1189 relations: A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, Abakan, Adolf Hitler, Adolfo Pérez Esquivel, African Americans, Agustín García-Gasco Vicente, Akseli Gallen-Kallela, Al Capone, Alabama, Alan Bailey, Alan Wagner, Alan Wrigley, Albert A. Michelson, Albert Einstein, Albert, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein, Aleksandar Ivoš, Aleksei Gubarev, Alex South, Alfred Brendel, Alfred Giles (explorer), Alfred Lynch, Alice Munro, Alice Rivlin, Alina Obidniak, Allan Jay, Allan Slaight, Allan W. Eckert, Alma Rubens, Aloysius Gordon, Alvin Ailey, Alvin Lucier, American Mafia, Anatoly Lein, András Hajnal, André S. 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Goodwin, Richter magnitude scale, Rip Torn, Rita Crocker Clements, Rita Moreno, RMS Titanic, Robert Ames (actor), Robert Colbert, Robert Dunham, Robert Duvall, Robert Edeson, Robert Ito, Robert MacNeil, Robert Morse, Robert Stephens, Rodney Anderson, Roger Connor, Roger Piantoni, Roland Alphonso, Rolf Hochhuth, Ron Feiereisel, Ronald Rene Lagueux, Ronnie Schell, Roosevelt Field (airport), Rosa Rosal, Ross Higgins, Royal Navy, Ruijin, Rupert Murdoch, Ruth Maria Kubitschek, Ryuzo Sato, Saint-Philibert disaster, Salvador Dalí, Salvatore Maranzano, Sam Cooke, Sammy Woods, San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge, Sawako Ariyoshi, Scottsboro Boys, Scullin Ministry, Second Encirclement Campaign against Jiangxi Soviet, Second Spanish Republic, September 1, September 10, September 12, September 13, September 15, September 16, September 17, September 18, September 19, September 2, September 20, September 21, September 22, September 23, September 24, September 27, September 29, September 3, September 30, September 4, September 5, September 7, September 8, Seyni Kountché, Sha'ari Tadin, Shadia, Shammi Kapoor, Shamsul Islam (politician), Shibusawa Eiichi, Shintaro Katsu, Shirley Stovroff, Shirley Verrett, Shivaram Rajguru, Shmuel Auerbach, Shotokan, Shuhrat Abbosov, Shunichiro Okano, Shunsuke Kikuchi, Skeeter Davis, Social Democratic Party of Germany, South Dakota, Soviet Union, Spanish Constitution of 1931, Sri Chinmoy, Stan Dromisky, Stanislav Grof, Stanley Baldwin, Statute of Westminster 1931, Stephen Boyd, Stephen Reinhardt, Strike action, Stuttgart, Suchitra Sen, Suhaila Noah, Sukhdev Thapar, Sunaryati Hartono, Sweden, Sylvia Bacon, Tab Hunter, Te Atairangikaahu, Ted Marchibroda, Teresa Brewer, Teruyuki Okazaki, The Commission (mafia), The Persistence of Memory, The Star-Spangled Banner, The Times, Theo van Doesburg, Thomas A. Pankok, Thomas Bernhard, Thomas Edison, Thomas S. Rodgers, Thomas Stuttaford, Thorvald Stoltenberg, Tom Adams (politician), Tom Brewer, Tom Laughlin, Tom Stolhandske, Tom Wolfe, Tomas Tranströmer, Tomi Ungerer, Toni Morrison, Toshiki Kaifu, Tovmas Nazarbekian, Turkey, Typhoid fever, Tyrone Power Sr, Union of South Africa, United Australia Party, United Kingdom, United Kingdom general election, 1931, United States Congress, USS Arizona (BB-39), V. P. Singh, Vachel Lindsay, Vatican Radio, Viceroy, Viktor Tsaryov, Vincent d'Indy, Virginia Frances Sterrett, Vladimir Trusenyov, Vlastimil Bubník, Wakatsuki Reijirō, Wally Bruner, Walter Burkert, Warner Bros., Water speed record, Watergate scandal, Weimar Republic, Wesley L. Fox, Westminster St George's by-election, 1931, Whitey Herzog, Wiley Post, Wilhelm von Gloeden, William Goldman, William H. Keeler, William Jasper Spillman, William Orpen, William Shatner, Willie Mays, World War I, Wynton Kelly, Xinhua News Agency, Yasuo Ōtsuka, Zach Monroe, Zoltán Latinovits, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1843, 1846, 1847, 1848, 1851, 1852, 1853, 1854, 1855, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1860, 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865, 1866, 1867, 1868, 1869, 1870, 1872, 1874, 1876, 1877, 1878, 1879, 1880, 1881, 1883, 1884, 1886, 1888, 1889, 1890, 1897, 1899, 1900, 1903, 1907, 1908, 1909, 1931 Belize hurricane, 1931 China floods, 1931 Constitution of Ethiopia, 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake, 1931 Nicaragua earthquake, 1952, 1955, 1958, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1968, 1970, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018. Expand index (1139 more) » « Shrink index
Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam (15 October 1931 – 27 July 2015) was an Indian scientist who served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. He was born and raised in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu and studied physics and aerospace engineering. He spent the next four decades as a scientist and science administrator, mainly at the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and was intimately involved in India's civilian space programme and military missile development efforts. He thus came to be known as the Missile Man of India for his work on the development of ballistic missile and launch vehicle technology. He also played a pivotal organisational, technical, and political role in India's Pokhran-II nuclear tests in 1998, the first since the original nuclear test by India in 1974. Kalam was elected as the 11th President of India in 2002 with the support of both the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party and the then-opposition Indian National Congress. Widely referred to as the "People's President," he returned to his civilian life of education, writing and public service after a single term. He was a recipient of several prestigious awards, including the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honour. While delivering a lecture at the Indian Institute of Management Shillong, Kalam collapsed and died from an apparent cardiac arrest on 27 July 2015, aged 83. Thousands including national-level dignitaries attended the funeral ceremony held in his hometown of Rameshwaram, where he was buried with full state honours.
Abakan (p; Khakas: Ағбан or Абахан) is the capital city of the Republic of Khakassia, Russia, located in the central part of Minusinsk Depression, at the confluence of the Yenisei and Abakan Rivers.
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
Adolfo Pérez Esquivel (born November 26, 1931) is an Argentine activist, community organizer, art painter, writer and sculptor.
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
Agustín García-Gasco y Vicente (12 February 1931 – 1 May 2011) was a Spanish Cardinal of the Catholic Church.
Akseli Gallen-Kallela (26 April 1865 – 7 March 1931) was a Finnish painter who is best known for his illustrations of the Kalevala, the Finnish national epic (illustration, below).
Alphonse Gabriel Capone (January 17, 1899 – January 25, 1947), sometimes known by the nickname "Scarface", was an American gangster and businessman who attained notoriety during the Prohibition era as the co-founder and boss of the Chicago Outfit.
Alabama is a state in the southeastern region of the United States.
Sir Alan Marshall Bailey KCB (born 26 June 1931) is a former senior British civil servant.
Alan Cyril Wagner (October 1, 1931 - December 18, 2007) was an American television executive, radio personality, writer, and opera historian and critic.
Alan Keveral Cumming Newton Wrigley (born 19 July 1931) is an Australian writer and commentator on topics related to intelligence, defence and security.
Albert Abraham Michelson FFRS HFRSE (December 19, 1852 – May 9, 1931) was an American physicist known for his work on measuring the speed of light and especially for the Michelson–Morley experiment.
Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics).
Albert, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein (Albert John Charles Frederick Alfred George; 26 February 1869 – 27 April 1931), was a grandson of Queen Victoria.
Aleksandar Ivoš (Serbian Cyrillic: Александар Ивош; born 28 June 1931) is a former Serbian footballer.
Aleksei Aleksandrovich Gubarev (Алексе́й Алекса́ндрович Гу́барев; 29 March 1931 – 21 February 2015) was a Soviet cosmonaut who flew on two space flights: Soyuz 17 and Soyuz 28.
Alex South (born 7 July 1931) is an English former footballer who played as a defender.
Alfred Brendel KBE (born 5 January 1931) is an Austrian pianist, poet and author, known particularly for his performances of Mozart, Schubert, Schoenberg, and especially Beethoven.
Alfred Giles (18 February 1846 – 20 March 1931), born in Datchet, England, was a South Australian bushman, drover and explorer who crossed Australia from south to north seven times, most in connection with the building of the Overland Telegraph Line 1870–1872.
Alfred Cornelius Lynch (26 January 1931 – 16 December 2003) was an English actor on stage, film and television.
Alice Ann Munro (née Laidlaw; born 10 July 1931) is a Canadian short story writer who won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2013.
Alice Mitchell Rivlin (born March 4, 1931) is an economist and former U.S. Federal Reserve and budget official.
Alina Obidniak (born 29 June 1931) is a Polish theatre director and actress.
Allan Louis Neville Jay MBE (born 30 June 1931) is a British former five-time-Olympian foil and épée fencer, and world champion.
Allan Slaight (also J. Allan Slaight) (born July 19, 1931) is a Canadian rock and roll pioneer, media mogul, and philanthropist.
Allan Wesley Eckert (January 30, 1931 – July 7, 2011) was an American writer who specialized in historical novels for adults and children, and was also a naturalist.
Alma Rubens (February 19, 1897 – January 21, 1931) was an American film actress and stage performer.
Aloysius "Lucky" Gordon (5 July 1931 – 15 March 2017) was a British-based Jamaican jazz singer who came to public attention during the Profumo Affair.
Alvin Ailey (January 5, 1931 – December 1, 1989) was an African-American choreographer and activist who founded the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater in New York City.
Alvin Lucier (born May 14, 1931) is an American composer of experimental music and sound installations that explore acoustic phenomena and auditory perception.
The American Mafia (commonly referred to as the Mafia or the Mob, though "the Mob" can refer to other organized crime groups) or Italian-American Mafia, is the highly organized Italian-American criminal society.
Anatoly Yakovlevich Lein (Анатолий Яковлевич Лейн; March 28, 1931 – March 1, 2018) was a Soviet-born American chess Grandmaster.
András Hajnal (May 13, 1931 – July 30, 2016) was a professor of mathematics at Rutgers University and a member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences known for his work in set theory and combinatorics.
André S. Labarthe (18 December 1931 – 5 March 2018) was a French actor, film producer and director.
Andrzej Kryński (born 16 July 1931) is a Polish fencer.
Angeline "Angie" Dickinson (née Brown; born September 30, 1931) is an American actress.
Kerstin Anita Marianne Ekberg (29 September 193111 January 2015) was a Swedish actress in American and European films.
Ann Rae Rule (née Stackhouse; October 22, 1931 – July 26, 2015) was an American true crime author of The Stranger Beside Me, about Rule's co-worker, the serial killer Ted Bundy.
Anna Pavlovna (Matveyevna) Pavlova (Анна Павловна (Матвеевна) Павлова; – January 23, 1931) was a Russian prima ballerina of the late 19th and the early 20th centuries.
Anna Maria Louisa Italiano (September 17, 1931 – June 6, 2005), known professionally as Anne Bancroft, was an American actress, director, screenwriter and singer associated with the method acting school, having studied under Lee Strasberg.
António de Macedo (5 July 1931 in Lisbon − 5 October 2017 in Lisbon, Portugal) was first a filmmaker and later a writer, university professor and lecturer.
Antonella Lualdi (born 6 July 1931) is an Italian actress and singer.
Antonio Salandra (13 August 1853 – 9 December 1931) was a conservative Italian politician who served as the 33rd Prime Minister of Italy between 1914 and 1916.
Archduke Leopold Salvator, Prince of Tuscany (Leopold Salvator Maria Joseph Ferdinand Franz von Assisi Karl Anton von Padua Johann Baptist Januarius Aloys Gonzaga Rainer Wenzel Galius von Österreich-Toskana) (15 October 1863 – 4 September 1931), was the son of Archduke Karl Salvator of Austria and Princess Maria Immaculata of Bourbon-Two Sicilies.
Clément Armand Fallières (6 November 1841 – 22 June 1931) was a French statesman, President of France from 1906 to 1913.
Arne Nordheim (20 June 1931 – 5 June 2010) was a Norwegian composer.
Enoch Arnold Bennett (27 May 1867 – 27 March 1931) was an English writer.
Arthemus Ward "Art" Acord (April 17, 1890 – January 4, 1931) was an American silent film actor and rodeo champion.
Arthur Hurst (born 13 July 1931) is a former Australian rules footballer who played for the St Kilda Football Club in the Victorian Football League (VFL).
Arthur Tilden Jeffress (21 November 1905 – 21 September 1961) was a colourful and influential gallery owner, collector, and patron of the arts in post war Britain.
Arthur Schnitzler (15 May 1862 – 21 October 1931) was an Austrian author and dramatist.
Arthur Tooth (17 June 1839 – 5 March 1931) was a ritualist priest in the Church of England and a member of the Society of the Holy Cross.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
The term 'the 10th of August' is widely used by historians as a shorthand for the Storming of the Tuileries Palace on the 10th of August, 1792, the effective end of the French monarchy until it was restored in 1814.
It is the peak of the Perseid meteor shower.
This day marks the approximate midpoint of summer in the Northern Hemisphere and of winter in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the June solstice).
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
The Australian House of Representatives is one of the two Houses (chambers) of the Parliament of Australia.
The Australian Labor Party (ALP, also Labor, was Labour before 1912) is a political party in Australia.
The Australian Labor Party split of 1931 was caused by severe divisions within the Australian Labor Party over their economic response to the Great Depression in Australia.
Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.
The Azores (or; Açores), officially the Autonomous Region of the Azores (Região Autónoma dos Açores), is one of the two autonomous regions of Portugal.
Ángel Antonio Berni Gómez (9 January 1931 – 24 November 2017) was a football striker.
Árpád Bárány (born 24 June 1931) is a Hungarian fencer.
Ådalen is the river valley of the Ångerman River, downstream Junsele, in Sweden.
The Ådalen shootings (skotten i Ådalen) was a series of events in and around the sawmill district of Ådalen, Kramfors Municipality, Ångermanland, Sweden, in May 1931.
Éric Tappy (born 19 May 1931 in Lausanne) is a Swiss operatic tenor.
Mustafa İsmet İnönü (24 September 1884 – 25 December 1973) was a Turkish general and statesman, who served as the second President of Turkey from 10 November 1938 to 27 May 1950, when his Republican People's Party was defeated in Turkey's second free elections.
Byron Bancroft "Ban" Johnson (January 5, 1864 – March 28, 1931) was an American executive in professional baseball who served as the founder and first president of the American League (AL).
Barbara Bain (born September 13, 1931) is an American film and television actress.
Barbara Barrie (born Barbara Ann Berman, May 23, 1931) is an American actress of film, stage and television.
Barbara Eden (born Barbara Jean Morehead, August 23, 1931) is an American film, stage, and television actress, and singer, best known for her starring role of "Jeannie" in the sitcom I Dream of Jeannie.
Barcelona is a city in Spain.
Béla Ferenc Dezső Blaskó (20 October 1882 – 16 August 1956), better known as Bela Lugosi, was a Hungarian-American actor famous for portraying Count Dracula in the 1931 film and for his roles in various other horror films.
Belize, formerly British Honduras, is an independent Commonwealth realm on the eastern coast of Central America.
Bengalis (বাঙালি), also rendered as the Bengali people, Bangalis and Bangalees, are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group and nation native to the region of Bengal in the Indian subcontinent, which is presently divided between most of Bangladesh and the Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura, Assam, Jharkhand.
Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.
Robert Donaldson Ormond (12 January 1931 – 15 November 2017) was a Scottish-born footballer who represented New Zealand at international level.
