1131 relations: Abstract expressionism, Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, Academy Awards, Adnan Menderes, Adolfo López Mateos, Adolfo Ruiz Cortines, Advertising, Ahmad Jamal, Akira Kurosawa, Al Hibbler, Al Kaline, Alan Freed, Alan Ladd, Alaska, Albert King, Alcide De Gasperi, Alec Guinness, Aleksandr Ptushko, Algeria, Algerian War, American folk music revival, American football, American Pie (song), Ames Brothers, Amos Milburn, André François-Poncet, Andy Warhol, Andy Williams, Anita Kerr, Anne Francis, Annette Funicello, Anselmo Alliegro y Milá, António de Oliveira Salazar, Anthony Eden, Anthony Quinn, Anti-communism, Anti-Russian sentiment, Antonín Novotný, Antonín Zápotocký, Apartheid, Arab–Israeli conflict, Archie Moore, Argentina, Arizona, Army, Arsenio Rodríguez, Art Blakey, Art Pepper, Art Tatum, Arthur Alexander, ..., Arthur Crudup, Arthur Godfrey, Arturo Frondizi, Association football, Audrey Hepburn, Ava Gardner, Avro Tudor, Ayub Khan (President of Pakistan), Éamon de Valera, Édith Piaf, B.B. King, Baby Boy Warren, Baker Knight, Ballad of a Soldier, Barbara Stanwyck, Barnett Newman, Baseball, Basketball, Battle of Dien Bien Phu, Battle of Inchon, Bebop, Belgian Congo, Bell Labs, Ben E. King, Ben Hogan, Ben Webster, Ben-Hur (1959 film), Benny Goodman, Benny Moré, Bernard B. Fall, Bette Davis, Big Bill Broonzy, Big Jay McNeely, Big Joe Turner, Big Joe Williams, Big Maceo Merriweather, Big Mama Thornton, Bill Black, Bill Doggett, Bill Evans, Bill Haley, Bill Haley & His Comets, Bill Monroe, Bill Russell, Billie Holiday, Billy "The Kid" Emerson, Billy Fury, Billy Lee Riley, Billy Ward and his Dominoes, Bing Crosby, Black Ace, Blind Blake, Blueberry Hill (song), Blues, Bo Diddley, BOAC Flight 781, Bob Cousy, Bob Crosby, Bob Hope, Bob Pettit, Bob Wills, Bobby Bare, Bobby Bland, Bobby Charles, Bobby Darin, Bobby Day, Bobby Mitchell (singer), Bobby Rydell, Bobby Vee, Bobo Olson, Bolesław Bierut, Boozoo Chavis, Boxing, Boyd Bennett, Brandon deWilde, Brasília, Brenda Lee, Brigitte Bardot, British Empire, Buchanan Brothers, Buddy Ace, Buddy Holly, Buddy Knox, Buddy Rich, Bull Moose Jackson, Burt Lancaster, Cab Calloway, Calvin Boze, Cambodia, Cameron, Louisiana, Cannes Film Festival, Cannonball Adderley, Capitalism, Carl Dobkins Jr., Carl Mann, Carl Perkins, Carlos Manuel Piedra, Carlos Prío Socarrás, Carmen Basilio, Cary Grant, Casey Stengel, Catholicos of All Armenians, Celâl Bayar, Central Intelligence Agency, CERN, Cervical cancer, Cesar Romero, Champion Jack Dupree, Charles Aznavour, Charles Brown (musician), Charles de Gaulle, Charles H. Townes, Charles Mingus, Charlie Feathers, Charlie Gracie, Charlie Parker, Charlie Rich, Charlton Heston, Che Guevara, Chet Atkins, Chet Baker, Chiang Kai-shek, China, Chinese Civil War, Chlef, Chlorpromazine, Chris Kenner, Christian Dior, Christian Dior SE, Christine Kittrell, Chubby Checker, Chuck Berry, Chuck Higgins, Chuck Miller (musician), Chuck Taylor (salesman), Cinema of Europe, Cinema of Japan, Cinema of the Soviet Union, Cinema of the United States, Civil war, Clarence "Gatemouth" Brown, Clarence Garlow, Clark Gable, Claude Chabrol, Clay Cole, Clear Lake, Iowa, Cliff Richard, Cliff Robertson, Clifton Chenier, Clint Eastwood, Clyde McPhatter, Coco Chanel, Cold War, Colombia, Colonial empire, Color Field, Columbia University, Commonwealth realm, Communism, Connie Francis, Contact paper, Conway Twitty, Cool jazz, Cootie Williams, Cortina d'Ampezzo, Counter-terrorism, Cristóbal Balenciaga, Cuba, Cuban Revolution, Czechoslovakia, Dada, Dalida, Danny & the Juniors, Dave Appell, Dave Brubeck, David A. Morse, David Ben-Gurion, David Halberstam, David Houston (singer), De Havilland Comet, Dean Martin, Debbie Reynolds, Deborah Kerr, Decolonization, Dee Clark, Deep River Boys, Della Reese, Desi Arnaz, Diamonds Are a Girl's Best Friend, Diana Dors, Dick Dale, Dick Dale (singer), Dick Glasser, Dickey Lee, Dinah Shore, Dinah Washington, Dion and the Belmonts, Discrimination, Division of Korea, Dizzy Gillespie, Django Reinhardt, DNA, Dolly Parton, Dominique Mbonyumutwa, Don and Juan, Don Julian (musician), Don McLean, Donald O'Connor, Doo-wop, Doris Day, Dorothy Dandridge, Douglas C-124 Globemaster II, Douglas DC-7, Douglas MacArthur, Dr. John, Duane Eddy, Duke Snider, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Earl Gaines, Earl Hines, Earl King, East Germany, East of Eden (film), Eddie Cochran, Eddie Fisher (singer), Eddie Mathews, Eddy Arnold, Egypt, Elizabeth II, Elizabeth Taylor, Ella Fitzgerald, Ellis Larkins, Elmore James, Elvis Presley, Emil Zátopek, Eric Wyndham White, Ernest Tubb, Ernie Banks, Ernie Freeman, Errol Flynn, Erskine Butterfield, Ethiopia, Etta James, Eugene Church, Eugene Robert Black, European Communities, European Economic Community, European Union, Eva Marie Saint, Eydie Gormé, Ezzard Charles, Faisal II of Iraq, Faron Young, Father of the Bride (1950 film), Fats Domino, Federation of Malaya, Federico Fellini, Ferenc Puskás, Fidel Castro, Figurative art, Film, First Indochina War, Floyd Council, Floyd Patterson, Formula One, Four Lovers, François Duvalier, Francis Crick, Francisco Franco, Frank Frost, Frank Robinson, Frank Sinatra, Frankie Avalon, Frankie Laine, Frankie Lymon, Fréjus, Fred Astaire, Freddie King, French Algeria, French Army, French Fourth Republic, French Indochina, French New Wave, French Union, Fulgencio Batista, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Garnet Mimms, Gary Cooper, Gary Crosby (bassist), Gene Allison, Gene Autry, Gene Kelly, Gene Krupa, Gene O'Quin, Gene Pitney, Gene Vincent, General Electric, Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1953 film), George Borg Olivier, George Mikan, George Reeves, George VI, Georgia Gibbs, Geraldine Page, Germany, Gerry Mulligan, Getúlio Vargas, Ghana, Gil Evans, Giulietta Masina, Glen Campbell, Gogi Grant, Golden Gate Quartet, Gordie Howe, Goree Carter, Grace Kelly, Grady Martin, Grand Canyon, Gregorian calendar, Gregory Peck, Grigory Chukhray, Griselio Torresola, Group Areas Act, Guerrilla warfare, Guitar showmanship, Guitar solo, Gustavo Rojas Pinilla, Guy Mitchell, H-Bomb Ferguson, Haile Selassie, Hainan, Haiti, Hal David, Hank Aaron, Hank Ballard, Hank Garland, Hank Thompson (musician), Hank Williams, Hard bop, Harold Macmillan, Harry Belafonte, Harry James, Harry S. Truman, Hawaii, Hawkshaw Hawkins, Hayley Mills, HeLa, Helen Forrest, Helen Hayes, Helsinki, Henrietta Lacks, Henry Fonda, Hirohito, History of the Brooklyn Dodgers, History of the New York Giants (baseball), History of the transistor, Ho Chi Minh, Holy See, Homer Harris, Homesick James, Honshu, Howlin' Wolf, Huey "Piano" Smith, Humphrey Bogart, Hurricane Audrey, Hurricane Diane, Hurricane Hazel, Hutu, I Confess (film), Ibn Saud, Ice hockey, Iconography, Idris of Libya, Ike Turner, Ikiru, Ilya Muromets (film), Immortalised cell line, Indonesia, Ingemar Johansson, Ingmar Bergman, Ingrid Bergman, Internment, Iraqi Republic (1958–68), Iron Curtain, Iskander Mirza, Israel, Ivan Konev, Ivory Joe Hunter, Ivy Mike, Jack Benny, Jack Clement, Jack Earls, Jack Guthrie, Jack Lemmon, Jack Palance, Jack Webb, Jackie Brenston, Jackie Gleason, Jackie Robinson, Jackie Wilson, Jackson Pollock, Jailhouse Rock (film), James Brown, James Burton, James Cagney, James Cotton, James Dean, James Mason, James Stewart, James Watson, Jan and Dean, Jane Russell, Janet Leigh, Janis Martin, Jawaharlal Nehru, Jay and the Americans, Jayne Mansfield, Jazz, Jean Cocteau, Jean Marais, Jean-Paul Belmondo, Jerry Lee Lewis, Jerry Lewis, Jerry Mathers, Jerry Reed, Jesse Belvin, Jesse Thomas (musician), Jet airliner, Jim Brown, Jimmie Davis, Jimmie Rodgers (pop singer), Jimmy Bowen, Jimmy Bryant, Jimmy Dorsey, Jimmy Durante, Jimmy Jones (pianist), Jimmy McCracklin, Jimmy Nelson (singer), Jimmy Nolen, Jimmy Preston, Jimmy Reed, Jo Stafford, Joan Crawford, Joan Sutherland, Joe Clay, Joe DiMaggio, Joe Hill Louis, Joe Houston, Joe Weaver, Joey Dee and the Starliters, Johannesburg, John A. Costello, John Coltrane, John Diefenbaker, John Gregson, John Landy, John Lee Hooker, John Wayne, Johnnie Ray, Johnny "Guitar" Watson, Johnny "Man" Young, Johnny Ace, Johnny and the Hurricanes, Johnny B. Goode, Johnny Bond, Johnny Burnette, Johnny Carson, Johnny Cash, Johnny Fuller (musician), Johnny Horton, Johnny Mathis, Johnny Otis, Johnny Preston, Johnny Rivers, Johnny Shines, Johnny Tillotson, Johnny Unitas, Jomo Kenyatta, Jon Provost, Jonas Salk, Joni James, Jorge Negrete, José Ferrer, Joseph Stalin, Josh White, Josip Broz Tito, Juan Perón, Judy Garland, Judy Holliday, Juho Kusti Paasikivi, Julie Harris (actress), Julie London, June Christy, June Valli, Junior Parker, Juscelino Kubitschek, K. C. Douglas, Katharine Hepburn, Kay Starr, Kenji Mizoguchi, Kenny Rogers, Kim Il-sung, Kim Novak, Kim Stanley, Kingdom of Cambodia (1953–70), Kingdom of Iraq, Kingdom of Laos, Kingdom of Libya, Kirk Douglas, Kitty Kallen, Klement Gottwald, KLM, KLM Flight 607-E, Konrad Adenauer, Korean Armistice Agreement, Korean War, Kris Jensen, Kwame Nkrumah, Kyu Sakamoto, La Strada, Lana Turner, Landing Operation on Hainan Island, Laos, Larry Williams, Laureano Gómez, Lauren Bacall, Laurence Olivier, LaVern Baker, Lazy Lester, Le Beau Serge, Lee Allen (musician), Lee Dorsey, Lenny Welch, Leroy Van Dyke, Les Paul, Leslie Coffelt, Lester B. Pearson, Lester Young, Lev Yashin, Libya, Life (magazine), Lightnin' Hopkins, Lionel Hampton, List of years in television, Little Anthony and the Imperials, Little Richard, Little Walter, Little Willie John, Little Willie Littlefield, Llandow air disaster, Lloyd Bridges, Lloyd Price, Lobotomy, Lockheed L-1049 Super Constellation, Lonnie Donegan, Loretta Lynn, Lou Christie, Louis Armstrong, Louis Jordan, Louis Prima, Louis St. Laurent, Lucille Ball, Lysergic acid diethylamide, Mabel Scott, Mac Curtis, Mahalia Jackson, Major Lance, Malcolm Yelvington, Malpasset Dam, Malta, Manchester United F.C., Manuel Fraga Iribarne, Manuel Urrutia Lleó, Mao Zedong, Maquis (World War II), María Félix, Marcello Mastroianni, Marcos Pérez Jiménez, Maria Callas, Marian Anderson, Marilyn Monroe, Mario Lanza, Mark Rothko, Marlene Dietrich, Marlon Brando, Marshall Plan, Martha Carson, Marty Robbins, Marvin & Johnny, Mary Ford, Maser, Mau Mau Uprising, Maureen Connolly, Maurice Pate, Maurice Richard, Maurice Williams and the Zodiacs, Max Merritt, Max Roach, Max von Sydow, Maybellene, McCarthyism, McGuire Sisters, Medical ultrasound, Melbourne, Memphis Slim, Mercalli intensity scale, Mercy Dee Walton, Merle Travis, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Mexico, Mickey & Sylvia, Mickey Mantle, Miguel Alemán Valdés, Miles Davis, Miles Davis Quintet, Mitch Miller, Modern Jazz Quartet, Mohammad Mosaddegh, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Montgomery Clift, Moon Mullican, Morocco, Mother See of Holy Etchmiadzin, Mount Lamington, Muddy Waters, Muhammad Najib ar-Ruba'i, Munich, Munich air disaster, Munich-Riem Airport, MV Astoria, Nagoya, Nantucket, Nappy Brown, NASA, Nat King Cole, Natalie Wood, Nazi Germany, Ned Miller, Neil Sedaka, Nervous Norvus, New York Yankees, Nights of Cabiria, Nikita Khrushchev, Nina Simone, Non-Aligned Movement, Norman Fox & The Rob-Roys, North American Aerospace Defense Command, North Korea, North Sea flood of 1953, North Vietnam, Northern Hemisphere, Obninsk, Obninsk Nuclear Power Plant, Odetta, Operation Upshot–Knothole, Orpheus (film), Orson Welles, Oscar Collazo, Oscar Peterson, Oslo, Osvaldo Dorticós Torrado, Otis Blackwell, Otis Williams, Otis Williams and the Charms, Pahlavi dynasty, Pan-Arabism, Papua New Guinea, Parliament of South Africa, Pat Boone, Pat Hare, Patsy Cline, Patti Page, Paul Anka, Paul Newman, Pérez Prado, Pedro Infante, Pee Wee Crayton, Pee Wee King, Peggy Lee, Pelé, Peppermint Harris, Perry Como, Pete Seeger, Peter Cushing, Peter Lawford, Pharmacology, Phil Phillips, Philco, Pink Anderson, Polio vaccine, Poliomyelitis, Polypropylene, Pop art, Pope John XXIII, Pope Pius XII, Popular music, Post–World War II economic expansion, President's Guest House, Prisoner of war, Propaganda, Racial segregation, Ralph Willis (blues musician), Randy & the Rainbows, Rashomon, Ray Charles, Ray Milland, Ray Price (musician), Ray Smith (rockabilly singer), RCA, RDS-37, René Coty, Richard Berry (musician), Richard Burton, Richard Widmark, Ricky Nelson, Rita Hayworth, Ritchie Valens, Robert & Johnny, Robert Menzies, Robert Mitchum, Robert Nighthawk, Robert Schuman, Robert Taylor (actor), Robert Wagner, Roberto Urdaneta Arbeláez, Robin Luke, Rock and roll, Rock and Roll Music, Rock Around the Clock, Rock Hudson, Rockabilly, Rocky Marciano, Roger Bannister, Roll Over Beethoven, Ron Holden, Rosalind Franklin, Rosalind Russell, Rosco Gordon, Rose Murphy, Rosemary Clooney, Roy Brown (blues musician), Roy Campanella, Roy Hamilton, Roy Milton, Roy Orbison, Roy Rogers, Rufus Thomas, Rugby football, Rusty Draper, Ruth Brown, Rwandan genocide, Rwandan Revolution, Sadko (film), Sal Mineo, Sam Butera, Sam Cooke, Sam Phillips, Sam Snead, Sammy Davis Jr., Sammy Turner, Sampo (film), Sandra Dee, Sandy Nelson, Sarah Vaughan, Satellite, Saud of Saudi Arabia, Saudi Arabia, Saunders King, Scrapper Blackwell, Screamin' Jay Hawkins, Seán Lemass, Seoul, Seven Samurai, Shelley Winters, Shepherd Sisters, Shirley MacLaine, Sidney Bechet, Silas Hogan, Skeets McDonald, Slim Harpo, Slim Rhodes, Slim Whitman, Smiles of a Summer Night, Smiley Lewis, Smokey Hogg, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Solar cell, Solomon Burke, Sonny Burgess, Sonny Fisher, Sonny James, Sonny Knight, Sons of the Pioneers, Sophia Loren, Sophiatown, South Africa, South Korea, South Vietnam, Soviet Union, Space Race, Speedy West, Spencer Tracy, Sputnik 1, St. Louis Jimmy Oden, Stan Getz, Stan Musial, Steve Allen, Steve Reeves, Sub-Saharan Africa, Sudan, Suez Canal, Suez Crisis, Sugar Ray Robinson, Sukarno, Sunnyland Slim, Susan Hayward, Syngman Rhee, T-Bone Walker, Tab Hunter, Tachikawa air disaster, Tachikawa, Tokyo, Tage Erlander, Taiwan, Tampa Red, Tátrai Quartet, Ted Williams, Television, Tennessee Ernie Ford, Tennis, Teresa Brewer, Terrorism, Tex Beneke, Tex Ritter, Tex Williams, The Accents, The African Queen (film), The Andrews Sisters, The Bell Notes, The Belmonts, The Big Bopper, The Bobbettes, The Bonnie Sisters, The Bosstones, The Brothers Four, The Cadets (group), The Cadillacs, The Capris, The Cardinals, The Castells, The Chad Mitchell Trio, The Champs, The Chantels, The Charioteers, The Chimes (US band), The Chips, The Chordettes, The Cleftones, The Clovers, The Coasters, The Collegians, The Corsairs, The Counts, The Crescendos, The Crests, The Crew-Cuts, The Crows, The Day the Music Died, The Del-Satins, The Del-Vikings, The Dells, The Delta Rhythm Boys, The Diamonds, The Dovells, The Drifters, The Dubs, The Duprees, The Earls, The Echoes (American group), The Edsels, The El Dorados, The Elegants, The Emotions, The Escorts (American band), The Everly Brothers, The Fairfield Four, The Falcons, The Fiestas, The Fifties (book), The Five Discs, The Five Keys, The Five Satins, The Five Sharps, The Flairs, The Flamingos, The Fleetwoods, The Fontane Sisters, The Four Aces, The Four Buddies, The Four Freshmen, The Four Knights, The Four Lads, The Four Preps, The Four Seasons (band), The Four Tunes, The G-Clefs, The Gaylords (American vocal group), The Harptones, The Heathertones, The Hidden Fortress, The Highwaymen (folk band), The Hilltoppers (band), The Hollywood Flames, The Impalas, The Ink Spots, The Isley Brothers, The Jaynetts, The Jesters, The Jewels, The Jive Bombers, The Jive Five, The Jubalaires, The Kingston Trio, The Knockouts, The Larks, The Lettermen, The Medallions, The Mello-Kings, The Mello-Moods, The Midnighters, The Mills Brothers, The Monotones, The Moonglows, The Mystics, The New Christy Minstrels, The Nutmegs, The Oak Ridge Boys, The Orioles, The Paragons, The Penguins, The Pied Pipers, The Platters, The Poni-Tails, The Quarrymen, The Quotations, The Ravens, The Rays, The Regents (doo-wop band), The Righteous Brothers, The Robins, The Rock-A-Teens, The Sensations, The Seventh Seal, The Shadows, The Silhouettes, The Solitaires, The Spaniels, The Sparkletones, The Spiders (American band), The Spinners (American R&B group), The Stereos, The Swallows, The Teen Queens, The Teenagers, The Ten Commandments (1956 film), The Tokens, The Tornados, The Turbans, The Tymes, The Valentines (doo-wop band), The Ventures, The Virtues, The Volumes, The Weavers, The Wrens (R&B band), Thelma Ritter, Thelonious Monk, Thermonuclear weapon, Throne of Blood, Timi Yuro, Tommy Brown (singer), Tommy Dorsey, Tommy Rettig, Tommy Ridgley, Tommy Sands (American singer), Toni Arden, Toni Fisher, Tony Bennett, Tony Curtis, Tony Hancock, Topical song, Toshiro Mifune, Track and field, Traditional pop music, Trans World Airlines, Transistor computer, Transistor radio, Travis and Bob, Treaty of Rome, Troy Donahue, Tunisia, Tunku Abdul Rahman, Tutsi, Typhoon Vera, United Airlines, United Airlines Flight 736, United Nations Command, United States Air Force, United States Congress, United States in the 1950s, Urho Kekkonen, Uruguay, Van Johnson, Vaughn Monroe, Vazgen I, Venezuela, Việt Minh, Victoria and Albert Museum, Viet Cong, Vietnam, Vietnam War, Vincent Auriol, Vivian Blaine, Vivian Vance, W. Sterling Cole, Wales, Walter Hallstein, Warren Smith (singer), Warren Spahn, Washboard Sam, Waylon Jennings, Webb Pierce, Werly Fairburn, Wes Montgomery, West Germany, Western world, Whitey Ford, Who Put the Bomp (in the Bomp, Bomp, Bomp), Wild Strawberries (film), Willem de Kooning, Willem Drees, William Frawley, William Holden, Willie Dixon, Willie Love, Willie Mays, Willie Nix, Wilma Rudolph, Windsbacher Knabenchor, Winston Churchill, World War II, Wynonie Harris, Yasujirō Ozu, Yogi Berra, Yul Brynner, Yves Montand, Zeeland, 1950, 1950 Assam–Tibet earthquake, 1950 FIFA World Cup, 1950s American automobile culture, 1951, 1952, 1952 Summer Olympics, 1952 Winter Olympics, 1953, 1954, 1954 Chlef earthquake, 1954 FIFA World Cup, 1954 Geneva Conference, 1954 Guatemalan coup d'état, 1955, 1956, 1956 Grand Canyon mid-air collision, 1956 Summer Olympics, 1956 Winter Olympics, 1957, 1958, 1958 FIFA World Cup, 1959, 1959 Uruguayan flood, 3D film. Expand index (1081 more) » « Shrink index
Abstract expressionism is a post–World War II art movement in American painting, developed in New York in the 1940s.
The Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film is one of the Academy Awards handed out annually by the U.S.-based Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS).
The Academy Awards, also known as the Oscars, are a set of 24 awards for artistic and technical merit in the American film industry, given annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), to recognize excellence in cinematic achievements as assessed by the Academy's voting membership.
Adnan Menderes (1899 – 17 September 1961) or Ali Adnan Ertekin Menderes was the Turkish Prime Minister between 1950–1960.
