1390 relations: Abd al-Hafid of Morocco, Abdelaziz Bouteflika, Abdul Karim Khan, Abner Haynes, Abraham Karem, Abraham Lincoln, Addis Ababa, Adeodato Barreto, Adolf Hitler, Afonso Costa, African Americans, Ahmed Izzet Pasha, Alabama, Alan Hopper, Alan Thornett, Albert Gleaves, Albert Szent-Györgyi, Alberta Nelson, Alberto de Oliveira, Aleksandr Glagolev, Alessandro Padoa, Alexander Chervyakov, Alexander Hotovitzky, Alfred Abel, Alfred Adler, Alfred Dyke Acland, Alfred Walter Campbell, Ali Chekr, Alice Coltrane, Alona Frankel, Amarro Fiamberti, Amelia Earhart, Anastasio Somoza García, Anders Bundgaard, André Bessette, André Glucksmann, Andrés Nin Pérez, Andrew Mellon, Ange-Félix Patassé, Angelo Musco (actor), Animation, Anna Dawson, Anne Anderson (researcher), Anne Aubrey, Antarctica, Antônio Parreiras, Anthony Hopkins, Anti-Comintern Pact, Antonio Carluccio, Antonio Gramsci, ..., Antonio Vivaldi, April 1, April 10, April 12, April 14, April 15, April 16, April 17, April 18, April 19, April 2, April 20, April 21, April 22, April 23, April 24, April 25, April 26, April 27, April 28, April 29, April 4, April 5, April 6, April 7, April 8, April 9, Argentina, Armin Hary, Arne Næss Jr., Arthur Bernède, Arthur Edmund Carewe, Arturo Toscanini, Ary Toledo, Asaichi Isobe, Asano Nagakoto, Association football, Ati George Sokomanu, Attila József, August 11, August 13, August 14, August 15, August 16, August 18, August 19, August 2, August 20, August 21, August 22, August 24, August 26, August 27, August 29, August 30, August 31, August 4, August 5, August 6, August 8, August 9, August de Boeck, Austen Chamberlain, Australian federal election, 1937, Australian Labor Party, Avram Hershko, Åke Hammarskjöld, Éamon de Valera, Baden Baden-Powell, Bali tiger, Barbara Babcock, Barbara Carlson, Barbara Steele, Barbara Windsor, Barney Wilen, Barry Switzer, Battle of Beiping–Tianjin, Battle of Jarama, Battle of Nanking, Battle of Pingxingguan, Battle of Shanghai, Beijing, Belfast, Bella Akhmadulina, Benny Paret, Bertha May Crawford, Bessie Smith, Beyene Merid, Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati, Bill Anderson (singer), Bill Cosby, Bill Lawry, Billy Bassett, Billy Dee Williams, Billy Meier, Blanton Winship, Blues, Bob Schieffer, Bob Schul, Bobby Allison, Bobby Charlton, Bobby Driscoll, Bobby Parker (guitarist), Bobby Scott (musician), Bohdan Ihor Antonych, Bombing of Guernica, Bombing of Jaén, Border Line (Switzerland), Boris Gorbachyov, Boris Spassky, Boris Yegorov, Bounnhang Vorachith, Brazil, Brian Browne, Brian Garvey (footballer), Brooks Robinson, Bruce Brown, Bruce McCandless II, Bruce McLaren, Brussels, C.K.G. Billings, California, Camillo Berneri, Carl Orff, Carlos Gaviria Díaz, Carlos Lamarca, Carmina Burana (Orff), Carol Nugent, Caroline Harris, Carroll Hubbard, Carthay Circle Theatre, Casablanca, Cathie Jung, Catholic Church, Cüneyt Arkın, CBS, Celâl Bayar, Centennial, Chad, Chan Sek Keong, Chancellor of Austria, Character (arts), Character actor, Charles Donnelly (poet), Charles Dumas, Charles-Marie Widor, Charlie Haden, Charmian May, Chicago Police Department, Chief Justice of Singapore, Chongqing, Christos Christovasilis, CHRISTUS Trinity Mother Frances Health System, Chuck Low, Chuck Traynor, Claus-Wilhelm Canaris, Clifford Heatherley, Clinton Davisson, Clodovil Hernandes, Coalition (Australia), Coalition government, Coenraad Bron, Colin Clive, Colin Powell, Colleen McCullough, Colony of Aden, Comic book, Communism, Communist party, Compact disc, Concepción Cabrera de Armida, Condor Legion, Constitution of Ireland, Coronation of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth, Craig Breedlove, Crawford Hallock Greenewalt Jr., Crown colony, Croydon Airport, Crystal City, Texas, Daffy Duck, Danan, Ethiopia, Daniel Alexander Cameron, Daniel McFadden, Darwin Joston, David Anderson (British Columbia politician), David Bedford, David Hendricks Bergey, David Hockney, David Holliday, David Waisman, Dawn Fraser, Dáil Éireann, Deanna Lund, Debre Libanos, December 1, December 10, December 11, December 12, December 13, December 14, December 16, December 17, December 18, December 2, December 20, December 21, December 22, December 23, December 25, December 26, December 28, December 29, December 3, December 30, December 31, December 4, December 6, December 7, December 8, December 9, Decorah, Iowa, Dee Palmer, Dennis Keeney, Detective Comics, Dezső Czigány, Dick Hafer (comics), Dictator, Dieter Thomas Heck, Dimitrie Călugăreanu, Disney Princess, Divini Redemptoris, Divorce, Dominican Republic, Don Bluth, Don Buchla, Don Galloway, Don Marquis, Donald Dewar, Donald J. Albanese, Douglas Carnegie, Dresden, Drift ice, Drifting ice station, Duncan MacKay (footballer), Dustin Hoffman, Dyan Cannon, Earl Carroll (vocalist), East Hopei Army, Eastern Orthodox Church, Eddie Floyd, Edith Clark, Edith Wharton, Edward Filene, Edward VIII, Edwin Atherton, Eero Haapalainen, Eero Mäntyranta, Elihu Root, Elinor Donahue, Ellis Parker Butler, Emil Hassler, Emilio Mola, Encyclical, Eric Arturo Delvalle, Erich Ludendorff, Eritrea, Ernest Hemingway, Ernest Rutherford, Ernesto Badini, Ernesto Figueiredo, Ernst A. Lehmann, Ernst Löfström, Estonia, Ethiopia, Ezio Pascutti, F. C. S. 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Roosevelt, František Valošek, Franz Vranitzky, Fred Astaire, Fred Noonan, Frederik Beichmann, Fritz Kehl, Gaetano Bisleti, Garrett Morris, Gaston Chérau, Gaston Doumergue, Gaston Roelants, Géza Horváth, Geibeltbad Pirna, Gelegdorjiin Demid, Gene Lenz, General Motors, General strike, Gennady Yanayev, George Albert Boulenger, George Carlin, George Gershwin, George Hassell (actor), George Leonardos, George Paget Thomson, George Reisman, George Steele, George Steer, George Takei, George VI, Georges Hilaire Bousquet, Gerald Clarke (author), Gervase Beckett, Gestapo, Getúlio Vargas, Ghillean Prance, Gijón, Gim Yujeong, Giorgi Mazniashvili, Giovanna Marini, Gisela Elsner, Golden Gate Bridge, Gordon Banks, Gorilla Monsoon, Gospel music, Governor of Puerto Rico, Grace Bumbry, Graham Dowling, Great Depression, Great Purge, Grigol Giorgadze, Guernica (Picasso), Guglielmo Marconi, Guitar, Gulag, Gunma Prefecture, Guns, Germs, and Steel, Gustaf Dalén, Gustav Gärtner, Gustavo Noboa, Guy Standing, Gyula Juhász (poet), H. 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Tolkien, Jaberi Bidandi Ssali, Jack Nicholson, Jack Worrall, Jackie Collins, Jacques Santer, Jagadish Chandra Bose, Jaime Hilario Barbal, James Blindell, James Florio, James MacArthur, James Marcus (American actor), James Michael Curley, James P. Buchanan, Jan Kaplický, Jane Fonda, Jane Foss Barff, January 1, January 11, January 12, January 13, January 14, January 15, January 16, January 17, January 18, January 19, January 2, January 20, January 21, January 22, January 23, January 25, January 26, January 27, January 29, January 30, January 31, January 4, January 5, January 6, January 8, Jared Diamond, Jay Johnson Morrow, Józef Dowbor-Muśnicki, Jean Alingué Bawoyeu, Jean de Brunhoff, Jean Harlow, Jean Louis Conneau, Jean-Claude Decaux, Jean-Louis Petit, Jean-Pierre Beltoise, Jenő Hubay, Jerry Reed, Jerry Weintraub, Jet engine, Jill Paton Walsh, Jim Bowen, Jim Harrison, Jim Marshall (American football), Jimmie Angel, Jo Anne Worley, Jo de Roo, Jocelyn Newman, Joe Henderson (gospel singer), Joe Warfield, Johannes Brahms, John Curtin, John D. Rockefeller, John Drinkwater (playwright), John Edrich, John Ellis Martineau, John Fairfax, John Goetz, John Gresham Machen, John Hartford, John Horton Conway, John Hume, John Ogdon, John Phillip Law, John Steinbeck, Johnnie Cochran, Johnston Forbes-Robertson, Jon Huntsman Sr., José Benlliure y Gil, José Nicoletti Filho, Josef Klička, Josef Mařatka, Josef Vacenovský, Josep Comas i Solà, Joseph (Petrovykh), Joseph Estrada, Joseph Lyons, Joseph P. Allen, Joseph S. Cullinan, Joseph Stalin, Joseph Taylor Robinson, Joseph Wambaugh, Joseph-Félix Bouchor, Juan Campisteguy, Juan Marichal, Jules Accorsi, Julian Bell, Julio Sánchez Gardel, Julius Geppert, Julius Meier, July 1, July 11, July 12, July 13, July 14, July 15, July 16, July 17, July 18, July 2, July 20, July 21, July 22, July 23, July 24, July 25, July 27, July 28, July 29, July 3, July 31, July 4, July 5, July 6, July 7, July 9, June 1, June 10, June 11, June 12, June 14, June 15, June 16, June 17, June 18, June 19, June 2, June 20, June 21, June 23, June 25, June 26, June 27, June 28, June 29, June 3, June 30, June 4, June 7, June 8, June 9, Juvénal Habyarimana, Kamikaze (aircraft), Karol Szymanowski, Kazimierz Cichowski, Keith Bosley, Keizō Obuchi, Keke Geladze, Ken Higgs, Ken Ogata, Kenji Utsumi, Kenneth Colley, Kerry Packer, Kilingi-Nõmme, King Curtis Iaukea, Kinoshita Naoe, Kirtanananda Swami, Ku Klux Klan, Kulak, Lakehurst, New Jersey, Lamington National Park, Lars-Erik Larsson (rower), Léon Blum, Le Petit Vingtième, League of Nations, Len Carlson, Len Worley, Lenny Wilkens, Leo Kadanoff, Leon Trotsky, Leslie H. Gelb, Lev Karakhan, Lilias Armstrong, Lily Pons, Lincoln Tunnel, Linda Lavin, Lionel Jospin, List of Governors of the Panama Canal Zone, List of heads of state of the Central African Republic, List of leaders of the Soviet Union, List of Presidents of Czechoslovakia, List of Presidents of Rwanda, Little Willie John, Lizardo García, Llanes, Lloyd Erskine Sandiford, Lobotomy, Look (American magazine), Looney Tunes, Lorenzo Music, Loretta Swit, Los Angeles, Los Angeles Philharmonic, Lou Andreas-Salomé, Louis Vierne, Luciana Paluzzi, Lucy Beaumont, Luftwaffe, Luis F. Álvarez, Lydia Makhubu, Lyons Government, LZ 129 Hindenburg, M. Rosaria Piomelli, Madeleine Albright, Madrid, Mae West, Magic Sam, Magnar Solberg, Magnús Guðmundsson, Maksymilian Horwitz, Malcolm Williams (actor), Mandatory Palestine, Manfred Krug, Manuel Félix López, María Luisa Josefa, March 10, March 11, March 12, March 14, March 15, March 16, March 17, March 18, March 19, March 2, March 20, March 21, March 22, March 23, March 24, March 25, March 26, March 27, March 28, March 29, March 3, March 30, March 31, March 4, March 5, March 6, March 7, March 8, March 9, Marco Polo Bridge Incident, Margaret O'Brien, Maria Teresa Casini, Marie Prevost, Marihuana Tax Act of 1937, Marin County, California, Marlo Thomas, Marta Cunningham, Martin and Osa Johnson, Martin Conway, 1st Baron Conway of Allington, Martin Niemöller, Martin Rázus, Martti Ahtisaari, Mary Ann Mobley, Mary Russell, Duchess of Bedford, Maryanne Trump Barry, Mathematics, Matvei Vasilenko, Maui, Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, Maurice Conner, Maurice J. Tobin, Maurice Ravel, Mauro Staccioli, May 1, May 10, May 11, May 12, May 13, May 15, May 16, May 17, May 18, May 2, May 21, May 22, May 23, May 24, May 25, May 26, May 27, May 28, May 29, May 3, May 30, May 4, May 5, May 6, May 7, May 8, May 9, Málaga, Mélanie Bonis, Me and My Girl, Meeli Sööt, Meliton Balanchivadze, Memorial Day massacre of 1937, Mendel Khatayevich, Mengistu Haile Mariam, Merle Haggard, Michał Drzymała, Michael Bowen (artist), Michael Sata, Michael von Faulhaber, Michael Wilson (Canadian politician), Michigan, Mikhail Tukhachevsky, Mikk Mikiver, Miklós Kovács (poet), Minoru Murata, Mit brennender Sorge, Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series, Morgan Freeman, Moritz Geiger, Moscow Trials, Mount Rushmore, Mrs. Leslie Carter, Mykhailo Boychuk, Na Woon-gyu, Nanami Shiono, Nancy Wilson (jazz singer), Nanjing, Nanking Massacre, Napoleon Hill, Nathan Birnbaum, National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, National Labor Relations Act of 1935, National Party of Australia, National Revolutionary Army, Nationalist government, Natural gas, Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Nazi Germany, Nazism, Nazmi Ziya Güran, Nazzareno Formosa, Némèse Garneau, NBC, NBC Symphony Orchestra, Ned Beatty, Ned Hanlon (baseball), Neeme Järvi, Neville Bannister, Neville Chamberlain, New Deal, New Guinea, New London School explosion, New London, Texas, Newton D. Baker, Nikolai Batalov, Nikolai Klyuev, Nikolai Yezhov, NKVD, NKVD troika, NLRB v. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp., Noë Bloch, Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, Nobel Peace Prize, Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Nobel Prize in Literature, Nobel Prize in Physics, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Noel Rosa, Non-intervention in the Spanish Civil War, Norman Haworth, North Carolina, Novella, November 1, November 10, November 11, November 13, November 15, November 16, November 17, November 2, November 20, November 21, November 23, November 25, November 26, November 27, November 28, November 3, November 30, November 4, November 5, November 6, November 8, November 9, Nylon, Nyon Conference, Obed Dlamini, October 1, October 10, October 11, October 13, October 14, October 15, October 16, October 17, October 18, October 19, October 2, October 20, October 21, October 23, October 24, October 25, October 26, October 27, October 28, October 29, October 3, October 30, October 31, October 4, October 5, October 6, October 8, October 9, Of Mice and Men, Ohio River flood of 1937, Oliver Law, Olusegun Obasanjo, Orlando Cepeda, Orso Mario Corbino, Oscar Levant, Osgood Perkins, Osman Nuri Hadžić, Otto Klemperer, Owen Burns, Pablo Picasso, Paolo Conte, Paolo Iashvili, Paris, Parsley massacre, Passion Sunday, Patent, Paul Abels, Paul Behncke, Paul Elmer More, Paul Foot, Paul Karrer, Paul Stookey, Paxton Whitehead, Pedro Albizu Campos, Pedro Chutró, Peel Commission, Peljidiin Genden, Pennsylvania, Percy Gardner, Percy Lee Gassaway, Peter Cook, Peter of Jesus Maldonado, Peter of Krutitsy, Peter Smith (Scottish footballer), Peter, Paul and Mary, Philanthropy, Philip Glass, Phyllis Baker, Pierluigi Chicca, Pierre Bodard, Pierre de Coubertin, Pietro Biginelli, Pino Puglisi, Piracy, Polish Operation of the NKVD, Polly Holliday, Ponce massacre, Pope Pius XI, Pope Pius XII, Popeye, Porgy and Bess, Porky's Duck Hunt, Presbyterianism, President of Algeria, President of Argentina, President of Ecuador, President of Ethiopia, President of Finland, President of France, President of Iraq, President of Ireland, President of Latvia, President of Mongolia, President of Nicaragua, President of Nigeria, President of the European Council, President of the Executive Council of the Irish Free State, President of the International Olympic Committee, President of the Maldives, President of the Philippines, President of Uruguay, President of Vanuatu, President of Vietnam, President of Zambia, Presidential Commission (Ireland), Priesthood (Orthodox Church), Prime Minister of Belgium, Prime Minister of Bulgaria, Prime Minister of Canada, Prime Minister of France, Prime Minister of Iceland, Prime Minister of Iraq, Prime Minister of Japan, Prime Minister of Mongolia, Prime Minister of Portugal, Prime Minister of Sweden, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Prince Alexander of Hesse and by Rhine (1933–1937), Prince Kuni Taka, Prince Max, Duke in Bavaria, Prosper Poullet, Public holiday, Puerto Rican Nationalist Party, Pyotr Bark, Quarantine Speech, Queen Paola of Belgium, Queen Sonja of Norway, Rafael Moneo, Rafael Trujillo, Ralph Ince, Ralph Lewis (actor), Ramon Torrents, Ramsay MacDonald, Rape, Raquel Olmedo, Ratan Tata, Ray Ewry, Ray Pillow, Raymond Stanton Patton, Referendum, Reginaldo Faria, Reich Chancellery, Reichskonkordat, Reinhold Hanisch, Remak Ramsay, Republic of China (1912–1949), Republic of Ireland, Rhythm and blues, Richard Boleslawski, Richard Bryan, Richard Fariña, Richard Hertwig, Richard Petty, Ridley Scott, Roald Hoffmann, Roanoke Island, Robert Bolder, Robert Borden, Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood, Robert Coleman Richardson, Robert Huber, Robert Lucas Jr., Robert Stone (novelist), Robert W. 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Abdelhafid of Morocco or Mulai Abdelhafid (24 February 1875, in Fes – 4 April 1937, in Enghien-les-Bains) (عبد الحفيظ) was the Sultan of Morocco from 1908 to 1912 and a member of the Alaouite Dynasty.
Abdelaziz Bouteflika, GColIH (عبد العزيز بوتفليقة ‘Abd al-‘Azīz Būtaflīqa; born 2 March 1937) is an Algerian politician who has been the fifth President of Algeria since 1999.
Ustad Abdul Karim Khan (Devanagari: अब्दुल करीम ख़ान, Persian script: استاد عبدالکریم خان) (11 November 1872 – 27 October 1937), Tribute to a Maestro, Abdul Karim Khan ITC Sangeet Research Academy website, Retrieved 25 April 2017 was an Indian classical singer and, along with his cousin Abdul Wahid Khan, the founder of the Kirana gharana.
Abner Haynes (born September 19, 1937) is a former professional American football running back.
Abraham Karem (Arabic: أبراهام كارم) is an aerospace engineer who is a pioneer in Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) technology.
Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th President of the United States from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865.
Addis Ababa (አዲስ አበባ,, "new flower"; or Addis Abeba (the spelling used by the official Ethiopian Mapping Authority); Finfinne "natural spring") is the capital and largest city of Ethiopia.
Júlio Francisco António Adeodato Barreto (3 December 1905 – 6 August 1937), better known as Adeodato Barreto, was a Luso-Goan poet and writer.
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
Afonso Augusto da Costa, GCTE, GCL (born in Seia, 6 March 1871; died in Paris, 11 May 1937) was a Portuguese lawyer, professor, and republican politician.
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
Ahmed İzzet Pasha (1864 – 31 March 1937), known as Ahmet İzzet Furgaç after the Turkish Surname Law of 1934, was an Ottoman general during World War I. He was also one of the last Grand Viziers of the Ottoman Empire (14 October 1918 - 8 November 1918) and its last Minister of Foreign Affairs.
Alabama is a state in the southeastern region of the United States.
Alan Hopper (born 17 July 1937) is an English former professional footballer who played as a right back.
Alan Thornett (born 15 June 1937) is a British Trotskyist.
Albert Gleaves (January 1, 1858 – January 6, 1937) was a decorated admiral in the United States Navy, also notable as a naval historian.
Albert Szent-Györgyi von Nagyrápolt (nagyrápolti Szent-Györgyi Albert; September 16, 1893 – October 22, 1986) was a Hungarian biochemist who won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1937.
Alberta Nelson (August 14, 1937 – April 29, 2006) was an American television and film actress.
Antônio Mariano de Oliveira (April 28, 1857 – January 19, 1937) was a Brazilian poet, pharmacist and professor.
Alessandro Padoa (14 October 1868 – 25 November 1937) was an Italian mathematician and logician, a contributor to the school of Giuseppe Peano.
