1013 relations: Aaron Montgomery Ward, Abraham Sutzkever, Adolf Hitler, Adolphe Pégoud, Aerobatic maneuver, Ahmadiyya, Aimé Césaire, Aino Ackté, Airship, Alan Ladd, Albania, Albert Camus, Aldi, Alejandra Soler, Alexander Marinesko, Alexander Scourby, Alfonso López Michelsen, Alfred Austin, Alfred Bester, Alfred Redl, Alfred Russel Wallace, Alfred von Schlieffen, Alfred Werner, Alice Chetwynd Ley, Alsace-Lorraine, Ambrose Bierce, André Tollet, Anissa Rawda Najjar, Anna Lee, Annalisa Ericson, Anti-Defamation League, Antoine Raab, Antony Mitradas, April 10, April 11, April 14, April 16, April 18, April 19, April 21, April 24, April 27, April 29, April 3, April 4, April 5, April 7, April 8, Arab Congress of 1913, Archduke Rainer Ferdinand of Austria, ..., Ardeatine massacre, Arnold Brown (General of The Salvation Army), Arnold Friberg, Arthur Haulot, Assembly line, Ata Kandó, August 10, August 13, August 16, August 17, August 18, August 19, August 20, August 22, August 23, August 25, August 26, August 27, August 28, August 29, August 3, August 30, August 31, August 4, August 7, August 8, August 9, August Bebel, Álvaro Alsogaray, Álvaro Cunhal, Ċensu Tabone, B'nai B'rith, Bahjat Talhouni, Balkan Wars, Ballet, Ballets Russes, Baltimore, Bangladesh, Barbara Weeks (film actress), Barney Phillips, BASF, Battle of Bizani, Battle of Bud Bagsak, Battle of Lemnos (1913), Battleship, Bear Bryant, Benedict Garmisa, Benedict J. Semmes Jr., Bengal Presidency, Benjamin Britten, Benjamin Melniker, Benjamin Shapira, Benvenuto Nunes, Bernard Lovell, Bernhard Kellermann, Bertrand Goldberg, Betty Field, Bill Shankly, Bill Thompson (voice actor), Bill Walsh (producer), Bill White (rugby union, born 1913), Bizani, Bizerte, Black Country, Bob Clampett, Boone Guyton, Boris Pahor, Boulting brothers, British Board of Film Classification, Buenos Aires Underground, Burt Lancaster, California, Camel (cigarette), Canberra, Candy Candido, Carl F. H. Henry, Carl Jung, Carl von In der Maur, Carl-Henning Pedersen, Carlo L. Golino, Carlton Skinner, Carmen Acevedo Vega, Cass Gilbert, Cecil Gant, Cecilia Caballero Blanco, Cecilia Muñoz-Palma, Central bank, Charles Berlitz, Charles deGravelles, Charles Helou, Charles Maxwell (actor), Charles Richet, Charles Scorsese, Charles Tellier, Charles Vanik, Chassis, Chongqing, Chris von der Ahe, Cigarette, Cinema of India, Claude Simon, Clímaco Calderón, Coco Chanel, Constantine I of Greece, Contact lens, Copenhagen, Coral Browne, Crete, Cunard Line, Cyril Fletcher, Darío de Regoyos, Dayton, Ohio, Death Valley, December 1, December 10, December 11, December 12, December 13, December 15, December 16, December 18, December 19, December 2, December 21, December 23, December 25, December 26, December 28, December 29, December 30, December 4, December 6, December 7, December 8, Delmore Schwartz, Der Tunnel (novel), Detroit, Deutsches Stadion (Berlin), DLRG, Don DeFore, Don Lusk, Dorothy Kilgallen, Douglas Slocombe, Du Runsheng, Dublin lock-out, Dublin Metropolitan Police, Dublin United Transport Company, Edirne, Edith Nash, Edward Burd Grubb Jr., Edward Carson, Edward Gierek, Edward Stanley Gibbons, Eiji Toyoda, Eleanor Holm, Elena Guro, Elizabeth Bradford Holbrook, Elizabeth Inglis, Ellen Albertini Dow, Elmer Gantry (film), Elsie Tu, Elwood Cooke, Elyne Mitchell, Emanuel M. 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Krishnaswami Reddy, Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, New Orleans rhythm and blues, New York Giants, Nicholas Roerich, Nicolás de Piérola, Nieuport IV, Nikolai Amosov, Nils Löfgren, Nina Schenk Gräfin von Stauffenberg, Noah Beery Jr., Nobel Peace Prize, Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Nobel Prize in Literature, Nobel Prize in Physics, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Noel Miller, North Sea, Northern Epirus, November 10, November 11, November 13, November 15, November 16, November 18, November 2, November 21, November 22, November 25, November 3, November 5, November 6, November 7, Ocean liner, October 1, October 10, October 11, October 13, October 14, October 16, October 18, October 19, October 2, October 20, October 22, October 24, October 26, October 27, October 28, October 29, October 31, October 4, October 5, October 7, October 9, Okhrana, Old Style and New Style dates, Oleg Cassini, Oscar de Négrier, Oswald Teichmüller, Otto of Bavaria, Otto Wichterle, Ottoman Empire, P. C. 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Aaron Montgomery Ward (February 17, 1843 – December 7, 1913) was an American entrepreneur based in Chicago who made his fortune through the use of mail order for retail sales of general merchandise to rural customers.
Abraham Sutzkever (Yiddish: אַבֿרהם סוצקעווער — Avrom Sutskever; Hebrew: אברהם סוצקבר; July 15, 1913 – January 20, 2010) was an acclaimed Yiddish poet.
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
Adolphe Célestin Pégoud (13 June 1889 – 31 August 1915) was a French aviator and flight instructor who became the first fighter ace in history during World War I.
Aerobatic maneuvers are flight paths putting aircraft in unusual attitudes, in air shows, dogfights or competition aerobatics.
Ahmadiyya (officially, the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community or the Ahmadiyya Muslim Jama'at; الجماعة الإسلامية الأحمدية, transliterated: al-Jamā'ah al-Islāmiyyah al-Aḥmadiyyah; احمدیہ مسلم جماعت) is an Islamic religious movement founded in Punjab, British India, in the late 19th century.
Aimé Fernand David Césaire (26 June 1913 – 17 April 2008) was a Francophone and French poet, author and politician from Martinique.
Aino Ackté (originally Achte; 23 April 18768 August 1944) was a Finnish soprano.
An airship or dirigible balloon is a type of aerostat or lighter-than-air aircraft that can navigate through the air under its own power.
Alan Walbridge Ladd (September 3, 1913 – January 29, 1964) was an American actor and film and television producer.
Albania (Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Shqipni/Shqipnia or Shqypni/Shqypnia), officially the Republic of Albania (Republika e Shqipërisë), is a country in Southeastern Europe.
Albert Camus (7 November 1913 – 4 January 1960) was a French philosopher, author, and journalist.
Aldi (stylised as ALDI) is the common brand of two German discount supermarket chains with over 10,000 stores in 20 countries, and an estimated combined turnover of more than €50 billion.
Alejandra Soler Gilabert (July 8, 1913 – March 1, 2017) was a Spanish politician and schoolteacher.
Alexander Ivanovich Marinesko (Александр Иванович Маринеско, Олександр Iванович Марiнеско, Aleksandr Ivanovich Marinesko, Alexander Marinesco; Alexandru Marinescu) (15 January 1913 – 25 November 1963) was a Soviet naval officer and, during World War II, the captain of the S-13 submarine that sank the German refugee transport ship Wilhelm Gustloff.
Alexander Scourby (November 13, 1913 – February 22, 1985) was an American film, television, and voice actor known for his deep and resonant voice.
Alfonso López Michelsen (30 June 1913 – 11 July 2007) was the 24th President of Colombia from 1974 to 1978.
Alfred Austin (30 May 1835 – 2 June 1913) was an English poet who was appointed Poet Laureate in 1896, after an interval following the death of Tennyson, when the other candidates had either caused controversy or refused the honour.
Alfred Bester (December 18, 1913 – September 30, 1987) was an American science fiction author, TV and radio scriptwriter, magazine editor and scripter for comic strips and comic books.
Alfred Redl (14 March 1864 – 25 May 1913) was a Ukrainian military officer who rose to head the Evidenzbureau, the counter-intelligence wing of the Austro-Hungarian Army General Staff.
Alfred Russel Wallace (8 January 18237 November 1913) was an English naturalist, explorer, geographer, anthropologist, and biologist.
Alfred Graf von Schlieffen, generally called Count Schlieffen (28 February 1833 – 4 January 1913) was a German field marshal and strategist who served as chief of the Imperial German General Staff from 1891 to 1906.
Alfred Werner (12 December 1866 – 15 November 1919) was a Swiss chemist who was a student at ETH Zurich and a professor at the University of Zurich.
Alice Chetwynd Ley, née Humphrey (born 12 October 1913 in Halifax, Yorkshire, England, UK - d. 2004) was a British writer of romance novels from 1959 to 1989.
The Imperial Territory of Alsace-Lorraine (Reichsland Elsaß-Lothringen or Elsass-Lothringen, or Alsace-Moselle) was a territory created by the German Empire in 1871, after it annexed most of Alsace and the Moselle department of Lorraine following its victory in the Franco-Prussian War.
Ambrose Gwinnett Bierce (June 24, 1842 – circa 1914) was an American short story writer, journalist, poet, and Civil War veteran.
André Charles Adrien Tollet (1 July 1913 – 14 December 2001) was a French upholsterer, trade unionist and communist.
Anissa Rawda Najjar (أنيسة روضة نجار; June 26, 1913 – January 14, 2016) was a Lebanese feminist and women's rights activist.
Anna Lee, MBE (born Joan Boniface Winnifrith; 2 January 1913 – 14 May 2004) was a British-born American actress.
Annalisa Ericson (14 September 1913 – 21 April 2011) was a Swedish actress best known for her roles in 58 Swedish movies between 1930 and 1991.
The Anti-Defamation League (ADL; formerly known as the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith) is an international Jewish non-governmental organization based in the United States.
Antoine Raab (born Anton Raab; 16 July 1913 – 12 December 2006) was a German football player and manager.
Antony Mitradas (3 November 1913 – 20 February 2017) was an Indian film director who directed films in three languages: Tamil, Malayalam and Sinhalese.
On the Roman calendar, this was known as the day before the nones of April (Pridie).
The Arab Congress of 1913 (also known as the "Arab National Congress," "First Palestinian Conference," the "First Arab Congress," and the "Arab-Syrian Congress") met in a hall of the French Geographical Society (Société de Géographie) at 184 Boulevard Saint-Germain, Paris from June 18–23 in Paris to discuss reforms to grant the Arabs living under the Ottoman Empire more autonomy.
Archduke Rainer Ferdinand Maria Johann Evangelist Franz Ignaz of Austria (11 January 1827 – 27 January 1913), a member of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine and nephew of Emperor Francis I, was an Austrian politician who served as Minister-President of Austria from 1861 to 1865.
The Ardeatine massacre, or Fosse Ardeatine massacre (Eccidio delle Fosse Ardeatine) was a mass killing carried out in Rome on 24 March 1944 by German occupation troops during the Second World War as a reprisal for a partisan attack conducted on the previous day in central Rome against the SS Police Regiment Bozen.
Arnold Brown, OC (13 December 1913 – 26 June 2002) was the 11th General of The Salvation Army (1977-1981).
Arnold Friberg (December 21, 1913 – July 1, 2010) was an American illustrator and painter noted for his religious and patriotic works.
Baron Arthur Haulot (15 November 1913 – 24 May 2005) was a Belgian journalist, humanist and poet who served, during World War II as an active member of the Belgian resistance.
An assembly line is a manufacturing process (often called a progressive assembly) in which parts (usually interchangeable parts) are added as the semi-finished assembly moves from workstation to workstation where the parts are added in sequence until the final assembly is produced.
Ata Kandó (born Etelka Görög; 17 September 1913 – 14 September 2017) was a Hungarian-born Dutch photographer.
The term 'the 10th of August' is widely used by historians as a shorthand for the Storming of the Tuileries Palace on the 10th of August, 1792, the effective end of the French monarchy until it was restored in 1814.
This day marks the approximate midpoint of summer in the Northern Hemisphere and of winter in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the June solstice).
Ferdinand August Bebel (22 February 1840 – 13 August 1913) was a German socialist politician, writer, and orator.
Álvaro Carlos Alsogaray (June 22, 1913 – April 1, 2005) was an Argentine politician and businessman.
Álvaro Barreirinhas Cunhal (10 November 1913 – 13 June 2005) was a Portuguese communist revolutionary and politician.
Vincent "Ċensu" Tabone (30 March 1913 – 14 March 2012) was the fourth President of Malta and a former Minister and Nationalist MP.
B'nai B'rith International (from בני ברית b'né brit, "Children of the Covenant") is the oldest Jewish service organization in the world.
Bahjat Talhouni (1913 – January 30, 1994) was a Jordanian political figure.
The Balkan Wars (Balkan Savaşları, literally "the Balkan Wars" or Balkan Faciası, meaning "the Balkan Tragedy") consisted of two conflicts that took place in the Balkan Peninsula in 1912 and 1913.
Ballet is a type of performance dance that originated during the Italian Renaissance in the 15th century and later developed into a concert dance form in France and Russia.
The Ballets Russes was an itinerant ballet company based in Paris that performed between 1909 and 1929 throughout Europe and on tours to North and South America.
Baltimore is the largest city in the U.S. state of Maryland, and the 30th-most populous city in the United States.
Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ, lit. "The country of Bengal"), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ), is a country in South Asia.
Barbara Weeks (July 4, 1913 – June 24, 2003) was an American actress of the 1930s.
