhattan), Broncho Billy Anderson, Brownian motion, Brownie (camera), Buddenbrooks, Buffalo, New York, Bulgaria, Bulgarian Declaration of Independence, Buoy, C. B. Fry, Calabria, California, Camera, Camille Pissarro, Canada, Cape Horn, Carl Laemmle, Carl Nielsen, Carlos I of Portugal, Carrie Jacobs-Bond, Charles A. Zimmermann, Charles Pathé, Charles Villiers Stanford, Chief Bender, Chris Smith (composer), Chris Watson, Christmas Eve, Christy Mathewson, Circulatory system, Claude Debussy, Claude Monet, Clem Hill, Clifden, Clockmaker, Colin Blythe, Colombia, Connotation, Continuous track, Cornwall, County Galway, County Wexford, Cuba, Cubism, Cy Young, D. W. Griffith, Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft, Daniel J. Maloney, David Horsley, Davy lamp, Dayton, Ohio, Decade, Delivery (commerce), Detroit, Dick Lilley, Dictation machine, Diesel engine, Dissolution of the union between Norway and Sweden, Drake Passage, East Bolton, Quebec, East Coast of the United States, Ed Walsh, Eddie Plank, Edgar Degas, Edgard Varèse, Edison Ore-Milling Company, Edison Storage Battery Company, Edmund Barton, Edward Elgar, Edward German, Edward VII, Edwardian era, Edwin S. Porter, Egbert Van Alstyne, Egon Schiele, Electric vehicle, Ellehammer semi-biplane, Emil Frey, Emil Jellinek, Emilio de Gogorza, Emirate of Jabal Shammar, Emirate of Nejd and Hasa, Emperor Meiji, Empire of Japan, Enrico Caruso, Enrique Granados, Entente Cordiale, Erie, Pennsylvania, Erik Satie, Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari, Ernst Alexanderson, Ethel Smyth, Ethelbert Nevin, Ethiopia, Eugène Ruffy, Eugen d'Albert, Eugen Schauman, Evelyn Nesbit, Exposition Universelle (1900), Fauvism, Fédération Aéronautique Internationale, Federation of Australia, Ferdinand von Zeppelin, Fernand Léger, Ferruccio Busoni, Feurich, First Man: The Life of Neil A. Armstrong, Flight dynamics, Ford Model A (1903–04), Ford Model T, Ford Motor Company, Ford Piquette Avenue Plant, Francesco Cilea, Francis Boggs, Frank Bridge, Frank H. Winter, Franz Joseph I of Austria, Franz Lehár, Fred Fisher, Frederick Converse, Frederick Delius, Freiburg im Breisgau, French Third Republic, Friedrichshafen, Gaetano Bresci, Galveston, Texas, Gasoline, Geiger counter, George Bernard Shaw, George Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston, George Frideric Handel, George Hirst, George Kirke Spoor, George Reid, George Thompson (cricketer), George Washington Goethals, Georges Braque, Georges Claude, Georges Méliès, Georges Rouault, Georges Seurat, Geraldine Farrar, German Empire, Giacomo Puccini, Gino Severini, Glider (aircraft), Gojong of Korea, Gospel of Luke, Governor-General of Finland, Grampa Simpson, Great Baltimore Fire, Great Fire of 1901, Gregorian calendar, Guangxu Emperor, Guatemala, Guglielmo Marconi, Gunsmith, Gus Edwards, Gus Kahn, Gustav Holst, Gustav Klimt, Gustav Mahler, Gustave Caillebotte, Gustave Charpentier, Gustave Moynier, Gustave Whitehead, Guy d'Hardelot, Hamburger, Hamilton Harty, Hanover, Hans Geiger, Harbin, Harry B. Smith, Harry Houdini, Harry Lauder, Harry Von Tilzer, Harry Williams (songwriter), Haydn Quartet (vocal ensemble), Heart of Darkness, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Henri Matisse, Henri Rousseau, Henry Campbell-Bannerman, Henry Creamer, Henry Ford, Herero and Namaqua genocide, History of quantum mechanics, History of the battery, History of the internal combustion engine, Hoboken, New Jersey, Holt Manufacturing Company, Honus Wagner, Hugo Alfvén, Hull, Quebec, Ibn Saud, Insecticide, Irish Home Rule movement, Iron ore, Iroquois Theatre fire, Irving Berlin, Israel Zangwill, Isthmus of Panama, Itō Hirobumi, J. Rosamond Johnson, Jack Chesbro, Jack Johnson (boxer), Jack London, Jack Norworth, Jacksonville, Florida, Jacob Ellehammer, Jagadish Chandra Bose, James J. Jeffries, James Mackenzie (cardiologist), James Scott (composer), James Weldon Johnson, Japan, Japanese Resident-General of Korea, Jean Schwartz, Jenő Huszka, Jerome Kern, John Barrett (diplomat), John Frank Stevens, John Joseph Montgomery, John McGraw, John Philip Sousa, Johnny Tyldesley, Johnstown, Pennsylvania, Joseph Conrad, Juan Gris, Jukebox, Jules Massenet, Julius Fučík (composer), Justus D. Barnes, Kansas, Kansas City, Kansas, Karl Jatho, Kazimir Malevich, Kenneth Grahame, Kerry Mills, Khedivate of Egypt, Kid McCoy, Kid Nichols, Kingdom of Italy, Kingdom of Romania, Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, Kodak, Kress Drachenflieger, Kurt Atterberg, L. Frank Baum, Lake Constance, Lancashire, Land of Israel, Landon Ronald, Le bonheur de vivre, Lead Belly, Lee de Forest, Leipzig Trade Fair, Len Braund, Leo Baekeland, Leon Czolgosz, Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, Lie detection, Little Nemo, Los Angeles, Louis Armstrong, Louis' Lunch, Lucy Maud Montgomery, Lyman Gilmore, Man and Superman, Manchuria, Manuel de Falla, Marc Chagall, Marie Curie, Martinique, Marvin Hart, Mary Anderson (inventor), Mary Garden, Massachusetts, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Maude Nugent, Maurice de Vlaminck, Maurice Ravel, Max Hoffmann, Max Planck, Mehmed V, Melbourne, Mercédès Jellinek, Mercedes 35 hp, Messina, Mexico, Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov, Milan, Ohio, Mississippi John Hurt, Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar, Monoplane, Montesson, Monty Noble, Mordecai Brown, Morse code, Mount Pelée, Mount Vesuvius, Movie theater, Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar, Nagoya Pan-Pacific Peace Exposition, Nap Lajoie, Naples, Nellie Melba, Neon, Neon lamp, Neon sign, New Haven, Connecticut, New Imperialism, New Year's Eve, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nicholas II of Russia, Nikolai Medtner, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolay Bobrikov, Nora Bayes, Norddeutscher Lloyd, Norfolk, Virginia, Nozzle, O Holy Night, Ocean Bluff-Brant Rock, Massachusetts, Ohio, Ombra mai fu, Orchestrion, Oscar Straus (composer), Ottawa, Ottoman Empire, Ottorino Respighi, Pablo Picasso, Packard, Pan-American Exposition, Panama, Panama Canal, Panama Canal Railway, Paris Métro train fire, Patent, Paul Cézanne, Paul Dresser, Paul Gauguin, Paul Le Flem, Paul Lincke, Paul Sarebresole, Paul Signac, Percy Grainger, Percy Sherwell, Percy Wenrich, Peter Dawson (bass-baritone), Peter Slattery, Philadelphia, Philippine–American War, Phonograph, Photoelectric effect, Photography, Photostat machine, Pierre Bonnard, Pierre Curie, Pierre de Coubertin, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Planck's law, Plastic, Player piano, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, Poldhu, Polygraph, Pope Leo XIII, Pope Pius X, Porfirio Díaz, Prime Minister of Japan, PS General Slocum, Pud Galvin, Pulse, Qajar dynasty, Qing dynasty, Queen Victoria, R. E. Foster, Radio broadcasting, Radio receiver, Railroad car, Railway signal, Ranjitsinhji, Raoul Dufy, Rashidi dynasty, Red Bluff, California, Reginald Fessenden, Restoration (Spain), Rhode Island, Richard Pearse, Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, Rockall, Rolling Mill Mine, Roscoe Arbuckle, Rosslare Strand, Rube Waddell, Rudolf Diesel, Rudolf Friml, Rudyard Kipling, Ruggero Leoncavallo, Russian Empire, Russo-Japanese War, Saint Petersburg, Saint-Pierre, Martinique, Sam Leever, Samuel Pierpont Langley, San Andreas Fault, San Francisco, Sandwich, Santa Clara, California, Santos-Dumont 14-bis, Saudi–Rashidi War (1903–1907), Scone, Scotland, Scott Joplin, Second Boer War, Seismometer, Separation of Panama from Colombia, Serbian language, Sergei Rachmaninoff, Ship canal, Showroom, Shtokavian, Sicily, Sidney Olcott, Sigmund Freud, Signal Hill, St. John's, Sint-Martens-Latem, Snapshot (photography), Sound recording and reproduction, South West Africa, Spark-gap transmitter, Special relativity, SS Haimun, St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, Steam engine, Steamboat, Steinway & Sons, Storting, Sunjong of Korea, Suzanne Valadon, Sydney Barnes, Tea, Teasmade, The Call of the Wild, The Great Train Robbery (1903 film), The Hound of the Baskervilles, The Jungle, The Old New Land, The Secret Agent, The Story of the Kelly Gang, The Strand Magazine, The Times, The Wind in the Willows, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, The World's Work, Theodor Herzl, Theodore Roosevelt, Third law of thermodynamics, Thomas Edison, Thomas Mann, Thurland Chattaway, Tom Hayward, Tom Turpin, Tommy Burns (boxer), Tour de France, Tractor, Traian Vuia, Triplane, Tris Speaker, Tropical cyclone, Tsunami, Tuberculosis, Ty Cobb, Typewriter, Typhoon, Umberto Boccioni, Umberto I of Italy, Unification of Saudi Arabia, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, United States, United States Navy, United States Secretary of War, University of California, Berkeley, Upton Sinclair, Vancouver Island, Vítězslav Novák, Vesta Victoria, Vesti la giubba, Victor Emmanuel III of Italy, Victor Herbert, Victor Talking Machine Company, Victor Trumper, Vincent P. Bryan, Violin, Walford Davies, Walther Nernst, War correspondent, Warwick Armstrong, Washington (state), Wassily Kandinsky, Welte-Mignon, Whitehead No. 21, Wilfred Rhodes, Wilfrid Laurier, Wilhelm II, German Emperor, Wilhelm Kress, Wilhelm Maybach, Will D. Cobb, William Howard Taft, William Jerome, William McKinley, William Nicholas Selig, Willis Carrier, Wind tunnel, Windscreen wiper, Wingspan, Winsor McCay, Wireless telegraphy, Woodrow Wilson, Wright brothers, Wright Flyer, Wright Flyer III, Wright Glider, Zeppelin, Zionism, 1900, 1900 Galveston hurricane, 1900 Hoboken Docks fire, 1900 Hull–Ottawa fire, 1900s, 1901, 1902, 1902 Guatemala earthquake, 1903, 1903 in aviation, 1904, 1904 in aviation, 1905, 1905 Russian Revolution, 1906, 1906 San Francisco earthquake, 1907, 1907 Kingston earthquake, 1908, 1908 Messina earthquake, 1909, 2000s (decade). Expand index (576 more) »

Aéro-Club de France

The Aéro-Club de France was founded as the Aéro-Club on 20 October 1898 as a society 'to encourage aerial locomotion' by Ernest Archdeacon, Léon Serpollet, Henri de la Valette, Jules Verne and his wife, André Michelin, Albert de Dion, Alberto Santos-Dumont, Henry Deutsch de la Meurthe, and Henry de La Vaulx.

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Abbas Helmi II of Egypt

Abbas II Helmy Bey (also known as ‘Abbās Ḥilmī Pasha, عباس حلمي باشا) (14 July 1874 – 19 December 1944) was the last Khedive (Ottoman viceroy) of Egypt and Sudan, ruling from 8 January 1892 to 19 December 1914.

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Abdul Hamid II

Abdul Hamid II (عبد الحميد ثانی, `Abdü’l-Ḥamīd-i sânî; İkinci Abdülhamit; 21 September 184210 February 1918) was the 34th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and the last Sultan to exert effective control over the fracturing state.

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Abe Holzmann

Abraham "Abe" Holzmann (19 August 1874 – 16 January 1939) was an American composer, who is most famous today for his march Blaze-Away! Abraham Holzmann was born in New York City.

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Addie Joss

Adrian "Addie" Joss (April 12, 1880 – April 14, 1911), nicknamed "The Human Hairpin," was an American pitcher in Major League Baseball (MLB).

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Ahmad Shah Qajar

Ahmad Shāh Qājār (احمد شاه قاجار; 21 January 1898 – 21 February 1930) was Shah of Persia (Iran) from 16 July 1909 to 15 December 1925, and the last ruling member of the Qajar dynasty.

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Air conditioning

Air conditioning (often referred to as AC, A/C, or air con) is the process of removing heat and moisture from the interior of an occupied space, to improve the comfort of occupants.

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Airplane

An airplane or aeroplane (informally plane) is a powered, fixed-wing aircraft that is propelled forward by thrust from a jet engine, propeller or rocket engine.

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Albert E. Richardson

Albert E. Richardson was a clockmaker from Ashton-under-Lyne, Lancashire, who designed the first practical Teasmade.

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Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics).

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Albert Pinkham Ryder

Albert Pinkham Ryder (March 19, 1847 – March 28, 1917) was an American painter best known for his poetic and moody allegorical works and seascapes, as well as his eccentric personality.

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Alberto Santos-Dumont

Alberto Santos-Dumont (20 July 187323 July 1932, usually referred to as simply Santos-Dumont) was a Brazilian inventor and aviation pioneer, one of the very few people to have contributed significantly to the development of both lighter-than-air and heavier-than-air aircraft.

