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A Christmas Carol in Prose, Being a Ghost-Story of Christmas, commonly known as A Christmas Carol, is a novella by Charles Dickens, first published in London by Chapman & Hall in 1843; the first edition was illustrated by John Leech.
Angelo Bartlett "Bart" Giamatti (April 4, 1938 – September 1, 1989) was an American professor of English Renaissance literature, the president of Yale University, and the seventh Commissioner of Major League Baseball.
Aaron Simon Daggett (June 14, 1837 – May 14, 1938) was the last surviving Union general of the American Civil War when he died at the age of 100.
Abbey Road is the eleventh studio album by English rock band the Beatles, released on 26 September 1969 by Apple Records.
Abel Adams (born Aapeli Korhonen, March 14, 1879 Karttula, Finland – July 14, 1938 Helsinki) was a Finnish film producer and the founder of Adams Filmi.
Abulfaz Elchibey, (Əbülfəz Elçibəy; 24 June 1938 in Nakhchivan – 22 August 2000 in Ankara) was an Azerbaijani political figure and a former Soviet dissident.
Adam Eliot Geoffrey Raphael (born 22 April 1938) is an award-winning English journalist and author.
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
Ahmad Obeidat was Prime Minister of Jordan from 10 January 1984 to 4 April 1985.
Ahmadiyya (officially, the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community or the Ahmadiyya Muslim Jama'at; الجماعة الإسلامية الأحمدية, transliterated: al-Jamā'ah al-Islāmiyyah al-Aḥmadiyyah; احمدیہ مسلم جماعت) is an Islamic religious movement founded in Punjab, British India, in the late 19th century.
The Ahmadiyya Caliphate is a non-political caliphate established on May 27, 1908 following the death of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, the founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, who claimed to be the promised Messiah and Mahdi, the expected redeemer awaited by Muslims.
Ahn Changho, sometimes An Chang-ho (November 9, 1876 - March 10, 1938) was a Korean independence activist and one of the early leaders of the Korean-American immigrant community in the United States.
An airplane or aeroplane (informally plane) is a powered, fixed-wing aircraft that is propelled forward by thrust from a jet engine, propeller or rocket engine.
Alain Vivien (born August 20, 1938 in Melun, Seine-et-Marne) is a French Socialist Party (PS) politician, best known for chairing (from 1998 to 2002) the French Mission Interministérielle pour la Lutte contre les Sectes, MILS, a ministerial organism designed to observe the activities of various religious organizations defined as "Sectes" (cults).
Alan Bond (22 April 1938 – 5 June 2015) was an Australian businessman noted for his high-profile business dealings, including his central role in the WA Inc scandals of the 1980s, and what was at the time the biggest corporate collapse in Australian history; for his bankrolling the successful challenge for the 1983 America's Cup, the first time the New York Yacht Club had ever lost it in its 132-year history; and also for a criminal conviction that saw him serve four years in prison.
Sir Robert Alastair Newton Morton (11 January 1938 – 1 September 2004) was Chief Executive of Eurotunnel and Chairman of the Strategic Rail Authority and an industrialist of considerable achievements and renown.
Albert Hofmann (11 January 1906 – 29 April 2008) was a Swiss scientist known best for being the first person to synthesize, ingest, and learn of the psychedelic effects of lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD).
Albert Adam Ranft (23 November 1858 – 5 October 1938) was a Swedish theatre director and actor.
Alberto Kenya Fujimori Fujimori (born 26 July 1938 or 4 August 1938) is a Peruvian former politician who served as the President of Peru from 28 July 1990 to 22 November 2000.
Aleksandar Pavlov Malinov (Александър Павлов Малинов) (3 May 1867 – 20 March 1938) was a leading Bulgarian politician who served as Prime Minister on three occasions.
Aleksander Świętochowski (pseudonyms Poseł Prawdy and others; 18 January 1849 – 25 April 1938) was a Polish writer, educator, and philosopher of the Positivist period that followed the January 1863 Uprising.
Sir Alexander Montagu George Cadogan (25 November 1884 – 9 July 1968) was a British diplomat and civil servant.
Alexandru Averescu (3 April 1859 – 2 October 1938) was a Romanian marshal and populist politician.
Alexei Ivanovich Rykov (25 February 188115 March 1938) was a Russian Bolshevik revolutionary and a Soviet politician most prominent as Premier of Russia and the Soviet Union from 1924 to 1929 and 1924 to 1930 respectively.
Alfonsina Storni (29 May 1892 – 25 October 1938) was an Argentine poet of the modernist period.
Alfonso, Prince of Asturias, (Alfonso Pío Cristino Eduardo Francisco Guillermo Carlos Enrique Eugenio Fernando Antonio Venancio de Borbón y Battenberg; 10 May 1907 – 6 September 1938), was heir apparent to the throne of Spain from birth until he renounced his rights in 1933.
Alicante, or Alacant, both the Spanish and Valencian being official names, is a city and port in Spain on the Costa Blanca, the capital of the province of Alicante and of the comarca of Alacantí, in the south of the Valencian Community.
Allen Toussaint (January 14, 1938 – November 10, 2015) was an American musician, songwriter, arranger and record producer, who was an influential figure in New Orleans R&B from the 1950s to the end of the century, described as "one of popular music’s great backroom figures."Richard Williams,, The Guardian, November 11, 2015.
Alma Gluck (May 11, 1884October 27, 1938) was a Romanian-born American soprano.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
Andre Verne Marrou (born December 4, 1938) is an American political figure, affiliated with the Libertarian Party.
Andreas Michalakopoulos (Ανδρέας Μιχαλακόπουλος; 17 May 1876, Patras – 7 March 1938, Athens) was an important liberal politician in the inter-war period who served as Prime Minister of Greece from 7 October 1924 to 26 June 1925.
Andrew Arbuckle (September 5, 1887 – September 21, 1938) was an American stage and film actor.
Andrey Vasilyevich Myagkov (Андре́й Васи́льевич Мягко́в; born 8 July 1938, in Leningrad, USSR) is a Soviet/Russian film and theater actor.
The angklung is a musical instrument from Indonesia made of a varying number of bamboo tubes attached to a bamboo frame.
Angus Alan Douglas Douglas-Hamilton, 15th Duke of Hamilton and 12th Duke of Brandon (13 September 1938 – 5 June 2010), styled Earl of Angus until 1940 and Marquess of Douglas and Clydesdale between 1940 and 1973, was the premier peer of Scotland.
Angus William MacLise (March 14, 1938 – June 21, 1979) was an American percussionist, composer, poet, occultist and calligrapher, known as the first drummer for the Velvet Underground.
Anna Laurens Dawes (May 14, 1851 – September 25, 1938) was an American author and suffragist.
Anna Marie Hahn (born Filser; July 7, 1906 – December 7, 1938) was a German-born American serial killer.
Anne Perry (born Juliet Marion Hulme; 28 October 1938) is an English author of historical detective fiction, best known for her Thomas Pitt and William Monk series.
Annie Armstrong (July 11, 1850 – December 20, 1938) was a lay Southern Baptist denominational leader instrumental in the founding of the Woman's Missionary Union.
Anschluss ('joining') refers to the annexation of Austria into Nazi Germany on 12 March 1938.
Robert Anthony Eden, 1st Earl of Avon, (12 June 1897 – 14 January 1977) was a British Conservative politician who served three periods as Foreign Secretary and then a relatively brief term as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1955 to 1957.
Sir Anthony James Leggett (born 26 March 1938), has been a professor of physics at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign since 1983.
Anthony Joseph Burgess (29 July 1938 − 23 October 2013) was an Australian-born Papua New Guinean Roman Catholic bishop.
The Anti-Comintern Pact was an anti-Communist pact concluded between Germany and Japan (later to be joined by other, mainly fascist, governments) on November 25, 1936, and was directed against the Communist International.
Antonio Rafael Barceló y Martínez (April 15, 1868 – December 15, 1938) was a lawyer, businessman and the patriarch of what was to become one of Puerto Rico's most prominent political families.
Ants Antson (Антс Артурович Антсон; 11 November 1938 – 31 October 2015) was an Estonian speed skater who competed for the Soviet Union.
Appeasement in an international context is a diplomatic policy of making political or material concessions to an aggressive power in order to avoid conflict.
On the Roman calendar, this was known as the day before the nones of April (Pridie).
Admiral Sir (Archibald) Berkeley Milne, 2nd Baronet (2 June 1855 – 4 July 1938) was a senior Royal Navy officer who commanded the Mediterranean Fleet at the outbreak of the First World War.
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.
Armando Palacio Valdés (October 4, 1853January 29, 1938) was a Spanish novelist and critic.
The Armenian Apostolic Church (translit) is the national church of the Armenian people.
Armistice Day is commemorated every year on 11 November to mark the armistice signed between the Allies of World War I and Germany at Compiègne, France, for the cessation of hostilities on the Western Front of World War I, which took effect at eleven o'clock in the morning—the "eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month" of 1918.
Arthur B. Rubinstein (March 31, 1938 – April 23, 2018) was an American composer.
Arthur Elliott (1870, New York City – 20 November 1938, Cape Town), was a South African photographer who recorded the passing scene at the Cape.
Arturo Berutti (c. 27 March 1862 in San Juan, Argentina - 3 January 1938 in Buenos Aires) was an Argentinian composer of classical music and librettos.
Arturo Caprotti (22 March 1881 – 9 February 1938) was an Italian engineer and architect.
Associate Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States are the members of the Supreme Court of the United States other than the Chief Justice of the United States.
The Atomic Age, also known as the Atomic Era, is the period of history following the detonation of the first nuclear ("atomic") bomb, Trinity, on July 16, 1945, during World War II.
The term 'the 10th of August' is widely used by historians as a shorthand for the Storming of the Tuileries Palace on the 10th of August, 1792, the effective end of the French monarchy until it was restored in 1814.
It is the peak of the Perseid meteor shower.
This day marks the approximate midpoint of summer in the Northern Hemisphere and of winter in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the June solstice).
Augusto Antonio Barbera (born 25 June 1938) is an Italian judge and former constitutional law professor at the University of Bologna.
Aurelio Giorni (15 September 1895 – 23 September 1938) was an accomplished and well known American pianist and composer of Italian birth, who immigrated to the United States in 1914.
An aurora (plural: auroras or aurorae), sometimes referred to as polar lights, northern lights (aurora borealis) or southern lights (aurora australis), is a natural light display in the Earth's sky, predominantly seen in the high-latitude regions (around the Arctic and Antarctic).
Édouard Daladier (18 June 1884 – 10 October 1970) was a French "radical" (i.e. centre-left) politician and the Prime Minister of France at the start of the Second World War.
Émile Cohl (January 4, 1857 – January 20, 1938), born Émile Eugène Jean Louis Courtet, was a French caricaturist of the largely forgotten Incoherent Movement, cartoonist, and animator, called "The Father of the Animated Cartoon" and "The Oldest Parisian".
The Évian Conference was convened 6–15 July 1938, at Évian-les-Bains, France, to discuss the Jewish refugee problem and the plight of the increasing numbers of Jewish refugees fleeing persecution by Nazi Germany.
Mustafa İsmet İnönü (24 September 1884 – 25 December 1973) was a Turkish general and statesman, who served as the second President of Turkey from 10 November 1938 to 27 May 1950, when his Republican People's Party was defeated in Turkey's second free elections.
Bad Godesberg is a municipal district of Bonn, southern North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Ballet is a type of performance dance that originated during the Italian Renaissance in the 15th century and later developed into a concert dance form in France and Russia.
A ballpoint pen, also known as a biro or ball pen, is a pen that dispenses ink (usually in paste form) over a metal ball at its point, i.e. over a "ball point".
Baltimore is the largest city in the U.S. state of Maryland, and the 30th-most populous city in the United States.
Barry Primus (born February 16, 1938) is an American television and film actor, director, and writer.
The Battle of Gettysburg (with an sound) was fought July 1–3, 1863, in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, by Union and Confederate forces during the American Civil War.
The Bay of Kiel or Kiel Bay is a bay in the southwestern Baltic Sea, off the shores of Schleswig-Holstein in Germany and the islands of Denmark.
Béla Kun (20 February 1886 – 29 August 1938), born Béla Kohn, was a Hungarian Communist revolutionary and politician who was the de facto leader of the Hungarian Soviet Republic in 1919.
Beatrix (Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard,; born 31 January 1938) is a member of the Dutch royal family who reigned as Queen of the Netherlands from 30 April 1980 until her abdication on 30 April 2013.
Benjamin Earl King (born Benjamin Earl Nelson, September 28, 1938 – April 30, 2015), known as Ben E. King, was an American soul and R&B singer and record producer.
Benjamin Robertson "Ben" Harney (March 6, 1872 – March 2, 1938) was an American songwriter, entertainer, and pioneer of ragtime music.
Beneš (feminine Benešová) is common Czech and Slovak surname.
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (29 July 1883 – 28 April 1945) was an Italian politician and journalist who was the leader of the National Fascist Party (Partito Nazionale Fascista, PNF).
Benjamin Abrahão Botto (Lebanon, c. 1890 – Serra Talhada, May 10, 1938) was a photographer, more known for the registration the Cangaço and its leader Virgulino Ferreira da Silva.
Benjamin William Mkapa (born November 12, 1938) is a Tanzanian former politician was the third President of Tanzania, in office from 1995 to 2005.
Benjamin Nathan Cardozo (May 24, 1870 – July 9, 1938) was an American lawyer and jurist who served as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
Benjamin David "Benny" Goodman (May 30, 1909 – June 13, 1986) was an American jazz clarinetist and bandleader known as the "King of Swing".
Berchtesgaden is a municipality in the Bavarian Alps of southeastern Germany.
Bernard "Bernie" Lawrence Madoff (born April 29, 1938) is an American former stockbroker, investment advisor, financier, and admitted fraudster.
Bernd Rosemeyer (14 October 1909 – 28 January 1938) was a German racing driver and a member of the SS.
Bert Newton, AM, MBE (born, Albert Watson Newton 23 July 1938), is an Australian media personality.
Elizabeth Alyse Cuthbert, (20 April 1938 – 6 August 2017) was an Australian athlete and a fourfold Olympic champion.
Bevan Ernest Congdon (11 February 1938 – 10 February 2018) was a New Zealand cricket all-rounder who played 61 Test matches and 11 One Day Internationals from 1965 to 1978, which included a spell as captain.
William John Masterton (August 13, 1938 – January 15, 1968) was a Canadian–American professional ice hockey centre who played in the National Hockey League (NHL) for the Minnesota North Stars in 1967–68.
William Henry Spanswick (born July 8, 1938 in Springfield, Massachusetts) is a retired American professional baseball player.
William Harrison Withers Jr. (born July 4, 1938) is an American singer-songwriter and musician who performed and recorded from 1970 until 1985.
William Mervin "Billy" Mills, also known as Makata Taka Hela (born June 30, 1938), is a Native American former track and field athlete who won a gold medal in the Olympic Games.
William Lewis Shaw (born December 15, 1938) is an American former college and professional football player.
Billy Leo Williams (born June 15, 1938) is a retired American baseball left fielder who played sixteen seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Chicago Cubs and two seasons for the Oakland Athletics.
Bloemfontein (Afrikaans and Dutch "fountain of flowers" or "blooming fountain"; also known as Bloem) is the capital city of the province of Free State of South Africa; and, as the judicial capital of the nation, one of South Africa's three national capitals (the other two being Cape Town, the legislative capital, and Pretoria, the administrative capital) and is the seventh largest city in South Africa.
The Blue Water Bridge is a twin-span international bridge across the St. Clair River that links Port Huron, Michigan, United States, and Sarnia, Ontario, Canada.
Robert Baxt (27 June 1938 – 11 March 2018) was an Australian lawyer and a chairman of the Trade Practices Commission (now the ACCC), dean of law at Monash University and a professorial fellow of the University of Melbourne.
Robert Leland Eubanks (born January 8, 1938) is an American disc jockey, television personality and game show host, best known for hosting the game show The Newlywed Game on and off since 1966.
Robert Elliot Kahn (born December 23, 1938) is an American electrical engineer, who, along with Vint Cerf, invented the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and the Internet Protocol (IP), the fundamental communication protocols at the heart of the Internet.
Robert Edward Henrich (born December 24, 1938) is a former Major League Baseball shortstop.
Bohumil Němeček (2 January 1938 – 3 May 2010) was a Czechoslovak welterweight boxer.
Yang Sze (born 3 July 1946 in Guangzhou), better known as Bolo Yeung, is a former competitive bodybuilder, martial artist and a martial arts film actor.
The bombing of Alicante was an aerial attack against the Spanish city of Alicante on 25 May 1938.
Bondi Beach is a beach and its surrounding suburb in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
Boris Nikolayevich Lagutin (Борис Николаевич Лагутин) (born June 24, 1938 in Moscow) was possibly the most celebrated of Soviet boxers.
Boxing is a combat sport in which two people, usually wearing protective gloves, throw punches at each other for a predetermined set of time in a boxing ring.
Branko Mikasinovich (born November 6, 1938 in Belišće) is a scholar of Yugoslav and Serbian literature, as well as a noted Slavist.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
The Brazilian Imperial Family is a cadet branch of the Portuguese Royal House of Braganza that ruled the Empire of Brazil from 1822 to 1889, after the proclamation of independence by Prince Pedro of Braganza who was later acclaimed as Pedro I, Constitutional Emperor and Perpetual Defender of Brazil.
Brian Manion Dennehy (born July 9, 1938) is an American actor of film, stage, and television.
Brian "Licorice" Locking (born 22 December 1938 in Bedworth, Warwickshire, England) is an English musician and songwriter, who was briefly the bass guitarist with The Shadows, between 1962 and 1963.
Britt Leach (born July 18, 1938; Gadsden, Alabama) is an American character actor.
Brno (Brünn) is the second largest city in the Czech Republic by population and area, the largest Moravian city, and the historical capital city of the Margraviate of Moravia.
Bronislovas Lubys (8 October 1938 – 23 October 2011) was a Lithuanian entrepreneur, former Prime Minister of Lithuania, signatory of the Act of the Re-Establishment of the State of Lithuania, and businessman.
Bruno Jasieński; born Wiktor Zysman (17 July 1901 – 17 September 1938) was a Polish poet and leader of the Polish futurist movement in the interwar period,Dr Feliks Tomaszewski, Virtual Library of Polish Literature, University of Gdansk.
Bruno Pizzul (born 8 March 1938) is an Italian journalist and a former professional football player.
Bruno Julius Florian Taut (4 May 1880 – 24 December 1938) was a prolific German architect, urban planner and author active during the Weimar period.
Bruno Walter (born Bruno Schlesinger, September 15, 1876February 17, 1962) was a German-born conductor, pianist and composer.
Buenos Aires is the capital and most populous city of Argentina.
