1354 relations: Aaron Spelling, Abdel Aziz Mohamed Hegazy, Abdul Kerim Pasha, Abdullah I of Jordan, Abe Pollin, Absalón Castellanos Domínguez, Achille Silvestrini, Adnan Pachachi, Adolf Hitler, Agatha Barbara, Ahmad Shah Qajar, Airship, Aishah Ghani, Al Lewis (actor), Al Quie, Alan Shepard, Albert Chevalier, Albert Einstein, Albert Guðmundsson, Albert King, Albert Louis Deullin, Albert Vanhoye, Aleksandar Stamboliyski, Aleksandr Alov, Alexander Harvey II, Alexander Milne Calder, Alexandre Astruc, Alexandre Ribot, Alexis-Xyste Bernard, Alfonso Wong, Alfred Goodwin, Alfred Harding (bishop), Alice Haylett, Aline Griffith, Countess of Romanones, Allie Sherman, Amalia Eriksson, Ambalavaner Sivanandan, American Law Institute, André Antunes, Andrés Avelino Cáceres, Andrés Rodríguez (politician), Andy Jack, Ankara, Anne Baxter, Anne Jeffreys, Anne Klein, Anthony Bevilacqua, Anthony Enahoro, Anthony Eyton, Anthony Hecht, ..., Antoni Tàpies, Antonio Francisco Xavier Alvares, Antonio Riboldi, April 1, April 10, April 12, April 13, April 14, April 15, April 16, April 17, April 18, April 19, April 2, April 20, April 22, April 23, April 24, April 25, April 26, April 28, April 30, April 4, April 5, April 6, April 8, Ara Parseghian, Arabic, Aristides Pereira, Armand Borel, Arnold S. Relman, Arthur Hiller, Arthur Jensen, Arvid Carlsson, Asri Muda, Assi Rahbani, Atlantic hurricane season, August 1, August 10, August 13, August 15, August 16, August 18, August 19, August 2, August 20, August 21, August 22, August 23, August 24, August 25, August 26, August 27, August 29, August 3, August 30, August 31, August 4, August 5, August 6, August 8, August 9, Auguste Bouché-Leclercq, Autogyro, Ayan, Russia, Étienne Bally, İsmet İnönü, Babe McCarthy, Barbara Perry (actress), Barcelona, Bartolomeo Bacilieri, Baseball, Basil Feldman, Baron Feldman, Bavaria, Bülent Ulusu, Beatrix Hamburg, Beer Hall Putsch, Belisario Betancur, Berkeley, California, Bernard F. Grabowski, Bernard Koura, Bertolt Brecht, Beth Chatto, Betsy Blair, Bettie Page, Billy Haughton, Billy Hughes, Billy Steel, Bjørn Watt-Boolsen, Black Reichswehr, Bob Barker, Bob Dole, Bob Elliott (comedian), Bolton Wanderers F.C., Bonar Law, Bonnie Guitar, Brendan Behan, British Army, British Mandate for Palestine (legal instrument), Bulgarian coup d'état of 1923, California, Calvin Coolidge, Carl Djerassi, Carl L. Boeckmann, Carl von Horn (1847–1923), Carolina Santocanale, Carolina Slim, Catholic Church, Cesare Romiti, Cesare Rubini, Cesare Siepi, CFCA (AM), Chancellor of Germany, Chandrashekhar, Charles de Freycinet, Charles Dupuy, Charles Durning, Charles Hawtrey (actor, born 1858), Charles Kent (actor), Charles Lazarus, Charles McClendon, Charlton Heston, Cheikh Anta Diop, Chihuahua (state), Chou Wen-chung, Chris Argyris, Chuck Yeager, Clem Windsor, Cleyde Yáconis, Cliff Robertson, Club Necaxa, Coalition (Australia), Coalition government, Cochlear implant, Columba Marmion, Communist International, Communist Party of China, Conrad Bain, Conservative Party (UK), Constantin Cristescu, Constantin Dăscălescu, Constantine I of Greece, Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria, Corfu incident, Cornelia Groefsema Kennedy, Cot Deal, Count Erich Kielmansegg, Coup d'état, Cover date, Dale Robertson, Damat Ferid Pasha, Daniel Carleton Gajdusek, Daniil Khrabrovitsky, Dannie Abse, David H. Rodgers, David Soyer, David Wasawo, December 1, December 10, December 11, December 12, December 13, December 14, December 15, December 16, December 17, December 18, December 19, December 2, December 20, December 21, December 22, December 23, December 24, December 25, December 26, December 27, December 28, December 29, December 3, December 4, December 5, December 6, December 7, December 8, December 9, Dede Allen, Denise Levertov, Destroyer, Dev Anand, Devan Nair, Dewey Martin (actor), Dexter Gordon, Diana Douglas, Diane Arbus, Dick Shawn, Dictatorship, Diego Manuel Chamorro, Dill Jones, Dina Merrill, Dirk Bernard Joseph Schouten, Doc Watson, Dolph Briscoe, Domenico Tripodo, Don Adams, Donald Swann, Dorila Antommarchi, Doris Dowling, Doris Johnson, Dorothy Hewett, Doug Everingham, Douglas Wass, Duke Paul Frederick of Mecklenburg, Dynamo Sports Club, Ed Bearss, Ed McMahon, Edgar Cortright, Edith Barney, Edith Södergran, Edith Thompson and Frederick Bywaters, Edmonton Eskimos (ice hockey), Edmund William Berridge, Edward Emerson Barnard, Edward Hill (painter), Edward Mulhare, Edward Oliver LeBlanc, Edward W. Morley, Edwin Bramall, Egypt, Egyptian Constitution of 1923, Egyptian Feminist Union, Eiffel Tower, Elbazduko Britayev, Eleanor Dapkus, Eligiusz Niewiadomski, Elisabeth Becker, Elizabeth Hawley, Elizabeth Jolley, Elizabeth Sellars, Ellsworth Kelly, Elon University, Emirate, Emirate of Transjordan, Emmett Hulcy Tidd, Enrique Angelelli, Episcopal Church (United States), Eric Hill (cricketer), Eric Sykes, Erich Lessing, Ernest Francis Bashford, Ernst Nolte, Ernst Otto Beckmann, Ernst Troeltsch, Ernst Trygger, Eskom, Esmeralda Agoglia, Esteban Terradas i Illa, Estelle Getty, Eugene Wright, Eugenio Cruz Vargas, Eve Branson, Eve Miller, Evelyn Ward, FA Cup Final, Faas Wilkes, Façade (entertainment), Farhang Mehr, Fatmawati, Fats Navarro, Félix Fourdrain, FC Rapid București, February 1, February 10, February 11, February 12, February 13, February 14, February 16, February 17, February 19, February 2, February 20, February 21, February 22, February 23, February 24, February 26, February 27, February 28, February 3, February 4, February 5, February 6, February 7, February 8, February 9, Federated Malay States, Felipe Zetter, Felo Ramírez, Feminism, Fernando Cabrita, Filippo Smaldone, Finnair, Firehole River, First inauguration of Calvin Coolidge, Flaming Cliffs, Florida, Forbes Burnham, Francesco Paolo Bonifacio, Francis Graham-Smith, Francis Tucker, Francisco Castro (athlete), Francisco de Andrade, Franco Zeffirelli, Frank Baldwin, Frank Brian, Frank Hayes (actor), Frank Sutton, Fred Richmond, Fred Ridgway, Freddie Fields, Frederick Banting, Freeman Dyson, French Mandate for Syria and the Lebanon, Fritz Pregl, G. 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Buckley, James Ramsden (politician), James Ryan (bishop), James Stockdale, Jamshid Amouzegar, Jan Veselý (cyclist), Janey Sevilla Callander, January 1, January 11, January 12, January 13, January 15, January 16, January 17, January 18, January 19, January 2, January 20, January 22, January 23, January 25, January 26, January 27, January 29, January 3, January 30, January 31, January 5, January 6, January 7, January 8, January 9, Jaroslav Hašek, Jaroslav Pelikan, Józef Bilczewski, Júlia da Silva Bruhns, Jean Baratte, Jean Carson, Jean Hagen, Jean Lucienbonnet, Jean Stapleton, Jean-Jacques Moreau, Jeff Dwire, Jerome H. Lemelson, Jerry Rullo, Jill Knight, Jim Lowe, Jim Marshall (businessman), Jim Reeves, Jimmy Lydon, Jo-Carroll Dennison, Joaquín Sorolla, Joe M. Jackson, Joe Shulman, Johann Eyfells, Johannes Diderik van der Waals, John Bradley (United States Navy), John E. Sarno, John Herbers, John Lanchbery, John Macleod (physiologist), John Morley, John Oldham (basketball), John van Hengel, John Venn, John Watkins (South African cricketer), John William Brodie-Innes, Johnny Most, Johnny Paton, Johnny Wardle, Johor–Singapore Causeway, José Serra Gil, Josep Seguer, Joseph Gurney Cannon, Joseph Heller, Joseph McDermott (actor), Joy Laville, Juan Arza, Juan de la Cierva, Judith Kerr, Julien J. LeBourgeois, July 1, July 10, July 11, July 12, July 13, July 14, July 15, July 16, July 18, July 19, July 2, July 20, July 21, July 22, July 23, July 24, July 25, July 28, July 29, July 3, July 30, July 31, July 4, July 5, July 6, July 7, July 8, July 9, Jun Fukuda, June 10, June 11, June 12, June 13, June 14, June 15, June 16, June 17, June 18, June 19, June 2, June 20, June 21, June 22, June 23, June 24, June 25, June 26, June 27, June 28, June 29, June 3, June 30, June 4, June 5, June 6, June 7, June 8, June 9, Kalidas Shrestha, Kandersteg International Scout Centre, Katō Tomosaburō, Kate Bishop (actress), Katherine Mansfield, Kay Lionikas, Küstrin Putsch, Keiichi Aichi, Keiju Kobayashi, Kenneth Thomson, 2nd Baron Thomson of Fleet, Kevlar, Khir Johari, King Oliver, Kingdom of Bulgaria, Kingdom of Greece, Kingdom of Italy, Kitty White, Klaipėda Region, Klaipėda Revolt, Knut Ahnlund, Konrad Repgen, Konstantin Budkevich, Kuomintang, Kuroki Tamemoto, Labour Party (UK), Lakehurst Maxfield Field, Larry Doby, Larry Grayson, Larry Storch, Lars Emil Bruun, Latifa al-Zayyat, League of Nations, Lebanon, Lee Kuan Yew, Lee Teng-hui, Lee Yuan-tsu, Leeward Islands, Len Okrie, Leonardo Ferrel, Les Pearce, Lewis Elton, Li Yuanhong, Linda Christian, Linda Darnell, Linwood Holton, Liseberg, List of heads of state of Poland, List of Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross recipients (W), List of Ottoman Grand Viziers, List of Presidents of Cape Verde, List of Prime Ministers of Guyana, Lithuania, Liz Smith (journalist), Lloyd Conover, Lloyd Shapley, Lluís Domènech i Montaner, Long and short scales, Loriot, Lou Richards, Louis Armstrong, Louis Simpson, Louis-Edmond Hamelin, Louise Arnold (baseball), Louk Hulsman, Lucas Mangope, Luigi Tezza, Luigi Variara, Luis Abanto Morales, Luis Aloma, Luis Álamos, Lydia Clarke, Madeleine Dring, Madre Teresa Nuzzo, Mae Young, Mahlon Clark, Major League Baseball, Makhmut Gareev, Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church, Mandatory Palestine, Manuel Allendesalazar y Muñoz de Salazar, María Martín, Marcel Duchamp, Marcel Marceau, March 1, March 10, March 11, March 12, March 14, March 15, March 16, March 2, March 20, March 21, March 22, March 24, March 25, March 26, March 27, March 28, March 29, March 3, March 30, March 31, March 4, March 6, March 7, March 8, March 9, Mari Evans, Maria Callas, Marmaduke Hussey, Baron Hussey of North Bradley, Marshall Amplification, Martha Mansfield, Mary Cynthia Dickerson, Mary Francis Shura, Mauno Koivisto, Maurice Barrès, Max Erwin von Scheubner-Richter, Max Nordau, Maximiano Tuazon Cruz, May 1, May 10, May 11, May 13, May 14, May 15, May 16, May 17, May 18, May 2, May 20, May 21, May 22, May 23, May 24, May 25, May 26, May 27, May 28, May 29, May 3, May 30, May 31, May 4, May 5, May 6, May 7, May 8, May 9, Mátyás Tímár, Medal of Honor, Meggie Albanesi, Melancthon J. Briggs, Melbourne, Merle Keagle, Merton Miller, Michael Douglas, Michael Kerry, Michael Lapage, Michael Legat, Michael Medwin, Michel-Joseph Maunoury, Michigan, Miguel Primo de Rivera, Millôr Fernandes, Milton Acorn, Mime artist, Mirko Ellis, Misael Pastrana Borrero, Miss America, Mitchell Flint, Mitsuye Yamada, Moderation League of New York, Mohammad Yaqub Khan, Moira Lister, Morris Halle, Mort Walker, Mother Angelica, Mount Etna, Moyra Fraser, Mrinal Sen, Mukesh (singer), Munich, Murray Hamilton, Murray Walker, Musa'id bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Museums Victoria, Mushtaq Ahmad Yusufi, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, N. T. Rama Rao, Nadine Gordimer, Nat Neujean, National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, National Party of Australia, Nationalist Party (Australia), Nazism, Nemesio Canales, Nepal, Nepal–Britain Treaty of 1923, New York Yankees, Nguyễn Văn Thiệu, Nicola Barbato, Ninian Stephen, Nirmala Srivastava, Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, Nobel Peace Prize, Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Nobel Prize in Literature, Nobel Prize in Physics, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Nora Brockstedt, Norma Zimmer, Norman Albert, Norman Kirk, Norman Mailer, Norman Smith (record producer), North Carolina, November 1, November 10, November 11, November 12, November 13, November 14, November 15, November 17, November 18, November 2, November 20, November 21, November 22, November 23, November 24, November 25, November 26, November 28, November 3, November 30, November 4, November 5, November 8, November 9, Novo Nordisk, Oaxaca, Occupation of Constantinople, Occupation of the Ruhr, Octavio Lepage, October 1, October 10, October 12, October 13, October 14, October 15, October 16, October 17, October 19, October 2, October 20, October 23, October 24, October 25, October 27, October 28, October 29, October 3, October 30, October 4, October 5, October 6, October 7, October 9, Olav Thon, Olavo Rodrigues Barbosa, Ontario Hockey League, Order of Saint Benedict, Orrin Keepnews, Otfried Preußler, Ottoman Empire, P. K. van der Byl, Paavo Lonkila, Paddy Chayefsky, Pamela Sharples, Baroness Sharples, Panama, Pancho Villa, Parliamentary system, Parral, Chihuahua, Pascual Álvarez, Pat Phoenix, Patent, Patrick Hillery, Patrick Moore, Paul Hellyer, Paul Muller (actor), Paula Fox, Pedro José Escalón, Peggy Stewart (actress), Pete Parker, Peter II of Yugoslavia, Peter Lawford, Peter Mennin, Peter Thorne (RAF officer), Peter Vaughan, Philip Slier, Philip Warren Anderson, Piedmont blues, Piero D'Inzeo, Pierre Brizon, Pierre Loti, Polish Corridor, Politics of Australia, Pope Shenouda III of Alexandria, President of Azerbaijan, President of Brazil, President of Colombia, President of El Salvador, President of Finland, President of Guyana, President of Ireland, President of Israel, President of Nicaragua, President of Paraguay, President of Peru, President of Singapore, President of Sri Lanka, President of the Republic of China, President of the United States, Prime Minister of Australia, Prime Minister of Bulgaria, Prime Minister of Finland, Prime Minister of France, Prime Minister of Greece, Prime Minister of Israel, Prime Minister of Jamaica, Prime Minister of Japan, Prime Minister of Poland, Prime Minister of Singapore, Prime Minister of Spain, Prime Minister of Sweden, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Prime Minister of Yugoslavia, Prince Ernest Augustus, 3rd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale, Prince Fushimi Sadanaru, Prince Miguel, Duke of Viseu, Prince Naruhisa Kitashirakawa, Princess Anastasia of Greece and Denmark, Princess Helena of the United Kingdom, Princess Louise of Prussia, Princess Marie Elisabeth of Saxe-Meiningen, Princess Marie of Battenberg, Princess Maud, Countess of Southesk, Protectorate, Qajar dynasty, Queen Anne of Romania, Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, Queen Victoria, Queen's Counsel, Rafael Valentín Errázuriz, Rahula College, Railways Act 1921, Rainbow trout, Rainier III, Prince of Monaco, Ralph Hall, Ram Kishore Shukla, Ramón Valdés, Ranasinghe Premadasa, Raymond Radiguet, Red Schoendienst, Regia Aeronautica, René Girard, René Vuaillat, Repeal of Prohibition in the United States, Republic, Republic of China (1912–1949), Republican People's Party (Turkey), Residenz Theatre, Reza Shah, Rezső Nyers, Rhonda Fleming, Ricardo Lavié, Ricciotto Canudo, Richard A. 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Marcus, Russia, Russian Civil War, Ruth Adler Schnee, Ruy Barbosa, Sabena, Sam Francis, Sam Phillips, Samuel Willenberg, Sarah Bernhardt, Satyananda Saraswati, Scotty Bowers, Second Polish Republic, Seijun Suzuki, September 1, September 10, September 11, September 12, September 13, September 14, September 16, September 17, September 18, September 19, September 2, September 20, September 21, September 22, September 23, September 24, September 25, September 26, September 27, September 29, September 3, September 30, September 4, September 6, September 7, September 8, September 9, Sergey Akhromeyev, Shih Chun-jen, Shimamura Hayao, Shimon Peres, Shmuel Laviv-Lubin, Shoshana Damari, Siberia, Singapore, Siti Hartinah, Slim Whitman, Sonia Olschanezky, Sophus Andersen, Soviet Union, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, Sri Lanka, Stan Clements, Stanisław Albinowski, Stanisław Skrowaczewski, Stanley Baldwin, Stanley Bruce, Stansfield Turner, Stefanos Dragoumis, Stephanie Kwolek, Stig Mårtensson, Stojan Protić, Sully Boyar, Sumner Redstone, Sun Yat-sen, Sweden, Szymon Szurmiej, T-Model Ford, T. L. Osborn, T. M. Thiagarajan, Taco Bell, Takeo Arishima, Tang Hsiang Chien, Ted Knight, Ted Leehane, Thad Jones, Théophile Delcassé, Théophile Steinlen, The Bride Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors, Even, The Bronx, The Fabulous Moolah, The Ten Commandments (1956 film), The Walt Disney Company, Theodor Reuss, Theodor Rosetti, Thomas Bavister, Thomas Scott Baldwin, Time (magazine), Tomás Ó Fiaich, Tomás Bretón, Toronto, Toys "R" Us, Trade union, Treaty of Lausanne, Treblinka extermination camp, Tropical cyclone, Tu An, Turkey, Turks and Caicos Islands, Ulla Sallert, United Kingdom general election, 1923, United States Navy, United States Secretary of State, United States Senate, University of California, Urpo Korhonen, V. C. Andrews, Val Bettin, Val Logsdon Fitch, Valentina Cortese, Vasilije Mokranjac, Vatroslav Mimica, Vic Seixas, Victor II, Duke of Ratibor, Victoria de los Ángeles, Victoria Institution, Victoria Police, Vladimir K. Zworykin, Vladimir Lenin, Vulo Radev, W. B. Yeats, W. M. 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Expand index (1304 more) » « Shrink index
Aaron Spelling (April 22, 1923 – June 23, 2006) was an American film and television producer.
Abd El Aziz Mohamed Hegazy (also known as Abdulaziz Hijazi) (عبد العزيز محمد حجازي,; 3 January 1923 – 22 December 2014) was the 38th Prime Minister of Egypt during the presidency of Anwar Sadat.
Abdul Kerim Pasha (Turkish: Abdülkerim Paşa; born 1872 and died January 16, 1923), also known as Abdülkerim Öpelimi, was an Ottoman commander on the Caucasus front of World War I.
Abdullah I bin al-Hussein, King of Jordan (عبد الله الأول بن الحسين, Abd Allāh ibn al-Husayn, February 1882 – 20 July 1951), born in Mecca, Hejaz, Ottoman Empire, was the second of three sons of Hussein bin Ali, Sharif and Emir of Mecca and his first wife Abdiyya bint Abdullah (d. 1886).
