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Arthur Edward Jeune "James" Collins (18 August 1885 – 11 November 1914), typically now known by his initials A. E. J. Collins, was an English cricketer and soldier.
Abd Al-Karim Qasim Muhammed Bakr Al-Fadhli Al-Zubaidi (عبد الكريم قاسم) (21 November 1914 – 9 February 1963), was a nationalist Iraqi Army brigadier who seized power in the 14 July Revolution, wherein the Iraqi monarchy was eliminated.
Abdias do Nascimento (March 14, 1914 – May 23, 2011) was a prominent African Brazilian scholar, artist, and politician.
Abelardo Raidi (December 25, 1914 – January 27, 2002) was a Venezuelan sportswriter and radio broadcaster.
Saint Abram (1829 – 10 June 1914) was a contemporary Coptic Orthodox saint.
Abram Games (29 July 1914 in Whitechapel, London – 27 August 1996 in London) was a British graphic designer.
Achille Pierre Deffontaines (16 February 1858 – 26 August 1914) was a French general.
The Action of 22 September 1914 was a German U-boat ambush that took place during the First World War, in which three obsolete Royal Navy cruisers, manned mainly by reservists and sometimes referred to as the livebait squadron, were sunk by a German submarine while on patrol.
Adlai Ewing Stevenson (October 23, 1835 – June 14, 1914) served as the 23rd Vice President of the United States (1893–97).
Adna Romanza Chaffee (April 14, 1842 – November 1, 1914) was a lieutenant general in the United States Army.
Adolfo Bioy Casares (September 15, 1914 – March 8, 1999) was an Argentine fiction writer, journalist, and translator.
Adolfo Carranza (August 7, 1857 — August 15, 1914) was an Argentine lawyer, public official, historian, and writer who established the National Historical Museum.
Adolfo Saldías (Buenos Aires, 6 September 1849; La Paz, Bolivia 17 October 1914) was an Argentine historian, lawyer, politician, soldier and diplomat.
Adolphus Frederick V (22 July 1848 – 11 June 1914) was reigning grand duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz from 1904 to 1914.
Adriaan Blaauw (12 April 1914 – 1 December 2010) was a Dutch astronomer.
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
Afrikaans is a West Germanic language spoken in South Africa, Namibia and, to a lesser extent, Botswana and Zimbabwe.
Agnès Cécile Marie-Madeleine Valois (30 June 1914 – 19 April 2018), also known as Sister Agnès-Marie, was a French Roman Catholic nun and nurse.
Agostino Straulino (October 10, 1914 – December 14, 2004) was an Italian sailor and sailboat racer, who won one Olympic gold medal and one silver medal in the Star class, and eight consecutive European championships and two world championships in this class and was world champion in the 5.5m-class.
Akhter Hameed Khan (اختر حمید خان, pronounced; 15 July 1914 – 9 October 1999) was a Pakistani development practitioner and social scientist.
(31 May 1914 – 8 February 2006) was a Japanese composer, best known for his works on the film scores of the Godzilla movies since 1954.
Alain-Fournier was the pseudonym of Henri-Alban Fournier (3 October 1886 – 22 September 1914 Secrétariat Général pour l'Administration), a French author and soldier.
Alan Alda (born Alphonso Joseph D'Abruzzo; January 28, 1936) is an American actor, director, screenwriter, and author.
Alan MacGregor Cranston (June 19, 1914 – December 31, 2000) was an American politician, journalist and world federalist who served as a United States Senator from California, from 1969 to 1993.
Sir Alan Lloyd Hodgkin (5 February 1914 – 20 December 1998) was an English physiologist and biophysicist, who shared the 1963 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Andrew Huxley and John Eccles.
Lucien Denis Gabriel Albéric Magnard (9 June 1865 – 3 September 1914) was a French composer, sometimes referred to as a "French Bruckner", though there are significant differences between the two composers.
Albert Karl Ludwig Gotthilf Günther FRS, also Albert Charles Lewis Gotthilf Günther (3 October 1830 – 1 February 1914), was a German-born British zoologist, ichthyologist, and herpetologist.
Albert Hustin (1882-1967) was a Belgian medical doctor.
Alberto Castillo (December 7, 1914 – July 23, 2002) (nickname: Riobal) was a prominent Argentine tango singer and actor.
Alberto Lattuada (13 November 1914 – 3 July 2005) was an Italian film director.
Albrecht Graf von Schlitz genannt von Goertz von Wrisberg (en: Count Albrecht von Goertz, widely known as Albrecht Goertz) (12 January 1914 – 27 October 2006) was a German industrial designer who designed cars for BMW including the BMW 503 and BMW 507.
Sir Alec Guinness, (born Alec Guinness de Cuffe; 2 April 1914 – 5 August 2000) was an English actor.
Alessandro D'Ancona (20 February 18359 November 1914) was an Italian critic and writer.
Alexander (Alex) "Spunk" Pitko (November 22, 1914 – August 1, 2011) was a backup outfielder in Major League Baseball who played for the Philadelphia Phillies (1938) and Washington Senators (1939).
Alexandre Dimitri Shibicky (May 19, 1914 – July 9, 2005) was an ice hockey forward who played for the New York Rangers of the National Hockey League from 1935 to 1946.
Alexander Mikhailovich Dodonov (Александр Михайлович Додонов, February 24, 1837, St Petersburg — February 1, 1914, Moscow) was a Russian opera singer.
Aleksandr Vasilyevich Samsonov (Алекса́ндр Васи́льевич Самсо́нов) was a career officer in the cavalry of the Imperial Russian Army and a general during the Russo-Japanese War and World War I.
Alfred Hellmuth Andersch (4 February 1914 – 21 February 1980) was a German writer, publisher, and radio editor.
Alfred Drake (October 7, 1914 - July 25, 1992) was an American actor and singer.
Alfred Thayer Mahan (September 27, 1840 – December 1, 1914) was a United States naval officer and historian, whom John Keegan called "the most important American strategist of the nineteenth century." His book The Influence of Sea Power Upon History, 1660–1783 (1890) won immediate recognition, especially in Europe, and with its successor, The Influence of Sea Power Upon the French Revolution and Empire, 1793–1812 (1892), made him world-famous and perhaps the most influential American author of the nineteenth century.
Alfredo D'Ambrosio (Naples, 13 June 1871 – Nice, 29 December 1914) was an Italian composer and violinist.
Alfredo Varelli (born 31 August 1914) is an Italian film actor.
RSM Alhaji Grunshi DCM MM was the first soldier in British service to fire a shot in the First World War.
Alice Gore King (July 17, 1914 - May 26, 2007) was a women’s rights entrepreneur, educator, writer, artist, and a native New Yorker.
Alla Nikolayevna Bayanova (Алла Николаевна Баянова; 18 May 1914 – 30 August 2011) was a Russian Romance singer sometimes compared with Édith Piaf for her simple yet dramatic style of performance.
Allen Caperton Braxton (March 6, 1862 – March 22, 1914) was a Virginia lawyer and member of the Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1901–1902.
Allen Albert Funt (September 16, 1914 – September 5, 1999) was an American television producer, director, writer and television personality best known as the creator and host of Candid Camera from the 1940s to 1980s, as either a regular television show or a television series of specials.
The Allies of World War I, or Entente Powers, were the countries that opposed the Central Powers in the First World War.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
Alpha Phi Delta (ΑΦΔ), commonly referred to as APD, is a Greek social fraternity that evolved from an exclusive Italian society (Il Circolo Italiano) at Syracuse University in 1914.
Alpha Rho Chi (ΑΡΧ) is a professional co-educational college fraternity for students studying architecture and related professions.
Alsace (Alsatian: ’s Elsass; German: Elsass; Alsatia) is a cultural and historical region in eastern France, on the west bank of the upper Rhine next to Germany and Switzerland.
Alton Stanley Tobey (5 November 1914 - 4 January 2005), the American artist, was a painter, historical artist, muralist, portraitist, illustrator, and teacher of art.
Amelia Bence (born María Amelia Batvinik; 13 November 1914 – 8 February 2016) was an Argentine film actress and one of the divas of the Golden Age of Argentine Cinema (1940–60).
The American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers (ASCAP) is an American not-for-profit performance-rights organization (PRO) that protects its members' musical copyrights by monitoring public performances of their music, whether via a broadcast or live performance, and compensating them accordingly.
Anacleto Angelini Fabbri (January 17, 1914–August 28, 2007) was an Italian-born Chilean businessman.
Anarchism is a political philosophy that advocates self-governed societies based on voluntary institutions.
Anatole Abragam (December 15, 1914 – June 8, 2011) was a French physicist who wrote The Principles of Nuclear Magnetism and made significant contributions to the field of nuclear magnetic resonance.
Aníbal Carmelo Troilo (July 11, 1914 – May 18, 1975 in Buenos Aires) was an Argentine tango musician.
Andreas Beck (October 8, 1864 – March 18, 1914) was a Norwegian seal-hunter, polar captain, ice captain, and shipowner.
Andrew Fisher (29 August 186222 October 1928) was an Australian politician who served three separate terms as Prime Minister of Australia – from 1908 to 1909, from 1910 to 1913, and from 1914 to 1915.
Sir Andrzej Panufnik (24 September 1914 – 27 October 1991) was a Polish composer and conductor.
Angelo Di Pietro J.U.D. (22 May 1828 – 5 December 1914) was a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and Prefect of the Congregation of the Council.
Angelo Moriondo (Turin, 6 June 1851 – Marentino (Turin), 31 May 1914) is the inventor who patented the earliest known espresso machine, in 1884.
Anglicanism is a Western Christian tradition that evolved out of the practices, liturgy and identity of the Church of England following the Protestant Reformation.
Anna Karen Morrow (September 20, 1914 – July 1, 2009) was an American model turned film and television actress.
Anna Eva Lydia Catherine Wing (30 October 1914 – 7 July 2013) was an English actress who had a long career in television and theatre, but was best known for playing Lou Beale, the matriarch of the Beale family, in EastEnders.
Annaba (عنّابة), ("Jujube Town"), formerly known as Bona, and then Bône, is a seaport city in the northeastern corner of Algeria, close to Tunisia.
Anne Baker (née Salmond) (born 14 May 1914) is a British writer of historical biographies.
The anti-Serb riots in Sarajevo consisted of large-scale anti-Serb violence in Sarajevo on 28 and 29 June 1914 following the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria.
Anticoagulants, commonly referred to as blood thinners, are chemical substances that prevent or reduce coagulation of blood, prolonging the clotting time.
Antonino Paternò Castello, Marchese di San Giuliano (Catania, 9 December 1852 – Rome, 16 October 1914), was an Italian diplomat and Minister of Foreign Affairs.
Antonio Frixione (January 8, 1843 – April 14, 1914) was an Italian landscape and portrait painter and printmaker.
Antonio Herrera Toro (16 January 1857, Valencia - 26 June 1914, Caracas) was a Venezuelan painter, art critic and professor.
Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.
On the Roman calendar, this was known as the day before the nones of April (Pridie).
Franz Ferdinand Carl Ludwig Joseph Maria (18 December 1863 – 28 June 1914) was an Archduke of Austria-Este, Austro-Hungarian and Royal Prince of Hungary and of Bohemia and, from 1896 until his death, heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne.
Aristide Cavallari (8 February 1849 – 24 November 1914) was a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Patriarch of Venice.
An armed merchantman is a merchant ship equipped with guns, usually for defensive purposes, either by design or after the fact.
Armen Albert Alchian (April 12, 1914 – February 19, 2013) was an American economist and professor of economics at the University of California, Los Angeles.
The armored cruiser was a type of warship of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Arno Schmidt (18 January 1914 – 3 June 1979) was a German author and translator.
Arthur Albert Link (May 24, 1914 – June 1, 2010) was an American politician for the North Dakota Democratic Party, and later the Democratic-NPL.
John Arthur Kennedy (February 17, 1914January 5, 1990) was an American stage and film actor known for his versatility in supporting film roles and his ability to create "an exceptional honesty and naturalness on stage", especially in the original casts of Arthur Miller plays on Broadway.
Artstetten Castle (German: Schloss Artstetten) is a château near the Wachau valley in Lower Austria, in the community of Artstetten-Pöbring.
Asger Oluf Jorn (3 March 1914 – 1 May 1973) was a Danish painter, sculptor, ceramic artist, and author.
Ashton Gate is a suburb of Bristol, United Kingdom, in the Southville ward of Bristol City Council.
The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne, and his wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, occurred on 28 June 1914 in Sarajevo when they were mortally wounded by Gavrilo Princip.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
August is the eighth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, and the fifth of seven months to have a length of 31 days.
The term 'the 10th of August' is widely used by historians as a shorthand for the Storming of the Tuileries Palace on the 10th of August, 1792, the effective end of the French monarchy until it was restored in 1814.
It is the peak of the Perseid meteor shower.
This day marks the approximate midpoint of summer in the Northern Hemisphere and of winter in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the June solstice).
August Macke (3 January 1887 – 26 September 1914) was a German Expressionist painter.
August Friedrich Leopold Weismann (17 January 1834 – 5 November 1914) was a German evolutionary biologist.
Augusto de Carvalho Rodrigues dos Anjos (April 20, 1884 – November 12, 1914) was a Brazilian poet and professor.
Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy in English-language sources, was a constitutional union of the Austrian Empire (the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council, or Cisleithania) and the Kingdom of Hungary (Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen or Transleithania) that existed from 1867 to 1918, when it collapsed as a result of defeat in World War I. The union was a result of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 and came into existence on 30 March 1867.
The Austro-Hungarian Navy (German: kaiserliche und königliche Kriegsmarine, Hungarian: Császári és Királyi Haditengerészet "Imperial and Royal War Navy") was the naval force of Austria-Hungary.
The Autonomous Republic of Northern Epirus (translit) was a short-lived, self-governing entity founded in the aftermath of the Balkan Wars on February 28, 1914 by Greeks living in southern Albania (Northern Epirotes).
Avraham Shapira (אברהם אלקנה כהנא שפירא; 20 May 1914, Jerusalem – 27 September 2007) was a prominent rabbi in the Religious Zionist world.
Ghazi Mohammad Ayub Khan (غازي محمد ايوب خان) (1857 – April 7, 1914, Urdu) was also known as The Victor of Maiwand or The Afghan Prince Charlie and was, for a while, the governor of Herat Province in Afghanistan.
Álvaro Obregón Salido (February 19, 1880 – July 17, 1928) was a general in the Mexican Revolution, who became President of Mexico from 1920 to 1924.
Álvaro Zamith was a Brazilian sports administrator, who was the first president of the Brazilian Football Confederation, then called CBD (Confederação Brasileira de Desportos, or Brazilian Sports Confederation), from 20 November 1915 until 4 November 1916.
Élisabeth Arrighi Leseur (16 October 1866–3 May 1914), born Pauline Élisabeth Arrighi, was a French mystic best known for her spiritual diary and the conversion of her husband, Félix Leseur (1861–1950), a medical doctor and well known leader of the French anti-clerical, atheistic movement.
Satellite image of Osumi Peninsula The projects south from the Japanese island of Kyūshū and includes the southernmost point on the island, Cape Sata.
George Herman "Babe" Ruth Jr. (February 6, 1895 – August 16, 1948) was an American professional baseball player whose career in Major League Baseball (MLB) spanned 22 seasons, from 1914 through 1935.
The Bachelor's Walk massacre happened in Dublin, on 26 July 1914, when a column of troops of the King's Own Scottish Borderers were accosted by a crowd on Bachelor's Walk.
Baldev Raj Chopra (22 April 1914 – 5 November 2008) was an Indian director and producer of Bollywood movies and television serials.
Barcelona is a city in Spain.
Wladimir Rudolf Karl Freiherr Giesl von Gieslingen (18 February 1860 – 20 April 1936), was an Austro-Hungarian general and diplomat during World War I, most famous for delivering the ultimatum to the Serbian government during the July Crisis of 1914.
The Battle of Albert (also known as the First Battle of Albert) began on 25 September 1914, in what became known as the "Race to the Sea", during the First World War.
The Battle of Cer was a military campaign fought between Austria-Hungary and Serbia in August 1914 during the early stages of the Serbian Campaign of the First World War.
The Battle of Cocos was a single-ship action that occurred on 9 November 1914, after the Australian light cruiser (under the command of John Glossop) responded to an attack on a communications station at Direction Island by the German light cruiser (commanded by Karl von Müller).
The Battle of Coronel was a First World War Imperial German Naval victory over the Royal Navy on 1 November 1914, off the coast of central Chile near the city of Coronel.
The Battle of Grand Couronné (Bataille du Grand Couronné) took place in France after the Battle of the Frontiers, at the beginning of the First World War.
The Battle of Halen (also Haelen or the Battle of the Silver Helmets, Slag der Zilveren Helmen, Bataille des casques d'argent, because of the many cavalry helmets left behind on the battlefield by the German cuirassiers) took place on 12 August 1914 at the beginning of the First World War and was a cavalry encounter between German forces led by Georg von der Marwitz and Belgian troops led by Léon de Witte.
The First Battle of Heligoland Bight was the first naval battle of the First World War, fought on 28 August 1914, between the United Kingdom and Germany.
The Battle of Kolubara (Колубарска битка, Schlacht an der Kolubara) was a campaign fought between Austria-Hungary and Serbia in November and December 1914, during the Serbian Campaign of World War I. It commenced on 16 November, when the Austro-Hungarians under the command of Oskar Potiorek reached the Kolubara River during their third invasion of Serbia that year, having captured the strategic town of Valjevo and forced the Serbian Army to undertake a series of retreats.
The Battle of Le Cateau was fought on 26 August 1914, after the British and French retreated from the Battle of Mons and had set up defensive positions in a fighting withdrawal against the German advance at Le Cateau-Cambrésis.
The Battle of Liège (Bataille de Liège) was the opening engagement of the German invasion of Belgium and the first battle of the First World War.
The Battle of Mons was the first major action of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) in the First World War.
The Battle of Mulhouse (Mülhausen), also called the Battle of Alsace (Bataille d'Alsace), which began on 7 August 1914, was the opening attack of World War I by the French Army against Germany.
The Battle of Penang occurred on 28 October 1914, during World War I. It was a naval action in the Strait of Malacca, in which the German cruiser sank two Allied warships.
The Battle of Rossignol was an early battle of the First World War and part of the Battle of the Frontiers between the German and French armies.
The Battle of St.
The Battle of Tanga, sometimes also known as the Battle of the Bees, was the unsuccessful attack by the British Indian Expeditionary Force "B" under Major General A.E. Aitken to capture German East Africa (the mainland portion of present-day Tanzania) during the First World War in concert with the invasion Force "C" near Longido on the slopes of Mount Kilimanjaro.
The Battle of Tannenberg was fought between Russia and Germany between the 26th and 30th of August 1914, the first month of World War I. The battle resulted in the almost complete destruction of the Russian Second Army and the suicide of its commanding general, Alexander Samsonov.
The Battle of the Falkland Islands was a naval action between the British Royal Navy and Imperial German Navy on 8 December 1914, during the First World War in the South Atlantic.
The Battle of the Frontiers was a series of battles fought along the eastern frontier of France and in southern Belgium, shortly after the outbreak of the First World War.
The Battle of the Vistula River, also known as the Battle of Warsaw, was a Russian victory against the German Empire and Austria-Hungary on the Eastern Front during the First World War.
The Battle of the Yser (Bataille de l'Yser, Slag om de IJzer) was a battle of World War I that took place in October 1914 between the towns on Nieuwpoort and Diksmuide, along a stretch of the Yser River and the Yperlee Canal, in Belgium.
A battleship is a large armored warship with a main battery consisting of large caliber guns.
Béatrix Beck (14 July 1914 – 30 November 2008) was a French writer of Belgian origin.
Béla Spányi (19 March 1852, Pest – 12 June 1914, Budapest) was a Hungarian painter who specialized in landscapes.
Beatrice Whitney Straight (August 2, 1914 – April 7, 2001) was an American theatre, film and television actress and a member of the prominent Whitney family.
Akhtari Bai Faizabadi, also known as Begum Akhtar (Mustri Bai) (7 October 1914 – 30 October 1974), was a well-known Indian singer of Ghazal, Dadra, and Thumri genres of Hindustani classical music.
Belfast (is the capital city of Northern Ireland, located on the banks of the River Lagan on the east coast of Ireland.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
Belgrade (Beograd / Београд, meaning "White city",; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Serbia.