Chandra Kumar Naranbhai Patel (born 2 July 1938) is an electrical engineer.
Cairo (القاهرة) is the capital of Egypt.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
A caliphate (خِلافة) is a state under the leadership of an Islamic steward with the title of caliph (خَليفة), a person considered a religious successor to the Islamic prophet Muhammad and a leader of the entire ummah (community).
Calvin Blackman Bridges (January 11, 1889 – December 27, 1938) was an American scientist, known for his contributions to the field of genetics.
General Cao Kun (Courtesy name: Zhongshan (仲珊)) (December 12, 1862 – May 15, 1938) was a Chinese warlord and politician, who served the President of the Republic of China from 1923 to 1924, as well as the military leader of the Zhili clique in the Beiyang Army; he also served as a trustee of the Catholic University of Peking.
Cape Town (Kaapstad,; Xhosa: iKapa) is a coastal city in South Africa.
Carl Friedrich Goerdeler (31 July 1884 – 2 February 1945) was a monarchist conservative German politician, executive, economist, civil servant, and opponent of the Nazi regime.
Carl Newton Gunter Jr. (October 16, 1938 – July 6, 1999), was a Democratic member of the Louisiana House of Representatives from 1972 to 1992, known for his support of organized labor and his opposition to abortion and the Equal Rights Amendment.
Carl von Ossietzky (3 October 1889 – 4 May 1938) was a German pacifist and the recipient of the 1935 Nobel Peace Prize for his work in exposing the clandestine German re-armament.
Carl O'Neil Little (17 December 1938 – 6 August 2005), better known by his stage name Carlo Little, was a rock and roll drummer, based in the London nightclub scene in the 1960s.
Carlos Manuel Echandi Lahmann (October 20, 1900 – August 23, 1938) was a Costa Rican surgeon murdered by Beltrán Cortés.
Carnegie Hall (but more commonly) is a concert venue in Midtown Manhattan in New York City, United States, located at 881 Seventh Avenue, occupying the east side of Seventh Avenue between West 56th Street and West 57th Street, two blocks south of Central Park.
Carol II (15 October 18934 April 1953) reigned as King of Romania from 8 June 1930 until his enforced abdication on 6 September 1940.
Carpathian Ruthenia, Carpatho-Ukraine or Zakarpattia (Rusyn and Карпатська Русь, Karpats'ka Rus' or Закарпаття, Zakarpattja; Slovak and Podkarpatská Rus; Kárpátalja; Transcarpatia; Zakarpacie; Karpatenukraine) is a historic region in the border between Central and Eastern Europe, mostly located in western Ukraine's Zakarpattia Oblast, with smaller parts in easternmost Slovakia (largely in Prešov Region and Košice Region) and Poland's Lemkovyna.
Carrie Daumery (25 March 1863 – 1 July 1938) was a Belgian-born American film actress.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
César Abraham Vallejo Mendoza (March 16, 1892 – April 15, 1938) was a Peruvian poet, writer, playwright, and journalist.
CBS (an initialism of the network's former name, the Columbia Broadcasting System) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of CBS Corporation.
Cecilia Tamanda Kadzamira GCVO (born 25 June 1938) was the official hostess of Malawi during the reign of Kamuzu Banda.
Cecilio Apóstol (November 22, 1877 – September 8, 1938) was a Filipino poet and poet laureate.
A cel, short for celluloid, is a transparent sheet on which objects are drawn or painted for traditional, hand-drawn animation.
Mahmut Celâl Bayar (16 May 1883 – 22 August 1986) was a Turkish politician who was the third President of Turkey from 1950 to 1960; previously he was Prime Minister of Turkey from 1937 to 1939.
Celestino Rocha da Costa (25 September 1938 – 23 December 2010) was a prime minister of São Tomé and Príncipe.
Cecilia Rodriguez (born June 21, 1938) is a multi-awarded Filipina actress.
Cevat Çobanlı (14 September 1870 or 1871 – 13 March 1938) was a military commander of the Ottoman Army, War Minister (Harbiye Nazırı) of the Ottoman Empire and a general of the Turkish Army.
The Chalumna River (Tyolomnqa) is a river in the Eastern Cape, South Africa.
Chania (Χανιά,, Venetian: Canea, Ottoman Turkish: Hanya) is the second largest city of Crete and the capital of the Chania regional unit.
Charles Édouard Guillaume (15 February 1861, Fleurier, Switzerland – 13 May 1938, Sèvres, France) was a Swiss physicist who received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1920 in recognition of the service he had rendered to precision measurements in physics by his discovery of anomalies in nickel steel alloys.
Charles Dalmas (11 March 1863 – 18 October 1938) was a French architect who mainly worked in Nice, in the south of France.
Charles John Huffam Dickens (7 February 1812 – 9 June 1870) was an English writer and social critic.
Charles Howerton is an American actor best known for such films and television series as The Black Gestapo, Eat My Dust, Up from the Depths, Smokey Bites the Dust, Dr. Heckyl and Mr. Hype, G.I. Joe: The Rise of Cobra, Wolfen, Assassination and The Iron Giant.
Charles "Chuck" McDew (June 23, 1938 – April 3, 2018), African American Register.
Charles Alan "Charlie" Siebert (born March 9, 1938, Kenosha, Wisconsin) is an American actor and television director.
Charles Raymond "Charlie" Starkweather (November 24, 1938 – June 25, 1959) was an American teenaged spree killer who murdered eleven people in the states of Nebraska and Wyoming in a two-month murder spree between December 1957 and January 1958.
Charles Henry Weeghman (March 8, 1874 – November 1, 1938) was one of the founders of the short-lived professional baseball organization called the Federal League (1914–1915).
Charley Frank Pride (born March 18, 1934) is an American country music singer, musician/guitarist, recording artist, performer, business owner, and former baseball player.
Chiang Kai-shek (31 October 1887 – 5 April 1975), also romanized as Chiang Chieh-shih or Jiang Jieshi and known as Chiang Chungcheng, was a political and military leader who served as the leader of the Republic of China between 1928 and 1975, first in mainland China until 1949 and then in exile in Taiwan.
The Chicago Cubs are an American professional baseball team based in Chicago, Illinois.
Chicora is a borough in Butler County, Pennsylvania, United States.
Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Chongqing, formerly romanized as Chungking, is a major city in southwest China.
Christian Lous Lange (17 September 1869 – 11 December 1938) was a Norwegian historian, teacher, and political scientist.
A Christian mission is an organized effort to spread Christianity.
Christian Rohlfs (November 22, 1849 – January 8, 1938) was a German painter, one of the important representatives of German expressionism.
Christiane Hörbiger (born 13 October 1938 in Vienna, Austria) is an Austrian television and film actress.
Christopher Allen Lloyd (born October 22, 1938) is an American actor, voice actor, and comedian. Lloyd came to public attention in Northeastern theater productions during the 1960s and early 1970s, earning an Obie Award and a Drama Desk Award for his work. He made his screen debut in One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1975), and gained widespread recognition as Jim Ignatowski in the comedy series Taxi (1978–1983), for which he won two Emmy Awards. Lloyd also starred as Emmett "Doc" Brown in the ''Back to the Future'' trilogy, Judge Doom in Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1988), and Uncle Fester in The Addams Family (1991) and its sequel Addams Family Values (1993). Lloyd earned a third Emmy for his 1992 guest appearance in Road to Avonlea, and won an Independent Spirit Award for his performance in Twenty Bucks (1993). He has done extensive voice work, including Merlock in DuckTales the Movie (1990), Grigori Rasputin in Anastasia (1997), The Woodsman in Cartoon Network miniseries Over the Garden Wall (2014), and the Hacker in PBS Kids series Cyberchase (2002–present), which earned him two further Emmy nominations. He has also been nominated for two Saturn Awards and a BIFA Award.
Chrysostomos I (Χρυσόστομος Α΄; Madyta, 1868 – Athens, 22 October 1938), born Chrysostomos Papadopoulos (Χρυσόστομος Παπαδόπουλος), was Metropolitan of Athens from 8 March until 31 December 1923, when he became the first Archbishop of Athens and All Greece, serving until his death on 22 October 1938.
The Civil Aeronautics Board (CAB) was an agency of the federal government of the United States that regulated aviation services, including scheduled passenger airline service, and provided air accident investigation.
Clarence Seward Darrow (April 18, 1857 – March 13, 1938) was an American lawyer, a leading member of the American Civil Liberties Union, and a prominent advocate for Georgist economic reform.
Clarence Felder (born September 2, 1938) is an American character actor who has starred in films and on television, and co-starred in ten Broadway productions.
Claude Minière (born October 25, 1938, Paris) is an essayist and poet.
Claudia Cardinale (born 15 April 1938) is an Italian Tunisian film actress and sex symbol who appeared in some of the most acclaimed European films of the 1960s and 1970s, mainly Italian or French, but also in several English films.
(Allen) Clement Edwards (7 June 1869 – 23 June 1938), usually known as Clem, was a Welsh lawyer, journalist, trade union activist and Liberal Party politician.
The coelacanths constitute a now rare order of fish that includes two extant species in the genus Latimeria: the West Indian Ocean coelacanth (Latimeria chalumnae) primarily found near the Comoro Islands off the east coast of Africa and the Indonesian coelacanth (Latimeria menadoensis).
Colin Rice (born 16 July 1938) is a former Australian rules footballer who played with Geelong in the Victorian Football League (VFL).
Sir Colin Norman Thornton-Kemsley, (2 September 1903 – 17 July 1977) was a Conservative and National Liberal politician in the United Kingdom.
Con Conrad (born Conrad K. Dober, June 18, 1891 – September 28, 1938) was an American songwriter and producer.
The Confederate States of America (CSA or C.S.), commonly referred to as the Confederacy, was an unrecognized country in North America that existed from 1861 to 1865.
The Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) was a federation of unions that organized workers in industrial unions in the United States and Canada from 1935 to 1955.
Connie Francis (born Concetta Rosa Maria Franconero, December 12, 1937) is an American pop singer and top-charting female vocalist of the late 1950s and early 1960s.
Connie Stevens (born Concetta Rosalie Ann Ingoglia; August 8, 1938) is an American actress, director, screenwriter, producer, cinematographer, editor, and singer.
Cordell Hull (October 2, 1871July 23, 1955) was an American politician from the U.S. state of Tennessee.
Corneille Jean François Heymans (28 March 1892 – 18 July 1968) was a Belgian physiologist.
Corneliu Zelea Codreanu (born Corneliu Zelinski; September 13, 1899 – November 30, 1938), commonly known as Corneliu Codreanu, was a Romanian politician who was the founder and charismatic leader of the Iron Guard (also known as the Legionnaire movement), an ultranationalistic and antisemitic organization active throughout most of the interwar period.
Cosimo Nocera (16 August 1938 – 28 November 2012) was an Italian international footballer who played as a forward.
Curtis Charles Flood (January 18, 1938 – January 20, 1997) was an American baseball player.
Cynthia Holden Enloe (born July 16, 1938) is a feminist writer, theorist, and professor.
Cyril John Mitchley (born 4 July 1938) is a South African former cricket player, umpire and match referee.
Czechoslovakia, or Czecho-Slovakia (Czech and Československo, Česko-Slovensko), was a sovereign state in Central Europe that existed from October 1918, when it declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, until its peaceful dissolution into the:Czech Republic and:Slovakia on 1 January 1993.
The Czechs (Češi,; singular masculine: Čech, singular feminine: Češka) or the Czech people (Český národ), are a West Slavic ethnic group and a nation native to the Czech Republic in Central Europe, who share a common ancestry, culture, history and Czech language.
Christopher David Allen (13 January 1938 – 13 March 2015), known as Daevid Allen, sometimes credited as Divided Alien, was an Australian poet, guitarist, singer, composer and performance artist.
Daffy Duck is an animated cartoon character produced by Warner Bros. Styled as an anthropomorphic black duck, the character has appeared in cartoon series such as Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies, where he usually has been depicted as a foil of Bugs Bunny.
Daffy Duck & Egghead is a 1938 Merrie Melodies cartoon directed by Tex Avery.
Dale Leonard Hackbart (born July 21, 1938) is a former American football defensive back who played twelve seasons in the National Football League for the Green Bay Packers, Washington Redskins, Minnesota Vikings, St. Louis Cardinals, and Denver Broncos from 1960 to 1973.
Dana Ulery (born January 2, 1938) is an American computer scientist and pioneer in scientific computing applications.
Dana was a town located in Worcester County, Massachusetts.
Daniel Mark Buechlein, OSB (April 20, 1938 – January 25, 2018) was a Benedictine monk and an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church.
David Baltimore (born March 7, 1938) is an American biologist, university administrator, and 1975 Nobel laureate in Physiology or Medicine.
David Freiberg (pronounced FRY-BERG) (born August 24, 1938) is an American musician best known for contributing vocals, keyboards, electric bass, rhythm guitar, viola and percussion as a member of Quicksilver Messenger Service, Jefferson Airplane and Jefferson Starship.
David Hamilton (born David Pilditch on 10 September 1938) is a British radio presenter.
David Hugh Mellor (born 10 July 1938), also known as Hugh Mellor and usually cited as D. H. Mellor, is a British philosopher.
David John Cawdell Irving (born 24 March 1938) is an English author and Holocaust denier who has written on the military and political history of World War II, with a focus on Nazi Germany.
David King Udall, Sr. (September 7, 1851 – February 18, 1938) was a representative to the Arizona Territorial Legislature and the founder of the Udall political family.
David Eden Lane (November 2, 1938 – May 28, 2007) was an American white supremacist leader and convicted felon.
David Pratt (born 20 July 1938) is a former English first-class cricketer who played between 1959 and 1962 for three different teams.
Dawn Elberta Wells (born October 18, 1938) is an American actress who is best known for her role as Mary Ann Summers on the CBS sitcom Gilligan's Island.
It is known by a collection of names including: Saint Sylvester's Day, New Year's Eve or Old Years Day/Night, as the following day is New Year's Day.
Dennis Oppenheim (September 6, 1938 – January 21, 2011) was an American conceptual artist, performance artist, earth artist, sculptor and photographer.
Alexander Derek Dougan (20 January 1938 – 24 June 2007) was a Northern Ireland international footballer, football manager, football chairman, pundit, and writer.
Dewi Iorwerth Ellis Bebb (7 August 1938 – 14 March 1996) was a Welsh rugby union player who won thirty four caps for Wales as a wing.
Diana Charlton Muldaur (born August 19, 1938) is an American film and television actress.
Dame Enid Diana Elizabeth Rigg, (born 20 July 1938) is an English actress.
Diane Silvers Ravitch (born July 1, 1938) is a historian of education, an educational policy analyst, and a research professor at New York University's Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development.
Diatonic (διατονική) and chromatic (χρωματική) are terms in music theory that are most often used to characterize scales, and are also applied to musical instruments, intervals, chords, notes, musical styles, and kinds of harmony.
Dick Cochran (born June 23, 1938) is a retired American track athlete.
Richard Glenn "Dick" Rutan (born July 1, 1938) is a retired United States Air Force pilot and record-breaking aviator who piloted the Voyager aircraft around the world non-stop with co-pilot Jeana Yeager.
Discordianism is a paradigm based upon the book Principia Discordia, written by Greg Hill with Kerry Wendell Thornley in 1963, the two working under the pseudonyms Malaclypse the Younger and Omar Khayyam Ravenhurst.
The Divine Mercy of Jesus, also known as the Divine Mercy, is a Roman Catholic devotion to Jesus Christ associated with the reputed apparitions of Jesus revealed to Saint Faustina Kowalska.
Donald Leon Choate (July 2, 1938 – February 4, 2018) was an American professional baseball player.
Joseph Don "Dandy Don" Meredith (April 10, 1938 – December 5, 2010) was an American football quarterback, sports commentator and actor.
Donald Anthony Perkins (born March 4, 1938) is a former American football fullback in the National Football League for the Dallas Cowboys.
Donald Ervin Knuth (born January 10, 1938) is an American computer scientist, mathematician, and professor emeritus at Stanford University.
Douglas Corrigan (January 22, 1907 – December 9, 1995) was an American aviator born in Galveston, Texas.
Douglas Ross Hyde (Dubhghlas de hÍde; 17 January 1860 – 12 July 1949), known as An Craoibhín Aoibhinn (lit. "The Pleasant Little Branch"), was an Irish academic, linguist, scholar of the Irish language, politician and diplomat who served as the 1st President of Ireland from June 1938 to June 1945.
Duane Albert Armstrong is an American painter, best known for his oil on canvas paintings.
Duane Eddy (born April 26, 1938) is an American guitarist.
Duce ("leader") is an Italian title, derived from the Latin word dux, and cognate with duke.
Alfred Duff Cooper, 1st Viscount Norwich, (22 February 1890 – 1 January 1954), known as Duff Cooper, was a British Conservative Party politician, diplomat and author.
Durai Murugan (born 1 July 1938 in Melmayil, Tamil Nadu) is an Indian lawyer and politician.
Durban (eThekwini, from itheku meaning "bay/lagoon") is the largest city in the South African province of KwaZulu-Natal and the third most populous in South Africa after Johannesburg and Cape Town.
Elzie Crisler Segar (December 8, 1894 – October 13, 1938) was an American cartoonist, best known as the creator of Popeye, a pop culture character who first appeared in 1929 in Segar's comic strip Thimble Theatre.
Ed Davis (July 30, 1900–December 16, 1938) was an American burglar, bank robber and Depression-era outlaw.
Edward Matthew Lauter Jr. (October 30, 1938 – October 16, 2013), known as Ed Lauter, was an American actor and stand-up comedian.
Edward Raymond Cochran (October 3, 1938 – April 17, 1960) was an American musician.
Edmund Charles Tarbell (April 26, 1862 – August 1, 1938) was an American Impressionist painter.
Edmund Duggan (1862 – 2 August 1938) was an Irish-born actor and playwright who worked in Australia.
Edmund Gustav Albrecht Husserl (or;; 8 April 1859 – 27 April 1938) was a German philosopher who established the school of phenomenology.
Edmund Georg Hermann Landau (14 February 1877 – 19 February 1938) was a German mathematician who worked in the fields of number theory and complex analysis.
Edoardo Vianello (born 24 June 1938) is an Italian singer, composer and actor.
Eduard Davydovich Lepin (1889 – 22 August 1938) was a Latvian-born Soviet division commander and Komkor (corps commander).
Edvard Beneš, sometimes anglicised to Edward Benesh (28 May 1884 – 3 September 1948), was a Czech politician and statesman who was President of Czechoslovakia from 1935 to 1938 and again from 1945 to 1948.
Edward Moringe Sokoine (1 August 1938 – 12 April 1984) was a two-term Prime Minister of Tanzania serving from 13 February 1977 to 7 November 1980 and again from 24 February 1983 to 12 April 1984.