Adolfo López Mateos (26 May 1909 – 22 September 1969) was a Mexican politician affiliated with the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) who served as President of Mexico from 1958 to 1964.
Adolfo Tomás Ruiz Cortines (December 30, 1890 – December 3, 1973) was President of Mexico from 1952 to 1958, representing the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI).
Advertising is an audio or visual form of marketing communication that employs an openly sponsored, non-personal message to promote or sell a product, service or idea.
Ahmad Jamal (born Frederick Russell Jones, July 2, 1930) is an American jazz pianist, composer, bandleader, and educator.
was a Japanese film director and screenwriter, who directed 30 films in a career spanning 57 years.
Albert George "Al" Hibbler (August 16, 1915 – April 24, 2001) was an American baritone vocalist, who sang with Duke Ellington's orchestra before having several pop hits as a solo artist.
Albert William Kaline (born December 19, 1934), nicknamed "Mr.
Albert James "Alan" Freed (December 15, 1921 – January 20, 1965) was an American disc jockey.
Alan Walbridge Ladd (September 3, 1913 – January 29, 1964) was an American actor and film and television producer.
Alaska (Alax̂sxax̂) is a U.S. state located in the northwest extremity of North America.
Albert Nelson (April 25, 1923 – December 21, 1992), known by his stage name Albert King, was an American blues guitarist and singer whose playing influenced many other blues guitarists.
Alcide Amedeo Francesco De Gasperi (3 April 1881 – 19 August 1954) was an Italian statesman who founded the Christian Democracy party.
Sir Alec Guinness, (born Alec Guinness de Cuffe; 2 April 1914 – 5 August 2000) was an English actor.
Aleksandr Lukich Ptushko (Алекса́ндр Луки́ч Птушко́, Олександр Лукич Птушко; – 6 March 1973) was a Soviet animation and fantasy film director, and Meritorious Artist of the RSFSR.
Algeria (الجزائر, familary Algerian Arabic الدزاير; ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻⵔ; Dzayer; Algérie), officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a sovereign state in North Africa on the Mediterranean coast.
The American folk-music revival began during the 1940s and peaked in popularity in the mid-1960s.
American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end.
"American Pie" is a song by American singer and songwriter Don McLean.
The Ames Brothers were a singing quartet from Malden, Massachusetts, who were particularly famous in the 1950's for their traditional pop music hits.
Joseph Amos Milburn, Jr. (April 1, 1927 – January 3, 1980) was an American rhythm-and-blues singer and pianist, popular in the 1940s and 1950s.
André François-Poncet (13 June 1887 – 8 January 1978) was a French politician and diplomat whose post as ambassador to Germany allowed him to witness first-hand the rise to power of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party, and the Nazi regime's preparations for World War II.
Andy Warhol (born Andrew Warhola; August 6, 1928 – February 22, 1987) was an American artist, director and producer who was a leading figure in the visual art movement known as pop art.
Howard Andrew Williams (December 3, 1927 – September 25, 2012) was an American singer.
Anita Jean Grilli (born October 13, 1927), known professionally as Anita Kerr, is an American singer, arranger, composer, conductor, pianist, and music producer.
Anne Francis (also known as Anne Lloyd Francis; September 16, 1930 – January 2, 2011) was an American actress known for her role in the science fiction film Forbidden Planet (1956) and for having starred in the television series Honey West (1965–1966), which was the first TV series with a female detective character's name in the title.
Annette Joanne Funicello (October 22, 1942 – April 8, 2013) was an American actress and singer.
Anselmo Alliegro y Milá (March 16, 1899 – November 22, 1961) was a Cuban politician who served as the Acting President of Cuba for one day (January 1–2, 1959) after the departure of General Fulgencio Batista from the country.
António de Oliveira Salazar (28 April 1889 – 27 July 1970) was a Portuguese statesman who served as Prime Minister of Portugal from 1932 to 1968.
Robert Anthony Eden, 1st Earl of Avon, (12 June 1897 – 14 January 1977) was a British Conservative politician who served three periods as Foreign Secretary and then a relatively brief term as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1955 to 1957.
Antonio Rodolfo Oaxaca Quinn (April 21, 1915 – June 3, 2001), more commonly known as Anthony Quinn, was a Mexican-American actor, painter and writer.
Anti-communism is opposition to communism.
Anti-Russian sentiment or Russophobia is a diverse spectrum of negative feelings, dislikes, fears, aversion, derision and/or prejudice of Russia, Russians or Russian culture.
Antonín Josef Novotný (10 December 1904 – 28 January 1975) was General Secretary of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia from 1953 to 1968, and also held the post of President of Czechoslovakia from 1957 to 1968.
Antonín Zápotocký (19 December 1884 – 13 November 1957) was communist Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia from 1948 to 1953 and President of Czechoslovakia from 1953 to 1957.
Apartheid started in 1948 in theUnion of South Africa |year_start.
The Arab–Israeli conflict refers to the political tension, military conflicts and disputes between a number of Arab countries and Israel.
Archie Moore (born Archibald Lee Wright; December 13, 1916 – December 9, 1998) was an American professional boxer and the longest reigning World Light Heavyweight Champion of all time (December 1952 – May 1962).
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.
Arizona (Hoozdo Hahoodzo; Alĭ ṣonak) is a U.S. state in the southwestern region of the United States.
An army (from Latin arma "arms, weapons" via Old French armée, "armed" (feminine)) or land force is a fighting force that fights primarily on land.
Arsenio Rodríguez (born Ignacio Arsenio Travieso Scull; 31 August 1911 – 30 December 1970)Giro, Radamés 2007.
Arthur "Art" Blakey (October 11, 1919 – October 16, 1990) was an American jazz drummer and bandleader.
Arthur Edward Pepper Jr. (September 1, 1925 – June 15, 1982) was an American alto saxophonist and very occasional tenor saxophonist and clarinetist.
Arthur Tatum Jr. (October 13, 1909 – November 5, 1956) was an American jazz pianist.
Arthur Alexander (May 10, 1940 – June 9, 1993) was an American country songwriter and soul singer.
Arthur William "Big Boy" Crudup (August 24, 1905 – March 28, 1974) was an American Delta blues singer, songwriter and guitarist.
Arthur Morton Godfrey (August 31, 1903 – March 16, 1983) was an American radio and television broadcaster and entertainer who was sometimes introduced by his nickname, The Old Redhead.
Arturo Frondizi Ercoli, GCMG (October 28, 1908 – April 18, 1995) was an Argentine politician and lawyer who acted as the President of Argentina between May 1, 1958, and March 29, 1962, for the Intransigent Radical Civic Union, which he led until 1986.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
Audrey Hepburn (born Audrey Kathleen Ruston; 4 May 192920 January 1993) was a British actress, model, dancer and humanitarian.
Ava Lavinia Gardner (December 24, 1922 – January 25, 1990) was an American actress and singer.
The Avro Type 688 Tudor was a British piston-engined airliner based on Avro's four-engine Lincoln bomber, itself a descendant of the famous Lancaster heavy bomber, and was Britain's first pressurised airliner.
Mohammad Ayub Khan (محمد ایوب خان; 14 May 1907 – 19 April 1974),, was a Pakistani military dictator and the 2nd President of Pakistan who forcibly assumed the presidency from 1st President through coup in 1958, the first successful coup d'état of the country. The popular demonstrations and labour strikes which were supported by the protests in East Pakistan ultimately led to his forced resignation in 1969., Retrieved 25 August 2015 Trained at the British Royal Military College, Ayub Khan fought in the World War II as a Colonel in the British Indian Army before deciding to transfer to join the Pakistan Army as an aftermath of partition of British India in 1947. His command assignment included his role as chief of staff of Eastern Command in East-Bengal and elevated as the first native commander-in-chief of Pakistan Army in 1951 by then-Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan in a controversial promotion over several senior officers., Retrieved 25 August 2015 From 1953–58, he served in the civilian government as Defence and Home Minister and supported Iskander Mirza's decision to impose martial law against Prime Minister Feroze Khan's administration in 1958., Retrieved 27 August 2015 Two weeks later, he took over the presidency from Mirza after the meltdown of civil-military relations between the military and the civilian President., Retrieved 25 August 2015 After appointing General Musa Khan as an army chief in 1958, the policy inclination towards the alliance with the United States was pursued that saw the allowance of American access to facilities inside Pakistan, most notably the airbase outside of Peshawar, from which spy missions over the Soviet Union were launched. Relations with neighboring China were strengthened but deteriorated with Soviet Union in 1962, and with India in 1965. His presidency saw the war with India in 1965 which ended with Soviet Union facilitating the Tashkent Declaration between two nations. At home front, the policy of privatisation and industrialization was introduced that made the country's economy as Asia's fastest-growing economies. During his tenure, several infrastructure programs were built that consisted the completion of hydroelectric stations, dams and reservoirs, as well as prioritizing the space program but reducing the nuclear deterrence. In 1965, Ayub Khan entered in a presidential race as PML candidate to counter the popular and famed non-partisan Fatima Jinnah and controversially reelected for the second term. He was faced with allegations of widespread intentional vote riggings, authorized political murders in Karachi, and the politics over the unpopular peace treaty with India which many Pakistanis considered an embarrassing compromise. In 1967, he was widely disapproved when the demonstrations across the country were led by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto over the price hikes of food consumer products and, dramatically fell amid the popular uprising in East led by Mujibur Rahman in 1969. Forced to resign to avoid further protests while inviting army chief Yahya Khan to impose martial law for the second time, he fought a brief illness and died in 1974. His legacy remains mixed; he is credited with an ostensible economic prosperity and what supporters dub the "decade of development", but is criticized for beginning the first of the intelligence agencies' incursions into the national politics, for concentrating corrupt wealth in a few hands, and segregated policies that later led to the breaking-up of nation's unity that resulted in the creation of Bangladesh., Retrieved 25 August 2015.
Éamon de Valera (first registered as George de Valero; changed some time before 1901 to Edward de Valera; 14 October 1882 – 29 August 1975) was a prominent statesman and political leader in 20th-century Ireland.
Édith Piaf (19 December 1915 – 10 October 1963; nee Édith Giovanna Gassion) was a French singer, songwriter, cabaret performer and film actress noted as France's national chanteuse and one of the country's most widely known international stars.
Riley B. King (September 16, 1925 – May 14, 2015), known professionally as B.B. King, was an American blues singer, electric guitarist, songwriter, and record producer.
Baby Boy Warren (August 13, 1919 – July 1, 1977) was an American blues singer and guitarist who was a leading figure on the Detroit blues scene in the 1950s.
Thomas Baker Knight Jr. (July 4, 1933 – October 12, 2005) was an American songwriter and musician.
Ballad of a Soldier (Баллада о солдате, Ballada o soldate), is a 1959 Soviet film directed by Grigori Chukhrai and starring Vladimir Ivashov and Zhanna Prokhorenko.
Barbara Stanwyck (born Ruby Catherine Stevens; July 16, 1907 – January 20, 1990) was an American actress, model, and dancer.
Barnett Newman (January 29, 1905 – July 4, 1970) was an American artist.
Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting and fielding.
Basketball is a team sport played on a rectangular court.
The Battle of Dien Bien Phu (Bataille de Diên Biên Phu; Chiến dịch Điện Biên Phủ) was the climactic confrontation of the First Indochina War between the French Union's French Far East Expeditionary Corps and Viet Minh communist-nationalist revolutionaries.
The Battle of Inchon was an amphibious invasion and battle of the Korean War that resulted in a decisive victory and strategic reversal in favor of the United Nations (UN).
Bebop or bop is a style of jazz developed in the early to mid-1940s in the United States, which features songs characterized by a fast tempo, complex chord progressions with rapid chord changes and numerous changes of key, instrumental virtuosity, and improvisation based on a combination of harmonic structure, the use of scales and occasional references to the melody.
The Belgian Congo (Congo Belge,; Belgisch-Congo) was a Belgian colony in Central Africa between 1908 and 1960 in what is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).
Nokia Bell Labs (formerly named AT&T Bell Laboratories, Bell Telephone Laboratories and Bell Labs) is an American research and scientific development company, owned by Finnish company Nokia.
Benjamin Earl King (born Benjamin Earl Nelson, September 28, 1938 – April 30, 2015), known as Ben E. King, was an American soul and R&B singer and record producer.
William Ben Hogan (August 13, 1912 – July 25, 1997) was an American professional golfer who is generally considered to be one of the greatest players in the history of the game.
Benjamin Francis Webster (March 27, 1909 – September 20, 1973) was an American jazz tenor saxophonist.
Ben-Hur is a 1959 American epic religious drama film, directed by William Wyler, produced by Sam Zimbalist for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and starring Charlton Heston as the title character.
Benjamin David "Benny" Goodman (May 30, 1909 – June 13, 1986) was an American jazz clarinetist and bandleader known as the "King of Swing".
Bartolomé Maximiliano Moré (24 August 1919 – 19 February 1963), known as Benny Moré, was a Cuban singer, bandleader and songwriter.
Bernard B. Fall (November 19, 1926 – February 21, 1967) was a prominent war correspondent, historian, political scientist, and expert on Indochina during the 1950s and 1960s.
Ruth Elizabeth "Bette" Davis (April 5, 1908 – October 6, 1989) was an American actress of film, television, and theater.
Big Bill Broonzy (born Lee Conley Bradley, June 26, 1903 – August 14, 1958) was an American blues singer, songwriter and guitarist.
Cecil James McNeely (born April 29, 1927, Watts, Los Angeles, California), known as Big Jay McNeely, is an American rhythm and blues saxophonist.
Joseph Vernon "Big Joe" Turner Jr. (May 18, 1911 – November 24, 1985) was an American blues shouter from Kansas City, Missouri.
Joseph Lee "Big Joe" Williams (October 16, 1903 – December 17, 1982) was an American Delta blues guitarist, singer and songwriter, notable for the distinctive sound of his nine-string guitar.
Major Merriweather (March 31, 1905 – February 23, 1953), better known as Big Maceo Merriweather, was an American pianist and singer.
Willie Mae "Big Mama" Thornton (December 11, 1926 – July 25, 1984) was an American rhythm-and-blues singer and songwriter.
William Patton "Bill" Black, Jr. (September 17, 1926 – October 21, 1965) was an American musician and bandleader who is noted as one of the pioneers of rock and roll.
William Ballard Doggett (February 16, 1916 – November 13, 1996) was an American jazz and rhythm and blues pianist and organist.
William John Evans (August 16, 1929 – September 15, 1980) was an American jazz pianist and composer who mostly worked in a trio setting.
William John Clifton Haley (July 6, 1925 – February 9, 1981) was an American rock and roll musician.
Bill Haley & His Comets were an American rock and roll band, founded in 1952 and continued until Haley's death in 1981.
William Smith Monroe (September 13, 1911 – September 9, 1996) was an American mandolinist, singer, and songwriter, who helped to create the style of music known as bluegrass.
William Felton Russell (born February 12, 1934) is an American retired professional basketball player.
Eleanora Fagan (April 7, 1915 – July 17, 1959), better known as Billie Holiday, was an American jazz singer with a career spanning nearly thirty years.
William Robert Emerson (born December 21, 1925), known during his recording career as Billy "The Kid" Emerson and more recently as Rev.
Ronald Wycherley (17 April 1940 – 28 January 1983), better known by his stage name Billy Fury, was an English singer from the late 1950s to the mid 1960s, and remained an active songwriter until the 1980s.
Billy Lee Riley (October 5, 1933 – August 2, 2009) was an American rockabilly musician, singer-songwriter, and record producer.
Billy Ward and his Dominoes were an African-American R&B vocal group.
Harry Lillis "Bing" Crosby Jr. (May 3, 1903 – October 14, 1977)Giddins 2001, pp.
Black Ace was the most frequently used stage name of the American Texas blues musician born Babe Kyro Lemon Turner (December 21, 1905 – November 7, 1972), who was also known as B. K. Turner, Black Ace Turner, Babe Turner and Buck Turner.
Arthur "Blind" Blake (1896 – December 1, 1934) was an American blues and ragtime singer and guitarist.
"Blueberry Hill" is a popular song published in 1940 best remembered for its 1950s rock n' roll version by Fats Domino.
Blues is a music genre and musical form originated by African Americans in the Deep South of the United States around the end of the 19th century.
Ellas McDaniel (born Ellas Otha Bates, December 30, 1928 – June 2, 2008), known as Bo Diddley, was an American singer, guitarist, songwriter and music producer who played a key role in the transition from the blues to rock and roll.
BOAC Flight 781 was a de Havilland Comet passenger jet operated by British Overseas Airways Corporation that on 10 January 1954 crashed into the sea near Elba Island, off the Italian coast, after suffering an explosive decompression at altitude.
Robert Joseph Cousy (born August 9, 1928) is an American retired professional basketball player.
George Robert Crosby (August 23, 1913 – March 9, 1993) was an American jazz singer and bandleader, known for his group the Bob-Cats.
Sir Leslie Townes Hope, KBE, KC*SG, KSS (May 29, 1903 – July 27, 2003) known professionally as Bob Hope, was an English-American stand-up comedian, vaudevillian, actor, singer, dancer, athlete, and author.
Robert Lee Pettit Jr. (born December 12, 1932) is an American retired professional basketball player.
James Robert Wills (March 6, 1905 – May 13, 1975) was an American Western swing musician, songwriter, and bandleader.
Robert Joseph Bare Sr. (born April 7, 1935) is an American country music singer and songwriter, best known for the songs "Detroit City" and "500 Miles Away from Home".
Robert Calvin Bland (né Robert Calvin Brooks; January 27, 1930 – June 23, 2013), known professionally as Bobby "Blue" Bland, was an American blues singer.
Robert Charles Guidry (February 21, 1938 – January 14, 2010), known as Bobby Charles, was an American singer-songwriter.
Bobby Darin (born Walden Robert Cassotto; May 14, 1936 – December 20, 1973) was an American singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, and actor in film and television.
Robert James Byrd (July 1, 1930 – July 27, 1990), known by the stage name Bobby Day, was an American rock and roll and R&B singer, multi instrumentalist, music producer and songwriter.
Bobby Mitchell (16 August 1935 – March 17, 1989) was an American, New Orleans-based, rhythm & blues singer and songwriter.
Bobby Rydell (born Robert Louis Ridarelli; April 26, 1942) is an American professional singer, mainly of rock and roll music.
Robert Thomas Velline (April 30, 1943 – October 24, 2016), known professionally as Bobby Vee, was an American singer, songwriter and musician who was a teen idol in the early 1960s and also appeared in films.
Carl Olson (July 11, 1928 – January 16, 2002) was an American boxer.
Bolesław Bierut (18 April 1892 – 12 March 1956) was a Polish Communist leader, NKVD agent, and a hard-line Stalinist who became President of Poland after the defeat of the Nazi forces in.
Wilson Anthony "Boozoo" Chavis (pronounced CHAY-viss) (October 23, 1930 – May 5, 2001) was an American accordion player, singer, songwriter and bandleader.
Boxing is a combat sport in which two people, usually wearing protective gloves, throw punches at each other for a predetermined set of time in a boxing ring.
Boyd Byron Bennett (December 7, 1924 – June 2, 2002) was an American rockabilly songwriter and singer.
Andre Brandon deWilde (April 9, 1942 – July 6, 1972) was an American theater, film, and television actor.
Brasília is the federal capital of Brazil and seat of government of the Federal District.
Brenda Lee (born Brenda Mae Tarpley; December 11, 1944) is an American performer and the top-charting solo female vocalist of the 1960s.
Brigitte Anne-Marie Bardot (born 28 September 1934) is a French actress, singer, dancer, and fashion model, who later became an animal rights activist.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
The Buchanan Brothers were two brothers, Chester and Lester Buchanan, who recorded country music during the 1940s on the RCA Victor label.
Jimmie Lee Land, known as Buddy Ace (November 11, 1936 – December 25, 1994) was an American Texas blues singer, billed as the "Silver Fox of the Blues.".
Charles Hardin Holley (September 7, 1936 – February 3, 1959), known as Buddy Holly, was an American musician, singer-songwriter and record producer who was a central and pioneering figure of mid-1950s rock and roll.
Buddy Wayne Knox (July 20, 1933 – February 14, 1999) was an American singer and songwriter, best known for his 1957 rock hit song, "Party Doll".
Bernard "Buddy" Rich (September 30, 1917 – April 2, 1987) was an American jazz drummer and bandleader.
Benjamin Clarence "Bull Moose" Jackson (April 22, 1919 – July 31, 1989).
Burton Stephen Lancaster (November 2, 1913 – October 20, 1994) was an American actor and producer.
Cabell "Cab" Calloway III (December 25, 1907 – November 18, 1994) was an American jazz singer and bandleader.
Calvin B. Boze, Jr. (October 15, 1916 – June 18, 1970) was an American trumpeter and bandleader, best known for his recordings at the turn of the 1950s.
Cambodia (កម្ពុជា, or Kampuchea:, Cambodge), officially known as the Kingdom of Cambodia (ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា, prĕəh riəciənaacak kampuciə,; Royaume du Cambodge), is a sovereign state located in the southern portion of the Indochina peninsula in Southeast Asia.
Cameron is a census-designated place (CDP) in and the parish seat of Cameron Parish, Louisiana, United States.
The Cannes Festival (Festival de Cannes), named until 2002 as the International Film Festival (Festival international du film) and known in English as the Cannes Film Festival, is an annual film festival held in Cannes, France, which previews new films of all genres, including documentaries from all around the world.
Julian Edwin "Cannonball" Adderley (September 15, 1928 – August 8, 1975) was an American jazz alto saxophonist of the hard bop era of the 1950s and 1960s.
Capitalism is an economic system based upon private ownership of the means of production and their operation for profit.
Carl Dobkins Jr.
Carl Mann (born August 22, 1942, Huntingdon, Tennessee) is an American rockabilly singer and pianist.
Carl Lee Perkins (April 9, 1932 – January 19, 1998)Pareles. was an American singer-songwriter who recorded most notably at the Sun Studio, in Memphis, beginning in 1954.
Carlos Modesto Piedra y Piedra (or Carlos Modesto Piedra y Piedra, 1895–1988) held the presidency of Cuba for a single day (January 1, 1959) during the transition of power between Fulgencio Batista and revolutionary leader Fidel Castro in the Cuban Revolution.
Carlos Prío Socarrás (July 14, 1903 – April 5, 1977) was the President of Cuba from 1948 until he was deposed by a military coup led by Fulgencio Batista on March 10, 1952, three months before new elections were to be held.
Carmen Basilio (Born Carmine Basilio, April 2, 1927 – November 7, 2012) was an American professional boxer who was the world champion in both the Welterweight and Middleweight divisions.
Cary Grant (born Archibald Alec Leach; January 18, 1904November 29, 1986) was an English-American actor, known as one of classic Hollywood's definitive leading men.
Charles Dillon "Casey" Stengel (July 30, 1890 – September 29, 1975) was an American Major League Baseball right fielder and manager best known as the manager of both the championship New York Yankees of the 1950s, and later of the hapless expansion New York Mets.
The Catholicos of All Armenians (plural Catholicoi, due to its Greek origin) (Ամենայն Հայոց Կաթողիկոս) is the chief bishop and spiritual leader of Armenia's national church, the Armenian Apostolic Church, and the worldwide Armenian diaspora.
Mahmut Celâl Bayar (16 May 1883 – 22 August 1986) was a Turkish politician who was the third President of Turkey from 1950 to 1960; previously he was Prime Minister of Turkey from 1937 to 1939.
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).