Alexander Grigoryevich Chervyakov (Aliaksandr Charviakou, Аляксандр Рыгоравіч Чарвякоў, Aliaksandr Ryhoravič Čarviakoŭ Александр Григорьевич Червяков, Aleksandr Grigor'evič Červjakov; 25 February 1892 - 16 June 1937) was one of the founders and eventually became the leader of the Communist Party of Belorussia.
Saint Alexander Hotovitzky (or Hotovitsky), hieromartyr of the Bolshevik yoke, Missionary of America, was a Ukrainian who came to the United States in the 1890s as a lay missionary and was ordained to the priesthood while there.
Alfred Peter Abel (12 March 1879 – 12 December 1937) was a German film actor, director, and producer.
Alfred W. Adler(7 February 1870 – 28 May 1937) was an Austrian medical doctor, psychotherapist, and founder of the school of individual psychology.
Colonel Alfred Dyke Acland CBE KJStJ JP (19 August 1858 – 22 March 1937) was a distinguished British Army officer.
Alfred Walter Campbell (18 January 1868 – 4 November 1937) was regarded as Australia's first neurologist.
Ali Chekr (born 1 July 1937) is a Lebanese fencer.
Alice Coltrane (née McLeod, August 27, 1937 – January 12, 2007), also known by her adopted Sanskrit name Turiyasangitananda or Turiya Alice Coltrane, was an American jazz pianist, organist, harpist, singer, composer, and swamini.
Alona Frankel (אלונה פרנקל, 27 June 1937) is a Polish-born Israeli writer and illustrator of many, classic children's books as well as recently published poetic memoirs for young adults.
Amarro Fiamberti (10 September 1894 – 1970) was an Italian psychiatrist who first performed a transorbital lobotomy (by accessing the frontal lobe of the brain through the orbits) in 1937.
Amelia Mary Earhart (born July 24, 1897; disappeared July 2, 1937) was an American aviation pioneer and author.
Anastasio Somoza García (1 February 1896 – 29 September 1956) was officially the 21st President of Nicaragua from 1 January 1937 to 1 May 1947 and from 21 May 1950 to 29 September 1956, but ruled effectively as dictator from 1936 until his assassination.
Anders Bundgaard (7 August 1864, Ersted near Skørping – 19 September 1937, Copenhagen) was a Danish sculptor.
André Bessette, C.S.C. (9 August 1845 – 6 January 1937), more commonly known as Brother André (Frère André), and since his canonization as Saint André of Montreal, was a lay brother of the Congregation of Holy Cross and a significant figure of the Roman Catholic Church among French-Canadians, credited with thousands of reported miraculous oil healings associated within his pious devotion to Saint Joseph.
André Glucksmann (19 June 1937 – 10 November 2015) was a French philosopher, activist and writer.
Andrés Nin Pérez (4 February 1892 – 20 June 1937), was a Spanish communist politician.
Andrew William Mellon (March 24, 1855 – August 26, 1937), sometimes A.W., was an American banker, businessman, industrialist, philanthropist, art collector, and politician.
Ange-Félix Patassé (January 25, 1937 – April 5, 2011) was a Central African politician who was President of the Central African Republic from 1993 until 2003, when he was deposed by the rebel leader François Bozizé.
Angelo Musco (October 18, 1872 in Catania – October 6, 1937 in Milan) was an Italian actor in theater and film.
Animation is a dynamic medium in which images or objects are manipulated to appear as moving images.
Anna Dawson (born 27 July 1937) is an English actress and singer.
Anne Barbara Michie Anderson (10 February 1937 – 11 February 1983) was a Scottish reproductive physiologist, researcher, lecturer, and author.
Anne Aubrey (born 1 January 1937) is a retired English film actress.
Antarctica is Earth's southernmost continent.
Antônio Diogo da Silva Parreiras (20 January 1860, Niterói – 17 October 1937, Niterói) was a Brazilian painter, designer and illustrator.
Sir Philip Anthony Hopkins (born 31 December 1937), better known as Anthony Hopkins, is a Welsh actor, widely considered to be one of the world's greatest living actors.
The Anti-Comintern Pact was an anti-Communist pact concluded between Germany and Japan (later to be joined by other, mainly fascist, governments) on November 25, 1936, and was directed against the Communist International.
Antonio Carluccio, OBE OMRI (19 April 1937 – 8 November 2017) was an Italian chef, restaurateur and food expert, based in London.
Antonio Francesco Gramsci (22 January 1891 – 27 April 1937) was an Italian Marxist philosopher and politician.
Antonio Lucio Vivaldi (4 March 1678 – 28 July 1741) was an Italian Baroque musical composer, virtuoso violinist, teacher and cleric.
On the Roman calendar, this was known as the day before the nones of April (Pridie).
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.
Armin Hary (born 22 March 1937) is a retired German sprinter who won the 1960 Olympic 100 metres dash.
Arne Næss Jr. (born Arne Rudolf Ludvig Raab; 8 December 1937 – 13 January 2004) was a Norwegian businessman, shipping magnate, mountaineer, and an ex-husband of Diana Ross.
Arthur Bernède (5 January 1871 – 20 March 1937) was a French writer, poet, opera libretist, and playwright.
Arthur Edmund Carewe (born Hovsep Hovsepian, December 30, 1884 – April 22, 1937) was an Armenian-American stage and film actor of the silent and early sound film era.
Arturo Toscanini (March 25, 1867 – January 16, 1957) was an Italian conductor.
Ary Christoni de Toledo Piza (born August 22, 1937), commonly known as Ary Toledo, is a Brazilian humorist, singer, lyricist and actor.
was a Japanese former Imperial Japanese Army officer who was one of the leaders of the February 26th Incident, a coup d'etat attempt by young officers of the Imperial Way Faction.
was a daimyō of Hiroshima Domain for a short time after the Meiji Restoration.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
Ati George Sokomanu, MBE (born January 13, 1937) (original name George Kalkoa) is a Ni-Vanuatu politician who served as the first president of the country.
Attila József (11 April 1905 – 3 December 1937) was a Hungarian poet of the 20th century.
Julianus Marie August De Boeck (May 9, 1865 in Merchtem, Belgium – October 9, 1937 in Merchtem) was a Flemish composer, organist and music pedagogue.
Sir Joseph Austen Chamberlain, KG (16 October 1863 – 16 March 1937) was a British statesman, son of Joseph Chamberlain and half-brother of Neville Chamberlain.
Federal elections were held in Australia on 23 October 1937.
The Australian Labor Party (ALP, also Labor, was Labour before 1912) is a political party in Australia.
Avram Hershko (אברהם הרשקו; born 31 December 1937) is a Hungarian-born Israeli biochemist and Nobel laureate in Chemistry.
Åke Wilhelm Hjalmar Hammarskjöld (April 10, 1893, Uppsala-July 7, 1937, The Hague) was a Swedish lawyer and diplomat.
Éamon de Valera (first registered as George de Valero; changed some time before 1901 to Edward de Valera; 14 October 1882 – 29 August 1975) was a prominent statesman and political leader in 20th-century Ireland.
Baden Fletcher Smyth Baden-Powell, FS, FRAS, FRMetS (22 May 1860 – 3 October 1937) was a military aviation pioneer, and President of the Royal Aeronautical Society from 1900 to 1907.
The Bali tiger (Panthera tigris sondaica) is an extinct tiger population that lived in the Indonesian island of Bali.
Barbara Babcock (born February 27, 1937) is an American character actress.
Barbara Carlson is an American politician and broadcast journalist in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
Barbara Steele (born 29 December 1937) is an English film actress and producer.
Dame Barbara Windsor, (born Barbara Ann Deeks; 6 August 1937) is an English actress, known for her appearances in the ''Carry On'' films and for playing Peggy Mitchell in the BBC One soap opera EastEnders.
Barney Jean Wilen (4 March 1937 – 25 May 1996) was a French tenor and soprano saxophonist and jazz composer.
Barry Layne Switzer (born October 5, 1937) is a former American football player and coach.
The Battle of Beiping–Tianjin, also known as the Battle of Beijing and the Peiking-Tientsin Operation or by the Japanese as the (25–31 July 1937) was a series of battles of the Second Sino-Japanese War fought in the proximity of Beiping (now Beijing) and Tianjin.
The Battle of Jarama (February 6–27, 1937) was an attempt by General Francisco Franco's Nationalists to dislodge the Republican lines along the river Jarama, just east of Madrid, during the Spanish Civil War.
The Battle of Nanking (or Nanjing) was fought in early December 1937 during the Second Sino-Japanese War between the Chinese National Revolutionary Army and the Imperial Japanese Army for control of Nanking (Nanjing), the capital of the Republic of China.
The Battle of Pingxingguan, commonly called the Great Victory of Pingxingguan in Mainland China, was an engagement fought on September 25, 1937, at the beginning of the Second Sino-Japanese War, between the Eighth Route Army of the Communist Party of China and the Imperial Japanese Army.
The Battle of Shanghai was the first of the twenty-two major engagements fought between the National Revolutionary Army (NRA) of the Republic of China (ROC) and the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) of the Empire of Japan during the Second Sino-Japanese War.
Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.
Belfast (is the capital city of Northern Ireland, located on the banks of the River Lagan on the east coast of Ireland.
Izabella Akhatovna Akhmadulina (Бе́лла (Изабе́лла) Аха́товна Ахмаду́лина, a; 10 April 1937 – 29 November 2010) was a Soviet and Russian poet, short story writer, and translator, known for her apolitical writing stance.
Bernardo "Benny the Kid" Paret (March 14, 1937 – April 3, 1962) was a Cuban welterweight boxer who won the World Welterweight Championship twice in the early 1960s.
Bertha May Crawford (June 20, 1886 - May 26, 1937) was a Canadian opera singer.
Bessie Smith (April 15, 1894 – September 26, 1937) was an American blues singer.
Major-General Dejazmatch Beyene Merid (sometimes rendered as Beine Merid) (1897 - 24 February 1937) was an Ethiopian army commander, a patriot, and the son-in-law of Emperor Haile Selassie I.
Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati (ভক্তিসিদ্ধান্ত সরস্বতী;; 6 February 1874 – 1 January 1937), born Bimala Prasad Datta, also referred to as Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura, was a prominent guru and spiritual reformer of Gaudiya Vaishnavism in the early 20th century in India.
James William Anderson III (born November 1, 1937), known as Whisperin’ Bill Anderson, is an American country music singer, songwriter and television personality.
William Henry Cosby Jr. (born July 12, 1937) is an American stand-up comedian, actor, musician, author, and convicted sex offender.
William Morris "Bill" Lawry, AM (born 11 February 1937) is a former cricketer who played for Victoria and Australia.
William Isiah Bassett (27 January 1869 – 8 April 1937) was an English association footballer, director and club chairman who served West Bromwich Albion for over half a century.
William December "Billy Dee" Williams Jr. (born April 6, 1937) is an American actor, artist, singer, and writer.
Eduard Albert Meier (born February 3, 1937) is a Swiss citizen who is the source of many photographs of alleged unidentified flying objects (UFOs), which he presents in support of his claim that he is in contact with extraterrestrial beings.
Blanton C. Winship (November 23, 1869 – October 9, 1947) was an American military lawyer and veteran of both the Spanish–American War and World War I. During his long career, he served both as Judge Advocate General of the United States Army and as the Governor of Puerto Rico.
Blues is a music genre and musical form originated by African Americans in the Deep South of the United States around the end of the 19th century.
Bob Lloyd Schieffer (born February 25, 1937) is an American television journalist.
Robert Keyser "Bob" Schul (born September 28, 1937) is a former American long-distance runner.
Robert Arthur "Bobby" Allison (born December 3, 1937) is a former American professional stock car racing driver and owner.
Sir Robert Charlton CBE (born 11 October 1937) is an English former football player, regarded as one of the greatest midfielders of all time, and an essential member of the England team who won the World Cup in 1966, the year he also won the Ballon d'Or.
Robert Cletus "Bobby" Driscoll (March 3, 1937 – March 30, 1968) was an American child actor and artist known for a large body of cinema and TV performances from 1943 to 1960.
Robert Lee "Bobby" Parker (August 31, 1937 – October 31, 2013) was an American blues-rock guitarist, singer, and songwriter.
Robert William Scott (January 29, 1937 – November 5, 1990) was an American musician, record producer, and songwriter.
Bohdan Ihor Antonych (Богдан-Ігор Антонич; 5 October 1909, Nowica – 6 July 1937, Lviv) was a 20th-century Ukrainian poet.
The bombing of Guernica (26 April 1937) was an aerial bombing of the Basque town of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War.
The Bombing of Jaén was an aerial attack on the city of Jaén on April 1, 1937, during the Spanish Civil War, by the Condor Legion of Nazi Germany, who fought for the rebels.
The Border Line defenses of Switzerland were constructed in the late 1930s in response to increasing tensions between Switzerland and its neighbors, chiefly the Axis powers of Germany and Italy.
Boris Sergeevich Gorbachyov (August 19, 1892 – July 3, 1937) was a Soviet komkor.
Boris Vasilievich Spassky (Бори́с Васи́льевич Спа́сский; born January 30, 1937) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
Boris Borisovich Yegorov (Борис Борисович Егоров, Boris Borisovich Egorov; November 26, 1937, Moscow – September 12, 1994, Moscow) was a Soviet physician-cosmonaut who became the first physician to make a space flight.
Bounnhang Vorachith (ບຸນຍັງ ວໍລະຈິດ; born August 15, 1937) is a Laotian politician who has been General Secretary of the Lao People's Revolutionary Party (de facto leader) and President of Laos (de jure head of state) since 2016.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
Brian Browne (March 16, 1937 – June 5, 2018) was a Canadian jazz pianist and composer.
Brian Garvey (born 3 July 1937) is an English former footballer who played as a defender in the Football League.
Brooks Calbert Robinson Jr. (born May 18, 1937) is an American former professional baseball player.
Bruce Alan Brown (December 1, 1937 – December 10, 2017) was an American documentary film director, known as an early pioneer of the surf film.
Bruce McCandless II (June 8, 1937 – December 21, 2017) was a U.S. naval officer and aviator, electrical engineer, and NASA astronaut.
Bruce Leslie McLaren (30 August 1937 – 2 June 1970) was a New Zealand race-car designer, driver, engineer and inventor.
Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the de jure capital of Belgium.
Cornelius Kingsley Garrison Billings (September 17, 1861 in Saratoga, New York – May 6, 1937 in Santa Barbara, California) was a wealthy industrialist, a noted horseman and tycoon.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
Camillo Berneri (also known as Camillo da Lodi; May 28, 1897, Lodi – May 5, 1937, Barcelona) was an Italian professor of philosophy, anarchist militant, propagandist and theorist.
Carl Heinrich Maria Orff (–) was a German composer, best known for his cantata Carmina Burana (1937).
Carlos Emilio Gaviria Díaz (8 May 1937 – 31 March 2015) was a Colombian lawyer, professor and politician.
Carlos Lamarca (October 23, 1937 – September 17, 1971) was a Brazilian Army Captain who deserted to become a communist guerrilla member.
Carmina Burana is a scenic cantata composed by Carl Orff in 1935 and 1936, based on 24 poems from the medieval collection Carmina Burana.
Carol Lou Nugent (born July 7, 1937) is an American actress who began her career as a child.
Caroline Harris (November 11, 1867 – April 23, 1937) was an American actress.
Carroll Hubbard, Jr. (born July 7, 1937) is an American former politician.
The Carthay Circle Theatre was one of the most famous movie palaces of Hollywood's Golden Age.
Casablanca (ad-dār al-bayḍāʾ; anfa; local informal name: Kaẓa), located in the central-western part of Morocco bordering the Atlantic Ocean, is the largest city in Morocco.
Cathie Jung (born 1937) is an American Victorian dress and corset enthusiast residing in Manteo, NC, United States.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Fahrettin Cüreklibatır (born September 7, 1937), better known by his stage name Cüneyt Arkın, is a Turkish film actor, director, and producer.
CBS (an initialism of the network's former name, the Columbia Broadcasting System) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of CBS Corporation.
Mahmut Celâl Bayar (16 May 1883 – 22 August 1986) was a Turkish politician who was the third President of Turkey from 1950 to 1960; previously he was Prime Minister of Turkey from 1937 to 1939.
A centennial is a 100th anniversary or otherwise relates to a century, a period of 100 years.
Chad (تشاد; Tchad), officially the Republic of Chad ("Republic of the Chad"), is a landlocked country in Central Africa.
Dato' Seri Chan Sek Keong,,,, (born 5 November 1937) was the third Chief Justice of Singapore, succeeding Chief Justice Yong Pung How on 11 April 2006 and holding office until 6 November 2012.
The Chancellor of Austria, officially the Federal Chancellor of the Republic of Austria (Bundeskanzler der Republik Österreich, sometimes shortened to Kanzler) is the head of government of the Austrian Republic.
A character (sometimes known as a fictional character) is a person or other being in a narrative (such as a novel, play, television series, film, or video game).
A character actor or character actress is a supporting actor who plays unusual, interesting, or eccentric characters.
Charles Patrick "Charlie" Donnelly (10 July 1914 – 1937) was an Irish poet and left wing political activist.
Charles Everett "Charlie" Dumas (February 12, 1937 – January 5, 2004) was an American high jumper, the 1956 Olympic champion, and the first person to clear 7 ft.
Charles-Marie Jean Albert Widor (21 February 1844 – 12 March 1937) was a French organist, composer and teacher, most notable for his ten organ symphonies.
Charles Edward "Charlie" Haden (August 6, 1937 – July 11, 2014) was an American jazz double bass player, bandleader, composer and educator known for his deep, warm sound, and whose career spanned more than fifty years.
Charmian May (16 June 1937 – 24 October 2002) was an English actress best known for her television and film roles, she appeared in sitcoms The Good Life, Keeping Up Appearances and 'film 'Bridget Jones's Diary.
The Chicago Police Department (CPD) is the law enforcement agency of the U.S. city of Chicago, Illinois, under the jurisdiction of the City Council.
The Chief Justice of Singapore is the highest post in the judicial system of Singapore.
Chongqing, formerly romanized as Chungking, is a major city in southwest China.
Christos Christovasilis (Χρήστος Χρηστοβασίλης; c. 12 March 1861 – 26 August 1937) was a Greek journalist and author, representative of Greek pastoral literature.
CHRISTUS Trinity Mother Frances Health System is a non-profit regional health care provider based in Tyler, Texas that operates eight hospitals and 82 clinic locations in East Texas.
Charles Lewis Low (July 21, 1928 – September 18, 2017) was an American actor.
Charles Everett "Chuck" Traynor (August 21, 1937 – July 22, 2002) was an American pornographer and investor in various enterprises.
Claus-Wilhelm Canaris (born 1 July 1937, Liegnitz, Germany) is a German jurist.
Clifford Heatherley Lamb (8 October 1888 in Preston, Lancashire – 15 September 1937 in London) was an English film actor.
Clinton Joseph Davisson (October 22, 1881 – February 1, 1958), was an American physicist who won the 1937 Nobel Prize in Physics for his discovery of electron diffraction in the famous Davisson-Germer experiment.
Clodovil Hernandes (Elisiário, June 17, 1937 – Brasília, March 17, 2009) was a Brazilian fashion designer, television presenter, and politician.
The Coalition (or Liberal–National Coalition) is an alliance of centre-right political parties that forms one of the two major groupings in Australian federal politics.
A coalition government is a cabinet of a parliamentary government in which many or multiple political parties cooperate, reducing the dominance of any one party within that "coalition".
Coenraad Bron (2 August 1937 – 15 August 2006) was a Dutch computer scientist.
Colin Clive (20 January 1900 – 25 June 1937) was an English stage and screen actor best remembered for his portrayal of Dr. Henry Frankenstein in James Whale's two Universal Frankenstein films Frankenstein and Bride of Frankenstein.
Colin Luther Powell (born April 5, 1937) is an American statesman and a retired four-star general in the United States Army.
Colleen Margaretta McCullough (married name Robinson, previously Ion-Robinson;. Retrieved 2 February 2015 1 June 193729 January 2015) was an Australian author known for her novels, her most well-known being The Thorn Birds and The Ladies of Missalonghi, the latter of which was involved in a plagiarism controversy.
The Colony of Aden or Aden Colony (مستعمرة عدن) was a British Crown colony from 1937 to 1963 located in the south of contemporary Yemen.
A comic book or comicbook, also called comic magazine or simply comic, is a publication that consists of comic art in the form of sequential juxtaposed panels that represent individual scenes.
In political and social sciences, communism (from Latin communis, "common, universal") is the philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money and the state.
A communist party is a political party that advocates the application of the social and economic principles of communism through state policy.
Compact disc (CD) is a digital optical disc data storage format that was co-developed by Philips and Sony and released in 1982.
Beata Concepción Cabrera de Armida (born December 8, 1862 in San Luis Potosí, Mexico and died on March 3, 1937 in Mexico City) was a Mexican Roman Catholic mystic and writer.
The Condor Legion (Legion Condor) was a unit composed of military personnel from the air force and army of Nazi Germany, which served with the Nationalists during the Spanish Civil War of July 1936 to March 1939.
The Constitution of Ireland (Bunreacht na hÉireann) is the fundamental law of the Republic of Ireland.
The coronation of George VI and Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon as King and Queen of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth and as Emperor and Empress of India took place at Westminster Abbey, London, on 12 May 1937.