Edward Frederick Lindley Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax, (16 April 1881 – 23 December 1959), styled Lord Irwin from 1925 until 1934 and Viscount Halifax from 1934 until 1944, was one of the most senior British Conservative politicians of the 1930s.
The Eiger is a mountain of the Bernese Alps, overlooking Grindelwald and Lauterbrunnen in the Bernese Oberland of Switzerland, just north of the main watershed and border with Valais.
Eleanor Bron (born 14 March 1938) is an English stage, film and television actress, and an author.
Ellen Johnson Sirleaf (born 29 October 1938) is a Liberian politician who served as the 24th President of Liberia from 2006 to 2018.
Elliott Gould (born Elliott Goldstein; August 29, 1938) is an American actor.
Emil Dominik Josef Hácha (12 July 1872 – 27 June 1945) was a Czech lawyer, the third President of Czechoslovakia from 1938 to 1939.
Emmanuel Rakotovahiny (born 16 August 1938) is a Malagasy politician who was Prime Minister of Madagascar from 1995 to 1996.
Enéas Ferreira Carneiro (November 5, 1938 – May 6, 2007) was a Brazilian physician and politician.
Ene Riisna (born 27 June 1938) is an Estonian-born American television producer.
Enfield was a town in Hampshire County, Massachusetts.
Enrico Fermi (29 September 1901 – 28 November 1954) was an Italian-American physicist and the creator of the world's first nuclear reactor, the Chicago Pile-1.
Enrique Figuerola Camue (born July 15, 1938) is a retired sprinter from Cuba.
Enver Umyarovich Yulgushov (Энвер Умярович Юлгушов; born June 25, 1938) is a Russian professional football coach and a former player.
Epping is a market town and civil parish in the Epping Forest district of the County of Essex, England.
The Era of Silence (vaikiv ajastu) was the period between 1934 and 1938 or 1940 in Estonian history.
Sir Eric Clare Edmund Phipps (27 October 1875 – 13 August 1945) was a British diplomat.
Erie Railroad Co.
Erma Vernice Franklin (March 13, 1938 – September 7, 2002) was an American Gospel and R&B singer.
Ernest "Ernie" Pieterse (born 4 July 1938) is a former racing driver from South Africa.
Ernst Barlach (2 January 1870 in Wedel – 24 October 1938 in Rostock) was a German expressionist sculptor, printmaker and writer.
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (6 May 1880 – 15 June 1938) was a German expressionist painter and printmaker and one of the founders of the artists group Die Brücke or "The Bridge", a key group leading to the foundation of Expressionism in 20th-century art.
Ernst Eduard vom Rath (3 June 1909 – 9 November 1938) was a German diplomat, remembered for his assassination in Paris in 1938 by a Polish Jewish teenager, Herschel Grynszpan, which provided a pretext for the Kristallnacht, "The Night of Broken Glass.".
Eshref Frashëri (October 15, 1874 – October 17, 1938), also referred as Eshtref Frashëri, was an Albanian politician.
Estadio Antonio Vespucio Liberti, also referred to as River Plate Stadium, Monumental de Núñez or simply El Monumental, is a stadium in the Belgrano district of Buenos Aires, Argentina (although popular belief wrongly states that the stadium is in the Núñez district), home of the football club River Plate.
Estonia (Eesti), officially the Republic of Estonia (Eesti Vabariik), is a sovereign state in Northern Europe.
Eszter Tamási (20 April 1938 – 16 December 1991) was a Hungarian actress and TV announcer.
Etta James (born Jamesetta Hawkins; January 25, 1938 – January 20, 2012) was an American singer who performed in various genres, including blues, R&B, soul, rock and roll, jazz and gospel.
Ettore Majorana (born on 5 August 1906 – probably died after 1959) was an Italian theoretical physicist who worked on neutrino masses.
Eugene Belliveau (born May 30, 1958 in Clarke City, Quebec) is a former Canadian football defensive lineman who played ten seasons in the Canadian Football League for the Montreal Alouettes and the Calgary Stampeders.
Eugene James Martin (Washington, D.C., July 24, 1938 – Lafayette, Louisiana, January 1, 2005) was an African-American visual artist.
Eugenia de Reuss Ianculescu (11 March 1866 – 29 December 1938) was a Romanian teacher, writer, and women's rights activist.
Robert Craig Knievel Jr. (October 17, 1938 – November 30, 2007), professionally known as Evel Knievel, was an American stunt performer, painter and entertainer.
Ewald von Kleist-Schmenzin (22 March 1890 – 9 April 1945) was a German lawyer, a conservative politician, opponent of Nazism, and a member of the 20 July Plot to assassinate Hitler, for which he was executed.
In biology, extinction is the termination of an organism or of a group of organisms (taxon), normally a species.
Faanya Lydia (Arch) Rose (born July 9, 1938) is a British-American business woman, conservationist, philanthropist, and explorer.
Fall Grün (English: "Case Green") was a German plan for an aggressive war against Czechoslovakia before World War II.
Farah Pahlavi, née Diba (فرح پهلوی; born 14 October 1938) is the widow of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and the exiled shahbanu (empress) of Iran.
Queen Farida, born Safinaz Zulficar (5 September 1921 – 16 October 1988) (Arabic: صافيناز ذوالفقار) was the first wife of King Farouk.
Farouk El-Baz (فاروق الباز, Pronunciation) (born January 2, 1938) is an Egyptian American space scientist who worked with NASA to assist in the planning of scientific exploration of the Moon, including the selection of landing sites for the Apollo missions and the training of astronauts in lunar observations and photography.
Farouk I (فاروق الأول Fārūq al-Awwal; 11 February 1920 – 18 March 1965) was the tenth ruler of Egypt from the Muhammad Ali dynasty and the penultimate King of Egypt and the Sudan, succeeding his father, Fuad I, in 1936.
Saint Maria Faustyna Kowalska of the Blessed Sacrament, OLM, popularly spelled Faustina (born as Helena Kowalska; 25 August 1905 in Głogowiec – 5 October 1938 in Kraków, Poland), was a Polish Roman Catholic nun and mystic.
Félix Lope María Córdova Dávila (November 20, 1878 – December 3, 1938) was a political leader and judge from Puerto Rico who served as Puerto Rico's fourth Resident Commissioner in Congress and later as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of Puerto Rico.
For superstitious reasons, when the Romans began to intercalate to bring their calendar into line with the solar year, they chose not to place their extra month of Mercedonius after February but within it.
This day marks the approximate midpoint of winter in the Northern Hemisphere and of summer in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the December solstice).
Fela Anikulapo Kuti (15 October 1938 – 2 August 1997), also professionally known as Fela Kuti, or simply Fela, was a Nigerian multi-instrumentalist, musician, composer, pioneer of the Afrobeat music genre, human rights activist, and political maverick.
Feodor Ivanovich Chaliapin (ˈfʲɵdər ɪˈvanəvʲɪtɕ ʂɐˈlʲapʲɪn; April 12, 1938) was a Russian opera singer.
The First Lord of the Admiralty, or formally the Office of the First Lord of the Admiralty, was the political head of the Royal Navy who was the government's senior adviser on all naval affairs and responsible for the direction and control of Admiralty Department as well as general administration of the Naval Service of the United Kingdom, that encompassed the Royal Navy, the Royal Marines and other services.
First Marshal of the Empire (Italian: Primo Maresciallo dell'Impero) was a military rank established by the Italian parliament on March 30, 1938.
The First Vienna Award was a treaty signed on November 2, 1938, as a result of the First Vienna Arbitration.
Fischer Sheffey Black (January 11, 1938 – August 30, 1995) was an American economist, best known as one of the authors of the famous Black–Scholes equation.
Florence Lawrence (January 2, 1886 – December 28, 1938) was a Canadian-American stage performer and film actress.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Francine Pascal (née Rubin, born May 13, 1938) is an American author best known for creating the Sweet Valley series of young adult novels.
Francisco Franco Bahamonde (4 December 1892 – 20 November 1975) was a Spanish general who ruled over Spain as a military dictator from 1939, after the Nationalist victory in the Spanish Civil War, until his death in 1975.
Benjamin Franklin Deford III (December 16, 1938 – May 28, 2017) was an American sportswriter and novelist From 1980 until his death in 2017, he was a regular sports commentator on NPR's Morning Edition radio program.
Frank George Wisner II (born July 2, 1938) is an American businessman and former diplomat.
Frank Monroe Hawks (March 28, 1897 - August 23, 1938) was a pilot in the United States Army Air Service during World War I and was known during the 1920s and 1930s as a record breaking aviator, using a series of Texaco-sponsored aircraft, setting 214 point-to-point records in the United States and Europe.
Frank J. "Pat" Dodd (February 4, 1938 – May 14, 2010) was an American businessman and Democratic Party politician who served as President of the New Jersey Senate from 1974 to 1975.
Frank A. Langella Jr. (born January 1, 1938) is an American stage and film actor.
Frank Edward McKinney, Jr. (November 3, 1938 – September 11, 1992) was an American competition swimmer, Olympic champion, and former world record-holder.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Sr. (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt III (born July 19, 1938) is a retired American economist and academic.
Franz Halder (30 June 1884 – 2 April 1972) was a German general and the chief of the Oberkommando des Heeres staff (OKH, Army High Command) from 1938 until September 1942, when he was dismissed after frequent disagreements with Adolf Hitler.
Franz I, Prince of Liechtenstein, born Franz de Paula Maria Karl August (28 August 1853 – 25 July 1938), was the Prince of Liechtenstein between 1929 and 1938.
Frederick "Fred" Baker (January 29, 1854 – May 16, 1938) was an American physician and civic activist in San Diego, California.
Fred Kohler (April 20, 1888 – October 28, 1938) was an American actor.
Frederick Dewayne Hubbard (April 7, 1938 – December 29, 2008) was an American jazz trumpeter.
Frederic Anthony Rzewski (born April 13, 1938 in Westfield, Massachusetts) is an American composer and virtuoso pianist.
Frederick Ruple (September 19, 1871"Dr. phil. Roland E. Hofer, Staatsarchivar," accessed February 28, 2010, www.staatsarchiv.sh.ch - May 23, 1938"Frederick Ruple, Artist, Dies at Home in Tulsa," Tulsa Daily World, May 24, 1938) was a 20th-century Swiss-American painter, primarily of portraits.
Frederick William Vanderbilt (February 2, 1856 – June 29, 1938) was a member of the American plutocratic Vanderbilt family.
The Free City of Danzig (Freie Stadt Danzig; Wolne Miasto Gdańsk) was a semi-autonomous city-state that existed between 1920 and 1939, consisting of the Baltic Sea port of Danzig (now Gdańsk, Poland) and nearly 200 towns and villages in the surrounding areas.
The French Communist Party (Parti communiste français, PCF) is a communist party in France.
Frequency is the number of occurrences of a repeating event per unit of time.
Fritz Pleitgen (born 21 March 1938 in Duisburg-Meiderich) is a German television journalist and author.
Fritz-Albert Popp (born 11 May 1938 in Frankfurt am Main, Germany) is a German researcher in biophysics, particularly in the study of biophotons.
General Gabriele D'Annunzio, Prince of Montenevoso, Duke of Gallese (12 March 1863 – 1 March 1938), sometimes spelled d'Annunzio, was an Italian writer, poet, journalist, playwright and soldier during World War I. He occupied a prominent place in Italian literature from 1889 to 1910 and later political life from 1914 to 1924.
Gian Galeazzo Ciano, 2nd Count of Cortellazzo and Buccari (18 March 1903 – 11 January 1944) was Foreign Minister of Fascist Italy from 1936 until 1943 and Benito Mussolini's son-in-law.
Ernest Gary Gygax (July 27, 1938 – March 4, 2008) was an American game designer and author best known for co-creating the pioneering role-playing game Dungeons & Dragons (D&D) with Dave Arneson.
Gary Keith Starkweather (born January 9, 1938) is an American engineer and inventor most notable for the invention of the laser printer and color management.
Gaylord Jackson Perry (born September 15, 1938) is a former Major League Baseball right-handed pitcher.
Götz George (23 July 1938 – 19 June 2016) was a German actor, son of actor couple Berta Drews and Heinrich George.
Gene Gaines (born June 26, 1938) was a football player in the CFL sixteen years.
Eugene L. Mingo (born September 22, 1938) is a former professional American football player from Akron, Ohio, who played several positions including halfback, placekicker, and return specialist.
Eugene Nicholas Prebola (born June 30, 1938) is a former American football tight end who played four seasons in the American Football League with the Oakland Raiders and Denver Broncos.
Geneva (Genève, Genèva, Genf, Ginevra, Genevra) is the second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich) and the most populous city of the Romandy, the French-speaking part of Switzerland.
Georg Baselitz (born 23 January 1938, as Hans-Georg Kern, in Deutschbaselitz, Germany) is a German painter, sculptor and graphic artist.
George Auriol, born Jean-Georges Huyot (26 April 1863, Beauvais (Oise) –6 February 1938, Paris), was a French poet, songwriter, graphic designer, type designer, and Art Nouveau artist.
George Ernest Barnett (February 19, 1873 – June 17, 1938) was an American economist.
George Grey Barnard (May 24, 1863 – April 24, 1938), often written George Gray Barnard, was an American sculptor who trained in Paris.
George Henry Collin (June 4, 1856 – January 1, 1938) was an American politician in the state of Washington.
George Martley Davis (7 January 1860 – 20 July 1938) was an Australian politician.
Georges-Étienne Bonnet (22/23 July 1889 – 18 June 1973) was a French politician and leading figure in the Radical Party.
Marie-Georges-Jean Méliès, known as Georges Méliès (8 December 1861 – 21 January 1938), was a French illusionist and film director who led many technical and narrative developments in the earliest days of cinema.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Gettysburg is a borough and the county seat of Adams County in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
Giampaolo Menichelli (born 29 June 1938) is a retired Italian footballer, who played as a winger.
Giampiero Littera (born 25 June 1938) is an Italian former film actor.
Gibraltar is a British Overseas Territory located at the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula.
Gilbert Greenall, 1st Baron Daresbury (30 March 1867 – 24 October 1938), known as Sir Gilbert Greenall, 2nd Baronet, from 1894 to 1927, was a British businessman.
Gillis Emanuel Grafström (7 June 1893 – 14 April 1938) was a Swedish figure skater.
Giuliano Amato (born 13 May 1938) is an Italian politician who twice served as Prime Minister of Italy, first from 1992 to 1993 and again from 2000 to 2001. Later, he was Vice President of the Convention on the Future of Europe that drafted the European Constitution and headed the Amato Group. He is commonly nicknamed dottor Sottile, (which means "Doctor Subtilis", the sobriquet of the Scottish Medieval philosopher John Duns Scotus, a reference to his political subtlety). From 2006 to 2008, he was the Minister of the Interior in Romano Prodi's government. On 12 September 2013, President Giorgio Napolitano appointed him to the Constitutional Court of Italy, where he has served since then.
Giuliano Gemma (2 September 1938 – 1 October 2013) was an Italian actor.
"God Bless America" is an American patriotic song written by Irving Berlin during World War I in 1918 and revised by him in the run up to World War II in 1938.
The Godesberg Memorandum is a document issued by Adolf Hitler in the early hours of 24 September 1938 concerning the Sudetenland and amounting to an ultimatum addressed to the government of Czechoslovakia.
Goh Kun (Hangul: 고건, Hanja: 高建, born January 2, 1938) is a South Korean politician, the former Prime Minister of South Korea and former President of South Korea.
Gonzalo Bilbao Martínez (27 May 1860 –Seville 4 December, 1938) was a Spanish costumbrista painter and art professor.
Austin William "Goose" Gonsoulin (June 7, 1938 – September 8, 2014) was an American football player.
Gordon Meredith Lightfoot Jr. (born November 17, 1938) is a Canadian singer-songwriter who achieved international success in folk, folk-rock, and country music.
The Governor of California is the head of government of the U.S. state of California.
The Governor-General of Tuvalu is the representative of the Tuvaluan monarch (currently Queen Elizabeth II) and performs the duties of the Queen in her absence.
Malcolm Grahame Christie (27 January 1881 - 3 November 1971), known as either Colonel or Group-Captain Graham Christie, was a British Air Attaché in Berlin, 1927-1930, and subsequently worked as an intelligence officer in Germany from 1930 until 1939.
Grand Duke Kirill (Cyril) Vladimirovich of Russia, (Кирилл Владимирович Рома́нов; Kirill Vladimirovich Romanov; – 12 October 1938) was a son of Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovich of Russia, a grandson of Emperor Alexander II and a first cousin of Nicholas II, Russia’s last Tsar.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.
Greenwich (pronounced "green-witch") was a town in Hampshire County, Massachusetts.
Grit Boettcher (born 10 August 1938, in Berlin) is a German actress.
Guam (Chamorro: Guåhån) is an unincorporated and organized territory of the United States in Micronesia in the western Pacific Ocean.
Guangzhou, also known as Canton, is the capital and most populous city of the province of Guangdong.
Gustav Adolf Carl Closs (6 May 1864, Stuttgart - 3 September 1938, Berlin) was a German painter, illustrator and heraldist.
Gyula Török (24 January 1938 – 12 January 2014) was an amateur Hungarian boxer.
Hans von Kaltenborn (July 9, 1878 – June 14, 1965), generally known as H. V.
Haakon VII (born Christian Frederik Carl Georg Valdemar Axel; 3 August 187221 September 1957), known as Prince Carl of Denmark until 1905, was a Danish prince who became the first king of Norway after the 1905 dissolution of the union with Sweden.
Hal De Forrest (born 14 July 1862, Oporto, Portugal – died 16 February 1938, New York City) was a Portuguese-born American stage and early silent film actor.
The Halifax Slasher was the supposed attacker in an incident of mass hysteria that occurred in the town of Halifax, England, in November 1938 following a series of reported attacks on local people, mostly women.
Halldór Blöndal (born 24 August 1938) is a politician of the Independence Party (Iceland).
Hamburg (locally), Hamborg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg),Constitution of Hamburg), is the second-largest city of Germany as well as one of the country's 16 constituent states, with a population of roughly 1.8 million people. The city lies at the core of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region which spreads across four German federal states and is home to more than five million people. The official name reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919 it formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten. The city has repeatedly been beset by disasters such as the Great Fire of Hamburg, exceptional coastal flooding and military conflicts including World War II bombing raids. Historians remark that the city has managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe. Situated on the river Elbe, Hamburg is home to Europe's second-largest port and a broad corporate base. In media, the major regional broadcasting firm NDR, the printing and publishing firm italic and the newspapers italic and italic are based in the city. Hamburg remains an important financial center, the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank. Media, commercial, logistical, and industrial firms with significant locations in the city include multinationals Airbus, italic, italic, italic, and Unilever. The city is a forum for and has specialists in world economics and international law with such consular and diplomatic missions as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the EU-LAC Foundation, and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. In recent years, the city has played host to multipartite international political conferences and summits such as Europe and China and the G20. Former German Chancellor italic, who governed Germany for eight years, and Angela Merkel, German chancellor since 2005, come from Hamburg. The city is a major international and domestic tourist destination. It ranked 18th in the world for livability in 2016. The Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015. Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions. Among its most notable cultural venues are the italic and italic concert halls. It gave birth to movements like Hamburger Schule and paved the way for bands including The Beatles. Hamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows. St. Pauli's italic is among the best-known European entertainment districts.