Bernard Philip Ofner (October 20, 1913 – August 17, 1982) – better known by his stage name Barney Phillips – was an American film, television, and radio actor.
BASF SE is a German chemical company and the largest chemical producer in the world.
The Battle of Bizani (Turkish:Bizani Muharebesi) took place in Epirus on.
The Battle of Bud Bagsak was a battle during the Moro Rebellion phase of the Philippine–American War fought between June 11 and June 15, 1913.
The Battle of Lemnos (Ναυμαχία της Λήμνου, Mondros Deniz Muharebesi), fought on, was a naval battle during the First Balkan War, which defeated the second and last attempt of the Ottoman Empire to break the Greek naval blockade of the Dardanelles and reclaim supremacy over the Aegean Sea from Greece.
A battleship is a large armored warship with a main battery consisting of large caliber guns.
Paul William "Bear" Bryant (September 11, 1913 – January 26, 1983) was an American college football player and coach.
Benedict I. "Sparky" Garmisa (May 22, 1913 – January 30, 1985) was an American politician.
Benedict Joseph Semmes Jr. (8 April 1913 – 4 June 1994) was a vice admiral of the United States Navy.
The Bengal Presidency was once the largest subdivision (presidency) of British India, with its seat in Calcutta (now Kolkata).
Edward Benjamin Britten, Baron Britten of Aldeburgh (22 November 1913 – 4 December 1976) was an English composer, conductor and pianist.
Benjamin Melniker (May 25, 1913 – February 26, 2018) was an American film producer.
Benjamin Shapira (בנימין שפירא; 10 June 1913 – 1993) was an Israeli biochemist.
Benvenuto Martins Nunes (born June 27, 1913) is a former Olympic freestyle and backstroke swimmer from Brazil, who participated at two Summer Olympics for his native country.
Sir Alfred Charles Bernard Lovell (31 August 19136 August 2012) was an English physicist and radio astronomer.
Bernhard Kellermann (March 4, 1879, Fürth, Kingdom of Bavaria – October 17, 1951) was a German author and poet.
Bertrand Goldberg (July 17, 1913 – October 8, 1997) was an American architect and industrial designer, best known for the Marina City complex in Chicago, Illinois, the tallest reinforced concrete building in the world at the time of completion.
Betty Field (February 8, 1913 – September 13, 1973) was an American film and stage actress.
William Shankly, OBE (2 September 1913 – 29 September 1981) was a Scottish football player and manager, who is best known for his time as manager of Liverpool.
William H. "Bill" Thompson (July 8, 1913 – July 15, 1971) was an American radio comedian and voice actor whose career stretched from the 1930s until his death.
Bill Walsh (September 30, 1913 – January 27, 1975) was a comic author, film producer and screenwriter who primarily worked on live-action films for Walt Disney Productions.
Flight Lieutenant William George Searle "Bill" White (10 February 1913 – 1969) was a rugby union player who represented Australia.
Bizani (Μπιζάνι) is a village and a former municipality in the Ioannina regional unit, Epirus, Greece.
Bizerte (بنزرت); historically: Phoenician: Hippo Acra, Hippo Diarrhytus and Hippo Zarytus), also known in English as Bizerta, is a town of Bizerte Governorate in Tunisia. It is the northernmost city in Africa, located 65 km (40mil) north of the capital Tunis. The city had 142,966 inhabitants in 2014.
The Black Country is a region of the West Midlands in England, west of Birmingham, and commonly refers to all or part of the four Metropolitan Boroughs of Dudley, Sandwell, Walsall and Wolverhampton.
Robert Emerson "Bob" Clampett (May 8, 1913 – May 2, 1984) was an American animator, producer, director, and puppeteer best known for his work on the Looney Tunes animated series from Warner Bros., and the television shows Time for Beany and Beany and Cecil.
Boone Tarleton Guyton United States Navy, (September 4, 1913 – April 4, 1996) was a Naval Aviation Cadet, experimental test pilot, author and businessman.
Boris Pahor (born 26 August 1913) is a Slovenian novelist best known for his heartfelt descriptions of life as a member of the Slovenian minority in the pre-Second World War increasingly fascist Italy, as well as a Nazi concentration camp survivor.
John Edward Boulting (21 December 1913 – 17 June 1985) and Roy Alfred Clarence Boulting (21 December 1913 – 5 November 2001), known collectively as the Boulting brothers, were English filmmakers and identical twins who became known for their popular series of satirical comedies in the 1950s and 1960s.
The British Board of Film Classification (BBFC), previously the British Board of Film Censors, is a non-governmental organization, founded by the film industry in 1912 and responsible for the national classification and censorship of films exhibited at cinemas and video works (such as television programmes, trailers, adverts, public Information/campaigning films, menus, bonus content etc.) released on physical media within the United Kingdom.
The Buenos Aires Underground (Subterráneo de Buenos Aires), locally known as Subte (from subterráneo – 'underground' or 'subterranean'), is a mass transit metro system that serves the area of the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Burton Stephen Lancaster (November 2, 1913 – October 20, 1994) was an American actor and producer.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
Camel is an American brand of cigarettes, currently owned and manufactured by the R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company in the United States and by Japan Tobacco outside of the United States.
Canberra is the capital city of Australia.
Candy Candido (December 25, 1913 – May 19, 1999) was an American radio performer, bass player, vocalist and animation voice actor, best remembered for his famous line, "I'm feeling mighty low.".
Carl Ferdinand Howard Henry (January 2, 1913 – December 7, 2003) was an American evangelical Christian theologian who provided intellectual and institutional leadership to the neo-evangelical movement in the mid-to-late 20th century.
Carl Gustav Jung (26 July 1875 – 6 June 1961) was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychoanalyst who founded analytical psychology.
Carl Josef Anton von In der Maur auf Strelburg und zu Freifeld (also spelled Karl von In der Maur) (16 October 1852 – 11 December 1913) was an Austrian aristocrat and statesman who twice served in the court of Johann II, Prince of Liechtenstein as the Governor of Liechtenstein from 1884 until 1892 and 1897 until 1913.
Carl-Henning Pedersen (23 September 1913 – 20 February 2007) was a Danish painter and a key member of the COBRA movement.
Golino, Carlo Luigi was an Italian American who taught Italian literature at many colleges in the United States Dr.
Carlton Skinner (April 8, 1913 – June 22, 2004) was the first civilian governor of Guam and a prominent advocate for the integration of the United States Armed Forces.
Carmen Acevedo Vega (July 16, 1913 – April 28, 2006) was an Ecuadorian poet, writer, and journalist.
Cass Gilbert (November 24, 1859 – May 17, 1934) was a prominent American architect.
Cecil Gant (April 4, 1913 – February 4, 1951) was an American blues singer, songwriter and pianist, whose recordings of both ballads and "fiery piano rockers" were successful in the mid- and late 1940s, and influenced the early development of rock and roll.
Cecilia Caballero Blanco (born 30 September 1913) is the widow of the 24th President of Colombia, Alfonso López Michelsen, and served as First Lady of Colombia from 1974 to 1978.
Cecilia Muñoz-Palma (November 22, 1913 — January 2, 2006) was a Filipino jurist and the first woman appointed to the Supreme Court of the Philippines.
A central bank, reserve bank, or monetary authority is an institution that manages a state's currency, money supply, and interest rates.
Charles Frambach Berlitz (November 23, 1913 – December 18, 2003) was an American linguist and language teacher known for his language-learning courses and his books on paranormal phenomena.
Charles Camille deGravelles Jr., known as Charlie deGravelles (June 24, 1913 – August 28, 2008), was a Lafayette oil and gas landman who was a pioneer in the development of the Republican Party in the formerly historically Democratic state of Louisiana.
Charles Helou (شارل الحلو) (25 September 1913 – 7 January 2001) was President of Lebanon from 1964 to 1970.
Charles Carlton Maxwell (December 28, 1913 – August 7, 1993) was an American character actor and producer who worked primarily in television.
Prof Charles Robert Richet (25 August 1850 – 4 December 1935) was a French physiologist at the Collège de France known for his pioneering work in immunology.
Luciano Charles "Charlie" Scorsese (May 8, 1913August 23, 1993) was an American film actor, and the father of director Martin Scorsese.
Charles Tellier (29 June 1828 – 19 October 1913) was a French engineer, born in Amiens.
Charles Albert Vanik (April 7, 1913 – August 30, 2007) was a Democratic politician from Ohio.
A chassis (plural chassis) is the internal framework of an artificial object, which supports the object in its construction and use.
Chongqing, formerly romanized as Chungking, is a major city in southwest China.
Christian Friedrich (or Frederick) Wilhelm von der Ahe (October 7, 1851 – June 5, 1913) was a German entrepreneur, best known as the owner of the St.
A cigarette is a narrow cylinder containing tobacco that is rolled into thin paper for smoking.
The Cinema of India consists of films produced in the nation of India.
Claude Simon (10 October 1913 – 6 July 2005) was a French novelist and critic, and the 1985 Nobel Laureate in Literature.
Clímaco Calderón Reyes (August 23, 1852–July 19, 1913) was a Colombian lawyer and politician, who became 15th President of Colombia for one day, following the death of President Francisco Javier Zaldúa.
Gabrielle Bonheur "Coco" Chanel (19 August 1883 – 10 January 1971) was a French fashion designer and a business woman.
Constantine I (Κωνσταντίνος Αʹ, Konstantínos I; – 11 January 1923) was King of Greece from 1913 to 1917 and from 1920 to 1922.
A contact lens, or simply contact, is a thin lens placed directly on the surface of the eye.
Copenhagen (København; Hafnia) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark.
Coral Edith Browne (23 July 1913 – 29 May 1991) was an Australian-American stage and screen actress.
Crete (Κρήτη,; Ancient Greek: Κρήτη, Krḗtē) is the largest and most populous of the Greek islands, the 88th largest island in the world and the fifth largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, after Sicily, Sardinia, Cyprus, and Corsica.
Cunard Line is a British-American cruise line based at Carnival House at Southampton, England, operated by Carnival UK and owned by Carnival Corporation & plc.
Cyril Fletcher (25 June 1913 – 2 January 2005) was an English comedian, actor and businessman.
Darío de Regoyos y Valdés (November 1, 1857 – October 29, 1913) was a Spanish painter.
Dayton is the sixth-largest city in the state of Ohio and the county seat of Montgomery County.
Death Valley is a desert valley located in Eastern California, in the northern Mojave Desert bordering the Great Basin Desert.
In the Northern Hemisphere, December 21 is usually the shortest day of the year and is sometimes regarded as the first day of winter.
Delmore Schwartz (December 8, 1913 – July 11, 1966) was an American poet and short story writer.
Der Tunnel is a novel by Bernhard Kellermann published in April 1913.
Detroit is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Michigan, the largest city on the United States–Canada border, and the seat of Wayne County.
Deutsches Stadion was a multi-use sports stadium in Berlin, Germany.
The Deutsche Lebens-Rettungs-Gesellschaft e.V. (DLRG) (German Life Saving Association) is a relief organization for life saving in Germany.
Donald John DeFore (August 25, 1913 – December 22, 1993) was an American film, radio, and television actor.
Donald Lusk (born October 28, 1913) is a former American animator and director.
Dorothy Mae Kilgallen (July 3, 1913 – November 8, 1965) was an American journalist and television game show panelist.
Ralph Douglas V Slocombe OBE, BSC, ASC (10 February 1913 – 22 February 2016) was a British cinematographer, particularly known for his work at Ealing Studios in the 1940s and 1950s, as well as three ''Indiana Jones'' films.
Du Runsheng (July 18, 1913 – October 9, 2015) was a Chinese military officer, revolutionary leader, politician, and economist.
The Dublin lock-out was a major industrial dispute between approximately 20,000 workers and 300 employers which took place in Ireland's capital city of Dublin.
The Dublin Metropolitan Police (DMP) was the police force of Dublin, Ireland, from 1836 to 1925, when it was amalgamated into the new Garda Síochána.
The Dublin United Transport Company (DUTC) operated trams and buses in Dublin, Ireland until 1945.
Edirne, historically known as Adrianople (Hadrianopolis in Latin or Adrianoupolis in Greek, founded by the Roman emperor Hadrian on the site of a previous Thracian settlement named Uskudama), is a city in the northwestern Turkish province of Edirne in the region of East Thrace, close to Turkey's borders with Greece and Bulgaria.
Edith Nash (July 12, 1913 – November 9, 2003) was an American educator and poet.
Edward Burd Grubb Jr. (known as E. Burd Grubb) (November 13, 1841 – July 7, 1913) was a Union Army colonel and regimental commander in the American Civil War.
Edward Henry Carson, Baron Carson, PC, PC (Ire), KC (9 February 1854 – 22 October 1935), from 1900 to 1921 known as Sir Edward Carson, was an Irish unionist politician, barrister and judge.
Edward Gierek (6 January 1913 – 29 July 2001) was a Polish communist politician.
Edward Stanley Gibbons (21 June 1840 – 17 February 1913) was an English stamp dealer and founder of Stanley Gibbons Ltd, publishers of the famous Stanley Gibbons stamp catalogue and other stamp-related books and magazines.
was a Japanese industrialist.
Eleanor G. Holm (December 6, 1913 – January 31, 2004) was an American competition swimmer and Olympic gold medalist.
Elena Genrikhovna Guro (a; in marriage Matyushina (a; January 10, 1877 – May 6, 1913) was a Russian Futurist painter, playwright, poet, and fiction writer.
Elizabeth Bradford Holbrook, CM, O.Ont (7 November 1913 – 23 February 2009) was a Canadian portrait sculptor, medal designer and liturgical artist.
Desiree Mary Lucy Hawkins (10 July 1913 – 25 August 2007), known professionally as Elizabeth Inglis and earlier as Elizabeth Earl, was an English actress, known for her role in The Letter, opposite Bette Davis.