Abraham Pollin (December 3, 1923 – November 24, 2009) was the owner of a number of professional sports teams including the Washington Capitals in the National Hockey League (NHL), the Washington Mystics in the Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA), and the Washington Wizards in the National Basketball Association (NBA).
Absalón Castellanos Domínguez (2 October 1923 – 10 March 2017) was a Mexican politician.
Achille Silvestrini (born 25 October 1923) is an Italian prelate of the Roman Catholic Church.
Adnan al-Pachachi or Adnan Muzahim Ameen al-Pachachi (عدنان الباجه جي) (born May 14, 1923) is a veteran Iraqi politician and diplomat who served as Foreign Minister.
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
Agatha Barbara (11 March 1923 – 4 February 2002) was a Maltese politician, having served as a Labour Member of Parliament and Minister.
Ahmad Shāh Qājār (احمد شاه قاجار; 21 January 1898 – 21 February 1930) was Shah of Persia (Iran) from 16 July 1909 to 15 December 1925, and the last ruling member of the Qajar dynasty.
An airship or dirigible balloon is a type of aerostat or lighter-than-air aircraft that can navigate through the air under its own power.
Tan Sri Datin Paduka Seri Dr. Aishah binti Ghani (15 December 1923 – 19 April 2013) was the Minister of Social Welfare Malaysia between 1973 and 1984, and Head of Wanita UMNO women's Malaysia between 1972 until 1984.
Al Lewis (born Albert Meister; April 30, 1923February 3, 2006) was an American character actor best known for his role as Count Dracula lookalike "Grandpa", opposite Fred Gwynne's and Yvonne De Carlo's characters on the CBS television series The Munsters from 1964 to 1966 and its subsequent film versions.
Albert Harold "Al" Quie (born September 18, 1923) is an American politician who served as the 35th governor of Minnesota from January 4, 1979, to January 3, 1983.
Rear Admiral Alan Bartlett Shepard Jr. (November 18, 1923 – July 21, 1998) was an American astronaut, naval aviator, test pilot, and businessman.
Albert Chevalier born Albert Onésime Britannicus Gwathveoyd Louis Chevalier; (21 March 186110 July 1923), was an English music hall comedian, singer and musical theatre actor.
Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics).
Albert Sigurður Guðmundsson (5 October 1923 – 7 April 1994) was the first Icelandic professional football player and played for, amongst others, Rangers, Arsenal, FC Nancy and A.C. Milan.
Albert Nelson (April 25, 1923 – December 21, 1992), known by his stage name Albert King, was an American blues guitarist and singer whose playing influenced many other blues guitarists.
Capitaine Albert Louis Deullin (24 August 1890 – 29 May 1923) was a French World War I flying ace credited with twenty aerial victories.
Albert Vanhoye, SJ (born 24 July 1923) is a priest of the Society of Jesus (the Jesuits) and an exegete.
Aleksandar Stamboliyski (Александър Стоименов Стамболийски, variously transliterated such as Aleksandar/Alexander Stamboliyski/Stamboliiski/Stamboliski) (March 1, 1879 – June 14, 1923) was the prime minister of Bulgaria from 1919 until 1923.
Aleksandr Alov (Александр Александрович Алов) (September 26, 1923 – December 12, 1983) was a Soviet film director and screenwriter, he was granted the honorary title of People's Artist of the USSR in 1983 (together with Vladimir Naumov).
Alexander Harvey II (May 3, 1923 – December 4, 2017) was a United States federal judge.
Alexander Milne Calder (August 23, 1846 – June 4, 1923) (MILL-nee) was a Scottish American sculptor best known for the architectural sculpture of Philadelphia City Hall.
Alexandre Astruc (13 July 1923 – 19 May 2016) was a French film critic and film director.
Alexandre-Félix-Joseph Ribot (7 February 184213 January 1923) was a French politician, four times Prime Minister.
Alexis-Xyste Bernard (December 29, 1847 – June 17, 1923) was Bishop of St. Hyacinthe, Canada.
Alfonso Wong (27 May 1923 – 1 January 2017), also known by his pen name Wong Chak, was a Hong Kong manhua artist who created one of the longest-running comic strips, Old Master Q, that became popular across Asia.
Alfred Theodore Goodwin (born June 29, 1923) is a senior judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.
Alfred Harding (August 15, 1852 – May 2, 1923) was the second Episcopal Bishop of Washington.
Alice Haylett (akas: "Al", "Sis"; April 2, 1923 – March 27, 2004) was a female pitcher who played from through in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League.
María Aline Griffith Dexter, Countess of Romanones (22 May 1923 – 11 December 2017) was an American-born Spanish aristocrat, socialite, and writer who worked in the US Office of Strategic Services (OSS) during World War II and later for the CIA as a spy.
Alex "Allie" Sherman (February 10, 1923 – January 3, 2015) was an American football player and coach who played 51 games in six seasons in the National Football League (NFL) as a quarterback, defensive back, and coach, and afterward served as head coach of the Winnipeg Blue Bombers of the Canadian Football League (CFL) and of the New York Giants of the NFL.
Amalia Eriksson, née Lundström (25 November 1824, in Jönköping – 19 January 1923, in Gränna), was a Swedish business person, known as the inventor of the Polkagris.
Ambalavaner Sivanandan (20 December 1923 – 3 January 2018) was a Sri Lankan novelist, and emeritus director of the Institute of Race Relations, a London-based independent educational charity.
The American Law Institute (ALI) was established in 1923 to promote the clarification and simplification of United States common law and its adaptation to changing social needs.
André Antunes (born 23 June 1923) is a Portuguese former sports shooter.
Andrés Avelino Cáceres Dorregaray (November 10, 1836 – October 10, 1923) served as the President of Peru three times during the 19th century, from 1881 to 1882 as the 34th President of Peru, then from 1886 to 1890 as the 36th President of Peru, and again from 1894 to 1895 as the 38th President of Peru.
Andrés Rodríguez Pedotti (June 19, 1923 – April 21, 1997) was the President of Paraguay from February 3, 1989 to August 15, 1993.
Andy Jack is a footballer who played as a centre forward in the Football League for Tranmere Rovers.
Ankara (English; Turkish Ottoman Turkish Engürü), formerly known as Ancyra (Ἄγκυρα, Ankyra, "anchor") and Angora, is the capital of the Republic of Turkey.
Anne Baxter (May 7, 1923 – December 12, 1985) was an American actress, star of Hollywood films, Broadway productions, and television series.
Anne Jeffreys (born Annie Jeffreys Carmichael; January 26, 1923 – September 27, 2017) was an American actress and singer.
Anne Klein (August 3, 1923 - March 19, 1974) was an American fashion designer.
Anthony Joseph Bevilacqua (June 17, 1923 – January 31, 2012) was an American cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.
Chief Anthony Eromosele Enahoro (22 July 1923 – 15 December 2010) was one of Nigeria's foremost anti-colonial and pro-democracy activists.
Anthony Eyton R.A. (born in Teddington, Middlesex, UK 17 May 1923) is a British artist and member of the Royal Academy.
Anthony Evan Hecht (January 16, 1923 – October 20, 2004) was an American poet.
Antoni Tàpies i Puig, 1st Marquess of Tàpies (13 December 1923 – 6 February 2012) was a Spanish painter, sculptor and art theorist, who became one of the most famous European artists of his generation.
Antonio Francisco Xavier Alvares (Alvares Mar Julius, Julius Mar Alvarez) (29 April 1836 – 23 September 1923) was initially a priest in the Roman Catholic Church in Goa.
Antonio Riboldi, I.C. (16 January 1923 – 10 December 2017) was an Italian Prelate of Roman Catholic Church.
On the Roman calendar, this was known as the day before the nones of April (Pridie).
Ara Raoul Parseghian (May 21, 1923 – August 2, 2017) was an American football player and coach who guided the University of Notre Dame to national championships in 1966 and 1973.
Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.
Aristides Maria Pereira (17 November 1923 – 22 September 2011) was a Cape Verdean politician.
Armand Borel (21 May 1923 – 11 August 2003) was a Swiss mathematician, born in La Chaux-de-Fonds, and was a permanent professor at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey, United States from 1957 to 1993.
Arnold Seymour Relman (June 17, 1923 – June 17, 2014) — known as Bud Relman to intimates — was an American internist and professor of medicine and social medicine.
Arthur Hiller, (November 22, 1923 – August 17, 2016) was a Canadian-American television and film director, having directed over 33 films during his 50-year career.
Arthur Robert Jensen (August 24, 1923 – October 22, 2012) was an American psychologist and author.
Arvid Carlsson (25 January 1923 — 29 June 2018) was a Swedish neuropharmacologist who is best known for his work with the neurotransmitter dopamine and its effects in Parkinson's disease.
Tan Sri Datuk Mohamad Asri Muda (10 October 1923 – 28 August 1992) was a Malaysian politician who served as the President of the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS) from 1969 to 1982, and as the Menteri Besar (Chief Minister) of Kelantan.
Assi Rahbani (Arabic: عاصي الرحباني; May 4, 1923 - June 21, 1986) was a Lebanese composer, musician and producer.
The Atlantic hurricane season is the period in a year when hurricanes usually form in the Atlantic Ocean.
The term 'the 10th of August' is widely used by historians as a shorthand for the Storming of the Tuileries Palace on the 10th of August, 1792, the effective end of the French monarchy until it was restored in 1814.
Auguste Bouché-Leclercq (30 July 1842 – 19 July 1923) was a French historian.
An autogyro (from Greek αὐτός and γύρος, "self-turning"), also known as a gyroplane or gyrocopter, is a type of rotorcraft that uses an unpowered rotor in free autorotation to develop lift.
Ayan (Аян) is a rural locality (a selo) and the administrative center of Ayano-Maysky District of Khabarovsk Krai, Russia, located on the shore of a well-protected bay of the Sea of Okhotsk, from Khabarovsk and by sea from Nikolayevsk-on-Amur.
Étienne Marcel Bally (17 April 1923 – 10 January 2018) was a French sprinter and a European champion over 100 metres.
Mustafa İsmet İnönü (24 September 1884 – 25 December 1973) was a Turkish general and statesman, who served as the second President of Turkey from 10 November 1938 to 27 May 1950, when his Republican People's Party was defeated in Turkey's second free elections.
James Harrison "Babe" McCarthy (October 1, 1923 – March 17, 1975), was an American professional and collegiate basketball coach.
Barbara Perry (born June 22, 1923) is an American actress, singer and dancer who worked in both Hollywood and Broadway.
Barcelona is a city in Spain.
Bartolomeo Bacilieri (28 March 1842 – 14 February 1923) was an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.
Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting and fielding.
Basil Samuel Feldman, Baron Feldman (born 23 September 1923)'Feldman, Basil' in Who's Who 2010, A & C Black, 2010; online edn, Oxford University Press, Dec 2009; online edn, Nov 2009 is a former Conservative member of the House of Lords.
Bavaria (Bavarian and Bayern), officially the Free State of Bavaria (Freistaat Bayern), is a landlocked federal state of Germany, occupying its southeastern corner.
Saim Bülend Ulusu (24 April 1923 – 23 December 2015) was a Turkish admiral who was Prime Minister of Turkey from the time of the 1980 military coup to the time that elections were allowed in 1983.
Beatrix A. Hamburg (October 19, 1923 – April 15, 2018) was an American psychiatrist whose long career in academic medicine advanced the field of child and adolescent psychiatry.
The Beer Hall Putsch, also known as the Munich Putsch,Dan Moorhouse, ed.
Belisario Betancur Cuartas (born 4 February 1923) is a former Colombian politician and the 26th President of Colombia from 1982 to 1986.
Berkeley is a city on the east shore of San Francisco Bay in northern Alameda County, California.
Bernard Francis Grabowski (born June 11, 1923) is a former U.S. Representative from Connecticut.
Bernard Koura (25 May 1923 – 9 February 2018) was a French painter who was best known for his use of shades of blue.
Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht (10 February 1898 – 14 August 1956), known professionally as Bertolt Brecht, was a German theatre practitioner, playwright, and poet.
Beth Chatto (27 June 1923 – 13 May 2018) was a British plantswoman, garden designer and author best known for creating the Beth Chatto Gardens near Elmstead Market in the English county of Essex.
Betsy Blair (December 11, 1923March 13, 2009) was an American actress of film and stage, long based in London.
Bettie Mae Page (April 22, 1923 – December 11, 2008) was an American model who gained a significant profile in the 1950s for her pin-up photos.
William R. "Billy" Haughton (November 23, 1923 – July 15, 1986) was an American harness driver and trainer.
William Morris Hughes, (25 September 186228 October 1952) was an Australian politician who served as the seventh Prime Minister of Australia, in office from 1915 to 1923.
Billy Steel (1 May 1923 – 13 May 1982) was a Scottish footballer who played for St Mirren, Morton, Derby County, Dundee and the Scotland national team.
Bjørn Watt-Boolsen (20 June 1923 – 28 December 1998) was a Danish film actor.
Black Reichswehr (Schwarze Reichswehr) was the name for the illegal paramilitary formations promoted by the German Reichswehr army during the time of the Weimar Republic; it was raised despite restrictions imposed by the Versailles Treaty.
Robert William Barker (born December 12, 1923) is an American former television game show host.
Robert Joseph Dole (born July 22, 1923) is a retired American politician and attorney who represented Kansas in Congress from 1961 to 1996 and served as the Republican Leader of the United States Senate from 1985 until 1996.
Robert Brackett "Bob" Elliott (March 26, 1923 – February 2, 2016) was an American actor and comedian, one-half of the comedy duo of Bob and Ray.
Bolton Wanderers Football Club is a professional association football club based in Bolton, Greater Manchester, England.
Andrew Bonar Law (16 September 1858 – 30 October 1923), commonly called Bonar Law, was a British Conservative politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1922 to 1923.
Bonnie Guitar (born Bonnie Buckingham; March 25, 1923 in Seattle, Washington) is an American singer, musician, producer and businesswoman.
Brendan Francis Aidan Behan (christened Francis Behan) (Breandán Ó Beacháin; 9 February 1923 – 20 March 1964) was an Irish poet, short story writer, novelist and playwright who wrote in both English and Irish.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
The British Mandate for Palestine (valid 29 September 1923 - 15 May 1948), also known as the Mandate for Palestine or the Palestine Mandate, was a "Class A" League of Nations mandate for the territories of Mandatory Palestine – in which the Balfour Declaration's "national home for the Jewish people" was to be established – and a separate Arab Emirate of Transjordan, both of which were conceded by the Ottoman Empire under the 1923 Treaty of Lausanne.
The Bulgarian coup d'état of 1923, also known as the 9 June coup d'état (Деветоюнски преврат, Devetoyunski prevrat), was a coup d'état in Bulgaria implemented by armed forces under General Ivan Valkov's Military Union on the eve of 9 June 1923.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
John Calvin Coolidge Jr. (July 4, 1872 – January 5, 1933) was an American politician and the 30th President of the United States (1923–1929).
Carl Djerassi (October 29, 1923 – January 30, 2015) was an Austrian-born Bulgarian-American chemist, novelist, playwright and co-founder of with Diane Wood Middlebrook.
Carl Ludwig Boeckmann (January 29, 1867 – September 23, 1923) was a Norwegian-American artist best known as a portrait painter.
Carl Graf von Horn (February 16, 1847 – June 5, 1923) was a Bavarian Colonel General and War Minister from April 4, 1905 to February 16, 1912.
Blessed Carolina Santocanale (2 October 1852 - 27 January 1923) was an Italian Roman Catholic nun who assumed the name of "Maria of Jesus" and established the Capuchin Sisters of the Immaculata of Lourdes.
Edward P. Harris (August 22, 1923 – October 22, 1953), known as Carolina Slim, was an American Piedmont blues guitarist and singer.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Cesare Romiti (born 24 June 1923) is an Italian economist, businessman and former executive of both state-owned firms and private companies, including Fiat and Alitalia.
Cesare Rubini (2 November 19238 February 2011) was an Italian professional basketball player and coach, and a water polo player.
Cesare Siepi (10 February 19235 July 2010) was an Italian opera singer, generally considered to have been one of the finest basses of the post-war period.
CFCA was the first regularly broadcasting licensed radio station in Toronto and was one of the first in Canada.
The title Chancellor has designated different offices in the history of Germany.
Chandrashekhar (born 7 July 1923) is a prolific Indian film actor working in the Bollywood film industry.
Charles Louis de Saulces de Freycinet (14 November 1828 – 14 May 1923) was a French statesman and four times Prime Minister during the Third Republic.
Charles Alexandre Dupuy (5 November 1851 – 23 July 1923) was a French statesman, three times prime minister.
Charles Edward Durning (February 28, 1923 – December 24, 2012) was an American actor, with appearances in over 200 movies, television shows and plays.
Sir Charles Henry Hawtrey (21 September 1858 – 30 July 1923) was an English actor, director, producer and manager.
Charles Kent (18 June 1852 – 21 May 1923) was a British-born American silent film actor and director.
Charles Philip Lazarus (October 5, 1923 – March 22, 2018) was an American entrepreneur, executive, and pioneer within the retail toy industry.
Charles Youmans McClendon (October 17, 1923 – December 6, 2001), also known as "Cholly Mac", was an American football player and coach.
Charlton Heston (born John Charles Carter or Charlton John Carter; October 4, 1923 – April 5, 2008) was an American actor and political activist.
Cheikh Anta Diop (29 December 1923 – 7 February 1986) was a Senegalese historian, anthropologist, physicist, and politician who studied the human race's origins and pre-colonial African culture.
Chihuahua, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Chihuahua (Estado Libre y Soberano de Chihuahua), is one of the 32 states of Mexico.
Chou Wen-chung (born June 29, 1923 in Yantai (Chefoo), Shandong, China) is a Chinese American composer of contemporary classical music.
Chris Argyris (July 16, 1923 – November 16, 2013) was an American business theorist, Professor Emeritus at Harvard Business School, and held the position of "Thought Leader" at Monitor Group.
Charles Elwood "Chuck" Yeager (born, 1923) is a former United States Air Force officer, flying ace, and record-setting test pilot.
Cleyde Yáconis, (November 14, 1923 – April 15, 2013) was a Brazilian actress.
Clifford Parker Robertson III (September 9, 1923 – September 10, 2011) was an American actor with a film and television career that spanned half a century.
Impulsora del Deportivo Necaxa S.A. de C.V.; often simply known as Club Necaxa, is a Mexican football club in Liga MX based in the city of Aguascalientes.
The Coalition (or Liberal–National Coalition) is an alliance of centre-right political parties that forms one of the two major groupings in Australian federal politics.
A coalition government is a cabinet of a parliamentary government in which many or multiple political parties cooperate, reducing the dominance of any one party within that "coalition".
A cochlear implant (CI) is a surgically implanted electronic device that provides a sense of sound to a person with severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss in both ears.
Columba Marmion, OSB, born Joseph Aloysius Marmion (April 1, 1858 – January 30, 1923) was a Roman Catholic Benedictine Irish monk and the third Abbot of Maredsous Abbey in Belgium.
The Communist International (Comintern), known also as the Third International (1919–1943), was an international communist organization that advocated world communism.
The Communist Party of China (CPC), also referred to as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the founding and ruling political party of the People's Republic of China.
Conrad Stafford Bain (February 4, 1923 – January 14, 2013) was a Canadian/American actor and comedian and character actor.
The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom.
Constantin Cristescu (2 December 1866 — 9 May 1923) was a Romanian General during World War I, and Chief of Staff of the Romanian Army.
Constantin Dăscălescu (2 July 1923 – 15 May 2003) was a Romanian communist politician who served as Prime Minister of Romania (21 May 1982 – 22 December 1989) during the communist rule of Nicolae Ceaușescu until the Romanian Revolution.
Constantine I (Κωνσταντίνος Αʹ, Konstantínos I; – 11 January 1923) was King of Greece from 1913 to 1917 and from 1920 to 1922.
The Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria (Coptic: Ϯⲉⲕ̀ⲕⲗⲏⲥⲓⲁ ̀ⲛⲣⲉⲙ̀ⲛⲭⲏⲙⲓ ⲛⲟⲣⲑⲟⲇⲟⲝⲟⲥ, ti.eklyseya en.remenkimi en.orthodoxos, literally: the Egyptian Orthodox Church) is an Oriental Orthodox Christian church based in Egypt, Northeast Africa and the Middle East.
