1001 relations: ABBA, AC/DC, Adolfo Suárez, Adria Airways, Aerosmith, Afar Triangle, Afghanistan, African Americans, Afrika Bambaataa, Agatha Christie, Agostinho Neto, Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr, Air India Flight 855, Air New Zealand Flight 901, Airliner, Albania, Aldo Moro, Alejandro Agustín Lanusse, Alice Cooper (band), All in the Family, All My Children, All Nippon Airways Flight 58, All That Jazz (film), Aloha from Hawaii Via Satellite, Aman Andom, AMC Gremlin, AMC Pacer, American Airlines Flight 191, American Bandstand, American Motors Corporation, Ames Research Center, Amitabh Bachchan, Amtrak, Andy Warhol, Angola, Angolan Civil War, Anita Hill, Annie Hall, Antarctica, Anwar Sadat, Apollo (spacecraft), Apollo 11, Apollo 17, Apollo–Soyuz Test Project, Apple Inc., Arab world, Arab–Israeli conflict, Archaea, Are You Being Served?, Argentina, ..., Arnold Schoenberg, Art rock, Arthur Bremer, As the World Turns, Asian people, Assassination of Anwar Sadat, Assassination of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Asteroids (video game), Atari 2600, Atari 8-bit family, Atomism (social), Augusto Pinochet, Australopithecus afarensis, Automotive industry in Japan, Ayatollah, Baby boomers, Bangladesh, Bangladesh Army, Bangladesh famine of 1974, Bangladesh Liberation War, Bankruptcy, Banqiao Dam, Barbara Mandrell, Battlestar Galactica (1978 TV series), Bay of Bengal, Beard, Bee Gees, Behaviorism, Behind the Green Door, Bell-bottoms, Bella Abzug, Betty Ford, Betty Friedan, Big Red Machine, Big Three (automobile manufacturers), Billboard 200, Bing Crosby, Bipedalism, Black hole, Black Sabbath, Black September Organization, Blockbuster (entertainment), Blue Öyster Cult, Bob Barker, Bob Dylan, Bob Marley, Boeing 707, Boeing 747, Bolivia, Bollywood, Bonanza, Boney M., Boston, Bread (band), Breakfast of Champions, Breakout (video game), Brian Eno, British Airways, British Leyland, British Rail, British Rail Class 43 (HST), British Rail Engineering Limited, British Rail Mark 3, Bruce Graham, Bruce Lee, Buckminster Fuller, Burj Khalifa, Business, C (programming language), Cable television, Cadillac Eldorado, Calculator, California, Cambodia, Cambodian genocide, Cambodian–Vietnamese War, Camp David, Camp David Accords, Can (band), Canary Islands, Canceled Apollo missions, Car chase, Car phone, Carl Woese, Carnation Revolution, Ceefax, Central African Republic, Central Intelligence Agency, Central processing unit, Centre Georges Pompidou, Ceredo, West Virginia, Cessna 172, Charlie's Angels, Charter of the French Language, Chiang Kai-shek, Chic (band), Chicago, Chile, China, Chryse Planitia, Chrysler, Chuck Noll, Cincinnati Reds, Cinema of Europe, Citigroup Center, Civic Center, Los Angeles, Clarence Thomas, Class of 74, Close Encounters of the Third Kind, CN Tower, Cognitive psychology, Cognitive science, Cold War, Colossal Cave Adventure, Comecon, Coming out, Commodore PET, Communitarianism, Community, Computer Space, Conrail, Conservative Party (UK), Convertible, Conway Twitty, Cop Shop, Coretta Scott King, Countdown (Australian TV series), Counterculture, Country music, Coup d'état, Coupé, Cries and Whispers, Croatia, Croatian Spring, Crystal Gayle, Cuba, Cyclone, Cyclone Tracy, Dad's Army, Dallas Cowboys, Datapoint 2200, Dave & Sugar, Dawson's Field hijackings, Détente, Decade, Decolonization, Deconstructivism, Deep Purple, Demographics of India, Deng Xiaoping, Depression (economics), Derg, Desktop metaphor, Developing country, Dexter Gordon, Dhaka, Dirty Mary, Crazy Larry, Disc golf, Disco, Dixon of Dock Green, DJ Kool Herc, Doctor Who, Dodge Challenger, Dolly Parton, Don Cornelius, Don Daglow, Don Ellis, Don Williams, Donald Johanson, Donna Summer, Donny & Marie (1976 TV series), Downsize (automobile), Dublin, California, Duet, E-commerce, Early mainframe games, Earth Day, East Germany, East Pakistan, Eastern Air Lines Flight 401, ECM Records, Education, Edward Gierek, Edward Heath, Egypt, Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty, Electronic music, Electronic paper, Electronic rock, Elisabeth Domitien, Elizabeth Holtzman, Elton John, Elvis Presley, Email, Emílio Garrastazu Médici, Emergency!, Emerson, Lake & Palmer, Emperor of Ethiopia, Enver Hoxha, Environmentalism, Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS, Equal Rights Amendment, Equatorial Guinea, Eric Clapton, Erich Honecker, Erich Segal, Ernesto Geisel, Ethiopia, Ethiopian Civil War, Eugene Cernan, European Economic Area, European Space Agency, Everglades, Expansionism, Fairchild Channel F, Faisal bin Musaid, Faisal of Saudi Arabia, Fall of Saigon, Family Feud, Farrah Fawcett, Faust (band), Fazlur Rahman Khan, Feminism, Feminist movement, Ferdinand Marcos, Fidel Castro, First-person shooter, Flokati rug, Floppy disk, Flying disc freestyle, Flying disc games, Ford Motor Company, Four Asian Tigers, Francisco Franco, Francisco Macías Nguema, Frank Gehry, Frank Lloyd Wright, Freddie Mercury, Frisbee, Front de libération du Québec, Funk, Game show, Ganges Delta, Garry Marshall, Gasoline, Gender pay gap, General Motors, Generative grammar, Genesis (band), Genetic engineering, Genome, Genre fiction, Geodesic dome, George E. Fox, George Jones, George Wallace, Georges Pompidou, Gerald Ford, Gil Scott-Heron, Giorgetto Giugiaro, Giulio Andreotti, Glam rock, Gloria Steinem, Golda Meir, Golden age (metaphor), Golden age of arcade video games, Good Times, Gough Whitlam, Graceland, Graphical user interface, Grateful Dead, Grease (film), Great Depression, Green Revolution, Gregorian calendar, Guam, Guatemala, Guinness World Records, Gun Fight, Gunsmoke, Gustavo Díaz Ordaz, Guts (game), Guyana, Hafez al-Assad, Haile Selassie, Handheld electronic game, Happy Days, Hard rock, Harold Wilson, Harvey Milk, Hawker Siddeley Trident, Hawking radiation, HBO, Heavy metal music, Helen Cornelius, Helen Reddy, Helmut Schmidt, Henan, Highway to Hell, Hip hop music, Hollywood Squares, Homemaking, Honda Civic, Honduras, Hong Kong, Hong Kong action cinema, Hotpants, Housewife, HP-35, Hua Guofeng, Hugh Stubbins, Human evolution, Hustler, I Am Woman, I. M. Pei, IBM, Idi Amin, Illinois, Imlac PDS-1, In vitro fertilisation, India, Indira Gandhi, Individualism, Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, Ingmar Bergman, Integrated circuit, Intel 4004, Intellivision, InterCity (British Rail), InterCity 125, Interim Government of Iran, Iran, Iran hostage crisis, Iran–Iraq War, Iranian Revolution, Iraq, Irwin Toy, Isabel Martínez de Perón, Isao Tomita, Islamic republic, Islamism, Israel, István Szabó, Jackson Browne, Jamaica, James Callaghan, James Cross, James Taylor, Janis Joplin, Japan Air Self-Defense Force, Jaws (film), Jaws 2, Jazz, Jazz fusion, Jean-Bédel Bokassa, Jean-Michel Jarre, Jelly bean, Jethro Tull (band), Jiggle television, Jim Ed Brown, Jim Fouché, Jim Jones, Jim Morrison, Jimi Hendrix, Jimmy Carter, Joe Frazier, John F. Kennedy, John Gorton, John Hancock Tower, John Updike, Johns Hopkins University, Jonestown, Joop den Uyl, Jorge Rafael Videla, José López Portillo, Josip Broz Tito, Joyce Carol Oates, Juan Perón, Judas Priest, Julius Nyerere, Kakuei Tanaka, Kano air disaster, Kansas (band), Kate Millett, KC and the Sunshine Band, Ken Westerfield, Kenny Rogers, Kent State shootings, Keynesian economics, Khalid of Saudi Arabia, Khmer Rouge, Kidnapping of Aldo Moro, Kim Il-sung, King Crimson, Kiss (band), KLM, Kosovo, Kraftwerk, Kramer vs. Kramer, Krautrock, Kriangsak Chamanan, Kurt Vonnegut, Lake Superior, Landslide, Las Vegas, Laser, LaserDisc, Lava lamp, Laverne & Shirley, Law, Lean manufacturing, Lebanese Civil War, Led Zeppelin, Lee Iacocca, Lee Kuan Yew, Leisure suit, Leo Ryan, Leonid Brezhnev, Lesotho, Libya, Lidia Gueiler Tejada, Life (magazine), List of Presidents of Egypt, List of vocal groups, Lists of space programs, Lockheed C-5 Galaxy, Lon Nol, Loretta Lynn, Los Angeles, Louis Kahn, Louise Brown, Love Story (1970 film), Love Thy Neighbour, Lucy (Australopithecus), Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Luis Echeverría, Lunokhod programme, Lynyrd Skynyrd, Magnavox Odyssey, Magnavox Odyssey², Magnetic resonance imaging, Mahavishnu Orchestra, Malcolm Fraser, Mallam Aminu Kano International Airport, Manfred Eicher, Mao Zedong, Margaret Thatcher, Maria de Lourdes Pintasilgo, Mark Spitz, Mars, Marshall Plan, Martial arts film, Martial law, Martin Cooper (inventor), Martin Luther King Jr., Marxism, Masayoshi Ōhira, Massachusetts, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Match Game, Mattel, Mattel Auto Race, Maude (TV series), Mauritania, Mazda, Maze War, McDonnell Douglas DC-9, Medical drama, Menachem Begin, Mengistu Haile Mariam, Mercalli intensity scale, Mercedes-Benz S-Class, Mexico City, Miami Dolphins, Michael Aldrich, Michael Graves, Michael Nyman, Microprocessor, Microvision, Microwave oven, Miles Davis, Military dictatorship, Milton Bradley Company, Mind Your Language, Minimalism, Miniskirt, Minority group, Minoru Yamasaki, Misery index (economics), Mitsubishi, Mobile phone, Mobutu Sese Seko, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Mohawk hairstyle, Monoclonal antibody, Montreal, Monty Python's Flying Circus, Moon landing, Morecambe and Wise, Mork & Mindy, Morocco, Motorola, Mount Erebus, Moustache, Mozambique, MTM Enterprises, Muammar Gaddafi, Muhammad Ali, Munich, Munich massacre, Murray Bookchin, Muscle car, Muslim world, NASA, National Film Registry, Natural language processing, Neoliberalism, Netherlands, New German Cinema, New Hollywood, New York (magazine), New York Yankees, New-age music, Nicolae Ceaușescu, Nigeria Airways, Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Nissan Sunny, Noam Chomsky, Nobutoshi Kihara, Northern Ireland, Novelist, Nudity in film, O'Hare International Airport, Oakland Athletics, October Crisis, Odisha, Ogaden, Ogaden War, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (film), Opera window, Optical