Ellen Rose Albertini Dow (November 26, 1913 – May 4, 2015) was an American film and television character actress and drama coach.
Elmer Gantry is a 1960 drama film about a con man and a female evangelist selling religion to small-town America.
Elsie Tu, GBM, CBE (née Hume;; 2 June 1913 – 8 December 2015), known as Elsie Elliott in her earlier life, was an English-born Hong Kong social activist, elected member of the Urban Council of Hong Kong from 1963 to 1995, and member of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong from 1988 to 1995.
Elwood Thomas Cooke (July 5, 1913 – April 16, 2004) was an amateur American tennis player in the 1930s and 1940s.
Sybil Elyne Keith Mitchell, OAM (née Chauvel, 30 December 1913 – 4 March 2002) was an Australian author noted for the Silver Brumby series of children's novels.
Emanuel M. Abrahams (July 7, 1866 – July 1, 1913) was an American businessman and politician.
Emily Wilding Davison (11 October 1872 – 8 June 1913) was a suffragette who fought for votes for women in the United Kingdom in the early twentieth century.
The Emperor of Ethiopia (ንጉሠ ነገሥት, nəgusä nägäst, "King of Kings") was the hereditary ruler of the Ethiopian Empire, until the abolition of the monarchy in 1975.
Endre Rozsda (Rozsda Endre,; 18 November 1913, Mohács – 17 September 1999, Paris) was a Hungarian-French painter.
Ismail Enver Pasha (اسماعیل انور پاشا; İsmail Enver Paşa; 22 November 1881 – 4 August 1922) was an Ottoman military officer and a leader of the 1908 Young Turk Revolution.
Epirus is a geographical and historical region in southeastern Europe, now shared between Greece and Albania.
The Derby Stakes, officially the Investec Derby, popularly known as the Derby, is a Group 1 flat horse race in England open to three-year-old thoroughbred colts and fillies.
Eric Berry (9 January 1913 – 2 September 1993) was a British stage and film actor.
Erich Priebke (27 July 1913 – 11 October 2013) was a German mid-level SS commander in the SS police force (SiPo) of Nazi Germany.
Ernest Augustus (Ernest Augustus Christian George; Ernst August Christian Georg; 17 November 1887 – 30 January 1953), reigning Duke of Brunswick (2 November 1913 – 8 November 1918), was a grandson of George V of Hanover, whom the Prussians deposed in 1866, and Christian IX of Denmark.
Essen (Latin: Assindia) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Esteban Reyes González (22 July 1913 – 19 March 2014) also known as Pajarito (little bird) was Mexican tennis player who represented his country during the 1935 International Lawn Tennis Challenge (nowadays known as the Davis Cup) and won a silver medal during the 1935 Central American and Caribbean Games.
Note: For the African American civil rights activist, see Ella Baker.
Eugène Brands (January 15, 1913 - January 15, 2002 in Amsterdam) was a Dutch painter, an early member of the COBRA avant-garde art movement.
Eugene Emile "Tubby" Vielle OBE (29 April 1913 – 2 April 2015) was a Royal Air Force (RAF) officer who was involved in the development of new navigation and bombing systems during the Second World War.
Eugenia Rawls, born Mary Eugenia Rawls (September 11, 1913 — November 8, 2000) was an American actress.
Evelyn Venable (October 18, 1913 – November 15, 1993) was an American actress.
Everett Carlton Parker (January 17, 1913 – September 17, 2015) was an American media activist and ordained minister of the United Church of Christ.
Express Dairies is a former brand of Dairy Crest, that specialised almost entirely in home deliveries of milk and other dairy products.
Sayyid Faisal bin Turki, GCIE (8 June 1864 – 4 October 1913) (السيد فيصل بن تركي), historic spelling Fessul bin Turkee, ruled as Sultan of Muscat and Oman from 4 June 1888 to 4 October 1913.
A feature film is a film (also called a motion picture or movie) with a running time long enough to be considered the principal or sole film to fill a program.
This day marks the approximate midpoint of winter in the Northern Hemisphere and of summer in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the December solstice).
The Federal Reserve Act (ch. 6,, enacted December 23, 1913) is an Act of Congress that created and established the Federal Reserve System (the central banking system of the United States), and which created the authority to issue Federal Reserve Notes (commonly known as the US Dollar) as legal tender.
The Federal Reserve System (also known as the Federal Reserve or simply the Fed) is the central banking system of the United States of America.
Felix August Bernhard Draeseke (7 October 1835 – 26 February 1913) was a composer of the "New German School" admiring Liszt and Richard Wagner.
Ferdinand de Saussure (26 November 1857 – 22 February 1913) was a Swiss linguist and semiotician.
A fertilizer (American English) or fertiliser (British English; see spelling differences) is any material of natural or synthetic origin (other than liming materials) that is applied to soils or to plant tissues to supply one or more plant nutrients essential to the growth of plants.
Film editing is a technical part of the post-production process of filmmaking.
The First Balkan War (Балканска война; Αʹ Βαλκανικός πόλεμος; Први балкански рат, Prvi Balkanski rat; Birinci Balkan Savaşı), lasted from October 1912 to May 1913 and comprised actions of the Balkan League (the kingdoms of Bulgaria, Serbia, Greece and Montenegro) against the Ottoman Empire.
The first inauguration of Woodrow Wilson as the 28th President of the United States was held on Tuesday, March 4, 1913, at the east portico of the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C..
A fixed-wing aircraft is an aircraft, such as an airplane or aeroplane (note the two different spellings), which is capable of flight using wings that generate lift caused by the vehicle's forward airspeed and the shape of the wings.
Florence (Firenze) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany.
Florence Smith Jacobsen (April 7, 1913 – March 5, 2017) was an American religious leader associated with The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) who served as the sixth General President of the Young Women's Mutual Improvement Association (YWMIA) from 1961 to 1972.
The Ford Model T (colloquially known as the Tin Lizzie, Leaping Lena, or flivver) is an automobile produced by Ford Motor Company from October 1, 1908, to May 26, 1927.
Ford Motor Company (commonly referred to simply as "Ford") is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.
Frances Elena Farmer (September 19, 1913 – August 1, 1970) was an American actress and television host.
Julia Frances Langford (April 4, 1913 – July 11, 2005) was an American singer and entertainer who was popular during the Golden Age of Radio and also made film appearances over two decades.
Francisco Ignacio Madero González (30 October 1873 – 22 February 1913) was a Mexican revolutionary, writer and statesman who served as the 33rd president of Mexico from 1911 until his assassination in 1913.
Francis Joseph Barrett (July 1, 1913 – March 6, 1998) was a relief pitcher for the St. Louis Cardinals, Boston Red Sox, Boston Braves, and Pittsburgh Pirates.
Frank P. Keller (February 4, 1913 – December 25, 1977) was an American film and television editor with 24 feature film credits from 1958 - 1977.
Frank Victor Swift (26 December 1913 – 6 February 1958) was an English footballer, who played as a goalkeeper for Manchester City and England.
Francis Fredrick von Taschlein (February 19, 1913 – May 5, 1972), better known by his stage name Frank Tashlin, was an American animator, cartoonist, comics artist, children's writer, illustrator, screenwriter, and film director.
Frankie Laine (born Francesco Paolo LoVecchio; March 30, 1913 – February 6, 2007) was an Italian American singer, songwriter, and actor whose career spanned 75 years, from his first concerts in 1930 with a marathon dance company to his final performance of "That's My Desire" in 2005.
Franz Antel (28 June 1913 – 11 August 2007) was a veteran Austrian filmmaker.
Fréjus is a commune in the Var department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.
Frederick Joseph Agnich, known as Fred Agnich (July 19, 1913 – October 28, 2004), was a Minnesota-born geophysicist who served from 1971 to 1987 as a Republican member of the Texas House of Representatives.
Fred Davis, (14 August 1913 – 16 April 1998) was an English professional player of snooker and billiards, one of only two players ever to win the world title in both, the other being his brother Joe.
Frederick J. Doocy (May 5, 1913 – December 7, 2017) was an American politician and banker.
Frederick C. Malkus, Jr. (July 1, 1913 – November 9, 1999) was a Democratic state legislator from Maryland.
French Indochina (previously spelled as French Indo-China) (French: Indochine française; Lao: ສະຫະພັນອິນດູຈີນ; Khmer: សហភាពឥណ្ឌូចិន; Vietnamese: Đông Dương thuộc Pháp/東洋屬法,, frequently abbreviated to Đông Pháp; Chinese: 法属印度支那), officially known as the Indochinese Union (French: Union indochinoise) after 1887 and the Indochinese Federation (French: Fédération indochinoise) after 1947, was a grouping of French colonial territories in Southeast Asia.
The French Third Republic (La Troisième République, sometimes written as La IIIe République) was the system of government adopted in France from 1870 when the Second French Empire collapsed during the Franco-Prussian War until 1940 when France's defeat by Nazi Germany in World War II led to the formation of the Vichy government in France.
Gabriel von Seidl (9 December 1848 – 27 April 1913) was a German architect and a representative of the historicist style of architecture.
General Gabriele D'Annunzio, Prince of Montenevoso, Duke of Gallese (12 March 1863 – 1 March 1938), sometimes spelled d'Annunzio, was an Italian writer, poet, journalist, playwright and soldier during World War I. He occupied a prominent place in Italian literature from 1889 to 1910 and later political life from 1914 to 1924.
Gardnar Putnam "Gar" Mulloy (November 22, 1913 – November 14, 2016) was a U.S. No.
Field Marshal Garnet Joseph Wolseley, 1st Viscount Wolseley (4 June 1833 – 25 March 1913), was an Anglo-Irish officer in the British Army.
Eugene "Gene" Wettstone (July 15, 1913 – July 30, 2013), was an American gymnastics coach, known as the "Dean of Collegiate Gymnastics Coaches", for leading Pennsylvania State University to a record nine N.C.A.A. championships in the sport, and for coaching the United States men's teams in the 1948 and 1956 Summer Olympics.
George Edgar Abecassis, DFC (21 March 1913 – 18 December 1991) was a British racing driver, and co-founder of the HWM Formula One team.
Sir George Barham (22 November 1836 – 16 November 1913) was an English businessman and founder of the Express County Milk Company, later to become Express Dairies.
George Granville Barker (26 February 1913 – 27 October 1991) was an English poet, identified with the New Apocalyptics movement, which reacted against 1930s realism with mythical and surrealistic themes.
George I (Γεώργιος Αʹ, Geórgios I; born Prince William of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg; Prins Vilhelm; 24 December 1845 – 18 March 1913) was King of Greece from 1863 until his assassination in 1913.
George Pavlovich Ignatieff, (Георгий Па́влович Игнатьев; December 16, 1913 – August 10, 1989) was a noted Russian-Canadian diplomat.
George Cecil Unwin, (18 January 1913 – 28 June 2006) was a Royal Air Force officer and flying ace of the Second World War.
Georges Sagnac (14 October 1869 – 26 February 1928) was a French physicist who lent his name to the Sagnac effect, a phenomenon which is at the basis of interferometers and ring laser gyroscopes developed since the 1970s.
Gerald Rudolph Ford Jr. (born Leslie Lynch King Jr; July 14, 1913 – December 26, 2006) was an American politician who served as the 38th President of the United States from August 1974 to January 1977.
The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.
Karl Gerhart "Gert" Fröbe (25 February 19135 September 1988) was a German film and stage actor.
Gheorghe Grigore Cantacuzino, or Cantacuzino-Nababul (22 September 1833 – 22 March 1913), was a Romanian politician and lawyer, one of the leading Conservative Party policymakers.
Gloucester Cathedral, formally the Cathedral Church of St Peter and the Holy and Indivisible Trinity, in Gloucester, England, stands in the north of the city near the River Severn.
Godfried Jan Arnold Bomans (2 March 1913 – 22 December 1971) was a popular Dutch author and television personality and a prominent Dutch Catholic.
Gone with the Wind is a 1939 American epic historical romance film, adapted from Margaret Mitchell's 1936 novel of the same name.
Gorni Kramer (22 July 1913 – 26 October 1995) was an Italian songwriter, musician and band leader.
The Government of Ireland Act 1914 (4 & 5 Geo. 5 c. 90), also known as the Home Rule Act, and before enactment as the Third Home Rule Bill, was an Act passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom intended to provide home rule (self-government within the United Kingdom) for Ireland.
The Governor of South Australia is the representative in the Australian state of South Australia of Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia.
Grand Central Terminal (GCT; also referred to as Grand Central Station or simply as Grand Central) is a commuter and intercity railroad terminal at 42nd Street and Park Avenue in Midtown Manhattan in New York City, United States.
The Great Dayton Flood of 1913 resulted from flooding by the Great Miami River reaching Dayton, Ohio, and the surrounding area, causing the greatest natural disaster in Ohio history.
The Great Lakes Storm of 1913, historically referred to as the "Big Blow," the "Freshwater Fury," or the "White Hurricane," was a blizzard with hurricane-force winds that devastated the Great Lakes Basin in the Midwestern United States and the province of Ontario in Canada from November 7 through November 10, 1913.
The Greek–Serbian Alliance of 1913 was signed at Thessaloniki on 1 June 1913, in the aftermath of the First Balkan War, when both countries wanted to preserve their gains in Macedonia from Bulgarian expansionism.
Guillermo Leaden, S.D.B. (July 20, 1913 – July 14, 2014) was an Argentine Bishop of the Catholic Church.
Gustaaf Deloor (b. De Klinge, 24 June 1913 – d. Mechelen, 28 January 2002) was a Belgian road racing cyclist and the winner of the first two editions of the Vuelta a España in 1935 and 1936.