The Corfu incident was a 1923 diplomatic and military crisis between Greece and Italy.
Cornelia Groefsema Kennedy (née Groefsema; August 4, 1923 – May 12, 2014) was a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit.
Ellis Ferguson "Cot" Deal (January 23, 1923 – May 21, 2013) was a pitcher and coach in Major League Baseball.
Erich Graf von Kielmansegg (13 February 1847 – 5 February 1923) was an Austrian statesman.
A coup d'état, also known simply as a coup, a putsch, golpe de estado, or an overthrow, is a type of revolution, where the illegal and overt seizure of a state by the military or other elites within the state apparatus occurs.
Cover date refers to the date displayed on the covers of periodical publications such as magazines and comic books.
Dayle Lymoine Robertson (July 14, 1923February 27, 2013) was an American actor best known for his starring roles on television.
Damat Mehmed Adil Ferid Pasha (محمد عادل فريد پاشا Damat Ferit Paşa;‎ 1853 – 6 October 1923), known simply as Damat Ferid Pasha, was an Ottoman statesman, who held the office of Grand Vizier, the de facto prime minister of the Ottoman Empire, during two periods under the reign of the last Ottoman Sultan Mehmed VI, the first time between 4 March 1919 and 2 October 1919 and the second time between 5 April 1920 and 21 October 1920.
Daniel Carleton Gajdusek (September 9, 1923 – December 12, 2008) was an American physician and medical researcher who was the co-recipient (with Baruch S. Blumberg) of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1976 for work on kuru, the second human prion disease demonstrated to be infectious.
Daniil Yakovlevich Khrabrovitsky (Даниил Яковлевич Храбровицкий; June 28, 1923, Rostov-on-Don – March 1, 1980, Moscow) was a Soviet scriptwriter and film director.
Daniel Abse, CBE FRSL (22 September 1923 – 28 September 2014) was a Welsh poet and physician.
David H. "Dave" Rodgers (August 10, 1923 – April 18, 2017) was an American politician and Mayor of Spokane, Washington, from 1967 until 1978.
David Soyer (February 24, 1923February 25, 2010) was an American cellist.
David Peter Simon Wasawo (May 17, 1923 – February 4, 2014) was a Kenyan zoologist, conservationist, and university administrator.
In the Northern Hemisphere, December 21 is usually the shortest day of the year and is sometimes regarded as the first day of winter.
Dorothea Carothers "Dede" Allen (December 3, 1923 – April 17, 2010) This obituary incorrectly states that she was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, which was subsequently acknowledged in an online correction.
Priscilla Denise Levertov (24 October 1923 – 20 December 1997) was an American poet.
In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast, maneuverable long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, convoy or battle group and defend them against smaller powerful short-range attackers.
Dharamdev Pishorimal Anand (26 September 1923 – 3 December 2011), known as Dev Anand, was a noted Indian film actor, writer, director, and producer known for his work in Indian cinema.
Devan Nair Chengara Veetil BBM (5 August 1923 – 6 December 2005), also known as C. V. Devan Nair, was a Malaysian-Singaporean politician.
Dewey Martin (born December 8, 1923) is a retired American film and television actor.
Dexter Gordon (February 27, 1923 – April 25, 1990) was an American jazz tenor saxophonist.
Diana Love Webster (née Dill; formerly Douglas and Darrid; January 22, 1923 – July 3, 2015) was a Bermudian actress who was known for her marriage to actor Kirk Douglas, from 1943 until their divorce in 1951.
Diane Arbus (March 14, 1923 – July 26, 1971) was an American photographer noted for photographs of marginalized people—dwarfs, giants, transgender people, nudists, circus performers—and others whose normality was perceived by the general populace as ugly or surreal.
Dick Shawn (born Richard Schulefand, December 1, 1923 – April 17, 1987) was an American actor and comedian.
A dictatorship is an authoritarian form of government, characterized by a single leader or group of leaders with either no party or a weak party, little mass mobilization, and limited political pluralism.
Diego Manuel Chamorro Bolaños (August 9, 1861http://www.manfut.org/cronologia/p1s.html Nandaime – October 12, 1923 Managua) was the President of Nicaragua between 1 January 1921 and 12 October 1923.
Dillwyn Owen Paton "Dill" Jones (19 August 1923 - 22 June 1984), was a Welsh jazz stride pianist.
Dina Merrill (born Nedenia Marjorie Hutton; December 29, 1923 – May 22, 2017) was an American actress, heiress, socialite, businesswoman, and philanthropist.
Dirk Bernard Joseph (Dick) Schouten (25 January 1923 – 3 February 2018) was a Dutch economist, and Professor of General Economics and Economic History at Tilburg University, known for his work concerning macroeconomic modelling.
Arthel Lane "Doc" Watson (March 3, 1923 – May 29, 2012) was an American guitarist, songwriter, and singer of bluegrass, folk, country, blues, and gospel music.
Dolph Briscoe Jr. (April 23, 1923 – June 27, 2010) was an American rancher and businessman who was the 41st Governor of Texas between 1973 and 1979.
Domenico Tripodo (Reggio Calabria, ca. 1923 − Naples, August 26, 1976) was an Italian criminal and a historical and charismatic boss of the 'Ndrangheta dominating the city of Reggio Calabria and the surrounding areas.
Donald James Yarmy (April 13, 1923 – September 25, 2005), known professionally as Don Adams, was an American actor, comedian and director.
Donald Ibrahím Swann (30 September 1923 – 23 March 1994) was a Welsh-born composer, musician and entertainer.
Dorila Antommarchi de Rojas (born 1850s, Cúcuta, Colombia) published numerous poems and sometimes used the pseudonym Colombiana.
Doris Dowling (May 15, 1923 – June 18, 2004) was an American actress of film, stage and television.
Doris J. Johnson (born June 23, 1923) is an American former politician in the state of Washington.
Dorothy Coade Hewett (21 May 1923 – 25 August 2002) was an Australian feminist poet, novelist and playwright.
Dr Douglas Nixon "Doug" Everingham (25 June 1923 – 24 August 2017) was an Australian politician and government minister.
Sir Douglas William Gretton Wass (15 April 1923 – 4 January 2017) was a British civil servant who served as Permanent Secretary to HM Treasury from 1974 to 1983.
Duke Paul Frederick of Mecklenburg (Herzog Paul Friedrich zu Mecklenburg; 19 September 1852 – 17 May 1923) was a member of the House of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and general of the Mecklenburg cavalry.
Dynamo, also Dinamo, (Belarusian: Дынама, დინამო) is a sports and fitness society created in 1923 in the Soviet Union.
Edwin Cole Bearss (born June 26, 1923), a United States Marine Corps veteran of World War II, is a military historian and author known for his work on the American Civil War and World War II eras.
Edward Leo Peter McMahon Jr. (March 6, 1923 – June 23, 2009) was an American announcer, game show host, comedian, actor and singer.
Edgar Maurice Cortright (July 29, 1923 – May 4, 2014) was a scientist and engineer, and senior official at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in the United States.
Edith Barney (February 3, 1923 – March 23, 2010) was a female catcher who played for in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League during the season.
Edith Irene Södergran (4 April 1892 – 24 June 1923) was a Swedish-speaking Finnish poet.
Edith Jessie Thompson (25 December 1893 – 9 January 1923) and Frederick Edward Francis Bywaters (27 June 1902 – 9 January 1923) were a British couple executed for the murder of Thompson's husband Percy.
The Edmonton Eskimos were a Canadian amateur and later professional men's ice hockey team that existed from 1911 to 1927.
Edmund William Berridge (1843 – 1923) was a medical doctor in London, homoeopathist in the United States and occultist.
Edward Emerson Barnard (December 16, 1857 – February 6, 1923) was an American astronomer.
Edward Hill (December 9, 1843 – August 27, 1923) was a prolific artist as well as a published poet, songwriter, and newspaper correspondent.
Edward Mulhare (8 April 1923 – 24 May 1997) was an Irish actor whose career spanned five decades.
Edward Oliver Le Blanc (October 3, 1923 – October 29, 2004) was a Dominican politician.
Edward Williams Morley (January 29, 1838 – February 24, 1923) was an American scientist famous for his extremely precise and accurate measurement of the atomic weight of oxygen, and for the Michelson–Morley experiment.
Field Marshal Edwin Noel Westby Bramall, Baron Bramall, (born 18 December 1923) is a retired senior British Army officer.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
The Constitution of 1923 was a constitution of Egypt from 1923–1952.
The Egyptian Feminist Union was the first nationwide feminist movement in Egypt.
The Eiffel Tower (tour Eiffel) is a wrought iron lattice tower on the Champ de Mars in Paris, France.
Elbazduko Britayev (Брытъиаты Цопаны фырт Елбыздыхъо, Елбыздыко Бритаев) (1881 – 1923) was an Ossetian author and playwright, considered the founder of Ossetian traditional theatre.
Eleanor V. Wolf (née Dapkus; December 5, 1923 – June 6, 2011) was a center fielder and pitcher who played from through in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League.
Eligiusz Niewiadomski (December 1, 1869 in Warsaw – January 31, 1923 in Warsaw) was a Polish modernist painter and art critic who belonged to the right-wing National Democratic Party till 1904 and later continued supporting it.
Elisabeth Becker (20 July 1923 – 4 July 1946) was a concentration camp guard in World War II.
Elizabeth Ann Hawley (November 9, 1923 – January 26, 2018) was an American journalist and chronicler of Himalayan expeditions.
Monica Elizabeth Jolley AO (4 June 1923 – 13 February 2007) was an English-born writer who settled in Western Australia in the late 1950s and forged an illustrious literary career there.
Elizabeth Sellars (born 6 May 1923) is a Scottish actress.
Ellsworth Kelly (May 31, 1923 – December 27, 2015) was an American painter, sculptor, and printmaker associated with hard-edge painting, Color Field painting and minimalism.
Elon University is an American private, non-sectarian, coeducational liberal arts university with a historic campus in Elon, North Carolina.
An emirate is a political territory that is ruled by a dynastic Arabic or Islamic monarch styled emir.
The Emirate of Transjordan (إمارة شرق الأردن lit. "Emirate of east Jordan"), also hyphenated as Trans-Jordan and previously known as Transjordania or Trans-Jordania, was a British protectorate established in April 1921.
Vice Admiral Emmett Hulcy Tidd (October 6, 1923 – March 20, 2018) was a retired flag officer of the United States Navy.
Enrique Ángel Angelelli Carletti (17 June 19234 August 1976) was a bishop of the Catholic Church in Argentina who was assassinated during the Dirty War for his involvement with social issues.
The Episcopal Church is the United States-based member church of the worldwide Anglican Communion.
Eric Hill (9 July 1923 – 26 July 2010) played first-class cricket for Somerset County Cricket Club as an opening batsman between 1947 and 1951, later serving as captain of the second team, a long-serving committeeman for the county, and as a journalist covering cricket for the local newspaper, the Somerset County Gazette, and correspondent for The Daily Telegraph.
Eric Sykes, (4 May 1923 – 4 July 2012) was an English radio, stage, television and film writer, comedian, actor, and director whose performing career spanned more than 50 years.
Erich Lessing (born 13 July 1923) is an Austrian photographer.
Ernest Francis Bashford (1873 – 23 August 1923) was an influential British oncologist who pioneered the biological approach to the study of cancer.
Ernst Nolte (11 January 1923 – 18 August 2016) was a German historian and philosopher.
Ernst Otto Beckmann (July 4, 1853 – July 12, 1923) was a German pharmacist and chemist who is remembered for his invention of the Beckmann differential thermometer and for his discovery of the Beckmann rearrangement.
Ernst Peter Wilhelm Troeltsch (17 February 1865, Haunstetten – 1 February 1923, Berlin) was a German Protestant theologian and writer on philosophy of religion and philosophy of history, and an influential figure in German thought before 1914, including as a member of the history of religions school.
Ernst Trygger (27 October 1857 – 23 September 1943) was a Swedish jurist professor and conservative politician.
Eskom is a South African electricity public utility, established in 1923 as the Electricity Supply Commission (ESCOM) by the government of the Union of South Africa in terms of the Electricity Act (1922).
Esmeralda Agoglia (29 August 1923 - 24 October 2014) was a former Argentine prima ballerina, choreographer and director of Argentina's Ballet Estable.
Esteban Terrades i Illa (born Barcelona, 15 September 1883; died Madrid, 9 May 1950) also known as Esteve Terradas, was a Spanish mathematician, scientist and engineer.
Estelle Getty (née Scher; also known as Estelle Gettleman; July 25, 1923 – July 22, 2008) was an American actress and comedian, who appeared in film, television, and theatre.
Eugene Joseph Wright (born May 29, 1923), nicknamed The Senator, is an American jazz bassist, best known for his work as a member of The Dave Brubeck Quartet, in particular on the group's most famous album, Time Out (1959), with pianist Brubeck, drummer Joe Morello and alto saxophonist Paul Desmond.
Eugenio Cruz Vargas (Santiago, October 2, 1923 – Olmué, January 18, 2014) was a notable Chilean poet and painter.
Evette Huntley Branson (née Flindt; born 12 July 1923) is a British philanthropist, child welfare advocate, and the mother of Richard Branson.
Eve Miller (August 8, 1923 – August 17, 1973) was an American actress who appeared in 41 films between 1945 and 1961.
Evelyn Ward (May 21, 1923 – December 23, 2012) was an American actress known from her stage musical performances and television appearances.
The FA Cup Final, commonly referred to in England as just the Cup Final, is the last match in the Football Association Challenge Cup.
Servaas "Faas" Wilkes (13 October 1923 – 15 August 2006) was a Dutch football forward, who earned a total of 38 caps for the Dutch national team, in which he scored 35 goals (average 0.92 goals per game).
Façade is a series of poems by Edith Sitwell, best known as part of Façade – An Entertainment in which the poems are recited over an instrumental accompaniment by William Walton.
Farhang Mehr (11 December 1923 – 3 March 2018) was an Iranian-born American Zoroastrian scholar and politician.
Fatmawati (5 February 1923 – 14 May 1980) is a National Hero of Indonesia (Pahlawan Nasional Indonesia).
Theodore "Fats" Navarro (September 24, 1923 – July 7, 1950 was an American jazz trumpet player. He was a pioneer of the bebop style of jazz improvisation in the 1940s. He had a strong stylistic influence on many other players, most notably Clifford Brown.
Félix Fourdrain (3 February 1880 - 23 October 1923) was a French organist and composer.
Fotbal Club Rapid București, commonly known as Rapid București, or simply as Rapid, is a Romanian football club based in Bucharest.
For superstitious reasons, when the Romans began to intercalate to bring their calendar into line with the solar year, they chose not to place their extra month of Mercedonius after February but within it.
This day marks the approximate midpoint of winter in the Northern Hemisphere and of summer in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the December solstice).
The Federated Malay States (FMS) was a federation of four protected states in the Malay Peninsula—Selangor, Perak, Negeri Sembilan and Pahang—established by the British government in 1895, which lasted until 1946, when they, together with two of the former Straits Settlements (Malacca and Penang) and the Unfederated Malay States, formed the Malayan Union.
Felipe Zetter Zetter (3 July 1923 – 15 March 2013) was a Mexican football defender who played for Mexico national team in the 1950 FIFA World Cup.
Rafael "Felo" Ramírez (22 June 1923 – 21 August 2017) was a Cuban-American Spanish language sports announcer, most notably for the Miami Marlins.
Feminism is a range of political movements, ideologies, and social movements that share a common goal: to define, establish, and achieve political, economic, personal, and social equality of sexes.
Fernando da Silva Cabrita OIH (1 May 1923 – 22 September 2014) was a Portuguese football forward and manager.
Saint Filippo Smaldone (27 July 1848 – 4 June 1923) was an Italian Roman Catholic priest and the founder of the Salesian Sisters of the Sacred Hearts.
Finnair (Oyj, Finnair Abp.) is the flag carrier and largest airline of Finland, with its headquarters in Vantaa on the grounds of Helsinki Airport, its hub.
The Firehole River is located in northwestern Wyoming, and is one of the two major tributaries of the Madison River.
The first inauguration of Calvin Coolidge as the 30th President of the United States was held on Friday, August 3, 1923 at the Coolidge Homestead in Plymouth Notch, Vermont, following the death of President Warren G. Harding the previous evening.
The Flaming Cliffs site, also known as Bayanzag, sometimes Bain-Dzak, (Баянзаг rich in saxaul), with the alternative Mongolian name of Улаан Эрэг (red cliffs), is a region of the Gobi Desert in the Ömnögovi Province of Mongolia, in which important fossil finds have been made.
Florida (Spanish for "land of flowers") is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States.
Linden Forbes Sampson Burnham (20 February 1923 – 6 August 1985) was a Guyanese political leader and leader of Guyana from 1964 until his death, as the first Prime Minister from 1964 to 1980 and as second President from 1980 to 1985.
Francesco Paolo Bonifacio (May 3, 1923 in Castellammare di Stabia – March 14, 1989 in Rome) was an Italian politician and jurist, a Minister of Justice and President of the Constitutional Court of Italy.
Sir Francis Graham-Smith (born 25 April 1923) is a British astronomer.
Francis Bagnal Kidger Tucker (30 April 1923 – 4 April 2008) was a South African rally driver, who was the 1966 South African Rally Drivers Champion.
Francisco Castro (born 12 July 1923) is a Puerto Rican former long jumper and triple jumper who competed in the 1952 Summer Olympics.
Francisco Rebello de Andrade (born 15 July 1923) is a retired Portuguese sailor.
Franco Zeffirelli, KBE Grande Ufficiale OMRI (born 12 February 1923) is an Italian director and producer of operas, films and television.
Frank Dwight Baldwin (June 26, 1842 – April 22, 1923), a native of Constantine, Michigan, and born in Manchester, Michigan, is one of only 19 servicemen to receive the Medal of Honor twice.
Frank Sands Brian (May 1, 1923 – May 14, 2017) was an American professional basketball player.
Frank Hayes (May 17, 1871 – December 28, 1923) was an American film actor of the silent era.
Frank Spencer Sutton (October 23, 1923 – June 28, 1974) was an American actor best remembered for his role as Gunnery Sergeant Vince Carter on the CBS television series Gomer Pyle, U.S.M.C.
Frederick William Richmond (born November 15, 1923) is a former Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives from New York.
Frederick Ridgway (10 August 1923 – 26 September 2015), known as Fred Ridgway, was an English professional cricketer who played in five Test matches for the England cricket team on the 1951–52 tour of India.
Freddie Fields (July 12, 1923 – December 11, 2007), December 12, 2007 born Fred Feldman, was an American theatrical agent and film producer.
Sir Frederick Grant Banting (November 14, 1891 – February 21, 1941) was a Canadian medical scientist, physician, painter, and Nobel laureate noted as the co-discoverer of insulin and its therapeutic potential.
Freeman John Dyson (born 15 December 1923) is an English-born American theoretical physicist and mathematician.
The Mandate for Syria and Lebanon (Mandat français pour la Syrie et le Liban; الانتداب الفرنسي على سوريا ولبنان) (1923−1946) was a League of Nations mandate founded after the First World War and the partitioning of the Ottoman Empire concerning Syria and Lebanon.
Fritz Pregl (in Slovene also Friderik Pregl; 3 September 1869 – 13 December 1930), was a Slovenian and Austrian chemist and physician from a mixed Slovene-German-speaking background.
George Spencer-Brown (2 April 1923 – 25 August 2016) was an English polymath best known as the author of Laws of Form.
Gerhard "Gad" Beck (30 June 1923 – 24 June 2012) was an Israeli-German educator, author, activist, resistance member, and survivor of the Holocaust.
James Gaye Stewart (June 28, 1923 – November 18, 2010) was a professional ice hockey forward.
Gdynia (Gdingen, Gdiniô) is a city in the Pomeranian Voivodeship of Poland and a seaport of Gdańsk Bay on the south coast of the Baltic Sea.
Gena Turgel (née Goldfinger; 1 February 1923 – 7 June 2018) was a Polish author, educator and Holocaust survivor.
Gene Reynolds (born Eugene Reynolds Blumenthal, April 4, 1923) is an American actor, television writer, director, and producer.
