1206 relations: A. Mitchell Palmer, Abdirashid Ali Shermarke, Abdulrahim Abby Farah, Aberystwyth University, Abrams v. United States, Adamantios Androutsopoulos, Adelina Patti, Adolf Hitler, Ahmed Abdallah, Airship, Al Molinaro, Alagir, Alajos Gáspár, Alan Young, Albert Cushing Read, Albert Einstein, Alberta, Albion Rovers F.C., Alfred Deakin, Alfred Eckhard Zimmern, Alfred Parland, Alfred Werner, Allie Paine, Allies of World War I, Alun Gwynne Jones, Baron Chalfont, Amala Shankar, Amanullah Khan, American Expeditionary Forces, American Legion, Amrita Pritam, Amritsar, Anarchism in Argentina, Anatolia, André Bettencourt, André Breton, Andrée Borrel, Andreas Papandreou, Andrew Carnegie, Andrew Claude de la Cherois Crommelin, Andrievs Niedra, Andy Rooney, Anglo-Afghan Treaty of 1919, Anita O'Day, Anne Buydens, Anti-Saloon League, Anton Drexler, Anton Irv, Antonio Aguilar, Antonio Pietrangeli, Anzac Day, ..., April 1, April 10, April 12, April 13, April 14, April 15, April 16, April 18, April 20, April 21, April 22, April 23, April 24, April 25, April 27, April 3, April 30, April 4, April 5, April 6, April 7, April 8, April 9, Archduke Ludwig Viktor of Austria, Argentina, Arichi Shinanojō, Arkhangelsk, Armenians, Armistice, Armistice Day, Arnold Meri, Art Blakey, Arthur Eddington, Arthur Whitten Brown, Artie Singer, Arvid Andersson (weightlifter), Asadollah Alam, Ashraf Pahlavi, Association football, Atmasthananda, August 1, August 11, August 12, August 13, August 14, August 15, August 16, August 18, August 19, August 2, August 20, August 21, August 22, August 24, August 25, August 26, August 27, August 28, August 29, August 3, August 30, August 31, August 4, August 7, August 8, August 9, Auguste-Réal Angers, Austria-Hungary, Avraham Drori, Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, Azores, Árpád Bogsch, İzmir, Baltic Germans, Baltic Sea, Baltische Landeswehr, Balto, Basil Yamey, Battle of Bereza Kartuska, Battle of Britain, Battle of Cēsis (1919), Battle of George Square, Bauhaus, Bavarian Soviet Republic, Béla Kun, Ben Agajanian, Bender, Moldova, Benedict Kiely, Benito Mussolini, Bentley, Bert Freed, Bertha Moss, Betty Garrett, Bill Mills (baseball), Bill Stroud, Black Sea, Black Sox Scandal, Bob Paisley, Bodelwyddan, Bolsheviks, Bomber, Boston, Bratislava, Brian Urquhart, British Army, British Empire, British police strikes in 1918 and 1919, Budapest, Buenos Aires, Bush flying, Cairo, Canadian Expeditionary Force, Caren Marsh Doll, Carl Spitteler, Carlo Savina, Carlos Julio Arosemena Monroy, Carlos Silva Loaiza, Carole Landis, Centralia massacre (Washington), Centralia, Washington, Chaim Weizmann, Chancellor of Germany, Charles I of Austria, Charles Judd (missionary), Charles O. Porter, Charles Steen, Charles Sweeney, Charles Willeford, Charlie Chaplin, Chicago race riot of 1919, Chicago White Sox, Choi Kyu-hah, Christoph Probst, Cincinnati Reds, CINW, Ciudad Juárez, Civil registration, Cleveland, Cleveland Clark, Clifden, Clifton McNeely, Cliftonhill, Coatbridge, Communist International, Communist Party USA, Condado Vanderbilt Hotel, Connemara, Conscription, Conscription in the United States, Constance Markievicz, County Tipperary, Curly Seckler, Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company, Curtiss NC-4, Czechoslovak Legion, Czechoslovakia, D. M. Canright, D. W. 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Pope, F Troop, Faisal I of Iraq, Faisal–Weizmann Agreement, Fazlur Rahman Malik, February 1, February 11, February 12, February 13, February 14, February 16, February 17, February 18, February 2, February 20, February 21, February 24, February 25, February 26, February 28, February 3, February 4, February 5, February 6, Federal government of the United States, Felix the Cat, Felix the Cat filmography, Ferdinand Kübler, Ferruccio Valcareggi, Fikret Kırcan, First Dáil, Florida, Flying ace, Flying boat, Folke Alnevik, Ford Motor Company, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Forrest Tucker, France, Frances Bay, Francisco and Jacinta Marto, Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves, Frank Winfield Woolworth, Fred Ohr, Frederik Pohl, Freikorps, French Army, French Opera House, Friedrich Ebert, Friedrich Soennecken, Fuel tax, Fyodor Raskolnikov, Gabby Gabreski, Gabriel Valdés, Gabriele D'Annunzio, Gasoline, Gérard Pelletier, General relativity, General strike, Georg von Hertling, George Athan Billias, George Cadle Price, George Glamack, George Gobel, George Shearing, George V, George Wallace, Georgians, Georgios Papadopoulos, Gerald E. 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Buchanan, James O'Meara, James Percy FitzPatrick, Jan Smuts, Jane Delano, Janet Waldo, January 1, January 10, January 11, January 12, January 13, January 14, January 15, January 16, January 17, January 18, January 19, January 2, January 21, January 23, January 24, January 25, January 26, January 27, January 28, January 3, January 30, January 31, January 4, January 5, January 6, January 7, January 8, January 9, Java, Jayne Meadows, Jean Navarre, Jeanne Cagney, Jeannie Rousseau, Jennifer Jones, Jesús Blasco, Jews, Jimmy Newberry, Joachim Rønneberg, Joe Gill, Joe Krol, Johannes Stark, John Alcock (RAF officer), John Browning, John C. Bates, John C. Elliott, John Cyril Porte, John L. Lewis, John Maynard Keynes, John Mitchum, John Pott (British Army officer), John T. Thompson, John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, Joop den Uyl, José de Jesús Pimiento Rodríguez, José Gregorio Hernández, Joseph Murray, Joseph P. 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Nambiar, M1919 Browning machine gun, Madalyn Murray O'Hair, Major League Baseball, Malik Dohan al-Hassan, Manna Dey, Manolis Andronikos, Mansion House, Dublin, March 1, March 11, March 14, March 15, March 17, March 18, March 1st Movement, March 2, March 20, March 21, March 23, March 24, March 25, March 26, March 27, March 29, March 3, March 31, March 4, March 5, March 7, March 8, March 9, Margaret Burbidge, Marge Champion, Margot Fonteyn, Margot Hielscher, Maria Lassnig, Mario Bunge, Marion F. Kirby, Mark (currency), Martin Balsam, Martin Savage, Mary Pickford, Masataka Kawase, Matilde Camus, Maurice Boitel, Maurice Hilleman, Mauro Cía, Max Heindel, May 1, May 10, May 12, May 14, May 15, May 16, May 17, May 18, May 19, May 2, May 20, May 22, May 23, May 25, May 27, May 28, May 29, May 3, May 30, May 31, May 4, May 5, May 6, May 7, May 8, May 9, May Day riots of 1919, May Fourth Movement, Mayor, Medium machine gun, Melchora Aquino, Mexican Revolution, Middle East, Mieczysław Weinberg, Mike Karmazin, Mikhail Kalashnikov, Mikhail Shultz, Miklós Horthy, Milan, Milan Rastislav Štefánik, Military aircraft, Milt Smith (American football), Mineola, New York, Minneapolis, Mitja Ribičič, Moïse Tshombe, Mohamed Boudiaf, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Mohammed Karim Lamrani, Molasses, Monarchy of the North, Monte Irvin, Montreal, Morelos, Mr. and Mrs. Sidney Drew, Munich, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Mutiny, Myron H. Bright, Nancy Astor, Viscountess Astor, Narva, Nat King Cole, Nathaniel Carl Goodwin, Naval Air Station Rockaway, Nazi Party, Nehemiah Persoff, Nelson Cooke (musician), Netherlands, New Orleans, Newfoundland (island), Newton D. Baker, Nicolae Ceaușescu, Nikolai Yudenich, Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, Nobel Peace Prize, Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Nobel Prize in Literature, Nobel Prize in Physics, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Noon Gun, Nordine Ben Ali, Norma Miller, Norman A. Erbe, North Wales, North-West Mounted Police, November 1, November 10, November 11, November 12, November 14, November 15, November 16, November 18, November 19, November 2, November 20, November 21, November 22, November 26, November 27, November 28, November 3, November 30, November 4, November 6, November 7, November 9, October 10, October 11, October 13, October 16, October 17, October 18, October 2, October 22, October 23, October 25, October 26, October 28, October 3, October 30, October 31, October 5, October 6, October 7, October 8, October 9, Olle Anderberg, Oregon, Orlando Drummond, Oscar Hammerstein I, Ota Šik, Ottoman Empire, Ove Sprogøe, Paavo Aaltonen, Palace of Versailles, Palestine (region), Palmer Raids, Pancho Villa, Parachute, Paris, Paris Convention of 1919, Paris Peace Conference, 1919, Parliament of the United Kingdom, Parral, Chihuahua, Patricia Medina, Paul de Man, Paul Vanden Boeynants, Pál Losonczi, Pál Luthár, Pentland Hick, Pete Seeger, Peter Abrahams, Peter Butterworth, Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington, Petr Braiko, Petre P. Carp, Philippe Soupault, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, Pierre Gamarra, Pierre Soulages, Pierre Trudeau, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Pinsk massacre, Plymouth, Polish–Soviet War, Popeye, Príncipe, President of Albania, President of Argentina, President of Brazil, President of Germany, President of Germany (1919–1945), President of Somalia, President of South Korea, President of the Dominican Republic, President of the Government of Morocco, President of the United States, Prime Minister of Albania, Prime Minister of Australia, Prime Minister of Canada, Prime Minister of Dominica, Prime Minister of Greece, Prime Minister of Italy, Prime Minister of Latvia, Prime Minister of Poland, Prime Minister of Rhodesia, Prime Minister of Slovenia, Prime Minister of South Africa, Prime Minister of South Korea, Prime Minister of the Netherlands, Primo Levi, Prince Francis Joseph of Braganza, Prince John of the United Kingdom, Prince Karl Anton of Hohenzollern, Prince Tsunehisa Takeda, Prohibition in the United States, Pskov, Punjab Province (British India), Quebec Bridge, Queen of the South F.C., R. C. Pitts, R33-class airship, Radio station, RAF East Fortune, Raino Westerholm, Ray Dowker, Raymonde de Laroche, Recess appointment, Recy Taylor, Red Army, Red Buttons, Reforms of Amānullāh Khān and civil war, Remembrance Day, René Barrientos, Republic of Prekmurje, Ricardo Palma, Richard Mason (novelist 1919–1997), Richard Todd, Rick Vallin, Rie Mastenbroek, Riga, Rijeka, Robert Stack, Rosa Luxemburg, Ross Bagdasarian Sr., Rowlatt Act, Royal Irish Constabulary, Royal Navy, Ruanda-Urundi, Rugger Ardizoia, Ruggero Leoncavallo, Ruhr, Russian Civil War, Russian Revolution, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Ryszard Kaczorowski, Saaremaa, Saint Petersburg, Samsun, San Francisco, San Juan, Puerto Rico, Santiago Álvarez (filmmaker), Save the Children, Scapa Flow, Schenck v. United States, Scuttling of the German fleet in Scapa Flow, Seattle General Strike, September 1, September 10, September 11, September 12, September 13, September 14, September 15, September 16, September 17, September 18, September 2, September 21, September 22, September 23, September 24, September 26, September 27, September 29, September 3, September 5, September 6, September 9, Serial killer, Sette Giugno, Sex Disqualification (Removal) Act 1919, Shah, Shirley Mitchell, Siad Barre, Silesian Uprisings, Sinn Féin, Sinn Féin Manifesto 1918, Sirr Al-Khatim Al-Khalifa, Slim Pickens, Slovakia, Sobral, Ceará, Solange Troisier, Solar eclipse, Soloheadbeg, Sono Osato, Spanish flu, Spartacist uprising, Spin Boldak, St John Philby, St Mirren F.C., St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, Stane Kavčič, State attorney general, Steel strike of 1919, Strother Martin, Suffrage, Supermarine Spitfire, Supreme Court of the United States, Surrealism, Surrealist automatism, Syrian National Congress, T. 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Quinn, William Lipscomb, William Waldorf Astor, Wingfoot Air Express crash, Winnipeg, Winnipeg general strike, Wolfgang Wagner, Women's rights, Women's suffrage, Woodrow Wilson, World League Against Alcoholism, World War I, World War II, Zelman Cowen, Zhao Ziyang, Zionism, .30-06 Springfield, 1812, 1832, 1833, 1834, 1835, 1836, 1837, 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842, 1843, 1844, 1846, 1847, 1848, 1849, 1850, 1852, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1860, 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865, 1866, 1867, 1868, 1869, 1870, 1871, 1872, 1874, 1877, 1879, 1880, 1881, 1882, 1883, 1884, 1886, 1892, 1894, 1895, 1898, 1905, 1908, 1918, 1919 Florida Keys hurricane, 1919 United States anarchist bombings, 1919 World Series, 1920, 1933, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1948, 1949, 1952, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1968, 1969, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 1st Congress of the Comintern, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 438 Tactical Helicopter Squadron, 7th Cavalry Regiment. 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Alexander Mitchell Palmer (May 4, 1872 – May 11, 1936), best known as A. Mitchell Palmer, was United States Attorney General from 1919 to 1921.
Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke (Cabdirashiid Cali Sharmaarke, عبد الرشيد علي شارماركي) (June 8, 1919 – October 15, 1969) was Prime Minister of Somalia from July 12, 1960, to June 14, 1964, and President of Somalia from June 10, 1967, until his assassination on October 15, 1969.
Abdulrahim Abby Farah (Cabduulraxiim Cabby Faarax, عبد الرحيم آبي فرح; October 22, 1919 – May 14, 2018) was Deputy Secretary General of the United Nations 1979-1990 and Somali diplomat and politician.
Aberystwyth University (Prifysgol Aberystwyth) is a public research university in Aberystwyth, Wales.
Abrams v. United States,, was a decision by the Supreme Court of the United States upholding the 1918 Amendment to the Espionage Act of 1917, which made it a criminal offense to urge curtailment of production of the materials necessary to the war against Germany with intent to hinder the progress of the war.
Adamantios Androutsopoulos (Αδαμάντιος Ανδρουτσόπουλος; 20 August 1919 – 10 November 2000) was a lawyer and professor.
Adelina Patti (10 February 184327 September 1919) was an Italian-French 19th-century opera singer, earning huge fees at the height of her career in the music capitals of Europe and America.
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
Ahmed Abdallah Abderemane (أحمد عبد الله عبد الرحمن,, 12 June 1919 – 26 November 1989) was a Comorian politician.
An airship or dirigible balloon is a type of aerostat or lighter-than-air aircraft that can navigate through the air under its own power.
Albert Francis "Al" Molinaro (born Umberto Francesco Molinaro; June 24, 1919 – October 30, 2015) was an American actor.
Alagir (Алаги́р; Алагир) is an industrial town and the administrative center of Alagirsky District in the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, Russia, located on the west bank of the Ardon River, west of the republic's capital Vladikavkaz.
Alajos Gáspár (Alojz Gašpar) (1848 – September 22, 1919) was a Hungarian Slovene writer.
Alan Young (born Angus Young; November 19, 1919 – May 19, 2016) was a British–American actor, voice actor, comedian and radio and television host/personality who TV Guide called "The Charlie Chaplin of Television".
Albert Cushing Read, Sr. (April 29, 1887 – October 10, 1967) was an aviator and Rear Admiral in the United States Navy.
Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics).
Alberta is a western province of Canada.
Albion Rovers Football Club is a semi-professional football team from Coatbridge, North Lanarkshire, Scotland.
Alfred Deakin (3 August 18567 October 1919) was an Australian politician who served as the second Prime Minister of Australia, in office for three separate terms – 1903 to 1904, 1905 to 1908, and 1909 to 1910.
Sir Alfred Eckhard Zimmern (1879–1957) was a British classical scholar and historian, and political scientist writing on international relations.
Alfred Aleksandrovich Parland (Альфред Александрович Парланд; 1842–1919) was a Russian architect born in St.
Alfred Werner (12 December 1866 – 15 November 1919) was a Swiss chemist who was a student at ETH Zurich and a professor at the University of Zurich.
Alva Leon "Allie" Paine (July 22, 1919 – March 21, 2008) was an American college basketball standout at the University of Oklahoma who was named a consensus first-team All-American in 1944.
The Allies of World War I, or Entente Powers, were the countries that opposed the Central Powers in the First World War.
Alun Arthur Gwynne Jones, Baron Chalfont, (born 5 December 1919) is a British politician, retired British Army officer and historian.
Amala Shankar (অমলা শংকর; born 27 June 1919) is an Indian danseuse.
Amānullāh Khān (امان الله خان) was the sovereign of the Kingdom of Afghanistan from 1919 to 1929, first as Emir and after 1926 as Malik (King).
The American Expeditionary Forces (A. E. F., A.E.F. or AEF) was a formation of the United States Army on the Western Front of World War I. The AEF was established on July 5, 1917, in France under the command of Gen.
The American Legion is a U.S. war veterans organization headquartered in Indianapolis, Indiana.
Amrita Pritam (31 August 1919 – 31 October 2005) was an Indian writer and poet, who wrote in Punjabi and Hindi.
Amritsar, historically also known as Rāmdāspur and colloquially as Ambarsar, is a city in north-western India which is the administrative headquarters of the Amritsar district - located in the Majha region of the Indian state of Punjab.
The Argentinian anarchist movement was the strongest such movement in South America.