The European Organization for Nuclear Research (Organisation européenne pour la recherche nucléaire), known as CERN (derived from the name Conseil européen pour la recherche nucléaire), is a European research organization that operates the largest particle physics laboratory in the world.
Cervical cancer is a cancer arising from the cervix.
Cesar Julio Romero Jr. (February 15, 1907 – January 1, 1994) was an American actor, singer, dancer and vocal artist.
William Thomas "Champion Jack" Dupree (July 23, 1909 or July 4, 1910 – January 21, 1992) was an American blues and boogie-woogie pianist and singer.
Charles Aznavour (born Shahnour Vaghinag Aznavourian, Շահնուր Վաղինակ Ազնավուրեան; 22 May 1924) is a French, later naturalised Armenian, singer, lyricist, actor, public activist and diplomat.
Tony Russell "Charles" Brown (September 13, 1922 – January 21, 1999) was an American blues singer and pianist whose soft-toned, slow-paced blues-club style influenced blues performance in the 1940s and 1950s.
Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle (22 November 1890 – 9 November 1970) was a French general and statesman who led the French Resistance against Nazi Germany in World War II and chaired the Provisional Government of the French Republic from 1944 to 1946 in order to reestablish democracy in France.
Charles Hard Townes (July 28, 1915 – January 27, 2015) was an American physicist and inventor of the maser and laser.
Charles Mingus Jr. (April 22, 1922 – January 5, 1979) was an American jazz double bassist, pianist, composer and bandleader.
Charles Arthur Feathers (June 12, 1932August 29, 1998) was an American country music and rockabilly musician.
Charles Anthony Graci (born May 14, 1936, Philadelphia), known professionally as Charlie Gracie, is an American rock pioneer and rhythm and blues singer and guitarist.
Charles Parker Jr. (August 29, 1920 – March 12, 1955), also known as Yardbird and Bird, was an American jazz saxophonist and composer.
Charles Allan Rich (December 14, 1932July 25, 1995) was an American country music singer, songwriter, and musician.
Charlton Heston (born John Charles Carter or Charlton John Carter; October 4, 1923 – April 5, 2008) was an American actor and political activist.
Ernesto "Che" Guevara (June 14, 1928 – October 9, 1967)The date of birth recorded on was June 14, 1928, although one tertiary source, (Julia Constenla, quoted by Jon Lee Anderson), asserts that he was actually born on May 14 of that year.
Chester Burton "Chet" Atkins (June 20, 1924 – June 30, 2001), known as "Mr.
Chesney Henry "Chet" Baker Jr. (December 23, 1929 – May 13, 1988) was an American jazz trumpeter and vocalist.
Chiang Kai-shek (31 October 1887 – 5 April 1975), also romanized as Chiang Chieh-shih or Jiang Jieshi and known as Chiang Chungcheng, was a political and military leader who served as the leader of the Republic of China between 1928 and 1975, first in mainland China until 1949 and then in exile in Taiwan.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
The Chinese Civil War was a war fought between the Kuomintang (KMT)-led government of the Republic of China and the Communist Party of China (CPC).
Chlef (Berber: Clef, الشلف.) is the capital of Chlef Province, Algeria.
Chlorpromazine (CPZ), marketed under the trade names Thorazine and Largactil among others, is an antipsychotic medication.
Christophe Kenner (December 25, 1929 – January 25, 1976) was a New Orleans R&B singer and songwriter, best known for two hit singles in the early 1960s, which became staples in the repertoires of many other musicians.
Christian Dior (21 January 1905 – 24 October 1957) was a French fashion designer, best known as the founder of one of the world's top fashion houses, also called Christian Dior, which is now owned by Groupe Arnault.
Christian Dior SE, commonly known as Dior, is a European luxury goods company controlled and chaired by French businessman Bernard Arnault, who also heads LVMH – the world's largest luxury group.
Christine Kittrell (August 11, 1929 – December 19, 2001) was an American R&B singer, who first recorded tracks in 1951 with Louis Brooks and his Band.
Chubby Checker (birth name Ernest Evans; October 3, 1941) is an American rock n roll singer and dancer.
Charles Edward Anderson Berry (October 18, 1926 – March 18, 2017) was an American singer, songwriter, musician, and one of the pioneers of rock and roll music.
Charles Williams Higgins (April 17, 1924 – September 14, 1999) was an American saxophonist.
Charles Nelson Miller (30 August 1924 – 15 January 2000) was an American singer and pianist who had a US top ten hit in 1955 with his version of "The House of Blue Lights".
Charles Hollis "Chuck" Taylor (June 24, 1901 – June 23, 1969) was an American basketball player and shoe salesman/evangelist.
Cinema of Europe refers to the film industries and films produced in the continent of Europe.
The has a history that spans more than 100 years.
The cinema of the Soviet Union, not to be confused with "cinema of Russia" despite films in the Russian language being predominant in the body of work so described, includes films produced by the constituent republics of the Soviet Union reflecting elements of their pre-Soviet culture, language and history, albeit they were all regulated by the central government in Moscow.
The cinema of the United States, often metonymously referred to as Hollywood, has had a profound effect on the film industry in general since the early 20th century.
A civil war, also known as an intrastate war in polemology, is a war between organized groups within the same state or country.
Clarence "Gatemouth" Brown (April 18, 1924 – September 10, 2005) was an American musician from Louisiana and Texas.
Clarence Garlow (February 27, 1911 – July 24, 1986) was an American R&B, jump blues, Texas blues and cajun guitarist, singer and songwriter.
William Clark Gable (February 1, 1901 – November 16, 1960) was an American film actor and military officer, often referred to as "The King of Hollywood" or just simply as "The King".
Claude Henri Jean Chabrol (24 June 1930 – 12 September 2010) was a French film director and a member of the French New Wave (nouvelle vague) group of filmmakers who first came to prominence at the end of the 1950s.
Clay Cole (January 1, 1938 – December 18, 2010) was an American host and disk jockey, best known for his eponymous television dance program, The Clay Cole Show, which aired in New York City on WNTA-TV and WPIX-TV from 1959 to 1968.
Clear Lake is a city in Cerro Gordo County, Iowa, United States.
Sir Cliff Richard, (born Harry Rodger Webb, 14 October 1940) is a British pop singer, musician, performer, actor and philanthropist.
Clifford Parker Robertson III (September 9, 1923 – September 10, 2011) was an American actor with a film and television career that spanned half a century.
Clifton Chenier (June 25, 1925 – December 12, 1987), a Louisiana French-speaking native of Opelousas, Louisiana, was an eminent performer and recording artist of Zydeco, which arose from Cajun and Creole music, with R&B, jazz, and blues influences.
Clinton Eastwood Jr. (born May 31, 1930) is an American actor, filmmaker, musician, and political figure.
Clyde Lensley McPhatter (November 15, c. 1932 – June 13, 1972) was an American rhythm and blues, soul and rock and roll singer.
Gabrielle Bonheur "Coco" Chanel (19 August 1883 – 10 January 1971) was a French fashion designer and a business woman.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a sovereign state largely situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America.
A colonial empire is a collective of territories (often called colonies), mostly overseas, settled by the population of a certain state and governed by that state.
Color Field painting is a style of abstract painting that emerged in New York City during the 1940s and 1950s.
Columbia University (Columbia; officially Columbia University in the City of New York), established in 1754, is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City.
A Commonwealth realm is a sovereign state that is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations and shares the same person, currently Queen Elizabeth II, as its head of state and reigning constitutional monarch, but retains a Crown legally distinct from the other realms.
In political and social sciences, communism (from Latin communis, "common, universal") is the philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money and the state.
Connie Francis (born Concetta Rosa Maria Franconero, December 12, 1937) is an American pop singer and top-charting female vocalist of the late 1950s and early 1960s.
Contact paper is an adhesive paper used as a covering or lining.
Harold Lloyd Jenkins (September 1, 1933 – June 5, 1993), better known by his stage name Conway Twitty, was an American country music singer.
Cool jazz is a style of modern jazz music that arose in the United States after World War II.
Charles Melvin "Cootie" Williams (July 10, 1911 – September 15, 1985) was an American jazz, jump blues, and rhythm and blues trumpeter.
Cortina d'Ampezzo (Ladin: Anpezo, Ampëz), commonly referred to as Cortina, is a town and comune in the heart of the southern (Dolomitic) Alps in the Veneto region of Northern Italy.
Counter-terrorism (also spelled counterterrorism) incorporates the practice, military tactics, techniques, and strategy that government, military, law enforcement, business, and intelligence agencies use to combat or prevent terrorism.
Cristóbal Balenciaga Eizaguirre (January 21, 1895 – March 23, 1972) was a Spanish Basque fashion designer and the founder of the Balenciaga fashion house.
Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos.
The Cuban Revolution (Revolución cubana) was an armed revolt conducted by Fidel Castro's revolutionary 26th of July Movement and its allies against the authoritarian government of Cuban President Fulgencio Batista.
Czechoslovakia, or Czecho-Slovakia (Czech and Československo, Česko-Slovensko), was a sovereign state in Central Europe that existed from October 1918, when it declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, until its peaceful dissolution into the:Czech Republic and:Slovakia on 1 January 1993.
Dada or Dadaism was an art movement of the European avant-garde in the early 20th century, with early centers in Zürich, Switzerland, at the Cabaret Voltaire (circa 1916); New York Dada began circa 1915, and after 1920 Dada flourished in Paris.
Iolanda Cristina Gigliotti (17 January 1933 – 3 May 1987), better known as Dalida (داليدا), was a French-Italian-Egyptian singer and actress who spent most of her career in France.
Danny & the Juniors are a doo-wop and rock and roll vocal group from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania originally consisting of Danny Rapp, Dave White, Frank Maffei and Joe Terranova.
David Appell (March 24, 1922 – November 18, 2014) was an American musician, musical arranger and record producer born in Philadelphia.
David Warren Brubeck (December 6, 1920 – December 5, 2012) was an American jazz pianist and composer, considered to be one of the foremost exponents of cool jazz.
David Abner Morse (31 May 1907 – 1 December 1990) was an American bureaucrat who worked for the International Labour Organization.
David Ben-Gurion (דָּוִד בֶּן-גּוּרִיּוֹן;, born David Grün; 16 October 1886 – 1 December 1973) was the primary national founder of the State of Israel and the first Prime Minister of Israel.
David Halberstam (April 10, 1934April 23, 2007) was an American journalist and historian, known for his work on the Vietnam War, politics, history, the Civil Rights Movement, business, media, American culture, and later, sports journalism.
Charles David Houston (December 9, 1935 – November 30, 1993) was an American country music singer.
The de Havilland DH 106 Comet was the world's first commercial jet airliner.
Dean Martin (born Dino Paul Crocetti; June 7, 1917 – December 25, 1995) was an American singer, actor, comedian and film producer.
Mary Frances "Debbie" Reynolds (April 1, 1932 – December 28, 2016) was an American actress, singer, businesswoman, film historian, humanitarian, and mother of the actress and writer Carrie Fisher.
Deborah Jane Kerr-Trimmer CBE (30 September 192116 October 2007), known professionally as Deborah Kerr, was a Scottish film, theatre and television actress.
Decolonization (American English) or decolonisation (British English) is the undoing of colonialism: where a nation establishes and maintains its domination over one or more other territories.
Dee Clark (November 7, 1938 – December 7, 1990) was an American soul singer best known for a string of R&B and pop hits in the late 1950s and early 1960s, including the song "Raindrops," which became a million-seller in the United States in 1961.
The Deep River Boys were an American gospel music group active from the mid-1930s and into the 1980s.
Delloreese Patricia Early (July 6, 1931 – November 19, 2017), known professionally as Della Reese, was an American jazz and gospel singer, actress, and ordained minister whose career spanned seven decades.
Desiderio Alberto Arnaz y de Acha III (March 2, 1917 – December 2, 1986), better known as Desi Arnaz or Desi Arnaz, Sr., was a Cuban-born American actor, musician, and television producer.
"Diamonds Are a Girl's Best Friend" is a jazz song introduced by Carol Channing in the original Broadway production of Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1949), which was written by Jule Styne and Leo Robin.
Diana Dors (born Diana Mary Fluck; 23 October 1931 – 4 May 1984) was an English film actress and singer.
Richard Anthony Monsour (born May 4, 1937), better known by his stage name Dick Dale, is an American rock guitarist, known as The King of the Surf Guitar.
Richard L. "Dick" Dale (September 14, 1926 – December 26, 2014) was an American singer and musician, best known as a featured singer and saxophone player on the television variety show The Lawrence Welk Show.
Richard Eugene Glasser (December 8, 1933 – July 10, 2000) was a singer, songwriter, and record producer.
Royden Dickey Lipscomb (born September 21, 1936), known professionally as Dickey Lee (sometimes misspelled Dickie Lee or Dicky Lee), is an American pop/country singer and songwriter, best known for the 1960s teenage tragedy songs "Patches" and "Laurie (Strange Things Happen).".
Dinah Shore (born Fannye Rose Shore; February 29, 1916 – February 24, 1994) was an American singer, actress, and television personality, and the top-charting female vocalist of the 1940s.
Dinah Washington (born Ruth Lee Jones; August 29, 1924 – December 14, 1963) was an American singer and pianist, who has been cited as "the most popular black female recording artist of the '50s".
Dion and the Belmonts were a leading American vocal group of the late 1950s.
In human social affairs, discrimination is treatment or consideration of, or making a distinction in favor of or against, a person based on the group, class, or category to which the person is perceived to belong.
The division of Korea between North and South Korea occurred after World War II, ending the Empire of Japan's 35-year rule over Korea in 1945.
John Birks "Dizzy" Gillespie (October 21, 1917 – January 6, 1993) was an American jazz trumpeter, bandleader, composer, and singer.
Jean Reinhardt (or; 23 January 1910 – 16 May 1953) stage name Django Reinhardt, was a Belgian-born Romani French jazz guitarist, musician and composer, regarded as one of the greatest musicians of the twentieth century.
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.
Dolly Rebecca Parton (born January 19, 1946) is an American singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, record producer, actress, author, businesswoman, and philanthropist, known primarily for her work in country music.
Dominique Mbonyumutwa (January 1921 – 26 July 1986) was a Rwandan politician who served on an interim basis as the first President of Rwanda, from 28 January to 26 October 1961, following the abolition of the Rwandan monarchy.
Don and Juan were an R&B vocal duo from Brooklyn, NY, consisting of Roland "Don" Trone and Claude "Juan" Johnson.
Don Julian (April 7, 1937 – November 6, 1998) - accessed September 2011 was an American rhythm and blues, funk and soul singer, guitarist and songwriter.
Donald McLean III (born October 2, 1945) is an American singer-songwriter.
Donald David Dixon Ronald O’Connor (August 28, 1925 – September 27, 2003) was an American dancer, singer, and actor who came to fame in a series of movies in which he co-starred alternately with Gloria Jean, Peggy Ryan, and Francis the Talking Mule.
Doo-wop is a genre of rhythm and blues music that was developed in African-American communities in the East Coast of the United States in the 1940s, achieving mainstream popularity in the 1950s and early 1960s.
Doris Day (born Doris Mary Ann Kappelhoff; April 3, 1922) is an American actress, singer, and animal welfare activist.
Dorothy Jean Dandridge (November 9, 1922 – September 8, 1965) was an American film and theatre actress, singer, and dancer.
The Douglas C-124 Globemaster II, nicknamed "Old Shaky", was an American heavy-lift cargo aircraft built by the Douglas Aircraft Company in Long Beach, California.
The Douglas DC-7 is a transport aircraft built by the Douglas Aircraft Company from 1953 to 1958.
Douglas MacArthur (26 January 18805 April 1964) was an American five-star general and Field Marshal of the Philippine Army.
Malcolm John Rebennack (born November 21, 1940), better known by his stage name Dr.
Duane Eddy (born April 26, 1938) is an American guitarist.
Edwin Donald "Duke" Snider (September 19, 1926February 27, 2011), nicknamed "The Silver Fox" and "The Duke of Flatbush", was an American professional baseball player.
Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was an American army general and statesman who served as the 34th President of the United States from 1953 to 1961.
Earl Gaines, Jr. (August 19, 1935 – December 31, 2009) was an American soul blues and electric blues singer.
Earl Kenneth Hines, universally known as Earl "Fatha" Hines (December 28, 1903 – April 22, 1983), was an American jazz pianist and bandleader.
Earl Silas Johnson IV (February 7, 1934 – April 17, 2003), known as Earl King, was an American singer, guitarist, and songwriter, most active in blues music.
East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR; Deutsche Demokratische Republik, DDR), existed from 1949 to 1990 and covers the period when the eastern portion of Germany existed as a state that was part of the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War period.
East of Eden is a 1955 film, directed by Elia Kazan, and loosely based on the second half of the 1952 novel of the same name by John Steinbeck.
Edward Raymond Cochran (October 3, 1938 – April 17, 1960) was an American musician.
Edwin John "Eddie" Fisher (August 10, 1928 – September 22, 2010) was an American singer and actor.
Edwin Lee Mathews (October 13, 1931 – February 18, 2001) was an American Major League Baseball (MLB) third baseman.
Richard Edward "Eddy" Arnold (May 15, 1918 – May 8, 2008) was an American country music singer who performed for six decades.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.
Dame Elizabeth Rosemond Taylor, (February 27, 1932 – March 23, 2011) was a British-born American actress, businesswoman, and humanitarian.
Ella Jane Fitzgerald (April 25, 1917 – June 15, 1996) was an American jazz singer sometimes referred to as the First Lady of Song, Queen of Jazz, and Lady Ella.
Ellis Larkins (May 15, 1923 – September 30, 2002) was an American jazz pianist born in Baltimore, Maryland, perhaps best known for his two recordings with Ella Fitzgerald: the albums Ella Sings Gershwin (1950) and Songs in a Mellow Mood (1954).
Elmore James (January 27, 1918 – May 24, 1963) was an American blues guitarist, singer, songwriter and bandleader.
Elvis Aaron Presley (January 8, 1935 – August 16, 1977) was an American singer and actor.
Emil Zátopek (19 September 1922 – 22 November 2000) was a Czechoslovak long-distance runner best known for winning three gold medals at the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki.
Sir Eric Wyndham White KCMG (1913–1980) was a British administrator and economist.
Ernest Dale Tubb (February 9, 1914 – September 6, 1984), nicknamed the Texas Troubadour, was an American singer and songwriter and one of the pioneers of country music.
Ernest Banks (January 31, 1931 – January 23, 2015), nicknamed "Mr.
Ernest Aaron "Ernie" Freeman (August 16, 1922 – May 16, 1981) was an American pianist, organist, bandleader, and arranger.
Errol Leslie Flynn (20 June 1909 – 14 October 1959) was an Australian-born American actor who achieved fame in Hollywood after 1935.
Erskine Butterfield (February 9, 1913 – July 11, 1961) was an American pianist, singer, bandleader and composer, active in the 1930s to the 1950s, and best known for his boogie-woogie and swing piano style.
Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk), is a country located in the Horn of Africa.
Etta James (born Jamesetta Hawkins; January 25, 1938 – January 20, 2012) was an American singer who performed in various genres, including blues, R&B, soul, rock and roll, jazz and gospel.
Eugene Church (January 22, 1938 – April 3, 1993) was an American singer.
Eugene Robert Black I (January 7, 1873 – December 19, 1934) was the Chairman of the Federal Reserve from May 9, 1933 to August 15, 1934.
The European Communities (EC), sometimes referred to as the European Community,;; were three international organizations that were governed by the same set of institutions.
The European Economic Community (EEC) was a regional organisation which aimed to bring about economic integration among its member states.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
Eva Marie Saint (born July 4, 1924) is an American actress.
Eydie Gormé (born Edith Garmezano; August 16, 1928 – August 10, 2013) was an American singer who performed solo as well as with her husband, Steve Lawrence, in popular ballads and swing.
Ezzard Mack Charles (July 7, 1921 – May 28, 1975) was an American professional boxer and World Heavyweight Champion.
Faisal II (Arabic: الملك فيصل الثاني Al-Malik Fayṣal Ath-thānī) (2 May 1935 – 14 July 1958) was the last King of Iraq.
Faron Young (February 25, 1932 – December 10, 1996) was an American country music singer and songwriter from the early 1950s into the mid-1980s and one of its most successful and colorful stars.
Father of the Bride is a 1950 American comedy film directed by Vincente Minnelli, about a man trying to cope with preparations for his daughter's upcoming wedding.
Antoine "Fats" Domino Jr. (February 26, 1928 – October 24, 2017) was an American pianist and singer-songwriter.
The Federation of Malaya (Persekutuan Tanah Melayu; Jawi: ڤرسكوتوان تانه ملايو) was a federation of 11 states (nine Malay states and two of the British Straits Settlements, Penang and Malacca)See: Cabinet Memorandum by the Secretary of State for the Colonies.
Federico Fellini, Cavaliere di Gran Croce OMRI (20 January 1920 – 31 October 1993) was an Italian film director and screenwriter.
Ferenc Puskás (born Ferenc Purczeld; 2 April 1927 – 17 November 2006) was a Hungarian footballer and manager, widely regarded as one of the greatest footballers of all time.
Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (August 13, 1926 – November 25, 2016) was a Cuban communist revolutionary and politician who governed the Republic of Cuba as Prime Minister from 1959 to 1976 and then as President from 1976 to 2008.
Figurative art, sometimes written as figurativism, describes artwork (particularly paintings and sculptures) that is clearly derived from real object sources and so is, by definition, representational.
A film, also called a movie, motion picture, moving pícture, theatrical film, or photoplay, is a series of still images that, when shown on a screen, create the illusion of moving images.
The First Indochina War (generally known as the Indochina War in France, and as the Anti-French Resistance War in Vietnam) began in French Indochina on 19 December 1946, and lasted until 20 July 1954.
Floyd Council (September 2, 1911 – May 9, 1976) was an American blues guitarist, mandolin player, and singer.
Floyd Patterson (January 4, 1935 – May 11, 2006) was an American professional boxer who competed from 1952 to 1972, and twice reigned as the world heavyweight champion from 1956 to 1962.
Formula One (also Formula 1 or F1) is the highest class of single-seater auto racing sanctioned by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA) and owned by the Formula One Group.
The Four Lovers was a band formed in 1956 that was the result of vocalist Frankie Valli joining The Variatones (Tommy DeVito, lead guitar; James Gregorio Valeo, then Henry Majewski, rhythm guitar; Frank Cattone, accordion; and Billy Thompson, drums) in 1954.
François Duvalier (14 April 190721 April 1971), also known as PapaDoc, was the President of Haiti from 1957 to 1971.
Francis Harry Compton Crick (8 June 1916 – 28 July 2004) was a British molecular biologist, biophysicist, and neuroscientist, most noted for being a co-discoverer of the structure of the DNA molecule in 1953 with James Watson, work which was based partly on fundamental studies done by Rosalind Franklin, Raymond Gosling and Maurice Wilkins.
Francisco Franco Bahamonde (4 December 1892 – 20 November 1975) was a Spanish general who ruled over Spain as a military dictator from 1939, after the Nationalist victory in the Spanish Civil War, until his death in 1975.
Frank Otis Frost (April 15, 1936 or 1938 – October 12, 1999) was one of the foremost American Delta blues harmonica players of his generation.
Frank Robinson (born August 31, 1935) is an American former Major League Baseball (MLB) outfielder and manager.
Francis Albert Sinatra (December 12, 1915 – May 14, 1998) was an American singer, actor, and producer who was one of the most popular and influential musical artists of the 20th century.