Geoffrey Ernest Duke (29 March 1923 – 1 May 2015) was a British multiple motorcycle Grand Prix road racing world champion.
Geoffrey Francis Hattersley-Smith D.Phil, FRSC, FRGS, FAINA (22 April 1923 – 21 July 2012) was an English-born geologist and glaciologist, recognized as a pioneering researcher of Northern Canada.
A geologist is a scientist who studies the solid and liquid matter that constitutes the Earth as well as the processes that shape it.
Georg Johann Luger (March 6, 1849 – December 22, 1923) was an Austrian designer of the famous Luger pistol and the 9×19mm Parabellum cartridge.
George Bean (7 March 1864 in Sutton-in-Ashfield, Nottinghamshire, England – 16 March 1923 in Mansfield, Nottinghamshire, England) was a cricketer who played first-class cricket for Sussex County Cricket Club between 1886 and 1898.
George Fisher (8 April 1923 – 15 December 2003) was an American political cartoonist.
George Edward Stanhope Molyneux Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon, DL (26 June 1866 – 5 April 1923), styled Lord Porchester until 1890, was an English peer and aristocrat best known as the financial backer of the search for and the excavation of Tutankhamun's tomb in the Valley of the Kings.
George Henry Hubert Lascelles, 7th Earl of Harewood, (7 February 1923 – 11 July 2011), styled The Hon.
George Daniel Mostow (July 4, 1923 – April 4, 2017) was an American mathematician, renowned for his contributions to Lie theory.
George Smith Patton IV (December 24, 1923 – June 27, 2004) was a major general in the United States Army and the son of World War II General George S. Patton, Jr..
George Pouliot (born February 6, 1923) was a Canadian fencer.
George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George; 14 December 1895 – 6 February 1952) was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth from 11 December 1936 until his death in 1952.
Gerald Götting (9 June 1923 - 19 May 2015) was a German politician and chairman of the East German Christian Democratic Union (CDU) from 1966 until 1989.
Geraldine Clinton Little (September 20, 1923 – March 7, 1997) was a poet born in Northern Ireland.
Gerard Kornelis van het Reve (14 December 1923 – 8 April 2006) was a Dutch writer.
Gerónimo Giménez y Bellido (October 10, 1854, Seville – February 19, 1923, Madrid) was a Spanish conductor and composer, who dedicated his career to writing zarzuelas, such as La tempranica and La boda de Luis Alonso.
Gerda Johanna Marie van der Kade-Koudijs (29 October 1923 – 19 March 2015) was a Dutch athlete who competed at the 1948 Olympics.
Gerdt Bernhard von Bassewitz-Hohenluckow (4 January 1878 in Allewind, Kingdom of Württemberg – 6 February 1923 in Berlin) was a lieutenant in the Prussian militia, a playwright, and an actor.
The name Papiermark ("paper mark", officially just Mark, sign: ℳ) is applied to the German currency from 4 August 1914 when the link between the Goldmark and gold was abandoned, due to the outbreak of World War I. In particular, the name is used for the banknotes issued during the hyperinflation in Germany of 1922 and especially 1923.
The Rentenmark (RM) was a currency issued on 15 October 1923 to stop the hyperinflation of 1922 and 1923 in Weimar Germany.
Shahpur Gholamreza Pahlavi (غلامرضا پهلوی‎; 15 May 1923 – 7 May 2017) was an Iranian prince and a member of the Pahlavi dynasty, as the son of Reza Shah and half-brother of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last Shah of Iran.
Giacomo Rondinella (30 August 1923 – 25 February 2015) was an Italian singer and actor.
Gifford Roux (June 28, 1923 – August 19, 2011) was an American professional basketball player.
Gilbert Morand (11 July 1923 – 9 August 2008 (French), Journal de l’École militaire de haute montagne N° 41, EMHM, September 2008, p. 4.) was a French non-commissioned officer and skier.
Giorgio Belladonna (7 June 1923 – 12 May 1995) was an Italian bridge player, one of the greatest of all time.
Girolamo Caruso (September 18, 1842, Alcamo, province of Trapani – January 2, 1923, Pisa), was an Italian agronomist and university teacher.
Giuseppe Antonio Ermenegildo Prisco (8 September 1833 – 4 February 1923) was an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, who served as Archbishop of Naples.
Giuseppe Gallignani (January 9, 1851, Faenza - December 14, 1923, Milan) was an Italian composer, conductor and music teacher.
Giuseppe Madini (born July 16, 1923 in Milan) is a retired Italian professional football player.
A glacier is a persistent body of dense ice that is constantly moving under its own weight; it forms where the accumulation of snow exceeds its ablation (melting and sublimation) over many years, often centuries.
Glen William Bell Jr. (September 3, 1923 – January 16, 2010) was an American entrepreneur who founded the Taco Bell chain of restaurants.
The Gleno Dam was a multiple-arch dam on the Gleno River in the Valle di Scalve in the northern Province of Bergamo, Italy.
Gloria Grahame (November 28, 1923 – October 5, 1981) was an American stage, film, television actress and singer.
Gloria Henry (born Gloria McEniry; April 2, 1923) is an American actress, best known for her role as Alice Mitchell, Dennis’s mother, from 1959 to 1963 on the CBS family sitcom, Dennis the Menace.
Gloria Whelan (born November 23, 1923) is an American poet, short story writer, and novelist known primarily for children's and young adult fiction.
Glynis Johns (born 5 October 1923) is a retired British stage, television and film actress, dancer, pianist, and singer.
Edward John "Goat" Anderson (January 13, 1880 – March 15, 1923) was an American professional baseball outfielder with the Pittsburgh Pirates of Major League Baseball.
Gordon Cameron Jackson, OBE (19 December 1923 – 15 January 1990) was a Scottish actor best remembered for his roles as the butler Angus Hudson in Upstairs, Downstairs and as George Cowley, the head of CI5, in The Professionals.
Gordon Rupert Dickson (November 1, 1923 – January 31, 2001) was a Canadian-American science fiction writer.
Gothenburg (abbreviated Gbg; Göteborg) is the second-largest city in Sweden and the fifth-largest in the Nordic countries.
The Government Legal Department (previously called the Treasury Solicitor's Department until 2015) is the largest in-house legal organisation in the United Kingdom's Government Legal Service.
Grant Munro, (April 25, 1923 – December 9, 2017) was a Canadian animator, filmmaker and actor.
The Gregorian calendar is the most widely used civil calendar in the world.
Grivița is an area of Bucharest, Romania, centered on the Grivița Railway Yards (Atelierele Căi Ferate Grivița), which were and still are an important landmark within the manufacturing landscape of the city.
The Gulf of Mexico (Golfo de México) is an ocean basin and a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean, largely surrounded by the North American continent.
Gus Edward Zernial (June 27, 1923 – January 20, 2011) was a professional baseball outfielder.
Gustav Ritter von Kahr (29 November 1862 – 30 June 1934) was a German right-wing politician, active in the state of Bavaria.
(10 May 1878 – 3 October 1929) was a German statesman who served as Chancellor in 1923 (for a brief period of 102 days) and Foreign Minister 1923–1929, during the Weimar Republic.
Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (born Bönickhausen;;; 15 December 183227 December 1923) was a French civil engineer.
György Sándor Ligeti (Ligeti György Sándor,; 28 May 1923 – 12 June 2006) was a Hungarian-Austrian composer of contemporary classical music.
Harris Sam Sahayam Lawrence (ஹாரிஸ் சாம் சஹாயம் லவ்றேன்சே; 28 July 1923 – 21 April 2009) was an Indian educationalist born in Nagercoil, Tamil Nadu.
Haim Gouri (חיים גורי; October 9, 1923 – January 31, 2018) was an Israeli poet, novelist, journalist, and documentary filmmaker.
The Hamburg Uprising (German: Hamburger Aufstand) was an insurrection during the Weimar Republic in Germany.
Henry Louis "Hank" Stram (January 3, 1923 – July 4, 2005) was an American football coach.
Hiram "Hank" Williams (September 17, 1923 – January 1, 1953) was an American singer-songwriter.
Hannah Johnston Bailey (July 5, 1839 – October 23, 1923) was an American Quaker advocate for peace, temperance, and women's suffrage.
Johannes Wilhelm "Hans" Goldschmidt (January 18, 1861 – May 21, 1923) was a German chemist.
Johannes Friedrich "Hans" von Seeckt (22 April 1866 – 27 December 1936) was a German military officer who served as Chief of Staff to August von Mackensen, and was a central figure in planning the victories Mackensen achieved for Germany in the east during the First World War.
Harold Vernon Gould (December 10, 1923 – September 11, 2010) was an American character actor.
William Harrison "Bones" Dillard (born July 8, 1923) is an American former track and field athlete, who alongside Walter Tewksbury and Harry Hillman is one of three males so far to win Olympic titles in both sprinting and hurdling events.
Helium (from lit) is a chemical element with symbol He and atomic number 2.
Not to be confused with his grandson of the same name. Henry Croskey Mustin (6 February 1874 – 23 August 1923) was a pioneering naval aviator who undertook the auspicious task of establishing the first Naval Aeronautic Station (now Naval Air Station Pensacola) on the site of the abandoned Navy Yard at Warrington, Florida in 1914.
Henry F. Warner (August 23, 1923 – December 21, 1944) was a United States Army soldier and a recipient of the United States military's highest decoration—the Medal of Honor—for his actions in World War II.
Henry Alfred Kissinger (born Heinz Alfred Kissinger, May 27, 1923) is an American statesman, political scientist, diplomat and geopolitical consultant who served as the United States Secretary of State and National Security Advisor under the presidential administrations of Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford.
Henryk Roman Gulbinowicz (17 October 1923 in Vilnius, Poland (now Lithuania) is member of the clergy of Białystok, emeritus Archbishop of Wrocław and Cardinal Priest. He grew up in Šukiškės near Vilnius. He entered the archdiocesan seminary where he completed his secondary studies, before being transferred to Białystok.Gazeta Wyborcza, "Kardynał Henryk Gulbinowicz przechodzi na emeryturę", 2003-10-10, He was ordained by Archbishop Romuald Jalbrzykowski on 18 June 1950, and was an associate pastor at Szudzialowo. After a year of parish experience, he was sent to Lublin to continue his preparation in theology at the Catholic University of Lublin. He earned a doctorate in moral theology in 1955; from 1956 to 1959 he was university chaplain in Białystok. Following this he taught in the seminary at Warmia, while also working in the diocesan Curia of Olsztyn.The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, Biographical Dictionary (1903–2009), On 12 January 1970, Pope Paul VI appointed him titular Bishop of Acci, and also the apostolic administrator of the Polish section of the Archdiocese of Vilnius (Białystok). The following 8 February he received episcopal consecration from the Primate of Poland, Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński. In charge of the Church community, he was responsible for the reorganization of the diaconate, and he also promoted the construction of new parishes. Already in 1944 he furthered the growth of religious life in his area by creating in Białystok the Parish Catechetics Center and reviving the trimestral publication "Wiadomości Kościelne Archidiecezij w Białystoku" (Church news of the archdiocese of Białystok). On 3 January 1976 he became Archbishop of Wrocław. While guiding this local Church during these years, he created many pastoral centers in this large region. In addition, he founded the biweekly "Nowe Życie" (New Life) and crowned the statue of the Virgin as protector of the famous shrine of Wambierzyce in Lower Silesia, which attracts pilgrimages continually. A few days before martial law was imposed in 1981, the local Solidarity union branch withdrew from its bank account 80 million Polish zlotys, the equivalent of today's USD 100 million, and deposited the cash with Gulbinowicz, who hid it from the communist regime during Solidarity's delegalisation. He is the author of a number of works in the area of moral and doctrinal theology, and on the formation of the clergy. On 25 May 1985 Gulbinowicz was created Cardinal by John Paul II. Since 3 April 2004, he has been Archbishop emeritus of Wrocław. His year of birth had been listed as 1928 (which would have meant he was ordained early), but in early February 2005 it was publicly disclosed that the real date was in 1923; hence he was 5 years older than previously held. His birth records were falsified in 1942 so he wouldn't be sent to a German labor camp. This meant that he had reached age 80 in 2003, and so at that time lost the right to participate in a conclave. (In early 2005, Pope John Paul II was in poor health and would die in early April, thus leading to a conclave. It was noted in the secular press that Cardinal Gulbinowicz presumably already reached a private agreement with the Vatican regarding the age issue.).
Herbert Wiltshire Pfumaindini Chitepo (15 June 1923 – 18 March 1975) led the Zimbabwe African National Union until he was assassinated on March 1975.
Herbert Silberer (February 28, 1882 – January 12, 1923) was a Viennese psychoanalyst involved with the professional circle surrounding Sigmund Freud which included other pioneers of psychological study as Carl Gustav Jung, Alfred Adler and others.
Herman Chernoff (born July 1, 1923, New York) is an American applied mathematician, statistician and physicist formerly a professor at MIT and currently working at Harvard University.
Herman Gottfried Breijer or Breyer (12 July 1864, in Arnhem – 10 October 1923, in Morgenzon, Louis Trichardt dist.) was a Dutch-born South African naturalist and museologist, the son of Carl Arnold Breijer and his wife, Elize Wesser.
Hermann K. Gummel (born 5 July 1923 in Hanover, Germany) is a pioneer in the semiconductor industry.
Hermes Rodrigues da Fonseca (12 May 1855 – 9 September 1923) was a Brazilian soldier and politician.
Hershel Woodrow "Woody" Williams (born October 2, 1923) is a retired United States Marine Corps warrant officer and United States Department of Veterans Affairs veterans service representative who received the United States military's highest decoration for valor—the Medal of Honor—for heroism above and beyond the call of duty during the Battle of Iwo Jima in World War II.
Herta Elviste (12 June 1923 - 29 October 2015), was an Estonian stage, film and television actress and assistant theatre director whose career spanned nearly seventy years.
Heydar Alirza oghlu Aliyev, also spelled Gaydar Aliev (Heydər Əlirza oğlu Əliyev; Гейда́р Али́евич Али́ев Geydar Aliyevich Aliyev; 10 May 1923 – 12 December 2003), was the third President of Azerbaijan who served from October 1993 to October 2003.
Hispaniola (Spanish: La Española; Latin and French: Hispaniola; Haitian Creole: Ispayola; Taíno: Haiti) is an island in the Caribbean island group, the Greater Antilles.
Hjalmar "Hjallis" Johan Andersen (12 March 1923 – 27 March 2013) was a speed skater from Norway who won three gold medals at the 1952 Winter Olympic Games of Oslo, Norway.
The Hollywood Sign (formerly the Hollywoodland Sign) is an American landmark and cultural icon located in Los Angeles, California.
A homeland for the Jewish people is an idea rooted in Jewish culture and religion.
The Honda Point disaster was the largest peacetime loss of U.S. Navy ships.
Horace Ashenfelter III (January 23, 1923 – January 6, 2018) was an American athlete.
Horst Tappert (26 May 1923 – 13 December 2008) was a German movie and television actor who played Inspector Stephan Derrick in the television drama Derrick.
Hristo Smirnenski (Христо Смирненски), born Hristo Izmirliev, (September 17, 1898, OS - June 18, 1923) was a Bulgarian poet and prose writer who joined the Communist party and whose works championed socialist ideals in a light-hearted and humane style.
Huda (or Hoda) Sha‘rawi (هدى شعراوي (Egyptian Arabic:Hoda El-Shaarawi هدي الشعراوي), ALA-LC: Hudá Sha‘rāwī; June 23, 1879 – December 12, 1947) was a pioneering Egyptian feminist leader, nationalist, and founder of the Egyptian Feminist Union.
William Hugh Kenner (January 7, 1923 – November 24, 2003) was a Canadian literary scholar, critic and professor.
Hugh Lawson Shearer ON OJ PC (18 May 1923 – 5 July 2004) was a Jamaican trade unionist and politician, who served as the 3rd Prime Minister of Jamaica, from 1967 to 1972.
Hugo Machado (born 3 July 1923) is a Uruguayan cyclist.
Hun Neang (ហ៊ុន នាង, Chinese: 云良; 27 August 1924 – 12 July 2013) was the father of Cambodia's Prime Minister, Hun Sen.
Hun Sen (ហ៊ុន សែន; born 5 August 1952) is a Cambodian politician and the Prime Minister of Cambodia, President of the Cambodian People's Party (CPP) and Member of Parliament (MP) for Kandal.
In economics, hyperinflation is very high and typically accelerating inflation.
During a period between 1918 and January 1924, the German mark suffered hyperinflation.
Air Chief Marshal Idris Hasan Latif (9 June 1923 – 30 April 2018) was the Chief of Air Staff (CAS) of the Indian Air Force, having served as such from 1978 to 1981.
In the Jungle of Cities (Im Dickicht der Städte) is a play by the German modernist playwright Bertolt Brecht.
was a mechanical technologist and professor.
The International Criminal Police Organization (Organisation internationale de police criminelle; ICPO-INTERPOL), more commonly known as Interpol, is an international organization that facilitates international police cooperation.
Ioannis Grivas (Ιωάννης Γρίβας; 23 February 1923 – 27 November 2016) was a Greek judge, who served as President of the Court of Cassation and served as the Prime Minister of Greece at the head of a non-party caretaker government in 1989.
Iosif Fabian (José Fabian; 10 August 1923 – 6 July 2008) was a Romanian football striker and coach.
Ira Hamilton Hayes (January 12, 1923 – January 24, 1955) was a Pima Native American and a United States Marine who was one of the six flag raisers immortalized in the iconic photograph of the flag raising on Iwo Jima during World War II.
Irene Lieblich (April 20, 1923 – December 28, 2008) was a Polish-born artist and Holocaust survivor noted for illustrating the books of Nobel laureate Isaac Bashevis Singer and for her paintings highlighting Jewish life and culture.
The Irish Civil War (Cogadh Cathartha na hÉireann; 28 June 1922 – 24 May 1923) was a conflict that followed the Irish War of Independence and accompanied the establishment of the Irish Free State, an entity independent from the United Kingdom but within the British Empire.
The Irish Free State (Saorstát Éireann; 6 December 192229 December 1937) was a state established in 1922 under the Anglo-Irish Treaty of December 1921.
Irma Ida Ilse Grese (7 October 1923 – 13 December 1945) was a female SS guard at the Nazi concentration camps of Ravensbrück and Auschwitz, and served as warden of the women's section of Bergen-Belsen.
Isabelle Bogelot (11 May 1838, Paris - 14 June 1923, Boulogne-Billancourt) was a French philanthropist and feminist.
Isidore Jacques Eggermont (15 May 1844 – 16 April 1923) was a Belgian diplomat, who was also active as a photographer and writer in North Africa and Asia.
Istanbul (or or; İstanbul), historically known as Constantinople and Byzantium, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country's economic, cultural, and historic center.
Italo Calvino (. RAI (circa 1970), retrieved 25 October 2012. 15 October 1923 – 19 September 1985) was an Italian journalist and writer of short stories and novels.
Ivo Orlandi (born 30 June 1923) is a Venezuelan former sports shooter.
Ivor Germain (born July 8, 1923) is a Barbadian professional light/welterweight boxer of the 1940s, and 1950s who won the Barbados lightweight title, and British Empire lightweight title, his professional fighting weight varied from, i.e. lightweight to, i.e. welterweight.
Joseph Esmonde Barry (25 October 1923 – 31 July 2007) was a prominent healthcare activist and political commentator in New Brunswick, Canada.
John Joseph Burke Jr. (born January 29, 1923) is an American professional golfer who was most prominent in the 1950s.
Sir Jack Arnold Hayward (14 June 1923 – 13 January 2015) was an English businessman, property developer, philanthropist and president of English football club Wolverhampton Wanderers.
John Russell "Jack" Parnell (6 August 1923 – 8 August 2010) was an English producer, bandleader and musician.
Jacobo Timerman (6 January 1923 – 11 November 1999), was a Soviet-born Argentine publisher, journalist, and author, who is most noted for his confronting and reporting the atrocities of the Argentine military regime's Dirty War during a period of widespread repression in which an estimated 30,000 political prisoners were "disappeared." He was persecuted, tortured and imprisoned by the Argentine junta in the late 1970s and was exiled in 1979 with his wife to Israel.
James Arness (May 26, 1923 – June 3, 2011) was an American actor, best known for portraying Marshal Matt Dillon for 20 years in the CBS television series Gunsmoke.