fiber, Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries, Outlaw country, Pahlavi dynasty, Pan American World Airways, Papasan chair, Paperback, PARC (company), Park Chung-hee, Parti Québécois, Patton (film), Paul McCartney, Pay television, PDP-10, Pennies from Heaven (TV series), Penthouse (magazine), People's Republic of Kampuchea, Personal computer, Peter De Vries, Peter Eisenman, Petroleum, Phi X 174, Philadelphia Flyers, Philip Glass, Philip Johnson, Philippine Basketball Association, Philippines, Phnom Penh, Phyllis, Pierre Laporte, Pierre Trudeau, Pink Floyd, Pittsburgh Steelers, Platform shoe, Play for Today, Playboy, Pluto, Pol Pot, Police Woman (TV series), Polisario Front, Politics, Polo neck, Pong, Pontiac Firebird, Pop art, Pope John Paul I, Pope Paul VI, Porridge (TV series), Portugal, Portuguese Colonial War, Portuguese Empire, Positron emission tomography, Post–World War II economic expansion, Postmodernism, Prague Spring, President of Bangladesh, President of Iraq, President of the Philippines, President of the United States, Prime Minister of Spain, Progressive rock, Progressivism, PSA Flight 182, Psychedelic rock, Punctuated equilibrium, Punk subculture, Q... (TV series), Quebec, Quebec nationalism, Queen (band), Quezon City, Rachel Carson, Racism, Rainer Werner Fassbinder, Raleigh Chopper, Ralph H. Baer, Ramones, Rapper's Delight, Rapping, Raymond Lee Harvey, Red Army Faction, Red Brigades, Reggae, Renault, René Lévesque, Renzo Piano, REO Speedwagon, Return to Forever, Rhoda, Rhythm and blues, Rhytidectomy, Richard Nixon, Richard Rogers, Rising Damp, Robert F. Kennedy, Roberto M. Levingston, Robin Morgan, Rocky, Roe v. Wade, Roger Staubach, Roland MC-8 Microcomposer, Roland TR-808, ROM cartridge, Ronald Reagan, Ronnie Milsap, Roxy Music, Royal Jordanian, Ruhollah Khomeini, Rural purge, Rush (band), Sacramento, California, Saddam Hussein, Salvador Allende, Salyut programme, Samora Machel, Sample-return mission, San Diego, San Francisco, Sanford and Son, Satellite, Saturday Night Fever, Saturn, Saudi Arabia, Saul Bellow, Science, Science fiction, Security police, Seni Pramoj, Sex Pistols, Sexual harassment, Sexual Politics, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Shirley Chisholm, Shock rock, Showtime (TV network), Sideburns, Singapore, Singer Presents...ELVIS, Sino-Albanian split, Sino-Vietnamese War, Sisterhood Is Powerful, Sitcom, Six-Day War, Skylab, Smallpox, Smart Araneta Coliseum, Smokey and the Bandit, Snake (video game genre), Snooker, Soap (TV series), Soap opera, Social class, Social structure, Soft Machine, Softly, Softly (TV series), Somalia, Somerset, Sony, Soong Ching-ling, Soul music, Soul Train, South Africa, South Asia, South Korea, Southern Airways Flight 932, Soviet Union, Soviet–Afghan War, Soweto, Soweto uprising, Soyuz (spacecraft), Soyuz 7K-T No.39, Space Invaders, Space probe, Space Shuttle, Space station, Spasim, Spike Milligan, Spin-off (media), SS Edmund Fitzgerald, Stagflation, Stanley Cup, Star Wars, Star Wars (film), Stephen Hawking, Stephen Jay Gould, Stephen King, Steve Biko, Steve Reich, Styx (band), Subaru, Subcompact car, Suffrage, Suharto, Super Bowl, Superman (1978 film), Superpower, Supertramp, Supreme Court of the United States, Suriname, Sustainable development, Swinging (sexual practice), Sykes, Syria, Taiwan, Takeo Fukuda, Takeo Miki, Talking Heads, Tammy Wynette, Tangerine Dream, Tangshan, Tanzania, Ted Nugent, Teletext, Templo Mayor, Tenerife, Tenerife airport disaster, Tenerife North Airport, Terracotta Army, Terry and June, Terry Bradshaw, Terry Winograd, The "Me" Decade and the Third Great Awakening, The Allman Brothers Band, The Aunty Jack Show, The Beatles, The Bellamy Brothers, The Benny Hill Show, The Bionic Woman, The Carol Burnett Show, The Clash, The Dark Side of the Moon, The Deer Hunter, The Don Lane Show, The Doobie Brothers, The Ed Sullivan Show, The Emergency (India), The Exorcist (film), The Fall and Rise of Reginald Perrin, The French Connection (film), The Godfather, The Godfather Part II, The Good Life (1975 TV series), The Goon Show, The Headhunters, The Jeffersons, The Kendalls, The Love Boat, The Mary Tyler Moore Show, The Moody Blues, The Movie Channel, The Naked Vicar Show, The New York Five, The Oak Ridge Boys, The Omen, The Oregon Trail (video game), The Paul Hogan Show, The Price Is Right (U.S. game show), The Red Skelton Show, The Revolution Will Not Be Televised, The Rocky Horror Picture Show, The Rolling Stones, The Sonny & Cher Comedy Hour, The Statler Brothers, The Sting, The Sugarhill Gang, The Sullivans, The Sweeney, The Virginian (TV series), The Who, The Young and the Restless, Theocracy, Third-wave feminism, Three's Company, Thrilla in Manila, Till Death Us Do Part, Tom Landry, Tom Wolfe, Tonghai County, Toyota Corolla, Trabant, Tri-State Airport, Tropical cyclone, Turkish Airlines Flight 981, Twenty-sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Typhoon Tip, UFO (band), Uganda, Uganda–Tanzania War, Ultimate (sport), Uncontrolled decompression, United Kingdom general election, 1979, United Nations, United States Air Force, United States Constitution, United States presidential election, 1980, United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary, Uriah Heep (band), Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, Van Halen, Vangelis, Variety show, Viacom, Video game, Videocassette recorder, Vietnam War, Viking 1, Village People, Vinyl roof, Virginia Woolf, Voicemail, Vojvodina, Volkswagen Golf, Voyager 1, Voyager program, Walkman, War Measures Act, Watergate scandal, Waylon Jennings, Weather Report, West Germany, West Pakistan, West Virginia, Western (genre), Western Hemisphere, Western Sahara War, Western world, Wham-O, What's Happening!!, White Christmas (song), William Crowther (programmer), William McMahon, Willie Nelson, Willis Tower, Willy Brandt, Winter of Discontent, Women's liberation movement, Wonder Woman (TV series), Woody Shaw, World Series, World Trade Center (1973–2001), Wright Morris, Xerox Alto, Yamaha CS-80, Year of the Woman, Yellow Magic Orchestra, Yellow Magic Orchestra (album), Yen Chia-kan, Yes (band), Yitzhak Rabin, Yom Kippur War, Young Talent Time, Yugoslavia, Yungay, Peru, Yunnan, Z-Cars, Zagreb, Zaire, Zeitgeist, Zhou Enlai, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, 1970, 1970 Ancash earthquake, 1970 Bhola cyclone, 1970 FIFA World Cup, 1970 Tonghai earthquake, 1970 World Series, 1970s energy crisis, 1970s in furniture, 1970s in music, 1970s in television, 1970s in Western fashion, 1971, 1971 Bangladesh genocide, 1971 Ugandan coup d'état, 1972, 1972 Miami Dolphins season, 1972 Summer Olympics, 1972 World Series, 1973, 1973 Chilean coup d'état, 1973 oil crisis, 1973–74 stock market crash, 1973–75 recession, 1974, 1974 FIFA World Cup, 1974 in video gaming, 1974 Stanley Cup Finals, 1974 Super Outbreak, 1974 World Series, 1974 Yugoslav Constitution, 1975, 1975 Stanley Cup Finals, 1975 Tân Sơn Nhứt C-5 accident, 1975 World Series, 1976, 1976 Guatemala earthquake, 1976 Summer Olympics, 1976 Tangshan earthquake, 1976 World Series, 1976 Zagreb mid-air collision, 1977, 1977 National Women's Conference, 1977 World Series, 1978, 1978 FIFA World Cup, 1978 in music, 1978 World Series, 1979, 1979 energy crisis, 875 North Michigan Avenue, 96 (number). 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ABBA are a Swedish pop group, formed in Stockholm in 1972 by Agnetha Fältskog, Björn Ulvaeus, Benny Andersson, and Anni-Frid Lyngstad.
AC/DC are an Australian rock band, formed in Sydney in 1973 by brothers Malcolm and Angus Young.
Adolfo Suárez González, 1st Duke of Suárez, GE, KOGF, OCIII (25 September 1932 – 23 March 2014) was a Spanish lawyer and politician.
Adria Airways d.o.o., (formerly Inex-Adria Aviopromet and later Inex-Adria Airways) is the largest airline in Slovenia.
Aerosmith is an American rock band.
The Afar Triangle (also called the Afar Depression) is a geological depression caused by the Afar Triple Junction, which is part of the Great Rift Valley in East Africa.
Afghanistan (Pashto/Dari:, Pashto: Afġānistān, Dari: Afġānestān), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia.
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
Afrika Bambaataa (born Lance Taylor; April 17, 1957) is an American disc jockey, singer, songwriter and producer from the South Bronx, New York.
Dame Agatha Mary Clarissa Christie, Lady Mallowan, (born Miller; 15 September 1890 – 12 January 1976) was an English writer.
António Agostinho Neto (17 September 1922 – 10 September 1979) served as the 1st President of Angola (1975–1979), having led the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) in the war for independence (1961–1974).
Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr (أحمد حسن البكر; 1 July 1914 – 4 October 1982) was President of Iraq, from 17 July 1968 until 16 July 1979.
Air India Flight 855 was a scheduled passenger flight that crashed during the evening of New Year's Day 1978 about off the coast of Bandra, Mumbai.
Air New Zealand Flight 901 (TE-901) was a scheduled Air New Zealand Antarctic sightseeing flight that operated between 1977 and 1979.
An airliner is a type of aircraft for transporting passengers and air cargo.
Albania (Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Shqipni/Shqipnia or Shqypni/Shqypnia), officially the Republic of Albania (Republika e Shqipërisë), is a country in Southeastern Europe.
Aldo Romeo Luigi Moro (23 September 1916 – 9 May 1978) was an Italian statesman and a prominent member of the Christian Democracy party.
Alejandro Agustín Lanusse (August 28, 1918 – August 26, 1996) was the president of the Argentine Republic between March 22, 1971, and May 25, 1973, during the Argentine Revolution.
Alice Cooper was an American rock band formed in Phoenix, Arizona in 1964.
All in the Family is an American sitcom TV-series that was originally broadcast on the CBS television network for nine seasons, from January 1971 to April 1979.