Bhagat Singh (– 23 March 1931) was an Indian nationalist considered to be one of the most influential revolutionaries of the Indian independence movement.
The Bible Student movement is the name adopted by a Millennialist Restorationist Christian movement that emerged from the teachings and ministry of Charles Taze Russell, also known as Pastor Russell.
Bill Gleeson (born 4 July 1931) is a former Australian rules footballer who played with St Kilda in the Victorian Football League (VFL).
Bill Graham (born Wulf Wolodia Grajonca; January 8, 1931 – October 25, 1991) was a German-American impresario and rock concert promoter from the 1960s until his death in 1991 in a helicopter crash.
William Denison McKinney (September 12, 1931 – December 1, 2011) was an American character actor whose most famous role was the sadistic mountain man in John Boorman's 1972 film Deliverance.
William Lee "Bill" Shoemaker (August 19, 1931 – October 12, 2003) was an American jockey.
William Earl Casper, Jr. (June 24, 1931 – February 7, 2015) was an American professional golfer.
Billy Jack is a 1971 action/drama independent film; the second of four films centering on a character of the same name which began with the movie The Born Losers (1967), played by Tom Laughlin, who directed and co-wrote the script.
Leon Bismark "Bix" Beiderbecke (March 10, 1903 – August 6, 1931) was an American jazz cornetist, pianist, and composer.
In East Asian martial arts, the black belt denotes a high competence in the martial art.
Robert "Bob" Shaw (31 December 1931 – 11 February 1996) was a science fiction writer and fan from Northern Ireland, noted for his originality and wit.
Robert Bruce St.
Robert Edward Malkmus (born July 4, 1931, at Newark, New Jersey) is a retired American infielder and scout in Major League Baseball.
Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin (p; 1 February 1931 – 23 April 2007) was a Soviet and Russian politician and the first President of the Russian Federation, serving from 1991 to 1999.
Bramwell Harold Tillsley (born August 18, 1931), is a Canadian salvationist and writer, who was the 14th General of The Salvation Army (1993–1994).
Dennis Brian Close, (24 February 1931 – 13 September 2015) was an English first-class cricketer, the youngest man ever to play Test cricket for England.
Brian Weir Henderson AM (born 15 September 1931) is a retired Gold Logie winning Australian radio and television personality and pioneer known for his long association with the Nine Network in Australia as a television news anchor and variety show presenter, as host of the Australian version of the US music program Bandstand.
James Brian Edward Hutton, Baron Hutton, PC, QC (born 29 June 1931) is a former Lord Chief Justice of Northern Ireland and British Lord of Appeal in Ordinary.
The Bright Young Things, or Bright Young People, was a nickname given by the tabloid press to a group of bohemian young aristocrats and socialites in 1920s London.
The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.
Karl Bruno Julius Mudra, from 1913 von Mudra (1 April 1851 in Bad Muskau – 21 November 1931 in Zippendorf) was a Prussian officer, and later General of Infantry during World War I. He was a recipient of Pour le Mérite with Oak Leaves.
Buddie Petit (born Joseph Crawford, ca. 1890? – 4 July 1931), also spelled Buddy Petit, was an American early jazz cornetist.
Charles Joseph "Buddy" Bolden (September 6, 1877 – November 4, 1931) was an African-American cornetist who was regarded by contemporaries as a key figure in the development of a New Orleans style of rag-time music, or "jass", which later came to be known as jazz.
Burton Richter (born March 22, 1931) is a Nobel Prize-winning American physicist.
Calcedonio Di Pisa (October 11, 1931 in Palermo – December 26, 1962 in Palermo), also known as Doruccio, was a member of the Sicilian Mafia.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
The California Institute of Technology (abbreviated Caltech)The university itself only spells its short form as "Caltech"; other spellings such as.
Cambridge is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, and part of the Boston metropolitan area.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
Capo di tutti capi or capo dei capi is Italian for "boss of all bosses" or "boss of bosses".
Carl Bosch (27 August 1874 – 26 April 1940) was a German chemist and engineer and Nobel Laureate in Chemistry.
Carl Friedrich Goerdeler (31 July 1884 – 2 February 1945) was a monarchist conservative German politician, executive, economist, civil servant, and opponent of the Nazi regime.
Carl August Nielsen (9 June 18653 October 1931) was a Danish musician, conductor and violinist, widely recognized as his country's most prominent composer.
Carlos Alberto Monteiro Dias da Graça (22 December 1931 – 17 April 2013) was a prime minister of São Tomé and Príncipe.
Carmen Sánchez Levi (7 December 1931 – 13 February 2018), known as Carmela Rey, was a Mexican singer and actress.
Caroline Graham (born 17 July 1931) is an English playwright, screenwriter and novelist.
Carroll Baker (born May 28, 1931) is a retired American actress of film, stage, and television.
The Castellammarese War was a bloody power struggle for control of the Italian-American Mafia, from February, 1930 to April 15, 1931, between partisans of Joe "The Boss" Masseria and those of Salvatore Maranzano.
The Catalan Republic (República Catalana) was a state proclaimed in 1931 by Francesc Macià as the "Catalan Republic within the Iberian Federation".
Caterina Valente (born 14 January 1931 in Paris, France) is a French-born Italian multilingual singer, guitarist, dancer, and actress.
The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour (Храм Христа Спасителя, Khram Khrista Spasitelya) is a Russian Orthodox cathedral in Moscow, Russia, on the northern bank of the Moskva River, a few hundred metres southwest of the Kremlin.
Cecil Edward Parkinson, Baron Parkinson, PC (1 September 1931 – 22 January 2016) was a British Conservative politician and cabinet minister.
The Celtic Football Club is a professional football club based in Glasgow, Scotland, which plays in the Scottish Premiership.
The German Centre Party (Deutsche Zentrumspartei or just Zentrum) is a lay Catholic political party in Germany, primarily influential during the Kaiserreich and the Weimar Republic.
Sir Charles Algernon Parsons, (13 June 1854 – 11 February 1931), the son of a member of the Irish peerage,http://www.tcd.ie/Secretary/FellowsScholars/discourses/discourses/1968_Lord%20Rosse%20on%20W.%20Parsons.pdf was an Anglo-Irish engineer, best known for his invention of the compound steam turbine, and as the namesake of C. A. Parsons and Company.
Charles Arthur "Charlie" Bassett II, Capt, USAF (December 30, 1931 – February 28, 1966) was an American electrical engineer and United States Air Force test pilot.
Charles Bronfman, (born June 27, 1931) is a Canadian / American businessman and philanthropist and is a member of the Canadian Jewish Bronfman family.
Charles Wendell "Chuck" Colson (October 16, 1931 – April 21, 2012) served as Special Counsel to President Richard Nixon from 1969 to 1973.
Charles Edward Rice (August 7, 1931 – February 25, 2015) was an American legal scholar, Catholic apologist, and author of several books.
General Sir Charles Richard Huxtable, KCB, CBE, DL (born 22 July 1931) is a retired senior British Army officer who served as Commander-in-Chief, Land Forces between 1988 and 1990.
Charles Keith Taylor (born 23 June 1931 at Portage la Prairie, Manitoba) was a Progressive Conservative party member of the House of Commons of Canada.
Charles Lynn Oakley (born July 7, 1931) is a former professional American football player.
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin (16 April 1889 – 25 December 1977) was an English comic actor, filmmaker, and composer who rose to fame in the era of silent film.
Charles Warrington Leonard "Charlie" Parker (14 October 1882, Prestbury, Gloucestershire – 11 July 1959, Cranleigh, Surrey) was an English cricketer, who stands as the third highest wicket taker in the history of first-class cricket, behind Wilfred Rhodes and Tich Freeman.
Chaudhry Ghulam Rasul (1 May 1931 – 1991) was an educationist of Pakistan as well as a field hockey Olympic player.
Chester Gould (November 20, 1900 – May 11, 1985) was an American cartoonist, best known as the creator of the Dick Tracy comic strip, which he wrote and drew from 1931 to 1977, incorporating numerous colorful and monstrous villains.
The Chief Justice is the presiding member of a supreme court in any of many countries with a justice system based on English common law, such as the Supreme Court of Bangladesh, the Supreme Court of Canada, the Supreme Court of Singapore, the Court of Final Appeal of Hong Kong, the Supreme Court of Japan, the Supreme Court of India, the Supreme Court of Pakistan, the Supreme Court of Nigeria, the Supreme Court of Nepal, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the Supreme Court of Ireland, the Supreme Court of New Zealand, the High Court of Australia, the Supreme Court of the United States, and provincial or state supreme courts.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
The Chinese Soviet Republic (CSR), also known as the Soviet Republic of China or the China Soviet Republic, is often referred to in historical sources as the Jiangxi Soviet (after its largest component territory, the Jiangxi-Fujian Soviet).
Chris Avram (born Cristea Auran, August 31, 1931, Bucharest – January 10, 1989, Rome, Italy) was a Romanian-Italian film actor.
Chris Strachwitz (born July 1, 1931) is a German-born American record label executive and record producer.
Chun Doo-hwan (or; born 18 January 1931) is a South Korean politician and former South Korean army general who served as the President of South Korea from 1979 to 1988, ruling as an unelected coup leader from December 1979 to September 1980 and as elected president from 1980 to 1988.
City Lights is a 1931 American pre-Code silent romantic comedy film written, produced, directed by and starring Charlie Chaplin.
Patricia Claire Blume CBE (born 15 February 1931), better known by her stage name Claire Bloom, is an English film and stage actress whose career has spanned over six decades.
Claude-Henri Chouard is a French surgeon born on in the 15th arrondissement of Paris, this Otologist has been a full member of the Académie Nationale de Médecine (French National Academy of Medicine) since 1999.
Clément Vincent (May 18, 1931 – April 4, 2018) was a Canadian politician and a Member of the House of Commons of Canada.
Cleopa David Msuya (born 4 January 1931 at tanemb.se., ThisDay, May 31, 2006.) was Prime Minister of Tanzania from 7 November 1980 to 24 February 1983 and again from 7 December 1994 to 28 November 1995.
Clive Eric Cussler (born July 15, 1931) is an American adventure novelist and underwater explorer.
Clyde Edward Pangborn (''c''. October 28, 1895 – March 29, 1958) also known as "Upside-Down Pangborn" was an American aviator and barnstormer who performed aerial stunts in the 1920s.
The Coalition (or Liberal–National Coalition) is an alliance of centre-right political parties that forms one of the two major groupings in Australian federal politics.
Colin Henry Wilson (26 June 1931 – 5 December 2013) was an English writer, philosopher and novelist.
Columbus is the state capital and the most populous city in Ohio.
The Communist Party of Germany (Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands, KPD) was a major political party in Germany between 1918 and 1933, and a minor party in West Germany in the postwar period until it was banned in 1956.
Connie Hines (March 24, 1931 – December 18, 2009) was an American actress, best known for playing Alan Young's wife, Carol Post, on the 1960s sitcom Mister Ed.
The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom.
The Constituent Cortes (Las Cortes Constituyentes) is the description of Spain's parliament, the Cortes, when convened as a constituent assembly.
Corsica (Corse; Corsica in Corsican and Italian, pronounced and respectively) is an island in the Mediterranean Sea and one of the 18 regions of France.
Sir Cosmo Edmund Duff-Gordon, 5th Baronet DL (22 July 1862 – 20 April 1931) was a prominent Scottish landowner and sportsman, best known for the controversy surrounding his escape from the sinking of the RMS Titanic.
Lowell "Cotton" Fitzsimmons (October 7, 1931 – July 24, 2004) was an American college and NBA basketball coach.
Creditanstalt (sometimes Credit-Anstalt, abbreviated as CA) was an Austrian bank based in Vienna.
A cyclotron is a type of particle accelerator invented by Ernest O. Lawrence in 1929-1930 at the University of California, Berkeley, and patented in 1932.
Damian I (July 10, 1848 – August 14, 1931) was Greek Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem from 1897 to 1931.
Damn Yankees! is a 1958 musical film made by Warner Bros. based on the 1955 Broadway musical of the same name.
Daniel Irvin Rather Jr. (born October 31, 1931) is an American journalist and the former news anchor for the CBS Evening News. He currently anchors a newscast called The News with Dan Rather at The Young Turks and was previously managing editor and anchor of the television news magazine Dan Rather Reports on the cable channel AXS TV.
Dana Wynter (born Dagmar Winter; 8 June 19315 May 2011) was a German-born English actress, who was brought up in Britain and Southern Africa.
Darla Jean Hood (November 8, 1931 – June 13, 1979) was an American child actress, best known as the leading lady in the Our Gang series from 1935 to 1941.
David Joseph Madden (December 17, 1931 – January 16, 2014) was a Canadian-born American actor.
David Belasco (July 25, 1853 – May 14, 1931) was an American theatrical producer, impresario, director and playwright.
David Janssen (born David Harold Meyer, March 27, 1931 – February 13, 1980) was an American film and television actor who is best known for his starring role as Richard Kimble in the television series The Fugitive (1963–1967).
David Kushnir (דוד קושניר; June 21, 1931) is an Israeli former Olympic long-jumper.
David Morris Lee (born January 20, 1931) is an American physicist who shared the 1996 Nobel Prize in Physics with Robert C. Richardson and Douglas Osheroff "for their discovery of superfluidity in helium-3.".
David Starr Jordan (January 19, 1851 – September 19, 1931) was an American ichthyologist, educator, eugenicist, and peace activist.
Dean Carroll Jones (January 25, 1931 – September 1, 2015) was an American actor best known for his roles as Agent Zeke Kelso in That Darn Cat! (1965), Jim Douglas in The Love Bug (1968), Albert Dooley in The Million Dollar Duck (1971; for which he received a Golden Globe nomination) and Dr.
Dean Edwards Smith (February 28, 1931 – February 7, 2015) was an American men's college basketball head coach.
In the Northern Hemisphere, December 21 is usually the shortest day of the year and is sometimes regarded as the first day of winter.
It is known by a collection of names including: Saint Sylvester's Day, New Year's Eve or Old Years Day/Night, as the following day is New Year's Day.
Delloreese Patricia Early (July 6, 1931 – November 19, 2017), known professionally as Della Reese, was an American jazz and gospel singer, actress, and ordained minister whose career spanned seven decades.
Denise Scott Brown (née Lakofski; born October 3, 1931) is an American architect, planner, writer, educator, and principal of the firm Venturi, Scott Brown and Associates in Philadelphia.
Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.
The Vice Minister-President of the Netherlands (Viceminister-president van Nederland), commonly referred to in English as the Deputy Prime Minister, is the official deputy of the head of government of the Netherlands.
Dervla Murphy (born 28 November 1931) is an Irish touring cyclist and author of adventure travel books for over 40 years.
Desmond Mpilo Tutu (born 7 October 1931) is a South African Anglican cleric and theologian known for his work as an anti-apartheid and human rights activist.
The Detroit Mirror was a daily morning tabloid newspaper published in Detroit, Michigan.
Deuterium (or hydrogen-2, symbol or, also known as heavy hydrogen) is one of two stable isotopes of hydrogen (the other being protium, or hydrogen-1).
The Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC), or Dewey Decimal System, is a proprietary library classification system first published in the United States by Melvil Dewey in 1876.
Diana Dors (born Diana Mary Fluck; 23 October 1931 – 4 May 1984) was an English film actress and singer.
Dick Tracy is an American comic strip featuring Dick Tracy (originally Plainclothes Tracy), a tough and intelligent police detective created by Chester Gould.
Gilbert James "Dickie" Dowsett (born 3 July 1931) is an English former professional footballer who played for Sudbury Town, Tottenham Hotspur, Southend United, Southampton, Bournemouth & Boscombe Athletic, Crystal Palace and Weymouth.