James Rutherfoord Worsfold Thomson (20 July 1923 – 1 December 2008), known professionally as James Bree, was a British actor who appeared on stage, and played many supporting roles in both film and television.
James Thomas Condon (27 September 1923 – 14 February 2014) was an Australian actor of radio and stage, a scriptwriter and voice over, however best known for his numerous television roles in serials and television movies in Australia, pariculary Number 96 and Neighbours, he was the husband of Neighbours actress Anne Haddy.
Sir James Dewar FRS FRSE (20 September 1842 – 27 March 1923) was a Scottish chemist and physicist.
James Lafayette Dickey (February 2, 1923 – January 19, 1997) was an American poet and novelist.
James Edwin Gunn (born July 12, 1923) is an American science fiction writer, editor, scholar, and anthologist.
James "Jabby" Jabara (10 October 1923 – 17 November 1966) was the first American and United States Air Force jet ace in history.
James Lane Buckley (born March 9, 1923) is an American jurist, politician, civil servant, attorney, businessman, and author.
James Edward Ramsden (born 1 November 1923) is a British Conservative politician.
James Ryan (June 17, 1848 – July 2, 1923) was an Irish-born prelate of the Roman Catholic Church.
James Bond Stockdale (December 23, 1923 – July 5, 2005) was a United States Navy vice admiral and aviator awarded the Medal of Honor in the Vietnam War, during which he was a prisoner of war for over seven years.
Jamshid Amouzegar (جمشید آموزگار‎; 25 June 1923 – 27 September 2016) was an Iranian economist and politician who was prime minister of Iran from 7 August 1977 to 27 August 1978 when he resigned.
Jan Veselý (17 June 1923 – 10 February 2003) was a Czech cyclist.
Janey Sevilla Campbell (18 March 1846 at Craigforth House, Stirlingshire – 15 July 1923 in Coombe Hill Farm, Norbiton), née Callander, was a British theatre producer and society hostess.
January 1 is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar.
In the ancient astronomy, it is the cusp day between Capricorn and Aquarius.
Perihelion, the point during the year when the Earth is closest to the Sun, occurs around this date.
Jaroslav Hašek (30 April 1883 – 3 January 1923) was a Czech writer, humorist, satirist, journalist, bohemian and anarchist.
Jaroslav Jan Pelikan (December 17, 1923 – May 13, 2006) was a scholar of the history of Christianity, Christian theology and medieval intellectual history at Yale.
Saint Józef Bilczewski (26 April 1860 – 20 March 1923) was a Polish Roman Catholic prelate who served as the Archbishop of Lviv from 1900 until his death.
Júlia da Silva Bruhns (August 14, 1851March 11, 1923) was the Brazilian wife of the Lübeck senator and grain merchant Johann Heinrich Mann, and mother of writers Thomas Mann and Heinrich Mann.
Jean Baratte (7 June 1923, Lambersart, Nord – 1 July 1986) was a French international footballer who played as striker, and manager.
Jean Carson (February 28, 1923 – November 2, 2005) was an American stage, film and television actress best known for her work on the classic 1960s sitcom The Andy Griffith Show as one of the "fun girls".
Jean Hagen (born Jean Shirley Verhagen, August 3, 1923 – August 29, 1977) was an American actress best known for her role as Lina Lamont in Singin' in the Rain (1952), for which she was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress.
Jean Lucienbonnet (born Lucien Jean Bonnet, January 7, 1923 in Nice – died August 19, 1962 in Enna-Pergusa, Sicily, Italy) was a racing driver from France, racing and rallying in various series.
Jean Stapleton (born Jeanne Murray; January 19, 1923 – May 31, 2013) was an American character actress of stage, television, and film.
Jean Jacques Moreau (31 July 1923 – 9 January 2014) was a French mathematician and mechanician.
George Jefferson "Jeff" Dwire (June 6, 1923 – August, 1974) was an Arkansas small businessman and the third husband of Virginia Clinton Kelley, and a stepfather of former U.S. President Bill Clinton and Roger Clinton, Jr..
Jerome "Jerry" Hal Lemelson (July 18, 1923 – October 1, 1997) was an American engineer, inventor, and patent holder.
Generoso Charles "Jerry" Rullo (June 23, 1923 – October 21, 2016) was an American professional basketball player.
Joan Christabel Jill Knight, Baroness Knight of Collingtree, DBE (née Christie; born 9 July 1923) is a former British Conservative Member of Parliament.
James Ellsworth Lowe (May 7, 1923 – December 12, 2016) was an American singer-songwriter, best known for his 1956 number-one hit song, "Green Door".
James Charles Marshall, OBE (29 July 1923 – 5 April 2012) known as The Father of Loud or The Lord of Loud, was an English businessman and pioneer of guitar amplification.
James Travis Reeves (August 20, 1923July 31, 1964) was an American country and popular music singer-songwriter.
James J. Lydon (born May 30, 1923) is an American actor and television producer whose career in the entertainment industry began as a teenager during the 1930s.
Jo-Carroll Dennison (born December 16, 1923) was Miss America 1942.
Joaquín Sorolla y Bastida (27 February 1863 – 10 August 1923) was a Spanish painter.
Joe Madison Jackson (born March 14, 1923) served as a career officer in the United States Air Force and received the Medal of Honor for heroism above and beyond the call of duty during the Vietnam War.
Joseph "Joe" Shulman (September 12, 1923 – August 2, 1957) was an American jazz bassist.
Johann Eyfells currently lives and works in Fredericksburg, Texas and at 94 years of age is actively creating new and dynamic works of art on a daily basis.
Johannes Diderik van der Waals (23 November 1837 – 8 March 1923) was a Dutch theoretical physicist and thermodynamicist famous for his work on an equation of state for gases and liquids.
John Henry "Jack" "Doc" Bradley (July 10, 1923 – January 11, 1994) was a United States Navy Hospital corpsman who was awarded the Navy Cross for extraordinary heroism in combat on February 21, 1945 while assigned to a U.S. Marine Corps rifle company during the Battle of Iwo Jima in World War II.
John Ernest Sarno Jr. (June 23, 1923 – June 22, 2017) was Professor of Rehabilitation Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, and attending physician at the Howard A. Rusk Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine, New York University Medical Center.
John N. Herbers (November 4, 1923 – March 17, 2017) was an American journalist, author, editor, World War II veteran, and Pulitzer Prize finalist.
John Arthur Lanchbery OBE (15 May 1923 - 27 February 2003) was an English-Australian composer and conductor, famous for his ballet arrangements.
Prof John James Rickard Macleod, FRS FRSE LLD (6 September 1876 – 16 March 1935) was a Scottish biochemist and physiologist.
John Morley, 1st Viscount Morley of Blackburn, (24 December 1838 – 23 September 1923) was a British Liberal statesman, writer and newspaper editor.
John Oldham (born June 22, 1923) is a former college player, athletic director and basketball coach who gave the idea of Western Kentucky University's "Red Towel" logo, an iconic towel used by former coach Edgar Diddle.
John Arnold van Hengel (February 21, 1923 – October 5, 2005) is credited as being the "Father of Food Banking".
John Venn, FRS, FSA, (4 August 1834 – 4 April 1923) was an English logician and philosopher noted for introducing the Venn diagram, used in the fields of set theory, probability, logic, statistics, and computer science.
John Cecil Watkins (born 10 April 1923) is a former South African cricketer who played in fifteen Tests from 1949 to 1957.
John William Brodie-Innes (10 March 1848 – 8 December 1923) was a leading member of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn's Amen-Ra Temple in Edinburgh.
John M. Most (June 15, 1923 – January 3, 1993) was an American sports announcer, known primarily as the raspy radio voice of the Boston Celtics of the National Basketball Association from 1953 to 1990.
John Aloysius "Johnny" Paton (2 April 1923 – 2 October 2015) was a Scottish professional football player, manager, coach, scout and later a professional snooker referee.
Johnny Wardle (8 January 1923 – 23 July 1985) was an English spin bowler of post-war cricket.
The Johor–Singapore Causeway (Tambak Johor) is a 1,056-metre causeway that links the city of Johor Bahru in Malaysia across the Straits of Johor to the town of Woodlands in Singapore.
José Serra Gil (23 December 1923 – 12 June 2002) was a Spanish racing cyclist.
Josep Seguer Sans (6 May 1923 – 1 January 2014) was a Spanish football defender and manager.
Joseph Gurney Cannon (May 7, 1836 – November 12, 1926) was a United States politician from Illinois and leader of the Republican Party.
Joseph Heller (May 1, 1923 – December 12, 1999) was an American author of novels, short stories, plays and screenplays.
Joseph McDermott (December 1878 – March 6, 1923), was an American actor of the silent era.
Joy Laville (September 8, 1923 – April 13, 2018) was an English/Mexican artist whose art career began and mostly developed in Mexico when she came to the country to take art classes in San Miguel de Allende.
Juan Arza Iñigo (12 June 1923 – 17 July 2011) was a Spanish football forward and manager.
Juan de la Cierva y Codorníu, 1st Count of De La Cierva (21 September 1895 in Murcia, Spain – 9 December 1936 in Croydon, United Kingdom) was a Spanish civil engineer, pilot and aeronautical engineer.
Judith Kerr, OBE (surname pronounced; born 14 June 1923) is a British writer and illustrator.
Julien Johnson LeBourgeois (23 November 1923 – 16 September 2012) was a retired vice admiral of the United States Navy.
It is the first day of the second half of the year.
This day is the midpoint of a common year because there are 182 days before and 182 days after it in common years, and 183 before and 182 after in leap years.
The Aphelion, the point in the year when the Earth is farthest from the Sun, occurs around this date.
The terms 7th July, July 7th, and 7/7 (pronounced "Seven-seven") have been widely used in the Western media as a shorthand for the 7 July 2005 bombings on London's transport system.
Jun Fukuda (福田純, February 17, 1923 Manchuria - December 3, 2000) was a Japanese film director, writer and producer.
In the Northern Hemisphere, the Summer solstice sometimes occurs on this date, while the Winter solstice occurs in the Southern Hemisphere.
This day usually marks the summer solstice in the Northern Hemisphere and the winter solstice in the Southern Hemisphere, which is the day of the year with the most hours of daylight in the Northern Hemisphere and the fewest hours of daylight in the Southern Hemisphere.
On this day the Summer solstice may occur in the Northern Hemisphere, and the Winter solstice may occur in the Southern Hemisphere.
In common years it is always in ISO week 26.
It is the last day of the first half of the year.
Kalidas Shrestha (कालिदास श्रेष्ठ; 23 May 1923 – 2 March 2016) was a Nepalese artist, sculptor, social activist, and is the founding chairman of Kamala Memorial Community Service Center.
The Kandersteg International Scout Centre (KISC) is an international Scout centre in Kandersteg, Switzerland.
Marshal-Admiral Viscount was a career officer in the Imperial Japanese Navy, cabinet minister, and 12th Prime Minister of Japan from 12 June 1922 to 24 August 1923.
Kate Bishop (1848 – 12 June 1923) was an English actress from Bristol, a member of a theatrical family.
Kathleen Mansfield Murry (née Beauchamp; 14 October 1888 – 9 January 1923) was a prominent New Zealand modernist short story writer who was born and brought up in colonial New Zealand and wrote under the pen name of Katherine Mansfield.
Irene Lionikas (November 5, 1923 – August 7, 1978) was a female professional center fielder who played from through in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League.
The Küstrin Putsch, also known as the Buchrucker Putsch, was a reaction to the September 26, 1923 quelling of resistance by the German government to the occupation of the Ruhr region.
was a Japanese physicist.
was a Japanese actor.
Kenneth Roy Thomson, 2nd Baron Thomson of Fleet (September 1, 1923 – June 12, 2006), known in Canada as Ken Thomson, was a Canadian businessman and art collector.
Kevlar is a heat-resistant and strong synthetic fiber, related to other aramids such as Nomex and Technora.
Tan Sri Dato' Paduka Md Khir Johari (29 January 1923 – 19 November 2006) was a Malaysian politician and the former Malaysian Minister of Education.
Joseph Nathan Oliver (December 19, 1885 – April 10, 1938) better known as King Oliver or Joe Oliver, was an American jazz cornet player and bandleader.
The Kingdom of Bulgaria (Царство България, Tsarstvo Bǎlgariya), also referred to as the Tsardom of Bulgaria and the Third Bulgarian Tsardom, was a constitutional monarchy in Eastern and Southeastern Europe, which was established on 5 October (O.S. 22 September) 1908 when the Bulgarian state was raised from a principality to a kingdom.
The Kingdom of Greece (Greek: Βασίλειον τῆς Ἑλλάδος) was a state established in 1832 at the Convention of London by the Great Powers (the United Kingdom, Kingdom of France and the Russian Empire).
The Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia) was a state which existed from 1861—when King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia was proclaimed King of Italy—until 1946—when a constitutional referendum led civil discontent to abandon the monarchy and form the modern Italian Republic.
Kitty White (July 7, 1923 – August 11, 2009) was an American jazz singer who was popular in Los Angeles nightclubs.
The Klaipėda Region (Klaipėdos kraštas) or Memel Territory (Memelland or Memelgebiet) was defined by the Treaty of Versailles in 1920 and refers to the most northern part of the German province of East Prussia, when as Memelland it was put under the administration of the Council of Ambassadors.
The Klaipėda Revolt took place in January 1923 in the Klaipėda Region (Memel Territory, Memelland).
Knut Emil Ahnlund (24 May 1923 – 28 November 2012) was a Swedish literary historian, writer, and member of the Swedish Academy.
Konrad Repgen (5 May 1923 – 2 April 2017) was a German historian and a professor emeritus (retired) at the University of Bonn.
Konstanty Romuald Budkiewicz (Konstantīns Romualds Budkēvičs, Константин Ромуальд Будкевич) (June 19, 1867 - March 31, 1923) was a Roman Catholic priest executed by the OGPU for organizing Nonviolent resistance against the First Soviet anti-religious campaign.
The Kuomintang of China (KMT; often translated as the Nationalist Party of China) is a major political party in the Republic of China on Taiwan, based in Taipei and is currently the opposition political party in the Legislative Yuan.
Count was a Japanese general in the Imperial Japanese Army.
The Labour Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom.
Lakehurst Maxfield Field, formerly known as Naval Air Engineering Station Lakehurst (NAES Lakehurst), is the naval component of Joint Base McGuire–Dix–Lakehurst (JB MDL), a United States Air Force–managed joint base headquartered approximately east-southeast of Trenton in Manchester Township in Ocean County, New Jersey, United States.
Lawrence Eugene Doby (December 13, 1923 – June 18, 2003) was an American professional baseball player in the Negro leagues and Major League Baseball (MLB) who was the second black player to break baseball's color barrier.
Larry Grayson (31 August 1923 – 7 January 1995), born William Sulley White, was an English comedian and television presenter who was best known in the 1970s and early 80s.
Lawrence Samuel Storch (born January 8, 1923) is an American comedian, actor and voice artist best known for his comic television roles, including voice-over work for cartoon shows, such as Mr.
Lars Emil Bruun (29 March 1852 – 21 November 1923) was a Danish merchant and numismatist.
Latifa al-Zayyat (لطيفة الزيات) (8 August 1923 – 10 September 1996) was an Egyptian activist and writer, most famous for her novel The Open Door, which won the inaugural Naguib Mahfouz Medal for Literature.
The League of Nations (abbreviated as LN in English, La Société des Nations abbreviated as SDN or SdN in French) was an intergovernmental organisation founded on 10 January 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War.
Lebanon (لبنان; Lebanese pronunciation:; Liban), officially known as the Lebanese RepublicRepublic of Lebanon is the most common phrase used by Lebanese government agencies.
Lee Kuan Yew GCMG CH SPMJ (16 September 1923 – 23 March 2015), commonly referred to by his initials LKY, was the first Prime Minister of Singapore, governing for three decades.
Lee Teng-hui (born 15 January 1923) is a Taiwanese politician.
Lee Yuan-tsu (24 September 1923 — 8 March 2017), was a Kuomintang politician who served under Lee Teng-hui as the eighth Vice President of the Republic of China.
The Leeward Islands are a group of islands situated where the northeastern Caribbean Sea meets the western Atlantic Ocean.
Leonard Joseph Okrie (July 16, 1923 – April 12, 2018) was an American catcher and coach in Major League Baseball.
Leonardo Ferrel (born 7 July 1923, date of death unknown) was a Bolivian football midfielder who played for Bolivia in the 1950 FIFA World Cup.
Leslie Pearce (13 October 1923 – 21 April 2018) was a Welsh rugby union, and professional rugby league footballer of the 1940s and 1950s, and rugby league coach of the 1970s.
Lewis Richard Benjamin Elton (born Ludwig Richard Benjamin Ehrenberg; 25 March 1923) is a German-born British physicist and researcher into education, specialising in higher education.
Li Yuanhong (courtesy name Songqing 宋卿) (October 19, 1864 – June 3, 1928) was a Chinese politician during the Qing dynasty and the republican era.
Linda Christian (November 13, 1923 – July 22, 2011) was a Mexican film actress, who appeared in Mexican and Hollywood films.
Linda Darnell (born Monetta Eloyse Darnell, October 16, 1923April 10, 1965) was an American film actress.
Abner Linwood Holton Jr. (born September 21, 1923) is a Virginia political figure and attorney.
Liseberg is an amusement park located in Gothenburg, Sweden, that opened in 1923.
This list concerns the Polish heads of state since World War I. For a list of historical monarchs of Poland from the Middle Ages to 1795 and 19th and early 20th century claimants to the Polish throne see List of Polish monarchs.
The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes) and its variants were the highest awards in the military and paramilitary forces of Nazi Germany during World War II.
The Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire (Vezir-i Azam or Sadr-ı Azam (Sadrazam); Ottoman Turkish: صدر اعظم or وزیر اعظم) was the de facto prime minister of the sultan in the Ottoman Empire, with absolute power of attorney and, in principle, dismissible only by the sultan himself in the classical period, before the Tanzimat reforms, or until the 1908 Revolution.
The following is a list of Presidents of Cape Verde, since the establishment of the office of President in 1975.
This is a list of the Prime Ministers of Guyana, from the establishment of the office of Chief Minister of British Guiana in 1953 to the present day.
Lithuania (Lietuva), officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in the Baltic region of northern-eastern Europe.
Mary Elizabeth Smith (February 2, 1923 – November 12, 2017) was an American gossip columnist.
Lloyd Hillyard Conover (June 13, 1923 – March 11, 2017) was an American chemist and the inventor of tetracycline.
Lloyd Stowell Shapley (June 2, 1923 – March 12, 2016) was an American mathematician and Nobel Prize-winning economist.
Lluís Domènech i Montaner (21 December 1850 – 27 December 1923) was a Spanish architect who was highly influential on Modernisme català, the Catalan Art Nouveau/Jugendstil movement.
The long and short scales are two of several large-number naming systems for integer powers of ten that use the same words with different meanings.
Bernhard-Victor Christoph-Carl von Bülow (12 November 1923 – 22 August 2011), known as Vicco von Bülow (from Bernhard-Victor Christoph-Carl) or Loriot, was a German comedian, humorist, cartoonist, film director, actor and writer.
Lewis Thomas Charles "Lou" Richards, (15 March 1923 – 8 May 2017) was an Australian rules footballer who played 250 games for the Collingwood Football Club in the Victorian Football League (VFL) between 1941 and 1955.
Louis Daniel Armstrong (August 4, 1901 – July 6, 1971), nicknamed Satchmo, Satch, and Pops, was an American trumpeter, composer, singer and occasional actor who was one of the most influential figures in jazz.
Louis Aston Marantz Simpson (March 27, 1923 – September 14, 2012) was an American poet born in Jamaica.
Louis-Edmond Hamelin, (born 21 March 1923) is a Canadian geographer, professor, and author born in Saint-Didace, Quebec, Canada, best known for his studies of Northern Canada.
Louise Veronica Arnold (May 11, 1923 – May 27, 2010) was a female pitcher who played during four seasons for the South Bend Blue Sox of the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League.
Lodewijk Henri Christian Hulsman, known as Louk Hulsman (8 March 1923 in Kerkrade – 28 January 2009 in Dordrecht) was a Dutch legal scientist and criminologist.
Kgosi Lucas Manyane Mangope (27 December 1923 – 18 January 2018) was the leader of the Bantustan (homeland) of Bophuthatswana.