All My Children (often shortened to AMC) is an American television soap opera that aired on ABC for 41 years, from January 5, 1970, to September 23, 2011, and on The Online Network (TOLN) from April 29 to September 2, 2013, via Hulu, Hulu Plus, and iTunes.
All Nippon Airways (ANA) Flight 58 was a Japanese domestic flight from Sapporo to Tokyo, operated by All Nippon Airways (ANA).
All That Jazz is a 1979 American musical drama film directed by Bob Fosse.
Aloha from Hawaii Via Satellite is a concert that was headlined by Elvis Presley, and was broadcast live via satellite on January 14, 1973.
Aman Mikael Andom (አማን ሚካኤል አንዶም, 21 June 1924 – 23 November 1974) was the first post-imperial acting Head of State of Ethiopia.
The AMC Gremlin (also American Motors Gremlin) is an American subcompact automobile introduced in 1970, manufactured and marketed in a single, two-door body style in America (1970-1978) by American Motors Corporation (AMC) — as well as in Mexico (1974-1978) by AMC's Vehículos Automotores Mexicanos (VAM) subsidiary.
The AMC Pacer is a two-door compact car produced in the United States by the American Motors Corporation from 1975 to 1979, sold out in 1980.
American Airlines Flight 191 was a regularly scheduled passenger flight operated by American Airlines from Chicago's O'Hare International Airport to Los Angeles International Airport.
American Bandstand is an American music-performance show that aired in various versions from 1952 to 1989 and was hosted from 1956 until its final season by Dick Clark, who also served as producer.
American Motors Corporation (AMC) was an American automobile company formed by the 1954 merger of Nash-Kelvinator Corporation and Hudson Motor Car Company.
Ames Research Center (ARC), also known as NASA Ames, is a major NASA research center at Moffett Federal Airfield in California's Silicon Valley.
Amitabh Bachchan (born 11 October 1942) is an Indian film actor, producer, television host, and former politician.
The National Railroad Passenger Corporation, doing business as Amtrak, is a passenger railroad service that provides medium- and long-distance intercity service in the contiguous United States and to three Canadian cities.
Andy Warhol (born Andrew Warhola; August 6, 1928 – February 22, 1987) was an American artist, director and producer who was a leading figure in the visual art movement known as pop art.
Angola, officially the Republic of Angola (República de Angola; Kikongo, Kimbundu and Repubilika ya Ngola), is a country in Southern Africa.
The Angolan Civil War (Guerra civil angolana) was a major civil conflict in Angola, beginning in 1975 and continuing, with some interludes, until 2002.
Anita Faye Hill (born July 30, 1956) is an American attorney and academic.
Annie Hall is a 1977 American romantic comedy film directed by Woody Allen from a screenplay he co-wrote with Marshall Brickman.
Antarctica is Earth's southernmost continent.
Muhammad Anwar el-Sadat (محمد أنور السادات, Egyptian muħæmmæd ˈʔɑnwɑɾ essæˈdæːt; 25 December 1918 – 6 October 1981) was the third President of Egypt, serving from 15 October 1970 until his assassination by fundamentalist army officers on 6 October 1981.
The Apollo spacecraft was composed of three parts designed to accomplish the American Apollo program's goal of landing astronauts on the Moon by the end of the 1960s and returning them safely to Earth.
Apollo 11 was the spaceflight that landed the first two humans on the Moon.
Apollo 17 was the final mission of NASA's Apollo program.
The Apollo–Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) (Экспериментальный полёт «Аполлон» - «Союз» (ЭПАС), Eksperimentalniy polyot Apollon-Soyuz, lit. "Experimental flight Apollo-Soyuz", commonly referred to by the Soviets as "Soyuz-Apollo"), conducted in July 1975, was the first joint U.S.–Soviet space flight, as a symbol of the policy of détente that the two superpowers were pursuing at the time.
Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.
The Arab world (العالم العربي; formally: Arab homeland, الوطن العربي), also known as the Arab nation (الأمة العربية) or the Arab states, currently consists of the 22 Arab countries of the Arab League.
The Arab–Israeli conflict refers to the political tension, military conflicts and disputes between a number of Arab countries and Israel.
Archaea (or or) constitute a domain of single-celled microorganisms.
Are You Being Served? is a British sitcom created and written by executive producer David Croft (Croft also directed some episodes), and Jeremy Lloyd with contributions from Michael Knowles and John Chapman, for the BBC.
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.
Arnold Franz Walter Schoenberg or Schönberg (13 September 187413 July 1951) was an Austrian-American composer, music theorist, teacher, writer, and painter.
Art rock is a subgenre of rock music that generally reflects a challenging or avant-garde approach to rock, or which makes use of modernist, experimental, or unconventional elements.
Arthur Herman Bremer (born August 21, 1950) is an American convicted for the attempted assassination of U.S. Democratic presidential candidate George Wallace on May 15, 1972 in Laurel, Maryland, which left Wallace permanently paralyzed from the waist down.
As the World Turns (often referred to as ATWT) is an American television soap opera that aired on CBS for 54 years from April 2, 1956, to September 17, 2010.
Asian people or Asiatic peopleUnited States National Library of Medicine.
The assassination of Anwar Sadat occurred on 6 October 1981.
The assassination of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was the killing of the president of Bangladesh, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and almost his entire family.
Asteroids is an arcade space shooter released in November 1979 by Atari, Inc. and designed by Lyle Rains, Ed Logg, and Dominic Walsh.
The Atari 2600 (or Atari Video Computer System before November 1982) is a home video game console from Atari, Inc. Released on September 11, 1977, it is credited with popularizing the use of microprocessor-based hardware and games contained on ROM cartridges, a format first used with the Fairchild Channel F in 1976.
The Atari 8-bit family is a series of 8-bit home computers introduced by Atari, Inc. in 1979 and manufactured until 1992.
Atomism or social atomism is a sociological theory arising from the scientific notion atomic theory, coined by the ancient Greek philosopher Democritus and the Roman philosopher Lucretius.
Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte (25 November 1915 – 10 December 2006) was a Chilean general, politician and the dictator of Chile between 1973 and 1990 who remained the Commander-in-Chief of the Chilean Army until 1998 and was also President of the Government Junta of Chile between 1973 and 1981.
Australopithecus afarensis (Latin: "Southern ape from Afar") is an extinct hominin that lived between 3.9 and 2.9 million years ago in Africa and possibly Europe.
The automotive industry in Japan is one of the most prominent and largest industries in the world.
Ayatullah (or; āyatullāh from llāh "Sign of God") is a high-ranking title given to Usuli Twelver Shī‘ah clerics.
Baby Boomers (also known as Boomers) are the demographic cohort following the Silent Generation and preceding Generation X. There are varying timelines defining the start and the end of this cohort; demographers and researchers typically use birth years starting from the early- to mid-1940s and ending anywhere from 1960 to 1964.
Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ, lit. "The country of Bengal"), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ), is a country in South Asia.
The Bangladesh Army (BA, বাংলাদেশ সেনাবাহিনী, Bangladesh Senabahini) is the land forces branch and the largest of the three defence service of the Bangladesh Armed Forces.
The Bangladesh famine of 1974 refers to a period of mass starvation beginning in March 1974 and ending in about December of the same year.
The Bangladesh Liberation War (মুক্তিযুদ্ধ), also known as the Bangladesh War of Independence, or simply the Liberation War in Bangladesh, was a revolution and armed conflict sparked by the rise of the Bengali nationalist and self-determination movement in what was then East Pakistan during the 1971 Bangladesh genocide.
Bankruptcy is a legal status of a person or other entity that cannot repay debts to creditors.
The Banqiao Reservoir Dam is a dam on the River Ru in Zhumadian City, Henan province, China.
Barbara Ann Mandrell (born December 25, 1948) is an American country music singer, musician, and actress.
Battlestar Galactica is an American science fiction television series, created by Glen A. Larson, that began the ''Battlestar Galactica'' franchise.
The Bay of Bengal (Bengali: বঙ্গোপসাগর) is the northeastern part of the Indian Ocean, bounded on the west and north by India and Bangladesh, and on the east by Myanmar and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (India).
A beard is the collection of hair that grows on the chin and cheeks of humans and some non-human animals.
The Bee Gees --> were a pop music group formed in 1958.
Behaviorism (or behaviourism) is a systematic approach to understanding the behavior of humans and other animals.
Behind the Green Door is a 1972 American feature-length pornographic film, widely considered one of the genre's "classic" pictures and one of the films that ushered in The Golden Age of Porn.
Bell-bottoms (or flares) are a style of trousers that become wider from the knees downward, forming a bell-like shape of the trouser leg.
Bella Savitzky Abzug (July 24, 1920 – March 31, 1998), nicknamed "Battling Bella", was an American lawyer, U.S. Representative, social activist and a leader of the Women's Movement.
Elizabeth Anne "Betty" Ford (April 8, 1918 – July 8, 2011) was the First Lady of the United States from 1974 to 1977, as the wife of the 38th President of the United States, Gerald Ford.
Betty Friedan (February 4, 1921 – February 4, 2006) was an American writer, activist, and feminist.
The Big Red Machine were the baseball teams of the Cincinnati Reds that dominated the National League from 1970 to 1979.
In the automotive industry of the United States of America, the term Big Three refers to the country's three largest automobile manufacturers: General Motors, Ford, and Fiat Chrysler (FCA US).
The Billboard 200 is a record chart ranking the 200 most popular music albums and EPs in the United States.
Harry Lillis "Bing" Crosby Jr. (May 3, 1903 – October 14, 1977)Giddins 2001, pp.
Bipedalism is a form of terrestrial locomotion where an organism moves by means of its two rear limbs or legs.
A black hole is a region of spacetime exhibiting such strong gravitational effects that nothing—not even particles and electromagnetic radiation such as light—can escape from inside it.
Black Sabbath were an English rock band, formed in Birmingham in 1968, by guitarist and main songwriter Tony Iommi, bassist and main lyricist Geezer Butler, drummer Bill Ward and singer Ozzy Osbourne.
The Black September Organization (BSO) (منظمة أيلول الأسود, Munaẓẓamat Aylūl al-aswad) was a Palestinian terrorist organization founded in 1970.
A blockbuster is a work of entertainment – especially a feature film, but also other media – that is highly popular and financially successful.
Blue Öyster Cult (often abbreviated BÖC or BOC) is an American rock band formed on Long Island, New York, in 1967, whose most successful work includes the hard rock songs "(Don't Fear) The Reaper", "Godzilla", "Burnin' for You" and "Shooting Shark".
Robert William Barker (born December 12, 1923) is an American former television game show host.
Bob Dylan (born Robert Allen Zimmerman, May 24, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter, author, and painter who has been an influential figure in popular music and culture for more than five decades.
Robert Nesta Marley, OM (6 February 1945 – 11 May 1981) was a Jamaican singer-songwriter who became an international musical and cultural icon, blending mostly reggae, ska, and rocksteady in his compositions.
The Boeing 707 is a mid-sized, long-range, narrow-body, four-engine jet airliner built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes from 1958 to 1979.
The Boeing 747 is an American wide-body commercial jet airliner and cargo aircraft, often referred to by its original nickname, "Jumbo Jet".
Bolivia (Mborivia; Buliwya; Wuliwya), officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia), is a landlocked country located in western-central South America.