Anatolia (Modern Greek: Ανατολία Anatolía, from Ἀνατολή Anatolḗ,; "east" or "rise"), also known as Asia Minor (Medieval and Modern Greek: Μικρά Ἀσία Mikrá Asía, "small Asia"), Asian Turkey, the Anatolian peninsula, or the Anatolian plateau, is the westernmost protrusion of Asia, which makes up the majority of modern-day Turkey.
André Bettencourt (21 April 1919 – 19 November 2007) was a French politician.
André Breton (18 February 1896 – 28 September 1966) was a French writer, poet, and anti-fascist.
Andrée Raymonde Borrel (18 November 1919 – 6 July 1944) was a French heroine of World War II who served in the French Resistance and Britain's Special Operations Executive.
Andreas Georgios Papandreou (Ανδρέας Γεώργιος Παπανδρέου,; 5 February 1919 – 23 June 1996) was a Greek economist, a socialist politician and a dominant figure in Greek politics.
Andrew Carnegie (but commonly or;MacKay, p. 29. November 25, 1835August 11, 1919) was a Scottish-American industrialist, business magnate, and philanthropist.
Andrew Claude de la Cherois Crommelin (6 February 1865 – 20 September 1939) was an astronomer of French and Huguenot descent who was born in Cushendun, County Antrim, Ireland.
Andrievs Niedra (archaic spelling: Andreews Needra; born 8 February 1871 in Tirza parish, Russian Empire – 25 September 1942 in Riga, Reichskommissariat Ostland) was a Latvian writer, Lutheran pastor and the Prime Minister of the German puppet government in Latvia between April and June 1919, during the Latvian War of Independence.
Andrew Aitken Rooney (January 14, 1919 – November 4, 2011) was an American radio and television writer who was best known for his weekly broadcast "A Few Minutes with Andy Rooney", a part of the CBS News program 60 Minutes from 1978 to 2011.
The Anglo-Afghan Treaty of 1919, also known as the Treaty of Rawalpindi, was an armistice made between the United Kingdom and Afghanistan during the Third Anglo-Afghan War.
Anita O'Day (born Anita Belle Colton; October 18, 1919 – November 23, 2006) was an American jazz singer widely admired for her sense of rhythm and dynamics, and her early big band appearances that shattered the traditional image of the "girl singer".
Anne Buydens (born Hannelore Marx, 23 April 1919) is a German-born Belgian-American philanthropist, producer, and occasional actress.
The Anti-Saloon League was the leading organization lobbying for prohibition in the United States in the early 20th century.
Anton Drexler (13 June 1884 – 24 February 1942) was a German far-right political leader of the 1920s who was instrumental in the formation of the pan-German and anti-Semitic German Workers' Party (Deutsche Arbeiterpartei – DAP), the antecedent of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei – NSDAP).
Anton Irv VR I/2, VR II/2, VR II/3 (17 September 1886 – 27 April 1919) was a highly decorated Estonian combat soldier and military officer during World War I and in the Estonian War of Independence.
Antonio Aguilar Barraza (born José Pascual Antonio Aguilar Márquez Barraza; 17 May 1919 – 19 June 2007) was a Mexican singer, actor, songwriter, equestrian, film producer, and screenwriter.
Antonio Pietrangeli (19 January 191912 July 1968) was an Italian film director and screenwriter.
Anzac Day is a national day of remembrance in Australia and New Zealand that broadly commemorates all Australians and New Zealanders "who served and died in all wars, conflicts, and peacekeeping operations" and "the contribution and suffering of all those who have served".
On the Roman calendar, this was known as the day before the nones of April (Pridie).
Archduke Ludwig Viktor of Austria (Ludwig Viktor Joseph Anton; 15 May 1842 – 18 January 1919) from the House of Habsburg was the youngest son born to Archduke Franz Karl of Austria and Princess Sophie of Bavaria and younger brother of Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria.
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.
Baron was an admiral in the early Imperial Japanese Navy, and served as Chief of the Imperial Japanese Navy General Staff in the late 19th century.
Arkhangelsk (p), also known in English as Archangel and Archangelsk, is a city and the administrative center of Arkhangelsk Oblast, in the north of European Russia.
Armenians (հայեր, hayer) are an ethnic group native to the Armenian Highlands.
An armistice is a formal agreement of warring parties to stop fighting.
Armistice Day is commemorated every year on 11 November to mark the armistice signed between the Allies of World War I and Germany at Compiègne, France, for the cessation of hostilities on the Western Front of World War I, which took effect at eleven o'clock in the morning—the "eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month" of 1918.
Arnold Meri (1 July 1919 – 27 March 2009) was a Soviet Red Army veteran of World War II and Hero of the Soviet Union who was charged with genocide for his role in the deportation of Estonians to the inhospitable regions of the USSR.
Arthur "Art" Blakey (October 11, 1919 – October 16, 1990) was an American jazz drummer and bandleader.
Sir Arthur Stanley Eddington (28 December 1882 – 22 November 1944) was an English astronomer, physicist, and mathematician of the early 20th century who did his greatest work in astrophysics.
Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Arthur Whitten Brown, (23 July 1886 – 4 October 1948) was the navigator of the first successful non-stop transatlantic flight.
Arthur "Artie" Singer (February 1, 1919 – May 2, 2008) was an American songwriter, music producer and bandleader.
Olov Arvid Andersson (19 May 1919 – 20 September 2011) was a Swedish weightlifter who competed at two editions of the summer Olympic Games.
Amir Asadollah Alam (24 July 1919 – 14 April 1978) was an Iranian politician who was Prime Minister from 1962 to 1964.
Princess Ashraf ol-Molouk Pahlavi (اشرف الملوک پهلوی,, 26 October 1919 – 7 January 2016) was the twin sister of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last Shah of Iran (Persia), and a member of the Pahlavi Dynasty.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
Swami Atmasthananda (10 May 1919 – 18 June 2017) was the fifteenth president of the Ramakrishna Math and the Ramakrishna Mission.
It is the peak of the Perseid meteor shower.
This day marks the approximate midpoint of summer in the Northern Hemisphere and of winter in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the June solstice).
Sir Auguste-Réal Angers (4 October 1837 – 14 April 1919) was a Canadian judge and parliamentarian, holding seats both as a member of the House of Commons of Canada, and as a Senator.
Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy in English-language sources, was a constitutional union of the Austrian Empire (the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council, or Cisleithania) and the Kingdom of Hungary (Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen or Transleithania) that existed from 1867 to 1918, when it collapsed as a result of defeat in World War I. The union was a result of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 and came into existence on 30 March 1867.
Avraham Rafael Drori (אברהם רפאל דרורי, born Abram Kozinski; 23 May 1919 – 20 August 1964) was an Israeli politician who served as a member of the Knesset for Herut between 1961 and 1964.
The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (ADR; Azərbaycan Demokratik Respublikası), also known as Azerbaijan People's Republic (Azərbaycan Xalq Cümhuriyyəti) or Caucasus Azerbaijan in diplomatic documents, was the third democratic republic in the Turkic world and Muslim world, after the Crimean People's Republic and Idel-Ural Republic.
The Azores (or; Açores), officially the Autonomous Region of the Azores (Região Autónoma dos Açores), is one of the two autonomous regions of Portugal.
Árpád Bogsch (February 24, 1919, Budapest, Hungary – September 19, 2004, Geneva, Switzerland) was a Hungarian turned American international civil servant.
İzmir is a metropolitan city in the western extremity of Anatolia and the third most populous city in Turkey, after Istanbul and Ankara.
The Baltic Germans (Deutsch-Balten or Deutschbalten, later Baltendeutsche) are ethnic German inhabitants of the eastern shores of the Baltic Sea, in what today are Estonia and Latvia.
The Baltic Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, enclosed by Scandinavia, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russia, Poland, Germany and the North and Central European Plain.
The Baltic Landwehr or Baltische Landeswehr ("Baltic Territorial Army") was the name of the unified armed forces of the Couronian and Livonian nobility from 7 December 1918 to 3 July 1919.
Balto (1919 – March 14, 1933) was a Siberian husky and sled dog who led his team on the final leg of the 1925 serum run to Nome, in which diphtheria antitoxin was transported from Anchorage, Alaska, to Nenana, Alaska, by train and then to Nome by dog sled to combat an outbreak of the disease.
Basil S. Yamey, CBE (born 4 May 1919) is a South African economist.
The Battle of Bereza Kartuska was fought between the combined forces of the Second Polish Republic and the Soviet Russia around the village Bereza Kartuska (now Byaroza, Belarus) first on 14 February 1919, and again, between July 21 and July 26, 1920.
The Battle of Britain (Luftschlacht um England, literally "The Air Battle for England") was a military campaign of the Second World War, in which the Royal Air Force (RAF) defended the United Kingdom (UK) against large-scale attacks by Nazi Germany's air force, the Luftwaffe.
The Battle of Cēsis (Cēsu kaujas; Võnnu lahing Battle of Võnnu; Schlacht von Wenden, Battle of Wenden), fought near Cēsis (or Võnnu, Wenden) in June 1919, was a decisive battle in the Estonian War of Independence and the Latvian War of Independence. After heavy fighting an Estonian force moving from the north, supplemented by Latvian units, repelled Baltic German attacks and went on full counter-attack.
The "Battle of George Square", also known as "Bloody Friday" and "Black Friday", was one of the most intense riots in the history of Glasgow; it took place on Friday, 31 January 1919.
Staatliches Bauhaus, commonly known simply as Bauhaus, was a German art school operational from 1919 to 1933 that combined crafts and the fine arts, and was famous for the approach to design that it publicized and taught.
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Béla Kun (20 February 1886 – 29 August 1938), born Béla Kohn, was a Hungarian Communist revolutionary and politician who was the de facto leader of the Hungarian Soviet Republic in 1919.
Benjamin James "The Toeless Wonder" Agajanian (August 28, 1919 – February 8, 2018) was an American football player, primarily a placekicker in the National Football League, the All-America Football Conference and American Football League.
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Benedict "Ben" Kiely (15 August 1919 – 9 February 2007) was an Irish writer and broadcaster from Omagh, County Tyrone.
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (29 July 1883 – 28 April 1945) was an Italian politician and journalist who was the leader of the National Fascist Party (Partito Nazionale Fascista, PNF).
Bentley Motors Limited is a British manufacturer and marketer of luxury cars and SUVs—and a subsidiary of Volkswagen AG since 1998.
Bert Freed (November 3, 1919 – August 2, 1994) was an American character actor, voice-over actor, and the first actor to portray Detective Columbo.
Bertha Moss (August 7, 1919 – February 4, 2008), born Juana Bertha Moscovish Holm, was an actress of the stage, telenovelas and cinema of Mexico.
Elizabeth "Betty" Garrett (May 23, 1919 – February 12, 2011) was an American actress, comedian, singer and dancer who originally performed on Broadway before being signed to a film contract with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
William Henry Mills (born November 2, 1919) is a former catcher who played in Major League Baseball during the season.
William James Alfred "Bill" Stroud (7 July 1919 – 5 October 2006) was a football player and coach who played as a wing half.
The Black Sea is a body of water and marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean between Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and Western Asia.
The Black Sox Scandal was a Major League Baseball match fixing incident in which eight members of the Chicago White Sox were accused of intentionally losing the 1919 World Series against the Cincinnati Reds in exchange for money from a gambling syndicate led by Arnold Rothstein.
Robert Paisley OBE (23 January 1919 – 14 February 1996) was an English footballer and manager who spent almost fifty years with Liverpool as a wing half, physiotherapist, coach and manager.
Bodelwyddan is a town, electoral ward and community in Denbighshire, Wales, approximately 5 miles (8 km) South of Rhyl.
The Bolsheviks, originally also Bolshevists or Bolsheviki (p; derived from bol'shinstvo (большинство), "majority", literally meaning "one of the majority"), were a faction of the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP) which split apart from the Menshevik faction at the Second Party Congress in 1903.
A bomber is a combat aircraft designed to attack ground and naval targets by dropping air-to-ground weaponry (such as bombs), firing torpedoes and bullets or deploying air-launched cruise missiles.
Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.
Bratislava (Preßburg or Pressburg, Pozsony) is the capital of Slovakia.
Sir Brian Urquhart (born 28 February 1919) is a World War II veteran, author and a former Undersecretary-General of the United Nations.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
The Police Strikes of 1918 and 1919 in the United Kingdom resulted in the British government putting before Parliament its proposals for a Police Act, which established the Police Federation of England and Wales as the representative body for the police.
Budapest is the capital and the most populous city of Hungary, and one of the largest cities in the European Union.
Buenos Aires is the capital and most populous city of Argentina.
Bush flying refers to aircraft operations carried out in the bush.
Cairo (القاهرة) is the capital of Egypt.
The Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF) was the designation of the field force created by Canada for service overseas in the First World War.
Caren Marsh Doll (born April 6, 1919), born as Caren Morris, and credited also as Caren Marsh, is an American stage and screen actress and dancer, specialising in modern dance and tap, who was Judy Garland's dance stand-in for The Wizard of Oz (1939) and a Ziegfeld Girl in 1941.
Carl Friedrich Georg Spitteler (24 April 1845 – 29 December 1924) was a Swiss poet who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1919 "in special appreciation of his epic, Olympian Spring".
Carlo Savina (2 August 1919 - 23 June 2002) was an Italian composer and conductor who composed, arranged, and conducted music for films-and is especially remembered for being the music director of films such as The Godfather (1972), Amarcord (1973), and The Bear (1988).
Carlos Julio Arosemena Monroy (24 August 1919 – 5 March 2004) was Ecuadorian politician.
Carlos Alberto Silva Loaiza commonly known as Chale Silva (10 July 1919 – 23 July 2009) was a professional footballer who played in the Colombian Professional Football League and Mexican Primera División.
Carole Landis (born Frances Lillian Mary Ridste; January 1, 1919 – July 5, 1948) was an American film and stage actress, who worked as a contract-player for Twentieth Century-Fox in the 1940s.
The Centralia Massacre, also known as the Armistice Day Riot, was a violent and bloody incident that occurred in Centralia, Washington, on November 11, 1919, during a parade celebrating the first anniversary of Armistice Day.
Centralia is a city in Lewis County, Washington, United States.
Chaim Azriel Weizmann (חיים עזריאל ויצמן, Хаим Вейцман Khaim Veytsman; 27 November 1874 – 9 November 1952) was a Zionist leader and Israeli statesman who served as President of the Zionist Organization and later as the first President of Israel.
The title Chancellor has designated different offices in the history of Germany.
Charles I or Karl I (Karl Franz Joseph Ludwig Hubert Georg Otto Maria; 17 August 18871 April 1922) was the last reigning monarch of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
Charles Henry Judd (1842 – 23 October 1919), was a British Protestant missionary to China with the China Inland Mission.
Charles Orlando Porter (April 4, 1919 – January 1, 2006) was a politician from the U.S. state of Oregon.
Charles Augustus Steen (December 1, 1919 – January 1, 2006), was a geologist who made and lost a fortune after discovering a rich uranium deposit in Utah during the uranium boom of the early 1950s.
Major General Charles W. Sweeney (December 27, 1919 – July 16, 2004) was an officer in the United States Army Air Forces during World War II and the pilot who flew Bockscar carrying the Fat Man atomic bomb to the Japanese city of Nagasaki on August 9, 1945.
Charles Ray Willeford III (January 2, 1919 – March 27, 1988) was an American writer.
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin (16 April 1889 – 25 December 1977) was an English comic actor, filmmaker, and composer who rose to fame in the era of silent film.
The Chicago race riot of 1919 was a major racial conflict that began in Chicago, Illinois, on July 27, 1919, and ended on August 3.
The Chicago White Sox are an American professional baseball team based in Chicago, Illinois.
Choi Kyu-hah (or; July 16, 1919 – October 22, 2006), also spelled Choi Kyu-ha, was President of South Korea between 1979 and 1980.
Christoph Hermann Probst (born 6 November 1919, Murnau am Staffelsee – 22 February 1943, Munich) was a German student of medicine and member of the White Rose (Weiße Rose) resistance group.
The Cincinnati Reds are an American professional baseball team based in Cincinnati, Ohio.
CINW was the final call sign used by an English language AM radio station located in Montreal, Quebec, which, along with French-language sister station CINF, ceased operations at 7:00 p.m. ET on January 29, 2010.
Ciudad Juárez (Juarez City) is the most populous city in the Mexican state of Chihuahua.
Civil registration is the system by which a government records the vital events (births, marriages, and deaths) of its citizens and residents.
Cleveland is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio, and the county seat of Cuyahoga County.
Cleveland Chiflan Clark (born July 14, 1919) is a former Negro league baseball player.
Clifden (meaning "stepping stones") is a coastal town in County Galway, Ireland, in the region of Connemara, located on the Owenglin River where it flows into Clifden Bay.
Clifton McNeely (June 22, 1919 – December 26, 2003) was an American basketball player and coach.
Cliftonhill Stadium, commonly known as Cliftonhill, is a football stadium in Coatbridge, North Lanarkshire, Scotland.
Coatbridge (Cotbrig or Coatbrig, Drochaid a' Chòta) is a town in North Lanarkshire, Scotland, about east of Glasgow city centre, set in the central Lowlands.
The Communist International (Comintern), known also as the Third International (1919–1943), was an international communist organization that advocated world communism.
The Communist Party USA (CPUSA) is a communist political party in the United States established in 1919 after a split in the Socialist Party of America.
The Condado Vanderbilt Hotel is a historic luxury hotel built in 1919 and located on Ashford Avenue in the district of Condado, San Juan, in the U.S. territory of Puerto Rico.
Connemara (Conamara) is a cultural region in County Galway, Ireland.
Conscription, sometimes called the draft, is the compulsory enlistment of people in a national service, most often a military service.
Conscription in the United States, commonly known as the draft, has been employed by the federal government of the United States in five conflicts: the American Revolution, the American Civil War, World War I, World War II, and the Cold War (including both the Korean War and the Vietnam War).
Constance Georgine Markievicz, known as Countess Markievicz (Markiewicz; née Gore-Booth; 4 February 1868 – 15 July 1927) was an Irish Sinn Féin and Fianna Fáil politician, revolutionary nationalist, suffragette and socialist.