Craig Breedlove (born March 23, 1937) is an American professional race car driver and a five-time world land speed record holder.
Crawford Hallock Greenewalt Jr. (June 3, 1937 – May 4, 2012) was a classical archaeologist at the University of California, Berkeley who made contributions to the study of Lydia through his excavations at Sardis.
Crown colony, dependent territory and royal colony are terms used to describe the administration of United Kingdom overseas territories that are controlled by the British Government.
Croydon Airport, also known as London Terminal Aerodrome or London Airport (ICAO: EGCR) was the UK's major international airport during the interwar period, located in South London, England.
Crystal City is a city in and the county seat of Zavala County, Texas, United States.
Daffy Duck is an animated cartoon character produced by Warner Bros. Styled as an anthropomorphic black duck, the character has appeared in cartoon series such as Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies, where he usually has been depicted as a foil of Bugs Bunny.
Danan (Dhanaan) (or "Denan") is a town in the eastern part of Ethiopia known as the Ogaden.
Daniel Alexander Cameron (December 10, 1870 – September 4, 1937) was a Canadian politician from the province of Nova Scotia.
Daniel Little McFadden (born July 29, 1937) is an American econometrician who shared the 2000 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences with James Heckman.
Francis Darwin Solomon (December 9, 1937 – June 1, 1998) was an American actor known professionally as Darwin Joston (sometimes credited as Darwin Jostin during the early years of his career).
David A. Anderson, (born August 16, 1937 in Victoria, British Columbia) is a former Canadian cabinet minister.
David Vickerman Bedford (4 August 1937 – 1 October 2011) was an English composer and musician.
David Hendricks Bergey was an American bacteriologist, born December 27, 1860 in Skippack, Pennsylvania, died September 5, 1937 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
David Hockney, (born 9 July 1937) is an English painter, draftsman, printmaker, stage designer and photographer.
David Holliday (August 4, 1937March 26, 1999) was an American Broadway actor and television voice actor.
David Waisman Rjavinsthi (born 4 May 1937) is a Peruvian politician.
Dawn Fraser, (born 4 September 1937) is an Australian freestyle champion swimmer and former politician.
Dáil Éireann (lit. Assembly of Ireland) is the lower house, and principal chamber, of the Oireachtas (Irish legislature), which also includes the President of Ireland and Seanad Éireann (the upper house).
Deanna Lund (May 30, 1937 – June 22, 2018) was an American film and television actress best known for her role in the Irwin Allen television series Land of the Giants, where she played the character of Valerie Ames Scott.
Debre Libanos (ደብረ፡ሊባኖስ, Däbrä Libanos) is a monastery in Ethiopia, lying northwest of Addis Ababa in the Semien Shewa Zone of the Oromia Region.
In the Northern Hemisphere, December 21 is usually the shortest day of the year and is sometimes regarded as the first day of winter.
It is known by a collection of names including: Saint Sylvester's Day, New Year's Eve or Old Years Day/Night, as the following day is New Year's Day.
Decorah is a city in and the county seat of Winneshiek County, Iowa, United States.
Dee Palmer, formerly David Palmer (London, 2 July 1937), is an English composer, arranger, and keyboardist best known for having been a member of the progressive rock group Jethro Tull from 1977 to 1980.
Dennis R. Keeney (born July 2, 1937) is an American scientist in soil science and water chemistry.
Detective Comics is an American comic book series published by DC Comics.
Dezsö Czigány (1 June 1883 – 31 December 1937) was a Hungarian painter who was born and died in Budapest.
Dick Hafer (July 20, 1937 – July 5, 2003) was an American comics artist.
A dictator is a political leader who possesses absolute power.
Dieter Thomas Heck (born Carl-Dieter Heckscher, 29 December 1937) is a German television presenter, singer and actor.
Dimitrie Călugăreanu–December 17, 1937) was a Romanian physician, naturalist and physiologist. Călugăreanu was born in Pomârla, Botoșani County; his parents were the possibly illiterate peasants Constantin and Glicheria. After obtaining a scholarship, he attended the natural sciences department of the University of Iași science faculty, from which he graduated in 1894. He then enrolled in the medical faculty of the University of Berlin. In 1902, he received a doctorate in natural sciences from the University of Paris, his thesis topic being research into hemolysis through experimental physiology and physical chemistry. He was an assistant at the University of Iași morphology laboratory from 1894 to 1897. Upon returning from France to his native country, Călugăreanu worked as a professor at Bucharest's higher school of veterinary medicine from 1902 to 1905 and an associate professor of physiological chemistry at the science faculty of the University of Bucharest from 1908 to 1919. Ciprian Teodorescu,, p. 71-2, at the Gheorghe Asachi Iași County library site Following the union of Transylvania with Romania and the creation of Cluj University, he was professor of general physiology at the science faculty there from 1919 to 1926. He was faculty dean from 1919 to 1921, and university rector from 1921 to 1922. Dimitrie Călugăreanu (ed.),, p. 187. Cluj, 1923, Institutul de Arte Grafice "Ardealul" While in this post, he expressed displeasure at the fact that Hungary's authorities had recently opened universities at Szeged and Debrecen near the Romanian border. He charged that the schools "do not aim at the propagation of culture, being rather centers for the preservation of Magyar chauvinism". From 1926, he worked at the physiological institute in Bucharest. Călugăreanu founded Știința tuturor ("Science for All") magazine in 1918. His research focused on neurophysiology, hematology, mineral metabolism and respiration. Among the phenomena he investigated were nerve compression, plasmolysis in cartilage cells, the electrical conductivity of plasma during coagulation, intestinal respiration in Misgurnus fossilis, respiration in certain gastropod genera (Limax, Helix, Planorbis, Lymnaea), functional particularities of the silk glands of the silkworm and the effect of light upon planarians. He published his results in numerous books, studies and articles that appeared in scientific publications domestically and abroad. In 1920, he was elected a corresponding member of the Romanian Academy. He was a commander of the Order of the Crown. His son was the mathematician Gheorghe Călugăreanu.
Disney Princess, also called the Princess Line, is a media franchise owned by The Walt Disney Company.
Divini Redemptoris (Latin for Of the Divine Redeemer) is an anti-communist encyclical issued by Pope Pius XI.
Divorce, also known as dissolution of marriage, is the termination of a marriage or marital union, the canceling or reorganizing of the legal duties and responsibilities of marriage, thus dissolving the bonds of matrimony between a married couple under the rule of law of the particular country or state.
The Dominican Republic (República Dominicana) is a sovereign state located in the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean region.
Donald Virgil Bluth (born September 13, 1937) is an American animator, film director, producer, writer, production designer, video game designer and animation instructor.
Donald "Don" Buchla (April 17, 1937 – September 14, 2016) was an American pioneer in the field of sound synthesizers, releasing his first units shortly after Robert Moog's first synthesizers.
Donald Poe Galloway (July 27, 1937 – January 8, 2009) was an American stage, film and television actor, perhaps best known for his role as Detective Sergeant Ed Brown on the long-running crime drama Ironside (1967–75).
Donald Robert Perry Marquis (July 29, 1878 in Walnut, Illinois – December 29, 1937 in New York City) was a humorist, journalist, and author.
Donald Campbell Dewar (21 August 1937 – 11 October 2000) was a Scottish politician, the inaugural First Minister of Scotland and an advocate of Scottish devolution.
Donald J. Albanese (born June 26, 1937) is an American politician who served in the New Jersey General Assembly from 1976 to 1982.
Lieutenant-Colonel Douglas George Carnegie (4 January 1870 – 27 February 1937) was a British politician.
Dresden (Upper and Lower Sorbian: Drježdźany, Drážďany, Drezno) is the capital city and, after Leipzig, the second-largest city of the Free State of Saxony in Germany.
Drift ice is any sea ice other than fast ice, the latter being attached ("fastened") to the shoreline or other fixed objects (shoals, grounded icebergs, etc.).Leppäranta, M. 2011.
Soviet and Russian manned drifting ice stations are research stations built on the ice of the high latitudes of the Arctic Ocean.
Duncan MacKay (born 14 July 1937) is a Scottish former footballer, who played for Celtic, Third Lanark, Melbourne Croatia, Perth Azzurri and the Scotland national team.
Dustin Lee Hoffman (born August 8, 1937) is an American actor and director, with a career in film, television, and theater since 1960.
Dyan Cannon (born Samille Diane Friesen; January 4, 1937) is an American actress, director, screenwriter, producer, and editor.
Earl "Speedo" Carroll (November 2, 1937 – November 25, 2012) was the lead vocalist for the doo-wop group The Cadillacs.
The East Hopei Army was raised from the former soldiers of the Peace Preservation Corps that had been created by the Tangku Truce of 31 May 1933.
The Eastern Orthodox Church, also known as the Orthodox Church, or officially as the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian Church, with over 250 million members.
Edward Lee "Eddie" Floyd (born June 25, 1937) is an American soul-R&B singer and songwriter, best known for his work on the Stax record label in the 1960s and 1970s including the number 1 R&B hit song "Knock on Wood".
Edith Georgette Clark (also known as Edith Boiteux, 15 June 1904 - 16 March 1937) was a French aviator and parachutist.
Edith Wharton (born Edith Newbold Jones; January 24, 1862 – August 11, 1937) was an American novelist, short story writer, and designer.
Edward Albert Filene (September 3, 1860 – September 26, 1937) was an American businessman and philanthropist.
Edward VIII (Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David; 23 June 1894 – 28 May 1972) was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Empire, and Emperor of India, from 20 January 1936 until his abdication on 11 December the same year, after which he became the Duke of Windsor.
Edwin Newton Atherton (October 12, 1896 – August 31, 1944) served as a Foreign Service Officer, Bureau of Investigation (BOI) Agent, Private Investigator, and later, appointed head of the college athletics organization, the Pacific Coast Conference in 1940.
Eero Haapalainen (27 October 1880 – 27 November 1937) was a Finnish politician, trade unionist and journalist, who was one of the most prominent figures of the Finnish socialist movement in the first two decades of the 1900s.
Eero Antero Mäntyranta (20 November 1937 – 29 December 2013) was one of the most successful Finnish skiers.
Elihu Root (February 15, 1845February 7, 1937) was an American lawyer and statesman who served as the Secretary of State under President Theodore Roosevelt and as Secretary of War under Roosevelt and President William McKinley.
Mary Eleanor Donahue (born April 19, 1937), credited as Elinor Donahue, is an American actress, best remembered today for playing the role of Betty Anderson, the eldest child of Jim and Margaret Anderson (Robert Young and Jane Wyatt), on the 1950s American sitcom Father Knows Best.
Ellis Parker Butler (December 5, 1869 – September 13, 1937) was an American author.
Emil Hassler (20 June 1864 – 4 November 1937) (French:Émile Hassler, Spanish: Emilio Hassler) was a Swiss physician, ethnographer, naturalist and botanist well known for his collections and contributions to the description of the flora and culture of Paraguay.
Emilio Mola y Vidal, 1st Duke of Mola, Grandee of Spain (9 July 1887 – 3 June 1937) was a Spanish Nationalist commander during the Spanish Civil War.
An encyclical was originally a circular letter sent to all the churches of a particular area in the ancient Roman Church.
Eric Arturo Delvalle Cohen-Henríquez (2 February 1937 – 2 October 2015) was a Panamanian politician.
Erich Friedrich Wilhelm Ludendorff (9 April 1865 – 20 December 1937) was a German general, the victor of the Battle of Liège and the Battle of Tannenberg.
Eritrea (ኤርትራ), officially the State of Eritrea, is a country in the Horn of Africa, with its capital at Asmara.
Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899 – July 2, 1961) was an American novelist, short story writer, and journalist.
Ernest Rutherford, 1st Baron Rutherford of Nelson, HFRSE LLD (30 August 1871 – 19 October 1937) was a New Zealand-born British physicist who came to be known as the father of nuclear physics.
Ernesto Badini (born San Colombano al Lambro, 14 September 1876; died Milan, 6 July 1937) was an Italian opera singer that sang in the baritone range.
Ernesto de Figueiredo (born 6 July 1937) is a retired Portuguese footballer who played as a striker.
Captain Ernst August Lehmann (12 May 1886 – 7 May 1937) was a German Zeppelin captain.
Ernst Löfström (31 May 1865 – 5 January 1937) was a Finnish general in World War I and the Finnish Civil War.
Estonia (Eesti), officially the Republic of Estonia (Eesti Vabariik), is a sovereign state in Northern Europe.
Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk), is a country located in the Horn of Africa.
Ezio Pascutti (1 June 1937 – 4 January 2017) was an Italian football manager and player, who played as a forward, either as a striker or as a winger.
Ferdinand Canning Scott Schiller (16 August 1864 – 6 August 1937), usually cited as F. C. S. Schiller, was a German-British philosopher.
Don Fabián de la Rosa y Cueto (May 5, 1869 – December 14, 1937) was a Filipino painter.
Facundo Cabral (May 22, 1937 – July 9, 2011) was an Argentine singer, songwriter and philosopher.
Falangism (falangismo) was the political ideology of the Falange Española de las JONS and afterwards of the Falange Española Tradicionalista y de las Juntas de Ofensiva Nacional Sindicalista (both known simply as the "Falange") as well as derivatives of it in other countries.
Félix Gaffiot (27 September 1870 – 2 November 1937) was a French philologist and teacher.
For superstitious reasons, when the Romans began to intercalate to bring their calendar into line with the solar year, they chose not to place their extra month of Mercedonius after February but within it.
This day marks the approximate midpoint of winter in the Northern Hemisphere and of summer in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the December solstice).
Felix Graf von Bothmer (10 December 1852 – 18 March 1937) was a German general, notably during the Brusilov offensive of 1916.
Felix Teodor Hamrin (14 January 1875 – 27 November 1937) was a Swedish politician.
Feodor Feodorovich Koenemann (Russian: Фёдор Фёдорович Кёнеман; sometimes transliterated as Fyodor Keneman) (Moscow, Russia, – 29 March 1937) was Russian pianist, composer and music teacher.
Ferdinand Karl Piëch (born 17 April 1937) is an Austrian business magnate, engineer and executive who was the chairman of the supervisory board (Aufsichtsratsvorsitzender) of Volkswagen Group until 25 April 2015.
Fernand Cabrol (11 December 1855 – 4 June 1937) was a French theologian, Benedictine monk and noted writer on the history of Christian worship.
Fernando de la Rúa (born September 15, 1937) is an Argentine retired politician of the Radical Civic Union (UCR) who served as President of Argentina from December 10, 1999, to December 21, 2001.
The First Minister of Scotland (Prìomh Mhinistear na h-Alba; Heid Meinister o Scotland) is the leader of the Scottish Government.
A flag day is a flag-related holiday, a day designated for flying a certain flag (such as a national flag) or a day set aside to celebrate a historical event such as a nation's adoption of its flag.
Willie Morris "Flukey" Stokes (December 12, 1937 – November 19, 1986) was an American reputed mobster from Chicago, Illinois. Stokes was from the South Side and well known for his silk suits, diamond rings, and flamboyant lifestyle as a drug trafficking kingpin and pool hall owner. Stokes immortalized himself in Chicago by throwing a party on his 30th wedding anniversary in 1985 and for the decadent funeral he arranged for his murdered 28-year-old son, Willie "the Wimp" Stokes, Jr. in February 1984. The elder Stokes had his son buried in a Cadillac-style coffin with $100 bills stuffed between his diamond ring-laden fingers. Two years later in November 1986, Flukey would also be murdered, along with his chauffeur, sitting inside a 1986 Cadillac limousine while talking on his wireless telephone. Stokes was 48 years old.
Folk music includes both traditional music and the genre that evolved from it during the 20th century folk revival.
The Fox Film Corporation was an American company that produced motion pictures, formed by William Fox on 1 February 1915.
François Joseph Guiguet (8 January 1860, in Corbelin – 3 September 1937, in Corbelin) was a French painter.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Francesco Musso (born 22 August 1937) is a retired featherweight boxer, who won a gold medal at the 1960 Olympics in Rome.
Francis Bird (14 November 1845 24 May 1937) was a businessman and architect in Western Australia.
Francis de Croisset (born Franz Wiener, 28 January 1877 – 8 November 1937) was a Belgian-born French playwright and opera librettist.
Francis Eugene George (January 16, 1937 – April 17, 2015) was an American cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and Archbishop Emeritus of Chicago.
Francisco Bergamín y García (Campillos, Spain, 6 October 1855 – Madrid, Spain, 13 February 1937) was a Spanish lawyer, economist and politician who served as Minister of State in 1922, during the reign of King Alfonso XIII.
Francisco Franco Bahamonde (4 December 1892 – 20 November 1975) was a Spanish general who ruled over Spain as a military dictator from 1939, after the Nationalist victory in the Spanish Civil War, until his death in 1975.
Francoist Spain (España franquista) or the Franco regime (Régimen de Franco), formally known as the Spanish State (Estado Español), is the period of Spanish history between 1939, when Francisco Franco took control of Spain after the Nationalist victory in the Spanish Civil War establishing a dictatorship, and 1975, when Franco died and Prince Juan Carlos was crowned King of Spain.
Frank Alexander (May 25, 1879 – September 8, 1937) was an American silent film comedian and actor.
Frank Billings Kellogg (December 22, 1856December 21, 1937) was an American lawyer, politician and statesman who served in the U.S. Senate and as U.S. Secretary of State.
Frank Calabrese Sr. (March 17, 1937 – December 25, 2012), also known as "Frankie Breeze", was a made man and a caporegime who ran major loansharking and illegal gambling operations for the Chicago Outfit.
Air Commodore Sir Frank Whittle (1 June 1907 – 9 August 1996) was a British Royal Air Force air officer.
Frankfurt, officially the City of Frankfurt am Main ("Frankfurt on the Main"), is a metropolis and the largest city in the German state of Hesse and the fifth-largest city in Germany.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Sr. (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.
František Valošek (born 12 July 1937 in Frýdek-Místek) is a Czech former football player who competed in the 1964 Summer Olympics.
Franz Vranitzky (born 4 October 1937) is an Austrian politician.
Fred Astaire (born Frederick Austerlitz; May 10, 1899 – June 22, 1987) was an American dancer, singer, actor, choreographer and television presenter.
Frederick Joseph "Fred" Noonan (born April 4, 1893; declared missing July 2, 1937 and dead June 20, 1938), was an American flight navigator, sea captain and aviation pioneer who first charted many commercial airline routes across the Pacific Ocean during the 1930s.
Frederik Valdemar Nikolai Beichmann (3 January 1859 – 29 December 1937) was a Norwegian judge and civil servant He was born in Christiania to military officer Johan Diderik Schlømer Beichmann and Alette Faye.
Fritz Kehl (born 12 July 1937) is a Swiss football defender who played for Switzerland in the 1962 FIFA World Cup.
Gaetano Bisleti S.T.D. (20 March 1856 – 30 August 1937) was a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and was former Prefect of the Sacred Congregation for Catholic Education.
Garrett Morris (born February 1, 1937) is an American comedian, actor, and singer.
Gaston Chérau (6 November 1872 – 20 April 1937) was a French man of letters and journalist.
Pierre-Paul-Henri-Gaston Doumergue (1 August 1863 in Aigues-Vives, Gard18 June 1937 in Aigues-Vives) was a French politician of the Third Republic.
Gaston, Baron Roelants (born 5 February 1937), a Belgian former elite steeplechaser and cross country runner.
Géza Horváth (23 November 1847, Csécs – 8 September 1937, Budapest) was a Hungarian doctor and entomologist internationally recognized for his work on bugs (Hemiptera).
The Geibeltbad Pirna is a public bath and water sport facility in Pirna near Dresden, Saxony in Germany.
Gelegdorjiin Demid (Гэлэгдоржийн Дэмид.;1900 – August 22, 1937) was a prominent political and military figure in 1920s and 1930s Mongolia who served as minister of war and Marshal (general chief commander) of the Mongolian armed forces.
Eugene Carl Lenz (April 12, 1937 – October 10, 2005) was an American competition swimmer who represented the United States at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome.
General Motors Company, commonly referred to as General Motors (GM), is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Detroit that designs, manufactures, markets, and distributes vehicles and vehicle parts, and sells financial services.
A general strike (or mass strike) is a strike action in which a substantial proportion of the total labour force in a city, region, or country participates.
Gennady Ivanovich Yanayev (Генна́дий Ива́нович Яна́ев; 26 August 1937 – 24 September 2010) was a Soviet politician who served as the first and only Vice President of the Soviet Union.
George Albert Boulenger (19 October 1858 – 23 November 1937) was a Belgian-British zoologist who described and gave scientific names to over 2,000 new animal species, chiefly fish, reptiles, and amphibians.
George Denis Patrick Carlin (May 12, 1937 – June 22, 2008) was an American stand-up comedian, actor, author, and social critic.
George Jacob Gershwin (September 26, 1898 July 11, 1937) was an American composer and pianist.
George Hassell (May 4, 1881 – February 17, 1937) was an English actor who had roles in Captain Blood (1935 film) (1935), La Bohème (1926 film) (1926), and Becky Sharp (1935).
George Leonardos (Γιώργος Λεονάρδος; born 1937) is a Greek author of historical novels.
Sir George Paget Thomson, FRS (3 May 1892 – 10 September 1975) was an English physicist and Nobel laureate in physics recognised for his discovery of the wave properties of the electron by electron diffraction.