Hindi cinema, often metonymously referred to as Bollywood, is the Indian Hindi-language film industry, based in the city of Mumbai (formerly Bombay), Maharashtra, India.
Bonanza is an NBC television western series that ran from 1959 to 1973.
Boney M. was a Euro-Caribbean vocal group created by German record producer Frank Farian.
Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.
Bread was an American soft rock band from Los Angeles, California.
Breakfast of Champions, or Goodbye Blue Monday, published in 1973, is the seventh novel by the American author Kurt Vonnegut.
Breakout is an arcade game developed and published by Atari, Inc., released on May 13, 1976.
Brian Peter George St John le Baptiste de la Salle Eno, RDI (born Brian Peter George Eno; 15 May 1948) is an English musician, composer, record producer, singer, writer, and visual artist.
British Airways (BA) is the flag carrier and the largest airline in the United Kingdom based on fleet size, or the second largest, behind easyJet, when measured by passengers carried.
British Leyland was an automotive engineering and manufacturing conglomerate formed in the United Kingdom in 1968 as British Leyland Motor Corporation Ltd (BLMC), following the merger of Leyland Motors and British Motor Holdings.
British Railways (BR), which from 1965 traded as British Rail, was the state-owned company that operated most of the rail transport in Great Britain between 1948 and 1997.
The British Rail Class 43 (HST) is the TOPS classification used for the InterCity 125 High Speed Train (formerly classes 253 and 254) power cars, built by British Rail Engineering Limited from 1975 to 1982.
British Rail Engineering Limited (BREL), incorporated on 31 October 1969, was the railway systems engineering subsidiary of British Rail until the design and building of trains in the UK was privatised in 1989.
The British Rail Mark 3 is a type of passenger carriage developed in response to growing competition from airlines and the car in the 1960s.
Bruce John Graham (December 1, 1925 – March 6, 2010) was a Colombian-American architect.
Lee Jun-fan (November 27, 1940 – July 20, 1973), known professionally as Bruce Lee, was a Hong Kong and American actor, film director, martial artist, martial arts instructor, philosopher, and founder of the martial art Jeet Kune Do, one of the wushu or kungfu styles.
Richard Buckminster "Bucky" Fuller (July 12, 1895 – July 1, 1983) was an American architect, systems theorist, author, designer, inventor and futurist.
The Burj Khalifa (برج خليفة, Arabic for "Khalifa Tower"; pronounced), known as the Burj Dubai before its inauguration in 2010, is a skyscraper in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
Business is the activity of making one's living or making money by producing or buying and selling products (goods and services).
C (as in the letter ''c'') is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion, while a static type system prevents many unintended operations.
Cable television is a system of delivering television programming to paying subscribers via radio frequency (RF) signals transmitted through coaxial cables, or in more recent systems, light pulses through fiber-optic cables.
The Cadillac Eldorado is a personal luxury car that was manufactured and marketed by Cadillac from 1952 to 2002 over ten generations.
An electronic calculator is typically a portable electronic device used to perform calculations, ranging from basic arithmetic to complex mathematics.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
Cambodia (កម្ពុជា, or Kampuchea:, Cambodge), officially known as the Kingdom of Cambodia (ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា, prĕəh riəciənaacak kampuciə,; Royaume du Cambodge), is a sovereign state located in the southern portion of the Indochina peninsula in Southeast Asia.
The Cambodian genocide (របបប្រល័យពូជសាសន៍) was carried out by the Khmer Rouge regime under the leadership of Pol Pot, killing approximately 1.5 to 3 million Cambodian people from 1975 to 1979.
The Cambodian–Vietnamese War, otherwise known in Vietnam as the "Counter-offensive on the Southwestern border" ("Chiến dịch Phản công Biên giới Tây-Nam) was an armed conflict between the Socialist Republic of Vietnam and Democratic Kampuchea.
Camp David is the country retreat for the President of the United States.
The Camp David Accords were signed by Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin on 17 September 1978, following twelve days of secret negotiations at Camp David.
Can was a German experimental rock band formed in Cologne, West Germany, in 1968 by the core quartet of Holger Czukay (bass), Irmin Schmidt (keyboards), Michael Karoli (guitar), and Jaki Liebezeit (drums).
The Canary Islands (Islas Canarias) is a Spanish archipelago and autonomous community of Spain located in the Atlantic Ocean, west of Morocco at the closest point.
Several planned missions of the Apollo manned Moon landing program of the 1960s and 1970s were canceled for a variety of reasons, including changes in technical direction, the Apollo 1 fire, hardware delays, and budget limitations.
A car chase is the vehicular hot pursuit of suspects by law enforcers.
A car phone is a mobile radio telephone specifically designed for and fitted into an automobile.
Carl Richard Woese (July 15, 1928 – December 30, 2012) was an American microbiologist and biophysicist.
The Carnation Revolution (Revolução dos Cravos), also referred to as the 25th of April (vinte e cinco de Abril), was initially a military coup in Lisbon, Portugal, on 25 April 1974 which overthrew the authoritarian regime of the Estado Novo.
Ceefax was the world's first teletext information service and a forerunner to the current BBC Red Button service.
The Central African Republic (CAR; Sango: Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka; République centrafricaine, or Centrafrique) is a landlocked country in Central Africa.
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).
A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions.
Centre Georges Pompidou, commonly shortened to Centre Pompidou and also known as the Pompidou Centre in English, is a complex building in the Beaubourg area of the 4th arrondissement of Paris, near Les Halles, rue Montorgueil, and the Marais.
Ceredo is a town in Wayne County, West Virginia, United States, along the Ohio River.
The Cessna 172 Skyhawk is an American four-seat, single-engine, high wing, fixed-wing aircraft made by the Cessna Aircraft Company.
Charlie's Angels is an American crime drama television series that aired on ABC from September 22, 1976 to June 24, 1981, producing five seasons and 110 episodes.
The Charter of the French Language (La charte de la langue française), also known as Bill 101 (Law 101 or Loi 101), is a 1977 law in the province of Quebec in Canada defining French, the language of the majority of the population, as the official language of the provincial government.
Chiang Kai-shek (31 October 1887 – 5 April 1975), also romanized as Chiang Chieh-shih or Jiang Jieshi and known as Chiang Chungcheng, was a political and military leader who served as the leader of the Republic of China between 1928 and 1975, first in mainland China until 1949 and then in exile in Taiwan.
Chic, currently called Nile Rodgers & Chic, is an American band that was organized during 1976 by guitarist Nile Rodgers and bassist Bernard Edwards.
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.
Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Chryse Planitia (Greek, "Golden Plain") is a smooth circular plain in the northern equatorial region of Mars close to the Tharsis region to the west, centered at.
Fiat Chrysler Automobiles US LLC (commonly known as Chrysler) is the American subsidiary of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles N.V., an Italian-American automobile manufacturer registered in the Netherlands with headquarters in London, U.K., for tax purposes.
Charles Henry Noll (January 5, 1932 – June 13, 2014) was a professional American football player, assistant coach and head coach.
The Cincinnati Reds are an American professional baseball team based in Cincinnati, Ohio.
Cinema of Europe refers to the film industries and films produced in the continent of Europe.
The Citigroup Center (formerly Citicorp Center and now known by its address, 601 Lexington Avenue) is an office tower in New York City, located at 53rd Street between Lexington Avenue and Third Avenue in midtown Manhattan.
The Civic Center neighborhood of Los Angeles, California is the administrative core of the City of Los Angeles, County of Los Angeles and a complex of city, county, state, and federal government offices, buildings, and courthouses.
Clarence Thomas (born June 23, 1948) is an American judge, lawyer, and government official who currently serves as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
Class of '74 (and subsequently Class of '75) is a secondary school-based, daily soap opera produced by the Reg Grundy Organisation and screened on the Seven Network in Australia in black-and-white starting March 1974.
Close Encounters of the Third Kind is a 1977 American science fiction film written and directed by Steven Spielberg, and starring Richard Dreyfuss, Melinda Dillon, Teri Garr, Bob Balaban, Cary Guffey, and François Truffaut.
The CN Tower (Tour CN) is a concrete communications and observation tower located in the downtown core of the city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Cognitive psychology is the study of mental processes such as "attention, language use, memory, perception, problem solving, creativity, and thinking".
Cognitive science is the interdisciplinary, scientific study of the mind and its processes.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
Colossal Cave Adventure (also known as ADVENT, Colossal Cave, or Adventure) is a text adventure game, developed originally in 1976, by Will Crowther for the PDP-10 mainframe.
The Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (English abbreviation COMECON, CMEA, or CAME) was an economic organization from 1949 to 1991 under the leadership of the Soviet Union that comprised the countries of the Eastern Bloc along with a number of communist states elsewhere in the world.
Coming out of the closet, or simply coming out, is a metaphor for LGBT people's self-disclosure of their sexual orientation or of their gender identity.
The Commodore PET (Personal Electronic Transactor) is a line of home/personal computers produced starting in 1977 by Commodore International.
Communitarianism is a philosophy that emphasizes the connection between the individual and the community.
A community is a small or large social unit (a group of living things) that has something in common, such as norms, religion, values, or identity.
Computer Space is a space combat arcade game developed in 1971 as one of the last games created in the early history of video games.
Conrail, the Consolidated Rail Corporation,, was the primary Class I railroad in the Northeastern United States between 1976 and 1999, when its routes were split between the CSX Corporation and Norfolk Southern Railway.
The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom.
A convertible or cabriolet is a passenger car that can be driven with or without a roof in place.
Harold Lloyd Jenkins (September 1, 1933 – June 5, 1993), better known by his stage name Conway Twitty, was an American country music singer.
Cop Shop is a long running Australian police drama television series produced by Crawford Productions that ran for eight seasons between 28 November 1977 and 23 July 1984.
Coretta Scott King (April 27, 1927January 30, 2006) was an American author, activist, civil rights leader, and the wife of Martin Luther King, Jr.
Countdown was a weekly Australian music television show broadcast by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation from 8 November 1974 until 19 July 1987.
A counterculture (also written counter-culture) is a subculture whose values and norms of behavior differ substantially from those of mainstream society, often in opposition to mainstream cultural mores.
Country music, also known as country and western or simply country, is a genre of popular music that originated in the southern United States in the early 1920s.
A coup d'état, also known simply as a coup, a putsch, golpe de estado, or an overthrow, is a type of revolution, where the illegal and overt seizure of a state by the military or other elites within the state apparatus occurs.
A coupé — also known as coupe — is a car with a fixed-roof body style usually with two doors, however some four-door cars have been marketed as four door coupés or quad coupés due to their coupé-like roofline at the rear.
Cries and Whispers (lit) is a 1972 Swedish period drama film written and directed by Ingmar Bergman and starring Harriet Andersson, Kari Sylwan, Ingrid Thulin and Liv Ullmann.
Croatia (Hrvatska), officially the Republic of Croatia (Republika Hrvatska), is a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, on the Adriatic Sea.
The Croatian Spring (Hrvatsko proljeće, also called masovni pokret or MASPOK, for "mass movement") was a cultural and political movement that emerged from the League of Communists of Croatia in the late 1960s which opposed the unitarisation and called for economic, cultural and political reforms in SFR Yugoslavia and therefore more rights for SR Croatia within Yugoslavia.
Brenda Gail Gatzimos (née Webb; January 9, 1951), known professionally as Crystal Gayle, is an American singer.
Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos.
In meteorology, a cyclone is a large scale air mass that rotates around a strong center of low atmospheric pressure.
Cyclone Tracy was a tropical cyclone that from Christmas Eve to Christmas Day, 1974, devastated the city of Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia.
Dad's Army is a BBC television sitcom about the British Home Guard during the Second World War.
The Dallas Cowboys are a professional American football team based in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex.
The Datapoint 2200 was a mass-produced programmable terminal, designed by Computer Terminal Corporation (CTC) founders Phil Ray and Gus RocheLamont Wood,, Computerworld, 8 August 2008 and announced by CTC in June 1970 (with units shipping in 1971).
Dave & Sugar was a pop-styled country music trio that enjoyed its peak success in the mid- to late-1970s.
In September 1970, four jet airliners bound for New York City and one for London were hijacked by members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP).
Détente (meaning "relaxation") is the easing of strained relations, especially in a political situation.
A decade is a period of 10 years.
Decolonization (American English) or decolonisation (British English) is the undoing of colonialism: where a nation establishes and maintains its domination over one or more other territories.
Deconstructivism is a movement of postmodern architecture which appeared in the 1980s, which gives the impression of the fragmentation of the constructed building.
Deep Purple are an English rock band formed in Hertford in 1968.
India is the second most populated country in the world with nearly a fifth of the world's population.
Deng Xiaoping (22 August 1904 – 19 February 1997), courtesy name Xixian (希贤), was a Chinese politician.
In economics, a depression is a sustained, long-term downturn in economic activity in one or more economies.
The Derg, Common Derg or Dergue (Ge'ez: ደርግ, meaning "committee" or "council") is the short name of the Coordinating Committee of the Armed Forces, Police and Territorial Army that ruled Ethiopia from 1974 to 1987.
In computing, the desktop metaphor is an interface metaphor which is a set of unifying concepts used by graphical user interfaces to help users interact more easily with the computer.
A developing country (or a low and middle income country (LMIC), less developed country, less economically developed country (LEDC), underdeveloped country) is a country with a less developed industrial base and a low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries.
Dexter Gordon (February 27, 1923 – April 25, 1990) was an American jazz tenor saxophonist.
Dhaka (or; ঢাকা); formerly known as Dacca is the capital and largest city of Bangladesh.
Dirty Mary, Crazy Larry is a 1974 American car chase film based on the 1963 Richard Unekis novel titled The Chase (later retitled Pursuit).
Disc Golf (also called Frisbee Golf or sometimes Frolf) is a flying disc sport in which players throw a disc at a target; it is played using rules similar to golf.
Disco is a musical style that emerged in the mid 1960s and early 1970s from America's urban nightlife scene, where it originated in house parties and makeshift discothèques, reaching its peak popularity between the mid-1970s and early 1980s.
Dixon of Dock Green was a BBC television series about daily life at a London police station, with the emphasis on petty crime, successfully controlled through common sense and human understanding.
Clive Campbell (born April 16, 1955), better known by his stage name DJ Kool Herc, is a Jamaican–American DJ who is credited with helping originate hip hop music in the early–1970s in The Bronx, New York City.
Doctor Who is a British science-fiction television programme produced by the BBC since 1963.
The Dodge Challenger is the name of three different generations of automobiles (two of those being pony cars) produced by Dodge. However, the first use of the Challenger name by Dodge was in 1959 for marketing a "value version" of the full-sized Coronet Silver Challenger. From model years 1970 to 1974, the first generation Dodge Challenger pony car was built using the Chrysler E platform in hardtop and convertible body styles sharing major components with the Plymouth Barracuda. The second generation, from 1978 to 1983, was an imported from Japan badge engineered Mitsubishi Galant Lambda, a coupe version of an economical compact car. The third and current generation is a pony car that was introduced in early 2008 as a rival to the evolved fifth generation Ford Mustang and the fifth generation Chevrolet Camaro.
Dolly Rebecca Parton (born January 19, 1946) is an American singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, record producer, actress, author, businesswoman, and philanthropist, known primarily for her work in country music.
Donald Cortez "Don" Cornelius (September 27, 1936 – February 1, 2012) was an American television show host and producer who was best known as the creator of the nationally syndicated dance and music show Soul Train, which he hosted from 1971 until 1993.
Don Daglow (born circa 1953) is an American computer game and video game designer, programmer and producer.
Donald Johnson Ellis (July 25, 1934 – December 17, 1978) was an American jazz trumpeter, drummer, composer, and bandleader.
Donald Ray Williams (May 27, 1939 – September 8, 2017) was an American country singer, songwriter, and 2010 inductee to the Country Music Hall of Fame.
Donald Carl Johanson (born June 28, 1943) is an American paleoanthropologist.
LaDonna Adrian Gaines (December 31, 1948May 17, 2012), widely known by her stage name Donna Summer, was an American singer, songwriter, and painter.
Donny & Marie is an American variety show which aired on ABC from January 1976 to January 1979.
In the context of the automobile industry, downsizing is a practice used to transition vehicles from one size segment to another.
Dublin (formerly, Amador and Dougherty's Station) is a suburban city of the East (San Francisco) Bay and Tri-Valley regions of Alameda County, California, United States.
A duet is a musical composition for two performers in which the performers have equal importance to the piece, often a composition involving two singers or two pianists.
E-commerce is the activity of buying or selling of products on online services or over the Internet.
Mainframe computers are computers used primarily by businesses and academic institutions for large-scale processes.
Earth Day is an annual event celebrated on April 22.
East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR; Deutsche Demokratische Republik, DDR), existed from 1949 to 1990 and covers the period when the eastern portion of Germany existed as a state that was part of the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War period.
East Pakistan was the eastern provincial wing of Pakistan between 1955 and 1971, covering the territory of the modern country Bangladesh.
Eastern Air Lines Flight 401 was a Lockheed L-1011-1 Tristar jet that crashed into the Florida Everglades at 11:42 pm December 29, 1972, causing 101 fatalities.
ECM (Edition of Contemporary Music) is an independent record label founded by Manfred Eicher in Munich in 1969.
Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits.
Edward Gierek (6 January 1913 – 29 July 2001) was a Polish communist politician.
Sir Edward Richard George Heath (9 July 1916 – 17 July 2005), often known as Ted Heath, was a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1970 to 1974 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1965 to 1975.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
The Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty (معاهدة السلام المصرية الإسرائيلية, Mu`āhadat as-Salām al-Misrīyah al-'Isrā'īlīyah; הסכם השלום בין ישראל למצרים, Heskem HaShalom Bein Yisrael LeMitzrayim) was signed in Washington, D.C., United States on 26 March 1979, following the 1978 Camp David Accords.
Electronic music is music that employs electronic musical instruments, digital instruments and circuitry-based music technology.
Electronic paper and e-paper are display devices that mimic the appearance of ordinary ink on paper.
Electronic rock is a broad music genre that involves a combination of rock music and electronic music, featuring instruments typically found within both genres.
Elisabeth Domitien (1925 – 26 April 2005) was the prime minister of the Central African Republic from 1975 to 1976.
Elizabeth Holtzman (born August 11, 1941) is an American politician and former member of the United States House of Representatives.
Sir Elton Hercules John (born Reginald Kenneth Dwight; 25 March 1947) is an English singer, pianist, and composer.
Elvis Aaron Presley (January 8, 1935 – August 16, 1977) was an American singer and actor.
Electronic mail (email or e-mail) is a method of exchanging messages ("mail") between people using electronic devices.
Emílio Garrastazu Médici, (December 4, 1905 – October 9, 1985), was a Brazilian military leader and politician who was President of Brazil from 1969 to 1974.
Emergency! is an American television series that combines the medical drama and action-adventure genres.
Emerson, Lake & Palmer (ELP) were an English progressive rock supergroup formed in London in 1970.
The Emperor of Ethiopia (ንጉሠ ነገሥት, nəgusä nägäst, "King of Kings") was the hereditary ruler of the Ethiopian Empire, until the abolition of the monarchy in 1975.
Enver Halil Hoxha (16 October 190811 April 1985) was an Albanian communist politician who served as the head of state of Albania from 1944 until his death in 1985, as the First Secretary of the Party of Labour of Albania.
Environmentalism or environmental rights is a broad philosophy, ideology, and social movement regarding concerns for environmental protection and improvement of the health of the environment, particularly as the measure for this health seeks to incorporate the impact of changes to the environment on humans, animals, plants and non-living matter.
HIV/AIDS is a global pandemic.
The Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) is a proposed amendment to the United States Constitution designed to guarantee equal legal rights for all American citizens regardless of sex; it seeks to end the legal distinctions between men and women in terms of divorce, property, employment, and other matters.
Equatorial Guinea (Guinea Ecuatorial, Guinée équatoriale, Guiné Equatorial), officially the Republic of Equatorial Guinea (República de Guinea Ecuatorial, République de Guinée équatoriale, República da Guiné Equatorial), is a country located in Central Africa, with an area of.
Eric Patrick Clapton, (born 1945), is an English rock and blues guitarist, singer, and songwriter.
Erich Honecker (25 August 1912 – 29 May 1994) was a German politician who, as the General Secretary of the Socialist Unity Party, led the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) from 1971 until the weeks preceding the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. From 1976 onward he was also the country's official head of state as chairman of the State Council following Willi Stoph's relinquishment of the post. Honecker's political career began in the 1930s when he became an official of the Communist Party of Germany, a position for which he was imprisoned during the Nazi era. Following World War II, he was freed and soon relaunched his political activities, founding the youth organisation the Free German Youth in 1946 and serving as the group's chairman until 1955. As the Security Secretary of the Party’s Central Committee in the new East German state, he was the prime organiser of the building of the Berlin Wall in 1961 and, in this function, bore responsibility for the "order to fire" along the Inner German border. In 1971, he initiated a political power struggle that led, with Soviet support, to his replacing Walter Ulbricht as First Secretary of the Central Committee and as chairman of the state's National Defense Council. Under his command, the country adopted a programme of "consumer socialism" and moved toward the international community by normalising relations with West Germany and also becoming a full member of the UN, in what is considered one of his greatest political successes. As Cold War tensions eased in the late 1980s under perestroika and glasnost, the liberal reforms of Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, Honecker refused all but cosmetic changes to the East German political system, citing the continual hardliner attitudes of Kim Il-sung and Fidel Castro, whose respective regimes of North Korea and Cuba had been critical of reforms, leaders who ruthlessly suppressed opposition. As anticommunist protests grew, Honecker begged the USSR to intervene and suppress the protests to maintain communist rule in East Germany like the Prague Spring of 1968 and the Hungarian Revolution of 1956; Gorbachev refused. Honecker was forced to resign by his party in October 1989 in a bid to improve the government's image before the public. Honecker's eighteen years at the helm of the soon-to-collapse German Democratic Republic came to an end. Following German reunification, he sought asylum in the Chilean embassy in Moscow in 1991 but was extradited back to Germany a year later to stand trial for his role in the human rights abuses committed by the East German government. However, the proceedings were abandoned due to illness and he was freed from custody to travel to join his family in exile in Chile, where he died in May 1994 from liver cancer.
Erich Wolf Segal (June 16, 1937January 17, 2010) was an American author, screenwriter, educator and classicist.
