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Arthur Edward Waite (2 October 1857 – 19 May 1942), commonly known as A. E. Waite, was an American-born British poet and scholarly mystic who wrote extensively on occult and esoteric matters, and was the co-creator of the Rider-Waite Tarot deck.
Aaron Copland (November 14, 1900December 2, 1990) was an American composer, composition teacher, writer, and later a conductor of his own and other American music.
Abdul Hamid (born 7 July 1942) is a Pakistani field hockey player who won the silver medal in 1964 Summer Olympics.
Abdulsalami Abubakar (born June 13, 1942) is a retired Nigerian Army General who was Military Head of State from 9 June 1998 until 29 May 1999.
The Academy Award for Best Picture is one of the Academy Awards presented annually since the awards debuted in 1929, by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS).
The Actions along the Matanikau—sometimes referred to as the Second and Third Battles of the Matanikau—were two separate but related engagements, which took place in the months of September and October 1942, among a series of engagements between the United States and Imperial Japanese naval and ground forces around the Matanikau River on Guadalcanal (island in the south-western Pacific, northeast of Australia) during the Guadalcanal Campaign.
Adam Bargielski (January 7, 1903 – September 8, 1942) was a Polish Roman Catholic priest.
Adam Czerniaków (30 November 1880 – 23 July 1942) was a Polish-Jewish engineer and senator; head of the Warsaw Ghetto Jewish Council (Judenrat) during World War II.
Ado Birk (also known as Aadu Birk, Aado Birk or Avdei Birk; – 2 February 1942), was an Estonian politician who was the Estonian Prime Minister for three days, from 28 July 1920 to 30 July 1920.
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
Adolf Ogi (born 18 July 1942) is a Swiss politician from the village of Kandersteg in the Swiss Alps.
Adolph Daniel Edward Elmer (1870 – April 17, 1942) was an American botanist and plant collector.
Agathe Lasch (born 4 July 1879, in Berlin; died 18 August 1942, in Riga) was a German philologist.
Ahmad II ibn Ali (13 April 1862 – 19 June 1942) (أحمد باي بن علي باي), commonly known as Ahmed Bey, was the ruler of Tunisia from 11 February 1929 until his death.
Ahmad-Jabir Ahmadov Ismail oghlu (az. Əhməd-Cabir Əhmədov İsmayıl oğlu) – Professor of "Commodity research and examination of food" in "Azerbaijan State Economic University", Doctor of Philosophy in technical sciences (1973), Professor of the department "Commodity research of Foodstuffs" (2001), "Honored Teacher" of Azerbaijan (2002), a member of the "Union of Azerbaijani Writers" and "Union of Journalists of Azerbaijan", "Golden Pen" Media award winner (2010).
Ahmet Fikri Tüzer (1878, Shumen, Bulgaria, Ottoman Empire – 16 August 1942, Ankara) was a member of the Republican People's Party and the acting Prime Minister of the Republic of Turkey for two days from 7 July 1942 to 9 July 1942 (during the 12th government of Turkey).
Albert Arnold Gore Jr. (born March 31, 1948) is an American politician and environmentalist who served as the 45th Vice President of the United States from 1993 to 2001.
Albert Reinold "Al" Hunt Jr. (born December 4, 1942) is an American columnist for Bloomberg View, the editorial arm of Bloomberg News (which is a subsidiary of Bloomberg L.P.). Hunt hosted the Sunday morning talk show Political Capital on Bloomberg Television and was also a weekly panelist on CNN's Capital Gang and Evans, Novak, Hunt & Shields.
Alan Charles Jardine (born September 3, 1942) is an American musician, singer and songwriter, who co-founded the Beach Boys.
Alan Dower Blumlein (29 June 1903 – 7 June 1942) was an English electronics engineer, notable for his many inventions in telecommunications, sound recording, stereophonic sound, television and radar.
Alan Paul Haskvitz (born 7 September 1942) is a notable teacher, who has been inducted into the National Teachers Hall of Fame and won the Robert Cherry teaching award.
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Albert Jean Baptiste Marie Vayssière (8 July 1854, Avignon – 13 January 1942, Marseille) was a French scientist, a biologist, specifically a malacologist and entomologist, i.e. someone who studies mollusks, and insects.
Albert Kahn (March 21, 1869 – December 8, 1942) was the foremost American industrial architect of his day.
The Aleutian Islands (Tanam Unangaa, literally "Land of the Aleuts", possibly from Chukchi aliat, "island") are a chain of 14 large volcanic islands and 55 smaller ones belonging to both the U.S. state of Alaska and the Russian federal subject of Kamchatka Krai.
Alexander von Dassel (1 December 1854 - 28 October 1942) was a German privy councilor and magistrate (Geheimer Justizrat and Amtsgerichtsrat).
Alfred Gomolka (born 21 July 1942 in Breslau) is a German politician and Member of the European Parliament for Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.
Sir Alfred William Flux CB (8 April 1867 – 16 July 1942) was a British economist and statistician.
Algiers (الجزائر al-Jazā’er, ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻ, Alger) is the capital and largest city of Algeria.
Alice Schwarzer (born 3 December 1942 in Wuppertal) is a German journalist and prominent contemporary feminist.
Aliquippa is a city in Beaver County in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania, located on the Ohio River in the western portions of the Pittsburgh Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Aliyu Akwe Doma (1 September 1942 – 6 March 2018) was a Nigerian civil servant who became governor of Nasarawa State in May, 2007, standing for the People's Democratic Party (PDP).
Allan Stanley Gotthelf (December 30, 1942 – August 30, 2013) was an American philosopher.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
Alois Eliáš (29 September 1890 in Prague – 19 June 1942 at Kobylisy Shooting Range, Prague) was a Czech general, politician, member of Czech WWII resistance and later also the prime minister of the Nazi occupied Czech lands.
Amédé Ardoin (March 11, 1898 – November 3, 1942) was an American Louisiana Creole musician, known for his high singing voice and virtuosity on the Cajun accordion.
American Airlines, Inc. (AA) is a major United States airline headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas, within the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex.
The American-British-Dutch-Australian (ABDA) Command, or ABDACOM, was a short-lived, supreme command for all Allied forces in South East Asia, in early 1942, during the Pacific War in World War II.
Amersfoort concentration camp (Kamp Amersfoort, Durchgangslager Amersfoort) was a Nazi concentration camp in Amersfoort, Netherlands.
Amine Pierre Gemayel (أمين بيار الجميٌل; born 22 January 1942) is a Lebanese politician who was President of Lebanon from 1982 to 1988 and was the leader of Kataeb Party.
Amitabh Bachchan (born 11 October 1942) is an Indian film actor, producer, television host, and former politician.
Amos Wilson Rusie (May 30, 1871 – December 6, 1942), nicknamed "The Hoosier Thunderbolt", was an American right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball during the late 19th century.
Amphibious warfare is a type of offensive military operation that today uses naval ships to project ground and air power onto a hostile or potentially hostile shore at a designated landing beach.
Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.
Anandshankar Bapubhai Dhruv (આનંદશંકર બાપુભાઈ ધ્રુવ) was a Gujarati scholar, writer, educationist and editor.
Anders Frederik Emil Victor Schau Lassen, VC, MC & Two Bars (22 September 1920 – 9 April 1945) was a highly decorated Danish soldier, who was the only non-Commonwealth recipient of the British Victoria Cross in the Second World War.
Andraé Edward Crouch (July 1, 1942 – January 8, 2015) was an American gospel singer, songwriter, arranger, record producer and pastor.
André Fernand Brahic (30 November 1942 – 15 May 2016) was a French astrophysicist.
André Heuzé, or sometimes André Heuse, (Paris 5 December 1880 –16 August 1942) was a French movie director, screenwriter and playwright.
Andrée Raymonde Borrel (18 November 1919 – 6 July 1944) was a French heroine of World War II who served in the French Resistance and Britain's Special Operations Executive.
Andrew Fred Cook Jr. (January 2, 1920 – November 4, 1942) was an officer in the United States Marine Corps during World War II.
Andrew Henry Vachss (born October 19, 1942) is an American crime fiction author, child protection consultant, and attorney exclusively representing children and youths.
Angel Tomas Cordero Jr. (born: November 8, 1942) is one of the leading thoroughbred horse racing jockeys of all time and the first Puerto Rican to be inducted into the United States' Racing Hall of Fame.
The Twenty-Year Mutual Assistance Agreement Between the United Kingdom and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics or Anglo-Soviet Treaty established a military and political alliance between the USSR and the British Empire during World War II, and for 20 years after it.
Annelies Marie Frank (12 June 1929 – February or March 1945)Research by The Anne Frank House in 2015 revealed that Frank may have died in February 1945 rather than in March, as Dutch authorities had long assumed.
Robert Anthony Eden, 1st Earl of Avon, (12 June 1897 – 14 January 1977) was a British Conservative politician who served three periods as Foreign Secretary and then a relatively brief term as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1955 to 1957.
Ants Piip VR III/1 (in Tuhalaane – 1 October 1942 in Nyrobsky camp) was an Estonian lawyer, diplomat and politician.
On the Roman calendar, this was known as the day before the nones of April (Pridie).
Arístides Chavier Arévalo (1867–1942) was a Puerto Rican pianist, modernism composer, musicologist and music author from Ponce, Puerto Rico.
The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior bishop and principal leader of the Church of England, the symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion and the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Canterbury.
Archduke Joseph Ferdinand of Austria (24 May 1872 – 28 August 1942) was an Austro-Hungarian Archduke and the titular Grand Duke of Tuscany from 17 January 1908 to 2 May 1921, military commander, from 1916 Generaloberst, and early advocate of air power.
Aretha Louise Franklin (born March 25, 1942) is an American singer and songwriter.
was an admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II.
Chaudhry Armaghan Subhani (born 5 January 1966) is a Pakistani politician who had been a member of the National Assembly of Pakistan, from June 2013 to May 2018.
The Army Ground Forces were one of the three autonomous components of the Army of the United States during World War II, the others being the Army Air Forces and Army Service Forces.
The Army Service Forces were one of the three autonomous components of the Army of the United States during World War II, the others being the Army Air Forces and Army Ground Forces.
Arnold Allan Cecil Keppel, 8th Earl of Albemarle, (1 June 1858 – 12 April 1942), styled Viscount Bury from 1891 to 1894, was a British soldier, courtier and Conservative politician.
Arthur William Anderson (13 May 1868 – 25 June 1942) was an Australian architect active in the last decade of the 19th century and the first 40 years of the 20th century.
Vice Admiral (ret.) Arthur K. Cebrowski (August 13, 1942 – November 12, 2005) was a United States Navy admiral.
Arthur LeRoy Bristol, Jr. (July 15, 1886 – April 27, 1942), was a Vice Admiral in the United States Navy, who held important commands during World War I and World War II, and was an early aircraft carrier commander.
Arto Tapio Paasilinna (born 20 April 1942 in Kittilä) is a Finnish writer, being a former journalist turned comic novelist.
Asha Parekh (born 2 October 1942) is an Indian film actress, director, and producer who was one of the top actresses in Hindi cinema from 1959 to 1973.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
In late May and early June 1942, during World War II, submarines belonging to the Imperial Japanese Navy made a series of attacks on the cities of Sydney and Newcastle in New South Wales, Australia.
Auckland is a city in New Zealand's North Island.
The term 'the 10th of August' is widely used by historians as a shorthand for the Storming of the Tuileries Palace on the 10th of August, 1792, the effective end of the French monarchy until it was restored in 1814.
It is the peak of the Perseid meteor shower.
This day marks the approximate midpoint of summer in the Northern Hemisphere and of winter in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the June solstice).
August Franz Frank (5 April 189821 March 1984) was a German SS functionary in the SS Main Economic and Administrative Office, generally known by its German initials WVHA.
The August Frank memorandum of 26 September 1942 was a directive from SS Lieutenant General (Obergruppenführer) August Frank of the SS concentration camp administration department (SS-WVHA).
The George Cross was awarded to the island of Malta by King George VI in a letter to the island's Governor, Lieutenant-General Sir William Dobbie, so as to "bear witness to the heroism and devotion of its people" during the great siege they underwent in the early part of World War II.
Édouard Estaunié (4 February 1862 in Dijon – 2 April 1942 in Paris) was a French novelist.
António Óscar Fragoso Carmona, BTO, ComC, GCA, ComSE, (often called António Óscar de Fragoso Carmona,; 24 November 1869 – 18 April 1951) was the 96th Prime Minister of Portugal and 11th President of Portugal (1926–1951), having been Minister of War in 1923.
Łachwa (or Lakhva) Ghetto was a World War II ghetto created by Nazi Germany on 1 April 1942 in the town of Łachwa in occupied eastern Poland (now Lakhva, Belarus), with the aim of persecution, terror and exploitation of the local Jews.
Mehmet Şükrü Saracoğlu (17 June 1887, Ödemiş – 27 December 1953, Istanbul) was a Turkish politician, the fifth Prime Minister of Turkey and the Turkish Minister of Foreign Affairs during the early stages of World War II.
Želimir Žilnik (Желимир Жилник;; born 8 September 1942) is a Serbian film director best known as one of the major figures of the Yugoslav Black Wave film movement of the 1960s and 1970s.
Babi Yar (Бабин Яр, Babyn Yar; Бабий Яр, Babiy Yar) is a ravine in the Ukrainian capital Kiev and a site of massacres carried out by German forces and by local Ukrainian collaborators during their campaign against the Soviet Union in World War II.
The Badger Army Ammunition Plant (BAAP or Badger) or Badger Ordnance Works (B.O.W.) is an excess, non-BRAC, United States Army facility located near Baraboo, Wisconsin.
The Baedeker Blitz or Baedeker raids were a series of attacks by the Luftwaffe on English cities during the Second World War.
Bambi is a 1942 American animated film directed by David Hand (supervising a team of sequence directors), produced by Walt Disney and based on the book Bambi, a Life in the Woods by Austrian author Felix Salten.
Barbara Parkins (born May 22, 1942) is a Canadian-American actress, singer, and dancer.
Barbara Joan "Barbra" Streisand (born April 24, 1942) is an American singer, songwriter, actress, and filmmaker.
Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini (born 15 May 1942) is the Prime Minister of Swaziland, in office since October 2008.
Barry Levinson (born April 6, 1942) is an American filmmaker, screenwriter, and actor.
Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting and fielding.
Bataan (Lalawigan ng Bataan; Lalawigan ning Bataan) is a province situated in the Central Luzon region of the Philippines.
The Bataan Death March (Filipino: Martsa ng Kamatayan sa Bataan; Japanese: バターン死の行進, Hepburn: Batān Shi no Kōshin) was the forcible transfer by the Imperial Japanese Army of 60,000–80,000 Filipino and American prisoners of war from Saysain Point, Bagac, Bataan and Mariveles to Camp O'Donnell, Capas, Tarlac, via San Fernando, Pampanga, where the prisoners were loaded onto trains.
The Battle for Henderson Field, also known as the Battle of Guadalcanal or Battle of Lunga Point by the Japanese, took place from 23–26 October 1942 on and around Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands.
The Battle of Alam el Halfa took place between 30 August and 5 September 1942 south of El Alamein during the Western Desert Campaign of the Second World War.
The Battle of Bataan (Filipino: Labanan sa Bataan) (7 January – 9 April 1942) represented the most intense phase of Imperial Japan's invasion of the Philippines during World War II.
The Battle of Bir Hakeim took place at Bir Hakeim, an oasis in the Libyan desert south and west of Tobruk, during the Battle of Gazala (26 May – 21 June 1942).
The Battle of Cape Esperance, also known as the Second Battle of Savo Island and, in Japanese sources, as the, took place on 11–12 October, 1942, in the Pacific campaign of World War II between the Imperial Japanese Navy and United States Navy.
The Battle of Christmas Island was a small engagement which began on 31 March 1942, during World War II.
The Battle of Corregidor (Filipino: Labanan sa Corregidor), fought May 5–6, 1942, was the culmination of the Japanese campaign for the conquest of the Commonwealth of the Philippines during World War II.
The Battle of Los Angeles, also known as The Great Los Angeles Air Raid, is the name given by contemporary sources to the rumored enemy attack and subsequent anti-aircraft artillery barrage which took place from late February 24 to early February 25, 1942, over Los Angeles, California.
The Battle of Madagascar was the British campaign to capture Vichy French-controlled Madagascar during World War II.
The Battle of Midway was a decisive naval battle in the Pacific Theater of World War II which occurred between 4 and 7 June 1942, only six months after Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor and one month after the Battle of the Coral Sea.
The Battle of Milne Bay (25 August – 7 September 1942), also known as Operation RE or the Battle of Rabi (ラビの戦い) by the Japanese, was a battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II.
The Battle of Moscow (translit) was a military campaign that consisted of two periods of strategically significant fighting on a sector of the Eastern Front during World War II.
The Battle of Mount Austen, the Galloping Horse, and the Sea Horse, part of which is sometimes called the Battle of the Gifu, took place from 15 December 1942 to 23 January 1943 and was primarily an engagement between United States and Imperial Japanese forces in the hills near the Matanikau River area on Guadalcanal during the Guadalcanal Campaign.
The Battle of Rabaul, also known by the Japanese as Operation R, was fought on the island of New Britain in the Australian Territory of New Guinea, in January and February 1942.
The Battle of Singapore, also known as the Fall of Singapore, was fought in the South-East Asian theatre of World War II when the Empire of Japan invaded the British stronghold of Singapore—nicknamed the "Gibraltar of the East".
The Battle of Sittang Bridge was part of the Burma campaign during the Second World War.
The Battle of Stalingrad (23 August 1942 – 2 February 1943) was the largest confrontation of World War II, in which Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad (now Volgograd) in Southern Russia.
The Battle of Tassafaronga, sometimes referred to as the Fourth Battle of Savo Island or, in Japanese sources, as the, was a nighttime naval battle that took place on November 30, 1942, between United States (US) Navy and Imperial Japanese Navy warships during the Guadalcanal campaign.
The Battle of the Atlantic was the longest continuous military campaign in World War II, running from 1939 to the defeat of Germany in 1945.
The Battle of the Coral Sea, fought from 4 to 8 May 1942, was a major naval battle between the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) and naval and air forces from the United States and Australia, taking place in the Pacific Theatre of World War II.
The naval Battle of the Eastern Solomons (also known as the Battle of the Stewart Islands and, in Japanese sources, as the Second Battle of the Solomon Sea), took place on 24–25 August 1942, and was the third carrier battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II and the second major engagement fought between the United States Navy and the Imperial Japanese Navy during the Guadalcanal Campaign.
The Battle of the Java Sea (Pertempuran Laut Jawa, Battle off Surabaya in open sea) was a decisive naval battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II.
The Battle of the Kerch Peninsula, which commenced with the Soviet Kerch-Feodosia landing operation (Керченско-Феодосийская десантная операция, Kerchensko-Feodosiyskaya desantnaya operatsiya) and ended with the German Operation Bustard Hunt (Unternehmen Trappenjagd), was a World War II battle between Erich von Manstein's German and Romanian 11th Army and Soviet Crimean Front forces in the Kerch Peninsula, in the eastern part of the Crimea.
The Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands, fought during 25–27 October 1942, sometimes referred to as the Battle of Santa Cruz or in Japan as the (Minamitaiheiyō kaisen), was the fourth carrier battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II.
The Battle of the Tenaru, sometimes called the Battle of the Ilu River or the Battle of Alligator Creek, was a land battle between the Imperial Japanese Army and Allied ground forces that took place on August 21, 1942 on the island of Guadalcanal during the Pacific campaign of World War II.
A battleship is a large armored warship with a main battery consisting of large caliber guns.
The Bay of Biscay (Golfe de Gascogne, Golfo de Vizcaya, Pleg-mor Gwaskogn, Bizkaiko Golkoa) is a gulf of the northeast Atlantic Ocean located south of the Celtic Sea.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
Bełżec (in Belzec) was a Nazi German extermination camp built by the SS for the purpose of implementing the secretive Operation Reinhard, the plan to eradicate Polish Jewry, a key part of the "Final Solution" which entailed the murder of some 6 million Jews in the Holocaust.
Belgrade (Beograd / Београд, meaning "White city",; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Serbia.
Bengal (Bānglā/Bôngô /) is a geopolitical, cultural and historical region in Asia, which is located in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent at the apex of the Bay of Bengal.
Benghazi (بنغازي) is the second-most populous city in Libya and the largest in Cyrenaica.
Bernard MacLaverty (born 14 September 1942) is a Northern Irish writer of fiction.
Dagoberto Campaneris Blanco (born March 9, 1942), nicknamed 'Bert' or 'Campy', is a Cuban American former professional baseball player.
Bert Sakmann (born 12 June 1942) is a German cell physiologist.
Betty Aberlin (born December 30, 1942) is an American actress, poet, and writer.
Bibi Besch (born Bibiana Maria Köchert; February 1, 1942 – September 7, 1996) was an Austrian-American film, television, and stage actress.
Billy Bennett DCM MM (1887 – 30 June 1942), born William Robertson Russell Bennett, was a British comedian who specialised in parodies of dramatic monologues and was billed as almost a gentleman.Midwinter (2004).
Sir William Connolly, (born 24 November 1942) is a Scottish comedian, musician, presenter and actor from Glasgow.
Björn Haugan (5 September 1942 – 8 January 2009) was a Swedish born, Norwegian operatic lyric tenor.
Bloomberg L.P. is a privately held financial, software, data, and media company headquartered in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.
The Blue Star Line was a British passenger and cargo shipping company formed in 1911, and in operation until 1998.
Robert John Gaudio (born November 17, 1942) is an American singer, songwriter, musician, and record producer, and the keyboardist/backing vocalist for The Four Seasons.
Robert Lee "Bullet Bob" Hayes (December 20, 1942 – September 18, 2002) was an Olympic sprinter turned American football wide receiver in the National Football League for the Dallas Cowboys.
Robert William Hoskins (26 October 1942 – 29 April 2014) was an English actor.
Robert Norman Ross (October 29, 1942 – July 4, 1995) was an American painter, art instructor, and television host.
Robert Gaston Fuller (October 22, 1942 – July 18, 1966) was an American rock singer, songwriter, and guitarist best known for "Love's Made a Fool of You" and "I Fought the Law", recorded with his group The Bobby Fuller Four.
Bobby Rydell (born Robert Louis Ridarelli; April 26, 1942) is an American professional singer, mainly of rock and roll music.
The Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress is a four-engine heavy bomber developed in the 1930s for the United States Army Air Corps (USAAC).