Karl Gustaf Patrik de Laval (9 May 1845 – 2 February 1913) was a Swedish engineer and inventor who made important contributions to the design of steam turbines and dairy machinery.
Gustáv Husák (10 January 1913 – 18 November 1991) was a Slovak politician, president of Czechoslovakia and a long-term Secretary General of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (1969–1987).
The Haber process, also called the Haber–Bosch process, is an artificial nitrogen fixation process and is the main industrial procedure for the production of ammonia today.
Haldor Frederik Axel Topsøe (24 May 1913 – 20 May 2013) was a Danish engineer and founder and Chairman of the catalysis company Haldor Topsøe.
Halil-Salim Jabara (خليل سليم جبارة, חליל-סלים ג'בארה; 1913–1999) was an Israeli Arab politician who served as a member of the Knesset for Ahdut HaAvoda between 1964 and 1965.
Ralph Hammond Innes, CBE (15 July 1913 – 10 June 1998) was a British novelist who wrote over 30 novels, as well as children's and travel books.
Hans von Bartels (25 December 1856 – 5 October 1913) was a German painter.
Hans-Peter Tschudi (22 October 1913 – 30 September 2002) was a Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council (1959-1973) heading the Department of Home Affairs (Swiss interior minister).
Harriet Tubman (born Araminta Ross, March 10, 1913) was an American abolitionist and political activist.
Harry Brearley (18 February 1871 – 14 July 1948) was an English metallurgist, usually credited with the invention of "rustless steel" (later to be called "stainless steel" in the anglophone world).
Harry Clemens Ulrich Graf Kessler (23 May 1868 – 30 November 1937) was an Anglo-German count, diplomat, writer, and patron of modern art.
Harry Locke (10 December 1913 – 17 September 1987) was an English character actor.
William Hedley Kett, DSC and Bar (28 July 1913 – 28 June 2014) was a British submariner who commanded two ships during the Second World War.
Professor Heike Kamerlingh Onnes FRSFor HFRSE FCS (21 September 1853 – 21 February 1926) was a Dutch physicist and Nobel laureate.
Helen Louise Froelich Holt (August 16, 1913 – July 12, 2015) was a acientist, educator, and American politician.
Helen Levitt (August 31, 1913 – March 29, 2009) was an American photographer.
The Helgoland Island air disaster occurred on 9 September 1913 after the airship Zeppelin LZ 14 had been transferred to the Imperial German Navy on 7 October 1912.
Heligoland (Helgoland; Heligolandic Frisian: deät Lun, Mooring Frisian: Hålilönj) is a small German archipelago in the North Sea.
Henri La Fontaine (22 April 1854 – 14 May 1943), was a Belgian international lawyer and president of the International Peace Bureau.
Henri Nannen (25 December 1913 in Emden – 13 October 1996 in Hanover) was a German journalist and wartime Nazi propagandist.
Henry Bauchau (22 January 1913 – 21 September 2012) was a Belgian psychoanalyst, lawyer, and author of French prose and poetry.
Henry Ford (July 30, 1863 – April 7, 1947) was an American captain of industry and a business magnate, the founder of the Ford Motor Company, and the sponsor of the development of the assembly line technique of mass production.
Lieutenant General Sir Henry Lowther Ewart Clark Leask KCB DSO OBE (30 June 1913 – 10 January 2004) was a senior British Army officer who served in World War II and held high command during the 1960s.
Herb Jeffries (born Umberto Alexander Valentino; September 24, 1913 – May 25, 2014) was an African-American actor of film and television and popular music and jazz singer-songwriter, known of his baritone voice.
Herman Gundlach, Jr. (July 16, 1913 – May 4, 2005) was an American football offensive lineman in the National Football League for the Boston Redskins.
Hetch Hetchy is the name of a valley, a reservoir and a water system in California in the United States.
The Highland Park Ford Plant is a former Ford Motor Company factory located at 91 Manchester Avenue (at Woodward Avenue) in Highland Park, Michigan.
Highland Park is a city in Wayne County in the State of Michigan, within Metro Detroit.
was a Japanese actor and comedian.
History Ireland is a magazine with a focus on the history of Ireland rather than archaeology.
The Oakland Athletics, a current Major League Baseball franchise, originated in Philadelphia.
Her Majesty's Naval Base, Portsmouth (HMNB Portsmouth) is one of three operating bases in the United Kingdom for the British Royal Navy (the others being HMNB Clyde and HMNB Devonport).
Home rule is government of a colony, dependent country, or region by its own citizens.
Horatio Nelson Young (July 19, 1845 – July 3, 1913) was a United States Navy sailor who received the Medal of Honor for his actions on the USS Lehigh during the American Civil War.
The House of Hanover (or the Hanoverians; Haus Hannover) is a German royal dynasty that ruled the Electorate and then the Kingdom of Hanover, and also provided monarchs of Great Britain and Ireland from 1714 to 1800 and ruled the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from its creation in 1801 until the death of Queen Victoria in 1901.
The House of Hohenzollern is a dynasty of former princes, electors, kings and emperors of Hohenzollern, Brandenburg, Prussia, the German Empire, and Romania.
The House of Lords of the United Kingdom, also known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The House of Romanov (. Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary. also Romanoff; Рома́новы, Románovy) was the second dynasty to rule Russia, after the House of Rurik, reigning from 1613 until the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II on March 15, 1917, as a result of the February Revolution.
Huang Hua (January 25, 1913 – November 24, 2010) was a senior Communist Chinese revolutionary, politician, and diplomat.
Hugo Winckler (4 July 1863 – 19 April 1913) was a German archaeologist and historian who uncovered the capital of the Hittite Empire (Hattusa) at Boğazkale, Turkey.
Iglesia ni Cristo (abbreviated as INC English: Church of Christ) is an international church that originated in the Philippines.
Igor Ivanovich Sikorsky (a, tr. Ígor' Ivánovič Sikórskij; May 25, 1889 – October 26, 1972),Fortier, Rénald.
Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky (ˈiɡərʲ ˈfʲɵdərəvʲɪtɕ strɐˈvʲinskʲɪj; 6 April 1971) was a Russian-born composer, pianist, and conductor.
The Imperial German Navy ("Imperial Navy") was the navy created at the time of the formation of the German Empire.
The Imperial Russian Army (Ру́сская импера́торская а́рмия) was the land armed force of the Russian Empire, active from around 1721 to the Russian Revolution of 1917.
An income tax is a tax imposed on individuals or entities (taxpayers) that varies with respective income or profits (taxable income).
Inez Milholland Boissevain (August 6, 1886 – November 25, 1916) was a suffragist, labor lawyer, World War I correspondent, and public speaker who greatly influenced the women's movement in America.
The International Psychoanalytical Association (IPA) is an association including 12,000 psychoanalysts as members and works with 70 constituent organizations.
International trade is the exchange of capital, goods, and services across international borders or territories.
Ioannina (Ιωάννινα), often called Yannena (Γιάννενα) within Greece, is the capital and largest city of the Ioannina regional unit and of Epirus, an administrative region in north-western Greece.
The Irish Transport and General Workers Union (ITGWU), an Irish trade union, was founded by James Larkin in January 1909 as a general union.
Irma Córdoba (July 20, 1913 – May 18, 2008) was an Argentine film actress of the classic era.
Irwin Shaw (February 27, 1913 – May 16, 1984) was an American playwright, screenwriter, novelist, and short-story author whose written works have sold more than 14 million copies.
Israel Moiseevich Gelfand, also written Israïl Moyseyovich Gel'fand, or Izrail M. Gelfand (ישראל געלפֿאַנד, Изра́иль Моисе́евич Гельфа́нд; – 5 October 2009) was a prominent Soviet mathematician.
The Israel Prize (פרס ישראל) is an award handed out by the State of Israel and is generally regarded as the state's highest cultural honor.
Istanbul (or or; İstanbul), historically known as Constantinople and Byzantium, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country's economic, cultural, and historic center.
John Pierpont Morgan Sr. (April 17, 1837 – March 31, 1913) was an American financier and banker who dominated corporate finance and industrial consolidation in the United States of America in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Andrew Jackson Pope, Jr., known as Jack Pope (April 18, 1913 – February 25, 2017), was an American judge, attorney, author and legal scholar who served as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Texas.
Colonel Jacobo Árbenz Guzmán (September 14, 1913 – January 27, 1971), nicknamed The Big Blonde (Guatemalan El Chelón) or The Swiss (El Suizo) for his Swiss origins, was a Guatemalan military officer who was the second democratically elected President of Guatemala from 1951 to 1954.
Jacqueline Worms de Romilly (née David, 26 March 1913 – 18 December 2010) was a Franco-Greek philologist, classical scholar and fiction writer.
Jacqueline Vaudecrane (22 November 1913 – 27 February 2018) was a French figure skater who competed in ladies singles.
Jacques Rabemananjara (23 June 1913 – 1 April 2005) was a Malagasy politician, playwright and poet.
Wing Commander James Flint (24 May 1913 – 16 December 2013) was a British businessman and decorated Royal Air Force officer.
James Larkin (Séamas Ó Lorcáin; 21 January 1876 – 30 January 1947), sometimes known as Jim Larkin, was an Irish republican, socialist and trade union leader.
Jan Ekier (29 August 1913 – 15 August 2014) was a Polish pianist and composer known for his authoritative edition of Chopin's music for the Polish National Edition.
January 1 is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar.
In the ancient astronomy, it is the cusp day between Capricorn and Aquarius.
Jean Fournet (14 April 1913 – 3 November 2008) was a French flutist and conductor.
Jean-Alfred Villain-Marais, also known as Jean Marais (11 December 1913 – 8 November 1998), was a French actor, writer, director and sculptor.
Jean Murrell Capers (January 11, 1913 – July 18, 2017) was an American judge, educator, and politician.
Jean Sibelius, born Johan Julius Christian Sibelius (8 December 186520 September 1957), was a Finnish composer and violinist of the late Romantic and early-modern periods.
Jean-Michel Atlan (January 23, 1913 – February 12, 1960) was a French artist.
Gerald Allan "Jerry" Sohl Sr. (December 2, 1913 – November 4, 2002) was an American television scriptwriter and science fiction author who wrote for The Twilight Zone (as a ghostwriter for Charles Beaumont), Alfred Hitchcock Presents, The Outer Limits, Star Trek: The Original Series (once using the pseudonym "Nathan Butler"), and other shows.
James Cleveland "Jesse" Owens (September 12, 1913March 31, 1980) was an American track and field athlete and four-time Olympic gold medalist in the 1936 Games.
James Gilmore Backus (February 25, 1913 – July 3, 1989) was an American radio, television, film, and voice actor.
James Riddle Hoffa (February 14, 1913 – disappeared July 30, 1975) was an American labor union leader who served as the President of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters (IBT) union from 1958 until 1971.
Joan Marsh (born Nancy Ann Rosher, July 10, 1913 – August 10, 2000) was an American child actress in silent films between 1915 and 1921.
Joana Raspall i Juanola (1 July 1913 – 4 December 2013) was a Spanish writer and librarian.
Joseph Medicine Crow (October 27, 1913 – April 3, 2016) was a war chief, author, and historian of the Crow Nation of Native Americans.
Joseph Henry "Joe" Simon (born Hymie Simon; October 11, 1913 – December 14, 2011) was an American comic book writer, artist, editor, and publisher.
John Barclay Armstrong (January 1, 1850 – May 1, 1913) was a Texas Ranger lieutenant and a United States Marshal, usually remembered for his role in the pursuit and capture of the famous gunfighter John Wesley Hardin.
John Brown and Company of Clydebank was a British marine engineering and shipbuilding firm.
Johan Casimir Gustavovich Ehrnrooth (also Ernrot or Ehrnroth; 1833–1913) was a Swedish-speaking Finnish soldier in the service of Imperial Russia, who also acted as Prime Minister of Bulgaria.
John Davison Rockefeller Sr. (July 8, 1839 – May 23, 1937) was an American oil industry business magnate, industrialist, and philanthropist.
John Thomas Ralph Augustine James Facenda (August 8, 1913September 26, 1984) was an American broadcaster and sports announcer.
John Garfield (born Jacob Julius Garfinkle, March 4, 1913 – May 21, 1952) was an American actor who played brooding, rebellious, working-class characters.
General of the Armies John Joseph "Black Jack" Pershing (September 13, 1860 – July 15, 1948) was a senior United States Army officer.
John Newton Mitchell (September 15, 1913 – November 9, 1988) was the Attorney General of the United States (1969–72) under President Richard Nixon.
John Shaw Billings (April 12, 1838 – March 11, 1913) was an American librarian, building designer, and surgeon.
José Guadalupe Posada (February 2, 1852 – January 20, 1913) was a Mexican political printmaker and engraver whose work has influenced many Latin American artists and cartoonists because of its satirical acuteness and social engagement.
José María Pino Suárez (8 September 1869 – 22 February 1913) was a Mexican statesman, jurist, poet, journalist and revolutionary who served as the 7th and last Vice President of Mexico from 1911 until his assassination in 1913.
Josef Manger (26 May 1913 – 13 March 1991) was a German heavyweight weightlifter who won a European title in 1935, an Olympic gold medal in 1936, and two world titles in 1937 and 1938.
Sir Joseph Cook, (7 December 1860 – 30 July 1947) was an Australian politician who served as Prime Minister of Australia from 1913 to 1914.
Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was a Soviet revolutionary and politician of Georgian nationality.
Josephine Garis Cochran (Cochrane) (March 8, 1839 in Ashtabula County, Ohio - August 14, 1913 (Age 74) in Chicago, Illinois) was the inventor of the first commercially successful automatic dishwasher, which she constructed together with mechanic George Butters.