George Gerald Reisman (born January 13, 1937)"George Gerald Reisman" (2002), Contemporary Authors Online, Gale, Retrieved on January 18, 2007.
William James Myers (April 16, 1937 – February 16, 2017), better known by his ring name George "The Animal" Steele, was an American professional wrestler, school teacher, author, and actor.
230px George Lowther Steer (1909 – 25 December 1944) was a South African-born British journalist, author and war correspondent who reported on wars preceding World War II, especially the Second Italo-Abyssinian War and the Spanish Civil War.
George Hosato Takei (born Hosato Takei, April 20, 1937) is an American actor, director, author, and activist.
George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George; 14 December 1895 – 6 February 1952) was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth from 11 December 1936 until his death in 1952.
Georges Hilaire Bousquet (March 3, 1845 – January 15, 1937) was a French legal scholar who contributed to the development of the legal codes of the Empire of Japan.
Gerald Clarke (born June 21, 1937) is an American writer, best known for the biographies Capote (1988) (made into the Oscar-winning 2005 film Capote) and Get Happy: The Life of Judy Garland (2000).
Sir William Gervase Beckett, 1st Baronet (14 January 1866 – 24 August 1937), born William Gervase Beckett-Denison, was a British banker and Conservative politician.
The Gestapo, abbreviation of Geheime Staatspolizei (Secret State Police), was the official secret police of Nazi Germany and German-occupied Europe.
Getúlio Dornelles Vargas (19 April 1882 – 24 August 1954) was a Brazilian lawyer and politician, who served as President during two periods: the first was from 1930–1945, when he served as interim president from 1930–1934, constitutional president from 1934–1937, and dictator from 1937–1945.
Sir Ghillean Tolmie Prance (born 13 July 1937) is a prominent British botanist and ecologist who has published extensively on the taxonomy of families such as Chrysobalanaceae and Lecythidaceae, but drew particular attention in documenting the pollination ecology of Victoria amazonica.
Gijón, or Xixón is the largest city and municipality in the autonomous community of Asturias in Spain.
Gim Yu-jeong or Kim Yu-jŏng (Korean: 김유정, 11 January 1908 – 29 March 1937) was a Korean novelist.
Giorgi Mazniashvili (გიორგი მაზნიაშვილი) (6 April, 1870 – 16 December, 1937) was a Georgian general and one of the most prominent military figures in the Democratic Republic of Georgia (1918–1921).
Giovanna Marini (born Giovanna Salviucci; 19 January 1937) is an Italian singer-songwriter and researcher of ethnomusicology.
Gisela Elsner (2 May 1937, Nuremberg, Middle Franconia - May 13, 1992, Munich) was a German writer.
The Golden Gate Bridge is a suspension bridge spanning the Golden Gate, the strait connecting San Francisco Bay and the Pacific Ocean.
Gordon Banks (born 30 December 1937) is a former England international football goalkeeper.
Robert James Marella (June 4, 1937 – October 6, 1999), better known by his ring name of Gorilla Monsoon, was an American professional wrestler, play-by-play commentator, and booker.
Gospel music is a genre of Christian music.
The governor of Puerto Rico is the head of government of Puerto Rico and, by its nature, constitutes the executive branch of the government of the island.
Grace Melzia Bumbry (born January 4, 1937), an American opera singer, is considered one of the leading mezzo-sopranos of her generation, as well as a major soprano for many years.
Graham Thorne Dowling, (born 4 March 1937 in Christchurch), is a former New Zealand cricketer who played 39 Test matches and captained New Zealand in 19 of them.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.
The Great Purge or the Great Terror (Большо́й терро́р) was a campaign of political repression in the Soviet Union which occurred from 1936 to 1938.
Grigol Giorgadze (გრიგოლ გიორგაძე) (November 30, 1879 – July 18, 1937) was a Georgian historian, jurist and politician.
Guernica is a mural-sized oil painting on canvas by Spanish artist Pablo Picasso completed in June 1937,Richardson (2016) at his home on Rue des Grands Augustins, in Paris.
Guglielmo Marconi, 1st Marquis of Marconi (25 April 187420 July 1937) was an Italian inventor and electrical engineer known for his pioneering work on long-distance radio transmission and for his development of Marconi's law and a radio telegraph system.
The guitar is a fretted musical instrument that usually has six strings.
The Gulag (ГУЛАГ, acronym of Главное управление лагерей и мест заключения, "Main Camps' Administration" or "Chief Administration of Camps") was the government agency in charge of the Soviet forced labor camp system that was created under Vladimir Lenin and reached its peak during Joseph Stalin's rule from the 1930s to the 1950s.
is a prefecture of Japan located in the Kantō region.
Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies (also titled Guns, Germs and Steel: A short history of everybody for the last 13,000 years) is a 1997 transdisciplinary non-fiction book by Jared Diamond, professor of geography and physiology at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA).
Nils Gustaf Dalén (30 November 1869 – 9 December 1937) was a Swedish Nobel Laureate and industrialist, the founder of the AGA company and inventor of the AGA cooker and the Dalén light.
Gustav Gärtner (September 28, 1855 – November 4, 1937) was an Austrian pathologist born in Pardubice, Bohemia.
Gustavo José Joaquín Noboa Bejarano (born August 21, 1937 in Guayaquil, Ecuador) is an Ecuadorian politician, former President of Ecuador (from January 22, 2000, to January 15, 2003) and Vice President during Jamil Mahuad's government.
Sir Guy Standing KBE (1 September 1873 – 24 February 1937) was an English actor.
Gyula Juhász (April 4, 1883, Szeged – April 6, 1937, Szeged) was a Hungarian poet, who was awarded the Baumgarten Prize.
Howard Phillips Lovecraft (August 20, 1890 – March 15, 1937) was an American writer who achieved posthumous fame through his influential works of horror fiction.
Haitians (French: Haïtiens, Haitian: Ayisyen) are people affiliated with Haiti.
Hans Cieslarczyk (born 3 May 1937) is a German former football player.
Hans Molisch (6 December 1856, Brünn, Habsburg Moravia - 8 December 1937, Wien, Austria) was a Czech-Austrian botanist.
Hans Niels Andersen (10 September 1852 – 30 December 1937) was a Danish shipping magnate, businessman and founder of the East Asiatic Company.
Harald Rosenthal (born June 9, 1937 in Berlin) is a German hydrobiologist and fisheries scientist known for his work in fish farming, ecology, and international cooperation.
Harald V (born 21 February 1937) is the King of Norway, having ascended the throne following the death of his father on 17 January 1991.
Harris Yulin (born November 5, 1937) is an American actor who has appeared in over a hundred film and television series roles, such as Scarface (1983), Ghostbusters II (1989), Clear and Present Danger (1994), Looking for Richard (1996), The Hurricane (1999), Training Day (2001), and Frasier which earned him a Primetime Emmy Award nomination in 1996.
Harry Barton (June 17, 1876 – May 9, 1937) was an American architect in North Carolina.
Harry Charles Purvis Bell (21 September 1851 – 6 September 1937), more often known as HCP Bell, was a British civil servant and a commissioner in the Ceylon Civil Service.
Harold Watson Neale (born March 9, 1937) is a hockey colour commentator for the Toronto Maple Leafs.
Henry William "Harry" Vardon (9 May 1870 – 20 March 1937) was a professional golfer from the Bailiwick of Jersey.
Harry Wu (February 8, 1937 – April 26, 2016) was a Chinese-American human rights activist.
Hasri Ainun Habibie (née Besari; August 11, 1937 – May 22, 2010) was an Indonesian physician and wife of former President B. J. Habibie.
Hazel Reid O'Leary (born May 17, 1937) was the seventh United States Secretary of Energy, from 1993 to 1997, appointed by President Bill Clinton.
Hockey Club Ambrì-Piotta is a Swiss professional ice hockey club and a member of the National League (NL).
"Heigh-Ho" is a song from Walt Disney's 1937 animated film Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, written by Frank Churchill (music) and Larry Morey (lyrics).
The Heinkel He 51 was a German single-seat biplane which was produced in a number of different versions.
Helen Margarite Burgess (April 26, 1916 – April 7, 1937) was an American film actress.
Henry Ossawa Tanner (June 21, 1859 – May 25, 1937) was an American artist and the first African-American painter to gain international acclaim.
Herbert Paul Brooks Jr. (August 5, 1937 – August 11, 2003) was an American ice hockey player and coach.
Herbert Henry Bullmore MB ChB Edin MRCPE FRACP (12 July 1874 – 28 December 1937) was a rugby union player who represented Scotland, a leading physician and the grandfather of Australian media magnate Kerry Packer.
Herbert Feuerstein (born 15 June 1937 in Zell am See, Austria) is an Austrian and German journalist, comedian and entertainer.
Herbert Hughes (16 May 1882 – 1 May 1937) was an Irish composer, music critic and a collector and arranger of Irish folksongs.
Georges Prosper Remi (22 May 1907 – 3 March 1983), known by the pen name Hergé, was a Belgian cartoonist.
The Hindenburg disaster occurred on May 6, 1937, in Manchester Township, New Jersey, United States.
The Hollywood Bowl is an amphitheater in the Hollywood Hills neighborhood of Los Angeles, California.
Hormel Foods Corporation is an American meat-based food products company based in Austin, Minnesota.
The Hossbach Memorandum was the summary of a meeting on 5 November 1937 between German dictator Adolf Hitler and his military and foreign policy leadership in which Hitler's future expansionist policies were outlined.
Howard Robard Hughes Jr. (December 24, 1905 – April 5, 1976) was an American business magnate, investor, record-setting pilot, film director, and philanthropist, known during his lifetime as one of the most financially successful individuals in the world.
Howard William "Howie" Morenz (June 21, 1902 – March 8, 1937) was a Canadian professional ice hockey player.
Hugo Lafayette Black (February 27, 1886 – September 25, 1971) was an American politician and jurist who served in the United States Senate from 1927 to 1937, and as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1937 to 1971.
Hugo Carvana (4 June 1937 – 4 October 2014) was a Brazilian film and television actor.
Åke Hugo Hammarskjöld (20 January 1845 in Tuna, Kalmar county – 3 June 1937 in Tuna), was a Swedish public servant and politician, brother to Carl Hammarskjöld and cousin of Carl Gustaf Hammarskjöld and Hjalmar Hammarskjöld.
Hunter Stockton Thompson (July 18, 1937 – February 20, 2005) was an American journalist and author, and the founder of the gonzo journalism movement.
Ian Deans (August 16, 1937 – May 3, 2016) was a politician in Ontario, Canada.
Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice, usually in a rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponent's net to score points.
Ilarion Ionescu-Galaţi (born 17 September 1937) is a Romanian violinist and orchestra conductor.
Ildikó Újlaky-Rejtő (Rejtő Ildikó, Újlaky Jenőné, Sági Györgyné, born Ildikó Rejtő; later Ildikó Sagine-Rejto; born 11 May 1937) is a retired Hungarian Olympic champion and world champion foil fencer.
Ilie Datcu (born 20 July 1937 in Bucharest) is a Romanian former football goalkeeper and coach.
Ilya Ivanovich Garkavyi (1888–1937) was a Soviet komkor (corps commander) and organizer of Red Guards detachments in Tiraspol.
Ingrid Christensen (10 October 1891 – 18 June 1976) was an early polar explorer.
Ingrid Pitt (born Ingoushka Petrov; 21 November 193723 November 2010) was a Polish-British actress, author, and writer best known for her work in horror films of the 1960s and 1970s.
The International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON), known colloquially as the Hare Krishna movement or Hare Krishnas, is a Gaudiya Vaishnava Hindu religious organisation.
Iowa is a U.S. state in the Midwestern United States, bordered by the Mississippi River to the east and the Missouri and Big Sioux rivers to the west.
Irán Eory (October 21, 1937 – March 10, 2002, born Elvira Teresa Eory Sidi in Tehran, Iran) was an Iranian-born Mexican actress and former model.
The Irish Free State (Saorstát Éireann; 6 December 192229 December 1937) was a state established in 1922 under the Anglo-Irish Treaty of December 1921.
The original Irish Republican Army (IRA) fought a guerrilla war against British rule in Ireland in the Irish War of Independence between 1919 and 1921.
Ivan Ivanovich Kataev (Ива́н Ива́нович Ката́ев; 27 May 1902 – 19 August 1937) was a Soviet novelist, short story writer, and journalist.
Ivan Pavlovich Zhukov (1889 – 30 October 1937) was a Soviet politician.
Ivar Bauck (12 February 1863 – 1 November 1937) was a Norwegian military officer.
Joseph Bruce Ismay (12 December 1862 – 17 October 1937) was an English businessman who served as chairman and managing director of the White Star Line.
Sir James Matthew Barrie, 1st Baronet, (9 May 1860 19 June 1937) was a Scottish novelist and playwright, best remembered today as the creator of Peter Pan.
John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, (Tolkien pronounced his surname, see his phonetic transcription published on the illustration in The Return of the Shadow: The History of The Lord of the Rings, Part One. Christopher Tolkien. London: Unwin Hyman, 1988. (The History of Middle-earth; 6). In General American the surname is also pronounced. This pronunciation no doubt arose by analogy with such words as toll and polka, or because speakers of General American realise as, while often hearing British as; thus or General American become the closest possible approximation to the Received Pronunciation for many American speakers. Wells, John. 1990. Longman pronunciation dictionary. Harlow: Longman, 3 January 1892 – 2 September 1973) was an English writer, poet, philologist, and university professor who is best known as the author of the classic high fantasy works The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and The Silmarillion.
Jaberi Bidandi Ssali, also Bidandi Ssali (born 1937), is a veteran Ugandan politician and businessman.
John Joseph Nicholson (born April 22, 1937) is an American actor and filmmaker who has performed for over sixty years.
John "Jack" Worrall (20 June 1861 – 17 November 1937) was an Australian rules footballer who played for the Fitzroy Football Club in the VFA, and a Test cricketer.
Jacqueline Jill Collins OBE (4 October 1937 – 19 September 2015) was an English romance novelist.
Jacques Santer (born 18 May 1937) is a Luxembourg politician who served as the 9th President of the European Commission from 1995 to 1999.
Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose, CSI, CIE, FRS (30 November 1858 – 23 November 1937), also spelled Jagdish and Jagadis, was a polymath, physicist, biologist, biophysicist, botanist and archaeologist, and an early writer of science fiction.
Saint Jaime Hilario Barbal (2 January 1898 – 18 January 1937) - born Manuel Barbal i Cosín - was a Catalan Roman Catholic and a professed religious from the Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools.
Sir James Blindell (1884 – 10 May 1937) was a Liberal Party politician in the United Kingdom, who served as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Holland with Boston from 1929 until his death.
James Joseph Florio (born August 29, 1937) is an American Democratic politician who served as the 49th Governor of New Jersey from 1990 to 1994, the first Italian American to hold the position (he is of half Italian ancestry).
James Gordon MacArthur (December 8, 1937 – October 28, 2010) was an American actor best known for the role of Danny "Dano" Williams, the reliable second-in-command of the fictional Hawaiian State Police squad in the long-running television series Hawaii Five-O.
James A. Marcus (January 21, 1867 – October 15, 1937) was an American actor.
James Michael Curley (November 20, 1874 – November 12, 1958) was an American Democratic Party politician from Boston, Massachusetts.
James Paul "Buck" Buchanan (30 April 1867 – 22 February 1937) served as U.S. Representative from the 10th district of Texas from 1913 until his death on 22 February 1937.
Jan Kaplický (18 April 1937 – 14 January 2009) was a world-renowned Neofuturistic Czech architect who spent a significant part of his life in the United Kingdom.
Jane Seymour Fonda (born December 21, 1937) is an American actress, writer, political activist, former fashion model and fitness guru.
Jane Foss Barff (née Russell) (24 October 1863 - 10 June 1937) was the second woman to attain a Master of Arts from the University of Sydney.
January 1 is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar.
In the 20th and 21st centuries the Julian calendar is 13 days behind the Gregorian calendar, thus January 14 is sometimes celebrated as New Year's Day (Old New Year) by religious groups who use the Julian calendar.
In the ancient astronomy, it is the cusp day between Capricorn and Aquarius.
Jared Mason Diamond (born September 10, 1937) is an American ecologist, geographer, biologist, anthropologist and author best known for his popular science books The Third Chimpanzee (1991); Guns, Germs, and Steel (1997, awarded a Pulitzer Prize); Collapse (2005); and The World Until Yesterday (2012).
Jay Johnson Morrow (February 20, 1870 – April 16, 1937) was Chief Engineer of the United States First Army and as Deputy Chief Engineer of the American Expeditionary Force during World War I and Governor of the Panama Canal Zone from 1921 to 1924.
Józef Dowbor-Muśnicki (Iosif Romanovich while in the Russian military; sometimes also Dowbór-Muśnicki; 25 October 1867 – 26 October 1937) was a Russian military officer and Polish general, serving with the Imperial Russian and then Polish armies.
Jean Alingué Bawoyeu (born August 18, 1937), known in French as the vieux sage, which translates as "wise elder", is a Chadian politician who was Prime Minister of Chad from 1991 to 1992.
Jean de Brunhoff (9 December 1899 – 16 October 1937) was a French writer and illustrator remembered for creating the Babar books, the first of which appeared in 1931.
Jean Louis Conneau (8 Feb 1880 Lodève, Hérault – 5 August 1937, Lodève), better known under the pseudonym André Beaumont, was a pioneer French aviator, Naval Lieutenant and Flying boat manufacturer.
Jean-Claude Decaux (15 September 1937 – 27 May 2016) was a French entrepreneur who earned his fortune in advertising.
Jean-Louis Petit (born 20 August 1937) is a French composer, conductor and organist.
Jean-Pierre Maurice Georges Beltoise (26 April 1937 – 5 January 2015) was a French Grand Prix motorcycle road racer and Formula One driver who raced for the Matra and BRM teams.
Jenő Hubay, Jenő Hubay von Szalatna, szalatnai Hubay Jenő (15 September 185812 March 1937), also known by his German name Eugen Huber, was a Hungarian violinist, composer and music teacher.
Jerry Reed Hubbard (March 20, 1937 – September 1, 2008), known professionally as Jerry Reed, was an American country music singer, guitarist, and songwriter, as well as an actor who appeared in more than a dozen films.
Jerome Charles Weintraub (September 26, 1937 – July 6, 2015) was an American film producer, talent agent and actor whose television films won him three Emmys.
A jet engine is a type of reaction engine discharging a fast-moving jet that generates thrust by jet propulsion.
Jill Paton Walsh, CBE, FRSL (born 29 April 1937) is an English novelist and children's writer.
James Brown Whittaker (born Peter Williams; 20 August 1937 – 14 March 2018), known professionally as Jim Bowen, was an English stand-up comedian and television personality.
James Harrison (December 11, 1937 – March 26, 2016) was an American writer known for his poetry, fiction, reviews, essays about the outdoors, and writings about food.
James Lawrence Marshall (born December 30, 1937) is a former American football player who was a defensive end for the Cleveland Browns (1960) and the Minnesota Vikings (1961–1979).
James Crawford Angel (August 1, 1899December 8, 1956) was an American aviator after whom Angel Falls in Venezuela, the tallest waterfall in the world, is named.
Jo Anne Worley (born September 6, 1937) is an American actress, comedian and singer.
Johan De Roo (born 5 July 1937) is a Dutch former professional road racing cyclist between 1958 and 1968.
Jocelyn Margaret Newman (née Mullett; 7 July 1937 – 1 April 2018) was an Australian politician.
Joe Henderson (April 24, 1937 – October 25, 1964) was an American R&B and gospel singer, best known for his 1962 recording of "Snap Your Fingers".
Joe Warfield (born November 6, 1937) is an American actor born in Baltimore, Maryland.
Johannes Brahms (7 May 1833 – 3 April 1897) was a German composer and pianist of the Romantic period.
John Curtin (8 January 1885 – 5 July 1945) was an Australian politician who served as the 14th Prime Minister of Australia, in office from 1941 to his death in 1945.
John Davison Rockefeller Sr. (July 8, 1839 – May 23, 1937) was an American oil industry business magnate, industrialist, and philanthropist.
John Drinkwater (1 June 1882 – 25 March 1937) was an English poet and dramatist.
John Hugh Edrich, (born 21 June 1937) is a former English first-class cricketer who, during a career that ran from 1956 to 1978, was considered one of the best batsmen of his generation.
John Ellis Martineau (December 2, 1873 – March 6, 1937) was the 28th Governor of Arkansas, having served for less than one term from 1927 to 1928.
John Fairfax (24 October 1804 – 16 June 1877) was an English-born journalist, known for the incorporation of the major newspapers of modern-day Australia.
John Hardy Goetz (October 24, 1937 – October 27, 2008) was an American professional baseball player.
John Gresham Machen (July 28, 1881 – January 1, 1937) was an American Presbyterian theologian in the early 20th century.
John Cowan Hartford (December 30, 1937 – June 4, 2001) was an American folk, country, and bluegrass composer and musician known for his mastery of the fiddle and banjo, as well as for his witty lyrics, unique vocal style, and extensive knowledge of Mississippi River lore.
John Horton Conway FRS (born 26 December 1937) is an English mathematician active in the theory of finite groups, knot theory, number theory, combinatorial game theory and coding theory.