County Tipperary (Contae Thiobraid Árann) is a county in Ireland.
John Ray Sechler, known as Curly Seckler, (December 25, 1919 – December 27, 2017) was an American bluegrass musician.
Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company was an American aircraft manufacturer formed in 1916 by Glenn Hammond Curtiss.
The NC-4 was a Curtiss NC flying boat that was the first aircraft to fly across the Atlantic Ocean.
The Czechoslovak Legion (Československé legie in Czech and Slovak) were volunteer armed forces composed predominantly of Czechs with a small number of Slovaks (approximately 8 percent) fighting together with the Entente powers during World War I. Their goal was to win the Allied Powers' support for the independence of Bohemia and Moravia from the Austrian Empire and of Slovak territories from the Kingdom of Hungary, which were then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
Czechoslovakia, or Czecho-Slovakia (Czech and Československo, Česko-Slovensko), was a sovereign state in Central Europe that existed from October 1918, when it declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, until its peaceful dissolution into the:Czech Republic and:Slovakia on 1 January 1993.
Dudley Marvin Canright (September 22, 1840 – May 12, 1919) was a pastor in the Seventh-day Adventist Church for 22 years, who later left the church and became one of its severest critics.
David Wark Griffith (January 22, 1875 – July 23, 1948) was an American director, writer, and producer who pioneered modern cinematic techniques.
Dalmiro Finol (August 21, 1919 – May 16, 1994) was a Venezuelan professional baseball player.
Damascus (دمشق, Syrian) is the capital of the Syrian Arab Republic; it is also the country's largest city, following the decline in population of Aleppo due to the battle for the city.
Daniel Peter O'Herlihy (May 1, 1919 – February 17, 2005) was an Irish-born film actor, known for such roles as Brigadier General Warren A. "Blackie" Black in Fail Safe, Conal Cochran in Halloween III: Season of the Witch, "The Old Man" in RoboCop, and Andrew Packard in Twin Peaks.
Daniil Alexandrovich Granin (Дании́л Алекса́ндрович Гра́нин; 1 January 1919 – 4 July 2017), original family name German (Ге́рман), was a Soviet and Russian author.
David Davies, 1st Baron Davies (11 May 1880 – 16 June 1944), was a Welsh Liberal politician and public benefactor, the grandson of the industrialist, David Davies "Llandinam".
Sir David Valentine Willcocks (30 December 1919 – 17 September 2015) was a British choral conductor, organist, composer and music administrator.
In the Northern Hemisphere, December 21 is usually the shortest day of the year and is sometimes regarded as the first day of winter.
It is known by a collection of names including: Saint Sylvester's Day, New Year's Eve or Old Years Day/Night, as the following day is New Year's Day.
The Defence of India Act 1915, also referred to as the Defence of India Regulations Act, was an emergency criminal law enacted by the Governor-General of India in 1915 with the intention of curtailing the nationalist and revolutionary activities during and in the aftermath of the First World War.
Georgette Louise Meyer (March 14, 1919 – November 4, 1965) known as Dickey Chapelle was an American photojournalist known for her work as a war correspondent from World War II through the Vietnam War.
Dina Wadia (15 August 1919 – 2 November 2017) was the daughter and only child of the founder of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah and his wife Rattanbai Petit.
Agostino "Dino" De Laurentiis (8 August 1919 – 10 November 2010) was an Italian film producer.
The Distinguished Service Cross (DSC) is a third level military decoration awarded to officers and (since 1993) other ranks of the British Armed Forces, Royal Fleet Auxiliary and British Merchant Navy, and formerly also to officers of other Commonwealth countries.
The Dniester or Dnister River is a river in Eastern Europe.
Donald James Cram (April 22, 1919 – June 17, 2001) was an American chemist who shared the 1987 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Jean-Marie Lehn and Charles J. Pedersen "for their development and use of molecules with structure-specific interactions of high selectivity." They were the founders of the field of host–guest chemistry.
Donald M. Ashton (26 June 1919 – 25 August 2004) was a renowned Academy Award nominated and BAFTA-winning English art director most noted for his work on such films as Billy Budd (1962), The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957), Oh! What a Lovely War (1969) and Young Winston (1972).
Donald Henry Pleasence, OBE (5 October 1919 – 2 February 1995) was an English actor.
Donald Berthold Zilversmit (July 11, 1919 – September 16, 2010) was a Dutch-born U.S. nutritional biochemist, researcher and educator.
Doris May Lessing (22 October 1919 – 17 November 2013) was a British novelist, poet, playwright, librettist, biographer and short story writer.
Doris Merrick (born June 6, 1919) is a retired American actress and model.
Dorothy Morrison Green (born January 3, 1919) is a retired African-American stage and screen actress who as a child actress appeared in a few Our Gang short subject films during the silent era.
Dorrance Wilhelm "Dory" Funk (May 4, 1919 – June 3, 1973) was an American professional wrestler.
Douglas Young (December 21, 1919 – January 7, 2018) was an American voice actor who worked on radio programs and in animated cartoons.
Douglas Thomas Montague Birks (4 July 1919 – 26 February 2004) was an English cricketer.
Douglas Fairbanks (born Douglas Elton Thomas Ullman; May 23, 1883 – December 12, 1939) was an American actor, screenwriter, director, and producer.
Dumfries (possibly from Dùn Phris) is a market town and former royal burgh within the Dumfries and Galloway council area of Scotland, United Kingdom.
Earl Mazo (July 7, 1919 – February 17, 2007) was an American journalist, author, and government official.
Earl Wesley Bascom (June 19, 1906 – August 28, 1995) was an American painter, printmaker, rodeo performer and sculptor, raised in Canada, who portrayed his own experiences cowboying and rodeoing across the American and Canadian West.
Eddie Gay Robinson, Sr. (February 13, 1919 – April 3, 2007) was an American football coach.
Sir Edmund Percival Hillary OSN (20 July 1919 – 11 January 2008) was a New Zealand mountaineer, explorer, and philanthropist.
Edsel Bryant Ford (November 6, 1893 – May 26, 1943) was an American businessman and the son of Clara Jane Bryant Ford and the only recognized child of Henry Ford.
Eduard Müller (12 November 1848 – 9 November 1919) was a Swiss politician, Mayor of Bern (1888-1895), President of the Swiss National Council (1890/1891) and member of the Swiss Federal Council (1895-1919).
Edward William Brooke III (October 26, 1919 – January 3, 2015) was an American Republican politician.
Edward George Honey (1885–1922) was an Australian soldier and journalist who suggested the idea of a moment of silence on Armistice Day (now known as Remembrance Day).
Edward "Ted" Kenna, VC (6 July 1919 – 8 July 2009) was the last living Australian Second World War recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest decoration for gallantry "in the face of the enemy" that can be awarded to members of the British and Commonwealth armed forces.
Sir Edward John Poynter, 1st Baronet (20 March 1836 in Paris – 26 July 1919 in London) was an English painter, designer, and draughtsman who served as President of the Royal Academy.
Edward Simons Fulmer (16 April 1919 – 31 December 2017) was an officer and pilot of the United States Army Air Forces.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
The Egyptian revolution of 1919 was a countrywide revolution against the British occupation of Egypt and Sudan.
The eight-hour day movement or 40-hour week movement, also known as the short-time movement, was a social movement to regulate the length of a working day, preventing excesses and abuses.
The Eighteenth Amendment (Amendment XVIII) of the United States Constitution effectively established the prohibition of alcoholic beverages in the United States by declaring the production, transport, and sale of alcohol (though not the consumption or private possession) illegal.
Eileen Heckart (born Anna Eileen Herbert, March 29, 1919 – December 31, 2001) was an American actress of film, stage, and television.
Elena Ceaușescu (née Lenuța Petrescu; 7 January 1916 – 25 December 1989) was a Romanian communist politician who was the wife of Nicolae Ceaușescu, President of the Socialist Republic of Romania.
Elisabeth Volkenrath (née Mühlau; 5 September 1919 – 13 December 1945) was a German supervisor at several Nazi concentration camps during World War II.
Elizabeth "Betty" Strohfus (November 19, 1919 – March 6, 2016) was an American aviator and pioneering member of the Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASP) during World War II.
Emiliano Zapata Salazar (8 August 1879 – 10 April 1919) was a leading figure in the Mexican Revolution, the main leader of the peasant revolution in the state of Morelos, and the inspiration of the agrarian movement called Zapatismo.
The Emirate of Afghanistan (د افغانستان امارت) was an emirate between Central Asia and South Asia, which is today's Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.
Emma Goldman (1869May 14, 1940) was an anarchist political activist and writer.
The Emperor of Austria (German: Kaiser von Österreich) was the ruler of the Austrian Empire and later the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
Emvin Cremona (27 May 1919 – 29 January 1987) was a Maltese artist and stamp designer.
Endre Ady (Hungarian: diósadi Ady András Endre, archaically English: Andrew Ady, 22 November 1877 – 27 January 1919) was a turn-of-the-century Hungarian poet and journalist.
The Entente Cordiale was a series of agreements signed on 8 April 1904 between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the French Republic which saw a significant improvement in Anglo-French relations.
The Epsom Riot occurred when about 400 Canadian soldiers rioted and attacked the police station at Epsom, England on 17 June 1919, resulting in the death of Station-Sergeant Green, a British police officer, who died of his injuries the following day.
Eric Otto Koch (31 August 1919 – 28 April 2018) was a German-born Canadian author, broadcaster and academic.
Ernest Henry (1 May 1837 – 26 March 1919) was an English explorer and pioneer grazier.
Ernest Karl Franz Joseph Thomas Friedrich von Koerber (6 November 1850 – 5 March 1919) was an Austrian liberal statesman who served as Minister-President of Cisleithania from 1900 to 1904 and again in 1916.
Ernesto Corripio y Ahumada (June 29, 1919 – April 10, 2008) was a cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.
Ernest Edward "Ernie" Kovacs (January 23, 1919 – January 13, 1962) was an American comedian, actor, and writer.
Ernst Heinrich Philipp August Haeckel (16 February 1834 – 9 August 1919) was a German biologist, naturalist, philosopher, physician, professor, marine biologist, and artist who discovered, described and named thousands of new species, mapped a genealogical tree relating all life forms, and coined many terms in biology, including anthropogeny, ecology, phylum, phylogeny, and Protista. Haeckel promoted and popularised Charles Darwin's work in Germany and developed the influential but no longer widely held recapitulation theory ("ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny") claiming that an individual organism's biological development, or ontogeny, parallels and summarises its species' evolutionary development, or phylogeny.
Ernst Haefliger (6 July 191917 March 2007) was a Swiss tenor.
Ervin Drake (born Ervin Maurice Druckman; April 3, 1919 – January 15, 2015) was an American songwriter whose works include such American Songbook standards as "I Believe" and "It Was a Very Good Year".
Escalade is the act of scaling defensive walls or ramparts with the aid of ladders, and was a prominent feature of siege warfare in medieval times.
Esther Afua Ocloo (born Esther Afua Nkulenu, 18 April 1919 – 8 February 2002) was a Ghanaian entrepreneur and pioneer of microlending, a program of making small loans in order to stimulate businesses.
Estonia (Eesti), officially the Republic of Estonia (Eesti Vabariik), is a sovereign state in Northern Europe.
The Estonian Constituent Assembly (Asutav kogu) was elected on 5–7 April 1919, called by the Estonian Provisional Government during the Estonian War of Independence.
The Estonian Land Forces (Maavägi), unofficially referred to as the Estonian Army, is the name of the unified ground forces among the Estonian Defence Forces where it has an offensive military formation role.
The Estonian War of Independence (Vabadussõda, literally "Freedom War"), also known as the Estonian Liberation War, was a defensive campaign of the Estonian Army and its allies, most notably the White Russian Northwestern Army, Latvia, and the United Kingdom, against the Soviet Western Front offensive and the aggression of the Baltische Landeswehr.
Eugen Leviné (Евгений Левине) (born 10 May 1883 – 5 July 1919) was a German communist revolutionary and leader of the short-lived Bavarian Council Republic.
Eugene Allen (July 14, 1919 – March 31, 2010) was an American waiter and butler who worked for the US government at the White House for 34 years until he retired as the head butler in 1986.
Eugene Victor Debs (November 5, 1855 – October 20, 1926) was an American democratic socialist political activist and trade unionist, one of the founding members of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW or the Wobblies), and five times the candidate of the Socialist Party of America for President of the United States.
Dame Mary Eugenia Charles, DBE (15 May 1919 – 6 September 2005) was a Dominican politician who was Prime Minister of Dominica from 21 July 1980 until 14 June 1995.
Eva Gabor (February 11, 1919 – July 4, 1995) was a Hungarian-born American actress, comedian, singer and socialite.
Eva María Duarte de Perón (7 May 1919 – 26 July 1952) was the wife of Argentine President Juan Perón (1895–1974) and First Lady of Argentina from 1946 until her death in 1952.
Eva Todor (born Éva Fodor; 9 November 1919 – 10 December 2017) was a Brazilian actress.
Field Marshal Sir Henry Evelyn Wood, (9 February 1838 – 2 December 1919) was a British Army officer.
Major Everett Parker Pope (July 16, 1919–July 16, 2009) was a United States Marine who received the Medal of Honor for his conspicuous gallantry on Peleliu in September 1944 while leading his men in an assault on a strategic hill, and for holding it, with rocks and bare fists when ammunition ran low, against Japanese suicide attacks.
F Troop is a satirical American television sitcom about U.S. soldiers and American Indians in the Wild West during the 1860s that originally aired for two seasons on ABC.
Faisal I bin Hussein bin Ali al-Hashemi (فيصل بن الحسين بن علي الهاشمي, Fayṣal al-Awwal ibn al-Ḥusayn ibn ‘Alī al-Hāshimī; 20 May 1885 – 8 September 1933) was King of the Arab Kingdom of Syria or Greater Syria in 1920, and was King of Iraq from 23 August 1921 to 1933.
The Faisal–Weizmann Agreement was a 3 January 1919 agreement between Emir Faisal, the third son of Hussein of the short-lived Kingdom of Hejaz, and Chaim Weizmann, a Zionist leader who had negotiated the 1917 Balfour Declaration with the British Government, signed two weeks before the start of the Paris Peace Conference.
Fazlur Rahman Malik (فضل الرحمان ملک) (September 21, 1919 – July 26, 1988), generally known as Fazlur Rahman, was a modernist scholar and philosopher of Islam from today's Pakistan.
For superstitious reasons, when the Romans began to intercalate to bring their calendar into line with the solar year, they chose not to place their extra month of Mercedonius after February but within it.
This day marks the approximate midpoint of winter in the Northern Hemisphere and of summer in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the December solstice).
The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government) is the national government of the United States, a constitutional republic in North America, composed of 50 states, one district, Washington, D.C. (the nation's capital), and several territories.
Felix the Cat is a funny-animal cartoon character created in the silent film era.
This is a complete list of animated films released theatrically starring Felix the Cat (169 silent cartoons and 15 sound cartoons, for a total of 183 cartoons).
Ferdinand "Ferdi" Kübler (24 July 1919 – 29 December 2016) was a Swiss cyclist with more than 400 professional victories, including the 1950 Tour de France and the 1951 World Road Race Championship.
Ferruccio Valcareggi (12 February 1919 – 2 November 2005) was an Italian football player and coach, who played as a midfielder.
Fikret Kırcan (December 25, 1919 – November 26, 2014) was a Turkish footballer.
The First Dáil (An Chéad Dáil) was Dáil Éireann as it convened from 1919–1921.
Florida (Spanish for "land of flowers") is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States.
A flying ace, fighter ace or air ace is a military aviator credited with shooting down several enemy aircraft during aerial combat.
A flying boat is a fixed-winged seaplane with a hull, allowing it to land on water, that usually has no type of landing gear to allow operation on land.
Arvid Folke Alnevik (born 31 December 1919) is a former Swedish sprinter who specialized in the 400 metres.
Ford Motor Company (commonly referred to simply as "Ford") is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.
The Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO), commonly called the Foreign Office, is a department of the Government of the United Kingdom.
Forrest Meredith Tucker (February 12, 1919 – October 25, 1986) was an American actor in both movies and television who appeared in nearly a hundred films.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Frances Evelyn Bay (née Goffman; January 23, 1919 – September 15, 2011) was a Canadian-American character actress.
Saint Francisco de Jesus Marto (11 June 1908 – 4 April 1919), his sister Saint Jacinta de Jesus Marto (11 March 1910 – 20 February 1920) and their cousin Lúcia dos Santos (1907–2005) were children from Aljustrel, a small hamlet near Fátima, Portugal, who witnessed three apparitions of the Angel of Peace in 1916 and several apparitions of the Blessed Virgin Mary at Cova da Iria in 1917.
Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves, PC (7 July 1848 – 16 January 1919) was a Brazilian politician who first served as governor of the State of São Paulo in 1887, then as Treasury minister in the 1890s.
Frank Winfield Woolworth (April 13, 1852 – April 8, 1919), also known as Frank W. Woolworth or F. W. Woolworth, was an American entrepreneur and the founder of F. W. Woolworth Company and the operator of variety stores known as "Five-and-Dimes" (5- and 10-cent stores) or dimestores, which featured a low-priced selection of merchandise.
Fred F. Ohr (July 15, 1919 – September 6, 2015) was an American World War II flying ace, credited with the destruction of six aircraft in the air and 17 on the ground.
Frederik George Pohl Jr. (November 26, 1919 – September 2, 2013) was an American science-fiction writer, editor, and fan, with a career spanning more than 75 years—from his first published work, the 1937 poem "Elegy to a Dead Satellite: Luna", to the 2011 novel All the Lives He Led and articles and essays published in 2012.
Freikorps ("Free Corps") were German volunteer units that existed from the 18th to the early 20th centuries, which effectively fought as mercenary or private armies, regardless of their own nationality.
The French Army, officially the Ground Army (Armée de terre) (to distinguish it from the French Air Force, Armée de L'air or Air Army) is the land-based and largest component of the French Armed Forces.