Blessed Luigi Tezza (21 November 1841 - 26 September 1923) was an Italian Roman Catholic priest and a professed member of the Camillians.
Blessed Luigi Variara (15 January 1875 - 1 February 1923) was an Italian Roman Catholic priest and a professed member of the Salesians of Don Bosco.
Luis Abanto Morales (25 August 1923 – 14 June 2017) was a Peruvian singer and composer.
Luis Aloma Barba (July 23, 1923 – April 7, 1996), nicknamed "Witto", was a relief pitcher in Major League Baseball who played for the Chicago White Sox from 1950 through 1953.
Luis "El Zorro" Álamos Luque (25 December 1923, Chañaral – 26 June 1983) was a football manager from Chile, who guided the national team at the 1966 and 1974 FIFA World Cup.
Lydia Marie Clarke (born April 14, 1923) is an American actress and photographer, and the widow of Academy Award-winning actor Charlton Heston.
Madeleine Winefride Isabelle Dring (7 September 1923 – 26 March 1977) was an English composer and actress.
Maria Teresa Nuzzo (11 May 1851 in Valletta, Malta – 17 April 1923) was a Roman Catholic nun, founder of the religious institute Daughters of the Sacred Heart.
Johnnie Mae Young (March 12, 1923 – January 14, 2014) was an American professional wrestler.
Mahlon Clark (March 7, 1923 – September 20, 2007) was an American musician who was a member of the Lawrence Welk orchestra from 1962 to 1968.
Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organization, the oldest of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada.
Makhmut Akhmetovich Gareyev (Махмут Ахметович Гареев Мәхмүт Әхмәт улы Гәрәев) (b. June 23, 1923) is a Russian General of the Army, a historian, and a military scientist.
The Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church, also known as the Indian Orthodox Church, is an autocephalous Oriental Orthodox church centered in the Indian state of Kerala.
Mandatory Palestine (فلسطين; פָּלֶשְׂתִּינָה (א"י), where "EY" indicates "Eretz Yisrael", Land of Israel) was a geopolitical entity under British administration, carved out of Ottoman Syria after World War I. British civil administration in Palestine operated from 1920 until 1948.
Don Manuel Allendesalazar y Muñoz de Salazar (24 August 1856 in Guernica, Spain – 17 May 1923 in Madrid) was a Spanish noble and politician who served two times as Prime Minister of Spain during the regency of Maria Christina of Austria.
María Martín (born July 14, 1923) is a retired Spanish actress.
Henri-Robert-Marcel Duchamp (28 July 1887 – 2 October 1968) was a French-American painter, sculptor, chess player and writer whose work is associated with Cubism, conceptual art, and Dada, although he was careful about his use of the term Dada and was not directly associated with Dada groups.
Marcel Marceau (born Marcel Mangel, 22 March 1923 – 22 September 2007) was a French actor and Mime artist most famous for his stage persona as "Bip the Clown".
In the Roman calendar, March 15 was known as the Ides of March.
Typically the March equinox falls on this date, marking the vernal point in the Northern Hemisphere and the autumnal point in the Southern Hemisphere.
In astrology, the day of the equinox is the first full day of the sign of Aries.
March 24th is the 365th and last day of the year in many European implementations of the Julian calendar.
Mari Evans (July 16, 1919 – March 10, 2017) was an African-American poet, writer, and dramatist associated with the Black Arts Movement.
Maria Callas, Commendatore OMRI (Μαρία Κάλλας; December 2, 1923 – September 16, 1977) was a New York-born Greek soprano, one of the most renowned and influential opera singers of the 20th century.
Marmaduke James Hussey, Baron Hussey of North Bradley (29 August 1923 – 27 December 2006), known as Duke Hussey, was Chairman of the Board of Governors of the BBC from 1986-96, fulfilling two terms in that role.
Marshall Amplification is an English company that designs and manufactures music amplifiers, speaker cabinets, brands personal headphones and earphones, and, having acquired Natal Drums, drums and bongos.
Martha Mansfield (July 14, 1899 – November 30, 1923) was an American actress in silent films and vaudeville stage plays.
Mary Cynthia Dickerson (March 7, 1866 – April 23, 1923) was an American herpetologist and the first curator of herpetology at the American Museum of Natural History, as well as the first curator in the now defunct department of Woods and Forestry.
Mary Francis Shura Craig, née Young (23 February 1923 in Pratt, Kansas – 12 January 1991 in Maywood, Illinois) was an American writer of over 50 novels from 1960 to 1990.
Mauno Henrik Koivisto (25 November 1923 – 12 May 2017) was a Finnish politician who served as the ninth President of Finland from 1982 to 1994.
Auguste-Maurice Barrès (19 August 1862 – 4 December 1923) was a French novelist, journalist and politician.
Ludwig Maximilian Erwin von Scheubner-Richter or Max Scheubner-Richter, born Ludwig Maximilian Erwin Richter (21 January 1884 – 9 November 1923) was a Russian-born German officer and activist who was an early member of the Nazi Party.
Max Simon Nordau (born Simon Maximilian Südfeld; July 29, 1849 – January 23, 1923), was a Zionist leader, physician, author, and social critic.
Maximiano Tuazon Cruz (April 4, 1923 – October 9, 2013) was a Filipino Prelate of the Catholic Church.
This day marks the approximate midpoint of spring in the Northern Hemisphere and of autumn in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the March equinox).
Mátyás Tímár (born July 10, 1923) is a former Hungarian politician and economist, who served as Minister of Finance between 1962 and 1967.
The Medal of Honor is the United States of America's highest and most prestigious personal military decoration that may be awarded to recognize U.S. military service members who distinguished themselves by acts of valor.
Meggie Albanesi (8 October 1899—9 December 1923) was a British stage and film actress.
Melancthon J. Briggs (March 31, 1846 – March 3, 1923) was an American lawyer and politician.
Melbourne is the state capital of Victoria and the second-most populous city in Australia and Oceania.
Merle Patricia Keagle (March 21, 1923 – November 12, 1960) was a center fielder who played in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League between the and seasons.
Merton Howard Miller (May 16, 1923 – June 3, 2000) was an American economist, and the co-author of the Modigliani–Miller theorem (1958), which proposed the irrelevance of debt-equity structure.
Michael Kirk Douglas (born September 25, 1944) is an American actor and producer.
Sir Michael Kerry KCB QC MA (5 August 1923 – 11 May 2012) was the holder of the official titles of Her Majesty's Procurator General and Treasury Solicitor from 1980 to 1984.
Michael Clement Lapage (born 15 November 1923) is a former missionary and English rower who competed for Great Britain in the 1948 Summer Olympics.
Michael Legat (24 March 1923 – 15 August 2011) was a British writer of writers' guides and romance novels.
Michael Hugh Medwin OBE (born 18 July 1923) is an English actor and film producer.
Michel-Joseph Maunoury (17 December 1847 – 28 March 1923) was a commander of French forces in the early days of World War I. Initially commanding in Lorraine, as the success of the German thrust through Belgium became clear he was sent to take command of the new Sixth Army which was assembling near Amiens and then fell back on Paris.
Michigan is a state in the Great Lakes and Midwestern regions of the United States.
Miguel Primo de Rivera y Orbaneja, 2nd Marquess of Estella, 22nd Count of Sobremonte, GE, OIC, OSH, LCSF, OMC, OTS, KOC (8 January 1870 – 16 March 1930) was a dictator, aristocrat, and military officer who served as Prime Minister of Spain from 1923 to 1930 during Spain's Restoration era.
Millôr Fernandes (August 16, 1923. Releituras (in Portuguese) – March 27, 2012) was a Brazilian writer, journalist, cartoonist, humorist and playwright.
Milton James Rhode Acorn (March 30, 1923 – August 20, 1986), nicknamed The People's Poet by his peers, was a Canadian poet, writer, and playwright.
A mime or mime artist (from Greek μῖμος, mimos, "imitator, actor") is a person who uses mime as a theatrical medium or as a performance art.
Mirko Ellis (4 September 1923 – 11 September 2014) was a Swiss-Italian film, stage and television actor.
Misael Eduardo Pastrana Borrero (14 November 1923 – 21 August 1997) was the 23rd President of Colombia from 1970 to 1974.
Miss America is a competition that is held annually and is open to women from the United States between the ages of 17 and 25.
Mitchell Flint (June 27, 1923 – September 16, 2017) was an American lawyer and veteran aviator.
Mitsuye Yamada (born July 5, 1923) is a Japanese American activist, feminist, essayist, poet, story writer, editor, and former professor of English.
The Moderation League of New York was founded in 1923 to change the legal definition of the "intoxicating liquors" prohibited by the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution establishing prohibition.
Mohammad Yaqub Khan (1849November 15, 1923) was Emir of Afghanistan from February 21 to October 12, 1879.
Moira Lister de Gachassin-Lafite, Vicomtesse d’Orthez (6 August 192327 October 2007) was a South African-born, English film, stage and television actress and writer.
Morris Halle (July 23, 1923 – April 2, 2018) was a Latvian-American linguist who was an Institute Professor, and later professor emeritus, of linguistics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Addison Morton Walker (September 3, 1923 – January 27, 2018) was an American comic strip writer, best known for creating the newspaper comic strips Beetle Bailey in 1950 and Hi and Lois in 1954.
Mother Mary Angelica of the Annunciation, PCPA (born Rita Antoinette Rizzo; April 20, 1923 – March 27, 2016), also known as Mother Angelica, was a Catholic American Franciscan nun best known for her television personality.
Mount Etna, or Etna (Etna or Mongibello; Mungibeddu or â Muntagna; Aetna), is an active stratovolcano on the east coast of Sicily, Italy, in the Metropolitan City of Catania, between the cities of Messina and Catania.
Moyra Fraser (3 December 1923 – 13 December 2009) was an Australian-born English actress and ballet dancer, who is best known for playing Penny Johnson in the long-running sitcom As Time Goes By.
Mrinal Sen (also spelled Mrinal Shen, born 14 May 1923) is a noted Bengali filmmaker based in Kolkata.
Mukesh Chand Mathur (22 July 1923 – 27 August 1976), better known mononymously as Mukesh, was an Indian playback singer.
Munich (München; Minga) is the capital and the most populated city in the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps.
Murray Hamilton (March 24, 1923September 1, 1986) was an American stage, screen, and television character actor who appeared in such films as Anatomy of a Murder, The Hustler, The Graduate, The Amityville Horror and Jaws.
Graeme Murray Walker, (born 10 October 1923) is an English semi-retired motorsport commentator and journalist.
Musa'id bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (26 June 1923 – 19 August 2013) was a member of the House of Saud.
Museums Victoria is an organisation which operates three major state-owned museums in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, the Melbourne Museum, the Immigration Museum and Scienceworks.
Mushtaq Ahmad Yusufi D.Litt. (HC), SI, HI (born in Tonk, Rajasthan, India 1923,belongs to pathan family Yousafzai tribe migrated wth Mehmood Ghaznavi '''مُشتاق احمد يُوسُفی'''. –, 4 September 1923 – 20 June 2018) was a Pakistani satire and humour writer who wrote in Urdu.
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (19 May 1881 (conventional) – 10 November 1938) was a Turkish army officer, revolutionary, and founder of the Republic of Turkey, serving as its first President from 1923 until his death in 1938.
Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao (28 May 1923 – 18 January 1996), popularly known as NTR, was an Indian actor, producer, director, editor and politician who served as Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh for seven years over three terms.
Nadine Gordimer (20 November 1923 – 13 July 2014) was a South African writer, political activist and recipient of the 1991 Nobel Prize in Literature.
Nathanael Neujean (5 January 1923 – 4 February 2018) was a Belgian sculptor from Antwerp.
The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum is an American history museum and hall of fame, located in Cooperstown, New York, and operated by private interests.
The National Party of Australia (also known as The Nationals or simply, The Nats) is an Australian political party.
The Nationalist Party was an Australian political party.
National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism, is the ideology and practices associated with the Nazi Party – officially the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) – in Nazi Germany, and of other far-right groups with similar aims.
Nemesio Canales (December 18, 1878 – September 14, 1923) was a Puerto Rican essayist, journalist, novelist, playwright, politician and activist who defended women's civil rights.
Nepal (नेपाल), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल), is a landlocked country in South Asia located mainly in the Himalayas but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.
The Nepal–Britain Treaty of 1923 is considered to be one of the most important treaties in the History of Nepal.
The New York Yankees are an American professional baseball team based in the New York City borough of the Bronx.
Nguyễn Văn Thiệu (5 April 1923 – 29 September 2001) was the president of South Vietnam from 1965 to 1975.
Nicola Barbato (Piana dei Greci, October 5, 1856 - Milan, May 23, 1923) was a Sicilian medical doctor, socialist and politician.
Sir Ninian Martin Stephen (15 June 1923 – 29 October 2017) was an Australian judge who served as the 20th Governor-General of Australia, in office from 1982 to 1989.
The Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (officially Sveriges riksbanks pris i ekonomisk vetenskap till Alfred Nobels minne, or the Swedish National Bank's Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel), commonly referred to as the Nobel Prize in Economics, is an award for outstanding contributions to the field of economics, and generally regarded as the most prestigious award for that field.
The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish, Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is one of the five Nobel Prizes created by the Swedish industrialist, inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, and Literature.
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry (Nobelpriset i kemi) is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to scientists in the various fields of chemistry.
The Nobel Prize in Literature (Nobelpriset i litteratur) is a Swedish literature prize that has been awarded annually, since 1901, to an author from any country who has, in the words of the will of Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel, produced "in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction" (original Swedish: "den som inom litteraturen har producerat det mest framstående verket i en idealisk riktning").
The Nobel Prize in Physics (Nobelpriset i fysik) is a yearly award given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for those who conferred the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of physics.
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (Nobelpriset i fysiologi eller medicin), administered by the Nobel Foundation, is awarded once a year for outstanding discoveries in the fields of life sciences and medicine.
Nora Brockstedt (20 January 1923 – 5 November 2015) was a Norwegian singer.
Norma Zimmer (July 13, 1923 – May 10, 2011) was a vocalist, best remembered for her 22-year tenure as Lawrence Welk's "Champagne Lady" on The Lawrence Welk Show, and for her love of traditional Christian music.
Norman Albert (died 1974) was a Canadian journalist and radio reporter.
Norman Eric Kirk (6 January 1923 – 31 August 1974) was a New Zealand politician who served as the 29th Prime Minister of New Zealand from 1972 until his sudden death in 1974.
Norman Kingsley Mailer (January 31, 1923 – November 10, 2007) was an American novelist, journalist, essayist, playwright, film-maker, actor, and liberal political activist.
Norman "Hurricane" Smith (22 February 1923 – 3 March 2008) – accessed March 2011 was an English musician, record producer and engineer.
North Carolina is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States.
In the ancient astronomy, it is the cusp day between Scorpio and Sagittarius.
Novo Nordisk A/S is a Danish multinational pharmaceutical company headquartered in Bagsværd, Denmark, with production facilities in eight countries, and affiliates or offices in 75 countries.
Oaxaca (from Huāxyacac), officially the Free and Sovereign State of Oaxaca (Estado Libre y Soberano de Oaxaca), is one of the 31 states which, along with Mexico City, make up the 32 federative entities of Mexico.
The Occupation of Constantinople (İstanbul'un İşgali) (November 13, 1918 – September 23, 1923), the capital of the Ottoman Empire, by British, French and Italian forces, took place in accordance with the Armistice of Mudros, which ended Ottoman participation in the First World War.
The Occupation of the Ruhr (Ruhrbesetzung) was a period of military occupation of the German Ruhr valley by France and Belgium between 1923 and 1925 in response to the Weimar Republic's failure to meet its second reparation payment of the £6.6 billion that was dictated in the Treaty of Versailles by the Triple Entente(1919) in the aftermath of World War I.
Octavio Lepage Barreto (24 November 1923 – 6 January 2017) was a Venezuelan politician who served as Acting President of Venezuela from 21 May 1993 to 5 June 1993.
Olav Thon (born 29 June 1923 in Ål, Hallingdal) is a Norwegian real estate developer and listed in the ''Forbes'' list of billionaires as the 198th richest person in the world with a net worth of $6 billion as of March 2013.
Olavo Rodrigues Barbosa, best known as Nena, (11 July 1923 in Porto Alegre – 17 November 2010 in Goiânia) was a Brazilian former football player.
The Ontario Hockey League (OHL) is one of the three major junior ice hockey leagues which constitute the Canadian Hockey League.
The Order of Saint Benedict (OSB; Latin: Ordo Sancti Benedicti), also known as the Black Monksin reference to the colour of its members' habitsis a Catholic religious order of independent monastic communities that observe the Rule of Saint Benedict.
Orrin Keepnews (March 2, 1923 – March 1, 2015) was an American jazz writer and record producer known for his work for Riverside Records and other labels.
Otfried Preußler (sometimes spelled as Otfried Preussler) (20 October 1923 – 18 February 2013) was a German children's books author.
The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
Pieter Kenyon Fleming-Voltelyn van der Byl, GLM ID (11 November 1923 – 15 November 1999) was a Rhodesian politician who served as his country's Foreign Minister from 1974 to 1979 as a member of the Rhodesian Front (RF).
Paavo Olavi Lonkila (born Lång on 11 January 1923 – 22 September 2017) was a Finnish cross-country skier.
Sidney Aaron "Paddy" Chayefsky (January 29, 1923 – August 1, 1981) was an American playwright, screenwriter and novelist.
Pamela Sharples, Baroness Sharples (née Newall; born 11 February 1923) is a British Conservative Party politician.
Panama (Panamá), officially the Republic of Panama (República de Panamá), is a country in Central America, bordered by Costa Rica to the west, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south.
Francisco "Pancho" Villa (born José Doroteo Arango Arámbula; 5 June 1878 – 20 July 1923) was a Mexican Revolutionary general and one of the most prominent figures of the Mexican Revolution.
A parliamentary system is a system of democratic governance of a state where the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from its ability to command the confidence of the legislative branch, typically a parliament, and is also held accountable to that parliament.
Hidalgo del Parral, is a city and seat of the municipality of Hidalgo del Parral in the Mexican state of Chihuahua.
Pascual Álvarez (1861-1923) was a general during the Philippine Revolution and member of the Magdiwang revolutionary organization.
Patricia Frederica Phoenix (born Patricia Frederica Manfield; 26 November 1923 – 17 September 1986) was an English actress who became one of the first sex symbols of British television through her role as Elsie Tanner, an original cast member of Coronation Street.
A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state or intergovernmental organization to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention.
Patrick John Hillery (Pádraig J. Ó hIrghile; 2 May 1923 – 12 April 2008) was an Irish Fianna Fáil politician who served as the 6th President of Ireland from December 1976 to December 1990.
Sir Patrick Alfred Caldwell-Moore (4 March 19239 December 2012) was an English amateur astronomer who attained prominent status in that field as a writer, researcher, radio commentator and television presenter.
Paul Theodore Hellyer, (born 6 August 1923) is a Canadian engineer, politician, writer, and commentator who has had a long and varied career.
Paul Konrad Muller (official name Paul Konrad Müller, born 11 March 1923 in Neuchâtel) is a Swiss character actor.
Paula Fox (April 22, 1923 – March 1, 2017) was an American author of novels for adults and children and of two memoirs.
Pedro José Escalón (March 25, 1847 – September 6, 1923) was born in Santa Ana, El Salvador.
Peggy Stewart (born Peggy O'Rourke; June 5, 1923) is an American actress known for her roles in Western B movies and television series.
Lionel Dyke "Pete" Parker (September 7, 1895 – February 11, 1991) was a Canadian radio announcer.
Peter II (Petar/Петар; 6 September 1923 – 3 November 1970) was the last King of Yugoslavia, and the last reigning member of the Karađorđević dynasty which came to prominence in the early 19th century.
Peter Sydney Ernest Lawford (born Peter Sydney Ernest Aylen; 7 September 1923 – 24 December 1984) was a British-American actor, producer, and socialite, who lived in the United States throughout his adult life.
Peter Mennin (born Mennini) (May 17, 1923 in Erie, Pennsylvania – June 17, 1983 in New York City) was a prominent American composer, teacher and administrator.
Air Commodore Peter Donald Thorne, (3 June 1923 – 5 April 2014) was a fighter pilot and test pilot in the Royal Air Force (RAF), who held diplomatic posts in Tehran and Moscow during the 1970s.