Dolores J. Crow (née York; November 14, 1931 – February 9, 2018) was a Republican legislator for Canyon County, Idaho, serving in the Idaho House of Representatives from 1982 to 2006.
Dominic Chianese (born February 24, 1931) is an American actor, singer, and musician.
The Dominion of New Zealand was the historical successor to the Colony of New Zealand.
Newfoundland was a British dominion from 1907 to 1949.
Donald John Gross (June 30, 1931 – August 10, 2017) was an American baseball player whose 13-year professional career (1950–52; 1954–63) included all or parts of six seasons of Major League Baseball with the Cincinnati Redlegs (1955–57) and Pittsburgh Pirates (1958–60).
Donald Francis Henderson (10 November 1931 – 22 June 1997) was an English actor of stage, television and screen.
Donald King (born August 20, 1931) is an American boxing promoter known for his involvement in historic boxing matchups.
Don Martin (May 18, 1931 – January 6, 2000) was an American cartoonist whose best-known work was published in Mad from 1956 to 1988.
Doris Cook (born June 23, 1931) is a former pitcher and outfielder who played from through in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League.
Dracula is a 1931 American pre-Code vampire-horror film directed by Tod Browning and starring Bela Lugosi as Count Dracula.
Andreas Antonius Maria "Dries" van Agt (born 2 February 1931) is a retired Dutch politician and diplomat of the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA).
Alfred Duff Cooper, 1st Viscount Norwich, (22 February 1890 – 1 January 1954), known as Duff Cooper, was a British Conservative Party politician, diplomat and author.
Ennackal Chandy George Sudarshan (also known as E. C. G. Sudarshan; 16 September 1931 – 14 May 2018) was an Indian theoretical physicist and a professor at the University of Texas.
Edgar Lawrence Doctorow (January 6, 1931 – July 21, 2015) was an American novelist, editor, and professor, best known internationally for his works of historical fiction.
East Wenatchee is a city in Douglas County, Washington, United States, as well as a suburb of Wenatchee.
Ed Gilbert (born Edmund Francis Giesbert on June 29, 1931 – May 8, 1999) was an American actor, with extensive credits in both live action roles and voice work in animation, although he was better known for the latter.
Edward Jack Roebuck (July 3, 1931 – June 14, 2018) was an American professional baseball player and scout.
Edwin Lee Mathews (October 13, 1931 – February 18, 2001) was an American Major League Baseball (MLB) third baseman.
Admiral Eduard von Capelle (10 October 1855 – 23 February 1931) was a German Imperial Navy officer from Celle.
Edward E. Hammer (December 27, 1931 – July 16, 2012) was an engineer who was at the forefront of fluorescent lighting research.
Edward VII (Albert Edward; 9 November 1841 – 6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 until his death in 1910.
Edwin Powell Hubble (November 20, 1889 – September 28, 1953) was an American astronomer.
Edwin Meese III (born December 2, 1931) is an American attorney, law professor, author and member of the Republican Party who served in official capacities within the Ronald Reagan Gubernatorial Administration (1967–1974), the Reagan Presidential Transition Team (1980) and the Reagan White House (1981–1985), eventually rising to hold the position of the 75th Attorney General of the United States (1985–1988).
Ellen Holly (born January 16, 1931) is an American actress.
Elly Beinhorn-Rosemeyer (30 May 1907 – 28 November 2007) was a German pilot.
Emilio Fede (born 24 June 1931) is an Italian anchorman, journalist and writer.
Emily Daoud Nasrallah (née Abi Rached; 6 July 1931 – 13 March 2018) was a Lebanese writer and women's rights activist.
The Empire State Building is a 102-story Art Deco skyscraper in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.
An encyclical was originally a circular letter sent to all the churches of a particular area in the ancient Roman Church.
Eric Edgar Cooke (25 February 1931 – 26 October 1964), nicknamed the "Night Caller", was an Australian serial killer.
Erik Axel Karlfeldt (20 July 1864 – 8 April 1931) was a Swedish poet whose highly symbolist poetry masquerading as regionalism was popular and won him the Nobel Prize in Literature posthumously in 1931 after he had been nominated by Nathan Söderblom, member of the Swedish Academy.
Ernest Adolphus Finney Jr. (March 23, 1931 – December 3, 2017) was the first African-American Supreme Court Justice appointed to the South Carolina Supreme Court since the Reconstruction Era.
Ernest Orlando Lawrence (August 8, 1901 – August 27, 1958) was a pioneering American nuclear scientist and winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1939 for his invention of the cyclotron.
Ernest "Hoppy" Rossi (May 27, 1903 – April 17, 1931) was a follower of Frankie Yale and friend and associate of Al Capone before he moved from Brooklyn to Chicago.
Ernest Banks (January 31, 1931 – January 23, 2015), nicknamed "Mr.
Ernie Colón (born July 13, 1931, in Puerto Rico and raised in the US) is an American comics artist known for his wide-ranging career, including working in the fields of children's comics, horror, and nonfiction.
Ernst Didring (18 October 1868 – 13 October 1931) was an early 20th-century author who wrote mainly of life in his home country of Sweden.
Ernst Hinterberger (17 October 1931 – 14 May 2012) was an Austrian writer of novels, particularly detective novels, plays and successful sitcoms.
Ernst Ritter Seidler von Feuchtenegg (5 June 1862, Schwechat, Lower Austria – 23 January 1931, Vienna) was an Austrian statesman.
Esteban Siller Garza (17 April 1931 – 23 October 2013) was a Mexican voice actor from Monterrey, Nuevo León.
Eunice Gayson (17 March 1928 – 8 June 2018) was an English actress best known for playing Sylvia Trench, James Bond's love interest in the first two Bond films (Dr. No and From Russia with Love), and is therefore considered to have been the first-ever "Bond girl".
Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau (born Friedrich Wilhelm Plumpe; December 28, 1888March 11, 1931) was a German film director.
Faten Hamama (فاتن حمامة; 27 May 1931 – 17 January 2015) was an Egyptian film and television actress and producer.
Fay Weldon CBE FRSL (born 22 September 1931) is an English author, essayist, feminist and playwright.
For superstitious reasons, when the Romans began to intercalate to bring their calendar into line with the solar year, they chose not to place their extra month of Mercedonius after February but within it.
This day marks the approximate midpoint of winter in the Northern Hemisphere and of summer in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the December solstice).
General José Federico Alberto de Jesús Tinoco Granados (21 November 1868 – 7 September 1931) was a President of Costa Rica.
Ferdinand Porsche (3 September 1875 – 30 January 1951) was an automotive engineer and founder of the Porsche car company.
Ferenc Mádl (29 January 1931 – 29 May 2011) Index.hu was a Hungarian legal scholar, professor and politician, who served as the second President of the third Republic of Hungary, between 4 August 2000 and 5 August 2005.
Fergus Gordon Thomson Kerr OP FRSE (born 16 July 1931) is a Scottish Roman Catholic priest of the English Dominican province.
Fern Gertrude Battaglia (January 6, 1931 – March 15, 2001) was an infielder who played in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League.
Fernando Henrique Cardoso (born June 18, 1931), also known by his initials FHC, is a Brazilian sociologist, professor and politician who served as the 34th President of Brazil from January 1, 1995 to January 1, 2003.
Ali Fethi Okyar (29 April 1880 – 7 May 1943) was a Turkish diplomat and politician who also served as a military officer and diplomat during the last decade of the Ottoman Empire.
The first five-year plan (I пятилетний план, первая пятилетка) of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a list of economic goals, created by General Secretary Joseph Stalin and based on his policy of Socialism in One Country.
A flyer is a form of paper advertisement intended for wide distribution and typically posted or distributed in a public place, handed out to individuals or sent through the mail.
The Ford Trimotor (also called the "Tri-Motor", and nicknamed "The Tin Goose") is an American three-engined transport aircraft.
Francesc Macià i Llussà (21 September 1859 – 25 December 1933) was the 122nd President of Catalonia and formerly an officer in the Spanish Army.
Francis John Higginson (July 19, 1843 – September 12, 1931) was an officer in the United States Navy during the American Civil War and Spanish–American War.
Francis Marion Smith (February 2, 1846 – August 27, 1931) (once known nationally and internationally as "Borax Smith" and "The Borax King") was an American miner, business magnate and civic builder in the Mojave Desert, the San Francisco Bay Area, and Oakland, California.
Franco Interlenghi (29 October 1931 – 10 September 2015) was an Italian actor.
Frank Helmut Auerbach (born 29 April 1931) is a German-British painter.
Frank Harris (14 February 1855 – 26 August 1931) was an Irish editor, novelist, short story writer, journalist and publisher, who was friendly with many well-known figures of his day.
Frank Vernon Ramsey, Jr. (born July 13, 1931) is an American former professional basketball player and coach.
Frank Williams (born 2 July 1931) is an English actor best known for playing Timothy Farthing, the vicar in the BBC comedy Dad's Army.
Frankenstein is a 1931 American pre-Code horror monster film from Universal Pictures directed by James Whale and adapted from the play by Peggy Webling (which in turn is based on the novel of the same name by Mary Shelley), about a scientist and his assistant who dig up corpses to build a man animated by electricity, but his assistant accidentally gives the creature an abnormal, murderer's brain.
Fred Luther Foster (born July 26, 1931) is an American songwriter, record producer, and founder of Monument Records.
Freddy Quinn (born Franz Eugen Helmut Manfred Nidl, 27 September 1931, Niederfladnitz, Austria) is an Austrian singer and actor whose popularity within the German-speaking world soared in the late 1950s and 1960s.
Frederick Augustus II (16 November 1852 in Oldenburg – 24 February 1931 in Rastede) was the last ruling Grand Duke of Oldenburg. He married Princess Elisabeth Anna of Prussia, daughter of Princess Maria Anna of Anhalt-Dessau and Prince Frederick Charles of Prussia. After her death, he married Elisabeth Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
The Free State of Prussia (Freistaat Preußen) was a German state formed after the abolition of the Kingdom of Prussia in the aftermath of the First World War.
Friedrich Karl Rudolf Bergius (11 October 1884 – 30 March 1949) was a German chemist known for the Bergius process for producing synthetic fuel from coal, Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1931, together with Carl Bosch) in recognition of contributions to the invention and development of chemical high-pressure methods.
Funchal is the largest city, the municipal seat and the capital of Portugal's Autonomous Region of Madeira, bordered by the Atlantic Ocean.
Gambling is the wagering of money or something of value (referred to as "the stakes") on an event with an uncertain outcome with the primary intent of winning money or material goods.
The Gandhi Irwin Pact was a political agreement signed by Mahatma Gandhi and the then Viceroy of India, Lord Irwin on 5 March 1931 before the second Round Table Conference in London.
Gaston Flosse (born June 24, 1931) is a French politician who has been President of French Polynesia on five separate occasions.
Gavin MacLeod (born Allan George See; February 28, 1931) is an American film and television character actor, ship's ambassador, Christian activist and author, whose career spans six decades of television.
Angela Maria "Geli" Raubal (4 June 1908 – 18 September 1931) was Adolf Hitler's half-niece.
Eugene Louw, born 15 July 1931, is a South African politician, member of the National Party, MP for Durbanville and Paarl, who was administrator for Cape Province (1979–1989), Minister of Home Affairs (1989–1992), National Education (1989–1990), Public Works (1992–1993) and Defence (1992–1993) in the F.W. de Klerk government.
The Government of Catalonia or the Generalitat de Catalunya (Catalan;,; Generalidad de Cataluña) is the institution under which the Spanish autonomous community of Catalonia is politically organised.
The Geneva Convention (1929) was signed at Geneva, July 27, 1929.
Geoffrey Bruce Owen "Geoff" Edwards (February 13, 1931 – March 5, 2014) was an American television actor, game show host and radio personality.
Geoffrey Colin Harcourt (born 27 June 1931) is an Australian academic economist who is a leading member of the Post Keynesian school.
George Edward Sangmeister (February 16, 1931 – October 7, 2007) was a member of the United States House of Representatives.
George Fisher Baker (March 27, 1840 – May 2, 1931) was a U.S. financier and philanthropist.
George Herbert Mead (February 27, 1863 – April 26, 1931) was an American philosopher, sociologist and psychologist, primarily affiliated with the University of Chicago, where he was one of several distinguished pragmatists.
George Glenn Jones (September 12, 1931 – April 26, 2013) was an American musician, singer and songwriter.
George Lois (born June 26, 1931) is an American art director, designer, and author.
George Maxwell Richards, TC, CM (1 December 1931 – 8 January 2018) was a Trinidadian politician.
George W Petchey (born 24 June 1931 in Whitechapel, London) is an English former footballer who made 400 appearances in the Football League for West Ham United, Queens Park Rangers and Crystal Palace, playing at wing half (defensive midfield).
The George Washington Bridge is a double-decked suspension bridge spanning the Hudson River between the Washington Heights neighborhood of Manhattan in New York City, and the borough of Fort Lee in New Jersey.
George Kenneth Hotson Younger, 4th Viscount Younger of Leckie, Baron Younger of Prestwick, (22 September 1931 – 26 January 2003) was a British politician and banker.
Georgi Spirov Naydenov (Георги Спиров Найденов) (21 December 1931 – 28 May 1970) is a former Bulgarian football goalkeeper and former manager.
Georgy Mikhaylovich Grechko (Георгий Михайлович Гречко; 25 May 1931 – 8 April 2017) was a Soviet cosmonaut who flew on several space flights including Soyuz 17, Soyuz 26, and Soyuz T-14.
Gerald Stairs "Gerry" Merrithew (September 23, 1931 – September 5, 2004), born in Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada, was an educator, provincial and federal politician, and statesman.
Gerd Lauck (5 July 1931 – 10 October 2005) was a German footballer who played for Borussia Neunkirchen and the Saarland national team as a defender.
The German National People's Party (DNVP) was a national conservative party in Germany during the time of the Weimar Republic.
Gertrude Alderfer (September 21, 1931 – February 27, 2018) was a first basewoman and catcher who played from through in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League.
Gilles Morin (born July 20, 1931) is a retired politician in Ontario, Canada.
Gloria Cordes Elliott (September 21, 1931 – March 13, 2018) was a starting pitcher who played from through in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League.
A gold standard is a monetary system in which the standard economic unit of account is based on a fixed quantity of gold.
The Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia is the representative of the Australian monarch, currently Queen Elizabeth II.
Grand Duke Peter Nikolaevich of Russia (10 January 1864 – 17 January 1931) was a Russian Grand Duke and a member of the Russian Imperial Family.
Graziella Galvani (born 27 June 1931) is an Italian stage, television and film actress.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.
Gustavus Michael George Hamilton-Russell, 10th Viscount Boyne KCVO, JP (10 December 1931 – 14 December 1995) was an Irish peer, soldier and banker.
Haile Selassie I (ቀዳማዊ ኃይለ ሥላሴ, qädamawi haylä səllasé,;, born Ras Tafari Makonnen, was Ethiopia's regent from 1916 to 1930 and emperor from 1930 to 1974.
Harold Vincent "Hal" Connolly (August 1, 1931 – August 18, 2010) was an American athlete and hammer thrower from Somerville, Massachusetts.
Harold "Hal" Fishman (August 25, 1931 – August 7, 2007) was a local news anchor in the Los Angeles area, serving on-air with Los Angeles-area television stations continuously between 1960 until his death in 2007.
Hal Linden (born Harold Lipshitz, March 20, 1931) is an American stage and screen actor, television director and musician.
Hamilton Othanel Smith (born August 23, 1931) is an American microbiologist and Nobel laureate.
Hank Garrett (born Henry Greenberg Cohen Sandler Weinblatt, October 26, 1931) is an American actor and comedian, best known for the television role of Officer Nicholson on Car 54, Where Are You?.
Hans Folke "Hasse" Alfredson (28 June 1931 – 10 September 2017) was a Swedish actor, film director, writer and comedian.