Frankie Avalon (born Francis Thomas Avallone; September 18, 1940) is an Italian-American actor, singer, and former teen idol.
Frankie Laine (born Francesco Paolo LoVecchio; March 30, 1913 – February 6, 2007) was an Italian American singer, songwriter, and actor whose career spanned 75 years, from his first concerts in 1930 with a marathon dance company to his final performance of "That's My Desire" in 2005.
Franklin Joseph Lymon (September 30, 1942 – February 27, 1968), known professionally as Frankie Lymon, was an American rock and roll/rhythm and blues singer and songwriter, best known as the boy soprano lead singer of the New York City-based early rock and roll group The Teenagers.
Fréjus is a commune in the Var department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.
Fred Astaire (born Frederick Austerlitz; May 10, 1899 – June 22, 1987) was an American dancer, singer, actor, choreographer and television presenter.
Freddie King (September 3, 1934 – December 28, 1976) was an American blues guitarist and singer.
French Algeria (Alger to 1839, then Algérie afterwards; unofficially Algérie française, االجزائر المستعمرة), also known as Colonial Algeria, began in 1830 with the invasion of Algiers and lasted until 1962, under a variety of governmental systems.
The French Army, officially the Ground Army (Armée de terre) (to distinguish it from the French Air Force, Armée de L'air or Air Army) is the land-based and largest component of the French Armed Forces.
The French Fourth Republic was the republican government of France between 1946 and 1958, governed by the fourth republican constitution.
French Indochina (previously spelled as French Indo-China) (French: Indochine française; Lao: ສະຫະພັນອິນດູຈີນ; Khmer: សហភាពឥណ្ឌូចិន; Vietnamese: Đông Dương thuộc Pháp/東洋屬法,, frequently abbreviated to Đông Pháp; Chinese: 法属印度支那), officially known as the Indochinese Union (French: Union indochinoise) after 1887 and the Indochinese Federation (French: Fédération indochinoise) after 1947, was a grouping of French colonial territories in Southeast Asia.
New Wave (La Nouvelle Vague) is often referred to as one of the most influential movements in the history of cinema.
The French Union was a political entity created by the French Fourth Republic to replace the old French colonial system, colloquially known as the "French Empire" (Empire Français).
Fulgencio Batista y Zaldívar (born Rubén Zaldívar; January 16, 1901 – August 6, 1973) was the elected President of Cuba from 1940 to 1944, and U.S.-backed dictator from 1952 to 1959, before being overthrown during the Cuban Revolution.
Gamal Abdel Nasser Hussein (جمال عبد الناصر حسين,; 15 January 1918 – 28 September 1970) was the second President of Egypt, serving from 1956 until his death in 1970.
Garnet Mimms (born Garrett Mimms, November 16, 1933) is an American singer, influential in soul music and rhythm and blues.
Gary Cooper (born Frank James Cooper; May 7, 1901 – May 13, 1961) was an American film actor known for his natural, authentic, and understated acting style and screen performances.
Gary Crosby OBE (born 26 January 1955) is a British jazz double bassist, composer, music arranger, and educator.
Gene Allison (August 29, 1934 – February 28, 2004) was an American R&B singer.
Orvon Grover "Gene" Autry (September 29, 1907 – October 2, 1998) was an American singer-songwriter, actor, musician, rodeo performer and business tycoon who gained fame as a singing cowboy in a crooning style on radio, in films, and on television for more than three decades beginning in the early 1930s.
Eugene Curran Kelly (August 23, 1912 – February 2, 1996) was an American dancer, actor of film, stage, and television, singer, film director, producer, and choreographer.
Eugene Bertram Krupa (January 15, 1909 – October 16, 1973) was an American jazz and big band drummer, band leader, actor, and composer.
Gene Louis O'Quin (or Oquin) (1932-1978) was a country and western and honky tonk singer born in Dallas on September 9, 1932 He established himself professionally at Dallas' Big "D" Jamboree, a Grand Ole Opry-like radio showcase, becoming one of its most popular entertainers.
Gene Francis Alan Pitney (February 17, 1940 – April 5, 2006) was an American singer-songwriter, musician, and sound engineer.
Vincent Eugene Craddock (February 11, 1935 – October 12, 1971), known as Gene Vincent, was an American musician who pioneered the styles of rock and roll and rockabilly.
General Electric Company (GE) is an American multinational conglomerate incorporated in New York and headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts.
Gentlemen Prefer Blondes is a 1953 American Technicolor musical comedy film of the 1949 stage musical, released by 20th Century Fox, directed by Howard Hawks, and starring Jane Russell and Marilyn Monroe with Charles Coburn, Elliott Reid, Tommy Noonan, George Winslow, Taylor Holmes and Norma Varden in supporting roles.
Giorgio Borg Olivier (Ġorġ Borg Olivier) (5 July 1911 – 29 October 1980) was a Maltese statesman and leading politician.
George Lawrence Mikan Jr. (June 18, 1924 – June 1, 2005), nicknamed Mr.
George Reeves (January 5, 1914 – June 16, 1959) was an American actor.
George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George; 14 December 1895 – 6 February 1952) was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth from 11 December 1936 until his death in 1952.
Georgia Gibbs (August 17, 1919 – December 9, 2006) was an American popular singer and vocal entertainer rooted in jazz.
Geraldine Sue Page (November 22, 1924June 13, 1987) was an American film, television, and stage actress.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Gerald Joseph Mulligan (April 6, 1927 – January 20, 1996) was an American jazz saxophonist, clarinetist, composer and arranger.
Getúlio Dornelles Vargas (19 April 1882 – 24 August 1954) was a Brazilian lawyer and politician, who served as President during two periods: the first was from 1930–1945, when he served as interim president from 1930–1934, constitutional president from 1934–1937, and dictator from 1937–1945.
Ghana, officially the Republic of Ghana, is a unitary presidential constitutional democracy, located along the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean, in the subregion of West Africa.
Ian Ernest Gilmore "Gil" Evans (born Green; May 13, 1912 – March 20, 1988) was a Canadian jazz pianist, arranger, composer and bandleader.
Giulietta Masina (22 February 1921 – 23 March 1994) was an Italian film and stage actress.
Glen Travis Campbell (April 22, 1936 – August 8, 2017) was an American singer, guitarist, songwriter, television host, and actor.
Myrtle Audrey Arinsberg (September 20, 1924 – March 10, 2016), known professionally as Gogi Grant, was an American pop singer.
The Golden Gate Quartet (a.k.a. The Golden Gate Jubilee Quartet) is an American vocal group.
Gordon Howe (March 31, 1928 – June 10, 2016) was a Canadian professional ice hockey player.
Goree Chester Carter or Christer Carter (December 31, 1930 – December 29, 1990), known as Goree Carter, was an American singer, guitarist, drummer, songwriter and soldier.
Grace Patricia Kelly (November 12, 1929September 14, 1982) was an American film actress who became Princess of Monaco after marrying Prince Rainier III, in April 1956.
Thomas Grady Martin (January 17, 1929 – December 3, 2001) was an American session guitarist in country music and rockabilly.
The Grand Canyon (Hopi: Ongtupqa; Wi:kaʼi:la, Navajo: Tsékooh Hatsoh, Spanish: Gran Cañón) is a steep-sided canyon carved by the Colorado River in Arizona, United States.
The Gregorian calendar is the most widely used civil calendar in the world.
Eldred Gregory Peck (April 5, 1916 – June 12, 2003) was an American actor, one of the most popular film stars from the 1940s to the 1960s.
Grigory Naumovich Chukhray (Григо́рий Нау́мович Чухра́й, Григорiй Наумович Чухрай; 23 May 1921 – 29 October 2001) was a prominent Soviet film director and screenwriter, and a People's Artist of the USSR (1981).
Griselio Torresola (1925 – November 1, 1950) born in Jayuya, Puerto Rico, was one of two Puerto Rican nationalists from New York City who attempted to assassinate United States President Harry Truman on November 1, 1950.
Group Areas Act was the title of three acts of the Parliament of South Africa enacted under the apartheid government of South Africa.
Guerrilla warfare is a form of irregular warfare in which a small group of combatants, such as paramilitary personnel, armed civilians, or irregulars, use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage, raids, petty warfare, hit-and-run tactics, and mobility to fight a larger and less-mobile traditional military.
Guitar showmanship involves gimmicks, jumps, or other stunts with a guitar.
A guitar solo is a melodic passage, instrumental section, or entire piece of music written for a classical guitar, electric guitar or an acoustic guitar.
Gustavo Rojas Pinilla (12 March 1900 – 17 January 1975) was the 19th President of Colombia from June 1953 to May 1957.
Guy Mitchell (born Albert George Cernik; February 22, 1927 – July 1, 1999) was an American pop singer and actor, successful in his homeland, the UK, and Australia.
Robert Percell Ferguson (May 9, 1929 – November 26, 2006), who performed as H-Bomb Ferguson, was an American jump blues singer.
Haile Selassie I (ቀዳማዊ ኃይለ ሥላሴ, qädamawi haylä səllasé,;, born Ras Tafari Makonnen, was Ethiopia's regent from 1916 to 1930 and emperor from 1930 to 1974.
Hainan is the smallest and southernmost province of the People's Republic of China (PRC), consisting of various islands in the South China Sea.
Haiti (Haïti; Ayiti), officially the Republic of Haiti and formerly called Hayti, is a sovereign state located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea.
Harold Lane "Hal" David (May 25, 1921 – September 1, 2012) was an American lyricist.
Henry Louis Aaron (born February 5, 1934), nicknamed "Hammer" or "Hammerin' Hank", is a retired American Major League Baseball (MLB) right fielder who serves as the senior vice president of the Atlanta Braves.
Hank Ballard (born John Henry Kendricks; November 18, 1927 – March 2, 2003) was a rhythm and blues singer and songwriter, the lead vocalist of Hank Ballard and the Midnighters and one of the first rock and roll artists to emerge in the early 1950s.
Walter Louis "Hank" Garland (11 November 1930 – 27 December 2004) was a studio musician who performed with Johnny Cash, Elvis Presley, Patsy Cline, Moon Mullican, Brenda Lee, Roy Orbison, and Patti Page.
Henry William Thompson (September 3, 1925 – November 6, 2007) was an American country music entertainer whose career spanned seven decades.
Hiram "Hank" Williams (September 17, 1923 – January 1, 1953) was an American singer-songwriter.
Hard bop is a subgenre of jazz that is an extension of bebop (or "bop") music.
Maurice Harold Macmillan, 1st Earl of Stockton, (10 February 1894 – 29 December 1986) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1957 to 1963.
Harry Belafonte (born Harold George Bellanfanti Jr.; March 1, 1927) is an American singer, songwriter, actor, and social activist.
Harry Haag James (March 15, 1916 – July 5, 1983) was an American musician who is best known as a trumpet playing band leader who led a big band from 1939 to 1946.
Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was an American statesman who served as the 33rd President of the United States (1945–1953), taking office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Hawaii (Hawaii) is the 50th and most recent state to have joined the United States, having received statehood on August 21, 1959.
Harold Franklin Hawkins (December 22, 1921 – March 5, 1963), better known as Hawkshaw Hawkins, was an American country music singer popular from the 1950s into the early 1960s known for his rich, smooth vocals and music drawn from blues, boogie and honky tonk.
Hayley Catherine Rose Vivien Mills (born 18 April 1946) is an English actress.
HeLa (also Hela or hela) is a cell type in an immortal cell line used in scientific research.
Helen Forrest (April 12, 1917 – July 11, 1999) was an American singer of traditional pop and swing music.
Helen Hayes MacArthur (née Brown; October 10, 1900 – March 17, 1993) was an American actress whose career spanned 80 years.
Helsinki (or;; Helsingfors) is the capital city and most populous municipality of Finland.
Henrietta Lacks (born Loretta Pleasant; August 1, 1920 – October 4, 1951) Note: Some sources report her birthday as August 2, 1920, vs.
Henry Jaynes Fonda (May 16, 1905 – August 12, 1982) was an American film and stage actor with a career spanning five decades.
was the 124th Emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession, reigning from 25 December 1926, until his death on 7 January 1989.
The Brooklyn Dodgers were an American Major League baseball team, active primarily in the National League from 1884 until 1957, after which the club moved to Los Angeles, where it continues its history as the Los Angeles Dodgers.
The San Francisco Giants of Major League Baseball originated in New York City as the New York Gothams in 1883 and were known as the New York Giants from 1885 until the team relocated to San Francisco after the season.
A transistor is a semiconductor device with at least three terminals for connection to an electric circuit.
Hồ Chí Minh (Chữ nôm: 胡志明; 19 May 1890 – 2 September 1969), born Nguyễn Sinh Cung, also known as Nguyễn Tất Thành and Nguyễn Ái Quốc, was a Vietnamese Communist revolutionary leader who was Chairman and First Secretary of the Workers' Party of Vietnam.
The Holy See (Santa Sede; Sancta Sedes), also called the See of Rome, is the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the Catholic Church in Rome, the episcopal see of the Pope, and an independent sovereign entity.
Homer E. Harris Jr. (March 4, 1916 – March 17, 2007) was a groundbreaking African American athlete who became the first black captain of a Big Ten Conference team.
Homesick James (April 30, 1910Harris, S. (1981). Blues Who's Who. New York, Da Capo Press. pp. 574–575. – December 13, 2006)According to this, he may have been born in 1905, 1910, 1914, or 1924.
Honshu is the largest and most populous island of Japan, located south of Hokkaido across the Tsugaru Strait, north of Shikoku across the Inland Sea, and northeast of Kyushu across the Kanmon Straits.
Chester Arthur Burnett (June 10, 1910 – January 10, 1976), known as Howlin' Wolf, was a Chicago blues singer, guitarist, and harmonica player, originally from Mississippi.
Huey Pierce Smith, known as Huey "Piano" Smith (born January 26, 1934, New Orleans, Louisiana), is an American rhythm-and-blues pianist whose sound was influential in the development of rock and roll.
Humphrey DeForest Bogart (December 25, 1899January 14, 1957) was an American screen and stage actor.
Hurricane Audrey was one of the deadliest tropical cyclones in American history and the strongest June hurricane ever recorded in the Atlantic basin.
Hurricane Diane was the costliest Atlantic hurricane of its time.
Hurricane Hazel was the deadliest and costliest hurricane of the 1954 Atlantic hurricane season.
The Hutu, also known as the Abahutu, are a Bantu ethnic group native to African Great Lakes region of Africa, primarily area now under Burundi and Rwanda.
I Confess is a 1953 film noir directed by Alfred Hitchcock, and starring Montgomery Clift as Fr.
Abdulaziz ibn Abdul Rahman ibn Faisal ibn Turki ibn Abdullah ibn Muhammad Al Saud (عبد العزيز بن عبد الرحمن آل سعود,; 15 January 1875 – 9 November 1953), usually known within the Arab world as Abdulaziz and in the West as Ibn Saud, was the first monarch and founder of Saudi Arabia, the "third Saudi state".
Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice, usually in a rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponent's net to score points.
Iconography, as a branch of art history, studies the identification, description, and the interpretation of the content of images: the subjects depicted, the particular compositions and details used to do so, and other elements that are distinct from artistic style.
Idris, GBE (إدريس الأول; El Sayyid Prince Muhammad Idris bin Muhammad al-Mahdi as-Senussi; 12 March 1889 – 25 May 1983), was a Libyan political and religious leader who served as the Emir of Cyrenaica and then as the King of Libya from 1951 to 1969.
Izear Luster "Ike" Turner, Jr. (November 5, 1931 – December 12, 2007) was an American musician, bandleader, songwriter, arranger, talent scout, and record producer.
is a 1952 Japanese drama film directed and co-written by Akira Kurosawa and starring Takashi Shimura.
Ilya Muromets (Илья Муромец), known in the US as The Sword and the Dragon and in the UK as The Epic Hero and the Beast (significantly altered versions), is a Soviet fantasy film directed by the noted fantasy director Aleksandr Ptushko, made at Mosfilm and released in 1956.
An immortalized cell line is a population of cells from a multicellular organism which would normally not proliferate indefinitely but, due to mutation, have evaded normal cellular senescence and instead can keep undergoing division.
Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.
Jens Ingemar "Ingo" Johansson (22 September 1932 – 30 January 2009) was a Swedish professional boxer who competed from 1952 to 1963.
Ernst Ingmar Bergman (14 July 1918 – 30 July 2007) was a Swedish director, writer, and producer who worked in film, television, theatre and radio.
Ingrid Bergman (29 August 1915 – 29 August 1982) was a Swedish actress who starred in a variety of European and American films.
Internment is the imprisonment of people, commonly in large groups, without charges or intent to file charges, and thus no trial.
The Iraqi Republic (الجمهورية العراقية) was a state forged in 1958 under the rule of President Muhammad Najib ar-Ruba'i and Prime Minister Abd al-Karim Qasim.
The Iron Curtain was the name for the boundary dividing Europe into two separate areas from the end of World War II in 1945 until the end of the Cold War in 1991.
Sahibzada Iskander Ali Mirza (اسکندر مرزا, ইস্কান্দার মির্জা); 13 November 1899 – 13 November 1969),, was the first President of Pakistan, elected in this capacity in 1956 until being dismissed by his appointed army commander General Ayub Khan in 1958. Mirza was educated at the University of Mumbai before attending the military academy in Sandhurst in the United Kingdom. After a brief military service in the British Indian Army, he joined the Indian Political Service and spent the majority of his career as a political agent in the Western region of the British India until elevated as joint secretary at the Ministry of Defence in 1946. After the independence of Pakistan as result of the Partition of India, Mirza was appointed as first Defence Secretary by Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan, only to oversee the military efforts in first war with India in 1947, followed by failed secessionism in Balochistan in 1948. In 1954, he was appointed as Governor of his home province of East Bengal by Prime Minister Mohammad Ali of Bogra to control the law and order sparked as a result of the popular language movement in 1952, but later elevated as Interior Minister in Bogra administration in 1955. Playing a crucial role in ousting of Governor-General Sir Malik Ghulam, Mirza assumed his position in 1955 and was elected as the first President of Pakistan when the first set of Constitution was promulgated in 1956. His presidency, however, marked with political instability which saw his unconstitutional interferences in the civilian administration that led to the dismissal of four prime ministers in a mere two years. Facing challenges in getting the political endorsements and reelection for the presidency, Mirza surprisingly suspended the writ of the Constitution by having imposed martial law against his own party's administration governed by Prime Minister Feroze Khan on 8 October 1958, enforcing it through his army commander General Ayub Khan who dismissed him when the situation between them escalated, also in 1958. Mirza lived in the United Kingdom for the remainder of his life and was buried in Iran in 1969. His legacy and image is viewed negatively by some Pakistani historians who believe that Mirza was responsible for political instability in the country.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
Ivan Stepanovich Konev (Ива́н Степа́нович Ко́нев; – 21 May 1973) was a Soviet military commander who led Red Army forces on the Eastern Front during World War II, retook much of Eastern Europe from occupation by the Axis Powers, and helped in the capture of Germany's capital, Berlin.
Ivory Joe Hunter (October 10, 1914 – November 8, 1974) was an American rhythm-and-blues singer, songwriter, and pianist.
Ivy Mike was the codename given to the first test of a full-scale thermonuclear device, in which part of the explosive yield comes from nuclear fusion.
Jack Benny (born February 14, 1894 – December 26, 1974) was an American comedian, vaudevillian, radio, television and film actor, and violinist.
Jack Henderson Clement (April 5, 1931 – August 8, 2013) was an American singer, songwriter, and record and film producer.
Jack Earls (born August 23, 1932, Woodbury, Tennessee) at Allmusic is an American country and rockabilly singer.
Leon Jerry "Jack" Guthrie (November 13, 1915 – January 15, 1948) was a songwriter and performer whose rewritten version of the Woody Guthrie song "Oklahoma Hills" was a hit in 1945.
John Uhler Lemmon III (February 8, 1925 – June 27, 2001) professionally known as Jack Lemmon, was an American actor and musician.
Jack Palance (born Volodymyr Palahniuk (Володимир Палагню́к); February 18, 1919 – November 10, 2006) was an American actor and singer.
John Randolph Webb (April 2, 1920 – December 23, 1982) was an American actor, television producer, director, and screenwriter, who is most famous for his role as Sgt. Joe Friday in the ''Dragnet'' franchise (which he also created).
Jackie Brenston (August 24, 1928 or 1930Most published sources and the U.S. Social Security Death Index give 1930 as his year of birth. The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and reportedly his gravestone give 1928. – December 15, 1979) was an American R&B singer and saxophonist, who recorded, with Ike Turner's band, the first version of the pioneering rock-and-roll song "Rocket 88".
John Herbert Gleason (February 26, 1916June 24, 1987) was an American comedian, actor, writer, composer and conductor.
Jack Roosevelt Robinson (January 31, 1919 – October 24, 1972) was an American professional baseball player who became the first African American to play in Major League Baseball (MLB) in the modern era.
Jack Leroy "Jackie" Wilson Jr. (June 9, 1934 – January 21, 1984) was an American soul singer and performer.
Jackson Pollock (January 28, 1912 – August 11, 1956) was an American painter and a major figure in the abstract expressionist movement.
Jailhouse Rock is a 1957 American musical drama film directed by Richard Thorpe and starring Elvis Presley, Judy Tyler, and Mickey Shaughnessy.
James Joseph Brown (May 3, 1933 – December 25, 2006) was an American singer, songwriter, dancer, musician, record producer and bandleader.
James Edward Burton (born August 21, 1939, in Dubberly, Louisiana) is an American guitarist.
James Francis Cagney Jr. (July 17, 1899March 30, 1986) was an American actor and dancer, both on stage and in film, though he had his greatest impact in film.
James Henry Cotton (July 1, 1935 – March 16, 2017) was an American blues harmonica player, singer and songwriter, who performed and recorded with many of the great blues artists of his time and with his own band.
James Byron Dean (February 8, 1931 – September 30, 1955) was an American actor.
James Neville Mason (15 May 1909 – 27 July 1984) was an English actor.
James Maitland Stewart (May 20, 1908July 2, 1997) was an American actor and military officer who is among the most honored and popular stars in film history.
James Dewey Watson (born April 6, 1928) is an American molecular biologist, geneticist and zoologist, best known as one of the co-discoverers of the structure of DNA in 1953 with Francis Crick and Rosalind Franklin.
Jan and Dean were an American rock duo consisting of William Jan Berry (April 3, 1941 – March 26, 2004) and Dean Ormsby Torrence (born March 10, 1940).
Ernestine Jane Geraldine Russell (June 21, 1921 – February 28, 2011) was an American film actress and one of Hollywood's leading sex symbols in the 1940s and 1950s.
Janet Leigh (born Jeanette Helen Morrison; July 6, 1927 – October 3, 2004) was an American actress, singer, dancer, and author.
Janis Darlene Martin (March 27, 1940 – September 3, 2007) was an American rockabilly and country music singer.
Jawaharlal Nehru (14 November 1889 – 27 May 1964) was the first Prime Minister of India and a central figure in Indian politics before and after independence.
Jay and the Americans are a pop music group popular in the 1960s.
Jayne Mansfield (born Vera Jane Palmer; April 19, 1933 – June 29, 1967) was an American film, theater, and television actress.
Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime.
Jean Maurice Eugène Clément Cocteau (5 July 1889 – 11 October 1963) was a French poet, writer, designer, playwright, artist and filmmaker.
Jean-Alfred Villain-Marais, also known as Jean Marais (11 December 1913 – 8 November 1998), was a French actor, writer, director and sculptor.