Hampton Lansden Fancher (born July 18, 1938) is an American actor who became a producer and screenwriter in the late 1970s.
Hans Herbjørnsrud (born 2 January 1938 in Heddal) is a Norwegian author of short stories.
Hariprasad Chaurasia (born 1 July 1938) is an Indian classical flutist, who plays the bansuri, an Indian bamboo flute, in the Hindustani classical tradition.
Harry Grant Dart (1869–1938) was an American cartoonist and illustrator known for his futuristic and often aviation-oriented cartoons and comic strips.
Harvey Clark (October 4, 1885 – July 19, 1938) was an American actor on stage and screen.
Harvey Samuel Firestone (December 20, 1868 – February 7, 1938) was an American businessman, and the founder of the Firestone Tire and Rubber Company, one of the first global makers of automobile tires.
Hatay State (Hatay Devleti, État du Hatay, دولة خطاي Dawlat Khaṭāy), also known informally as the Republic of Hatay, was a transitional political entity that existed from September 7, 1938, to June 29, 1939, in the territory of the Sanjak of Alexandretta of the French Mandate of Syria.
Hawaii Clipper was one of three Pan American Airways Martin M-130 flying boats.
Heavyweight is a weight class in combat sports.
Heino (born 13 December 1938 as Heinz Georg Kramm) is a German singer of popular music (Schlager) and traditional Volksmusik.
Heinz Fischer (born 9 October 1938) is a former Austrian politician.
Hellzapoppin is a musical revue written by the comedy team of Olsen and Johnson, consisting of John "Ole" Olsen and Harold "Chic" Johnson, with music and lyrics by Sammy Fain and Charles Tobias.
Henry Fambrough (born May 10, 1938) is an original vocalist and current member of the R&B quintet The Spinners (aka The Detroit Spinners).
Henry Victor Deligny (5 September 1855 - 2 January 1938) was a French divisional general who served in the First World War.
Herbert James Elliott AC MBE (born 25 February 1938) is a former Australian athlete and arguably the world's greatest middle distance runner of his era.
Herbert Eugene Ives (July 21, 1882 – November 13, 1953) was a scientist and engineer who headed the development of facsimile and television systems at AT&T in the first half of the twentieth century.
Herbert Polzhuber (24 June 1938 – 27 July 2015) was an Austrian fencer and modern pentathlete.
Baron Herman Baltia (1 September 1863 – 16 September 1938) was a Belgian military officer, the son of the Belgian General Charles Baltia (of Luxembourgish origin) and of a German mother.
Hermann Wilhelm Göring (or Goering;; 12 January 1893 – 15 October 1946) was a German political and military leader as well as one of the most powerful figures in the Nazi Party (NSDAP) that ruled Germany from 1933 to 1945.
Herschel Feibel Grynszpan (Hermann Grünspan; 28 March 1921 — last rumoured to be alive 1945, declared dead 1960) was a Polish-Jewish refugee, born in Germany.
The Czechoslovak First Republic emerged from the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in October 1918.
The Holy See (Santa Sede; Sancta Sedes), also called the See of Rome, is the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the Catholic Church in Rome, the episcopal see of the Pope, and an independent sovereign entity.
Horse racing is an equestrian performance sport, typically involving two or more horses ridden by jockeys (or sometimes driven without riders) over a set distance for competition.
Howard Robard Hughes Jr. (December 24, 1905 – April 5, 1976) was an American business magnate, investor, record-setting pilot, film director, and philanthropist, known during his lifetime as one of the most financially successful individuals in the world.
Hoyt Wayne Axton (March 25, 1938 – October 26, 1999) was an American folk music singer-songwriter, guitarist and a film and television actor.
Hradčany (Hradschin), the Castle District, is the district of the city of Prague, Czech Republic surrounding Prague Castle.
Hugh Trumble (12 May 1867 – 14 August 1938) was an Australian cricketer who played 32 Test matches as a bowling all-rounder between 1890 and 1904.
The Hungary national football team (Magyar labdarúgó-válogatott) represents Hungary in international football and is controlled by the Hungarian Football Federation.
Iain Stewart Macmillan (20 October 1938 – 8 May 2006) was the Scottish photographer famous for taking the cover photograph for The Beatles' album Abbey Road in 1969.
Ian Smith (born 19 June 1938) is an Australian soap opera character actor, television producer and screenwriter.
Ian Andrew Robert Stewart (18 July 1938 – 12 December 1985) was a Scottish keyboardist and co-founder of the Rolling Stones.
Ilana Karaszyk (also "Karashik"; אילנה קרשיק; born July 1, 1938) is an Israeli former Olympic runner and long jumper.
The Imperial Japanese Army (IJA; Dai-Nippon Teikoku Rikugun; "Army of the Greater Japanese Empire") was the official ground-based armed force of the Empire of Japan from 1868 to 1945.
Information Please was an American radio quiz show, created by Dan Golenpaul, which aired on NBC from May 17, 1938 to April 22, 1951.
The International Brigades (Brigadas Internacionales) were paramilitary units set up by the Communist International to assist the Popular Front government of the Second Spanish Republic during the Spanish Civil War.
Ioannis Metaxas (Ιωάννης Μεταξάς; 12 April 1871 – 29 January 1941) was a Greek military officer and politician, serving as Prime Minister of Greece from 1936 until his death in 1941.
An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).
Ionatana Ionatana, CVO, OBE (November 05, 1938 – December 8, 2000), was a political figure from the Pacific nation of Tuvalu.
The Iron Guard (Garda de fier) is the name most commonly given to a far-right movement and political party in Romania in the period from 1927 into the early part of World War II.
Irving Berlin (born Israel Beilin (Израиль Моисеевич Бейлин) Ministry of Culture, Russian Federation – September 22, 1989) was an American composer and lyricist, widely considered one of the greatest songwriters in American history.
Isidore Konti (July 9, 1862 – January 11, 1938) was a Vienna-born (of Hungarian parents) sculptor.
Islam Abduganiyevich Karimov (Islom Abdugʻaniyevich Karimov; Ислам Абдуганиевич Каримов; 30 January 1938 – 2 September 2016) was the leader of Uzbekistan and its predecessor state, the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic, from 1989 until his death in 2016.
is a Japanese fashion designer.
István Szabó (born February 18, 1938) is a Hungarian film director, screenwriter, and opera director.
The Italy national football team (Nazionale di calcio dell'Italia) represents Italy in association football and is controlled by the Italian Football Federation (FIGC), the governing body for football in Italy.
Ivan Mikhailovich Maisky (also spelled Maysky; Ива́н Миха́йлович Ма́йский) (19 January 1884 – 3 September 1975) was a Soviet diplomat, historian and politician, notable as the Soviet Union's Ambassador to the United Kingdom during much of the Second World War.
Ivan Mrkvička (-Czech, also Jan Václav Mrkvička) (23 April 1856 – 16 May 1938) was a Czech-born painter and an active contributor to the artistic life of newly liberated Bulgaria in the late 19th and early 20th century.
Ivana Brlić-Mažuranić (18 April 1874 – 21 September 1938) was a Croatian writer.
The Ives–Stilwell experiment tested the contribution of relativistic time dilation to the Doppler shift of light.
John Delphus "J.D." McDuffie Jr.
John Weldon "J.
Jonas Petter Dahlén (also called "Dahlén i Kiruna", meaning 'Dahlén in Kiruna'; November 14, 1881 in Ragunda – January 23, 1938 in Jukkasjärvi) was a Swedish mine worker and politician.
John Allan Jones (born January 14, 1938) known professionally as Jack Jones, is an American actor and jazz and pop singer, popular during the 1960s.
John Jacob "Jake" Crouthamel (born June 27, 1938) is a former American football player, coach, and college athletics administrator.
John Philip "Jake" Thackray (27 February 1938 – 24 December 2002) was an English singer-songwriter, poet and journalist.
Sir James Barr FRCP FRSE CBE DL LLD (25 September 1849 – 16 November 1938) was an Ulster-born physician, who rose to be President of the British Medical Association and is noted for his work on the medical care of prisoners.
James Christopher Bolam, (born 16 June 1935) is an English actor, best known for his roles as Terry Collier in The Likely Lads and its sequel Whatever Happened to the Likely Lads?, Jack Ford in When the Boat Comes In, Roy Figgis in Only When I Laugh, Trevor Chaplin in The Beiderbecke Trilogy, Dr Arthur Gilder in Born and Bred, Jack Halford in New Tricks and the title character of Grandpa in the CBeebies programme Grandpa in My Pocket.
James Bond (born 5 July 1938) is a British former motorcycle speedway rider who rode for Wolverhampton Wolves, Swindon Robins, and Long Eaton Archers.
James Farentino (February 24, 1938 – January 24, 2012) was an American actor.
James Weldon Johnson (June 17, 1871June 26, 1938) was an American author, educator, lawyer, diplomat, songwriter, and civil rights activist.
Jan Syrový (24 January 1888 – 17 October 1970) was a Czechoslovak Army four star general and the prime minister during the Munich Crisis.
Janet Guthrie (born March 7, 1938, in Iowa City, Iowa) is a retired professional race car driver and the first woman to qualify and compete in both the Indianapolis 500 and the Daytona 500.
Janet Wood Reno (July 21, 1938 – November 7, 2016) was an American lawyer who served as the Attorney General of the United States from 1993 until 2001.
January 1 is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar.
In the 20th and 21st centuries the Julian calendar is 13 days behind the Gregorian calendar, thus January 14 is sometimes celebrated as New Year's Day (Old New Year) by religious groups who use the Julian calendar.
In the ancient astronomy, it is the cusp day between Capricorn and Aquarius.
Perihelion, the point during the year when the Earth is closest to the Sun, occurs around this date.
Janusz Andrzej Zajdel (15 August 1938 – 19 July 1985) was a Polish science fiction author, second in popularity in Poland to Stanisław Lem.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
Jason Bernard (May 17, 1938 – October 16, 1996) was an American film and television actor.
Jayant Vishnu Narlikar (born 19 July 1938) is an Indian astrophysicist.
Józef Lipski (5 June 1894 – 1 November 1958) was a Polish diplomat and Ambassador to Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1939.
József Gelei (born 29 June 1938) is a Hungarian former professional football player and manager.
Jean Marie Joseph Degoutte (18 April 1866, Charnay, Rhône – 31 October 1938) was a French general active in the colonies and the First World War.
Jean Nguza Karl-i-Bond (August 4, 1938 – July 27, 2003) was a prominent Zairian politician.
Jean Dorothy Seberg (November 13, 1938August 30, 1979) was an American actress who lived half her life in France.
Jeff Barry (born Joel Adelberg; April 3, 1938) is an American pop music songwriter, singer, and record producer.
Jefferson Airplane, a rock band based in San Francisco, California, was one of the pioneering bands of psychedelic rock.
Jefferson Starship is an American rock band from San Francisco, California that evolved out of the group Jefferson Airplane following the departure of bassist Jack Casady and guitarist Jorma Kaukonen.
Jenő Dsida (Dsida Jenő,; 17 May 1907 – 7 June 1938) was a Hungarian poet and translator.
Jerre Levy (born April 7, 1938) is an American psychologist and researcher of the brain.
Edmund Gerald "Jerry" Brown Jr. (born April 7, 1938) is an American politician, author and lawyer serving as the 39th and current Governor of California since 2011, previously holding the position from 1975 to 1983, making him the state's longest-serving Governor.
Jerry Alan West (born May 28, 1938) is an American retired basketball player who played professionally for the Los Angeles Lakers of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
Jiří Krampol (born 11 July 1938 in Buštěhrad, Kladno District) is a Czech film and theatre actor.
James Patrick Anderton (born James Patrick Byrne; 21 January 1938 – 7 January 2018) was a New Zealand politician who led a succession of left-wing parties after leaving the Labour Party in 1989.
William James Feast CBE FRS FRSC (born 25 June 1938) is a British chemical scientist and academic.
Ulrich Friedrich Wilhelm Joachim von Ribbentrop (30 April 1893 – 16 October 1946), more commonly known as Joachim von Ribbentrop, was Foreign Minister of Nazi Germany from 1938 until 1945.
Joseph Ira Dassin (5 November 1938 – 20 August 1980) was an American-born French singer-songwriter.
Joseph Robert Kapp (born March 19, 1938) is an American former football player, coach, and executive.
Joseph Louis Barrow (May 13, 1914 – April 12, 1981), best known as Joe Louis and nicknamed the "Brown Bomber", was an American professional boxer who competed from 1934 to 1951.
Joel Clinton Godard, Jr. (born March 31, 1938 in Milledgeville, Georgia) is an American television announcer and voiceover artist, best known as the announcer for Late Night with Conan O'Brien during its entire 16-year run from 1993 to 2009.
Johannesburg (also known as Jozi, Joburg and Egoli) is the largest city in South Africa and is one of the 50 largest urban areas in the world.
John Anthony Bellairs (January 17, 1938 – March 8, 1991) was an American author, best known for his fantasy novel The Face in the Frost and many gothic mystery novels for young adults featuring the characters Lewis Barnavelt, Rose Rita Pottinger, Anthony Monday, and Johnny Dixon.
Colonel John Broadbent (4 September 1872 – 9 June 1938) was a British army officer and Conservative politician.
John Byner (born John Biener; June 28, 1938) is an American actor, comedian, and impressionist who has had a lengthy television and movie career.
John Paul Corigliano (born 16 February 1938) is an American composer of classical music.
John Gerovich (born John Mateo Gerecivich, 23 June 1938) is a former Australian rules footballer who played with South Fremantle in the Western Australian National Football League (WANFL - now WAFL) during the 1950s and 1960s.
John Harris Harbison (born December 20, 1938) is an American composer, known for his symphonies, operas, and large choral works.
Henry John Heinz III (October 23, 1938 – April 4, 1991) was an American businessman and politician from Pennsylvania.
John Jacob Abel (19 May 1857 – 26 May 1938) was an American biochemist and pharmacologist.
Sir John James Burnet, (31 March 1857 – 2 July 1938) was a Scottish Edwardian architect who was noted for a number of prominent buildings in Glasgow, Scotland and London, England.
John Kofi Agyekum Kufuor (born 8 December 1938) is a Ghanaian politician who was President of Ghana from 7 January 2001 to 7 January 2009.
John Llewellyn Lewis (February 12, 1880 – June 11, 1969) was an American leader of organized labor who served as president of the United Mine Workers of America (UMW) from 1920 to 1960.
John Alfred Larsson (born 2 April 1938), is a Swedish Salvationist, writer and composer of Christian music and hymns, who was the 17th General of The Salvation Army.
John William Saunders III (April 1, 1938 – August 9, 2009), better known by the stage name John Quade, was an American character actor who starred in film and in television.
John Smith (13 September 1938 – 12 May 1994) was a Scottish Labour Party politician who served as Leader of the Labour Party from July 1992 until his death from a heart attack in May 1994.
John Sterling (born John Sloss; July 4, 19381940 U.S. Census. Family of Carl and Gladys Sloss, Manhattan, Assembly District 15. Familysearch.org.) is an American sportscaster best known as the radio play-by-play announcer of Major League Baseball's New York Yankees.
Johnny Gruelle (December 24, 1880 – January 9, 1938) was an American artist, political cartoonist, children's book author, comics authors, and illustrator, and songwriter.
Johnny Paycheck (born Donald Eugene Lytle; May 31, 1938 – February 19, 2003) was an American country music singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, and Grand Ole Opry member notable for recording the David Allan Coe song "Take This Job and Shove It".
Jonathan Vincent Voight (born December 29, 1938) is an American actor.
Jonathan Jakob Jørgen Otto Motzfeldt (25 September 1938 – 28 October 2010) was a Greenlandic priest and politician.
José Luis Tejada Sorzano (January 12, 1882 – October 4, 1938) was a Bolivian lawyer and politician appointed by the military as president of Bolivia during the Chaco War.
Joseph Anthony Galante (born July 2, 1938) is an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Bishop of Camden, New Jersey, from 2004 to 2013.
Joseph F. Timilty (October 3, 1938 – December 22, 2017) was an American politician.
The Journal of the Optical Society of America is a peer-reviewed scientific journal of optics, published by The Optical Society.
Juan Carlos I (Juan Carlos Alfonso Víctor María de Borbón y Borbón-Dos Sicilias, born 5 January 1938) reigned as King of Spain from 1975 until his abdication in 2014.
Juan Carlos Wasmosy Monti (born December 15, 1938) was the president of Paraguay from August 15, 1993 until August 15, 1998.
Juan de la Cierva y Peñafiel (Mula, Murcia, -, Madrid) was a Spanish politician and lawyer, who served during the reign of Alfonso XIII as Minister of Public Instruction and Fine Arts, of the Interior, of War, and of Finance and Development, and in the last government of the monarchy as Minister of Development.
Judy Blume (born Judith Sussman; February 12, 1938) is an American writer known for children's and young adult (YA) fiction.
Juliet Anderson (born Judith Carr), also known as Aunt Peg, (July 23, 1938 – January 11, 2010) was an American pornographic actress and adult movie producer, relationship counselor and author.
Julio Londoño Paredes (born 10 July 1938) is a retired Colombian Army Lieutenant Colonel and diplomat.
It is the first day of the second half of the year.
This day is the midpoint of a common year because there are 182 days before and 182 days after it in common years, and 183 before and 182 after in leap years.
The Aphelion, the point in the year when the Earth is farthest from the Sun, occurs around this date.
The terms 7th July, July 7th, and 7/7 (pronounced "Seven-seven") have been widely used in the Western media as a shorthand for the 7 July 2005 bombings on London's transport system.
This day usually marks the summer solstice in the Northern Hemisphere and the winter solstice in the Southern Hemisphere, which is the day of the year with the most hours of daylight in the Northern Hemisphere and the fewest hours of daylight in the Southern Hemisphere.
On this day the Summer solstice may occur in the Northern Hemisphere, and the Winter solstice may occur in the Southern Hemisphere.
In common years it is always in ISO week 26.
It is the last day of the first half of the year.
Justin Fritz Leiber (July 8, 1938 – March 22, 2016) was an American philosopher and science fiction writer.
Kaarlo Castrén (28 February 1860 – 19 November 1938) was a Finnish politician and Prime Minister of Finland.