Akinwande Bolaji Akinyemi (born 4 January 1942) is a Nigerian professor of political science who was his country's External Affairs Minister from 1985 to late 1987.
Bolesław Ignacy Florian Wieniawa-Długoszowski (22 July 1881 – 1 July 1942) was a Polish general, adjutant to Chief of State Józef Piłsudski, politician, diplomat, poet, artist, and formally, for one day, President of the Republic of Poland.
The German city of Cologne was bombed in 262 separate air raids at www.koelnarchitektur.de "Internet portal for the architecture of Cologne".
The Bombing of Darwin, also known as the Battle of Darwin, on 19 February 1942 was the largest single attack ever mounted by a foreign power on Australia.
During World War II, the city of Lübeck was the first German city to be attacked in substantial numbers by the Royal Air Force.
Bordeaux (Gascon Occitan: Bordèu) is a port city on the Garonne in the Gironde department in Southwestern France.
Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.
On 22 June 1942, the Albanian student trio of Branko Kadija, Jordan Misja and Perlat Rexhepi, who stayed in Misja's house at Firaj Street in Shkodër (at the time part of the fascist Italian protectorate of the Albanian Kingdom), were for several hours surrounded by Albanian (fascist) forces and police, numbering some 600 people.
Brest is a city in the Finistère département in Brittany.
Lewis Brian Hopkin Jones (28 February 1942 – 3 July 1969) was an English musician, best known as founder and the original leader of the Rolling Stones.
Brian Douglas Wilson (born June 20, 1942) is an American musician, singer, songwriter, and record producer who co-founded <!-- DO NOT CAPITALIZE -->the Beach Boys.
A bridgehead (or bridge-head) is the strategically important area of ground around the end of a bridge or other place of possible crossing over a body of water which at time of conflict is sought to be defended/taken over by the belligerent forces.
Bristol is a city and county in South West England with a population of 456,000.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
The Indian Army (IA), often known since 1947 (but rarely during its existence) as the British Indian Army to distinguish it from the current Indian Army, was the principal military of the British Indian Empire before its decommissioning in 1947.
The term British Malaya loosely describes a set of states on the Malay Peninsula and the island of Singapore that were brought under British control between the 18th and the 20th centuries.
British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC) was the British state-owned airline created in 1940 by the merger of Imperial Airways and British Airways Ltd.
British Solomon Islands Protectorate was first declared over the southern Solomons in 1893, when Captain Gibson R.N., of, declared the southern islands a British Protectorate.
Britt Ekland (born Britt-Marie Eklund; 6 October 1942) is a Swedish actress and singer.
Bronisław Kostkowski (March 11, 1915 – September 27, 1942) was aPolish and Roman Catholic seminarian.
Bronisław Kasper Malinowski (7 April 1884 – 16 May 1942) was a Polish-British anthropologist, often considered one of the most important 20th-century anthropologists.
Brookings is a city in Curry County, Oregon, United States.
Bruce Arthur Johnston (born Benjamin Baldwin on June 27, 1942) is an American singer, songwriter, and record producer best known as a member of the Beach Boys.
Bruno Schulz (July 12, 1892 – November 19, 1942) was a Polish Jewish writer, fine artist, literary critic and art teacher.
Buck Jones (December 12, 1891 – November 30, 1942) was an American motion picture star of the 1920s, 1930s, and 1940s, known for his work starring in many popular western movies.
Bulgaria (България, tr.), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Република България, tr.), is a country in southeastern Europe.
Charles Anthony "Buster" Williams (born April 17, 1942 in Camden, New Jersey) is an American jazz bassist.
Clive Staples Lewis (29 November 1898 – 22 November 1963) was a British novelist, poet, academic, medievalist, literary critic, essayist, lay theologian, broadcaster, lecturer, and Christian apologist.
Camille du Gast (Marie Marthe Camille Desinge du Gast, Camille Crespin du Gast, 30 May 1868 – 24 April 1942) was one of a trio of pioneering French female motoring celebrities of the Belle Epoque, together with Hélène de Rothschild (Baroness Hélène van Zuylen) and Anne de Rochechouart de Mortemart the (Duchess of Uzès).
A cargo liner is a type of merchant ship which carries general cargo and often passengers.
Carl Eller (born January 25, 1942) is a former professional American football player in the National Football League (NFL) who played from 1964 through 1979.
Carl Gustav Fleischer KCB (28 December 1883 – 19 December 1942Fleischer 1947, p. 216) was a Norwegian general and the first land commander to win a major victory against the Germans in the Second World War.
Carla Venita Thomas (born December 21, 1942) is an American singer, who is often referred to as the Queen of Memphis Soul.
Carlos Alberto Reutemann (born April 12, 1942), nicknamed "Lole", is an Argentine former racing driver who raced in Formula One from through, and later became a politician in his native province of Santa Fe, for the Justicialist Party, and governor of Santa Fe in Argentina.
Carmen Joan Duncan (born 7 July 1942) is an Australian actress.
Carol Lynley (born February 13, 1942) is an American actress and former child model.
Carole King (born Carol Joan Klein, February 9, 1942) is an American composer and singer-songwriter.
Carole Lombard (born Jane Alice Peters, October 6, 1908 – January 16, 1942) was an American film actress.
Casablanca is a 1942 American romantic drama film directed by Michael Curtiz based on Murray Burnett and Joan Alison's unproduced stage play Everybody Comes to Rick's.
Case Blue (Fall Blau), later named Operation Braunschweig, was the German Armed Forces' (Wehrmacht) name for its plan for the 1942 strategic summer offensive in southern Russia between 28 June and 24 November 1942, during World War II.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Cavalry (from the French cavalerie, cf. cheval 'horse') or horsemen were soldiers or warriors who fought mounted on horseback.
Cecilia Beaux (May 1, 1855 – September 17, 1942) was an American society portraitist, in the manner of John Singer Sargent.
The Chairperson of the African Union is the ceremonial head of the African Union elected by the Assembly of Heads of State and Government for a one-year term.
The Channel Dash or Unternehmen Zerberus (Operation Cerberus) was a German naval operation during World War II.
A charge is a maneuver in battle in which combatants advance towards their enemy at their best speed in an attempt to engage in close combat.
The charge of the Savoia Cavalleria at Izbushensky was a clash between the Italian cavalry regiment Savoia Cavalleria and the Soviet 812th Siberian Infantry Regiment, part of the Soviet 304th Infantry Division, that took place on August 24, 1942, near the hamlet (khutor) of Izbushensky (Избушенский), close to the junction between the Don and Khopyor rivers.
Charles Berthézenne (30 January 1871 in Valleraugue – 11 June 1942) was a French politician.
Charles Elmer Dietrich (July 30, 1889 – May 20, 1942) was a Democratic member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania.
Charles E. Ford (Born March 26, 1899, Martinsville, Indiana; Died August 7, 1942, Los Angeles, California, age 43) was a newsreel and film producer and the director of Frank Buck's jungle movie Jacaré (1942).
Charles Mann Hamilton (January 23, 1874 in Ripley, Chautauqua County, New York – January 3, 1942 in Miami Beach, Dade County, Florida) was an American politician from New York.
Charles Urban (April 15, 1867 – August 29, 1942) was an Anglo-American film producer and distributor, and one of the most significant figures in British cinema before the First World War.
Charles Peete Rose Jr. (born January 5, 1942) is an American television journalist and former talk show host.
Charmian Carr (born Charmian Anne Farnon; December 27, 1942 – September 17, 2016) was an American actress and singer best known for her role as Liesl, the eldest Von Trapp daughter in the 1965 film version of The Sound of Music.
Chaudhry Afzal Haq (1891–8 January 1942) was born in a Muslim Rajput family, a writer, humanitarian, leader and co-founder of Majlis-e-Ahrar-e-Islam, and a senior political figure in the history of Indian subcontinent.
Chaudhry Amir Hussain is a Pakistani politician.
Chelsea Brown (December 6, 1942 – March 27, 2017) was an American-born actress of television and film, comedian and dancer, who appeared as a regular performer in comedy series Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In.
Chen Duxiu (October 8, 1879 – May 27, 1942) was a Chinese revolutionary socialist, educator, philosopher, and author, who co-founded the Chinese Communist Party (with Li Dazhao) in 1921, serving from 1921 to 1927 as its first General Secretary.
The Chief Justice of India (CJI) is the head of the judiciary of India and the Supreme Court of India.
Christopher Sarandon Jr. (born July 24, 1942) is an American actor and voice actor.
Christiaan Gerardus Cornelissen (30 August 1864 – 21 January 1942) was a Dutch syndicalist writer, economist, and trade unionist.
Christian Frémont (23 April 1942 – 3 August 2014) was the chief of staff for Nicolas Sarkozy.
Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard (born 20 October 1942) is a German developmental biologist and 1995 Nobel Prize-winner.
The Territory of Christmas Island is an Australian external territory comprising the island of the same name. Christmas Island is located in the Indian Ocean, around south of Java and Sumatra and around north-west of the closest point on the Australian mainland. It has an area of. Christmas Island had a population of 1,843 residents as of 2016, the majority of whom live in settlements on the northern tip of the island. The main settlement is Flying Fish Cove. Around two-thirds of the island's population is estimated to have Malaysian Chinese origin (though just 21.2% of the population declared a Chinese ancestry in 2016), with significant numbers of Malays and white Australians as well as smaller numbers of Malaysian Indians and Eurasians. Several languages are in use, including English, Malay, and various Chinese dialects. Islam and Buddhism are major religions on the island, though a vast majority of the population does not declare a formal religious affiliation and may be involved in ethnic Chinese religion. The first European to sight the island was Richard Rowe of the Thomas in 1615. The island was later named on Christmas Day (25 December) 1643 by Captain William Mynors, but only settled in the late 19th century. Its geographic isolation and history of minimal human disturbance has led to a high level of endemism among its flora and fauna, which is of interest to scientists and naturalists. The majority (63 percent) of the island is included in the Christmas Island National Park, which features several areas of primary monsoonal forest. Phosphate, deposited originally as guano, has been mined on the island since 1899.
The Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra is an American orchestra based in Cincinnati, Ohio.
Clarence Lee Evans (born April 27, 1923 at Saginaw, Missouri) was a marine who enlisted in the United States Marine Corps Reserve on May 31, 1941.
Claudine Auger (born Claudine Oger; 26 April 1941) is a French actress best known for her role as Bond girl Dominique "Domino" Derval in the James Bond film Thunderball (1965).
Clotilde "Klotild" Apponyi (23 December 1867 - 1 September 1942) was a Hungarian women's rights activist and diplomat.
Coal dust is a fine powdered form of coal, which is created by the crushing, grinding, or pulverizing of coal.
The Cocoanut Grove Fire was a nightclub fire in the United States.
Colombo (translit,; translit) is the commercial capital and largest city of Sri Lanka.
The Columbia River is the largest river in the Pacific Northwest region of North America.
A comedian or comic is a person who seeks to entertain an audience by making them laugh.
A commando is a soldier or operative of an elite light infantry or special operations force often specializing in amphibious landings, parachuting or abseiling.
The Commando Order was issued by the OKW, the High Command of the German armed forces, on 18 October 1942 stating that all Allied commandos encountered in Europe and Africa should be killed immediately without trial, even if in proper uniforms or if they attempted to surrender.
Commerce raiding is a form of naval warfare used to destroy or disrupt logistics of the enemy on the open sea by attacking its merchant shipping, rather than engaging its combatants or enforcing a blockade against them.
Conrad Charles Lautenbacher Jr. (born June 26, 1942) is a retired Navy Vice Admiral, was the Under Secretary for Oceans and Atmosphere within the United States Department of Commerce and the eighth administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
Hans Conrad Schumann (March 28, 1942 – June 20, 1998) was a former East German soldier who famously defected to West Germany during the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961.
Conscription, sometimes called the draft, is the compulsory enlistment of people in a national service, most often a military service.
The Conscription Crisis of 1944 was a political and military crisis following the introduction of forced military service for men in Canada during World War II.
The Consolidated B-24 Liberator is an American heavy bomber, designed by Consolidated Aircraft of San Diego, California.
Convoy ON 122 was a trade convoy of merchant ships during the second World War.
Convoy ON-127 was a trade convoy of merchant ships during the second World War.
Convoy ON 144 was a trade convoy of merchant ships during the Second World War.
Convoy ON-154 was the 154th of the numbered series of World War II merchant ship convoys Outbound from the British Isles to North America.
PQ 17 was the code name for an Allied convoy in the Arctic Ocean during the Second World War.
Convoy SC-104 was the 104th of the numbered series of World War II '''S'''low '''C'''onvoys of merchant ships from '''S'''ydney, '''C'''ape Breton Island to Liverpool.
Convoy SC 107 was the 107th of the numbered series of World War II '''S'''low '''C'''onvoys of merchant ships from '''S'''ydney, '''C'''ape Breton Island to Liverpool.
Convoy SC-94 was the 94th of the numbered series of World War II '''S'''low '''C'''onvoys of merchant ships from '''S'''ydney, '''C'''ape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, to Liverpool.
Convoy SL 125 was the 125th of the numbered series of World War II SL convoys of merchant ships from '''S'''ierra '''L'''eone to Liverpool.
Brigadier General Cornelius "Neily" Vanderbilt III (September 5, 1873 – March 1, 1942) was an American military officer, inventor, engineer, and yachtsman.
Corregidor Island, locally called Isla ng Corregidor, is an island located at the entrance of Manila Bay in southwestern part of Luzon Island in the Philippines.
Leopold (Anton Johann Sigismund Josef Korsinus Ferdinand) Graf Berchtold von und zu Ungarschitz, Frättling und Püllütz (Gróf Berchtold Lipót, Leopold hrabě Berchtold z Uherčic) (18 April 1863 – 21 November 1942), was an Austro-Hungarian politician, diplomat and statesman who served as Imperial Foreign Minister at the outbreak of World War I.
Joseph Allen "Country Joe" McDonald (born January 1, 1942) is an American musician who was the lead singer of the 1960s psychedelic rock group Country Joe and the Fish.
Crimea (Крым, Крим, Krym; Krym; translit;; translit) is a peninsula on the northern coast of the Black Sea in Eastern Europe that is almost completely surrounded by both the Black Sea and the smaller Sea of Azov to the northeast.
The Crimean Front (Кри́мський фронт, Krýms’kyj front) was one of the Red Army fronts of World War II.
A cruiser is a type of warship.
Curtis Lee Mayfield (June 3, 1942 – December 26, 1999) was an American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and record producer, and one of the most influential musicians behind soul and politically conscious African-American music.
Cyrenaica (Cyrenaica (Provincia), Κυρηναία (ἐπαρχία) Kyrēnaíā (eparkhíā), after the city of Cyrene; برقة) is the eastern coastal region of Libya.
Czechoslovakia, or Czecho-Slovakia (Czech and Československo, Česko-Slovensko), was a sovereign state in Central Europe that existed from October 1918, when it declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, until its peaceful dissolution into the:Czech Republic and:Slovakia on 1 January 1993.
Daliah Lavi (born Daliah Lewinbuk), דליה לביא; 12 October 1942 – 3 May 2017) was an Israeli actress, singer, and model.
Daly City is the largest city in San Mateo County, California, United States, with an estimated 2014 population of 106,094.
Daniel Barenboim (דניאל בארנבוים; born 15 November 1942) is a pianist and conductor who is a citizen of Argentina, Israel, Palestine, and Spain.
Daniel Clement Dennett III (born March 28, 1942) is an American philosopher, writer, and cognitive scientist whose research centers on the philosophy of mind, philosophy of science, and philosophy of biology, particularly as those fields relate to evolutionary biology and cognitive science.
Daniel Judson Callaghan (July 26, 1890 – November 13, 1942) was a United States Navy officer who received the Medal of Honor posthumously for his actions during the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal.
Daniela Bianchi (born 31 January 1942) is an Italian actress, best known for her role of Bond girl Tatiana Romanova in the 1963 movie From Russia with Love.
Ilkka Johannes Lipsanen (born September 24, 1942, Pori), commonly known by his stage name Danny, is a Finnish singer and guitarist.
Daryl Frank Dragon (born August 27, 1942) is a retired American musician and songwriter, known as Captain from the pop musical duo Captain & Tennille, with his former wife, Toni Tennille.
David Neil "Dave" Cutler Sr. (born March 13, 1942) is an American software engineer, a designer, and a developer of several operating systems in the computer industry.
David Hawthorne (22 May 1888 – 18 June 1942) was a British stage and film actor.
David Russell Lange (4 August 1942 – 13 August 2005) was a New Zealand politician who served as the 32nd Prime Minister of New Zealand from 1984 to 1989.
David Allen Ogden Stiers (October 31, 1942March 3, 2018) was an American actor, voice actor, and conductor.
David Joel Stern (born September 22, 1942) is the former commissioner of the National Basketball Association.
Daylight saving time (abbreviated DST), sometimes referred to as daylight savings time in U.S., Canadian, and Australian speech, and known as summer time in some countries, is the practice of advancing clocks during summer months so that evening daylight lasts longer, while sacrificing normal sunrise times.
The Dünamünde Action (Aktion Dünamünde) was an operation launched by the Nazi German occupying force and local collaborationists in Biķernieki forest, near Riga, Latvia.
Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane, commonly known as DDT, is a colorless, tasteless, and almost odorless crystalline chemical compound, an organochlorine, originally developed as an insecticide, and ultimately becoming infamous for its environmental impacts.
In the Northern Hemisphere, December 21 is usually the shortest day of the year and is sometimes regarded as the first day of winter.
The Declaration by United Nations was a World War II document agreed on 1 January 1942 during the Arcadia Conference by 26 governments: the Allied "Big Four" (the US, the UK, the USSR, and China), nine other American countries in North and Central America and the Caribbean, the four British Dominions, British India, and eight Allied governments-in-exile, for a total of twenty-six nations.
Pt. Deenanath Mangeshkar (29 December 1900 – 24 April 1942) was a well-known Marathi theatre actor, a renowned Natya Sangeet musician and a Hindustani classical vocalist.
Defensively equipped merchant ship (DEMS) was an Admiralty Trade Division program established in June 1939, to arm 5,500 British merchant ships with an adequate defence against enemy submarines and aircraft.
Delaware is one of the 50 states of the United States, in the Mid-Atlantic or Northeastern region.
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party (nicknamed the GOP for Grand Old Party).
Den Helder is a municipality and a city in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland.
John Dennis Hastert (born January 2, 1942) is a former American congressman who served as the 51st Speaker of the United States House of Representatives from 1999 to 2007, representing from 1987 to 2007.
Richard Dennis Ralston (born July 27, 1942) is an American former professional tennis player whose active career spanned the 1960s and 1970s..
Derek Clayton (born 17 November 1942) is a former Australian long-distance runner, born in Cumbria, England and raised in Northern Ireland.
Michael Derek Elworthy Jarman (31 January 1942 – 19 February 1994) was an English film director, stage designer, diarist, artist, gardener and author.
Derna (درنة) is a port city in eastern Libya.
Desmond Michael Lynam, (born 17 September 1942) is an Irish-born British television and radio presenter based in the UK.
Richard Marvin Butkus (born December 9, 1942) is a former American football player, sports commentator, and actor.
Dick Stockton (born Richard Edward Stokvis on November 22, 1942) is an American sportscaster.
Dieppe is a coastal community in the Arrondissement of Dieppe in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region of northern France.
The Dieppe Raid was an Allied assault on the German-occupied port of Dieppe, France on 19 August 1942, during the Second World War.
Prince Dimitri Zedginidze-Amilakhvari, more commonly known as Dimitri Amilakhvari (დიმიტრი ამილახვარი, Dimitri Amilakvari) (October 31, 1906 – October 24, 1942) was a French military officer and Lieutenant Colonel of the French Foreign Legion, of Georgian origin who played an influential role in the French Resistance against Nazi occupation in World War II, and became an iconic figure of the Free French Forces.
Dino Zoff (born 28 February 1942) is an Italian former professional football goalkeeper and is the oldest ever winner of the World Cup, which he earned as captain of the Italian national team in the 1982 tournament in Spain, at the age of 40 years, 4 months and 13 days, also winning the award for best goalkeeper of the tournament, and being elected to the team of the tournament, for his performances, keeping two clean-sheets, an honour he also received after winning the 1968 European Championship on home soil; he is the only Italian player to have won both the World Cup and the European Championship.
The Discalced Carmelites or Barefoot Carmelites is a Catholic mendicant order with roots in the eremitic tradition of the Desert Fathers and Mothers.
The Distinguished Flying Cross is a military decoration awarded to any officer or enlisted member of the United States Armed Forces who distinguishes himself or herself in support of operations by "heroism or extraordinary achievement while participating in an aerial flight, subsequent to November 11, 1918.".
Ditlef Eckhoff (born 21 June 1942 in Stokke, Norway) is a Norwegian Jazz musician (trumpet) known from numerous recordings and central on the Oslo Jazz Scene.
Dominik Jędrzejewski (August 4, 1886 – August 29, 1942) was a Polish Roman Catholic priest killed at the Dachau concentration camp during World War II.
Captain Donald Edward Williams (February 13, 1942 – February 23, 2016) was an American naval officer and aviator, test pilot, mechanical engineer and NASA astronaut.
Donegal or Donegal Town is a town in County Donegal in Ulster, Ireland.
The Doolittle Raid, also known as the Tokyo Raid, on Saturday, April 18, 1942, was an air raid by the United States on the Japanese capital Tokyo and other places on the island of Honshu during World War II, the first air operation to strike the Japanese Home Islands.
Dorando Pietri, often wrongly spelt Petri (16 October 1885 – 7 February 1942) was an Italian long-distance runner.
The Douglas DC-3 is a fixed-wing propeller-driven airliner with tailwheel-type landing gear.
Douglas MacArthur (26 January 18805 April 1964) was an American five-star general and Field Marshal of the Philippine Army.
On 11 March 1942, during World War II, General Douglas MacArthur and members of his family and staff left the Philippine island of Corregidor and his forces, which were surrounded by the Japanese.
Douglas Huntley Trumbull (born April 8, 1942) is an American film director, special effects supervisor, and inventor.
Doyle Clayton Barnes (5 April 1912 – c. 24 August 1942) was an American naval aviator during World War II.
Dušan Letica (Душан Летица; 23 October 1884 – 19 September 1945) was a Serbian lawyer, translator, and Axis Power collaborationist during World War II.
The Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East-Indies; Nederlands(ch)-Indië; Hindia Belanda) was a Dutch colony consisting of what is now Indonesia.