The French Opera House, or Théâtre de l'Opéra, was an opera house in New Orleans.
Friedrich Ebert (4 February 1871 28 February 1925) was a German politician of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) and the first President of Germany from 1919 until his death in office in 1925.
Friedrich Soennecken (September 20, 1848 – July 2, 1919), was an entrepreneur and inventor.
A fuel tax (also known as a petrol, gasoline or gas tax, or as a fuel duty) is an excise tax imposed on the sale of fuel.
Fyodor Fyodorovich Raskolnikov (Фёдор Фёдорович Раскольников; (28 January 1892, Saint Petersburg, Russia – 12 September 1939, Nice, France),Zalessky K.A. Stalin Imperia Moscow, Veche, 2002 citing by real name Fyodor Ilyin (Фёдор Ильин), was an Old Bolshevik, participant in the October Revolution, commander of Red fleets on the Caspian and the Baltic during the Russian Civil War, and later a Soviet diplomat.
Francis Stanley "Gabby" Gabreski (born Franciszek Stanisław Gabryszewski; January 28, 1919 – January 31, 2002) was a Polish-American career pilot in the United States Air Force, retiring as a colonel with 26 years of military service.
Gabriel Valdés Subercaseaux (July 3, 1919 – September 7, 2011) was a Chilean politician, lawyer and diplomat.
General Gabriele D'Annunzio, Prince of Montenevoso, Duke of Gallese (12 March 1863 – 1 March 1938), sometimes spelled d'Annunzio, was an Italian writer, poet, journalist, playwright and soldier during World War I. He occupied a prominent place in Italian literature from 1889 to 1910 and later political life from 1914 to 1924.
Gasoline (American English), or petrol (British English), is a transparent, petroleum-derived liquid that is used primarily as a fuel in spark-ignited internal combustion engines.
Gérard Pelletier, (June 21, 1919 – June 22, 1997) was a Canadian journalist and politician.
General relativity (GR, also known as the general theory of relativity or GTR) is the geometric theory of gravitation published by Albert Einstein in 1915 and the current description of gravitation in modern physics.
A general strike (or mass strike) is a strike action in which a substantial proportion of the total labour force in a city, region, or country participates.
Georg Friedrich, Graf von Hertling (31 August 1843 – 4 January 1919) was a Bavarian politician who served as Minister-President of Bavaria 1912–1917 and then as Minister-President of Prussia and Chancellor of the German Empire from 1917 to 1918.
George Athan Billias (born June 26, 1919) is an American historian.
George Cadle Price, PC, OCC (15 January 191919 September 2011), was a Belizean statesman who served twice as the head of government of Belize from 1961–84 and 1989–93.
George Gregory Glamack (June 7, 1919 – March 10, 1987) was an American professional basketball player.
George Leslie Goebel (May 20, 1919 – February 24, 1991) was an American humorist, actor, and comedian.
Sir George Shearing, OBE (13 August 1919 14 February 2011) was a British jazz pianist who for many years led a popular jazz group that recorded for Discovery Records, MGM Records and Capitol Records.
George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert; 3 June 1865 – 20 January 1936) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India, from 6 May 1910 until his death in 1936.
George Corley Wallace Jr. (August 25, 1919 – September 13, 1998) was an American politician and the 45th Governor of Alabama, having served two nonconsecutive terms and two consecutive terms as a Democrat: 1963–1967, 1971–1979 and 1983–1987.
The Georgians or Kartvelians (tr) are a nation and Caucasian ethnic group native to Georgia.
Georgios Papadopoulos (Γεώργιος Παπαδόπουλος; 5 May 1919 – 27 June 1999) was the head of the military coup d'état that took place in Greece on 21 April 1967, and leader of the junta that ruled the country from 1967 to 1974.
Gerald Edward Miller (July 1, 1919 – November 6, 2014) was a vice admiral in the United States Navy.
Gerd Hagman (4 July 1919 – 30 November 2011) was a Swedish actress.
Gerhard "Gerd" Barkhorn (20 March 1919 – 8 January 1983) was the second most successful fighter ace of all time after fellow Luftwaffe pilot Erich Hartmann.
German East Africa (Deutsch-Ostafrika) (GEA) was a German colony in the African Great Lakes region, which included present-day Burundi, Rwanda, and the mainland part of Tanzania.
The name Papiermark ("paper mark", officially just Mark, sign: ℳ) is applied to the German currency from 4 August 1914 when the link between the Goldmark and gold was abandoned, due to the outbreak of World War I. In particular, the name is used for the banknotes issued during the hyperinflation in Germany of 1922 and especially 1923.
German South West Africa (Deutsch-Südwestafrika) was a colony of the German Empire from 1884 until 1919.
The German Workers' Party (Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, DAP) was a short-lived political party established in Weimar Germany after World War I. It was the precursor of the Nazi Party, which was officially known as the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, NSDAP).
Gert Fridolf Fredriksson (21 November 1919 – 5 July 2006) was a Swedish sprint canoeist.
Ginette Neveu (11 August 191928 October 1949) was a French classical violinist who was killed in a plane crash at the age of 30.
Giulio Andreotti (14 January 1919 – 6 May 2013) was an Italian politician and statesman who served as the 41st Prime Minister of Italy and leader of the Christian Democracy party; he was the sixth longest-serving Prime Minister since the Italian Unification and the second longest-serving post-war Prime Minister, after Silvio Berlusconi.
Gladys Davis (born September 1, 1919) is a former Canadian shortstop and outfielder who played in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League between the and seasons.
Glafcos Ioannou Clerides (Γλαύκος Ιωάννου Κληρίδης; 24 April 1919 – 15 November 2013) was a Greek Cypriot politician and barrister who served as the fourth President of Cyprus from 1993 to 2003.
Glasgow (Glesga; Glaschu) is the largest city in Scotland, and third most populous in the United Kingdom.
Sir Godfrey Newbold Hounsfield, CBE, FRS, (28 August 1919 – 12 August 2004) was an English electrical engineer who shared the 1979 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine with Allan McLeod Cormack for his part in developing the diagnostic technique of X-ray computed tomography (CT).
Gojong, the Emperor Gwangmu (8 September 1852 – 21 January 1919), was the twenty-sixth king of the Joseon dynasty and the first Emperor of Korea.
The Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia is the representative of the Australian monarch, currently Queen Elizabeth II.
The Grand Canyon (Hopi: Ongtupqa; Wi:kaʼi:la, Navajo: Tsékooh Hatsoh, Spanish: Gran Cañón) is a steep-sided canyon carved by the Colorado River in Arizona, United States.
Grand Canyon National Park, located in northwestern Arizona, is the 15th site in the United States to have been named a national park.
Grand Duke Dmitry Konstantinovich of Russia (Дми́трий Константи́нович; 13 June 1860 – 28 January 1919) was a son of Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich and a first cousin of Alexander III of Russia.
The Great Molasses Flood, also known as the Boston Molasses Disaster or the Great Boston Molasses Flood, occurred on January 15, 1919 in the North End neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts.
The Greek landing at Smyrna was a military operation by Greek forces starting on May 15, 1919 which involved landing troops in the city of Smyrna and surrounding areas.
The Greeks or Hellenes (Έλληνες, Éllines) are an ethnic group native to Greece, Cyprus, southern Albania, Italy, Turkey, Egypt and, to a lesser extent, other countries surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. They also form a significant diaspora, with Greek communities established around the world.. Greek colonies and communities have been historically established on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea, but the Greek people have always been centered on the Aegean and Ionian seas, where the Greek language has been spoken since the Bronze Age.. Until the early 20th century, Greeks were distributed between the Greek peninsula, the western coast of Asia Minor, the Black Sea coast, Cappadocia in central Anatolia, Egypt, the Balkans, Cyprus, and Constantinople. Many of these regions coincided to a large extent with the borders of the Byzantine Empire of the late 11th century and the Eastern Mediterranean areas of ancient Greek colonization. The cultural centers of the Greeks have included Athens, Thessalonica, Alexandria, Smyrna, and Constantinople at various periods. Most ethnic Greeks live nowadays within the borders of the modern Greek state and Cyprus. The Greek genocide and population exchange between Greece and Turkey nearly ended the three millennia-old Greek presence in Asia Minor. Other longstanding Greek populations can be found from southern Italy to the Caucasus and southern Russia and Ukraine and in the Greek diaspora communities in a number of other countries. Today, most Greeks are officially registered as members of the Greek Orthodox Church.CIA World Factbook on Greece: Greek Orthodox 98%, Greek Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%. Greeks have greatly influenced and contributed to culture, arts, exploration, literature, philosophy, politics, architecture, music, mathematics, science and technology, business, cuisine, and sports, both historically and contemporarily.
Green Acres is an American sitcom starring Eddie Albert and Eva Gabor as a couple who move from New York City to a country farm.
Georgi (Grisha) Stanchev Filipov (Георги (Гриша) Станчев Филипов) (July 13, 1919 in Kadievka, Ukraine – November 2, 1994 in Sofia, Bulgaria) was a leading member of the Bulgarian Communist Party.
The Gulf of Mexico (Golfo de México) is an ocean basin and a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean, largely surrounded by the North American continent.
The Gurkhas or Gorkhas with endonym Gorkhali (गोरखाली) are the soldiers of Nepalese nationality and ethnic Indian Gorkhas recruited in the British Army, Nepalese Army, Indian Army, Gurkha Contingent Singapore, Gurkha Reserve Unit Brunei, UN Peace Keeping force, and war zones around the world.
Gustav Landauer (7 April 18702 May 1919) was one of the leading theorists on anarchism in Germany at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century.
Habibullah Khan (June 3, 1872 – February 20, 1919) was the Emir of Afghanistan from 1901 until 1919.
Harold "Hal" Wade Lahar (July 14, 1919 – October 20, 2003) was an American football player and coach.
Handley Page Limited was founded by Frederick Handley Page (later Sir Frederick) in 1909 as the United Kingdom's first publicly traded aircraft manufacturing company.
Hanging is the suspension of a person by a noose or ligature around the neck.
Hans Adolf Buchdahl (7 July 1919 – 7 January 2010) was a German-born Australian physicist.
Hans Hass (23 January 1919 – 16 June 2013) was an Austrian biologist and underwater diving pioneer.
Hans-Joachim Walter Rudolf Siegfried Marseille (13 December 1919 – 30 September 1942) was a German fighter pilot during World War II.
Harcourt Dowsley (15 July 1919 – 30 October 2014) was an Australian sportsman who played first-class cricket with the Victorian cricket team and Australian rules football for Carlton in the Victorian Football League (VFL).
Harold Hamgravy, better known as Ham Gravy, is an American comics character from the Thimble Theatre (later Popeye) series, created in 1919 by Elzie Segar.
Harry Alexander Yates, AFC (1 August 1896 – April 1968) was a Canadian pilot and chiropractor.
Harry Raymond Zeller (July 10, 1919 – September 22, 2004) was a professional basketball player for the Pittsburgh Ironmen.
Hau Pei-tsun (courtesy name 伯春 Bóchūn; born 13 July 1919) is a retired politician who was the Premier of the Republic of China (ROC) from 1 June 1990 to 27 February 1993, and the longest-serving Chief of the General Staff of the Republic of China Armed Forces from 1 December 1981 to 4 December 1989.
The Hebrew or Jewish calendar (Ha-Luah ha-Ivri) is a lunisolar calendar used today predominantly for Jewish religious observances.
Hector Abhayavardhana (5 January 1919 – 22 September 2012) was a Sri Lankan Trotskyist theoretician, a long-standing member of the Lanka Sama Samaja Party (LSSP) and a founder-member of the Bolshevik-Leninist Party of India, Ceylon and Burma.
Helena de Moraes Salles (July 8, 1919 – June 1, 2011) was an Olympic freestyle swimmer from Brazil, who participated at one Summer Olympics for her native country.
The Hellenic Army (Ελληνικός Στρατός, Ellinikós Stratós, sometimes abbreviated as ΕΣ), formed in 1828, is the land force of Greece (with Hellenic being a synonym for Greek).
Henri Désiré Landru (April 12, 1869 – February 25, 1922) was a French serial killer and real-life "Bluebeard".
Henri Génès (2 July 1919 in Tarbes- 22 August 2005 in Saint-Cloud) was a French actor and singer.
Henry Clay Frick (December 19, 1849 – December 2, 1919) was an American industrialist, financier, union-buster, and art patron.
Hermann Emil Louis Fischer FRS FRSE FCS (9 October 1852 – 15 July 1919) was a German chemist and 1902 recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
Hermann Gmeiner (23 June 1919 – 26 April 1986) was an Austrian philanthropist and the founder of SOS Children's Villages.
Hermann Freiherr von Spaun (9 May 1833 – 28 May 1919) was an admiral in the Austro-Hungarian Navy.
Hermine Braunsteiner Ryan (July 16, 1919 – April 19, 1999) was a female camp guard at Ravensbrück and Majdanek concentration camps, and the first Nazi war criminal to be extradited from the United States, to face trial in Germany.
His Majesty's Yacht Iolaire (Eagle, pronounced in Gaelic, varying slightly according to dialect; the English-speaking crew used a spelling pronunciation of and this was adopted by Gaelic-speakers) was the Admiralty yacht Amalthaea of 1881, renamed in 1918, whose sinking on 1 January 1919 in the Minch was one of the worst maritime disasters in United Kingdom waters during the 20th century.
The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Harry Clifford Keel (April 13, 1919November 7, 2004), known professionally as Howard Keel, was an American actor and singer.
The Hungarian Soviet Republic or literally Republic of Councils in Hungary (Magyarországi Tanácsköztársaság or Magyarországi Szocialista Szövetséges Tanácsköztársaság) was a short-lived (133 days) communist rump state.
In economics, hyperinflation is very high and typically accelerating inflation.
Hyun Soong-jong (born 26 January 1919) is a South Korean politician.
Inder Kumar Gujral (4 December 1919 – 30 November 2012) was an Indian politician who served as the 11th Prime Minister of India from April 1997 to March 1998.
Sir Rupert Iain Kay Moncreiffe of that Ilk, 11th Baronet, CVO, QC (9 April 1919 – 27 February 1985), Chief of Clan Moncreiffe, was a British Officer of Arms and genealogist.
Ian Douglas Smith (8 April 1919 – 20 November 2007) was a politician, farmer and fighter pilot who served as Prime Minister of Rhodesia (or Southern Rhodesia; today Zimbabwe) from 1964 to 1979.
Ian Bryce Wallace OBE (10 July 191912 October 2009) was an English bass-baritone opera and concert singer, actor and broadcaster of Scottish extraction.
Ignacy Jan Paderewski (– 29 June 1941) was a Polish pianist and composer, politician, statesman and spokesman for Polish independence.
The Imperial Legislative Council was a legislature for British India from 1861 to 1947.
The Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), members of which are commonly termed "Wobblies", is an international labor union that was founded in 1905 in Chicago, Illinois in the United States of America.
The International Astronomical Union (IAU; Union astronomique internationale, UAI) is an international association of professional astronomers, at the PhD level and beyond, active in professional research and education in astronomy.
The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a United Nations agency dealing with labour problems, particularly international labour standards, social protection, and work opportunities for all.
International relations (IR) or international affairs (IA) — commonly also referred to as international studies (IS) or global studies (GS) — is the study of interconnectedness of politics, economics and law on a global level.
Irene Jessie "Mouse" Brown (née Young; 16 February 1919 – 7 June 2017) was an author and codebreaker who worked at Bletchley Park in Buckinghamshire in Hut 6 during the Second World War.
The Irish general election of 1918 was that part of the 1918 general election which took place in Ireland.
The Irish Republic (Poblacht na hÉireann or Saorstát Éireann) was a revolutionary state that declared its independence from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in January 1919.
The Irish Republican Army (IRA) is any of several paramilitary movements in Ireland in the 20th and 21st centuries dedicated to Irish republicanism, the belief that all of Ireland should be an independent republic.
The Irish War of Independence (Cogadh na Saoirse) or Anglo-Irish War was a guerrilla war fought from 1919 to 1921 between the Irish Republican Army (IRA, the army of the Irish Republic) and the British security forces in Ireland.
Isaac Asimov (January 2, 1920 – April 6, 1992) was an American writer and professor of biochemistry at Boston University.
Isaac Campbell Kidd Jr. (August 14, 1919 – June 27, 1999) was an American admiral in the United States Navy who served as the Supreme Allied Commander of NATO's Atlantic Fleet, and also as commander in chief of the U.S. Atlantic Fleet from 1975 to 1978.
Isaak Markovich Khalatnikov (Исаак Маркович Халатников; born 17 October 1919) is a Soviet-born physicist known for his role in developing the BKL conjecture in general relativity.
Ismail Qemal Bej Vlora (16 October 1844 – 24 January 1919), commonly Ismail Qemali, was a member of the Albanian national movement.
Italian Fascism (fascismo italiano), also known simply as Fascism, is the original fascist ideology as developed in Italy.
Jerome David "J.
James Franklin Bell (January 9, 1856 – January 8, 1919) was an officer in the United States Army who served as Chief of Staff of the United States Army from 1906 to 1910.
Jacob "Jaap" Rijks (25 August 1919 – 11 February 2017) was a Dutch equestrian who competed for his home nation in the 1948 Summer Olympics in London.
Thurman F. "Jack" Naylor (June 24, 1919 – November 26, 2007) was an American inventor.
Jack Palance (born Volodymyr Palahniuk (Володимир Палагню́к); February 18, 1919 – November 10, 2006) was an American actor and singer.
William John Wheeler (13 July 1919 – 10 January 2009) was a professional footballer who played as a goalkeeper for Cheltenham Town, Birmingham City, Huddersfield Town and Kettering Town.
Jack Roosevelt Robinson (January 31, 1919 – October 24, 1972) was an American professional baseball player who became the first African American to play in Major League Baseball (MLB) in the modern era.
Jacob "Jack" Pressman (October 26, 1919 – October 1, 2015) was an American Conservative rabbi.