Ben Gage (October 29, 1914 - April 28, 1978) was an American radio singer and announcer, occasional off-screen film singer dubbing the voice of non-singing actors, and television actor active from 1959 to 1975.
Saint Benedict Menni (11 March 1841 – 24 April 1914), born Angelo Ercole Menni Figini, was an Italian Roman Catholic priest.
Bengali, also known by its endonym Bangla (বাংলা), is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in South Asia.
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (29 July 1883 – 28 April 1945) was an Italian politician and journalist who was the leader of the National Fascist Party (Partito Nazionale Fascista, PNF).
The Benoist XIV was a small biplane flying boat built in the United States in 1913 in the hope of using it to carry paying passengers.
Bernard B. Wolfe (July 1, 1914 – April 13, 2016) was an American politician in the state of Illinois.
Bernard Richard Braine, Baron Braine of Wheatley, PC (24 June 1914 – 5 January 2000) was a Conservative Party politician in the United Kingdom.
Bernard Malamud (April 26, 1914 – March 18, 1986) was an American novelist and short story writer.
Bert Parks (born Bertram Jacobson; December 30, 1914 – February 2, 1992) was an American actor, singer, and radio and television announcer, best known for hosting the annual Miss America telecast from 1955 to 1979.
Bertha Felicitas Sophie Freifrau von Suttner (Baroness Bertha von Suttner, née Countess Kinsky, Gräfin Kinsky von Wchinitz und Tettau; 9 June 184321 June 1914) was an Austrian-Bohemian pacifist and novelist.
Lambertus Jacobus Johannes "Bertus" Aafjes (May 12, 1914 – April 23, 1993) was a Dutch poet whose work is marked by his devout Catholicism.
A beth din (בית דין Bet Din, "house of judgement", Ashkenazic: beis din) is a rabbinical court of Judaism.
Baroness Bethsabée de Rothschild (assumed the name Batsheva after she immigrated to Israel in 1951; September 23, 1914 – April 20, 1999), was a philanthropist, a patron of dance, and member of the Rothschild banking family.
Betty Lou Gerson (April 20, 1914 – January 12, 1999) was an American actress, predominantly active in radio, but also in film and television, and as a voice actress.
Bidia Dandaron (Vidyadhara, Бидия Дандарович Дандарон) (December 28, 1914, Soorkhoi, Kizhinga, Buryatia — October 26, 1974, Vydrino, Buryatia) was a major Buddhist author and teacher in the USSR.
Big Bertha (lit) is the name of a type of super-heavy siege artillery developed by the armaments manufacturer Krupp in Germany and used in World Wars I and II.
William Randall Downs, Jr. (August 17, 1914 – May 3, 1978) was an American broadcast journalist and war correspondent.
William Lindsey Erwin (December 2, 1914 – December 29, 2010) was an American film, television and stage actor with over 250 television and film credits.
William Barnard "Bill" Justice (February 9, 1914February 10, 2011) was an animator and engineer for the Walt Disney Company.
Carrabo Italo Ansell "Bill" Monti (30 June 1914 – 1977) was a rugby union player who represented Australia.
William John Owen Rowbotham, (14 March 1914 – 12 July 1999), known professionally as Bill Owen, was an English actor and songwriter.
William Lee Tipton (December 29, 1914 – January 21, 1989) was an American jazz musician and bandleader.
The Black Sea is a body of water and marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean between Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and Western Asia.
Blaise Diagne (13 October 1872 – 11 May 1934) was a Senegalese-French political leader and mayor of Dakar.
Blood transfusion is generally the process of receiving blood or blood products into one's circulation intravenously.
Robert Earl Allen (July 2, 1914 – October 30, 2005) was a Major League Baseball pitcher.
Bob Lido (September 21, 1914 – August 9, 2000) was an American musician and singer who was a regular member of television's The Lawrence Welk Show.
Boer is the Dutch and Afrikaans noun for "farmer".
The Bombardment of Papeete occurred in French Polynesia when German warships attacked on 22 September 1914, during World War I. The German armoured cruisers and entered the port of Papeete on the island of Tahiti and sank the French gunboat and freighter Walkure before bombarding the town's fortifications.
Andrew Bonar Law (16 September 1858 – 30 October 1923), commonly called Bonar Law, was a British Conservative politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1922 to 1923.
In finance, a bond is an instrument of indebtedness of the bond issuer to the holders.
Boris Christoff (Bulgarian: Борис Кирилов Христов, official transliteration Boris Kirilov Hristov; 18 May 1914 – 28 June 1993) was a Bulgarian opera singer, widely considered one of the greatest basses of the 20th century.
Bosnia and Herzegovina (or; abbreviated B&H; Bosnian and Serbian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH) / Боснa и Херцеговина (БиХ), Croatian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH)), sometimes called Bosnia-Herzegovina, and often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe located on the Balkan Peninsula.
Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.
The Boston Red Sox are an American professional baseball team based in Boston, Massachusetts.
Bowling, in cricket, is the action of propelling the ball toward the wicket defended by a batsman.
Walter Brandon Thomas (24 December 1848 – 19 June 1914) was an English actor, playwright and songwriter, best known as the author of the farce Charley's Aunt.
The Brazilian Football Confederation (Confederação Brasileira de Futebol or CBF) is the governing body of football in Brazil.
The Brazilian Olympic Committee or BOC (Comitê Olímpico do Brasil – COB) is the highest authority in Brazilian sport and the governing body of Brazilian Olympic sport.
Bristol is a city and county in South West England with a population of 456,000.
The Bristol Post is a regional daily newspaper covering news in the city of Bristol, including stories from the whole of Greater Bristol, North Somerset and South Gloucestershire.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the British Army sent to the Western Front during the First World War.
The term British Malaya loosely describes a set of states on the Malay Peninsula and the island of Singapore that were brought under British control between the 18th and the 20th centuries.
Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the de jure capital of Belgium.
Budapest is the capital and the most populous city of Hungary, and one of the largest cities in the European Union.
Budd Schulberg (March 27, 1914 – August 5, 2009) was an American screenwriter, television producer, novelist and sports writer.
Charles Xavier Larrabee (November 19, 1843 – September 16, 1914) was a 19th-century businessman and a co-founder of the town of Fairhaven, Washington.
Cacilda Campos Borges Barbosa (18 May 1914 – 6 August 2010) was a Brazilian pianist, conductor and composer.
Camilo García de Polavieja y del Castillo-Negrete, 1st Marquis of Polavieja (1838–1914) was a Spanish general born in Madrid on July 13, 1838, in a family of merchants.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
The Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF) was the designation of the field force created by Canada for service overseas in the First World War.
Candelaria Figueredo (born December 11, 1852, Bayamo, Cuba – died January 19, 1914, Havana, Cuba) was a Cuban patriot who fought in the Cuban struggle for independence from Spain.
The Cape Cod Canal is an artificial waterway in the U.S. state of Massachusetts connecting Cape Cod Bay in the north to Buzzards Bay in the south, and is part of the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway.
The Cape Provincial Council was the provincial council of the Cape Province of South Africa.
Cape Town (Kaapstad,; Xhosa: iKapa) is a coastal city in South Africa.
Caprivi, also called the Caprivi Strip (in German: Caprivizipfel), Okavango Strip, and formerly known as Itenge (this part of the country was anciently known as Lyiyeyi (Diyeyi) then Caprivi and currently Zambezi, Itenge was a political dream that did not get realized), is the northeastern panhandle of Namibia, located north of Botswana, southeast of Angola, and southwest of Zambia.
William Carey Loftin (January 31, 1914 – March 4, 1997; akas: Cary Loftin, Carry Loftin, Carey Lofton, William Carey Loftin) was an American professional stuntman, stunt coordinator and actor in the U.S. film industry.
Carl Christian Hillman Jacobsen (2 March 1842 – 11 January 1914) was a Danish brewer, art collector and philanthropist, the son of J. C. Jacobsen, who founded the brewery Carlsberg and named it after him.
Carlos Felipe Morales Languasco was a Dominican priest, politician and military figure.
Carol I (20 April 1839 – 27 September (O.S.) / 10 October (N.S.) 1914), born Prince Karl of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, was the monarch of Romania from 1866 to 1914.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
César Povolny, also known as Czeslaw Povolny and listed as Martin Povolny (born 19 July 1914, date of death unknown), was a German-French association footballer.
The Central Powers (Mittelmächte; Központi hatalmak; İttifak Devletleri / Bağlaşma Devletleri; translit), consisting of Germany,, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria – hence also known as the Quadruple Alliance (Vierbund) – was one of the two main factions during World War I (1914–18).
Chaplin: His Life and Art is a 1985 book (revised second edition 2001) by film critic David Robinson which examines the life and works of Sir Charlie Chaplin.
Charilaos Florakis (also Harilaos Florakis; Χαρίλαος Φλωράκης; 20 July 1914 – 22 May 2005) was a leader of the Communist Party of Greece (KKE).
Charles Albert Gobat (21 May 1843 – 16 March 1914) was a Swiss lawyer, educational administrator, and politician who jointly received the Nobel Peace Prize with Élie Ducommun in 1902 for their leadership of the Permanent International Peace Bureau.
Charles Patrick "Charlie" Donnelly (10 July 1914 – 1937) was an Irish poet and left wing political activist.
Charles Alfred Mozley (29 May 1914, Darnall, Sheffield – 11 January 1991, Kew, London) was a British artist who was also a teacher.
Charles Pierre Péguy (7 January 1873 – 5 September 1914) was a noted French poet, essayist, and editor.
Karl Friedrich Anton Hermann 'Charles' Regnier"Wedekind aus Horst Kreis Neustadt am Rübenberge in Niedersachsen".
Charles Sanders Peirce ("purse"; 10 September 1839 – 19 April 1914) was an American philosopher, logician, mathematician, and scientist who is sometimes known as "the father of pragmatism".
General Sir Charles Whittingham Horsley Douglas, (17 July 1850 – 25 October 1914) was a British Army officer who served in the Second Anglo-Afghan War, the First Boer War, the Suakin Expedition, the Second Boer War and the First World War.
Charley's Aunt is a farce in three acts written by Brandon Thomas.
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin (16 April 1889 – 25 December 1977) was an English comic actor, filmmaker, and composer who rose to fame in the era of silent film.
Chen Tingru was a Chinese veteran.
Chennai (formerly known as Madras or) is the capital of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
The Chief of the General Staff (Начелник Генералштаба / Načelnik Generalštaba) is the chief of the General Staff and Serbian Armed Forces.
Christian Otto Josef Wolfgang Morgenstern (6 May 1871 – 31 March 1914) was a German author and poet from Munich.
Christl Franziska Antonia Cranz-Borchers (1 July 1914 – 28 September 2004) was a German alpine ski racer.
The Christmas truce (Weihnachtsfrieden; Trêve de Noël) was a series of widespread but unofficial ceasefires along the Western Front of World War I around Christmas 1914.
Rear-Admiral Sir Christopher "Kit" George Francis Maurice Cradock (2 July 1862 – 1 November 1914) was a British officer of the Royal Navy.
The Cincinnati Zoo and Botanical Garden is the second-oldest zoo in the United States.
Claire Martin, (18 April 1914 – 18 June 2014) was the pseudonym of the Canadian writer Claire Montreuil.
Clayton Moore (born Jack Carlton Moore, September 14, 1914 – December 28, 1999) was an American actor best known for playing the fictional western character the Lone Ranger from 1949–1951 and 1954–1957 on the television series of the same name and two related movies from the same producers.
Cleveland is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio, and the county seat of Cuyahoga County.
Clint Cornelius Wilson Sr. (1914 – September 18, 2005) was an African-American editorial cartoonist.
Coatzacoalcos is a major port city in the southern part of the Mexican state of Veracruz, on the Coatzacoalcos River.
George Coleridge Emerson Goode (29 November 1914 – 2 October 2015) was a British Jamaican-born jazz bassist best known for his long collaboration with alto saxophonist Joe Harriott.
The Colorado Coalfield War was a major labor uprising in Colorado between 1913 and 1914.
The Colorado National Guard consists of the Colorado Army National Guard and Colorado Air National Guard.
Constantinople (Κωνσταντινούπολις Konstantinoúpolis; Constantinopolis) was the capital city of the Roman/Byzantine Empire (330–1204 and 1261–1453), and also of the brief Latin (1204–1261), and the later Ottoman (1453–1923) empires.
The Constitution of Norway (complete name: the Constitution of the Kingdom of Norway; official name in Danish: Kongeriget Norges Grundlov; Norwegian Bokmål: Kongeriket Norges Grunnlov; Norwegian Nynorsk: Kongeriket Noregs Grunnlov) was first adopted on 16 May and subsequently signed and dated on 17 May 1814 by the Norwegian Constituent Assembly at Eidsvoll.
The Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria (Coptic: Ϯⲉⲕ̀ⲕⲗⲏⲥⲓⲁ ̀ⲛⲣⲉⲙ̀ⲛⲭⲏⲙⲓ ⲛⲟⲣⲑⲟⲇⲟⲝⲟⲥ, ti.eklyseya en.remenkimi en.orthodoxos, literally: the Egyptian Orthodox Church) is an Oriental Orthodox Christian church based in Egypt, Northeast Africa and the Middle East.
Copyright is a legal right, existing globally in many countries, that basically grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights to determine and decide whether, and under what conditions, this original work may be used by others.
Cornelis Jacobus Langenhoven (13 August 1873 – 15 July 1932), who published under his initials C.J. Langenhoven, was a South African poet who played a major role in the development of Afrikaans literature and cultural history.
Corneliu (Cornel) Coposu (20 May 1914 – 11 November 1995) was a conservative Romanian politician.
Country blues (also folk blues, rural blues, backwoods blues, or downhome blues) is acoustic, mainly guitar-driven forms of the blues, that mixes blues elements with characteristics of country and folk.
The Courtyard Crisis was a constitutional conflict between the Swedish king and prime minister and significant event in Swedish 20th-century history, marking the last time the Monarch of Sweden directly intervened in a controversial partisan political issue, as was done by the King Gustaf V through the Courtyard Speech at the Royal Palace in Stockholm on 6 February 1914, in front of 32 000 assembled farmers from all over the country, in which he argued for higher military spending.
Creighton Williams Abrams Jr. (September 15, 1914 – September 4, 1974) was a United States Army general who commanded military operations in the Vietnam War from 1968–1972, which saw U.S. troop strength in South Vietnam reduced from a peak of 543,000 to 49,000.
A crime of passion (French: crime passionnel), in popular usage, refers to a violent crime, especially homicide, in which the perpetrator commits the act against someone because of sudden strong impulse such as sudden rage rather than as a premeditated crime.
Cuxhaven is an independent town and seat of the Cuxhaven district, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Cyprus (Κύπρος; Kıbrıs), officially the Republic of Cyprus (Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία; Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti), is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean and the third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean.
Denis Bryan Harvey "Dick" Wildish CB (24 December 1914 – 2 April 2017) was a vice admiral in the Royal Navy.
Dag Hjalmar Agne Carl Hammarskjöld (29 July 1905 – 18 September 1961) was a Swedish economist and diplomat who served as the second Secretary-General of the United Nations.
Dale Burlison DeArmond (July 2, 1914 in Bismarck, North Dakota – November 21, 2006 in Sitka, Alaska) was an American printmaker, and book illustrator.
Daniel Douglas Eley OBE, FRS (1 October 1914 – 3 September 2015) was a British chemist and Professor of Physical Chemistry at the University of Nottingham.
Daniel Joseph Boorstin (October 1, 1914 – February 28, 2004) was an American historian at the University of Chicago who wrote on many topics in American and world history.
The Dardanelles (Çanakkale Boğazı, translit), also known from Classical Antiquity as the Hellespont (Ἑλλήσποντος, Hellespontos, literally "Sea of Helle"), is a narrow, natural strait and internationally-significant waterway in northwestern Turkey that forms part of the continental boundary between Europe and Asia, and separates Asian Turkey from European Turkey.
David Alexander (December 23, 1914 – March 6, 1983) was an American television director.
David Brian (August 5, 1910 – July 15, 1993) was an American actor and dancer.
David William Goodall (4 April 1914 – 10 May 2018) was an English-born Australian botanist and ecologist.
David Wayne (born Wayne James McMeekan, January 30, 1914 – February 9, 1995) was an American stage and screen actor with a career spanning over 50 years.
Daya Mata (Sanskrit for Compassionate Mother), born Rachel Faye Wright, (January 31, 1914November 30, 2010) was the president and sanghamata (mother of the society) of the organization that Paramahansa Yogananda created to disseminate his teachings, Self-Realization Fellowship (SRF) in Los Angeles, California / Yogoda Satsanga Society of India (YSS), for over 55 years.
Begum Sahiba Hatice Hayriye Ayşe Dürrüşehvar Sultan (خدیجہ خیریہ عائشہ در شہوار; 26 January 1914 – 7 February 2006) was the daughter of Abdülmecid II of the Ottoman dynasty, who was the last heir apparent to the Ottoman Imperial throne and the last Caliph of the Muslim world.
In the Northern Hemisphere, December 21 is usually the shortest day of the year and is sometimes regarded as the first day of winter.
A declaration of war is a formal act by which one state goes to war against another.
A declaration of war is a formal declaration issued by a national government indicating that a state of war exists between that nation and another.
Desmond Wilkinson Llewelyn (12 September 1914 – 19 December 1999) was a Welsh actor, best known for his role as Q in 17 of the ''James Bond'' films between 1963 and 1999.
Richard "Dick" Henry Durrance (October 23, 1914 – June 13, 2004) was a 17-time national championship alpine ski racer and one of the first Americans to compete successfully against Europeans.
Diego Rodríguez de Silva y Velázquez (baptized on June 6, 1599August 6, 1660) was a Spanish painter, the leading artist in the court of King Philip IV, and one of the most important painters of the Spanish Golden Age.
Dietrich "Dieter" Hrabak (19 December 1914 – 15 September 1995) was a German fighter pilot during World War II.
Dimitrie Sturdza (in full Dimitrie Alexandru Sturdza-Miclăușanu; 10 March 183321 October 1914) was a Romanian statesman and author of the late 19th century, and president of the Romanian Academy between 1882 and 1884.
Dobri Dimitrov Dobrev (Добри Димитров Добрев, 20 July 1914 – 13 February 2018), better known as Grandpa Dobri, Elder Dobri (translit) or The Saint of Bailovo, was a Bulgarian ascetic who walked over each day to sit or stand in front of the Cathedral of Alexander Nevsky in Sofia to collect money for charitable causes.
Doc Williams (June 26, 1914 – January 31, 2011) was an influential American country music band leader and vocalist.
Domenico Ferrata JUD (4 March 1847 – 10 October 1914) was an Italian Roman Catholic Cardinal who spent the bulk of his career in the diplomatic service of the Holy See and in the Roman Curia.
Don Muang Royal Thai Air Force Base is approximately 40 kilometres north of central Bangkok and is the main operating and command base for the Royal Thai Air Force.
Dorival Caymmi (April 30, 1914 – August 16, 2008) was a Brazilian singer, songwriter, actor, and painter active for more than 70 years beginning in 1933.
Dorothy Lamour (born Mary Leta Dorothy Slaton; December 10, 1914 – September 22, 1996) was an American actress and singer.
Dover is a town and major ferry port in the home county of Kent, in South East England.
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Frederick Charles Doveton Sturdee, 1st Baronet (9 June 1859 – 7 May 1925) was a Royal Navy officer.