The Dutch East Indies Campaign of 1941–42 was the conquest of the Dutch East Indies (present-day Indonesia) by forces from the Empire of Japan in the early days of the Pacific Campaign of World War II. Forces from the Allies attempted unsuccessfully to defend the islands. The East Indies were targeted by the Japanese for their rich oil resources which would become a vital asset during the war. The campaign and subsequent three and a half year Japanese occupation was also a major factor in the end of Dutch colonial rule in the region.
Ezra Seymour Gosney (November 6, 1855 – September 14, 1942) was an American philanthropist and eugenicist.
Earl Conrad Bramblett (March 20, 1942 – April 9, 2003) was an American mass murderer, convicted for the killing of four members of the Hodges family in August 1994 in Vinton, Virginia.
Earl John Hindman (October 3, 1942 – December 29, 2003) was an American film and television actor, best known for his role as the kindly unseen neighbor Wilson W. Wilson Jr. on the television sitcom Home Improvement (1991–99).
The Easter Sunday Raid (or Battle of Ceylon) was an air attack by carrier-based aircraft of the Imperial Japanese Navy against Colombo, Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), on Easter Sunday, 5 April 1942, during the South-East Asian theatre of World War II.
The Eastern Front of World War II was a theatre of conflict between the European Axis powers and co-belligerent Finland against the Soviet Union, Poland and other Allies, which encompassed Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Northeast Europe (Baltics), and Southeast Europe (Balkans) from 22 June 1941 to 9 May 1945.
Edward Joseph Leonski (December 12, 1917 – November 9, 1942) was an American soldier and serial killer responsible for the strangling murders of three women in Melbourne, Australia.
Edgar R. Bassett (March 10, 1914 – June 4, 1942) was a United States Navy officer who received the Navy Cross posthumously for his actions in combat during World War II.
Edith Stein (religious name Teresa Benedicta a Cruce OCD; also known as St. Teresa Benedicta of the Cross; 12 October 1891 – 9 August 1942), was a German Jewish philosopher who converted to Roman Catholicism and became a Discalced Carmelite nun.
Edna May Oliver (born Edna May Nutter, November 9, 1883 – November 9, 1942) was an American stage and film actress.
Eduard Vassilievich Malofeyev (p, Эдуард Васілевіч Малафееў Eduard Malafyeyew; born 2 June 1942 in Kolomna) is a Soviet and Belarusian football coach and former international player of Russian origin.
Eduardo Alfredo Juan Bernardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle (born June 24, 1942) is a Chilean politician and civil engineer who was President of Chile from 1994 to 2000.
Edward Kaźmierski (October 1, 1919 – August 24, 1942) was Polish Roman Catholic anti-Nazi resistance fighter.
Edward Laboran (born 23 June 1942) is a former Papua New Guinean high jumper.
Lieutenant Commander Edward Henry "Butch" O'Hare (March 13, 1914 – November 26, 1943) was an American naval aviator of the United States Navy, who on February 20, 1942, became the Navy's first flying ace when he single-handedly attacked a formation of nine heavy bombers approaching his aircraft carrier.
Edward VIII (Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David; 23 June 1894 – 28 May 1972) was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Empire, and Emperor of India, from 20 January 1936 until his abdication on 11 December the same year, after which he became the Duke of Windsor.
Sir Thomas Edwin Cooper RA FRIBA (21 October 1874 – 24 July 1942) was an English architect.
Egbert Hirschfelder (born 13 July 1942) is a retired German rower.
Ehud Barak (Ehud_barak.ogg, born Ehud Brog; 12 February 1942) is an Israeli politician who served as the tenth Prime Minister from 1999 to 2001.
The Eighth Air Force (Air Forces Strategic) (8 AF) is a numbered air force (NAF) of the United States Air Force's Air Force Global Strike Command (AFGSC).
Eili Sild (born 26 October 1942) is an Estonian stage, film, television and radio actress whose career began on the theatre stage in the early 1960s and has spanned over fifty years.
In aircraft, an ejection seat or ejector seat is a system designed to rescue the pilot or other crew of an aircraft (usually military) in an emergency.
Elihu Grant (1873-died 2 November 1942) was an American scholar and writer on Palestine.
Elina González Acha de Correa Morales (20 January 1861 – 13 August 1942) was an Argentine educator, scientist and women's rights activist.
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.
Elliot Ngok Wah, better known as Yueh Hua, is a former Shaw Brothers actor and veteran TVB actor.
Emanuel Feuermann (November 22, 1902May 25, 1942) was an internationally celebrated cellist in the first half of the 20th century.
Emil Szramek (September 29, 1887 – January 13, 1942) was a Polish and Roman Catholic priest.
Emilio Caldara (20 January 1868 – 31 October 1942) was an Italian Socialist Party politician.
Emma Calvé, born Rosa Emma Calvet (15 August 1858 – 6 January 1942), was a French operatic soprano.
Emmerson Dambudzo Mnangagwa (US:; born 15 September 1942) is a Zimbabwean politician serving as the third and current President of Zimbabwe since 24 November 2017.
The English Channel (la Manche, "The Sleeve"; Ärmelkanal, "Sleeve Channel"; Mor Breizh, "Sea of Brittany"; Mor Bretannek, "Sea of Brittany"), also called simply the Channel, is the body of water that separates southern England from northern France and links the southern part of the North Sea to the Atlantic Ocean.
The Enigma machines were a series of electro-mechanical rotor cipher machines developed and used in the early- to mid-20th century to protect commercial, diplomatic and military communication.
Enric Morera i Viura (22 May 1865 – 12 March 1942), was a Spanish musician and composer from Catalonia.
Enrico Fermi (29 September 1901 – 28 November 1954) was an Italian-American physicist and the creator of the world's first nuclear reactor, the Chicago Pile-1.
Epitácio Lindolfo da Silva Pessoa (23 May 1865 – 13 February 1942) was a Brazilian politician and jurist who served as 11th President of Brazil between 1919 and 1922, when Rodrigues Alves was unable to take office due to illness, after being elected in 1918.
Eric Abrahamsson (13 April 1890 – 3 November 1942) was a Swedish actor and comedian.
Erica Jong (née Mann; born March 26, 1942) is an American novelist, satirist, and poet, known particularly for her 1973 novel Fear of Flying.
Erich von Manstein (24 November 1887 – 9 June 1973) was a German commander of the Wehrmacht, Nazi Germany's armed forces during the Second World War.
Erkki Pohjanheimo (born 28 January 1942 in Multia) is a Finnish TV-producer and director.
Errol Leslie Flynn (20 June 1909 – 14 October 1959) was an Australian-born American actor who achieved fame in Hollywood after 1935.
Erwin Rommel (15 November 1891 – 14 October 1944) was a German general and military theorist.
Count Ettore Arrigoni degli Oddi (13 October 1867 – 16 February 1942), was an Italian ornithologist.
Eumir Deodato de Almeida (born 22 June 1942) is a Brazilian pianist, composer, arranger, and record producer, primarily in jazz but who has been known for his eclectic melding of genres, such as pop, rock, disco, rhythm and blues, classical, Latin and bossa nova.
The European Theater of Operations, United States Army (ETOUSA) was a United States Army formation which directed US Army operations in parts of Europe from 1942 to 1945.
Eusébio da Silva Ferreira GCIH GCM (25 January 1942 – 5 January 2014) was a Portuguese footballer who played as a striker.
Eusebio Ayala (August 14, 1875 – June 4, 1942) was an intellectual and statesman, and President of Paraguay from 7 November 1921 to 12 April 1923 and again from 15 August 1932 to 17 February 1936.
Evelio Bellaflor Javier (October 14, 1942 – February 11, 1986) was a young governor of the province of Antique in the Philippines and an opponent of the dictatorship of President Ferdinand Marcos.
Evelyn Hamann (6 August 1942 – 28 October 2007) was a German actress.
In the United States, an executive order is a directive issued by the President of the United States that manages operations of the federal government and has the force of law.
Executive Order 9066 was a United States presidential executive order signed and issued during World War II by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt on February 19, 1942.
Executive Order 9102 is a United States presidential executive order creating the War Relocation Authority (WRA), the US civilian agency responsible for the forced relocation and internment of Japanese-Americans during World War II.
Exeter is a cathedral city in Devon, England, with a population of 129,800 (mid-2016 EST).
Nazi Germany built extermination camps (also called death camps or killing centers) during the Holocaust in World War II, to systematically kill millions of Jews, Slavs, Communists, and others whom the Nazis considered "Untermenschen" ("subhumans").
Ezio Della Savia (born 24 June 1942) is a retired Italian swimmer.
Ezza Agha Malak (born 14 July 1942) is a Lebanese-born French novelist, poet, critic and essayist.
Fabio Fiallo, in full Fabio Federico Fiallo Cabral (February 3, 1866 – August 29, 1942) was a Dominican writer, poet and politician.
Félix Otto Cadras (4 March 1906 – 30 May 1942) was a French lace designer and communist militant who became one of the leaders of the French Communist Party (PCF).
For superstitious reasons, when the Romans began to intercalate to bring their calendar into line with the solar year, they chose not to place their extra month of Mercedonius after February but within it.
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is an independent agency of the United States government created by statute (and) to regulate interstate communications by radio, television, wire, satellite, and cable.
The Federated Malay States (FMS) was a federation of four protected states in the Malay Peninsula—Selangor, Perak, Negeri Sembilan and Pahang—established by the British government in 1895, which lasted until 1946, when they, together with two of the former Straits Settlements (Malacca and Penang) and the Unfederated Malay States, formed the Malayan Union.
Federico Ferrari Orsi (Rivoli, Piedmont 18 December 1886 – Egypt, 18 October 1942) was a general in the Royal Italian Army during World War II.
Felipe González Márquez (born 5 March 1942) is a Spanish lawyer, professor, and politician, who was the Secretary-General of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) from 1974 to 1997, and the 3rd Prime Minister of Spain since the restoration of democracy, from 1982 to 1996.
Felix Hausdorff (November 8, 1868 – January 26, 1942) was a German mathematician who is considered to be one of the founders of modern topology and who contributed significantly to set theory, descriptive set theory, measure theory, function theory, and functional analysis.
Paul Felix Weingartner, Edler von Münzberg (2 June 1863 – 7 May 1942) was an Austrian conductor, composer and pianist.
Fernando Díaz de Mendoza y Guerrero (5 March 1897 – 27 September 1942) was a Spanish actor.
Fernando Sorrentino (born November 8, 1942 in Buenos Aires) is an Argentine writer.
The FIFA World Cup, often simply called the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body.
The Final Solution (Endlösung) or the Final Solution to the Jewish Question (die Endlösung der Judenfrage) was a Nazi plan for the extermination of the Jews during World War II.
The First Battle of El Alamein (1–27 July 1942) was a battle of the Western Desert Campaign of the Second World War, fought in Egypt between Axis forces (Germany and Italy) of the Panzer Army Africa (Panzerarmee Afrika, which included the Afrika Korps) (Field Marshal (Generalfeldmarschall) Erwin Rommel) and Allied (British Imperial and Commonwealth) forces (Britain, British India, Australia, South Africa and New Zealand) of the Eighth Army (General Claude Auchinleck).
Sir William Matthew Flinders Petrie, FRS, FBA (3 June 1853 – 28 July 1942), commonly known as Flinders Petrie, was an English Egyptologist and a pioneer of systematic methodology in archaeology and preservation of artifacts.
A floatplane (float plane or pontoon plane) is a type of seaplane, with one or more slender pontoons (known as "floats") mounted under the fuselage to provide buoyancy.
Floyd Douglas Little (born July 4, 1942) is a retired American football halfback, and was a three-time All-American at Syracuse University.
A flying ace, fighter ace or air ace is a military aviator credited with shooting down several enemy aircraft during aerial combat.
Fong Seow Jit (born 10 July 1942) is a Malaysian former swimmer.
Antonio Fraguas de Pablo, better known as Forges (17 January 1942 – 22 February 2018), was a Spanish graphic humorist.
Fort Mills (Corregidor, the Philippines) was the location of US Major General George F. Moore's headquarters for the Philippine Department's Harbor Defenses of Manila and Subic Bays in early World War II, and was the largest seacoast fort in the Philippines.
Jean Louis Xavier François Darlan (7 August 1881 – 24 December 1942) was a French Admiral and political figure.
François de Labouchere, born at Saint-Jean-le-Vieux (Ain) on 18 September 1917 and killed in air-to-air combat on 5 September 1942, was a French pilot of the Second World War.
Francesco Agello (27 December 1902 – 24 November 1942) was an Italian test pilot.
Francis K. Butagira (born on 22 November 1942) is a Ugandan diplomat.
Francisque Ravony (December 2, 1942, Vohipeno, Vatovavy-Fitovinany Region, Madagascar – February 15, 2003, Soavinandriana, Itasy Region, Madagascar) was a Malagasy lawyer and politician.
Franciszek Dachtera (September 22, 1910 – August 23, 1942) was a Polish and Roman Catholic priest.
Franciszka Arnsztajnowa (in full: Franciszka Hanna Arnsztajnowa; 19 February 1865 – August 1942) was a Polish poet, playwright, and translator of Jewish descent.
Frank Abbandando (July 11, 1910 – February 19, 1942), nicknamed "The Dasher", was a New York City contract killer who committed many murders as part of the infamous Murder, Inc. gang.
Frank Churchill (October 20, 1901 – May 14, 1942) was an American film composer.
Frank Delaney (24 October 1942 – 21 February 2017) was an Irish novelist, journalist and broadcaster.
Frank Elstner, full name Timm Maria Franz Elstner (born 19 April 1942 in Linz, Austria) is a German television presenter.
Francis "Frank" Cleveland Irons (March 23, 1886 – June 19, 1942) was an American athlete who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics and in the 1912 Summer Olympics.
Frank Zane (born June 28, 1942) is an American former professional bodybuilder and author.
Franklin Joseph Lymon (September 30, 1942 – February 27, 1968), known professionally as Frankie Lymon, was an American rock and roll/rhythm and blues singer and songwriter, best known as the boy soprano lead singer of the New York City-based early rock and roll group The Teenagers.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Sr. (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.
Franz Uri Boas (July 9, 1858December 21, 1942) was a German-American anthropologist and a pioneer of modern anthropology who has been called the "Father of American Anthropology".
Sir James Fraser Stoddart (born 24 May 1942) is a Scottish-born chemist who is Board of Trustees Professor of Chemistry and head of the Stoddart Mechanostereochemistry Group in the Department of Chemistry at Northwestern University in the United States.
Freddie Dalton Thompson (August 19, 1942 – November 1, 2015) was an American politician, attorney, lobbyist, columnist, film and television actor, and radio host.
Frederick Albert "Fred" Travalena III (October 6, 1942 – June 28, 2009) was a U.S. entertainer, specializing in comedy and impressions.
Freda Charcilia Payne (born September 19, 1942)Some sources give a birth year of 1945, but this appears to be an error as all sources agree that she is older than her sister Scherrie, born 1944.
Frederick John Behre (December 21, 1863 – March 10, 1942) was an American artist born in San Francisco, California.
Frederick Henry Hobbs (29 July 1874 – 11 April 1942) was a New Zealand-born singer, actor and theatre manager.
French North Africa was a collection of territories in North Africa controlled by France, centering on French Algeria.
Friede Springer (born Friede Riewerts on 15 August 1942 in Oldsum on the island of Föhr) is a German publisher and widow of Axel Springer.
Friedrich Karl Georg Fedde (June 30, 1873, Breslau (now Wrocław) – March 14, 1942, Berlin-Dahlem) was a German botanist.
Friedrich Wilhelm Ernst Paulus (23 September 1890 – 1 February 1957) was a German general during World War II who commanded the 6th Army.
Friedrich von Thun (born 30 June 1942) is an Austrian actor.
Fritz Todt (4 September 1891 – 8 February 1942) was a German construction engineer, senior Nazi figure, who rose from "Inspector General for German Roadways" where he oversaw the construction of German Autobahnen (Reichsautobahnen) to Reich Minister for Armaments and Ammunition where he led the entire war military economy.
Front for the Rebirth of Poland also translated as the Front for a Reborn Poland (Front Odrodzenia Polski, FOP) was a clandestine anti-Fascist organization formed in 1941 in occupied Poland during World War II, by a group of secular Catholics of Warsaw led by Zofia Kossak-Szczucka and Father Edmund Krauze.
Friedrich Braun or Fyodor Aleksandrovich Braun (20 July 1862 – 14 June 1942) was a Russian-German scholar who provided philological and mythological backing for the Normanist theory.
Gabriel Liiceanu (b. May 23, 1942, Râmnicu-Vâlcea) is a Romanian philosopher.
Gabriella Ferri (18 September 1942 – 3 April 2004) was an Italian singer born in Rome.
Gary Edward "Garrison" Keillor (born August 7, 1942) is an American author, storyteller, humorist, voice actor, and radio personality.
A gas chamber is an apparatus for killing humans or other animals with gas, consisting of a sealed chamber into which a poisonous or asphyxiant gas is introduced.
Gasoline (American English), or petrol (British English), is a transparent, petroleum-derived liquid that is used primarily as a fuel in spark-ignited internal combustion engines.
Günter Wallraff (born 1 October 1942 in Burscheid, Rhine Province) is a German writer and undercover journalist.
Jennifer Gemma Jones (born 4 December 1942) is an English character actress on both stage and screen.
Eugene Stack (December 14, 1916 – June 26, 1942) was a pitcher in Minor League Baseball who played for the Chicago White Sox organization.
The General Government (Generalgouvernement, Generalne Gubernatorstwo, Генеральна губернія), also referred to as the General Governorate, was a German zone of occupation established after the joint invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union in 1939 at the onset of World War II.
The General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China is head of the Communist Party of China and the highest-ranking official within the People's Republic of China.
Geneva (Genève, Genèva, Genf, Ginevra, Genevra) is the second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich) and the most populous city of the Romandy, the French-speaking part of Switzerland.
Geneviève Bujold (born July 1, 1942) is a Canadian actress.
Gennadi Vasiliyevich Sarafanov (b. January 1, 1942 in Sinenkiye, Saratov Oblast, Russia – d. September 29, 2005, Moscow) was a Soviet cosmonaut who flew on the Soyuz 15 spaceflight in 1974.
Sir Geoffrey Winston Russell Palmer (born 21 April 1942) is a New Zealand lawyer, legal academic, and past politician, who was a member of the New Zealand Parliament from 1979 to 1990.
George Emil Banks (born June 22, 1942) is an American spree killer.
Sir George Stephenson Beeby KBE (23 May 1869 – 18 July 1942) was an Australian politician, judge and author.
George Ignatius Brizan, CMG, CBE (31 October 1942 – 18 February 2012) was a Grenadian politician who served as Prime Minister of Grenada for four months in 1995.
The George Cross (GC) is the second highest award of the United Kingdom honours system.
George Michael Cohan (July 3, 1878November 5, 1942), known professionally as George M. Cohan, was an American entertainer, playwright, composer, lyricist, actor, singer, dancer and producer.
George Catlett Marshall Jr. (December 31, 1880 – October 16, 1959) was an American statesman and soldier.
George Edward Negus AM (born 13 March 1942) is an Australian author, journalist and television presenter specialising in international affairs.
George Snavely Rentz (July 25, 1882 – March 1, 1942) was a United States Navy chaplain who served during World War I and World War II.
George Alexander Sutherland (March 25, 1862 – July 18, 1942) was an English-born U.S. jurist and politician.
George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert; 3 June 1865 – 20 January 1936) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India, from 6 May 1910 until his death in 1936.
George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George; 14 December 1895 – 6 February 1952) was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth from 11 December 1936 until his death in 1952.
Georges Pierre André Bégué (22 November 1911 – 18 December 1993)Social Security Death Index was a French engineer and agent in the Special Operations Executive.
Georgy Konstantinovich Zhukov (– 18 June 1974) was a Soviet Red Army General who became Chief of General Staff, Deputy Commander-in-Chief, Minister of Defence and a member of the Politburo.
Stier (HSK 6) was an auxiliary cruiser of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.
Tirpitz was the second of two s built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine (navy) during World War II.
Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney (January 9, 1875 – April 18, 1942) was an American sculptor, art patron and collector, and founder in 1931 of the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York City.
Gheorghe Adamescu (July 23, 1869–March 4, 1942) was a Romanian literary historian and bibliographer.
The ghetto uprisings during World War II were a series of armed revolts against the regime of Nazi Germany between 1941 and 1943 in the newly established Jewish ghettos across Nazi-occupied Europe.
Giancarlo Giannini (born 1 August 1942) is an Italian actor and voice-over artist.
Gilberto Passos Gil Moreira (born 26 June 1942), known professionally as Gilberto Gil, is a Brazilian singer, guitarist, and songwriter, known for both his musical innovation and political activism.
Giovanni Bartolena (24 June 1886 - 16 February 1942) was an Italian painter, mainly of landscapes, but also of landscapes with animals.
Giuseppe Cassioli (22 October 1865 – 5 October 1942), Olympic Games Museum.
Gordon Henry Burns (born 10 June 1942) is a Northern Irish journalist and broadcaster.
Gorgopotamos (Γοργοπόταμος) is a village and a former municipality in Phthiotis, Greece.
The Government of National Salvation (Vlada narodnog spasa / Влада народног спаса; Regierung der nationalen Rettung), also referred to as the Nedić's regime (Nedićev režim / Недићев режим), was the second Serbian puppet government, after the Commissioner Government, established on the Territory of the (German) Military Commander in Serbia during World War II.
Grażyna Chrostowska (20 September 1921, Lublin - 18 April 1942, Ravensbrück), was a Polish poet and an activist of the Polish underground during the Second World War, She came from a Polish noble family.
Graham McNamee (July 10, 1888 – May 9, 1942) was an American radio broadcaster, the medium's most recognized national personality in its first international decade.
Graham William Nash, OBE (born 2 February 1942) is a British-American singer-songwriter and musician.
Grand Coulee Dam is a concrete gravity dam on the Columbia River in the U.S. state of Washington, built to produce hydroelectric power and provide irrigation water.
Grant DeVolson Wood (February 13, 1891 – February 12, 1942) was an American painter best known for his paintings depicting the rural American Midwest, particularly American Gothic, which has become an iconic painting of the 20th century.
The Greek Resistance (italic, i.e., "National Resistance") is the blanket term for a number of armed and unarmed groups from across the political spectrum that resisted the Axis occupation of Greece in the period 1941–1944, during World War II.
Guadalcanal (indigenous name: Isatabu) is the principal island in Guadalcanal Province of the nation of Solomon Islands, located in the south-western Pacific, northeast of Australia.