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Alexander Glazunov

Alexander Konstantinovich Glazunov (10 August 1865 – 21 March 1936) was a Russian composer, music teacher, and conductor of the late Russian Romantic period.

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Alexander Scriabin

Alexander Nikolayevich Scriabin (Алекса́ндр Никола́евич Скря́бин; –) was a Russian composer and pianist.

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Alfonso XIII of Spain

Alfonso XIII (Spanish: Alfonso León Fernando María Jaime Isidro Pascual Antonio de Borbón y Habsburgo-Lorena; 17 May 1886 – 28 February 1941) was King of Spain from 1886 until the proclamation of the Second Republic in 1931.

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Alfred Bryan

Alfred Bryan (September 15, 1871 – April 1, 1958) was a Canadian lyricist.

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Alfred Deakin

Alfred Deakin (3 August 18567 October 1919) was an Australian politician who served as the second Prime Minister of Australia, in office for three separate terms – 1903 to 1904, 1905 to 1908, and 1909 to 1910.

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Alfred Jarry

Alfred Jarry (8 September 1873 – 1 November 1907) was a French symbolist writer who is best known for his play Ubu Roi (1896).

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Alfred Sisley

Alfred Sisley (30 October 1839 – 29 January 1899) was an Impressionist landscape painter who was born and spent most of his life in France, but retained British citizenship.

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Alternator

An alternator is an electrical generator that converts mechanical energy to electrical energy in the form of alternating current.

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Amedeo Modigliani

Amedeo Clemente Modigliani (12 July 1884 – 24 January 1920) was an Italian-Jewish painter and sculptor who worked mainly in France.

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Amelita Galli-Curci

Amelita Galli-Curci (18 November 1882 – 26 November 1963) was an Italian coloratura soprano.

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American Chemical Society

The American Chemical Society (ACS) is a scientific society based in the United States that supports scientific inquiry in the field of chemistry.

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American English

American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States.

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American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics

The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) is a professional society for the field of aerospace engineering.

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Amplifier

An amplifier, electronic amplifier or (informally) amp is an electronic device that can increase the power of a signal (a time-varying voltage or current).

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Amy Woodforde-Finden

Amy Woodforde-Finden (186013 March 1919) was a composer who is best known for writing the music to "Kashmiri Song" from Four Indian Love Lyrics by Laurence Hope.

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An Jung-geun

An Jung-geun (September 2, 1879 – March 26, 1910; Baptismal name: Thomas) was a Korean-independence activist, nationalist, and pan-Asianist.

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André Derain

André Derain (10 June 1880 – 8 September 1954) was a French artist, painter, sculptor and co-founder of Fauvism with Henri Matisse.

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Andrew B. Sterling

Andrew B. Sterling (August 26, 1874 – August 11, 1955) was an American lyricist.

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Andrew Fisher

Andrew Fisher (29 August 186222 October 1928) was an Australian politician who served three separate terms as Prime Minister of Australia – from 1908 to 1909, from 1910 to 1913, and from 1914 to 1915.

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Angola, New York

Angola is a village in the town of Evans in Erie County, New York, United States.

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Anna Held

Helene Anna Held (19 March 1872 – 12 August 1918), known professionally as Anna Held, was a Polish-born French and later Broadway stage performer and singer, most often associated with impresario Florenz Ziegfeld, her common-law husband.

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Anne of Green Gables

Anne of Green Gables is a 1908 novel by Canadian author Lucy Maud Montgomery (published as L. M. Montgomery).

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Anton Webern

Anton Friedrich Wilhelm (von) Webern (3 December 188315 September 1945) was an Austrian composer and conductor.

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Antonín Dvořák

Antonín Leopold Dvořák (8 September 1841 – 1 May 1904) was a Czech composer.

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Antonio Maura

Antonio Maura Montaner (Antoni Maura Montaner; 2 May 1853 – 13 December 1925) was Prime Minister of Spain on five separate occasions: 5 December 1903 – 16 December 1904, 25 January 1907 – 21 October 1909, 22 March 1918 – 9 November 1918, 14 April 1919 – 20 July 1919, and 13 August 1921 – 8 March 1922.

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Armed Forces of Saudi Arabia

The Royal Saudi Arabian Armed Forces (al-Quwwāt al-Musallaḥah as-Su‘ūdiyyah) is the Armed Forces, consists of the Saudi Arabian Army, the Royal Saudi Air Force, the Royal Saudi Navy, the Royal Saudi Air Defense, and the Royal Saudi Strategic Missile Force.

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Arnold Schoenberg

Arnold Franz Walter Schoenberg or Schönberg (13 September 187413 July 1951) was an Austrian-American composer, music theorist, teacher, writer, and painter.

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Art Nouveau

Art Nouveau is an international style of art, architecture and applied art, especially the decorative arts, that was most popular between 1890 and 1910.

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Arthur Balfour

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour, (25 July 184819 March 1930) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1902 to 1905.

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Arthur Conan Doyle

Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle (22 May 1859 – 7 July 1930) was a British writer best known for his detective fiction featuring the character Sherlock Holmes.

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Arthur Marshall (composer)

Arthur Owen Marshall (November 20, 1881 – August 18, 1968) was an African-American composer and performer of ragtime music.

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Ashton-under-Lyne

Ashton-under-Lyne is a market town in Tameside, Greater Manchester, England.

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Assassination of William McKinley

On September 6, 1901, William McKinley, the 25th President of the United States, was shot on the grounds of the Pan-American Exposition at the Temple of Music in Buffalo, New York.

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Assembly line

An assembly line is a manufacturing process (often called a progressive assembly) in which parts (usually interchangeable parts) are added as the semi-finished assembly moves from workstation to workstation where the parts are added in sequence until the final assembly is produced.

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Atmospheric noise

Atmospheric noise is radio noise caused by natural atmospheric processes, primarily lightning discharges in thunderstorms.

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Aubrey Faulkner

George Aubrey Faulkner (17 December 1881 – 10 September 1930) was a leading South African cricketer for two decades.

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Audion

The Audion was an electronic detecting or amplifying vacuum tube invented by American electrical engineer Lee de Forest in 1906.

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Auger (drill)

An auger is a drilling device, or drill bit, that usually includes a rotating helical screw blade called a "flighting" to act as a screw conveyor to remove the drilled out material.

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August Enna

August Enna (13 May 1859 – 3 August 1939) was a Danish composer, known mainly for his operas.

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Auguste Beernaert

Auguste Marie François Beernaert (26 July 1829 – 6 October 1912) was the 14th Prime Minister of Belgium from October 1884 to March 1894.

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Auguste Rodin

François Auguste René Rodin (12 November 1840 – 17 November 1917), known as Auguste Rodin, was a French sculptor.

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Australia

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.

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Austria-Hungary

Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy in English-language sources, was a constitutional union of the Austrian Empire (the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council, or Cisleithania) and the Kingdom of Hungary (Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen or Transleithania) that existed from 1867 to 1918, when it collapsed as a result of defeat in World War I. The union was a result of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 and came into existence on 30 March 1867.

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Autochrome Lumière

The Autochrome Lumière is an early color photography process patented in 1903 by the Lumière brothers in France and first marketed in 1907.

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Édouard Manet

Édouard Manet (23 January 1832 – 30 April 1883) was a French painter.

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Bakelite

Bakelite (sometimes spelled Baekelite), or polyoxybenzylmethylenglycolanhydride, is the first plastic made from synthetic components.

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Baltimore

Baltimore is the largest city in the U.S. state of Maryland, and the 30th-most populous city in the United States.

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Barnes Foundation

The Barnes Foundation is an art collection and educational institution promoting the appreciation of art and horticulture.

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Battle of Dilam

Battle of Dilam was a major battle of the Unification War between Rashidi and Saudi rebels.

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Battle of Riyadh (1902)

The Battle of Riyadh was a minor battle of the Unification War between Rashidi and Saudi rebels.

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Béla Bartók

Béla Viktor János Bartók (25 March 1881 – 26 September 1945) was a Hungarian composer, pianist and an ethnomusicologist.

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BCG vaccine

Bacillus Calmette–Guérin (BCG) vaccine is a vaccine primarily used against tuberculosis (TB).

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Belgrade

Belgrade (Beograd / Београд, meaning "White city",; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Serbia.

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Benjamin Holt

Benjamin Leroy Holt (January 1, 1849 – December 5, 1920) was an American inventor who patented and manufactured the first practical crawler-type tread tractor.

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Bert Vogler

Albert Edward Ernest "Bert" Vogler (28 November 1876 – 9 August 1946) was a South African cricketer.

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Bert Williams

Bert Williams (November 12, 1874 – March 4, 1922) was a Bahamian American entertainer, one of the pre-eminent entertainers of the Vaudeville era and one of the most popular comedians for all audiences of his time.

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Bible

The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, tà biblía, "the books") is a collection of sacred texts or scriptures that Jews and Christians consider to be a product of divine inspiration and a record of the relationship between God and humans.

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Billy Murray (singer)

William Thomas "Billy" Murray (May 25, 1877 – August 17, 1954) was one of the most popular singers in the United States in the early 20th century.

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Biodiesel

Biodiesel refers to a vegetable oil- or animal fat-based diesel fuel consisting of long-chain alkyl (methyl, ethyl, or propyl) esters.

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Biplane

A biplane is a fixed-wing aircraft with two main wings stacked one above the other.

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Birmingham

Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England, with an estimated population of 1,101,360, making it the second most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

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Blickensderfer typewriter

The Blickensderfer Typewriter was invented by George Canfield Blickensderfer (1850–1917) and patented on August 4, 1891.

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Blood pressure

Blood pressure (BP) is the pressure of circulating blood on the walls of blood vessels.

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Bob Cole (composer)

Robert Allen "Bob" Cole (July 1, 1868 – August 2, 1911) was an African American composer, actor, playwright, and stage producer and director.

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Brazil

Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.

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Bremen

The City Municipality of Bremen (Stadtgemeinde Bremen) is a Hanseatic city in northwestern Germany, which belongs to the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen (also called just "Bremen" for short), a federal state of Germany.

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Bridgeport, Connecticut

Bridgeport is a historic seaport city in the U.S. state of Connecticut.

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British Raj

The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.

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Broadway (Manhattan)

Broadway is a road in the U.S. state of New York.

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Broncho Billy Anderson

Gilbert M. "Broncho Billy" Anderson (March 21, 1880 – January 20, 1971) was an American actor, writer, film director, and film producer, who is best known as the first star of the Western film genre.

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Brownian motion

Brownian motion or pedesis (from πήδησις "leaping") is the random motion of particles suspended in a fluid (a liquid or a gas) resulting from their collision with the fast-moving molecules in the fluid.

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Brownie (camera)

Brownie is the name of a long-running popular series of simple and inexpensive cameras made by Eastman Kodak.

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Buddenbrooks

Buddenbrooks is a 1901 novel by Thomas Mann, chronicling the decline of a wealthy north German merchant family over the course of four generations, incidentally portraying the manner of life and mores of the Hanseatic bourgeoisie in the years from 1835 to 1877.

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Buffalo, New York

Buffalo is the second largest city in the state of New York and the 81st most populous city in the United States.

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Bulgaria

Bulgaria (България, tr.), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Република България, tr.), is a country in southeastern Europe.

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Bulgarian Declaration of Independence

The de jure independence of Bulgaria (Независимост на България, Nezavisimost na Balgaria) from the Ottoman Empire was proclaimed on in the old capital of Tarnovo by Prince Ferdinand of Bulgaria, who afterwards took the title "Tsar".

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Buoy

A buoy is a floating device that can have many purposes.

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C. B. Fry

Charles Burgess Fry, known as C. B. Fry (25 April 1872 – 7 September 1956), was an English sportsman, politician, diplomat, academic, teacher, writer, editor and publisher, who is best remembered for his career as a cricketer.

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Calabria

Calabria (Calàbbria in Calabrian; Calavría in Calabrian Greek; Καλαβρία in Greek; Kalavrì in Arbëresh/Albanian), known in antiquity as Bruttium, is a region in Southern Italy.

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California

California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.

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Camera

A camera is an optical instrument for recording or capturing images, which may be stored locally, transmitted to another location, or both.

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Camille Pissarro

Camille Pissarro (10 July 1830 – 13 November 1903) was a Danish-French Impressionist and Neo-Impressionist painter born on the island of St Thomas (now in the US Virgin Islands, but then in the Danish West Indies).

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Canada

Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.

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Cape Horn

Cape Horn (Cabo de Hornos) is the southernmost headland of the Tierra del Fuego archipelago of southern Chile, and is located on the small Hornos Island.

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Carl Laemmle

Carl Laemmle (born Karl Lämmle; January 17, 1867 – September 24, 1939) was an American filmmaker and a founder of Universal Studios.

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Carl Nielsen

Carl August Nielsen (9 June 18653 October 1931) was a Danish musician, conductor and violinist, widely recognized as his country's most prominent composer.

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Carlos I of Portugal

Dom Carlos I of Portugal (English: Charles) known as the Diplomat (also known as the Martyr); o Diplomata and o Martirizado; 28 September 1863 – 1 February 1908) was the King of Portugal and the Algarves. He was the first Portuguese king to be murdered since Sebastian of Portugal in 1578.

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Carrie Jacobs-Bond

Carrie Minetta Jacobs-Bond (August 11, 1862 – December 28, 1946) was an American singer, pianist, and songwriter who composed some 175 pieces of popular music from the 1890s through the early 1940s.

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Charles A. Zimmermann

Charles A. Zimmermann (1861 – 16 January 1916) was an American composer of marches and popular music.

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Charles Pathé

Charles Pathé (26 December 1863 – 25 December 1957) was an important pioneer of the French film and recording industries.

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Charles Villiers Stanford

Sir Charles Villiers Stanford (30 September 1852 – 29 March 1924) was an Irish composer, music teacher, and conductor.

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Chief Bender

Charles Albert "Chief" Bender (May 5, 1884There is uncertainty about Bender's birthdate. He was voted the SABR "Centennial Celebrity" of 1983, as the best baseball player or figure born in 1883. However, the SABR Baseball Research Journal for 1983 acknowledges that there are discrepancies in records about Bender's birth year, ranging from 1883 to 1885. 1884 is the figure most often given. – May 22, 1954) was a pitcher in Major League Baseball during the 1910s and 1920s.