Jean-Paul Belmondo (born 9 April 1933) is a French actor initially associated with the New Wave of the 1960s and one of the biggest French film stars of the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s.
Jerry Lee Lewis (born September 29, 1935) is an American singer-songwriter, musician, and pianist, often known by his nickname, The Killer.
Jerry Lewis (born Joseph Levitch, March 16, 1926 – August 20, 2017) was an American comedian, actor, singer, humanitarian, director, screenwriter, producer, headliner and author.
Gerald Patrick "Jerry" Mathers (born June 2, 1948) is an American actor.
Jerry Reed Hubbard (March 20, 1937 – September 1, 2008), known professionally as Jerry Reed, was an American country music singer, guitarist, and songwriter, as well as an actor who appeared in more than a dozen films.
Jesse Lorenzo Belvin (December 15, 1932 – February 6, 1960) was an American R&B singer, pianist and songwriter popular in the 1950s, whose success was cut short by his death in a car crash aged 27.
Jesse "Babyface" Thomas (February 3, 1911 – August 15, 1995) was an American Texas blues guitarist and singer.
A jet airliner (or jetliner) is an airliner powered by jet engines (passenger jet aircraft).
James Nathaniel Brown (born February 17, 1936) is a former professional American football player and actor.
James Houston Davis (September 11, 1899 – November 5, 2000) was an American singer and songwriter of both sacred and popular songs, as well as a politician and former governor of Louisiana.
James Frederick Rodgers (born September 18, 1933, Camas, Washington) is an American singer.
James Albert Bowen (born November 30, 1937) is an American record producer and former rockabilly singer.
Ivy J. Bryant, Jr. (March 5, 1925 – September 22, 1980), known as Jimmy Bryant, was an American country music guitarist.
James Dorsey (February 29, 1904 – June 12, 1957) was a prominent American jazz clarinetist, saxophonist, composer and big band leader.
James Francis Durante (February 10, 1893 – January 29, 1980) was an American singer, pianist, comedian, and actor.
James Henry Jones (December 30, 1918, Memphis, Tennessee – April 29, 1982, Burbank, California) was an American jazz pianist and arranger.
Jimmy McCracklin (August 13, 1921 – December 20, 2012) was an American pianist, vocalist, and songwriter.
Jimmy "T99" Nelson (born James Nelson, April 7, 1919 – July 29, 2007) was an American jump blues and rhythm and blues shouter and songwriter.
Jimmy Nolen (April 3, 1934 – December 18, 1983) - accessed November 13, 2011 was an American guitarist, known for his distinctive "chicken scratch" lead guitar playing in James Brown's bands.
James Alfred Smith Preston (August 18, 1913 – December 17, 1984), known as Jimmy Preston, was an American R&B bandleader, alto saxophonist, drummer and singer who made an important contribution to early rock and roll.
Mathis James Reed (September 6, 1925August 29, 1976) was an American blues musician and songwriter.
Jo Elizabeth Stafford (November 12, 1917July 16, 2008) was an American traditional pop music singer and occasional actress, whose career spanned five decades from the late 1930s to the early 1980s.
Joan Crawford (born Lucille Fay LeSueur; March 23, c. 1904 – May 10, 1977) was an American film and television actress who began her career as a dancer and stage showgirl. In 1999, the American Film Institute ranked Crawford tenth on its list of the greatest female stars of Classic Hollywood Cinema. Beginning her career as a dancer in traveling theatrical companies, before debuting as a chorus girl on Broadway, Crawford signed a motion picture contract with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1925. In the 1930s, Crawford's fame rivaled, and later outlasted, MGM colleagues Norma Shearer and Greta Garbo. Crawford often played hard-working young women who find romance and success. These stories were well received by Depression-era audiences, and were popular with women. Crawford became one of Hollywood's most prominent movie stars, and one of the highest-paid women in the United States, but her films began losing money, and, by the end of the 1930s, she was labelled "box office poison". But her career gradually improved in the early 1940s, and she made a major comeback in 1945 by starring in Mildred Pierce, for which she won the Academy Award for Best Actress. She would go on to receive Best Actress nominations for Possessed (1947) and Sudden Fear (1952). She continued to act in film and television throughout the 1950s and 1960s; she achieved box office success with the highly successful horror film Whatever Happened To Baby Jane? (1962), in which she starred alongside Bette Davis, her long-time rival. In 1955, Crawford became involved with the Pepsi-Cola Company through her marriage to company Chairman Alfred Steele. After his death in 1959, Crawford was elected to fill his vacancy on the board of directors, serving until she was forcibly retired in 1973. After the release of the British horror film Trog in 1970, Crawford retired from the screen. Following a public appearance in 1974, after which unflattering photographs were published, Crawford withdrew from public life and became increasingly reclusive until her death in 1977. Crawford married four times. Her first three marriages ended in divorce; the last ended with the death of husband Alfred Steele. She adopted five children, one of whom was reclaimed by his birth mother. Crawford's relationships with her two elder children, Christina and Christopher, were acrimonious. Crawford disinherited the two, and, after Crawford's death, Christina wrote a well-known "tell-all" memoir titled Mommie Dearest (1978).
Dame Joan Alston Sutherland, OM, AC, DBE (7 November 192610 October 2010) was an Australian dramatic coloratura soprano noted for her contribution to the renaissance of the bel canto repertoire from the late 1950s through to the 1980s.
Claiborne Joseph Cheramie (September 9, 1938 – September 26, 2016), better known by his stage name Joe Clay, was an American rockabilly musician.
Joseph Paul DiMaggio (November 25, 1914 – March 8, 1999), nicknamed "Joltin' Joe" and "The Yankee Clipper", was an American baseball center fielder who played his entire 13-year career in Major League Baseball for the New York Yankees.
Joe Hill Louis (September 23, 1921 – August 5, 1957), born Lester Hill, was an American singer, guitarist, harmonica player and one-man band.
Joseph Abraham "Joe" Houston (July 12, 1926 – December 28, 2015) was an American tenor saxophonist who played jazz and rhythm and blues.
Joe Weaver (August 27, 1934 – July 5, 2006) was an American Detroit blues, electric blues and R&B pianist, singer and bandleader.
Joey Dee and the Starliters (also credited as Joey Dee and the Starlighters) is an American popular music group.
Johannesburg (also known as Jozi, Joburg and Egoli) is the largest city in South Africa and is one of the 50 largest urban areas in the world.
John Aloysius Costello (20 June 1891 – 5 January 1976) was an Irish Fine Gael politician who served as Taoiseach from 1948 to 1951 and 1954 to 1957, Leader of the Opposition from 1951 to 1954 and 1957 to 1959 and Attorney General of Ireland from 1926 to 1932.
John William Coltrane, also known as "Trane" (September 23, 1926 – July 17, 1967),.
John George Diefenbaker (September 18, 1895 – August 16, 1979) was the 13th Prime Minister of Canada, serving from June 21, 1957 to April 22, 1963.
John Gregson, (born Harold Thomas Gregson, (15 March 1919 – 8 January 1975) was an English actor of stage, television and film, with 40 credited film roles. He was best known for his comedy roles. He was credited in 40 films between 1948 and 1971, and on television from 1960 until his death. He was often cast as a police inspector or as a navy or army officer, or for his comedy roles in Ealing and other British films.
John Michael Landy (born 12 April 1930) is an Australian retired middle-distance runner and politician.
John Lee Hooker (August 22, 1912 or 1917; retrieved August 22, 2017. – June 21, 2001) was an American blues singer, songwriter, and guitarist.
Marion Mitchell Morrison (born Marion Robert Morrison; May 26, 1907 – June 11, 1979), known professionally as John Wayne and nicknamed "The Duke", was an American actor and filmmaker.
John Alvin Ray (January 10, 1927 – February 24, 1990) was an American singer, songwriter, and pianist.
John Watson Jr. (February 3, 1935 – May 17, 1996), known professionally as Johnny "Guitar" Watson, was an American blues, soul, and funk musician and singer-songwriter.
Johnny Young (January 1, 1918 – April 18, 1974)Harris, S. (1981).
John Marshall Alexander Jr. (June 9, 1929 – December 25, 1954), known by the stage name Johnny Ace, was an American rhythm-and-blues singer.
Johnny and the Hurricanes were an American instrumental rock and roll band from Toledo, Ohio, that had a number of hits, especially in the UK, in the 1950s and early 1960s.
"Johnny B. Goode" is a 1958 rock-and-roll song written and first recorded by Chuck Berry.
Cyrus Whitfield Bond (June 1, 1915 – June 12, 1978), known professionally as Johnny Bond, was an American country music entertainer of the 1940s through the 1960s.
John Joseph "Johnny" Burnette (March 25, 1934 – August 14, 1964) was an American singer-songwriter of rockabilly and pop music.
John William Carson (October 23, 1925 – January 23, 2005) was an American television host, comedian, writer, and producer.
John R. Cash (born J. R. Cash; February 26, 1932 – September 12, 2003) was an American singer-songwriter, guitarist, actor, and author.
Johnny Fuller (April 20, 1929 – May 20, 1985) was an American West Coast and electric blues singer and guitarist.
John LaGale "Johnny" Horton (April 30, 1925 – November 5, 1960) was an American country music and rockabilly singer and musician, best known for his saga ballads beginning with the song "The Battle of New Orleans", which was awarded the 1960 Grammy Award for Best Country & Western Recording.
John Royce Mathis (born September 30, 1935) is an American singer of popular music.
Johnny Otis (born Ioannis Alexandres Veliotes; December 28, 1921 – January 17, 2012) was an American singer, musician, composer, arranger, bandleader, talent scout, disc jockey, record producer, television show host, artist, author, journalist, minister, and impresario.
Johnny Preston (August 18, 1939 – March 4, 2011) was an American pop singer, who is best known for his international number one hit in 1960, "Running Bear".
Johnny Rivers (born John Henry Ramistella; November 7, 1942) is an American rock 'n' roll singer, songwriter, guitarist, and record producer.
John Ned "Johnny" Shines (April 26, 1915 – April 20, 1992) was an American blues singer and guitarist.
Johnny Tillotson (born April 20, 1938 in Jacksonville, Florida) is an American singer-songwriter.
John Constantine Unitas (May 7, 1933 – September 11, 2002), nicknamed "Johnny U" and "The Golden Arm", was an American football player in the National Football League (NFL).
Jomo Kenyatta (– 22 August 1978) was a Kenyan anti-colonial activist and politician who governed Kenya as its Prime Minister from 1963 to 1964 and then as its first President from 1964 to his death in 1978.
Jonathan Bion "Jon" Provost (born March 12, 1950) is an American actor, best known for his role as young Timmy Martin in the CBS series Lassie.
Jonas Edward Salk (October 28, 1914June 23, 1995) was an American medical researcher and virologist.
Joni James (born Joan Carmella Babbo, September 22, 1930 in Chicago, Illinois) is an American singer of traditional pop music.
Jorge Alberto Negrete Moreno (30 November 1911 – 5 December 1953) was a Mexican singer and actor.
José Vicente Ferrer de Otero y Cintrón (January 8, 1912 – January 26, 1992), known as José Ferrer, was a Puerto Rican actor and theatre and film director.
Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was a Soviet revolutionary and politician of Georgian nationality.
Joshua Daniel White (February 11, 1914 – September 5, 1969) was an American singer, guitarist, songwriter, actor and civil rights activist.
Josip Broz (Cyrillic: Јосип Броз,; 7 May 1892 – 4 May 1980), commonly known as Tito (Cyrillic: Тито), was a Yugoslav communist revolutionary and political leader, serving in various roles from 1943 until his death in 1980.
Juan Domingo Perón (8 October 1895 – 1 July 1974) was an Argentine army lieutenant general and politician.
Judy Garland (born Frances Ethel Gumm; June 10, 1922 – June 22, 1969) was an American singer, actress, and vaudevillian.
Judy Holliday (Born Judith Tuvim, June 21, 1921 – June 7, 1965) was an American actress, comedian, and singer.
Juho Kusti Paasikivi (27 November 1870 – 14 December 1956) was the seventh President of Finland (1946–1956).
Julia Ann Harris (December 2, 1925 – August 24, 2013), was an American stage, screen, and television actress.
Julie London (née Peck; September 26, 1926 – October 18, 2000) was an American singer and actress, whose career spanned more than 40 years.
June Christy (born Shirley Luster; November 20, 1925 – June 21, 1990) was an American singer, known for her work in the cool jazz genre and for her silky smooth vocals.
June Valli (June 30, 1928 – March 12, 1993), the stage name of June Foglia, was an American singer and television personality.
Herman "Junior" Parker (March 27, 1932November 18, 1971).
Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira (September 12, 1902 – August 22, 1976), known also by his initials JK, was a prominent Brazilian politician who served as the 21st President of Brazil from 1956 to 1961.
Katharine Houghton Hepburn (May 12, 1907 – June 29, 2003) was an American actress.
Katherine Laverne Starks (July 21, 1922November 3, 2016), known as Kay Starr, was an American pop and jazz singer who enjoyed considerable success in the 1940s and 1950s.
was a Japanese film director and screenwriter.
Kenneth Ray Rogers (born August 21, 1938) is an American singer, songwriter, actor, record producer, and entrepreneur.
Kim Il-sung (or Kim Il Sung) (born Kim Sŏng-ju; 15 April 1912 – 8 July 1994) was the first leader of North Korea, from its establishment in 1948 until his death in 1994.
Marilyn Pauline "Kim" Novak (born February 13, 1933) is a retired American film and television actress.
Kim Stanley (February 11, 1925 – August 20, 2001) was an American actress, primarily in television and theatre, but with occasional film performances.
The Kingdom of Cambodia (ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា, Royaume du Cambodge), informally known as the first Kingdom of Cambodia (ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជាទី ១) and the Sangkum Reastr Niyum era (សម័យសង្គមរាស្ត្រនិយម "People's Socialist Community"; Communauté socialiste populaire), referred to Norodom Sihanouk's first administration of Cambodia from 1953 to 1970, an especially significant time in the country's history.
The Hashemite Kingdom of Iraq (المملكة العراقية الهاشمية) was founded on 23 August 1921 under British administration following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in the Mesopotamian campaign of World War I. Although a League of Nations mandate was awarded to the UK in 1920, the 1920 Iraqi revolt resulted in the scrapping of the original mandate plan in favor of a British administered semi-independent kingdom, under the Hashemite allies of Britain, via the Anglo-Iraqi Treaty.
The Kingdom of Laos was a constitutional monarchy that ruled Laos beginning with its independence on 9 November 1953.
The Kingdom of Libya (المملكة الليبية; Libyan Kingdom; Regno di Libia), originally called the United Kingdom of Libya, came into existence upon independence on 24 December 1951 and lasted until a coup d'état led by Muammar Gaddafi on 1 September 1969 overthrew King Idris and established the Libyan Arab Republic.
Kirk Douglas (born Issur Danielovitch, December 9, 1916) is an American actor, producer, director, and author.
Kitty Kallen (born Katie Kallen; May 25, 1921 – January 7, 2016) was an American popular singer whose career spanned from the 1930s to the 1960s, to include the Swing era of the Big Band years, the post-WWII pop scene and the early years of rock 'n roll.
Klement Gottwald (23 November 1896 – 14 March 1953) was a Czechoslovak Communist politician, who was the General Secretary of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia from 1929 until 1945 and party chairman until his death in 1953.
KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, legally Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij N.V., is the flag carrier airline of the Netherlands.
KLM Flight 607-E, flown by Lockheed Super Constellation named Hugo de Groot and registered was an international scheduled flight that crashed west of Shannon, Ireland on 14 August 1958.
Konrad Hermann Joseph Adenauer (5 January 1876 – 19 April 1967) was a German statesman who served as the first Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) from 1949 to 1963.
The Korean Armistice Agreement (한국휴전협정) is the armistice which brought about a complete cessation of hostilities of the Korean War.
The Korean War (in South Korean, "Korean War"; in North Korean, "Fatherland: Liberation War"; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) was a war between North Korea (with the support of China and the Soviet Union) and South Korea (with the principal support of the United States).
Kris Jensen (born Peter Jensen, April 4, 1942, New Haven, Connecticut) is an American singer, bassist, and guitarist.
Kwame Nkrumah PC (21 September 1909 – 27 April 1972) was a Ghanaian politician and revolutionary.
was a Japanese singer and actor, best known outside Japan for his international hit song "Ue o Muite Arukō" (known as "Sukiyaki" in English-speaking markets), which was sung in Japanese and sold over 13 million copies.
La Strada is a 1954 Italian drama film directed by Federico Fellini from his own screenplay co-written with Tullio Pinelli and Ennio Flaiano.
Lana Turner (born Julia Jean Turner; February 8, 1921June 29, 1995) was an American actress who worked in film, television, theater, and radio.
The Landing Operation on Hainan Island, also known as the Hainan Island Campaign or the Hainan Campaign for short, was a series of battles fought between the Kuomintang (Nationalists) (National Revolutionary Army, NRA) and the People's Liberation Army (PLA) for the island of Hainan during the resumption of the Chinese Civil War in the post-World War II period, and resulted in a Communist victory.
Laos (ລາວ,, Lāo; Laos), officially the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao: ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ, Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxon Lao; République démocratique populaire lao), commonly referred to by its colloquial name of Muang Lao (Lao: ເມືອງລາວ, Muang Lao), is a landlocked country in the heart of the Indochinese peninsula of Mainland Southeast Asia, bordered by Myanmar (Burma) and China to the northwest, Vietnam to the east, Cambodia to the southwest and Thailand to the west and southwest.
Lawrence Eugene Williams (May 10, 1935 – January 7, 1980) was an American rhythm and blues and rock and roll singer, songwriter, producer, and pianist from New Orleans, Louisiana.
Laureano Eleuterio Gómez Castro (20 February 1889 – 13 July 1965) was the 18th President of Colombia from 1950 to 1953.
Lauren Bacall (born Betty Joan Perske; September 16, 1924 – August 12, 2014) was an American actress known for her distinctive voice and sultry looks.
Laurence Kerr Olivier, Baron Olivier, (22 May 1907 – 11 July 1989) was an English actor and director who, along with his contemporaries Ralph Richardson and John Gielgud, dominated the British stage of the mid-20th century.
Delores LaVern Baker (November 11, 1929 – March 10, 1997) was an American rhythm-and-blues singer who had several hit records on the pop chart in the 1950s and early 1960s.
Lazy Lester (born Leslie Carswell Johnson, June 20, 1933) is an American blues musician who sings and plays the harmonica and guitar.
Le Beau Serge (meaning "Handsome Serge") is a French film directed by Claude Chabrol, released in 1958.
Lee Francis Allen (July 2, 1927 – October 18, 1994) was an American tenor saxophone player.
Irving Lee Dorsey (December 24, 1924 – December 1, 1986) was an African American pop and R&B singer during the 1960s.
Lenny Welch (born Leon Welch, May 31, 1938) is an American MOR/pop singer.
Leroy Frank Van Dyke (born October 4, 1929) is an American country music singer and guitarist, best known for his hits "The Auctioneer" (1956) and "Walk On By" (1961).
Lester William Polsfuss (June 9, 1915 – August 12, 2009), known as Les Paul, was an American jazz, country, and blues guitarist, songwriter, luthier, and inventor.
Leslie William "Les" Coffelt (August 15, 1910 – November 1, 1950) was an officer of the White House Police, who was killed while successfully defending U.S. President Harry S. Truman against an armed attack on November 1, 1950 at Blair House, where the president was living during renovations at the White House.
Lester Bowles "Mike" Pearson (23 April 1897 – 27 December 1972) was a Canadian scholar, statesman, soldier, prime minister, and diplomat, who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1957 for organizing the United Nations Emergency Force to resolve the Suez Canal Crisis.
Lester Willis Young (August 27, 1909 – March 15, 1959), nicknamed "Pres" or "Prez", was an American jazz tenor saxophonist and occasional clarinetist.
Lev Ivanovich Yashin (Лев Ива́нович Я́шин, 22 October 1929 – 20 March 1990), nicknamed the "Black Spider" or the "Black Panther", was a Soviet professional footballer, widely regarded as the greatest goalkeeper in the history of the sport.
Libya (ليبيا), officially the State of Libya (دولة ليبيا), is a sovereign state in the Maghreb region of North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south and Algeria and Tunisia to the west.
Life was an American magazine that ran regularly from 1883 to 1972 and again from 1978 to 2000.
Samuel John "Lightnin'" Hopkins (March 15, 1912 – January 30, 1982) was an American country blues singer, songwriter, guitarist, and occasional pianist, from Centerville, Texas.
Lionel Leo Hampton (April 20, 1908 – August 31, 2002) was an American jazz vibraphonist, pianist, percussionist, bandleader and actor.
Little Anthony and the Imperials is an American rhythm and blues/soul vocal group from New York City founded by Clarence Collins in the 1950s and named in part for its lead singer, Jerome Anthony "Little Anthony" Gourdine, who was noted for his high-pitched voice.
Richard Wayne Penniman (born December 5, 1932), known as Little Richard, is an American musician, songwriter, singer, and actor.
Marion Walter Jacobs (May 1, 1930 – February 15, 1968), known as Little Walter, was an American blues musician, singer, and songwriter, whose revolutionary approach to the harmonica and impact on succeeding generations earned comparisons for him to such seminal artists as Django Reinhardt, Charlie Parker and Jimi Hendrix.
William Edward "Little Willie" John (November 15, 1937 – May 26, 1968) was an American rock 'n' roll and R&B singer who performed in the 1950s and early 1960s.
Willie Littlefield, Jr., billed as Little Willie Littlefield (September 16, 1931 – June 23, 2013), was an American R&B and boogie-woogie pianist and singer whose early recordings "formed a vital link between boogie-woogie and rock and roll".
The Llandow air disaster was an aircraft accident in Wales in 1950.
Lloyd Vernet Bridges Jr. (January 15, 1913 – March 10, 1998) was an American film, stage and television actor who starred in a number of television series and appeared in more than 150 feature films.
Lloyd Price (born March 9, 1933) is an American R&B vocalist, known as "Mr.
Lobotomy, also known as leucotomy, is a neurosurgical and form of psychosurgery. Operation that involves severing connections in the brain's prefrontal lobe.
The Lockheed L-1049 Super Constellation is an American aircraft, a member of the Lockheed Constellation aircraft line.
Anthony James Donegan (29 April 1931 – 3 November 2002), known as Lonnie Donegan, was a British skiffle singer, songwriter and musician, referred to as the "King of Skiffle", who influenced 1960s British pop musicians.
Loretta Lynn (née Webb; born April 14, 1932) is an American country music singer-songwriter with multiple gold albums in a career spanning almost 60 years.
Lugee Alfredo Giovanni Sacco (born February 19, 1943), known professionally as Lou Christie, is an American singer-songwriter best known for three separate strings of pop hits in the 1960s, including his 1966 hit "Lightnin' Strikes".
Louis Daniel Armstrong (August 4, 1901 – July 6, 1971), nicknamed Satchmo, Satch, and Pops, was an American trumpeter, composer, singer and occasional actor who was one of the most influential figures in jazz.
Louis Thomas Jordan (July 8, 1908 – February 4, 1975) was a pioneering American musician, songwriter and bandleader who was popular from the late 1930s to the early 1950s.
Louis Leo Prima (December 7, 1910 – August 24, 1978) was an Italian American singer, actor, songwriter, bandleader, and trumpeter.
Louis Stephen St.