Karel Čapek (9 January 1890 – 25 December 1938) was a Czech writer of the early 20th century.
Karel Baxa (24 June 1863, Sedlčany – 5 January 1938, Prague) was a Czech politician in Austro-Hungarian Monarchy and then in Czechoslovakia.
Karin Balzer (née Richert, born 5 June 1938) is a retired East German hurdler who competed in the 80 m hurdlers event at the 1960, 1964 and 1968 Olympics, and in the 100 m hurdles in 1972.
Karl Johann Kautsky (16 October 1854 – 17 October 1938) was a Czech-Austrian philosopher, journalist, and Marxist theoretician.
Kasdi Merbah (قاصدي مرباح, 16 April 1938 – 21 August 1993) was an Algerian politician who served as Head of Government between 5 November 1988 and 9 September 1989 when he was a member of the National Liberation Front.
Kathryn Elizabeth Smith (May 1, 1907 – June 17, 1986), known professionally as Kate Smith and The First Lady of Radio, was an American singer, a contralto, best known for her rendition of Irving Berlin's "God Bless America".
Kathryn Beaumont (born 27 June 1938) is an English actress, voice actress, singer and school teacher.
Kazimierz Jerzy Skrzypna-Twardowski (20 October 1866 – 11 February 1938) was a Polish philosopher, logician, and rector of the Lviv University.
, also known as Seiryō Hamada, was a Japanese academic, archaeologist, author and President of Kyoto University.
Keith Michael Patrick O'Brien (17 March 1938 – 19 March 2018) was a Scottish Catholic cardinal.
Kenneth Edward Delo (December 8, 1938 – February 8, 2016) was an American singer best known as a member of television's The Lawrence Welk Show.
Ken Monteith (born 26 June 1938 in St. Thomas, Ontario) was a member of the House of Commons of Canada from 1988 to 1993.
is a Japanese solo yachtsman.
Kenneth Ray Rogers (born August 21, 1938) is an American singer, songwriter, actor, record producer, and entrepreneur.
Kerry Wendell Thornley (April 17, 1938 – November 28, 1998) is known as the co-founder (along with childhood friend Greg Hill) of Discordianism, in which context he is usually known as Omar Khayyam Ravenhurst or simply Lord Omar.
Khawar Rizvi (1 June 1938 – 15 November 1981) was a prominent poet of Urdu and Persian.
Khoren I of Armenia (Խորեն Ա Տփղիսեցի Մուրադբեկյան; December 8, 1873 – April 6, 1938) was the Catholicos of the Armenian Apostolic Church between 1932 and 1938.
Majlis Khuddam-ul-Ahmadiyya (مجلس خدام الاحمدیہ), which literally means "Association of the Servants of Ahmadiyya", is one of the five auxiliary organizations within the Ahmadiyya Muslim community.
Joseph Nathan Oliver (December 19, 1885 – April 10, 1938) better known as King Oliver or Joe Oliver, was an American jazz cornet player and bandleader.
Kiss of the Spider Woman is a musical with music by John Kander and Fred Ebb, with the book by Terrence McNally.
The Klaipėda Region (Klaipėdos kraštas) or Memel Territory (Memelland or Memelgebiet) was defined by the Treaty of Versailles in 1920 and refers to the most northern part of the German province of East Prussia, when as Memelland it was put under the administration of the Council of Ambassadors.
Klaus Martin Schwab (born 30 March 1938) is a German engineer and economist, best known as the founder and executive chairman of the World Economic Forum.
Kofi Atta Annan (born 8 April 1938) is a Ghanaian diplomat who served as the seventh Secretary-General of the United Nations from January 1997 to December 2006.
Konrad Ernst Eduard Henlein (6 May 1898 – 10 May 1945) was a leading Sudeten German politician in Czechoslovakia.
Konstantin Päts (– 18 January 1956) was the most influential politician of interwar Estonia, and served five times as the country's head of state.
Konstantin Sergeievich Stanislavski (né Alexeiev; p; 7 August 1938) was a seminal Russian theatre practitioner.
Konstantin Hermann Karl Freiherr von Neurath (2 February 1873 – 14 August 1956) was a German diplomat remembered mostly for having served as Foreign minister of Germany between 1932 and 1938.
Kristallnacht (lit. "Crystal Night") or Reichskristallnacht, also referred to as the Night of Broken Glass, Reichspogromnacht or simply Pogromnacht, and Novemberpogrome (Yiddish: קרישטאָל נאַכט krishtol nakt), was a pogrom against Jews throughout Nazi Germany on 9–10 November 1938, carried out by SA paramilitary forces and German civilians.
is a city in Toyama Prefecture, in the Chūbu region of Japan.
Kurt Moll (11 April 19385 March 2017) was a German operatic bass singer who enjoyed an international career and was widely recorded.
Kurt Alois Josef Johann Schuschnigg (between his family's ennoblement in 1898 and the 1919 abolition of the Austrian nobility, he bore the title Edler von Schuschnigg;; 14 December 1897 – 18 November 1977) was an Austrian politician who was the Chancellor of the Federal State of Austria from the 1934 assassination of his predecessor Engelbert Dollfuss until the 1938 Anschluss with Nazi Germany.
Kurt Wüthrich (born October 4, 1938 in Aarberg, Canton of Bern) is a Swiss chemist/biophysicist and Nobel Chemistry laureate, known for developing nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) methods for studying biological macromolecules.
HE Lagumot Gagiemem Nimidere Harris (23 December 1938 – 8 September 1999) was a political figure from the Pacific nation of the Republic of Nauru, and served as its President.
Lakshminath Bezbaroa /lokh-mi-nah-th bez-boh-ruu-ah/ (লক্ষ্মীনাথ বেজবৰুৱা, लक्ष्मीनाथ बेजबरुवा; 1864–1938) was a great Assamese personality and celebrated pioneer of modern Assamese literature.
Laurence van Cott Niven (born April 30, 1938) is an American science fiction writer.
Lascelles Abercrombie, FBA (9 January 1881 – 27 October 1938) was a British poet and literary critic, one of the "Dymock poets".
Latvia (or; Latvija), officially the Republic of Latvia (Latvijas Republika), is a sovereign state in the Baltic region of Northern Europe.
Lawrence Block (born June 24, 1938) is an American crime writer best known for two long-running New York–set series about the recovering alcoholic P.I. Matthew Scudder and the gentleman burglar Bernie Rhodenbarr.
László József Bíró or Ladislao José Biro (born as László József Schweiger, 29 September 1899 – 24 October 1985) was a Hungarian-Argentine inventor, who patented the first commercially successful modern ballpoint pen. The first ball point pen was invented roughly fifty years earlier by John J. Loud but it did not attain commercial success.
André Léon Blum (9 April 1872 – 30 March 1950) was a French politician, identified with the moderate left, and three times Prime Minister of France.
Léon Philippe Jules Arthur Noël (March 28, 1888 – August 6, 1987) was a French diplomat, politician and historian.
The League of Nations (abbreviated as LN in English, La Société des Nations abbreviated as SDN or SdN in French) was an intergovernmental organisation founded on 10 January 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War.
Lee Chamberlin (born Alverta LaPallo; February 14, 1938 – May 25, 2014) was an American theatrical, film and television actress.
Leonid Danylovych Kuchma (Леонід Данилович Кучма, born 9 August 1938) is a Ukrainian politician who was the second President of independent Ukraine from 19 July 1994 to 23 January 2005.
Leopoldo Lugones Argüello (13 June 1874 – 18 February 1938) was an Argentine poet, essayist, novelist, playwright, historian, professor, translator, biographer, philologist, theologian, diplomat, politician and journalist.
Edwin LeRoy Fjordbotten (November 4, 1938 June 8, 2017) was a Canadian provincial level politician, farmer and auctioneer.
Admiral Sir Lewis Bayly, (28 September 1857 – 16 May 1938) was a Royal Navy officer who served during the First World War.
Lewis Fiander (12 January 1938 – 24 May 2016) was an Australian film, stage, and television actor.
Lidia Alekseyevna Charskaya (Ли́дия Алексе́евна Чар́ская), January 31, 1875 – March 18, 1938, was a Russian writer and actress.
Lifesaving is the act involving rescue, resuscitation and first aid.
Lillian Malkina (born July 14, 1938, in Tallinn) is a Soviet and Russian actress.
Lin Shllaku (born 12 July 1938 in Shkodër) is a former Albanian footballer who played for Vllaznia Shkodër and Partizani Tirana, as well as the Albania national team.
This is a list of essayists—people notable for their essay-writing.
This is a list of Spanish Heads of State; that is, kings and presidents that governed the country of Spain in the modern sense of the word.
Lithuania (Lietuva), officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in the Baltic region of northern-eastern Europe.
Liv Johanne Ullmann (born 16 December 1938) is a Norwegian actress and film director.
Liya Medzhidovna Akhedzhakova (Ли́я Меджи́довна Ахеджа́кова, Лі́я Меджи́дівна Ахеджа́кова; born 9 July 1938) is an eminent Soviet and Russian film, stage and voice actress who received the title of People's Artist of Russia in 1994.
London and North Eastern Railway locomotive numbered 4468 Mallard is a Class A4 4-6-2 Pacific steam locomotive built at Doncaster, England in 1938.
The London and North Eastern Railway (LNER) was the second largest (after LMS) of the "Big Four" railway companies created by the Railways Act 1921 in Britain.
Long Island is a densely populated island off the East Coast of the United States, beginning at New York Harbor just 0.35 miles (0.56 km) from Manhattan Island and extending eastward into the Atlantic Ocean.
Louis-Henri Foreau (1866-1938) was a French artist.
Luana Anders (May 12, 1938 – July 21, 1996) was an American film and television actress.
Luana Patten (July 6, 1938 – May 1, 1996) was an American film actress.
Lucien Grant Berry, Sr. (November 29, 1863 – December 31, 1937) was a brigadier general in the United States Army who served in three wars.
Ludwig August Theodor Beck (29 June 1880 – 21 July 1944) was a German general and Chief of the German General Staff during the early years of the Nazi regime in Germany before World War II.
Ludza (Lucyn, Люцин, Lyucin) is a town in the Latgalia region of eastern Latvia.
"My greatest wish is to write song to be understood by people, which hasn't happened yet"(Luigi Tenco interviewed by Sandro Ciotti, 1962) Luigi Tenco (21 March 1938 – 27 January 1967) was an Italian singer, songwriter.
José Luis Aragonés Suárez (28 July 1938 – 1 February 2014) was a Spanish footballer and manager.
Luis Artime (born 2 December 1938 in Parque Civit in Mendoza Province) is a retired Argentine footballer, who played as a striker, and scored more than 1000 goals during his career.
Lyda Roberti (née Pecjak; May 20, 1906 – March 12, 1938) was an American stage and film actress, and singer.
Lynn Carlin (born Mary Lynn Reynolds on January 31, 1938, in Los Angeles) is an American actress.
Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), also known as acid, is a psychedelic drug known for its psychological effects, which may include altered awareness of one's surroundings, perceptions, and feelings as well as sensations and images that seem real though they are not.
Mack F. Jones (November 6, 1938 – June 8, 2004), nicknamed "Mack The Knife", was a Major League Baseball left fielder who played for the Milwaukee and Atlanta Braves (1961–1967), Cincinnati Reds (1968), and Montreal Expos (1969–1971).
Mack Vickery (June 8, 1938 – December 21, 2004) was a musician, songwriter, and inductee in the Hillbilly Hall of Fame and Alabama Music Hall of Fame, whose songs have been recorded by artists such as Jerry Lee Lewis, Waylon Jennings, George Thorogood, Johnny Cash, George Strait, Hank Williams Jr., George Jones and many other notable artists.
Magzhan Zhumabayev (Мағжан Бекенұлы Жұмабаев) was one of the poets of the Kazakh language.
Mahen Theatre (Czech: Mahenovo divadlo) is a Czech theatre situated in the city of Brno.
Manila (Maynilà, or), officially the City of Manila (Lungsod ng Maynilà), is the capital of the Philippines and the most densely populated city proper in the world.
Manuel Carrasco i Formiguera (1890 in Barcelona – 9 April 1938 in Burgos), was a Spanish lawyer and Christian democrat Catalan nationalist politician.
María Obligado de Soto y Calvo (Buenos Aires, 4 February 1857 - Ramallo, 19 June 1938) was an Argentine painter.
Sous Lieutenant Marcel Robert Marcel Bloch was a World War I flying ace who fought on both Eastern and Western Fronts.
Marcella Cosgrave (30 April 1873 – 31 January 1938) was an Irish nationalist.
In the Roman calendar, March 15 was known as the Ides of March.
Typically the March equinox falls on this date, marking the vernal point in the Northern Hemisphere and the autumnal point in the Southern Hemisphere.
In astrology, the day of the equinox is the first full day of the sign of Aries.
March 24th is the 365th and last day of the year in many European implementations of the Julian calendar.
March of Dimes is a United States nonprofit organization that works to improve the health of mothers and babies by preventing birth defects, premature birth and infant mortality.
Marcia Lewis (August 8, 1938 – December 21, 2010) was an American character actress and singer.
Blessed Maria Teresa of Saint Joseph (19 June 1855 - 20 September 1938) - Anna Maria Tauscher van den Bosch was a German Roman Catholic professed religious and the founder of the Carmelite Sisters of the Divine Heart of Jesus.
Maria de Fátima de Bivar Velho da Costa (born June 26, 1938 in Lisbon) is a Portuguese writer who was awarded the Camões Prize in 2002.
Marineland of Florida (usually just called Marineland), one of Florida's first marine mammal parks, is billed as "the world's first oceanarium".
Mario Minieri (born 21 June 1938) is a retired Italian professional road bicycle racer, who rode the Tour de France in 1961, 62, 64, 65 and 67 and Giro d'Italia in 1968.
Mario Luis Rodríguez Cobos, also known by the mononym Silo (6 January 1938 – 16 September 2010), was an Argentine writer and founder of the Humanist Movement.
Mark Semenovich Rakita (Марк Семенович Ракита; born July 22, 1938) is a famed Russian two-time Olympic champion sabreur and coach from the Soviet era.
Marly Marley (5 April 1938 – 10 January 2014) was a Brazilian actress.
Martin Bell, OBE, (born 31 August 1938) is a British UNICEF (UNICEF UK) Ambassador, a former broadcast war reporter and former independent politician who became the Member of Parliament (MP) for Tatton from 1997 to 2001.
Martin Burrell, (October 19, 1858 – March 20, 1938) was a Canadian politician.
Mary Jo Catlett (born September 2, 1938) is an American actress.
In sociology and psychology, mass hysteria (also known as collective hysteria, group hysteria, or collective obsessional behavior) is a phenomenon that transmits collective illusions of threats, whether real or imaginary, through a population in society as a result of rumors and fear (memory acknowledgement).
Massachusetts, officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
Mathilde Comont (9 September 1886 – 21 June 1938) was a French-born American actress of the silent era.
Matthew Joseph Ravlich (born July 12, 1938) is a Canadian retired ice hockey defenceman.
Matvei Petrovich Bronstein (Матвей Петрович Бронштейн,, Vinnytsia – February 18, 1938) was a Soviet theoretical physicist, a pioneer of quantum gravity, author of works in astrophysics, semiconductors, quantum electrodynamics and cosmology, as well as of a number of books in popular science for children.
Maud of Wales, (Maud Charlotte Mary Victoria; 26 November 1869 – 20 November 1938) was Queen of Norway as spouse of King Haakon VII.
Maurice Emmanuel (2 May 1862 – 14 December 1938) was a French composer of classical music born in Bar-sur-Aube, a small town in the Champagne-Ardenne region of northeastern France.
Maurice Williams and the Zodiacs were an American doo-wop/R&B vocal group in the late 1950s and early 1960s.
Maurizio Costanzo (born 28 August 1938) is an Italian television host, journalist, screenwriter and film director.
The Mauthausen–Gusen concentration camp complex consisted of the Mauthausen concentration camp on a hill above the market town of Mauthausen (roughly east of Linz, Upper Austria) plus a group of nearly 100 further subcamps located throughout Austria and southern Germany.
Roy Maxwell Alvis (born February 2, 1938) is a former American Major League Baseball (MLB) player who played on two major league teams for nine seasons.
Maximillian Adolph Otto Siegfried "Max" Schmeling (28 September 1905 – 2 February 2005) was a German boxer who was heavyweight champion of the world between 1930 and 1932.
Maxim Maximovich Litvinov,; born Meir Henoch Wallach-Finkelstein (17 July 1876 – 31 December 1951) was an ethnic Jewish Russian revolutionary and prominent Soviet Bolshevik Politician.
This day marks the approximate midpoint of spring in the Northern Hemisphere and of autumn in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the March equinox).
The May Crisis of 1938 was a brief episode of international tension caused by reports of German troop movements against Czechoslovakia that appeared to signal the imminent outbreak of war in Europe.
May Irwin (June 27, 1862 – October 22, 1938) was a Canadian actress, singer and star of vaudeville.
Maynard Holbrook Jackson Jr. (March 23, 1938 – June 23, 2003) was an American politician and attorney from Georgia, a member of the Democratic Party, and elected in 1973 at the age of 35 as the first African-American mayor of Atlanta, Georgia and of any major city in the South.
Maynard Troyer (November 22, 1938 – May 10, 2018) was a NASCAR Winston Cup Series driver who raced in the 1971 and the 1973 Winston Cup seasons.
Merrie Melodies is an American animated cartoon series of comedy short films produced by Warner Bros. in 1931 to 1969, during the golden age of American animation.
A meteorite is a solid piece of debris from an object, such as a comet, asteroid, or meteoroid, that originates in outer space and survives its passage through the atmosphere to reach the surface of a planet or moon.
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios Inc. (initialized as MGM or hyphenated as M-G-M, also known as Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pictures, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer or simply Metro, and for a former interval known as Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer/United Artists, or MGM/UA) is an American media company, involved primarily in the production and distribution of feature films and television programs.
Michael Keith Deaver (April 11, 1938 – August 18, 2007) was a member of President Ronald Reagan's White House staff serving as White House Deputy Chief of Staff under James Baker III and Donald Regan from January 1981 until May 1985.
Michael Leader (12 September 1938 – 22 August 2016) was an English actor known for his roles in the British soap opera EastEnders and in the 1977 film Star Wars.
Michael Nudelman (מיכאל נודלמן, born 30 June 1938) is an Israeli politician who served as a member of the Knesset for Yisrael BaAliyah, Aliyah, the National Union, Yisrael Beiteinu and Kadima between 1996 and 2009.
Michael Schultz (born November 10, 1938) is an American director and producer of film and television.
Michèle Girardon (9 August 1938 – 25 March 1975), sometimes credited as Michele Girardon, was a French actress.
Ian Graeme Keith "Mick" Allen (born 25 June 1938) is an Australian rower who competed at three Olympic Games.