Henricus Antonius Franciscus Maria Oliva "Hans" van Mierlo (18 August 1931 – 11 March 2010) was a Dutch politician.
Abram Harding "Hardy" Richardson (April 21, 1855 – January 14, 1931), also known as "Hardie" and "Old True Blue", was an American professional baseball player whose career spanned from 1875 to 1892 with a brief minor league comeback in 1898.
Hari Singh (September 1895 – 26 April 1961) was the last ruling Maharaja of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir in India.
Harold Raymond Battiste, Jr. (October 28, 1931 – June 19, 2015) was an American music composer, arranger, performer and teacher.
Sir Harold Bernard St.
Harold Charles Gatty (5 January 1903 – 30 August 1957) was an Australian navigator and aviation pioneer.
Harold Sidney Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Rothermere, (26 April 1868 – 26 November 1940) was a leading British newspaper proprietor, owner of Associated Newspapers Ltd.
Harold Clayton Urey (April 29, 1893 – January 5, 1981) was an American physical chemist whose pioneering work on isotopes earned him the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1934 for the discovery of deuterium.
The Harzburg Front (Harzburger Front) was a short-lived radical right-wing, anti-democratic political alliance in Weimar Germany, formed in 1931 as an attempt to present a unified opposition to the government of Chancellor Heinrich Brüning.
Héctor Olivera (born April 5, 1931 in Olivos, Buenos Aires) is an Argentine film director, producer and screenwriter.
Heaven's Gate was an American UFO religious millenarian cult based in San Diego, California, founded in 1974 and led by Marshall Applewhite (1931–1997) and Bonnie Nettles (1927–1985).
Heinrich Aloysius Maria Elisabeth Brüning (26 November 1885 – 30 March 1970) was a German Centre Party politician and academic, who served as Chancellor of Germany during the Weimar Republic from 1930 to 1932.
Helen Mamayaok Maksagak, (April 15, 1931 – January 23, 2009) was a Canadian politician.
Helsinki (or;; Helsingfors) is the capital city and most populous municipality of Finland.
Herbert David "Herb" Kelleher (born March 12, 1931) is the co-founder, Chairman Emeritus and former CEO of Southwest Airlines (based in the United States).
Herbert Clark Hoover (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964) was an American engineer, businessman and politician who served as the 31st President of the United States from 1929 to 1933 during the Great Depression.
(18 May 1876 – 20 March 1931) was a German Social Democratic politician who served as Foreign Minister (1919–1920), and twice as Chancellor of Germany (1920, 1928–1930) in the Weimar Republic.
Hillel Zaks (הלל זקס; February 2, 1931 – January 13, 2015) was the founder and rosh yeshiva of Yeshivas Knesses Hagedolah in Kiryat Sefer.
was a Japanese football player.
The Hoover Moratorium was a public statement issued by US President Herbert Hoover on June 20, 1931, who hoped to ease the coming international economic crisis and provide time for recovery.
Hubert Charles Sumlin (November 16, 1931 – December 4, 2011) was a Chicago blues guitarist and singer, best known for his "wrenched, shattering bursts of notes, sudden cliff-hanger silences and daring rhythmic suspensions" as a member of Howlin' Wolf's band.
The Hudson River is a river that flows from north to south primarily through eastern New York in the United States.
Hussein ibn Ali al-Hashimi (الحسين بن علي الهاشمي, al-Ḥusayn ibn ‘Alī al-Hāshimī; 1853/18544 June 1931) was a Hashemite Arab leader who was the Sharif and Emir of Mecca from 1908 and, after proclaiming the Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Empire, King of the Hejaz from 1916 to 1924.
Ian Browne, also known as "Joey" Browne (born 22 June 1931) is a former Australian track cyclist who along with Tony Marchant won the 2000 m tandem event at the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne.
Ian Mackendrick Hendry (13 January 1931 – 24 December 1984) was an English film, television and stage actor.
Sir Ian Holm Cuthbert (born 12 September 1931), known professionally as Ian Holm, is an English actor known for his stage work and many film roles.
was a Japanese voice actor from Ikeda, Osaka.
Ida Bell Wells-Barnett (July 16, 1862 – March 25, 1931), more commonly known as Ida B. Wells, was an African-American investigative journalist, educator, and an early leader in the Civil Rights Movement.
Igor Davidovich Oistrakh (Ігор Давидович Ойстрах; И́горь Дави́дович О́йстрах; born April 27, 1931) is a Russian violinist.
Izear Luster "Ike" Turner, Jr. (November 5, 1931 – December 12, 2007) was an American musician, bandleader, songwriter, arranger, talent scout, and record producer.
The Indian National Congress (INC, often called Congress Party) is a broadly based political party in India.
The Inuit (ᐃᓄᐃᑦ, "the people") are a group of culturally similar indigenous peoples inhabiting the Arctic regions of Greenland, Canada and Alaska.
The Invergordon Mutiny was an industrial action by around 1,000 sailors in the British Atlantic Fleet that took place on 15–16 September 1931.
The Irish Free State (Saorstát Éireann; 6 December 192229 December 1937) was a state established in 1922 under the Anglo-Irish Treaty of December 1921.
A negative pressure ventilator, often referred to colloquially as an iron lung, is a nearly-obsolete mechanical respirator which enables a person to breathe on their own in a normal manner, when muscle control is lost, or the work of breathing exceeds the person's ability, as may result from certain diseases (e.g. poliomyelitis, botulism) and certain poisons (e.g. barbiturates, tubocurarine).
Sir Isaac Alfred Isaacs (6 August 1855 – 11 February 1948) was an Australian lawyer, politician, and judge who served as the ninth Governor-General of Australia, in office from 1931 to 1936.
María Estela Martínez Cartas de Perón (born 4 February 1931), better known as Isabel Martínez de Perón or Isabel Perón, served as President of Argentina from 1974 to 1976.
Ismail Mahomed SCOB SC (5 July 1931 – 17 June 2000) was a South African lawyer who served as the Chief Justice of South Africa and the Supreme Court of Namibia, and co-authored the constitution of Namibia.
Ita Ever (born Ilse Ever, 1 April 1931, Paide, Järva County), draamateater.ee; accessed 30 March 2015.
Italian Libya (Libia Italiana; ليبيا الإيطالية) was a unified colony of Italian North Africa (Africa Settentrionale Italiana, or ASI) established in 1934 in what is now modern Libya.
Ivan Fichev (Иван Фичев) (born on 15 April 1860 in Tarnovo, died on 13 November 1931 in Sofia) was a Bulgarian general, Minister of Defense, military historian and academician.
Jerome Bob Traxler, also known as J. Bob Traxler or Bob Traxler, (born July 21, 1931), is a retired politician from the U.S. state of Michigan.
John Thomas Hearne (3 May 1867 – 17 April 1944) (known as Jack Hearne, J. T. Hearne or Old Jack Hearne to avoid confusion with J. W. Hearne to whom he was distantly related) was a Middlesex and England medium-fast bowler.
John Dwight Chesbro (June 5, 1874 – November 6, 1931) was a Major League Baseball (MLB) pitcher.
John Aldridge "Jack" Collom (November 8, 1931 – July 2, 2017) was an American poet, essayist, and creative writing pedagogue.
John S. "Jack" Dodson (May 16, 1931 – September 16, 1994) was an American television actor best remembered for the milquetoast character Howard Sprague on The Andy Griffith Show and its spin-off Mayberry R.F.D. From 1959 until his death in 1994, Dodson was married to television art director Mary Dodson.
Jacob L. "Jack" Molinas (October 31, 1931 – August 3, 1975) was an American professional basketball player and one of the key figures in the point shaving scandal that almost destroyed NCAA basketball.
Jack Morris Rosenthal (8 September 1931 – 29 May 2004) was an English playwright, who wrote 129 early episodes of the ITV soap opera Coronation Street and over 150 screenplays, including original TV plays, feature films, and adaptations.
Jack Stallings (April 8, 1931 – June 19, 2018) was an American college baseball head coach.
John Leonard "Jack" Swigert Jr. (August 30, 1931 – December 27, 1982) was an American test pilot, mechanical and aerospace engineer, United States Air Force pilot, and NASA astronaut.
Jack George Neil Taylor (January 31, 1931 – May 30, 1955) was an American competition swimmer and Olympic medalist.
Jack Leo Van Impe (born February 9, 1931) is an American televangelist who is known for his half-hour weekly television series Jack Van Impe Presents, an eschatological commentary on the news of the week through an interpretation of the Bible.
John Patrick Healy (9 March 1931 – 5 December 2014) was an Irish Independent politician who served as a Teachta Dála (TD) for the Kerry South constituency from 1997 to 2011.
Jackie Mason (born June 9, 1931) is an American stand-up comedian and film and television actor.
Jacques Braunstein (August 30, 1931 – November 27, 2009) was a Venezuelan musician, economist, publicist and disc jockey.
James Henry Mussen Campbell, 1st Baron Glenavy, PC (4 April 1851 – 22 March 1931) was an Irish lawyer, politician in the British Parliament and later in the Oireachtas of the Irish Free State.
Alan James Gwynne Cellan Jones (born 13 July 1931) is a British television and film director.
James Clarke Chace (October 16, 1931 – October 8, 2004) was an American historian, writing on American diplomacy and statecraft.
James Watson Cronin (September 29, 1931 – August 25, 2016) was an American particle physicist.
James Byron Dean (February 8, 1931 – September 30, 1955) was an American actor.
James Earl Jones (born January 17, 1931) is an American actor.
James Milton Carroll (January 8, 1852 – January 10, 1931) was an American Baptist pastor, leader, historian, author, and educator.
Sir James Percy FitzPatrick, KCMG (24 July 1862 – 24 January 1931), known as Percy FitzPatrick, was a South African author, politician, mining financier and pioneer of the fruit industry.
James Henry "Jim" Scullin (18 September 1876 – 28 January 1953) was an Australian Labor Party politician and the ninth Prime Minister of Australia.
James Whale (22 July 1889 – 29 May 1957) was an English film director, theater director and actor.
Jammu and Kashmir was, from 1846 until 1952, a princely state of the British Empire in India and ruled by a Jamwal Rajput Dogra Dynasty.
Jane Addams (September 8, 1860May 21, 1935), known as the "mother" of social work, was a pioneer American settlement activist/reformer, social worker, public philosopher, sociologist, public administrator, protestor, author, and leader in women's suffrage and world peace.
Mary Janice Rule (August 15, 1931 - October 17, 2003) was an American actress "at her most convincing playing embittered, neurotic socialites".
Janosch (born as Horst Eckert) (born March 11, 1931) is one of the best-known German children's book authors and illustrators.
January 1 is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar.
In the 20th and 21st centuries the Julian calendar is 13 days behind the Gregorian calendar, thus January 14 is sometimes celebrated as New Year's Day (Old New Year) by religious groups who use the Julian calendar.
In the ancient astronomy, it is the cusp day between Capricorn and Aquarius.
Perihelion, the point during the year when the Earth is closest to the Sun, occurs around this date.
The Japanese invasion of Manchuria began on 18 September 1931, when the Kwantung Army of the Empire of Japan invaded Manchuria immediately following the Mukden Incident.
Javier Solís (1 September 1931 – 19 April 1966) was a popular Mexican singer of boleros and rancheras as well as a movie actor.
Jaye P. Morgan (born Mary Margaret Morgan; December 3, 1931) is a retired American popular music singer, actress, and game show panelist.
Joseph Jean Arthur Béliveau, (August 31, 1931 – December 2, 2014) was a Canadian professional ice hockey player who played parts of 20 seasons with the National Hockey League's (NHL) Montreal Canadiens from 1950 to 1971.
Jean Campeau, (born July 6, 1931) is a Quebec businessman and former politician.
Jehovah's Witnesses is a millenarian restorationist Christian denomination with nontrinitarian beliefs distinct from mainstream Christianity.
Jenny Pickworth Glusker (born 28 June 1931) is a British biochemist and crystallographer.
Jerry Herman (born July 10, 1931) is an American composer and lyricist, known for his work in Broadway musical theater.
Jerry McCord Van Dyke (July 27, 1931 – January 5, 2018) was an American actor, musician and comedian.
Jiangxi, formerly spelled as Kiangsi Gan: Kongsi) is a province in the People's Republic of China, located in the southeast of the country. Spanning from the banks of the Yangtze river in the north into hillier areas in the south and east, it shares a border with Anhui to the north, Zhejiang to the northeast, Fujian to the east, Guangdong to the south, Hunan to the west, and Hubei to the northwest. The name "Jiangxi" derives from the circuit administrated under the Tang dynasty in 733, Jiangnanxidao (道, Circuit of Western Jiangnan; Gan: Kongnomsitau). The short name for Jiangxi is 赣 (pinyin: Gàn; Gan: Gōm), for the Gan River which runs across from the south to the north and flows into the Yangtze River. Jiangxi is also alternately called Ganpo Dadi (贛鄱大地) which literally means the "Great Land of Gan and Po".
Jiří Petr, Prof., DrSc.
Jilin, formerly romanized as Kirin is one of the three provinces of Northeast China.
James Paul David Bunning (October 23, 1931 – May 26, 2017) was an American professional baseball pitcher and later a politician who represented constituents from Kentucky in both chambers of the United States Congress.
James Cairney (born 13 July 1931) is a Scottish former professional footballer who played as a half-back in the Football League for York City, in Scottish junior football for Strathclyde and Shawfield Juniors, in North America for Toronto Roma, New York Ukrainians and Hartford Italia and was on the books of Portsmouth without making a league appearance.
James Warren Jones (May 13, 1931 – November 18, 1978) was an American religious cult leader who initiated and was responsible for a mass suicide and mass murder in Jonestown, Guyana.
Jim Nesbitt (December 1, 1931 – November 29, 2007) was an American country music singer.
Jimmy Lyons (December 1, 1931 – May 19, 1986) was an alto saxophone player.
James McIlroy MBE (born 25 October 1931) is a former Northern Irish footballer who played for Glentoran, Burnley, Stoke City and Oldham Athletic.
Joanna Merlin (born July 15, 1931) is an American actress and casting director who has worked with Stephen Sondheim and starred in the original Broadway production of Fiddler on the Roof.
João Gilberto Prado Pereira de Oliveira, known as João Gilberto (June 10, 1931), is a Brazilian singer, songwriter, and guitarist.
Joe Feeney (August 15, 1931 – April 16, 2008) was an American tenor singer who was a member of The Lawrence Welk Show television program.
Giuseppe "Joe the Boss" Masseria (January 17, 1886April 15, 1931) was an early Mafia boss in New York City.
Joe Santos (born Joseph John Minieri Jr.; June 9, 1931 – March 18, 2016) was an Italian-American film and television actor, best known as Sgt.
Johannes Rau (16 January 193127 January 2006) was a German politician of the SPD.
William John Charles, CBE (27 December 1931 – 21 February 2004) was a Welsh international footballer who played for Leeds United and Juventus during his 25-year playing career.
John Gavin (born Juan Vincent Apablasa Jr.; April 8, 1931 – February 9, 2018) was an American actor who was the United States Ambassador to Mexico (1981–86) and the President of the Screen Actors Guild (1971–73).
John Haven "Jack" Emerson (February 5, 1906 – February 4, 1997) was an American inventor of biomedical devices, specializing in respiratory equipment.
John Grinham Kerr (November 15, 1931February 2, 2013), was an American actor and lawyer.
David John Moore Cornwell (born 19 October 1931), better known by the pen name John le Carré, is a British author of espionage novels.
John O'Brien (30 May 1931 – 6 January 2008) was a Roman Catholic priest who worked in the Archdiocese of Dublin from 1956 until his death in 2008.