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Chris Smith (composer)

Christopher M. Smith (October 12, 1879 – October 4, 1949) was an American composer and popular vaudeville performer.

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Chris Watson

John Christian Watson (born John Christian Tanck; 9 April 186718 November 1941), commonly known as Chris Watson, was an Australian politician who served as the third Prime Minister of Australia.

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Christmas Eve

Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.

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Christy Mathewson

Christopher Mathewson (August 12, 1880 – October 7, 1925), nicknamed "Big Six", "The Christian Gentleman", "Matty", and "The Gentleman's Hurler", was a Major League Baseball (MLB) right-handed pitcher who played 17 seasons with the New York Giants.

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Circulatory system

The circulatory system, also called the cardiovascular system or the vascular system, is an organ system that permits blood to circulate and transport nutrients (such as amino acids and electrolytes), oxygen, carbon dioxide, hormones, and blood cells to and from the cells in the body to provide nourishment and help in fighting diseases, stabilize temperature and pH, and maintain homeostasis.

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Claude Debussy

Achille-Claude Debussy (22 August 1862 – 25 March 1918) was a French composer.

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Claude Monet

Oscar-Claude Monet (14 November 1840 – 5 December 1926) was a founder of French Impressionist painting, and the most consistent and prolific practitioner of the movement's philosophy of expressing one's perceptions before nature, especially as applied to plein air landscape painting.

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Clem Hill

Clement "Clem" Hill (18 March 18775 September 1945) was an Australian cricketer who played 49 Test matches as a specialist batsman between 1896 and 1912.

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Clifden

Clifden (meaning "stepping stones") is a coastal town in County Galway, Ireland, in the region of Connemara, located on the Owenglin River where it flows into Clifden Bay.

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Clockmaker

A clockmaker is an artisan who makes and/or repairs clocks.

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Colin Blythe

Colin Blythe (30 May 1879 – 8 November 1917), also known as Charlie Blythe, was an English first-class cricketer, active from 1899 to 1914.

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Colombia

Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a sovereign state largely situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America.

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Connotation

A connotation is a commonly understood cultural or emotional association that some word or phrase carries, in addition to its explicit or literal meaning, which is its denotation.

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Continuous track

Continuous track, also called tank tread or caterpillar track, is a system of vehicle propulsion in which a continuous band of treads or track plates is driven by two or more wheels.

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Cornwall

Cornwall (Kernow) is a county in South West England in the United Kingdom.

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County Galway

County Galway (Contae na Gaillimhe) is a county in Ireland.

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County Wexford

County Wexford (Contae Loch Garman, Yola: Weiseforthe) is a county in Ireland.

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Cuba

Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos.

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Cubism

Cubism is an early-20th-century art movement which brought European painting and sculpture historically forward toward 20th century Modern art.

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Cy Young

Denton True "Cy" Young (March 29, 1867 – November 4, 1955) was an American Major League Baseball pitcher.

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D. W. Griffith

David Wark Griffith (January 22, 1875 – July 23, 1948) was an American director, writer, and producer who pioneered modern cinematic techniques.

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Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft

Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft (DMG) (Daimler Motors Corporation) was a German engineer and later automobile manufacturer, in operation from 1890 until 1926.

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Daniel J. Maloney

Daniel John Maloney (circa 1879 – July 18, 1905) was an American pioneering aviator and test pilot who made the first high-altitude flights by man using a Montgomery glider in 1905.

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David Horsley

David Horsley (March 11, 1873 – February 23, 1933) was an English-born American pioneer of the film industry.

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Davy lamp

The Davy lamp is a safety lamp for use in flammable atmospheres, invented in 1815 by Sir Humphry Davy.

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Dayton, Ohio

Dayton is the sixth-largest city in the state of Ohio and the county seat of Montgomery County.

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Decade

A decade is a period of 10 years.

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Delivery (commerce)

Delivery is the process of transporting goods from a source location to a predefined destination.

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Detroit

Detroit is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Michigan, the largest city on the United States–Canada border, and the seat of Wayne County.

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Dick Lilley

Arthur Frederick Augustus "Dick" Lilley (28 November 1866 – 17 November 1929) was an English cricketer who played in 35 Tests from 1896 to 1909, more than any other England wicket-keeper in the first sixty years of Test cricket.

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Dictation machine

A dictation machine is a sound recording device most commonly used to record speech for later playback or to be typed into print.

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Diesel engine

The diesel engine (also known as a compression-ignition or CI engine), named after Rudolf Diesel, is an internal combustion engine in which ignition of the fuel which is injected into the combustion chamber is caused by the elevated temperature of the air in the cylinder due to mechanical compression (adiabatic compression).

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Dissolution of the union between Norway and Sweden

The dissolution of the union (Unionsoppløsningen; Unionsoppløysinga; Landsmål: Unionsoppløysingi; Unionsupplösningen) between the kingdoms of Norway and Sweden under the House of Bernadotte, was set in motion by a resolution of the Norwegian Parliament (the Storting) on 7 June 1905.

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Drake Passage

The Drake Passage or Mar de Hoces—Sea of Hoces—is the body of water between South America's Cape Horn and the South Shetland Islands of Antarctica.

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East Bolton, Quebec

East Bolton (Bolton-Est) is a municipality of about 900 people, part of the Memphrémagog Regional County Municipality in the Estrie region of Quebec, Canada.

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East Coast of the United States

The East Coast of the United States is the coastline along which the Eastern United States meets the North Atlantic Ocean.

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Ed Walsh

Edward Augustine Walsh (May 14, 1881 – May 26, 1959) was a pitcher and manager in Major League Baseball.

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Eddie Plank

Edward Stewart Plank (August 31, 1875 – February 24, 1926), nicknamed "Gettysburg Eddie", was an American professional baseball player.

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Edgar Degas

Edgar Degas (or; born Hilaire-Germain-Edgar De Gas,; 19 July 1834 – 27 September 1917) was a French artist famous for his paintings, sculptures, prints, and drawings.

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Edgard Varèse

Edgard Victor Achille Charles Varèse (also spelled Edgar Varèse;Malcolm MacDonald, Varèse, Astronomer in Sound (London, 2003), p. xi. December 22, 1883 – November 6, 1965) was a French-born composer who spent the greater part of his career in the United States.

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Edison Ore-Milling Company

The Edison Ore-Milling Company was a venture by Thomas Edison that began in 1881.

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Edison Storage Battery Company

The Edison Storage Battery Company was organized in New Jersey on May 27, 1901, to develop, manufacture, and sell Thomas Edison's alkaline storage battery.

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Edmund Barton

Sir Edmund "Toby" Barton, (18 January 18497 January 1920) was an Australian politician and judge who served as the first Prime Minister of Australia, in office from 1901 to 1903.

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Edward Elgar

Sir Edward William Elgar, 1st Baronet (2 June 1857 – 23 February 1934) was an English composer, many of whose works have entered the British and international classical concert repertoire.

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Edward German

Sir Edward German (17 February 1862 – 11 November 1936) was an English musician and composer of Welsh descent, best remembered for his extensive output of incidental music for the stage and as a successor to Arthur Sullivan in the field of English comic opera.

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Edward VII

Edward VII (Albert Edward; 9 November 1841 – 6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 until his death in 1910.

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Edwardian era

The Edwardian era or Edwardian period of British history covers the brief reign of King Edward VII, 1901 to 1910, and is sometimes extended in both directions to capture long-term trends from the 1890s to the First World War.

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Edwin S. Porter

Edwin Stanton Porter (April 21, 1870 – April 30, 1941) was an American film pioneer, most famous as a producer, director, studio manager and cinematographer with the Edison Manufacturing Company and the Famous Players Film Company.

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Egbert Van Alstyne

Egbert Anson Van Alstyne (March 4, 1878 – July 9, 1951) was an American songwriter and pianist.

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Egon Schiele

Egon Schiele (12 June 1890 – 31 October 1918) was an Austrian painter.

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Electric vehicle

An electric vehicle, also called an EV, uses one or more electric motors or traction motors for propulsion.

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Ellehammer semi-biplane

The Ellehammer Semi-biplane was a pioneering aircraft flown in Denmark in 1906.

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Emil Frey

Emil Johann Rudolf Frey (24 October 1838 – 24 December 1922) was a Swiss politician, soldier in the American Civil War and member of the Swiss Federal Council (1890–1897).

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Emil Jellinek

Emil Jellinek, known after 1903 as Emil Jellinek-Mercedes (6 April 1853 – 21 January 1918) was a wealthy European automobile entrepreneur with Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft ('DMG'), responsible in 1900 for commissioning the first 'modern' car, the Mercedes 35hp.

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Emilio de Gogorza

Emilio Eduardo de Gogorza (May 29, 1872May 10, 1949) was an American baritone of Spanish parentage.

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Emirate of Jabal Shammar

The Emirate of Jabal Shammar (إمارة جبل شمر), also known as the Emirate of Haʾil (إمارة حائل) or the Emirate of The House of Rashīd (إمارة آل رشيد), was a state in the Nejd region of Arabia, existing from the mid-nineteenth century to 1921.

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Emirate of Nejd and Hasa

The Emirate of Nejd and Hasa was the first iteration of the third Saudi state from 1902 to 1921.

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Emperor Meiji

, or, was the 122nd Emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession, reigning from February 3, 1867 until his death on July 29, 1912.

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Empire of Japan

The was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.

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Enrico Caruso

Enrico Caruso (25 February 1873 – 2 August 1921) was an Italian operatic tenor.

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Enrique Granados

Enrique Granados Campiña (27 July 1867 – 24 March 1916) was a Spanish pianist and composer of classical music.

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Entente Cordiale

The Entente Cordiale was a series of agreements signed on 8 April 1904 between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the French Republic which saw a significant improvement in Anglo-French relations.

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Erie, Pennsylvania

Erie is a city in and the county seat of Erie County, Pennsylvania, United States.

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Erik Satie

Éric Alfred Leslie Satie (17 May 18661 July 1925), who signed his name Erik Satie after 1884, was a French composer and pianist.

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Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari

Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari (born Ermanno Wolf) (January 12, 1876 – January 21, 1948) was an Italian composer and teacher.

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Ernst Alexanderson

Ernst Frederick Werner Alexanderson (January 25, 1878 – May 14, 1975) was a Swedish-American electrical engineer, who was a pioneer in radio and television development.

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Ethel Smyth

Dame Ethel Mary Smyth, DBE (to rhyme with Forsyth; 22 April 18588 May 1944) was an English composer and a member of the women's suffrage movement.

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Ethelbert Nevin

Ethelbert Woodbridge Nevin (November 25, 1862February 17, 1901) was an American pianist and composer.

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Ethiopia

Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk), is a country located in the Horn of Africa.

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Eugène Ruffy

Eugène Ruffy (2 August 1854 in Lutry – 25 October 1919) was a Swiss politician.

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Eugen d'Albert

Eugen (originally Eugène) Francois Charles d'Albert (10 April 18643 March 1932) was a Scottish-born German pianist and composer.

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Eugen Schauman

Eugen Waldemar Schauman (Евгений Владимирович Шауман, Evgeny Vladimirovich Schauman; –) was a Swedish speaking Finnish nationalist and nobleman who assassinated the Governor-General Nikolai Ivanovich Bobrikov.

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Evelyn Nesbit

Florence Evelyn Nesbit (December 25, 1884 – January 17, 1967), known professionally as Evelyn Nesbit, was an American chorus girl, an artists' model, and an actress.

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Exposition Universelle (1900)

The Exposition Universelle of 1900 was a world's fair held in Paris, France, from 14 April to 12 November 1900, to celebrate the achievements of the past century and to accelerate development into the next.

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Fauvism

Fauvism is the style of les Fauves (French for "the wild beasts"), a group of early twentieth-century modern artists whose works emphasized painterly qualities and strong color over the representational or realistic values retained by Impressionism.

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Fédération Aéronautique Internationale

The Fédération aéronautique internationale (FAI; The World Air Sports Federation), is the world governing body for air sports.

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Federation of Australia

The Federation of Australia was the process by which the six separate British self-governing colonies of Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia, and Western Australia agreed to unite and form the Commonwealth of Australia, establishing a system of federalism in Australia.

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Ferdinand von Zeppelin

Ferdinand Adolf Heinrich August Graf von Zeppelin (8 July 1838 – 8 March 1917) was a German general and later aircraft manufacturer, who founded the Zeppelin airship company.

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Fernand Léger

Joseph Fernand Henri Léger (February 4, 1881 – August 17, 1955) was a French painter, sculptor, and filmmaker.

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Ferruccio Busoni

Ferruccio Busoni (1 April 1866 – 27 July 1924) (given names: Ferruccio Dante Michelangiolo Benvenuto) was an Italian composer, pianist, conductor, editor, writer, and teacher.

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Feurich

The Feurich piano company was founded in 1851 in Leipzig, Germany, by Julius Gustav Feurich and has been family operated for five generations becoming renowned for the quality of its pianos.

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First Man: The Life of Neil A. Armstrong

First Man: The Life of Neil A. Armstrong is the official biography of Neil Armstrong, the astronaut who became the first man to walk on the Moon on July 20, 1969.

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Flight dynamics

Flight dynamics is the study of the performance, stability, and control of vehicles flying through the air or in outer space.

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Ford Model A (1903–04)

The original Ford Model A is the first car produced by Ford, beginning production in 1903.

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Ford Model T

The Ford Model T (colloquially known as the Tin Lizzie, Leaping Lena, or flivver) is an automobile produced by Ford Motor Company from October 1, 1908, to May 26, 1927.

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Ford Motor Company

Ford Motor Company (commonly referred to simply as "Ford") is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.

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Ford Piquette Avenue Plant

The Ford Piquette Avenue Plant is a former factory located within the Milwaukee Junction area of Detroit, Michigan, in the United States.