Jacquemine Charrott Lodwidge (born 20 July 1919) is an English writer on crime and magic who also worked as an art director in British-made films and as a bookseller.
Jacques Genest (May 29, 1919 – January 5, 2018) was a Canadian physician and scientist.
Jacques Vaché Jacques Vaché (7 September 1895 – 6 January 1919) was a friend of André Breton, the founder of surrealism.
Jallianwala Bagh (Hindi: जलियांवाला बाग़) is a public garden in Amritsar, and houses a memorial of national importance, established in 1951 by the Government of India, to commemorate the massacre of peaceful celebrators including unarmed women and children by British occupying forces, on the occasion of the Punjabi New Year (Baisakhi)on 13 April 1919 in the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre.
The Jallianwala Bagh massacre, also known as the Amritsar massacre, took place on 13 April 1919 when troops of the British Indian Army under the command of Colonel Reginald Dyer fired rifles into a crowd of Indians, who had gathered in Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar, Punjab.
James Hardy Wilkinson FRS (27 September 1919 – 5 October 1986) was a prominent figure in the field of numerical analysis, a field at the boundary of applied mathematics and computer science particularly useful to physics and engineering.
James McGill Buchanan Jr. (October 3, 1919 – January 9, 2013) was an American economist known for his work on public choice theory (included in his most famous work, co-authored with Gordon Tullock, The Calculus of Consent, 1962), for which he received the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences in 1986.
James Joseph "Orange" O'Meara, (20 February 1919 – 1974) was a Royal Air Force officer and fighter pilot of the Second World War.
Sir James Percy FitzPatrick, KCMG (24 July 1862 – 24 January 1931), known as Percy FitzPatrick, was a South African author, politician, mining financier and pioneer of the fruit industry.
Field Marshal Jan Christiaan Smuts (24 May 1870 11 September 1950) was a prominent South African and British Commonwealth statesman, military leader and philosopher.
Jane Arminda Delano, born March 13, 1862 in Montour Falls, New York – died April 15, 1919 in Savenay, Loire-Atlantique, France, was a nurse and founder of the American Red Cross Nursing Service.
Janet Marie Waldo (February 4, 1919 – June 12, 2016) was an American radio and voice actress.
January 1 is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar.
In the 20th and 21st centuries the Julian calendar is 13 days behind the Gregorian calendar, thus January 14 is sometimes celebrated as New Year's Day (Old New Year) by religious groups who use the Julian calendar.
Perihelion, the point during the year when the Earth is closest to the Sun, occurs around this date.
Java (Indonesian: Jawa; Javanese: ꦗꦮ; Sundanese) is an island of Indonesia.
Jayne Meadows (born Jane Meadows Cotter; September 27, 1919 – April 26, 2015), also known as Jayne Meadows-Allen, was an American stage, film and television actress, as well as an author and lecturer.
Jean Marie Dominique Navarre (8 August 1895 – 10 July 1919) was a French aviator during World War I. As one of the pioneer flying aces, he was credited with twelve confirmed aerial victories and fifteen unconfirmed ones.
Jeanne Carolyn Cagney (March 25, 1919 – December 7, 1984) was an American film, stage, and television actress.
Jeannie Yvonne Ghislaine Rousseau, married name Jeannie de Clarens, (1 April 1919 – 23 August 2017) was an Allied intelligence agent in occupied France during World War II, a member of the "Druids" network led by.
Jennifer Jones (born Phylis Lee Isley; March 2, 1919 – December 17, 2009), also known as Jennifer Jones Simon, was an American actress during Hollywood's golden years.
Jesús Blasco (3 November 1919 – 21 October 1995) was a Spanish author and artist of comic books, whose career covered most of the conventional history of comic strips.
Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
James Lee Newberry (June 9, 1919 – June 23, 1983) was an African-American pitcher in the Negro Leagues and in the Japanese Pacific League.
Joachim Holmboe Rønneberg, DSO (born 30 August 1919) is a retired Norwegian Army officer and broadcaster.
Joseph P. Gill (July 13, 1919 – December 17, 2006), Joseph P. Gill was an American magazine writer and highly prolific comic book scripter.
Joseph "King" Krol (February 20, 1919 – December 16, 2008) was a Canadian football quarterback, running back, defensive back, and placekicker/punter from 1942 to 1953 and 1955.
Johannes Stark (15 April 1874 – 21 June 1957) was a German physicist and Physics Nobel Prize laureate.
Captain Sir John William "Jack" Alcock (5 November 189218 December 1919) was a Royal Navy and later Royal Air Force officer who, with navigator Lieutenant Arthur Whitten Brown, piloted the first non-stop transatlantic flight from St. John's, Newfoundland to Clifden, Connemara, Ireland.
John Moses Browning (January 23, 1855 – November 26, 1926) was an American firearms designer who developed many varieties of military and civilian firearms, cartridges, and gun mechanisms, many of which are still in use around the world.
John Coalter Bates (August 26, 1842 – February 4, 1919) was a United States Army officer who served as Chief of Staff of the United States Army from January to April 1906.
John C. Elliott (January 30, 1919 – August 13, 2001) was an American politician appointed as the 39th Governor of American Samoa.
Lieutenant Colonel John Cyril Porte, (26 February 1884 – 22 October 1919) was a British flying boat pioneer associated with the World War I Seaplane Experimental Station at Felixstowe.
John Llewellyn Lewis (February 12, 1880 – June 11, 1969) was an American leader of organized labor who served as president of the United Mine Workers of America (UMW) from 1920 to 1960.
John Maynard Keynes, 1st Baron Keynes (5 June 1883 – 21 April 1946), was a British economist whose ideas fundamentally changed the theory and practice of macroeconomics and the economic policies of governments.
John Mitchum (September 6, 1919 – November 29, 2001) was an American actor from the 1940s to the 1970s in film and television.
Major Robert Laslett John Pott MBE MC (14 July 1919 – 23 April 2005) was a British Army officer who, during World War II, served as Commanding Officer of A Company, 156th Battalion, Parachute Regiment, in the Battle of Arnhem, part of Operation Market Garden, in September 1944.
John Taliaferro (anglicized to "Tolliver"http://www.nfatoys.com/tsmg/web/genthomp.htm John T. Thompson; A Brief History) Thompson (December 31, 1860 – June 21, 1940) was a United States Army officer best remembered as the inventor of the Thompson submachine gun.
John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, (12 November 1842 – 30 June 1919) was a physicist who, with William Ramsay, discovered argon, an achievement for which he earned the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1904.
Johannes Marten den Uijl, better known as Joop den Uyl (9 August 1919 – 24 December 1987) was a Dutch politician of the Labour Party (PvdA) who served as Prime Minister of the Netherlands from 11 May 1973 until 19 December 1977.
José de Jesús Horacio Pimiento Rodríguez (born February 18, 1919) is a Colombian Prelate of the Catholic Church.
Joseph Edward Murray (April 1, 1919 – November 26, 2012) was an American plastic surgeon who performed the first successful human kidney transplant on identical twins Richard and Ronald Herrick on December 23, 1954.
Joseph P. Lordi (June 28, 1919 – October 21, 1983) was an American law enforcement official who served as the Essex County, New Jersey prosecutor and as the first Chairman of the New Jersey Casino Control Commission.
Joseph Albert Wapner (November 15, 1919 – February 26, 2017) was an American judge and television personality.
Juan Isidro Jimenes Pereyra (November 15, 1846 – May 9, 1919) was a Dominican political figure.
Juan Domingo Perón (8 October 1895 – 1 July 1974) was an Argentine army lieutenant general and politician.
Jules Jean Baptiste Vincent Bordet (13 June 1870 – 6 April 1961) was a Belgian immunologist and microbiologist.
Jules Charles Toussaint Védrines (21 December 1881 – 21 April 1919) was an early French aviator, notable for being the first pilot to fly at more than 100 mph and for winning the Gordon Bennett Trophy race in 1912.
The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC (708 AUC), was a reform of the Roman calendar.
Julius Kuperjanov VR I/2, VR II/2 and VR II/3 (– 2 February 1919) was an Estonian military officer during the War of Independence and commander of the Tartumaa Partisan Battalion renamed after him posthumously.
It is the first day of the second half of the year.
This day is the midpoint of a common year because there are 182 days before and 182 days after it in common years, and 183 before and 182 after in leap years.
The Aphelion, the point in the year when the Earth is farthest from the Sun, occurs around this date.
The terms 7th July, July 7th, and 7/7 (pronounced "Seven-seven") have been widely used in the Western media as a shorthand for the 7 July 2005 bombings on London's transport system.
June is the sixth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, the second of four months to have a length of 30 days, and the third of five months to have a length of less than 31 days.
This day usually marks the summer solstice in the Northern Hemisphere and the winter solstice in the Southern Hemisphere, which is the day of the year with the most hours of daylight in the Northern Hemisphere and the fewest hours of daylight in the Southern Hemisphere.
On this day the Summer solstice may occur in the Northern Hemisphere, and the Winter solstice may occur in the Southern Hemisphere.
In common years it is always in ISO week 26.
It is the last day of the first half of the year.
June Rosalind Spencer CBE (born 14 June 1919) is an English actress best known for her role in the BBC Radio 4 soap opera The Archers as Peggy Woolley.
Karl Adolph Gjellerup (2 June 1857 – 13 October 1919) was a Danish poet and novelist who together with his compatriot Henrik Pontoppidan won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1917.
Karl H. Pribram (February 25, 1919 – January 19, 2015) was a professor at Georgetown University, in the United States, an emeritus professor of psychology and psychiatry at Stanford University and distinguished professor at Radford University.
Karl Harrer (8 October 1890 – 5 September 1926) was a German journalist and politician, one of the founding members of the "Deutsche Arbeiterpartei" (German Workers' Party, DAP) in January 1919, the predecessor to the Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (National Socialist German Workers Party – NSDAP); more commonly known as the Nazi Party.
Karl Liebknecht (13 August 1871 – 15 January 1919) was a German socialist and a co-founder with Rosa Luxemburg of the Spartacist League and the Communist Party of Germany.
Kathleen Freeman (February 17, 1919August 23, 2001) was an American film, television, voice actress, and stage actress.
Kathleen Winsor (October 16, 1919 – May 26, 2003) was an American author.
Margaret Kathleen Regan (born September 14, 1919 – April 10, 1980), better known as Kay Medford, was an American actress.
Keith Ross Miller, (28 November 1919 – 11 October 2004) was an Australian test cricketer and a Royal Australian Air Force pilot during World War II.
Kelud (Klut, Cloot, Kloet, Kloete, Keloed or Kelut) is an active stratovolcano located in East Java, Indonesia.
The Khotin Uprising was an insurrection by Ukrainians in northern Bessarabia less than a year after its Union with the Romanian Kingdom, on January 23–February 1, 1919.
Khotyn (Хотин,; Hotin; see other names) is a city in Chernivtsi Oblast of western Ukraine, and is the administrative center of Khotyn Raion within the oblast, and is located south-west of Kamianets-Podilskyi.
was a Japanese politician and the 78th Japanese Prime Minister serving from 5 November 1991 to 9 August 1993.
The Kingdom of Bulgaria (Царство България, Tsarstvo Bǎlgariya), also referred to as the Tsardom of Bulgaria and the Third Bulgarian Tsardom, was a constitutional monarchy in Eastern and Southeastern Europe, which was established on 5 October (O.S. 22 September) 1908 when the Bulgarian state was raised from a principality to a kingdom.
The Hashemite Kingdom of Hejaz (المملكة الحجازية الهاشمية, Al-Mamlakah al-Ḥijāzyah Al-Hāshimīyah) was a state in the Hejaz region in the Middle East ruled by the Hashemite dynasty.
The Kingdom of Romania (Regatul României) was a constitutional monarchy in Southeastern Europe which existed from 1881, when prince Carol I of Romania was proclaimed King, until 1947, when King Michael I of Romania abdicated and the Parliament proclaimed Romania a republic.
Kinmel Camp was an army training ground in what was once the grounds of Kinmel Hall, near Abergele, in Conwy county borough, Wales.
On 4 and 5 March 1919, Kinmel Park in Bodelwyddan, near Abergele, north Wales, experienced two days of riots in the Canadian sector of the military complex.
Kira Golovko, née Ivanova (11 March 1919 – 16 August 2017), was a Soviet and Russian theater and film actress, winner of the Stalin Prize (1947) and People's Artist of the RSFSR (1957).
KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, legally Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij N.V., is the flag carrier airline of the Netherlands.
Korea under Japanese rule began with the end of the short-lived Korean Empire in 1910 and ended at the conclusion of World War II in 1945.
The Great Korean Empire was proclaimed in October 1897 by Emperor Gojong of the Joseon dynasty, under pressure after the Donghak Peasant Revolution of 1894 to 1895 and the Gabo Reforms that swept the country from 1894 to 1896.
Kronstadt (Кроншта́дт), also spelled Kronshtadt, Cronstadt or Kronštádt (Krone for "crown" and Stadt for "city"; Kroonlinn), is a municipal town in Kronshtadtsky District of the federal city of Saint Petersburg, Russia, located on Kotlin Island, west of Saint Petersburg proper near the head of the Gulf of Finland.
Kurt Eisner (14 May 186721 February 1919)"Kurt Eisner – Encyclopædia Britannica" (biography), Encyclopædia Britannica, 2006, Britannica.com webpage:.
Lyman Frank Baum (May 15, 1856 – May 6, 1919), better known as L. Frank Baum, was an American author chiefly famous for his children's books, particularly The Wonderful Wizard of Oz and its sequels.
La Esterella, born Esther Lambrechts (7 May 1919 – 11 April 2011) was a Flemish singer.
Lady Anne Sophia Berry (née Walpole, 11 December 1919) is an English and New Zealand horticulturist who founded Rosemoor Garden.
Lady Rose Mary Primrose McLaren (21 July 1919 – 1 November 2005) was a British aristocrat, the fourth daughter of the 6th Marquess of Anglesey.
Lance Herbert Barnard AO (1 May 19196 August 1997) was an Australian politician and diplomat.
Land reform (also agrarian reform, though that can have a broader meaning) involves the changing of laws, regulations or customs regarding land ownership.
Edward Lawrence "Larry" Winn Jr. (August 22, 1919 – December 31, 2017) was an American politician and member of the U.S. House of Representatives representing Kansas's 3rd district from 1967 to 1985.
Latvia (or; Latvija), officially the Republic of Latvia (Latvijas Republika), is a sovereign state in the Baltic region of Northern Europe.
The Latvian War of Independence (Latvijas brīvības cīņas, literally, "Latvia's freedom struggles"), sometimes called the Latvian War of Liberation (Latvijas atbrīvošanas karš, "War of Latvian Liberation"), was a series of military conflicts in Latvia between 5 December 1918, after the newly proclaimed Republic of Latvia was invaded by Soviet Russia, and the signing of the Latvian-Soviet Riga Peace Treaty on 11 August 1920.
Lawrence Monsanto Ferlinghetti (born March 24, 1919) is an American poet, painter, socialist activist, and the co-founder of City Lights Booksellers & Publishers.
The League of Nations (abbreviated as LN in English, La Société des Nations abbreviated as SDN or SdN in French) was an intergovernmental organisation founded on 10 January 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War.
A League of Nations mandate was a legal status for certain territories transferred from the control of one country to another following World War I, or the legal instruments that contained the internationally agreed-upon terms for administering the territory on behalf of the League of Nations.
Lee Andrew Archer, Jr. (September 6, 1919 – January 27, 2010) was an African-American fighter pilot in the 332nd Fighter Group, commonly known as the Tuskegee Airmen, during World War II.
Leon Kirchner (January 24, 1919 – September 17, 2009) was an American composer of contemporary classical music.
Les Champs magnétiques (The Magnetic Fields) is a book by André Breton and Philippe Soupault.
Leslie Gonda (August 20, 1919 – March 16, 2018) was a Hungarian-born American businessman, philanthropist, and Holocaust survivor.
Sri Lankabhimanya Lester James Peries (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකාභිමාන්ය ලෙස්ටර් ජේම්ස් පීරිස්; 5 April 1919 – 29 April 2018) was a Sri Lankan film director, screenwriter, and film producer.
Lester Lionel Wolff (born January 4, 1919) is an American politician and former Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives from New York.
Lethbridge is a city in the province of Alberta, Canada, and the largest city in southern Alberta.
Alexander Crichlow "Lex" Barker Jr. (May 8, 1919 – May 11, 1973) was an American actor best known for playing Tarzan of the Apes and leading characters from Karl May's novels.
Władziu Valentino Liberace (May 16, 1919 – February 4, 1987), known mononymously as Liberace, was an American pianist, singer, and actor.
Licio Gelli (April 21, 1919 – December 15, 2015) was an Italian financier, liaison officer between the Italian government and Nazi Germany, chiefly known for his role in the Banco Ambrosiano scandal.
The Lieutenant Governor of Quebec (French (masculine): Lieutenant-gouverneur du Québec, or (feminine): Lieutenante-gouverneure du Québec) is the viceregal representative in Quebec of the, who operates distinctly within the province but is also shared equally with the ten other jurisdictions of Canada, as well as the other Commonwealth realms and any subdivisions thereof, and resides predominantly in oldest realm, the United Kingdom.
Liga Deportiva Alajuelense, commonly known as Alajuelense and nicknamed La Liga, is a Costa Rican multisport club based in the borough of El Llano, Alajuela.
Lilia Dale is a retired Italian film actress.
Tun Dato' Seri Dr. Lim Chong Eu (28 May 1919 – 24 November 2010) was a Malaysian politician who served as the second Chief Minister of Penang for a record 21 years.
Lis Løwert (7 December 1919 – 26 November 2009) was a Danish film actress.
Lisa Otto (14 November 1919 – 18 September 2013) was a German operatic soprano, particularly associated with soubrette and light coloratura roles.
Lisbon (Lisboa) is the capital and the largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 552,700, Census 2011 results according to the 2013 administrative division of Portugal within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2.