Lucille Désirée Ball (August 6, 1911 – April 26, 1989) was an American actress, comedian, model, film-studio executive, and producer.
Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), also known as acid, is a psychedelic drug known for its psychological effects, which may include altered awareness of one's surroundings, perceptions, and feelings as well as sensations and images that seem real though they are not.
Mabel Bernice Scott (April 30,1915 – July 20, 2000) was an American gospel music and R&B vocalist.
Wesley Erwin "Mac" Curtis, Jr. (January 16, 1939 – September 16, 2013) was an American rockabilly musician.
Mahalia Jackson (October 26, 1911 – January 27, 1972) was an American gospel singer.
Major Lance (April 4, 1939, 1941Soul music A-Z 1995 p. 185 or 1942The golden age of American rock 'n roll: Volume 3; 2002 p. 556Rhythm and Blues, Rap, and Hip-hop p. 161 – September 3, 1994) was an American R&B singer.
Malcolm Yelvington (September 14, 1918 – February 21, 2001) was an American rockabilly and country musician.
The Malpasset Dam was an arch dam on the Reyran River, located approximately 7 km north of Fréjus on the French Riviera (Côte d'Azur), southern France, in the Var département.
Malta, officially known as the Republic of Malta (Repubblika ta' Malta), is a Southern European island country consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea.
Manchester United Football Club is a professional football club based in Old Trafford, Greater Manchester, England, that competes in the Premier League, the top flight of English football.
Manuel Fraga Iribarne (23 November 1922 – 15 January 2012) was a Spanish professor and politician in Francoist Spain, who was also the founder of the People's Party.
Manuel Urrutia Lleó (December 8, 1901 – 5 July 1981) was a liberal Cuban lawyer and politician.
Mao Zedong (December 26, 1893September 9, 1976), commonly known as Chairman Mao, was a Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founding father of the People's Republic of China, which he ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976.
The Maquis were rural guerrilla bands of French Resistance fighters, called maquisards, during the Occupation of France in World War II.
María de los Ángeles Félix Güereña ((8 April 1914 – 8 April 2002) was a Mexican film actress and singer. Along with Pedro Armendáriz and Dolores del Río, she was one of the most successful figures of Latin American cinema in the 1940s and 1950s. She was known as La Doña, a name derived from her character in the film Doña Bárbara (1943), and María Bonita, thanks to the anthem composed exclusively for her, as a wedding gift by her second husband, the Mexican composer Agustín Lara. She completed a film career that included 47 films made in Mexico, Spain, France, Italy and Argentina.
Marcello Vincenzo Domenico Mastroianni, Knight Grand Cross (28 September 1924 – 19 December 1996) was an Italian film actor.
Marcos Evangelista Pérez Jiménez (25 April 1914 – 20 September 2001) was a Venezuelan military and general officer of the Army of Venezuela and the leader of Venezuela from 1950 to 1958, ruling as unelected military strongman from 1948 to 1950 and as President from 1952 to 1958.
Maria Callas, Commendatore OMRI (Μαρία Κάλλας; December 2, 1923 – September 16, 1977) was a New York-born Greek soprano, one of the most renowned and influential opera singers of the 20th century.
Marian Anderson (February 27, 1897 – April 8, 1993) was an American singer.
Marilyn Monroe (born Norma Jeane Mortenson; June 1, 1926 – August 5, 1962) was an American actress, model, and singer.
Mario Lanza (born Alfredo Arnold Cocozza; January 31, 1921 – October 7, 1959) was an American tenor of Italian ancestry, and an actor and Hollywood film star of the late 1940s and the 1950s.
Mark Rothko, born Markus Yakovlevich Rothkowitz (Ма́ркус Я́ковлевич Ротко́вич, Markuss Rotkovičs; September 25, 1903 – February 25, 1970), was an American painter of Russian Jewish descent.
Marie Magdalene "Marlene" Dietrich (27 December 1901 – 6 May 1992) was a German actress and singer who held both German and American citizenship.
Marlon Brando Jr. (April 3, 1924 – July 1, 2004) was an American actor and film director.
The Marshall Plan (officially the European Recovery Program, ERP) was an American initiative to aid Western Europe, in which the United States gave over $13 billion (nearly $ billion in US dollars) in economic assistance to help rebuild Western European economies after the end of World War II.
Martha Carson (March 19, 1921 – December 16, 2004), born Irene Amburgey, was an American gospel-country music singer most popular during the 1950s.
Martin David Robinson (September 26, 1925 – December 8, 1982), known professionally as Marty Robbins, was an American singer, songwriter, actor, multi-instrumentalist, and racing driver.
Marvin & Johnny were an American doo-wop duo which recorded in the 1950s.
Mary Ford (born Iris Colleen Summers; July 7, 1924 – September 30, 1977) was an American vocalist and guitarist, comprising half of the husband-and-wife musical team Les Paul and Mary Ford.
A maser (an acronym for "microwave amplification by stimulated emission of radiation") is a device that produces coherent electromagnetic waves through amplification by stimulated emission.
The Mau Mau Uprising (1952–1964), also known as the Mau Mau Rebellion, the Kenya Emergency, and the Mau Mau Revolt, was a war in the British Kenya Colony (1920–63).
Maureen Catherine Connolly-Brinker (née Connolly; September 17, 1934 – June 21, 1969) known as "Little Mo", was an American tennis player, the winner of nine Grand Slam singles titles in the early 1950s.
Maurice Pate (October 14, 1894 – January 19, 1965) was an American humanitarian and businessman.
Joseph Henri Maurice "Rocket" Richard (August 4, 1921 – May 27, 2000) was a Canadian professional ice hockey player who played 18 seasons in the National Hockey League (NHL) for the Montreal Canadiens.
Maurice Williams and the Zodiacs were an American doo-wop/R&B vocal group in the late 1950s and early 1960s.
Max Merritt (born Maxwell James Merritt, 30 April 1941 in Christchurch, New Zealand) is a New Zealand-born singer-songwriter and guitarist who is renowned as an interpreter of soul music and R&B.
Maxwell Lemuel Roach (January 10, 1924 – August 16, 2007) was an American jazz drummer and composer.
Max von Sydow (born Carl Adolf von Sydow, 10 April 1929) is a Swedish actor.
"Maybellene" is one of the first rock and roll songs.
McCarthyism is the practice of making accusations of subversion or treason without proper regard for evidence.
The McGuire Sisters were a singing trio in American popular music.
Medical ultrasound (also known as diagnostic sonography or ultrasonography) is a diagnostic imaging technique based on the application of ultrasound.
Melbourne is the state capital of Victoria and the second-most populous city in Australia and Oceania.
Memphis Slim (September 3, 1915 – February 24, 1988) was an American blues pianist, singer, and composer.
The Mercalli intensity scale is a seismic intensity scale used for measuring the intensity of an earthquake.
Mercy Dee Walton (born Mercy Davis Walton, August 3, 1915 – December 2, 1962) was an American jump blues pianist, singer and songwriter, whose compositions went from blues to R&B numbers.
Merle Robert Travis (November 17, 1917 – October 20, 1983) was an American country and western singer, songwriter, and guitarist born in Rosewood, Kentucky.
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios Inc. (initialized as MGM or hyphenated as M-G-M, also known as Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pictures, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer or simply Metro, and for a former interval known as Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer/United Artists, or MGM/UA) is an American media company, involved primarily in the production and distribution of feature films and television programs.
Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
Mickey & Sylvia was an American R&B duo, composed of Mickey Baker and Sylvia Vanderpool, who later became Sylvia Robinson.
Mickey Charles Mantle (October 20, 1931 – August 13, 1995), nicknamed The Commerce Comet and The Mick, was an American professional baseball player.
Miguel Alemán Valdés (September 29, 1900 – May 14, 1983) served a full term as the President of Mexico from 1946 to 1952, the first civilian president after a string of revolutionary generals.
Miles Dewey Davis III (May 26, 1926September 28, 1991) was an American jazz trumpeter, bandleader, and composer.
The Miles Davis Quintet was an American jazz band from 1955 to early 1969 led by Miles Davis.
Mitchell William "Mitch" Miller (July 4, 1911 – July 31, 2010) was an American oboist, conductor, recording producer and recording industry executive.
The Modern Jazz Quartet (MJQ) was a jazz combo established in 1952 that played music influenced by classical, cool jazz, blues and bebop.
Mohammad Mosaddegh (محمد مصدق;; 16 June 1882 – 5 March 1967) was an Iranian politician.
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (Mohammad Reza Pahlavi,; 26 October 1919 – 27 July 1980), also known as Mohammad Reza Shah (Mohammad Rezā Šāh), was the last Shah of Iran from 16 September 1941 until his overthrow by the Iranian Revolution on 11 February 1979.
Edward Montgomery "Monty" Clift (October 17, 1920 – July 23, 1966) was an American actor.
Aubrey Wilson Mullican (March 29, 1909 – January 1, 1967), known as Moon Mullican and "King of the Hillbilly Piano Players", was an American country and western singer, songwriter, and pianist.
Morocco (officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco, is a unitary sovereign state located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is one of the native homelands of the indigenous Berber people. Geographically, Morocco is characterised by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of. Its capital is Rabat, and the largest city is Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Salé, Fes, Meknes and Oujda. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid dynasty and Almohad dynasty, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, and Morocco remained the only North African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier, and regained its independence in 1956. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, West African and European influences. Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, formerly Spanish Sahara, as its Southern Provinces. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. Mauritania relinquished its claim in 1979, and the war lasted until a cease-fire in 1991. Morocco currently occupies two thirds of the territory, and peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock. Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs, which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the constitutional court. Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber, with Berber being the native language of Morocco before the Arab conquest in the 600s AD. The Moroccan dialect of Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken. Morocco is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean and the African Union. It has the fifth largest economy of Africa.
Mother See of Holy Etchmiadzin (Մայր Աթոռ Սուրբ Էջմիածին, Mayr At'oř Surb Ēĵmiatsin), is the governing body of the Armenian Apostolic Church.
Mount Lamington is an andesitic stratovolcano in the Oro Province of Papua New Guinea.
McKinley Morganfield (April 4, 1913April 30, 1983), known professionally as Muddy Waters, was an American blues musician who is often cited as the "father of modern Chicago blues".
Muhammad Najib Ar-Ruba'i (محمد نجيب الربيعي) (also spelled Al-Rubai) (1904-1965) was the first President of Iraq (Chairman of Sovereignty Council) from July 14, 1958 to February 8, 1963.
Munich (München; Minga) is the capital and the most populated city in the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps.
The Munich air disaster occurred on 6 February 1958 when British European Airways Flight 609 crashed on its third attempt to take off from a slush-covered runway at Munich-Riem Airport, West Germany.
Munich-Riem Airport (Flughafen München-Riem) was the international airport of Munich, the capital city of Bavaria and third-largest city of Germany.
MV Astoria is a former ocean liner now operated as a cruise ship by Cruise & Maritime Voyages.
is the largest city in the Chūbu region of Japan.
Nantucket is an island about by ferry south from Cape Cod, in the U.S. state of Massachusetts.
Napoleon Brown Goodson Culp (October 12, 1929 – September 20, 2008) better known by his stage name Nappy Brown, was an American R&B singer.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
Nathaniel Adams Coles (March 17, 1919 – February 15, 1965), known professionally as Nat King Cole, was an American jazz pianist and vocalist.
Natalie Wood (born Natalia Nikolaevna Zakharenko; July 20, 1938 – November 29, 1981) was an American actress.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
Henry Ned Miller (April 12, 1925 – March 18, 2016) was an American country music singer-songwriter.
Neil Sedaka (born March 13, 1939) is an American pop singer, pianist, composer and record producer.
Nervous Norvus was the performing name of Jimmy Drake (March 24, 1912 – July 24, 1968).
The New York Yankees are an American professional baseball team based in the New York City borough of the Bronx.
Nights of Cabiria (Le notti di Cabiria) is a 1957 Italian drama film directed by Federico Fellini and starring Giulietta Masina, François Périer, and Amedeo Nazzari.
Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev (15 April 1894 – 11 September 1971) was a Soviet statesman who led the Soviet Union during part of the Cold War as the First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1953 to 1964, and as Chairman of the Council of Ministers, or Premier, from 1958 to 1964.
Nina Simone (born Eunice Kathleen Waymon; February 21, 1933 – April 21, 2003) was an American singer, songwriter, pianist, arranger, and activist in the Civil Rights Movement.
The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is a group of states that are not formally aligned with or against any major power bloc.
Norman Fox & The Rob-Roys are an American 1950s doo-wop group from the Bronx, New York.
North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD), known until March 1981 as the North American Air Defense Command, is a combined organization of the United States and Canada that provides aerospace warning, air sovereignty, and protection for Northern America.
North Korea (Chosŏn'gŭl:조선; Hanja:朝鮮; Chosŏn), officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (abbreviated as DPRK, PRK, DPR Korea, or Korea DPR), is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula.
The 1953 North Sea flood was a major flood caused by a heavy storm that occurred on the night of Saturday, 31 January 1953 and morning of Sunday, 1 February 1953.
North Vietnam, officially the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV) (Việt Nam Dân Chủ Cộng Hòa), was a country in Southeast Asia from 1945 to 1976, although it did not achieve widespread recognition until 1954.
The Northern Hemisphere is the half of Earth that is north of the Equator.
Obninsk (О́бнинск) is a city in Kaluga Oblast, Russia, located on the bank of the Protva River southwest of Moscow and northeast from Kaluga.
Obninsk Nuclear Power Plant (Обнинская АЭС, Obninskaja AES) was built in the "Science City" of Obninsk,, who was there at the time.
Odetta Holmes (December 31, 1930 – December 2, 2008), known as Odetta, was an American singer, actress, guitarist, lyricist, and a civil and human rights activist, often referred to as "The Voice of the Civil Rights Movement".
Operation Upshot–Knothole was a series of eleven nuclear test shots conducted in 1953 at the Nevada Test Site.
Orpheus (Orphée; also the title used in the UK) is a 1950 French film directed by Jean Cocteau and starring Jean Marais.
George Orson Welles (May 6, 1915 – October 10, 1985) was an American actor, director, writer, and producer who worked in theatre, radio, and film.
Oscar Collazo (January 20, 1914 – February 21, 1994) was one of two Puerto Rican militants of the Nationalist Party who on November 1, 1950, attempted to assassinate U.S. President Harry S. Truman in Washington, DC.
Oscar Emmanuel Peterson, (August 15, 1925 – December 23, 2007) was a Canadian jazz pianist and composer.
Oslo (rarely) is the capital and most populous city of Norway.
Osvaldo Dorticós Torrado (April 17, 1919 – June 23, 1983) was a Cuban politician who served as the President of Cuba from 1959 until 1976.
Otis Blackwell (February 16, 1931 – May 6, 2002) was an African-American songwriter, singer, and pianist, whose work significantly influenced rock and roll.
Otis Williams (born Otis Miles Jr.; October 30, 1941) is an American baritoneRibowsky, Mark (2010).
Otis Williams and the Charms were an American doo-wop vocal group in the 1950s, who were originally billed as The Charms.
The Pahlavi dynasty (دودمان پهلوی) was the ruling house of the imperial state of Iran from 1925 until 1979, when the 2,500 years of continuous Persian monarchy was overthrown and abolished as a result of the Iranian Revolution.
Pan-Arabism, or simply Arabism, is an ideology espousing the unification of the countries of North Africa and West Asia from the Atlantic Ocean to the Arabian Sea, referred to as the Arab world.
Papua New Guinea (PNG;,; Papua Niugini; Hiri Motu: Papua Niu Gini), officially the Independent State of Papua New Guinea, is an Oceanian country that occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and its offshore islands in Melanesia, a region of the southwestern Pacific Ocean north of Australia.
The Parliament of South Africa is South Africa's legislature and under the country's current Constitution is composed of the National Assembly and the National Council of Provinces.
Charles Eugene "Pat" Boone (born June 1, 1934) is an American singer, composer, actor, writer, television personality, motivational speaker, and spokesman.
Auburn "Pat" Hare (December 20, 1930 – September 26, 1980) was an American Memphis electric blues guitarist and singer.
Patsy Cline (born Virginia Patterson Hensley; September 8, 1932 – March 5, 1963) was an American country music singer and part of the Nashville sound during the late 1950s and early 1960s.
Clara Ann Fowler (November 8, 1927 – January 1, 2013), known by her stage name Patti Page, was an American singer of pop and country music.
Paul Albert Anka, (born July 30, 1941) is a Canadian singer, songwriter and actor.
Paul Leonard Newman (January 26, 1925 – September 26, 2008) was an American actor, voice actor, film director, producer, race car driver, IndyCar owner, entrepreneur, philanthropist, and activist.
Dámaso Pérez Prado (December 11, 1916 – September 14, 1989) was a Cuban bandleader, organist, pianist and composer, who also made brief appearances in films.
Pedro Infante Cruz (18 November 1917 – 15 April 1957), better known as Pedro Infante, was a Mexican actor and singer.
Connie Curtis Crayton (December 18, 1914 – June 25, 1985), known as Pee Wee Crayton, was an American R&B and blues guitarist and singer.
Julius Frank Anthony Kuczynski (February 18, 1914 – March 7, 2000), known professionally as Pee Wee King, was an American country music songwriter and recording artist best known for co-writing "Tennessee Waltz".
Norma Deloris Egstrom (May 26, 1920 – January 21, 2002) known professionally as Peggy Lee, was an American jazz and popular music singer, songwriter, composer, and actress, in a career spanning six decades.
Edson Arantes do Nascimento (born 23 October 1940), known as Pelé, is a Brazilian retired professional footballer who played as a forward.
Harrison Demotra Nelson, Jr. (July 17, 1925 – March 19, 1999), - accessed July 2010 known as Peppermint Harris, was an American rhythm and blues and jump blues singer and guitarist.
Pierino Ronald "Perry" Como (May 18, 1913 – May 12, 2001) was an American singer and television personality.
Peter Seeger (May 3, 1919 – January 27, 2014) was an American folk singer and social activist.
Peter Wilton Cushing (26 May 191311 August 1994) was an English actor best known for his roles in the Hammer Productions horror films of the 1950s, '60s, and '70s, as well as his performance as Grand Moff Tarkin in Star Wars (1977).
Peter Sydney Ernest Lawford (born Peter Sydney Ernest Aylen; 7 September 1923 – 24 December 1984) was a British-American actor, producer, and socialite, who lived in the United States throughout his adult life.
Pharmacology is the branch of biology concerned with the study of drug action, where a drug can be broadly defined as any man-made, natural, or endogenous (from within body) molecule which exerts a biochemical or physiological effect on the cell, tissue, organ, or organism (sometimes the word pharmacon is used as a term to encompass these endogenous and exogenous bioactive species).
Phil Phillips (born Philip Baptiste, March 14, 1926) is an American singer and songwriter, best known for his 1959 song, "Sea of Love".
Philco (founded as Helios Electric Company, renamed Philadelphia Storage Battery Company) was a pioneer in battery, radio, and television production.
Pinkney "Pink" Anderson (February 12, 1900 – October 12, 1974) was an American blues singer and guitarist.
Polio vaccines are vaccines used to prevent poliomyelitis (polio).
Poliomyelitis, often called polio or infantile paralysis, is an infectious disease caused by the poliovirus.
Polypropylene (PP), also known as polypropene, is a thermoplastic polymer used in a wide variety of applications.
Pop art is an art movement that emerged in Britain and the United States during the mid- to late-1950s.
Pope John XXIII (Ioannes; Giovanni; born Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli,; 25 November 18813 June 1963) was head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 28 October 1958 to his death in 1963 and was canonized on 27 April 2014.
Pope Pius XII (Pio XII), born Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli (2 March 18769 October 1958), was the Pope of the Catholic Church from 2 March 1939 to his death.
Popular music is music with wide appeal that is typically distributed to large audiences through the music industry.
The post–World War II economic expansion, also known as the postwar economic boom, the long boom, and the Golden Age of Capitalism, was a period of strong economic growth beginning after World War II and ending with the 1973–75 recession.
The President's Guest House, commonly known as Blair House, is a complex of four formerly separate buildings—Blair House, Lee House, Peter Parker House, and 704 Jackson Place—located in Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States.
A prisoner of war (POW) is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.
Propaganda is information that is not objective and is used primarily to influence an audience and further an agenda, often by presenting facts selectively to encourage a particular synthesis or perception, or using loaded language to produce an emotional rather than a rational response to the information that is presented.
Racial segregation is the separation of people into racial or other ethnic groups in daily life.
Ralph Willis (c. 1910 – June 11, 1957) was an American Piedmont blues and country blues singer, guitarist and songwriter.
Randy & the Rainbows are an American doo-wop group from Maspeth, New York.
is a 1950 Japanese period film directed by Akira Kurosawa, working in close collaboration with cinematographer Kazuo Miyagawa.
Ray Charles Robinson (September 23, 1930 – June 10, 2004), known professionally as Ray Charles, was an American singer-songwriter, musician, and composer.
Ray Milland (born Alfred Reginald Jones, 3 January 1907 – 10 March 1986) was a Welsh-American actor and film director.
Noble Ray Price (January 12, 1926December 16, 2013) was an American country music singer, songwriter, and guitarist.
Ray Smith (October 30, 1934 – November 29, 1979) was an American rockabilly musician.
The RCA Corporation was a major American electronics company, which was founded as the Radio Corporation of America in 1919.
RDS-37 was the Soviet Union's first two-stage hydrogen bomb, first tested on November 22, 1955.
Jules Gustave René Coty (20 March 188422 November 1962) was President of France from 1954 to 1959.
Richard Berry, Jr. (April 11, 1935 – January 23, 1997) was an African-American singer, songwriter and musician, who performed with many Los Angeles doo-wop and close harmony groups in the 1950s, including The Flairs and The Robins.
Richard Burton, CBE (born Richard Walter Jenkins Jr.; 10 November 19255 August 1984) was a Welsh actor.
Richard Weedt Widmark (December 26, 1914March 24, 2008) was an American film, stage, and television actor and producer.
Eric Hilliard Nelson (May 8, 1940 – December 31, 1985) was an American rock and roll star, musician, and singer-songwriter.
Rita Hayworth (born Margarita Carmen Cansino; October 17, 1918May 14, 1987) was an American actress and dancer.
Richard Steven Valenzuela (May 13, 1941 – February 3, 1959), known professionally as Ritchie Valens, was an American singer, songwriter, and guitarist.
Robert & Johnny were an American doo-wop duo from The Bronx, composed of Robert Carr and Johnny Mitchell.
Sir Robert Gordon Menzies, (20 December 189415 May 1978), was an Australian politician who twice served as Prime Minister of Australia, in office from 1939 to 1941 and again from 1949 to 1966.
Robert Charles Durman Mitchum (August 6, 1917 – July 1, 1997) was an American film actor, director, author, poet, composer, and singer.
Robert Lee McCollum (November 30, 1909 – November 5, 1967) was an American blues musician who played and recorded under the pseudonyms Robert Lee McCoy and Robert Nighthawk.
Jean-Baptiste Nicolas Robert Schuman (29 June 18864 September 1963) was a Luxembourg-born French statesman.
Robert Taylor (born Spangler Arlington Brugh; August 5, 1911 – June 8, 1969) was an American film and television actor who was one of the most popular leading men of his time.
Robert John Wagner Jr. (born February 10, 1930) is an American actor of stage, screen, and television, best known for starring in the television shows It Takes a Thief (1968–70), Switch (1975–78), and Hart to Hart (1979–84).