Ernesto Beckmann Geisel August 3, 1907 – September 12, 1996) was a Brazilian Army officer and politician, who was President of Brazil from 1974 to 1979, during the Brazilian military government.
Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk), is a country located in the Horn of Africa.
The Ethiopian Civil War began on 12 September 1974 when the Marxist-Leninist Derg staged a coup d'état against Emperor Haile Selassie.
Eugene Andrew Cernan (March 14, 1934 – January 16, 2017) was an American astronaut, naval aviator, electrical engineer, aeronautical engineer, and fighter pilot.
The European Economic Area (EEA) is the area in which the Agreement on the EEA provides for the free movement of persons, goods, services and capital within the European Single Market, including the freedom to choose residence in any country within this area.
The European Space Agency (ESA; Agence spatiale européenne, ASE; Europäische Weltraumorganisation) is an intergovernmental organisation of 22 member states dedicated to the exploration of space.
The Everglades is a natural region of tropical wetlands in the southern portion of the U.S. state of Florida, comprising the southern half of a large drainage basin and part of the neotropic ecozone.
In general, expansionism consists of policies of governments and states that involve territorial, military or economic expansion.
The Fairchild Channel F is a home video game console released by Fairchild Semiconductor in November 1976 across North America at the retail price of $169.95.
Faisal bin Musaid bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (الأمير فيصل بن مساعد بن عبد العزيز آل سعود,; 4 April 194418 June 1975) was the assassin and nephew of King Faisal of Saudi Arabia.
Faisal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (فيصل بن عبدالعزيز آل سعود; 14 April 1906 – 25 March 1975) was King of Saudi Arabia from 1964 to 1975.
The Fall of Saigon, or the Liberation of Saigon, was the capture of Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam, by the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) and the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam (also known as the Việt Cộng) on 30 April 1975.
Family Feud is an American television game show created by Mark Goodson where two families compete to name the most popular responses to survey questions in order to win cash and prizes.
Farrah Leni Fawcett (originally spelled Ferrah; February 2, 1947 – June 25, 2009) was an American actress, model, and artist.
Faust (English: "fist") are a German krautrock band.
Fazlur Rahman Khan (ফজলুর রহমান খান, Fozlur Rôhman Khan) (3 April 1929 – 27 March 1982) was a Bangladeshi-American structural engineer and architect, who initiated important structural systems for skyscrapers.
Feminism is a range of political movements, ideologies, and social movements that share a common goal: to define, establish, and achieve political, economic, personal, and social equality of sexes.
The feminist movement (also known as the women's movement, or simply feminism) refers to a series of political campaigns for reforms on issues such as reproductive rights, domestic violence, maternity leave, equal pay, women's suffrage, sexual harassment, and sexual violence, all of which fall under the label of feminism and the feminist movement.
Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos Sr. (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was a Filipino politician and kleptocrat who was President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986.
Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (August 13, 1926 – November 25, 2016) was a Cuban communist revolutionary and politician who governed the Republic of Cuba as Prime Minister from 1959 to 1976 and then as President from 1976 to 2008.
First-person shooter (FPS) is a video game genre centered around gun and other weapon-based combat in a first-person perspective; that is, the player experiences the action through the eyes of the protagonist.
A flokati rug is a handmade shag wool rug.
A floppy disk, also called a floppy, diskette, or just disk, is a type of disk storage composed of a disk of thin and flexible magnetic storage medium, sealed in a rectangular plastic enclosure lined with fabric that removes dust particles.
Flying disc freestyle, also known as freestyle Frisbee in reference to the trademarked brand name, is a sport and performing art characterized by creative, acrobatic, and athletic maneuvers with a flying disc.
Flying disc games are games played with discs, often called by the trademarked name Frisbees.
Ford Motor Company (commonly referred to simply as "Ford") is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.
The Four Asian Tigers, Four Asian Dragons or Four Little Dragons, are the economies of Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan, which underwent rapid industrialization and maintained exceptionally high growth rates (in excess of 7 percent a year) between the early 1960s (mid-1950s for Hong Kong) and 1990s.
Francisco Franco Bahamonde (4 December 1892 – 20 November 1975) was a Spanish general who ruled over Spain as a military dictator from 1939, after the Nationalist victory in the Spanish Civil War, until his death in 1975.
Francisco Macías Nguema (born Mez-m Ngueme; Africanised to Masie Nguema Biyogo Ñegue Ndong) (1 January 1924 – 29 September 1979) was the first President of Equatorial Guinea, from 1968 until his overthrow and subsequent execution in 1979.
Frank Owen Gehry,, FAIA (born Frank Owen Goldberg)Reinhart, Anthony (July 28, 2010), Globe and Mail is a Canadian-born American architect, residing in Los Angeles.
Frank Lloyd Wright (born Frank Lincoln Wright, June 8, 1867 – April 9, 1959) was an American architect, interior designer, writer and educator, who designed more than 1,000 structures, 532 of which were completed.
Freddie Mercury (born Farrokh Bulsara; 5 September 194624 November 1991) was a British singer, songwriter and record producer, best known as the lead vocalist of the rock band Queen.
A frisbee (also called a flying disc or simply a disc) is a gliding toy or sporting item that is generally plastic and roughly in diameter with a lip, used recreationally and competitively for throwing and catching, for example, in flying disc games.
The Front de libération du Québec (FLQ; "Quebec Liberation Front") was a separatist and Marxist-Leninist paramilitary group in Quebec.
Funk is a music genre that originated in African American communities in the mid-1960s when African American musicians created a rhythmic, danceable new form of music through a mixture of soul music, jazz, and rhythm and blues (R&B).
A game show is a type of radio, television, or stage show in which contestants, individually or as teams, play a game which involves answering questions or solving puzzles, usually for money or prizes.
The Ganges-Brahmaputra Delta (also known as the Brahmaputra Delta, the Sunderbans Delta or the Bengal Delta) is a river delta in the Bengal region of the South Asia, consisting of Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal.
Garry Kent Marshall (November 13, 1934 – July 19, 2016) was an American film director, film producer, screenwriter and actor, best known for creating Happy Days and its various spin-offs, developing Neil Simon's 1965 play The Odd Couple for television, and directing Pretty Woman, Beaches, Runaway Bride, Valentine's Day, New Year's Eve, Mother's Day, The Princess Diaries, and The Princess Diaries 2: Royal Engagement.
Gasoline (American English), or petrol (British English), is a transparent, petroleum-derived liquid that is used primarily as a fuel in spark-ignited internal combustion engines.
The gender pay gap is the average difference between the remuneration for men and women who are working.
General Motors Company, commonly referred to as General Motors (GM), is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Detroit that designs, manufactures, markets, and distributes vehicles and vehicle parts, and sells financial services.
Generative grammar is a linguistic theory that regards grammar as a system of rules that generates exactly those combinations of words that form grammatical sentences in a given language.
Genesis were an English rock band formed at Charterhouse School, Godalming, Surrey in 1967.
Genetic engineering, also called genetic modification or genetic manipulation, is the direct manipulation of an organism's genes using biotechnology.
In the fields of molecular biology and genetics, a genome is the genetic material of an organism.
Genre fiction, also known as popular fiction, is plot-driven fictional works written with the intent of fitting into a specific literary genre, in order to appeal to readers and fans already familiar with that genre.
A geodesic dome is a hemispherical thin-shell structure (lattice-shell) based on a geodesic polyhedron.
George Edward Fox (born December 17, 1945) is a researcher at the University of Houston and, with Carl Woese in the early 1970s, was the first scientist to classify Archaea as a separate domain of life within the three-domain system.
George Glenn Jones (September 12, 1931 – April 26, 2013) was an American musician, singer and songwriter.
George Corley Wallace Jr. (August 25, 1919 – September 13, 1998) was an American politician and the 45th Governor of Alabama, having served two nonconsecutive terms and two consecutive terms as a Democrat: 1963–1967, 1971–1979 and 1983–1987.
Georges Jean Raymond Pompidou (5 July 19112 April 1974) was Prime Minister of France from 1962 to 1968—the longest tenure in the position's history—and later President of the French Republic from 1969 until his death in 1974.
Gerald Rudolph Ford Jr. (born Leslie Lynch King Jr; July 14, 1913 – December 26, 2006) was an American politician who served as the 38th President of the United States from August 1974 to January 1977.
Gilbert "Gil" Scott-Heron (April 1, 1949 – May 27, 2011) was an American soul and jazz poet,Kot, Greg (May 26, 2011).
Giorgetto Giugiaro (born 7 August 1938) is an Italian automobile designer.
Giulio Andreotti (14 January 1919 – 6 May 2013) was an Italian politician and statesman who served as the 41st Prime Minister of Italy and leader of the Christian Democracy party; he was the sixth longest-serving Prime Minister since the Italian Unification and the second longest-serving post-war Prime Minister, after Silvio Berlusconi.
Glam rock is a style of rock that developed in the United Kingdom in the early 1970s performed by musicians who wore outrageous costumes, makeup, and hairstyles, particularly platform shoes and glitter.
Gloria Marie Steinem (born March 25, 1934) is an American feminist, journalist, and social political activist who became nationally recognized as a leader and a spokeswoman for the American feminist movement in the late 1960s and early 1970s.
Golda Meir (גּוֹלְדָּה מֵאִיר;, born Golda Mabovitch, May 3, 1898 – December 8, 1978) was an Israeli teacher, kibbutznik, stateswoman, politician and the fourth Prime Minister of Israel.
A golden age is a period in a field of endeavor when great tasks were accomplished.
The golden age of arcade video games was the era when arcade video games entered pop culture and became a dominant cultural force.
Good Times is an American sitcom that aired on CBS from February 8, 1974, to August 1, 1979.
Edward Gough Whitlam (11 July 191621 October 2014) was the 21st Prime Minister of Australia, serving from 1972 to 1975.
Graceland is a mansion on a estate in Memphis, Tennessee, United States, that was owned by Elvis Presley.
The graphical user interface (GUI), is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, instead of text-based user interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation.
The Grateful Dead was an American rock band formed in 1965 in Palo Alto, California.
Grease is a 1978 American musical romantic comedy film based on the musical of the same name.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.
The Green Revolution, or Third Agricultural Revolution, refers to a set of research and the development of technology transfer initiatives occurring between the 1930s and the late 1960s (with prequels in the work of the agrarian geneticist Nazareno Strampelli in the 1920s and 1930s), that increased agricultural production worldwide, particularly in the developing world, beginning most markedly in the late 1960s.
The Gregorian calendar is the most widely used civil calendar in the world.
Guam (Chamorro: Guåhån) is an unincorporated and organized territory of the United States in Micronesia in the western Pacific Ocean.
Guatemala, officially the Republic of Guatemala (República de Guatemala), is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, Belize to the northeast, the Caribbean to the east, Honduras to the east and El Salvador to the southeast.
Guinness World Records, known from its inception in 1955 until 2000 as The Guinness Book of Records and in previous United States editions as The Guinness Book of World Records, is a reference book published annually, listing world records both of human achievements and the extremes of the natural world.
Gun Fight, known as Western Gun in Japan and Europe, is a 1975 arcade shooter game designed by Tomohiro Nishikado, and released by Taito in Japan and Europe and by Midway in North America.
Gunsmoke is an American radio and television Western drama series created by director Norman Macdonnell and writer John Meston.