Dovey Johnson Roundtree (April 17, 1914 – May 21, 2018) was an African-American civil rights activist, ordained minister, and attorney. Her 1955 victory before the Interstate Commerce Commission in the first bus desegregation case to be brought before the ICC resulted in the only explicit repudiation of the "separate but equal" doctrine in the field of interstate bus transportation by a court or federal administrative body. That case, Sarah Keys v. Carolina Coach Company (64 MCC 769 (1955)), which Dovey Roundtree argued with her law partner and mentor Julius Winfield Robertson, was invoked by Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy during the 1961 Freedom Riders' campaign in his successful battle to compel the Interstate Commerce Commission to enforce its rulings and end Jim Crow laws in public transportation. A protégé of black activist and educator Mary McLeod Bethune, Roundtree was selected by Bethune for the first class of African-American women to be trained as officers in the newly created Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (later the Women's Army Corps) during World War II. In 1961 she became one of the first women to receive full ministerial status in the African Methodist Episcopal Church, which had just begun ordaining women at a level beyond mere preachers in 1960. With her controversial admission to the all-white Women's Bar of the District of Columbia in 1962, she broke the color bar for minority women in the Washington legal community. In one of Washington's most sensational and widely covered murder cases, United States v. Ray Crump, tried in the summer of 1965 on the eve of the Watts riots, Roundtree won acquittal for the black laborer accused of the murder of Georgetown socialite (and former wife of a CIA officer) Mary Pinchot Meyer, a woman with romantic ties to President John F. Kennedy. The founding partner of the Washington, D.C. law firm of Roundtree, Knox, Hunter and Parker in 1970 following the death of her first law partner Julius Robertson in 1961, Roundtree was special consultant for legal affairs to the AME Church, and General Counsel to the National Council of Negro Women. She was the inspiration for actress Cicely Tyson's depiction of a maverick civil rights lawyer in the television series "Sweet Justice", and the recipient, along with retired Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor, of the American Bar Association's 2000 Margaret Brent Women Lawyers of Achievement Award. In 2011 a scholarship fund was created in her name by the Charlotte Chapter of the National Alumnae Association of Spelman College. Roundtree also received the 2011 Torchbearer Award from the Women's Bar Association of the District of Columbia, the organization which she integrated in 1962. In March 2013 an affordable senior living facility in the Southeast Washington DC community where she ministered was named "The Roundtree Residences" in her honor. She turned 100 in April 2014 and died at the age of 104 in May 2018.
The dreadnought was the predominant type of battleship in the early 20th century.
Dylan Marlais Thomas (27 October 1914 – 9 November 1953) was a Welsh poet and writer whose works include the poems "Do not go gentle into that good night" and "And death shall have no dominion"; the 'play for voices' Under Milk Wood; and stories and radio broadcasts such as A Child's Christmas in Wales and Portrait of the Artist as a Young Dog.
The German East Asia Squadron (Ger Kreuzergeschwader or Ostasiengeschwader) was an Imperial German Navy cruiser squadron which operated mainly in the Pacific Ocean between the mid-1890s and 1914.
East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR; Deutsche Demokratische Republik, DDR), existed from 1949 to 1990 and covers the period when the eastern portion of Germany existed as a state that was part of the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War period.
EastEnders is a British soap opera created by Julia Smith and Tony Holland which has been broadcast on BBC One since 1985.
Easter Island (Rapa Nui, Isla de Pascua) is a Chilean island in the southeastern Pacific Ocean, at the southeasternmost point of the Polynesian Triangle in Oceania.
The Eastern Catholic Churches or Oriental Catholic Churches, also called the Eastern-rite Catholic Churches, and in some historical cases Uniate Churches, are twenty-three Eastern Christian particular churches sui iuris in full communion with the Pope in Rome, as part of the worldwide Catholic Church.
The Eastern Orthodox Church, also known as the Orthodox Church, or officially as the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian Church, with over 250 million members.
Edwin "Honest Ed" Mirvish, (July 24, 1914 – July 11, 2007) was an American-Canadian businessman, philanthropist and theatrical impresario who lived in Toronto, Ontario.
Edmund Sixtus Muskie (March 28, 1914March 26, 1996) was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 58th United States Secretary of State under President Jimmy Carter, a United States Senator from Maine from 1959 to 1980, the 64th Governor of Maine from 1955 to 1959, a member of the Maine House of Representatives from 1946 to 1951, and the Democratic Party's candidate for Vice President of the United States in the 1968 election.
Eduard Suess (20 August 1831 – 26 April 1914) was an Austrian geologist and an expert on the geography of the Alps.
Edward Cecil Allcard (31 October 1914 – 28 July 2017) was an English naval architect, marine surveyor, yachtsman and author.
Edward Andrews (October 9, 1914 – March 8, 1985) was an American stage, film and television actor.
Edward Arthur Thompson (22 May 1914 – 1 January 1994) was an Irish-born British classicist, medievalist and professor at the University of Nottingham from 1948 to 1979.
Edward Mandell House (July 26, 1858 – March 28, 1938) was an American diplomat, politician, and an adviser to President Woodrow Wilson.
Lieutenant Commander Edward Henry "Butch" O'Hare (March 13, 1914 – November 26, 1943) was an American naval aviator of the United States Navy, who on February 20, 1942, became the Navy's first flying ace when he single-handedly attacked a formation of nine heavy bombers approaching his aircraft carrier.
Edward Twitchell Hall, Jr. (May 16, 1914 – July 20, 2009) was an American anthropologist and cross-cultural researcher.
Thomas Edwin La Dell (7 January 1914 – 27 June 1970) was a British printmaker, lithographer, illustrator and painter active during the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s.
Eleanor Sokoloff (née Blum; born June 16, 1914) is an American pianist and piano teacher.
Blessed Elena Guerra (23 June 1835 – 11 April 1914) was an Italian Roman Catholic professed religious and the founder of the Oblates of the Holy Spirit.
María Elena Lucena Arcuri (25 September 1914 – 7 October 2015) was an Argentine film actress of the Golden Age of Argentine Cinema (1940–60).
Ellen Louise Axson Wilson (May 15, 1860 – August 6, 1914), was the first wife of Woodrow Wilson and the mother of their three daughters.
Ellsworth Edwin Wareham (born October 3, 1914) is an American centenarian and retired cardiothoracic surgeon from Loma Linda, California.
, or, was the 122nd Emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession, reigning from February 3, 1867 until his death on July 29, 1912.
The was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.
, also known as, was the wife of Emperor Meiji of Japan.
Endurance was the three-masted barquentine in which Sir Ernest Shackleton sailed for the Antarctic on the 1914 Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition.
The English Channel (la Manche, "The Sleeve"; Ärmelkanal, "Sleeve Channel"; Mor Breizh, "Sea of Brittany"; Mor Bretannek, "Sea of Brittany"), also called simply the Channel, is the body of water that separates southern England from northern France and links the southern part of the North Sea to the Atlantic Ocean.
The Episcopal Church is the United States-based member church of the worldwide Anglican Communion.
Erich Topp (2 July 1914 – 26 December 2005) was the third most successful of German U-Boat commanders of World War II.
Ernest Oliver Kirkendall (July 6, 1914 – August 22, 2005) was an American chemist and metallurgist.
Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton (15 February 1874 – 5 January 1922) was a polar explorer who led three British expeditions to the Antarctic, and one of the principal figures of the period known as the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration.
Ernest Dale Tubb (February 9, 1914 – September 6, 1984), nicknamed the Texas Troubadour, was an American singer and songwriter and one of the pioneers of country music.
Ernest "Erni" Cabat (July 7, 1914 - November 9, 1994) was an American artist.
Ersilio Tonini (20 July 1914 – 28 July 2013) was an Italian Cardinal of the Catholic Church.
Ethelreda Leopold (July 2, 1914January 26, 1998) was an American film actress.
Eugen Böhm Ritter von Bawerk (born Eugen Böhm, 12 February 1851 – 27 August 1914) was an Austrian economist who made important contributions to the development of the Austrian School of Economics.
Eugenio Montero Ríos (13 November 1832 Santiago de Compostela – 12 May 1914 Madrid) was a leading member of the Spanish Liberal Party before being part of a 1903 schism that divided it.
The Evening Independent was St. Petersburg, Florida's first daily newspaper.
Fair Isle (IPA: /fɛəraɪ̯l/; Friðarey; Fara) is an island in Shetland, in northern Scotland.
For superstitious reasons, when the Romans began to intercalate to bring their calendar into line with the solar year, they chose not to place their extra month of Mercedonius after February but within it.
This day marks the approximate midpoint of winter in the Northern Hemisphere and of summer in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the December solstice).
The Federal Reserve Act (ch. 6,, enacted December 23, 1913) is an Act of Congress that created and established the Federal Reserve System (the central banking system of the United States), and which created the authority to issue Federal Reserve Notes (commonly known as the US Dollar) as legal tender.
A Federal Reserve Bank is a regional bank of the Federal Reserve System, the central banking system of the United States.
The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) is an independent agency of the United States government, established in 1914 by the Federal Trade Commission Act.
The Federal Trade Commission Act of 1914 established the Federal Trade Commission.
Federico Degetau y González (December 5, 1862 – February 20, 1914) was a Puerto Rican politician, lawyer, writer, author, and the first Resident Commissioner of Puerto Rico to the United States House of Representatives.
Federico Peliti (29 June 1844 – 28 October 1914) was a baker, confectioner, hotelier, manager of restaurants in Shimla and Calcutta and an amateur photographer in British India.
Felix Ysagun Manalo (born Félix Ysagun y Manalo, May 10, 1886 – April 12, 1963), also known as Ka Felix, was the first Executive Minister of the Iglesia ni Cristo (Church of Christ) and registered it with the Philippine Government on July 27, 1914.
Ferenc Fricsay (9 August 1914 – 20 February 1963) was a Hungarian conductor.
Fernand Foureau (17 October 1850 – 17 January 1914) was a French explorer and Governor of Martinique from 1908 to 1913.
The First Battle of the Aisne (1re Bataille de l'Aisne) was the Allied follow-up offensive against the right wing of the German First Army (led by Alexander von Kluck) and the Second Army (led by Karl von Bülow) as they retreated after the First Battle of the Marne earlier in September 1914.
The Battle of the Marne (Première bataille de la Marne, also known as the Miracle of the Marne, Le Miracle de la Marne) was a World War I battle fought from It resulted in an Allied victory against the German armies in the west.
The First Battle of Ypres (Première Bataille des Flandres Erste Flandernschlacht, was a battle of the First World War, fought on the Western Front around Ypres, in West Flanders, Belgium, during October and November 1914.
The First Lady of the United States (FLOTUS) is the title held by the hostess of the White House, usually the wife of the President of the United States, concurrent with the President's term in office.
First-class cricket is an official classification of the highest-standard international or domestic matches in the sport of cricket.
The Firth of Forth (Linne Foirthe) is the estuary (firth) of several Scottish rivers including the River Forth.
Fudbalski klub Vojvodina (Фудбалски клуб Војводина), commonly known as Vojvodina Novi Sad (Војводина Нови Сад) or simply Vojvodina and familiarly as Voša (Воша), is a Serbian professional football club based in Novi Sad, Vojvodina, the second largest city in Serbia, and one of the most popular clubs in the country.
A fleet review is a traditional gathering of ships from a particular navy to be observed by the reigning monarch or his or her representative, a practice allegedly dating back to the 15th century.
A flying boat is a fixed-winged seaplane with a hull, allowing it to land on water, that usually has no type of landing gear to allow operation on land.
The Flying Squadron of America was a temperance organization that staged a nationwide campaign to promote the temperance movement in the United States It consisted of three groups of revivalist-like speakers who toured cities across the country between September 30, 1914, and June 6, 1915.
Foça is a town and district in Turkey's İzmir Province, on the Aegean coast.
Ford Motor Company (commonly referred to simply as "Ford") is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
The France national football team (Équipe de France de football) represents France in international football and is controlled by the French Football Federation, also known as FFF, or in Fédération française de football.
Frances Kathleen Oldham Kelsey, CM (July 24, 1914 – August 7, 2015) was a Canadian-American pharmacologist and physician.
Frances Reid (December 9, 1914 – February 3, 2010) was an American dramatic actress.
Francesc Berenguer i Mestres (Reus 21 July 1866 - Barcelona 8 February 1914) was a Spanish Modernista architect from Catalonia, and an assistant and friend of Antoni Gaudí.
Francis Burton Harrison (December 18, 1873 – November 21, 1957) was an American-born Filipino statesman who served in the United States House of Representatives and was appointed Governor-General of the Philippines by President of the United States Woodrow Wilson.
Francis Steinmetz (20 September 1914 – 2 January 2006) was an officer in the Royal Netherlands Navy who escaped from Oflag IV-C, Colditz Castle, a German POW camp, during World War II, making a "home run" to safety.
Francisco da Costa Gomes, ComTE, GOA (30 June 1914 – 31 July 2001) was a Portuguese military officer and politician, the 15th President of the Portuguese Republic (the second after the Carnation Revolution).
Frank John Fenner, AC, CMG, MBE, FRS, FAA (21 December 1914 – 22 November 2010) was an Australian scientist with a distinguished career in the field of virology.
Frank Lloyd Wright (born Frank Lincoln Wright, June 8, 1867 – April 9, 1959) was an American architect, interior designer, writer and educator, who designed more than 1,000 structures, 532 of which were completed.
Frank Soo (12 March 1914 – 25 January 1991) was an English professional football player and manager of mixed Chinese and English parentage.
Frank Wilkinson (August 16, 1914 – January 2, 2006) was an American civil liberties activist who served as Executive Director of the National Committee Against Repressive Legislation and the First Amendment Foundation (both predecessors to the Defending Dissent Foundation).
Frankie Manning (May 26, 1914 – April 27, 2009) was an American dancer, instructor, and choreographer.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Jr. (August 17, 1914 – August 17, 1988) was an American lawyer, politician, and businessman.
Franz Joseph (born Franz Anton Joseph Schnaubelt; June 29, 1914 – June 2, 1994) was an artist and author loosely associated with the 1960s American television show Star Trek.
Fraternities and sororities, or Greek letter organizations (GLOs) (collectively referred to as "Greek life") are social organizations at colleges and universities.
Frédéric Mistral (Frederic Mistral, 8 September 1830 – 25 March 1914) was a French writer and lexicographer of the Occitan language.
Fred Fox (born July 14, 1914) is a French horn player, brass instrument teacher, and namesake of the University of Arizona Fred Fox School of Music.
Frederick Fennell (July 2, 1914 – December 7, 2004) was an internationally recognized conductor, and one of the primary figures in promoting the Eastman Wind Ensemble as a performing group.
Count Albrecht Friedrich Wilhelm Bernhard of Hohenau (born May 21, 1857 in the Albrechtsberg Castle in Dresden; died 15 April 1914 in Ochelhermsdorf) was a German nobleman.
Field Marshal Frederick Sleigh Roberts, 1st Earl Roberts, (30 September 1832 – 14 November 1914) was a British soldier who was one of the most successful commanders of the 19th century.
French Algeria (Alger to 1839, then Algérie afterwards; unofficially Algérie française, االجزائر المستعمرة), also known as Colonial Algeria, began in 1830 with the invasion of Algiers and lasted until 1962, under a variety of governmental systems.
French Polynesia (Polynésie française; Pōrīnetia Farāni) is an overseas collectivity of the French Republic; collectivité d'outre-mer de la République française (COM), sometimes unofficially referred to as an overseas country; pays d'outre-mer (POM).
The French Third Republic (La Troisième République, sometimes written as La IIIe République) was the system of government adopted in France from 1870 when the Second French Empire collapsed during the Franco-Prussian War until 1940 when France's defeat by Nazi Germany in World War II led to the formation of the Vichy government in France.
Gabriel Chiramel (11 December 1914 – 11 May 2017) was an Indian Syro-Malabar Catholic Roman Catholic priest, educationist, zoologist, author and social reformer, known for his services in the fields of education, health and human welfare.
Gabrielle Weidner (Brussels, 17 August 1914 - Königsberg in der Neumark, 17 February 1945) was a Dutch resistance fighter playing an active role in the French Resistance during World War II.
Gaston Calmette (30 July 1858 in Montpellier – 16 March 1914, Paris) was a French journalist and newspaper editor.
Gavin Maxwell FRSL, FIAL, FZS (Sc.), FRGSThe Rocks Remain, Gavin Maxwell, Longmans, 1963, ASIN: B0000CLY9N (15 July 19147 September 1969) was a Scottish naturalist and author, best known for his nonfiction writing and his work with otters.
Gavrilo Princip (Гаврило Принцип,; 28 April 1918) was a Bosnian Serb member of Young Bosnia, a Yugoslavist organization seeking an end to Austro-Hungarian rule in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Baron Géza Fejérváry de Komlóskeresztes (15 March 1833 – 25 April 1914) was a Hungarian general who served as the prime minister in a government of bureaucrats appointed by King Franz Joseph during the Hungarian Constitutional Crisis of 1903–1907.
Georg II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen (2 April 1826 – 25 June 1914), was the penultimate Duke of Saxe-Meiningen, reigning from 1866 to 1914.
Georg Trakl (3 February 1887 – 3 November 1914) was an Austrian poet and brother of the pianist Grete Trakl.
Georg Heinrich Patrick Baron von Tiesenhausen (May 18, 1914 – June 3, 2018) was a United States-based German rocket scientist.
George Alfred Brown, Baron George-Brown, (2 September 1914 – 2 June 1985) was a British Labour politician who served as Deputy Leader of the Labour Party from 1960 to 1970 and also in several Cabinet posts, including Foreign Secretary during the Labour government of the 1960s.
George Bernard Dantzig (November 8, 1914 – May 13, 2005) was an American mathematical scientist who made important contributions to operations research, computer science, economics, and statistics.
George Dunn (November 23, 1914 – April 27, 1982) was an American actor, humorist, vaudeville performer, and satirist.
George P. Nissen (February 3, 1914 – April 7, 2010) was an American gymnast and inventor who developed the modern trampoline and made trampolining a worldwide sport and recreation.
George Putnam (July 14, 1914 – September 12, 2008) was an American television news reporter and talk show host based in Los Angeles.
George Reeves (January 5, 1914 – June 16, 1959) was an American actor.
George Tabori (24 May 1914 – 23 July 2007) was a Hungarian writer and theater director.
George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert; 3 June 1865 – 20 January 1936) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India, from 6 May 1910 until his death in 1936.
George Washington Vanderbilt II (November 14, 1862 – March 6, 1914) was an art collector and member of the prominent Vanderbilt family, which amassed a huge fortune through steamboats, railroads, and various business enterprises.
George Westinghouse Jr. (October 6, 1846 – March 12, 1914) was an American entrepreneur and engineer based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania who invented the railway air brake and was a pioneer of the electrical industry, gaining his first patent at the age of 19.
Marie Georges Picquart (6 September 1854, Strasbourg, France – 19 January 1914, Amiens, France) was a French army officer and Minister of War.
Georges-Emmanuel Clancier (born 3 May 1914) is a French poet, novelist, and journalist.
Gerda Gilboe (5 July 1914 – 11 April 2009) was a Danish actress and singer.
German East Africa (Deutsch-Ostafrika) (GEA) was a German colony in the African Great Lakes region, which included present-day Burundi, Rwanda, and the mainland part of Tanzania.
The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.
German South West Africa (Deutsch-Südwestafrika) was a colony of the German Empire from 1884 until 1919.
Gertrude Hadley Jeannette (November 28, 1914, thehistorymakers.com; accessed February 22, 2017. – April 4, 2018) was an African American playwright and film and stage actress.
The Ghana Regiment is an infantry regiment that forms the main fighting element of the Ghanaian Army (GA).
Giacomo Maria Radini-Tedeschi (12 July 1857 - 22 August 1914) was the Bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Bergamo.
Gilbert John Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 4th Earl of Minto (9 July 18451 March 1914) was a British aristocrat and politician who served as Governor General of Canada, the eighth since Canadian Confederation, and as Viceroy and Governor-General of India, the country's 17th.
Gino Bartali, Cavaliere di Gran Croce OMRI (18 July 1914 – 5 May 2000), nicknamed Gino the Pious and (in Italy) Ginettaccio, was a champion road cyclist.
Giovanni Battista Lugari (18 February 1846—31 July 1914) was an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who from the time he became a priest at nearly fifty years of age, worked in the Roman Curia.
Giovanni Sgambati (May 28, 1841 – December 14, 1914) was an Italian pianist and composer.
Gisèle Casadesus (14 June 1914 – 24 September 2017) was a French actress, who appeared in numerous theatre and film productions.
Giuseppe Mercalli (May 21, 1850 – March 19, 1914) was an Italian volcanologist and Catholic priest.
Giuseppe Puzone (12 February 1820 – 17 October 1914) was an Italian opera composer and conductor active in Naples, the city of his birth.
Giuseppe Vigoni (9 July 1846 – 15 February 1914) was an Italian explorer of Africa and geographer.
Gjirokastër is a city in southern Albania, on a valley between the Gjerë mountains and the Drino, at 300 metres above sea level.