John Robert Schrieffer (born May 31, 1931) is an American physicist who, with John Bardeen and Leon N Cooper, was a recipient of the 1972 Nobel Prize in Physics for developing the BCS theory, the first successful quantum theory of superconductivity.
John Stanton Shirley-Quirk CBE (28 August 19317 April 2014) was an English bass-baritone.
John Smith (March 6, 1931 - January 25, 1995) was an American actor remembered in particular for his leading roles in two NBC western television series, Cimarron City and Laramie.
John Thomson (28 January 1909 – 5 September 1931) was a Scottish footballer who played as a goalkeeper for Celtic and the Scotland national football team.
John Lewis Hart (February 18, 1931 – April 7, 2007) was an American cartoonist noted as the creator of the comic strips B.C. and Wizard of Id.
Johnny Sheffield (April 11, 1931 – October 15, 2010) was an American child actor.
Jonathan Adams (14 February 1931 – 13 June 2005) was an English actor specifically of television and film, but he also appeared in theatre roles.
José Alencar Gomes da Silva (October 17, 1931 – March 29, 2011) was a Brazilian businessman and politician who served as the Vice President of Brazil from January 1, 2003 to December 31, 2010.
José Maria Cornelio Figueroa Alcorta (November 20, 1860 – December 27, 1931) was President of Argentina from 12 March 1906 to 12 October 1910.
José Triana (4 January 1931 – 4 March 2018) was a Cuban poet and playwright.
Josef Masopust (9 February 1931 – 29 June 2015) was a Czech football player and coach.
Joseph Anthony Califano Jr. (born May 15, 1931) is a former United States Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare and the founder and chairman of The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University (CASAColumbia), an evidence-based research organization.
Rear Admiral Joseph Ballard Murdock (13 February 1851 – 20 March 1931), sometimes spelled Murdoch, was an officer in the United States Navy.
Marshal Joseph Jacques Césaire Joffre (12 January 1852 – 3 January 1931), was a French general who served as Commander-in-Chief of French forces on the Western Front from the start of World War I until the end of 1916.
Joseph Le Brix (22 February 1899 - 12 September 1931) was a French aviator and a capitaine de corvette (lieutenant commander) in the French Navy.
Joseph Aloysius Lyons (15 September 1879 – 7 April 1939) was the tenth Prime Minister of Australia, serving from January 1932 until his death.
Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was a Soviet revolutionary and politician of Georgian nationality.
Joseph Thomin (Ploudaniel, 30 June 1931) was a French professional road bicycle racer, who won one stage in the 1956 Tour de France.
Joseph White Farnham (December 2, 1884 – June 2, 1931) was an American playwright and a film writer and film editor of the silent movie era to the early 1930s.
Juanita Quigley (24 June 1931 – 29 October 2017) was an American child actress in motion pictures of the 1930s and 1940s.
Julian Clare May (July 10, 1931 – October 17, 2017) was an American science fiction, fantasy, horror, science and children's writer who also used several literary pseudonyms.
Julius Charles Hendicott Drewe (surname originally spelt Drew) (4 April 1856 – 20 November 1931) was an English businessman, retailer and entrepreneur, who founded Home and Colonial Stores and ordered the building of Castle Drogo in Devon.
It is the first day of the second half of the year.
This day is the midpoint of a common year because there are 182 days before and 182 days after it in common years, and 183 before and 182 after in leap years.
The Aphelion, the point in the year when the Earth is farthest from the Sun, occurs around this date.
The terms 7th July, July 7th, and 7/7 (pronounced "Seven-seven") have been widely used in the Western media as a shorthand for the 7 July 2005 bombings on London's transport system.
In the Northern Hemisphere, the Summer solstice sometimes occurs on this date, while the Winter solstice occurs in the Southern Hemisphere.
This day usually marks the summer solstice in the Northern Hemisphere and the winter solstice in the Southern Hemisphere, which is the day of the year with the most hours of daylight in the Northern Hemisphere and the fewest hours of daylight in the Southern Hemisphere.
On this day the Summer solstice may occur in the Northern Hemisphere, and the Winter solstice may occur in the Southern Hemisphere.
In common years it is always in ISO week 26.
It is the last day of the first half of the year.
Robert Glenn Johnson, Jr.
Autry DeWalt Mixon Jr. (June 14, 1931 – November 23, 1995), known by the stage name Junior Walker, styled as Jr.
Khalil Gibran (sometimes spelled Kahlil; full Arabic name Gibran Khalil Gibran (جبران خليل جبران / ALA-LC: Jubrān Khalīl Jubrān or Jibrān Khalīl Jibrān) (January 6, 1883 – April 10, 1931) was a Lebanese-American writer, poet and visual artist. Gibran was born in the town of Bsharri in the Mount Lebanon Mutasarrifate, Ottoman Empire (modern day Lebanon), to Khalil Gibran and Kamila Gibran (Rahmeh). As a young man Gibran emigrated with his family to the United States, where he studied art and began his literary career, writing in both English and Arabic. In the Arab world, Gibran is regarded as a literary and political rebel. His romantic style was at the heart of a renaissance in modern Arabic literature, especially prose poetry, breaking away from the classical school. In Lebanon, he is still celebrated as a literary hero., BBC News, May 12, 2012, Retrieved May 12, 2012. A member of the New York Pen League, he is chiefly known in the English-speaking world for his 1923 book The Prophet, an early example of inspirational fiction including a series of philosophical essays written in poetic English prose. The book sold well despite a cool critical reception, gaining popularity in the 1930s and again especially in the 1960s counterculture.Acocella, Joan (January 7, 2008).. The New Yorker. Retrieved March 9, 2009. Gibran is the third best-selling poet of all time, behind Shakespeare and Laozi.
Karen Steele (March 20, 1931 – March 12, 1988) was an American actress and model with more than 60 roles in film and television.
Kaye Ernest Donsky (10 April 1891 – 29 August 1981), better known by his nom de course Kaye Don, was an Irish world record breaking car and speedboat racer.
Charles Kaye Vaughan (born June 30, 1931) is a former professional football player, a lineman with the Ottawa Rough Riders of the Canadian Football League for twelve seasons.
Kenton Lloyd "Ken" Boyer (May 20, 1931 – September 7, 1982) was an American Major League Baseball (MLB) third baseman, coach and manager who played on the St. Louis Cardinals, New York Mets, Chicago White Sox, and Los Angeles Dodgers for 15 seasons, 1955 through 1969.
, born, was a Japanese actor and singer who appeared in over 200 films.
(24 October 1931 – 14 March 2014) was a Japanese actor who worked on stage, film, and television from the 1950s to the 2010s.
Kenneth Paul Venturi (May 15, 1931May 17, 2013) was an American professional golfer and golf broadcaster.
Kenneth Charles Cope (born 14 April 1931) is an English actor.
Kenneth Earl Burrell (born July 31, 1931) is an American jazz guitarist known for his work on the Blue Note label.
The Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia) was a state which existed from 1861—when King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia was proclaimed King of Italy—until 1946—when a constitutional referendum led civil discontent to abandon the monarchy and form the modern Italian Republic.
Kjell Hansson (born 16 July 1931) is a retired Swedish rower who won a bronze medal in the coxed fours at the 1959 European Championships.
Klaus Rifbjerg (15 December 1931 – 4 April 2015) was a Danish writer.
Knute Kenneth Rockne (March 4, 1888 – March 31, 1931) was a Norwegian-American football player and coach at the University of Notre Dame.
Hendrik Jacobus (Kobie) Coetsee (19 April 1931 – 29 July 2000) was a South African lawyer, National Party politician and administrator as well as a negotiator during the country's transition to multi-racial democracy.
Kovambo Katjimune Nujoma, M.B.O.S. (born March 10, 1931) is a Namibian political figure.
The Kuomintang of China (KMT; often translated as the Nationalist Party of China) is a major political party in the Republic of China on Taiwan, based in Taipei and is currently the opposition political party in the Legislative Yuan.
The Labour Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom.
Ladislav Smoljak (9 December 1931 – 6 June 2010) was a Czech film and theater director, actor and screenwriter.
Lady, Play Your Mandolin! is the first Warner Bros. Merrie Melodies cartoon, directed by Rudolf Ising of Harman and Ising.
(born 1 March 1931) is an Italian politician and economist.
Larry Martin Hagman (September 21, 1931 – November 23, 2012) was an American film and television actor, director and producer best known for playing ruthless oil baron J.R. Ewing in the 1980s primetime television soap opera Dallas and befuddled astronaut Major Anthony "Tony" Nelson in the 1960s sitcom I Dream of Jeannie.
Lawrence Curtis Jackson (June 2, 1931 – August 28, 1990) was an American right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball who played for the St. Louis Cardinals, Chicago Cubs and Philadelphia Phillies from 1955 to 1968.
Larry Merchant (born Larry Kaufman; February 11, 1931) is an American former sportswriter, a longtime commentator for HBO Sports presentations of HBO World Championship Boxing, Boxing After Dark and HBO pay-per-view telecasts, called "the greatest television boxing analyst of all time" by some, including ESPN Boxing analyst Dan Rafael, and derided as out of touch, biased and incoherent by others.
Lars Valter Hörmander (24 January 1931 – 25 November 2012) was a Swedish mathematician who has been called "the foremost contributor to the modern theory of linear partial differential equations".
León Esteban Febres-Cordero Ribadeneyra (March 9, 1931 – December 15, 2008), known in the Ecuadorian media as LFC or more simply by his composed surname (Febres-Cordero), was the 35th President of Ecuador, serving a four-year term from August 10, 1984 to August 10, 1988.
Leeds Bradford Airport is located at Yeadon, in the City of Leeds Metropolitan District in West Yorkshire, England, northwest of Leeds city centre itself, and from Bradford city centre.
Jack "Legs" Diamond (possibly born John Thomas Diamond, though disputed; July 10, 1897 – December 18, 1931), also known as Gentleman Jack, was an Irish American gangster in Philadelphia and New York City during the Prohibition era.
Leonard Simon Nimoy (March 26, 1931 – February 27, 2015) was an American actor, film director, photographer, author, singer and songwriter.
Leslie Dawson Jr. (2 February 1931 – 10 June 1993) was an English comedian, actor, writer, and presenter, who is best remembered for his deadpan style, curmudgeonly persona and jokes about his mother-in-law and wife.
Les Vandyke (born John Worsley; 21 June 1931, Battersea, South London, England) was a popular music singer and later songwriter from the 1950s to the 1970s.
Leslie Claire Margaret Caron (born 1 July 1931) is a Franco-American actress and dancer who appeared in 45 films between 1951 and 2003.
Libya (ليبيا), officially the State of Libya (دولة ليبيا), is a sovereign state in the Maghreb region of North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south and Algeria and Tunisia to the west.
Lima (Quechua:, Aymara) is the capital and the largest city of Peru.
Lindy John Remigino (born June 3, 1931) is an American track and field athlete, the 1952 Olympic 100 m champion.
Lionel Blair (born Henry Lionel Ogus; 12 December 1928) is a British actor, choreographer, tap dancer and television presenter.
This is a list of heads of state of Niger since the country gained independence from France in 1960 to the present day.
The world's longest suspension bridges are listed according to the length of their main span (i.e. the length of suspended roadway between the bridge's towers).
The following is a list of Presidents of Guinea-Bissau, since the establishment of the office of President in 1973.
The Loire (Léger; Liger) is the longest river in France and the 171st longest in the world.
Anthony James Donegan (29 April 1931 – 3 November 2002), known as Lonnie Donegan, was a British skiffle singer, songwriter and musician, referred to as the "King of Skiffle", who influenced 1960s British pop musicians.
Lorraine Ellison (March 17, 1931 – January 31, 1983) was an American soul singer known for her recording of the song "Stay with Me" (sometimes known as "Stay With Me Baby") in 1966.
Louis Mexandeau (born 6 July 1931) is a French politician.
Louis Robert Wolheim (March 28, 1880 – February 18, 1931) was an American actor, of both stage and screen, whose rough physical appearance relegated him to roles mostly of thugs or villains in the movies, but whose talent allowed him to flourish on stage.
Louise, Princess Royal and Duchess of Fife (Louise Victoria Alexandra Dagmar; 20 February 1867 – 4 January 1931) was the third child and the eldest daughter of the British king Edward VII and Alexandra of Denmark; she was a younger sister of George V. In 1905, her father gave her the title of Princess Royal, which is usually bestowed on the eldest daughter of the British monarch if there is no living previous holder.
Lowell N. Lewis (born July 9, 1931) was an American plant physiology professor.
Luís Severino de Almeida Cabral (11 April 1931 – 30 May 2009) was the first President of Guinea-Bissau.
Ludvig Hope Faye (4 March 1931 – 1 June 2017) was a Norwegian politician for the Conservative Party.
Lyle Lahey (August 23, 1931 – February 8, 2013) was an American political cartoonist, journalist and the author of the book The Packer Chronicles (News-Chronicle, 1997) Lahey was born in Abrams, Wisconsin.
Lynching is a premeditated extrajudicial killing by a group.
Lyndell Hans Petersen (born July 4, 1931) is an American former politician.
Macklyn Arbuckle (July 9, 1866 – April 1, 1931) was an American screen and stage actor.
Madeira is a Portuguese archipelago situated in the north Atlantic Ocean, southwest of Portugal.
The Madeira uprising, also referred to as the Island Revolt or the Revolt of the Deported, was a military uprising against the government of the National Dictatorship (1926–1933) that took place on the island of Madeira, beginning in the early hours of 4 April 1931.
Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole.
María Magdalena Guzmán Garza (16 May 1931 – 12 March 2015), better known as Magda Guzmán, was a Mexican film and television actress.
Mahārāja (महाराज, also spelled Maharajah, Moharaja) is a Sanskrit title for a "great ruler", "great king" or "high king".
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was an Indian activist who was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British rule.
Majida Boulila (12 November 1931 – 4 September 1952) was a Tunisian militant.
Malcolm Morley (June 7, 1931 – June 1, 2018) was a British-American artist and painter.
Malcolm Benjamin Graham Christopher Williamson, AO, CBE (21 November 19312 March 2003) was an Australian composer.
Mamie Van Doren (born Joan Lucille Olander; February 6, 1931) is an American actress, model, singer, and sex symbol who is known for being one of the first actresses to recreate the look of Marilyn Monroe.
Managua is the capital and largest city of Nicaragua, and the center of eponymous department.
Manuel García Escobar MML (19 October 1931 – 24 October 2013), better known as Manolo Escobar, was a Spanish singer of Andalusian copla and other Spanish music.
Mao Zedong (December 26, 1893September 9, 1976), commonly known as Chairman Mao, was a Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founding father of the People's Republic of China, which he ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976.
Maralou Gray (born July 6, 1931) is an American film, television, and theater actress, and an operatic lyric coloratura soprano singer, active from the late 1930s through the 1960s.
Marquess Marcello Amero D'Aste-Stella (April 1, 1853 – September 17, 1931) was an Italian admiral of the Regia Marina (Royal Italian Navy) and later a politician.
In the Roman calendar, March 15 was known as the Ides of March.
Typically the March equinox falls on this date, marking the vernal point in the Northern Hemisphere and the autumnal point in the Southern Hemisphere.
In astrology, the day of the equinox is the first full day of the sign of Aries.
March 24th is the 365th and last day of the year in many European implementations of the Julian calendar.
Margaret Mary Heckler (née O'Shaughnessy; born June 21, 1931) is a Republican politician from Massachusetts who served in the United States House of Representatives for eight terms, from 1967–83 and was later the Secretary of Health and Human Services and Ambassador to Ireland under President Ronald Reagan.
Maria Musso (born 14 July 1931 in Turin) is a former Italian sprinter and pentathlete.
Marie Mansfield (born November 4, 1931) is a former pitcher who played from 1950 through 1954 in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League.