Miguel Cabanellas Ferrer (1 January 1872 in Cartagena – 14 May 1938) was a Spanish Army officer during the Spanish Civil War.
Miguel Burro Fleta (28 December 1897, Albalate de Cinca, Huesca Province, Aragon, Spain - 29 May 1938, A Coruña) was a Spanish operatic tenor.
Mikhail Babushkin (Михаи́л Серге́евич Ба́бушкин; October 6, 1893 – May 18, 1938) was a Soviet polar aviator and a Hero of the Soviet Union (June 27, 1937).
Mikhail Alexandrovich Batorsky (25 January 1890 8 February 1938) was a Red Army Komkor.
Miklós Horthy de Nagybánya (Vitéz"Vitéz" refers to a Hungarian knightly order founded by Miklós Horthy ("Vitézi Rend"); literally, "vitéz" means "knight" or "valiant".;; English: Nicholas Horthy; Nikolaus Horthy Ritter von Nagybánya; 18 June 18689 February 1957) was a Hungarian admiral and statesman, who became the Regent of Hungary.
Milan Hodža (1 February 1878 in Sučany (Then Szucsány), Turóc County, Kingdom of Hungary (present-day Slovakia) – 27 June 1944 in Clearwater, Florida, United States) was a prominent Slovak politician and journalist, serving from 1935 to 1938 as the Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia.
A minimum wage is the lowest remuneration that employers can legally pay their workers.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is the ministry in the government of France that handles France's foreign relations.
Mirko Novosel (born June 30, 1938 in Zagreb, Croatia) is a retired Croatian professional basketball coach who coached some of the greatest players in the former Yugoslavia and Croatia, such as Croatian Hall of Fame players Krešimir Ćosić and Dražen Petrović.
Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad (مرزا بشیر الدین محمود احمد) (12 January 1889 – 7 November 1965), was Khalifatul Masih II (خليفة المسيح الثاني, khalīfatul masīh al-thāni), Caliph of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community and the eldest son of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad from his second wife, Nusrat Jahan Begum.
Tan Sri Mohamed Rahmat (4 January 1938 – 1 January 2010) was a Malaysian politician, and former Information Minister of Malaysia (1978–1982, 1987–1999).
Mohammed Tlili ben Abdallah (محمد التليلي بن عبدالله), also known as Moham(m)ed Gammoudi, (born February 11, 1938) is a Tunisian athlete who competed as a long distance runner in international track and field competitions.
The Moors murders were carried out by Ian Brady and Myra Hindley between July 1963 and October 1965, in and around Manchester, England.
is a Japanese politician who was the 50th Prime Minister of Japan from 9 August 1993 to 28 April 1994.
Moshoeshoe II (May 2, 1938 – January 15, 1996), previously known as Constantine Bereng Seeiso, was the paramount chief of Lesotho, succeeding paramount chief Seeiso from 1960 until the country gained full independence from Britain in 1966.
Muhammad Iqbal (محمد اِقبال) (November 9, 1877 – April 21, 1938), widely known as Allama Iqbal, was a poet, philosopher, and politician, as well as an academic, barrister and scholar in British India who is widely regarded as having inspired the Pakistan Movement.
Munich (München; Minga) is the capital and the most populated city in the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps.
The Munich Agreement was a settlement permitting Nazi Germany's annexation of portions of Czechoslovakia along the country's borders mainly inhabited by German speakers, for which a new territorial designation, the "Sudetenland", was coined.
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (19 May 1881 (conventional) – 10 November 1938) was a Turkish army officer, revolutionary, and founder of the Republic of Turkey, serving as its first President from 1923 until his death in 1938.
was a Japanese voice actor, actor, and theatre director from Tokyo.
The Nansen International Office for Refugees (Office International Nansen pour les Réfugiés) was an organization established in 1930 by the League of Nations and named after Fridtjof Nansen, soon after his death, which was internationally in charge of refugees from war areas between 1930 and 1939.
Naples (Napoli, Napule or; Neapolis; lit) is the regional capital of Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy after Rome and Milan.
Natalie Wood (born Natalia Nikolaevna Zakharenko; July 20, 1938 – November 29, 1981) was an American actress.
The Nationalist government, officially the National Government of the Republic of China, refers to the government of the Republic of China between 1 July 1925 to 20 May 1948, led by the Kuomintang (KMT, Chinese Nationalist Party).
National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism, is the ideology and practices associated with the Nazi Party – officially the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) – in Nazi Germany, and of other far-right groups with similar aims.
The National Broadcasting Company's NBC Radio Network (known as the NBC Red Network prior to 1942) was an American commercial radio network, founded in 1926.
Nederlandse Spoorwegen (NS;; "Dutch Railways") a Dutch state-owned company, the principal passenger railway operator in the Netherlands.
Neila Sathyalingam (8 February 1938 – 9 March 2017) was a Singaporean classical Indian dancer, choreographer and instructor of Sri Lankan Tamil origin.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
The Neuengamme concentration camp was a German concentration camp, established in 1938 by the SS near the village of Neuengamme in the Bergedorf district of Hamburg, Germany.
Sir Nevile Meyrick Henderson GCMG (10 June 1882 – 30 December 1942) was a British diplomat and Ambassador of the United Kingdom to Nazi Germany from 1937 to 1939.
Arthur Neville Chamberlain (18 March 1869 – 9 November 1940) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from May 1937 to May 1940.
The New Jersey Senate was established as the upper house of the New Jersey Legislature by the Constitution of 1844, replacing the Legislative Council.
The New York Stock Exchange (abbreviated as NYSE, and nicknamed "The Big Board"), is an American stock exchange located at 11 Wall Street, Lower Manhattan, New York City, New York.
Niagara Falls is a city in Niagara County, New York, United States.
El Niño Fidencio (born November 18, 1898; died Espinazo, Mina, Nuevo León, October 19, 1938) was a famous Mexican curandero.
Christa Päffgen (16 October 1938 – 18 July 1988), known by her stage name Nico, was a German singer, songwriter, musician, model, and actress.
Nikolai Pavlovich Bryukhanov (party aliases Andrey and Andrey Simbirsky; literary alias N. Pavlov; December 28, 1878 - September 1, 1938) was a Soviet statesman and political figure who served as People's Commissar of Finance between 1926 and 1930.
Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin (– 15 March 1938) was a Russian Bolshevik revolutionary, Soviet politician and prolific author on revolutionary theory.
Giovanni "Nino" Benvenuti (born 26 April 1938) is a retired Italian boxer and actor.
The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish, Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is one of the five Nobel Prizes created by the Swedish industrialist, inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, and Literature.
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry (Nobelpriset i kemi) is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to scientists in the various fields of chemistry.
The Nobel Prize in Literature (Nobelpriset i litteratur) is a Swedish literature prize that has been awarded annually, since 1901, to an author from any country who has, in the words of the will of Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel, produced "in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction" (original Swedish: "den som inom litteraturen har producerat det mest framstående verket i en idealisk riktning").
The Nobel Prize in Physics (Nobelpriset i fysik) is a yearly award given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for those who conferred the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of physics.
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (Nobelpriset i fysiologi eller medicin), administered by the Nobel Foundation, is awarded once a year for outstanding discoveries in the fields of life sciences and medicine.
Noble Alfred Villeneuve (August 1, 1938 – February 28, 2018) was a former politician in Ontario, Canada.
Noel John McNamara (born 12 January 1938) is an Australian campaigner for victims of crime and critic of the Australian justice system.
During the Spanish Civil War, several countries followed a principle of non-intervention, to avoid any potential escalation and possible expansion of the war to other nations, which would result in the signing of the Non-Intervention Agreement in August 1936 and the setting up of the Non-Intervention Committee, which first met in September.
Norbert Lala Ratsirahonana (born November 18, 1938) is a Malagasy politician.
Norris "Norro" Denton Wilson (April 4, 1938 – June 8, 2017) was an American country music singer-songwriter, producer, and member of the Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame.
In the ancient astronomy, it is the cusp day between Scorpio and Sagittarius.
This day marks the approximate midpoint of autumn in the Northern Hemisphere and of spring in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the September equinox).
In nuclear physics and nuclear chemistry, nuclear fission is either a nuclear reaction or a radioactive decay process in which the nucleus of an atom splits into smaller parts (lighter nuclei).
Nuclear power is the use of nuclear reactions that release nuclear energy to generate heat, which most frequently is then used in steam turbines to produce electricity in a nuclear power plant.
Nuremberg (Nürnberg) is a city on the river Pegnitz and on the Rhine–Main–Danube Canal in the German state of Bavaria, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia, about north of Munich.
The Nuremberg Laws (Nürnberger Gesetze) were antisemitic and racial laws in Nazi Germany.
The Nuremberg Rally (officially, meaning Realm Party ConventionLiterally "Realm Party Day") was the annual rally of the Nazi Party in Germany, held from 1923 to 1938.
Nylon is a generic designation for a family of synthetic polymers, based on aliphatic or semi-aromatic polyamides.
O le Ao o le Malo (Samoan: "Chieftain of the Government"; Ao is a title generally reserved for chiefs (matai), while malo means "government") is the Samoan head of state.
The Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (OKW, "High Command of the Armed Forces") was the High Command of the Wehrmacht (armed forces) of Nazi Germany during World War II.
Octavian Goga (1 April 1881 – 7 May 1938) was a Romanian politician, poet, playwright, journalist, and translator.
Octavian Vintilă (born 22 June 1938) is a Romanian fencer.
is the capital city of Okayama Prefecture in the Chūgoku region of Japan.
Oleh Petrovych Bazylevych (Олег Петрович Базилевич) (born 6 July 1938 in Kiev, Soviet Union, now Ukraine) is a retired Ukrainian footballer, football (soccer) coach, and sport administrator.
Robert Oliver Reed (13 February 1938 – 2 May 1999) was an English actor known for his upper-middle class, macho image, hellraiser lifestyle, and "tough guy" roles.
John Sigvard "Ole" Olsen (November 6, 1892 - January 26, 1963) and Harold Ogden "Chic" Johnson (March 5, 1891 - February 26, 1962) were American comedians of vaudeville, radio, the Broadway stage, motion pictures and television.
Orestes Quércia (18 August 1938 – 24 December 2010) was a Brazilian politician.
George Orson Welles (May 6, 1915 – October 10, 1985) was an American actor, director, writer, and producer who worked in theatre, radio, and film.
Oscar C. Apfel (January 17, 1878 – March 21, 1938) was an American film actor, director, screenwriter and producer.
Oscar Byström (31 December 1857 – 4 June 1938) was a Swedish actor.
Oscar Palmer Robertson (born November 24, 1938), nicknamed "The Big O", is an American retired professional basketball player who played for the Cincinnati Royals and Milwaukee Bucks.
Osip Emilyevich Mandelstam (p; – 27 December 1938) was a Russian Jewish poet and essayist.
Otto Bauer (5 September 1881 – 4 July 1938) was an Austrian Social Democrat who is considered one of the leading thinkers of the left-socialist Austro-Marxist grouping.
Otto Hahn, (8 March 1879 – 28 July 1968) was a German chemist and pioneer in the fields of radioactivity and radiochemistry.
Otto Rehhagel (born 9 August 1938 in Essen) is a German football coach and former football player.
General Otto Hermann von Lossow (15 January 1868 – 25 November 1938) was a Bavarian Army and then German Army officer who played a prominent role in the events surrounding the attempted Beer Hall Putsch by Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party in November 1923.
Our Town is a 1938 metatheatrical three-act play by American playwright Thornton Wilder.
Ousmane Seck (28 May 1938 – 28 January 2018) was a Senegalese politician who served as Minister of the Economy and Finance between 1978 and 1983.
Paavo Johannes Heininen (born 13 January 1938 in Helsinki) is a Finnish composer and pianist.
Palermo (Sicilian: Palermu, Panormus, from Πάνορμος, Panormos) is a city of Southern Italy, the capital of both the autonomous region of Sicily and the Metropolitan City of Palermo.
Paola (née Bianchetti) Drigo (4 January 1876 – 4 January 1938) was an Italian writer of short stories, novellas, and novels.
The Parker–Hulme murder case began in the city of Christchurch, New Zealand, on 22 June 1954, when Honorah Rieper (also known as Honorah Parker, her legal name) was killed by her teenage daughter, Pauline Parker, and Pauline's close friend, Juliet Hulme (later known as Anne Perry).
The Parliament of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the UK Parliament or British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and overseas territories.
Pascale Petit (born Anne-Marie Pettit; 27 February 1938) is a French actress.
Patrick Joseph Buchanan (born November 2, 1938) is an American paleoconservative political commentator, author, syndicated columnist, politician, and broadcaster.
Paul Bartel (August 6, 1938 – May 13, 2000) was an American actor, writer and director.
Paul Cronin (born 8 July 1938) is an Australian actor who has played iconic roles in the Australian television series Matlock Police and The Sullivans.
Paul Dijoud (born 25 June 1938) is an ex-minister of state for Monaco.
Paul Leo Maguire (born August 22, 1938) is a former American football player and television sportscaster.
Paul Edgar Philippe Martin (born August 28, 1938), also known as Paul Martin Jr., is a Canadian politician who served as the 21st Prime Minister of Canada from December 12, 2003, to February 6, 2006.
Paul Morgan (October 1, 1886–December 10, 1938) was a Jewish Austrian actor and Kabarett performer.
Paul Olaf Bodding (2 November 1865- 25 September 1938) was a Norwegian missionary, linguist and folklorist.
Paul Reynaud (15 October 1878 – 21 September 1966) was a French politician and lawyer prominent in the interwar period, noted for his stances on economic liberalism and militant opposition to Germany.
Paul K. Van Riper (born July 5, 1938) is a retired United States Marine Corps officer.
Paul Verhoeven (born 18 July 1938) is a Dutch director, screenwriter and film producer.
Paula Prentiss (born Paula Ragusa; March 4, 1938) is an American actress best known for her film roles in Where the Boys Are, Man's Favorite Sport?, The Stepford Wives, What's New Pussycat?, In Harm's Way, The Black Marble, and The Parallax View,, Yahoo! and the cult television series He & She.
Pauline Frederick (August 12, 1883 – September 19, 1938) was an American stage and film actress.
"Peace for our time" was a declaration made by the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Neville Chamberlain in his 30 September 1938 speech concerning the Munich Agreement and the Anglo-German Declaration.
Pearl Sydenstricker Buck (June 26, 1892 – March 6, 1973; also known by her Chinese name Sai Zhenzhu) was an American writer and novelist.
Pearl Fay White (March 4, 1889 – August 4, 1938) was an American stage and film actress.
Pedro Figari (June 29, 1861 – July 24, 1938) was a Uruguayan painter, lawyer, writer, and politician.
Pedro Pablo Kuczynski Godard (born 3 October 1938), better known simply as PPK, is a Peruvian economist, politician and public administrator who served as the 66th President of Peru.
A pentatonic scale is a musical scale with five notes per octave, in contrast to the more familiar heptatonic scale that has seven notes per octave (such as the major scale and minor scale).
Per Kirkeby (1 September 1938 – 9 May 2018) was a Danish painter, poet, film maker and sculptor.
Peter Čeferin is a Slovenian attorney and the author of articles on issues related to the legal profession (specifically the position and profession of practicing attorneys).
Peter David Edstrom (a.k.a. Pehr David Emanuel Edström and David Edstrom; March 27, 1873 – August 12, 1938) was an American sculptor.
Peter Charles Archibald Ewart Jennings (July 29, 1938August 7, 2005) was a Canadian-American journalist who served as the sole anchor of ABC World News Tonight for 22 years from 1983 until his death from lung cancer in 2005.
Sir Peter George Snell (born 17 December 1938) is a New Zealand former middle-distance runner.
Peter Wollen (born 29 June 1938 in London) is a film theorist and filmmaker.
Peter Yarrow (born May 31, 1938) is an American singer and songwriter who found fame with the 1960s folk music trio Peter, Paul and Mary.
Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.
Philip Hampson Knight (born February 24, 1938) is an American business magnate and philanthropist.
Philbert Maurice d'Ocagne (25 March 1862 – 23 September 1938) was a French engineer and mathematician.
Pierre Comert (1880–1964) was a French journalist and diplomat.
Pilot Baba is an Indian spiritual guru who was previously Wing Commander Kapil Singh, a fighter pilot with the Indian Air Force.
Pimlico Race Course is a thoroughbred horse racetrack in Baltimore, Maryland, most famous for hosting the Preakness Stakes.
A poet is a person who creates poetry.
Poliomyelitis, often called polio or infantile paralysis, is an infectious disease caused by the poliovirus.
The Polish Corridor (Polnischer Korridor; Pomorze, Korytarz polski), also known as Danzig Corridor, Corridor to the Sea or Gdańsk Corridor, was a territory located in the region of Pomerelia (Pomeranian Voivodeship, eastern Pomerania, formerly part of West Prussia), which provided the Second Republic of Poland (1920–1939) with access to the Baltic Sea, thus dividing the bulk of Germany from the province of East Prussia.
Ponatshego Honorius Kefaeng Kedikilwe (born 7 July 1938) is a Botswana politician who was Vice-President of Botswana from 2012 to 2014.
Kuppali Puttappa Poornachandra Tejaswi (8 September 1938 – 5 April 2007) was a prominent Kannada writer, novelist, photographer, publisher, painter, naturalist, and environmentalist who made a great impression in the "Navya" period of Kannada Literature and inaugurated the Bandaaya ("Protest Literature") with his short-story collection Abachoorina Post Offisu.
Popeye the Sailor is a cartoon fictional character created by Elzie Crisler Segar.
Port Huron is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan and the county seat of St. Clair County.
Porter Johnston Goss (born November 26, 1938) is an American politician and government official who served as a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives from 1989 until 2004, when he became the last Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) and the first Director of the Central Intelligence Agency following the passage of the 2004 Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act, which abolished the DCI position and replaced it with the Director of National Intelligence on April 21, 2005.
Prague (Praha, Prag) is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 14th largest city in the European Union and also the historical capital of Bohemia.
Prentice Gautt (February 8, 1938 – March 17, 2005) was an American football running back for the University of Oklahoma football team from 1956 to 1959.
Prescott was a town in Hampshire County, Massachusetts.
The President of the Republic of Azerbaijan is the head of state of Azerbaijan.
The President of Bolivia (Presidente de Bolivia) officially known as the President of the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Presidente del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia), is head of state and head of government of Bolivia.
The President of the Republic of Chile (Presidente de la República de Chile) is the head of state and the head of government of the Republic of Chile.
The President of the Republic of Estonia (Eesti Vabariigi President) is the head of state of the Republic of Estonia.
The President of the Republic of Ghana is the elected head of state and head of government of Ghana, as well as Commander-in-Chief of the Ghana Armed Forces.