The Guadalcanal Campaign, also known as the Battle of Guadalcanal and codenamed Operation Watchtower by American forces, was a military campaign fought between 7 August 1942 and 9 February 1943 on and around the island of Guadalcanal in the Pacific theater of World War II.
Guglielmo Ferrero (July 21, 1871 — August 3, 1942) was an Italian historian, journalist and novelist, author of the Greatness and Decline of Rome (5 volumes, published after English translation 1907–1909).
Capitano Guido Masiero (24 August 1895 – 24 November 1942) was a World War I flying ace credited with five confirmed and ten unconfirmed aerial victories.
The Gulf of Mexico (Golfo de México) is an ocean basin and a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean, largely surrounded by the North American continent.
The Gulf of Saint Lawrence (French: Golfe du Saint-Laurent) is the outlet of the North American Great Lakes via the Saint Lawrence River into the Atlantic Ocean.
Gulf of Sirte (خليج سرت, Khalij Surt), or Gulf of Sidra (خليج السدرة, Khalij as-Sidra) after the port of Sidra, is a body of water in the Mediterranean Sea on the northern coast of Libya.
Major Gustavus Henry "Gus" March-Phillipps DSO OBE (1908 – 12 September 1942; sometimes spelled "March-Phillips") was the founder of the British Army's SSRF (Small Scale Raiding Force) a precursor of the SAS.
Gustav Ludwig Wilhelm HinrichsNot to be confused with Gustav Dethlef Hinrichs, a noted scientist of the 19th century, or Gustav Hinrichs, of Berlin, a German historian and classicist who collaborated with the Brothers Grimm in addition to many of his own writings.
Gustav Indrebø (17 December 1889 in Samnanger, Hordaland – 3 August 1942) was a Norwegian philologist.
Gustave Anjou (December 1, 1863 – March 2, 1942) was a self-professed genealogist who prepared hundreds of fraudulent pedigrees.
Habib Pacha El-Saad (1867–1942) was a Lebanese Maronite politician.
Sergeant was a Japanese airman in World War II.
Hakeem Fateh Mohammad Sehwani (حڪيم فتح محمد سيوهاڻي) was born in 1882 at Sehwan Sharif, the then Dadu District and now in Jamshoro District, Sindh.
Hamad ibn Isa Al Khalifa KCIE, CSI (6 February 1872 – 20 February 1942) was the ruler of Bahrain from 1932 until his death in 1942.
Hannelore Elsner (born Hannelore Elstner on 26 July 1942 in Burghausen) is a German actress.
Johannes Löhr (5 July 1942 – 29 February 2016) was a German international football player and manager.
Hannu Esa Hannuksela (12 December 1893 – 12 May 1942) was a Finnish Major General during World War II.
Hans Jørgen Boye (born 30 June 1942) is a retired Danish rower who had his best achievements in the coxless pairs, partnering with Peter Christiansen.
Hans Peter Korff (born August 24, 1942 in Hamburg) is a German actor.
Hans Vonk (18 June 1942 – 29 August 2004) was a Dutch conductor.
Hans-Jürgen Bäumler (born 28 January 1942) is a German pair skater, actor, singer and television host.
Hans-Joachim Walter Rudolf Siegfried Marseille (13 December 1919 – 30 September 1942) was a German fighter pilot during World War II.
Hans-Rudolf Merz (born 10 November 1942) is a Swiss politician of FDP.The Liberals and former member of the Swiss Federal Council.
Harold John Ellison (17 January 1917 - 4 June 1942) was a naval aviator and member of Torpedo Squadron 8, the whole of which was lost during the Battle of Midway.
Harrison Ford (born July 13, 1942) is an American actor and film producer.
Harry Forster Chapin (December 7, 1942 – July 16, 1981) was an American singer-songwriter, humanitarian, and producer best known for his folk rock and pop rock songs, who achieved worldwide success in the 1970s and became one of the most popular artists and highest paid performers.
Hayedeh (هایده), also transcribed as Haideh or Haydeh, born Ma'soumeh Dadehbala (معصومه ددهبالا, 10 April 1942 – 20 January 1990) was an Iranian singer of Persian classical and pop music with a contralto vocal range.
The Head of State of Estonia or State Elder (Riigivanem) (a literal translation: Elder of State) was the official title of the Estonian head of state from 1920 to 1937.
Heber Doust Curtis (June 27, 1872 – January 9, 1942) was an American astronomer.
Hector Abbas (9 November 1884 – 11 November 1942) was a Dutch film actor who appeared mainly in British films after emigrating to the United Kingdom.
Heinkel Flugzeugwerke was a German aircraft manufacturing company founded by and named after Ernst Heinkel.
Helen Westley (born Henrietta Remsen Meserole Manney; March 28, 1875 – December 12, 1942) was an American character actress.
A helicopter is a type of rotorcraft in which lift and thrust are supplied by rotors.
Henricus Everhardus Maria "Henk" Nieuwkamp (born 15 July 1942) is a retired Dutch cyclist who was active between 1959 and 1970.
Count Henri II de Baillet-Latour (in French: Henri, Count of Baillet-Latour; 1 March 1876 – 6 January 1942) was a Belgian aristocrat and the third President of the International Olympic Committee.
Henri Honoré Giraud (18 January 1879 – 11 March 1949) was a French general who was captured in both World Wars, but escaped both times.
Major General Henry DeWitt Hamilton (February 26, 1863 - August 18, 1942) was the Adjutant General of the New York State Militia starting in 1912.
Henry Ford (July 30, 1863 – April 7, 1947) was an American captain of industry and a business magnate, the founder of the Ford Motor Company, and the sponsor of the development of the assembly line technique of mass production.
Henry Harley "Hap" Arnold (June 25, 1886 – January 15, 1950) was an American general officer holding the grades of General of the Army and General of the Air Force.
Herbert A. Calcaterra (April 7, 1920 – September 4, 1942) was a US Navy sailor.
Hermana Fausta Labrador (December 19, 1858 - September 14, 1942) is a Filipino laywoman in pending cause for sainthood.
Hermann August Theodor Harms (16 July 1870, in Berlin – 27 November 1942, in Berlin) was a German taxonomist and botanist.
Hernando Siles Reyes (August 5, 1882 – November 23, 1942) was a Bolivian politician who served as the 31st President of Bolivia, serving from 1926-1930.
A highway is any public or private road or other public way on land.
Hissène Habré (Arabic: حسين حبري Ḥusaīn Ḥabrī, Chadian Arabic:;; born 13 September 1942), also spelled Hissen Habré, is a Chadian politician who served as the President of Chad from 1982 until he was deposed in 1990.
The history of Poland from 1939 to 1945 encompasses primarily the period from the Invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany to the end of World War II.
The history of the Jews in Poland dates back over 1,000 years.
Honiara International Airport, formerly known as Henderson Field, is an airport on Guadalcanal Island in the Solomon Islands.
How Green Was My Valley is a 1941 drama film directed by John Ford.
Howard Edward Mudd (born February 10, 1942) is a former offensive lineman and offensive line coach in the National Football League (NFL).
---- Hu Jintao (born 21 December 1942) is a Chinese politician who was the paramount leader of China from 2002 to 2012.
General Henry Hugh Shelton (born January 2, 1942) is a retired American career Army officer.
Hugo Distler (24 June 1908 – 1 November 1942)Slonimsky & Kuhn, Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians, v. 2, p. 889 was a German organist, choral conductor, teacher and composer.
Hungary (Magyarország) is a country in Central Europe that covers an area of in the Carpathian Basin, bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west.
Ian Robins Dury (12 May 1942 – 27 March 2000) was an English singer-songwriter and actor who rose to fame during the late 1970s, during the punk and new wave era of rock music.
Ian Craig Leslie OAM (born 6 July 1942) is an Australian television journalist and corporate communicator.
Ian David McShane (born 29 September 1942) is an English actor and voice artist.
is a Japanese politician and has been a member of the House of Representatives since 1969, representing the Iwate 3rd district (Iwate 2nd district prior to the 1996 general election and Iwate 4th district prior to the 2017 general election).
Ilya Isidorovich Fondaminsky (Илья′ Исидо′рович Фондами′нский, February 17, 1880, Moscow, Russia — November 19, 1942, Auschwitz, (Oświęcim, Nazi-occupied Lesser Poland) was a Jewish Russian author (writing under the pseudonym Bunakov) and political activist, in 1910s one of the leaders of the ultra left Esers party, in 1917 a senior member of the Alexander Kerensky's Provisional government. In 1918 Fondaminsky took part in the Jassy Conference. In France where he was living since immigration in 1919, Fondaminsky veered off from the left and became an influential newspaper editor (Sovremennye Zapisky, among others), author of philosophical essays and in the later years — much admired philanthropist, supporting Christian magazines and charity funds. Facing the Nazi occupation, Fondaminsky refused to leave Paris, saying he was willing to accept his destiny whatever it may be. Arrested in July 1941 and sent to the concentration camp, he adopted Christianity and was christened a Russian Orthodox not long before being sent to Auschwitz. Ilya Fondaminsky died there on November 19, 1942. In 2003 he was officially pronounced a Russian Orthodox saintly martyr by the Patriarch of Constantinople.
The Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN; Kyūjitai: 大日本帝國海軍 Shinjitai: 大日本帝国海軍 or 日本海軍 Nippon Kaigun, "Navy of the Greater Japanese Empire") was the navy of the Empire of Japan from 1868 until 1945, when it was dissolved following Japan's defeat and surrender in World War II.
Incendiary weapons, incendiary devices or incendiary bombs are weapons designed to start fires or destroy sensitive equipment using fire (and sometimes used as anti-personnel weaponry), that use materials such as napalm, thermite, magnesium powder, chlorine trifluoride, or white phosphorus.
Indigenous Australians are the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people of Australia, descended from groups that existed in Australia and surrounding islands prior to British colonisation.
The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is a humanitarian institution based in Geneva, Switzerland, and a three-time Nobel Prize Laureate.
The internment of German Americans refers to the detention of German nationals and German-American citizens in the United States during the periods of World War I and of World War II.
The internment of Italian Americans refers to the government's internment of Italian nationals in the United States during World War II, similar to that of the Internment of Japanese Americans and Internment of German Americans.
The internment of Japanese Americans in the United States during World War II was the forced relocation and incarceration in camps in the western interior of the country of between 110,000 and 120,000Various primary and secondary sources list counts between persons.
The invasion of Tulagi, on 3–4 May 1942, was part of Operation ''Mo'', the Empire of Japan's strategy in the South Pacific and South West Pacific Area in 1942.
Irena "Inka" Bernášková (7 February 1904 – 26 August 1942) was a Czechoslovak journalist and resistance member who was active in the fight against the German occupation during World War II.
Isaac Lee Hayes Jr. (August 20, 1942 – August 10, 2008) was an American singer-songwriter, actor, voice actor and producer.
Isabel Allende (born August 2, 1942) is a Chilean writer.
is a Japanese professional golfer.
Isidoro Diéguez Dueñas (19 January 1909 – 21 January 1942) was a Spanish bricklayer who joined the Spanish Communist Party, fought in the Spanish Civil War (1936–39) and went into exile.
Isidro Michel López (15 May 1870, in Autlán de Navarro – 6 April 1942, in Autlán de Navarro) was a Mexican military officer who participated in the Mexican Revolution.
István Rosztóczy (17 November 1942 in Budapest, Hungary – 27 October 1993 in Mount Fuji, Gotemba, Japan) was a Hungarian microbiologist, medical researcher, blood donor organizer, who devoted his life to research and science.
Ita Clare Buttrose (first name rhymes with 'fighter') AO OBE (born 17 January 1942) is an Australian journalist, businesswoman, television personality and author.
Italian East Africa (Africa Orientale Italiana) was an Italian colony in the Horn of Africa.
Ivan Horbachevsky (Іван Якович Горбачевський, Ivan Jakovyč Horbačevskyj; 5 May 1854, Zarubińce – 24 May 1942, Prague) also known as Jan Horbaczewski, Johann Horbaczewski or Ivan Horbaczewski, was an eminent Austrian chemist and politician of Ukrainian origin.
Ivande Kaija was the pen name of Antonija Lūkina (née Antonija Meldere-Millere 1876–1942), Latvian writer and feminist, who fought for the independence of Latvia.
James Shaver Woodsworth (July 29, 1874 – March 21, 1942) was a pioneer in the Canadian social democratic movement.
James Morrison (born June 26, 1942) is an American retired professional wrestler and manager, better known by his ring name, J.J. Dillon.
Jacob Gedleyihlekisa Zuma (born 12 April 1942) is a South African politician who served as the fourth President of South Africa from the 2009 general election until his resignation on 14 February 2018.
Jacques Dubochet (born 8 June 1942) is a retired Swiss biophysicist.
Jacques Jean Marie Rogge, Count Rogge (born 2 May 1942) is a Belgian sports administrator and physician who served as the eighth President of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) from 2001 to 2013.
Jahar Dasgupta, (born 1942) is an eminent and contemporary painter from 21st century India.
James Adam Bede (January 13, 1856 – April 11, 1942) was an American politician who served as U.S. Representative from Minnesota.
James C. Morton (August 25, 1884 – October 24, 1942) was an American character actor.
James Cowan (born 1942) is an Australian author.
James Cruze (March 27, 1884 near Ogden, Utah – August 3, 1942 in Hollywood, California) was a silent film actor and film director.
Admiral Sir James Andrew Fergusson, (16 April 1871 – 13 April 1942) was a Royal Navy officer who went on to be Commander-in-Chief, America and West Indies Station.
James Marcus (born Brian T. James, 23 June 1942) is an English actor.
Commodore James Philips Parker (25 September 1855 – 18 January 1942) was a United States Navy officer.
James Soong Chu-yu (born 16 March 1942) is a Taiwanese politician.
Jamnalal Bajaj (4 November 1889– 11 February 1942) was an Indian industrialist, a philanthropist, and Indian independence fighter.
Jan Kazimierz Daszewski (5 April 1916 – 4 April 1942) was a fighter pilot in the Polish Air Force in World War II.
Jan Józef Graliński (February 8, 1895 – January 9, 1942) was chief of the Polish General Staff's interbellum Cipher Bureau's Russian section, B.S.-3. After Poland was overrun by the Germans and Soviets in September 1939, Graliński managed, along with other Cipher Bureau personnel, to reach Paris, France.
Jan Kubiš (24 June 1913 – 18 June 1942) was a Czech soldier, one of a team of Czechoslovak British-trained paratroopers sent to eliminate acting Reichsprotektor (Reich-Protector) of Bohemia and Moravia, SS-Obergruppenführer Reinhard Heydrich, in 1942 as part of Operation Anthropoid.
Janis Sue Klinger (née Hansen) (October 10, 1942 – October 4, 2017) was an American singer and author.
Janko Prunk (born 30 December 1942) is a Slovenian historian of modern history.
Jannion Steele Elliott (25 May 1871 – 27 March 1942)http://www.britishbirds.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/article_files/V36/V36_N02/V36_N02_P035_035_OB006.pdf was a British ornithologist and naturalist who, in particular, accumulated large amounts of information on the mammals and birds of Bedfordshire.
January 1 is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar.
In the 20th and 21st centuries the Julian calendar is 13 days behind the Gregorian calendar, thus January 14 is sometimes celebrated as New Year's Day (Old New Year) by religious groups who use the Julian calendar.
In the ancient astronomy, it is the cusp day between Capricorn and Aquarius.
Perihelion, the point during the year when the Earth is closest to the Sun, occurs around this date.
Janusz Korczak, the pen name of Henryk Goldszmit (22 July 1878 or 1879 – 7 August 1942), was a Polish-Jewish educator, children's author, and pedagogue known as Pan Doktor ("Mr. Doctor") or Stary Doktor ("Old Doctor").
Ryūjō ("Prancing Dragon") was a light aircraft carrier built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) during the early 1930s.
was a warship of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War I and World War II.
The Java Sea (Laut Jawa) is an extensive shallow sea on the Sunda Shelf.
Francisco Javier Solana de Madariaga, KOGF, KCMG (born 14 July 1942), is a Spanish physicist and Socialist politician.
Józef Czempiel (born 21 September 1883 in Piekary Śląskie – 4 May 1942) was a Polish Roman Catholic priest, activist.
Józef Kowalski (March 13, 1911 – July 4, 1942) was a Polish Roman Catholic priest from the Salesian Society killed at the Auschwitz concentration camp during World War II.
Józef Lewartowski (יוסף לעווארטאווסקי, birth name: Aron Finkelstein ןאהרן פינקעלשטיי May 1895 Bielsk Podlaski - 25 August 1942 Warsaw) was a Polish communist politician of Jewish origin, revolutionary, member of the KPP and PPR one of the first organizers of the Jewish resistance in Nazi occupied Poland, co-founder of the Anti-Fascist Bloc.
Jean Baptiste Perrin (30 September 1870 – 17 April 1942) was a French physicist who, in his studies of the Brownian motion of minute particles suspended in liquids, verified Albert Einstein’s explanation of this phenomenon and thereby confirmed the atomic nature of matter (sedimentation equilibrium).
Jean Jourden (born 11 July 1942) is a retired French cyclist.
Jean Rosemary Shrimpton (born 6 November 1942) is an English model and actress.
Jean-Baptiste Philippe Ouédraogo (born 30 June 1942), also referred to by his initials JBO, is a Burkinabé physician who served as President of Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso) from 8 November 1982 to 4 August 1983.
Jean-Luc Ponty (born 29 September 1942) is a French jazz violinist and composer.
Jeannette Corbiere Lavell (born June 21, 1942) is a Canadian and Anishinaabe community worker who focused on women's and children's rights.
Jerome John Garcia (August 1, 1942 – August 9, 1995) was an American singer-songwriter and guitarist, best known for his work as the lead guitarist and as a vocalist with the band Grateful Dead, which came to prominence during the counterculture era in the 1960s.
Jerral Wayne Jones (born October 13, 1942) is an American businessman, best known for being owner of the National Football League (NFL)'s Dallas Cowboys since 1989.
Gerald Eugene Sloan (born March 28, 1942) is an American former National Basketball Association player and head coach, and a member of the Basketball Hall of Fame.
Jesus Larrañaga Churruca (17 April 1901 – 21 January 1942) was a Basque communist union leader who became one of the military leaders during the Spanish Civil War (1936–39).
A jet engine is a type of reaction engine discharging a fast-moving jet that generates thrust by jet propulsion.
James Lee Keltner (born April 27, 1942) is an American drummer known primarily for his session work.
James Marshall "Jimi" Hendrix (born Johnny Allen Hendrix; November 27, 1942 – September 18, 1970) was an American rock guitarist, singer, and songwriter.
James Blanton (October 5, 1918 – July 30, 1942) was an American jazz double bassist.
James Harold Doolittle (December 14, 1896 – September 27, 1993) was an American aviation pioneer.
James Sherman Wynn (born March 12, 1942), nicknamed the "Toy Cannon", is a retired American professional baseball player who had a 15-year career with the Houston Colt.45s / Astros and four other teams, primarily as a center fielder.
Joanna Pettet (born 16 November 1942) is an English actress, retired since 1990.
Joaquín Sánchez de Toca y Calvo (September 24, 1852 – July 13, 1942) was a Spanish conservative politician who served as Prime Minister in 1919.
Jožka Jabůrková (April 16, 1896 – July 31, 1942) was a Czech journalist, writer and translator.
Joseph Robinette Biden Jr. (born November 20, 1942) is an American politician who served as the 47th Vice President of the United States from 2009 to 2017.
Joseph Isadore Lieberman (born February 24, 1942) is an American politician and attorney who was a United States Senator for Connecticut from 1989 to 2013.
Joe Weber (11 August 1867 – 10 May 1942), born Joseph Morris Weber, was a vaudevillian who, along with Lew Fields, formed the comedy double-act of Weber and Fields.
John David Ashcroft (born May 9, 1942) is an American lawyer and former politician who served as the 79th U.S. Attorney General (2001–2005), in the George W. Bush Administration.
John Barrymore (born John Sidney Blyth; February 14 or 15, 1882 – May 29, 1942) was an American actor on stage, screen and radio.
John Charles Waldron (August 24, 1900 – June 4, 1942) was a United States Navy aviator who led a squadron of torpedo bombers in World War II.
John Davies Cale, OBE (born 9 March 1942) is a Welsh musician, composer, singer, songwriter and record producer who was a founding member of the American rock band the Velvet Underground.
John Durrett Craddock (October 26, 1881 – May 20, 1942) was a U.S. Representative from Kentucky, USA.
John Gary Evans (October 15, 1863June 26, 1942) was the 85th Governor of South Carolina from 1894 to 1897.
John Winslow Irving (born John Wallace Blunt Jr.; March 2, 1942) is an American novelist and screenwriter.
John Henry Rostill (16 June 1942 – 26 November 1973) was an English musician, bassist and composer, recruited by the Shadows to replace Brian Locking.
Sir John Edward Sulston (27 March 1942 – 6 March 2018) was a British biologist and academic who won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work on the cell lineage and genome of the worm Caenorhabditis elegans in 2002 with his colleagues Sydney Brenner and Robert Horvitz.
John Edward Thaw, CBE (3 January 1942 – 21 February 2002) was an English actor.
John Walter Wilcox Jr. (22 March 1882 – 27 March 1942) was a rear admiral of the United States Navy.
John Wayne Gacy Jr. (March 17, 1942 – May 10, 1994) was an American serial killer and rapist.
John Witherspoon (born John Weatherspoon; January 27, 1942) is an American comedian and actor who has performed in many television shows and films.
The Johor–Singapore Causeway (Tambak Johor) is a 1,056-metre causeway that links the city of Johor Bahru in Malaysia across the Straits of Johor to the town of Woodlands in Singapore.
The Joint Declaration by Members of the United Nations was a statement issued on December 17, 1942, by the American and British governments on behalf of the Allied Powers.
Jon Llewellyn Kyl (born April 25, 1942) is an American attorney and politician.
Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright IV (August 23, 1883 – September 2, 1953) was a career American army officer and the Commander of Allied forces in the Philippines at the time of their surrender to the Empire of Japan during World War II.
Jorge Colaço (Tangier, 1868 - Oeiras, 1942) was a Portuguese painter specially known for his works as tile (azulejo) painter.
Jorge Mateo Cuesta Porte-Petit (b. Córdoba, Veracruz, September 23, 1903 – d. Tlalpan, August 13, 1942) was a Mexican chemist, writer and editor.
José Abad Santos (February 19, 1886 – May 7, 1942) was the fifth Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines.