Marilyn Ailene Hickey (born July 1, 1931) is an American Christian minister and televangelist who teaches Bible studies both nationally and internationally.
Marilyn Stoughton Lewis (born July 19, 1931) is a Republican former member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives.
Marion Patrick Jones (16 August 1931 – 2 March 2016) was a Trinidadian novelist, whose training was in the fields of library science and social anthropology. She is also known by the names Marion Glean and Marion O'Callaghan (her married name).Barbara Fister,, Third World Women's Literatures: A Dictionary and Guide to Materials in English, Greenwood Press, 1995, p. 226. Living in Britain during the 1960s, she was also an activist within the black community. She was the author of two notable novels: Pan Beat, first published in 1973, and J’Ouvert Morning (1976), and also wrote non-fiction.
Mark Pharaoh (born 18 July 1931) is a former track and field athlete, who competed in the discus throw at both the 1952 Helsinki Olympics and the 1956 Melbourne Olympics where he came fourth.
Marla Gibbs (born Margaret Theresa Bradley; June 14, 1931) is an American actress, comedian, singer, writer and producer, whose career spans five decades.
Marshall Herff Applewhite, Jr. (May 17, 1931 – March 26, 1997), also known as "Bo" and "Do", among other names, was an American cult leader who founded what became known as the Heaven's Gate religious group and organized their mass suicide in 1997, claiming the lives of thirty-nine people.
Marta Terry González (May 7, 1931 – June 18, 2018) was a Cuban librarian.
Martin Lipton (born June 22, 1931) is an American lawyer, a founding partner of the law firm of Wachtell, Lipton, Rosen & Katz specializing in advising on mergers and acquisitions and matters affecting corporate policy and strategy.
Martin Sam Milner (December 28, 1931 – September 6, 2015) was an American film, stage, radio, and television actor.
Martinus Justinus Godefriedus "Tini" Veltman (born 27 June 1931) is a Dutch theoretical physicist.
Marvin Hart (September 16, 1876 – September 17, 1931) was the World Heavyweight Boxing Champion from July 3, 1905 to February 23, 1906.
Mary Lou Studnicka (July 19, 1931 – November 21, 2014) was an overhand pitcher who played from through in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League.
Mary Louise Wilson (born November 12, 1931) is an American stage, film and television actress, singer, and comedian.
Maud Allan (27 August 1873 – 7 October 1956) was a pianist-turned-actress, dancer and choreographer who is remembered for her "impressionistic mood settings".
Mauricio Raúl Kagel (December 24, 1931 – September 18, 2008) was a German-Argentine composer notable for developing the theatrical side of musical performance.
Maurice Perry Duncan (born July 18, 1931) is a former quarterback for the National Football League and Canadian Football League.
William Maxwell Aitken, 1st Baron Beaverbrook, PC, ONB (25 May 1879 – 9 June 1964) was a Canadian-British newspaper publisher and backstage politician who was an influential figure in British media and politics of the first half of the 20th century.
This day marks the approximate midpoint of spring in the Northern Hemisphere and of autumn in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the March equinox).
The May Report was a publication on 31 July 1931 by the Committee on National Expenditure ("May Committee").
Mário Jorge Lobo Zagallo (born 9 August 1931) is a Brazilian former football player and manager who played as a forward.
Mílton Alves da Silva (born October 16, 1931 in Porto Alegre, Brazil - died in 1973 in São Paulo, Brazil) is a Brazilian former football player.
Melville Louis Kossuth "Melvil" Dewey (December 10, 1851 – December 26, 1931) was an American librarian and educator, inventor of the Dewey Decimal system of library classification, and a founder of the Lake Placid Club.
Merrie Melodies is an American animated cartoon series of comedy short films produced by Warner Bros. in 1931 to 1969, during the golden age of American animation.
Bishop Michael Fu Tieshan (Simplified Chinese: 傅铁山, Traditional Chinese: 傅鐵山; November 3, 1931 – April 20, 2007) of Beijing was the top leader of the Chinese Patriotic Catholic Association.
Michael Joseph Cullen (born 3 July 1931 in Glasgow) is a Scottish former footballer, most noted as a player for Luton Town and Grimsby Town.
Mickey Charles Mantle (October 20, 1931 – August 13, 1995), nicknamed The Commerce Comet and The Mick, was an American professional baseball player.
Mike Nichols (born Mikhail Igor Peschkowsky; November 6, 1931 – November 19, 2014) was an American film and theater director, producer, actor, and comedian.
Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev, GCL (born 2 March 1931) is a Russian and former Soviet politician.
Milan Central or Milano Centrale is the main railway station of the city of Milan, Italy and is the largest train station in Europe by volume.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken; BZ) is the Dutch Ministry responsible for Foreign relations, Foreign policy, International development, International trade, Diaspora and matters dealing with the European Union, NATO and the Benelux Union.
Mirella Ricciardi (born 14 July 1931), described by one enthusiast as a "renowned creative force" is a Kenyan born photographer and author.
is a city located in Aomori Prefecture, Japan.
Mitzi Gaynor (born Francesca Marlene de Czanyi von Gerber; September 4, 1931) is an American actress, singer, and dancer.
Mohamed Ali Samatar (Maxamed Cali Samatar; 1 January 193119 August 2016) was a Somali politician and Lieutenant General.
Mohammad Yazdi (محمد یزدی, born 2 July 1931) is an Iranian cleric who served as the head of Judiciary System of Iran between 1989 and 1999.
Mohammad Reza Mahdavi Kani (محمدرضا مهدوی کنی., 6 August 1931 – 21 October 2014) was an Iranian cleric, writer and conservative politician who was Acting Prime Minister of Iran from 2 September until 29 October 1981.
Monica Vitti (born 3 November 1931) is an Italian actress best known for her starring roles in films directed by Michelangelo Antonioni during the early 1960s.
Mordecai Richler, CC (January 27, 1931 – July 3, 2001) was a Canadian writer.
Morley Safer (November 8, 1931 – May 19, 2016) was a Canadian-American broadcast journalist, reporter, and correspondent for CBS News.
Morris Cerullo (born October 2, 1931) is an American pentecostal evangelist.
Morris Chang (born 10 July 1931), is a businessman in Taiwan and the founder, as well as former chairman and CEO, of Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company (TSMC), the world's first and largest silicon foundry.
Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.
Moysés Baumstein (June 13, 1931 in São Paulo – December 4, 1991 in São Paulo) was a Brazilian artist.
The Mukden Incident, or Manchurian Incident, was a staged event engineered by Japanese military personnel as a pretext for the Japanese invasion in 1931 of northeastern China, known as Manchuria.
The Murders of Paul Anlauf and Franz Lenck were a double homicide that took place in Berlin in 1931, when police captains Paul Anlauf and Franz Lenck were assassinated by members of the Communist Party of Germany.
Sir Murray Bisset (14 April 1876 – 24 October 1931) was a Test cricketer who captained South Africa before moving to Southern Rhodesia where he served as Chief Justice of Southern Rhodesia and briefly as Governor of Southern Rhodesia.
Mustafa Dağıstanlı (born 11 April 1931) is a retired Turkish wrestler.
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (19 May 1881 (conventional) – 10 November 1938) was a Turkish army officer, revolutionary, and founder of the Republic of Turkey, serving as its first President from 1923 until his death in 1938.
Mwai Kibaki, C.G.H. (born 15 November 1931) is a Kenyan politician who was the third President of Kenya, serving from December 2002 until April 2013.
Nair Bello Sousa Francisco (São Paulo, April 28, 1931 – São Paulo, April 17, 2007) was a Brazilian actress and comedian.
Lars Olof Jonathan Söderblom (15 January 1866 – 12 July 1931) was a Swedish clergyman.
A national anthem (also state anthem, national hymn, national song, etc.) is generally a patriotic musical composition that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions, and struggles of its people, recognized either by a nation's government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people.
The National Association of Latino Fraternal Organizations (NALFO) is an umbrella council for 16 Latino Greek Letter Organizations established in 1998.
The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum is an American history museum and hall of fame, located in Cooperstown, New York, and operated by private interests.
The American Federation of Labor's National Committee for Moderation of the Volstead Act was created in January 1931.
In the United Kingdom, National Government is an abstract concept of a coalition of some or all major political parties.
The National Park Service (NPS) is an agency of the United States federal government that manages all national parks, many national monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations.
The National Party of Australia (also known as The Nationals or simply, The Nats) is an Australian political party.
Kunwar Natwar Singh (born 16 May 1931) is an Indian politician, a former senior bureaucrat, a former Union cabinet minister, and a writer.
The National Socialist German Workers' Party (abbreviated NSDAP), commonly referred to in English as the Nazi Party, was a far-right political party in Germany that was active between 1920 and 1945 and supported the ideology of Nazism.
Neil Postman (March 8, 1931 – October 5, 2003) was an American author, educator, media theorist and cultural critic, who is best known for his seventeen books, including Amusing Ourselves to Death (1985), Conscientious Objections (1988), ''Technopoly: The Surrender of Culture to Technology'' (1992), The Disappearance of Childhood (1994) and The End of Education: Redefining the Value of School (1995).
Dame Nellie Melba GBE (born Helen Porter Mitchell; 19 May 186123 February 1931) was an Australian operatic soprano.
Nevada (see pronunciations) is a state in the Western, Mountain West, and Southwestern regions of the United States of America.
The New Party was a political party briefly active in the United Kingdom in the early 1930s.
Nicaragua, officially the Republic of Nicaragua, is the largest country in the Central American isthmus, bordered by Honduras to the north, the Caribbean to the east, Costa Rica to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Niceto Alcalá-Zamora y Torres (6 July 1877 – 18 February 1949) was a Spanish lawyer and politician who served, briefly, as the first prime minister of the Second Spanish Republic, and then—from 1931 to 1936—as its president.
Nicholas "Nick" Longworth III (November 5, 1869 – April 9, 1931) was an American Republican politician who became Speaker of the United States House of Representatives.
Nicholas Murray Butler (April 2, 1862 – December 7, 1947) was an American philosopher, diplomat, and educator.
Nick Adams (born Nicholas Aloysius Adamshock, July 10, 1931 – February 7, 1968) was an American film and television actor and screenwriter.
Nigar Huseyn Afandi gizi Shikhlinskaya, née Gayibova (Nigar Hüseyn Əfəndi qızı Şıxlinskaya, October 10, 1871 or March 21, 1878, Tbilisi–August 15, 1931, Baku) was the first Azerbaijani nurse.
Nigel David McKail Ritchie-Calder (2 December 1931 – 25 June 2014) was a British science writer.
Tuan Guru Dato' Bentara Setia Haji Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (10 January 1931 – 12 February 2015) was a Malaysian politician and Muslim cleric.
NK Lučko is a Croatian football club based in the Novi Zagreb - zapad (New Zagreb-West) borough.
The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish, Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is one of the five Nobel Prizes created by the Swedish industrialist, inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, and Literature.
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry (Nobelpriset i kemi) is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to scientists in the various fields of chemistry.
The Nobel Prize in Literature (Nobelpriset i litteratur) is a Swedish literature prize that has been awarded annually, since 1901, to an author from any country who has, in the words of the will of Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel, produced "in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction" (original Swedish: "den som inom litteraturen har producerat det mest framstående verket i en idealisk riktning").
The Nobel Prize in Physics (Nobelpriset i fysik) is a yearly award given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for those who conferred the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of physics.
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (Nobelpriset i fysiologi eller medicin), administered by the Nobel Foundation, is awarded once a year for outstanding discoveries in the fields of life sciences and medicine.
Noble Henry Willingham, Jr. (August 31, 1931 – January 17, 2004) was an American television and film actor who appeared in more than thirty films and in many television shows, including a stint opposite Chuck Norris in Walker, Texas Ranger.
A non-stop flight is a flight by an aircraft with no intermediate stops.
Norman Burt Sherry (born July 16, 1931 in New York City) is an American former catcher, manager, and coach in Major League Baseball.
Norman Beresford Tebbit, Baron Tebbit, (born 29 March 1931) is a British politician and life peer.
This day marks the approximate midpoint of autumn in the Northern Hemisphere and of spring in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the September equinox).
Nuclear physics is the field of physics that studies atomic nuclei and their constituents and interactions.
Oddur Pétursson (2 July 1931 - 24 May 2018) was an Icelandic cross country skier.
Stig Kjell Olof (Ola) Ullsten (23 June 1931 – 28 May 2018) was a Swedish politician and diplomat who was Prime Minister of Sweden from 1978 to 1979 and leader of the Liberal People's Party from 1978 to 1983.
Olympia Dukakis (born June 20, 1931) is a Greek American actress.
‘Omar al-Mukhṫār Muḥammad bin Farḥāṫ al-Manifī (عُمَرْ الْمُخْتَارْ مُحَمَّدْ بِنْ فَرْحَاتْ الْمَنِفِي; 20 August 1858 – 16 September 1931), called The Lion of the Desert, known among the colonial Italians as Matari of the Mnifa, was the leader of native resistance in Eastern Libya under the Senussids, against the Italian colonization of Libya.
Hamaguchi Osachi (Kyūjitai: 濱口 雄幸; Shinjitai: 浜口 雄幸, also Hamaguchi Yūkō, 1 April 1870 – 26 August 1931) was a Japanese politician, cabinet minister and Prime Minister of Japan from 2 July 1929 to 14 April 1931.
Sir Oswald Ernald Mosley, 6th Baronet of Ancoats (16 November 1896 – 3 December 1980) was a British politician who rose to fame in the 1920s as a Member of Parliament and later in the 1930s became leader of the British Union of Fascists (BUF).
Otto Braun (28 January 1872 – 15 December 1955) was a German Social Democratic politician who served as Prime Minister of Prussia for most of the time from 1920 to 1932.
Otto Heinrich Warburg (8 October 1883 – 1 August 1970), son of physicist Emil Warburg, was a German physiologist, medical doctor, and Nobel laureate.
Otto Wallach (27 March 1847 – 26 February 1931) was a German chemist and recipient of the 1910 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on alicyclic compounds.
Our Gang (later known as The Little Rascals or Hal Roach's Rascals) are a series of American comedy short films about a group of poor neighborhood children and their adventures.
Pacific Palisades is a coastal neighborhood in the Westside of the city of Los Angeles, California, located among Brentwood to the east, Malibu and Topanga to the west, Santa Monica to the southeast, the Santa Monica Bay to the southwest, and the Santa Monica Mountains to the north.
Palle Kjærulff-Schmidt (7 July 1931 – 14 March 2018) was a Danish film director and screenwriter.
The Panama Canal (Canal de Panamá) is an artificial waterway in Panama that connects the Atlantic Ocean with the Pacific Ocean.
The Parliament of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the UK Parliament or British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and overseas territories.
Thomas de Vere (Pat) Hunt (born 19 January 1931) was a New Zealand politician of the National Party.
A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state or intergovernmental organization to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention.
Patience Mather Cleveland (May 23, 1931 – May 27, 2004) was an American film and television actress.
Paul Danblon (25 July 1931 – 8 February 2018) was a Belgian composer, opera director and administrator, and journalist.
Joseph Athanase Gaston Paul Doumer, commonly known as Paul Doumer (22 March 18577 May 1932) was the President of France from 13 June 1931 until his assassination on 7 May 1932.
Paul Hardin III (June 11, 1931 – July 1, 2017) was an American academic administrator who spent 27 years as a leader in higher education.
Paulo Salim Maluf (born September 3, 1931) is a Brazilian politician with a career spanning over four decades and many functions, including those of State Governor of São Paulo, Mayor of the City of São Paulo, Congressman and Presidential candidate.
Pío del Pilar (born Pío Isidro y Castañeda; July 11, 1860 – June 21, 1931) was a revolutionary general of the Philippines.