Glenn Robert Davis (October 28, 1914 – September 21, 1988) was a member of the United States House of Representatives for Wisconsin.
Wu QingyuanHis original name was Wu Quan.
Thomas Gordon Cullen (9 August 1914 – 11 August 1994) was an influential British architect and urban designer who was a key motivator in the Townscape movement.
A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.
The Government of Ireland Act 1914 (4 & 5 Geo. 5 c. 90), also known as the Home Rule Act, and before enactment as the Third Home Rule Bill, was an Act passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom intended to provide home rule (self-government within the United Kingdom) for Ireland.
The Governor General of Canada (Gouverneure générale du Canada) is the federal viceregal representative of the.
The Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia is the representative of the Australian monarch, currently Queen Elizabeth II.
The Great Retreat, also known as the Retreat from Mons, is the name given to the long withdrawal to the River Marne, in August and September 1914, by the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) and the French Fifth Army, Allied forces on the Western Front in World War I, after their defeat by the Imperial German armies at the Battle of Charleroi (21 August) and the Battle of Mons (23 August).
The Greek genocide, including the Pontic genocide, was the systematic genocide of the Christian Ottoman Greek population carried out in its historic homeland in Anatolia during World War I and its aftermath (1914–1922).
The Greeks or Hellenes (Έλληνες, Éllines) are an ethnic group native to Greece, Cyprus, southern Albania, Italy, Turkey, Egypt and, to a lesser extent, other countries surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. They also form a significant diaspora, with Greek communities established around the world.. Greek colonies and communities have been historically established on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea, but the Greek people have always been centered on the Aegean and Ionian seas, where the Greek language has been spoken since the Bronze Age.. Until the early 20th century, Greeks were distributed between the Greek peninsula, the western coast of Asia Minor, the Black Sea coast, Cappadocia in central Anatolia, Egypt, the Balkans, Cyprus, and Constantinople. Many of these regions coincided to a large extent with the borders of the Byzantine Empire of the late 11th century and the Eastern Mediterranean areas of ancient Greek colonization. The cultural centers of the Greeks have included Athens, Thessalonica, Alexandria, Smyrna, and Constantinople at various periods. Most ethnic Greeks live nowadays within the borders of the modern Greek state and Cyprus. The Greek genocide and population exchange between Greece and Turkey nearly ended the three millennia-old Greek presence in Asia Minor. Other longstanding Greek populations can be found from southern Italy to the Caucasus and southern Russia and Ukraine and in the Greek diaspora communities in a number of other countries. Today, most Greeks are officially registered as members of the Greek Orthodox Church.CIA World Factbook on Greece: Greek Orthodox 98%, Greek Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%. Greeks have greatly influenced and contributed to culture, arts, exploration, literature, philosophy, politics, architecture, music, mathematics, science and technology, business, cuisine, and sports, both historically and contemporarily.
Gretel Lambert (born Margarethe Bergmann; April 12, 1914 – July 25, 2017), nytimes.com, July 25, 2017; accessed September 10, 2017.
Grigori Yefimovich Rasputin (Григо́рий Ефи́мович Распу́тин; –) was a Russian mystic and self-proclaimed holy man who befriended the family of Tsar Nicholas II, the last monarch of Russia, and gained considerable influence in late imperial Russia.
Guangxi (pronounced; Zhuang: Gvangjsih), officially the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, is a Chinese autonomous region in South Central China, bordering Vietnam.
Guilin, formerly romanized as Kweilin, is a prefecture-level city in the northeast of China's Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.
Mir Gul Khan Naseer (میر گل خان نصیر), also widely regarded as Malek o-Sho'arā Balochistan (ملک شعراء بلوچستان; May 14, 1914 – 6 December 1983) was a prominent politician, poet, historian, and journalist from Balochistan, Pakistan.
The Gulf of Saint Lawrence (French: Golfe du Saint-Laurent) is the outlet of the North American Great Lakes via the Saint Lawrence River into the Atlantic Ocean.
Gustav Wilhelm Hamel (25 June 1889 – missing 23 May 1914) was a pioneer British aviator.
Auguste "Gusti" Huber (July 27, 1914 – July 12, 1993) was an Austrian-American actress.
Herbert Henry Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith, (12 September 1852 – 15 February 1928), generally known as H. H. Asquith, was a British statesman of the Liberal Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1908 to 1916.
Clarence Eugene "Hank" Snow (May 9, 1914 – December 20, 1999) was a Canadian-American country music artist.
Hannes Schiel (31 May 1914 – 2 December 2017) was an Austrian actor.
Hans Leybold (2 April 1892 – 8 September 1914) was a German expressionist poet, whose small body of work was a major inspiration behind much of the Dada movement, in particular the works of his close friend Hugo Ball.
Hans Maršálek (19 July 1914 – 9 December 2011) was an Austrian typesetter, political activist, detective, and historian.
Hans Jørgensen Wegner, (April 2, 1914 – January 26, 2007), was a world-renowned Danish furniture designer.
Hansi Knoteck (2 March 1914 – 23 February 2014) was an Austrian film actress.
Harland & Wolff Heavy Industries is a heavy industrial company, specialising in ship repair, conversion, and offshore construction, located in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
Harold John Avery Russell (January 14, 1914 – January 29, 2002) was a Canadian-American World War II veteran who became one of only two non-professional actors to win an Academy Award for acting (the other being Haing S. Ngor).
The Harrison Narcotics Tax Act (Ch. 1) was a United States federal law that regulated and taxed the production, importation, and distribution of opiates and coca products.
Harry Caray (born Harry Christopher Carabina; March 1, 1914 – February 18, 1998) was an American sportscaster on radio and television.
Lieutenant General Harry Edgar Goldsworthy (born April 3, 1914) is an American Air Force lieutenant general who was deputy chief of staff for systems and logistics, Headquarters U.S. Air Force, Washington, D.C. He was responsible for all Air Force logistics support which includes procurement policy, maintenance engineering, transportation, supply and services, and foreign military assistance and sales.
Harry Flood Byrd Jr. (December 20, 1914 – July 30, 2013) was an American orchardist, newspaper publisher and politician.
Harry Rhett Townes (September 18, 1914 – May 23, 2001) was an American television and film actor who later in life became an Episcopalian priest.
Harvey Bertram Scribner (July 7, 1914 – December 23, 2002) was an American educator and administrator who oversaw the voluntary integration of the Teaneck Public Schools in the mid-1960s.
Hasidism, sometimes Hasidic Judaism (hasidut,; originally, "piety"), is a Jewish religious group.
Hearts Adrift is a 1914 American silent short romance film directed by Edwin S. Porter.
Hedy Lamarr (born Hedwig Eva Maria Kiesler, November 9, 1914 January 19, 2000) was an Austrian-born American film actress and inventor.
Heidi Bertha Auguste Kabel (27 August 1914 – 15 June 2010) was a German musician and actress.
Heinrich Friedrich Karl Ludwig Burkhardt (15 October 1861 – 2 November 1914) was a German mathematician.
Heinz Billing (7 April 1914 – 4 January 2017) was a German physicist and computer scientist, widely considered a pioneer in the construction of computer systems and computer data storage, who built a prototype laser interferometric gravitational wave detector.
Helena Zoila Tirona Benitez (June 27, 1914 – July 14, 2016) was a Filipina academic and administrator of the Philippine Women's University.
Henriette Caillaux (5 December 1874 – 29 January 1943) was a Parisian socialite and second wife of the former Prime Minister of France, Joseph Caillaux.
Henry C. Pearson (October 8, 1914 – December 3, 2006) was an American abstract and modernist painter.
Henry Hadley (27 March 1863 – 5 August 1914) was an English civilian who was fatally shot in Germany, allegedly while resisting arrest, on 3 August 1914, the day before the United Kingdom's entry into the First World War.
Major-General Sir Henry Hallam Parr KCB, CMG (24 July 1847 – 4 April 1914) was a British Army officer who became General Officer Commanding North-Western District.
Henry Charles Keith Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne, (14 January 1845 – 3 June 1927) was a British statesman who served successively as the fifth Governor General of Canada, Viceroy of India, Secretary of State for War, and Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs.
Herbert Nürnberg (born 16 July 1914) was a German boxer.
Herbert Reinecker (24 December 1914 – 27 January 2007) was a very prolific German novelist, dramatist and screenwriter.
Herman Louis Franks (January 4, 1914 – March 30, 2009) was a catcher, coach, manager, general manager and scout in American Major League Baseball.
Herman Teodor Holmgren (31 March 1842 – 24 May 1914) was a Swedish architect.
was a Japanese breaststroke swimmer and the first Japanese woman to earn a gold medal in the Olympics.
Treason is criminal disloyalty.
Knut Hjalmar Leonard Hammarskjöld (4 February 1862 – 12 October 1953) was a Swedish politician, scholar, cabinet minister, Member of Parliament from 1923 to 1938 (first chamber), and Prime Minister of Sweden from 1914 to 1917.
HMAS AE1 (originally known as just AE1) was an E-class submarine of the Royal Australian Navy (RAN).
HMAS Sydney was a ''Chatham''-class light cruiser of the Royal Australian Navy (RAN).
Britannic was the third and final vessel of the White Star Line's of steamships; and the second to bear the name "Britannic." She was the fleet mate of both the and the and was intended to enter service as a transatlantic passenger liner.
HMS Amphion was an scout cruiser built for the Royal Navy before the First World War.
HMS Birmingham was lead ship of the Birmingham group of three ships of the of light cruisers built by the Royal Navy.
HMS Bristol was a light cruiser built for the Royal Navy in the first decade of the 20th century.
HMS Good Hope was one of four ''Drake''-class armoured cruisers built for the Royal Navy around 1900; she was originally named Africa, but was renamed before she was launched.
HMS Highflyer was the lead ship of the protected cruisers built for the Royal Navy in the 1890s.
HMS King George V was the lead ship of her class of four dreadnought battleships built for the Royal Navy in the early 1910s.
HMS Monmouth was the lead ship of her class of 10 armoured cruisers built for the Royal Navy in the first decade of the 20th century.
HMS Pathfinder was the lead ship of the ''Pathfinder'' class of scout cruisers, and was the first ship ever to be sunk by a locomotive torpedo fired by submarine (the American Civil War ship USS ''Housatonic'' had been sunk by a spar torpedo).
Johannes Peter "Honus" Wagner (February 24, 1874 – December 6, 1955), sometimes referred to as "Hans" Wagner, was an American baseball shortstop who played 21 seasons in Major League Baseball from 1897 to 1917, almost entirely for the Pittsburgh Pirates.
Horace Harmon Lurton (February 26, 1844 – July 12, 1914) was an American jurist who served for four years as a Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The House of Lords of the United Kingdom, also known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Howard Melvin Fast (November 11, 1914 – March 12, 2003) was an American novelist and television writer.
Howard Kingsbury Smith (May 12, 1914 – February 15, 2002) was an American journalist, radio reporter, television anchorman, political commentator, and film actor.
Howard Maurice Lawson (22 May 1914 – 21 October 2006) was an English first-class cricketer.
Howard University (HU or simply Howard) is a federally chartered, private, coeducational, nonsectarian, historically black university (HBCU) in Washington, D.C. It is categorized by the Carnegie Foundation as a research university with higher research activity and is accredited by the Middle States Commission on Higher Education.
Howard Vernon (15 July 1914 – 25 July 1996) was a Swiss actor.
Hubert Robert Harry Gregg (19 July 1914 – 29 March 2004) was a British broadcaster at the BBC, writer and stage and film actor.
Colonel Hubert "Hub" Zemke (March 14, 1914 – August 30, 1994) was a career officer in the United States Air Force, a fighter pilot in World War II, and a leading United States Army Air Forces ace.
Hubertine Auclert (April 10, 1848, Saint-Priest-en-Murat – August 4, 1914, Paris) was a leading French feminist and a campaigner for women's suffrage.
Hugh Martin (August 11, 1914 – March 11, 2011) was an American musical theater and film composer, arranger, vocal coach, and playwright.
Hugh Redwald Trevor-Roper, Baron Dacre of Glanton, (15 January 1914 – 26 January 2003), was a British historian of early modern Britain and Nazi Germany.
Iglesia ni Cristo (abbreviated as INC English: Church of Christ) is an international church that originated in the Philippines.
Ilija "Elijah" Monte Radlovic (5 July 1914 – 26 August 2000) was a British Army officer and an author.
The Imperial German Navy ("Imperial Navy") was the navy created at the time of the formation of the German Empire.
The Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition (1914–17), also known as the Endurance Expedition, is considered the last major expedition of the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
The Irish Home Rule movement was a movement that campaigned for self-government for Ireland within the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
The Blessed Irmã (Sister) Dulce Pontes, S.M.I.C., (26 May 1914 – 13 March 1992) was a Brazilian Catholic Franciscan Sister who was the founder of the Obras Sociais Irmã Dulce also known as the Charitable Works Foundation of Sister Dulce.
"Professor" Irwin Corey (July 29, 1914 – February 6, 2017) was an American stand-up comic, film actor and activist, often billed as The World's Foremost Authority.
Isabella Fyvie Mayo (pen name, Edward Garrett; 10 December 1843 – 13 May 1914) was a Scottish poet, novelist, suffragist, and reformer.
Ismail Gaspirali or Ismail Gasprinski (Turkish: İsmail Gaspıralı) (March 20, 1851 - September 11, 1914) was a Crimean Tatar intellectual, educator, publisher and politician.
Isolina Ferré Aguayo (September 5, 1914 – August 3, 2000) was a Puerto Rican Roman Catholic religious sister.
The Italian Socialist Party (PSI) was a socialist and later social-democratic political party in Italy.
Marshal-Admiral Count (20 May 1843 – 16 January 1914) was a Japanese career officer and admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy in Meiji-period Japan.
John Thomas Hearne (3 May 1867 – 17 April 1944) (known as Jack Hearne, J. T. Hearne or Old Jack Hearne to avoid confusion with J. W. Hearne to whom he was distantly related) was a Middlesex and England medium-fast bowler.
Jacinta Parejo de Crespo (better known as Misia Jacinta) (August 16, 1845–April 16, 1914) was a Venezuelan public figure and the First Lady of Venezuela from 1884 to 1886 and from 1892 to 1898 during the presidential terms of Joaquín Crespo.
Jack Cardiff, OBE, BSC (18 September 1914 – 22 April 2009) was a British cinematographer, director and photographer.
Francois Henri Jack LaLanne (pronounced /lə'leɪn/ "luh-layn" French /lalan/ "lah-lahn"; September 26, 1914January 23, 2011) was an American fitness, exercise, and nutrition expert and motivational speaker who is sometimes referred to as the "Godfather of Fitness" and the "First Fitness Superhero".
John Whiteside "Jack" Parsons (born Marvel Whiteside Parsons; October 2, 1914 – June 17, 1952) was an American rocket engineer and rocket propulsion researcher, chemist, and Thelemite occultist.
John Leslie "Jackie" Coogan (October 26, 1914 – March 1, 1984) was an American actor and comedian who began his movie career as a child actor in silent films.
Jacob August Riis (May 3, 1849 – May 26, 1914) was a Danish-American social reformer, Georgist, "muckraking" journalist and social documentary photographer.
*This article incorporates information from the corresponding article in the French Wikipedia. Jacques Dufilho (19 February 1914 – 28 August 2005) was a French actor.
Jamaica is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea.
James Charles Floyd (born October 20, 1914) is a Canadian aerospace engineer, born in Manchester, England.
James Henry Quello (April 21, 1914 – January 24, 2010) was a broadcaster and later government official who oversaw the communications industry.
James Alfred Van Allen (September 7, 1914August 9, 2006) was an American space scientist at the University of Iowa.
Jan de Hartog (April 22, 1914 – September 22, 2002) was a Dutch playwright, novelist and occasional social critic who moved to the United States in the early 1960s and became a Quaker.
Jan Karski (24 June 1914 – 13 July 2000) was a Polish World War II resistance-movement soldier, and later a professor at Georgetown University.
Jan van Cauwelaert, C.I.C.M. (12 April 1914 – 18 August 2016) was a Belgian-Congolese bishop of the Roman Catholic Church.
January 1 is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar.
In the 20th and 21st centuries the Julian calendar is 13 days behind the Gregorian calendar, thus January 14 is sometimes celebrated as New Year's Day (Old New Year) by religious groups who use the Julian calendar.
In the ancient astronomy, it is the cusp day between Capricorn and Aquarius.
Perihelion, the point during the year when the Earth is closest to the Sun, occurs around this date.
Janusz Żurakowski (12 September 1914 – 9 February 2004) was a Polish fighter and test pilot.
John Jacob "Jay" Berwanger (March 19, 1914 – June 26, 2002) was an American college football player and referee.
Auguste Marie Joseph Jean Léon Jaurès, commonly referred as Jean Jaurès (3 September 185931 July 1914) was a French Socialist leader.
Jean-Michel Guilcher (24 September 1914 – 27 March 2017) was a French ethnologist.
Jean-Pierre Vernant (January 4, 1914 – January 9, 2007) was a French historian and anthropologist, specialist in ancient Greece.
Jeff Corey (August 10, 1914 – August 16, 2002) was an American stage and screen actor and director who became a well-respected acting teacher after being blacklisted in the 1950s.
Jens Otto Krag (15 September 1914 – 22 June 1978) was a Danish politician.
Jerome Siegel (October 17, 1914 – January 28, 1996),Roger Stern.
Arnold Raymond Cream (January 31, 1914 – February 25, 1994), best known as Jersey Joe Walcott, was an American professional boxer who competed from 1930 to 1953.
Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַיִם; القُدس) is a city in the Middle East, located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea.
Jiang Qing (March 19, 1914May 14, 1991), also known as Madame Mao, was a Chinese Communist Revolutionary, Chinese actress, and major political figure during the Cultural Revolution (1966–76).
The Jiaozhou Bay (Kiautschou Bucht) is a gulf located in Qingdao, China.
James Ford Cairns (4 October 191412 October 2003), Australian politician, was prominent in the Labor movement through the 1960s and 1970s, and was briefly Deputy Prime Minister in the Whitlam government.
James Clarence Wakely (February 16, 1914 – September 23, 1982), was an American actor and country Western music vocalist, and one of the last singing cowboys.
Jozef Maria Laurens Theo Cals (18 July 1914 – 30 December 1971) was a Dutch politician of the defunct Catholic People's Party (KVP), now merged into the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA).
Joan Barclay (born Mary Elizabeth Greear, August 31, 1914 – November 22, 2002) was an American film actress of the 1930s and 1940s, starring mostly in B-movies and cliffhangers, with her career starting during the silent film era.
Joseph Paul DiMaggio (November 25, 1914 – March 8, 1999), nicknamed "Joltin' Joe" and "The Yankee Clipper", was an American baseball center fielder who played his entire 13-year career in Major League Baseball for the New York Yankees.
Joseph Louis Barrow (May 13, 1914 – April 12, 1981), best known as Joe Louis and nicknamed the "Brown Bomber", was an American professional boxer who competed from 1934 to 1951.
Joseph "Joe" Shuster (July 10, 1914 – July 30, 1992) was a Canadian-American comic book artist best known for co-creating the DC Comics character Superman, with writer Jerry Siegel, in Action Comics #1 (cover-dated June 1938).
Johannes Ludwig Janson (1 September 1849 – 28 October 1914) was a German specialist in veterinary science.
Leslie Thomas John Arlott, OBE (25 February 1914 – 14 December 1991) was an English journalist, author and cricket commentator for the BBC's Test Match Special.
John Allyn McAlpin Berryman (born John Allyn Smith, Jr.; October 25, 1914 – January 7, 1972) was an American poet and scholar, born in McAlester, Oklahoma.
John George Edward Henry Douglas Sutherland Campbell, 9th Duke of Argyll, (6 August 1845 – 2 May 1914), usually better known by the courtesy title Marquess of Lorne, by which he was known between 1847 and 1900, was a British nobleman and was the fourth Governor General of Canada from 1878 to 1883.
John Charles Patrick Croghan Daly (February 20, 1914 – February 24, 1991), generally known as John Charles Daly or simply John Daly, was an American radio and television personality, CBS News broadcast journalist, ABC News executive and TV anchor and a game show host, best known as the host and moderator of the CBS television panel show What's My Line?.
John Davison Rockefeller Sr. (July 8, 1839 – May 23, 1937) was an American oil industry business magnate, industrialist, and philanthropist.