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Francesco Cilea

Francesco Cilea (also Cilèa; Palmi, 23 July 1866 – Varazze, 20 November 1950) was an Italian composer.

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Francis Boggs

Francis Winter Boggs (March 1870 – October 27, 1911) was a stage actor and pioneer silent film director.

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Frank Bridge

Frank Bridge (26 February 187910 January 1941) was an English composer, violist and conductor.

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Frank H. Winter

Frank H. Winter (born 1942) is an American historian and writer.

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Franz Joseph I of Austria

Franz Joseph I also Franz Josef I or Francis Joseph I (Franz Joseph Karl; 18 August 1830 – 21 November 1916) was Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary, and monarch of other states in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, from 2 December 1848 to his death.

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Franz Lehár

Franz Lehár (italic; 30 April 1870 – 24 October 1948) was an Austro-Hungarian composer.

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Fred Fisher

Fred Fisher (born Alfred Breitenbach, September 3, 1875 – January 14, 1942) was a German-born American songwriter and Tin Pan Alley music publisher.

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Frederick Converse

Frederick Shepherd Converse (January 5, 1871 – June 8, 1940), was an American composer of classical music, whose works include four operas and five symphonies.

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Frederick Delius

Frederick Theodore Albert Delius, CH (29 January 186210 June 1934) was an English composer.

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Freiburg im Breisgau

Freiburg im Breisgau (Alemannic: Friburg im Brisgau; Fribourg-en-Brisgau) is a city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany, with a population of about 220,000.

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French Third Republic

The French Third Republic (La Troisième République, sometimes written as La IIIe République) was the system of government adopted in France from 1870 when the Second French Empire collapsed during the Franco-Prussian War until 1940 when France's defeat by Nazi Germany in World War II led to the formation of the Vichy government in France.

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Friedrichshafen

Friedrichshafen is an industrial city on the northern shoreline of Lake Constance (the Bodensee) in Southern Germany, near the borders of both Switzerland and Austria.

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Gaetano Bresci

Gaetano Bresci (November 10, 1869May 22, 1901) was an Italian anarchist who assassinated King Umberto I of Italy on 29 July 1900.

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Galveston, Texas

Galveston is a coastal resort city on Galveston Island and Pelican Island in the U.S. state of Texas.

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Gasoline

Gasoline (American English), or petrol (British English), is a transparent, petroleum-derived liquid that is used primarily as a fuel in spark-ignited internal combustion engines.

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Geiger counter

The Geiger counter is an instrument used for detecting and measuring ionizing radiation used widely in applications such as radiation dosimetry, radiological protection, experimental physics and the nuclear industry.

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George Bernard Shaw

George Bernard Shaw (26 July 1856 – 2 November 1950), known at his insistence simply as Bernard Shaw, was an Irish playwright, critic, polemicist, and political activist.

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George Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston

George Nathaniel Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston, (11 January 1859 – 20 March 1925), known as Lord Curzon of Kedleston between 1898 and 1911 and as Earl Curzon of Kedleston between 1911 and 1921, and commonly as Lord Curzon, was a British Conservative statesman.

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George Frideric Handel

George Frideric (or Frederick) Handel (born italic; 23 February 1685 (O.S.) – 14 April 1759) was a German, later British, Baroque composer who spent the bulk of his career in London, becoming well-known for his operas, oratorios, anthems, and organ concertos.

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George Hirst

George Herbert Hirst (7 September 1871 – 10 May 1954) was a professional English cricketer who played first-class cricket for Yorkshire County Cricket Club between 1891 and 1921, with a further appearance in 1929.

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George Kirke Spoor

George Kirke Spoor (December 18, 1871 – 24 November 1953) was an early film pioneer who, with Gilbert M. "Broncho Billy" Anderson, founded Essanay Studios in Chicago in 1907.

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George Reid

Sir George Houstoun Reid (25 February 1845 – 12 September 1918) was an Australian politician who led the Reid Government as the fourth Prime Minister of Australia from 1904 to 1905, having previously been Premier of New South Wales from 1894 to 1899.

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George Thompson (cricketer)

George Joseph Thompson (27 October 1877 – 3 March 1943) was the mainstay of the Northamptonshire county cricket eleven for a long period encompassing both its days as a minor county and its earliest years in the County Championship.

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George Washington Goethals

George Washington Goethals (June 29, 1858 – January 21, 1928) was a United States Army General and civil engineer, best known for his administration and supervision of the construction and the opening of the Panama Canal.

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Georges Braque

Georges Braque (13 May 1882 – 31 August 1963) was a major 20th-century French painter, collagist, draughtsman, printmaker and sculptor.

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Georges Claude

Georges Claude (24 September 187023 May 1960) was a French engineer and inventor.

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Georges Méliès

Marie-Georges-Jean Méliès, known as Georges Méliès (8 December 1861 – 21 January 1938), was a French illusionist and film director who led many technical and narrative developments in the earliest days of cinema.

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Georges Rouault

Georges Henri Rouault (27 May 1871, Paris – 13 February 1958) was a French painter, draughtsman, and printer, whose work is often associated with Fauvism and Expressionism.

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Georges Seurat

Georges-Pierre Seurat (2 December 1859 – 29 March 1891) was a French post-Impressionist painter and draftsman.

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Geraldine Farrar

Alice Geraldine Farrar (February 28, 1882 – March 11, 1967) was an American soprano opera singer and film actress, noted for her beauty, acting ability, and "the intimate timbre of her voice." She had a large following among young women, who were nicknamed "Gerry-flappers".

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German Empire

The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.

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Giacomo Puccini

Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini (22 December 1858 29 November 1924) was an Italian opera composer who has been called "the greatest composer of Italian opera after Verdi".

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Gino Severini

Gino Severini (7 April 1883 – 26 February 1966) was an Italian painter and a leading member of the Futurist movement.

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Glider (aircraft)

A glider is a heavier-than-air aircraft that is supported in flight by the dynamic reaction of the air against its lifting surfaces, and whose free flight does not depend on an engine.

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Gojong of Korea

Gojong, the Emperor Gwangmu (8 September 1852 – 21 January 1919), was the twenty-sixth king of the Joseon dynasty and the first Emperor of Korea.

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Gospel of Luke

The Gospel According to Luke (Τὸ κατὰ Λουκᾶν εὐαγγέλιον, to kata Loukan evangelion), also called the Gospel of Luke, or simply Luke, is the third of the four canonical Gospels.

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Governor-General of Finland

Governor-General of Finland (Suomen kenraalikuvernööri Generalguvernör över Finland Генерал-губернатор Финляндии); was the military commander and the highest administrator of Finland sporadically under Swedish rule in the 17th and 18th centuries and continuously in the autonomous Grand Duchy of Finland between 1809 and 1917.

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Grampa Simpson

Abraham Jebediah "Abe" Simpson II, often known as Grampa, is a fictional character in the animated television series The Simpsons.

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Great Baltimore Fire

The Great Baltimore Fire raged in Baltimore, Maryland, United States on Sunday, February 7 and Monday, February 8, 1904.

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Great Fire of 1901

The Great Fire of 1901 was a conflagration that occurred in Jacksonville, Florida, on May 3, 1901.

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Gregorian calendar

The Gregorian calendar is the most widely used civil calendar in the world.

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Guangxu Emperor

The Guangxu Emperor (14 August 187114 November 1908), personal name Zaitian (Manchu: dzai-tiyan), was the eleventh emperor of the Qing dynasty, and the ninth Qing emperor to rule over China.

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Guatemala

Guatemala, officially the Republic of Guatemala (República de Guatemala), is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, Belize to the northeast, the Caribbean to the east, Honduras to the east and El Salvador to the southeast.

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Guglielmo Marconi

Guglielmo Marconi, 1st Marquis of Marconi (25 April 187420 July 1937) was an Italian inventor and electrical engineer known for his pioneering work on long-distance radio transmission and for his development of Marconi's law and a radio telegraph system.

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Gunsmith

A gunsmith is a person who repairs, modifies, designs, or builds guns.

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Gus Edwards

Gus Edwards (18 August 1879 – 7 November 1945) was an American songwriter and vaudevillian.

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Gus Kahn

Gustav Gerson Kahn (November 6, 1886October 8, 1941) was an American lyricist.

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Gustav Holst

Gustav Theodore Holst (born Gustavus Theodore von Holst; 21 September 1874 – 25 May 1934) was an English composer, arranger and teacher.

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Gustav Klimt

Gustav Klimt (July 14, 1862 – February 6, 1918) was an Austrian symbolist painter and one of the most prominent members of the Vienna Secession movement.

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Gustav Mahler

Gustav Mahler (7 July 1860 – 18 May 1911) was an Austro-Bohemian late-Romantic composer, and one of the leading conductors of his generation.

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Gustave Caillebotte

Gustave Caillebotte (19 August 1848 – 21 February 1894) was a French painter, member and patron of the artists known as Impressionists, although he painted in a much more realistic manner than many others in the group.

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Gustave Charpentier

Gustave Charpentier (25 June 1860 – 18 February 1956) was a French composer, best known for his opera Louise.

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Gustave Moynier

Gustave Moynier (September 21, 1826 - August 21, 1910) was a Swiss Jurist who was active in many charitable organizations in Geneva.

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Gustave Whitehead

Gustave Albin Whitehead (born Gustav Albin Weisskopf; 1 January 1874 – 10 October 1927) was an aviation pioneer who emigrated from Germany to the United States where he designed and built gliders, flying machines and engines between 1897 and 1915.

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Guy d'Hardelot

Guy d'Hardelot (August 1858 – January 7, 1936) was the pen name of Helen Rhodes (née Helen Guy), a French composer, pianist, and teacher.

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Hamburger

A hamburger, beefburger or burger is a sandwich consisting of one or more cooked patties of ground meat, usually beef, placed inside a sliced bread roll or bun.

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Hamilton Harty

Sir Herbert Hamilton Harty (4 December 1879 – 19 February 1941) was an Irish composer, conductor, pianist and organist.

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Hanover

Hanover or Hannover (Hannover), on the River Leine, is the capital and largest city of the German state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), and was once by personal union the family seat of the Hanoverian Kings of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, under their title as the dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg (later described as the Elector of Hanover).

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Hans Geiger

Johannes Wilhelm "Hans" Geiger (30 September 1882 – 24 September 1945) was a German physicist.

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Harbin

Harbin is the capital of Heilongjiang province, and largest city in the northeastern region of the People's Republic of China.

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Harry B. Smith

Harry Bache Smith (December 28, 1860 – January 1, 1936) was a writer, lyricist and composer.

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Harry Houdini

Harry Houdini (born Erik Weisz, later Ehrich Weiss or Harry Weiss; March 24, 1874 – October 31, 1926) was a Hungarian-born American illusionist and stunt performer, noted for his sensational escape acts.

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Harry Lauder

Sir Henry Lauder (4 August 1870 – 26 February 1950)Russell, Dave.

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Harry Von Tilzer

Harry Von Tilzer (July 8, 1872 - January 10, 1946) was a very popular United States songwriter.

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Harry Williams (songwriter)

Harry Hiram Williams (August 23, 1879 – May 15, 1922) was an American composer, lyricist, and publisher of popular music from 1903 until his death in 1922.

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Haydn Quartet (vocal ensemble)

The Haydn Quartet, later known as the Hayden Quartet, was one of the most popular recording close harmony quartets in the early twentieth century.

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Heart of Darkness

Heart of Darkness (1899) is a novella by Polish-English novelist Joseph Conrad, about a voyage up the Congo River into the Congo Free State, in the heart of Africa, by the story's narrator Charles Marlow.

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Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec

Henri Marie Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa (24 November 1864 – 9 September 1901), also known as Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, was a French painter, printmaker, draughtsman, caricaturist, and illustrator whose immersion in the colourful and theatrical life of Paris in the late 19th century allowed him to produce a collection of enticing, elegant, and provocative images of the modern, sometimes decadent, affairs of those times.

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Henri Matisse

Henri Émile Benoît Matisse (31 December 1869 – 3 November 1954) was a French artist, known for both his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship.

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Henri Rousseau

Henri Julien Félix Rousseau (May 21, 1844 – September 2, 1910) at the Guggenheim was a French post-impressionist painter in the Naïve or Primitive manner.

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Henry Campbell-Bannerman

Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman (7 September 183622 April 1908) was a British statesman of the Liberal Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1905 to 1908 and Leader of the Liberal Party from 1899 to 1908.

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Henry Creamer

Henry Sterling Creamer (June 21, 1879 – October 14, 1930) was a Black American popular song lyricist.

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Henry Ford

Henry Ford (July 30, 1863 – April 7, 1947) was an American captain of industry and a business magnate, the founder of the Ford Motor Company, and the sponsor of the development of the assembly line technique of mass production.

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Herero and Namaqua genocide

The Herero and Nama genocide was a campaign of racial extermination and collective punishment that the German Empire undertook in German South West Africa (now Namibia) against the Ovaherero and the Nama.

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History of quantum mechanics

The history of quantum mechanics is a fundamental part of the history of modern physics.

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History of the battery

Batteries provided the main source of electricity before the development of electric generators and electrical grids around the end of the 19th century.

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History of the internal combustion engine

Various scientists and engineers contributed to the development of internal combustion engines.

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Hoboken, New Jersey

Hoboken (Unami: Hupokàn) is a city in Hudson County, New Jersey, United States.

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Holt Manufacturing Company

The Holt Manufacturing Company began with the 1883 founding of Stockton Wheel Service in Stockton, California, United States.

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Honus Wagner

Johannes Peter "Honus" Wagner (February 24, 1874 – December 6, 1955), sometimes referred to as "Hans" Wagner, was an American baseball shortstop who played 21 seasons in Major League Baseball from 1897 to 1917, almost entirely for the Pittsburgh Pirates.

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Hugo Alfvén

Hugo Emil Alfvén (1 May 18728 May 1960) was a Swedish composer, conductor, violinist, and painter.

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Hull, Quebec

Hull is the central district and oldest part of the city of Gatineau, Quebec, Canada.