John Hume, KCSG (born 18 January 1937) is an Irish former politician from Derry, Northern Ireland.
John Andrew Howard Ogdon (27 January 1937 – 1 August 1989) was an English pianist and composer.
John Phillip Law (September 7, 1937 – May 13, 2008) was an American film actor.
John Ernst Steinbeck Jr. --> (February 27, 1902 – December 20, 1968) was an American author.
Johnnie L. Cochran Jr.Adam Bernstein,, The Washington Post, March 30, 2005; retrieved April 17, 2006.
Sir Johnston Forbes-Robertson (16 January 1853 – 6 November 1937Sir Johnston Forbes Robertson, Beauty And Grace In Acting, Obituaries, The Times, 8 November 1937.) was an English actor and theatre manager.
Jon Meade Huntsman Sr. (June 21, 1937 – February 2, 2018) was an American businessman and philanthropist.
José Benlliure y Gil (30 September 1858, Valencia – 5 April 1937, Valencia), was a Spanish painter.
Josef Klička (15 December 1855, Klatovy, Czech Republic – 28 March 1937, Klatovy) was a Czech organist, violinist, composer, conductor and pedagogue.
Josef Mařatka (21 May 1874, Prague – 20 April 1937, Prague) was a Czech sculptor.
Josef Vacenovský (born 9 July 1937) is a Czech football forward who played for Czechoslovakia in the 1960 European Nations' Cup.
Josep Comas i Solà (17 December 1868 – 2 December 1937) was a Spanish astronomer and discoverer of minor planets, comets and double stars, born of Catalan origin in Barcelona.
Metropolitan Joseph (secular name Ivan Semyonovich Petrovykh, Иван Семёнович Петровых; 15 December 1872 – 20 November 1937) was a metropolitan of the Russian Orthodox Church.
Joseph Ejercito "Erap" Estrada (real name José Marcelo Ejército Sr.; born April 19, 1937) is a Filipino politician and former actor who served as the 13th President of the Philippines from 1998 to 2001 and as the 9th Vice President of the Philippines from 1992 to 1998.
Joseph Aloysius Lyons (15 September 1879 – 7 April 1939) was the tenth Prime Minister of Australia, serving from January 1932 until his death.
Joseph Percival "Joe" Allen IV, Ph.D. (born June 27, 1937) is a former NASA astronaut.
Joseph Stephen Cullinan (December 31, 1860 – March 11, 1937) was a U.S. oil industrialist.
Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was a Soviet revolutionary and politician of Georgian nationality.
Joseph Taylor Robinson (August 26, 1872 – July 14, 1937), also known as Joe T. Robinson, was an American politician from Arkansas.
Joseph Aloysius Wambaugh, Jr. (born January 22, 1937) is a bestselling American writer known for his fictional and non-fictional accounts of police work in the United States.
Joseph-Félix Bouchor (15 September 1853 – 27 October 1937) was a French painter noted for his portraits and his Orientalist themes.
Juan Campisteguy Oxcoby (September 7, 1859 – September 4, 1937) was a Uruguayan soldier, lawyer, and President of Uruguay (1927–1931).
Juan Antonio Marichal Sánchez (born October 20, 1937) is a Dominican former professional baseball player.
Jules Accorsi (born 27 June 1937) is a French professional football player and manager.
Julian Heward Bell (4 February 1908 – 18 July 1937) was an English poet, and the son of Clive and Vanessa Bell (who was the elder sister of Virginia Woolf).
Julio Sánchez Gardel (15 December 1879 in Catamarca- 18 March 1937 in Buenos Aires) was an Argentine dramatist and writer.
August Julius Geppert (November 7, 1856 – March 12, 1937) was a German pharmacologist born in Berlin.
Julius L. Meier (December 31, 1874 – July 14, 1937) was an American businessman, civic leader, and politician in the state of Oregon.
It is the first day of the second half of the year.
This day is the midpoint of a common year because there are 182 days before and 182 days after it in common years, and 183 before and 182 after in leap years.
The Aphelion, the point in the year when the Earth is farthest from the Sun, occurs around this date.
The terms 7th July, July 7th, and 7/7 (pronounced "Seven-seven") have been widely used in the Western media as a shorthand for the 7 July 2005 bombings on London's transport system.
In the Northern Hemisphere, the Summer solstice sometimes occurs on this date, while the Winter solstice occurs in the Southern Hemisphere.
This day usually marks the summer solstice in the Northern Hemisphere and the winter solstice in the Southern Hemisphere, which is the day of the year with the most hours of daylight in the Northern Hemisphere and the fewest hours of daylight in the Southern Hemisphere.
In common years it is always in ISO week 26.
It is the last day of the first half of the year.
Juvénal Habyarimana (March 8, 1937 – April 6, 1994) was the 2nd President of the Republic of Rwanda, serving longer than any other president to date, from 1973 until 1994.
was a Mitsubishi Ki-15 ''Karigane'' aircraft, (registration J-BAAI) sponsored by the newspaper Asahi Shimbun.
Karol Maciej Szymanowski (3 October 188229 March 1937) was a Polish composer and pianist, the most celebrated Polish composer of the early 20th century.
Kazimierz Cichowski (Russian: Kazimir Tsikhovsky, Казимир Генрихович Циховский) (7 December 1887 in Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski – 29 October 1937) was a Polish-Soviet communist activist and politician.
Keith Bosley (born 1937) is a British poet and language expert.
was a Japanese politician who served in the House of Representatives for twelve terms and ultimately as the 54th Prime Minister of Japan from 30 July 1998 to 5 April 2000.
Ekaterine Giorgis asuli Jughashvili (née Geladze) (5 February 1858 - 4 June 1937) was the mother of Joseph Stalin.
Kenneth Higgs (14 January 1937 – 7 September 2016) was an English fast-medium bowler, who was most successful as the opening partner to Brian Statham with Lancashire in the 1960s.
Ken Ogata (緒形拳 Ogata Ken; 20 July 1937 – 5 October 2008) was a Japanese actor.
was a Japanese actor and voice actor from Kitakyūshū, affiliated with the self-founded Ken Production.
Kenneth Colley (born 7 December 1937) is an English actor.
Kerry Francis Bullmore Packer, (17 December 1937 – 26 December 2005) was an Australian media tycoon.
Kilingi-Nõmme is a town in Pärnu County, southwestern Estonia.
Curtis Piehau Iaukea III (September 15, 1937 – December 4, 2010) was a professional wrestler better known as King Curtis Iaukea.
was a Japanese Christian socialist activist and author.
Kirtanananda Swami, also known as Swami Bhaktipada (September 6, 1937 – October 24, 2011) was the highly controversial charismatic Hare Krishna guru and co-founder of the New Vrindaban Hare Krishna community in Marshall County, West Virginia, where he served as spiritual leader for 26 years (from 1968 until 1994).
The Ku Klux Klan, commonly called the KKK or simply the Klan, refers to three distinct secret movements at different points in time in the history of the United States.
The kulaks (a, plural кулаки́, p, "fist", by extension "tight-fisted"; kurkuli in Ukraine, but also used in Russian texts in Ukrainian contexts) were a category of affluent peasants in the later Russian Empire, Soviet Russia and the early Soviet Union.
Lakehurst is a borough in Ocean County, New Jersey, United States.
The Lamington National Park is a national park, lying on the Lamington Plateau of the McPherson Range on the Queensland/New South Wales border in Australia.
Lars-Erik Larsson (born 7 July 1937) is a retired Swedish rowing coxswain.
André Léon Blum (9 April 1872 – 30 March 1950) was a French politician, identified with the moderate left, and three times Prime Minister of France.
Le Petit Vingtième (The Little Twentieth) was the weekly youth supplement to the Belgian newspaper Le Vingtième Siècle ("The Twentieth Century") from 1928 to 1940.
The League of Nations (abbreviated as LN in English, La Société des Nations abbreviated as SDN or SdN in French) was an intergovernmental organisation founded on 10 January 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War.
Len Carlson (September 2, 1937 –January 26, 2006) was a Canadian voice actor on many animated television series from the 1960s onward, an occasional live-action TV actor, and a Kraft Canada TV pitchman during the 1970s and 1980s.
Leonard Francis "Len" Worley (born 26 June 1937) is a former amateur footballer who played for Wycombe Wanderers, Charlton Athletic, Tottenham Hotspur, Chesham United, Wealdstone, Slough Town, Hayes and represented England at amateur level on seven occasions.
Leonard Randolph Wilkens (born October 28, 1937) is an American retired basketball player and coach in the National Basketball Association (NBA).
Leo Philip Kadanoff (January 14, 1937 – October 26, 2015) was an American physicist.
Leon Trotsky (born Lev Davidovich Bronstein; – 21 August 1940) was a Russian revolutionary, theorist, and Soviet politician.
Leslie Howard "Les" Gelb (born March 4, 1937) is a former correspondent and columnist for The New York Times, a former senior Defense and State Department official, and currently President Emeritus of the Council on Foreign Relations.
Lev Mikhailovich Karakhan (Karakhanian) Armenian Կարախանյան Լեւոն Միքայելի, Russian Лев Михайлович Карахан (20 January 1889, Tiflis – 20 September 1937, Moscow) was an ethnic Armenian-born Russian revolutionary and a Soviet diplomat.
Lilias Eveline Armstrong (29 September 1882 – 9 December 1937) was an English phonetician.
Lily Pons (born Alice Joséphine Pons, April 12, 1898 – February 13, 1976) was a French-American operatic soprano and actress who had an active career from the late 1920s through the early 1970s.
The Lincoln Tunnel is an approximately tunnel under the Hudson River, consisting of three vehicular tubes.
Linda Lavin (born October 15, 1937) is an American singer and actress.
Lionel Jospin (born 12 July 1937) is a French politician, who served as Prime Minister of France from 1997 to 2002.
The following is a list of Governors of the Panama Canal Zone while it was under U.S. control.
The following is a complete list of heads of state of the Central African Republic and the Central African Empire.
Under the 1977 Constitution of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), the Chairman of the Council of Ministers was the head of government and the Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet was the head of state.
The President of Czechoslovakia was the head of state of Czechoslovakia, from the creation of the First Czechoslovak Republic in 1918 until the dissolution of the Czech and Slovak Federative Republic in 1992.
This article lists the Presidents of Rwanda since the creation of the office in 1961 (during the Rwandan Revolution), to the present day.
William Edward "Little Willie" John (November 15, 1937 – May 26, 1968) was an American rock 'n' roll and R&B singer who performed in the 1950s and early 1960s.
Lizardo García Sorroza (26 April 1844 – 29 May 1937) was President of Ecuador from 1 September 1905 to 15 January 1906.
Llanes (the Concejo de Llanes, Conceyu de Llanes in Asturian language) is a municipality of the province of Asturias, in northern Spain.
Sir Lloyd Erskine Sandiford, KA, PC (born March 24, 1937) is a Barbadian politician.
Lobotomy, also known as leucotomy, is a neurosurgical and form of psychosurgery. Operation that involves severing connections in the brain's prefrontal lobe.
Look was a bi-weekly, general-interest magazine published in Des Moines, Iowa, from 1937 to 1971, with more of an emphasis on photographs than articles.
Looney Tunes is an American animated series of comedy short films produced by Warner Bros. from 1930 to 1969 during the golden age of American animation, alongside its sister series Merrie Melodies.
Gerald David "Lorenzo" Music (May 2, 1937 – August 4, 2001) was an American actor, voice actor, writer, producer and musician.
Loretta Jane Swit (born November 4, 1937) is an American stage and television actress known for her character roles.
Los Angeles (Spanish for "The Angels";; officially: the City of Los Angeles; colloquially: by its initials L.A.) is the second-most populous city in the United States, after New York City.
The Los Angeles Philharmonic (LA Phil or LAP) is an American orchestra based in Los Angeles, California.
Lou Andreas-Salomé (born either Louise von Salomé or Luíza Gustavovna Salomé or Lioulia von Salomé, Луиза Густавовна Саломе; 12 February 18615 February 1937) was a Russian-born psychoanalyst and author.
Louis Victor Jules Vierne (8 October 1870 – 2 June 1937) was a French organist and composer.
Luciana Paluzzi (born 10 June 1937, Rome, Italy) is an Italian American actress.
Lucy Beaumont (born Lucy Emily Pinkstone, 18 May 1869 – 24 April 1937) was an English actress of the stage and screen from Bristol.
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II.
Luis Fernández Álvarez (1 April 1853 – 24 May 1937) was a Spanish American physician and researcher who practiced in California and Hawaii.
Lydia Phindile Makhubu (born 1 July 1937) is a retired Swazi chemist and former professor of chemistry, dean and vice-chancellor of the University of Swaziland.
The Lyons Government was the federal Executive Government of Australia led by Prime Minister Joseph Lyons.
LZ 129 Hindenburg (Luftschiff Zeppelin #129; Registration: D-LZ 129) was a large German commercial passenger-carrying rigid airship, the lead ship of the ''Hindenburg'' class, the longest class of flying machine and the largest airship by envelope volume.
Madeleine Jana Korbel Albright (born May 15, 1937) is an American politician and diplomat.
Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole.
Mary Jane "Mae" West (August 17, 1893 – November 22, 1980) was an American actress, singer, playwright, screenwriter, comedian, and sex symbol whose entertainment career spanned seven decades, well-known for her lighthearted bawdy double entendres and breezy sexual independence.
Samuel Gene Maghett (February 14, 1937 – December 1, 1969), known as Magic Sam, was an American Chicago blues musician.
Magnar Solberg (born 4 February 1937) is a former Norwegian biathlete and police officer.
Magnús Guðmundsson (6 February 1879 – 28 November 1937) was an Icelandic politician.
Maksymilian Horwitz (pseudonym: Henryk Walecki; 1877-1937) was a leader and theoretician of the Polish communist movement.
Malcolm Williams (July 16, 1870 Spring Valley, Minnesota – June 10, 1937 New York, New York) was an American actor and composer.
Mandatory Palestine (فلسطين; פָּלֶשְׂתִּינָה (א"י), where "EY" indicates "Eretz Yisrael", Land of Israel) was a geopolitical entity under British administration, carved out of Ottoman Syria after World War I. British civil administration in Palestine operated from 1920 until 1948.
Manfred Krug (8 February 1937 – 21 October 2016) was a German actor, singer and author.
Manuel Enrique Felix Lopez (August 17, 1937 in Junin – January 1, 2004 in Portoviejo) was an Ecuadorian businessman and politician.
Venerable Mother María Luisa Josefa of the Most Blessed Sacrament, also called Mother Luisita (June 21, 1866 – February 11, 1937) was a Mexican Roman Catholic nun who founded the Carmelite Sisters of the Sacred Heart of Mexico and the Carmelite Sisters of the Most Sacred Heart of Los Angeles.
In the Roman calendar, March 15 was known as the Ides of March.
Typically the March equinox falls on this date, marking the vernal point in the Northern Hemisphere and the autumnal point in the Southern Hemisphere.
In astrology, the day of the equinox is the first full day of the sign of Aries.
March 24th is the 365th and last day of the year in many European implementations of the Julian calendar.
The Marco Polo Bridge Incident, also known by several other names, was a battle between the Republic of China's National Revolutionary Army and the Imperial Japanese Army.
Margaret O'Brien (born Angela Maxine O'Brien; January 15, 1937) is an American film, radio, television, and stage actress.
Blessed Maria Teresa Casini (27 October 1864 – 3 April 1937) was an Italian nun and was the founder of the Oblate Sisters of the Sacred Heart of Jesus.
Marie Prevost (born Marie Bickford Dunn, November 8, 1896 – January 21, 1937) was a Canadian-born film actress.
The Marihuana Tax Act of 1937,, was a United States Act that placed a tax on the sale of cannabis.
Marin County is a county located in the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California.
Margaret Julia "Marlo" Thomas (born November 21, 1937) is an American actress, producer, author, and social activist known for starring on the sitcom That Girl (1966–1971) and her award-winning children's franchise Free to Be... You and Me.
Marta Cunningham CBE (December 1869 - June 25, 1937), was an American-born European-based soprano-singer and philanthropist.
Martin Elmer Johnson (October 9, 1884 – January 13, 1937) and his wife Osa Helen Johnson (née Leighty, March 14, 1894 – January 7, 1953) were American adventurers and documentary filmmakers.
William Martin Conway, 1st Baron Conway of Allington (12 April 1856 – 19 April 1937), known between 1895 and 1931 as Sir Martin Conway, was an English art critic, politician, cartographer and mountaineer, who made expeditions in Europe as well as in South America and Asia.
Friedrich Gustav Emil Martin Niemöller (14 January 18926 March 1984) was a German anti-Nazi theologian and Lutheran pastor.
Martin Rázus (pseudonym: Mrazák) (18 October 1888, Liptovský Mikuláš, Liptó County, Kingdom of Hungary - 8 August 1937, Brezno) was a Slovak poet, dramatist, writer, politician and Lutheran priest.
Martti Ahtisaari (officially Martti Oiva Kalevi Ahtisaari; born 23 June 1937) is a Finnish politician, the tenth President of Finland (1994–2000), a Nobel Peace Prize laureate, and a United Nations diplomat and mediator noted for his international peace work.
Mary Ann Mobley (February 17, 1937 – December 9, 2014) was an American actress, television personality and Miss America 1959.
Mary Russell, Duchess of Bedford (26 September 1865 – ca. 22 March 1937) was an English aviator and ornithologist.
Maryanne Trump Barry (born April 5, 1937) is an American attorney and a inactive Senior United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit.
Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, "knowledge, study, learning") is the study of such topics as quantity, structure, space, and change.
Matvei Ivanovich Vasilenko (November 25, 1888 – July 1, 1937) was a Soviet komkor (corps commander).
The island of Maui (Hawaiian) is the second-largest of the Hawaiian Islands at 727.2 square miles (1,883 km2) and is the 17th-largest island in the United States.
Maumoon Abdul Gayoom (މައުމޫން އަބްދުލް ގައްޔޫމް; born December 29, 1937), is a Maldivian Statesmen and an Islamic scholar who ruled the country as the President of Maldives from 1978 to 2008.
Maurice Joy Conner (November 30, 1868 – May 9, 1937), sometimes spelled Maurice Joy Connor, was a Canadian politician who served as the member of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta for Warner from 1921 until 1935.
Maurice Joseph Tobin (May 22, 1901July 19, 1953) was a Mayor of Boston, Massachusetts, the Governor of Massachusetts, and United States Secretary of Labor.
Joseph Maurice Ravel (7 March 1875 – 28 December 1937) was a French composer, pianist and conductor.
Mauro Staccioli (11 February 1937 – 1 January 2018) was an Italian sculptor.
This day marks the approximate midpoint of spring in the Northern Hemisphere and of autumn in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the March equinox).
Málaga is a municipality, capital of the Province of Málaga, in the Autonomous Community of Andalusia, Spain.
Mélanie Hélène Bonis, known as Mel Bonis (b. 4th arrondissement of Paris, 21 January 1858 – d. Sarcelles (Val-d'Oise), 18 March 1937) was a prolific French classical composer.
Me and My Girl is a musical with music by Noel Gay and its original book and lyrics by Douglas Furber and L. Arthur Rose.
Meeli Sööt (born 13 September 1937) is an Estonian stage, television, radio and film actress.
Meliton Balanchivadze (მელიტონ ბალანჩივაძე; 24 December 1862 – 21 December 1937) was a Georgian opera singer, composer and a celebrated member of Georgia's cultural scene, both under the Russian Empire and during the country's independence.
In the Memorial Day massacre of 1937, the Chicago Police Department shot and killed ten unarmed demonstrators in Chicago, on May 30, 1937.
Mendel Khatayevich Мендель Маркович Хатаевич) (3 October 1893 – 30 October 1937) was a Soviet politician., a biography at www.hrono.ru (in Russian) Born in Gomel in 1893, Khatayevich joined the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party in 1913. Between 1917 and 1919 he was in various leading Communist Party of the Soviet Union functions in his native Gomel. In 1921 he was transferred to Ukraine. Between 1932 and 1937 Khatayevich was a member of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party (Bolsheviks) of Ukraine. In 1933 he became 1st Secretary of the Dnipropetrovsk regional committee and from 17 March 1937 was 2nd Secretary of the Communist Party (Bolsheviks) of Ukraine. He was one of the main organizers of collectivization in the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, which caused the death by starvation of millions of people. On 7 September 1937 he was arrested, and on 27 October 1937 sentenced to death on charges of participating in a counterrevolutionary terrorist organization and executed. In 1956 Khatayevich was rehabilitated and restored in the party. In a ruling on 13 January 2010 Kiev’s Court of Appeals found Khatayevich and other long-dead Bolshevik leaders Joseph Stalin, Vyacheslav Molotov, Lazar Kaganovich, Pavel Postyshev, Stanislav Kosior and Vlas Chubar guilty of "organizing genocide of the Ukrainian ethnic group".
Mengistu Haile Mariam (መንግስቱ ኃይለ ማርያም, pronounced; born 21 May 1937) is an Ethiopian soldier and politician who was the dictator of Ethiopia from 1977 to 1991.
Merle Ronald Haggard (April 6, 1937 – April 6, 2016) was an American country singer, songwriter, guitarist, and fiddler.