José Augusto Luis Raimundo Aymar Camprubí (November 28, 1879 – March 11, 1942) was a pioneering Spanish-language newspaper publisher in the United States and an advocate of cooperation between North America, South America, and Spain.
José Eduardo dos Santos (born 28 August 1942)W.
José Raúl Capablanca y Graupera (19 November 1888 – 8 March 1942) was a Cuban chess player who was world chess champion from 1921 to 1927.
Joseph A. Domachowski (November 26, 1872 – July 2, 1942) was an American politician.
Joseph Emile Harley (September 14, 1880February 27, 1942) was the 100th Governor of South Carolina from 1941 to 1942 and a member of the "Barnwell Ring.".
Joseph Schmidt (March 4, 1904 – November 16, 1942) was an Austro-Hungarian and Romanian Jewish tenor and actor.
Dr Joshua Pim F.R.C.S.I. (20 May 1869 in Bray, Wicklow – 15 April 1942 in Killiney, Dublin) was a medical doctor and world No. 1 Irish amateur tennis player.
Josephine Victoria "Joy" Behar (née Occhiuto; born October 7, 1942) is an American comedian, writer, and actress.
Jozef Gabčík (8 April 1912 – 18 June 1942) was a Slovak soldier in the Czechoslovak army involved in Operation Anthropoid, the assassination of acting Reichsprotektor (Reich-Protector) of Bohemia and Moravia, SS Obergruppenführer Reinhard Heydrich.
Judge Judy is an American arbitration-based reality court show presided over by Judge Judy Sheindlin, a retired Manhattan family court judge.
Judith Susan Sheindlin (née Blum; born October 21, 1942), professionally known as Judge Judy, is an American prosecution lawyer, former Manhattan family court judge, television personality, television producer, and author.
Julia Danzas (May 9, 1879, Athens – April 13, 1942, Rome) was a Russian historian of religion, a Catholic theologian, writer and a Catholic female religious leader.
Juliana Edith "Julie" Sommars (born April 15, 1942) is an American actress.
Julio González i Pellicer (21 September 1876 - 27 March 1942) was a Spanish sculptor and painter who developed the expressive use of iron as a medium for modern sculpture.
It is the first day of the second half of the year.
This day is the midpoint of a common year because there are 182 days before and 182 days after it in common years, and 183 before and 182 after in leap years.
The Aphelion, the point in the year when the Earth is farthest from the Sun, occurs around this date.
The terms 7th July, July 7th, and 7/7 (pronounced "Seven-seven") have been widely used in the Western media as a shorthand for the 7 July 2005 bombings on London's transport system.
In the Northern Hemisphere, the Summer solstice sometimes occurs on this date, while the Winter solstice occurs in the Southern Hemisphere.
This day usually marks the summer solstice in the Northern Hemisphere and the winter solstice in the Southern Hemisphere, which is the day of the year with the most hours of daylight in the Northern Hemisphere and the fewest hours of daylight in the Southern Hemisphere.
On this day the Summer solstice may occur in the Northern Hemisphere, and the Winter solstice may occur in the Southern Hemisphere.
In common years it is always in ISO week 26.
It is the last day of the first half of the year.
is a Japanese politician who was the 56th Prime Minister of Japan from 2001 to 2006.
Jure Francetić (3 July 1912 – 27/28 December 1942) was a Croatian Ustaša Commissioner for the Bosnia and Herzegovina regions of the Independent State of Croatia (NDH) during World War II, and commander of the 1st Ustaše Regiment of the Ustaše Militia, later known as the Black Legion.
Kaarel Eenpalu (until 1935 named Karl August Einbund) (in Paju talu, Vesneri Parish, Tartu County, Estonia, Russian Empire – 27/28 January 1942, Kirov Oblast, Russia, USSR) was an Estonian journalist, politician and head of state.
Kanaklata Barua (কনকলতা বৰুৱা) (22 December 1924 – 20 September 1942) also called Birbala and Shaheed (martyr) Kanaklata Barua was an Indian freedom fighter from Assam who was shot dead while leading a procession bearing the National Flag during the Quit India Movement of 1942.
was a statesman and diplomat in Meiji period Japan.
Kang Kek Iew or Kaing Kek Iev, also romanized as Kaing Guek Eav (កាំង ហ្គេកអ៊ាវ), nom de guerre Comrade Duch or Deuch (មិត្តឌុច); or Hang Pin, (born 17 November 1942) is a prisoner, war criminal and former leader in the Khmer Rouge movement, which ruled Democratic Kampuchea from 1975 to 1979.
Karel Willem Frederik Marie Doorman (23 April 1889 – 28 February 1942) was a Dutch Rear Admiral who commanded ABDACOM Naval forces, a hastily organized multinational naval force formed to defend the East Indies against an overwhelming Imperial Japanese attack. Doorman was killed and the main body of ABDACOM Naval forces destroyed during the Battle of the Java Sea.
Karen Trust Grassle (born February 25, 1942) is an American actress, known for her role as Caroline Ingalls, the wife of Michael Landon's character and the mother of Melissa Sue Anderson’s and Melissa Gilbert's character, in the NBC television drama series Little House on the Prairie.
Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz (sometimes spelled Doenitz;; 16 September 1891 24 December 1980) was a German admiral who played a major role in the naval history of World War II.
Karl Herxheimer (June 26, 1861 – December 6, 1942) was a German-Jewish dermatologist who was a native of Wiesbaden.
Kazimierz Dembowski (3 August 1912 in Strzyżów – 10 August 1942 at Dachau) was a Polish Roman Catholic clergyman, member of the Society of Jesus involved in the religious publishing industry, who shortly after the German invasion of Poland was arrested by the Gestapo, imprisoned at several places of detention, and lastly deported to the Dachau concentration camp where he was murdered in a gas chamber.
Königstein Fortress (Festung Königstein), the "Saxon Bastille", is a hilltop fortress near Dresden, in Saxon Switzerland, Germany, above the town of Königstein on the left bank of the River Elbe.
Kelly Harrell (September 13, 1889 – July 9, 1942) was a country music singer in the 1920s.
Kenas Aroi (17 April 1942 – 22 January 1991) was a Nauruan political figure.
is a Japanese actor and voice actor from Fukuoka Prefecture.
Kenneth Lee "Ken" Lay (April 15, 1942 – July 5, 2006) was an American businessman best known for his involvement in the Enron scandal.
Kentucky, officially the Commonwealth of Kentucky, is a state located in the east south-central region of the United States.
The Kerch Peninsula is a major and prominent geographic peninsula located at the eastern end of the Crimean Peninsula.
Key West (Cayo Hueso) is an island and city in the Straits of Florida on the North American continent, at the southwesternmost end of the roadway through the Florida Keys in the state of Florida, United States.
Kharkiv (Ха́рків), also known as Kharkov (Ха́рьков) from Russian, is the second-largest city in Ukraine.
Kiev or Kyiv (Kyiv; Kiyev; Kyjev) is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper.
was an officer in the Japanese Imperial Army in World War II.
Klaus Bednarz (6 June 1942 in Falkensee, Province of Brandenburg – 14 April 2015 in Schwerin, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern) was a German journalist and writer.
KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, legally Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij N.V., is the flag carrier airline of the Netherlands.
The Kokoda Track campaign or Kokoda Trail campaign was part of the Pacific War of World War II.
Konstantin Dmitriyevich Balmont (a; – 23 December 1942) was a Russian symbolist poet and translator.
Koriukivka Raion (Корюківський район) is a raion (district) of Chernihiv Oblast, northern Ukraine.
The Kriegsmarine (literally "War Navy") was the navy of Germany from 1935 to 1945.
Kuala Lumpur, officially the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur (Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur), or commonly known as KL, is the national capital of Malaysia as well as its largest city in the country.
The L class blimps were training airships operated by the United States Navy during World War II.
Laila Ligita Freivalds (born 22 June 1942) is a Swedish Social Democratic politician and who served as Minister for Justice from 1988 to 1991 and again from 1994 to 2000, as Minister for Foreign Affairs from 2003 to 2006 and as Deputy Prime Minister of Sweden briefly in 2004.
Langley Air Force Base is a United States Air Force base located adjacent to Hampton and Newport News, Virginia.
Larry Claxton Flynt Jr. (born November 1, 1942) is an American publisher and the president of Larry Flynt Publications (LFP).
Las Vegas (Spanish for "The Meadows"), officially the City of Las Vegas and often known simply as Vegas, is the 28th-most populated city in the United States, the most populated city in the state of Nevada, and the county seat of Clark County.
Laura Hope Crews (December 12, 1879 – November 12, 1942) was a leading actress of the American stage in the first decades of the 20th century who is best remembered today for her later work as a character actress in motion pictures of the 1930s.
Lauri Kristian Relander (31 May 1883 – 9 February 1942) was the second President of Finland (1925–1931).
The law of war is a legal term of art which refers to the aspect of public international law concerning acceptable justifications to engage in war (jus ad bellum) and the limits to acceptable wartime conduct (jus in bello or international humanitarian law).
László Sólyom (Sólyom László,; born 3 January 1942) is a Hungarian political figure, lawyer, and librarian who was President of Hungary from 2005 until 2010.
Leipzig is the most populous city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany.
On June 23, 1942 the experimental early type of a nuclear reactor L-IV led to the first nuclear accident in history, consisting of steam explosion and reactor fire in Leipzig, Nazi Germany.
The Leningrad première of Shostakovich's Symphony No.
Leon Russell (born Claude Russell Bridges; April 2, 1942 – November 13, 2016) was an American musician and songwriter who was involved with numerous bestselling pop music records over the course of his 60-year career.
Leonīds Breikšs was a noted 1930s Latvian poet, journalist and patriot.
Leonetto Cappiello (9 April 1875 – 2 February 1942) was an Italian and French poster art designer and painter, who mainly lived and worked in Paris.
Leopold Janikowski (November 14, 1855 - December 8, 1942) was a Polish explorer and ethnographer.
Les Casquets or (The) Casquets; is a group of rocks 13 km northwest of Alderney and are part of an underwater sandstone ridge.
Liberty ships were a class of cargo ship built in the United States during World War II.
Lidice (Liditz) is a village in the Kladno District of the Czech Republic, northwest of Prague.
Lincoln Portrait (also known as A Lincoln Portrait) is a classical orchestral work written by the American composer Aaron Copland.
Linda Evans (born Linda Evenstad on November 18, 1942), is an American actress known primarily for her roles on television.
Lisbon (Lisboa) is the capital and the largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 552,700, Census 2011 results according to the 2013 administrative division of Portugal within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2.
Lise Marie Jeanette de Baissac MBE (11 May 1905 – 28 March 2004) was born in Mauritius of French descent and British nationality.
This is a list of heads of state of Chad since the country gained independence from France in 1960 to the present day.
The following is a list of Presidents of Equatorial Guinea, since the establishment of the office of President in 1968.
The list of shipwrecks in July 1942 includes all ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during July 1942.
This is a chronological listing of the United States Senators from Connecticut.
A live-action/animated film is one that combines live action filmmaking with animation.
Lofton Russell Henderson (May 24, 1903 – June 4, 1942) was a United States Marine Corps aviator during World War II.
The Lookout Air Raids were minor but historic Japanese air raids that occurred in the mountains of Oregon, several miles outside Brookings during World War II.
Lopo Fortunato Ferreira do Nascimento (born 10 July 1942) is an Angolan retired politician.
Lorenzo Victoriano Aguirre Sánchez (14 November 1884 – 6 October 1942) was a Spanish painter.
Lewis Allan Reed (March 2, 1942 – October 27, 2013) was an American musician, singer, and songwriter.
Eustache Antoine Francois Joseph Louis Borno (September 20, 1865 – July 29, 1942) was a lawyer and Haitian politician who served as President of Haiti from 1922 to 1930 during the period of the American occupation of Haiti (1915–34).
Louis Félix Marie François Franchet d'Espèrey (25 May 1856 – 8 July 1942) was a French general during World War I. As commander of the large Allied army based at Salonika, he conducted the successful Macedonian campaign, which caused the collapse of the Southern Front and contributed to the armistice.
Louis J. Carpellotti (February 13, 1918 – August 7, 1942) was a United States Marine who received the Silver Star posthumously for his actions during World War II.
Louise Shaffer (born July 5, 1942) is an American actress, script writer, and author.
Lublin (Lublinum) is the ninth largest city in Poland and the second largest city of Lesser Poland.
Lucy Maud Montgomery (November 30, 1874 – April 24, 1942), published as L. M. Montgomery, was a Canadian author best known for a series of novels beginning in 1908 with Anne of Green Gables.
Ludwig Ritter von Höhnel (6 August 1857, Preßburg – 23 March 1942, Vienna) was an Austrian naval officer and explorer.
Ludwik Ćwikliński (17 July 1853 in Gnesen (Gniezno), Province of Posen, Kingdom of Prussia – 3 October 1942 in Kraków), was a classical philologist, professor and rector of Lviv University (1893-1894), editor of "Eos" magazine (1894-1901), Minister of Education in Vienna (1917-1919).
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II.
Guadalupe "Lupe" Ontiveros (née Moreno; September 17, 1942 – July 26, 2012) was an American actress best known for portraying Yolanda Saldívar in the film Selena.
Luxembourg (Lëtzebuerg; Luxembourg, Luxemburg), officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a landlocked country in western Europe.
Madagascar (Madagasikara), officially the Republic of Madagascar (Repoblikan'i Madagasikara; République de Madagascar), and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of East Africa.
Madeline Gail Kahn (born Madeline Gail Wolfson; September 29, 1942 – December 3, 1999) was an American actress, comedian, voice actress, and singer, known for comedic roles in films directed by Peter Bogdanovich and Mel Brooks, including What's Up, Doc? (1972), Young Frankenstein (1974), High Anxiety (1977), History of the World, Part I (1981), and her Academy Award-nominated roles in Paper Moon (1973) and Blazing Saddles (1974).
Mahadev Desai (1 January 1892 – 15 August 1942) was an Indian independence activist and writer best remembered as Mahatma Gandhi's personal secretary.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was an Indian activist who was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British rule.
Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organization, the oldest of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada.
The Malayan Campaign was a military campaign fought by Allied and Axis forces in Malaya, from 8 December 1941 – 31 January 1942 during the Second World War.
Malta, officially known as the Republic of Malta (Repubblika ta' Malta), is a Southern European island country consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea.
The Manhattan Project was a research and development undertaking during World War II that produced the first nuclear weapons.
Manila (Maynilà, or), officially the City of Manila (Lungsod ng Maynilà), is the capital of the Philippines and the most densely populated city proper in the world.
Manuel "Manolo" Blahnik Rodríguez (born 27 November 1942), is a Spanish fashion designer and founder of the eponymous high-end shoe brand.
Mao Zedong (December 26, 1893September 9, 1976), commonly known as Chairman Mao, was a Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founding father of the People's Republic of China, which he ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976.
Dame Carmen Marcela Contreras Arriagada, DBE (born 4 January 1942) is a Chilean-born British leading blood expert, immunologist and university educator.
Marceli Nowotko (pseudonyms: Marian, Stary; 8 July 1893, Warsaw – 28 November 1942, Warsaw) was a Polish communist activist and first secretary of the Polish Workers Party (PPR).
Máximo Marcelo Torcuato de Alvear Pacheco (October 4, 1868 – March 23, 1942), better known as Marcelo T. de Alvear was an Argentine politician and President of Argentina October 12, 1922 to October 12, 1928.
In the Roman calendar, March 15 was known as the Ides of March.
Typically the March equinox falls on this date, marking the vernal point in the Northern Hemisphere and the autumnal point in the Southern Hemisphere.
In astrology, the day of the equinox is the first full day of the sign of Aries.
March 24th is the 365th and last day of the year in many European implementations of the Julian calendar.
Marcia Karen Wallace (November 1, 1942 – October 25, 2013) was an American actress, voice artist, comedian, and game show panelist, primarily known for her roles in television situation comedies.
Margaret Court (née Smith; born 16 July 1942), also known as Margaret Smith Court, is a retired Australian tennis player and former world No. 1.
Margarethe von Trotta (born 21 February 1942) is a German film director who has been referred to as a "leading force" of the New German Cinema movement.
Maria Antonina Kratochwil (21 August 1881 – 7 October 1942) was beatified by Pope John Paul II as one of the 108 Martyrs of World War II.
Maria Beale Fletcher (born June 23, 1942) was Miss America 1962.
Jan Maria Michał Kowalski was a Polish priest, the first Minister General of the order of the Mariavites.
Dame Mary Susan Etherington, (15 July 1864 – 15 October 1942), known professionally as Marie Tempest, was an English singer and actress known as the "queen of her profession".
Marines, also known as a marine corps or naval infantry, are typically an infantry force that specializes in the support of naval and army operations at sea and on land, as well as the execution of their own operations.
Marjorie Margolies (formerly Margolies-Mezvinsky; born June 21, 1942) is a fellow at the University of Pennsylvania Fels Institute of Government, an adjunct faculty member at the University of Pennsylvania, and a women's rights activist.
Marko Ristić (Serbian Cyrillic: Марко Ристић; 13 December 1913-16 August 1942) was a Serbian-Slovene Communist Revolutionary, and one of the Yugoslav Resistance leaders in Nazis-occupied territory of Serbia during World War II and writer in Serbia and a participant in the National Liberation War in Yugoslavia (1941-1945) and a key member of the failed assassination attempt on Serbian fascist politician Dušan Letica a Minister in the Nedić's regime in 1942.
Marlena Shaw (born Marlina Burgess, September 22, 1942 in New Rochelle, New York) is an American singer.
Marsha Mason (born April 3, 1942) is an American actress and director.
Martin Kirschner (28 October 1879 – 30 August 1942) was a German surgeon.
Martin Charles Scorsese (born November 17, 1942) is an American director, producer, screenwriter, actor and film historian, whose career spans more than 50 years.
Mary Teresa Hayden (1862–12 July 1942) was an Irish historian, Irish-language activist and campaigner for women's causes.
Mass murder is the act of murdering a number of people, typically simultaneously or over a relatively short period of time and in close geographic proximity.
Massachusetts, officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
Matangini Hazra (19 October 1870 – 29 September 1942) was an Indian revolutionary who participated in the Indian independence movement until she was shot dead by the British Indian police in front of the Tamluk Police Station (of erstwhile Midnapore District) on 29 September 1942.
The Matanikau River of Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, is located in the northwest part of the island.
Matthias Ulungura (1921–1980) (in some sources also referred to as Matthias Ngapiatulawai) was an Indigenous Australian from the Tiwi Islands, who in 1942 became the first Australian to take a Japanese prisoner of war on Australian soil.
Maurizio Pollini (born January 5, 1942) is an Italian classical pianist.
Mauzac is a commune in the Haute-Garonne department in southwestern France.
This day marks the approximate midpoint of spring in the Northern Hemisphere and of autumn in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the March equinox).
Mary Jeanette Robison (19 April 1858 – 20 October 1942) known professionally as May Robson, was an Australian-born American-based actress, whose career spanned 58 years, starting in 1883 when she was 25 years of age.
In many countries, a mayor (from the Latin maior, meaning "bigger") is the highest-ranking official in a municipal government such as that of a city or a town.
The Mayor of Boston is the head of the municipal government in Boston, Massachusetts.
The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa and on the east by the Levant.
Melvin Whinfield "Peerless Mel" Sheppard (September 5, 1883 – January 4, 1942) was an American athlete, member of the Irish American Athletic Club and winner of four gold medals at the 1908 Summer Olympics and 1912 Summer Olympics.
Melquiades Morales Flores (born 22 June 1942) is a Mexican lawyer and politician, affiliated with the Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI).
Melville Island, known in the Tiwi language as Yermalner, is an island in the eastern Timor Sea, off the coast of the Northern Territory, Australia.
Major General Merton Beckwith-Smith, (11 July 1890 – 11 November 1942) was a senior British Army officer during both the First and Second World Wars.
The Messerschmitt Me 262, nicknamed Schwalbe (German: "Swallow") in fighter versions, or Sturmvogel (German: "Storm Bird") in fighter-bomber versions, was the world's first operational jet-powered fighter aircraft.
The Metallurgical Laboratory (or Met Lab) was a scientific laboratory at the University of Chicago that was established in February 1942 to study and use the newly discovered chemical element plutonium.
The Mexican Revolution (Revolución Mexicana) was a major armed struggle,, that radically transformed Mexican culture and government.
Michael Rubens Bloomberg (born on February 14, 1942) is an American businessman, engineer, author, politician, and philanthropist.
Michael Patrick Smith, (born 19 January 1942) known by the professional stage name of Michael Crawford, is an English actor, comedian, philanthropist, and singer.
Michael Craze (29 November 1942 – 8 December 1998) was a British actor noted for his role of Ben Jackson, a companion of the Doctor, in the long-running BBC science fiction television series Doctor Who.
John Michael Crichton (October 23, 1942 – November 4, 2008) was an American author, screenwriter, film director and producer best known for his work in the science fiction, thriller, and medical fiction genres.
Michael Dammann Eisner (born March 7, 1942) is an American businessman.
Michael Haneke (born 23 March 1942) is an Austrian film director and screenwriter best known for films such as Funny Games (1997), Caché (2005), The White Ribbon (2009) and Amour (2012).
Michael Hui Koon-man (born; 3 September 1942) (also known as Mr Boo!) is a Hong Kong actor, comedian, scriptwriter and director.
Michael Kergin (born 26 April 1942) is a Canadian career diplomat, who has been a member of the foreign service in some capacity since 1967, when he joined the Department of External Affairs.
Michael Kitzelmann (born 29 January 1916 in Horben, part of Gestratz, Westallgäu, Bavaria; died 11 June 1942 in Orel Prison) was a lieutenant in the German Army during World War II, who was executed for undermining military strength.
Robert Michael Nesmith (born December 30, 1942) is an American musician, songwriter, actor, producer, novelist, businessman, and philanthropist, best known as a member of the pop rock band the Monkees and co-star of the TV series The Monkees (1966–1968).
Michael York, OBE (born Michael Hugh Johnson; 27 March 1942) is an English actor.
Michael Joel Zaslow (November 1, 1942 – December 6, 1998) was an American actor.
Michael Fokine (a French transliteration Michel Fokine; English transliteration Mikhail Fokin; Михаи́л Миха́йлович Фо́кин, Mikhaíl Mikháylovich Fokín) (– 22 August 1942) was a groundbreaking Russian choreographer and dancer.
Michel Tremblay, CQ (born 25 June 1942) is a French Canadian novelist and playwright.
Michele Lee (born June 24, 1942) is an American actress, singer, dancer, producer and director.