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Ibn Saud

Abdulaziz ibn Abdul Rahman ibn Faisal ibn Turki ibn Abdullah ibn Muhammad Al Saud (عبد العزيز بن عبد الرحمن آل سعود,; 15 January 1875 – 9 November 1953), usually known within the Arab world as Abdulaziz and in the West as Ibn Saud, was the first monarch and founder of Saudi Arabia, the "third Saudi state".

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Insecticide

Insecticides are substances used to kill insects.

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Irish Home Rule movement

The Irish Home Rule movement was a movement that campaigned for self-government for Ireland within the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

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Iron ore

Iron ores are rocks and minerals from which metallic iron can be economically extracted.

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Iroquois Theatre fire

The Iroquois Theatre fire happened on December 30, 1903, in Chicago, Illinois.

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Irving Berlin

Irving Berlin (born Israel Beilin (Израиль Моисеевич Бейлин) Ministry of Culture, Russian Federation – September 22, 1989) was an American composer and lyricist, widely considered one of the greatest songwriters in American history.

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Israel Zangwill

Israel Zangwill (21 January 18641 August 1926) was a British author at the forefront of cultural Zionism during the 19th century, and was a close associate of Theodor Herzl.

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Isthmus of Panama

The Isthmus of Panama (Istmo de Panamá), also historically known as the Isthmus of Darien (Istmo de Darién), is the narrow strip of land that lies between the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean, linking North and South America.

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Itō Hirobumi

Prince was a Japanese statesman and genrō.

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J. Rosamond Johnson

John Rosamond Johnson (August 11, 1873 – November 11, 1954), most often referred to as J. Rosamond Johnson, was an American composer and singer during the Harlem Renaissance.

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Jack Chesbro

John Dwight Chesbro (June 5, 1874 – November 6, 1931) was a Major League Baseball (MLB) pitcher.

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Jack Johnson (boxer)

John Arthur Johnson (March 31, 1878 – June 10, 1946), nicknamed the Galveston Giant, was an American boxer who, at the height of the Jim Crow era, became the first African American world heavyweight boxing champion (1908–1915).

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Jack London

John Griffith "Jack" London (born John Griffith Chaney; January 12, 1876 – November 22, 1916) was an American novelist, journalist, and social activist.

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Jack Norworth

Jack Norworth (January 5, 1879 – September 1, 1959) was a U.S. songwriter, singer and vaudeville performer.

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Jacksonville, Florida

Jacksonville is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Florida and the largest city by area in the contiguous United States.

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Jacob Ellehammer

Jacob Christian Hansen Ellehammer (June 14, 1871 – May 20, 1946) was a Danish watchmaker and inventor born in Bakkebølle, Denmark.

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Jagadish Chandra Bose

Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose, CSI, CIE, FRS (30 November 1858 – 23 November 1937), also spelled Jagdish and Jagadis, was a polymath, physicist, biologist, biophysicist, botanist and archaeologist, and an early writer of science fiction.

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James J. Jeffries

James Jackson Jeffries (April 15, 1875 – March 3, 1953) was an American professional boxer and World Heavyweight Champion.

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James Mackenzie (cardiologist)

Sir James Mackenzie (12 April 1853 – 26 January 1925) was a Scottish cardiologist who was a pioneer in the study of cardiac arrhythmias.

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James Scott (composer)

James Sylvester Scott (February 12, 1885 – August 30, 1938) was an African-American ragtime composer, regarded as one of the three most important composers of classic ragtime, along with Scott Joplin and Joseph Lamb.

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James Weldon Johnson

James Weldon Johnson (June 17, 1871June 26, 1938) was an American author, educator, lawyer, diplomat, songwriter, and civil rights activist.

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Japan

Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.

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Japanese Resident-General of Korea

When Korea was a protectorate of the Empire of Japan, Japan was represented by the Resident-General.

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Jean Schwartz

Jean Schwartz (November 4, 1878 – November 30, 1956) was a Hungarian-born American songwriter.

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Jenő Huszka

Jenő Huszka (a.k.a. Eugen Huszka; 24 April 1875, Szeged – 2 February, 1960, Budapest) was a Hungarian composer of operettas.

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Jerome Kern

Jerome David Kern (January 27, 1885 – November 11, 1945) was an American composer of musical theatre and popular music.

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John Barrett (diplomat)

John Barrett (November 28, 1866 – October 17, 1938) was a United States diplomat and one of the most influential early directors general of the Pan American Union.

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John Frank Stevens

Stevens was born in rural Maine, near West Gardiner to John Stevens, a tanner and farmer, and Harriet Leslie French.

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John Joseph Montgomery

John Joseph Montgomery (February 15, 1858 – October 31, 1911) was an American inventor, physicist, engineer, and professor at Santa Clara University in Santa Clara, California who is best known for his invention of controlled heavier-than-air flying machines.

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John McGraw

John Joseph McGraw (April 7, 1873 – February 25, 1934), nicknamed "Little Napoleon" and "Mugsy", was a Major League Baseball (MLB) player and manager of the New York Giants.

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John Philip Sousa

John Philip Sousa (November 6, 1854 – March 6, 1932) was an American composer and conductor of the late Romantic era, known primarily for American military and patriotic marches.

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Johnny Tyldesley

John Thomas Tyldesley (22 November 1873 – 27 November 1930) was an English cricketer who played first-class cricket for Lancashire and Test cricket for England.

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Johnstown, Pennsylvania

Johnstown is a city in Cambria County, Pennsylvania, United States, west-southwest of Altoona and east of Pittsburgh.

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Joseph Conrad

Joseph Conrad (born Józef Teodor Konrad Korzeniowski; 3 December 1857 – 3 August 1924) was a Polish-British writer regarded as one of the greatest novelists to write in the English language.

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Juan Gris

José Victoriano (Carmelo Carlos) González-Pérez (March 23, 1887 – May 11, 1927), better known as Juan Gris, was a Spanish painter and sculptor born in Madrid who lived and worked in France most of his life.

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Jukebox

A jukebox is a partially automated music-playing device, usually a coin-operated machine, that will play a patron's selection from self-contained media.

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Jules Massenet

Jules Émile Frédéric Massenet (12 May 184213 August 1912) was a French composer of the Romantic era best known for his operas, of which he wrote more than thirty.

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Julius Fučík (composer)

Julius Fučík (18 July 1872 – 25 September 1916) was a Czech composer and conductor of military bands.

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Justus D. Barnes

Justus D. Barnes (October 2, 1862 – February 6, 1946) was an American stage and silent film actor.

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Kansas

Kansas is a U.S. state in the Midwestern United States.

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Kansas City, Kansas

Kansas City is the third-largest city in the State of Kansas, the county seat of Wyandotte County, and the third-largest city of the Kansas City metropolitan area.

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Karl Jatho

Karl Jatho (3 February 1873 – 8 December 1933) was a German pioneer and inventor, performer and public servant of the city of Hanover.

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Kazimir Malevich

Kazimir Severinovich Malevich (// ЦГИАК Украины, ф. 1268, оп. 1, д. 26, л. 13об—14.–May 15, 1935) was a Russian avant-garde artist and art theorist, whose pioneering work and writing had a profound influence on the development of non-objective, or abstract art, in the 20th century.

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Kenneth Grahame

Kenneth Grahame (8 March 1859 – 6 July 1932) was a Scottish writer, most famous for The Wind in the Willows (1908), one of the classics of children's literature.

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Kerry Mills

Kerry Mills (né Frederick Allen Mills; 1 February 1869 in Philadelphia – 5 December 1948 in Hawthorne, California) was an American ragtime composer and music publishing executive of popular music during the Tin Pan Alley era.

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Khedivate of Egypt

The Khedivate of Egypt (خدیویت مصر) was an autonomous tributary state of the Ottoman Empire, established and ruled by the Muhammad Ali Dynasty following the defeat and expulsion of Napoleon Bonaparte's forces which brought an end to the short-lived French occupation of Lower Egypt.

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Kid McCoy

Charles "Kid" McCoy (October 13, 1872 – April 18, 1940), born Norman Selby, was an American world champion boxer and early Hollywood actor.

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Kid Nichols

Charles Augustus "Kid" Nichols (September 14, 1869 – April 11, 1953) was a Major League Baseball (MLB) pitcher who played for the Boston Beaneaters, St. Louis Cardinals and Philadelphia Phillies from 1890 to 1906.

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Kingdom of Italy

The Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia) was a state which existed from 1861—when King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia was proclaimed King of Italy—until 1946—when a constitutional referendum led civil discontent to abandon the monarchy and form the modern Italian Republic.

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Kingdom of Romania

The Kingdom of Romania (Regatul României) was a constitutional monarchy in Southeastern Europe which existed from 1881, when prince Carol I of Romania was proclaimed King, until 1947, when King Michael I of Romania abdicated and the Parliament proclaimed Romania a republic.

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Kitty Hawk, North Carolina

Kitty Hawk is a town in Dare County, North Carolina, and is a part of what is known as North Carolina's Outer Banks.

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Kodak

The Eastman Kodak Company (referred to simply as Kodak) is an American technology company that produces imaging products with its historic basis on photography.

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Kress Drachenflieger

The Kress Drachenflieger (German: "Dragon-flier") was an experimental aircraft constructed in Austria-Hungary in 1901.

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Kurt Atterberg

Kurt Magnus Atterberg (12 December 188715 February 1974) was a Swedish composer and engineer.

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L. Frank Baum

Lyman Frank Baum (May 15, 1856 – May 6, 1919), better known as L. Frank Baum, was an American author chiefly famous for his children's books, particularly The Wonderful Wizard of Oz and its sequels.

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Lake Constance

Lake Constance (Bodensee) is a lake on the Rhine at the northern foot of the Alps, and consists of three bodies of water: the Obersee or Upper Lake Constance, the Untersee or Lower Lake Constance, and a connecting stretch of the Rhine, called the Seerhein.

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Lancashire

Lancashire (abbreviated Lancs.) is a county in north west England.

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Land of Israel

The Land of Israel is the traditional Jewish name for an area of indefinite geographical extension in the Southern Levant.

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Landon Ronald

Sir Landon Ronald (born Landon Ronald Russell) (7 June 1873 – 14 August 1938) was an English conductor, composer, pianist, teacher and administrator.

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Le bonheur de vivre

Le bonheur de vivre (The Joy of Life) is a painting by Henri Matisse.

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Lead Belly

Huddie William Ledbetter (January 20, 1888 – December 6, 1949) was an American folk and blues musician notable for his strong vocals, virtuosity on the twelve-string guitar, and the folk standards he introduced.

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Lee de Forest

Lee de Forest (August 26, 1873 – June 30, 1961) was an American inventor, self-described "Father of Radio", and a pioneer in the development of sound-on-film recording used for motion pictures.

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Leipzig Trade Fair

The Leipzig Trade Fair (Leipziger Messe) is a major trade fair, which traces its roots back for nearly a millennium.

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Len Braund

Leonard Charles Braund (18 October 1875 – 23 December 1955) was a cricketer who played for Surrey, Somerset and England.

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Leo Baekeland

Leo Henricus Arthur Baekeland FRSE(Hon) (November 14, 1863 – February 23, 1944) was a Belgian-American chemist.

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Leon Czolgosz

Leon Frank Czolgosz (May 5, 1873 – October 29, 1901) was an American anarchist and former steel worker who assassinated U.S. President William McKinley in September 1901.

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Les Demoiselles d'Avignon

Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (The Young Ladies of Avignon, and originally titled The Brothel of Avignon) is a large oil painting created in 1907 by the Spanish artist Pablo Picasso (1881–1973) and now on exhibit in New York's Museum of Modern Art.

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Lie detection

Lie detection is an assessment of a verbal statement with the goal to reveal a possible intentional deceit.

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Little Nemo

Little Nemo is a fictional character created by American cartoonist Winsor McCay.

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Los Angeles

Los Angeles (Spanish for "The Angels";; officially: the City of Los Angeles; colloquially: by its initials L.A.) is the second-most populous city in the United States, after New York City.

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Louis Armstrong

Louis Daniel Armstrong (August 4, 1901 – July 6, 1971), nicknamed Satchmo, Satch, and Pops, was an American trumpeter, composer, singer and occasional actor who was one of the most influential figures in jazz.

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Louis' Lunch

Louis' Lunch is a hamburger restaurant in New Haven, Connecticut, United States, that claims to be the first restaurant to serve hamburgers and as being the oldest hamburger restaurant still operating in the U.S. Opened as a small lunch wagon in 1895, Louis' Lunch was also one of the first places in the U.S. to serve steak sandwiches.

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Lucy Maud Montgomery

Lucy Maud Montgomery (November 30, 1874 – April 24, 1942), published as L. M. Montgomery, was a Canadian author best known for a series of novels beginning in 1908 with Anne of Green Gables.

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Lyman Gilmore

Lyman Wiswell Gilmore, Jr. (June 11, 1874 – February 18, 1951) was an aviation pioneer.

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Man and Superman

Man and Superman is a four-act drama written by George Bernard Shaw in 1903.

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Manchuria

Manchuria is a name first used in the 17th century by Chinese people to refer to a large geographic region in Northeast Asia.

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Manuel de Falla

Manuel de Falla y Matheu (23 November 187614 November 1946) was a Spanish composer.

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Marc Chagall

Marc Zakharovich Chagall (born Moishe Zakharovich Shagal; 28 March 1985) was a Russian-French artist of Belarusian Jewish origin.

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Marie Curie

Marie Skłodowska Curie (born Maria Salomea Skłodowska; 7 November 18674 July 1934) was a Polish and naturalized-French physicist and chemist who conducted pioneering research on radioactivity.

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Martinique

Martinique is an insular region of France located in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies in the eastern Caribbean Sea, with a land area of and a population of 385,551 inhabitants as of January 2013.

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Marvin Hart

Marvin Hart (September 16, 1876 – September 17, 1931) was the World Heavyweight Boxing Champion from July 3, 1905 to February 23, 1906.