Michał Drzymała (13 September 1857 – 25 April 1937) was a Polish peasant living in the Greater Poland region (or the Grand Duchy of Posen) under Prussian rule.
Michael Bowen (December 8, 1937 – March 7, 2009) was an American fine artist known as one of the co-founders of the late 20th and 21st century Visionary art movements. His works include paintings on canvas and paper, 92 intaglio etchings based on Jungian psychology, assemblage, bronze sculpture, collage, and handmade art books. An icon of the American Beat Generation and the 1960s counterculture, Bowen is also known for his role in inspiring and organizing the first Human Be-In in San Francisco. Chronicled in books and periodicals reflecting on the turbulent 1960s, Bowen's historical impact on both the literary and visual art worlds is well documented. He remains influential among avant-garde art circles around the world.
Michael Charles Chilufya Sata (6 July 1937 – 28 October 2014) was a Zambian politician who was the fifth President of Zambia, from 23 September 2011 until his death on 28 October 2014.
Michael von Faulhaber (5 March 1869 – 12 June 1952) was a Roman Catholic Cardinal who was Archbishop of Munich for 35 years, from 1917 to his death in 1952.
Michael Holcombe Wilson, (born November 4, 1937) is a Canadian businessman and former politician and diplomat.
Michigan is a state in the Great Lakes and Midwestern regions of the United States.
Mikhail Nikolayevich Tukhachevsky (Михаи́л Никола́евич Тухаче́вский; – June 12, 1937) was a leading Soviet military leader and theoretician from 1918 to 1937.
Mikk Mikiver (4 September 1937 – 9 January 2006) was a prominent Estonian stage and film actor and theater director.
Miklós Kovács (Prekmurje Slovene: Mikloš Kovač, Nikolaj Kovač) (November 24, 1857 – November 23, 1937) was a Hungarian Slovene cantor and writer.
was a Japanese film director, screenwriter, and actor who was one of the major directors of the silent era in Japan.
Mit brennender Sorge, "With burning concern") On the Church and the German Reich is an encyclical of Pope Pius XI, issued during the Nazi era on 10 March 1937 (but bearing a date of Passion Sunday, 14 March)."Church and state through the centuries", Sidney Z. Ehler & John B Morrall, pp. 518–519, org pub 1954, reissued 1988, Biblo & Tannen, 1988, Written in German, not the usual Latin, it was smuggled into Germany for fear of censorship and was read from the pulpits of all German Catholic churches on one of the Church's busiest Sundays, Palm Sunday (21 March that year).Anton Gill; An Honourable Defeat; A History of the German Resistance to Hitler; Heinemann; London; 1994; p.58 The encyclical condemned breaches of the 1933 Reichskonkordat agreement signed between the German Reich and the Holy See. It condemned "pantheistic confusion", "neopaganism", "the so-called myth of race and blood", and the idolizing of the State. It contained a vigorous defense of the Old Testament with the belief that it prepares the way for the New.Paul O'Shea, A Cross too Heavy, p.156-157 The encyclical states that race is a fundamental value of the human community, which is necessary and honorable but condemns the exaltation of race, or the people, or the state, above their standard value to an idolatrous level. The encyclical declares "that man as a person possesses rights he holds from God, and which any collectivity must protect against denial, suppression or neglect." National Socialism, Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party are not named in the document. The term "Reich Government" is used. The effort to produce and distribute over 300,000 copies of the letter was entirely secret, allowing priests across Germany to read the letter without interference. The Gestapo raided the churches the next day to confiscate all the copies they could find, and the presses that had printed the letter were closed. According to historian Ian Kershaw, an intensification of the general anti-church struggle began around April in response to the encyclical.Ian Kershaw; Hitler a Biography; 2008 Edn; WW Norton & Company; London; p. 381–382 Scholder wrote: "state officials and the Party reacted with anger and disapproval. Nevertheless the great reprisal that was feared did not come. The concordat remained in force and despite everything the intensification of the battle against the two churches which then began remained within ordinary limits."Scholder, p. 154-155 The regime further constrained the actions of the Church and harassed monks with staged prosecutions. Though Hitler is not named in the encyclical, it does refer to a "mad prophet" that some claim refers to Hitler himself.McGonigle, p. 172: "the encyclical Mit brennender Sorge was read in Catholic Churches in Germany. In effect it taught that the racial ideas of the leader (Führer) and totalitarianism stood in opposition to the Catholic faith; Bokenkotter, pp. 389–392; Historian Michael Phayer wrote that the encyclical doesn't condemn Hitler or National Socialism, "as some have erroneously asserted" (Phayer, 2002), p. 2; "His encyclical Mit brennender Sorge was the 'first great official public document to dare to confront and criticize Nazism' and even described the Führer himself as a 'mad prophet possessed of repulsive arrogance.'"; Rhodes, pp. 204–205: "Mit brennender Sorge did not prevaricate... Nor was the Fuhrer himself spared, for his 'aspirations to divinity', 'placing himself on the same level as Christ': 'a mad prophet possessed of repulsive arrogance' (widerliche Hochmut)."; "It was not the case that Pius failed to "spare the Fuhrer," or called him a "mad prophet possessed of repulsive arrogance." The text limits its critique of arrogance to unnamed Nazi "reformers" (John Connelly, Harvard University Press, 2012, "From Enemy to Brother: The Revolution in Catholic Teaching on the Jews, 1933–1965", p. 315, fn 52).
The Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series (often shortened to the Cup Series) is the top racing series of the National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR).
Morgan Freeman, The New Yorker, July 3, 1978.
Moritz Geiger (Frankfurt, 26 June 1880 – Seal Harbor, Maine, 9 September 1937) was a German philosopher and a disciple of Edmund Husserl.
The Moscow Trials were a series of trials held in the Soviet Union at the instigation of Joseph Stalin between 1936 and 1938 against so-called Trotskyists and members of Right Opposition of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
Mount Rushmore National Memorial is a sculpture carved into the granite face of Mount Rushmore, a batholith in the Black Hills in Keystone, South Dakota, United States.
Caroline Louise Dudley (June 10, 1857 – November 13, 1937) was an American silent film and stage actress who found fame on Broadway through collaborations with impresario David Belasco.
Mykhailo Boychuk (Миха́йло Льво́вич Бойчу́к, 30 October 1882 - 13 July 1937) was an Ukrainian painter, most commonly known as a monumentalist.
Na Woon-gyu (October 27, 1902 – August 9, 1937) was a Korean actor, screenwriter and director.
Nanami Shiono (Shiono Nanami, b. 7 July 1937), is a Japanese author and novelist known for her works on the history of Italy, especially those dealing with ancient Rome and the Renaissance period.
Nancy Wilson (born February 20, 1937) is an American singer with more than seventy albums, and three Grammy Awards.
Nanjing, formerly romanized as Nanking and Nankin, is the capital of Jiangsu province of the People's Republic of China and the second largest city in the East China region, with an administrative area of and a total population of 8,270,500.
The Nanking Massacre was an episode of mass murder and mass rape committed by Japanese troops against the residents of Nanjing (Nanking), then the capital of the Republic of China, during the Second Sino-Japanese War.
Oliver Napoleon Hill (born October 26, 1883 – November 8, 1970) was an American self-help author.
---- Nathan Birnbaum (נתן בירנבוים; pseudonyms: "Mathias Acher", "Dr. N. Birner", "Mathias Palme", "Anton Skart", "Theodor Schwarz", and "Pantarhei"; 16 May 1864 – 2 April 1937) was an Austrian writer and journalist, Jewish thinker and nationalist.
The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum is an American history museum and hall of fame, located in Cooperstown, New York, and operated by private interests.
The National Labor Relations Act of 1935 (49 Stat. 449) (also known as the Wagner Act after New York Senator Robert F. Wagner) is a foundational statute of United States labor law which guarantees basic rights of private sector employees to organize into trade unions, engage in collective bargaining for better terms and conditions at work, and take collective action including strike if necessary.
The National Party of Australia (also known as The Nationals or simply, The Nats) is an Australian political party.
The National Revolutionary Army (NRA), sometimes shortened to Revolutionary Army (革命軍) before 1928, and as National Army (國軍) after 1928, was the military arm of the Kuomintang (KMT, or the Chinese Nationalist Party) from 1925 until 1947 in the Republic of China.
The Nationalist government, officially the National Government of the Republic of China, refers to the government of the Republic of China between 1 July 1925 to 20 May 1948, led by the Kuomintang (KMT, Chinese Nationalist Party).
Natural gas is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas mixture consisting primarily of methane, but commonly including varying amounts of other higher alkanes, and sometimes a small percentage of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, hydrogen sulfide, or helium.
Sheikh Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah (Arabic: الشيخ نواف الأحمد الجابر الصباح Nawaf al-Ahmad al-Jābir as-Sabāh, born 25 June 1937) is the Crown Prince of Kuwait and Deputy Commander of the Military of Kuwait.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism, is the ideology and practices associated with the Nazi Party – officially the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) – in Nazi Germany, and of other far-right groups with similar aims.
Nazmi Ziya Güran (1881 – 11 September 1937) was a Turkish Impressionist painter and art teacher.
Nazzareno Formosa (29 March 1901 - 22 July 1937) was an American-Maltese Roman Catholic priest who served as curate of the Parish Church of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary in Manhattan, New York City.
Némèse Garneau (November 15, 1847 – November 16, 1937) was a Canadian politician in the province of Quebec.
The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of NBCUniversal, a subsidiary of Comcast.
The NBC Symphony Orchestra was a radio orchestra established by David Sarnoff, the president of the Radio Corporation of America, especially for the celebrated conductor Arturo Toscanini.
Ned Thomas Beatty (born July 6, 1937) is an American actor.
Edward Hugh Hanlon (August 22, 1857 – April 14, 1937), also known as "Foxy Ned", and sometimes referred to as "The Father of Modern Baseball," was an American professional baseball player and manager whose career spanned from 1876 to 1914.
Neeme Järvi (born 7 June 1937) is an Estonian American conductor.
Neville Bannister (born 21 July 1937) is an English former footballer who scored 30 goals from 154 appearances in the Football League playing as an outside right for Bolton Wanderers, Lincoln City, Hartlepools United and Rochdale.
Arthur Neville Chamberlain (18 March 1869 – 9 November 1940) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from May 1937 to May 1940.
The New Deal was a series of programs, public work projects, financial reforms and regulations enacted in the United States 1933-36, in response to the Great Depression.
New Guinea (Nugini or, more commonly known, Papua, historically, Irian) is a large island off the continent of Australia.
The New London School explosion occurred on March 18, 1937, when a natural gas leak caused an explosion, destroying the London School of New London, Texas, a community in Rusk County previously known as "London".
New London is a city in Rusk County, Texas, United States.
Newton Diehl Baker Jr. (December 3, 1871December 25, 1937) was an American lawyer, Georgist,Noble, Ransom E. "Henry George and the Progressive Movement." The American Journal of Economics and Sociology, vol.
Nikolai Petrovich Batalov (Николай Петрович Баталов; 6 December 1899 in Moscow - 10 November 1937 in Moscow) was a Russian actor.
Nikolai Alekseevich Klyuev Николай Алексеевич Клюев (occasionally transliterated from the Cyrillic alphabet as Kliuev, Kluev, Klyuyev, or Kluyev) (10 October 1884 - 23 October 1937), was a notable Russian poet.
Nikolai Ivanovich Yezhov,; May 1, 1895 – February 4, 1940) was a Soviet secret police official under Joseph Stalin who was head of the NKVD from 1936 to 1938, during the most active period of the Great Purge. Having presided over mass arrests and executions during the Great Purge, Yezhov eventually fell from Stalin's favour and power. He was arrested, confessed to a range of anti-Soviet activity, later claiming he was tortured into making these confessions, and was executed in 1940. By the beginning of World War II, his status within the Soviet Union had become that of enemy of the people.
The People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs (Народный комиссариат внутренних дел, Narodnyy Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del), abbreviated NKVD (НКВД), was the interior ministry of the Soviet Union.
NKVD troika or Special troika (особая тройка), in Soviet history, were The People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs (NKVD which would later be the beginning of the KGB) of three persons who issued sentences to people after simplified, speedy investigations and without a public and fair trial.
National Labor Relations Board v. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corporation, 301 U.S. 1 (1937), was a US labor law case in the United States Supreme Court that declared that the National Labor Relations Act of 1935 (commonly known as the Wagner Act) was constitutional.
Noë Bloch (1875-1937) was a Russian-born film producer.
The Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (officially Sveriges riksbanks pris i ekonomisk vetenskap till Alfred Nobels minne, or the Swedish National Bank's Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel), commonly referred to as the Nobel Prize in Economics, is an award for outstanding contributions to the field of economics, and generally regarded as the most prestigious award for that field.
The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish, Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is one of the five Nobel Prizes created by the Swedish industrialist, inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, and Literature.
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry (Nobelpriset i kemi) is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to scientists in the various fields of chemistry.
The Nobel Prize in Literature (Nobelpriset i litteratur) is a Swedish literature prize that has been awarded annually, since 1901, to an author from any country who has, in the words of the will of Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel, produced "in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction" (original Swedish: "den som inom litteraturen har producerat det mest framstående verket i en idealisk riktning").
The Nobel Prize in Physics (Nobelpriset i fysik) is a yearly award given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for those who conferred the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of physics.
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (Nobelpriset i fysiologi eller medicin), administered by the Nobel Foundation, is awarded once a year for outstanding discoveries in the fields of life sciences and medicine.
Noel de Medeiros Rosa (December 11, 1910 - May 4, 1937) was a Brazilian songwriter, singer, and guitar/mandolin player.
During the Spanish Civil War, several countries followed a principle of non-intervention, to avoid any potential escalation and possible expansion of the war to other nations, which would result in the signing of the Non-Intervention Agreement in August 1936 and the setting up of the Non-Intervention Committee, which first met in September.
Sir (Walter) Norman Haworth FRS.
North Carolina is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States.
A novella is a text of written, fictional, narrative prose normally longer than a short story but shorter than a novel, somewhere between 7,500 and 40,000 words.
Nylon is a generic designation for a family of synthetic polymers, based on aliphatic or semi-aromatic polyamides.
The Nyon Conference was a diplomatic conference held in Nyon, Switzerland in September 1937 to address attacks on international shipping in the Mediterranean Sea during the Spanish Civil War.
Obed Mfanyana Dlamini (4 April 1937, in Mhlosheni – 18 January 2017 at Milpark Hospital) was Prime Minister of Swaziland from 12 July 1989 to 25 October 1993.
Of Mice and Men is a novella written by author John Steinbeck.
The Ohio River flood of 1937 took place in late January and February 1937.
Oliver Law (October 23, 1900 – July 9, 1937) was an African-American communist and labor organizer, who fought for the Republic in the Spanish Civil War.
Chief Olusegun Mathew Okikiola Aremu Obasanjo, GCFR, Ph.D. (Olúṣẹ́gun Ọbásanjọ́; born 5 May 1937) is a former Nigerian Army general who was President of Nigeria from 1999 to 2007.
Orlando Manuel "Peruchin" Cepeda Pennes (born September 17, 1937) is a Puerto Rican former Major League Baseball first baseman and a member of the National Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, New York.
Orso Mario Corbino (30 April 1876, Augusta – 23 January 1937, Rome) was an Italian physicist and politician.
Oscar Levant (December 27, 1906August 14, 1972) was an American concert pianist, composer, music conductor, bestselling author, radio game show panelist and personality, television talk show host, and actor. He was as famous for his mordant character and witticisms, on the radio and in movies and television, as for his music.
James Ripley Osgood Perkins (May 16, 1892 – September 21, 1937) was an American actor.
Osman Nuri Hadžić (28 June 1869 – 23 December 1937) was a Bosnian intellectual and writer.
Otto Nossan Klemperer (14 May 18856 July 1973) was a Jewish German-born conductor and composer, described as "the last of the few really great conductors of his generation.".
Owen Burns (October 31, 1869 - August 22, 1937) was born in Fredericktown in Cecil County on the Eastern Shore of Maryland.
Pablo Ruiz Picasso (25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973) was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life in France.
Paolo Conte (born January 6, 1937) is an Italian singer, pianist, composer, and lawyer notable for his grainy, resonant voice, his colourful and dreamy compositions (evocative of Italian and Mediterranean sounds, as well as of jazz music, South American atmospheres, and of French-language singers like Jacques Brel and Georges Brassens) and his wistful, sometimes melancholic lyrics.
Paolo Iashvili (პაოლო იაშვილი; 29 June 1894 – 22 July 1937) was a Georgian poet and one of the leaders of Georgian symbolist movement.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
The parsley massacre (Spanish: el corte "the cutting"; Haitian Creole: kout kouto-a "the stabbing") took place in October 1937 against Haitians living in the Dominican Republic's northwestern frontier and in certain parts of the contiguous Cibao region.
In the liturgical year of some Christian denominations, Passion Sunday is the fifth Sunday of Lent, marking the beginning of the two-week period called Passiontide.
A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state or intergovernmental organization to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention.
Paul Milford Abels (1937–1992) was an American Methodist minister who became the country's first openly gay minister to serve in a major Christian denomination.
Paul Behncke (13 August 1869 – 4 January 1937) was a German admiral during the First World War, most notable for his command of the Third Battle Squadron of the German High Seas Fleet during the Battle of Jutland.
Paul Elmer More (December 12, 1864 – March 9, 1937) was an American journalist, critic, essayist and Christian apologist.
Paul Mackintosh Foot (8 November 1937 – 18 July 2004) was a British investigative journalist, political campaigner, author, and long-time member of the Socialist Workers Party (SWP).
Prof Paul Karrer FRS FRSE FCS (21 April 1889 – 18 June 1971) was a Swiss organic chemist best known for his research on vitamins.
Noel Paul Stookey (born December 30, 1937) is an American singer-songwriter.
Paxton Whitehead (born 17 October 1937) is an English actor.
Pedro Albizu Campos (September 12, 1891Luis Fortuño Janeiro. Album Histórico de Ponce (1692-1963). p. 290. Ponce, Puerto Rico: Imprenta Fortuño. 1963. – April 21, 1965) was a Puerto Rican attorney and politician, and the leading figure in the Puerto Rican independence movement.
Pedro Chutró (February 18, 1880 – October 19, 1937) was an Argentine physician who was a renowned surgeon.
The Peel Commission, formally known as the Palestine Royal Commission, was a British Royal Commission of Inquiry, headed by Lord Peel, appointed in 1936 to investigate the causes of unrest in Mandatory Palestine, which was administered by Britain, following the six-month-long Arab general strike in Mandatory Palestine.
Peljidiin Genden (Пэлжидийн Гэндэн; 1892 or 1895 – November 26, 1937) was a prominent political leader of the Mongolian People's Republic who served as the country's second president (1924 to 1927) and the ninth prime minister (1932–1936).
Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania German: Pennsylvaani or Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.
Percy Gardner, (24 November 1846 – 17 July 1937) was an English classical archaeologist and numismatist.
Percy Lee Gassaway (August 30, 1885 – May 15, 1937) was an American politician and a U.S. Representative from Oklahoma.
Peter Edward Cook (17 November 1937 – 9 January 1995) was an English actor, satirist, writer and comedian.
Pedro de Jesús Maldonado Lucero (June 15, 1892 – February 11, 1937) was a Mexican diocesan priest who became the first canonized saint and martyr from Chihuahua City, Mexico.
St. Hieromartyr Peter of Krutitsy (Священному́ченик Пётр Крути́цкий, born Pyotr Fyodorovich Polyansky, Пётр Фёдорович Поля́нский; June 28, 1862 – September 27 O. S./October 10, 1937), was a Russian Orthodox bishop and martyr. From April 12 till December 9, 1925 he was the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, serving as the Patriarchal locum tenens. Despite his imprisonment, he remained technically locum tenens until his death in 1937.
Peter Smith (born 18 July 1937) is a Scottish former footballer who played as a defender.
Peter, Paul and Mary was an American folk group formed in New York City in 1961, during the American folk music revival phenomenon.
Philanthropy means the love of humanity.
Philip Glass (born January 31, 1937) is an American composer.
Phyllis J. Baker (June 3, 1937 – July 11, 2006) was a pitcher who played from through in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League.
Pierluigi Chicca (22 December 1937 – 18 June 2017) was an Italian fencer.
Pierre Bodard (15 April 1881, Bordeaux - 18 June 1937, Paris) was a French painter, best known for his scenes depicting the West Indies.
Pierre de Frédy, Baron de Coubertin (born Pierre de Frédy; 1 January 1863 – 2 September 1937, also known as Pierre de Coubertin and Baron de Coubertin) was a French educator and historian, and founder of the International Olympic Committee, as well as its second President.
Pietro Biginelli (25 July 1860 – 15 January 1937) was an Italian chemist, who discovered a three-component reaction between urea, acetoacetic ester and aldehydes (Biginelli reaction).
Blessed Giuseppe "Pino" Puglisi (15 September 1937 – 15 September 1993) was a Roman Catholic priest in the rough Palermo neighbourhood of Brancaccio.
Piracy is an act of robbery or criminal violence by ship or boat-borne attackers upon another ship or a coastal area, typically with the goal of stealing cargo and other valuable items or properties.
The Polish Operation of the Soviet security service in 1937–1938 was a mass operation of the NKVD carried out in the Soviet Union against Poles (labeled by the Soviets as "agents") during the period of the Great Purge.