A midget submarine (also called a mini submarine) is any submarine under 150 tons, typically operated by a crew of one or two but sometimes up to 6 or 9, with little or no on-board living accommodation.
Mighty Mouse is an American animated anthropomorphic, superhero mouse character created by the Terrytoons studio for 20th Century Fox.
Miguel Hernández Gilabert (30 October 1910 – 28 March 1942) was a 20th-century Spanish language poet and playwright associated with the Generation of '27 movement and the Generation of '36 movement.
Mihail Dragomirescu (March 22, 1868 – November 25, 1942) was a Romanian aesthetician, literary theorist and critic.
Michael Cormac "Mike" Newell (born 28 March 1942) is an English director and producer of motion pictures for film and television.
Mil Máscaras (born Aaron Rodríguez Arellano, July 15, 1942) is a Mexican luchador.
Milan Milutinović (Милан Милутиновић; born 19 December 1942) is a Serbian politician who served as the second President of Serbia from 1997 to 2002.
Milan Nedić (Милан Недић; 2 September 1878 – 4 February 1946) was a Serbian general and politician who served as the Chief of the General Staff of the Royal Yugoslav Army, Minister of War in the Royal Yugoslav Government.
Milne Bay is a large bay in Milne Bay Province, south-eastern Papua New Guinea.
Minnie Minoprio (born 4 July 1942) is an English actress, singer and showgirl, mainly active in Italy.
Mirosław Ferić (June 17, 1915 – February 14, 1942), was a Polish fighter pilot, a flying ace of World War II.
Addison Mitchell McConnell Jr. (born February 20, 1942) is an American politician who has served as the senior United States Senator from Kentucky since 1985.
Mitsuhiro Kitta (born 3 July 1942) is a Japanese professional golfer.
Mohamed Mustafa ElBaradei (محمد مصطفى البرادعى,,; born 17 June 1942) is an Egyptian law scholar and diplomat who was the last Vice-President of Egypt serving on an interim basis from 14 July 2013 until his resignation on 14 August 2013.
Mohammad Ali Foroughi (1 January 1875 – 26 November 1942, محمدعلی فروغی) also known as Zaka-ol-Molk (Persian: ذُکاءالمُلک) was a teacher, diplomat, nationalist, writer, politician and Prime Minister of Iran.
The Moors murders were carried out by Ian Brady and Myra Hindley between July 1963 and October 1965, in and around Manchester, England.
Morven (Scottish Gaelic: A' Mhòr Bheinn) is a mountain in Caithness, in the Highland Region of Scotland.
is a former Japanese association football player.
Mount Emily (Tolowa: en-may) is a mountain in the Klamath Mountains of southwestern Oregon in the United States.
(April 25, 1942 – April 21, 2010), better known as Mr.
MS Palatia was a German liner, built in 1928.
Muammar Mohammed Abu Minyar Gaddafi (20 October 2011), commonly known as Colonel Gaddafi, was a Libyan revolutionary, politician and political theorist.
Muhammad Ali (born Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr.; January 17, 1942 – June 3, 2016) was an American professional boxer, activist, and philanthropist.
Muhammadu Buhari is the President of Nigeria, in office since 2015.
Mukhtar Shakhanov (Мухтар Шаханов) (born 2 July 1942 in Otrar, Kazakhstan) is a prominent Kazakh writer, lawmaker, and the Kazakh ambassador to Kyrgyzstan.
Mumbai (also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.
Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.
Mykola Burachek (or Buraček, Микола Бурачек) (March 16, 1871 in Letychiv, Podillia Guberniya (now Khmelnytskyi Oblast) – August 12, 1942 in Kharkiv) was a Ukrainian Impressionist painter and pedagogue.
Nada Dimić (6 September 1923 – 17 March 1942) was a Yugoslav communist who died in World War II and was proclaimed a People's Hero of Yugoslavia.
Namibia, officially the Republic of Namibia (German:; Republiek van Namibië), is a country in southern Africa whose western border is the Atlantic Ocean.
The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum is an American history museum and hall of fame, located in Cooperstown, New York, and operated by private interests.
The Naval Battle of Guadalcanal, sometimes referred to as the Third and Fourth Battles of Savo Island, the Battle of the Solomons, the Battle of Friday the 13th, or, in Japanese sources, the, took place from 12–15 November 1942, and was the decisive engagement in a series of naval battles between Allied (primarily American) and Imperial Japanese forces during the months-long Guadalcanal Campaign in the Solomon Islands during World War II.
The Navy Cross is the United States military's second-highest decoration awarded for valor in combat.
Nazareno Strampelli (May 29, 1866 in Castelraimondo, Italy – January 23, 1942) was an Italian agronomist and plant breeder.
Nazi Germany maintained concentration camps (Konzentrationslager, KZ or KL) throughout the territories it controlled before and during the Second World War.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism, is the ideology and practices associated with the Nazi Party – officially the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) – in Nazi Germany, and of other far-right groups with similar aims.
Neil Gordon Kinnock, Baron Kinnock, (born 28 March 1942) is a Welsh Labour Party politician.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
Sir Nevile Meyrick Henderson GCMG (10 June 1882 – 30 December 1942) was a British diplomat and Ambassador of the United Kingdom to Nazi Germany from 1937 to 1939.
New Guinea (Nugini or, more commonly known, Papua, historically, Irian) is a large island off the continent of Australia.
The Newcastle metropolitan area is the second most populated area in the Australian state of New South Wales and includes most of the Newcastle and Lake Macquarie local government areas.
Newfoundland (Terre-Neuve) is a large Canadian island off the east coast of the North American mainland, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador.
Newfoundland and Labrador (Terre-Neuve-et-Labrador; Akamassiss; Newfoundland Irish: Talamh an Éisc agus Labradar) is the most easterly province of Canada.
Nicholas Angelo "Nicky Mouth" Santora (born June 21, 1942) is the reputed underboss of the Bonanno crime family.
Nick Auf der Maur (April 10, 1942 – April 7, 1998)Downey, Donn.
Nicholas John Tate (born 18 June 1942) is an Australian actor best known for his role as pilot Alan Carter in the 1970s British science fiction television series Space: 1999, as well as for playing the role of James Hamilton in the 1980s Australian soap opera Sons and Daughters.
The Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (officially Sveriges riksbanks pris i ekonomisk vetenskap till Alfred Nobels minne, or the Swedish National Bank's Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel), commonly referred to as the Nobel Prize in Economics, is an award for outstanding contributions to the field of economics, and generally regarded as the most prestigious award for that field.
The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish, Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is one of the five Nobel Prizes created by the Swedish industrialist, inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, and Literature.
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry (Nobelpriset i kemi) is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to scientists in the various fields of chemistry.
The Nobel Prize in Physics (Nobelpriset i fysik) is a yearly award given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for those who conferred the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of physics.
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (Nobelpriset i fysiologi eller medicin), administered by the Nobel Foundation, is awarded once a year for outstanding discoveries in the fields of life sciences and medicine.
Norman (Nicholas) Scott (August 10, 1889 – November 13, 1942) was a rear admiral in the United States Navy, and was one of only two U.S. Navy admirals killed in action during a surface battle in World War II.
North Africa is a collective term for a group of Mediterranean countries and territories situated in the northern-most region of the African continent.
The North American B-25 Mitchell is an American twin-engine, medium bomber manufactured by North American Aviation (NAA).
Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann; Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom in the north-east of the island of Ireland, variously described as a country, province or region.
In the ancient astronomy, it is the cusp day between Scorpio and Sagittarius.
This day marks the approximate midpoint of autumn in the Northern Hemisphere and of spring in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the September equinox).
A nuclear chain reaction occurs when one single nuclear reaction causes an average of one or more subsequent nuclear reactions, thus leading to the possibility of a self-propagating series of these reactions.
The Nuremberg trials (Die Nürnberger Prozesse) were a series of military tribunals held by the Allied forces under international law and the laws of war after World War II.
The occupation of Poland by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union during the Second World War (1939–1945) began with the German-Soviet invasion of Poland in September 1939, and it was formally concluded with the defeat of Germany by the Allies in May 1945.
An ocean liner is a passenger ship primarily used as a form of transportation across seas or oceans.
Oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is transformed and refined into more useful products such as petroleum naphtha, gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene, liquefied petroleum gas, jet fuel and fuel oils.
Olaf Huseby (December 12, 1856–October 3, 1942) was a Norwegian-American bookseller and publisher.
Olga Benário Prestes (February 12, 1908 – April 23, 1942) was a German Brazilian communist militant gassed by Nazi Germany.
Operation Anthropoid was the code name for the assassination during World War II of Schutzstaffel (SS)-Obergruppenführer and General der Polizei Reinhard Heydrich, head of the Reichssicherheitshauptamt (Reich Main Security Office, RSHA), the combined security services of Nazi Germany, and acting Reichsprotektor of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.
Operation Basalt was a small British raid conducted during World War II on Sark during the German occupation of the Channel Islands.
Operation Frankton was a commando raid on shipping in the German occupied French port of Bordeaux in southwest France during the Second World War.
Operation Harling, known as the Battle of Gorgopotamos (Μάχη του Γοργοποτάμου) in Greece, was a World War II mission by the British Special Operations Executive (SOE), in cooperation with the Greek Resistance groups ELAS and EDES, which destroyed the heavily guarded Gorgopotamos viaduct in Central Greece on 25 November 1942.
Operation Letica (Serbo-Croatian: Операција Летица /Operacija Letica) was the code name for the failed assassination attempt on Dušan Letica Serbian fascist minister of finance in the Government of National Salvation a Nazi Puppet state during World War II the operation was carried out in Republic Square in Belgrade in the Nazis-occupied territory of Serbia on Tuesday 4 August 1942 by members of the Yugoslav Resistance, Letica was wounded but survived, this led to the massacres killings of civilians and destruction of Belgrade and other cities in Serbia by the Germans and the Belgrade Special Police, and the executions of the plotters on the orders of Milan Nedić and Dušan Letica, all 220 men between over of the ages of 16 18, 36, and 48, were to be executed in Belgrade or were deported to the Banjica concentration camp, the 159 Women and 33 Children were sent to concentration camps and died there, Letica was only failed assassination attempt during the Occupation of Yugoslavia.
or the Port Moresby Operation was a Japanese plan to take control of the Australian Territory of New Guinea during World War II as well as other locations in the South Pacific with the goal of isolating Australia and New Zealand from their ally the United States.
Operation Pastorius was a failed German intelligence plan for sabotage inside the United States during World War II.
Operation Pedestal (Battaglia di Mezzo Agosto, "Battle of mid-August"), known in Malta as the Santa Marija Convoy (Il-Konvoj ta' Santa Marija), was a British operation to carry supplies to the island of Malta in August 1942, during the Second World War.
Operation Pluto (Pipe-Lines Under The Ocean) was a Second World War operation by British engineers, oil companies, and the British Armed Forces; to construct undersea oil pipelines under the English Channel between England and France in support of Operation Overlord, the Allied invasion of Normandy in June 1944.
Operation Reinhard or Operation Reinhardt (Aktion Reinhard or Aktion Reinhardt also Einsatz Reinhard or Einsatz Reinhardt) was the codename given to the secretive German Nazi plan to exterminate the majority of Polish Jews in the General Government district of German-occupied Poland during World War II.
Operation Torch (8–16 November 1942, formerly Operation Gymnast) was a Anglo–American invasion of French North Africa, during the North African Campaign of the Second World War.
Operation Uranus (romanised: Operatsiya "Uran") was the codename of the Soviet 19–23 November 1942 strategic operation in World War II which led to the encirclement of the German Sixth Army, the Third and Fourth Romanian armies, and portions of the German Fourth Panzer Army.
Operation Winter Storm (Unternehmen Wintergewitter) was a German offensive in World War II in which the German 4th Panzer Army unsuccessfully attempted to break the Soviet encirclement of the German 6th Army during the Battle of Stalingrad.
Oran (وَهران, Wahrān; Berber language: ⵡⴻⵂⵔⴰⵏ, Wehran) is a major coastal city located in the north-west of Algeria.
The Order of Alexander Nevsky is an order of merit of the Russian Federation named in honour of saint Alexander Nevsky (1220–1263) and bestowed to civil servants for twenty years or more of highly meritorious service.
The Order of Friars Minor Capuchin (postnominal abbr. O.F.M.Cap.) is an order of friars within the Catholic Church, among the chief offshoots of the Franciscans.
The Order of Kutuzov («Орден Кутузова» "Orden Kutuzova") is a military decoration of the Russian Federation named after famous Russian Field Marshal Mikhail Illarionovich Kutuzov (1745–1813).
The Order of Suvorov (Russian Орден Суворова) is a military decoration of the Russian Federation named in honor of Russian Field Marshal Count Alexander Suvorov (1729–1800).
Orland Steen "Spike" Loomis (November 2, 1893 – December 7, 1942) was an American lawyer and governor-elect of Wisconsin.
Orri Vigfússon (10 July 1942 – 1 July 2017) was an Icelandic entrepreneur and environmentalist.
The Ostvolk Medal (Ostvolkmedaille) or Medal for Gallantry and Merit for Members of the Eastern Peoples (Tapferkeits und Verdienst Auszeichnung für Ostvölker) was a military and paramilitary award in Nazi Germany, bestowed to personnel from the former Soviet Union (Ostvolk in German, literally "the Eastern people").
Otakar Batlička (born 12 March 1895 in Prague, Czech Republic; died on 13 February 1942 in the Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp) was a Czech adventurer, journalist, ham (amateur) radio operator, and member of the Czech-based Nazi resistance group Obrana Národa during World War II.
Otis Skinner (June 28, 1858 – January 4, 1942) was an American stage actor active during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
Oxfam is a confederation of 20 independent charitable organizations focusing on the alleviation of global poverty, founded in 1942 and led by Oxfam International.
Palm Springs (Cahuilla: Se-Khi)Wilkerson, Lyn (2009).
The Parliament of Australia (officially the Federal Parliament; also known as the Commonwealth Parliament or just Parliament) is the legislative branch of the government of Australia.
Pasquale Amato (21 March 1878 – 12 August 1942) was an Italian operatic baritone.
Paul Vaughn Butterfield (December 17, 1942May 4, 1987) was an American blues harmonica player and singer.
Paul James Krause (born February 19, 1942) is a former American football safety who played in the National Football League (NFL).
Sir James Paul McCartney (born 18 June 1942) is an English singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, and composer.
Paul Nikolaus Cossmann (April 6, 1869–October 19, 1942) was a German journalist.
Paul Dryden Warfield (born November 28, 1942) is a former professional American football wide receiver who played in the National Football League (NFL) from 1964 to 1977 for the Cleveland Browns and Miami Dolphins, except for a year in the World Football League (WFL) with the Memphis Southmen.
Pauline of the Agonizing Heart of Jesus, C.I.I.C. (December 16, 1865 – July 9, 1942), was an immigrant from Austria-Hungary to Brazil, who became the foundress of the Congregation of the Little Sisters of the Immaculate Conception, Religious Sisters who serve the poor.
Peadar Toner Mac Fhionnlaoich (5 October 1857 – 1 July 1942; P.T. MacGinley), known as Cú Uladh (The Hound of Ulster), was an Irish language writer during the Gaelic Revival.
Pedro Bandeira de Luna Filho (born March 9, 1942) is a Brazilian award-winning and best-selling children's novelist and poet, best known as the author of the Os Karas series of mystery novels.
Peenemünde ("Peene Mouth") is a municipality on the Baltic Sea island of Usedom in the Vorpommern-Greifswald district in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany.
Pesticides are substances that are meant to control pests, including weeds.
Peter Greenaway, CBE (born 5 April 1942 in Newport, Wales) is a British film director, screenwriter, and artist.
Peter Handke (born 6 December 1942) is an Austrian novelist, playwright and translator.
Peter David Tomarken (December 7, 1942March 13, 2006) was an American television personality primarily known as the host of game show Press Your Luck.
Peter Tork (born Peter Halsten Thorkelson, February 13, 1942) is an American musician and actor, best known as the keyboardist and bass guitarist of the Monkees.
Philip Anthony "Phil" Esposito, OC (born February 20, 1942) is a Canadian broadcaster, and former professional ice hockey executive, coach and player.
Philadelphia is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863.
Philanthropy means the love of humanity.
Philippe Huttenlocher (born November 29, 1942) is a Swiss baritone.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
Phillips Holmes (July 22, 1907 – August 12, 1942) was an American film actor who appeared in 44 films between 1928 and 1938.
Pierangelo Bertoli (November 5, 1942 – October 7, 2002) was an Italian singer-songwriter and poet.
Pierre Jean-Marie Laval (28 June 1883 – 15 October 1945) was a French politician.
Pierre Semard (15 February 1887, Bragny-sur-Saône, Saône-et-Loire - 7 March 1942, Évreux, Eure) was a trade unionist, secretary general of the federation of railway-workers and leader of the French Communist Party (acting as its secretary general from 1924 to 1928).
Plutonium is a radioactive chemical element with symbol Pu and atomic number 94.
The Polish government-in-exile, formally known as the Government of the Republic of Poland in exile (Rząd Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej na uchodźstwie), was the government in exile of Poland formed in the aftermath of the Invasion of Poland of September 1939, and the subsequent occupation of Poland by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union, which brought to an end the Second Polish Republic.
Poon Lim or Lim Poon BEM (March 8, 1918 – January 4, 1991) was a Chinese sailor who survived 133 days alone in the South Atlantic.
Pope John XIX of Alexandria (Abba Youannis XIX), 113th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark.
Miguel Ángel Osorio Benítez (July 29, 1883 – January 14, 1942), better known by his pseudonym, Porfirio Barba-Jacob, was a Colombian poet and writer.
Potosi Mountain is a mountain about southwest of Las Vegas in the Spring Mountains, in Clark County of southern Nevada.
Prague (Praha, Prag) is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 14th largest city in the European Union and also the historical capital of Bohemia.
The Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, sometimes also referred to informally as the "Prime Minister", is the Leader of the State Council of China (constitutionally synonymous with the "Central People's Government" since 1954), who is the head of government and holds the highest rank (Level 1) in the Civil Service.
The President of the Republic of Angola (Presidente da República de Angola in Portuguese) is both head of state and head of government in Angola.
The President of the Argentine Nation (Presidente de la Nación Argentina), usually known as the President of Argentina, is both head of state and head of government of Argentina.
The President of Bolivia (Presidente de Bolivia) officially known as the President of the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Presidente del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia), is head of state and head of government of Bolivia.
The President of Brazil, officially the President of the Federative Republic of Brazil (Presidente da República Federativa do Brasil) or simply the President of the Republic, is both the head of state and the head of government of the Federative Republic of Brazil.
The President of the Republic of Chile (Presidente de la República de Chile) is the head of state and the head of government of the Republic of Chile.
The President of the Republic of Finland (Suomen tasavallan presidentti, Republiken Finlands president) is the head of state of Finland.
The President of Guatemala (Presidente de Guatemala) officially known as the President of the Republic of Guatemala (Presidente de la República de Guatemala), is the head of state and head of government of Guatemala, elected to a single four-year term.
The President of the Republic of Haiti (Président de la République d'Haïti, Prezidan peyi Repiblik Ayiti) is the head of state of Haiti.
The President of the Republic of Hungary (Magyarország köztársasági elnöke, államelnök, or államfő) is the head of state of Hungary.
The President of Mexico (Presidente de México), officially known as the President of the United Mexican States (Presidente de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos), is the head of state and government of Mexico.
The President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria is the head of state and head of the national executive of Nigeria.
The President of Paraguay (Presidente de la República del Paraguay) is according to the Constitution of Paraguay the head of the executive branch of the Government of Paraguay, both head of state and head of government.
The President of the Republic of Poland (Prezydent Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej, shorter form: Prezydent RP) is the head of state of Poland.
The President of Serbia (Председник Србије / Predsednik Srbije), officially styled as the President of the Republic, is the head of state of Serbia.
The President of the Republic of South Africa is the head of state and head of government under the Constitution of South Africa.
The International Olympic Committee is a corporation based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrius Vikelas on 23 June 1894.
The President of the People's Republic of China is the head of state of the People's Republic of China.
The President of Zimbabwe is the head of state of Zimbabwe.
The Presidium of the Supreme Soviet (Президиум Верховного Совета or Prezidium Verkhovnogo Soveta) was a Soviet governmental institution – a permanent body of the Supreme Soviets (parliaments).
Ernest Preston Manning, (born June 10, 1942) is an Alberta-based conservative Canadian politician.
Presbyter is, in the Bible, a synonym for bishop (episkopos), referring to a leader in local Church congregations.
The Prime Minister of Bulgaria (Министър-председател, Ministar-predsedatel) is the head of government of Bulgaria.
The Prime Minister of Denmark (Danmarks statsminister; literally "Minister of the State") is the head of government in the Kingdom of Denmark.
The Prime Minister of Estonia (Estonian: Eesti Vabariigi peaminister, literally translated as Head Minister of Estonia) is the head of government of the Republic of Estonia.
The French Prime Minister (Premier ministre français) in the Fifth Republic is the head of government.
The Prime Minister of Iran was a political post in Iran that had existed during several different periods of time starting with the Qajar era (when the country was internationally known as Persia) until its most recent revival from 1979 to 1989 following the Iranian Revolution.
The Prime Minister of Israel (רֹאשׁ הַמֶּמְשָׁלָה, Rosh HaMemshala, lit. Head of the Government, Hebrew acronym: רה״מ; رئيس الحكومة, Ra'īs al-Ḥukūma) is the head of government of Israel and the most powerful figure in Israeli politics.
The is the head of government of Japan.
The Prime Minister of Malta (Prim Ministru ta' Malta) is the Head of Government, which is the highest official of Malta.
The Prime Minister of New Zealand (Te Pirimia o Aotearoa) is the head of government of New Zealand.
The Prime Minister of Spain, officially the President of the Government of Spain (Presidente del Gobierno de España), is the head of the government of Spain.
The Prime Minister of Turkey (Turkish: Başbakan) was the head of government of Turkey.
Prince Amedeo, Duke of Aosta (Amedeo Umberto Isabella Luigi Filippo Maria Giuseppe Giovanni di Savoia-Aosta; 21 October 1898 – 3 March 1942) was the third Duke of Aosta and a first cousin, once removed of the King of Italy, Victor Emmanuel III.
Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, (Arthur William Patrick Albert; 1 May 185016 January 1942) was a member of the British Royal Family who served as the Governor General of Canada, the tenth since Canadian Confederation.