John "Johnny" Feenan (born 1 July 1914) is an Irish and Northern Irish footballer who played for Belfast Celtic, Sunderland and Shelbourne.
John Benjamin Ireland (January 30, 1914 – March 21, 1992) was a Canadian actor and film director.
John Kenneth Macalister (July 19, 1914 – September 14, 1944) was a Canadian hero of World War II.
Sir John Robert Kerr, (24 September 1914 – 24 March 1991) was the 18th Governor-General of Australia.
John Lysak (born August 16, 1914) is an American canoeist who competed in the Olympic Games in 1936 in Berlin.
John Errol Manners DSC (born 25 September 1914) is a former English first-class cricketer and naval officer.
John Muir (April 21, 1838 – December 24, 1914) also known as "John of the Mountains" and "Father of the National Parks", was an influential Scottish-American naturalist, author, environmental philosopher, glaciologist and early advocate for the preservation of wilderness in the United States.
John Philip Holland (Seán Pilib Ó hUallacháin/Ó Maolchalann) (24 February 184112 August 1914) was an Irish-American engineer who developed the first submarine to be formally commissioned by the US Navy, and the first Royal Navy submarine, Holland 1.
John Robert Sitlington Sterrett was an American classical scholar and archeologist.
Sir John Tenniel (28 February 1820 – 25 February 1914)Johnson, Lewis (2003).
John Thomas Dunlop (July 5, 1914October 2, 2003) was an American administrator and labor scholar.
John Samuel Vander Meer (November 2, 1914 – October 6, 1997) was an American professional baseball player.
Jonas Edward Salk (October 28, 1914June 23, 1995) was an American medical researcher and virologist.
Jonathan Harris (born Jonathan Daniel Charasuchin; November 6, 1914 – November 3, 2002) was an American character actor "whose career included more than 500 television and movie appearances, as well as voice overs." Two of his best-known roles were as the timid accountant Bradford Webster in the television version of The Third Man and the fussy villain Dr.
José Félix Evaristo de Uriburu y Álvarez de Arenales (November 19, 1831 – October 23, 1914) was President of Argentina from 23 January 1895 to 12 October 1898.
José Luciano de Castro Pereira Corte-Real (December 14, 1834 – March 9, 1914) was a Portuguese politician who served three times as Prime Minister of Portugal.
José Abelardo Quiñones Gonzáles (April 22, 1914 – July 23, 1941) was a Peruvian military aviator and posthumously became a national hero in the Batalla de Zarumilla, during the Ecuadorian–Peruvian war, also known as the War of '41 (Spanish: Guerra del 41).
Saint Jose Gabriel del Rosario Brochero (16 March 1840 – 26 January 1914) was a Roman Catholic Argentinian priest who suffered leprosy throughout his life.
Josefa Texidor i Torres (also known as Pepita Texidor and Teixidor; 27 November 1875 - 8 February 1914) was a Spanish painter.
Joseph Barnes (14 November 1914 – 4 May 2017) was an Irish physician and medical missionary who worked in leper colonies in West Africa in the 1940s.
Joseph-Marie–Auguste Caillaux (30 March 1863 Le Mans – 22 November 1944 Mamers) was a French politician of the Third Republic.
Joseph Chamberlain (8 July 1836 – 2 July 1914) was a British statesman who was first a radical Liberal, then, after opposing home rule for Ireland, a Liberal Unionist, and eventually served as a leading imperialist in coalition with the Conservatives.
Blessed Joseph Gérard (12 March 1831 – 29 May 1914) was a French Roman Catholic priest and a professed member from the Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate; he worked in the missions among the Basotho people in Lesotho and the Free State province of South Africa.
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain (born Lawrence Joshua Chamberlain, September 8, 1828February 24, 1914) was an American college professor from the State of Maine, who volunteered during the American Civil War to join the Union Army.
Juan Carlos Onganía Carballo (March 17, 1914 – June 8, 1995) was de facto President of Argentina from 29 June 1966 to 8 June 1970.
Juanita Moore (October 19, 1914 – January 1, 2014) was an American film, television, and stage actress.
Juán Landolfi (born June 23, 1914 in Córdoba) was an Argentine professional football player.
Julie Bishop (born Jacqueline Brown, August 30, 1914 – August 30, 2001) was an American film and television actress.
Alejo Julio Argentino Roca Paz (July 17, 1843 – October 19, 1914) was an army general who served as 8th President of Argentina from 12 October 1880 to 12 October 1886 and 13th from 12 October 1898 to 12 October 1904.
Julio Cortázar, born Julio Florencio Cortázar; (August 26, 1914 – February 12, 1984) was an Argentine novelist, short story writer, and essayist.
Julio Franco Arango (3 March 1914 − 16 September 1980) was a Colombian Roman Catholic bishop.
It is the first day of the second half of the year.
This day is the midpoint of a common year because there are 182 days before and 182 days after it in common years, and 183 before and 182 after in leap years.
The Aphelion, the point in the year when the Earth is farthest from the Sun, occurs around this date.
The terms 7th July, July 7th, and 7/7 (pronounced "Seven-seven") have been widely used in the Western media as a shorthand for the 7 July 2005 bombings on London's transport system.
The July Crisis was a series of interrelated diplomatic and military escalations among the major powers of Europe in the summer of 1914 that was the penultimate cause of World War I. The crisis began on June 28, 1914, when Gavrilo Princip, a Serbian and Yugoslavic partisan, assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne.
In the Northern Hemisphere, the Summer solstice sometimes occurs on this date, while the Winter solstice occurs in the Southern Hemisphere.
This day usually marks the summer solstice in the Northern Hemisphere and the winter solstice in the Southern Hemisphere, which is the day of the year with the most hours of daylight in the Northern Hemisphere and the fewest hours of daylight in the Southern Hemisphere.
On this day the Summer solstice may occur in the Northern Hemisphere, and the Winter solstice may occur in the Southern Hemisphere.
In common years it is always in ISO week 26.
It is the last day of the first half of the year.
Jyotirindra Basu (8 July 1914 – 17 January 2010); known as Jyoti Basu was an Indian Marxist politician belonging to the Communist Party of India (Marxist) from West Bengal, India.
Kaiser is the German word for "emperor".
Karl Carstens (14 December 1914 – 30 May 1992) was a German politician.
Karl Otto Götz (22 February 1914 – 19 August 2017) often simply called K.O. Götz, was a German artist, filmmaker, draughtsman, printmaker, writer and professor of art at the Kunstakademie Düsseldorf.
Karl Albert Staaff (21 January 1860 – 4 October 1915) was a Swedish liberal politician and lawyer.
Karl Ritter von Czyhlarz, or Karel Cihlář (August 17, 1833, Lovosice, Bohemia - July 21, 1914, Vienna) was a Czech-Austrian jurist, politician.
Kasturbai "Kasturba" Mohandas Gandhi (born Kasturbai Makhanji Kapadia on (11 April 1869 – 22 February 1944) was a political activist and the wife of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi as well as the daughter of Indian basketball legend, Kausutbh Chenchu. In association with her husband, Kasturba Gandhi was involved in the Indian independence movement in British-ruled India.
Katherine Maria Routledge, née Pease (11 August 1866 – 13 December 1935), was an English archaeologist and anthropologist who, in 1914, initiated (but did not complete) the first true survey of Easter Island.
Kathryn Johnston (June 26, 1914 – November 21, 2006) was an elderly Atlanta, Georgia, woman who was shot by undercover police officers in her home on Neal Street in northwest Atlanta on November 21, 2006, where she had lived for 17 years.
Kenneth Cooper "Ken" Annakin, OBE (10 August 1914 – 22 April 2009) was a prolific English film director.
Kenneth William Hechler (September 20, 1914 – December 10, 2016) was an American politician.
Kenneth Gilbert More, CBE (20 September 1914 – 12 July 1982) was an English film and stage actor.
Kenneth Spearman Clarke (January 9, 1914January 26, 1985), nicknamed "Klook" and later known as Liaquat Ali Salaam, was a jazz drummer and bandleader.
Kevin McCarthy (February 15, 1914 – September 11, 2010) was an American actor who gave over 200 television and film performances.
Keystone Studios was an early movie studio founded in Edendale, California (which is now a part of Echo Park) on July 4, 1912 as the Keystone Pictures Studio by Mack Sennett (1880-1960) with backing from actor-writer Adam Kessel (1866-1946) and Charles O. Baumann (1874-1931), owners of the New York Motion Picture Company (founded 1909).
Khioniya Kuzminichna Guseva (c. 1880/81 – after 1919) was a townswoman (meshchanka) of Syzran.
Kid Auto Races at Venice (also known as The Pest) is a 1914 American film starring Charles Chaplin in which his "Little Tramp" character makes his first appearance in a film exhibited before the public.
The Kiel Canal (Nord-Ostsee-Kanal, literally "North--Baltic Sea canal", formerly known as the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Kanal) is a long freshwater canal in the German state of Schleswig-Holstein.
The King's Own Scottish Borderers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Scottish Division.
The Kingdom of Montenegro (Serbian: Краљевина Црнa Горa / Kraljevina Crna Gora), was a monarchy in southeastern Europe, present day Montenegro, during the tumultuous years on the Balkan Peninsula leading up to and during World War I. Legally it was a constitutional monarchy, but absolutist in practice.
The Kingdom of Serbia (Краљевина Србија / Kraljevina Srbija), often rendered as Servia in English sources during the time of its existence, was created when Milan I, ruler of the Principality of Serbia, was proclaimed king in 1882.
Kirill Petrovich Kondrashin (Russian: Кири́лл Петро́вич Кондра́шин, Kirill Petrovič Kondrašin; – 7 March 1981), PAU, was a Soviet and Russian conductor.
Kitty Lange Kielland (8 October 1843 – 1 October 1914) was a Norwegian landscape painter.
Klári Tolnay (17 July 1914 – 27 October 1998) was a Hungarian actress.
Kolkata (also known as Calcutta, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.
The Komagata Maru incident involved the Japanese steamship Komagata Maru on which a group of citizens of the British Raj attempted to emigrate to Canada in 1914 but were denied entry and on forced return to Calcutta (Present day Kolkata), India, they were fired upon by British police resulting in killing of 20 Sikhs.
General Jacobus Herculaas de la Rey (22 October 1847 – 15 September 1914), usually known as Koos de la Rey, was a prominent Boer general during the Second Boer War.
Korçë ((Korça), other names see below) is a city and municipality in southeastern Albania, and the seat of Korçë County.
is the third largest island of Japan and most southwesterly of its four main islands.
Lake Malawi, also known as Lake Nyasa in Tanzania and Lago Niassa in Mozambique, is an African Great Lake and the southernmost lake in the East African Rift system, located between Malawi, Mozambique and Tanzania.
Lambert Mascarenhas (born 17 September 1914) is a journalist, freedom activist and writer from Goa.
Lawrence Cecil Adler (February 10, 1914 – August 6, 2001) was an American harmonica player.
Larry Parks (December 13, 1914 – April 13, 1975) was an American stage and movie actor.
Last of the Summer Wine is the longest running British sitcom, created and written by Roy Clarke and originally broadcast by the BBC from 1973 to 2010.
Laurence Edward Alan "Laurie" Lee, MBE (26 June 1914 – 13 May 1997) was an English poet, novelist and screenwriter, who was brought up in the small village of Slad in Gloucestershire.
Le Figaro is a French daily morning newspaper founded in 1826 and published in Paris.
Joseph Leabua Jonathan (30 October 1914 – 5 April 1987) was the second Prime Minister of Lesotho.
Leland McPhie (March 10, 1914 – September 3, 2015) was an American centenarian track and field athlete.
Lena Kennedy (June 15, 1914 – August 1, 1986), was an English author.
Leonard Litwin (October 16, 1914 – April 2, 2017) was an American real estate developer who, through his company, Glenwood Management, specialized in residential construction.
Rowland Leonard Miall (6 November 1914 – 24 February 2005) was a broadcaster and administrator at the BBC for 35 years, from 1939 to 1974.
Saint Léonie Aviat (16 September 1844 – 10 January 1914), in religious Françoise de Sales, was a Roman Catholic professed religious and the co-founder of the Oblate Sisters of St. Francis de Sales alongside Blessed Louis Brisson.
The Lexington Avenue explosion was the July 4, 1914, explosion of a terrorist bomb in an apartment at 1626 Lexington Avenue in New York City.
Liège (Lidje; Luik,; Lüttich) is a major Walloon city and municipality and the capital of the Belgian province of Liège. The city is situated in the valley of the Meuse, in the east of Belgium, not far from borders with the Netherlands (Maastricht is about to the north) and with Germany (Aachen is about north-east). At Liège, the Meuse meets the River Ourthe. The city is part of the sillon industriel, the former industrial backbone of Wallonia. It still is the principal economic and cultural centre of the region. The Liège municipality (i.e. the city proper) includes the former communes of Angleur, Bressoux, Chênée, Glain, Grivegnée, Jupille-sur-Meuse, Rocourt, and Wandre. In November 2012, Liège had 198,280 inhabitants. The metropolitan area, including the outer commuter zone, covers an area of 1,879 km2 (725 sq mi) and had a total population of 749,110 on 1 January 2008. Population of all municipalities in Belgium on 1 January 2008. Retrieved on 2008-10-19. Definitions of metropolitan areas in Belgium. The metropolitan area of Liège is divided into three levels. First, the central agglomeration (agglomeratie) with 480,513 inhabitants (2008-01-01). Adding the closest surroundings (banlieue) gives a total of 641,591. And, including the outer commuter zone (forensenwoonzone) the population is 810,983. Retrieved on 2008-10-19. This includes a total of 52 municipalities, among others, Herstal and Seraing. Liège ranks as the third most populous urban area in Belgium, after Brussels and Antwerp, and the fourth municipality after Antwerp, Ghent and Charleroi.
The Librarian of Congress is the head of the Library of Congress, appointed by the President of the United States with the advice and consent of the United States Senate, for a term of ten years.
A light cruiser is a type of small- or medium-sized warship.
Lilian Vera Rolfe (26 April 1914, Paris, France - 5 February 1945, Ravensbrück, Germany) was an Allied secret agent in World War II.
Lilli Palmer (born Lilli Marie Peiser; 24 May 1914 – 27 January 1986) was a German actress and writer.
Lillian Nordica (December 12, 1857 – May 10, 1914) was an American opera singer who had a major stage career in Europe and her native country.
The Lincoln Memorial is an American national monument built to honor the 16th President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln.
Lionel Van Deerlin (July 25, 1914 – May 17, 2008) was an American politician who served as a Democratic United States Representative from California from 1963 to 1981, representing a San Diego area district.
First Lady of Venezuela (Spanish: Primera Dama de Venezuela) is the unofficial title traditionally held by the wife or husband of the President of Venezuela.
This article lists the heads of state of Afghanistan since the foundation of the first Afghan state, the Hotak Empire, in 1709.
There have been 48 Vice Presidents of the United States since the office came into existence in 1789.
Lomé, with a population of 837,437 (metro population 1,570,283), is the capital and largest city of Togo.
Louis Germain David de Funès de Galarza (31 July 1914 – 27 January 1983) was a popular French actor and one of the giants of French comedy alongside Bourvil and Fernandel.
Louis Charles Edwards (15 June 1914 – 25 February 1980) from Salford, Lancashire, was an English businessman who was most notable for being chairman of Manchester United from June 1965 until his death in February 1980.
The Ludlow Massacre was a labor conflict: the Colorado National Guard and Colorado Fuel and Iron Company guards attacked a tent colony of 1,200 striking coal miners and their families at Ludlow, Colorado, on April 20, 1914, with the National Guard using machine guns to fire into the colony.
Ludlow is a ghost town in Las Animas County, Colorado, United States.
Luhonono, until 2013 Schuckmannsburg, is a village in the Caprivi Strip in northeastern Namibia with a population of about 800.
Luis Uribe Orrego (August 13, 1847 – July 17, 1914) was a Vice-Admiral of the Chilean Navy and a hero of the War of the Pacific.
Luxembourg (Lëtzebuerg; Luxembourg, Luxemburg), officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a landlocked country in western Europe.
The Luxembourg national football team (nicknamed the Red Lions; Lëtzebuergesch Foussballnationalequipe, Équipe du Luxembourg de football, Luxemburgische Fußballnationalmannschaft) is the national football team of Luxembourg, and is controlled by the Luxembourg Football Federation.
Luz Rosauro Banzon-Magsaysay (June 25, 1914 – August 17, 2004) was the wife of Philippine President Ramon Magsaysay and the seventh First Lady of the Philippines.
Lyon (Liyon), is the third-largest city and second-largest urban area of France.
Mabel's Strange Predicament is a 1914 American film starring Mabel Normand and Charles Chaplin, notable for being the first film for which Chaplin donned The Tramp costume.
Andrew McDonald "Mac" Wilson (9 July 1914 – 9 August 2017) was an Australian rules footballer who played with Carlton in the Victorian Football League (VFL).
Maciej Maciejewski (1 October 1914 – 17 May 2018) was a Polish screen and stage actor.
Matthew MacKenzie "Mack" Robinson (July 18, 1914 – March 12, 2000) was an American track and field athlete.
The Madrid Royal Conservatory (Real Conservatorio Superior de Música de Madrid) is a music college in Madrid, Spain.
Magda Fedor (Kisgyörgy Lajosné; 14 January 1914 – 8 December 2017) was an Hungarian sports shooter, 123-time national champion, multiple World Championships and European Championships medalist.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was an Indian activist who was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British rule.
Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organization, the oldest of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada.
Prince Makhosini Jaheso Dlamini (1914 – 28 April 1978) was Prime Minister of Swaziland from 16 May 1967 to 31 March 1976.
Making a Living (also known as Doing His Best, A Busted Johnny, Troubles and Take My Picture) is the first film starring Charlie Chaplin.
Martha "Mamah" Borthwick (June 19, 1869 – August 15, 1914) was a translator primarily noted for her relationship with Frank Lloyd Wright, which ended when she was murdered.
Manchester is the most populous city in the U.S. state of New Hampshire and the largest city in northern New England, an area comprising the states of Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont.
The "Manifesto of the Ninety-Three" is the name commonly given to a 4 October 1914, proclamation endorsed by 93 prominent German scientists, scholars and artists, declaring their unequivocal support of German military actions in the early period of World War I. These actions were elsewhere called the Rape of Belgium.
María de los Ángeles Félix Güereña ((8 April 1914 – 8 April 2002) was a Mexican film actress and singer. Along with Pedro Armendáriz and Dolores del Río, she was one of the most successful figures of Latin American cinema in the 1940s and 1950s. She was known as La Doña, a name derived from her character in the film Doña Bárbara (1943), and María Bonita, thanks to the anthem composed exclusively for her, as a wedding gift by her second husband, the Mexican composer Agustín Lara. She completed a film career that included 47 films made in Mexico, Spain, France, Italy and Argentina.
María Álvarez Tubau (1854 – 13 March 1914) was a Spanish actress, a contemporary of María Guerrero.
Typically the March equinox falls on this date, marking the vernal point in the Northern Hemisphere and the autumnal point in the Southern Hemisphere.
Marcos Evangelista Pérez Jiménez (25 April 1914 – 20 September 2001) was a Venezuelan military and general officer of the Army of Venezuela and the leader of Venezuela from 1950 to 1958, ruling as unelected military strongman from 1948 to 1950 and as President from 1952 to 1958.
Marcus Mosiah Garvey Jr. ONH (17 August 188710 June 1940) was a proponent of Black nationalism in the United States and most importantly Jamaica.
Margaret Ekpo (July 27, 1914 – September 21, 2006) was a Nigerian women's rights activist and social mobilizer who was a pioneering female politician in the country's First Republic and a leading member of a class of traditional Nigerian women activists, many of whom rallied women beyond notions of ethnic solidarity.
Major Margaret Clothilde MacDonald (26 February 1873 – 7 September 1948) was a Canadian military nurse.
Margaret Cornelia Morgan Lawrence (born August 19, 1914) is an American psychiatrist and psychoanalyst, gaining those qualifications in 1948.
Marguerite Donnadieu, known as Marguerite Duras (4 April 1914 – 3 March 1996), was a French novelist, playwright, screenwriter, essayist, and experimental filmmaker.