Polly Dean Holliday (born July 2, 1937) is an American actress who has appeared on stage, television and in film.
The Ponce massacre was an event that took place on Palm Sunday, 21 March 1937, in Ponce, Puerto Rico, when a peaceful civilian march turned into a police shooting in which 19 civilians and two policemen were killed, and more than 200 others wounded.
Pope Pius XI, (Pio XI) born Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti (31 May 1857 – 10 February 1939), was head of the Catholic Church from 6 February 1922 to his death in 1939.
Pope Pius XII (Pio XII), born Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli (2 March 18769 October 1958), was the Pope of the Catholic Church from 2 March 1939 to his death.
Popeye the Sailor is a cartoon fictional character created by Elzie Crisler Segar.
Porgy and Bess is an English-language opera by the American composer George Gershwin, with a libretto written by author DuBose Heyward and lyricist Ira Gershwin.
Porky's Duck Hunt is a 1937 Looney Tunes cartoon directed by Tex Avery.
Presbyterianism is a part of the reformed tradition within Protestantism which traces its origins to Britain, particularly Scotland, and Ireland.
The President of Algeria is the head of state and chief executive of Algeria, as well as the commander-in-chief of the Algerian People's National Armed Forces.
The President of the Argentine Nation (Presidente de la Nación Argentina), usually known as the President of Argentina, is both head of state and head of government of Argentina.
The President of the Republic of Ecuador (Presidente de la República del Ecuador) serves as both the head of state and head of government of Ecuador, is the highest political office in the country as the head of the executive branch of government.
The President of Ethiopia, officially the President of the Federal Republic of Ethiopia is the head of state of Ethiopia.
The President of the Republic of Finland (Suomen tasavallan presidentti, Republiken Finlands president) is the head of state of Finland.
The President of the French Republic (Président de la République française) is the executive head of state of France in the French Fifth Republic.
The President of Iraq is the head of state of Iraq and "safeguards the commitment to the Constitution and the preservation of Iraq's independence, sovereignty, unity, the security of its territories in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution".
The President of Ireland (Uachtarán na hÉireann) is the head of state of the Republic of Ireland and the Supreme Commander of the Irish Defence Forces.
The President of Latvia (Latvijas Valsts prezidents, literally "State President"), is head of state and commander-in-chief of the National Armed Forces of the Republic of Latvia.
The President of Mongolia (Mongol Ulsyn Yerönkhiilögch) is the executive head of state of Mongolia.
The President of the Republic of Nicaragua (Presidente de la República de Nicaragua) is the head of state of Nicaragua.
The President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria is the head of state and head of the national executive of Nigeria.
The President of the European Council is a principal representative of the European Union (EU) on the world stage, and the person presiding over and driving forward the work of the European Council.
The President of the Executive Council of the Irish Free State (Uachtarán ar Ard-Chomhairle Shaorstát Éireann) was the head of government or prime minister of the Irish Free State which existed from 1922 to 1937.
The International Olympic Committee is a corporation based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrius Vikelas on 23 June 1894.
The President of the Maldives is the head of state and government of the Republic of Maldives, and the commander-in-chief of the Maldives National Defence Force.
The President of the Philippines (Pangulo ng Pilipinas, informally referred to as Presidente ng Pilipinas; or in Presidente de Filipinas) is the head of state and head of government of the Philippines.
The President of the Oriental Republic of Uruguay (Presidente de la República Oriental del Uruguay) is the head of state and head of government of Uruguay.
The President of Vanuatu is the head of state of Vanuatu.
The President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (Chủ tịch nước Cộng hoà Xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam) is, according to the constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, the elected head of state of Vietnam, holds the second highest office in Vietnam after General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam.
The President of Zambia is the head of state and the head of government of Zambia.
The Presidential Commission is the collective vice-presidency of Ireland.
Presbyter is, in the Bible, a synonym for bishop (episkopos), referring to a leader in local Church congregations.
The Prime Minister of Belgium (Eerste minister van België; Premier ministre de Belgique; Premierminister von Belgien) or the Premier of Belgium is the head of the federal government in the Kingdom of Belgium.
The Prime Minister of Bulgaria (Министър-председател, Ministar-predsedatel) is the head of government of Bulgaria.
The Prime Minister of Canada (Premier ministre du Canada) is the primary minister of the Crown, chairman of the Cabinet, and thus Canada's head of government, charged with advising the Canadian monarch or Governor General of Canada on the exercise of the executive powers vested in them by the constitution.
The French Prime Minister (Premier ministre français) in the Fifth Republic is the head of government.
The Prime Minister of Iceland (Forsætisráðherra Íslands) is Iceland's head of government.
The Prime Minister of Iraq is Iraq's head of government.
The is the head of government of Japan.
The Prime Minister of Mongolia (Mongol Ulsyn Yerönkhii Said) is the head of government, and heads the Mongolian cabinet.
Prime Minister (Portuguese: Primeiro-Ministro) is the current title of the head of government of Portugal.
The Prime Minister (statsminister, literally "Minister of the State") is the head of government in Sweden.
The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of the United Kingdom government.
Prince Alexander of Hesse and by Rhine (Alexander Georg Karl Heinrich Prinz und Landgraf von Hessen), (14 April 1933 – 16 November 1937), was the second son of Georg Donatus, Hereditary Grand Duke of Hesse and Princess Cecilie of Greece and Denmark, an elder sister of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.
was a member of a collateral branch of the Japanese imperial family, who served as the chief priest (saishu) of the Shinto Grand Shrine of Ise, from 1909 until his death in 1937.
Max-Emanuel Ludwig Maria Herzog in Bayern (sometimes styled Prince Max of Bavaria, Duke in Bavaria; born 21 January 1937) as the younger son of Albrecht, Duke of Bavaria, is the heir presumptive to both the headship of the former Bavarian royal house and the Jacobite Succession.
Prosper Antoine Marie Joseph, Viscount Poullet (5 March 1868 – 3 December 1937) was a Belgian politician.
A public holiday, national holiday or legal holiday is a holiday generally established by law and is usually a non-working day during the year.
The Puerto Rican Nationalist Party (Spanish: Partido Nacionalista de Puerto Rico, PNPR) is a Puerto Rican political party which was founded on September 17, 1922.
Pyotr Lvovich Bark (Пётр Львович Барк) later Sir Peter Bark, (18 April 1869 – 16 January 1937) was a Russian statesman.
The Quarantine Speech was given by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt on October 5, 1937 in Chicago (on the occasion of the dedication of the bridge between north and south outer Lake Shore Drive), calling for an international "quarantine" against the "epidemic of world lawlessness" by aggressive nations as an alternative to the political climate of American neutrality and non-intervention that was prevalent at the time.
Queen Paola of Belgium (born '''Donna'''Although attributes the title of "Princess" to Queen Paola prior to marriage, Burke's Peerage 1973, The Descendants of Louis XIII 1999, Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels 2001, La Descendance de Marie-Thérèse de Habsburg 1996, and Le Petit Gotha 2002 among others, accord only the noble prefix of Donna to her and her sisters, reserving the title Principessa for the wife of the head of the family Paola Ruffo di Calabria on 11 September 1937) is the wife of the former King Albert II and was Queen of the Belgians from 1993 until his abdication in 2013 in favour of their son King Philippe.
Queen Sonja of Norway (born Sonja Haraldsen on 4 July 1937) is the wife of King Harald V.
José Rafael Moneo Vallés (born 9 May 1937) is a Spanish architect.
Rafael Leónidas Trujillo Molina (24 October 1891 – 30 May 1961), nicknamed El Jefe (The Chief or The Boss), was a Dominican politician, soldier and dictator, who ruled the Dominican Republic from February 1930 until his assassination in May 1961.
Ralph Ince (January 16, 1887 – April 10, 1937) was an American pioneer film actor, director and screenwriter whose career began near the dawn of the silent film era.
Ralph Percy Lewis (October 8, 1872 – December 4, 1937) was an American actor of the silent film era.
Ramón Torrents (born 6 December 1937) is a Spanish comic book artist.
James Ramsay MacDonald, (né James McDonald Ramsay; 12 October 18669 November 1937) was a British statesman who was the first Labour Party politician to become Prime Minister, leading minority Labour governments in 1924 and in 1929–31.
Rape is a type of sexual assault usually involving sexual intercourse or other forms of sexual penetration carried out against a person without that person's consent.
Raquel Olmedo (born Siomara Anicia Orama Leal on 30 December 1937 in Caibarién, Las Villas, Cuba) is a Cuban-born Mexican actress and at one time singer.
Ratan Naval Tata (born 28 December 1937) is an Indian industrialist, investor, philanthropist, and former chairman of Tata Sons.
Raymond "Ray" Clarence Ewry (October 14, 1873 – September 29, 1937) was an American track and field athlete who won eight gold medals at the Olympic Games and two gold medals at the Intercalated Games (1906 in Athens).
Ray Pillow (born July 4, 1937) is an American country music singer who has also worked as a music publisher and A&R representative.
Rear Admiral Raymond Stanton Patton (29 December 1882 – 25 November 1937) was the second Director of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey and a career officer in the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps, predecessor of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Officer Corps.
A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is invited to vote on a particular proposal.
Reginaldo Faria (born 11 June 1937) is a Brazilian actor and film director.
The Reich Chancellery (Reichskanzlei) was the traditional name of the office of the Chancellor of Germany (then called Reichskanzler) in the period of the German Reich from 1878 to 1945.
The Reichskonkordat ("Concordat between the Holy See and the German Reich") is a treaty negotiated between the Vatican and the emergent Nazi Germany.
Reinhold Hanisch (27 January 1884, Grünwald an der Neiße (vertical-align|) near Gablonz/Neiße, northern Bohemia, Imperial & Royal Austria 2? February (death date controversial) 1937, in Vienna, aged 53) was an Austrian migrant worker and sometime business partner of the young Adolf Hitler.
Remak Ramsay (born February 2, 1937) is an American veteran stage, film and television actor.
The Republic of China was a sovereign state in East Asia, that occupied the territories of modern China, and for part of its history Mongolia and Taiwan.
Ireland (Éire), also known as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying 26 of 32 counties of the island of Ireland.
Rhythm and blues, commonly abbreviated as R&B, is a genre of popular music that originated in African American communities in the 1940s.
Richard Boleslavsky or Richard Boleslawski (February 4, 1889 – January 17, 1937) was a Polish theatre and film director, actor and teacher of acting.
Richard Hudson Bryan (born July 16, 1937) is an American attorney and politician who served as the 25th Governor of the U.S. state of Nevada from 1983–89, and as a United States Senator from Nevada from 1989 to 2001.
Richard George Fariña (March 8, 1937 – April 30, 1966) was an American folksinger, songwriter, poet and novelist.
Richard Wilhelm Karl Theodor Ritter von Hertwig (23 September 1850 in Friedberg, Hesse – 3 October 1937 in Schlederloh, Bavaria), also Richard Hertwig or Richard von Hertwig, was a German zoologist and professor of 50 years, notable as the first to describe zygote formation as the fusing of spermatozoa inside the membrane of an egg cell during fertilization.
Richard Lee Petty (born July 2, 1937), nicknamed The King, is a former NASCAR driver who raced in the Strictly Stock/Grand National Era and the NASCAR Winston Cup Series.
Sir Ridley Scott (born 30 November 1937) is an English film director and producer.
Roald Hoffmann (born Roald Safran; July 18, 1937) is a Polish-American theoretical chemist who won the 1981 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
Roanoke Island is an island in Dare County on the Outer Banks of North Carolina, United States.
Robert Bolder (20 July 1859 – 10 December 1937) was an English film actor of the silent era.
Sir Robert Laird Borden, (June 26, 1854 – June 10, 1937) was a Canadian lawyer and politician who served as the eighth Prime Minister of Canada, in office from 1911 to 1920.
Edgar Algernon Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood, (14 September 1864 – 24 November 1958), known as Lord Robert Cecil from 1868 to 1923,As the younger son of a Marquess, Cecil held the courtesy title of "Lord".
Robert Coleman Richardson (June 26, 1937 – February 19, 2013) was an American experimental physicist whose area of research included sub-millikelvin temperature studies of helium-3.
Robert Huber (born 20 February 1937) is a German biochemist and Nobel laureate.
Robert Emerson Lucas Jr. (born September 15, 1937) is an American economist at the University of Chicago.
Robert Stone (August 21, 1937 – January 10, 2015) was an American novelist.
Robert W. "Bob" Gore (born April 15, 1937) is an American engineer and scientist, inventor and businessman.
Robert "Bilbo" Walker Jr. (February 19, 1937 – November 29, 2017) was an American blues musician who is known in the blues music world due to his "rock 'n' roll showmanship" and "flamboyant Chuck Berry imitations.".
Robert Worth Bingham (November 8, 1871 – December 18, 1937) was a politician, judge, newspaper publisher and the United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom from 1933 to 1937.
Roberto Blanco (legal name: Roberto Zerquera Blanco), was born 7 June 1937 in Tunis, Tunisia.
Jaime Gerardo Roberto Marcelino María Ortiz Lizardi (September 24, 1886 – July 15, 1942) was President of Argentina from February 20, 1938 to June 27, 1942.
Robert "Robin" Henry Alexander Eames, Baron Eames, (born 27 April 1936), is an Anglican bishop who served as Primate of All Ireland and Archbishop of Armagh from 1986 to 2006.
John Robin Warren AC (born 11 June 1937 in Adelaide) is an Australian pathologist, Nobel Laureate and researcher who is credited with the 1979 re-discovery of the bacterium Helicobacter pylori, together with Barry Marshall.
Roch Carrier, OC (born 13 May 1937) is a French Canadian novelist and author of "contes" (a very brief form of the short story).
Rock and roll (often written as rock & roll or rock 'n' roll) is a genre of popular music that originated and evolved in the United States during the late 1940s and early 1950sJim Dawson and Steve Propes, What Was the First Rock'n'Roll Record (1992),.
Robert Ray "Rod" Roddy (September 28, 1937 – October 27, 2003) was an American radio and television announcer.
Marshal Rodolfo Graziani, 1st Marquis of Neghelli (11 August 1882 – 11 January 1955), was a prominent Italian military officer in the Kingdom of Italy's Regio Esercito (Royal Army), primarily noted for his campaigns in Africa before and during World War II.
Rodrigues Ottolengui (March 15, 1861 - July 11, 1937) was an American writer and dentist of Sephardic descent.
Roger Martin du Gard (23 March 1881 – 22 August 1958) was a French novelist, winner of the 1937 Nobel Prize for Literature.
Roger Searle Penske (born February 20, 1937) is an American entrepreneur involved in professional auto racing.
Roger Joseph Zelazny (May 13, 1937 – June 14, 1995) was an American poet and writer of fantasy and science fiction short stories and novels, best known for The Chronicles of Amber.
Ronald Levin "Ron" Carter (born May 4, 1937) is an American jazz double bassist.
Ronald William "Ron" Clarke, AO, MBE (21 February 1937 – 17 June 2015) was an Australian athlete, writer, and Mayor of the Gold Coast from 2004 to 2012.
Ron Husmann (born June 30, 1937) is an American actor.
Ronald Michael Luciano (June 28, 1937 – January 18, 1995) was an American Major League Baseball umpire from 1969 to 1979 in the American League.
Rosaleen Linehan (born Rosaleen Philomena McMenamin on 1 June 1937, Dublin) is an Irish stage, screen and television actress.
Ross Alexander (July 27, 1907 – January 2, 1937) was an American stage and film actor.
Rubin "The Hurricane" Carter (May 6, 1937 – April 20, 2014) was an American-Canadian middleweight boxer who was wrongfully convicted of murder and later released following a petition of habeas corpus after spending almost 20 years in prison.
Rugby is a market town in Warwickshire, England, close to the River Avon.
Rupiah Bwezani Banda (born 13 February 1937) is a Zambian politician who was President of Zambia from 2008 to 2011.
Ruth Laredo (November 20, 1937May 25, 2005) was an American classical pianist.
Ruth Roland (August 26, 1892 – September 22, 1937) was an American stage and film actress and film producer.
was a Japanese politician who served as the 82nd and 83rd Prime Minister of Japan from 11 January 1996 to 30 July 1998.
Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (Arabic: صدام حسين عبد المجيد التكريتي; 28 April 1937 – 30 December 2006) was President of Iraq from 16 July 1979 until 9 April 2003.
Saima Rauha Maria Harmaja (May 8, 1913, Helsinki – April 21, 1937) was a Finnish poet and writer.
Sally Clare Kellerman (born June 2, 1937) is an American actress, activist, author, producer, singer, and voice artist.
Salvatore Micalizzi (5 November 1856 – 14 October 1937) was an Italian Roman Catholic priest and a professed member of the Congregation of the Mission in his desire to follow in the footsteps of Saint Vincent de Paul.
San Francisco (initials SF;, Spanish for 'Saint Francis'), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California.
Sandro Akhmeteli (სანდრო ახმეტელი; real name: Aleksandre Akhmetelashvili, ალექსანდრე ახმეტელაშვილი) (April 13, 1886 – June 27, 1937) was a Georgian theater director whose innovative conceptions and skill at mass scenes profoundly influenced the evolution of Soviet and post-Soviet Georgian theater tradition.
Sandra Dale “Sandy” Dennis (April 27, 1937 – March 2, 1992) was an American theater and film actress.
The Santa Fe Group A/S, formerly known as the East Asiatic Company (Det Østasiatiske Kompagni or ØK) is a multinational relocation service company, based in Copenhagen, Denmark.
The Scottsboro Boys were nine African American teenagers, ages 13 to 20, accused in Alabama of raping two White American women on a train in 1931.
The Second Battle of the Corunna Road (Carretera de Coruña) was a battle of the Spanish Civil War that took place from 13 December 1936 to 15 January 1937, northwest of Madrid.
The second inauguration of Franklin D. Roosevelt as President of the United States was held on Wednesday, January 20, 1937.
The Second Sino-Japanese War was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from July 7, 1937, to September 2, 1945.
The Spanish Republic (República Española), commonly known as the Second Spanish Republic (Segunda República Española), was the democratic government that existed in Spain from 1931 to 1939.
Self-help or self-improvement is a self-guided improvementAPA Dictionary of Physicology, 1st ed., Gary R. VandenBos, ed., Washington: American Psychological Association, 2007.
Between the years AD 1900 and 2099, September 11 of the Gregorian calendar is the leap day of the Coptic and Ethiopian calendars.
It is frequently the day of the autumnal equinox in the Northern Hemisphere and the day of the vernal equinox in the Southern Hemisphere.
Sergio Jiménez (December 17, 1937 – January 3, 2007), born in Mexico City, was a Mexican actor who became famous after portraying the character of El Gato in the film Los caifanes.
The Seven Dwarfs are a group of seven dwarfs that appear in the fairy tale Snow White and others.
Dame Shirley Veronica Bassey, (born 8 January 1937) is a Welsh singer whose career began in the mid-1950s, best known both for her powerful voice and for recording the theme songs to the James Bond films Goldfinger (1964), Diamonds Are Forever (1971), and Moonraker (1979).
Shridhar Venkatesh Ketkar (2 February 1884 – 10 April 1937) was a sociologist, historian and novelist from Maharashtra, India.
Sigizmund Aleksandrovich Levanevsky (Сигизмунд Александрович Леваневский; Zygmunt Lewoniewski) (May 15, 1902 – August 13, 1937) was a Soviet aircraft pilot of Polish origin and a Hero of the Soviet Union (1934).
Simeon II of Bulgaria (Bulgarian: Симеон Борисов Сакскобургготски, (transliteration: Simeon Borisov Sakskoburggotski) or Цар Симеон II (Tsar Simeon II); Wettin; Simeone di Sassonia-Coburgo-Gotha; born 16 June 1937) is the last reigning Bulgarian monarch and later served as Prime Minister of Bulgaria from 2001 to 2005.
Snitz Edwards (born Edward Neumann, 1 January 1868 – 1 May 1937) was a stage and character actor of the early years of the silent film era into the 1930s.
Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs is a 1937 American animated musical fantasy film produced by Walt Disney Productions and originally released by RKO Radio Pictures.
Sophia Chiaureli (სოფიკო ჭიაურელი; 21 May 1937 – 2 March 2008), professionally known as Sofiko Chiaureli, was a Soviet Georgian actress.
A solar eclipse (as seen from the planet Earth) is a type of eclipse that occurs when the Moon passes between the Sun and Earth, and when the Moon fully or partially blocks ("occults") the Sun.
Solomon Porfirio Ortiz (born June 3, 1937) is the former U.S. Representative for, based in Corpus Christi, serving from 1983 until 2011.
Sombat Metanee (สมบัติ เมทะนี; born 26 June 1937 in Ubon Ratchathani Province, Thailand) is a Thai actor and film director.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Spam (stylized SPAM) is a brand of canned cooked meat made by Hormel Foods Corporation.
The Spanish Civil War (Guerra Civil Española),Also known as The Crusade (La Cruzada) among Nationalists, the Fourth Carlist War (Cuarta Guerra Carlista) among Carlists, and The Rebellion (La Rebelión) or Uprising (Sublevación) among Republicans.
Spinach (Spinacia oleracea) is an edible flowering plant in the family Amaranthaceae native to central and western Asia.