Josip Broz (Cyrillic: Јосип Броз,; 7 May 1892 – 4 May 1980), commonly known as Tito (Cyrillic: Тито), was a Yugoslav communist revolutionary and political leader, serving in various roles from 1943 until his death in 1980.
Juhan Liiv (in Allatzkiwwi &ndash) in Werbach-Kosse) is one of Estonia's most famous poets.
It is the first day of the second half of the year.
The Aphelion, the point in the year when the Earth is farthest from the Sun, occurs around this date.
The terms 7th July, July 7th, and 7/7 (pronounced "Seven-seven") have been widely used in the Western media as a shorthand for the 7 July 2005 bombings on London's transport system.
This day usually marks the summer solstice in the Northern Hemisphere and the winter solstice in the Southern Hemisphere, which is the day of the year with the most hours of daylight in the Northern Hemisphere and the fewest hours of daylight in the Southern Hemisphere.
On this day the Summer solstice may occur in the Northern Hemisphere, and the Winter solstice may occur in the Southern Hemisphere.
In common years it is always in ISO week 26.
It is the last day of the first half of the year.
The kampilan (Baybayin:; Abecedario: Campilan) is a type of single-edged long sword, traditionally used by various ethnic groups in the Philippine archipelago.
Sir Yuet-keung Kan, (26 July 1913 – 14 September 2012) was a Hong Kong banker, politician and lawyer who was successively appointed Senior Unofficial Member of the Legislative Council and Executive Council in the 1960s and 1970s.
Professor Rawer at his 104th birthday in 2017 Karl Maria Alois Rawer (April 19, 1913 – April 17, 2018) was a German specialist in radio wave propagation and the ionosphere.
Karl Stegger (11 January 1913 in Aarhus – 13 April 1980 in Frederiksberg) was a Danish actor, who appeared in 157 films which makes him the most used Danish film actor.
Prince was a Japanese general in the Imperial Japanese Army, politician and the longest serving Prime Minister of Japan, having served three terms.
Mary Katherine Linaker (July 19, 1913 – April 18, 2008) was an American actress and screenwriter who appeared in many B movies during the 1930s and 1940s, most notably ''Kitty Foyle'' (1940).
Kazimierz Aleksander Sabbat (27 February 1913 – 19 July 1989), was President of Poland in Exile from 8 April 1986 until his death, 19 July 1989, after serving (from 1976) as Prime Minister of the Polish Government in Exile.
was a Japanese architect, and winner of the 1987 Pritzker Prize for architecture.
Luis Villanueva Paramo (June 21, 1913 – March 16, 2002) was a Mexican boxer best known as Kid Azteca.
Kiev or Kyiv (Kyiv; Kiyev; Kyjev) is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper.
Kimberley is the capital and largest city of the Northern Cape Province of South Africa.
The Kingdom of Bulgaria (Царство България, Tsarstvo Bǎlgariya), also referred to as the Tsardom of Bulgaria and the Third Bulgarian Tsardom, was a constitutional monarchy in Eastern and Southeastern Europe, which was established on 5 October (O.S. 22 September) 1908 when the Bulgarian state was raised from a principality to a kingdom.
The Kingdom of Greece (Greek: Βασίλειον τῆς Ἑλλάδος) was a state established in 1832 at the Convention of London by the Great Powers (the United Kingdom, Kingdom of France and the Russian Empire).
The Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia) was a state which existed from 1861—when King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia was proclaimed King of Italy—until 1946—when a constitutional referendum led civil discontent to abandon the monarchy and form the modern Italian Republic.
Konrāds Kalējs (26 June 1913 – 8 November 2001) was a Latvian soldier who was a Nazi collaborator and an alleged war criminal during World War II.
The Kuomintang of China (KMT; often translated as the Nationalist Party of China) is a major political party in the Republic of China on Taiwan, based in Taipei and is currently the opposition political party in the Legislative Yuan.
The Lane Sisters were a family of American singers and actresses.
Léon Philippe Teisserenc de Bort (5 November 1855 in Paris, France – 2 January 1913 in Cannes, France) was a French meteorologist and a pioneer in the field of aerology.
Lee A. "Rubberlegs" Guttero (July 1, 1913 – August 29, 2004) was an American basketball player who was the University of Southern California's first two-time NCAA All-American.
Leipzig is the most populous city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany.
Leonid Nikolayevich Sobolev (Леонид Николаевич Соболев) (9 June 1844 – 13 October 1913) was an Imperial Russian Army general and politician.
Lester Tremayne (16 April 1913 – 19 December 2003) was a radio, film and television actor.
Licia Albanese (July 22, 1909 – August 15, 2014) was an Italian-born American operatic soprano.
Lillian Chestney (September 22, 1913 – August 6, 2000) was an American illustrator and painter.
Abraham Lincoln Gordon (September 10, 1913 – December 19, 2009) was the 9th President of the Johns Hopkins University (1967–71) and a United States Ambassador to Brazil (1961–66).
The Lincoln Highway was one of the earliest transcontinental highways for automobiles across the United States of America.
There have been many notable instances of unruly behaviour at classical music concerts, often at the premiere of a new work or production.
This is a list of Presidents of Benin (formerly Dahomey) since the formation of the post of President in 1960, to the present day.
The Sultan of the Sultanate of Oman is the monarch and head of state of Oman.
This list of tallest buildings in the world ranks skyscrapers by height.
Lloyd Vernet Bridges Jr. (January 15, 1913 – March 10, 1998) was an American film, stage and television actor who starred in a number of television series and appeared in more than 150 feature films.
Marshal Lon Nol (លន់ នល់, also លន់ ណុល; November 13, 1913 – November 17, 1985) was a Cambodian politician and general who served as Prime Minister of Cambodia twice (1966–67; 1969–71), as well as serving repeatedly as Defense Minister.
Looney Tunes is an American animated series of comedy short films produced by Warner Bros. from 1930 to 1969 during the golden age of American animation, alongside its sister series Merrie Melodies.
Loretta Young (born Gretchen Young; January 6, 1913 – August 12, 2000) was an American actress.
Louis F. Darvas (30 July 1913, Cleveland, Ohio - February 1987, Cleveland) was an artist and sports cartoonist.
Lou Jacobi (born Louis Harold Jacobovitch, December 28, 1913October 23, 2009) was a Canadian character actor.
Louis Nye (May 1, 1913 – October 9, 2005) was an American comedic actor.
Frédéric-François-Louis Perrier (22 May 1849 – 16 May 1913) was a Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council (1912–1913).
Louise Currie (April 7, 1913 – September 8, 2013) was an American film actress, active from 1940 into the early 1950s.
Loulie Jean Norman (March 12, 1913 - August 2, 2005) was a coloratura soprano who worked with arranger Gordon Jenkins.
Lu Ann Meredith (1913–1998) was an American film actress.
Ludwig III (Ludwig Luitpold Josef Maria Aloys Alfried; Louis Leopold Joseph Mary Aloysius Alfred; 7 January 1845 – 18 October 1921) was the last King of Bavaria, reigning from 1913 to 1918.
Ludwig Merwart (1 September 1913 – 13 July 1979) was an influential Austrian painter and graphic artist.
Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano (July 9, 1828, Bene Vagienna, Italy – December 7, 1913, Rome, Italy) was a cardinal of the Catholic Church in the late nineteenth century.
Luis Taruc (June 21, 1913 – May 4, 2005) was a Filipino political figure and insurgent during the agrarian unrest of the 1930s until the end of the Cold War.
Lynn Bari (born Margaret Schuyler Fisher, December 18, 1913 – November 20, 1989) was a film actress who specialized in playing sultry, statuesque man-killers in roughly 150 20th Century Fox films from the early 1930s through the 1940s.
Madihe Pannaseeha Thero (Pali: Paññāsīha) (June 21, 1913 – September 9, 2003) was an eminent Sri Lankan Buddhist monk, who was the Mahanayaka of Amarapura sect from July 13, 1969 until his death on September 9, 2003.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was an Indian activist who was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British rule.
Makarios III (Μακάριος Γ΄; III.; 13 August 1913 – 3 August 1977) was a Greek Cypriot clergyman and politician, who served as the Archbishop and Primate of the autocephalous Church of Cyprus (1950–1977) and as the first President of Cyprus (1960–1977).
David Maldwyn James (28 June 1913 – 19 July 2003) was a Welsh international rugby union player.
Malietoa Tanumafili II (4 January 1912 – 11 May 2007), also called Susuga, was the Malietoa, the title of one of Samoa's four paramount chiefs, and the head of state, or O le Ao o le Malo, a position that he held for life, of Samoa from 1962 to 2007.
Manouchehr Sotodeh (منوچهر ستوده, 19 July 1913 – 8 April 2016) was an Iranian geographer and scholar of Persian literature.
Henri-Robert-Marcel Duchamp (28 July 1887 – 2 October 1968) was a French-American painter, sculptor, chess player and writer whose work is associated with Cubism, conceptual art, and Dada, although he was careful about his use of the term Dada and was not directly associated with Dada groups.
March is the third month of the year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars.
In the Roman calendar, March 15 was known as the Ides of March.
Typically the March equinox falls on this date, marking the vernal point in the Northern Hemisphere and the autumnal point in the Southern Hemisphere.
In astrology, the day of the equinox is the first full day of the sign of Aries.
Marika Rökk (3 November 1913 – 16 May 2004) was a Hungarian dancer, singer and actress who gained prominence in German films in the Nazi era.
Mario Acerbi (1 July 1913 in Lodi – 20 February 2010 in Lodi) was a professional Italian football player.
Mario Prada (born in Milan; died in 1958) was the founder and original designer of the fashion label Prada, a company specializing in many high fashion goods for men and women, including shoes, handbags, luggage, and leather goods.
William Mark Felt Sr. (August 17, 1913 – December 18, 2008) was a Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) special agent and the Bureau's Associate Director, the FBI's second-highest-ranking post, from May 1972 until his retirement from the FBI in June 1973.
Martial Lavaud Célestin (October 4, 1913 – February 4, 2011) was named Prime Minister of Haïti by President Leslie Manigat in March 1988 under the provisions of the 1987 Constitution, and was approved by the Parliament that formed as a result of the January 17, 1988 elections.
Martin Charles Scorsese (born November 17, 1942) is an American director, producer, screenwriter, actor and film historian, whose career spans more than 50 years.
Mary Douglas Leakey, FBA (née Nicol, 6 February 1913 – 9 December 1996) was a British paleoanthropologist who discovered the first fossilised Proconsul skull, an extinct ape which is now believed to be ancestral to humans.
Mary Virginia Martin (December 1, 1913 – November 3, 1990) was an American actress, singer, and Broadway star.
Mass production, also known as flow production or continuous production, is the production of large amounts of standardized products, including and especially on assembly lines.
Joseph Maurice Ravel (7 March 1875 – 28 December 1937) was a French composer, pianist and conductor.
Sir Maurice Vincent Wilkes (26 June 1913 – 29 November 2010) was a British computer scientist who designed and helped build the electronic delay storage automatic calculator (EDSAC), one of the earliest stored program computers and invented microprogramming, a method for using stored-program logic to operate the control unit of a central processing unit's circuits.
This day marks the approximate midpoint of spring in the Northern Hemisphere and of autumn in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the March equinox).
Arnold Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller (13 July 1913 – 16 April 2012) was a Danish shipping magnate.
Mehmet Ismail Shehu (January 10, 1913 – December 18, 1981) was an Albanian communist politician who served as the 23rd Prime Minister of Albania from 1954 to 1981.
Mel Allen (born Melvin Allen Israel; February 14, 1913 – June 16, 1996) was an American sportscaster, best known for his long tenure as the primary play-by-play announcer for the New York Yankees.
Menachem Begin (Menaḥem Begin,; Menakhem Volfovich Begin; 16 August 1913 – 9 March 1992) was an Israeli politician, founder of Likud and the sixth Prime Minister of Israel.
Emperor Menelik II GCB, GCMG (ዳግማዊ ምኒልክ), baptised as Sahle Maryam (17 August 1844 – 12 December 1913), was Negus of Shewa (1866–89), then Emperor of Ethiopia from 1889 to his death in 1913.
The Mexican Revolution (Revolución Mexicana) was a major armed struggle,, that radically transformed Mexican culture and government.
The Miami Valley is the land area surrounding the Great Miami River in southwest Ohio, USA, and includes the Little Miami, Mad, and Stillwater rivers as well.
Michael Mackintosh Foot (23 July 1913 – 3 March 2010) was a British Labour Party politician and man of letters.
Meyer Harris "Mickey" Cohen (September 4, 1913 – July 29, 1976) was an American gangster based in Los Angeles and boss of the Cohen crime family.
Milan (Milano; Milan) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,380,873 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,235,000.
A militia is generally an army or some other fighting organization of non-professional soldiers, citizens of a nation, or subjects of a state, who can be called upon for military service during a time of need, as opposed to a professional force of regular, full-time military personnel, or historically, members of a warrior nobility class (e.g., knights or samurai).
Mirza Abduljabbar oglu Babayev (Mirzə Əbdülcabbar oğlu Babayev; 16 July 1913 – 14 January 2003) was an Azerbaijani movie actor and singer.
Modernism is a philosophical movement that, along with cultural trends and changes, arose from wide-scale and far-reaching transformations in Western society during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
The Mona Lisa (Monna Lisa or La Gioconda, La Joconde) is a half-length portrait painting by the Italian Renaissance artist Leonardo da Vinci that has been described as "the best known, the most visited, the most written about, the most sung about, the most parodied work of art in the world".
A monarchy is a form of government in which a group, generally a family representing a dynasty (aristocracy), embodies the country's national identity and its head, the monarch, exercises the role of sovereignty.
A monoplane is a fixed-wing aircraft with a single main wing plane, in contrast to a biplane or other multiplane, each of which has multiple planes.