The President of Ireland (Uachtarán na hÉireann) is the head of state of the Republic of Ireland and the Supreme Commander of the Irish Defence Forces.
The President of the Republic of Liberia is the head of state and government of Liberia.
The President of Paraguay (Presidente de la República del Paraguay) is according to the Constitution of Paraguay the head of the executive branch of the Government of Paraguay, both head of state and head of government.
The President of the Republic of Peru (Presidente de la República del Perú) is the head of state and head of government of Peru and represents the republic in official international matters.
The President of the United Republic of Tanzania (Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania) is the head of state and head of government of Tanzania.
The President of Taiwan, officially the President of the Republic of China, is the head of state and the head of government of Taiwan.
The President of the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Cumhurbaşkanı) is the head of state of the Republic of Turkey.
The President of Ukraine (Президент України, Prezydent Ukrayiny) is the Ukrainian head of state.
The President of the Republic of Uzbekistan (Oʻzbekiston Respublikasining Prezidenti, Ўзбекистон Республикасининг Президенти) is the head of state and executive authority in Uzbekistan.
A pretender is one who is able to maintain a claim that they are entitled to a position of honour or rank, which may be occupied by an incumbent (usually more recognised), or whose powers may currently be exercised by another person or authority.
Pretoria is a city in the northern part of Gauteng, South Africa.
Presbyter is, in the Bible, a synonym for bishop (episkopos), referring to a leader in local Church congregations.
The Prime Minister of Algeria is the head of government of Algeria.
The Prime Minister of Bulgaria (Министър-председател, Ministar-predsedatel) is the head of government of Bulgaria.
The Prime Minister of Canada (Premier ministre du Canada) is the primary minister of the Crown, chairman of the Cabinet, and thus Canada's head of government, charged with advising the Canadian monarch or Governor General of Canada on the exercise of the executive powers vested in them by the constitution.
The Prime Minister of Finland (Suomen pääministeri) is the head of the Finnish Government.
The Prime Minister of the Hellenic Republic (Πρωθυπουργός της Ελληνικής Δημοκρατίας, Pro̱thypourgós ti̱s Elli̱nikí̱s Di̱mokratías), colloquially referred to as the Prime Minister of Greece (Πρωθυπουργός της Ελλάδας, Pro̱thypourgós ti̱s Elládas), is the head of government of the Hellenic Republic and the leader of the Greek cabinet.
The Prime Minister of Greenland (Naalakkersuisut siulittaasuat, lit Leader of the Government; Landsstyreformand), officially referred to as the Premier, is the head of the Government of Greenland, the autonomous country within the Kingdom of Denmark.
The President of the Council of Ministers of the Italian Republic (Italian: Presidente del Consiglio dei ministri della Repubblica Italiana), commonly referred to in Italy as Presidente del Consiglio, or informally as Premier and known in English as the Prime Minister of Italy, is the head of government of the Italian Republic.
The is the head of government of Japan.
The Prime Minister of the Government of Romania (Prim-ministrul Guvernului României) is the head of the Government of Romania.
The Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation (translit), colloquially referred to as the Prime Minister (translit) is the head of the Russian government and the second most powerful figure of the Russian Federation.
The Prime Minister of Samoa is the head of government of the Independent State of Samoa, a sovereign country located in the Pacific Ocean.
The Prime Minister of the Republic of Korea (국무총리 / 國務總理, Gungmuchongni) is appointed by the President of South Korea, with the National Assembly's approval.
The Prime Minister of the Netherlands (Minister-president van Nederland) is the head of the executive branch of the Government of the Netherlands in his quality of chair of the Council of Ministers.
The Prime Minister of Turkey (Turkish: Başbakan) was the head of government of Turkey.
The Prime Minister of Tuvalu is the head of government of Tuvalu.
Prince Arthur of Connaught (Arthur Frederick Patrick Albert; 13 January 1883 – 12 September 1938) was a British military officer and a grandson of Queen Victoria.
was the eldest son of Prince Fushimi Hiroyasu, and heir-apparent due to inherit the position of 24th head of the Fushimi-no-miya shinnōke (collateral branch of the Imperial Family of Japan), and a career officer in the Imperial Japanese Navy.
Prince Georgy Konstantinovich of Russia (6 May 1903 – 7 November 1938), was the youngest son of Grand Duke Konstantin Konstantinovich of Russia and his wife Grand Duchess Yelizaveta Mavrikiyevna.
Prince Luiz of Orleans-Braganza (born 6 June 1938) is the head of the Vassouras branch of the House of Orléans-Braganza and a claimant to the defunct Brazilian throne.
Prince Nicholas of Greece and Denmark (Πρίγκιπας Νικόλαος της Ελλάδας και της Δανίας, 22 January 1872 – 8 February 1938), of the Glücksburg branch of the House of Oldenburg, was the fourth child and third son of King George I of Greece, and of Queen Olga.
Prince or Princess of Asturias (Príncipe/Princesa de Asturias) is the main substantive title used by the heir apparent or heir presumptive to the throne of Spain.
Princeton is a municipality with a borough form of government in Mercer County, New Jersey, United States, that was established in its current form on January 1, 2013, through the consolidation of the Borough of Princeton and Princeton Township.
The Quabbin Reservoir is the largest inland body of water in Massachusetts, and was built between 1930 and 1939.
Sofía of Greece and Denmark (Greek: Σοφία; born 2 November 1938) is a member of the Spanish royal family who served as Queen of Spain during the reign of her husband, King Juan Carlos I, from 1975 to 2014.
Quicksilver Messenger Service (sometimes credited as simply Quicksilver) is an American psychedelic rock band formed in 1965 in San Francisco.
Gustaf Rafael Colliander (19 April 1878 in Turku – 25 May 1938) was a Finnish journalist and politician.
Ragtime is a musical with a book by Terrence McNally, lyrics by Lynn Ahrens, and music by Stephen Flaherty.
Rail transport is a means of transferring of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, also known as tracks.
Ralph Bakshi (born October 29, 1938) is an American director of animated and live-action films.
Ramón Franco Bahamonde (born 2 February 1896 in the naval station of Ferrol in Galicia, Spain –28 October 1938), was a Spanish pioneer of aviation, a political figure and brother of later caudillo Francisco Franco.
Raoul Bensaude (26 January 1866 – 25 October 1938) was a French physician born in the Azores.
Raul Gil (born Sao Paulo, January 27, 1938) is a television presenter and singer in Brazil.
Raymond Arthur Gripper (born 7 July 1938), in Salisbury, Southern Rhodesia, was a cricketer.
The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (Рабоче-крестьянская Красная армия (РККА), Raboche-krest'yanskaya Krasnaya armiya (RKKA), frequently shortened in Russian to Красная aрмия (КА), Krasnaya armiya (KA), in English: Red Army, also in critical literature and folklore of that epoch – Red Horde, Army of Work) was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
The Reich Chancellery (Reichskanzlei) was the traditional name of the office of the Chancellor of Germany (then called Reichskanzler) in the period of the German Reich from 1878 to 1945.
Reine Davies (June 6, 1886 – April 5, 1938) was an American singer and actress.
René Massigli (22 March 1888 – 3 February 1988) was a French diplomat who played a leading role as a senior official at the Quai d'Orsay.
René Muñoz (February 19, 1938 – May 11, 2000) was a Cuban actor and screenwriter of telenovelas and the cinema of Mexico.
Ricardo Froilán Lagos Escobar (born 2 March 1938) is a Chilean lawyer, economist and social democrat politician who served as President of Chile from 2000 to 2006.
Richard Armstrong Whiting (November 12, 1891 – February 19, 1938) was an American composer of popular songs, including the standards "Hooray for Hollywood", "Ain't We Got Fun?" and "On the Good Ship Lollipop".
Richard Samuel Benjamin (born May 22, 1938) is an American actor and film director.
Richard Henry Cummings (August 20, 1858 – December 25, 1938) was an American film actor of the silent era.
Richard Johann Kuhn (3 December 1900 – 1 August 1967) was an Austrian-German biochemist who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1938 "for his work on carotenoids and vitamins".
Richard Teller Crane II (August 12, 1882 - October 3, 1938) was the first United States diplomat accredited to Czechoslovakia with the title Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary. He received a recess appointment from President Woodrow Wilson on April 23, 1919 and was subsequently confirmed by the United States Senate on June 26, 1919.
Robert Samuel Fields (born 9 July 1938) is an actor who has appeared frequently on film and television.
Robert Jankel (1 January 1938 – 25 May 2005) was a British designer of limousines, armoured cars and other speciality vehicles.
Robert Leroy Johnson (May 8, 1911August 16, 1938) was an American blues singer-songwriter and musician.
Robert Low Bacon (July 23, 1884 – September 12, 1938) was an American politician, a banker, Lieutenant Colonel, and congressman from New York.
Robert Nozick (November 16, 1938 – January 23, 2002) was an American philosopher.
Robert Edward "Bob" Rubin (born August 29, 1938) is an American lawyer, former cabinet member, and retired banking executive.
Robert Gilbert Vansittart, 1st Baron Vansittart (25 June 1881 – 14 February 1957), known as Sir Robert Vansittart between 1929 and 1941, was a senior British diplomat in the period before and during the Second World War.
Robert Wiene (27 April 1873 – 17 July 1938) was a film director of the German silent cinema.
Robert Rolla Woolsey (August 14, 1888 – October 31, 1938) was an American stage and screen comedian and half of the 1930s comedy team Wheeler & Woolsey.
Rodney George Laver (born 9 August 1938) is an Australian former tennis player widely regarded as one of the greatest in the history of the sport.
Roger "Mad Dog" Caron (April 12, 1938 – April 11, 2012) was a Canadian robber and the author of the influential prison memoir Go-Boy! Memories of a Life Behind Bars (1978).
Roger Wilfred Davis (born June 23, 1938) is a former professional American football player who played offensive lineman for seven seasons for the Chicago Bears, the Los Angeles Rams, and the New York Giants.
Roger Earl Mosley (born December 18, 1938) is a retired American actor, director and writer best known for his role as the helicopter pilot Theodore "T.C." Calvin in the television series, Magnum, P.I..
Roger Hunt, (born 20 July 1938) is an English former footballer who played as a forward.
Air Chief Marshal Sir Roger Hewlett Palin, (born 8 July 1938) is a former senior Royal Air Force commander.
Roland Topor (7 January 1938 – 16 April 1997) was a French illustrator, cartoonist, comics artist, painter, novelist, playwright, film and TV writer, filmmaker and actor, known for the surreal nature of his work.
Romeo and Juliet (Ромео и Джульетта), Op.
Romy Schneider (23 September 1938 – 29 May 1982) was a film actress born in Vienna who held German and French citizenship.
Ronald Pierce "Ron" Ely (born June 21, 1938) is an American actor and novelist born in Hereford, Texas and raised in Amarillo.
Ronald William J. Fogg (born 3 July 1938 in Tilbury) is an English former professional footballer who played in the Football League as a forward.
Ronald "Ron" Lancaster (October 14, 1938 – September 18, 2008) was an American-Canadian professional football player and coach in the Canadian Football League (CFL).
Daniel Ronald "Ronny" Cox (born July 23, 1938) is an American actor, singer-songwriter, and storyteller.
Rosamond Pinchot (October 26, 1904 – January 24, 1938) was an American socialite, stage and film actress.
Rosemary S. Pooler (born June 21, 1938) is a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
Rudolf Khametovich Nureyev (Рудольф Хәмит улы Нуриев Rudolf Xämid ulı Nuriyev, p; 17 March 1938 – 6 January 1993) was a Soviet ballet and contemporary dancer and choreographer.
The Runciman Mission to Czechoslovakia was a British Government initiative aimed at resolving an international crisis threatening to lead to war in Europe in the summer of 1938.
is a Japanese chemist.
was a prominent Japanese bacteriologist who assisted in developing the Arsphenamine drug in 1909 in the laboratory of Paul Ehrlich.
Sakari Ainali (3 December 1874, Himanka - 31 October 1938) was a Finnish farmer, businessman, lay preacher and politician.
Salah Omar Al-Ali (born 17 July 1938) was a member of the Iraqi Revolutionary Command Council, Iraqi Minister of Culture and Information from 1968 to 1970, and subsequently ambassador to Sweden, Spain and the United Nations from 1973 to 1981.
Samuel Wood Bryant (May 24, 1877 – November 4, 1938) was an admiral in the United States Navy.
The Santa Ana River is the largest river entirely within Southern California in the United States.
The Santali Latin alphabet was invented in the 1890s by the Norwegian missionary Paul Olaf Bodding, and is still used by most Santhals, especially the members of the Northern Evangelical Lutheran Church (NELC).
Sarnia is a city in Southwestern Ontario, Canada, and had a 2016 population of 71,594.
Saudi Arabia, officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), is a sovereign Arab state in Western Asia constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula.
In music theory, a scale is any set of musical notes ordered by fundamental frequency or pitch.
The Schomburgk's deer (Rucervus schomburgki) was a member of the family Cervidae.
Seabiscuit (May 23, 1933 – May 17, 1947) was a champion Thoroughbred racehorse in the United States, who became the top money winning racehorse up to the 1940s, as noted in films and books. He beat the 1937 Triple-Crown winner, War Admiral, by 4 lengths in a 2-horse special at Pimlico, and was voted American Horse of the Year for 1938. A small horse, Seabiscuit had an inauspicious start to his racing career, winning only a fourth of his first 40 races, but became an unlikely champion and a symbol of hope to many Americans during the Great Depression. Seabiscuit has been the subject of numerous books and films, including Seabiscuit: the Lost Documentary (1939); the Shirley Temple film The Story of Seabiscuit (1949); a book, Seabiscuit: An American Legend (2001) by Laura Hillenbrand; and a film adaptation of Hillenbrand's book, Seabiscuit (2003) that was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture.
The Second Sino-Japanese War was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from July 7, 1937, to September 2, 1945.
The Secretary-General of the United Nations (UNSG or just SG) is the head of the United Nations Secretariat, one of the six principal organs of the United Nations.
It is frequently the day of the autumnal equinox in the Northern Hemisphere and the day of the vernal equinox in the Southern Hemisphere.
It is frequently the day of the autumnal equinox in the Northern Hemisphere and the day of the vernal equinox in the Southern Hemisphere.
The Serbs (Срби / Srbi) are a South Slavic ethnic group that formed in the Balkans.
Sergei Aleksandrovich Buturlin (Серге́й Александрович Бутурлин); 22 September 1872 in Montreux – 22 January 1938 in Moscow was a Russian ornithologist.
Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev (r; 27 April 1891 – 5 March 1953) was a Russian Soviet composer, pianist and conductor.
Sergey Vasilyevich Aydarov (Сергей Васильевич Айдаров, born Vishnevsky, Вишневский, 20 October 1867, Moscow, Imperial Russia, — 16 August 1938, Moscow, USSR) was a Russian and Soviet stage actor and theatre director, associated with the Moscow's Maly Theatre where he debuted in 1898.
Sergio Martino (born 19 July 1938 in Rome, Italy) is an Italian film director and producer, notable for his contributions to the giallo genre.
Sergio "Serge" Silvagni (born 28 June 1938) is a former Australian rules footballer who represented in the Victorian Football League (VFL).
Shashi Kapoor (born as Balbir Prithviraj Kapoor; 18 March 1938 – 4 December 2017) was an Indian film actor and producer.
Shelby Stephenson (born June 14, 1938) is an American poet.
Sherman Alexander Hemsley (February 1, 1938 – July 24, 2012) was an American actor and comedian, best known for his role as George Jefferson on the CBS television series All in the Family and The Jeffersons, Deacon Ernest Frye on the NBC series Amen, and B.P. Richfield on the ABC series Dinosaurs.
Pandit Shivkumar Sharma (born 13 January 1938) is an Indian santoor player from the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
Shlomo Ben-Yosef (שלמה בן-יוסף; 1913–1938) was a member of the Revisionist Zionist underground group Irgun.
was a Japanese manga artist who became an influential figure in manga, anime, and tokusatsu, creating several immensely popular long-running series such as Cyborg 009, the Super Sentai series and the Kamen Rider Series.
is a Japanese gymnast and Olympic champion.
Silouan the Athonite (Russian: Силуан Афонский) also sometimes referred to as Silouan of Athos, Saint Silvanus the Athonite or Staretz Silouan (January 17, 1866 – September 24, 1938) was an Eastern Orthodox monk of Russian origin, born Simeon Ivanovich Antonov who was a poet and monk of the St. Panteleimon Monastery.
Simon Douglas-Pennant, 7th Baron Penrhyn (born 28 June 1938) is a British nobleman.
Simone de Macedo e Oliveira, GCIH (born 11 February 1938) better known as Simone de Oliveira is a Portuguese singer and actress.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
Jesaia "Sjaak" Swart (born 3 July 1938) is a former Dutch footballer who played as a winger for Ajax.
Slovakia (Slovensko), officially the Slovak Republic (Slovenská republika), is a landlocked country in Central Europe.
The Société nationale des chemins de fer français (SNCF, "French National Railway Company") is France's national state-owned railway company.
Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs is a 1937 American animated musical fantasy film produced by Walt Disney Productions and originally released by RKO Radio Pictures.
Sound recording and reproduction is an electrical, mechanical, electronic, or digital inscription and re-creation of sound waves, such as spoken voice, singing, instrumental music, or sound effects.
The South African Press Association, commonly known as SAPA, is the national news agency of South Africa.
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
The Spanish Civil War (Guerra Civil Española),Also known as The Crusade (La Cruzada) among Nationalists, the Fourth Carlist War (Cuarta Guerra Carlista) among Carlists, and The Rebellion (La Rebelión) or Uprising (Sublevación) among Republicans.
Spencer Dryden (April 7, 1938 – January 11, 2005) was an American musician best known as drummer for Jefferson Airplane and New Riders of the Purple Sage.
A spree killer is someone who kills two or more victims in a short time, in multiple locations.
Stanley Eugene Fish (born April 19, 1938) is an American literary theorist, legal scholar, author and public intellectual.
Stanley Thomas Meads (born 12 July 1938 in Arapuni, New Zealand) is a rugby union footballer and brother of Colin Meads, considered by some to be one of the greatest rugby footballers of all time.
A state-owned enterprise (SOE) is a business enterprise where the state has significant control through full, majority, or significant minority ownership.
A steam locomotive is a type of railway locomotive that produces its pulling power through a steam engine.
Stella Stevens (born Estelle Eggleston; October 1, 1938) is an American film, television, and stage actress.
Stephen Gerald Breyer (born August 15, 1938) is an American lawyer, professor, and jurist who serves as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
Stephen Bloomer (20 January 1874 – 16 April 1938) was an England international footballer and manager who played for Derby County - becoming their record goalscorer - and Middlesbrough.
Stuart Harrison Young (born 6 July 1938) is a former English cricketer.