Peter Vaughan (born Peter Ewart Ohm; 4 April 1923 – 6 December 2016) was a British character actor, known for many supporting roles in British film and television productions.
Philip "Flip" Slier (4 December 1923 – 9 April 1943) was a Jewish Dutch typesetter who lived in Amsterdam during the German occupation of the Netherlands in World War II.
Philip Warren Anderson (born December 13, 1923) is an American physicist and Nobel laureate.
Piedmont blues (also known as East Coast, or Southeastern blues) refers primarily to a guitar style, the Piedmont fingerstyle, which is characterized by a fingerpicking approach in which a regular, alternating thumb bass string rhythmic pattern supports a syncopated melody using the treble strings generally picked with the fore-finger, occasionally others.
Colonel Piero D'Inzeo (4 March 1923 – 13 February 2014) was an Italian show jumping rider, winner of six medals at the Olympic Games, and an officer in the Italian cavalry.
Pierre Brizon (16 May 1878 - 1 August 1923) was a French teacher, national deputy, internationalist and pacifist.
Pierre Loti (pseudonym of Louis Marie-Julien Viaud; 14 January 1850 – 10 June 1923) was a French naval officer and novelist, known for his exotic novels.
The Polish Corridor (Polnischer Korridor; Pomorze, Korytarz polski), also known as Danzig Corridor, Corridor to the Sea or Gdańsk Corridor, was a territory located in the region of Pomerelia (Pomeranian Voivodeship, eastern Pomerania, formerly part of West Prussia), which provided the Second Republic of Poland (1920–1939) with access to the Baltic Sea, thus dividing the bulk of Germany from the province of East Prussia.
The politics of Australia takes place within the framework of a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy.
Pope Shenouda III (Ⲡⲁⲡⲁ Ⲁⲃⲃⲁ Ϣⲉⲛⲟⲩϯ ⲅ̅; بابا الإسكندرية شنودة الثالث; 3 August 1921 – 17 March 2012) was the 117th Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of the See of St. Mark.
The President of the Republic of Azerbaijan is the head of state of Azerbaijan.
The President of Brazil, officially the President of the Federative Republic of Brazil (Presidente da República Federativa do Brasil) or simply the President of the Republic, is both the head of state and the head of government of the Federative Republic of Brazil.
The President of Colombia (Presidente de Colombia), officially known as the President of the Republic of Colombia (Presidente de la República de Colombia) is the head of state and head of government of Colombia.
The position of President of El Salvador was created in the Constitution of 1841.
The President of the Republic of Finland (Suomen tasavallan presidentti, Republiken Finlands president) is the head of state of Finland.
The President of the Co-operative Republic of Guyana is the head of state and the head of government of Guyana, as well as the commander-in-chief of the armed forces of the Republic, according to the Constitution of Guyana.
The President of Ireland (Uachtarán na hÉireann) is the head of state of the Republic of Ireland and the Supreme Commander of the Irish Defence Forces.
The President of the State of Israel (נְשִׂיא מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל, Nesi Medinat Yisra'el, or נְשִׂיא הַמְדִינָה, Nesi HaMedina, literally President of the State) is the head of state of Israel.
The President of the Republic of Nicaragua (Presidente de la República de Nicaragua) is the head of state of Nicaragua.
The President of Paraguay (Presidente de la República del Paraguay) is according to the Constitution of Paraguay the head of the executive branch of the Government of Paraguay, both head of state and head of government.
The President of the Republic of Peru (Presidente de la República del Perú) is the head of state and head of government of Peru and represents the republic in official international matters.
The President of the Republic of Singapore is the country's head of state.
The President of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (ශ්රී ලංකා ජනාධිපති Śrī Laṃkā Janādhipathi; இலங்கை சனாதிபதி Ilankai janātipati) is the executive head of state and head of government of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka and commander-in-chief of the Sri Lankan Armed Forces.
The President of Taiwan, officially the President of the Republic of China, is the head of state and the head of government of Taiwan.
The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.
The Prime Minister of Australia (sometimes informally abbreviated to PM) is the head of government of Australia.
The Prime Minister of Bulgaria (Министър-председател, Ministar-predsedatel) is the head of government of Bulgaria.
The Prime Minister of Finland (Suomen pääministeri) is the head of the Finnish Government.
The French Prime Minister (Premier ministre français) in the Fifth Republic is the head of government.
The Prime Minister of the Hellenic Republic (Πρωθυπουργός της Ελληνικής Δημοκρατίας, Pro̱thypourgós ti̱s Elli̱nikí̱s Di̱mokratías), colloquially referred to as the Prime Minister of Greece (Πρωθυπουργός της Ελλάδας, Pro̱thypourgós ti̱s Elládas), is the head of government of the Hellenic Republic and the leader of the Greek cabinet.
The Prime Minister of Israel (רֹאשׁ הַמֶּמְשָׁלָה, Rosh HaMemshala, lit. Head of the Government, Hebrew acronym: רה״מ; رئيس الحكومة, Ra'īs al-Ḥukūma) is the head of government of Israel and the most powerful figure in Israeli politics.
The Prime Minister of Jamaica is Jamaica's head of government, currently Andrew Holness.
The is the head of government of Japan.
The President of the Council of Ministers (Polish: Prezes Rady Ministrów), colloquially referred to as the Prime Minister of Poland (Polish: Premier Polski), is the leader of the cabinet and the head of government of Poland.
The Prime Minister of the Republic of Singapore (Perdana Menteri Republik Singapura; 新加坡共和國總理;, pinyin: Xīnjiāpō gònghéguó zǒnglǐ; சிங்கப்பூர் குடியரசின் பிரதமர், Ciṅkappūr kuṭiyaraciṉ piratamar) is the head of the government of the Republic of Singapore, and the most powerful person in Singapore.
The Prime Minister of Spain, officially the President of the Government of Spain (Presidente del Gobierno de España), is the head of the government of Spain.
The Prime Minister (statsminister, literally "Minister of the State") is the head of government in Sweden.
The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of the United Kingdom government.
The Prime Minister of Yugoslavia was the head of government of the Yugoslav state, from the creation of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes in 1918 until the breakup of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1992.
Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover, 3rd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale (Ernest Augustus William Adolphus George Frederick; 21 September 1845 – 14 November 1923), was the eldest child and only son of George V of Hanover and his wife, Marie of Saxe-Altenburg.
was the 22nd head of the Fushimi-no-miya shinnōke (branch of the Imperial Family).
Prince Miguel of Braganza, Duke of Viseu (22 September 1878 – 21 February 1923) was a member of the exiled branch of the House of Braganza.
, was the 3rd head of a collateral branch of the Japanese Imperial Family.
Princess Anastasia of Greece and Denmark (20 January 1878 – 29 August 1923) was a wealthy American heiress, Nonie "Nancy" May Stewart Worthington Leeds, who became a member of the Greek and Danish Royal Families through marriage to Prince Christopher of Greece and Denmark, the youngest child of King George I of Greece and his consort, Grand Duchess Olga Constantinovna of Russia.
Princess Helena of the United Kingdom (Helena Augusta Victoria; 25 May 1846 – 9 June 1923) was the third daughter and fifth child of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.
Princess Louise of Prussia (3 December 1838 – 23 April 1923) was the second child and only daughter of German Emperor Wilhelm I and Augusta of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.
Princess Marie Elisabeth of Saxe-Meiningen (23 September 1853 – 22 February 1923) was the only daughter of Georg II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen, by his first wife, Princess Charlotte of Prussia.
Princess Marie Caroline of Battenberg (Prinzessin Marie Karoline von Battenberg; 15 February 185220 June 1923) was a Princess of Battenberg and, by marriage, the Princess of Erbach-Schönberg.
Princess Maud (born Lady Maud Duff; 3 April 1893 – 14 December 1945), later Countess of Southesk, was a granddaughter of the British king Edward VII.
A protectorate, in its inception adopted by modern international law, is a dependent territory that has been granted local autonomy and some independence while still retaining the suzerainty of a greater sovereign state.
The Qajar dynasty (سلسله قاجار; also Romanised as Ghajar, Kadjar, Qachar etc.; script Qacarlar) was an IranianAbbas Amanat, The Pivot of the Universe: Nasir Al-Din Shah Qajar and the Iranian Monarchy, 1831–1896, I. B. Tauris, pp 2–3 royal dynasty of Turkic origin,Cyrus Ghani.
Queen Anne of Romania (née Princess Anne Antoinette Françoise Charlotte Zita Marguerite of Bourbon-Parma; 18 September 1923 – 1 August 2016) was the wife of Michael I, former King of Romania.
Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon (4 August 1900 – 30 March 2002) was the wife of King George VI and the mother of Queen Elizabeth II and Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon.
Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.
A Queen's Counsel (postnominal QC), or King's Counsel (postnominal KC) during the reign of a king, is an eminent lawyer (usually a barrister or advocate) who is appointed by the Monarch to be one of "Her Majesty's Counsel learned in the law." The term is also recognised as an honorific.
Rafael Valentín Errázuriz Urmeneta (August 10, 1861 - December 26, 1923) was a Chilean politician and diplomat.
Rahula College is a boys' school in Sri Lanka, located in Matara district.
The Railways Act 1921 (c. 55), also known as the Grouping Act, was an Act of Parliament enacted by the British government and intended to stem the losses being made by many of the country's 120 railway companies, move the railways away from internal competition and retain some of the benefits which the country had derived from a government-controlled railway during and after the Great War of 1914–1918.
The rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) is a trout and species of salmonid native to cold-water tributaries of the Pacific Ocean in Asia and North America.
Rainier III (born Rainier Louis Henri Maxence Bertrand Grimaldi; 31 May 1923 – 6 April 2005) ruled the Principality of Monaco for almost 56 years, making him one of the longest ruling monarchs in European history.
Ralph Moody Hall (born May 3, 1923) is an American politician who served as the United States Representative for from 1981 to 2015.
Pandit Ram Kishore Shukla (Pronounced; Rām Kiśōr Śukla) (4 September 1923 – 11 December 2003) was an Indian politician and an activist for Indian independence.
Ramón Gómez Valdés de Castillo (2 September 1923 – 9 August 1988), often credited as Ramón Valdés, was a Mexican actor of film and television best known for his portrayal of Don Ramón in the popular sitcom El Chavo del Ocho.
Sri Lankabhimanya Ranasinghe Premadasa (රණසිංහ ප්රේමදාස,ரணசிங்க பிரேமதாசா; 23 June 1924 – 1 May 1993) was the third President of Sri Lanka from 2 January 1989 to 1 May 1993.
Raymond Radiguet (18 June 1903 – 12 December 1923) was a French novelist and poet whose two novels were noted for their explicit themes, and unique style and tone.
Albert Fred "Red" Schoendienst (February 2, 1923 – June 6, 2018) was an American professional baseball second baseman, coach, and manager in Major League Baseball (MLB), and is largely known for his coaching, managing, and playing years with the St. Louis Cardinals.
The Italian Royal Air Force (Regia Aeronautica Italiana) was the name of the air force of the Kingdom of Italy.
René Noël Théophile Girard (25 December 1923 – 4 November 2015) was a French historian, literary critic, and philosopher of social science whose work belongs to the tradition of anthropological philosophy.
René Vuaillat (born March 28, 1923 in Saint-Germain-de-Joux, Ain) was an engineer of Arts and Crafts (Cluny 1941), engineer of the Superior National School of IFP (1946).
The repeal of Prohibition in the United States was accomplished with the passage of the Twenty-first Amendment to the United States Constitution on December 5, 1933.
A republic (res publica) is a form of government in which the country is considered a "public matter", not the private concern or property of the rulers.
The Republic of China was a sovereign state in East Asia, that occupied the territories of modern China, and for part of its history Mongolia and Taiwan.
The Republican People's Party (Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi, CHP) is a Kemalist and social-democratic political party in Turkey.
The Residence Theatre (in German: Residenztheater) or New Residence Theatre (Neues Residenztheater) of the Residence in Munich was built from 1950 to 1951 by Karl Hocheder.
Reza Shah Pahlavi (رضا شاه پهلوی;; 15 March 1878 – 26 July 1944) was the Shah of Iran from 15 December 1925 until he was forced to abdicate by the Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran on 16 September 1941.
Rezső Nyers (21 March 1923 – 22 June 2018) was a Hungarian politician who served as Minister of Finance of Hungary from 1960 to 1962.
Rhonda Fleming (born Marilyn Louis; August 10, 1923) is a retired American film/television actress and singer.
Ricardo Eloy Machado (5 October 1923 – 6 April 2010) was an Argentine actor.
Ricciotto Canudo (2 January 1877, Gioia del Colle – 10 November 1923, Paris) was an early Italian film theoretician who lived primarily in France.
Richard A. (Dick) Teague (December 26, 1923 – May 5, 1991), born in Los Angeles, California, was an American industrial designer in the North American automotive industry.
Richard Ernst Artschwager (December 26, 1923 – February 9, 2013) was an American painter, illustrator and sculptor.
Richard Samuel Attenborough, Baron Attenborough, (29 August 1923 – 24 August 2014), was an English actor, filmmaker, entrepreneur, and politician.
Sir Richard Charles Nicholas Branson (born 18 July 1950) is an English business magnate, investor and philanthropist.
Richard Edgar Pipes (Ryszard Pipes; July 11, 1923 – May 17, 2018) was a Polish American academic who specialized in Russian history, particularly with respect to the Soviet Union, who espoused a strong anti-communist point of view throughout his career.
Richard Arthur Wollheim (5 May 1923 – 4 November 2003) was a British philosopher noted for original work on mind and emotions, especially as related to the visual arts, specifically, painting.
Robert Andrews Millikan (March 22, 1868 – December 19, 1953) was an American experimental physicist honored with the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1923 for the measurement of the elementary electronic charge and for his work on the photoelectric effect.
Robert Henry 'Bob' Michel (pronounced "Michael"; March 2, 1923 – February 17, 2017) was an American Republican Party politician who was a member of the United States House of Representatives for 38 years.
Robert Kuok Hock Nien (born 6 October 1923), is a Malaysian business magnate and investor.
Ian Robert Maxwell (10 June 1923 – 5 November 1991), born Ján Ludvík Hyman Binyamin Hoch, was a British media proprietor and Member of Parliament (MP).
Robert Otto Becker (May 31, 1923 − May 14, 2008) was a U.S. orthopedic surgeon and researcher in electrophysiology/electromedicine.
Roberto De Vicenzo (14 April 1923 – 1 June 2017) was a professional golfer from Argentina.
Sir Robin Day (24 October 1923 – 6 August 2000) was a British political broadcaster and commentator.
Rocco Francis Marchegiano (September 1, 1923 – August 31, 1969), best known as Rocky Marciano, was an American professional boxer who competed from 1947 to 1955.
Lieutenant Roméo Sabourin (January 1, 1923 - September 14, 1944, Weimar, Thuringia, Germany) was a Canadian soldier and spy during World War II.
Rosario de Acuña Villanueva de la Iglesia, better known by the short name Rosario de Acuña and the masculine pseudonym used for her writings, Remigio Andrés Delafón (18505 May 1923) was a Spanish author of dramas, essays, short stories, and poetry.
Rose Marie (born Rose Marie Mazzetta; August 15, 1923 – December 28, 2017) was an American actress, singer, comedian, and vaudeville performer with a career that ultimately spanned over nine decades — and included film, radio, records, theater, night clubs and television.
The Rosewood massacre was a racially motivated massacre of black people and destruction of a black town that took place during the first week of January 1923 in rural Levy County, Florida.
Rosewood is an unincorporated community in Levy County, Florida, United States.
Rostov (p) is a town in Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia, one of the oldest in the country and a tourist center of the Golden Ring.
Roy Chapman Andrews (January 26, 1884 – March 11, 1960) was an American explorer, adventurer and naturalist who became the director of the American Museum of Natural History.
Roy Dotrice (26 May 1923 – 16 October 2017) was a British actor known for his Tony Award-winning performance in the 2000 Broadway revival of A Moon for the Misbegotten.
Roy Fox Lichtenstein (October 27, 1923 – September 29, 1997) was an American pop artist.
Pomroy Monore Neighbors (July 11, 1923 – December 19, 2017) was an American politician who was a Democratic member of the Nevada General Assembly.
Roy Oliver Disney (June 24, 1893 – December 20, 1971) was an American businessman, becoming the partner and co-founder, along with his younger brother Walt Disney, of Walt Disney Productions, since renamed The Walt Disney Company.
Rudolf Karl Augstein (5 November 1923 – 7 November 2002) was one of the most influential German journalists, founder and part-owner of Der Spiegel magazine.
Rudolf Friedrich (4 July 1923 – 15 October 2013) was a Swiss politician, lawyer and member of the Swiss Federal Council (1982–1984).
Rudolf Kehrer (10 July 1923 – 29 October 2013; surname also spelled Kerer) was a much-recorded Soviet and Russian classical pianist.
Rudolph Arthur Marcus (born July 21, 1923) is a Canadian-born chemist who received the 1992 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for his contributions to the theory of electron transfer reactions in chemical systems".
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
The Russian Civil War (Grazhdanskaya voyna v Rossiyi; November 1917 – October 1922) was a multi-party war in the former Russian Empire immediately after the Russian Revolutions of 1917, as many factions vied to determine Russia's political future.
Ruth Adler Schnee (May 13, 1923) is an American textile designer and interior designer based in Michigan.
Ruy Barbosa de Oliveira (5 November 1849 – 1 March 1923) was a Brazilian polymath, diplomat, writer, jurist, and politician.
The Societé Anonyme Belge d'Exploitation de la Navigation Aérienne, (French; "Belgian Corporation for Air Navigation Services"), better known internationally by the acronym Sabena or SABENA, was the national airline of Belgium from 1923 to 2001, with its base at Brussels National Airport.
Samuel Lewis Francis (June 25, 1923 – November 4, 1994) was an American painter and printmaker.
Samuel Cornelius Phillips (January 5, 1923 – July 30, 2003) was an American record producer who played an important role in the development of rock and roll during the 1950s.
Samuel Willenberg, nom de guerre Igo (16 February 1923 – 19 February 2016), was a Polish-Jewish prisoner and Sonderkommando at the Treblinka extermination camp who participated in its perilous prisoner revolt.
Sarah Bernhardt (22 or 23 October 1844 – 26 March 1923) was a French stage actress who starred in some of the most popular French plays of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, including La Dame Aux Camelias by Alexandre Dumas, ''fils'', Ruy Blas by Victor Hugo, Fédora and La Tosca by Victorien Sardou, and L'Aiglon by Edmond Rostand.
Satyananda Saraswati (25 December 1923 – 5 December 2009), was a sannyasin, yoga teacher and guru in both his native India and the West.
George Albert "Scotty" Bowers (born July 1, 1923) is a former Marine who, from the 1940s to the 1980s, was a Hollywood pimp.
The Second Polish Republic, commonly known as interwar Poland, refers to the country of Poland between the First and Second World Wars (1918–1939).
, born (24 May 1923 – 13 February 2017), was a Japanese filmmaker, actor, and screenwriter.
Between the years AD 1900 and 2099, September 11 of the Gregorian calendar is the leap day of the Coptic and Ethiopian calendars.
It is frequently the day of the autumnal equinox in the Northern Hemisphere and the day of the vernal equinox in the Southern Hemisphere.
It is frequently the day of the autumnal equinox in the Northern Hemisphere and the day of the vernal equinox in the Southern Hemisphere.
Sergey Fyodorovich Akhromeyev (Серге́й Фёдорович Ахроме́ев; May 5, 1923 – August 24, 1991) was a Soviet military figure, Hero of the Soviet Union (1982) and Marshal of the Soviet Union (1983).
Shih Chun-jen (2 December 1923 – 18 June 2017) was a Taiwanese neurosurgeon who led the Department of Health from 1986 to 1990.
Marshal-Admiral Baron was a Japanese admiral during the First Sino-Japanese and Russo-Japanese Wars as well as one of the first prominent staff officers and naval strategists of the early Imperial Japanese Navy.
Shimon Peres (שמעון פרס,; born Szymon Perski; August 2, 1923 – September 28, 2016) was an Israeli politician who served as the ninth President of Israel (2007–2014), the Prime Minister of Israel (twice), and the Interim Prime Minister, in the 1970s to the 1990s.
Shmuel Laviv-Lubin (born 13 July 1923) is an Israeli former sports shooter.