Pehr Evind Svinhufvud af Qvalstad (15 December 1861 – 29 February 1944) was the third President of Finland from 1931 to 1937.
Peru (Perú; Piruw Republika; Piruw Suyu), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.
Peter Barnes (10 January 1931 – 1 July 2004) was an English Olivier Award-winning playwright and screenwriter.
Peter John Collins (6 November 1931 – 3 August 1958) was a British racing driver.
Peter La Farge (born Oliver Albee La Farge, April 30, 1931 - October 27, 1965) was a New York-based folksinger and songwriter of the 1950s and 1960s.
Peter Edward Richardson (4 July 1931 – 17 February 2017) was an English cricketer, who played for Worcestershire, Kent and, in 34 Tests, for England.
Peter Guy Silverman, is a Canadian broadcast journalist based in Toronto, Ontario.
Phi Iota Alpha (ΦΙΑ), established December 26, 1931, is the oldest Latino Fraternity in existence, and works to motivate people, develop leaders, and create innovative ways to unite the Latino community.
Philip Wells "Phil" Woods (November 2, 1931 – September 29, 2015) was an American jazz alto saxophonist, clarinetist, bandleader, and composer.
Philip Baker Hall (born September 10, 1931) is an American actor.
Pierre Jean-Marie Laval (28 June 1883 – 15 October 1945) was a French politician.
Plas John Johnson Jr. (born July 21, 1931) is an American soul-jazz and hard bop tenor saxophonist, probably most widely known as the tenor saxophone soloist on Henry Mancini’s "The Pink Panther Theme".
Poliomyelitis, often called polio or infantile paralysis, is an infectious disease caused by the poliovirus.
Pope Pius XI, (Pio XI) born Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti (31 May 1857 – 10 February 1939), was head of the Catholic Church from 6 February 1922 to his death in 1939.
The President of the Argentine Nation (Presidente de la Nación Argentina), usually known as the President of Argentina, is both head of state and head of government of Argentina.
The President of Brazil, officially the President of the Federative Republic of Brazil (Presidente da República Federativa do Brasil) or simply the President of the Republic, is both the head of state and the head of government of the Federative Republic of Brazil.
The President of Costa Rica is the head of state and head of government of Costa Rica.
The President of Cuba (Presidente de Cuba), officially called from 1976 President of the Council of State (Presidente del Consejo de Estado de Cuba), is the head of the Council of State of Cuba.
The President of Germany, officially the Federal President of the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundespräsident der Bundesrepublik Deutschland),The official title within Germany is Bundespräsident, with der Bundesrepublik Deutschland being added in international correspondence; the official English title is President of the Federal Republic of Germany is the head of state of Germany.
The President of the Republic of Hungary (Magyarország köztársasági elnöke, államelnök, or államfő) is the head of state of Hungary.
The President of the Republic of Kenya (Rais wa Jamhuri ya Kenya) is the head of state and head of government of Kenya.
The President of the Russian Federation (Prezident Rossiyskoy Federatsii) is the elected head of state of the Russian Federation, as well as holder of the highest office in Russia and commander-in-chief of the Russian Armed Forces.
The President of the Republic of Korea is, according to the South Korean constitution, the chairperson of the cabinet, the chief executive of the government, commander-in-chief of the armed forces, and the head of state of South Korea.
The President of the Soviet Union (Президент Советского Союза, Prezident Sovetskogo Soyuza), officially called President of the USSR (Президент СССР) or President of the Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics (Президент Союза Советских Социалистических Республик), was the head of state of the Soviet Union from 15 March 1990 to 25 December 1991.
The President of Trinidad and Tobago is the head of state of Trinidad and Tobago and the commander-in-chief of the Trinidad and Tobago Defence Force.
The Prime Minister of Australia (sometimes informally abbreviated to PM) is the head of government of Australia.
The Prime Minister of India is the leader of the executive of the Government of India.
The President of the Council of Ministers of the Italian Republic (Italian: Presidente del Consiglio dei ministri della Repubblica Italiana), commonly referred to in Italy as Presidente del Consiglio, or informally as Premier and known in English as the Prime Minister of Italy, is the head of government of the Italian Republic.
The is the head of government of Japan.
The Prime Minister of the Netherlands (Minister-president van Nederland) is the head of the executive branch of the Government of the Netherlands in his quality of chair of the Council of Ministers.
Prince Emanuele Filiberto, 2nd Duke of Aosta (Spanish: Manuel Filiberto; 13 January 1869 – 4 July 1931) was an Italian general and member of the House of Savoy.
Prince Emmanuel of Orléans, Duke of Vendôme (Philippe Emmanuel Maximilien Marie Eudes; 18 January 1872 – 1 February 1931) was a French royal from the House of Orléans.
Joachim Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Leopold Prinz von Preußen (14 November 1865 in Berlin – 13 September 1931 Krojanke manor, Landkreis Flatow, Posen-West Prussia) was a son of Prince Frederick Charles of Prussia and Princess Maria Anna of Anhalt-Dessau, married in 1854.
Prince Tommaso of Savoy, 2nd Duke of Genoa (Tommaso Alberto Vittorio; 6 February 1854 – 15 April 1931), also known as Thomas Albert Victor of Savoy, was an Italian royal prince,Enache, Nicolas.
Princess Lalla Aicha of Morocco, DCVO, (17 June 1931 – 4 September 2011) was the younger sister of the late King Hassan II of Morocco, and daughter of King Mohammed V of Morocco and his second wife, Lalla Abla bint Tahar.
A prisoner of war (POW) is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.
Propaganda is information that is not objective and is used primarily to influence an audience and further an agenda, often by presenting facts selectively to encourage a particular synthesis or perception, or using loaded language to produce an emotional rather than a rational response to the information that is presented.
Quadragesimo anno (Latin for "In the 40th Year") is an encyclical issued by Pope Pius XI on 15 May 1931, 40 years after Leo XIII's encyclical Rerum novarum.
Raúl Modesto Castro Ruz (born 3 June 1931) is a Cuban politician and leader who is currently serving as the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba, the most senior position in the Communist state, succeeding his brother Fidel Castro in April 2011.
James Ramsay MacDonald, (né James McDonald Ramsay; 12 October 18669 November 1937) was a British statesman who was the first Labour Party politician to become Prime Minister, leading minority Labour governments in 1924 and in 1929–31.
Rangers Football Club are a football club in Glasgow, Scotland, who play in the Scottish Premiership, the first tier of the Scottish Professional Football League.
Ray Martini (born 14 July 1931) is a former Australian rules footballer who played with Carlton and Essendon in the Victorian Football League (VFL).
Nolan Ray Rogers (born July 3, 1931) is an American politician in the state of Mississippi.
Raymond Kopa (birth name Raymond Kopaszewski; 13 October 1931 – 3 March 2017) was a French footballer, integral to the French national team of the 1950s.
Ready for Labour and Defence of the USSR («Готов к труду и обороне СССР» Gotov k trudu i oborone SSSR), abbreviated as GTO (ГТО) was the All-Union physical culture training programme, introduced in the USSR on March 11, 1931 on the initiative of the Komsomol.
Redha Malek (رضا مالك) (21 December 1931 – 29 July 2017) was Prime Minister of Algeria from August 21, 1993 to April 1994.
Regent's Park (officially The Regent's Park) is one of the Royal Parks of London.
Regis Francis Xavier Philbin (born August 25, 1931) is an American media personality, actor, and singer, known for hosting talk and game shows since the 1960s.
The Reichstag (English: Diet of the Realm) was the Lower house of the Weimar Republic's Legislature from 1919, with the creation of the Weimar constitution, to 1933, with the Reichstag fire.
The repeal of Prohibition in the United States was accomplished with the passage of the Twenty-first Amendment to the United States Constitution on December 5, 1933.
The Republican Left of Catalonia (Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya, ERC) is a Catalan nationalist and democratic socialist political party in the Spanish autonomous community of Catalonia.
Revaz Dogonadze (November 21, 1931, Tbilisi – May 13, 1985, Moscow) was a notable Georgian scientist, Corresponding Member of the Georgian National Academy of Sciences (GNAS) (1982), Doctor of Physical & Mathematical Sciences (Full Doctor) (1966), Professor (1972), one of the founders of Quantum electrochemistry,.
Ricardo Tito Jamin Vidal (Ricardus Titus Vidal; Ricardo Tito Vidal y Jamín; 6 February 1931 – 18 October 2017) was a Filipino prelate of the Catholic Church.
Riccardo Giacconi (born October 6, 1931) is an Italian Nobel Prize-winning astrophysicist who laid the foundations of X-ray astronomy.
Richard Armstedt Richard Armstedt (10 November 1851 – 14 April 1931) was a German philologist, educator, and historian.
Richard Frederick Heck (August 15, 1931 – October 10, 2015) was an American chemist noted for the discovery and development of the Heck reaction, which uses palladium to catalyze organic chemical reactions that couple aryl halides with alkenes.
Richard Albert Hundley (September 1, 1931 – February 25, 2018) was an American pianist and composer of art songs for voice and piano.
Richard L. Berkley (born Richard L. Berkowitz; June 29, 1931) served as mayor of Kansas City, Missouri, U.S., from 1979 to 1991.
Richard Naradof Goodwin (December 7, 1931 – May 20, 2018) was an American writer and presidential advisor.
The so-called Richter magnitude scale – more accurately, Richter's magnitude scale, or just Richter magnitude – for measuring the strength ("size") of earthquakes refers to the original "magnitude scale" developed by Charles F. Richter and presented in his landmark 1935 paper, and later revised and renamed the Local magnitude scale, denoted as "ML" or "ML".
Elmore Rual Torn Jr. (born February 6, 1931), known within his family and professionally as Rip Torn, is an American actor, voice artist, and comedian.
Rita Crocker Clements (October 30, 1931 – January 6, 2018) was an American Republican Party organizer, an activist in historic preservation, and a First Lady of the U.S. state of Texas.
Rita Moreno (born December 11, 1931) is a Puerto Rican actress, dancer and singer.
RMS Titanic was a British passenger liner that sank in the North Atlantic Ocean in the early hours of 15 April 1912, after colliding with an iceberg during its maiden voyage from Southampton to New York City.
Robert Downing Ames (March 23, 1889 – November 27, 1931) was an American stage and film actor whose career was cut short by his death at age 42.
Robert Colbert (born June 26, 1931 in Long Beach, California) is an American actor most noted for his leading role portraying Dr.
Robert Dunham (July 6, 1931 – August 6, 2001) was an American actor, entrepreneur, writer, racecar driver, journalist, and a US Marine.
Robert Selden Duvall (born January 5, 1931) is an American actor and filmmaker.
Robert Edeson (June 3, 1868 in New Orleans, Louisiana – March 24, 1931 in Hollywood, California) was an American movie and stage actor of the silent era.
Robert Ito (born July 2, 1931) is a Canadian-born voice, television, and movie actor of Japanese descent who is perhaps best known to television viewers for his roles as Sam Fujiyama on the NBC-TV series Quincy, M.E. and Lawrence 'Larry' Mishima on the CBS-TV night time soap opera series Falcon Crest.
Robert Breckenridge Ware "Robin" MacNeil, OC (born January 19, 1931) is a Canadian-American novelist, and retired television news anchor and journalist who partnered with Jim Lehrer to create The MacNeil/Lehrer Report in 1975.
Robert Alan Morse (born May 18, 1931) is an American actor and singer, best known as the star of both the 1961 original Broadway production and 1967 film adaptation of How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying, and as Bertram Cooper, from 2007 to 2015, in the AMC dramatic series Mad Men.
Sir Robert Graham Stephens (14 July 193112 November 1995) was a leading English actor in the early years of Britain's Royal National Theatre.
Rodney "Pete" Anderson (born July 9, 1931) is an American politician.
Roger Connor (July 1, 1857 – January 4, 1931) was a 19th-century Major League Baseball (MLB) player.
Roger Piantoni (26 December 1931 – 26 May 2018) was a French international footballer.
Roland Alphonso OD or Rolando Alphonso "The Chief Musician" (12 January 1931 – 20 November 1998)Thompson, p. 262 was a Jamaican tenor saxophonist, and one of the founding members of the Skatalites.
Rolf Hochhuth (born 1 April 1931) is a German author and playwright.
Ronald E. Feiereisel (August 6, 1931–January 28, 2000) was an American basketball player and coach.
Ronald Rene Lagueux (born June 30, 1931) is a Senior United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Rhode Island.
Ronald Ralph "Ronnie" Schell (born December 23, 1931) is an American actor, stand-up comedian, and voice actor.
Roosevelt Field is a former airport, located east-southeast of Mineola, Long Island, New York.
Florence Danon Gayda (born October 16, 1931), better known as Rosa Rosal, is a FAMAS award-winning Filipino film actress dubbed as the "original femme fatale of Philippine cinema".
Ross Higgins (14 June 1931 – 7 October 2016) was an Australian vaudevillian, character actor, television host, comedian, singer and voice actor.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
Ruijin is a county-level city of Ganzhou in the mountains bordering Fujian Province in south-eastern Jiangxi.
Keith Rupert Murdoch, (born 11 March 1931) is an Australian-born American media mogul.
Ruth Maria Kubitschek (born 2 August 1931) is a Czech-born German actress.
is a Japanese economist and has been the C.V. Starr Professor of Economics at New York University since 1985.
Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech, 1st Marquess of Dalí de Púbol (11 May 190423 January 1989), known professionally as Salvador Dalí, was a prominent Spanish surrealist born in Figueres, Catalonia, Spain.
Salvatore Maranzano (July 31, 1886 – September 10, 1931) was an organized crime figure from the town of Castellammare del Golfo, Sicily, and an early Cosa Nostra boss who led what later would become the Bonanno crime family in the United States.
Samuel Cook (January 22, 1931 – December 11, 1964), known professionally as Sam Cooke, was an American singer, songwriter, and entrepreneur.
Samuel Moses James Woods (13 April 1867 – 30 April 1931) was an Australian sportsman who represented both Australia and England at Test cricket, and appeared thirteen times for England at rugby union, including five times as captain.
The San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge, known locally as the Bay Bridge, is a complex of bridges spanning San Francisco Bay in California.
Sawako Ariyoshi (有吉 佐和子 Ariyoshi Sawako, 20 January 1931 – 30 August 1984) was a prolific female Japanese writer, known for such works as The Doctor's Wife and The River Ki. She was known for her advocacy of social issues, such as the elderly in Japanese society, and environmental issues.
The Scottsboro Boys were nine African American teenagers, ages 13 to 20, accused in Alabama of raping two White American women on a train in 1931.
The Scullin Ministry was the twentieth Australian Commonwealth ministry, and ran from 22 October 1929 to 6 January 1932.
The Second Encirclement Campaign against Jiangxi Soviet was a series of battles launched by the Chinese Nationalist Government in the hope of encircling and destroying the Jiangxi Soviet after the previous campaign had failed.
The Spanish Republic (República Española), commonly known as the Second Spanish Republic (Segunda República Española), was the democratic government that existed in Spain from 1931 to 1939.
It is frequently the day of the autumnal equinox in the Northern Hemisphere and the day of the vernal equinox in the Southern Hemisphere.
It is frequently the day of the autumnal equinox in the Northern Hemisphere and the day of the vernal equinox in the Southern Hemisphere.
Seyni Kountché (1 July 1931 – 10 November 1987) was a Nigerien military officer who led a 1974 coup d'état that deposed the government of Niger's first president, Hamani Diori.
Sha'ari Tadin (Jawi: شءاري تادين; b.2 August 1931 – d.13 December 2009) was a Member of Parliament (MP), and Senior Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Culture in the Singapore Government.