This is a list of airlines by foundation date, founded by December 31, 1929.
The Governor of Alabama is the chief executive of the U.S. state of Alabama.
The Governor of Alaska is the chief executive of the U.S. state of Alaska.
This is a list of governors, etc.
The following is a list of heads of state of the Comoros, since the country gained independence from France in 1975.
This is a list of monarchs of Korea, arranged by dynasty.
The United States has 60 protected areas known as national parks that are operated by the National Park Service, an agency of the Department of the Interior.
The following article contains a list of Prime Ministers of Belize, from the establishment of the position of First Minister of British Honduras in 1961 to the present day.
Liverpool is a city in North West England, with an estimated population of 491,500 in 2017.
Lolita Lebrón (November 19, 1919 – August 1, 2010) was a Puerto Rican nationalist who was convicted of attempted murder and other crimes after leading an assault on the United States House of Representatives in 1954, resulting in the wounding of five members of the United States Congress.
Louis Botha (27 September 1862 – 27 August 1919) was a South African politician who was the first Prime Minister of the Union of South Africa—the forerunner of the modern South African state.
Louisiana is a state in the southeastern region of the United States.
Hans Hermann Ludwig von Reuter (9 February 1869 – 18 December 1943) was a German admiral during World War I who commanded the Imperial German Navy's High Seas Fleet when it was interned at Scapa Flow at the end of the war.
Luxembourg (Lëtzebuerg; Luxembourg, Luxemburg), officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a landlocked country in western Europe.
Lyndon Bentley Wainwright (7 December 1919 – 2 January 2018) was a British metrologist, ballroom dancer and author.
Manjeri Narayanan Nambiar (7 March 1919 – 19 November 2008), known as M. N. Nambiar, was a film actor in Tamil cinema who dominated the industry in the role of villain for around 50 years.
The M1919 Browning is a.30 caliber medium machine gun that was widely used during the 20th century, especially during World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War.
Madalyn Murray O'Hair (née Mays; April 13, 1919 – September 29, 1995), was an American activist, founder of American Atheists, and the organization's president from 1963 to 1986.
Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organization, the oldest of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada.
Dr Malik Dohan al-Hassan(مالك دوهان الحسن) (born 1 July 1919), is an Iraqi politician who was the Minister of Justice in the Iraqi Interim Government from June 2004 to May 2005.
Prabodh Chandra Dey (1 May 1919 − 24 October 2013), known by his stage name Manna Dey, was an Indian playback singer.
Manolis Andronikos (Μανόλης Ανδρόνικος) (October 23, 1919 – March 30, 1992) was a Greek archaeologist and a professor at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki.
The Mansion House (Teach an Ard-Mhéara) on Dawson Street, Dublin, has been the official residence of the Lord Mayor of Dublin since 1715.
In the Roman calendar, March 15 was known as the Ides of March.
The March 1st Movement, also known as Sam-il (3-1) Movement (Hangul: 삼일 운동; Hanja: 三一 運動) was one of the earliest public displays of Korean resistance during the rule of Korea by Japan from 1910 into 1945.
Typically the March equinox falls on this date, marking the vernal point in the Northern Hemisphere and the autumnal point in the Southern Hemisphere.
In astrology, the day of the equinox is the first full day of the sign of Aries.
March 24th is the 365th and last day of the year in many European implementations of the Julian calendar.
Eleanor Margaret Burbidge (née Peachey), FRS (born August 12, 1919 in Davenport) is a British-born American astrophysicist, noted for original research and holding many administrative posts, including Director of the Royal Greenwich Observatory.
Marjorie Celeste "Marge" Champion (née Belcher; born September 2, 1919) is an American dancer, choreographer, and actress.
Dame Margot Fonteyn, DBE (18 May 191921 February 1991), stage name of Margaret Evelyn de Arias was an English ballerina.
Margot Hielscher (29 September 1919 – 20 August 2017) was a German singer and film actress.
Maria Lassnig (8 September 1919 – 6 May 2014) was an Austrian artist known for her painted self-portraits and her theory of "body awareness".
Mario Augusto Bunge (born September 21, 1919) is an Argentine philosopher, philosopher of science and physicist mainly active in Canada.
Marion Franklin Kirby II (July 14, 1919 – July 10, 2011) was an American fighter pilot and a flying ace with the United States Army Air Forces during World War II, credited with shooting down 5 enemy aircraft.
The mark was a currency or unit of account in many nations.
Martin Henry Balsam (November 4, 1919 – February 13, 1996) was an American character actor.
Volunteer Martin Savage Máirtín Sabhaois (12th October 1897 – 19 December 1919) was an Officer in the Dublin Brigade of the Irish Republican Army, from Ballisodare, County Sligo.
Gladys Louise Smith (April 8, 1892 – May 29, 1979), known professionally as Mary Pickford, was a Canadian-born film actress and producer.
Viscount, a.k.a. was a Japanese Shishi, and later, a diplomat.
Matilde Camus (26 September 1919 – 28 April 2012) was a Spanish poet who also wrote non-fiction.
Maurice Boitel (July 31, 1919 – August 11, 2007) was a French painter.
Maurice Ralph Hilleman (August 30, 1919 – April 11, 2005) was an American microbiologist who specialized in vaccinology and developed over 40 vaccines, an unparalleled record of productivity.
Gualberto Mauro Cía (born 3 July 1919) is a boxer from Argentina.
Max Heindel, born Carl Louis von Grasshoff in Aarhus, Denmark on July 23, 1865, was a Danish-American Christian occultist, astrologer, and mystic.
This day marks the approximate midpoint of spring in the Northern Hemisphere and of autumn in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the March equinox).
The May Day riots of 1919 were a series of violent demonstrations that occurred throughout Cleveland, Ohio on May 1 (May Day), 1919.
The May Fourth Movement was an anti-imperialist, cultural, and political movement growing out of student participants in Beijing on 4 May 1919, protesting against the Chinese government's weak response to the Treaty of Versailles, especially allowing Japan to receive territories in Shandong which had been surrendered by Germany after the Siege of Tsingtao.
In many countries, a mayor (from the Latin maior, meaning "bigger") is the highest-ranking official in a municipal government such as that of a city or a town.
A medium machine gun (MMG), in modern terms, usually refers to a belt-fed automatic firearm firing a full-power rifle cartridge.
Melchora Aquino de Ramos (6 January 1812 – 2 March 1919) was a Filipina revolutionary who became known as "Tandang Sora" ("Elder Sora") because of her age during the Philippine Revolution.
The Mexican Revolution (Revolución Mexicana) was a major armed struggle,, that radically transformed Mexican culture and government.
The Middle Easttranslit-std; translit; Orta Şərq; Central Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, Rojhelatî Nawîn; Moyen-Orient; translit; translit; translit; Rojhilata Navîn; translit; Bariga Dhexe; Orta Doğu; translit is a transcontinental region centered on Western Asia, Turkey (both Asian and European), and Egypt (which is mostly in North Africa).
Mieczysław Weinberg (also Moisey or Moishe Vainberg, Moisey Samuilovich Vaynberg; Моисей Самуилович Вайнберг; Mojsze Wajnberg; 8 December 1919 – 26 February 1996) was a Soviet composer of Polish-Jewish origin.
Michael Lloyd Karmazin (July 16, 1919 – January 21, 2004) was a former professional American football guard.
Lieutenant-General Mikhail Timofeyevich Kalashnikov (p; 10 November 1919 – 23 December 2013) was a Russian general, inventor, military engineer and small arms designer.
Mikhail Mikhaylovich Shultz (Михаи́л Миха́йлович Шульц, also spelled Schultz, Shul'ts, Shults, Shul’c etc.) (1 July 1919 – 9 October 2006), was a Soviet/Russian physical chemist, artist.
Miklós Horthy de Nagybánya (Vitéz"Vitéz" refers to a Hungarian knightly order founded by Miklós Horthy ("Vitézi Rend"); literally, "vitéz" means "knight" or "valiant".;; English: Nicholas Horthy; Nikolaus Horthy Ritter von Nagybánya; 18 June 18689 February 1957) was a Hungarian admiral and statesman, who became the Regent of Hungary.
Milan (Milano; Milan) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,380,873 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,235,000.
Milan Rastislav Štefánik (21 July 1880 – 4 May 1919) was a Slovak politician, diplomat and astronomer.
A military aircraft is any fixed-wing or rotary-wing aircraft that is operated by a legal or insurrectionary armed service of any type.
Milton Bradley "Milt" Smith (July 17, 1919 — August 5, 2010) was an American football player and business operator.
Mineola is a village in Nassau County, Long Island, New York, United States.
Minneapolis is the county seat of Hennepin County, and the larger of the Twin Cities, the 16th-largest metropolitan area in the United States.
Mitja Ribičič (19 May 1919 – 28 November 2013) was a Slovenian Communist official and Yugoslav politician.
Moïse Kapenda Tshombe (sometimes written Tshombé) (10 November 1919 – 29 June 1969) was a Congolese businessman and politician.
Mohamed Boudiaf (23 June 1919 – 29 June 1992, محمد بوضياف; ALA-LC: Muḥammad Bū-Ḍiyāf), also called Si Tayeb el Watani, was an Algerian political leader and one of the founders of the revolutionary National Liberation Front (FLN) that led the Algerian War of Independence (1954–1962).
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (Mohammad Reza Pahlavi,; 26 October 1919 – 27 July 1980), also known as Mohammad Reza Shah (Mohammad Rezā Šāh), was the last Shah of Iran from 16 September 1941 until his overthrow by the Iranian Revolution on 11 February 1979.
Mohammed Karim Lamrani (Arabic: محمد كريم العمراني; born 1 May 1919) was the Prime Minister of Morocco for three separate terms.
Molasses, or black treacle (British, for human consumption; known as molasses otherwise), is a viscous product resulting from refining sugarcane or sugar beets into sugar.
The Monarchy of the North (Monarquia do Norte), officially the Kingdom of Portugal (Reino de Portugal), was a short-lived revolution and monarchist government that occurred in the North of Portugal, in early 1919.
Monford Merrill "Monte" Irvin (February 25, 1919 – January 11, 2016) was an American left fielder and right fielder in the Negro leagues and Major League Baseball (MLB) who played with the Newark Eagles (1938–42, 46–48), New York Giants (1949–55) and Chicago Cubs (1956).
Montreal (officially Montréal) is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada.
Morelos, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Morelos (Estado Libre y Soberano de Morelos), is one of the 32 states, which comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico.
Munich (München; Minga) is the capital and the most populated city in the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps.
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (19 May 1881 (conventional) – 10 November 1938) was a Turkish army officer, revolutionary, and founder of the Republic of Turkey, serving as its first President from 1923 until his death in 1938.
Mutiny is a criminal conspiracy among a group of people (typically members of the military or the crew of any ship, even if they are civilians) to openly oppose, change, or overthrow a lawful authority to which they are subject.
Myron H. Bright (March 5, 1919 – December 12, 2016) was a United States federal judge.
Nancy Witcher Langhorne Astor, Viscountess Astor, CH (19 May 18792 May 1964) was the first female Member of Parliament to take her seat.
Narva (Нарва) is the third largest city in Estonia.
Nathaniel Adams Coles (March 17, 1919 – February 15, 1965), known professionally as Nat King Cole, was an American jazz pianist and vocalist.
Nathaniel Carl "Nat" Goodwin (July 25, 1857 – January 31, 1919) was an American actor and vaudevillian born in Boston.
Naval Air Station Rockaway adjoined Fort Tilden on the western portion of the Rockaway Peninsula in the New York City borough of Queens.
The National Socialist German Workers' Party (abbreviated NSDAP), commonly referred to in English as the Nazi Party, was a far-right political party in Germany that was active between 1920 and 1945 and supported the ideology of Nazism.
Nehemiah Persoff (born August 2, 1919) is a retired American actor.
Nelson Ripley Cooke AM (21 December 1919 – 7 February 2018) was an Australian cellist who was principal cellist at the London Symphony Orchestra and Royal Philharmonic Orchestras during the 1950s and 1960s.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
New Orleans (. Merriam-Webster.; La Nouvelle-Orléans) is a major United States port and the largest city and metropolitan area in the state of Louisiana.
Newfoundland (Terre-Neuve) is a large Canadian island off the east coast of the North American mainland, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador.
Newton Diehl Baker Jr. (December 3, 1871December 25, 1937) was an American lawyer, Georgist,Noble, Ransom E. "Henry George and the Progressive Movement." The American Journal of Economics and Sociology, vol.
Nicolae Ceaușescu (26 January 1918 – 25 December 1989) was a Romanian Communist politician.
Nikolai Nikolayevich Yudenich (Никола́й Никола́евич Юде́нич) (5 October 1933) was a commander of the Russian Imperial Army during World War I. He was a leader of the anti-communist White movement in Northwestern Russia during the Civil War.
The Nineteenth Amendment (Amendment XIX) to the United States Constitution prohibits the states and the federal government from denying the right to vote to citizens of the United States on the basis of sex.
The Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (officially Sveriges riksbanks pris i ekonomisk vetenskap till Alfred Nobels minne, or the Swedish National Bank's Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel), commonly referred to as the Nobel Prize in Economics, is an award for outstanding contributions to the field of economics, and generally regarded as the most prestigious award for that field.
The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish, Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is one of the five Nobel Prizes created by the Swedish industrialist, inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, and Literature.
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry (Nobelpriset i kemi) is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to scientists in the various fields of chemistry.
The Nobel Prize in Literature (Nobelpriset i litteratur) is a Swedish literature prize that has been awarded annually, since 1901, to an author from any country who has, in the words of the will of Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel, produced "in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction" (original Swedish: "den som inom litteraturen har producerat det mest framstående verket i en idealisk riktning").
The Nobel Prize in Physics (Nobelpriset i fysik) is a yearly award given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for those who conferred the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of physics.
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (Nobelpriset i fysiologi eller medicin), administered by the Nobel Foundation, is awarded once a year for outstanding discoveries in the fields of life sciences and medicine.
The Noon Gun has been a historic time signal in Cape Town, South Africa since 1806.
Nordine Ben Ali (born July 19, 1919) is an Algerian-French former association football player and manager.
Norma Miller (born December 2, 1919) is a Lindy hop dancer known as the "Queen of Swing".
Norman Arthur Erbe (October 25, 1919 – June 8, 2000) was the 35th Governor of Iowa from 1961 to 1963.
North Wales (Gogledd Cymru) is an unofficial region of Wales.
The North-West Mounted Police (NWMP) was a Canadian police force, established in 1873 by the Prime Minister, Sir John Macdonald, to maintain order in the North-West Territories.
In the ancient astronomy, it is the cusp day between Scorpio and Sagittarius.
This day marks the approximate midpoint of autumn in the Northern Hemisphere and of spring in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the September equinox).
Olle Henrik Martin Anderberg (13 September 1919 – 26 September 2003) was a Swedish wrestler.
Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest region on the West Coast of the United States.
Orlando Drummond (born October 18, 1919) is a Brazilian stage, television and film actor, best known for his works as Seu Peru in the series Escolinha do Professor Raimundo and also as the voice of Scooby-Doo, Alf, and Popeye.
Oscar Hammerstein I (8 May 18461 August 1919) was a German-born businessman, theater impresario, and composer in New York City.
Ota Šik (11 September 1919 – 22 August 2004) was a Czech economist and politician.
The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
Ove Wendelboe Sprogøe Petersen (21 December 1919 – 14 September 2004) was a Danish actor.
Paavo Johannes Aaltonen (11 December 1919 – 9 September 1962) was a Finnish gymnast and a three-time Olympic champion.
The Palace of Versailles (Château de Versailles;, or) was the principal residence of the Kings of France from Louis XIV in 1682 until the beginning of the French Revolution in 1789.
Palestine (فلسطين,,; Παλαιστίνη, Palaistinē; Palaestina; פלשתינה. Palestina) is a geographic region in Western Asia.
The Palmer Raids were a series of raids conducted by the United States Department of Justice under the administration of President Woodrow Wilson to capture and arrest suspected radical leftists, especially anarchists, and deport them from the United States.
Francisco "Pancho" Villa (born José Doroteo Arango Arámbula; 5 June 1878 – 20 July 1923) was a Mexican Revolutionary general and one of the most prominent figures of the Mexican Revolution.
A parachute is a device used to slow the motion of an object through an atmosphere by creating drag (or in the case of ram-air parachutes, aerodynamic lift).
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
The Paris Convention of 1919 (formally, the Convention Relating to the Regulation of Aerial Navigation) was the first international convention to address the political difficulties and intricacies involved in international aerial navigation.
The Paris Peace Conference, also known as Versailles Peace Conference, was the meeting of the victorious Allied Powers following the end of World War I to set the peace terms for the defeated Central Powers.
The Parliament of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the UK Parliament or British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and overseas territories.
Hidalgo del Parral, is a city and seat of the municipality of Hidalgo del Parral in the Mexican state of Chihuahua.
Patricia Paz Maria Medina (19 July 1919 – 28 April 2012) was an English actress.
Paul de Man (December 6, 1919 – December 21, 1983), born Paul Adolph Michel Deman, was a Belgian-born literary critic and literary theorist.
Paul Emile François Henri Vanden Boeynants (22 May 1919 – 9 January 2001) was a Belgian politician.
Pál Losonczi (born as Pál Laklia; 18 September 1919, Bolhó – 28 March 2005) was a Hungarian Communist political figure.
Pál Luthár (Pavel Lutar) (November 1, 1839 – February 14, 1919) was a Slovene Lutheran teacher, organist, and writer.
Edwin Pentland Hick (born 21 July 1919) is a British entrepreneur, author, publisher, and veteran of World War II.
Peter Seeger (May 3, 1919 – January 27, 2014) was an American folk singer and social activist.
Peter Henry Abrahams Deras (3 March 1919 – 18 January 2017), commonly known as Peter Abrahams, was a South African-born novelist, journalist and political commentator who in 1956 settled in Jamaica, where he lived for the rest of his life.