Prince Eitel Friedrich of Prussia (Wilhelm Eitel Friedrich Christian Karl; 7 July 1883 – 8 December 1942) was the second son of Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany by his first wife, Augusta Viktoria of Schleswig-Holstein.
Prince George, Duke of Kent, (George Edward Alexander Edmund; 20 December 1902 – 25 August 1942) was the fourth son of King George V and Queen Mary.
Prince Heinrich XXXIII Reuss of Köstritz (26 July 1879 – 15 November 1942) was the son of Prince Heinrich VII Reuss of Köstritz and his wife Princess Marie Alexandrine of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.
Prince Ludwig Gaston of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Ludwig Gaston Klemens Maria Michael Gabriel Raphael Gonzaga; 15 September 1870 – 23 January 1942), known in Brazil as Dom Luís Gastão, was a German prince of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha-Koháry, and the last surviving grandchild of Emperor Pedro II of Brazil.
Prince Michael of Kent, (Michael George Charles Franklin; born 4 July 1942) is a member of the British royal family.
Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, VA, CI, (Alexandra Louise Olga Victoria; 1 September 1878 – 16 April 1942), was the fourth child and third daughter of Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia.
Propaganda is information that is not objective and is used primarily to influence an audience and further an agenda, often by presenting facts selectively to encourage a particular synthesis or perception, or using loaded language to produce an emotional rather than a rational response to the information that is presented.
Kossak-Szczucka's Protest was an official protest by Polish Catholics against the mass murder of Jews in German-occupied Poland.
A PT boat (short for Patrol Torpedo boat) was a torpedo-armed fast attack craft used by the United States Navy in World War II.
Pyotr Ilyich Klimuk (Пётр Ільіч Кліму́к; Пётр Ильич Климу́к; born 10 July 1942) is a former Soviet cosmonaut and the first Belarusian to perform space travel.
Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.
The Quit India Movement or the India August Movement, was a movement launched at the Bombay session of the All-India Congress Committee by Mahatma Gandhi on 8 August 1942, during World War II, demanding an end to British Rule of India.
Racho Petrov Stoyanov (Рачо Петров Стоянов) (3 March 1861 – 22 January 1942) was a leading Bulgarian general and politician.
Raczyński's Note - the official diplomatic note of the Government of Poland in exile from December 10, 1942, signed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs Edward Raczyński regarding the extermination of the Jews in Poland occupied by the Germany.
Radu Vasile (10 October 1942 – 3 July 2013) was a Romanian politician, historian and poet.
RAF Bomber Command controlled the RAF's bomber forces from 1936 to 1968.
Rajesh Khanna (born Jatin Khanna; 29 December 1942 – 18 July 2012) was an Indian actor, film producer and politician who is known for his work in Hindi cinema.
Ralph Phillip Klein, (November 1, 1942 March 29, 2013) was a Canadian politician who served as the 12th Premier of Alberta and leader of the Progressive Conservative Association of Alberta from 1992 until his retirement in 2006.
Ralph Rainger (October 7, 1901 – October 23, 1942) was an American composer of popular music principally for films.
Ramiro de León Carpio (January 12, 1942 – April 16, 2002) was the President of Guatemala from June 6, 1993 until January 14, 1996.
Raoul Dandurand, (November 4, 1861 – March 11, 1942) was a Canadian politician and longtime organizer in Quebec for the Liberal Party of Canada.
Ratko Mladić (Ратко Младић,; born 12 March 1943) is a Bosnian Serb former general found guilty of committing war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY).
Raymond Depardon (born 6 July 1942) is a French photographer, photojournalist and documentary filmmaker.
Refik Ibrahim Saydam (8 September 1881 – 8 July 1942) was a Turkish physician, politician and the fourth Prime Minister of Turkey, serving from 25 January 1939 until his death on 8 July 1942.
The Royal Navy (Italian: Regia Marina) was the navy of the Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia) from 1861 to 1946.
Reginald F. Lewis (December 7, 1942 – January 19, 1993), was an American businessman.
The Reichstag ("Diet of the Realm"), officially the Großdeutscher Reichstag ("Greater-German Reichstag") after 1938, was the pseudo-Parliament of the Third Reich from 1933 to 1945.
Reinhard Tristan Eugen Heydrich (7 March 1904 – 4 June 1942) was a high-ranking German Nazi official during World War II, and a main architect of the Holocaust.
René Angélil, (January 16, 1942 – January 14, 2016) was a Canadian musical producer, talent manager and singer.
René Bull was a British illustrator and photographer.
Renward Brandstetter (29 June 1860 – 17 April 1942) was a Swiss philologist and linguist who published about medieval and modern Swiss dialects language and the older Swiss theatre history and studied the insular Malayo-Polynesian languages (now considered a subgroup of Austronesian languages).
Republic Square or Square of the Republic (Трг републике / Trg republike) is one of the central town squares and an urban neighborhood of Belgrade, located in the Stari Grad municipality.
Richard Raul Garcia (born May 22, 1942) is a former umpire in Major League Baseball (MLB) who worked in the American League (AL) from 1975 to 1999.
Richard Beggs (born January 8, 1942) is an American sound designer.
Richard O'Brien (born Richard Smith; 25 March 1942) is a British-New Zealand actor, television presenter, musician, writer, voice artist and theatre performer.
Richard Roundtree (born July 9, 1942) is an American actor.
Brigadier General Richard Stephen "Steve" Ritchie (born June 25, 1942) was an officer in the United States Air Force and the Colorado Air National Guard, and a general officer in the Air Force Reserve.
Richard Tucker (June 4, 1884 – December 5, 1942) was an American actor.
Richard Martin Willstätter, (13 August 1872 – 3 August 1942) was a German organic chemist whose study of the structure of plant pigments, chlorophyll included, won him the 1915 Nobel Prize for Chemistry.
Riga (Rīga) is the capital and largest city of Latvia.
Rio de Janeiro (River of January), or simply Rio, is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.
The River Medway is a river in South East England.
Robert Bosch (23 September 1861 – 12 March 1942) was a German industrialist, engineer and inventor, founder of Robert Bosch GmbH.
Robert Danneberg (23 July 1882, in Vienna – approx 12 December 1942, in Auschwitz) was an Austrian Jewish politician, a member of the Social Democratic Workers Party of Austria (SDAPÖ) and a prominent Austro-Marxist theoretician.
Robert Fry Engle III (born November 10, 1942) is an American economist and the winner of the 2003 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, sharing the award with Clive Granger, "for methods of analyzing economic time series with time-varying volatility (ARCH)".
Robert Howard Grubbs (born February 27, 1942) is an American chemist and the Victor and Elizabeth Atkins Professor of Chemistry at the California Institute of Technology in Southern California.
Robert Kosch (5 April 1856 in Glatz (Kłodzko), Prussian Silesia – 22 December 1942) was a Prussian General of the Infantry during World War I.
Robert Musil (or; 6 November 1880 – 15 April 1942) was an Austrian philosophical writer.
Sir Robert William Chapman MIEAust (27 December 1866 – 27 February 1942) was an Australian mathematician and engineer.
Roberto Arlt (1900–1942) was an Argentine writer.
Roberto García-Calvo Montiel (La Bañeza, 1942 - Villaviciosa de Odón, 2008) was a Spanish judge.
Jaime Gerardo Roberto Marcelino María Ortiz Lizardi (September 24, 1886 – July 15, 1942) was President of Argentina from February 20, 1938 to June 27, 1942.
Roberto Alfredo Perfumo (3 October 1942 – 10 March 2016) was an Argentine footballer and sports commentator.
Roger Maxwell Chapman (born 8 April 1942 in Leicester), also known as Chappo, is an English rock vocalist.
Roger Joseph Ebert (June 18, 1942 – April 4, 2013) was an American film critic, historian, journalist, screenwriter, and author.
James Roger McGuinn (born James Joseph McGuinn III; July 13, 1942), known professionally as Roger McGuinn and previously as Jim McGuinn, is an American musician.
Roger Thomas Staubach (born February 5, 1942), nicknamed "Roger the Dodger", "Captain America" and "Captain Comeback", is a former American football quarterback in the National Football League (NFL).
Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.
Ronald Baecker (born October 7, 1942) is a tenured professor of Computer Science (cross-appointed to the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and to the Faculty of Management) at the University of Toronto, and has held these positions since 1989.
Ronald Bass (born March 26, 1942) sometimes credited as Ron Bass, is an American screenwriter and film producer.
Ronald James Padavona (July 10, 1942May 16, 2010), known professionally as Ronnie James Dio or simply Dio, was an American singer, songwriter, and musician.
Rosa von Praunheim (born 25 November 1942) is a German film director, author, painter and the most famous gay rights activist in Germany, Austria and Switzerland.
Rose Francine Rogombé (née Etomba) (20 September 1942 – 10 April 2015) was a Gabonese politician who was Acting President of Gabon from June 2009 to October 2009, following the death of long-time President Omar Bongo.
Roshan Seth is an Indian-born British actor, who appears mainly in British and American films.
The Royal Australian Navy (RAN) is the naval branch of the Australian Defence Force.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
The Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF) (Maori: Te Tauaarangi o Aotearoa, "New Zealand Warriors of the Sky"; previously Te Hokowhitu o Kahurangi, "War Party of the Blue") is the air force component of the New Zealand Defence Force.
Rubén Ruiz Ibárruri (January 9, 1920 – September 3, 1942) was the son of Spanish communist leader Dolores Ibárruri and a posthumous Hero of the Soviet Union.
HE Ruben James Kun (30 March 1942 – 21 September 2014) was a political figure from the Pacific nation of Nauru and was President of the Republic of Nauru.
Rudi Čajavec (1 April 1911 – 2 July 1942) was a Yugoslav pilot (from Bosnia and Herzegovina), best known as the first airman of Partisan air force.
Rudolf Jaenisch (born 22 April 1942) is a Professor of Biology at MIT and a founding member of the Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research.
Alfred Rupert Sheldrake (born 28 June 1942) is an English author, and researcher in the field of parapsychology, who developed the concept of "morphic resonance".
Rutanya Alda (born October 13, 1942) is a Latvian-American actress.
Ruth Glick née Burtnick, (born April 27, 1942, in Lexington, Kentucky), is a writer of cookbooks, romance and young adult novels.
Sabotage is a deliberate action aimed at weakening a polity, effort or organization through subversion, obstruction, disruption or destruction.
The sabre (British English) or saber (American English) is a type of backsword with a curved blade associated with the light cavalry of the early modern and Napoleonic periods.
Saint-Nazaire (Gallo: Saint-Nazère/Saint-Nazaer) is a commune in the Loire-Atlantique department in western France, in traditional Brittany.
was a Japanese writer of free-style verse, active in the Taishō and early Shōwa periods of Japan.
Salim Ahmed Salim (سليم احمد سليم, Urdu:, Salim Ahmad Salim, born 23 January 1942) is a Tanzanian diplomat who has worked in the international diplomatic arena since the early 1960s.
Sultan Sallehuddin ibni al-Marhum Sultan Badlishah (born 30 April 1942) is the 29th Sultan of Kedah, Malaysia.
Saludos Amigos (Spanish for "Greetings, Friends") is a 1942 American live-action animated package film produced by Walt Disney and released by RKO Radio Pictures.
Salvatore Lo Piccolo (born July 20, 1942 in Palermo), also known as the Baron (il Barone), is a Sicilian mafioso and one of the most powerful bosses of Palermo, Sicily.
Sandra Dee (born Alexandra Zuck; April 23, 1942 – February 20, 2005) was an American actress.
Santa Barbara (Spanish for "Saint Barbara") is the county seat of Santa Barbara County in the U.S. state of California.
Santa Isabel Island (also known as Isabel, Ysabel and Mahaga) is the longest in the Solomon Islands, the third largest in terms of surface area, and the largest in the group of islands in Isabel Province.
Muhammad Jaffar Khan Leghari (born 23 June 1942) is a Pakistani politician who had been a member of the National Assembly of Pakistan, from 2002 to May 2018.
Sarny (Сáрни, Russian and Belarusian: Сáрны, Sarny), translated as Does, is a small city in Rivne Oblast (province) of western Ukraine.
The Sarny Massacre was the execution of an estimated 14,000 to 18,000 people, mostly Jews, in the Nazi-occupied city of Sarny, now Rivne Oblast of Ukraine, on August 27 and 28, 1942.
Savannah is the oldest city in the U.S. state of Georgia and is the county seat of Chatham County.
Sébastien Faure (born 6 January 1858 in Saint-Étienne, Loire, France; died 14 July 1942 in Royan, Charente-Maritime, France) was a French anarchist, freethought and secularist activist and a principal proponent of synthesis anarchism.
Séraphine Louis, known as Séraphine de Senlis (Séraphine of Senlis) (1864–1942), was a French painter in the naïve style.
John Paul Larkin (March 13, 1942 – December 3, 1999), known professionally as Scatman John, was an American music artist who created a fusion of scat singing and dance music, best known for his 1995 hits "Scatman (Ski Ba Bop Ba Dop Bop)" and "Scatman's World" and 1997 hit "Everybody Jam!" Scatman John sold millions of recordings worldwide and was named Best New Artist in the Echo Awards in both Japan and Germany.
Scott Wilson (born March 29, 1942) is an American film and television actor.
The French fleet in Toulon was scuttled on 27 November 1942 to avoid capture by Nazi German forces.
Seacliff Lunatic Asylum (often Seacliff Asylum, later Seacliff Mental Hospital) was a psychiatric hospital in Seacliff, New Zealand.
The Second Battle of El Alamein (23 October – 11 November 1942) was a battle of the Second World War that took place near the Egyptian railway halt of El Alamein. With the Allies victorious, it was the watershed of the Western Desert Campaign. The First Battle of El Alamein had prevented the Axis from advancing further into Egypt. In August 1942, Lieutenant-General Sir Bernard Law Montgomery took command of the Eighth Army following the sacking of General Claude Auchinleck and the death of his replacement Lieutenant-General William Gott in an air crash. The Allied victory turned the tide in the North African Campaign and ended the Axis threat to Egypt, the Suez Canal and the Middle Eastern and Persian oil fields via North Africa. The Second Battle of El Alamein revived the morale of the Allies, being the first big success against the Axis since Operation Crusader in late 1941. The battle coincided with the Allied invasion of French North Africa in Operation Torch, which started on 8 November, the Battle of Stalingrad and the Guadalcanal Campaign.
The Second Battle of Kharkov or Operation Fredericus was an Axis counter-offensive in the region around Kharkov (now Kharkiv)Kharkov is the Russian language name of the city Kharkiv (Kharkiv the Ukrainian one); both Russian and Ukrainian were official languages in the Soviet Union (Source: & by Routledge) against the Red Army Izium bridgehead offensive conducted 12–28 May 1942, on the Eastern Front during World War II.
The Second Battle of Sirte was a naval engagement in which the escorting warships of a British convoy to Malta frustrated a much more powerful Regia Marina (Italian Navy) squadron.
Selfridge Air National Guard Base or Selfridge ANGB is an Air National Guard installation located in Harrison Township, Michigan, near Mount Clemens.
It is frequently the day of the autumnal equinox in the Northern Hemisphere and the day of the vernal equinox in the Southern Hemisphere.
Father Sergei Mikhailovich Solovyov (October 25, 1885 in Moscow, Russian Empire – March 2, 1942 in Kazan, USSR) was a Russian poet, religious philosopher and an Orthodox (later Greek Catholic) priest.
A serial killer is typically a person who murders three or more people,A serial killer is most commonly defined as a person who kills three or more people for psychological gratification; reliable sources over the years agree.
Sevastopol (Севастополь; Севасто́поль; Акъяр, Aqyar), traditionally Sebastopol, is the largest city on the Crimean Peninsula and a major Black Sea port.
Shere Hite (born November 2, 1942) is an American-born German sex educator and feminist.
Sherry D. Jackson (born February 15, 1942) is a retired American actress and former child star.
The Siege of Malta in the Second World War was a military campaign in the Mediterranean Theatre.
Siegmund Glücksmann (born May 30, 1884, Radocza, d. October 6, 1942, Bukhara) was a German-Jewish socialist politician.
Sigtryggur Jonasson (February 8, 1852 – November 26, 1942) was a community leader and politician in Manitoba, Canada.
The Sikorsky R-4 is a two-seat helicopter designed by Igor Sikorsky with a single, three-bladed main rotor and powered by a radial engine.
Sir Jeremiah Colman, 1st Baronet DL (24 April 1859 - 16 January 1942) was an industrialist who developed Colman's Mustard into an international concern.
The Sittaung (စစ်တောင်းမြစ်; formerly, the Sittang or Sittoung) is a river in south central Myanmar in Bago Division.
Sixto Diaz Rodriguez, known professionally as Rodriguez (born July 10, 1942), is an American singer-songwriter from Detroit, Michigan.
The Skeleton Coast is the northern part of the Atlantic coast of Namibia and south of Angola from the Kunene River south to the Swakop River, although the name is sometimes used to describe the entire Namib Desert coast.
Soad Hosny (سعاد حسنى: January 26, 1943 – June 21, 2001) was an Egyptian actress born in Cairo.
Sobibór (or Sobibor) was a Nazi German extermination camp built and operated by the SS near the railway station of Sobibór during World War II, within the semi-colonial territory of General Government of the occupied Second Polish Republic.
Sobibór is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Włodawa, within Włodawa County, Lublin Voivodeship, in eastern Poland.
The Society of Jesus (SJ – from Societas Iesu) is a scholarly religious congregation of the Catholic Church which originated in sixteenth-century Spain.
Solomon Islands is a sovereign country consisting of six major islands and over 900 smaller islands in Oceania lying to the east of Papua New Guinea and northwest of Vanuatu and covering a land area of.
Southern California (colloquially known as SoCal) is a geographic and cultural region that generally comprises California's southernmost counties.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
The United States Coast Guard (USCG) Women's Reserve, better known as the SPARS, was the World War II women's branch of the USCG Reserve.
The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the United States House of Representatives.
The Special Air Service (SAS) is a special forces unit of the British Army.
Special effects (often abbreviated as SFX, SPFX, or simply FX) are illusions or visual tricks used in the film, television, theatre, video game and simulator industries to simulate the imagined events in a story or virtual world.
The Special Operations Executive (SOE) was a British World War II organisation.
Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea.
SS Faja de Oro ("Strip of Gold", which is a petroleum rich area in Mexico) was an oil tanker built in 1914.
St John Hutchinson KC (8 April 1884 – 24 October 1942) was a British barrister and Liberal Party politician.
The St Nazaire Raid or Operation Chariot was a successful British amphibious attack on the heavily defended Normandie dry dock at St Nazaire in German-occupied France during the Second World War.
Staf De Clercq (16 September 1884 – 22 October 1942) was a Flemish nationalist collaborator, co-founder and leader of the Flemish nationalist Vlaamsch Nationaal Verbond (Flemish National League, or VNV).
Stanisław Jakub Skarżyński (1 May 1899 − 26 June 1942) was a lieutenant colonel in the Polish Air Force and aviator famous for his transatlantic solo flight in 1933.
Stanley Benjamin Prusiner M.D (born May 28, 1942) is an American neurologist and biochemist.
Stanley Kevin Bates (born 8 October 1942 in East Finchley, London) is a British actor and screen writer most famously known for the role of Bungle, and as a scriptwriter, in the children's television programme, Rainbow between 1973 and 1989, season 2 to season 17.
The Star of David (✡), known in Hebrew as the Shield of David or Magen David (Hebrew rtl; Biblical Hebrew Māḡēn Dāwīḏ, Tiberian, Modern Hebrew, Ashkenazi Hebrew and Yiddish Mogein Dovid or Mogen Dovid), is a generally recognized symbol of modern Jewish identity and Judaism.
The Statute of Westminster Adoption Act 1942 is an Act of the Australian Parliament that formally adopted the Statute of Westminster 1931, an Act of the British Imperial Parliament enabling the legislative independence of the various self-governing Dominions of the British Empire.
Stefan Zweig (28 November 1881 – 22 February 1942) was an Austrian novelist, playwright, journalist and biographer.
Stefanie Powers (born Stefanie Zofya Paul; November 2, 1942) is an American actress best known for her role as Jennifer Hart in the American mystery series Hart to Hart, with Robert Wagner, which aired for five seasons from 1979 to 1984.
Stephen William Hawking (8 January 1942 – 14 March 2018) was an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, and author, who was director of research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology at the University of Cambridge at the time of his death.
Holmes Sterling Morrison, Jr. (August 29, 1942 – August 30, 1995) was an American guitarist, best known as one of the founding members of the rock group the Velvet Underground, usually playing electric guitar, occasionally bass guitar, and singing backing vocals.
Stjepan Filipović (27 January 1916 – 22 May 1942) was a Yugoslav communist who led Kolubara Company of the Valjevo Partisan Detachment during the 1941 Partisan uprising.
The Struma disaster was the sinking on 24 February 1942 of a ship,, that had been trying to take nearly 800 Jewish refugees from Axis-allied Romania to Mandatory Palestine.
The Supreme Court of the Philippines (Kataas-taasang Hukuman ng Pilipinas; colloquially referred to as Korte Suprema) is the highest court in the Philippines.
Susan Michaela Sullivan (born November 18, 1942) is an American actress with credits in daytime and primetime programs.
Sônia Maria Vieira Gonçalves, better known by her stage name Susana Vieira and Suzana Vieira (born August 23, 1942) is a Brazilian actress.
Sydney Fairbrother (31 July 1873 – 4 January 1941) was a British actress.
The Sixth Yamaguchi-gumi Complete Databook 2008 Edition: "Tadamasa Goto" (p.137–138), February 1, 2009, Mediax, is a retired yakuza.
Taher Nashat al-Masri (طاهر المصري) is a Jordanian of Palestinian origin who served as Prime Minister of Jordan from 19 June 1991 to 21 November 1991.
Henry Saint Clair Fredericks (born May 17, 1942), who uses the stage name Taj Mahal, is an American blues musician, a self-taught singer-songwriter and film composer who plays the guitar, piano, banjo, and harmonica, among many other instruments.
Tamara Faye "Tammy" Messner (née LaValley; March 7, 1942July 20, 2007), formerly Tammy Faye Bakker, was an American Christian singer, evangelist, entrepreneur, author, talk show host, and television personality.
Tammy Wynette (born Virginia Wynette Pugh; May 5, 1942 – April 6, 1998), was an American country music singer-songwriter and one of country music's best-known artists and biggest-selling female singers.
was a rear admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy who served during the Second Sino-Japanese War, and in the Pacific War during World War II.
was a Japanese ace army aviator, credited with at least 18 aerial victories and who was honored posthumously by an award of the Order of the Golden Kite.