The Monument to the Battle of the Nations (Völkerschlachtdenkmal, sometimes shortened to Völki) is a monument in Leipzig, Germany, to the 1813 Battle of Leipzig, also known as the Battle of the Nations.
Morton Gould (December 10, 1913February 21, 1996) was an American composer, conductor, arranger, and pianist.
McKinley Morganfield (April 4, 1913April 30, 1983), known professionally as Muddy Waters, was an American blues musician who is often cited as the "father of modern Chicago blues".
Munich (München; Minga) is the capital and the most populated city in the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps.
Muriel Rukeyser (December 15, 1913 – February 12, 1980) was an American poet and political activist, best known for her poems about equality, feminism, social justice, and Judaism.
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy (19 May 1913 – 1 June 1996) was the sixth President of India, serving from 1977 to 1982.
New Orleans Rhythm and Blues is a style of R&B that originated in New Orleans, Louisiana and was most popular between the years of 1948-1955, serving as a precursor to Rock & Roll and strongly influencing Ska.
The New York Giants are a professional American football team based in the New York metropolitan area.
Nicholas Roerich (October 9, 1874 – December 13, 1947) – known also as Nikolai Konstantinovich Rerikh (Никола́й Константи́нович Ре́рих) – was a Russian painter, writer, archaeologist, theosophist, perceived by some in Russia as an enlightener, philosopher, and public figure, who in his youth was influenced by a movement in Russian society around the spiritual.
Jose Nicolás Baltasar Fernández de Piérola y Villena (known as "El Califa" ("The Caliph"); January 5, 1839 – June 23, 1913) was a Peruvian politician and finance minister who served as the 33rd and 39th President of the Republic of Peru, from 1879 to 1881 and 1895 to 1899.
The Nieuport IV was a French-built sporting, training and reconnaissance monoplane of the early 1910s.
Nikolai Mikhailovich Amosov, Doctor of Science, Professor (December 6, 1913, Olkhovo, Novgorod Governorate, Russian Empire – December 12, 2002, Kiev, Ukraine) was a Soviet and Ukrainian doctor, heart surgeon, inventor, best-selling author, and exercise enthusiast, known for his inventions of several surgical procedures for treating heart defects.
Nils Löfgren (18 August 1913 – 21 January 1967) was a Swedish chemist who developed the anaesthetic Lidocaine (under the name Xylocaine) in 1943.
Elisabeth Magdalena "Nina" Schenk Gräfin von Stauffenberg (27 August 1913 – 2 April 2006) was the wife of Colonel Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg, the leader of the failed plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler on 20 July 1944.
Noah Lindsey Beery (August 10, 1913 – November 1, 1994), known professionally as Noah Beery Jr. or just Noah Beery, was an American actor specializing in warm, friendly character roles similar to the ones played by his paternal uncle, Wallace Beery, although Noah Beery Jr., unlike his paternal uncle, seldom broke away from playing supporting roles.
The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish, Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is one of the five Nobel Prizes created by the Swedish industrialist, inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, and Literature.
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry (Nobelpriset i kemi) is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to scientists in the various fields of chemistry.
The Nobel Prize in Literature (Nobelpriset i litteratur) is a Swedish literature prize that has been awarded annually, since 1901, to an author from any country who has, in the words of the will of Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel, produced "in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction" (original Swedish: "den som inom litteraturen har producerat det mest framstående verket i en idealisk riktning").
The Nobel Prize in Physics (Nobelpriset i fysik) is a yearly award given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for those who conferred the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of physics.
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (Nobelpriset i fysiologi eller medicin), administered by the Nobel Foundation, is awarded once a year for outstanding discoveries in the fields of life sciences and medicine.
Noel Miller (1 July 1913 – 26 November 2007) was an Australian cricketer.
The North Sea (Mare Germanicum) is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between Great Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.
Northern Epirus (Βόρειος Ήπειρος, Vorios Ipiros, Epiri i Veriut) is a term used to refer to those parts of the historical region of Epirus, in the western Balkans, which today are part of Albania.
In the ancient astronomy, it is the cusp day between Scorpio and Sagittarius.
This day marks the approximate midpoint of autumn in the Northern Hemisphere and of spring in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the September equinox).
An ocean liner is a passenger ship primarily used as a form of transportation across seas or oceans.
The Department for Protecting the Public Security and Order (Отделение по Охранению Общественной Безопасности и Порядка), usually called "guard department" (tr) and commonly abbreviated in modern sources as Okhrana (t) was a secret police force of the Russian Empire and part of the police department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD) in the late 19th century, aided by the Special Corps of Gendarmes.
Old Style (O.S.) and New Style (N.S.) are terms sometimes used with dates to indicate that the calendar convention used at the time described is different from that in use at the time the document was being written.
Oleg Cassini (11 April 1913 – 17 March 2006) was an American fashion designer born to an aristocratic Russian family with maternal Italian ancestry.
François Oscar de Négrier (2 October 1839 – 22 August 1913) was one of the most charismatic French generals of the Third Republic, winning fame in Algeria in the Sud-Oranais campaign (1881) and in Tonkin during the Sino-French War (August 1884 – April 1887).
Paul Julius Oswald Teichmüller (18 June 1913 – 11 September 1943) was a German mathematician who introduced quasiconformal mappings and differential geometric methods into the study of Riemann surfaces.
Otto (Otto Wilhelm Luitpold Adalbert Waldemar; 27 April 1848 – 11 October 1916), was King of Bavaria from 1886 to 1913.
Otto Wichterle (27 October 1913 in Prostějov in Austria-Hungary, now the Czech Republic – 18 August 1998) was a Czech chemist, best known for his invention of modern soft contact lenses.
The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
The Panama Canal (Canal de Panamá) is an artificial waterway in Panama that connects the Atlantic Ocean with the Pacific Ocean.
Francisco "Pancho" Villa (born José Doroteo Arango Arámbula; 5 June 1878 – 20 July 1923) was a Mexican Revolutionary general and one of the most prominent figures of the Mexican Revolution.
General Paramasiva Prabhakar Kumaramangalam, DSO, MBE (1 July 1913 – 13 March 2000) was the 7th Chief of the Army Staff (COAS) of the Indian Army from 1967 to 1970.
The Parliament of South Africa is South Africa's legislature and under the country's current Constitution is composed of the National Assembly and the National Council of Provinces.
Paul Joseph, Count de Smet de Naeyer (13 May 1843 – 9 September 1913) was a Belgian Catholic Party politician.
Paul Erdős (Erdős Pál; 26 March 1913 – 20 September 1996) was a Hungarian mathematician.
Paul R. Norby (May 16, 1913 – October 3, 2015) was a retired rear admiral in the United States Naval Reserve.
Jean Paul Gustave Ricœur (27 February 1913 – 20 May 2005) was a French philosopher best known for combining phenomenological description with hermeneutics.
Pavlos Kountouriotis (Παύλος Κουντουριώτης, 9 April 1855 – 22 August 1935) was a Greek rear admiral during the Balkan Wars, regent, and the first President of the Second Hellenic Republic.
Pedro José Domingo de la Calzada Manuel María Lascuráin Paredes (8 May 1856 – 21 July 1952http://www.buscabiografias.com/biografia/verDetalle/10096/Pedro%20Lascurain) was a Mexican politician who served as the 34th President of Mexico for less than one hour on February 19, 1913, the shortest presidency in the history of the world.
(3 April 1913 – 20 January 2005) was a Norwegian politician from the Centre Party and Prime Minister of Norway from 1965 to 1971.
Peter Wilton Cushing (26 May 191311 August 1994) was an English actor best known for his roles in the Hammer Productions horror films of the 1950s, '60s, and '70s, as well as his performance as Grand Moff Tarkin in Star Wars (1977).
William Samuel Cook "Peter" Ellenshaw (May 24, 1913 – February 12, 2007) was an English matte designer and special effects creator who worked on many Disney features.
Peter Frankenfeld (born Willi Julius August Frankenfeldt on 31 May 1913 in Berlin – 4 January 1979 in Hamburg) was a German comedian, radio and television personality.
Peter von Zahn (29 January 1913 – 26 July 2001) was a German author, film maker, and journalist.
Phan Xích Long, also known as Hồng Long, born Phan Phát Sanh (1893–1916), was a 20th-century Vietnamese mystic and geomancer who claimed to be the Emperor of Vietnam.
Philately is the study of stamps and postal history and other related items.
Philip Hauge Abelson (April 27, 1913 – August 1, 2004) was an American physicist, a scientific editor, and a science writer.
Philip Mayer Kaiser (July 12, 1913 – May 24, 2007) was a United States diplomat.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
Pierre Daninos (26 May 1913, Paris – 7 January 2005, Paris) was a French writer and humorist.
Pierre Benjamin Monteux (4 April 18751 July 1964) was a French (later American) conductor.
Pierre Werner (29 December 1913 – 24 June 2002) was a Luxembourg politician in the Christian Social People's Party (CSV) who was Prime Minister from 1959 to 1974 and from 1979 to 1984.
Joe Willie "Pinetop" Perkins (July 7, 1913 – March 21, 2011) was an American blues pianist.
The Plan of Guadalupe (Plan de Guadalupe) was a political manifesto which was proclaimed on March 26, 1913 by Venustiano Carranza in response to the overthrow and execution of President Francisco I. Madero,name.
Poul David Reichhardt (2 February 1913 – 31 October 1985) was a Danish actor, well known for his roles in Danish 1940s/1950s comedies.
Prada S.p.A. is an Italian luxury fashion house, specializing in leather handbags, travel accessories, shoes, ready-to-wear, perfumes and other fashion accessories, founded in 1913 by Mario Prada.
The President of Brazil, officially the President of the Federative Republic of Brazil (Presidente da República Federativa do Brasil) or simply the President of the Republic, is both the head of state and the head of government of the Federative Republic of Brazil.
The President of Colombia (Presidente de Colombia), officially known as the President of the Republic of Colombia (Presidente de la República de Colombia) is the head of state and head of government of Colombia.
The position of President of El Salvador was created in the Constitution of 1841.
The President of the Republic of India is the head of state of India and the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces.
The President of Mexico (Presidente de México), officially known as the President of the United Mexican States (Presidente de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos), is the head of state and government of Mexico.
The President of the Republic of Peru (Presidente de la República del Perú) is the head of state and head of government of Peru and represents the republic in official international matters.
The President of Taiwan, officially the President of the Republic of China, is the head of state and the head of government of Taiwan.
The Prime Minister of Australia (sometimes informally abbreviated to PM) is the head of government of Australia.
The Prime Minister of Belgium (Eerste minister van België; Premier ministre de Belgique; Premierminister von Belgien) or the Premier of Belgium is the head of the federal government in the Kingdom of Belgium.
The Prime Minister of Bulgaria (Министър-председател, Ministar-predsedatel) is the head of government of Bulgaria.
The Prime Minister of Spain, officially the President of the Government of Spain (Presidente del Gobierno de España), is the head of the government of Spain.
Princess Urraca of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (Urraca Maria Isabella Carolina Aldegonda Carmela, Principessa di Borbone delle Due Sicilie; July 14, 1913, Nymphenburg Palace, Munich, Kingdom of Bavaria – May 3, 1999, Sigmaringen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany) was a member of the House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies and a Princess of Bourbon-Two Sicilies.
Victoria Louise of Prussia (Viktoria Luise Adelheid Mathilde Charlotte; 13 September 1892 – 11 December 1980) was the only daughter and the last child of German Emperor Wilhelm II and Augusta Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein.
The Provisional Government of Albania (Qeveria e Përkohshme e Shqipërisë) was the first government of Albania, created by the Assembly of Vlorë on 4 December 1912.
Prussia (Preußen) was a historically prominent German state that originated in 1525 with a duchy centred on the region of Prussia.
Pyotr Nikolayevich Nesterov (Пётр Николаевич Нестеров (born, Nizhny Novgorod - died, Zhovkva, Lviv Oblast) was a Russian pilot, an aircraft designer and an aerobatics pioneer.
The Qing dynasty, also known as the Qing Empire, officially the Great Qing, was the last imperial dynasty of China, established in 1636 and ruling China from 1644 to 1912.
The R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company (RJR), based in Winston-Salem, North Carolina and founded by R. J. Reynolds in 1875, is the second-largest tobacco company in the U.S. (behind Altria).
Richard Sidney Richmond Fitter (1 March 1913 – 3 September 2005) was a British naturalist and author.
Ronald Stuart Thomas (29 March 1913 – 25 September 2000), published as R. S. Thomas, was a Welsh poet and Anglican priest who was noted for his nationalism, spirituality and deep dislike of the anglicisation of Wales.
Rabindranath Tagore FRAS, also written Ravīndranātha Ṭhākura (7 May 1861 – 7 August 1941), sobriquet Gurudev, was a Bengali polymath who reshaped Bengali literature and music, as well as Indian art with Contextual Modernism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Raja Harishchandra is a 1913 Indian silent film, directed and produced by Dadasaheb Phalke, and is often considered as the first full-length Indian feature film.
The Raker Act was an act of the United States Congress that permitted building of the O'Shaughnessy Dam and flooding of Hetch Hetchy Valley in Yosemite National Park, California.
Ralph Livingstone Edwards (June 13, 1913DeLong, Thomas A. (1996). Radio Stars: An Illustrated Biographical Dictionary of 953 Performers, 1920 through 1960. McFarland & Company, Inc.. Pp. 86-87. – November 16, 2005) was an American radio and television host, radio producer, and television producer, best known for his radio-TV game shows Truth or Consequences and This Is Your Life.
Ralph Waldo Rose (March 17, 1885 – October 16, 1913) was an American track and field athlete.
Richard "Red" Skelton (July 18, 1913September 17, 1997) was an American comedy entertainer.