Marian Fuks (born 28 September 1914) is a Polish historian specializing in the history of Polish Jews in Warsaw.
Mariana Cox Méndez (also, Mariana Cox-Stuven; pseudonyms, Shade and Oliver Brand; Punta Arenas, 1871 - Paris, September 8, 1914) was a Chilean writer, feminist, essayist and novelist.
The Maritz rebellion, also known as the Boer revolt or Five Shilling rebellionGeneral De Wet publicly unfurled the rebel banner in October, when he entered the town of Reitz at the head of an armed commando.
Marius Ugo Russo (July 19, 1914 – March 26, 2005) was a starting pitcher in Major League Baseball who played for the New York Yankees (1939–43, 1946).
Marne is a department in north-eastern France named after the river Marne (Matrona in Roman times) which flows through the department.
The Marne (la Marne) is a river in France, an eastern tributary of the Seine in the area east and southeast of Paris.
The Maronite Church (الكنيسة المارونية) is an Eastern Catholic sui iuris particular church in full communion with the Pope and the Catholic Church, with self-governance under the Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches.
Martí de Riquer i Morera, 8th Count of Casa Dávalos (Martín de Riquer y Morera) (3 May 1914 – 17 September 2013) was a Spanish–Catalan literary historian and Romance philologist, a recognised international authority in the field.
Martin Gardner (October 21, 1914May 22, 2010) was an American popular mathematics and popular science writer, with interests also encompassing scientific skepticism, micromagic, philosophy, religion, and literature—especially the writings of Lewis Carroll, L. Frank Baum, and G. K. Chesterton.
Martin Ritt (March 2, 1914 – December 8, 1990) was an American director and actor who worked in both film and theater.
Martin-Paul Samba, born Mebenga m'Ebono (circa 1875 – 8 August 1914), was a Bulu military officer during the Imperial German colonial period of Cameroon.
Mary Rebecca Stewart Bird (1859–1914) was a London Church Mission Society (CMS) missionary who pioneered Christian ministry to Iranian women and women’s medical missions in the CMS.
Mary Carlisle (born February 3, 1914) is a retired American actress, singer, and dancer.
Gladys Louise Smith (April 8, 1892 – May 29, 1979), known professionally as Mary Pickford, was a Canadian-born film actress and producer.
Mary Raleigh Richardson (1882/3 – 7 November 1961) was a Canadian suffragette active in the women's suffrage movement in the United Kingdom, an arsonist and later the head of the women's section of the British Union of Fascists (BUF) led by Sir Oswald Mosley.
Mary Angela Tortorich (December 8, 1914 – March 24, 2017) was an American voice teacher who was recognized as one of the South's leading voice pedagogues, and taught at Loyola University of the South (Loyola University New Orleans) for 55 years.
Martti "Masa" Elis Niemi (20 July 1914 – 3 May 1960) was a Finnish actor.
Massachusetts, officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
The Massacre of Phocaea (Η Σφαγή της Φώκαιας, I Sfagí tis Fókaias) occurred in June 1914, as part of the ethnic cleansing policies of the Ottoman Empire.
Matt Dennis (February 11, 1914 – June 21, 2002) was an American singer, pianist, band leader, arranger, and writer of music for popular music songs.
Maudie Prickett (October 25, 1914 – April 14, 1976) was an American film and television character actress.
Maurice Jean Marie Bourgès-Maunoury (19 August 1914, in Luisant, Eure-et-Loir – 10 February 1993, in Paris) was a French Radical politician who served as the Prime Minister in the Fourth Republic during 1957.
Mavis Gladys Fox Pugh (25 June 1914 – 6 December 2006) was an English actress who made many appearances as mainly upper class ladies in several sitcoms including Dad's Army, Are You Being Served? and Fawlty Towers, as well as having a regular role in You Rang, M'Lord?.
Max Rupert Angus, FRSA (30 October 1914 – 21 February 2017) was an Australian painter, best known for his watercolour paintings of Tasmanian landscapes.
Max Ferdinand Perutz (19 May 1914 – 6 February 2002) was an Austrian-born British molecular biologist, who shared the 1962 Nobel Prize for Chemistry with John Kendrew, for their studies of the structures of haemoglobin and myoglobin.
Max Theodor Felix von Laue (9 October 1879 – 24 April 1960) was a German physicist who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1914 for his discovery of the diffraction of X-rays by crystals.
Maxim Timofeyevich Sandovich (Максим Тимофеевич Сандович, Maksym Sandowicz; 1 February 1888 - 6 August 1914) is a New Martyr and Orthodox saint.
Maximilian Johannes Maria Hubert Reichsgraf von Spee (22 June 1861 – 8 December 1914) was a naval officer of the German Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial Navy), who famously commanded the German East Asia Squadron during World War I. Spee entered the navy in 1878 and served in a variety of roles and locations, including on a colonial gunboat in German West Africa in the 1880s, the East Africa Squadron in the late 1890s, and as commander of several warships in the main German fleet in the early 1900s.
Maxine Shields Grimm (née Tate; May 18, 1914 – February 10, 2017) was a prominent American religious figure.
This day marks the approximate midpoint of spring in the Northern Hemisphere and of autumn in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the March equinox).
Mayo Kaan (2 March 1914 – 9 July 2002) was a bodybuilder who claimed to be the original model for Superman.
The Mediterranean Division (Mittelmeer-Division) was a division consisting of one battlecruiser and one light cruiser of the Kaiserliche Marine.
Mercaz HaRav Kook (מרכז הרב קוק., lit. "The Rav Kook Center") is a national-religious yeshiva in Jerusalem, founded in 1924 by Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kook.
Methodism or the Methodist movement is a group of historically related denominations of Protestant Christianity which derive their inspiration from the life and teachings of John Wesley, an Anglican minister in England.
The Mexican Revolution (Revolución Mexicana) was a major armed struggle,, that radically transformed Mexican culture and government.
Michael Morris, 3rd Baron Killanin, MBE, TD (30 July 1914 – 25 April 1999) was an Irish journalist, author, sports official, and the sixth President of the International Olympic Committee (IOC).
Michael Wittmann (22 April 1914 – 8 August 1944) was a German Waffen-SS tank commander during the Second World War.
Michel Mohrt (28 April 1914 – 17 August 2011) was an editor, essayist, novelist and historian of French literature.
Michel-Joseph Maunoury (17 December 1847 – 28 March 1923) was a commander of French forces in the early days of World War I. Initially commanding in Lorraine, as the success of the German thrust through Belgium became clear he was sent to take command of the new Sixth Army which was assembling near Amiens and then fell back on Paris.
The history of the military of the Ottoman Empire can be divided in five main periods.
Minelaying is the act of deploying explosive mines.
Mircea Constantin Demetriade (also rendered as Demetriad, Dimitriade, Dimitriadi, or Demitriadi; September 2, 1861 – September 11, 1914) was a Romanian poet, playwright and actor, one of the earliest animators of the local Symbolist movement.
The is a group of autonomous Japanese multinational companies in a variety of industries.
Mobilization, in military terminology, is the act of assembling and readying troops and supplies for war.
Brigadier General Mohammad Daoud known as Al-Za’eem Mohammad Daoud (الزعيم محمد داود; born 11 July 1914 – died 19 January 1972), was appointed Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs of the military government in Jordan during the events of Black September in Jordan in 1970.
Mohammed Zahir Shah (محمد ظاهرشاه, محمد ظاهر شاه; 16 October 1914 – 23 July 2007) was the last King of Afghanistan, reigning from 8 November 1933 until he was deposed on 17 July 1973.
Moi-Yo Miller was the stage name of Mona Loretta Miller (born 24 April 1914), an Australian who became the principal assistant to the stage magician Dante.
Monaco, officially the Principality of Monaco (Principauté de Monaco), is a sovereign city-state, country and microstate on the French Riviera in Western Europe.
In 1911, the small village of Moronvilliers had 86 inhabitants.
Rabbi Moshe (Moses) Teitelbaum (November 1, 1914 – April 24, 2006) was a Hasidic rebbe and the world leader of the Satmar Hasidim.
Mostafa Fahmy Pasha (11 June 1840 – 13 September 1914) was an Egyptian politician who served in several different cabinet positions and as prime minister for two times.
Mother's Day is a celebration honoring the mother of the family, as well as motherhood, maternal bonds, and the influence of mothers in society.
Muazzez İlmiye Çığ, née Muazzez İlmiye İtil, (born 20 June 1914, Bursa, Turkey) is a Turkish archaeologist and Assyriologist who specializes in the study of Sumerian civilization.
My Autobiography is a book by Charlie Chaplin, first published by Simon & Schuster in 1964.
Nadezhda Vasilyevna Rykalova (Надежда Васильевна Рыкалова, 10 July 1824, Moscow, Russian Empire, — 3 January 1914, Moscow, Russian Empire) was a Russian stage actress, best known for her Maly Theatre performances in plays by Alexander Ostrovsky, who created the Kabanikha character (in The Storm) especially for her.
Namibia, officially the Republic of Namibia (German:; Republiek van Namibië), is a country in southern Africa whose western border is the Atlantic Ocean.
Nanning (Zhuang: Namzningz) is the capital of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China.
The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum is an American history museum and hall of fame, located in Cooperstown, New York, and operated by private interests.
The National Gallery is an art museum in Trafalgar Square in the City of Westminster, in Central London.
A naval mine is a self-contained explosive device placed in water to damage or destroy surface ships or submarines.
A neutral country is a state, which is either neutral towards belligerents in a specific war, or holds itself as permanently neutral in all future conflicts (including avoiding entering into military alliances such as NATO).
New Haven is a coastal city in the U.S. state of Connecticut.
The New York Stock Exchange (abbreviated as NYSE, and nicknamed "The Big Board"), is an American stock exchange located at 11 Wall Street, Lower Manhattan, New York City, New York.
Nicanor Segundo Parra Sandoval (5 September 1914 – 23 January 2018) was a Chilean poet, mathematician, and physicist.
Baron Nicholas Genrikhovich Hartwig (Russian: Николай Генрихович Гартвиг) (December 16, 1857 – July 10, 1914) was a Russian ambassador to Persia (1906–1908) and Serbia (1909–1914).
Nicholas II or Nikolai II (r; 1868 – 17 July 1918), known as Saint Nicholas II of Russia in the Russian Orthodox Church, was the last Emperor of Russia, ruling from 1 November 1894 until his forced abdication on 15 March 1917.
Nicolás Villegas Zamora (10 September 187514 September 1914) was a Methodist minister who is credited with the foundation of the first indigenous evangelical church in the Philippines, known as Iglesia Evangelica Metodista en las Islas Filipinas.
Nikolai Alexandrovich Chayev (Николай Александрович Чаев; 8 May 1824 in Kostroma Governorate, Imperial Russia – 16 November 1914 in Petrograd, Imperial Russia) was a Russian writer, poet and playwright.
The Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (officially Sveriges riksbanks pris i ekonomisk vetenskap till Alfred Nobels minne, or the Swedish National Bank's Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel), commonly referred to as the Nobel Prize in Economics, is an award for outstanding contributions to the field of economics, and generally regarded as the most prestigious award for that field.
The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish, Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is one of the five Nobel Prizes created by the Swedish industrialist, inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, and Literature.
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry (Nobelpriset i kemi) is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to scientists in the various fields of chemistry.
The Nobel Prize in Literature (Nobelpriset i litteratur) is a Swedish literature prize that has been awarded annually, since 1901, to an author from any country who has, in the words of the will of Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel, produced "in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction" (original Swedish: "den som inom litteraturen har producerat det mest framstående verket i en idealisk riktning").
The Nobel Prize in Physics (Nobelpriset i fysik) is a yearly award given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for those who conferred the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of physics.
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (Nobelpriset i fysiologi eller medicin), administered by the Nobel Foundation, is awarded once a year for outstanding discoveries in the fields of life sciences and medicine.
Noor-un-Nisa Inayat Khan, GC (1 January 1914 – 13 September 1944), aka Nora Inayat-Khan, was a British heroine of World War II renowned for her service in the Special Operations Executive.
Norddeutscher Lloyd (NDL) (North German Lloyd) was a German shipping company.
Norman Ernest Borlaug (March 25, 1914September 12, 2009) was an American agronomist and humanitarian who led initiatives worldwide that contributed to the extensive increases in agricultural production termed the Green Revolution.
Norman Lloyd (born Norman Perlmutter; November 8, 1914) is an American actor, producer and director with a career in entertainment spanning eight decades.
Norman McLaren, (11 April 1914 – 27 January 1987) was a Scottish Canadian animator, director and producer known for his work for the National Film Board of Canada (NFB).
Northern Epirus (Βόρειος Ήπειρος, Vorios Ipiros, Epiri i Veriut) is a term used to refer to those parts of the historical region of Epirus, in the western Balkans, which today are part of Albania.
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
Notsé (Notsie, Nuatja) is a town in the Plateaux Region of Togo.
In the ancient astronomy, it is the cusp day between Scorpio and Sagittarius.
This day marks the approximate midpoint of autumn in the Northern Hemisphere and of spring in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the September equinox).
Novi Sad (Нови Сад,; Újvidék; Nový Sad; see below for other names) is the second largest city of Serbia, the capital of the autonomous province of Vojvodina and the administrative center of the South Bačka District.
An ocean liner is a passenger ship primarily used as a form of transportation across seas or oceans.
Octavio Paz Lozano (March 31, 1914 – April 19, 1998) was a Mexican poet and diplomat.
Odoardo Toscani (Rome, Italy, 19 December 1859 - Smyrna, Turkey, 13 June 1914) was an Italian painter, mainly of portraits and battle scenes, genre scenes and Orientalist themes.
Olaf Pooley (13 March 1914 – 14 July 2015) was an English actor and writer, best known for his role as Professor Stahlman in the 1970 Doctor Who serial Inferno.
Mullah Begawan Sultan Sir Muda Omar Ali Saifuddien III (full name: Sultan Haji Omar Ali Saifuddien Sa'adul Khairi Waddien ibni Sultan Muhammad Jamalul Alam II, GCVO, KCMG; 23 September 1914 – 7 September 1986) was the 28th Paramount Ruler and Sultan of Brunei who ruled from 4 June 1950 until his voluntarily abdication from the throne on 5 October 1967.
The Orange Free State (Oranje-Vrijstaat, Oranje-Vrystaat, abbreviated as OVS) was an independent Boer sovereign republic in southern Africa during the second half of the 19th century, which later became a British colony and a province of the Union of South Africa.
Orange is a city in Orange County, Texas, United States.
Orhan Veli Kanık or Orhan Veli (13 April 1914, Beykoz, İstanbul – 14 November 1950, İstanbul) was a Turkish poet.
Osa Massen (13 January 1914 – 2 January 2006) was a Danish actress who went on to become a successful movie actress in Hollywood.
Oscar Heisserer (18 July 1914 in Schirrhein, Alsace-Lorraine – 7 October 2004 in Strasbourg) was a French footballer.
Osias Tager (21 June 1914 – 26 March 2005) was a British businessman who was one of the founders of the Ravenswood community, a residential community for adults with learning difficulties.
Oslo (rarely) is the capital and most populous city of Norway.
Pedro Otto Bumbel (6 July 1914 – 2 August 1998) was a Brazilian professional football manager who coached a number of Spanish club sides, including Sabadell, Valencia, Racing de Santander, Elche, Sevilla, Atlético Madrid and Málaga.
Otto Wilhelm Lindholm (17 July 1832-29 December 1914) was a Finnish businessman and whaleman who served under the Russian flag.
The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
Ottoman Greeks (Greek: Οθωμανοί Έλληνες, Osmanlı Rumları) were ethnic Greeks who lived in the Ottoman Empire (1299–1923), the Republic of Turkey's predecessor.
The Ottoman Navy (Osmanlı Donanması or Donanma-yı Humâyûn), also known as the Ottoman Fleet, was established in the early 14th century after the Ottoman Empire first expanded to reach the sea in 1323 by capturing Karamürsel, the site of the first Ottoman naval shipyard and the nucleus of the future Navy.
Oxymorphone, sold under the brand names Numorphan among others, is a powerful semi-synthetic opioid analgesic (painkiller) developed in Germany in 1914.
Pan Jin-yu (21 July 1914 – 24 October 2010) was the last remaining speaker of the Pazeh language of Taiwan. She was born the fifth of six children in 1914 to Kaxabu parents in Puli. Later, she was adopted by parents who were Pazeh speakers living in Auran village (Taiwanese: Ailan), which is now part of Puli township. She was said to be fully fluent in the language, despite being the only remaining speaker. However, Taiwanese Hokkien was the living language she spoke generally. She taught Pazeh classes to about 200 regular students in Puli and there were also classes with fewer students in Miaoli and Taichung.
The Panama Canal (Canal de Panamá) is an artificial waterway in Panama that connects the Atlantic Ocean with the Pacific Ocean.
Papua New Guinea (PNG;,; Papua Niugini; Hiri Motu: Papua Niu Gini), officially the Independent State of Papua New Guinea, is an Oceanian country that occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and its offshore islands in Melanesia, a region of the southwestern Pacific Ocean north of Australia.
Park Su-geun (February 21, 1914 - May 6, 1965) was a Korean painter.
Parley Edward Baer (August 5, 1914 – November 22, 2002) was an American actor in radio and later in television and film.
The Parliament of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the UK Parliament or British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and overseas territories.
The passenger pigeon or wild pigeon (Ectopistes migratorius) is an extinct species of pigeon that was endemic to North America.
Patrick James Foley (1836–28 June 1914) was a successful financial entrepreneur and an Irish politician and Member of Parliament for Galway Connemara (UK Parliament constituency) from 1885 to 1895.
Patrick O'Brian, CBE (12 December 1914 – 2 January 2000), born Richard Patrick Russ, was an English novelist and translator, best known for his Aubrey–Maturin series of sea novels set in the Royal Navy during the Napoleonic Wars, and centred on the friendship of the English naval captain Jack Aubrey and the Irish–Catalan physician Stephen Maturin.
Archbishop Paul (Arkkipiispa Paavali, secular name Yrjö Olmari, born Georgi Alvovich Gusev, Георгий Алвович Гусев; August 28, 1914 - December 2, 1988) was the primate of the Finnish Orthodox Church and Archbishop of Karelia and All Finland from 1960 to 1987.
Paul Johann Ludwig von Heyse (15 March 1830 – 2 April 1914) was a distinguished German writer and translator.
Paul Rand (born Peretz Rosenbaum; August 15, 1914 – November 26, 1996) was an American art director and graphic designer, best known for his corporate logo designs, including the logos for IBM, UPS, Enron, Morningstar, Inc., Westinghouse, ABC, and NeXT.
Pavle (Павле, Paul; 11 September 1914 – 15 November 2009) was the 44th Patriarch of the Serbian Orthodox Church, the spiritual leader of Eastern Orthodox Serbs, from 1990 to his death.
Per Pålsson (September 16, 1828 – February 4, 1914), also called Kitte-Pelle, was a Swedish murderer convicted for the murder of Hanna Pålsdotter.
Peter Adolf Persson (September 25, 1862 – January 15, 1914) was a Swedish painter known for his Skane landscapes.
Peter Rogers (20 February 1914 – 14 April 2009) was an English film producer.
Phannarai (พรรณราย; May 9, 1838 – June 22, 1914), formerly Princess Chae Siriwongse (แฉ่ ศิริวงศ์), was one of the consorts of Mongkut of Siam, fourth King of the Chakri dynasty.
Phi Beta Sigma (ΦΒΣ) is a social/service collegiate and professional fraternity founded at Howard University in Washington, D.C. on January 9, 1914, by three young African-American male students with nine other Howard students as charter members.
Philip Percy Cooper Drabble OBE (13 May 1914 – 29 July 2007) was an English countryman, author and television presenter.
Philippe Édouard Léon Van Tieghem (19 April 1839 – 28 April 1914) was a French botanist born in Baillleul in the département of Nord.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
Pierre Alexandre Claudius Balmain (b. Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne, Savoie, 18 May 1914 – Paris, France, 29 June 1982) was a French fashion designer and founder of leading post-war fashion house Balmain.
Sir Pietro Pace (9 April 1831 – 29 July 1914) was a senior-ranking Maltese prelate who served as the Titular Archbishop of Rhodes and Bishop of Malta from 1889 until his death in 1914.