Peter William Shorrocks Butterworth (4 February 1919 – 16 January 1979) was an English comedy actor and comedian, best known for his appearances in the ''Carry On'' series of films.
Peter Alexander Rupert Carington, 6th Baron Carrington, (born 6 June 1919) is a British Conservative politician and hereditary peer who served as Defence Secretary between 1970 and 1974, Foreign Secretary between 1979 and 1982, chairman of General Electric between 1983 and 1984, and Secretary General of NATO from 1984 to 1988.
Petr Braiko (9 September 1919 – 7 April 2018) was a Soviet soldier during the Second World War who gained the status of Hero of the Soviet Union following the conflict.
Petre P. Carp (also Petrache Carp, Francized Pierre Carp, Ioana Pârvulescu,, in România Literară, Nr. 25/2010 occasionally Comte Carpe; 28 Mircea Dumitriu,, in România Liberă, 22 September, 2007 or 29Călinescu, p.440 June 1837 – 19 June 1919) was a Moldavian, later Romanian statesman, political scientist and culture critic, one of the major representatives of Romanian liberal conservatism, and twice the country's Prime Minister (1900–1901, 1910–1912).
Philippe Soupault (2 August 1897, Chaville, Hauts-de-Seine – 12 March 1990, Paris) was a French writer and poet, novelist, critic, and political activist.
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences is a fortnightly peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the Royal Society.
Pierre Gamarra (10 July 1919 – 20 May 2009) was a French poet, novelist and literary critic, a long-time chief editor and director of the literary magazine Europe.
Pierre Soulages (born 24 December 1919) is a French painter, engraver, and sculptor.
Joseph Philippe Pierre Yves Elliott Trudeau (October 18, 1919 – September 28, 2000), often referred to by the initials PET, was a Canadian statesman who served as the 15th Prime Minister of Canada (1968–1979 and 1980–1984).
Pierre-Auguste Renoir, commonly known as Auguste Renoir (25 February 1841 – 3 December 1919), was a French artist who was a leading painter in the development of the Impressionist style.
The Pinsk massacre was the mass execution of thirty-five Jewish residents of Pinsk on April 5, 1919 by the Polish Army.
Plymouth is a city situated on the south coast of Devon, England, approximately south-west of Exeter and west-south-west of London.
The Polish–Soviet War (February 1919 – March 1921) was fought by the Second Polish Republic, Ukrainian People's Republic and the proto-Soviet Union (Soviet Russia and Soviet Ukraine) for control of an area equivalent to today's western Ukraine and parts of modern Belarus.
Popeye the Sailor is a cartoon fictional character created by Elzie Crisler Segar.
Príncipe is the smaller, northern major island of the country of São Tomé and Príncipe lying off the west coast of Africa in the Gulf of Guinea.
The President of Albania (Presidenti i Shqipërisë), officially styled the President of the Republic of Albania (Presidenti i Republikës së Shqipërisë), is the head of state, commander-in-chief of the military and the representative of the unity of the Albanian people.
The President of the Argentine Nation (Presidente de la Nación Argentina), usually known as the President of Argentina, is both head of state and head of government of Argentina.
The President of Brazil, officially the President of the Federative Republic of Brazil (Presidente da República Federativa do Brasil) or simply the President of the Republic, is both the head of state and the head of government of the Federative Republic of Brazil.
The President of Germany, officially the Federal President of the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundespräsident der Bundesrepublik Deutschland),The official title within Germany is Bundespräsident, with der Bundesrepublik Deutschland being added in international correspondence; the official English title is President of the Federal Republic of Germany is the head of state of Germany.
The Reichspräsident was the German head of state under the Weimar constitution, which was officially in force from 1919 to 1945.
The President of Somalia (Madaxaweynaha Soomaaliya) is the head of state of Somalia.
The President of the Republic of Korea is, according to the South Korean constitution, the chairperson of the cabinet, the chief executive of the government, commander-in-chief of the armed forces, and the head of state of South Korea.
The President of the Dominican Republic (Presidente de la República Dominicana) is both the head of state and head of government of the Dominican Republic.
The President of the Government of the Kingdom of Morocco is the head of government and serves in a position akin to a prime minister in other constitutional monarchies.
The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.
The Prime Minister of Albania (Kryeministri i Shqipërisë), officially styled the Prime Minister of the Republic of Albania (Kryeministri i Republikës së Shqipërisë), is the head of government of the Republic of Albania and as well the most powerful and influential person in Albanian politics.
The Prime Minister of Australia (sometimes informally abbreviated to PM) is the head of government of Australia.
The Prime Minister of Canada (Premier ministre du Canada) is the primary minister of the Crown, chairman of the Cabinet, and thus Canada's head of government, charged with advising the Canadian monarch or Governor General of Canada on the exercise of the executive powers vested in them by the constitution.
The Prime Minister of Dominica is the head of government in the Commonwealth of Dominica.
The Prime Minister of the Hellenic Republic (Πρωθυπουργός της Ελληνικής Δημοκρατίας, Pro̱thypourgós ti̱s Elli̱nikí̱s Di̱mokratías), colloquially referred to as the Prime Minister of Greece (Πρωθυπουργός της Ελλάδας, Pro̱thypourgós ti̱s Elládas), is the head of government of the Hellenic Republic and the leader of the Greek cabinet.
The President of the Council of Ministers of the Italian Republic (Italian: Presidente del Consiglio dei ministri della Repubblica Italiana), commonly referred to in Italy as Presidente del Consiglio, or informally as Premier and known in English as the Prime Minister of Italy, is the head of government of the Italian Republic.
The Prime Minister of Latvia (Ministru prezidents) is the most powerful member of the Government of Latvia, and presides over the Latvian Cabinet of Ministers.
The President of the Council of Ministers (Polish: Prezes Rady Ministrów), colloquially referred to as the Prime Minister of Poland (Polish: Premier Polski), is the leader of the cabinet and the head of government of Poland.
The Prime Minister of Rhodesia (before 1964, of Southern Rhodesia) was the head of government in Rhodesia.
There have been eight Prime Ministers of Slovenia, officially President of the Government of the Republic of Slovenia (Predsednik Vlade Republike Slovenije), since the country gained parliamentary democracy in 1989 and independence in 1991.
The Prime Minister of South Africa (Eerste Minister van Suid-Afrika) was the head of government in South Africa between 1910 and 1984.
The Prime Minister of the Republic of Korea (국무총리 / 國務總理, Gungmuchongni) is appointed by the President of South Korea, with the National Assembly's approval.
The Prime Minister of the Netherlands (Minister-president van Nederland) is the head of the executive branch of the Government of the Netherlands in his quality of chair of the Council of Ministers.
Primo Michele Levi (31 July 1919 – 11 April 1987) was an Italian Jewish chemist, writer, and Holocaust survivor.
Prince Francis Joseph of Braganza (7 September 1879 – 15 June 1919) was a member of the exiled branch of House of Braganza and an officer in the Austro-Hungarian Army.
Prince John of the United Kingdom (John Charles Francis; 12 July 1905 – 18 January 1919) was the fifth son and youngest of the six children born to King George V and his wife, Queen Mary.
Prince Karl Anton of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (Karl Anton Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig Prinz von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen) (1 September 1868 – 21 February 1919) was a member of the Princely House of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen.
was the founder of the Takeda-no-miya collateral branch of the Japanese Imperial Family.
Prohibition in the United States was a nationwide constitutional ban on the production, importation, transportation, and sale of alcoholic beverages from 1920 to 1933.
Pskov (p; see also names in other languages) is a city and the administrative center of Pskov Oblast, Russia, located about east from the Estonian border, on the Velikaya River.
Punjab, also spelled Panjab, was a province of British India.
The Quebec Bridge (Pont de Québec in French) is a road, rail and pedestrian bridge across the lower Saint Lawrence River between Sainte-Foy (since 2002 a western suburb of Quebec City) and Lévis, Quebec, Canada.
Queen of the South Football Club are a Scottish professional football club formed in March 1919 and located in Dumfries.
Robert C. "R.
The R33 class of British rigid airships were built for the Royal Naval Air Service during the First World War, but were not completed until after the end of hostilities, by which time the RNAS had become part of the Royal Air Force.
A radio station is a set of equipment necessary to carry on communication via radio waves.
Royal Air Force Station East Fortune or more simply RAF East Fortune is a former Royal Air Force station, just south of the village of East Fortune, a short distance east of Edinburgh in Scotland.
Raino Olavi Westerholm (20 November 1919, Kuusankoski – 1 June 2017) was a Finnish politician.
Raymond Thomas Dowker (6 July 1919 – 17 December 2004) was a New Zealand cricketer who played first-class cricket for Canterbury between 1949 and 1957.
Raymonde de Laroche (22 August 1882 – 18 July 1919), born Elise Raymonde Deroche, was a French pilot and the first woman in the world to receive an aeroplane pilot's licence.
In the United States, a recess appointment is an appointment by the President of a federal official when the U.S. Senate is in recess.
Recy Taylor (née Corbitt; December 31, 1919 – December 28, 2017) was an African-American woman from Abbeville in Henry County, Alabama, US.
The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (Рабоче-крестьянская Красная армия (РККА), Raboche-krest'yanskaya Krasnaya armiya (RKKA), frequently shortened in Russian to Красная aрмия (КА), Krasnaya armiya (KA), in English: Red Army, also in critical literature and folklore of that epoch – Red Horde, Army of Work) was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
Red Buttons (born Aaron Chwatt; February 5, 1919 – July 13, 2006) was an American actor and comedian.
The reforms of Amānullāh Khān began following his accession in 1919 and his securing independence for Afghanistan in 1920.
Remembrance Day (sometimes known informally as Poppy Day) is a memorial day observed in Commonwealth of Nations member states since the end of the First World War to remember the members of their armed forces who have died in the line of duty.
René Barrientos Ortuño (30 May 1919 – 27 April 1969) was a Bolivian military officer and politician who served as his country's Vice President in 1964 and as its President from 1966 to 1969.
The Republic of Prekmurje (Vendvidéki Köztársaság, Mura Köztársaság; Murska Republika, Republika Prekmurje; Prekmurje Slovene: Reszpublika Szlovenszka okroglina, Mörszka Reszpublika) was an unrecognized state in Prekmurje, an area traditionally known in Hungarian as Vendvidék ("Wendic March").
Manuel Ricardo Palma Soriano (February 7, 1833 – October 6, 1919) was a Peruvian author, scholar, librarian and politician.
Richard Mason (16 May 1919 – 13 October 1997) was a British novelist.
Richard Andrew Palethorpe Todd OBE (11 June 1919 – 3 December 2009) was an English actor.
Rick Vallin (September 24, 1919 – August 31, 1977) was an actor who appeared in more than 150 films between 1938 and 1966.
Hendrika "Rie" Wilhelmina Mastenbroek (26 February 1919 – 6 November 2003) was a Dutch swimmer and a triple Olympic champion.
Riga (Rīga) is the capital and largest city of Latvia.
Rijeka (Fiume; Reka; Sankt Veit am Flaum; see other names) is the principal seaport and the third-largest city in Croatia (after Zagreb and Split).
Robert Stack (born Charles Langford Modini Stack, January 13, 1919 – May 14, 2003) was an American actor, sportsman, and television host.
Rosa Luxemburg (Róża Luksemburg; also Rozalia Luxenburg; 5 March 1871 – 15 January 1919) was a Polish Marxist theorist, philosopher, economist, anti-war activist, and revolutionary socialist who became a naturalized German citizen at the age of 28.
Rostom Sipan "Ross" Bagdasarian (January 27, 1919 – January 16, 1972), otherwise known by his stage name David Seville, was an American pianist, musician, actor, voice actor, and record producer.
The Anarchical and Revolutionary Crimes Act of 1919, popularly known as the Rowlatt Act and also known as the Black Act, was a legislative act passed by the Imperial Legislative Council in Delhi on March 18, 1919, indefinitely extending the emergency measures of preventive indefinite detention, incarceration without trial and judicial review enacted in the Defence of India Act 1915 during the First World War.
The Royal Irish Constabulary (RIC, Irish: Constáblacht Ríoga na hÉireann; simply called the Irish Constabulary 1836–67) was the police force in Ireland from the early nineteenth century until 1922.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
Ruanda-Urundi (in Dutch also Roeanda-Oeroendi) was a territory in the African Great Lakes region, once part of German East Africa, which was ruled by Belgium between 1916 and 1962.
Rinaldo Joseph "Rugger" Ardizoia (November 20, 1919 – July 19, 2015) was a Major League Baseball pitcher.
Ruggero (or Ruggiero) Leoncavallo (23 April 18579 August 1919) was an Italian opera composer and librettist.
The Ruhr (Ruhrgebiet), or the Ruhr district, Ruhr region, Ruhr area or Ruhr valley, is a polycentric urban area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The Russian Civil War (Grazhdanskaya voyna v Rossiyi; November 1917 – October 1922) was a multi-party war in the former Russian Empire immediately after the Russian Revolutions of 1917, as many factions vied to determine Russia's political future.
The Russian Revolution was a pair of revolutions in Russia in 1917 which dismantled the Tsarist autocracy and led to the rise of the Soviet Union.
The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (Russian SFSR or RSFSR; Ru-Российская Советская Федеративная Социалистическая Республика.ogg), also unofficially known as the Russian Federation, Soviet Russia,Declaration of Rights of the laboring and exploited people, article I or Russia (rɐˈsʲijə; from the Ρωσία Rōsía — Rus'), was an independent state from 1917 to 1922, and afterwards the largest, most populous, and most economically developed union republic of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1991 and then a sovereign part of the Soviet Union with priority of Russian laws over Union-level legislation in 1990 and 1991.
Ryszard Kaczorowski, GCMG (26 November 1919 – 10 April 2010) was a Polish statesman.
Saaremaa (Danish: Øsel; English (esp. traditionally): Osel; Finnish: Saarenmaa; Swedish & German: Ösel) is the largest island in Estonia, measuring.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
Samsun is a city on the north coast of Turkey with a population over half a million people.
San Francisco (initials SF;, Spanish for 'Saint Francis'), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California.
San Juan (Saint John) is the capital and most populous municipality in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, an unincorporated territory of the United States.
Santiago Álvarez Román (March 18, 1919 – May 20, 1998) was a Cuban filmmaker.
The Save the Children Fund, commonly known as Save the Children, is an international non-governmental organisation that promotes children's rights, provides relief and helps support children in developing countries.
Scapa Flow viewed from its eastern end in June 2009 Scapa Flow is a body of water in the Orkney Islands, Scotland, sheltered by the islands of Mainland, Graemsay, Burray,S.
Schenck v. United States,, is a United States Supreme Court case concerning enforcement of the Espionage Act of 1917 during World War I. A unanimous Supreme Court, in an opinion by Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr., concluded that defendants who distributed fliers to draft-age men, urging resistance to induction, could be convicted of an attempt to obstruct the draft, a criminal offense.
The scuttling of the German fleet took place at the Royal Navy's base at Scapa Flow, in Scotland, after the First World War.
The Seattle General Strike of 1919 was a five-day general work stoppage by more than 65,000 workers in the city of Seattle, Washington, which lasted from February 6 to February 11 of that year.
Between the years AD 1900 and 2099, September 11 of the Gregorian calendar is the leap day of the Coptic and Ethiopian calendars.
It is frequently the day of the autumnal equinox in the Northern Hemisphere and the day of the vernal equinox in the Southern Hemisphere.
It is frequently the day of the autumnal equinox in the Northern Hemisphere and the day of the vernal equinox in the Southern Hemisphere.
A serial killer is typically a person who murders three or more people,A serial killer is most commonly defined as a person who kills three or more people for psychological gratification; reliable sources over the years agree.
Sette Giugno (from Italian for "Seventh of June") is a Maltese national holiday celebrated annually on June 7.
The Sex Disqualification (Removal) Act 1919 is an Act of Parliament in the United Kingdom.
Shah (Šāh, pronounced, "king") is a title given to the emperors, kings, princes and lords of Iran (historically also known as Persia).
Shirley Mitchell (November 4, 1919 – November 11, 2013) was an American radio, film, and television actress.
Mohamed Siad Barre (Maxamed Siyaad Barre; محمد سياد بري; October 6, 1919 – January 2, 1995) was a Somali politician who served as the President of the Somali Democratic Republic from 1969 to 1991.
The Silesian Uprisings (Aufstände in Oberschlesien; Powstania śląskie) were a series of three armed uprisings of the Poles and Polish Silesians of Upper Silesia, from 1919 to 1921, against German rule; the resistance hoped to break away from Germany in order to join the Second Polish Republic, which had been established in the wake of World War I. In the latter-day history of Poland after World War II, the insurrections were celebrated as centrepieces of national pride.
Sinn Féin (isbn) is a left-wing Irish republican political party active in both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland.
The Sinn Féin Manifesto 1918 was that party's election manifesto for the 1918 general election.
Sirr Al-Khatim Al-Khalifa Al-Hassan (سرالختم الخليفة الحسن, 1 January 1919, – 18 February 2006) was a Sudanese politician, ambassador and an elite educator, who served as the 5th Prime Minister of Sudan.
Louis Burton Lindley Jr. (June 29, 1919December 8, 1983), better known by his stage name Slim Pickens, was an American rodeo performer and film and television actor.
Slovakia (Slovensko), officially the Slovak Republic (Slovenská republika), is a landlocked country in Central Europe.
Sobral is a municipality in the state of Ceará, Brazil.
Solange Troisier (19 July 1919 – 9 September 2008) was a French physician, Inspector General of Prisons, and deputy for the Val-d'Oise.
A solar eclipse (as seen from the planet Earth) is a type of eclipse that occurs when the Moon passes between the Sun and Earth, and when the Moon fully or partially blocks ("occults") the Sun.
Sologhead beg or Solohead beg is a townland and civil parish in County Tipperary, Ireland, lying northwest of Tipperary town.
Sono Osato (born August 29, 1919) is an American dancer and actress of Japanese and European descent.
The Spanish flu (January 1918 – December 1920), also known as the 1918 flu pandemic, was an unusually deadly influenza pandemic, the first of the two pandemics involving H1N1 influenza virus.