Fatma Ahmed Kamal Shaker (فاطمة أحمد كمال شاكر), better known by her stage name Shadia, (شادية Shādiyya; 8 February 1931 – 28 November 2017) was an Egyptian actress and singer.
Shammi Kapoor (born Shamsher Raj Kapoor; 21 October 1931 – 14 August 2011) was an Indian film actor and director.
Shamsul Islam (1 January 1931 – 26 April 2018) was a Bangladeshi politician, member of the Nationalist Party and the onetime Government Minister in Bangladesh.
was a Japanese industrialist widely known today as the "father of Japanese capitalism".
was a Japanese actor, singer, producer, and director.
Shirley Stovroff (March 18, 1931 – September 16, 1994) was a catcher who played from through in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League.
Shirley Verrett (May 31, 1931 – November 5, 2010) was an African-American operatic mezzo-soprano who successfully transitioned into soprano roles, i.e. soprano sfogato.
Shivaram Hari Rajguru (24 August 1908 – 23 March 1931) was an Indian revolutionary from Maharashtra, known mainly for his involvement in the assassination of a British Raj police officer.
Shmuel Auerbach (שמואל אורבך) (September 21, 1931 – February 24, 2018) was a Haredi rabbi in Jerusalem, Israel.
is a style of karate, developed from various martial arts by Gichin Funakoshi (1868–1957) and his son Gigo (Yoshitaka) Funakoshi (1906–1945).
Shuhrat Abbosov (sometimes spelled Shukhrat Abbasov in English; Shuhrat Abbosov/Шуҳрат Аббосов; Шухрат Абба́сов) (16 January 1931 – 25 April 2018) was an Uzbek actor, film director, screenwriter, and film producer.
was a Japanese football player and manager.
is a prolific Japanese composer.
Mary Frances Penick (December 30, 1931 – September 19, 2004), known as Skeeter Davis, was an American country music singer who sang crossover pop music songs including 1962's "The End of the World".
The Social Democratic Party of Germany (Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands, SPD) is a social-democratic political party in Germany.
South Dakota is a U.S. state in the Midwestern region of the United States.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
The Spanish Constitution of 1931 was approved by the Constituent Assembly on 9 December 1931.
Chinmoy Kumar Ghose, better known as Sri Chinmoy (27 August 1931 – 11 October 2007), was an Indian spiritual leader who taught meditation in the West after moving to New York City in 1964.
Stanley Peter Dromisky (born 25 June 1931) was a Liberal party member of the House of Commons of Canada from 1993 to 2004.
Stanislav "Stan" Grof (born July 1, 1931) is a Czech psychiatrist, one of the founders of the field of transpersonal psychology and a researcher into the use of non-ordinary states of consciousness for purposes of exploring, healing, and obtaining growth and insights into the human psyche.
Stanley Baldwin, 1st Earl Baldwin of Bewdley, (3 August 186714 December 1947) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who dominated the government in his country between the world wars.
The Statute of Westminster 1931 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom and modified versions of it are now domestic law within Australia and Canada; it has been repealed in New Zealand and implicitly in former Dominions that are no longer Commonwealth realms.
Stephen Boyd (4 July 1931 – 2 June 1977) was an actor from Glengormley, County Antrim, Northern Ireland.
Stephen Roy Reinhardt (born Stephen Roy Shapiro; March 27, 1931 – March 29, 2018) was a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, with chambers in Los Angeles, California.
Strike action, also called labor strike, labour strike, or simply strike, is a work stoppage caused by the mass refusal of employees to work.
Stuttgart (Swabian: italics,; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of the German state of Baden-Württemberg.
Suchitra Sen (born as Roma Dasgupta) (6 April 1931 – 17 January 2014) was an Indian film actress who worked in Bengali and Hindi cinema.
Tun Suhaila binti Tan Sri Mohammad Noah (26 October 1931 – 4 October 2014) was the widow of the 3rd Malaysian Prime Minister Tun Hussein Onn and the Spouse of the Prime Minister of Malaysia from 15 January 1976, until 16 July 1981.
Sukhdev Thapar (15 May 1907 – 23 March 1931) was an Indian revolutionary.
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
Sylvia A. Bacon (July 9, 1931 -) was a judge of the Superior Court of the District of Columbia who was considered by both Richard NixonJohn Dean, "Cast of Characters: Candidates considered for the Supreme Court", The Rehnquist Choice: The Untold Story of the Nixon Appointment That Redefined the Supreme Court (Free Press, 2001), p. xiii-xiv.
Tab Hunter (born Arthur Andrew Kelm; July 11, 1931) is an American actor, pop singer, film producer, and author.
Dame Te Atairangikaahu (23 July 1931 – 15 August 2006) was the Māori queen for 40 years, the longest reign of any Māori monarch.
Theodore Joseph "Ted" Marchibroda (March 15, 1931 – January 16, 2016) was an American football quarterback and head coach in the National Football League (NFL).
Teresa Brewer (May 7, 1931 – October 17, 2007) was an American singer whose style incorporated country, jazz, R&B, musicals, and novelty songs.
Teruyuki Okazaki (岡崎 照幸, born June 22, 1931), a tenth degree black belt in Shotokan Karate, is the founder and chief instructor of the International Shotokan Karate Federation (ISKF).
The Commission is the governing body of the American Mafia,Capcei, Jerry.
The Persistence of Memory (La persistència de la memòria) is a 1931 painting by artist Salvador Dalí, and is one of his most recognizable works.
"The Star-Spangled Banner" is the national anthem of the United States.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
Theo van Doesburg (30 August 1883 – 7 March 1931) was a Dutch artist, who practiced painting, writing, poetry and architecture.
Thomas A. Pankok (born July 9, 1931) is an American Democratic Party politician who served in the New Jersey General Assembly from 1982 to 1986, where he represented the 3rd Legislative District.
Thomas Bernhard (born Nicolaas Thomas Bernhard; 9 February 1931 – 12 February 1989) was an Austrian novelist, playwright and poet.
Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847October 18, 1931) was an American inventor and businessman, who has been described as America's greatest inventor.
Rear Admiral Thomas Slidell Rodgers (18 August 1858 – 28 February 1931) was an officer in the United States Navy who served during the Spanish–American War and World War I.
Irving Thomas Stuttaford, OBE (4 May 1931 – 8 June 2018) was a British doctor, author, medical columnist of The Times and former Conservative Member of Parliament.
Thorvald Stoltenberg (born 8 July 1931) is a Norwegian politician.
Jon Michael Geoffrey Manningham "Tom" Adams (September 24, 1931 – March 11, 1985) was a Barbadian politician who served as Prime Minister of Barbados from 1976 until 1985.
Thomas Austin Brewer (September 3, 1931 – February 15, 2018) was a professional baseball player.
Thomas Robert Laughlin Jr. (August 10, 1931 – December 12, 2013), known as Tom Laughlin, was an American actor, director, screenwriter, author, educator, and activist.
Carl Thomas Stolhandske (born June 28, 1931) is a former American football linebacker who played one season with the San Francisco 49ers of the National Football League (NFL).
Thomas Kennerly Wolfe Jr. (March 2, 1930Some sources say 1931; the New York Times and Reuters both initially reported 1931 in their obituaries before changing to 1930. See and – May 14, 2018) was an American author and journalist widely known for his association with New Journalism, a style of news writing and journalism developed in the 1960s and 1970s that incorporated literary techniques.
Tomas Gösta Tranströmer (15 April 1931 – 26 March 2015) was a Swedish poet, psychologist and translator.
Jean-Thomas "Tomi" Ungerer (born 28 November 1931) is a French artist and a writer in three languages.
Toni Morrison (born Chloe Ardelia Wofford; February 18, 1931) is an American novelist, essayist, editor, teacher, and professor emeritus at Princeton University.
is a Japanese politician who was the 76th and 77th Prime Minister of Japan from 1989 to 1991.
Tovmas Nazarbekian (Armenian: Թովմաս Նազարբէկեան; 4 April 1855 – 19 February 1931), also known as Foma Nazarbekov (Фома Назарбеков), was an Armenian general in the Russian Caucasus Army and later promoted to commander-in-chief of the First Republic of Armenia.
Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
Typhoid fever, also known simply as typhoid, is a bacterial infection due to ''Salmonella'' typhi that causes symptoms.
Frederick Tyrone Edmond Power Jr. (2 May 1869 – 23 December 1931) was an English-born American stage and screen actor, who acted under the name Tyrone Power.
The Union of South Africa (Unie van Zuid-Afrika, Unie van Suid-Afrika) is the historic predecessor to the present-day Republic of South Africa.
The United Australia Party (UAP) was an Australian political party that was founded in 1931 and dissolved in 1945.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The 1931 United Kingdom general election was held on Tuesday 27 October 1931 and saw a landslide election victory for the National Government which had been formed two months previously after the collapse of the second Labour government.
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.
USS Arizona was a built for and by the United States Navy in the mid-1910s.
Vishwanath Pratap Singh (25 June 1931 – 27 November 2008), was an Indian politician and government official, the 7th Prime Minister of India from 1989 to 1990.
Nicholas Vachel Lindsay (November 10, 1879 – December 5, 1931) was an American poet.
Vatican Radio (Radio Vaticana; Statio Radiophonica Vaticana) is the official broadcasting service of the Vatican.
A viceroy is a regal official who runs a country, colony, city, province, or sub-national state, in the name of and as the representative of the monarch of the territory.
Viktor Grigoryevich Tsaryov (Виктор Григорьевич Царёв; 2 June 1931 – 2 January 2017) was a Russian footballer.
Paul Marie Théodore Vincent d'Indy (27 March 18512 December 1931) was a French composer and teacher.
Virginia Frances Sterrett (1900–1931) was an American artist and illustrator.
Vladimir Ivanovich Trusenyov (Владимир Иванович Трусенёв; 3 August 1931 – 2001) was a Russian discus thrower who won a European title in 1962 and placed third in 1958.
Vlastimil Bubník (18 March 1931 – 6 January 2015) was a Czech ice hockey player and footballer.
Baron was a Japanese politician and the 25th and 28th Prime Minister of Japan.
Wallace “Wally” Bruner, Jr. (March 4, 1931 – November 3, 1997) was an American journalist and television host.
Walter Burkert (born 2 February 1931, Neuendettelsau; died 11 March 2015, Zurich) was a German scholar of Greek mythology and cult.
The World Unlimited water speed record is the officially recognised fastest speed achieved by a water-borne vehicle.
The Watergate scandal was a major political scandal that occurred in the United States during the early 1970s, following a break-in by five men at the Democratic National Committee (DNC) headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C. on June 17, 1972, and President Richard Nixon's administration's subsequent attempt to cover up its involvement.
The Weimar Republic (Weimarer Republik) is an unofficial, historical designation for the German state during the years 1919 to 1933.
Wesley Lee Fox (September 30, 1931 – November 24, 2017) was a United States Marine Corps colonel with 43 years of service.
The Westminster St.
Dorrel Norman Elvert "Whitey" Herzog (born November 9, 1931) is a former Major League Baseball manager.
Wiley Hardeman Post (November 22, 1898 – August 15, 1935) was a famed American aviator during the interwar period, the first pilot to fly solo around the world.
Baron Wilhelm von Gloeden (September 16, 1856 – February 16, 1931) was a German photographer who worked mainly in Italy.
William Goldman (born August 12, 1931) is an American novelist, playwright, and screenwriter.
William Henry Keeler (March 4, 1931 – March 23, 2017) was an American cardinal of the Catholic Church.
William Jasper Spillman (October 18, 1863 – July 11, 1931) is considered to be the founding father of agricultural economics.
Major Sir William Newenham Montague Orpen, (27 November 1878 – 29 September 1931), was an Irish artist who worked mainly in London.
William Shatner (born March 22, 1931) is a Canadian actor, author, producer, and director.
Willie Howard Mays, Jr. (born May 6, 1931), nicknamed "The Say Hey Kid", is an American former Major League Baseball (MLB) center fielder who spent almost all of his 22-season career playing for the New York/San Francisco Giants, before finishing with the New York Mets.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
Wynton Charles Kelly (December 2, 1931 – April 12, 1971) was a Jamaican American jazz pianist and composer.
Xinhua News Agency (English pronunciation: J. C. Wells: Longman Pronunciation Dictionary, 3rd ed., for both British and American English) or New China News Agency is the official state-run press agency of the People's Republic of China.
is a Japanese animator who worked with Toei Animation and Studio Ghibli.
Zachary Charles Monroe (born July 8, 1931 in Peoria, Illinois) is a former professional baseball player.
Zoltán Latinovits (9 September 1931 in Budapest – 4 June 1976 in Balatonszemes) was a Hungarian actor.
It is historically famous for the wave of revolutions, a series of widespread struggles for more liberal governments, which broke out from Brazil to Hungary; although most failed in their immediate aims, they significantly altered the political and philosophical landscape and had major ramifications throughout the rest of the century.
This year was named by Mitchell Stephens as the greatest year to read newspapers.
In Germany, 1888 is known as the Year of the Three Emperors.
As of March 1 (O.S. February 17), when the Julian calendar acknowledged a leap day and the Gregorian calendar did not, the Julian calendar fell one day further behind, bringing the difference to 13 days until February 28 (O.S. February 15), 2100.
According to NASA reports, 1908 was the coldest recorded year since 1880.
The 1931 Belize hurricane was the deadliest hurricane in the history of Belize, killing an estimated 2,500 people.
The 1931 China floods or the 1931 Yangzi-Huai River floods were a series of devastating floods that occurred in the Republic of China.
The 1931 Constitution of Ethiopia was the first modern constitution for Ethiopia, intended to officially replace the Fetha Nagast, which had been the supreme law since the Middle Ages.
The 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake, also known as the Napier earthquake, occurred in New Zealand at 10:47 am on 3 February, killing 256, injuring thousands and devastating the Hawke's Bay region.
The 1931 Nicaragua earthquake devastated Nicaragua's capital city Managua on 31 March.
This was the year of the Protests of 1968.
The world population increased by 2.1% this year, the highest increase in history.
It was also declared the International Women's Year by the United Nations and the European Architectural Heritage Year by the Council of Europe.
The year 1983 saw both the official beginning of the Internet and the first mobile cellular telephone call.
The year 1985 was designated as the International Youth Year by the United Nations.
The year 1986 was designated as the International Year of Peace by the United Nations.
In the 20th century, the year 1988 has the most Roman numeral digits (11).
1989 was a turning point in political history because a wave of revolutions swept the Eastern Bloc in Europe, starting in Poland and Hungary, with experiments in power sharing, coming to a head with the opening of the Berlin Wall in November, and the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia, embracing the overthrow of the communist dictatorship in Romania in December, and ending in December 1991 with the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
Important events of 1990 include the Reunification of Germany and the unification of Yemen, the formal beginning of the Human Genome Project (finished in 2003), the launch of the Hubble Space Telescope, the separation of Namibia from South Africa, and the Baltic states declaring independence from the Soviet Union amidst Perestroika.
It was the year that is usually considered the final year of the Cold War that had begun in the late 1940s.
The year 1994 was designated as the "International Year of the Family" and the "International Year of Sport and the Olympic Ideal" by the United Nations.
This was the first year that the Internet was entirely privatized, with the United States government no longer providing public funding.
1996 was designated as.
1998 was designated as the International Year of the Ocean.
1999 was designated as the International Year of Older Persons.
2000 was designated as.
2001 was designated as.
2002 was designated as.
2003 was designated the.
2004 was designated as.
2005 was designated as.
2006 was designated as.
2007 was designated as.
2008 was designated as.
2009 was designated as.
2010 was designated as.
2011 was designated as.
2012 was designated as.
2013 was designated as.
2014 was designated as.
2015 was designated as.
2016 was designated as.
2017 was designated as International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development by the United Nations General Assembly.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.