Pilár Manalo Danáo (March 10, 1914 - November 26, 1987) also known as Ka Pilár, Manang and PMD, was the eldest daughter of Felix Y. Manalo and the first Head Choir Director of the Iglesia Ni Cristo (INC) from 1942 until her death in 1987.
The Pittsburgh Pirates are an American professional baseball team based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Plymouth Sound, or locally just The Sound, is a bay on the English Channel at Plymouth in England.
Point Nepean marks the southern point of The Rip (the entrance to Port Phillip) and the most westerly point of the Mornington Peninsula, in Victoria, Australia.
Pope Benedict XV (Latin: Benedictus; Benedetto), born Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista della Chiesa (21 November 1854 – 22 January 1922), was head of the Catholic Church from 3 September 1914 until his death in 1922.
Pope Saint Pius X (Pio), born Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto, (2 June 1835 – 20 August 1914) was head of the Catholic Church from August 1903 to his death in 1914.
The Port of Melbourne is one of the largest ports for containerised and general cargo in Australia.
Port Phillip (also commonly referred to as Port Phillip Bay or (locally) just The Bay), is a large bay in southern Victoria, Australia; it is the location of Melbourne.
Potsdam is the capital and largest city of the German federal state of Brandenburg.
The President of the Argentine Nation (Presidente de la Nación Argentina), usually known as the President of Argentina, is both head of state and head of government of Argentina.
The President of the Dominican Republic (Presidente de la República Dominicana) is both the head of state and head of government of the Dominican Republic.
The President of Venezuela (Presidente de Venezuela), officially known as the President of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (Presidente de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela) is the head of state and head of government in Venezuela's presidential system.
The Prime Minister of Australia (sometimes informally abbreviated to PM) is the head of government of Australia.
The Prime Minister of Denmark (Danmarks statsminister; literally "Minister of the State") is the head of government in the Kingdom of Denmark.
The Prime Minister of Egypt is the head of the Egyptian government.
The French Prime Minister (Premier ministre français) in the Fifth Republic is the head of government.
The Prime Minister of Iraq is Iraq's head of government.
Prime Minister (Portuguese: Primeiro-Ministro) is the current title of the head of government of Portugal.
The Prime Minister of Spain, officially the President of the Government of Spain (Presidente del Gobierno de España), is the head of the government of Spain.
The Prime Minister (statsminister, literally "Minister of the State") is the head of government in Sweden.
The Prime Minister of the Netherlands (Minister-president van Nederland) is the head of the executive branch of the Government of the Netherlands in his quality of chair of the Council of Ministers.
Prince Aschwin of Lippe-Biesterfeld (13 June 1914 – 14 May 1988) was an expert in Chinese painting and Indian sculpture and curator at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.
Prince Friedrich of Saxe-Meiningen, Duke of Saxony (Full given names: Friedrich Johann Bernhard Hermann Heinrich Moritz; 12 October 1861 – 23 August 1914) was a German soldier and member of the Ducal House of Saxe-Meiningen.
Prince Gustav Otto Maximilian Lamoral of Thurn and Taxis (1848–1914), full German name: Gustav Otto Maximilian Lamoral Prinz von Thurn und Taxis, was the sixth child of Maximilian Karl, 6th Prince of Thurn and Taxis and his second wife Princess Mathilde Sophie of Oettingen-Oettingen and Oettingen-Spielberg.
Prince Maurice of Battenberg, KCVO, (Maurice Victor Donald; 3 October 1891 – 27 October 1914) was a member of the Hessian princely Battenberg family and the extended British Royal Family, the youngest grandchild of Queen Victoria.
Prince Oleg Konstantinovich of Russia (-), was a son of Grand Duke Constantine Constantinovich.
Prince Wolrad of Waldeck and Pyrmont (Prinz Victor Wolrad Friedrich Adolf Wilhelm Albert zu Waldeck und Pyrmont; 26 June 189217 October 1914) was the youngest child of George Victor, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont by his second wife Princess Louise of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg.
Princess Adelgunde of Bavaria (Adelgunde Auguste Charlotte Caroline Elisabeth Amalie Marie Sophie Luise von Bayern; 19 March 1823 – 28 October 1914) was a daughter of Ludwig I of Bavaria and Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen.
Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll, (Louise Caroline Alberta; 18 March 1848 – 3 December 1939) was the sixth child and fourth daughter of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.
Princess Sophie of Greece and Denmark (Πριγκίπισσα Σοφία της Ελλάδας και Δανίας) (26 June 1914 – 24 November 2001) was the fourth child and youngest daughter of Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark and Princess Alice of Battenberg.
Princess Therese of Saxe-Altenburg (21 December 1836 – 9 November 1914) was a Princess of Saxe-Altenburg by birth and a Princess of Sweden and Norway as the spouse of Prince August, Duke of Dalarna.
The Principality of Albania (Albanian: Principata e Shqipërisë or Shteti Shqiptar) refers to the short-lived monarchy in Albania, headed by William, Prince of Albania, that lasted from the Treaty of London of 1913 which ended the First Balkan War, through the invasions of Albania during World War I and the subsequent disputes over Albanian independence during the Paris Peace Conference of 1919, until 1925, when the monarchy was abolished and the Albanian Republic declared.
The protected cruiser is a type of naval cruiser of the late 19th century, so known because its armoured deck offered protection for vital machine spaces from fragments caused by exploding shells above.
A protectorate, in its inception adopted by modern international law, is a dependent territory that has been granted local autonomy and some independence while still retaining the suzerainty of a greater sovereign state.
The Protocol of Corfu (Πρωτόκολλο της Κέρκυρας, Protokolli i Korfuzit), signed on May 17, 1914, was an agreement between the representatives of the Albanian Government and the Provisional Government of Northern Epirus, which officially recognized the area of Northern Epirus as an autonomous self-governing region under the sovereignty of the prince of the newly established Principality of Albania.
Puig is a Spanish company operating in the fashion and fragrance sectors.
The pursuit of Goeben and Breslau was a naval action that occurred in the Mediterranean Sea at the outbreak of the First World War when elements of the British Mediterranean Fleet attempted to intercept the German Mittelmeerdivision consisting of the battlecruiser and the light cruiser.
In Judaism, a rabbi is a teacher of Torah.
The Race to the Sea took place from about 1914, after the Battle of the Frontiers and the German advance into France, which had been stopped at the First Battle of the Marne and was followed by the First Battle of the Aisne a Franco-British counter-offensive.
Field Marshal Radomir Putnik (Радомир Путник;; 24 January 1847 – 17 May 1917) was the first Serbian Field Marshal and Chief of the General Staff of the Serbian army in the Balkan Wars and in the First World War.
Rafael Jeroným Kubelík (29 June 191411 August 1996) was a Czech-born conductor and composer.
Rafqa Pietra Choboq Ar-Rayès, O.L.M. (Arabic: رفقا بطرسيّة شبق ألريّس, June 29, 1832 – March 23, 1914), also known as Saint Rafka and Saint Rebecca, was a Lebanese Maronite nun who was canonized by Pope John Paul II on June 10, 2001.
The Raid on Cuxhaven (Weihnachtsangriff; i.e. Christmas Raid) was a British ship-based air-raid on the German naval forces at Cuxhaven mounted on Christmas Day, 1914.
The Raid on Scarborough, Hartlepool and Whitby on 16 December 1914, was an attack by the Imperial German Navy on the British ports of Scarborough, Hartlepool, West Hartlepool and Whitby.
Ralph Waldo Ellison (March 1, 1913 – April 16, 1994) was an American novelist, literary critic, and scholar.
Ralph Rapson (September 13, 1914 – March 29, 2008) was the head of architecture at the University of Minnesota for many years.
Herman Raymond Walston (November 2, 1914 – January 1, 2001) was an American actor and comedian, best known as the title character on My Favorite Martian.
Raymond "Ray" Davis Jr. (October 14, 1914 – May 31, 2006) was an American chemist and physicist.
Róbert Bárány (22 April 1876 – 8 April 1936) was an Austro-Hungarian otologist.
Rempo Urip (born 10 July 1914) is an Indonesian film director.
Renato Dulbecco (February 22, 1914 – February 19, 2012) was an Italian American, who won the 1975 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work on oncoviruses, which are viruses that can cause cancer when they infect animal cells.
Renzo Franzo (16 December 1914 – 3 March 2018) was an Italian politician.
The Republic of China was a sovereign state in East Asia, that occupied the territories of modern China, and for part of its history Mongolia and Taiwan.
Rex Applegate (June 21, 1914 – July 14, 1998) was an American military officer who worked for the Office of Strategic Services, where he trained Allied special forces personnel in close-quarters combat during World War II.
Richard Carlyle (March 20, 1914 – November 15, 2009) was a film, television and Broadway actor.
Richard P. Coogan (April 4, 1914 – March 12, 2014) was an American actor best known for his portrayal of Captain Video in Captain Video and His Video Rangers, in five episodes, from 1949 to 1950.
Richard Denning (March 27, 1914 – October 11, 1998) was an American actor best known for starring in science fiction films of the 1950s, including Unknown Island (1948), Creature from the Black Lagoon (1954), Target Earth (1954), Day the World Ended (1955), Creature with the Atom Brain (1955), and The Black Scorpion (1957).
Richard Estep Lankford (July 22, 1914 – September 22, 2003) represented the fifth district of the state of Maryland in the United States House of Representatives for five terms from 1955 to 1965.
Richard Laurence Millington Synge FRS (Liverpool, 28 October 1914 – Norwich, 18 August 1994) was a British biochemist, and shared the 1952 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the invention of partition chromatography with Archer Martin.
George Richard Millard (born October 2, 1914) was a suffragan bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of California from 1960 to 1978.
Richard Warren Sears (December 7, 1863 – September 28, 1914) was an American manager, businessman, and the founder of Sears, Roebuck and Company with his partner Alvah Curtis Roebuck.
Richard Weedt Widmark (December 26, 1914March 24, 2008) was an American film, stage, and television actor and producer.
River monitors are military craft designed to patrol rivers.
RMS Empress of Ireland was an ocean liner that sank near the mouth of the Saint Lawrence River following a collision in thick fog with the Norwegian collier in the early hours of 29 May 1914.
Robert Alda (February 26, 1914 – May 3, 1986) was an American theatrical and film actor and father of actors Alan and Antony Alda.
Robert Offley Ashburton Crewe-Milnes, 1st Marquess of Crewe, (12 January 185820 June 1945), known as The Lord Houghton from 1885 to 1895 and as The Earl of Crewe from 1895 to 1911, was a British Liberal politician, statesman and writer.
Robert Fraser (10 August 1858 – 28 March 1914) was a Scottish Roman Catholic bishop who served as the Bishop of Dunkeld from 1913 to 1914.
Robert Jones Burdette (July 30, 1844 – November 19, 1914) was an American humorist and clergyman who became noted through his paragraphs in the Burlington (Iowa) Hawkeye.
Major-General Robert George Kekewich, CB (17 June 1854 – 5 November 1914) was a Victorian era British Army officer.
John Robert McCloskey (September 14, 1914 – June 30, 2003) was an American writer and illustrator of children's books.
Robert Rathbun Wilson (March 4, 1914 – January 16, 2000) was an American physicist known for his work on the Manhattan Project during World War II, as a sculptor, and as an architect of the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), where he was the first director from 1967 to 1978.
Robert Lorne Stanfield, (April 11, 1914 – December 16, 2003) was the 17th Premier of Nova Scotia and leader of the federal Progressive Conservative Party of Canada.
Robert Strange (December 6, 1857 – August 23, 1914) was second bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of East Carolina, serving from 1905 to 1913.
Robert Earl Wise (September 10, 1914 – September 14, 2005) was an American film director, producer and editor.
Roger Avon (23 November 1914 – 21 December 1998) was an English film and television actor born in Jarrow, County Durham.
The Rokeby Venus (also known as The Toilet of Venus, Venus at her Mirror, Venus and Cupid, or La Venus del espejo) is a painting by Diego Velázquez, the leading artist of the Spanish Golden Age.
Romain Gary (2 December 1980), born Roman Kacew (also known by the pen name Émile Ajar), was a French novelist, diplomat, film director, and World War II aviator of Jewish origin.
Roque Sáenz Peña Lahitte (March 19, 1851 – August 9, 1914) is 16th President of Argentina from 12 October 1910 to 9 August 1914, when he died in office.
Rosalyn Tureck (December 14, 1913 – July 17, 2003) was an American pianist and harpsichordist who was particularly associated with the music of Johann Sebastian Bach.
Rose Cabat (June 27, 1914 – January 25, 2015) was an American studio ceramicist, classified as part of the Mid-Century modern movement who was best known for her innovative glazes upon small porcelain pots called 'feelies' often in the shape of onions and figs,Block, Bruce.
Rosh Yeshiva (ראש ישיבה; pl. Heb.; pl. Yeshivish: rosh yeshivahs) is the title given to the dean of a Talmudical academy (yeshiva).
Ross Franklin Lockridge Jr., (April 25, 1914 – March 6, 1948) was an American novelist of the mid-20th century.
Roy Huggins (July 18, 1914 – April 3, 2002) was an American novelist and an influential writer/creator and producer of character-driven television series, including Maverick, The Fugitive, and The Rockford Files.
Francis Roy Plomley, (20 January 1914 – 28 May 1985) was an English radio broadcaster, producer, playwright and novelist.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
The Royal Australian Navy (RAN) is the naval branch of the Australian Defence Force.
The Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) was the air arm of the Royal Navy, under the direction of the Admiralty's Air Department, and existed formally from 1 July 1914Admiralty Circular CW.13963/14, 1 July 1914: "Royal Naval Air Service – Organisation" to 1 April 1918, when it was merged with the British Army's Royal Flying Corps to form a new service, the Royal Air Force, the first of its kind in the world.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
George Edward Waddell (October 13, 1876 – April 1, 1914) was an American southpaw pitcher in Major League Baseball (MLB).
Ruchoma Shain (6 December 1914 – 16 March 2013) was an American-born rebbetzin, English teacher, and author.
Rudolf Duala Manga Bell (1873 - 8 August 1914) was a Duala king and resistance leader in the German colony of Kamerun (Cameroon).
The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.
The Russian Orthodox Church (ROC; Rússkaya pravoslávnaya tsérkov), alternatively legally known as the Moscow Patriarchate (Moskóvskiy patriarkhát), is one of the autocephalous Eastern Orthodox churches, in full communion with other Eastern Orthodox patriarchates.
Stewart Prestley Blake (born November 26, 1914), known as S. Prestley Blake, is an American businessman.
Saint Patrick's Day, or the Feast of Saint Patrick (Lá Fhéile Pádraig, "the Day of the Festival of Patrick"), is a cultural and religious celebration held on 17 March, the traditional death date of Saint Patrick (AD 385–461), the foremost patron saint of Ireland.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
Sakurajima (桜島, literally "Cherry blossom Island") is an active composite volcano and a former island in Kagoshima Prefecture in Kyushu, Japan.
Salvador Martínez Cubells (9 November 1845 – 21 January 1914) was a Spanish painter and art restorer, who specialized in history painting and Costumbrismo.
Field Marshal Sam Hormusji Framji Jamshedji Manekshaw, MC (3 April 1914 – 27 June 2008), popularly known as Sam Bahadur ("Sam the Brave"), was the Chief of the Army Staff of the Indian Army during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, and the first Indian Army officer to be promoted to the rank of field marshal.
Samuel Adrian "Slingin' Sammy" Baugh (March 17, 1914 – December 17, 2008) was an American football player and coach.
San Luis Potosí, officially the Free and Sovereign State of San Luis Potosí (Estado Libre y Soberano de San Luis Potosí), is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico.
Sarah (Sally) Pillsbury Harkness, (July 8, 1914 — May 22, 2013) was an American architect.
Sarajevo (see names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina, with a population of 275,524 in its current administrative limits.
Saroj Dutta (March 13, 1914 – August 5, 1971) (Comrade SD) was an Indian communist intellectual and poet, active in the extremist Naxalite movement in West Bengal in the 1960s.
Sattar Khan (ستارخان,; Azerbaijani: Səttar xan) October 20, 1866 – November 17, 1914), honorarily titled Sardār-e Melli (سردار ملی meaning National Commander) was a pivotal figure in the Iranian Constitutional Revolution and is considered a national hero.
The Schlieffen Plan (Schlieffen-Plan) was the name given after World War I to the thinking behind the German invasion of France and Belgium on 4 August 1914.
Schnorer Club of Morrisania was established in 1881.
A scout cruiser was a type of warship of the early 20th Century, which were smaller, faster, more lightly armed and armoured than protected cruisers or light cruisers, but larger than contemporary destroyers.
Scuttling is the deliberate sinking of a ship by allowing water to flow into the hull.
Sears, Roebuck and Company, colloquially known as Sears, is an American chain of department stores founded by Richard Warren Sears and Alvah Curtis Roebuck in 1892, reincorporated (a formality for a history-making consumer sector initial public offering) by Richard Sears and new partner Julius Rosenwald in 1906.
The Second Boer War (11 October 1899 – 31 May 1902) was fought between the British Empire and two Boer states, the South African Republic (Republic of Transvaal) and the Orange Free State, over the Empire's influence in South Africa.
Self-Realization Fellowship (SRF) is a worldwide spiritual organization founded by Paramahansa Yogananda in 1920nytimes.com and legally incorporated as a non-profit religious organization in 1935, to serve as Yogananda’s instrument for the preservation and worldwide dissemination of his writings and teachings, including Kriya Yoga.
Senegal (Sénégal), officially the Republic of Senegal, is a country in West Africa.
Between the years AD 1900 and 2099, September 11 of the Gregorian calendar is the leap day of the Coptic and Ethiopian calendars.
It is frequently the day of the autumnal equinox in the Northern Hemisphere and the day of the vernal equinox in the Southern Hemisphere.
It is frequently the day of the autumnal equinox in the Northern Hemisphere and the day of the vernal equinox in the Southern Hemisphere.
Serafim Sergeyevich Tulikov (Серафим Серге́евич Туликов; July 7, 1914 – January 29, 2004) was a Russian and Soviet composer, who was born in the Imperial Russia, and died in Russia.
The Serbian Campaign of World War I was fought from late July 1914, when Austria-Hungary invaded the Kingdom of Serbia at the outset of World War I, until the war's conclusion in November 1918.
Seth Edulji (or Eduljee) Dinshaw, CIE (died 8 May 1914) was a philanthropist from prepartition Karachi.
Siberia (a) is an extensive geographical region, and by the broadest definition is also known as North Asia.
The Siege of Antwerp (Beleg van Antwerpen, Siège d'Anvers, Belagerung von Antwerpen.) was an engagement between the German and the Belgian, British and French armies around the fortified city of Antwerp during World War I. German troops besieged a garrison of Belgian fortress troops, the Belgian field army and the British Royal Naval Division in the Antwerp area, after the German invasion of Belgium in August 1914.
The Siege of Tsingtao, sometimes Siege of Tsingtau, was the attack on the German port of Tsingtao (Qingdao) in China during World War I by Japan and the United Kingdom.
Siegfried Lowitz (September 22, 1914 – June 27, 1999) was a German actor.
The United States Army Signal Corps (USASC) develops, tests, provides, and manages communications and information systems support for the command and control of combined arms forces.
Silvius Magnago (February 5, 1914 – May 25, 2010) was an Italian politician.
Simon Bolivar Buckner (April 1, 1823 – January 8, 1914) was an American soldier and politician who fought in the United States Army in the Mexican–American War and in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.
The Battle of Río de Oro was a single-ship action fought in August 1914 during the First World War.
Vice-Admiral Sir George John Scott Warrender of Lochend, 7th Baronet, (31 July 1860 – 8 January 1917) was a senior officer in the Royal Navy during the First World War.
The Sixth Army (6eme Armée) was a Field army of the French Army during World War I and World War II.
Skikda (سكيكدة) is a city in north eastern Algeria and a port on the Gulf of Stora, the ancient Sinus Numidicus.
SM U-15 was one of the three Type U 13 gasoline-powered U-boats produced by the German Empire for the Imperial German Navy.
SM U-21 was a U-boat built for the Imperial German Navy shortly before World War I. The third of four Type U-19-class submarines, these were the first U-boats in German service to be equipped with diesel engines.
SM U-9 was a German Type U 9 U-boat.
Andrew "Smokey" Hogg (January 27, 1914 – May 1, 1960) was an American post-war Texas blues and country blues musician.