Gustavo Díaz Ordaz Bolaños (12 March 1911 – 15 July 1979) was a Mexican politician and member of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI).
Guts or disc guts (sometimes guts Frisbee in reference to the trademarked brand name) is a disc game inspired by dodgeball, involving teams throwing a flying disc (rather than balls) at members of the opposing team.
Guyana (pronounced or), officially the Co-operative Republic of Guyana, is a sovereign state on the northern mainland of South America.
Hafez al-Assad (حافظ الأسد,; 6 October 1930 – 10 June 2000) was a Syrian politician and field marshal of the Syrian Armed Forces who served as President of Syria from 1971 to 2000.
Haile Selassie I (ቀዳማዊ ኃይለ ሥላሴ, qädamawi haylä səllasé,;, born Ras Tafari Makonnen, was Ethiopia's regent from 1916 to 1930 and emperor from 1930 to 1974.
Handheld electronic game(s) are very small, portable devices for playing interactive electronic games, often miniaturized versions of video games.
Happy Days is an American television sitcom that aired first-run from January 15, 1974, to September 24, 1984 on ABC, with a total of 255 half-hour episodes spanning eleven seasons.
Hard rock is a loosely defined subgenre of rock music that began in the mid-1960s, with the garage, psychedelic and blues rock movements.
James Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx, (11 March 1916 – 24 May 1995) was a British Labour politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1964 to 1970 and from 1974 to 1976.
Harvey Bernard Milk (May 22, 1930 – November 27, 1978) was an American politician and the first openly gay elected official in the history of California, where he was elected to the San Francisco Board of Supervisors.
The Hawker Siddeley HS 121 Trident (originally the de Havilland D.H.121 and the Airco DH 121) was a British short- (and later medium-) range airliner.
Hawking radiation is blackbody radiation that is predicted to be released by black holes, due to quantum effects near the event horizon.
Home Box Office (HBO) is an American premium cable and satellite television network of Home Box Office, Inc..
Heavy metal (or simply metal) is a genre of rock music that developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s, largely in the United Kingdom.
Helen Cornelius (born Helen Lorene Johnson; December 6, 1941) is an American country singer-songwriter and actress, best remembered for a series of hit duets with Jim Ed Brown, many of which reached the U.S. country singles top ten during the late 1970s and early 1980s.
Helen Maxine Reddy (born 25 October 1941) is an Australian singer, actress and activist.
Helmut Heinrich Waldemar Schmidt (23 December 1918 – 10 November 2015) was a German politician and member of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD), who served as Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) from 1974 to 1982.
Henan is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the central part of the country.
Highway to Hell is the sixth studio album by Australian hard rock band AC/DC, released on 27 July 1979.
Hip hop music, also called hip-hopMerriam-Webster Dictionary entry on hip-hop, retrieved from: A subculture especially of inner-city black youths who are typically devotees of rap music; the stylized rhythmic music that commonly accompanies rap; also rap together with this music.
Hollywood Squares is an American panel game show in which two contestants play tic-tac-toe to win cash and prizes.
Homemaking is a mainly American term for the management of a home, otherwise known as housework, housekeeping, or household management.
The is a line of cars manufactured by Honda.
Honduras, officially the Republic of Honduras (República de Honduras), is a republic in Central America.
Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
Hong Kong action cinema is the principal source of the Hong Kong film industry's global fame.
Hotpants, hot pants, or booty shorts describe extremely short shorts, which may be worn by women and, to a lesser extent, by men.
A housewife (also known as a homekeeper) is a woman whose work is running or managing her family's home—caring for her children; buying, cooking, and storing food for the family; buying goods that the family needs in everyday life; housekeeping and maintaining the home; and making clothes for the family—and who is not employed outside the home.
The HP-35 was Hewlett-Packard's first pocket calculator and the world's first scientific pocket calculator – a calculator with trigonometric and exponential functions.
Hua Guofeng (born Su Zhu; 16 February 1921 – 20 August 2008) was a Chinese politician who served as Chairman of the Communist Party of China and Premier of the People's Republic of China.
Hugh Asher Stubbins Jr. (January 11, 1912 – July 5, 2006) was an architect who designed several high-profile buildings around the world.
Human evolution is the evolutionary process that led to the emergence of anatomically modern humans, beginning with the evolutionary history of primates – in particular genus Homo – and leading to the emergence of Homo sapiens as a distinct species of the hominid family, the great apes.
Hustler is a monthly pornographic magazine published in the United States.
"I Am Woman" is a song written by Australian-American artist Helen Reddy and singer-songwriter Ray Burton.
Ieoh Ming Pei, FAIA, RIBA – website of Pei Cobb Freed & Partners (born 26 April 1917), commonly known as I. M.
The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.
Idi Amin Dada (2816 August 2003) was a Ugandan politician and military officer.
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States.
The IMLAC PDS-1 and PDS-4 were popular graphical display systems in the 1970s.
In vitro fertilisation (IVF) is a process of fertilisation where an egg is combined with sperm outside the body, in vitro ("in glass").
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi (née Nehru; 19 November 1917 – 31 October 1984) was an Indian politician, stateswoman and a central figure of the Indian National Congress.
Individualism is the moral stance, political philosophy, ideology, or social outlook that emphasizes the moral worth of the individual.
The Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 was a military confrontation between India and Pakistan that occurred during the liberation war in East Pakistan from 3 December 1971 to the fall of Dacca (Dhaka) on 16 December 1971.
Ernst Ingmar Bergman (14 July 1918 – 30 July 2007) was a Swedish director, writer, and producer who worked in film, television, theatre and radio.
An integrated circuit or monolithic integrated circuit (also referred to as an IC, a chip, or a microchip) is a set of electronic circuits on one small flat piece (or "chip") of semiconductor material, normally silicon.
The Intel 4004 is a 4-bit central processing unit (CPU) released by Intel Corporation in 1971.
The Intellivision is a home video game console released by Mattel Electronics in 1979.
InterCity (or, in the earliest days, the hyphenated Inter-City) was introduced by British Rail in 1966 as a brand-name for its long-haul express passenger services (see British Rail brand names for a full history).
InterCity 125 was the brand name of British Rail's diesel-powered High Speed Train (HST) fleet, which was built from 1975 to 1982 and was introduced in 1976.
The Interim Government of Iran (Dowlat-e Movaghat-e Irân) was the first government established in Iran after the Iranian Revolution, and the first nominal republic established in Iran after 2,500 years of Persian monarchy.
Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
The Iran hostage crisis was a diplomatic standoff between Iran and the United States of America.
The Iran–Iraq War was an armed conflict between Iran and Iraq, beginning on 22 September 1980, when Iraq invaded Iran, and ending on 20 August 1988, when Iran accepted the UN-brokered ceasefire.
The Iranian Revolution (Enqelāb-e Iran; also known as the Islamic Revolution or the 1979 Revolution), Iran Chamber.
Iraq (or; العراق; عێراق), officially known as the Republic of Iraq (جُمُهورية العِراق; کۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west.
Irwin Toy Limited was a Canadian distributor and manufacturer of toys.
María Estela Martínez Cartas de Perón (born 4 February 1931), better known as Isabel Martínez de Perón or Isabel Perón, served as President of Argentina from 1974 to 1976.
, often known simply as Tomita, was a Japanese music composer, regarded as one of the pioneers of electronic music and space music, and as one of the most famous producers of analog synthesizer arrangements.
An Islamic republic is the name given to several states that are officially ruled by Islamic laws, including the Islamic Republics of Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan, and Mauritania.
Islamism is a concept whose meaning has been debated in both public and academic contexts.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
István Szabó (born February 18, 1938) is a Hungarian film director, screenwriter, and opera director.
Clyde Jackson Browne (born October 9, 1948) is an American singer-songwriter and musician who has sold over 18 million albums in the United States.
Jamaica is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea.
Leonard James Callaghan, Baron Callaghan of Cardiff, (27 March 1912 – 26 March 2005), often known as Jim Callaghan, served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1976 to 1979 and Leader of the Labour Party from 1976 to 1980.
James Richard Cross, CMG (born 29 September 1921) is an Irish-born British former diplomat in Canada who was kidnapped by Front de libération du Québec (FLQ) militants during the October Crisis of October 1970.
James Vernon Taylor (born March 12, 1948) is an American singer-songwriter and guitarist.
Janis Lyn Joplin (January 19, 1943 – October 4, 1970) nicknamed The Pearl, was an American rock, soul and blues singer and songwriter, and one of the most successful and widely-known female rock stars of her era.
The (JASDF), sometimes referred to as the Japanese Air Force, is the air warfare branch of the Japan Self-Defense Forces, responsible for the defense of Japanese airspace and for other aerospace operations.
Jaws is a 1975 American thriller film directed by Steven Spielberg and based on Peter Benchley's 1974 novel of the same name.
Jaws 2 is a 1978 American thriller film, the first sequel to Steven Spielberg's Jaws (1975), and the second installment in the ''Jaws'' franchise.
Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime.
Jazz fusion (also known as fusion) is a musical genre that developed in the late 1960s when musicians combined aspects of jazz harmony and improvisation with styles such as funk, rock, rhythm and blues, and Latin jazz.
Jean-Bédel Bokassa (22 February 1921 – 3 November 1996), also known as Bokassa I of Central Africa and Salah Eddine Ahmed Bokassa, was the ruler of the Central African Republic and its successor state, the Central African Empire, from his coup d'état on 1 January 1966 until overthrown in a subsequent coup (supported by France) on 20 September 1979.
Jean-Michel André Jarre (born 24 August 1948) is a French composer, performer and record producer.
Jelly beans are small bean-shaped sugar candies with soft candy shells and thick gel interiors.
Jethro Tull are a British rock band formed in Blackpool, Lancashire in 1967.
Jiggle television is a term coined by NBC executive Paul Klein to criticize ABC's television production and marketing strategy under Fred Silverman.
James Edward Brown (April 1, 1934 – June 11, 2015) was an American country singer-songwriter who achieved fame in the 1950s with his two sisters as a member of the Browns.
Jacobus Johannes Fouché, (6 June 1898 – 23 September 1980) served as the second State President of South Africa from 1968 to 1975.
James Warren Jones (May 13, 1931 – November 18, 1978) was an American religious cult leader who initiated and was responsible for a mass suicide and mass murder in Jonestown, Guyana.
James Douglas Morrison (December 8, 1943 – July 3, 1971) was an American singer-songwriter and poet, best remembered as the lead vocalist of the Doors.
James Marshall "Jimi" Hendrix (born Johnny Allen Hendrix; November 27, 1942 – September 18, 1970) was an American rock guitarist, singer, and songwriter.
James Earl Carter Jr. (born October 1, 1924) is an American politician who served as the 39th President of the United States from 1977 to 1981.
Joseph William Frazier (January 12, 1944 – November 7, 2011), nicknamed "Smokin' Joe", was an American professional boxer who competed from 1965 to 1981.
John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), commonly referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963.
Sir John Grey Gorton (9 September 1911 – 19 May 2002) was the 19th Prime Minister of Australia, in office from 1968 to 1971.
200 Clarendon Street, previously John Hancock Tower and colloquially known as The Hancock, is a 60-story, skyscraper in Boston.