Roberto Urdaneta Arbeláez (27 June 1890 – 20 August 1972) was a Colombian Conservative party politician who served as President of Colombia from November 1951 until June 1953, while President Laureano Gómez was absent due to health issues.
Robin Luke (born 20 March 1942, Los Angeles, California, United States) is an American rockabilly singer who is best known for his 1958 song, "Susie Darlin'".
Rock and roll (often written as rock & roll or rock 'n' roll) is a genre of popular music that originated and evolved in the United States during the late 1940s and early 1950sJim Dawson and Steve Propes, What Was the First Rock'n'Roll Record (1992),.
"Rock and Roll Music" is a 1957 hit single written and recorded by rock and roll star Chuck Berry.
"Rock Around the Clock" is a rock and roll song in the 12-bar blues format written by Max C. Freedman and James E. Myers (the latter being under the pseudonym "Jimmy De Knight") in 1952.
Rock Hudson (born Roy Harold Scherer, Jr.; November 17, 1925 – October 2, 1985) was an American actor, generally known for his turns as a leading man during the 1950s and 1960s.
Rockabilly is one of the earliest styles of rock and roll music, dating back to the early 1950s in the United States, especially the South.
Rocco Francis Marchegiano (September 1, 1923 – August 31, 1969), best known as Rocky Marciano, was an American professional boxer who competed from 1947 to 1955.
Sir Roger Gilbert Bannister (23 March 1929 – 3 March 2018) was a British middle-distance athlete, doctor and academic who ran the first sub-4-minute mile.
"Roll Over Beethoven" is a 1956 hit single written by Chuck Berry, originally released on Chess Records, with "Drifting Heart" as the B-side.
Rolan Webster Holden (August 7, 1939 – January 22, 1997) was an American pop and rhythm and blues singer from Seattle, Washington.
Rosalind Elsie Franklin (25 July 192016 April 1958) was an English chemist and X-ray crystallographer who made contributions to the understanding of the molecular structures of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid), RNA (ribonucleic acid), viruses, coal, and graphite.
Catherine Rosalind Russell (June 4, 1907 – November 28, 1976) was an American actress, comedian, screenwriter and singer,Obituary Variety, December 1, 1976, page 79.
Rosco N. Gordon III (April 10, 1928 – July 11, 2002) was an American blues singer and songwriter.
Rose Murphy (April 28, 1913 - November 16, 1989) was an American vocal Jazz singer famous for the song "Busy Line" and unique singing style.
Rosemary Clooney (May 23, 1928 – June 29, 2002) was an American singer and actress.
Roy James Brown (September 10, 1920 or 1925May 25, 1981) was an American R&B singer, songwriter and musician, who had a significant influence on the early development of rock and roll and the direction of R&B.
Roy Campanella (November 19, 1921 – June 26, 1993), nicknamed "Campy", was an American baseball player, primarily as a catcher.
Roy Hamilton (April 16, 1929 – July 20, 1969) was an American singer.
Roy Bunny Milton (July 31, 1907 – September 18, 1983) was an American R&B and jump blues singer, drummer and bandleader.
Roy Kelton Orbison (April 23, 1936 – December 6, 1988) was an American singer, songwriter and musician known for his impassioned singing style, complex song structures, and dark emotional ballads.
Roy Rogers (born Leonard Franklin Slye, November 5, 1911 – July 6, 1998) was an American singer and actor.
Rufus C. Thomas, Jr. (March 26, 1917 – December 15, 2001) was an American rhythm-and-blues, funk, soul and blues singer, songwriter, dancer, DJ and comic entertainer from Memphis, Tennessee.
Rugby football refers to the team sports rugby league and rugby union.
Farrell Haliday "Rusty" Draper (January 25, 1923 – March 28, 2003) was an American country and pop singer who achieved his greatest success in the 1950s.
Ruth Alston Brown (née Weston, January 12, 1928 – November 17, 2006) was an American singer-songwriter and actress, sometimes known as the "Queen of R&B".
The Rwandan genocide, also known as the genocide against the Tutsi, was a genocidal mass slaughter of Tutsi in Rwanda by members of the Hutu majority government.
The Rwandan Revolution, also known as the Social Revolution or Wind of Destruction (muyaga), was a period of ethnic violence in Rwanda from 1959 to 1961 between the Hutu and the Tutsi, two of the three ethnic groups in Rwanda.
Sadko (Садко) is a 1952 Russian fantasy film directed by Aleksandr Ptushko.
Salvatore Mineo, Jr. (January 10, 1939February 12, 1976), was an American film and theatre actor, known for his performance as John "Plato" Crawford opposite James Dean in the film Rebel Without a Cause (1955).
Sam Butera (August 17, 1927 – June 3, 2009) was a tenor saxophonist best noted for his collaborations with Louis Prima and Keely Smith.
Samuel Cook (January 22, 1931 – December 11, 1964), known professionally as Sam Cooke, was an American singer, songwriter, and entrepreneur.
Samuel Cornelius Phillips (January 5, 1923 – July 30, 2003) was an American record producer who played an important role in the development of rock and roll during the 1950s.
Samuel Jackson Snead (May 27, 1912 – May 23, 2002) was an American professional golfer who was one of the top players in the world for most of four decades.
Samuel George Davis Jr. (December 8, 1925 – May 16, 1990) was an American singer, musician, dancer, actor and comedian.
Sammy Turner (born Samuel Black, June 2, 1932, Paterson, New Jersey) is an American singer, who was popular at the end of the 1950s.
Sampo (Сампо) is a 1959 Soviet–Finnish film based loosely on the events depicted in the Finnish national epic Kalevala.
Sandra Dee (born Alexandra Zuck; April 23, 1942 – February 20, 2005) was an American actress.
Sander L. Nelson (born December 1, 1938) is an American drummer.
Sarah Lois Vaughan (March 27, 1924 – April 3, 1990) was an American jazz singer.
In the context of spaceflight, a satellite is an artificial object which has been intentionally placed into orbit.
Saud bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (سعود بن عبد العزيز آل سعود; 15 January 1902 – 23 February 1969) was King of Saudi Arabia from 1953 to 1964.
Saudi Arabia, officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), is a sovereign Arab state in Western Asia constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula.
Saunders Samuel King (March 13, 1909 – August 31, 2000) was an American R&B and blues guitarist and singer.
Francis Hillman "Scrapper" Blackwell (February 21, 1903 – October 7, 1962) was an American blues guitarist and singer, best known as half of the guitar-piano duo he formed with Leroy Carr in the late 1920s and early 1930s.
Jalacy "Screamin' Jay" Hawkins (July 18, 1929 – February 12, 2000) was an American singer, songwriter, musician, and actor.
Seán Francis Lemass (born John Francis Lemass; 15 July 1899 – 11 May 1971) was an Irish Fianna Fáil politician who served as Taoiseach and Leader of Fianna Fáil from 1959 to 1966, Tánaiste from 1957 to 1959, 1951 to 1954 and 1945 to 1948, Minister for Industry and Commerce from 1957 to 1959, 1951 to 1954, 1945 to 1949 and 1932 to 1939 and Minister for Supplies from 1939 to 1945.
Seoul (like soul; 서울), officially the Seoul Special Metropolitan City – is the capital, Constitutional Court of Korea and largest metropolis of South Korea.
is a 1954 Japanese epic samurai drama film co-written, edited, and directed by Akira Kurosawa.
Shelley Winters (born Shirley Schrift; August 18, 1920 – January 14, 2006) was an American actress whose career spanned five decades.
The Shepherd Sisters (also known as The Sheps) were an American vocal quartet from Middletown, Ohio, United States.
Shirley MacLaine (née Beaty; born April 24, 1934) is an American film, television and theater actress, singer, dancer, activist and author.
Sidney Bechet (May 14, 1897 – May 14, 1959) was an African American jazz saxophonist, clarinetist, and composer.
Silas Hogan (September 15, 1911 – January 9, 1994) was an American blues musician.
Enos William McDonald (October 1, 1915–March 31, 1968), better known as Skeets McDonald, was an American country and rockabilly musician popular during the 1950s and 60s.
James Isaac Moore (January 11, 1924 – January 31, 1970), better known by his stage name Slim Harpo, was an American blues musician, a leading exponent of the swamp blues style, and "one of the most commercially successful blues artists of his day".
Slim Rhodes (1912–March 10, 1966), born Ethmer Cletus Rhodes, was an American country music and rockabilly guitarist and vocalist popular during the 1940s and 50s with his band, Slim Rhodes and His Mountaineers.
Ottis Dewey Whitman Jr (January 20, 1923 – June 19, 2013), professionally known by stage name Slim Whitman, was an American country music, western music and folk music artist singer-songwriter and instrumentalist known for his yodeling abilities and his smooth, high, three-octave-range falsetto in a style christened as "countrypolitan".
Smiles of a Summer Night (Sommarnattens leende) is a 1955 Swedish comedy film directed by Ingmar Bergman.
Overton Amos Lemons (July 5, 1913 – October 7, 1966), known as Smiley Lewis, was an American New Orleans rhythm and blues singer and guitarist.
Andrew "Smokey" Hogg (January 27, 1914 – May 1, 1960) was an American post-war Texas blues and country blues musician.
The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFR Yugoslavia or SFRY) was a socialist state led by the League of Communists of Yugoslavia, that existed from its foundation in the aftermath of World War II until its dissolution in 1992 amid the Yugoslav Wars.
A solar cell, or photovoltaic cell, is an electrical device that converts the energy of light directly into electricity by the photovoltaic effect, which is a physical and chemical phenomenon.
Solomon Burke (born James Solomon McDonald, March 21, 1940 – October 10, 2010) was an American preacher and singer who shaped the sound of rhythm and blues as one of the founding fathers of soul music in the 1960s.
Albert Austin "Sonny" Burgess (May 28, 1929 – August 18, 2017) was an American rockabilly guitarist and singer.
Therman "Sonny" Fisher (November 13, 1931 in Chandler, Texas – October 8, 2005 in Houston, Texas) was an American singer, songwriter, and guitarist.
Jimmie Hugh Loden (May 1, 1928February 22, 2016), known professionally as Sonny James, was an American country music singer and songwriter best known for his 1957 hit, "Young Love".
Joseph Coleman Smith (17 May 1934 – 5 September 1998), who performed and recorded under the name Sonny Knight, was an African-American singer, songwriter and author.
The Sons of the Pioneers are one of the United States' earliest Western singing groups.
Sofia Villani Scicolone, known as Sophia Loren, Dame of the Grand Cross, O.M.R.I. (born 20 September 1934) is an Italian film actress and singer.
Sophiatown, also known as Sof'town or Kofifi, is a suburb of Johannesburg, South Africa.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.
South Vietnam, officially the Republic of Vietnam (RVN, Việt Nam Cộng Hòa), was a country that existed from 1955 to 1975 and comprised the southern half of what is now the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
The Space Race refers to the 20th-century competition between two Cold War rivals, the Soviet Union (USSR) and the United States (US), for dominance in spaceflight capability.
Wesley Webb West (January 25, 1924 – November 15, 2003), better known as Speedy West, was an American pedal steel guitarist and record producer.
Spencer Bonaventure Tracy (April 5, 1900 – June 10, 1967) was an American actor, noted for his natural style and versatility.
Sputnik 1 (or; "Satellite-1", or "PS-1", Простейший Спутник-1 or Prosteyshiy Sputnik-1, "Elementary Satellite 1") was the first artificial Earth satellite.
James Burke "St.
Stan Getz (born Stanley Gayetski; February 2, 1927 – June 6, 1991) was an American jazz saxophonist.
Stanley Frank Musial (born Stanisław Franciszek Musiał; November 21, 1920 – January 19, 2013), nicknamed Stan the Man, was an American baseball outfielder and first baseman.
Stephen Valentine Patrick William Allen (December 26, 1921 – October 30, 2000) was an American television personality, radio personality, musician, composer, actor, comedian, writer, and advocate of scientific skepticism.
Stephen Lester "Steve" Reeves (January 21, 1926 – May 1, 2000) was an American professional bodybuilder, actor, and philanthropist.
Sub-Saharan Africa is, geographically, the area of the continent of Africa that lies south of the Sahara.
The Sudan or Sudan (السودان as-Sūdān) also known as North Sudan since South Sudan's independence and officially the Republic of the Sudan (جمهورية السودان Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān), is a country in Northeast Africa.
thumb The Suez Canal (قناة السويس) is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea through the Isthmus of Suez.
The Suez Crisis, or the Second Arab–Israeli War, also named the Tripartite Aggression (in the Arab world) and Operation Kadesh or Sinai War (in Israel),Also named: Suez Canal Crisis, Suez War, Suez–Sinai war, Suez Campaign, Sinai Campaign, Operation Musketeer (أزمة السويس /‎ العدوان الثلاثي, "Suez Crisis"/ "the Tripartite Aggression"; Crise du canal de Suez; מבצע קדש "Operation Kadesh", or מלחמת סיני, "Sinai War") was an invasion of Egypt in late 1956 by Israel, followed by the United Kingdom and France.
Sugar Ray Robinson (born Walker Smith Jr.; May 3, 1921 – April 12, 1989) was an American professional boxer who competed from 1940 to 1965.
Sukarno (born Kusno Sosrodihardjo; 6 June 1901 – 21 June 1970) was the first President of Indonesia, serving in office from 1945 to 1967.
Albert Luandrew (September 5, 1906 – March 17, 1995), "Blues pianist and singer Sunnyland Slim was born Albert Luandrew in Vance, Mississippi, September 5, 1906 (most sources say 1907, but the Social Security Death Index and 1920 census data give the date as 1906)." known as Sunnyland Slim, was an American blues pianist who was born in the Mississippi Delta and moved to Chicago, helping to make that city a center of postwar blues.
Susan Hayward (born Edythe Marrenner; June 30, 1917 – March 14, 1975) was an American actress and singer.
Syngman Rhee (April 18, 1875 – July 19, 1965) was a South Korean politician, the first and the last Head of State of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea, and President of South Korea from 1948 to 1960.
Aaron Thibeaux "T-Bone" Walker (May 28, 1910 – March 16, 1975) was an American blues guitarist, singer, songwriter and multi-instrumentalist, who was a pioneer and innovator of the jump blues and electric blues sound.
Tab Hunter (born Arthur Andrew Kelm; July 11, 1931) is an American actor, pop singer, film producer, and author.
The occurred on the afternoon of Thursday, June 18, 1953 when a United States Air Force (USAF) Douglas C-124 Globemaster II aircraft crashed three minutes after takeoff from Tachikawa, Japan, killing all 129 people on board.
is a city located in the western portion of Tokyo Metropolis, Japan.
() (13 June 1901 – 21 June 1985) was a Swedish politician who served as Prime Minister of Sweden from 1946 to 1969.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
Tampa Red (January 8, 1904 – March 19, 1981), born Hudson Woodbridge but known from childhood as Hudson Whittaker, was an American Chicago blues musician.
The Tátrai Quartet was a Hungarian classical string quartet founded in 1946 and based in Hungary.
Theodore Williams (born Theodore Samuel Williams; August 30, 1918 – July 5, 2002) was an American professional baseball player and manager.
Television (TV) is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome (black and white), or in colour, and in two or three dimensions and sound.
Ernest Jennings Ford (February 13, 1919 – October 17, 1991), known professionally as Tennessee Ernie Ford, was an American recording artist and television host who enjoyed success in the country and Western, pop, and gospel musical genres.
Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles).
Teresa Brewer (May 7, 1931 – October 17, 2007) was an American singer whose style incorporated country, jazz, R&B, musicals, and novelty songs.
Terrorism is, in the broadest sense, the use of intentionally indiscriminate violence as a means to create terror among masses of people; or fear to achieve a financial, political, religious or ideological aim.
Gordon Lee "Tex" Beneke (February 12, 1914 – May 30, 2000) was an American saxophonist, singer, and bandleader.
Woodward Maurice "Tex" Ritter (January 12, 1905 – January 2, 1974) was an American country music singer and actor popular from the mid-1930s into the 1960s, and the patriarch of the Ritter acting family (son John and grandsons Jason and Tyler).
Sollie Paul "Tex" Williams (August 23, 1917October 11, 1985) was an American Western swing musician from Ramsey, Illinois.
The Accents was used as a band name by several different groups from 1956 through 1969.
The African Queen is a 1951 British-American adventure film adapted from the 1935 novel of the same name by C. S. Forester.
The Andrews Sisters were an American close harmony singing group of the swing and boogie-woogie eras.
The Bell Notes were an early American rock and roll group from the East Meadow area of Long Island, New York.
The Belmonts are an American doo-wop group from the Bronx, New York, that originated in the mid-1950s.
Jiles Perry "J.
The Bobbettes were an American R&B girl group who had a 1957 top 10 hit song called "Mr. Lee." The group existed from 1955 to 1974 and included Jannie Pought (1945-1980), Emma Pought (born 1942), Reather Dixon (1945-2014), Laura Webb (1941-2001), and Helen Gathers (1942-2011).
The Bonnie Sisters were an American pop group from New York City.
The Bosstones were an African American musical group in 1959 who performed in the instrumentally-sparse, a cappella-based harmonic style known as Philadelphia doo-wop.
The Brothers Four is an American folk singing group, founded in 1957 in Seattle, Washington, known for their 1960 hit song "Greenfields".
The Cadets were an American doo-wop group, formed in Los Angeles.
The Cadillacs were an American rock and roll and doo-wop group from Harlem, New York, active from 1953 to 1962.
The Capris are an American doo wop group who became a one-hit wonder in 1961 with "There's a Moon Out Tonight." They experienced a popularity and performing resurgence in the 1980s, when three members reformed and The Manhattan Transfer recorded their song, "Morse Code of Love," which reached the US Hot 100 and the U.S. AC top 20.
The Cardinals were American R&B group of the 1950s.
The Castells were a male vocal quartet from Santa Rosa, California best remembered for their hits "Sacred" (No. 20 in 1961) and "So This Is Love" (No. 21 in 1962), both released on Era Records.
The Chad Mitchell Trio – later known as The Mitchell Trio – were a North American vocal group who became known during the 1960s.
The Champs were an American rock and roll band, most famous for their Latin-tinged instrumental "Tequila".
The Chantels were the second African-American girl group to enjoy nationwide success in the United States, preceded by The Bobbettes.
The Charioteers was an American gospel and pop vocal group from 1930 to 1957.
The Chimes (later Lenny Cocco & the Chimes) were an American doo wop group from Brooklyn.
The Chips were a short-lived New York City doo-wop vocal group consisting of teenage friends Charles Johnson (lead vocal), Nathaniel Epps (baritone), Paul Fulton (bass), Sammy Strain and Shedrick Lincoln (tenors).
The Chordettes were an American female popular singing quartet, usually singing a cappella, and specializing in traditional popular music.
The Cleftones were an American vocal group formed in 1955 who were then called The Silvertones at Junior High School 40 in Jamaica, Queens, New York City.
The Clovers are an American rhythm and blues/doo-wop vocal group who became one of the biggest selling acts of the 1950s.
The Coasters are an American rhythm and blues/rock and roll vocal group who had a string of hits in the late 1950s.
The Collegians were an American 1950s doo-wop group from New York City.
The Corsairs were an American doo wop ensemble from La Grange, North Carolina.
The Counts is a R&B doo-wop band that started in 1953 and is still performing today.
The Crescendos were an early American rock and roll group from Nashville, Tennessee.
The Crests were an American doo-wop group, formed by bass vocalist J.T. Carter in the mid 1950s.
The Crew-Cuts were a Canadian vocal quartet, that made a number of popular records that charted in the United States and worldwide.
The Crows were an American R & B singing group who achieved commercial success in the 1950s.
On February 3, 1959, American rock and roll musicians Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, and J. P. "The Big Bopper" Richardson were killed in a plane crash near Clear Lake, Iowa, together with pilot Roger Peterson.
The Del-Satins were an American vocal group, most active in the early 1960s, who recorded on their own but are best remembered for their harmonies on hit records for Dion and others.
The Del-Vikings (also known as The Dell-Vikings) are an American doo-wop musical group, who recorded several hit singles in the 1950s, and continued to record and tour with various lineups in later decades.
The Dells were an American R&B vocal group.
The Delta Rhythm Boys were an American vocal group active for over 50 years from 1934 to 1987.
The Diamonds are a Canadian vocal quartet that rose to prominence in the 1950s and early 1960s with 16 Billboard hit records.
The Dovells were an American music group, formed at Overbrook High School in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1957, under the name 'The Brooktones'.
The Drifters are a long-lasting American doo-wop and R&B/soul vocal group.
The Dubs are an American doo wop vocal group formed in 1956, best known for their songs "Could This Be Magic", "Don't Ask Me to Be Lonely" and "Chapel of Dreams".
The Duprees are an American musical group of doo-wop style who had a series of hit records in the early 1960s.
The Earls, sometimes credited as Larry Chance and the Earls, were a popular recording group from the 1960s formed in The Bronx, New York.
The Echoes were a vocal trio from Brooklyn,"", Billboard, April 3, 1961.
The Edsels were an American doo-wop group active during the late 1950s and early 1960s.
The El Dorados were an American doo-wop group, who achieved their greatest success with the song "At My Front Door", a no.
The Elegants is an American doo-wop vocal group, that was started in 1958 by Vito Picone, Arthur Venosa, Frank Tardogno, Carman Romano and James Moschello in South Beach, Staten Island, New York.
The Emotions are an American Grammy Award-winning soul/R&B vocal group from Chicago, Illinois.
The Escorts (later The Do's & Don'ts) are a 1950s and 1960s Rock and roll band from Iowa, United States.
The Everly Brothers were an American country-influenced rock and roll duo, known for steel-string acoustic guitar playing and close harmony singing.
The Fairfield Four is an American gospel group that has existed for over 90 years, starting as a trio in the Fairfield Baptist Church, Nashville, Tennessee, in 1921.
The Falcons were an American rhythm and blues vocal group, some of whose members went on to be influential in soul music.
The Fiestas were an American Rhythm and Blues musical group from Newark, New Jersey.
The Fifties (1993) is a historical account by David Halberstam about the decade of the 1950s in the United States.
The Five Discs were a doo-wop group from Brooklyn, New York.
The Five Keys was an American rhythm and blues vocal group that was instrumental in shaping this genre in the 1950s.
The Five Satins are an American doo-wop group, best known for their 1956 million-selling song, "In the Still of the Night.".
The Five Sharps were a short-lived vocal group from Queens, NY.
The Flairs (or Flares) were an American doo-wop group known for their 1961 hit "Foot Stompin', Pt.
The Flamingos are a Rock and Roll Hall of Fame-inducted doo-wop group from the United States, most popular in the mid- to late 1950s and best known for their 1959 cover version of "I Only Have Eyes for You".
The Fleetwoods were an American singing group from Olympia, Washington, whose members were Gary Troxel, Gretchen Christopher, and Barbara Ellis.
The Fontane Sisters were a trio (Bea, Geri and Marge Rosse) from New Milford, New Jersey.
The Four Aces are an American male traditional pop music quartet, popular since the 1950s.
The Four Buddies were an American doo-wop group, based in Baltimore, Maryland.
The Four Freshmen is an American male vocal band quartet that blends open-harmonic jazz arrangements with the big band vocal group sounds of The Modernaires (Glenn Miller), The Pied Pipers (Tommy Dorsey), and The Mel-Tones (Mel Tormé, Artie Shaw), founded in the barbershop tradition.
The Four Knights were an American vocal group from Charlotte, North Carolina.
The Four Lads is a Canadian male singing quartet.