Stanley Baldwin, 1st Earl Baldwin of Bewdley, (3 August 186714 December 1947) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who dominated the government in his country between the world wars.
Stephen Henry Lewis (born November 11, 1937) is a Canadian politician, public speaker, broadcaster and diplomat.
The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
Suzanne Pleshette (January 31, 1937 – January 19, 2008) was an American actress and voice actress.
was a Japanese meteorologist, biologist, ethnologist historian.
The Taoiseach (pl. Taoisigh) is the prime minister, chief executive and head of government of Ireland.
Ted Healy (born Ernest Lea Nash, October 1, 1896 – December 21, 1937) was an American vaudeville performer, comedian, and actor.
Sir Edward MacMillan Taylor (18 April 1937 – 20 September 2017) was a British Conservative Party politician who was a member of parliament (MP) from 1964 to 1979 for Glasgow Cathcart and from 1980 to 2005 for Rochford and Southend East.
Teresa Barbara Ciepły (née Wieczorek; 19 October 1937 – 8 March 2006) was a Polish sprinter and hurdler.
Frederick Bean "Tex" Avery (February 26, 1908 – August 26, 1980) was an American animator, director, cartoonist, and voice actor, known for producing and directing animated cartoons during the golden age of American animation.
Texaco, Inc. ("The Texas Company") is an American oil subsidiary of Chevron Corporation.
The Broken Ear (L'Oreille cassée), also published as Tintin and the Broken Ear, is the sixth volume of The Adventures of Tintin, the comics series by Belgian cartoonist Hergé.
The Cadillacs were an American rock and roll and doo-wop group from Harlem, New York, active from 1953 to 1962.
The Chase and Sanborn Hour was the umbrella title for a series of US comedy and variety radio shows sponsored by Standard Brands' Chase and Sanborn Coffee, usually airing Sundays on NBC from 8pm to 9pm during the years 1929 to 1948.
The Dandy was a Scottish children's comic published by the Dundee based publisher DC Thomson.
On February 3, 1959, American rock and roll musicians Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, and J. P. "The Big Bopper" Richardson were killed in a plane crash near Clear Lake, Iowa, together with pilot Roger Peterson.
The Everly Brothers were an American country-influenced rock and roll duo, known for steel-string acoustic guitar playing and close harmony singing.
The Hobbit, or There and Back Again is a children's fantasy novel by English author J. R. R. Tolkien.
The Lost Colony is an historical outdoor drama, written by American Paul Green and produced since 1937 in Manteo, North Carolina.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
Think and Grow Rich was written in 1937 by Napoleon Hill, promoted as a personal development and self-improvement book.
Thomas Aquinas Daly (born March 27, 1937) is an American contemporary landscape and still life painter.
Thomas Ruggles Pynchon Jr. (born May 8, 1937) is an American novelist.
Thorvald Aagaard (8 June 1877 in Rolsted – 22 March 1937 in Ringe) was a Danish composer, organist and college teacher.
Tianjin, formerly romanized as Tientsin, is a coastal metropolis in northern China and one of the four national central cities of the People's Republic of China (PRC), with a total population of 15,469,500, and is also the world's 11th-most populous city proper.
Tintin is the fictional hero of The Adventures of Tintin, the comics series by Belgian cartoonist Hergé.
To Have and Have Not is a novel by Ernest Hemingway (publ. 1937) about Harry Morgan, a fishing boat captain out of Key West, Florida.
Sir Thomas Daniel Courtenay (born 25 February 1937) is an English actor who came to prominence in the early 1960s with a succession of films, including The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner (1962), Billy Liar (1963), and Doctor Zhivago (1965).
Thomas Richard Paxton (born October 31, 1937) is an American folk singer-songwriter who has had a music career spanning more than fifty years.
Thomas Bolyn Smothers III (born February 2, 1937) is an American comedian, composer and musician, best known as half of the musical comedy duo the Smothers Brothers, alongside his younger brother Dick.
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, sometimes anglicised to Thomas Masaryk (7 March 1850 – 14 September 1937), was a Czech politician, statesman, sociologist and philosopher.
Tomás António Garcia Rosado, (4 March 1854 in Beja, Portugal – 30 August 1937 in Sintra, Portugal) was an infantry officer and general of the Portuguese Army.
The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier or the Tomb of the Unknowns is a monument dedicated to U.S. service members who have died without their remains being identified.
Tommy Overstreet (September 10, 1937 – November 2, 2015) was an American country singer.
Tongzhou District (alternate spellings Tungchow Tungchou (T'ung-chou), or Tong County during 1914–1997) is a district of Beijing.
Toni Harper (born June 8, 1937, Los Angeles, California) (aka Toni Dunlap) is a former child singer, who retired from performing at the age of 29.
Anthony Mabron "Tony" Burton (March 23, 1937 – February 25, 2016) was an American actor, boxer, and football player.
Trần Đức Lương (born 5 May 1936) is a Vietnamese politician who served as President of Vietnam from 1997 to 2006.
Trevor Graham Baylis (13 May 1937 – 5 March 2018) was an English inventor best known for the wind-up radio.
Trinidad "Trini" López III (born May 15, 1937) is an American singer, guitarist, and actor.
Trotskyism is the theory of Marxism as advocated by Leon Trotsky.
In botany, the trunk (or bole) is the stem and main wooden axis of a tree, which is an important feature in tree identification, and which often differs markedly from the bottom of the trunk to the top, depending on the species.
Tung Chee-hwa (born 7 July 1937) is a Shanghai-born Hong Kong businessman and politician.
The Tungchow mutiny, sometimes referred to as the Tongzhou Incident, was an assault on Japanese civilians and troops by the collaborationist East Hopei Army in Tongzhou, China on 29 July 1937 shortly after the Marco Polo Bridge Incident that marked the official beginning of the Second Sino-Japanese War.
The Twentieth Amendment (Amendment XX) to the United States Constitution moved the beginning and ending of the terms of the president and vice president from March 4 to January 20, and of members of Congress from March 4 to January 3.
Tyler is a city in, and the county seat of, Smith County, located in east central Texas, United States.
The National Geodetic Survey (NGS), formerly the United States Survey of the Coast (1807–1836), United States Coast Survey (1836–1878), and United States Coast and Geodetic Survey (USC&GS) (1878–1970), is a United States federal agency that defines and manages a national coordinate system, providing the foundation for transportation and communication; mapping and charting; and a large number of applications of science and engineering.
A state is a constituent political entity of the United States.
Una Stubbs (born 1 May 1937) is an English actress, television personality, and former dancer who has appeared on British television and in the theatre, and less frequently in films.
Underwood Dudley (born January 6, 1937) is a mathematician, formerly of DePauw University, who has written a number of research works and textbooks but is best known for his popular writing.
The United Australia Party (UAP) was an Australian political party that was founded in 1931 and dissolved in 1945.
The International Union, United Automobile, Aerospace, and Agricultural Implement Workers of America, better known as the United Automobile Workers (UAW), is an American labor union that represents workers in the United States (including Puerto Rico) and Canada.
The United Methodist Church (UMC) is a mainline Protestant denomination and a major part of Methodism.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The inauguration of the President of the United States is a ceremony to mark the commencement of a new four-year term of the President of the United States.
The United States Secretary of Energy is the head of the U.S. Department of Energy, a member of the Cabinet of the United States, and fourteenth in the presidential line of succession.
The Secretary of State is a senior official of the federal government of the United States of America, and as head of the U.S. Department of State, is principally concerned with foreign policy and is considered to be the U.S. government's equivalent of a Minister for Foreign Affairs.
The Secretary of War was a member of the United States President's Cabinet, beginning with George Washington's administration.
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprise the legislature of the United States.
Baron was an early admiral of the Imperial Japanese Navy, active in the Russo-Japanese War, most notably at the Battle of Chemulpo Bay and the Battle of Tsushima.
The USS Panay incident was a Japanese attack on the American gunboat while it was anchored in the Yangtze River outside Nanking (now spelled Nanjing), China on 12 December 1937.
Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga (born 1 December 1937) is a Latvian politician who served as the sixth President of Latvia and the first female President of Latvia.
Valentin Grigoriyevich Rasputin (Валенти́н Григо́рьевич Распу́тин; 15 March 193714 March 2015) was a Russian writer.
Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova (a; born 6 March 1937) is a retired Russian cosmonaut, engineer, and politician.
Valerie Singleton, OBE (born 9 April 1937) is an English television and radio presenter best known as a presenter of the popular children's series Blue Peter but who went on to present the BBC Radio 4 PM programme for ten years as well as a series of radio and television programmes on financial and business issues.
Valery Vladimirovich Anisimov (Валерий Владимирович Анисимов, born 7 July 1937) is a retired Soviet heavyweight Greco-Roman wrestler.
Vanessa Redgrave (born 30 January 1937) is an English actress of stage, screen and television, and a political activist.
The Vargas Era (Portuguese: Era Vargas) is the period in the history of Brazil between 1930 and 1945, when the country was under the dictatorship of Getúlio Vargas.
Varnava Rosić (Варнава Росић) was the Patriarch of the Serbian Orthodox Church from 1930 to 1937.
Vasily Iosifovich Gurko (20 May 1864 in Tsarskoye Selo – 11 February 1937) (Василий Иосифович Гурко) served for a brief period as a Chief-of-Staff of the Imperial Russian Army before being forced out of the country in exile following the October Revolution of 1917.
Vasyl Kostantynovytch Lypkivsky (Василь Костянтинович Липківський, Василий Константинович Липковский; 7 September 1864 – 27 November 1937) was founder of the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church and the first "Metropolitan of Kyiv and All Ukraine" (1921–1927).
The Vibora Luviminda, a secretive organization focused largely on Filipino labor issues, was founded in 1924 on the island of Maui by Manuel Fagel.
The Republic of Peru has two Vice Presidents who are elected along with the President in democratic elections.
Blessed Vicente Vilar David (28 June 1889 - 14 February 1937) was a Spanish engineer from Spain at the time of the Spanish Civil War in the 1930s during a period of intense anti-clerical sentiment.
Victor Gustav Bloede I (March 14, 1849 – March 27, 1937), (pronounced as Blerda) was a chemist and manufacturer of chemicals, president of the Victor G. Bloede Company, and businessman.
Victor Alexandre Frederic Laloux (15 November 1850 – 13 July 1937) was a French Beaux-Arts architect and teacher.
The Victoria Palace Theatre is a West End theatre in Victoria Street, in the City of Westminster, opposite Victoria Station.
Virendranath Chattopadhyaya (বীরেন্দ্রনাথ চট্টোপাধ্যায়), alias Chatto, (1880 – 2 September 1937, Moscow), was a prominent Indian revolutionary who worked to overthrow the British Raj in India by using the force of arms as a tool.
Vitaly Mikhaylovich Zholobov (Виталий Михайлович Жолобов; born 18 June 1937) is a retired Soviet cosmonaut who flew on Soyuz 21 space flight as the flight engineer.
Vladimir Davidovich Ashkenazy (Влади́мир Дави́дович Ашкена́зи, Vladimir Davidovich Ashkenazi; born 6 July 1937) is an internationally recognized solo pianist, chamber music performer, and conductor.
Vladimir Ippolitovich Lipsky or Volodymyr Ipolytovych Lypsky (Владимир Ипполитович Липский; Володимир Іполитович Липський; 11 March 1863 – 24 February 1937) was a Ukrainian scientist, botanist; a member of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (in 1922—1928, its President) and corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Sciences, and the Director of the Botanical Gardens of the Odessa University.
Vladimir Timofeïevitch Kirillov (Влад′имир Тимоф′еевич Кир′иллов.) (2 October 1889 Kharino, Smolensk Governorate – 16 July 1937 Moscow) was a Russian poet.
For the handball player, see Vladimir Maksimov. Vladimir Vasilievich Maksimov (Владимир Васильевич Максимов) was a Russian stage and silent film actor.
The Volkswagen Beetle – officially the Volkswagen Type 1, informally in German the Käfer (literally "beetle"), in parts of the English-speaking world the Bug, and known by many other nicknames in other languages – is a two-door, rear-engine economy car, intended for five passengers, that was manufactured and marketed by German automaker Volkswagen (VW) from 1938 until 2003.
Volkswagen AG, known internationally as the Volkswagen Group, is a German multinational automotive manufacturing company headquartered in Wolfsburg, Lower Saxony, Germany.
Vsevolod Apollonovych Balytsky (Всеволод Аполлонович Балицький; Всеволод Аполлонович Балицкий; 27 November 1892 – 27 November 1937) was a Commissar of State Security 1st Class (equivalent to Four-star General) of the NKVD and a member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
Waldo Waterman in 1920 Waldo Dean Waterman (June 16, 1894 – December 8, 1976) was an inventor and aviation pioneer from San Diego, California.
Wallace Hume Carothers (April 27, 1896 – April 29, 1937) was an American chemist, inventor and the leader of organic chemistry at DuPont, credited with the invention of nylon.
Wallis Simpson (born Bessie Wallis Warfield; 19 June 1896 – 24 April 1986), later known as the Duchess of Windsor, was an American socialite whose intended marriage to the British king Edward VIII caused a constitutional crisis that led to Edward's abdication.
Walter Elias Disney (December 5, 1901December 15, 1966) was an American entrepreneur, animator, voice actor and film producer.
Walter Burley Griffin (November 24, 1876February 11, 1937) was an American architect and landscape architect.
Walter Gay (January 22, 1856 – July 13, 1937) was an American painter noted both for his genre paintings of French peasants, paintings of opulent interior scenes and was a notable art collector.
Walton James "Walt" McLeod III, (born June 30, 1937), is a former Democratic member of the South Carolina House of Representatives, representing the 40th District from 1996 until 2017.
Henry Warren Beatty (né Beaty; born March 30, 1937) is an American actor and filmmaker.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
The Waterman Arrowbile was a tailless, two-seat, single-engine, pusher configuration roadable aircraft built in the US in the late 1930s.
Waylon Arnold Jennings (pronounced; June 15, 1937 – February 13, 2002) was an American singer, songwriter, and musician.
West End theatre is a common term for mainstream professional theatre staged in the large theatres of "Theatreland" in and near the West End of London.
Westminster Abbey, formally titled the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, is a large, mainly Gothic abbey church in the City of Westminster, London, England, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster.
In Arkansas folklore, the White River Monster is a large creature reportedly first spotted off the banks of the White River near Newport in northeastern Arkansas.
Wilhelm Weinberg (Stuttgart, 25 December 1862 – 27 November 1937, Tübingen) was a German obstetrician-gynecologist, practicing in Stuttgart, who in a 1908 paper, published in German in Jahresheft des Vereins für vaterländische Naturkunde in Württemberg (The Annals of the Society of National Natural History in Württemberg), expressed the concept that would later come to be known as the Hardy-Weinberg principle.
William Bennett (7 April 1873 – 4 November 1937) was a British Labour Party politician who served as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Battersea South in London from 1929 to 1931.
William Joseph Devane (born September 5, 1939) is an American film, television and theatre actor, known for his role as Greg Sumner on the primetime soap opera Knots Landing (1983–1993) and as James Heller on the Fox serial drama 24 (2005–2007), the role he reprised in Live Another Day (2014).
William Hooker Gillette (July 24, 1853 – April 29, 1937) was an American actor-manager, playwright, and stage-manager in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
William Henry Hastie, Jr. (November 17, 1904 – April 14, 1976) was an American lawyer, judge, educator, public official, and advocate for the civil rights of African Americans.
Francis William Lawvere (born February 9, 1937) is a mathematician known for his work in category theory, topos theory and the philosophy of mathematics.
William Morton Wheeler (March 19, 1865 – April 19, 1937) was an American entomologist, myrmecologist and Harvard professor.
William George Rushton (18 August 1937 – 11 December 1996) was an English cartoonist, satirist, comedian, actor and performer who co-founded the satirical magazine Private Eye.
Witta Pohl (1 November 1937 – 4 April 2011) was a German actress.
Wolf von Lojewski (born 4 July 1937 in Berlin) is a German journalist.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the classical era.
Wolfsburg is the fifth largest city in the German state of Lower Saxony.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Linwood Wray Carlton (born June 18, 1937) is a former American gridiron football running back who played professionally in both Canada and the United States Unable to come to terms with the Philadelphia Eagles, who had selected him in the 1959 NFL Draft, Carlton, a Duke University running back, traveled to Toronto and the Canadian Football League (CFL) to play for the Argonauts.
Wydad Athletic Club (نادي الوداد الرياضي), commonly known as WAC, also called Wydad al Omma is a Moroccan sports club based in Casablanca, Morocco, best known for its football team.
Yair Nossovsky (יאיר נוסובסקי; born 29 June 1937) is an Israeli former international footballer who competed at the 1970 FIFA World Cup, having previously played for the Israeli national team during the 1966 World Cup qualifying campaign.
For the hardcore punk band of the same name, see: Yaphet Kotto (band) Yaphet Frederick Kotto (born November 15, 1939) is an American actor, known for numerous film roles, as well as starring in the NBC television series Homicide: Life on the Street (1993–99) as Lieutenant Al Giardello.
Yasin al-Hashimi, born Yasin Hilmi Salman (ياسين الهاشمى‎; 1884–21 January 1937), was an Iraqi politician who twice served as the prime minister.
Yekatit 12 is a date in the Ethiopian calendar, equivalent to 19 February in the Gregorian calendar, which is commonly used to refer to the indiscriminate massacre, known as the Addis Ababa massacre, and imprisonment of Ethiopians by elements of the Italian occupation forces following an attempted assassination of Marshal Rodolfo Graziani, Marchese di Neghelli, Viceroy of Italian East Africa, on 19 February 1937.
Yellow Grass is a town in southern Saskatchewan, Canada.
is a Japanese politician who served as the 55th Prime Minister of Japan between 5 April 2000 and 26 April 2001.
was a Japanese artistic gymnast, Olympic champion and world champion.
Yuri Aleksandrovich Senkevich (Юрий Александрович Сенкевич) (March 4, 1937 in Choibalsan, Mongolia – September 25, 2003 in Moscow, Russia) was a Soviet doctor, and scientist.
Yuriy Kotsiubynsky (Юрій Михайлович Коцюбинський) (December 7, 1896 – March 8, 1937) was a Bolshevik politician, activist, member of the Soviet government in Ukraine, one of the co-founders of Red Cossacks Army of Ukrainian Republic.
Yvonne Joyce Craig (May 16, 1937 – August 17, 2015) was an American ballet dancer and actress best known for her role as Batgirl in the 1960s television series Batman and as the green-skinned Orion slave girl Marta in the Star Trek episode "Whom Gods Destroy" (1969).
José Rizaldy Taduran Zshornack (30 December 1937 – 18 November 2002 was a Filipino actor. Zshornack had a long career spanning the 1950s to the 1990s. He is perhaps best known for his role in Black Mama White Mama, a 1973 film. He is also one of the people who participated in the movie musical Pinoy Beatles in October 5, 1964. His name Zaldy is derived from his birthdate, 30 December, which is celebrated as Rizal Day in the Philippines, in honor of its national hero.
Zdeněk Zikán (10 November 1937 – 14 February 2013) was a Czech football player.
This year was named by Mitchell Stephens as the greatest year to read newspapers.
In Germany, 1888 is known as the Year of the Three Emperors.
As of March 1 (O.S. February 17), when the Julian calendar acknowledged a leap day and the Gregorian calendar did not, the Julian calendar fell one day further behind, bringing the difference to 13 days until February 28 (O.S. February 15), 2100.
As the second year of the massive Russo-Japanese War began, more than 100,000 died in the largest world battles of that era, and the war chaos lead to a revolution against the Tsar (Shostakovich's 11th Symphony is subtitled The Year 1905 to commemorate this).
According to NASA reports, 1908 was the coldest recorded year since 1880.
A highlight was the race for the South Pole.
Below, the events of World War I have the "WWI" prefix.
Below, the events of the First World War have the "WWI" prefix.
On July 9, 1937, a major fire broke out in a 20th Century-Fox film storage facility in Little Ferry, New Jersey, United States.
The 1937 Great Hong Kong Typhoon was an unnamed typhoon in Hong Kong on 2 September 1937.
This was the year of the Protests of 1968.
The year is associated with the first manned landing on the Moon (Apollo 11).
The world population increased by 2.1% this year, the highest increase in history.
The year 1983 saw both the official beginning of the Internet and the first mobile cellular telephone call.
The year 1986 was designated as the International Year of Peace by the United Nations.
1989 was a turning point in political history because a wave of revolutions swept the Eastern Bloc in Europe, starting in Poland and Hungary, with experiments in power sharing, coming to a head with the opening of the Berlin Wall in November, and the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia, embracing the overthrow of the communist dictatorship in Romania in December, and ending in December 1991 with the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
Important events of 1990 include the Reunification of Germany and the unification of Yemen, the formal beginning of the Human Genome Project (finished in 2003), the launch of the Hubble Space Telescope, the separation of Namibia from South Africa, and the Baltic states declaring independence from the Soviet Union amidst Perestroika.
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The year 1994 was designated as the "International Year of the Family" and the "International Year of Sport and the Olympic Ideal" by the United Nations.
This was the first year that the Internet was entirely privatized, with the United States government no longer providing public funding.
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1998 was designated as the International Year of the Ocean.
1999 was designated as the International Year of Older Persons.
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2017 was designated as International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development by the United Nations General Assembly.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.