German Bohemians, later known as the Sudeten Germans, were ethnic Germans living in the lands of the Bohemian Crown, which later became an integral part of the state of Czechoslovakia.
The Sudetenland (Czech and Sudety; Kraj Sudecki) is the historical German name for the northern, southern, and western areas of former Czechoslovakia which were inhabited primarily by Sudeten Germans.
Sultan Majid Afandiyev (Sultan Məcid Əfəndiyev; Султан Меджид Эфендиев), also spelled Efendiyev (May 26, 1887 – April 21, 1938) was an Azerbaijani revolutionary and statesman, one of the founders of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan.
Superman is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics.
The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
A surface lift is a means of cable transport that transports skiers and snowboarders, in which riders remain on the ground as they are pulled uphill.
Susan Harrison (born August 26, 1938) is an American actress.
Susan Maughan (born Marian Maughan, 1 July 1938) is an English singer who released successful singles in the 1960s.
Susan Elizabeth Strasberg (May 22, 1938 – January 21, 1999) was an American stage, film, and television actress.
Suzanne Rachel Flore Lenglen (24 May 1899 – 4 July 1938) was a French tennis player who won 31 Championship titles between 1914 and 1926.
Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania.
A synagogue, also spelled synagog (pronounced; from Greek συναγωγή,, 'assembly', בית כנסת, 'house of assembly' or, "house of prayer", Yiddish: שול shul, Ladino: אסנוגה or קהל), is a Jewish house of prayer.
Syria (سوريا), officially known as the Syrian Arab Republic (الجمهورية العربية السورية), is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest.
Thirumanilaiyur Sitapati Ramana Subramanian (11 December 1938 – 26 February 2018) was an Indian bureaucrat who served as the cabinet secretary of the India from August 1996 to March 1998.
Theodore Henry Schreiber (born July 11, 1938) is an American former professional baseball player.
Robert Edward "Ted" Turner III (born November 19, 1938) is an American media mogul and philanthropist.
Teodor Axentowicz (Armenian: Թեոդոր Աքսենտովիչ; May 13, 1859 in Braşov, Austrian Empire – August 26, 1938 in Kraków, Second Polish Republic) was a Polish-Armenian painter and university professor.
Teresa del Conde Pontones (January 12, 1935 – February 16, 2017) was a Mexican art critic and art historian.
Teresa Stratas, OC (born May 26, 1938 in Toronto, Ontario), is a retired Canadian operatic soprano of Greek descent.
Terrence McNally (born November 3, 1938) is an American playwright, librettist, and screenwriter.
Sir Michael Terence Wogan (3 August 1938 – 31 January 2016), better known as Terry Wogan, was an Irish radio and television broadcaster who worked for the BBC in the UK for most of his career.
The Beano is the longest running British children's comic magazine, published by DC Thomson.
The Famous 1938 Carnegie Hall Jazz Concert by Benny Goodman, Columbia Records catalogue item SL-160, is a two-disc LP of swing and jazz music recorded at Carnegie Hall in New York City on January 16, 1938.
The Holocaust, also referred to as the Shoah, was a genocide during World War II in which Nazi Germany, aided by its collaborators, systematically murdered approximately 6 million European Jews, around two-thirds of the Jewish population of Europe, between 1941 and 1945.
The Rolling Stones are an English rock band formed in London, England, in 1962.
The Salvation Army is a Protestant Christian church and an international charitable organisation structured in a quasi-military fashion.
The Shadows (originally known as The Drifters) were an English instrumental rock group, and were Cliff Richard's backing band from 1958 to 1968, having also collaborated again on numerous reunion tours.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
The Velvet Underground was an American rock band formed in 1964 in New York City by singer/guitarist Lou Reed, multi-instrumentalist John Cale, guitarist Sterling Morrison, and drummer Angus MacLise (replaced by Moe Tucker in 1965).
"The War of the Worlds" is an episode of the American radio drama anthology series The Mercury Theatre on the Air.
Theodor Fischer (28 May 1862 – 25 December 1938) was a German architect and teacher.
Thomas Barfoed Thrige (5 May 1866 – 9 May 1938) was a Danish entrepreneur, industrialist and businessman.
Sir Thomas Octavius Callender (born 9 April 1855 at Clydeview, Partick, Lanarkshire, Scotland; died on 2 December 1938 at Bidborough Court near Tunbridge Wells, Kent) was an engineer and businessman, who promoted the electrical industry.
Right Reverend Emmanuel Thomas Savundaranayagam (இம்மானுவேல் தோமசு சௌந்தரநாயகம், තෝමස් සවුන්ද්රනායගම්; born 13 July 1938) is a Sri Lankan Tamil priest and former Roman Catholic Bishop of Jaffna.
Thomas Clayton Wolfe (October 3, 1900 – September 15, 1938) was an American novelist of the early twentieth century.
Thornton Niven Wilder (April 17, 1897 – December 7, 1975) was an American playwright and novelist.
The Thousand Islands International Bridge (Pont des Mille-îles) is an international bridge system over the Saint Lawrence River connecting northern New York in the United States with southeastern Ontario in Canada.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
Person of the Year (called Man of the Year or Woman of the Year until 1999) is an annual issue of the United States news magazine Time that features and profiles a person, a group, an idea, or an object that "for better or for worse...
Timo Mäkinen (18 March 1938 in Helsinki, Finland – 4 May 2017) was one of the original "Flying Finns" of motor rallying.
Thomas Crean (25 February 1877 – 27 July 1938), was an Irish seaman and Antarctic explorer who was awarded the Albert Medal.
Thomas William "Tom" Lester (born September 23, 1938) is an American actor and evangelist.
Tom Oliver (born 12 June 1938, Chandler's Ford, Hampshire, South East England) is an English Australian theatre, television and film actor best known for soap opera role's including Number 96 as Jack Sellers and the long-running role of lovable rogue Lou Carpenter in the Australian soap opera Neighbours in 1988 and from 1992 to 2016.
Tomas Robert Lindahl FRS FMedSci (born 28 January 1938) is a Swedish-born British scientist specialising in cancer research.
Sir Tomasi Puapua (born 10 September 1938) is a political figure who represented Vaitupu in the Parliament of Tuvalu.
Tomasz Dąbal (29 December 1890 - 21 August 1937) was a Polish communist activist.
Tommy Vig (July 14, 1938) is a jazz vibraharpist, drummer, percussionist, arranger, big band leader, film, television, and classical concert composer, inventor, author, and educator.
Anthony Robert Lewis CBE (born 6 July 1938) is a former Welsh cricketer, who captained England, became a journalist, went on to become the face of BBC Television cricket coverage in the 1990s, and became president of the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC).
The toothbrush is an oral hygiene instrument used to clean the teeth, gums, and tongue.
A trade union or trades union, also called a labour union (Canada) or labor union (US), is an organization of workers who have come together to achieve many common goals; such as protecting the integrity of its trade, improving safety standards, and attaining better wages, benefits (such as vacation, health care, and retirement), and working conditions through the increased bargaining power wielded by the creation of a monopoly of the workers.
The was a revenge spree killing that occurred on 21 May 1938 in the rural village of Kamo close to Tsuyama in Okayama, Empire of Japan.
Tupua Tamasese Tupuola Tufuga Efi, also known as Tuiatua Tupua Tamasese Efi, and formerly known as Tupuola Efi (born 1 March 1937), is a Samoan political figure who was Samoa's head of state from 2007 to 2017.
Tulio Antonio Febres-Cordero Troconis (May 31, 1860 June 3, 1938) was a Venezuelan writer, historian, university professor and journalist.
Tura Satana (July 10, 1938Some sources give her birth year as 1935, i.e. Dave Itzkoff,, New York Times, February 5, 2011; accessed January 8, 2014. – February 4, 2011) was a Japanese American actress, vedette and exotic dancer.
Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
Tyrone Davis (born Tyrone D. Fettson or Tyrone D. Branch, May 4, 1938 – February 9, 2005) was an American blues and soul singer with a long list of hit records over more than 20 years.
Uli Maslo (born 6 July 1938) is a retired German football player and manager.
The Air Commerce Act of 1926 created an Aeronautic Branch of the United States Department of Commerce.
Upper Hungary is the usual English translation of Felvidék (lit.: "Upland"), the Hungarian term for the area that was historically the northern part of the Kingdom of Hungary, now mostly present-day Slovakia.
Valentyn Grigoryevich Mankin (Валентин Григорьевич Манкин; August 19, 1938 – June 1, 2014) was a Soviet/Ukrainian sailor from Kiev, three times Olympic champion for the USSR team.
Valerie Bergere (February 8, 1867 – September 16, 1938) was a French-born American actress who had a near fifty-year career in theatre and cinema.
Valery Pavlovich Chkalov (p; February 2, 1904 – December 15, 1938) was a Soviet and Russian aircraft test pilot and a Hero of the Soviet Union (1936).
Valery Panayotovich Kerdemelidi (Валерий Панайотович Кердемелиди; born 18 July 1938) is a retired artistic gymnast from Russia.
Vasily Konstantinovich Blyukher (also spelled Bliukher, Blücher, etc., (December 1 1889– November 9, 1938) was a Soviet military commander.
A vedette is the main female artist of a show derived from cabaret and its genres (revue, vaudeville, music hall or burlesque).
Vera Oelschlegel (born 5 July 1938) has worked as a German singer, actress, artistic director, drama director and professor of drama at the Ernst Busch Academy of Dramatic Arts.
Vera Alexeevna Shebeko (Вера Алексеевна Шебеко; born 10 July 1938) is a former Russian anchorwoman for Soviet Central Television and host of the channel's main editorial program Novosti.
Vermont is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
Victor Emmanuel III (Vittorio Emanuele Ferdinando Maria Gennaro di Savoia; Vittorio Emanuele III, Viktor Emanueli III; 11 November 1869 – 28 December 1947) was the King of Italy from 29 July 1900 until his abdication on 9 May 1946.
The Vienna Philharmonic (VPO; Wiener Philharmoniker), founded in 1842, is an orchestra considered to be one of the finest in the world.
Viktor Stepanovich Chernomyrdin (Ви́ктор Степа́нович Черномы́рдин,; 9 April 19383 November 2010) was a Russian politician.
Vilnius Region (Vilniaus kraštas, Wileńszczyzna, Віленшчына, also formerly known in English: as Wilno Region or Vilna Region) is the territory in the present-day Lithuania and Belarus that was originally inhabited by ethnic Baltic tribes and was a part of Lithuania proper, but came under East Slavic and Polish cultural influences over time.
Vladimir Nicolayevich Beneshevich (Владимир Николаевич Бенешевич; August 9, 1874 – January 17, 1938) was a scholar of Byzantine history and canon law, and a philologer and paleographer of the manuscripts in that sphere.
Vladimir Veniaminovich Radionov (Владимир Вениаминович Радионов; born 21 July 1938) is a Russian football player, coach and official.
Vladimir Semyonovich Vysotsky (p; 25 January 1938 – 25 July 1980) was a Russian singer-songwriter, poet, and actor whose career had an immense and enduring effect on Soviet and Russian culture.
Vojtech Masný (born 8 July 1938) is a former Slovak football player.
The Voortrekker Monument is located just south of Pretoria in South Africa.
William Wallace Conner (November 7, 1882 – August 9, 1938) was an American politician in the state of Washington.
Edward McDaniel (June 19, 1938 – April 18, 2002) was a Choctaw-Chickasaw Native American who achieved fame as a professional American football player and later as a professional wrestler.
Walter Runciman, 1st Viscount Runciman of Doxford, (19 November 1870 – 14 November 1949) was a prominent Liberal and later National Liberal politician in the United Kingdom between the 1900s and 1930s.
The Walther P38 (originally written Walther P.38) is a 9 mm semi-automatic pistol that was developed by Carl Walther GmbH as the service pistol of the Wehrmacht at the beginning of World War II.
Walther von Brauchitsch (4 October 1881 – 18 October 1948) was a German field marshal and the Commander-in-Chief of the German Army during the Nazi era.
War Admiral (May 2, 1934 – October 30, 1959) was an American thoroughbred racehorse, best known as the fourth winner of the American Triple Crown and Horse of the Year in 1937, and rival of Seabiscuit in the 'Match Race of the Century' in 1938.
Warner Oland (October 3, 1879 – August 6, 1938) was a Swedish-American actor most remembered for playing several Chinese and Chinese-American characters: the Honolulu Police detective, Lieutenant Charlie Chan; Dr.
Warren Livingston (born July 5, 1938) is a former professional American football cornerback in the National Football League for the Dallas Cowboys.
Werner Eduard Fritz von Blomberg (2 September 1878 – 14 March 1946) was a German ''Generalfeldmarschall'', Minister of War, and Commander-in-Chief of the German Armed Forces until January 1938, as he was forced to resign due to his marriage with a former prostitute.
Werner, Freiherr von Fritsch (4 August 1880 – 22 September 1939) was a member of the German High Command.
West Java (Jawa Barat, abbreviated as Jabar; Sundanese: Jawa Kulon) is a province of Indonesia.
The White House Deputy Chief of Staff is officially the top aide to the White House Chief of Staff, who is the senior aide to the President of the United States.
Wieger Emile Mensonides (born 12 July 1938) is a former Dutch swimmer, who won the bronze medal in the 200 m breaststroke at the 1960 Summer Olympics.
William Blomfield (1 April 1866 – 2 March 1938) was a New Zealand cartoonist and local politician.
William Elden Bolcom (born May 26, 1938) is an American composer and pianist.
William Christian Bullitt Jr. (January 25, 1891 – February 15, 1967) was an American diplomat, journalist, and novelist.
William Gillespie (24 January 1894 – 23 June 1938) was a Scottish actor.
William James Glackens (March 13, 1870 – May 22, 1938) was an American realist painter and one of the founders of the Ashcan School of American art.
William McCall (May 19, 1870 – January 10, 1938), was an American film actor.
William Stern (29 April 1871 – 27 March 1938), born Ludwig Wilhelm Stern, was a German psychologist and philosopher noted as a pioneer in the field of the psychology of personality and intelligence.
Willie Lee McCovey (born January 10, 1938), nicknamed "Mac", "Big Mac", and "Stretch", is an American former Major League Baseball first baseman.
Willem "Wim" Kok (born 29 September 1938) is a retired Dutch politician of the Labour Party (PvdA) who served as Prime Minister of the Netherlands from 22 August 1994 until 22 July 2002.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
Robert Weston Smith, known as Wolfman Jack (January 21, 1938 – July 1, 1995), was an American disc jockey.
The World Economic Forum (WEF) is a Swiss nonprofit foundation, based in Cologny, Geneva, Switzerland.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
Yad Vashem (יָד וַשֵׁם; literally, "a monument and a name") is Israel's official memorial to the victims of the Holocaust.
Yakov Ivanovich Alksnis (Jēkabs Alksnis, Яков Иванович Алкснис, 26 January 1897 – 28 July 1938) was the commander of the Red Army Air Forces from 1931 to 1937.
Yakov Khristoforovich Davtyan (Davydov) (Յակով Դավթյան (Դավիդով), (Давыдов); 10 October 1888 – 28 July 1938) was, as head of the Cheka's Foreign Department from 1921 to 1922, the first head of Soviet foreign intelligence.
Yankee Stadium was a stadium located in the Bronx, a borough of New York City.
Yannoulis Chalepas (Γιαννούλης Χαλεπάς, August 14, 1851 – September 15, 1938) was a Greek sculptor and significant figure of Modern Greek art.
The Yellow River or Huang He is the second longest river in Asia, after the Yangtze River, and the sixth longest river system in the world at the estimated length of.
Parliamentary elections were held in Yugoslavia on 1 December 1938.
Yusuf Lodhi (1938–1996) was a Pakistani editor, journal, cartoonist and author.
Yvonne Fay Minton CBE (born 4 December 1938) is an Australian-born but mostly British-resident opera singer.
Yvonne Romain (born Yvonne Warren, 17 February 1938) is a British film and television actress of the late 1950s and 1960s.
Zaolzie is the Polish name for an area now in the Czech Republic which was disputed between interwar Poland and Czechoslovakia.
This year was named by Mitchell Stephens as the greatest year to read newspapers.
In Germany, 1888 is known as the Year of the Three Emperors.
As of March 1 (O.S. February 17), when the Julian calendar acknowledged a leap day and the Gregorian calendar did not, the Julian calendar fell one day further behind, bringing the difference to 13 days until February 28 (O.S. February 15), 2100.
As the second year of the massive Russo-Japanese War began, more than 100,000 died in the largest world battles of that era, and the war chaos lead to a revolution against the Tsar (Shostakovich's 11th Symphony is subtitled The Year 1905 to commemorate this).
A highlight was the race for the South Pole.
The 1938 FIFA World Cup was the third staging of the World Cup, and was held in France from 4 to 19 June 1938.
The Coup d'état attempt of 1938 or coup d'état of Chania was a short-lived coup attempt in Chania, Greece, aimed at overthrowing the dictatorship of Ioannis Metaxas in 1938.
The 1938 New England Hurricane (also referred to as the Great New England Hurricane, Long Island Express, and Yankee Clipper) was one of the deadliest and most destructive tropical cyclones to strike Long Island, New York and New England.
The 1938 Polish ultimatum to Lithuania was an ultimatum delivered to Lithuania by Poland on March 17, 1938.
The Tiberias massacre took place on 2 October 1938, during the 1936–39 Arab revolt in Tiberias, then located in the British Mandate of Palestine and today is located in the State of Israel.
The 1938 Yellow River flood (literally "Huayuankou embankment breach incident") was a flood created by the Nationalist Government in central China during the early stage of the Second Sino-Japanese War in an attempt to halt the rapid advance of Japanese forces.
It is also known as the "Year of Africa" because of major events—particularly the independence of seventeen African nations—that focused global attention on the continent and intensified feelings of Pan-Africanism.
This was the year of the Protests of 1968.
It was also declared the International Women's Year by the United Nations and the European Architectural Heritage Year by the Council of Europe.
The year 1985 was designated as the International Youth Year by the United Nations.
In the 20th century, the year 1988 has the most Roman numeral digits (11).
1989 was a turning point in political history because a wave of revolutions swept the Eastern Bloc in Europe, starting in Poland and Hungary, with experiments in power sharing, coming to a head with the opening of the Berlin Wall in November, and the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia, embracing the overthrow of the communist dictatorship in Romania in December, and ending in December 1991 with the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
It was the year that is usually considered the final year of the Cold War that had begun in the late 1940s.
1992 was designated as.
The year 1994 was designated as the "International Year of the Family" and the "International Year of Sport and the Olympic Ideal" by the United Nations.
This was the first year that the Internet was entirely privatized, with the United States government no longer providing public funding.
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1998 was designated as the International Year of the Ocean.
1999 was designated as the International Year of Older Persons.
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2017 was designated as International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development by the United Nations General Assembly.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.