The Four Preps are an American popular music male quartet.
The Four Seasons is an American rock and pop band that became internationally successful in the 1960s and 1970s.
The Four Tunes (also referred to as The 4 Tunes) were a leading black pop vocal quartet during the 1950s.
The G-Clefs were an American doo-wop/rhythm and blues vocal group, from Roxbury, Massachusetts, United States.
The Gaylords were an American singing trio, consisting of Ronald L. Fredianelli (who changed his name for performances to Ronnie Gaylord, taken from the group name), Bonaldo Bonaldi (who also, in 1976, changed his name to Burt Holiday, at which time the group became Gaylord and Holiday), and Don Rea (who had left the group by the time it became Gaylord & Holiday).
The Harptones are an American doo-wop group, which formed in Manhattan in 1953.
The Heathertones vocal quartet took form in 1946 with members Nancy Swain Overton, her sister Jean Swain, Bix Brent and Pauli Skindlov.
is a 1958 jidaigeki adventure film directed by Akira Kurosawa and starring Toshiro Mifune as General and Misa Uehara as Princess Yuki.
The Highwaymen were a 1960s "collegiate folk" group.
The Hilltoppers were an American popular music singing group.
The Hollywood Flames were an American R&B vocal group in the 1950s, best known for their number 5 hit "Buzz-Buzz-Buzz" in 1957.
The Impalas were an American doo-wop group in the late 1950s, best known for their hit, "Sorry (I Ran All the Way Home)".
The Ink Spots were an American pop vocal group who gained international fame in the 1930s and 1940s.
The Isley Brothers are an American musical group originally from Cincinnati, Ohio, that started as a vocal trio consisting of brothers O'Kelly Isley, Jr., Rudolph Isley and Ronald Isley.
The Jaynetts were a Bronx, New York, girl group who became one-hit wonders with "Sally Go 'Round the Roses", which reached No.
The Jesters were a doo-wop group based in New York City who achieved success in the late 1950s.
The Jewels (initially The Impalas, later The Four Jewels) were a girl group from Washington, D.C. The group began singing as The Impalas in 1961; at Allmusic.com its members had attended Roosevelt High School and sang in Trinity AME Zion Church.
The Jive Bombers were an American R&B group from New York City.
The Jive Five is an American doo wop group.
The Jubalaires was an American gospel group active during the 1940s and 1950s.
The Kingston Trio is an American folk and pop music group that helped launch the folk revival of the late 1950s to late 1960s.
The Knockouts are a Swedish rock band from Stockholm, Sweden that formed in 1996.
The Larks were an African American vocal group, active in the early 1950s.
The Lettermen are an American male pop vocal trio.
The Medallions were an American doo-wop vocal group led by Vernon Green (1937–2000).
The Mello-Kings were a doo-wop group who became popular in the late 1950s with their song, "Tonite Tonite" (1957) The group consisted of brothers Jerry and Bob Scholl, Eddie Quinn, Neil Arena and Larry Esposito.
The Mello-Moods were an American R&B musical ensemble, operating from the late 1940s to mid-1950s.
The Midnighters were an American R&B group from Detroit, Michigan.
The Mills Brothers, sometimes billed the Four Mills Brothers, and originally known as the Four Kings of Harmony, were an African-American jazz and pop vocal quartet who made more than 2,000 recordings that sold more than 50 million copies and garnered at least three dozen gold records.
The Monotones were a six-member American doo-wop vocal group in the 1950s.
The Moonglows were an American R&B group in the 1950s.
The Mystics are an American rock and roll group that began in Brooklyn, New York, in the late 1950s.
The New Christy Minstrels (officially known as The New Christy Minstrels, Still Under the Direction of Randy Sparks) is an American large-ensemble folk music group founded by Randy Sparks in 1961.
The Nutmegs were a 1950s American doo wop vocal group from New Haven, Connecticut.
The Oak Ridge Boys are an American country and gospel vocal quartet.
The Orioles were a successful and influential American R&B group of the late 1940s and early 1950s, one of the earliest such vocal groups who established the basic pattern for the doo-wop sound.
The Paragons were a ska and rocksteady vocal group from Kingston, Jamaica, initially active in the 1960s.
The Penguins were an American doo-wop group of the 1950s and early 1960s, best remembered for their only Top 40 hit, "Earth Angel", which was one of the first rhythm and blues hits to cross over to the pop charts.
The Pied Pipers is an American popular singing group originally formed in the late 1930s.
The Platters is an American vocal group formed in 1952.
The Poni-Tails were an American girl group from Lyndhurst, Ohio.
The Quarrymen (also written as "the Quarry Men") are a British skiffle/rock and roll group, formed by John Lennon in Liverpool in 1956, which eventually evolved into the Beatles in 1960.
The Quotations are a doo-wop band, primarily from James Madison High School in East Brooklyn, New York.
The Ravens were an American R&B vocal group, formed in 1946 by Jimmy Ricks and Warren Suttles.
The Rays were an American group formed in New York in 1955, and active into the early 1960s.
The Regents were an American doo-wop vocal group from New York, operating in the late 1950s and early 1960s.
The Righteous Brothers are an American musical duo of Bill Medley and (formerly) Bobby Hatfield.
The Robins were a successful and influential African-American R&B group of the late 1940s and 1950s, one of the earliest such vocal groups who established the basic pattern for the doo-wop sound.
The Rock-A-Teens were an American rockabilly group from Richmond, Virginia, active in the late 1950s, led by Vic Mizelle.
The Sensations were an American doo-wop group from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
The Seventh Seal (Det sjunde inseglet) is a 1957 Swedish epic historical fantasy film written and directed by Ingmar Bergman.
The Shadows (originally known as The Drifters) were an English instrumental rock group, and were Cliff Richard's backing band from 1958 to 1968, having also collaborated again on numerous reunion tours.
The Silhouettes were an American doo wop/R&B group whose single "Get A Job" was a number 1 hit on the Billboard R&B singles chart and pop singles chart in 1958.
The Solitaires are an American doo-wop group, best known for their 1957 hit single "Walking Along".
The Spaniels were an American R&B doo-wop group, best known for the hit "Goodnite, Sweetheart, Goodnite".
The Sparkletones (sometimes credited as Joe Bennett & the Sparkletones) were an American rock and roll/rockabilly group from Spartanburg, South Carolina.
The Spiders were an R&B vocal group from New Orleans, who achieved their greatest fame in the 1950s.
The Spinners are an American rhythm and blues vocal group that formed in Detroit, Michigan, in 1954.
The Stereos were an American pop/rock/doo-wop group from Steubenville, Ohio.
The Swallows were an American R&B group.
The Teen Queens were an American musical group from the 1950s, most remembered for their hit single "Eddie My Love", which reached #14 on the ''Billboard'' Hot 100 chart and #3 on the R&B Best Sellers charts in March 1956.
The Teenagers are an American-Puerto Rican doo wop group, most noted for being one of rock music's earliest successes, presented to international audiences by DJ Alan Freed.
The Ten Commandments is a 1956 American epic religious drama film produced, directed, and narrated by Cecil B. DeMille, shot in VistaVision (color by Technicolor), and released by Paramount Pictures.
The Tokens are an American male doo-wop-style vocal group and record production company group from Brooklyn, New York.
The Tornados were an English instrumental group of the 1960s that acted as backing group for many of record producer Joe Meek's productions and also for singer Billy Fury.
The Turbans were an African American doo-wop vocal group that formed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1953.
The Tymes are an American soul vocal group, who enjoyed equal success in the United Kingdom and in their homeland.
The Valentines were one of the most highly regarded American doo-wop groups from the mid-1950s.
The Ventures are an American instrumental rock band formed in 1958 in Tacoma, Washington.
The Virtues were an early American rock & roll band from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
The Volumes (sometimes written as The Volume's) were an American R&B vocal group formed in 1960 in Detroit, Michigan.
The Weavers were an American folk music quartet based in the Greenwich Village area of New York City.
The Wrens were an American doo-wop vocal group from The Bronx, New York City.
Thelma Ritter (February 14, 1902 – February 5, 1969) was an American actress, best known for her comedic roles as working-class characters and her strong New York accent.
Thelonious Sphere Monk (October 10, 1917 – February 17, 1982) was an American jazz pianist and composer.
A thermonuclear weapon is a second-generation nuclear weapon design using a secondary nuclear fusion stage consisting of implosion tamper, fusion fuel, and spark plug which is bombarded by the energy released by the detonation of a primary fission bomb within, compressing the fuel material (tritium, deuterium or lithium deuteride) and causing a fusion reaction.
is a 1957 Japanese samurai film co-written and directed by Akira Kurosawa.
Rosemary Timothy Yuro (August 4, 1940 – March 30, 2004), professionally known as Timi Yuro, was an American singer and songwriter.
Thomas A. Brown, known as Tommy Brown (May 27, 1931 – March 12, 2016) was an American R&B singer who achieved most of his success in the early 1950s, particularly on records with The Griffin Brothers.
Thomas Francis Dorsey Jr. (November 19, 1905 – November 26, 1956) was an American jazz trombonist, composer, conductor and bandleader of the Big Band era.
Thomas Noel Rettig (December 10, 1941 – February 15, 1996) was an American child actor, computer software engineer, and author.
Tommy Ridgley (October 30, 1925 – August 11, 1999) was an American R&B singer and bandleader in New Orleans, Louisiana.
Thomas Adrian "Tommy" Sands (born August 27, 1937) is an American pop music singer and actor.
Toni Arden (February 15, 1924, New York City as Antoinette Ardizzone – May 29, 2012, Lake Worth, Florida) was an American traditional pop music singer.
Toni Fisher (December 4, 1924 – January 11, 1999), also known as Miss Toni Fisher and also known as Toni F. Monzello was an American pop singer.
Anthony Dominick Benedetto (born August 3, 1926), known professionally as Tony Bennett, is an American singer of traditional pop standards, big band, show tunes, and jazz.
Tony Curtis (born Bernard Schwartz; June 3, 1925September 29, 2010) was an American film actor whose career spanned six decades but who was mostly popular in the 1950s and early 1960s.
Anthony John Hancock (12 May 1924 – 25 June 1968) was an English comedian and actor.
A topical song is a song that comments on political and/or social events.
was a Japanese actor who appeared in almost 170 feature films.
Track and field is a sport which includes athletic contests established on the skills of running, jumping, and throwing.
Traditional pop (also classic pop or pop standards) is music that was recorded or performed after the Big Band era and before the advent of rock music.
Trans World Airlines (TWA) was a major American airline from 1924 until 2001.
A transistor computer, now often called a second generation computer, is a computer which uses discrete transistors instead of vacuum tubes.
A transistor radio is a small portable radio receiver that uses transistor-based circuitry.
Travis and Bob were an American rock and roll duo from Jackson, Alabama.
The Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU; also referred to as the Treaty of Rome) is one of two treaties forming the constitutional basis of the European Union (EU), the other being the Treaty on European Union (TEU; also referred to as the Treaty of Maastricht).
Troy Donahue (born Merle Johnson, Jr., January 27, 1936 – September 2, 2001) was an American film and television actor and singer.
Tunisia (تونس; Berber: Tunes, ⵜⵓⵏⴻⵙ; Tunisie), officially the Republic of Tunisia, (الجمهورية التونسية) is a sovereign state in Northwest Africa, covering. Its northernmost point, Cape Angela, is the northernmost point on the African continent. It is bordered by Algeria to the west and southwest, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. Tunisia's population was estimated to be just under 11.93 million in 2016. Tunisia's name is derived from its capital city, Tunis, which is located on its northeast coast. Geographically, Tunisia contains the eastern end of the Atlas Mountains, and the northern reaches of the Sahara desert. Much of the rest of the country's land is fertile soil. Its of coastline include the African conjunction of the western and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Basin and, by means of the Sicilian Strait and Sardinian Channel, feature the African mainland's second and third nearest points to Europe after Gibraltar. Tunisia is a unitary semi-presidential representative democratic republic. It is considered to be the only full democracy in the Arab World. It has a high human development index. It has an association agreement with the European Union; is a member of La Francophonie, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Arab Maghreb Union, the Arab League, the OIC, the Greater Arab Free Trade Area, the Community of Sahel-Saharan States, the African Union, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Group of 77; and has obtained the status of major non-NATO ally of the United States. In addition, Tunisia is also a member state of the United Nations and a state party to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. Close relations with Europe in particular with France and with Italy have been forged through economic cooperation, privatisation and industrial modernization. In ancient times, Tunisia was primarily inhabited by Berbers. Phoenician immigration began in the 12th century BC; these immigrants founded Carthage. A major mercantile power and a military rival of the Roman Republic, Carthage was defeated by the Romans in 146 BC. The Romans, who would occupy Tunisia for most of the next eight hundred years, introduced Christianity and left architectural legacies like the El Djem amphitheater. After several attempts starting in 647, the Muslims conquered the whole of Tunisia by 697, followed by the Ottoman Empire between 1534 and 1574. The Ottomans held sway for over three hundred years. The French colonization of Tunisia occurred in 1881. Tunisia gained independence with Habib Bourguiba and declared the Tunisian Republic in 1957. In 2011, the Tunisian Revolution resulted in the overthrow of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, followed by parliamentary elections. The country voted for parliament again on 26 October 2014, and for President on 23 November 2014.
Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj ibni Almarhum Sultan Abdul Hamid Halim Shah II (Jawi: تونكو عبدالرحمن ڤوترا الحاج ابن المرحوم سلطان عبدالحميد حاليم شه;, 8 February 1903 – 6 December 1990) was a Malaysian politician who served as the first Chief Minister of the Federation of Malaya from 1955 to 1957, before becoming Malaya's first Prime Minister after independence in 1957.
The Tutsi, or Abatutsi, are a social class or ethnic group of the African Great Lakes region.
Typhoon Vera, also known as the, was an exceptionally intense tropical cyclone that struck Japan in September 1959, becoming the strongest and deadliest typhoon on record to make landfall on the country.
United Airlines, Inc., commonly referred to as United, is a major United States airline headquartered in Chicago, Illinois.
United Airlines Flight 736 was a daily U.S. transcontinental passenger flight operated by United Airlines that crashed on April21, 1958, following a mid-air collision.
The United Nations Command (UNC) is the unified command structure for the multinational military forces, established in 1950, supporting South Korea (the Republic of Korea or ROK) during and after the Korean War.
The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.
The United States in the 1950s experienced marked economic growth – with an increase in manufacturing and home construction amongst a post–World War II economic expansion.
Urho Kaleva Kekkonen (3 September 1900 – 31 August 1986) was a Finnish politician who served as the eighth and longest-serving President of Finland (1956–82).
Uruguay, officially the Oriental Republic of Uruguay (República Oriental del Uruguay), is a sovereign state in the southeastern region of South America.
Charles Van Dell Johnson (August 25, 1916 – December 12, 2008) was an American film and television actor and dancer.
Vaughn Wilton Monroe (October 7, 1911 – May 21, 1973) was an American baritone singer, trumpeter, big band leader, actor, and businessman, most popular in the 1940s and 1950s.
Vazgen I also Vazken I of Bucharest,, born Levon Garabed Baljian (Լևոն Կարապետ Աբրահամի Պալճյան; September 20, 1908 – August 18, 1994) was the Catholicos of All Armenians between 1955 and 1994, for a total of 39 years, the 4th longest reign in the history of the Armenian Apostolic Church.
Venezuela, officially denominated Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (República Bolivariana de Venezuela),Previously, the official name was Estado de Venezuela (1830–1856), República de Venezuela (1856–1864), Estados Unidos de Venezuela (1864–1953), and again República de Venezuela (1953–1999).
Việt Minh (abbreviated from Việt Nam độc lập đồng minh, French: "Ligue pour l'indépendance du Viêt Nam", English: “League for the Independence of Vietnam") was a national independence coalition formed at Pác Bó by Hồ Chí Minh on May 19, 1941.
The Victoria and Albert Museum (often abbreviated as the V&A) in London is the world's largest museum of decorative arts and design, housing a permanent collection of over 2.3 million objects.
The National Liberation Front of South Vietnam (Mặt trận Dân tộc Giải phóng miền Nam Việt Nam) also known as the Việt Cộng was a mass political organization in South Vietnam and Cambodia with its own army – the People's Liberation Armed Forces of South Vietnam (PLAF) – that fought against the United States and South Vietnamese governments during the Vietnam War, eventually emerging on the winning side.
Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.
The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.
Vincent Jules Auriol (27 August 1884 – 1 January 1966) was a French politician who served as the first president of the Fourth Republic from 1947 to 1954.
Vivian Blaine (November 21, 1921 – December 9, 1995) was an American actress and singer, best known for originating the role of Miss Adelaide in the musical theater production of Guys and Dolls, as well as appearing in the subsequent film version, in which she co-starred with Marlon Brando, Jean Simmons and Frank Sinatra.
Vivian Vance (born Vivian Roberta Jones; July 26, 1909 – August 17, 1979) was an American television and theater actress and singer.
William Sterling Cole (April 18, 1904 – March 15, 1987) was an American politician, lawyer and civil servant, who served as the first Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency from 1957 to 1961.
Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain.
Walter Hallstein (17 November 1901 – 29 March 1982) was a German academic, diplomat, and politician.
Warren Smith (February 7, 1932 – January 30, 1980) was an American rockabilly and country music singer and guitarist.
Warren Edward Spahn (April 23, 1921 – November 24, 2003) was a Major League Baseball left-handed pitcher who played his entire 21-year baseball career in the National League.
Robert Clifford Brown (July 15, 1910 – November 6, 1966), known professionally as Washboard Sam, was an American blues musician and singer.
Waylon Arnold Jennings (pronounced; June 15, 1937 – February 13, 2002) was an American singer, songwriter, and musician.
Michael Webb Pierce (August 8, 1921 – February 24, 1991) was an American honky tonk vocalist, songwriter and guitarist of the 1950s, one of the most popular of the genre, charting more number one hits than any other country artist during the decade.
Werly Fairburn (November 27, 1924 – January 18, 1985) was an American rockabilly musician.
John Leslie "Wes" Montgomery (March 6, 1923 – June 15, 1968) was an American jazz guitarist.
West Germany is the common English name for the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG; Bundesrepublik Deutschland, BRD) in the period between its creation on 23 May 1949 and German reunification on 3 October 1990.
The Western world refers to various nations depending on the context, most often including at least part of Europe and the Americas.
Edward Charles "Whitey" Ford (born October 21, 1928), nicknamed "The Chairman of the Board" is an American former professional baseball pitcher who spent his entire 16-year Major League Baseball (MLB) career with the New York Yankees.
"Who Put the Bomp (in the Bomp, Bomp, Bomp)" is a doo-wop style hit song from 1961 co-written (with Gerry Goffin) and recorded by Barry Mann.
Wild Strawberries is a 1957 Swedish drama film written and directed by Ingmar Bergman.
Willem de Kooning (April 24, 1904 – March 19, 1997) was a Dutch abstract expressionist artist.
Willem Drees, Sr. (5 July 1886 – 14 May 1988) was a Dutch statesman of the Labour Party (PvdA).
William Clement Frawley (February 26, 1887 – March 3, 1966) was an American stage entertainer and screen and television actor best known for playing landlord Fred Mertz in the famous American television sitcom I Love Lucy and Bub in the television comedy series My Three Sons.
William Holden (born William Franklin Beedle Jr.; April 17, 1918 – November 12, 1981) was an American actor who was one of the biggest box-office draws of the 1950s and 1960s.
William James Dixon (July 1, 1915January 29, 1992) was an American blues musician, vocalist, songwriter, arranger and record producer.
Willie Love Jr. (November 4, 1906 – August 19, 1953) was an American Delta blues pianist.
Willie Howard Mays, Jr. (born May 6, 1931), nicknamed "The Say Hey Kid", is an American former Major League Baseball (MLB) center fielder who spent almost all of his 22-season career playing for the New York/San Francisco Giants, before finishing with the New York Mets.
Willie Nix (August 6, 1922 – July 8, 1991) was an American Chicago blues singer and drummer, active in Memphis, Tennessee, in the 1940s and 1950s.
Wilma Glodean Rudolph (June 23, 1940 – November 12, 1994) was an American sprinter from Clarksville, Tennessee, who became a world-record-holding Olympic champion and international sports icon in track and field following her successes in the 1956 and 1960 Olympic Games.
The Windsbacher Knabenchor (Windsbach Boys Choir) is a German choir of boys and young men in Windsbach, Germany.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Wynonie Harris (August 24, 1915, Omaha, Nebraska – June 14, 1969), was an American blues shouter and rhythm-and-blues singer of upbeat songs, featuring humorous, often ribald lyrics.
was a Japanese film director and screenwriter.
Lawrence Peter "Yogi" Berra (May 12, 1925 – September 22, 2015) was an American professional baseball catcher, who later took on the roles of manager and coach.
Yul Brynner (born Yuliy Borisovich Briner, Юлий Борисович Бринер; July 11, 1920 – October 10, 1985)Record of Yul Brynner, #108-18-2984.
Ivo Livi, better known as Yves Montand (13 October 1921 – 9 November 1991), was an Italian-French actor and singer.
Zeeland (Zeelandic: Zeêland, historical English exonym Zealand) is the westernmost and least populous province of the Netherlands.
The 1950 Assam–Tibet earthquake, also known as the Assam earthquake, occurred on 15 August and had a moment magnitude of 8.6.
The 1950 FIFA World Cup, held in Brazil from 24 June to 16 July 1950, was the fourth FIFA World Cup.
1950s American automobile culture has had an enduring influence on the culture of the United States, as reflected in popular music, major trends from the 1950s and mainstream acceptance of the "hot rod" culture.
The 1952 Summer Olympics (Kesäolympialaiset 1952; Olympiska sommarspelen 1952), officially known as the Games of the XV Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event held in Helsinki, Finland, in 1952.
The 1952 Winter Olympics (Norwegian: Vinter-OL 1952), officially known as the VI Olympic Winter Games (French: Les VIes Jeux olympiques d'hiver), took place in Oslo, Norway, from 14 to 25 February.
The 1954 Chlef earthquake struck Chlef Province in Algeria on September 9 at.
The 1954 FIFA World Cup, the fifth staging of the FIFA World Cup, was held in Switzerland from 16 June to 4 July.
The Geneva Conference was a conference among several nations that took place in Geneva, Switzerland from April 26 – July 20, 1954.
The 1954 Guatemalan coup d'état was a covert operation carried out by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) that deposed the democratically elected Guatemalan President Jacobo Árbenz and ended the Guatemalan Revolution of 1944–1954.
The Grand Canyon mid-air collision occurred on June 30, 1956, when a United Airlines Douglas DC-7 struck a Trans World Airlines Lockheed L-1049 Super Constellation over the Grand Canyon National Park.
The 1956 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVI Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event which was held in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, in November–December 1956, apart from the equestrian events, which were held five months earlier in Stockholm, Sweden.
The 1956 Winter Olympics, officially known as the VII Olympic Winter Games (French: Les VIIes Jeux olympiques d'hiver) (Italian: VII Giochi olimpici invernali), was a winter multi-sport event celebrated in Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy.
The 1958 FIFA World Cup, the sixth staging of the World Cup, was hosted by Sweden from 8 to 29 June.
In April 1959, Uruguay suffered floods (Inundaciones de abril de 1959 en Uruguay) that were the most severe in the modern history of Uruguay.
A three-dimensional stereoscopic film (also known as three-dimensional sangu, 3D film or S3D film) is a motion picture that enhances the illusion of depth perception, hence adding a third dimension.