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Mary Anderson (inventor)

Mary Anderson (February 19, 1866 – June 27, 1953), Birmingham Post-Herald, June 29, 1953 was an American real estate developer, rancher, viticulturist and inventor of the windshield wiper blade.

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Mary Garden

Mary Garden (20 February 1874 – 3 January 1967), was a Scottish operatic soprano with a substantial career in France and America in the first third of the 20th century.

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Massachusetts

Massachusetts, officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.

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Massachusetts Institute of Technology

The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.

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Maude Nugent

Maude Nugent (January 12, 1873 or 1874 – June 3, 1958) was an American singer and composer.

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Maurice de Vlaminck

Maurice de Vlaminck (4 April 1876 – 11 October 1958) was a French painter.

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Maurice Ravel

Joseph Maurice Ravel (7 March 1875 – 28 December 1937) was a French composer, pianist and conductor.

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Max Hoffmann

Carl Adolf Maximilian Hoffmann (25 January 1869 – 8 July 1927) was a German military strategist.

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Max Planck

Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck, FRS (23 April 1858 – 4 October 1947) was a German theoretical physicist whose discovery of energy quanta won him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1918.

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Mehmed V

Mehmed V. Reşâd (Ottoman Turkish: محمد خامس Meḥmed-i ẖâmis, Beşinci Mehmet Reşat or Reşat Mehmet) (2 November 1844 – 3 July 1918) was the 35th and penultimate Ottoman Sultan.

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Melbourne

Melbourne is the state capital of Victoria and the second-most populous city in Australia and Oceania.

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Mercédès Jellinek

Mercédès Adrienne Ramona Manuela Jellinek (September 16, 1889 – February 23, 1929) was the daughter of Austrian automobile entrepreneur Emil Jellinek and his wife Rachel Goggmann Cenrobert.

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Mercedes 35 hp

The Mercedes (35 PS) was a radical early car model designed in 1901 by Wilhelm Maybach and Paul Daimler, for Emil Jellinek.

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Messina

Messina (Sicilian: Missina; Messana, Μεσσήνη) is the capital of the Italian Metropolitan City of Messina.

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Mexico

Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.

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Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov

Mikhail Mikhailovich Ippolitov-Ivanov (Михаи́л Миха́йлович Ипполи́тов-Ива́нов; 28 January 1935) was a Russian composer, conductor and teacher.

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Milan, Ohio

Milan is a village in Erie and Huron counties in the U.S. state of Ohio.

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Mississippi John Hurt

John Smith Hurt (possibly March 3, 1892 – November 2, 1966), better known as Mississippi John Hurt, was an American country blues singer and guitarist.

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Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar

Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar (محمدعلی شاه قاجار) (21 June 1872 – 5 April 1925, Sanremo, Italy) was the sixth king of the Qajar Dynasty and Shah of Persia (Iran) from 8 January 1907 to 16 July 1909.

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Monoplane

A monoplane is a fixed-wing aircraft with a single main wing plane, in contrast to a biplane or other multiplane, each of which has multiple planes.

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Montesson

Montesson is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France.

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Monty Noble

Montague Alfred Noble (28 January 1873 – 22 June 1940) was an Australian cricketer who played for New South Wales and Australia.

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Mordecai Brown

Mordecai Peter Centennial Brown (October 19, 1876 – February 14, 1948), nicknamed Three Finger or Miner, was an American Major League Baseball pitcher and manager during the first two decades of the 20th century (known as the "dead-ball era").

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Morse code

Morse code is a method of transmitting text information as a series of on-off tones, lights, or clicks that can be directly understood by a skilled listener or observer without special equipment.

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Mount Pelée

Mount Pelée (pronounced; Montagne Pelée meaning "bald mountain" or "peeled" mountain") is an active volcano at the northern end of Martinique, an island and French overseas department in the Lesser Antilles island arc of the Caribbean.

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Mount Vesuvius

Mount Vesuvius (Monte Vesuvio; Vesuvio; Mons Vesuvius; also Vesevus or Vesaevus in some Roman sources) is a somma-stratovolcano located on the Gulf of Naples in Campania, Italy, about east of Naples and a short distance from the shore.

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Movie theater

A movie theater/theatre (American English), cinema (British English) or cinema hall (Indian English) is a building that contains an auditorium for viewing films (also called movies) for entertainment.

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Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar

Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar, (مظفرالدین شاه قاجار, Mozaffar Ŝāh-e Qājār,; 23 March 1853 – 3 January 1907) was the fifth Qajar king of Persia (Iran), reigning from 1896 until his death in 1907.

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Nagoya Pan-Pacific Peace Exposition

The was a world's fair held in what is now part of the Minami Ward of Nagoya city, Japan from 15 March to 31 May in 1937.

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Nap Lajoie

Napoleon Lajoie (Lee Allen in The American League Story -->; September 5, 1874 – February 7, 1959), also known as Larry Lajoie and nicknamed "The Frenchman", was an American professional baseball second baseman and player-manager.

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Naples

Naples (Napoli, Napule or; Neapolis; lit) is the regional capital of Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy after Rome and Milan.

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Nellie Melba

Dame Nellie Melba GBE (born Helen Porter Mitchell; 19 May 186123 February 1931) was an Australian operatic soprano.

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Neon

Neon is a chemical element with symbol Ne and atomic number 10.

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Neon lamp

A neon lamp (also neon glow lamp) is a miniature gas discharge lamp.

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Neon sign

In the signage industry, neon signs are electric signs lighted by long luminous gas-discharge tubes that contain rarefied neon or other gases.

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New Haven, Connecticut

New Haven is a coastal city in the U.S. state of Connecticut.

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New Imperialism

In historical contexts, New Imperialism characterizes a period of colonial expansion by European powers, the United States, and Japan during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

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New Year's Eve

In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.

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Newfoundland and Labrador

Newfoundland and Labrador (Terre-Neuve-et-Labrador; Akamassiss; Newfoundland Irish: Talamh an Éisc agus Labradar) is the most easterly province of Canada.

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Nicholas II of Russia

Nicholas II or Nikolai II (r; 1868 – 17 July 1918), known as Saint Nicholas II of Russia in the Russian Orthodox Church, was the last Emperor of Russia, ruling from 1 November 1894 until his forced abdication on 15 March 1917.

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Nikolai Medtner

Nikolai Karlovich Medtner (Никола́й Ка́рлович Ме́тнер, Nikoláj Kárlovič Métner; 13 November 1951) was a Russian composer and pianist.

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Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

Nikolai Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov (a; Russia was using old style dates in the 19th century, and information sources used in the article sometimes report dates as old style rather than new style. Dates in the article are taken verbatim from the source and are in the same style as the source from which they come.) was a Russian composer, and a member of the group of composers known as The Five.

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Nikolay Bobrikov

Nikolay Ivanovich Bobrikov (Никола́й Ива́нович Бо́бриков; in St. Petersburg – June 17, 1904 in Helsinki, Grand Duchy of Finland) was a Russian general and politician.

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Nora Bayes

Nora Bayes (born Rachel Eleanora Goldberg, October 3, 1880 – March 19, 1928) was an American singer, comedian, actress and vaudeville star of the early 20th century.

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Norddeutscher Lloyd

Norddeutscher Lloyd (NDL) (North German Lloyd) was a German shipping company.

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Norfolk, Virginia

Norfolk is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.

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Nozzle

A nozzle is a device designed to control the direction or characteristics of a fluid flow (especially to increase velocity) as it exits (or enters) an enclosed chamber or pipe.

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O Holy Night

"O Holy Night" ("Minuit Chretiens!" or "Cantique de Noël") is a well-known Christmas carol composed by Adolphe Adam in 1847 to the French poem "Minuit, chrétiens" (Midnight, Christians) written by a wine merchant and poet, Placide Cappeau (1808–1877).

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Ocean Bluff-Brant Rock, Massachusetts

Ocean Bluff-Brant Rock is a census-designated place (CDP) in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, United States, composed of the neighborhoods of Ocean Bluff, Brant Rock, Fieldston, and Rexhame in the town of Marshfield.

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Ohio

Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States.

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Ombra mai fu

"" is the opening aria from the 1738 opera Serse by George Frideric Handel.

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Orchestrion

Orchestrion is a generic name for a machine that plays music and is designed to sound like an orchestra or band.

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Oscar Straus (composer)

Oscar Nathan Straus (6 March 1870 – 11 January 1954) was a Viennese composer of operettas and film scores and songs.

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Ottawa

Ottawa is the capital city of Canada.

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Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.

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Ottorino Respighi

Ottorino Respighi (9 July 187918 April 1936) was an Italian violinist, composer and musicologist, best known for his three orchestral tone poems Fountains of Rome (1916), Pines of Rome (1924), and Roman Festivals (1928).

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Pablo Picasso

Pablo Ruiz Picasso (25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973) was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life in France.

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Packard

Packard was an American luxury automobile marque built by the Packard Motor Car Company of Detroit, Michigan, United States.

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Pan-American Exposition

The Pan-American Exposition was a World's Fair held in Buffalo, New York, United States, from May 1 through November 2, 1901.

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Panama

Panama (Panamá), officially the Republic of Panama (República de Panamá), is a country in Central America, bordered by Costa Rica to the west, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south.

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Panama Canal

The Panama Canal (Canal de Panamá) is an artificial waterway in Panama that connects the Atlantic Ocean with the Pacific Ocean.

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Panama Canal Railway

The Panama Canal Railway (Ferrocarril de Panamá) is a railway line that runs parallel to the Panama Canal, linking the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean in Central America.

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Paris Métro train fire

The disastrous Paris Métro train fire occurred on the evening of 10 August 1903, on what was then Line 2 Nord of the system and is now Paris Métro Line 2.

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Patent

A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state or intergovernmental organization to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention.

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Paul Cézanne

Paul Cézanne (or;; 19 January 1839 – 22 October 1906) was a French artist and Post-Impressionist painter whose work laid the foundations of the transition from the 19th-century conception of artistic endeavor to a new and radically different world of art in the 20th century.

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Paul Dresser

Paul Dresser (born Johann Paul Dreiser, Jr.; April 22, 1857 – January 30, 1906) was an American singer, songwriter, and comedic actor of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

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Paul Gauguin

Eugène Henri Paul Gauguin (7 June 1848 – 8 May 1903) was a French post-Impressionist artist.

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Paul Le Flem

Paul Le Flem (18 March 1881 – 31 July 1984) was a French composer and music critic.

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Paul Lincke

Carl Emil Paul Lincke (7 November 1866 – 3 September 1946) was a German composer and theater conductor.

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Paul Sarebresole

Paul Sarebresole (May 1875 - October 3, 1911) was an early composer of ragtime music.

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Paul Signac

Paul Victor Jules Signac (11 November 1863 – 15 August 1935) was a French Neo-Impressionist painter who, working with Georges Seurat, helped develop the Pointillist style.

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Percy Grainger

George Percy Aldridge Grainger (8 July 188220 February 1961) was an Australian-born composer, arranger and pianist.

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Percy Sherwell

Percy William Sherwell (17 August 1880 in Isipingo, Natal – 17 April 1948 in Bulawayo, Rhodesia) was a South African cricketer who played in 13 Tests as a wicketkeeper from 1906 to 1911.

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Percy Wenrich

Percy Wenrich (January 23, 1887 – March 17, 1952) was a United States composer of ragtime and popular music.

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Peter Dawson (bass-baritone)

Peter Smith Dawson (31 January 188227 September 1961) was an Australian bass-baritone and songwriter.

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Peter Slattery

Peter John Slattery (born 6 June 1965 in Brisbane) was a rugby union player playing in the position of scrum-half.

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Philadelphia

Philadelphia is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863.

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Philippine–American War

The Philippine–American War (also referred to as the Filipino-American War, the Philippine War, the Philippine Insurrection, the Tagalog Insurgency; Filipino: Digmaang Pilipino-Amerikano; Spanish: Guerra Filipino-Estadounidense) was an armed conflict between the First Philippine Republic and the United States that lasted from February 4, 1899, to July 2, 1902.

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Phonograph

The phonograph is a device for the mechanical recording and reproduction of sound.

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Photoelectric effect

The photoelectric effect is the emission of electrons or other free carriers when light shines on a material.

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Photography

Photography is the science, art, application and practice of creating durable images by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either electronically by means of an image sensor, or chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as photographic film.

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Photostat machine

The Photostat machine, or Photostat, was an early projection photocopier created in the decade of the 1900s by the Commercial Camera Company, which became the Photostat Corporation.

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Pierre Bonnard

Pierre Bonnard (3 October 1867 — 23 January 1947) was a French painter and printmaker, as well as a founding member of the Post-Impressionist group of avant-garde painters Les Nabis.

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Pierre Curie

Pierre Curie (15 May 1859 – 19 April 1906) was a French physicist, a pioneer in crystallography, magnetism, piezoelectricity and radioactivity.

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Pierre de Coubertin

Pierre de Frédy, Baron de Coubertin (born Pierre de Frédy; 1 January 1863 – 2 September 1937, also known as Pierre de Coubertin and Baron de Coubertin) was a French educator and historian, and founder of the International Olympic Committee, as well as its second President.

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Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Pierre-Auguste Renoir, commonly known as Auguste Renoir (25 February 1841 – 3 December 1919), was a French artist who was a leading painter in the development of the Impressionist style.

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Planck's law

Planck's law describes the spectral density of electromagnetic radiation emitted by a black body in thermal equilibrium at a given temperature T. The law is named after Max Planck, who proposed it in 1900.

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Plastic

Plastic is material consisting of any of a wide range of synthetic or semi-synthetic organic compounds that are malleable and so can be molded into solid objects.

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Player piano

A player piano (also known as pianola) is a self-playing piano, containing a pneumatic or electro-mechanical mechanism that operates the piano action via pre-programmed music recorded on perforated paper, or in rare instances, metallic rolls, with more modern implementations using MIDI.

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Plymouth County, Massachusetts

Plymouth County is a county in the U.S. state of Massachusetts.