Korvettenkapitän Reinhard Hardegen (18 March 1913 – 9 June 2018) was a German U-boat commander during World War II.
René Clément (18 March 1913 – 17 March 1996) was a French film director and screenwriter.
René Llense (14 July 1913 – 12 March 2014) was a French football goalkeeper, who played for FC Sète and AS Saint-Étienne during his club career.
The Republic of China was a sovereign state in East Asia, that occupied the territories of modern China, and for part of its history Mongolia and Taiwan.
Richard Beeching, Baron Beeching (21 April 1913 – 23 March 1985), commonly known as Dr Beeching, was a physicist and engineer who for a short but very notable time was chairman of British Railways and an affiliate of the Conservative Party in Britain.
Richard McGarrah Helms (March 30, 1913 – October 23, 2002) served as the United States Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) from June 1966 to February 1973.
Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was an American politician who served as the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 until 1974, when he resigned from office, the only U.S. president to do so.
Richard Pike Bissell (June 27, 1913 in Dubuque, Iowa – May 4, 1977) was an American author of short stories and novels.
Richard John Beattie Seaman (4 February 1913 – 25 June 1939), commonly called Dick Seaman, was one of the greatest pre-war Grand Prix drivers from Britain.
Richard Simmons (August 19, 1913 – January 11, 2003), known as Dick Simmons, was an American actor.
Sir John Richard Nicholas Stone (30 August 1913 – 6 December 1991) was an eminent British economist, educated at Westminster School, Cambridge University (Caius and King's), who in 1984 received the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for developing an accounting model that could be used to track economic activities on a national and, later, an international scale.
Richard Tucker (August 28, 1913January 8, 1975) was an American operatic tenor.
Risë Stevens (June 11, 1913 – March 20, 2013) was an American operatic mezzo-soprano.
The River Clyde (Abhainn Chluaidh,, Watter o Clyde) is a river that flows into the Firth of Clyde in Scotland.
Robert Capa (born Endre Friedmann; October 22, 1913 – May 25, 1954) was a Hungarian war photographer and photojournalist, and was also the companion and professional partner of photographer Gerda Taro.
Robert Emhardt (July 24, 1914 – December 26, 1994) was an American character actor who worked on stage, in film and on television.
Robert Jungk (born Robert Baum, also known as Robert Baum-Jungk; May 11, 1913 – July 14, 1994) was an Austrian writer and journalist who wrote mostly on issues relating to nuclear weapons.
Robert Lembke (Robert Emil Weichselbaum) (born 17 September 1913 in Munich; died 14 January 1989) was a German television presenter and game show host.
Robert Gerald Mondavi (June 18, 1913 – May 16, 2008) was a leading California vineyard operator whose technical improvements and marketing strategies brought worldwide recognition for the wines of the Napa Valley in California.
Robert Theodore Stafford (August 8, 1913 – December 23, 2006) was an American politician from Vermont.
William Robertson Davies, (28 August 1913 – 2 December 1995) was a Canadian novelist, playwright, critic, journalist, and professor.
The Rockefeller Foundation is a private foundation based at 420 Fifth Avenue, New York City.
Roger Garaudy, later Ragaa Garaudy (17 July 1913 – 13 June 2012) was a French philosopher, French resistance fighter and a prominent communist author.
Roger Wolcott Sperry (August 20, 1913 – April 17, 1994) was a neuropsychologist, neurobiologist and Nobel laureate who, together with David Hunter Hubel and Torsten Nils Wiesel, won the 1981 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine for his work with split-brain research.
Eugène Adrien Roland Georges Garros (6 October 1888 – 5 October 1918) was a French pioneering aviator and fighter pilot during World War I and early days of aviation.
Dame Roma Flinders Mitchell (2 October 19135 March 2000) was an Australian lawyer, judge and state governor.
Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005) was an activist in the civil rights movement best known for her pivotal role in the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
Rosa Palumbo, better known by her stage name as Rosita Contreras (born March 15, 1913), is an Argentine actress, singer and vedette.
Rotterdam is a city in the Netherlands, in South Holland within the Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt river delta at the North Sea.
Roy Engel (September 13, 1913 – September 29, 1980) was an American film and television actor.
Roy Hiroshi Matsumoto (May 1, 1913 – April 21, 2014) was an American soldier of World War II.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
Rudolf Brazda (26 June 1913 – 3 August 2011) was the last known concentration camp survivor deported by Nazi Germany on charges of homosexuality.
Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel (18 March 185829 September 1913) was a German inventor and mechanical engineer, famous for the invention of the diesel engine, and for his mysterious death.
Preston Rudolph York (August 17, 1913 – February 5, 1970) was a professional baseball player and manager.
Anthony Trevelyan "Rufus" Rogers (12 July 1913 – 18 August 2009) was a New Zealand doctor and a politician of the Labour Party.
The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.
Saima Rauha Maria Harmaja (May 8, 1913, Helsinki – April 21, 1937) was a Finnish poet and writer.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
Samuel Franklin Cowdery (later known as Samuel Franklin Cody; 6 March 1867 – 7 August 1913, born Davenport, Iowa, USA)) was a Wild West showman and early pioneer of manned flight. He is most famous for his work on the large kites known as Cody War-Kites, that were used by the British in World War I as a smaller alternative to balloons for artillery spotting. He was also the first man to fly an aeroplane in Britain, on 16 October 1908. A flamboyant showman, he was often confused with Buffalo Bill Cody, whose surname he took when young.
San Francisco (initials SF;, Spanish for 'Saint Francis'), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California.
San Javier (Сан-Хавьер) is a town situated on the east bank of the river Río Uruguay in the Río Negro Department of Uruguay.
Saverne (Saverne,; Alsatian: Zàwere; (German)) is a commune in the Bas-Rhin department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.
The Sea of Marmara (Marmara Denizi), also known as the Sea of Marmora or the Marmara Sea, and in the context of classical antiquity as the Propontis is the inland sea, entirely within the borders of Turkey, that connects the Black Sea to the Aegean Sea, thus separating Turkey's Asian and European parts.
The Second Balkan War was a conflict which broke out when Bulgaria, dissatisfied with its share of the spoils of the First Balkan War, attacked its former allies, Serbia and Greece, on 16 (O.S.) / 29 (N.S.) June 1913.
Segismundo Moret y Prendergast (2 June 1833 – 28 January 1913) was a Spanish politician and writer.
Self-governance, self-government, or autonomy, is an abstract concept that applies to several scales of organization.
The Senghenydd colliery disaster, also known as the Senghenydd explosion (Tanchwa Senghennydd), occurred at the Universal Colliery in Senghenydd, near Caerphilly, Glamorgan, Wales, on 14 October 1913.
Between the years AD 1900 and 2099, September 11 of the Gregorian calendar is the leap day of the Coptic and Ethiopian calendars.
It is frequently the day of the autumnal equinox in the Northern Hemisphere and the day of the vernal equinox in the Southern Hemisphere.
It is frequently the day of the autumnal equinox in the Northern Hemisphere and the day of the vernal equinox in the Southern Hemisphere.
Sergei Pavlovich Diaghilev (sʲɪˈrɡʲej ˈpavɫovʲɪtɕ ˈdʲæɡʲɪlʲɪf; 19 August 1929), usually referred to outside Russia as Serge Diaghilev, was a Russian art critic, patron, ballet impresario and founder of the Ballets Russes, from which many famous dancers and choreographers would arise.
Sergey Vladimirovich Mikhalkov (Серге́й Влади́мирович Михалко́в; − 27 August 2009) was a Soviet and Russian author of children's books and satirical fables who had the opportunity to write the lyrics of his country's national anthem on three different occasions, spanning almost 60 years.
The Seventeenth Amendment (Amendment XVII) to the United States Constitution established the popular election of United States Senators by the people of the states.
The was the military dictator of Japan during the period from 1185 to 1868 (with exceptions).
Sheffield is a city and metropolitan borough in South Yorkshire, England.
Shek Wing-cheung (1 January 1913 – 3 June 2009), better known by his stage name Shih Kien (Cantonese: Shek Kin; Mandarin: Shi Jian), was a Hong Kong-based Chinese actor.
Siberia (a) is an extensive geographical region, and by the broadest definition is also known as North Asia.
Sid James (born Solomon Joel Cohen; 8 May 1913 – 26 April 1976) (sometimes credited as Sidney James) was a South African-born British character and comic actor.
The Battle of Adrianople or Siege of Adrianople (Обсада на Одрин, Опсада Једрена, Edirne Kuşatması) was fought during the First Balkan War, beginning in mid-November 1912 and ending on 26 March 1913 with the capture of Edirne (Adrianople) by the Bulgarian 2nd Army.
Sigmund Freud (born Sigismund Schlomo Freud; 6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst.
Sigmund G. Livingston (December 27, 1872 – June 13, 1946) was a German-born American Jewish attorney working in Chicago, Illinois.
Silvio Piola (29 September 1913 – 4 October 1996) was an Italian footballer from Robbio Lomellina, province of Pavia who played as a striker.
The Sixteenth Amendment (Amendment XVI) to the United States Constitution allows the Congress to levy an income tax without apportioning it among the states or basing it on the United States Census.
Overton Amos Lemons (July 5, 1913 – October 7, 1966), known as Smiley Lewis, was an American New Orleans rhythm and blues singer and guitarist.
Smoky Dawson AM MBE (19 March 191313 February 2008) born as Herbert "Herb" Henry Brown, was an Australian country music performer, radio star, entertainer, and icon.
Song Jiaoren (Given name at birth: Liàn 鍊; Courtesy name: Dùnchū 鈍初) (5 April 1882 – 22 March 1913) was a Chinese republican revolutionary, political leader and a founder of the Kuomintang (KMT).
is the International Morse code distress signal; the bar over it indicates to omit the normal gaps between the letters.
Sourou-Migan Marcellin Joseph Apithy (April 8, 1913 – December 3, 1989) was a Beninese political figure most active when his country was known as Dahomey.
The South African Air Force (SAAF) is the air force of South Africa, with headquarters in Pretoria.
South Wales (De Cymru) is the region of Wales bordered by England and the Bristol Channel to the east and south, and Mid Wales and West Wales to the north and west.
In metallurgy, stainless steel, also known as inox steel or inox from French inoxydable (inoxidizable), is a steel alloy with a minimum of 10.5% chromium content by mass.
Stanford Moore (September 4, 1913 – August 23, 1982) was an American biochemist.
The Stanley Gibbons Group plc is a company quoted on the London Stock Exchange and which specialises in the retailing of collectable postage stamps and similar products.
Stanley Earl Kramer (September 29, 1913February 19, 2001) was an American film director and producer, responsible for making many of Hollywood's most famous "message films".
Helmut Flieg or Hellmuth Fliegel (10 April 1913 – 16 December 2001) was a German writer, known by his pseudonym Stefan Heym.
Suffragettes were members of women's organisations in the late-19th and early-20th centuries who, under the banner "Votes for Women", fought for women's suffrage, the right to vote in public elections.
Sun Yun-suan (10 November 1913 – 15 February 2006) was a Chinese engineer and politician.
Sylvia Field Porter (June 18, 1913 – June 5, 1991) was an American economist, journalist and author.
Navam Mawatha in Colombo --> Tikiri Bandara Ilangaratne (27 February 1913 – 21 May 1992) was a Sri Lankan politician, author, dramatist, and theater actor he was Member of Parliament for Kandy, Galaha, Hewaheta and Kolonnawa in Colombo district.
Tadeusz Kotz (9 August 1913 – 3 June 2008) was a Polish pilot and fighter ace of World War II.
Tahira Akbar qizi Tahirova (Tahirə Əkbər qızı Tahirova., Таи́ра Акпе́р кызы́ Таи́рова.; 7 November 1913 – 26 October 1991) was a Soviet politician and diplomat.
Tamara Desni (22 October 19137 February 2008) was a German-born British actress.
The 1913 Tasmanian state election was held on Thursday, 23 January 1913 in the Australian state of Tasmania to elect 30 members of the Tasmanian House of Assembly.
Edward "Ted" Grant (born Isaac Blank; 9 July 1913 – 20 July 2006) was a South African Trotskyist who spent most of his adult life in Britain.
The Ten Tragic Days ("La Decena Trágica") was a series of events that took place in Mexico City between February 9 and February 19, 1913, during the Mexican Revolution.
Teodoro Fernández Meyzán (born 20 May 1913 in Cañete — died 17 September 1996 in Lima), nicknamed "Lolo", was a Peruvian football striker.
Terence Patrick O'Sullivan (1913-1970) was a British civil engineer.
Thaddeus Sobieski Constantine Lowe (August 20, 1832 – January 16, 1913), also known as Professor T. S. C. Lowe, was an American Civil War aeronaut, scientist and inventor, mostly self-educated in the fields of chemistry, meteorology, and aeronautics, and the father of military aerial reconnaissance in the United States.
The Théâtre des Champs-Élysées is a theatre at 15 avenue Montaigne in Paris.
The Little Mermaid (Den lille Havfrue) is a bronze statue by Edvard Eriksen, depicting a mermaid.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Rite of Spring (Le Sacre du printemps; sacred spring) is a ballet and orchestral concert work by the Russian composer Igor Stravinsky.
The Sydney Morning Herald (SMH) is a daily compact newspaper published by Fairfax Media in Sydney, Australia.
A thunderstorm, also known as an electrical storm, lightning storm, or thundershower, is a storm characterized by the presence of lightning and its acoustic effect on the Earth's atmosphere, known as thunder.
The historical era of Tibet from 1912 to 1951 followed the collapse of the Qing dynasty in 1912, and lasted until the invasion of Tibet by the People's Republic of China.
Tito Gobbi (24 October 19135 March 1984) was an Italian operatic baritone with an international reputation.