Telegraphy (from Greek: τῆλε têle, "at a distance" and γράφειν gráphein, "to write") is the long-distance transmission of textual or symbolic (as opposed to verbal or audio) messages without the physical exchange of an object bearing the message.
Tenor is a type of classical male singing voice, whose vocal range is normally the highest male voice type, which lies between the baritone and countertenor voice types.
Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo (born 5 June 1942) is an Equatoguinean politician who has been President of Equatorial Guinea since 1979.
Terowie (formerly Gottliebs Well and Shebbear) is a small town in the mid-north of South Australia located north of the state capital of Adelaide.
The Territory of the Military Commander in Serbia (Gebiet des Militärbefehlshabers in Serbien) was the area of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia that was placed under a military government of occupation by the Wehrmacht following the invasion, occupation and dismantling of Yugoslavia in April 1941.
Terence Graham Parry Jones (born 1 February 1942) is a Welsh actor, writer, comedian, screenwriter and film director.
William John Terence Neill (born 8 May 1942) is a Northern Ireland former football player and manager.
Tessenderlo is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Limburg.
Test Stand VII (Prüfstand VII, P-7) was the principal V-2 rocket testing facility at Peenemünde Airfield and was capable of static firing of rocket motors up to 200 tons thrust.
Thabo Mvuyelwa Mbeki (born 18 June 1942) is a South African politician who served as the second President of South Africa from 14 June 1999 to 24 September 2008.
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.
The Advertiser is a conservative, daily tabloid-format newspaper published in the city of Adelaide, South Australia.
The Byrds were an American rock band, formed in Los Angeles, California in 1964.
The Death Match (Матч смерти) (Матч смерті) is a name given in postwar historiography to the football match played in Kiev in Reichskommissariat Ukraine (abbreviated RKU) under occupation by Nazi Germany.
The Diary of a Young Girl, also known as The Diary of Anne Frank, is a book of the writings from the Dutch language diary kept by Anne Frank while she was in hiding for two years with her family during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands.
The Holocaust, also referred to as the Shoah, was a genocide during World War II in which Nazi Germany, aided by its collaborators, systematically murdered approximately 6 million European Jews, around two-thirds of the Jewish population of Europe, between 1941 and 1945.
The Screwtape Letters is a Christian apologetic novel by C. S. Lewis and dedicated to J.R.R. Tolkien.
Theatre or theater is a collaborative form of fine art that uses live performers, typically actors or actresses, to present the experience of a real or imagined event before a live audience in a specific place, often a stage.
Thomas Dean Pollard (born July 7, 1942) is a prominent educator, cell biologist and biophysicist whose research focuses on understanding cell motility through the study of actin filaments and myosin motors.
Thomas Michael Menino (December 27, 1942 – October 30, 2014) was an American politician who served as the 53rd Mayor of Boston, Massachusetts from 1993 to 2014.
Thorvald August Marinus Stauning (26 October 1873 in Copenhagen – 3 May 1942) was the first social democratic Prime Minister of Denmark.
Tim Maia (September 28, 1942 – March 15, 1998), born Sebastião Rodrigues Maia in Rio de Janeiro city, was a Brazilian musician, songwriter and businessman known for his iconoclastic, ironic, outspoken, and humorous musical style.
Timothy Yang or Yang Chin-tien (born 1 July 1942) is a Taiwanese diplomat and former Minister of Foreign Affairs and Secretary-General to the President of the Republic of China, serving under President Ma Ying-Jeou.
Martinus Johannes "Tinus" de Jongh (31 January 1885 in Amsterdam – 17 July 1942 in Bloemfontein) was one of South Africa's most popular painters.
Titus Brandsma (23 February 1881 - 26 July 1942), was a Dutch Carmelite friar, Catholic priest and professor of philosophy.
Tobin Bell (born Joseph Henry Tobin, Jr.; August 7, 1942) is an American actor.
Tobruk or Tubruq (Αντίπυργος) (طبرق Ṭubruq; also transliterated as Tóbruch, Tobruch, Tobruck and Tubruk) is a port city on Libya's eastern Mediterranean coast, near the border of Egypt.
Thomas J. Peters (born November 7, 1942) is an American writer on business management practices, best known for In Search of Excellence (co-authored with Robert H. Waterman Jr).
Tom Reynolds (9 August 1866 in London, England – 25 July 1942) was a British actor.
Tomasz Stańko (born July 11, 1942) is a Polish trumpeter, composer and improviser.
was a lieutenant general in the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II.
A torpedo bomber is a military aircraft designed primarily to attack ships with aerial torpedoes.
Toulon (Provençal: Tolon (classical norm), Touloun (Mistralian norm)) is a city in southern France and a large military harbour on the Mediterranean coast, with a major French naval base.
is a Japanese TV journalist best known for his flight to the Mir space station aboard a Soviet Soyuz spacecraft in 1990.
Treblinka was an extermination camp, built and operated by Nazi Germany in occupied Poland during World War II.
Treblinka is a village located in eastern Poland with 350 inhabitants.
Trincomalee (திருகோணமலை Tirukōṇamalai; ත්රිකුණාමළය Trikuṇāmalaya) also known as Gokanna, is the administrative headquarters of the Trincomalee District and major resort port city of Eastern Province, Sri Lanka.
A troopship (also troop ship or troop transport or trooper) is a ship used to carry soldiers, either in peacetime or wartime.
A tropical cyclone is a rapidly rotating storm system characterized by a low-pressure center, a closed low-level atmospheric circulation, strong winds, and a spiral arrangement of thunderstorms that produce heavy rain.
Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
TWA Flight 3 was a twin-engined Douglas DC-3-382 propliner, registration NC1946, operated by Transcontinental and Western Air as a scheduled domestic passenger flight from New York City, to Burbank, California, via Indianapolis, Indiana, St. Louis, Missouri, Albuquerque, New Mexico, and Las Vegas, Nevada.
U-boat is an anglicised version of the German word U-Boot, a shortening of Unterseeboot, literally "undersea boat".
Sir Ugo Pasquale Mifsud (12 September 1889 – 11 February 1942) was the 3rd Prime Minister of Malta.
Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.
The Ukrainische Hilfspolizei or the Ukrainian Auxiliary Police (Українська допоміжна поліція, Ukrains’ka dopomizhna politsiia) was the official title of the local police formation set up by Nazi Germany during World War II in Reichskommissariat Ukraine; shortly after the German conquest of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic in Operation Barbarossa against the Soviet Union, Germany's former ally in the invasion of Poland.
Ulf Hoelscher (born 17 January 1942 in Kitzingen) is a German violinist.
In baseball, the umpire is the person charged with officiating the game, including beginning and ending the game, enforcing the rules of the game and the grounds, making judgment calls on plays, and handling the disciplinary actions.
Union of Pioneers of Yugoslavia (Serbo-Croatian: Savez pionira Jugoslavije/Савез пионира Југославије; Zveza pionirjev Jugoslavije (ZPJ); Сојуз на пионери на Југославија) was the pioneer movement of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
The United States Army Air Forces (USAAF or AAF), informally known as the Air Force, was the aerial warfare service of the United States of America during and immediately after World War II (1939/41–1945), successor to the previous United States Army Air Corps and the direct predecessor of the United States Air Force of today, one of the five uniformed military services.
The United States Army Center of Military History (CMH) is a directorate within the Office of the Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army.
The Services Of Supply or "SOS" branch of the Army of the USA was created on 28 February 1942 by Executive Order Number 9082 "Reorganizing the Army and the War Department" and War Department Circular No.
The United States Attorney General (A.G.) is the head of the United States Department of Justice per, concerned with all legal affairs, and is the chief lawyer of the United States government.
The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is a branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the country's seven uniformed services.
The United States Marine Corps (USMC), also referred to as the United States Marines, is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for conducting amphibious operations with the United States Navy.
The United States Maritime Commission (MARCOM) was an independent executive agency of the U.S. federal government that was created by the Merchant Marine Act of 1936, passed by Congress on June 29, 1936, and replaced the United States Shipping Board which had existed since World War I. It was intended to formulate a merchant shipbuilding program to design and build five hundred modern merchant cargo ships to replace the World War I vintage vessels that comprised the bulk of the United States Merchant Marine, and to administer a subsidy system authorized by the Act to offset the cost differential between building in the U.S. and operating ships under the American flag.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
The United States Office of War Information (OWI) was a United States government agency created during World War II.
The United States presidential election of 2000 was the 54th quadrennial presidential election.
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprise the legislature of the United States.
The University of Chicago (UChicago, U of C, or Chicago) is a private, non-profit research university in Chicago, Illinois.
USS Saratoga (CV-3) was a built for the United States Navy during the 1920s.
The Uzbeks (Oʻzbek/Ўзбек, pl. Oʻzbeklar/Ўзбеклар) are a Turkic ethnic group; the largest Turkic ethnic group in Central Asia.
The V-2 (Vergeltungswaffe 2, "Retribution Weapon 2"), technical name Aggregat 4 (A4), was the world's first long-range guided ballistic missile.
Valentin Vitalyevich Lebedev (Валентин Витальевич Лебедев; born April 14, 1942 in Moscow) was a Soviet cosmonaut who made two flights into space.
Valeriy Nikolayevich Brumel (Валерий Николаевич Брумель; 14 April 1942 – 26 January 2003)Great Russian Encyclopedia (2006), Moscow: Bol'shaya Rossiyskaya Enciklopediya Publisher, vol.
Vasile Demetrius (pen name of Vasile Dumitrescu; October 1, 1878–March 15, 1942) was an Austro-Hungarian-born Romanian prose writer, poet and translator.
Vasily Ivanovich Alekseyev (Василий Иванович Алексеев; 7 January 1942 – 25 November 2011) was a Soviet weightlifter.
Vasily Pavlovich Kalafati (Василий Павлович Калафати, Vasilij Pavlovič Kalafati;, Yevpatoria, Crimea – 20 March 1942, near Leningrad) was a Russian composer and pedagogue.
The Vélodrome d'Hiver (Winter Velodrome), colloquially Vel' d'Hiv, was an indoor bicycle racing cycle track and stadium (velodrome) on rue Nélaton, not far from the Eiffel Tower in Paris.
Věra Čáslavská (3 May 1942 – 30 August 2016) was a Czechoslovak artistic gymnast and Czech sports official.
The Vice President of the United States (informally referred to as VPOTUS, or Veep) is a constitutional officer in the legislative branch of the federal government of the United States as the President of the Senate under Article I, Section 3, Clause 4, of the United States Constitution, as well as the second highest executive branch officer, after the President of the United States.
Vicente Fox Quesada, (born 2 July 1942) is a Mexican businessman and politician who served as the 55th President of Mexico from December 1, 2000 to November 30, 2006.
Vichy France (Régime de Vichy) is the common name of the French State (État français) headed by Marshal Philippe Pétain during World War II.
The VIII Fighter Command was a United States Army Air Forces unit of command above the Wings and below the numbered air force.
Viktor Esbensen (11 March 1881 – 29 January 1942) was a Norwegian mariner known for exploring the Antarctic region together with his father-in-law Carl Anton Larsen, looking to make a living from whaling.
Virginia Lee Corbin (December 5, 1910 - June 4, 1942) was an American silent film actress.
Vladimir Sergeyevitch Ignatowski, or Waldemar Sergius von Ignatowsky and similar names in other publications (* March 8/20, 1875 in Tbilisi, Georgia; † January 13, 1942 in Leningrad), was a Russian physicist.
Voice of America (VOA) is a U.S. government-funded international radio broadcast source that serves as the United States federal government's official institution for non-military, external broadcasting.
Volgograd (p), formerly Tsaritsyn, 1589–1925, and Stalingrad, 1925–1961, is an important industrial city and the administrative centre of Volgograd Oblast, Russia, on the western bank of the Volga River.
Torpedo Squadron 8 (VT-8) was a United States Navy squadron of World War II torpedo bombers.
Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov (né Skryabin; 9 March 1890 – 8 November 1986) was a Soviet politician and diplomat, an Old Bolshevik, and a leading figure in the Soviet government from the 1920s, when he rose to power as a protégé of Joseph Stalin.
Wacław Wąsowicz (born 25 August 1891 in Warsaw, died 6 October 1942 therein) was a Polish painter and printmaker.
Phan Sakunni (พาน สกุลณี), best known by the stage name Waiphot Phetsuphan (ไวพจน์ เพชรสุพรรณ), is a luk thung singer and National Artist of Thailand in 1997.
Walter Elias Disney (December 5, 1901December 15, 1966) was an American entrepreneur, animator, voice actor and film producer.
Walter Anthony Rodney (23 March 1942 – 13 June 1980) was a prominent Guyanese historian, political activist and academic.
Walter Richard Sickert (31 May 186022 January 1942) was an English painter and printmaker who was a member of the Camden Town Group in London.
Wang Zhizhen (born July 6, 1942 in Suzhou Jiangsu), also known as Chih-Chen Wang, is a Chinese biophysicist and professor at the Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences.
The Wannsee Conference (Wannseekonferenz) was a meeting of senior government officials of Nazi Germany and Schutzstaffel (SS) leaders, held in the Berlin suburb of Wannsee on 20 January 1942.
The War Relocation Authority (WRA) was a United States government agency established to handle the internment, i.e. forced relocation and detention, of Japanese Americans during World War II.
The War Shipping Administration (WSA) was a World War II emergency war agency of the US government, tasked to purchase and operate the civilian shipping tonnage the US needed for fighting the war.
Warsaw (Warszawa; see also other names) is the capital and largest city of Poland.
The Warsaw Ghetto (Warschauer Ghetto, officially Jüdischer Wohnbezirk in Warschau Jewish Residential District in Warsaw; getto warszawskie) was the largest of all the Jewish ghettos in German-occupied Europe during World War II.
The United States Naval Reserve (Women's Reserve), better known as the WAVES for the Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service, was the World War II women's branch of the United States Naval Reserve.
Carson Wayne Newton (born April 3, 1942) is an American singer and entertainer.
The Wehrmacht (lit. "defence force")From wehren, "to defend" and Macht., "power, force".
Wen Jiabao (born 15 September 1942) was the sixth Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, serving as China's head of government for a decade between 2003 and 2013.
Wenceslao Quinito Vinzons (born Wenceslao Quinito Vinson, September 28, 1910 – July 15, 1942) was a Filipino politician and a leader of the armed resistance against the Japanese occupying forces during World War II.
Werner Herzog (born 5 September 1942) is a German screenwriter, film director, author, actor, and opera director.
Camp Westerbork (Kamp Westerbork, Durchgangslager Westerbork) was a transit camp in Drenthe province, northeastern Netherlands, during World War II.
Wilhelm Junk (3 February 1866, Prague – 3 December 1942, Den Haag) was a noted Czech antiquarian bookseller in the field of natural history, and an entomologist.
Ensign William Warner Abercrombie, USN (24 July 1914 – 4 June 1942) was a United States Navy officer and Naval Aviator during World War II, who received the Navy Cross posthumously for his actions at the Battle of Midway.
William L Couper (1853 – June 23, 1942) was an American sculptor.
William George Morgan (January 23, 1870 – December 27, 1942) was the inventor of volleyball, originally called "Mintonette", a name derived from the game of badminton which he later agreed to change to better reflect the nature of the sport.
Sir William Henry Bragg (2 July 1862 – 12 March 1942) was a British physicist, chemist, mathematician and active sportsman who uniquelyThis is still a unique accomplishment, because no other parent-child combination has yet shared a Nobel Prize (in any field).
William Henry Jackson (April 4, 1843 – June 30, 1942) was an American painter, Civil War veteran, geological survey photographer and an explorer famous for his images of the American West.
William Stamps Farish II (February 23, 1881 – November 29, 1942) was a pioneer in East Texas oilfield development, president of Standard Oil and a founding member and president of the American Petroleum Institute.
William T. Hanna (October 23, 1920 in New York City, New York – October 9, 1942 at Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands) was an American marine.
William Temple (15 October 1881 – 26 October 1944) was a bishop in the Church of England.
Willie William Porter (born July 3, 1942 in Winston-Salem, North Carolina) is a retired professional basketball power forward who played two seasons (1967–68) in the American Basketball Association (ABA) as a member of the Oakland Oaks, Pittsburgh Pipers, Minnesota Pipers and the Houston Mavericks.
Willis Reed Jr. (born June 25, 1942) is an American retired basketball player, coach and general manager.
Willem Theodoor "Wim T." Schippers (born 1 July 1942) is a Dutch artist, comedian, television director, and voice actor.
Windhoek (Windhuk; ǀAiǁgams; Otjomuise) is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Namibia.
Wolbrom (Wolfram) is a town in Olkusz County, Lesser Poland Voivodeship, Poland, with 9,568 inhabitants (2005).
Wolfgang Schäuble (born 18 September 1942) is a German lawyer and politician of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) whose political career has spanned more than four decades.
The term wolfpack refers to the mass-attack tactics against convoys used by German U-boats of the Kriegsmarine during the Battle of the Atlantic, and by submarines of the United States Navy against Japanese shipping in the Pacific Ocean in World War II.
The Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASP), referred to by some as the Women's Army Service Pilots, was a civilian women pilots' organization, whose members were United States federal civil service employees.
The Women's Army Corps (WAC) was the women's branch of the United States Army.
The Women's Flying Training Detachment was a group of women pilots during World War II.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Fung Wang-yuen (22 September 1942 – 4 February 2014), better known by his stage name Wu Ma, was a Hong Kong actor, director, producer and writer born in Tianjin, Republic of China.
, also known as, are members of transnational organized crime syndicates originating in Japan.
The Yan'an Rectification Movement, also known as Zhengfeng or Cheng Feng, was the first ideological mass movement initiated by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), going from 1942 to 1944.
Yogesh Kumar Sabharwal (14 January 1942 – 3 July 2015) was the 36th Chief Justice of India.
(7 December 1878 – 29 May 1942) was the pen-name of a Japanese author, poet, pioneering feminist, pacifist, and social reformer, active in the late Meiji period as well as the Taishō and early Shōwa periods of Japan.
Youssouf Sambo Bâ (born May 10, 1942 in Boborgou, Niger) is a Burkinabé politician and retired teacher.
The Yugoslav Partisans,Serbo-Croatian, Macedonian, Slovene: Partizani, Партизани or the National Liberation Army,Narodnooslobodilačka vojska (NOV), Народноослободилачка војска (НОВ); Народноослободителна војска (НОВ); Narodnoosvobodilna vojska (NOV) officially the National Liberation Army and Partisan Detachments of Yugoslavia,Narodnooslobodilačka vojska i partizanski odredi Jugoslavije (NOV i POJ), Народноослободилачка војска и партизански одреди Југославије (НОВ и ПОЈ); Народноослободителна војска и партизански одреди на Југославија (НОВ и ПОЈ); Narodnoosvobodilna vojska in partizanski odredi Jugoslavije (NOV in POJ) was the Communist-led resistance to the Axis powers (chiefly Germany) in occupied Yugoslavia during World War II.
Yury Fyodorovich Yarov (Юрий Фёдорович Яров; born April 2, 1942) is a Russian politician who was a deputy prime minister from 1992 until 1996.
Johann Zénon Bernard (13 February 1893 in Kahler – 25 June 1942 in Kassel) was a Luxembourgian communist politician.
Zofia Kossak-Szczucka (10 August 1889 – 9 April 1968) was a Polish writer and World War II resistance fighter.
Zola Sidney Themba Skweyiya (14 April 1942 – 11 April 2018) was a South African politician who was Minister of Public Service and Administration from 1994 to 1999 and Minister of Social Development from 1999 to 2009.
George Bruno "Zoot" Money (born 17 July 1942 in Bournemouth, Hampshire) is an English vocalist, keyboardist and bandleader.
Zygmunt Jan Kisielewski (27 March 1882 – 25 April 1942) was a Polish writer, brother of Jan August and father of Stefan.
The 11th Army (11.) was a World War II field army.
The 14th Academy Awards honored American film achievements in 1941 and was held in the Biltmore Bowl at the Biltmore Hotel in Los Angeles, California.
This year was named by Mitchell Stephens as the greatest year to read newspapers.
In Germany, 1888 is known as the Year of the Three Emperors.
As of March 1 (O.S. February 17), when the Julian calendar acknowledged a leap day and the Gregorian calendar did not, the Julian calendar fell one day further behind, bringing the difference to 13 days until February 28 (O.S. February 15), 2100.
According to NASA reports, 1908 was the coldest recorded year since 1880.
A highlight was the race for the South Pole.
This year saw the beginning of what became known as World War I, after an heir to the Austrian throne was assassinated by a Serbian nationalist.
Below, the events of World War I have the "WWI" prefix.
Below, the events of the First World War have the "WWI" prefix.
This year was famous for the October Revolution in Russia, by Vladimir Lenin.
This year is famous for the end of the First World War, on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month, as well as for the flu pandemic, that killed 50-100 million people worldwide.
Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
The Luxembourgish general strike of 1942 was a manifestation of passive resistance when Luxembourg was occupied by Nazi Germany during World War II.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
This was the year of the Protests of 1968.
The year is associated with the first manned landing on the Moon (Apollo 11).
The year 1986 was designated as the International Year of Peace by the United Nations.
Important events of 1990 include the Reunification of Germany and the unification of Yemen, the formal beginning of the Human Genome Project (finished in 2003), the launch of the Hubble Space Telescope, the separation of Namibia from South Africa, and the Baltic states declaring independence from the Soviet Union amidst Perestroika.
The year 1994 was designated as the "International Year of the Family" and the "International Year of Sport and the Olympic Ideal" by the United Nations.
This was the first year that the Internet was entirely privatized, with the United States government no longer providing public funding.
1996 was designated as.
1998 was designated as the International Year of the Ocean.
1999 was designated as the International Year of Older Persons.
2000 was designated as.
2001 was designated as.
2002 was designated as.
2003 was designated the.
2004 was designated as.
2005 was designated as.
2006 was designated as.
2007 was designated as.
2008 was designated as.
2009 was designated as.
2010 was designated as.
2011 was designated as.
2012 was designated as.
2013 was designated as.
2014 was designated as.
2015 was designated as.
2016 was designated as.
2017 was designated as International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development by the United Nations General Assembly.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
The 6th Army, a field-army unit of the German Wehrmacht during World War II (1939-1945), has become widely remembered for its destruction by the Red Army at the Battle of Stalingrad in the winter of 1942/43.
The 92nd Coast Artillery Regiment was a Coast Artillery Corps regiment in the United States Army, part of the Philippine Scouts.