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Poldhu

Poldhu is a small area in south Cornwall, England, UK, situated on the Lizard Peninsula; it comprises Poldhu Point and Poldhu Cove.

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Polygraph

A polygraph, popularly referred to as a lie detector, measures and records several physiological indices such as blood pressure, pulse, respiration, and skin conductivity while a person is asked and answers a series of questions.

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Pope Leo XIII

Pope Leo XIII (Leone; born Vincenzo Gioacchino Raffaele Luigi Pecci; 2 March 1810 – 20 July 1903) was head of the Catholic Church from 20 February 1878 to his death.

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Pope Pius X

Pope Saint Pius X (Pio), born Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto, (2 June 1835 – 20 August 1914) was head of the Catholic Church from August 1903 to his death in 1914.

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Porfirio Díaz

José de la Cruz Porfirio Díaz Mori (15 September 1830 – 2 July 1915) was a Mexican general and politician who served seven terms as President of Mexico, a total of three and a half decades, from 1876 to 1880 and from 1884 to 1911.

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Prime Minister of Japan

The is the head of government of Japan.

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PS General Slocum

The PS General Slocum"PS" stands for "Paddle Steamer" was a sidewheel passenger steamboat built in Brooklyn, New York, in 1891.

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Pud Galvin

James Francis "Pud" Galvin (December 25, 1856 – March 7, 1902) was an American Major League Baseball pitcher in the 19th century.

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Pulse

In medicine, a pulse represents the tactile arterial palpation of the heartbeat by trained fingertips.

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Qajar dynasty

The Qajar dynasty (سلسله قاجار; also Romanised as Ghajar, Kadjar, Qachar etc.; script Qacarlar) was an IranianAbbas Amanat, The Pivot of the Universe: Nasir Al-Din Shah Qajar and the Iranian Monarchy, 1831–1896, I. B. Tauris, pp 2–3 royal dynasty of Turkic origin,Cyrus Ghani.

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Qing dynasty

The Qing dynasty, also known as the Qing Empire, officially the Great Qing, was the last imperial dynasty of China, established in 1636 and ruling China from 1644 to 1912.

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Queen Victoria

Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.

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R. E. Foster

Reginald Erskine Foster, nicknamed Tip Foster, commonly designated R. E. Foster in sporting literature (16 April 1878 – 13 May 1914) was an English first-class cricketer and football player.

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Radio broadcasting

Radio broadcasting is transmission by radio waves intended to reach a wide audience.

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Radio receiver

In radio communications, a radio receiver (receiver or simply radio) is an electronic device that receives radio waves and converts the information carried by them to a usable form.

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Railroad car

A railroad car or railcar (American and Canadian English), railway wagon or railway carriage (British English and UIC), also called a train car or train wagon, is a vehicle used for the carrying of cargo or passengers on a rail transport system (a railroad/railway).

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Railway signal

A signal is a mechanical or electrical device erected beside a railway line to pass information relating to the state of the line ahead to engine drivers (engineers in North America).

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Ranjitsinhji

Sir Ranjitsinhji Vibhaji Jadeja, (10 September 1872 – 2 April 1933), often known as Ranji, was the ruler of the Indian princely state of Nawanagar from 1907 to 1933, as Maharaja Jam Saheb, and a noted Test cricketer who played for the English cricket team.

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Raoul Dufy

Raoul Dufy (3 June 1877 – 23 March 1953) was a French Fauvist painter, brother of Jean Dufy.

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Rashidi dynasty

The Rashidi dynasty, also called Al Rashid or the House of Rashid (آل رشيد), were a historic Arabian House or dynasty that existed in the Arabian Peninsula between 1836 and 1921, rulers of the Emirate of Jabal Shammar and the most formidable enemies of the House of Saud, rulers of the Emirate of Nejd.

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Red Bluff, California

Red Bluff is a city in and the county seat, of Tehama County, California, United States.

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Reginald Fessenden

Reginald Aubrey Fessenden (October 6, 1866 – July 22, 1932) was a Canadian-born inventor, who did a majority of his work in the United States and also claimed U.S. citizenship through his American-born father.

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Restoration (Spain)

The Restoration (Restauración), or Bourbon Restoration (Restauración borbónica), is the name given to the period that began on 29 December 1874 — after a coup d'état by Martínez-Campos ended the First Spanish Republic and restored the monarchy under Alfonso XII — and ended on 14 April 1931 with the proclamation of the Second Spanish Republic.

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Rhode Island

Rhode Island, officially the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, is a state in the New England region of the United States.

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Richard Pearse

Richard William Pearse (3 December 187729 July 1953) was a New Zealand farmer and inventor who performed pioneering experiments in aviation.

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Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury

Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, (3 February 183022 August 1903), styled Lord Robert Cecil before 1865 and Viscount Cranborne from June 1865 until April 1868, was a British statesman of the Conservative Party, serving as Prime Minister three times for a total of over thirteen years.

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Rockall

Rockall is an uninhabited granite islet within the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) of the United Kingdom,.

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Rolling Mill Mine

The Rolling Mill Mine was a drift portal coal mine in operation in Johnstown, Cambria County, Pennsylvania, operating from approximately 1856 until 1931.

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Roscoe Arbuckle

Roscoe Conkling "Fatty" Arbuckle (March 24, 1887 – June 29, 1933) was an American silent film actor, comedian, director, and screenwriter.

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Rosslare Strand

Rosslare Strand, or simply Rosslare, is a village and seaside resort in County Wexford, Ireland.

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Rube Waddell

George Edward Waddell (October 13, 1876 – April 1, 1914) was an American southpaw pitcher in Major League Baseball (MLB).

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Rudolf Diesel

Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel (18 March 185829 September 1913) was a German inventor and mechanical engineer, famous for the invention of the diesel engine, and for his mysterious death.

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Rudolf Friml

Charles Rudolf Friml.

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Rudyard Kipling

Joseph Rudyard Kipling (30 December 1865 – 18 January 1936)The Times, (London) 18 January 1936, p. 12 was an English journalist, short-story writer, poet, and novelist.

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Ruggero Leoncavallo

Ruggero (or Ruggiero) Leoncavallo (23 April 18579 August 1919) was an Italian opera composer and librettist.

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Russian Empire

The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.

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Russo-Japanese War

The Russo–Japanese War (Russko-yaponskaya voina; Nichirosensō; 1904–05) was fought between the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan over rival imperial ambitions in Manchuria and Korea.

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Saint Petersburg

Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).

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Saint-Pierre, Martinique

Saint-Pierre is a town and commune of France's Caribbean overseas department of Martinique, founded in 1635 by Pierre Belain d'Esnambuc.

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Sam Leever

Samuel Leever (December 23, 1871 – May 19, 1953), nicknamed "The Goshen Schoolmaster", was an American right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball.

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Samuel Pierpont Langley

Samuel Pierpont Langley (August 22, 1834 – February 27, 1906) was an American astronomer, physicist, inventor of the bolometer and aviation pioneer.

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San Andreas Fault

The San Andreas Fault is a continental transform fault that extends roughly through California.

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San Francisco

San Francisco (initials SF;, Spanish for 'Saint Francis'), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California.

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Sandwich

A sandwich is a food typically consisting of vegetables, sliced cheese or meat, placed on or between slices of bread, or more generally any dish wherein two or more pieces of bread serve as a container or wrapper for another food type.

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Santa Clara, California

Santa Clara is a city in Santa Clara County, California.

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Santos-Dumont 14-bis

The 14-bis (Quatorze-bis), also known as Oiseau de proie ("bird of prey" in French), was a pioneer era canard biplane designed and built by Brazilian aviation pioneer Alberto Santos-Dumont.

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Saudi–Rashidi War (1903–1907)

Saudi–Rashidi War of 1903–1907, also referred as the First Saudi–Rashidi War or the Battles over Qasim, was a conflict between Saudi loyalist forces of the newborn Emirate of Riyadh and the Emirate of Ha'il (Jabal Shammar), supported by the Rashidis.

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Scone, Scotland

Scone (Sgàin; Scuin) is a village in Perth and Kinross, Scotland.

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Scott Joplin

Scott Joplin (1867/68 or November 24, 1868 – April 1, 1917) was an African-American composer and pianist.

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Second Boer War

The Second Boer War (11 October 1899 – 31 May 1902) was fought between the British Empire and two Boer states, the South African Republic (Republic of Transvaal) and the Orange Free State, over the Empire's influence in South Africa.

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Seismometer

A seismometer is an instrument that measures motion of the ground, caused by, for example, an earthquake, a volcanic eruption, or the use of explosives.

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Separation of Panama from Colombia

The separation of Panama from Colombia was formalized on 3 November 1903, with the establishment of the Republic of Panama.

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Serbian language

Serbian (српски / srpski) is the standardized variety of the Serbo-Croatian language mainly used by Serbs.

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Sergei Rachmaninoff

Sergei Vasilyevich Rachmaninoff (28 March 1943) was a Russian pianist, composer, and conductor of the late Romantic period, some of whose works are among the most popular in the Romantic repertoire.

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Ship canal

A ship canal is a canal especially intended to accommodate ships used on the oceans, seas or lakes to which it is connected, as opposed to a barge canal intended to carry barges and other vessels specifically designed for river and/or canal navigation.

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Showroom

A showroom is a large space used to display products or show entertainment.

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Shtokavian

Shtokavian or Štokavian (štokavski / штокавски) is the prestige dialect of the pluricentric Serbo-Croatian language, and the basis of its Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian, and Montenegrin standards.

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Sicily

Sicily (Sicilia; Sicìlia) is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea.

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Sidney Olcott

Sidney Olcott (September 20, 1872 – December 16, 1949) was a Canadian-born film producer, director, actor and screenwriter.

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Sigmund Freud

Sigmund Freud (born Sigismund Schlomo Freud; 6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst.

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Signal Hill, St. John's

Signal Hill is a hill which overlooks the city of St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada.

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Sint-Martens-Latem

Sint-Martens-Latem is a municipality located in the Belgian province of East Flanders, in Belgium.

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Snapshot (photography)

A snapshot is a photograph that is "shot" spontaneously and quickly, most often without artistic or journalistic intent.

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Sound recording and reproduction

Sound recording and reproduction is an electrical, mechanical, electronic, or digital inscription and re-creation of sound waves, such as spoken voice, singing, instrumental music, or sound effects.

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South West Africa

South West Africa (Suidwes-Afrika; Zuidwest-Afrika; Südwestafrika) was the name for modern-day Namibia when it was subsumed under South Africa, from 1915 to 1990.

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Spark-gap transmitter

A spark-gap transmitter is a device that generates radio frequency electromagnetic waves using a spark gap.

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Special relativity

In physics, special relativity (SR, also known as the special theory of relativity or STR) is the generally accepted and experimentally well-confirmed physical theory regarding the relationship between space and time.

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SS Haimun

SS Haimun was a Chinese steamer ship commanded by war correspondent Lionel James in 1904 during the Russo-Japanese War for The Times of London.

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St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador

St.

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Steam engine

A steam engine is a heat engine that performs mechanical work using steam as its working fluid.

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Steamboat

A steamboat is a boat that is propelled primarily by steam power, typically driving propellers or paddlewheels.

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Steinway & Sons

Steinway & Sons, also known as Steinway, is an American-German piano company, founded in 1853 in Manhattan, New York City, the United States, by German piano builder Heinrich Engelhard Steinweg (later known as Henry E. Steinway).

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Storting

The Storting (Stortinget, "the great thing" or "the great assembly") is the supreme legislature of Norway, established in 1814 by the Constitution of Norway.

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Sunjong of Korea

Sunjong, the Emperor Yunghui (25 March 1874 – 24 April 1926), was the second and the last Emperor of Korea, of the Yi dynasty, ruling from 1907 until 1910.

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Suzanne Valadon

Suzanne Valadon (23 September 18657 April 1938) was a French painter and artists' model who was born Marie-Clémentine Valadon at Bessines-sur-Gartempe, Haute-Vienne, France.

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Sydney Barnes

Sydney Francis Barnes (19 April 1873 – 26 December 1967) was an English professional cricketer who is generally regarded as one of the greatest ever bowlers.

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Tea

Tea is an aromatic beverage commonly prepared by pouring hot or boiling water over cured leaves of the Camellia sinensis, an evergreen shrub (bush) native to Asia.

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Teasmade

A teasmade is a machine for making tea automatically.

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The Call of the Wild

The Call of the Wild is a short adventure novel by Jack London published in 1903 and set in Yukon, Canada during the 1890s Klondike Gold Rush, when strong sled dogs were in high demand.

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The Great Train Robbery (1903 film)

The Great Train Robbery is a 1903 American silent short Western film written, produced, and directed by Edwin S. Porter, a former Edison Studios cameraman.

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The Hound of the Baskervilles

The Hound of the Baskervilles is the third of the crime novels written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle featuring the detective Sherlock Holmes.

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The Jungle

The Jungle is a 1906 novel written by the American journalist and novelist Upton Sinclair (1878–1968).

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The Old New Land

The Old New Land (Altneuland; תֵּל־אָבִיב Tel Aviv, "Tel of spring") is a utopian novel published by Theodor Herzl, the founder of political Zionism, in 1902.

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The Secret Agent

The Secret Agent: A Simple Tale is a novel by Joseph Conrad, published in 1907.

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The Story of the Kelly Gang

The Story of the Kelly Gang is a 1906 Australian silent film that traces the exploits of 19th-century bushranger and outlaw Ned Kelly and his gang.

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The Strand Magazine

The Strand Magazine was a monthly magazine founded by George Newnes, composed of short fiction and general interest articles.

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The Times

The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.

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The Wind in the Willows

The Wind in the Willows is a children's novel by Kenneth Grahame, first published in 1908.

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The Wonderful Wizard of Oz

The Wonderful Wizard of Oz is an American children's novel written by author L. Frank Baum and illustrated by W. W. Denslow, originally published by the George M. Hill Company in Chicago on May 17, 1900.

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The World's Work

The World's Work (1900–1932) was a monthly magazine that covered national affairs from a pro-business point of view.