Shoshana Damari (שושנה דמארי) (March 31, 1923 – February 14, 2006) was an Israeli singer known as the "Queen of Hebrew Music.".
Siberia (a) is an extensive geographical region, and by the broadest definition is also known as North Asia.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
Raden Ayu Siti Hartinah (August 23, 1923 – April 28, 1996) was the wife of the second Indonesian president, Suharto.
Ottis Dewey Whitman Jr (January 20, 1923 – June 19, 2013), professionally known by stage name Slim Whitman, was an American country music, western music and folk music artist singer-songwriter and instrumentalist known for his yodeling abilities and his smooth, high, three-octave-range falsetto in a style christened as "countrypolitan".
Sonia Olschanezky (25 December 1923 – 6 July 1944) was a member of the French Resistance and the Special Operations Executive during World War II.
Sophus Andersen (8 December 1859 – 19 September 1923) was a Danish composer and music critic.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the United States House of Representatives.
Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea.
Stanley Finlay Thomas Clements O.B.E. (born Portsmouth 25 June 1923) is a retired footballer who played most of his professional career for Southampton.
Stanisław Józef Albinowski (20 July 1923, Lwów – 25 January 2005, Warsaw) was a Polish economist, columnist and journalist on economics.
Stanisław Skrowaczewski (October 3, 1923 – February 21, 2017) was a Polish-American classical conductor and composer.
Stanley Baldwin, 1st Earl Baldwin of Bewdley, (3 August 186714 December 1947) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who dominated the government in his country between the world wars.
Stanley Melbourne Bruce, 1st Viscount Bruce of Melbourne, (15 April 1883 – 25 August 1967) was the eighth Prime Minister of Australia, in office from 1923 to 1929.
Stansfield Turner (December 1, 1923 – January 18, 2018) was an admiral in the United States Navy who served as President of the Naval War College from 1972–74, commander of the United States Second Fleet from 1974 to 1975, and was Director of Central Intelligence from 1977–81 under the Carter administration.
Stefanos Dragoumis (Στέφανος Δραγούμης; 1842 in AthensSeptember 17, 1923 in Athens) was a judge, writer and the Prime Minister of Greece from January to October 1910.
Stephanie Louise Kwolek (July 31, 1923 – June 18, 2014) was an American chemist of Polish heritage, whose career at the DuPont company spanned over 40 years.
Stig Mårtensson (1 February 1923 – 1 August 2010) was a Swedish racing cyclist.
Stojan Protić (Стојан Протић; 28 January 1857–28 October 1923) was a Serbian statesman and writer.
Irving "Sully" Boyar (December 14, 1924 – March 23, 2001) was an American actor of Russian-Jewish descent.
Sumner Murray Redstone (born Sumner Murray Rothstein; May 27, 1923) is an American businessman and media magnate.
Sun Yat-sen (12 November 1866 – 12 March 1925)Singtao daily.
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
Szymon Symcha Szurmiej (18 June 1923 − 16 July 2014) was a Polish-Jewish actor, director, and general manager of the Ester Rachel Kamińska and Ida Kamińska State Jewish Theater in Warsaw.
James Lewis Carter Ford (probably June 24, 1923 – July 16, 2013) was an American blues musician, using the name T-Model Ford.
Tommy Lee "T.L." Osborn (December 23, 1923 – February 14, 2013) was an American Pentecostal evangelist, singer, author and teacher, whose established ministry was based in Tulsa, Oklahoma.
Taco Bell is an American chain of fast food restaurants based out of Irvine, California and a subsidiary of Yum! Brands, Inc. The restaurants serve a variety of Tex-Mex foods that include tacos, burritos, quesadillas, nachos, novelty and specialty items, and a variety of "value menu" items.
was a Japanese novelist, short-story writer and essayist during the late Meiji and Taishō periods.
Tang Hsiang-chien, GBS, OBE, JP (8 June 1923 – 10 March 2018) was a Hong Kong industrialist.
Ted Knight (December 7, 1923 – August 26, 1986) was an American actor and voice artist well known for playing the comedic roles of Ted Baxter in The Mary Tyler Moore Show, Henry Rush in Too Close for Comfort, and Judge Elihu Smails in Caddyshack.
Ted Leehane (2 June 1923 – 18 November 2014) was an Australian rules footballer who played in the Victorian Football League (VFL).
Thaddeus Joseph Jones (March 28, 1923 – August 20, 1986) was an American jazz trumpeter, composer, and bandleader who has been called "one of the all-time greatest jazz trumpet soloists.".
Théophile Delcassé (1 March 1852 – 22 February 1923) was a French statesman and foreign minister 1898-1905.
Théophile Alexandre Steinlen (November 10, 1859 – December 13, 1923), was a Swiss-born French Art Nouveau painter and printmaker.
The Bride Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors, Even, most often called The Large Glass, is an artwork by Marcel Duchamp over tall, and freestanding.
The Bronx is the northernmost of the five boroughs of New York City, in the U.S. state of New York.
Mary Lillian Ellison (July 22, 1923 – November 2, 2007) was an American professional wrestler, better known by her ring name The Fabulous Moolah.
The Ten Commandments is a 1956 American epic religious drama film produced, directed, and narrated by Cecil B. DeMille, shot in VistaVision (color by Technicolor), and released by Paramount Pictures.
The Walt Disney Company, commonly known as Disney, is an American diversified multinational mass media and entertainment conglomerate, headquartered at the Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California.
Albert Karl Theodor Reuss (June 28, 1855 – October 28, 1923) was an Anglo-German tantric occultist, freemason, alleged police agent, journalist, singer, and head of Ordo Templi Orientis.
Theodor Rosetti (5 May 1837, Iași or Solești, Moldavia – 17 July 1923, Bucharest, Romania) was a Romanian writer, journalist and politician who served as Prime Minister of Romania between 23 March 1888 and 22 March 1889.
Thomas Bavister (1850 – 2 January 1923) was an English-born Australian politician.
Thomas Scott Baldwin (June 30, 1854 – May 17, 1923) was a pioneer balloonist and U.S. Army major during World War I. He was the first American to descend from a balloon by parachute.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
Tomás Séamus Cardinal Ó Fiaich (3 November 1923 – 8 May 1990) was an Irish prelate of the Roman Catholic Church.
Tomás Bretón y Hernández (29 December 1850 in Salamanca – 2 December 1923 in Madrid) was a Spanish conductor and composer.
Toronto is the capital city of the province of Ontario and the largest city in Canada by population, with 2,731,571 residents in 2016.
Toys "R" Us, Inc. was an American toy, clothing, video game, and baby product retailer founded in April 1948, with its headquarters located in Wayne, New Jersey.
A trade union or trades union, also called a labour union (Canada) or labor union (US), is an organization of workers who have come together to achieve many common goals; such as protecting the integrity of its trade, improving safety standards, and attaining better wages, benefits (such as vacation, health care, and retirement), and working conditions through the increased bargaining power wielded by the creation of a monopoly of the workers.
The Treaty of Lausanne (Traité de Lausanne) was a peace treaty signed in the Palais de Rumine, Lausanne, Switzerland, on 24 July 1923.
Treblinka was an extermination camp, built and operated by Nazi Germany in occupied Poland during World War II.
A tropical cyclone is a rapidly rotating storm system characterized by a low-pressure center, a closed low-level atmospheric circulation, strong winds, and a spiral arrangement of thunderstorms that produce heavy rain.
Jiang Bihou (22 November 1923 – 16 December 2017), better known by his pen name Tu An, was a Chinese poet and translator.
Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
The Turks and Caicos Islands (and), or TCI for short, are a British Overseas Territory consisting of the larger Caicos Islands and smaller Turks Islands, two groups of tropical islands in the Lucayan Archipelago of the Atlantic Ocean and northern West Indies.
Ulla Sallert (27 March 1923 – 11 May 2018) was a Swedish actress and singer.
The 1923 United Kingdom general election was held on Thursday 6 December 1923.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
The Secretary of State is a senior official of the federal government of the United States of America, and as head of the U.S. Department of State, is principally concerned with foreign policy and is considered to be the U.S. government's equivalent of a Minister for Foreign Affairs.
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprise the legislature of the United States.
The University of California (UC) is a public university system in the US state of California.
Urpo Pentti Korhonen (8 February 1923, Rautalampi – 10 August 2009) was a Finnish cross-country skier who competed in the 1940s and 1950s.
Cleo Virginia Andrews (June 6, 1923 – December 19, 1986), better known as V. C. Andrews or Virginia C. Andrews, was an American novelist.
Valentine John "Val" Bettin (born August 1, 1923) is an American actor and voice actor, known for using an English accent in all of his roles.
Val Logsdon Fitch (March 10, 1923 – February 5, 2015) was an American nuclear physicist who, with co-researcher James Cronin, was awarded the 1980 Nobel Prize in Physics for a 1964 experiment using the Alternating Gradient Synchrotron at Brookhaven National Laboratory that proved that certain subatomic reactions do not adhere to fundamental symmetry principles.
Valentina Cortese (born 1 January 1923) is an Italian actress.
Vasilije Mokranjac (Belgrade, 11 September 1923 – Belgrade, 27 May 1984) was a Serbian composer, professor of composition at the Faculty of Music in Belgrade and a member of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts.
Vatroslav Mimica (born 25 June 1923) is a Croatian film director and screenwriter.
Elias Victor Seixas Jr. (pronounced SAY-shus; born August 30, 1923) Los Angeles Times.
Victor II, Duke of Ratibor, Prince of Corvey, Prince of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst (Viktor Amadeus 2.Herzog von Ratibor, 2.Fürst von Corvey, Prinz zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst; 6 September 18479 August 1923) was a member of House of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst and Duke of the Silesian duchy of Ratibor (Racibórz).
Victoria de los Ángeles (1 November 192315 January 2005) was a Spanish operatic lyric soprano and recitalist whose career began after the Second World War and reached its height in the years from the mid-1950s to the mid-1960s.
Victoria Institution (Institusi Victoria), formerly known as SMK Victoria is a secondary school for boys (and girls for Form 6) and one of the oldest schools in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Victoria Police is the primary law enforcement agency of Victoria, Australia.
Vladimir Kosmich Zworykin (Влади́мир Козьми́ч Зворы́кин, Vladimir Koz'mich Zvorykin; July 29, 1982) was a Russian-born American inventor, engineer, and pioneer of television technology.
Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, better known by the alias Lenin (22 April 1870According to the new style calendar (modern Gregorian), Lenin was born on 22 April 1870. According to the old style (Old Julian) calendar used in the Russian Empire at the time, it was 10 April 1870. Russia converted from the old to the new style calendar in 1918, under Lenin's administration. – 21 January 1924), was a Russian communist revolutionary, politician and political theorist.
Vulo Radev (Lesidren, 1 January 1923 – Sofia, 28 March 2001) was a Bulgarian film director, writer, and cinematographer, who also did some script editing.
William Butler Yeats (13 June 186528 January 1939) was an Irish poet and one of the foremost figures of 20th-century literature.
William Moore "Terence" Gorman (17 June 1923 – 12 January 2003) was an Irish economist and academic.
William Wallace Halleck Reid (April 15, 1891 – January 18, 1923) was an American actor in silent film referred to as "the screen's most perfect lover".
Walter Marty "Wally" Schirra Jr. (March 12, 1923 – May 3, 2007), (Captain, USN), was an American naval aviator and astronaut.
Walter Elias Disney (December 5, 1901December 15, 1966) was an American entrepreneur, animator, voice actor and film producer.
Walter Bradford Barrows (January 10, 1855 - February 26, 1923) was an American naturalist who wrote books about birds and published articles in scientific journals.
Walter Brenner (born July 21, 1923) is a professor of chemical engineering, inventor, and (co-)author of patents, technical papers, magazine articles, and books.
Walter Kohn (March 9, 1923 – April 19, 2016) was an Austrian-born American theoretical physicist and theoretical chemist.
Warren Gamaliel Harding (November 2, 1865 – August 2, 1923) was an American politician who served as the 29th President of the United States from 1921 until his death in 1923.
The Watsons, are an American family of nine sibling actors, who are known as "the first family of Hollywood".
The wedding of Prince Albert, Duke of York, and Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon took place on 26 April 1923 at Westminster Abbey.
The Weimar Republic (Weimarer Republik) is an unofficial, historical designation for the German state during the years 1919 to 1933.
The original Wembley Stadium (formerly known as the Empire Stadium) was a football stadium in Wembley Park, London, which stood on the same site now occupied by its successor, the new Wembley Stadium.
Olive Mary Wendy Nicol, Baroness Nicol (née Rowe-Hunter; 21 March 1923 – 15 January 2018) was a British Labour Co-operative politician until her death on 15 January 2018.
John Leslie "Wes" Montgomery (March 6, 1923 – June 15, 1968) was an American jazz guitarist.
West Ham United Football Club is a professional football club based in Stratford, East London, England.
The Western Canada Hockey League (WCHL), founded in 1921, was a major professional ice hockey league originally based in the prairies of Canada.
Westminster Abbey, formally titled the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, is a large, mainly Gothic abbey church in the City of Westminster, London, England, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster.
Whitney North Seymour Jr. (born July 7, 1923) was a New York State Senator in the 1960s and United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York from 1970 to 1973.
Wilbur R. Ingalls Jr., (February 21, 1923 − September 23, 1997) was an American architect from the state of Maine.
Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen (27 March 1845 – 10 February 1923) was a German mechanical engineer and physicist, who, on 8 November 1895, produced and detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range known as X-rays or Röntgen rays, an achievement that earned him the first Nobel Prize in Physics in 1901.
Wilhelm Ernst Karl Alexander Friedrich Heinrich Bernhard Albert Georg Hermann (William Ernest Charles Alexander Frederick Henry Bernard Albert George Herman) (10 June 1876 – 24 April 1923) was the last Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.
William Fouts House (December 1, 1923 in Kansas City, Missouri – December 7, 2012 in Aurora, Oregon) was an American otologist, physician and medical researcher who developed and invented the cochlear implant.
William Gilbert "Bill" Adams (June 17, 1923 – November 12, 2005), born St. John's, Newfoundland, was the ninth mayor of St.
William Ludwig (born William Ledwidge) (15 July 1847 – 25 December 1923) was an Irish operatic baritone who rose to fame in the second half of the nineteenth century.
Sir William Turner Walton, OM (29 March 19028 March 1983) was an English composer.
William Forrest Winter (born February 21, 1923) is an American attorney and politician; he served as the 58th Governor of Mississippi from 1980 to 1984.
William Henry Keeler (March 3, 1872 – January 1, 1923), nicknamed "Wee Willie", was a right fielder in Major League Baseball who played from 1892 to 1910, primarily for the Baltimore Orioles and Brooklyn Superbas in the National League, and the New York Highlanders in the American League.
Willis Lincoln Blair (May 14, 1923 – April 5, 2014) was a Canadian politician and public servant who was mayor of the Metropolitan Toronto municipality of East York, Ontario from 1973 to 1976 and chairman of the Liquor Licensing Board of Ontario from 1981 to 1986.
Willy Semmelrogge (15 March 1923 – 10 April 1984) was a German actor.
Willem "Wim" van Est (25 March 1923 – 1 May 2003) was a Dutch racing cyclist.
Maria Wisława Anna SzymborskaVioletta Szostak gazeta.pl, 2012-02-09.
Wojciech Witold Jaruzelski (6 July 1923 – 25 May 2014) was a Polish military officer and politician.
Wolfgang Sawallisch (26 August 1923 – 22 February 2013) was a German conductor and pianist.
Thomas Wright Thornburg King (born January 11, 1923), credited as Wright King, is a retired American film and television actor, a native of Okmulgee in east central Oklahoma.
Yaşar Kemal (born Kemal Sadık Gökçeli; 6 October 1923 – 28 February 2015) was a Turkish writer and human rights activist of Kurdish origin.
The Yakut revolt (Russian: Якутский мятеж, Yakutskiy myatezh) or the Yakut expedition (Russian: Якутский поход, Yakutskiy pokhod) was the last episode of the Russian Civil War.
Yankee Stadium was a stadium located in the Bronx, a borough of New York City.
Yellowstone National Park is an American national park located in Wyoming, Montana, and Idaho.
Yfrah Neaman, OBE (13 February 1923 – 4 January 2003) was a violinist and an eminent pedagogue.
Yisrael Friedman (November 8, 1923 – May 1, 2017) was known as the Pashkaner Rebbe (after the city of Pașcani where his grandfather served as Rebbe).
, literally "Port to the side" or "Beside the port", is the second largest city in Japan by population, after Tokyo, and the most populous municipality of Japan.
, born on 4 June 1923, is a member of the Imperial House of Japan as the widow of Takahito, Prince Mikasa, the fourth son of Emperor Taishō and Empress Teimei.
Yusof Rawa (8 May 1923 – 27 April 2000) was a Malaysian politician.
Yves Jean Bonnefoy (24 June 1923, Tours – 1 July 2016 Paris) was a French poet and art historian.
Zoya Anatolyevna Kosmodemyanskaya (p; September 13, 1923 – November 29, 1941) was a Soviet partisan, and recipient of the Hero of the Soviet Union (awarded posthumously).
It is historically famous for the wave of revolutions, a series of widespread struggles for more liberal governments, which broke out from Brazil to Hungary; although most failed in their immediate aims, they significantly altered the political and philosophical landscape and had major ramifications throughout the rest of the century.
This year was named by Mitchell Stephens as the greatest year to read newspapers.
In Germany, 1888 is known as the Year of the Three Emperors.
The 1923 Berkeley Fire was a conflagration that consumed some 640 structures, including 584 homes in the densely-built neighborhoods north of the campus of the University of California in Berkeley, California on September 17, 1923.
The struck the Kantō Plain on the Japanese main island of Honshū at 11:58:44 JST (02:58:44 UTC) on Saturday, September 1, 1923.
The 1923 USA Outdoor Track and Field Championships women's competition were the first national Track and Field championships for women in the USA.
The 1923 Victorian Police strike occurred in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
The 1923 WAAA Championships were the first national track and field championships for women in the UK.
Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" acronym.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
This year also marks the end of the Second World War, the deadliest conflict in human history.
It is also known as the "Year of Africa" because of major events—particularly the independence of seventeen African nations—that focused global attention on the continent and intensified feelings of Pan-Africanism.
As MAD Magazine pointed out on its cover for the March 1961 issue, this was the first "upside-up" year — i.e., one in which the numerals that form the year look the same as when the numerals are rotated upside down, a strobogrammatic number — since 1881.
The 1967 Open Championship was the 96th Open Championship, played from 12–15 July at Royal Liverpool Golf Club, Hoylake.
This was the year of the Protests of 1968.
The year is associated with the first manned landing on the Moon (Apollo 11).
The world population increased by 2.1% this year, the highest increase in history.
It was also declared the International Women's Year by the United Nations and the European Architectural Heritage Year by the Council of Europe.
The year 1983 saw both the official beginning of the Internet and the first mobile cellular telephone call.
The year 1985 was designated as the International Youth Year by the United Nations.
The year 1986 was designated as the International Year of Peace by the United Nations.
In the 20th century, the year 1988 has the most Roman numeral digits (11).
1989 was a turning point in political history because a wave of revolutions swept the Eastern Bloc in Europe, starting in Poland and Hungary, with experiments in power sharing, coming to a head with the opening of the Berlin Wall in November, and the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia, embracing the overthrow of the communist dictatorship in Romania in December, and ending in December 1991 with the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
Important events of 1990 include the Reunification of Germany and the unification of Yemen, the formal beginning of the Human Genome Project (finished in 2003), the launch of the Hubble Space Telescope, the separation of Namibia from South Africa, and the Baltic states declaring independence from the Soviet Union amidst Perestroika.
It was the year that is usually considered the final year of the Cold War that had begun in the late 1940s.
1992 was designated as.
The year 1994 was designated as the "International Year of the Family" and the "International Year of Sport and the Olympic Ideal" by the United Nations.
This was the first year that the Internet was entirely privatized, with the United States government no longer providing public funding.
1996 was designated as.
1998 was designated as the International Year of the Ocean.
1999 was designated as the International Year of Older Persons.
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2016 was designated as.
2017 was designated as International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development by the United Nations General Assembly.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
The 24 Hours of Le Mans (24 Heures du Mans) is the world's oldest active sports car race in endurance racing, held annually since near the town of Le Mans, France.