SMS Emden ("His Majesty's Ship Emden") was the second and final member of the of light cruisers built for the Imperial German Navy (Kaiserliche Marine).
John Lee Curtis "Sonny Boy" Williamson (March 30, 1914 – June 1, 1948) was an American blues harmonica player, singer and songwriter.
Sophie Sooäär (27 September 1914 – 14 March 1996) was an Estonian stage, television, and film actress and singer and dancer.
Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg (Žofie Marie Josefína Albína hraběnka Chotková z Chotkova a Vojnína; Sophie Maria Josephine Albina Gräfin Chotek von Chotkow und Wognin; 1 March 1868 – 28 June 1914), was the wife of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne.
Spithead is an area of the Solent and a roadstead off Gilkicker Point in Hampshire, England.
SS Gwendolen (sometimes misspelled Guendolen and Gwendolyn) was a British steamship on Lake Nyasa that fought in the first naval action of World War I against the German steamship Hermann von Wissman which it caught on a slipway at Sphinxhafen, now known as Liuli.
SS Königin Luise was a German steam ferry.
In metallurgy, stainless steel, also known as inox steel or inox from French inoxydable (inoxidizable), is a steel alloy with a minimum of 10.5% chromium content by mass.
The State of Mexico (Estado de México) is one of the 32 federal entities of Mexico.
A submarine (or simply sub) is a watercraft capable of independent operation underwater.
Sudha Roy (1914–1987) was an Indian communist trade unionist and politician.
Suffragettes were members of women's organisations in the late-19th and early-20th centuries who, under the banner "Votes for Women", fought for women's suffrage, the right to vote in public elections.
The Sultanate of Egypt is the name of the short-lived protectorate that the United Kingdom imposed over Egypt between 1914 and 1922.
Sun Ra (born Herman Poole Blount, legal name Le Sony'r Ra; May 22, 1914 – May 30, 1993) was an American jazz composer, bandleader, piano and synthesizer player, and poet known for his experimental music, "cosmic" philosophy, prolific output, and theatrical performances.
The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
Suso Cecchi D'Amico (21 July 1914, Rome – 31 July 2010, Rome) was an Italian screenwriter and actress.
Sven Torsten Fahlman (11 July 1914 – 23 June 2003) was a Swedish fencer who won a silver medal in the team épée event at the 1952 Summer Olympics.
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
Sydney "Syd" Hartley (22 January 1914 – May 1987) was an English professional footballer.
Tan Sri Syed Jaafar bin Hassan Albar (سيد جعفر بن حسن البار; born August 21, 1914 –14 January 1977) was a Malaysian politician.
Syracuse University (commonly referred to as Syracuse, 'Cuse, or SU) is a private research university in Syracuse, New York, United States.
Taliesin, sometimes known as Taliesin East, Taliesin Spring Green, or Taliesin North after 1937, was the estate of American architect Frank Lloyd Wright.
Tampa is a major city in, and the county seat of, Hillsborough County, Florida, United States.
The Tampico Affair began as a minor incident involving U.S. sailors and Mexican land forces loyal to Mexican dictator General Victoriano Huerta during the guerra de las facciones (faction wars) phase of the Mexican Revolution.
Edward Henry Willis, Baron Willis (13 January 1914 - 22 December 1992) was a British playwright, novelist and screenwriter who was also politically active in support of the Labour Party.
The temperance movement is a social movement against the consumption of alcoholic beverages.
Tenzing Norgay GM OSN (tendzin norgyé; 29 May 1914 – 9 May 1986), born Namgyal Wangdi and often referred to as Sherpa Tenzing, was a Nepali Sherpa mountaineer.
Teodor Ilyich Oizerman (Теодо́р Ильи́ч Ойзерма́н; – 25 March 2017) was a Soviet and Russian philosopher and academician.
Teofilo Bastida Camomot (3 March 1914 – 27 September 1988) was a Roman Catholic Archbishop from the Philippines.
The Teoloyucan Treaties were signed on August 13, 1914 at Teoloyucan, State of Mexico, Mexico between the revolutionary army and forces loyal to Victoriano Huerta.
Terence Marne O'Neill, Baron O'Neill of the Maine, PC (10 September 1914 – 12 June 1990) was the fourth Prime Minister of Northern Ireland and leader (1963–1969) of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP).
Gordon Lee "Tex" Beneke (February 12, 1914 – May 30, 2000) was an American saxophonist, singer, and bandleader.
Texas blues is a style of blues music.
Thaddeus Coleman Pound (December 6, 1832 – November 20 or 21, 1914) was an American businessman from Wisconsin who served in both house of the Wisconsin legislature, as the tenth Lieutenant Governor of Wisconsin, and as a U.S. Representative (1877–1883).
The Atlanta Journal-Constitution (AJC) is the only major daily newspaper in the metropolitan area of Atlanta, Georgia, United States.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
The Tramp (Charlot in several languages), also known as The Little Tramp, was British actor Charlie Chaplin's most memorable on-screen character and an icon in world cinema during the era of silent film.
Theofiel ("Theo") Middelkamp (Nieuw-Namen, 23 February 1914–Kieldrecht, 2 May 2005) was a Dutch cyclist.
Theodore William Richards (January 31, 1868 – April 2, 1928) was the first American scientist to receive the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, earning the award "in recognition of his exact determinations of the atomic weights of a large number of the chemical elements.".
Thomas Cooper De Leon (May 21, 1839–March 19, 1914) was an American journalist, author, and playwright.
Private Thomas James Highgate (13 May 1895 – 8 September 1914) was a British soldier during the early days of World War I, and the first British soldier to be convicted of desertion and executed during that war.
Tomáš Jan Baťa, (September 17, 1914 – September 1, 2008), also known as Tomas Bata Jr. and Tomáš Baťa ml. and "Shoemaker to the World", ran the Bata Shoe Company from the 1940s until the 1980s.
General Sir Thomas Cecil Hook Pearson & Bar (born 1 July 1914) is a retired senior officer of the British Army who served during World War II and later as Commander-in-Chief (C-in-C) of Allied Forces Northern Europe from 1972 to 1974.
Thomas Edward Wilkinson (1837−1914) was an Anglican bishop in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Thor Heyerdahl (October 6, 1914 – April 18, 2002) was a Norwegian adventurer and ethnographer with a background in zoology, botany, and geography.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
Tod Andrews (born Theodore Edwin Anderson; November 10, 1914 or 1920Aaker, Everett (2006), Encyclopedia of Early Television Crime Fighters (pp. 19-20), McFarland & Company, Inc. or 1921 – November 7, 1972) was an American stage, screen, and television actor.
Togo, officially the Togolese Republic (République Togolaise), is a sovereign state in West Africa bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north.
Togoland was a German protectorate in West Africa from 1884 to 1914, encompassing what is now the nation of Togo and most of what is now the Volta Region of Ghana, approximately 77,355 km2 (29,867 sq mi) in size.
The Togoland Campaign (9–26 August 1914) was a French and British invasion of the German colony of Togoland in west Africa, which began the West African Campaign of the First World War.
Thomas Morgan Fine (October 10, 1914 – January 10, 2005) was an American pitcher in Major League Baseball who played in 23 games for the Boston Red Sox and St. Louis Browns.
Antony Habersack Jannus, more familiarly known as Tony Jannus (July 22, 1889 – October 12, 1916), was an early American pilot whose aerial exploits were widely publicized in aviation's pre-World War I period.
A modern torpedo is a self-propelled weapon with an explosive warhead, launched above or below the water surface, propelled underwater towards a target, and designed to detonate either on contact with its target or in proximity to it.
Tory Island, or simply Tory (officially known by its Irish name Toraigh), is an island off the north-west coast of County Donegal in Ulster, Ireland, and is the most remote inhabited island of Ireland.
Tove Marika Jansson (Finland; 9 August 1914 – 27 June 2001) was a Swedish-speaking Finnish author, novelist, painter, illustrator and comic strip author.
Traffic lights, also known as traffic signals, traffic lamps, traffic semaphore, signal lights, stop lights, robots (in South Africa and most of Africa), and traffic control signals (in technical parlance), are signalling devices positioned at road intersections, pedestrian crossings, and other locations to control flows of traffic.
Fred Trammell Crow (June 10, 1914 – January 14, 2009) was an American real estate developer from Dallas, Texas.
The Province of the Transvaal (Provinsie van die Transvaal), commonly referred to as the Transvaal, was a province of South Africa from 1910 until the end of apartheid in 1994, when a new constitution subdivided it.
Trevor Berghan (13 July 1914 – 23 September 1998) was a New Zealand rugby union player.
The Triple Entente (from French entente "friendship, understanding, agreement") refers to the understanding linking the Russian Empire, the French Third Republic, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland after the signing of the Anglo-Russian Entente on 31 August 1907.
was Japan's first female photojournalist.
Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
Tyrone Edmund Power III (May 5, 1914 – November 15, 1958) was an American film, stage and radio actor.
U-boat is an anglicised version of the German word U-Boot, a shortening of Unterseeboot, literally "undersea boat".
Ulster (Ulaidh or Cúige Uladh, Ulster Scots: Ulstèr or Ulster) is a province in the north of the island of Ireland.
The Union of South Africa (Unie van Zuid-Afrika, Unie van Suid-Afrika) is the historic predecessor to the present-day Republic of South Africa.
Union Square is an important and historic intersection and surrounding neighborhood in Manhattan, New York City, located where Broadway and the former Bowery Road – now Fourth Avenue – came together in the early 19th century; its name denotes that "here was the union of the two principal thoroughfares of the island" rather than celebrating either the Federal union of the United States or labor unions.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.
The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
The United States occupation of Veracruz began with the Battle of Veracruz and lasted for seven months, as a response to the Tampico Affair of April 9, 1914.
The United States Power Squadrons (USPS) is a non-profit educational organization, founded in 1914, whose mission is to improve maritime safety and enjoyability through classes in seamanship, navigation, and other related subjects.
The Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA-ACL) is a black nationalist fraternal organization founded in 1914 by Marcus Mosiah Garvey.
The Universal Postal Union (UPU, Union postale universelle), established by the Treaty of Bern of 1874, is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that coordinates postal policies among member nations, in addition to the worldwide postal system.
The University of Chicago (UChicago, U of C, or Chicago) is a private, non-profit research university in Chicago, Illinois.
Valentin Zubiaurre (13 February 1837 – 13 January 1914) was a Spanish composer who was a professor at the Madrid Royal Conservatory and worked at the Chapel Royal.
Vance Oakley Packard (May 22, 1914 – December 12, 1996) was an American journalist and social critic.
Venustiano Carranza Garza (29 December 1859 – 21 May 1920) was one of the main leaders of the Mexican Revolution, whose victorious northern revolutionary Constitutionalist Army defeated the counter-revolutionary regime of Victoriano Huerta (February 1913-July 1914) and then defeated fellow revolutionaries after Huerta's ouster.
Veracruz, formally Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave,In isolation, Veracruz, de and Llave are pronounced, respectively,, and.
Veracruz, officially known as Heroica Veracruz, is a major port city and municipality on the Gulf of Mexico in the Mexican state of Veracruz.
The Vice President of the United States (informally referred to as VPOTUS, or Veep) is a constitutional officer in the legislative branch of the federal government of the United States as the President of the Senate under Article I, Section 3, Clause 4, of the United States Constitution, as well as the second highest executive branch officer, after the President of the United States.
Victor Arnold (9 October 1873 - 16 October 1914) was an Austrian actor.
Victoria (abbreviated as Vic) is a state in south-eastern Australia.
José Victoriano Huerta Márquez (22 December 1850 – 13 January 1916) was a Mexican military officer and 35th President of Mexico.
Vienna (Wien) is the federal capital and largest city of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria.
Vincent James McMahon (July 6, 1914 – May 24, 1984), also known as Vince McMahon Sr., was an American professional wrestling promoter.
Virgil Finlay (July 23, 1914 – January 18, 1971) was an American pulp fantasy, science fiction and horror illustrator.
Vivian Stuart, née Violet Vivian Finlay (2 January 1914 in Berkshire, England – August 1986 in Yorkshire), was a British writer from 1953 to 1986.
Prince Vladimir Petrovich Meshchersky (11 January 1839 – 23 July 1914) was a Russian journalist and novelist.
A volcano is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface.
Group Captain Wilfrid George Gerald Duncan Smith, (28 May 1914 – 11 December 1996) was a Royal Air Force flying ace of the Second World War.
Ward Walrath Kimball (March 4, 1914 – July 8, 2002), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota, was an animator for the Walt Disney Studios.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
The West Indies or the Caribbean Basin is a region of the North Atlantic Ocean in the Caribbean that includes the island countries and surrounding waters of three major archipelagoes: the Greater Antilles, the Lesser Antilles and the Lucayan Archipelago.
The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.
Wilhelm II (Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albert von Hohenzollern; 27 January 18594 June 1941) was the last German Emperor (Kaiser) and King of Prussia, ruling the German Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia from 15 June 1888 to 9 November 1918.
Wilhelm Anton Souchon (2 June 1864 – 13 January 1946) was a German-born Ottoman admiral in World War I. Souchon commanded the Kaiserliche Marines Mediterranean squadron in the early days of the war.
Willi Stoph (9 July 1914 – 13 April 1999) was an East German politician.
William Castle (April 24, 1914 – May 31, 1977) was an American film director, producer, screenwriter, and actor.
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William Seward Burroughs II (February 5, 1914 – August 2, 1997) was an American writer and visual artist.
William Sperry Beinecke (May 22, 1914 – April 8, 2018) was an American philanthropist and businessman.
William Edgar Stafford (January 17, 1914 – August 28, 1993) was an American poet and pacifist, and the father of poet and essayist Kim Stafford.
William Turner (1844–1914) was a British Roman Catholic clergyman who served as the Bishop of Galloway from 1893 to 1914.
William Spencer Vickrey (21 June 1914 – 11 October 1996) was a Canadian-born professor of economics and Nobel Laureate.
William Childs Westmoreland (March 26, 1914 – July 18, 2005) was a United States Army general, who most notably commanded U.S. forces during the Vietnam War from 1964 to 1968.
Prince William of Wied, Prince of Albania German: Wilhelm Friedrich Heinrich, Albanian: Princ Vidi or Princ Vilhelm Vidi, 26 March 1876 – 18 April 1945), reigned briefly as sovereign of the Principality of Albania as Vidi I from 7 March 1914 to 3 September 1914, when he left for exile. His reign officially came to an end on 31 January 1925, when the country was declared an Albanian Republic. Outside the country and in diplomatic correspondence, he was styled "sovereign prince", but in Albania, he was referred to as mbret, or king. He was also styled Skanderbeg II, in homage to Skanderbeg, the national hero.
Wim Hora Adema (14 July 1914 – 10 December 1998) was a Dutch author of children's literature and a feminist, notable for being the co-founder of Opzij, founded in 1972 as a radical feminist monthly magazine.
Woodman’s of Essex is a seafood restaurant in Essex, Massachusetts (approximately north of Boston).
Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924) was an American statesman and academic who served as the 28th President of the United States from 1913 to 1921.
The World Digital Library (WDL) is an international digital library operated by UNESCO and the United States Library of Congress.
A world war, is a large-scale war involving many of the countries of the world or many of the most powerful and populous ones.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
Yakov Borisovich Zel’dovich (Я́каў Бары́савіч Зяльдо́віч, Я́ков Бори́сович Зельдо́вич; 8 March 1914 – 2 December 1987), also known as YaB, was a Soviet physicist of Belarusian Jewish ethnicity, who is known for his prolific contributions in cosmology and the physics of thermonuclear and hydrodynamical phenomena.
The Yale Bowl is a college football stadium in the northeast United States, located in New Haven, Connecticut, on the border of West Haven, about 1½ miles (2½ km) west of the main campus of Yale University.
Yevgeniya Konstantinovna Mravinskaya (Евгения Константиновна Мравинская), better known by her stage name Yevgeniya or Evgenia Mravina (Евгения Мравина; –),Russia was still using old style dates in the 19th century, and information sources used in the article sometimes report dates as old style rather than new style.
Yitzhak Rafael (יצחק רפאל, 5 July 1914 – 3 August 1999) was an Israeli politician who served as Minister of Religions in the mid-1970s.
The Ypiranga Incident occurred on April 21, 1914, at the port of Veracruz in Mexico.
Yuri Vladimirovich Andropov (p; – 9 February 1984) was a Soviet politician and the fourth General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
Zachary Scott (February 21, 1914 – October 3, 1965)Obituary Variety, October 6, 1965.
Zagreb is the capital and the largest city of Croatia.
A Zeppelin is a type of rigid airship named after the German Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin who pioneered rigid airship development at the beginning of the 20th century.
Zhang Jingfu or Zhang Jinfu (6 June 1914 – 31 July 2015) was a politician of the People's Republic of China.
Zoya Fyodorovna Bulgakova (Зоя Фёдоровна Булгакова; 24 December 1914 – 3 February 2017) was a Russian Soviet stage actress and an Honored Artist of the RSFSR (1945).
It is known in European history as a rather tumultuous year with the Revolutions of 1830 in France, Belgium, Poland, Switzerland and Italy.
It is historically famous for the wave of revolutions, a series of widespread struggles for more liberal governments, which broke out from Brazil to Hungary; although most failed in their immediate aims, they significantly altered the political and philosophical landscape and had major ramifications throughout the rest of the century.
This year was named by Mitchell Stephens as the greatest year to read newspapers.
In Germany, 1888 is known as the Year of the Three Emperors.
The 1914 Burdur earthquake occurred at 00:07 local time (22:07 UTC) on 4 October.
The 1914 Jubilee Exhibition took place in Kristiania, Norway, from May to October 1914.
Below, the events of World War I have the "WWI" prefix.
Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" acronym.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
This year also marks the end of the Second World War, the deadliest conflict in human history.
It is also known as the "Year of Africa" because of major events—particularly the independence of seventeen African nations—that focused global attention on the continent and intensified feelings of Pan-Africanism.
The year is associated with the first manned landing on the Moon (Apollo 11).
The world population increased by 2.1% this year, the highest increase in history.
Within the context of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) it was the longest year ever, as two leap seconds were added during this 366-day year, an event which has not since been repeated.
It was also declared the International Women's Year by the United Nations and the European Architectural Heritage Year by the Council of Europe.
The year 1983 saw both the official beginning of the Internet and the first mobile cellular telephone call.
The year 1985 was designated as the International Youth Year by the United Nations.
The year 1986 was designated as the International Year of Peace by the United Nations.
In the 20th century, the year 1988 has the most Roman numeral digits (11).
1989 was a turning point in political history because a wave of revolutions swept the Eastern Bloc in Europe, starting in Poland and Hungary, with experiments in power sharing, coming to a head with the opening of the Berlin Wall in November, and the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia, embracing the overthrow of the communist dictatorship in Romania in December, and ending in December 1991 with the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
Important events of 1990 include the Reunification of Germany and the unification of Yemen, the formal beginning of the Human Genome Project (finished in 2003), the launch of the Hubble Space Telescope, the separation of Namibia from South Africa, and the Baltic states declaring independence from the Soviet Union amidst Perestroika.
It was the year that is usually considered the final year of the Cold War that had begun in the late 1940s.
1992 was designated as.
The year 1994 was designated as the "International Year of the Family" and the "International Year of Sport and the Olympic Ideal" by the United Nations.
This was the first year that the Internet was entirely privatized, with the United States government no longer providing public funding.
1996 was designated as.
1998 was designated as the International Year of the Ocean.
1999 was designated as the International Year of Older Persons.
2000 was designated as.
2001 was designated as.
2002 was designated as.
2003 was designated the.
2004 was designated as.
2005 was designated as.
2006 was designated as.
2007 was designated as.
2008 was designated as.
2009 was designated as.
2010 was designated as.
2011 was designated as.
2012 was designated as.
2013 was designated as.
2014 was designated as.
2015 was designated as.
2016 was designated as.
2017 was designated as International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development by the United Nations General Assembly.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
The Russian 2nd Army (2-я армия, 2А) was an army-level command of the Imperial Russian Army in World War I. It was formed just prior to the outbreak of hostilities from the units of Warsaw Military District and was mobilized in August 1914.
In Major League Baseball (MLB), the 3,000 hit club is the group of batters who have collected 3,000 or more regular-season hits in their careers.