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Theodor Herzl

Theodor Herzl (תאודור הֶרְצֵל Te'odor Hertsel, Herzl Tivadar; 2 May 1860 – 3 July 1904), Hebrew name given at his brit milah Binyamin Ze'ev (בִּנְיָמִין זְאֵב), also known in Hebrew as, Chozeh HaMedinah (lit. "Visionary of the State") was an Austro-Hungarian journalist, playwright, political activist, and writer who was the father of modern political Zionism.

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Theodore Roosevelt

Theodore Roosevelt Jr. (October 27, 1858 – January 6, 1919) was an American statesman and writer who served as the 26th President of the United States from 1901 to 1909.

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Third law of thermodynamics

The third law of thermodynamics is sometimes stated as follows, regarding the properties of systems in thermodynamic equilibrium: At absolute zero (zero kelvin) the system must be in a state with the minimum possible energy.

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Thomas Edison

Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847October 18, 1931) was an American inventor and businessman, who has been described as America's greatest inventor.

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Thomas Mann

Paul Thomas Mann (6 June 1875 – 12 August 1955) was a German novelist, short story writer, social critic, philanthropist, essayist, and the 1929 Nobel Prize in Literature laureate.

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Thurland Chattaway

Thurland Chattaway (April 8, 1872 – November 12, 1947) was an American composer of popular music, active from approximately 1898 to 1912.

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Tom Hayward

Thomas Walter Hayward (29 March 1871 – 19 July 1939) was an English first-class cricketer who played for Surrey and England between the 1890s and the outbreak of World War I. He was primarily an opening batsman, noted especially for the quality of his off-drive.

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Tom Turpin

Thomas Million John Turpin (November 18, 1871 – August 13, 1922) was an African-American composer of ragtime music.

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Tommy Burns (boxer)

Tommy Burns (June 17, 1881May 10, 1955), born Noah Brusso, is the only Canadian-born World Heavyweight Boxing Champion.

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Tour de France

The Tour de France is an annual male multiple stage bicycle race primarily held in France, while also occasionally making passes through nearby countries.

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Tractor

A tractor is an engineering vehicle specifically designed to deliver at a high tractive effort (or torque) at slow speeds, for the purposes of hauling a trailer or machinery used in agriculture or construction.

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Traian Vuia

Traian Vuia or Trajan Vuia (August 17, 1872 – September 3, 1950) was a Romanian inventor and aviation pioneer who designed, built and tested the first tractor monoplane.

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Triplane

A triplane is a fixed-wing aircraft equipped with three vertical stacked wing planes.

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Tris Speaker

Tristram Edgar Speaker (April 4, 1888 – December 8, 1958), nicknamed "The Grey Eagle", was an American baseball player.

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Tropical cyclone

A tropical cyclone is a rapidly rotating storm system characterized by a low-pressure center, a closed low-level atmospheric circulation, strong winds, and a spiral arrangement of thunderstorms that produce heavy rain.

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Tsunami

A tsunami (from 津波, "harbour wave"; English pronunciation) or tidal wave, also known as a seismic sea wave, is a series of waves in a water body caused by the displacement of a large volume of water, generally in an ocean or a large lake.

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Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB).

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Ty Cobb

Tyrus Raymond Cobb (December 18, 1886 – July 17, 1961), nicknamed The Georgia Peach, was an American Major League Baseball (MLB) outfielder.

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Typewriter

A typewriter is a mechanical or electromechanical machine for writing characters similar to those produced by printer's movable type.

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Typhoon

A typhoon is a mature tropical cyclone that develops between 180° and 100°E in the Northern Hemisphere.

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Umberto Boccioni

Umberto Boccioni (19 October 1882 – 17 August 1916) was an influential Italian painter and sculptor.

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Umberto I of Italy

Umberto I (Savoia; 14 March 1844 – 29 July 1900), nicknamed the Good (Italian: il Buono), was the King of Italy from 9 January 1878 until his assassination on 29 July 1900.

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Unification of Saudi Arabia

The unification of Saudi Arabia was a military and political campaign, by which the various tribes, sheikhdoms, city-states, emirates, and kingdoms of most of the Arabian Peninsula were conquered by the House of Saud, or Al Saud, between 1902 and 1932, when the modern-day Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was proclaimed under the leadership of Ibn Saud, creating what is sometimes referred to as the Third Saudi State, to differentiate it from the Emirate of Diriyah, the First Saudi State and the Emirate of Nejd, the Second Saudi State, also House of Saud states.

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United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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United States Navy

The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.

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United States Secretary of War

The Secretary of War was a member of the United States President's Cabinet, beginning with George Washington's administration.

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University of California, Berkeley

The University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley, Berkeley, Cal, or California) is a public research university in Berkeley, California.

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Upton Sinclair

Upton Beall Sinclair Jr. (September 20, 1878 – November 25, 1968) was an American writer who wrote nearly 100 books and other works in several genres.

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Vancouver Island

Vancouver Island is in the northeastern Pacific Ocean, just off the coast of Canada.

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Vítězslav Novák

Vítězslav Novák (5 December 1870 – 18 July 1949) was a Czech composer and pedagogue.

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Vesta Victoria

Vesta Victoria (1873-1951) was an English music hall singer and comedian.

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Vesti la giubba

"" ("Put on the costume", often referred to as "On With the Motley", from the original 1893 translation by Frederic Edward Weatherly) is a famous tenor aria from Ruggero Leoncavallo's 1892 opera Pagliacci.

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Victor Emmanuel III of Italy

Victor Emmanuel III (Vittorio Emanuele Ferdinando Maria Gennaro di Savoia; Vittorio Emanuele III, Viktor Emanueli III; 11 November 1869 – 28 December 1947) was the King of Italy from 29 July 1900 until his abdication on 9 May 1946.

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Victor Herbert

Victor August Herbert (February 1, 1859 – May 26, 1924) was an Irish-born, German-raised American composer, cellist and conductor.

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Victor Talking Machine Company

The Victor Talking Machine Company was an American record company and phonograph manufacturer headquartered in Camden, New Jersey.

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Victor Trumper

Victor Thomas Trumper (2 November 1877 – 28 June 1915) was an Australian cricketer known as the most stylish and versatile batsman of the Golden Age of cricket, capable of playing match-winning innings on wet wickets his contemporaries found unplayable.

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Vincent P. Bryan

Vincent Patrick Bryan (June 22, 1878 – April 27, 1937) was an American composer and lyricist.

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Violin

The violin, also known informally as a fiddle, is a wooden string instrument in the violin family.

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Walford Davies

Sir Henry Walford Davies (6 September 1869 – 11 March 1941) was an English composer, organist, conductor and educator who held the title Master of the King's Music from 1934 until 1941.

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Walther Nernst

Walther Hermann Nernst, (25 June 1864 – 18 November 1941) was a German chemist who is known for his work in thermodynamics; his formulation of the Nernst heat theorem helped pave the way for the third law of thermodynamics, for which he won the 1920 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

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War correspondent

A war correspondent is a journalist who covers stories firsthand from a war zone.

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Warwick Armstrong

Warwick Windridge Armstrong (22 May 1879 – 13 July 1947) was an Australian cricketer who played 50 Test matches between 1902 and 1921.

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Washington (state)

Washington, officially the State of Washington, is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States.

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Wassily Kandinsky

Wassily Wassilyevich Kandinsky (Vasily Vasilyevich Kandinsky) (– 13 December 1944) was a Russian painter and art theorist.

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Welte-Mignon

M.

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Whitehead No. 21

The Whitehead No.21 was the aircraft that aviation pioneer Gustave Whitehead claimed to have flown near Bridgeport, Connecticut on August 14, 1901.

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Wilfred Rhodes

Wilfred Rhodes (29 October 1877 – 8 July 1973) was an English professional cricketer who played 58 Test matches for England between 1899 and 1930.

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Wilfrid Laurier

Sir Henri Charles Wilfrid Laurier (20 November 1841 – 17 February 1919), known as Wilfrid Laurier, was the seventh Prime Minister of Canada, in office from 11 July 1896 to 6 October 1911.

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Wilhelm II, German Emperor

Wilhelm II (Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albert von Hohenzollern; 27 January 18594 June 1941) was the last German Emperor (Kaiser) and King of Prussia, ruling the German Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia from 15 June 1888 to 9 November 1918.

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Wilhelm Kress

Wilhelm Kress (29 July 1836 in Saint Petersburg – 24 February 1913 in Vienna) was an aviation pioneer and an early aircraft designer.

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Wilhelm Maybach

(9 February 1846 – 29 December 1929) was an early German engine designer and industrialist.

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Will D. Cobb

Will D. Cobb (July 6, 1876 – January 20, 1930) was an American lyricist and composer.

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William Howard Taft

William Howard Taft (September 15, 1857 – March 8, 1930) was the 27th President of the United States (1909–1913) and the tenth Chief Justice of the United States (1921–1930), the only person to have held both offices.

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William Jerome

William Jerome (William Jerome Flannery, September 30, 1865 – June 25, 1932) was an American songwriter, born in Cornwall-on-Hudson, New York of Irish immigrant parents, Mary Donnellan and Patrick Flannery.

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William McKinley

William McKinley (January 29, 1843 – September 14, 1901) was the 25th President of the United States, serving from March 4, 1897 until his assassination in September 1901, six months into his second term.

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William Nicholas Selig

William Nicholas Selig (March 14, 1864 – July 15, 1948) was a pioneer of the American motion picture industry.

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Willis Carrier

Willis Haviland Carrier (November 26, 1876 – October 7, 1950) was an American engineer, best known for inventing modern air conditioning.

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Wind tunnel

A wind tunnel is a tool used in aerodynamic research to study the effects of air moving past solid objects.

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Windscreen wiper

A windscreen wiper or windshield wiper (American English) is a device used to remove rain, snow, ice and debris from a windscreen or windshield.

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Wingspan

The wingspan (or just span) of a bird or an airplane is the distance from one wingtip to the other wingtip.

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Winsor McCay

Zenas Winsor McCay (– 1934) was an American cartoonist and animator.

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Wireless telegraphy

Wireless telegraphy is the transmission of telegraphy signals from one point to another by means of an electromagnetic, electrostatic or magnetic field, or by electrical current through the earth or water.

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Woodrow Wilson

Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924) was an American statesman and academic who served as the 28th President of the United States from 1913 to 1921.

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Wright brothers

The Wright brothers, Orville (August 19, 1871 – January 30, 1948) and Wilbur (April 16, 1867 – May 30, 1912), were two American aviators, engineers, inventors, and aviation pioneers who are generally credited with inventing, building, and flying the world's first successful airplane.

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Wright Flyer

The Wright Flyer (often retrospectively referred to as Flyer I or 1903 Flyer) was the first successful heavier-than-air powered aircraft.

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Wright Flyer III

The Wright Flyer III was the third powered aircraft by the Wright Brothers, built during the winter of 1904-05.

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Wright Glider

The Wright brothers designed, built and flew a series of three manned gliders in 1900–1902 as they worked towards achieving powered flight.

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Zeppelin

A Zeppelin is a type of rigid airship named after the German Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin who pioneered rigid airship development at the beginning of the 20th century.

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Zionism

Zionism (צִיּוֹנוּת Tsiyyonut after Zion) is the national movement of the Jewish people that supports the re-establishment of a Jewish homeland in the territory defined as the historic Land of Israel (roughly corresponding to Canaan, the Holy Land, or the region of Palestine).

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1900

As of March 1 (O.S. February 17), when the Julian calendar acknowledged a leap day and the Gregorian calendar did not, the Julian calendar fell one day further behind, bringing the difference to 13 days until February 28 (O.S. February 15), 2100.

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1900 Galveston hurricane

The Great Galveston Hurricane, known regionally as the Great Storm of 1900, was the deadliest natural disaster in United States history.

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1900 Hoboken Docks fire

The 1900 Hoboken Docks fire occurred on June 30, 1900, and killed at least 326 persons in and around the Hoboken, New Jersey piers of the Norddeutscher Lloyd (NDL) shipping company.

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1900 Hull–Ottawa fire

The Hull-Ottawa fire of 1900 was a devastating fire in 1900 that destroyed much of Hull, Quebec, and large portions of Ottawa, Ontario.

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1900s

The 1900s may refer to.

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1901

No description.

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1902

No description.

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1902 Guatemala earthquake

The 1902 Guatemala earthquake occurred on April 18 at 8:23 pm with a moment magnitude of 7.5 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe).

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1903

No description.

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1903 in aviation

This is a list of aviation-related events from 1903.

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1904

No description.

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1904 in aviation

This is a list of aviation-related events from 1904.

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1905

As the second year of the massive Russo-Japanese War began, more than 100,000 died in the largest world battles of that era, and the war chaos lead to a revolution against the Tsar (Shostakovich's 11th Symphony is subtitled The Year 1905 to commemorate this).

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1905 Russian Revolution

The Russian Revolution of 1905 was a wave of mass political and social unrest that spread through vast areas of the Russian Empire, some of which was directed at the government.

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1906

No description.

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1906 San Francisco earthquake

The 1906 San Francisco earthquake struck the coast of Northern California at 5:12 a.m. on Wednesday, April 18 with an estimated moment magnitude of 7.9 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI (Extreme).

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1907

No description.

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1907 Kingston earthquake

The 1907 Kingston earthquake which shook the capital of the island of Jamaica with a magnitude of 6.5 on the moment magnitude scale on Monday January 14, at about 3:30 pm local time (20:36 UTC), was considered by many writers of that time one of the world's deadliest earthquakes recorded in history.

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1908

According to NASA reports, 1908 was the coldest recorded year since 1880.

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1908 Messina earthquake

The 1908 Messina earthquake (also known as the 1908 Messina and Reggio earthquake) occurred on 28 December in Sicily and Calabria, southern Italy with a moment magnitude of 7.1 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI (Extreme).

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1909

No description.

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2000s (decade)

The 2000s was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 2000, and ended on December 31, 2009.

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Redirects here:

1900-1909, 1900s literature, 1900–1909, The aughts.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1900s_(decade)

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