The Spartacist uprising (Spartakusaufstand), also known as the January uprising (Januaraufstand), was a general strike (and the armed battles accompanying it) in Germany from 4 to 15 January 1919.
Spin Boldak, meaning 'white desert', is a border town and the headquarters of Spin Boldak District in the southern Kandahar province of Afghanistan, next to the Durand Line border with Pakistan.
Harry St John Bridger Philby, CIE (3 April 1885 – 30 September 1960), also known as Jack Philby or Sheikh Abdullah (الشيخ عبدالله), was a British Arabist, adviser, explorer, writer, and colonial office intelligence officer.
St Mirren Football Club is a Scottish professional football club based in Paisley, Renfrewshire, founded in 1877.
Stane Kavčič (30 October 1919 – 27 March 1987) was a Slovenian communist politician within the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
The state attorney general in each of the 50 U.S. states and territories is the chief legal advisor to the state government and the state's chief law enforcement officer.
The steel strike of 1919 was an attempt by the weakened Amalgamated Association of Iron, Steel and Tin Workers (the AA) to organize the United States steel industry in the wake of World War I. The strike began on September 21, 1919, and collapsed on January 8, 1920.
Strother Douglas Martin, Jr. (March 26, 1919 – August 1, 1980) was an American character actor who often appeared in support of John Wayne and Paul Newman and in western films directed by John Ford and Sam Peckinpah.
Suffrage, political franchise, or simply franchise is the right to vote in public, political elections (although the term is sometimes used for any right to vote).
The Supermarine Spitfire is a British single-seat fighter aircraft used by the Royal Air Force and other Allied countries before, during and after World War II.
The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
Surrealism is a cultural movement that began in the early 1920s, and is best known for its visual artworks and writings.
Surrealist automatism is a method of art-making in which the artist suppresses conscious control over the making process, allowing the unconscious mind to have great sway.
The Syrian National Congress, also called the Pan-Syrian Congress, was convened in May 1919 in Damascus, Syria, after the expulsion of the Ottoman Empire from the area.
Colonel Thomas Edward Lawrence, (16 August 1888 – 19 May 1935) was a British archaeologist, military officer, diplomat, and writer.
, also known as Tad Mochinaga, was a pioneer Japanese stop-motion animator.
Tallinn (or,; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Estonia.
Tartu (South Estonian: Tarto) is the second largest city of Estonia, after Estonia's political and financial capital Tallinn.
, (Chichibu, September 23, 1919 – Kumagaya, February 20, 2018) was a Japanese writer.
Ernest Jennings Ford (February 13, 1919 – October 17, 1991), known professionally as Tennessee Ernie Ford, was an American recording artist and television host who enjoyed success in the country and Western, pop, and gospel musical genres.
Gensui Count, GCB (5 February 1852 – 3 November 1919), was a Japanese military officer, proconsul and politician.
Texas (Texas or Tejas) is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population.
The Economic Consequences of the Peace (1919) is a book written and published by the British economist John Maynard Keynes.
Theodore Roosevelt Jr. (October 27, 1858 – January 6, 1919) was an American statesman and writer who served as the 26th President of the United States from 1901 to 1909.
The Third Anglo-Afghan War (د افغان-انګرېز درېمه جګړه), also referred to as the Third Afghan War, began on 6 May 1919 when the Emirate of Afghanistan invaded British India and ended with an armistice on 8 August 1919.
Thomas Egan (November 1, 1874 - April 20, 1919) was a St. Louis politician and organized crime figure involved in bootlegging and illegal gambling.
Thomas Gayle Morris (August 20, 1919 – March 4, 2016) was an American politician.
The Thompson submachine gun is an American submachine gun, invented by John T. Thompson in 1918, that became infamous during the Prohibition era, becoming a signature weapon of various organized crime syndicates in the United States.
Timișoara (Temeswar, also formerly Temeschburg or Temeschwar; Temesvár,; טעמשוואר; Темишвар / Temišvar; Banat Bulgarian: Timišvár; Temeşvar; Temešvár) is the capital city of Timiș County, and the main social, economic and cultural centre in western Romania.
Thomas Jefferson Jordan (born September 5, 1919) is a retired American professional baseball player, a catcher who appeared in 39 Major League games over three seasons for the Chicago White Sox, Cleveland Indians, and the St. Louis Browns.
Thomas Joseph Byrne (December 31, 1919 – December 20, 2007) was an American left-handed starting pitcher in Major League Baseball who played for four American League teams from through, primarily the New York Yankees.
Tong Siv Eng (31 October 1919 – 12 June 2001) was a Cambodian politician.
A torpedo boat is a relatively small and fast naval ship designed to carry torpedoes into battle.
Tragic Week (Semana Trágica) was a series of riots and massacres that took place in Buenos Aires, Argentina, during the week of January 7, 1919.
A transatlantic flight is the flight of an aircraft across the Atlantic Ocean from Europe, Africa or the Middle East to North America, Central America, or South America, or vice versa.
British aviators John Alcock and Arthur Brown made the first non-stop transatlantic flight in June 1919.
Transylvania is a historical region in today's central Romania.
The Treaty of Neuilly-sur-Seine required Bulgaria to cede various territories, after Bulgaria had been one of the Central Powers defeated in World War I. The treaty was signed on 27 November 1919 at Neuilly-sur-Seine, France.
The Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye was signed on 10 September 1919 by the victorious Allies of World War I on the one hand and by the Republic of German-Austria on the other.
The Treaty of Versailles (Traité de Versailles) was the most important of the peace treaties that brought World War I to an end.
Trepassey, is a small fishing community located in Trepassey Bay on the south eastern corner of the Avalon Peninsula of Newfoundland and Labrador.
A troop is a military sub-subunit, originally a small formation of cavalry, subordinate to a squadron.
Tsilla Chelton (21 June 1919 – 15 July 2012) was a French actress of theatre and film, famous for playing the main role in 1990 film Tatie Danielle, in which she was nominated for a Cesar award and as an elderly Dominican in Soeur Sourire.
The Turkish War of Independence (Kurtuluş Savaşı "War of Liberation", also known figuratively as İstiklâl Harbi "Independence War" or Millî Mücadele "National Campaign"; 19 May 1919 – 24 July 1923) was fought between the Turkish National Movement and the proxies of the Allies – namely Greece on the Western front, Armenia on the Eastern, France on the Southern and with them, the United Kingdom and Italy in Constantinople (now Istanbul) – after parts of the Ottoman Empire were occupied and partitioned following the Ottomans' defeat in World War I. Few of the occupying British, French, and Italian troops had been deployed or engaged in combat.
In the United Kingdom and other countries within the Commonwealth, a two-minute silence is observed as part of Armistice Day to remember those who lost their lives in conflict.
The Ukrainian People's Republic, or Ukrainian National Republic (abbreviated to УНР), was a predecessor of modern Ukraine declared on 10 June 1917 following the Russian Revolution.
"Unforgettable" is a popular song written by Irving Gordon and produced by Lee Gillette.
United Artists (UA) is an American film and television entertainment studio.
The United Mine Workers of America (UMW or UMWA) is a North American labor union best known for representing coal miners.
The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Attorney General (A.G.) is the head of the United States Department of Justice per, concerned with all legal affairs, and is the chief lawyer of the United States government.
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
The United States Numbered Highway System (often called U.S. Routes or U.S. Highways) is an integrated network of roads and highways numbered within a nationwide grid in the contiguous United States.
The Secretary of War was a member of the United States President's Cabinet, beginning with George Washington's administration.
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprise the legislature of the United States.
Universal manhood suffrage is a form of voting rights in which all adult males within a political system are allowed to vote, regardless of income, property, religion, race, or any other qualification.
The University of California (UC) is a public university system in the US state of California.
The University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) is a public research university in the Westwood district of Los Angeles, United States.
Upper Silesia (Górny Śląsk; Silesian Polish: Gůrny Ślůnsk; Horní Slezsko; Oberschlesien; Silesian German: Oberschläsing; Silesia Superior) is the southeastern part of the historical and geographical region of Silesia, located mostly in Poland, with small parts in the Czech Republic.
USAT Buford was a combination cargo/passenger ship, originally launched in 1890 as the SS Mississippi.
Tun Thirunyanasambanthan s/o Veerasamy, also known as V.T. Sambanthan, was the fifth President of Malaysian Indian Congress and one of the Founding Fathers of Malaysia along with Tunku Abdul Rahman and Tan Cheng Lock.
Valentino Mazzola (26 January 1919 – 4 May 1949) was an Italian footballer who played as an attacking midfielder or forward.
Valga (Walk) is a town in southern Estonia and the capital of Valga County.
Võru (Võro; Werro; Выру (Vyru); Veru) is a town and a municipality in south-eastern Estonia.
Veikko Aarne Aleks Huhtanen (5 June 1919 – 29 January 1976) was a Finnish artistic gymnast.
The Vickers Vimy was a British heavy bomber aircraft developed and manufactured by Vickers Limited.
Victorino de la Plaza y Palacios (November 2, 1840 – October 2, 1919) was President of Argentina from 9 August 1914 to 11 October 1916.
Victory Day (also shortened as V-Day) is a common name of many different public holidays in various countries to commemorate victories in important battles or wars in the countries' history.
Violet "Vi" Milstead Warren (October 17, 1919 – June 27, 2014) was a Canadian aviator, noted for being the first female Canadian bush pilot and one of only four Canadian woman to work in the British Air Transport Auxiliary (ATA) during WWII.
The National Prohibition Act, known informally as the Volstead Act, was enacted to carry out the intent of the 18th Amendment (ratified January 1919), which established prohibition in the United States.
Walter Joseph "Wally" Hickel (August 18, 1919 – May 7, 2010) was an American businessman and politician.
Major General Walter Babington "Sandy" Thomas, (29 June 1919 – 22 October 2017) was a New Zealand-born British Army officer, who served as General Officer Commanding Far East Land Forces from 1970 to 1971.
Walter Bernstein (born August 20, 1919) is an American screenwriter and film producer who was blacklisted by the Hollywood movie studios in the 1950s.
Walter Obodzinsky, also known as Volodya Obodzinsky (5 July 1919 – 6 March 2004), was a Polish-born member of the Wehrmacht.
Walter Scheel (8 July 1919 – 24 August 2016) was a German politician.
Wasfi al-Tal (also Wasfi Tel) (19 January 1919 – 28 November 1971) (وصفي التل) was Prime Minister of Jordan for three separate terms.
Washington, officially the State of Washington, is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States.
The Watsons, are an American family of nine sibling actors, who are known as "the first family of Hollywood".
Weimar (Vimaria or Vinaria) is a city in the federal state of Thuringia, Germany.
The Constitution of the German Reich (Die Verfassung des Deutschen Reichs), usually known as the Weimar Constitution (Weimarer Verfassung) was the constitution that governed Germany during the Weimar Republic era (1919–1933).
The Weimar National Assembly (Weimarer Nationalversammlung) was the constitutional convention and de facto parliament of Germany from 6 February 1919 to 6 June 1920.
The Weimar Republic (Weimarer Republik) is an unofficial, historical designation for the German state during the years 1919 to 1933.
The White movement (p) and its military arm the White Army (Бѣлая Армія/Белая Армия, Belaya Armiya), also known as the White Guard (Бѣлая Гвардія/Белая Гвардия, Belaya Gvardiya), the White Guardsmen (Белогвардейцы, Belogvardeytsi) or simply the Whites (Белые, Beliye), was a loose confederation of Anti-Communist forces that fought the Bolsheviks, also known as the Reds, in the Russian Civil War (1917–1922/3) and, to a lesser extent, continued operating as militarized associations both outside and within Russian borders until roughly the Second World War.
Sir Henri Charles Wilfrid Laurier (20 November 1841 – 17 February 1919), known as Wilfrid Laurier, was the seventh Prime Minister of Canada, in office from 11 July 1896 to 6 October 1911.
Sir William Crookes (17 June 1832 – 4 April 1919) was a British chemist and physicist who attended the Royal College of Chemistry in London, and worked on spectroscopy.
William Francis Quinn (July 13, 1919 – August 28, 2006) was an American lawyer who served as the Governor of the Territory of Hawaii from 1957 to 1959 and the first Governor of the State of Hawaii from 1959 to 1962.
William Nunn Lipscomb Jr. (December 9, 1919April 14, 2011) was a Nobel Prize-winning American inorganic and organic chemist working in nuclear magnetic resonance, theoretical chemistry, boron chemistry, and biochemistry.
William Waldorf "Willy" Astor, 1st Viscount Astor (March 31, 1848 – October 18, 1919) was a wealthy American-born attorney, politician, businessman, and newspaper publisher.
The Wingfoot Air Express was a dirigible that crashed into the Illinois Trust and Savings Building in Chicago on Monday July 21, 1919.
Winnipeg is the capital and largest city of the province of Manitoba in Canada.
The Winnipeg General Strike of 1919 was one of the most famous and influential strikes in Canadian history.
Wolfgang Wagner (30 August 191921 March 2010) was a German opera director.
Women's rights are the rights and entitlements claimed for women and girls worldwide, and formed the basis for the women's rights movement in the nineteenth century and feminist movement during the 20th century.
Women's suffrage (colloquial: female suffrage, woman suffrage or women's right to vote) --> is the right of women to vote in elections; a person who advocates the extension of suffrage, particularly to women, is called a suffragist.
Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924) was an American statesman and academic who served as the 28th President of the United States from 1913 to 1921.
The Drunkard's Progress: A lithograph by Nathaniel Currier supporting the temperance movement, January 1846. The World League Against Alcoholism was organized by the Anti-Saloon League, whose goal became establishing prohibition not only in the United States but throughout the entire world.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Sir Zelman Cowen, (7 October 1919 – 8 December 2011) was an Australian legal scholar and university administrator who served as the 19th Governor-General of Australia, in office from 1977 to 1982.
Zhao Ziyang (pronounced; 17 October 1919 – 17 January 2005) was a high-ranking statesman in China.
Zionism (צִיּוֹנוּת Tsiyyonut after Zion) is the national movement of the Jewish people that supports the re-establishment of a Jewish homeland in the territory defined as the historic Land of Israel (roughly corresponding to Canaan, the Holy Land, or the region of Palestine).
The.30-06 Springfield cartridge (pronounced "thirty-aught-six" or "thirty-oh-six"), 7.62×63mm in metric notation and called ".30 Gov't '06" by Winchester, was introduced to the United States Army in 1906 and later standardized; it remained in use until the early 1980s.
It is historically famous for the wave of revolutions, a series of widespread struggles for more liberal governments, which broke out from Brazil to Hungary; although most failed in their immediate aims, they significantly altered the political and philosophical landscape and had major ramifications throughout the rest of the century.
This year was named by Mitchell Stephens as the greatest year to read newspapers.
As the second year of the massive Russo-Japanese War began, more than 100,000 died in the largest world battles of that era, and the war chaos lead to a revolution against the Tsar (Shostakovich's 11th Symphony is subtitled The Year 1905 to commemorate this).
According to NASA reports, 1908 was the coldest recorded year since 1880.
This year is famous for the end of the First World War, on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month, as well as for the flu pandemic, that killed 50-100 million people worldwide.
The 1919 Florida Keys hurricane (also known as the 1919 Key West hurricane) was a massive and damaging tropical cyclone that swept across areas of the northern Caribbean Sea and the United States Gulf Coast in September 1919.
The 1919 United States anarchist bombings were a series of bombings and attempted bombings carried out by anarchist followers of Luigi Galleani from April through June 1919.
The 1919 World Series matched the American League champion Chicago White Sox against the National League champion Cincinnati Reds.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
This year also marks the end of the Second World War, the deadliest conflict in human history.
This was the year of the Protests of 1968.
The year is associated with the first manned landing on the Moon (Apollo 11).
The world population increased by 2.1% this year, the highest increase in history.
Within the context of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) it was the longest year ever, as two leap seconds were added during this 366-day year, an event which has not since been repeated.
The year 1983 saw both the official beginning of the Internet and the first mobile cellular telephone call.
The year 1985 was designated as the International Youth Year by the United Nations.
The year 1986 was designated as the International Year of Peace by the United Nations.
In the 20th century, the year 1988 has the most Roman numeral digits (11).
1989 was a turning point in political history because a wave of revolutions swept the Eastern Bloc in Europe, starting in Poland and Hungary, with experiments in power sharing, coming to a head with the opening of the Berlin Wall in November, and the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia, embracing the overthrow of the communist dictatorship in Romania in December, and ending in December 1991 with the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
Important events of 1990 include the Reunification of Germany and the unification of Yemen, the formal beginning of the Human Genome Project (finished in 2003), the launch of the Hubble Space Telescope, the separation of Namibia from South Africa, and the Baltic states declaring independence from the Soviet Union amidst Perestroika.
It was the year that is usually considered the final year of the Cold War that had begun in the late 1940s.
1992 was designated as.
The year 1994 was designated as the "International Year of the Family" and the "International Year of Sport and the Olympic Ideal" by the United Nations.
This was the first year that the Internet was entirely privatized, with the United States government no longer providing public funding.
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1998 was designated as the International Year of the Ocean.
1999 was designated as the International Year of Older Persons.
The 1st Congress of the Comintern was an international gathering of communist, revolutionary socialist, and syndicalist delegates held in Moscow which established the Communist International (Comintern).
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2017 was designated as International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development by the United Nations General Assembly.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
438 "City of Montreal" Tactical Helicopter Squadron (French: 438e Escadron tactique d'hélicoptères) is a unit of the Royal Canadian Air Force.
The 7th Cavalry Regiment is a United States Army cavalry regiment formed in 1866.
1919 (year), 1919 AD, 1919 CE, AD 1919, April 1919, August 1919, Births in 1919, Deaths in 1919, December 1919, Events in 1919, February 1919, January 1919, July 1919, June 1919, MCMXIX, March 1919, May 1919, November 1919, October 1919, September 1919, Taisho 8, Taishō 8, Year 1919.