Tobias Michael Carel Asser (28 April 1838 – 29 July 1913) was a Dutch lawyer and legal scholar of Jewish background.
The Tokugawa shogunate, also known as the and the, was the last feudal Japanese military government, which existed between 1600 and 1868.
was the 15th and last shōgun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan.
Thomas David Henrich (February 20, 1913 – December 1, 2009), nicknamed "The Clutch" and "Old Reliable", was an American professional baseball player of German descent.
Alvin Morris (December 25, 1913 – July 27, 2012), known professionally as Tony Martin, was an American actor and popular singer.
Tony Zale, born Anthony Florian Zaleski (May 29, 1913 – March 20, 1997) was an American boxer.
Torreón is a city and seat of Torreón Municipality in the Mexican state of Coahuila.
A trade union or trades union, also called a labour union (Canada) or labor union (US), is an organization of workers who have come together to achieve many common goals; such as protecting the integrity of its trade, improving safety standards, and attaining better wages, benefits (such as vacation, health care, and retirement), and working conditions through the increased bargaining power wielded by the creation of a monopoly of the workers.
A train station, railway station, railroad station, or depot (see below) is a railway facility or area where trains regularly stop to load or unload passengers or freight.
Trần Đại Nghĩa (13 September 1913 – 9 August 1997) was a Vietnamese scientist, military engineer, and prominent figure in the defense industry of Vietnam.
The Treaty of Bucharest (Tratatul de la Bucureşti; Bukureštanski mir/ Букурештански мир; Договорът от Букурещ; Συνθήκη του Βουκουρεστίου) was concluded on 10 August 1913, by the delegates of Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia, Montenegro and Greece.
The Treaty of Constantinople was a treaty between the Ottoman Empire and the Kingdom of Bulgaria signed on 29 September 1913 after the Second Balkan War at the Ottoman capital Constantinople.
The Treaty of London (1913) was signed on 30 May during the London Conference of 1912–13.
Trevor Wallace Howard-Smith (29 September 1913 – 7 January 1988), known as Trevor Howard, was an English actor.
The National Geodetic Survey (NGS), formerly the United States Survey of the Coast (1807–1836), United States Coast Survey (1836–1878), and United States Coast and Geodetic Survey (USC&GS) (1878–1970), is a United States federal agency that defines and manages a national coordinate system, providing the foundation for transportation and communication; mapping and charting; and a large number of applications of science and engineering.
Ulster loyalism is a political ideology found primarily among working class Ulster Protestants in Northern Ireland, whose status as a part of the United Kingdom has remained controversial.
The Ulster Volunteers was a unionist militia founded in 1912 to block domestic self-government (or Home Rule) for Ireland, which was then part of the United Kingdom.
The United States Census Bureau (USCB; officially the Bureau of the Census, as defined in Title) is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy.
The United States Department of Commerce is the Cabinet department of the United States government concerned with promoting economic growth.
The United States Department of Commerce and Labor was a short-lived Cabinet department of the United States government, which was concerned with controlling the excesses of big business.
The United States Department of Labor (DOL) is a cabinet-level department of the U.S. federal government responsible for occupational safety, wage and hour standards, unemployment insurance benefits, reemployment services, and some economic statistics; many U.S. states also have such departments.
The United States Fish Commission, formally known as the United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries, was an agency of the United States government created in 1871 to investigate, promote, and preserve the fisheries of the United States.
The United States Soccer Federation (USSF), commonly referred to as U.S. Soccer, is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization and the official governing body of the sport of soccer in the United States.
Universal Colliery was a coal mine located in Senghenydd in the Aber Valley, roughly four miles north-west of the town of Caerphilly.
The Uruguayan Air Force (Fuerza Aérea Uruguaya, abbreviated FAU) is one of the three main branches of the Armed Forces of Uruguay under the Uruguayan Ministry of Defense.
Vance H. Trimble (born July 6, 1913) is an American journalist.
Vaslav Nijinsky (also Vatslav; Ва́цлав Фоми́ч Нижи́нский;; Wacław Niżyński; 12 March 1889/18908 April 1950) was a ballet dancer and choreographer cited as the greatest male dancer of the early 20th century.
Venustiano Carranza Garza (29 December 1859 – 21 May 1920) was one of the main leaders of the Mexican Revolution, whose victorious northern revolutionary Constitutionalist Army defeated the counter-revolutionary regime of Victoriano Huerta (February 1913-July 1914) and then defeated fellow revolutionaries after Huerta's ouster.
Victor Harold Krulak (January 7, 1913 – December 29, 2008) was a decorated United States Marine Corps officer who saw action in World War II, Korea and Vietnam.
Victor John Mature (January 29, 1913 – August 4, 1999) was an American stage, film, and television actor who starred most notably in several Biblical movies during the 1950s, and was known for his dark good looks and mega-watt smile.
José Victoriano Huerta Márquez (22 December 1850 – 13 January 1916) was a Mexican military officer and 35th President of Mexico.
Vienna (Wien) is the federal capital and largest city of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria.
Vincent Thomas Lombardi (June 11, 1913 – September 3, 1970) was an American football player, coach, and executive in the National Football League (NFL).
Vincenzo Peruggia (October 8, 1881 – October 8, 1925) was an Italian thief, most famous for stealing the Mona Lisa on 21 August 1911.
Marcus Vinicius da Cruz e Mello Moraes (19 October 1913 – 9 July 1980), also known as Vinícius de MoraesAccording to current Portuguese orthography, the name would be spelled Vinícius de Morais.
Vivien Leigh (born Vivian Mary Hartley, and also known as Lady Olivier after 1947; 5 November 19138 July 1967) was an English stage and film actress.
Vsevolod Fyodorovich Rudnev (Все́волод Фёдорович Ру́днев; 31 August 1855 – 20 July 1913) was a career naval officer in the Imperial Russian Navy, noted for his heroic role in the Battle of Chemulpo Bay during the Russo-Japanese War of 1904–1905.
Wallace Gordon "Wally" Parks (January 23, 1913 – September 28, 2007) was the founder, president, and chairman of the National Hot Rod Association, better known as NHRA.
Jan Walter Susskind (1 May 1913 – 25 March 1980) was a Czech-born British conductor, teacher and pianist.
Warja Lavater (28 September 1913 – 3 May 2007) was born in Winterthur, Switzerland.
Werner Mölders (18 March 1913 – 22 November 1941) was a German fighter pilot during World War II and a leading German fighter ace.
William John Conway (22 January 1913 – 17 April 1977) was an Irish cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland from 1963 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1965.
William Joseph "Bill" Casey (March 13, 1913 – May 6, 1987) was the Director of Central Intelligence from 1981 to 1987.
William M. Zachacki, Sr. (July 9, 1913 – January 4, 1969) was an American politician.
William Pierce Rogers (June 23, 1913 – January 2, 2001) was an American politician, diplomat, and lawyer.
William Richard Tolbert Jr. (13 May 1913 – 12 April 1980) was the 20th President of Liberia from 1971 until 1980, when he was killed in a coup d'état led by Samuel Doe.
William "Bill" Redington Hewlett (May 20, 1913 – January 12, 2001) was an American engineer and the co-founder, with David Packard, of the Hewlett-Packard Company (HP).
William Sulzer (March 18, 1863 – November 6, 1941) was an American lawyer and politician, nicknamed Plain Bill Sulzer.
Willis Eugene Lamb Jr. (July 12, 1913 – May 15, 2008) was an American physicist who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1955 "for his discoveries concerning the fine structure of the hydrogen spectrum." The Nobel Committee that year awarded half the prize to Lamb and the other half to Polykarp Kusch, who won "for his precision determination of the magnetic moment of the electron." Lamb was able to determine precisely a surprising shift in electron energies in a hydrogen atom (see Lamb shift).
Willy Brandt (born Herbert Ernst Karl Frahm; 18 December 1913 – 8 October 1992) was a German statesman who was leader of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) from 1964 to 1987 and served as Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) from 1969 to 1974.
Woodrow Wilson Rawls, (September 24, 1913 - December 16, 1984) was an American writer best known for his books Where the Red Fern Grows and Summer of the Monkeys.
Winifred Joyce "Winnie" Drinkwater (11 April 1913 – 6 October 1996) was a pioneering Scottish aviator and aeroplane engineer. She was the first woman in the world to hold a commercial pilot's licence.
Witold Roman Lutosławski (25 January 1913 – 7 February 1994) was a Polish composer and orchestral conductor.
Wolfgang Paul (10 August 1913 – 7 December 1993) was a German physicist, who co-developed the non-magnetic quadrupole mass filter which laid the foundation for what is now called an ion trap.
The woman suffrage parade of 1913, officially the Woman Suffrage Procession, was the first suffragist parade in Washington, D.C. Organized by the suffragist Alice Paul for the National American Woman Suffrage Association, thousands of suffragists marched down Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington, D.C., on Monday, March 3, 1913.
Women's suffrage (colloquial: female suffrage, woman suffrage or women's right to vote) --> is the right of women to vote in elections; a person who advocates the extension of suffrage, particularly to women, is called a suffragist.
Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924) was an American statesman and academic who served as the 28th President of the United States from 1913 to 1921.
Wayne Woodrow "Woody" Hayes (February 14, 1913 – March 12, 1987) was an American football player and coach.
Woodrow Charles Herman (May 16, 1913 – October 29, 1987) was an American jazz clarinetist, saxophonist, singer, and big band leader.
The Woolworth Building, at 233 Broadway, Manhattan, New York City, designed by architect Cass Gilbert and constructed between 1910 and 1912, is an early US skyscraper.
The World Digital Library (WDL) is an international digital library operated by UNESCO and the United States Library of Congress.
Yitzhak Pundak (born Yitzhak Fundik יצחק פונדק; June 13, 1913 – August 27, 2017) was an Israeli general, diplomat and politician.
Yosemite National Park is an American national park lying in the western Sierra Nevada of California.
Yuan Shikai (16 September 1859 – 6 June 1916) was a Chinese warlord, famous for his influence during the late Qing dynasty, his role in the events leading up to the abdication of the last Qing Emperor, his autocratic rule as the first formal President of the Republic of China, and his short-lived attempt to restore monarchy in China, with himself as the Hongxian Emperor.
The Zabern or Saverne Affair was a crisis of domestic policy which occurred in the German Empire at the end of 1913.
Zephania Lekoame Mothopeng (10 September 1913 – 23 October 1990) was a South African political activist and member of the Pan-Africanist Congress (PAC).
A Zeppelin is a type of rigid airship named after the German Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin who pioneered rigid airship development at the beginning of the 20th century.
Thubten Gyatso (shortened from Ngawang Lobsang Thupten Gyatso Jigdral Chokley Namgyal;; 12 February 1876 – 17 December 1933) was the 13th Dalai Lama of Tibet.
It is historically famous for the wave of revolutions, a series of widespread struggles for more liberal governments, which broke out from Brazil to Hungary; although most failed in their immediate aims, they significantly altered the political and philosophical landscape and had major ramifications throughout the rest of the century.
The 1913 Ottoman coup d'état (January 23, 1913), also known as the Raid on the Sublime Porte (Bâb-ı Âlî Baskını), was a coup d'état carried out in the Ottoman Empire by a number of Committee of Union and Progress (CUP) members led by Ismail Enver Bey and Mehmed Talaat Bey, in which the group made a surprise raid on the central Ottoman government buildings, the Sublime Porte (Bâb-ı Âlî).
In the 1913 World Series, the Philadelphia Athletics beat the New York Giants four games to one.
The 1916 Summer Olympics (German: Olympische Sommerspiele 1916), officially known as the Games of the VI Olympiad, were scheduled to be held in Berlin, Germany, but were eventually canceled due to the outbreak of World War I. Berlin was selected as the host city during the 14th IOC Session in Stockholm on 4 July 1912, defeating bids from Alexandria, Amsterdam, Brussels, Budapest and Cleveland.
This year also marks the start of the Second World War, the largest and deadliest conflict in human history.
Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" acronym.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
It is also known as the "Year of Africa" because of major events—particularly the independence of seventeen African nations—that focused global attention on the continent and intensified feelings of Pan-Africanism.
The year is associated with the first manned landing on the Moon (Apollo 11).
The world population increased by 2.1% this year, the highest increase in history.
Within the context of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) it was the longest year ever, as two leap seconds were added during this 366-day year, an event which has not since been repeated.
It was also declared the International Women's Year by the United Nations and the European Architectural Heritage Year by the Council of Europe.
The year 1983 saw both the official beginning of the Internet and the first mobile cellular telephone call.
The year 1985 was designated as the International Youth Year by the United Nations.
In the 20th century, the year 1988 has the most Roman numeral digits (11).
1989 was a turning point in political history because a wave of revolutions swept the Eastern Bloc in Europe, starting in Poland and Hungary, with experiments in power sharing, coming to a head with the opening of the Berlin Wall in November, and the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia, embracing the overthrow of the communist dictatorship in Romania in December, and ending in December 1991 with the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
Important events of 1990 include the Reunification of Germany and the unification of Yemen, the formal beginning of the Human Genome Project (finished in 2003), the launch of the Hubble Space Telescope, the separation of Namibia from South Africa, and the Baltic states declaring independence from the Soviet Union amidst Perestroika.
It was the year that is usually considered the final year of the Cold War that had begun in the late 1940s.
1992 was designated as.
The year 1994 was designated as the "International Year of the Family" and the "International Year of Sport and the Olympic Ideal" by the United Nations.
This was the first year that the Internet was entirely privatized, with the United States government no longer providing public funding.
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1998 was designated as the International Year of the Ocean.
1999 was designated as the International Year of Older Persons.
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2017 was designated as International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development by the United Nations General Assembly.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.