John Hoyer Updike (March 18, 1932 – January 27, 2009) was an American novelist, poet, short story writer, art critic, and literary critic.
Johns Hopkins University is an American private research university in Baltimore, Maryland.
The Peoples Temple Agricultural Project, better known by its informal name "Jonestown", was a remote settlement established by the Peoples Temple, an American cult under the leadership of reverend Jim Jones, in north Guyana.
Johannes Marten den Uijl, better known as Joop den Uyl (9 August 1919 – 24 December 1987) was a Dutch politician of the Labour Party (PvdA) who served as Prime Minister of the Netherlands from 11 May 1973 until 19 December 1977.
Jorge Rafael Videla (2 August 1925 – 17 May 2013) was a senior commander in the Argentine Army and dictator of Argentina from 1976 to 1981.
José Guillermo Abel López Portillo y Pacheco, RSerafO (June 16, 1920 – February 17, 2004) was a Mexican lawyer and politician affiliated with the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) who served as the 51st President of Mexico from 1976 to 1982.
Josip Broz (Cyrillic: Јосип Броз,; 7 May 1892 – 4 May 1980), commonly known as Tito (Cyrillic: Тито), was a Yugoslav communist revolutionary and political leader, serving in various roles from 1943 until his death in 1980.
Joyce Carol Oates (born June 16, 1938) is an American writer.
Juan Domingo Perón (8 October 1895 – 1 July 1974) was an Argentine army lieutenant general and politician.
Judas Priest are an English heavy metal band formed in West Bromwich in 1969.
Julius Kambarage Nyerere (13 April 1922 – 14 October 1999) was a Tanzanian anti-colonial activist, politician, and political theorist.
was a Japanese politician who served in the House of Representatives from 26 April 1947 to 24 January 1990, and as the 40th Prime Minister of Japan from 7 July 1972 to 9 December 1974 (his two terms being divided by the 1972 general election).
The Kano air disaster was a chartered Boeing 707 passenger flight on 22 January 1973 which crashed while attempting to land at Kano International Airport.
Kansas is an American rock band that became popular in the 1970s initially on album-oriented rock charts and later with hit singles such as "Carry On Wayward Son" and "Dust in the Wind".
Katherine Murray Millett (September 14, 1934 – September 6, 2017) was an American feminist writer, educator, artist, and activist.
KC and the Sunshine Band are an American disco and funk band, founded in 1973 in Hialeah, Florida.
Ken Westerfield (born May 23, 1947) is a pioneering Frisbee disc player.
Kenneth Ray Rogers (born August 21, 1938) is an American singer, songwriter, actor, record producer, and entrepreneur.
The Kent State shootings (also known as the May 4 massacre or the Kent State massacre)"These would be the first of many probes into what soon became known as the Kent State Massacre.
Keynesian economics (sometimes called Keynesianism) are the various macroeconomic theories about how in the short run – and especially during recessions – economic output is strongly influenced by aggregate demand (total demand in the economy).
Khalid bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (خالد بن عبد العزيز آل سعود; 13 February 1913 – 13 June 1982) was King of Saudi Arabia from 1975 to 1982.
The Khmer Rouge ("Red Khmers"; ខ្មែរក្រហម Khmer Kror-Horm) was the name popularly given to the followers of the Communist Party of Kampuchea and by extension to the regime through which the CPK ruled Cambodia between 1975 and 1979.
The kidnapping of Aldo Moro (Rapimento di Aldo Moro), also referred in Italy as Moro Case (Caso Moro), was a seminal event in Italian political history.
Kim Il-sung (or Kim Il Sung) (born Kim Sŏng-ju; 15 April 1912 – 8 July 1994) was the first leader of North Korea, from its establishment in 1948 until his death in 1994.
King Crimson are an English progressive rock band formed in London in 1968.
Kiss (often stylized as KISS) is an American rock band formed in New York City in January 1973 by Paul Stanley, Gene Simmons, Peter Criss, and Ace Frehley.
KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, legally Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij N.V., is the flag carrier airline of the Netherlands.
Kosovo (Kosova or Kosovë; Косово) is a partially recognised state and disputed territory in Southeastern Europe that declared independence from Serbia in February 2008 as the Republic of Kosovo (Republika e Kosovës; Република Косово / Republika Kosovo).
Kraftwerk ("power station") is a German band formed in Düsseldorf in 1970 by Ralf Hütter and Florian Schneider.
Krautrock (also called " ", cosmic music") is a broad genre of experimental rock that developed in Germany in the late 1960s.
General Kriangsak Chamanan (เกรียงศักดิ์ ชมะนันทน์,; 17 December 191723 December 2003) served as prime minister of Thailand from 1977 to 1980.
Kurt Vonnegut Jr. (November 11, 1922April 11, 2007) was an American writer.
Lake Superior (Lac Supérieur; ᑭᑦᒉᐁ-ᑲᒣᐁ, Gitchi-Gami) is the largest of the Great Lakes of North America.
The term landslide or, less frequently, landslip, refers to several forms of mass wasting that include a wide range of ground movements, such as rockfalls, deep-seated slope failures, mudflows and debris flows.
Las Vegas (Spanish for "The Meadows"), officially the City of Las Vegas and often known simply as Vegas, is the 28th-most populated city in the United States, the most populated city in the state of Nevada, and the county seat of Clark County.
A laser is a device that emits light through a process of optical amplification based on the stimulated emission of electromagnetic radiation.
LaserDisc (abbreviated as LD) is a home video format and the first commercial optical disc storage medium, initially licensed, sold and marketed as MCA DiscoVision in the United States in 1978.
A lava lamp (or Astro lamp) is a decorative novelty item, invented in 1963 by British accountant Edward Craven Walker, the founder of the British lighting company Mathmos.
Laverne & Shirley (originally Laverne DeFazio & Shirley Feeney) is an American television sitcom that ran for eight seasons on ABC from January 27, 1976, to May 10, 1983.
Law is a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior.
Lean manufacturing or lean production, often simply "lean", is a systematic method for waste minimization ("Muda") within a manufacturing system without sacrificing productivity.
The Lebanese Civil War (الحرب الأهلية اللبنانية – Al-Ḥarb al-Ahliyyah al-Libnāniyyah) was a multifaceted civil war in Lebanon, lasting from 1975 to 1990 and resulting in an estimated 120,000 fatalities.
Led Zeppelin were an English rock band formed in London in 1968.
Lido Anthony "Lee" Iacocca (born October 15, 1924) is an American automobile executive best known for spearheading the development of Ford Mustang and Pinto cars, while at the Ford Motor Company in the 1960s, and then later for reviving the Chrysler Corporation as its CEO during the 1980s.
Lee Kuan Yew GCMG CH SPMJ (16 September 1923 – 23 March 2015), commonly referred to by his initials LKY, was the first Prime Minister of Singapore, governing for three decades.
A leisure suit is a casual suit consisting of a shirt-like jacket and matching trousers,, Merriam-Webster Dictionary.
Leo Joseph Ryan Jr. (May 5, 1925November 18, 1978) was an American teacher and politician.
Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev (a; Леоні́д Іллі́ч Бре́жнєв, 19 December 1906 (O.S. 6 December) – 10 November 1982) was a Soviet politician who led the Soviet Union from 1964 to 1982 as the General Secretary of the Central Committee (CC) of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), presiding over the country until his death and funeral in 1982.
Lesotho officially the Kingdom of Lesotho ('Muso oa Lesotho), is an enclaved country in southern Africa.
Libya (ليبيا), officially the State of Libya (دولة ليبيا), is a sovereign state in the Maghreb region of North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south and Algeria and Tunisia to the west.
Lidia Gueiler Tejada (28 August 1921 – 9 May 2011) was the first female President of Bolivia, serving in an interim capacity from 1979 to 1980.
Life was an American magazine that ran regularly from 1883 to 1972 and again from 1978 to 2000.
This article lists the Presidents of Egypt since the establishment of that office in 1953.
A vocal group is a group of singers who sing and harmonize together with a backup band.
Lists of space programs include.
The Lockheed C-5 Galaxy is a large military transport aircraft originally designed and built by Lockheed, and now maintained and upgraded by its successor, Lockheed Martin.
Marshal Lon Nol (លន់ នល់, also លន់ ណុល; November 13, 1913 – November 17, 1985) was a Cambodian politician and general who served as Prime Minister of Cambodia twice (1966–67; 1969–71), as well as serving repeatedly as Defense Minister.
Loretta Lynn (née Webb; born April 14, 1932) is an American country music singer-songwriter with multiple gold albums in a career spanning almost 60 years.
Los Angeles (Spanish for "The Angels";; officially: the City of Los Angeles; colloquially: by its initials L.A.) is the second-most populous city in the United States, after New York City.
Louis Isadore Kahn (born Itze-Leib Schmuilowsky) (– March 17, 1974) was an American architect, based in Philadelphia.
Louise Joy Brown (born 25 July 1978) is an English woman known for being the first human to have been born after conception by ''in vitro'' fertilisation, or IVF.
Love Story is a 1970 American romantic drama film written by Erich Segal, who was also the author of the best-selling novel of the same name.
Love Thy Neighbour is a British sitcom, which was broadcast from 13 April 1972 until 22 January 1976, spanning seven series and fifty-four episodes.
Lucy is the common name of AL 288-1, several hundred pieces of bone fossils representing 40 percent of the skeleton of a female of the hominin species Australopithecus afarensis.
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (born Maria Ludwig Michael Mies; March 27, 1886 – August 17, 1969) was a German-American architect.
Luis Echeverría Álvarez, OMRI GCB OJ (Hon.) (born 17 January 1922) is a Mexican politician affiliated with the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) who served as the 50th President of Mexico from 1970 to 1976.
Lunokhod (Луноход, "Moonwalker") was a series of Soviet robotic lunar rovers designed to land on the Moon between 1969 and 1977.
Lynyrd Skynyrd, or informally shortened to Skynyrd, is an American rock band best known for having popularized the Southern rock genre during the 1970s.
The Magnavox Odyssey is the first commercial home video game console.
The Magnavox Odyssey², also known as Philips Odyssey² is a second generation home video game console released in 1978.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a medical imaging technique used in radiology to form pictures of the anatomy and the physiological processes of the body in both health and disease.
Mahavishnu Orchestra were a multinational jazz-rock fusion band formed in New York City in 1971 by English guitarist John McLaughlin.
John Malcolm Fraser (21 May 1930 – 20 March 2015) was an Australian politician who served as the 22nd Prime Minister of Australia, in office from 1975 to 1983 as leader of the Liberal Party.
Mallam Aminu Kano International Airport is an airport serving Kano, the capital city of Kano State of Nigeria.
Manfred Eicher (born 9 July 1943, Lindau, Germany) is a German record producer and the founder of ECM Records.
Mao Zedong (December 26, 1893September 9, 1976), commonly known as Chairman Mao, was a Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founding father of the People's Republic of China, which he ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976.
Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, (13 October 19258 April 2013) was a British stateswoman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990.
Maria de Lourdes Ruivo da Silva de Matos Pintasilgo, GCIH GCC; (Abrantes, São João Baptista, 18 January 1930 – Lisbon, 10 July 2004) was a Portuguese chemical engineer and politician.
Mark Andrew Spitz (born February 10, 1950) is an American former competitive swimmer, nine-time Olympic champion, and former world record-holder in 7 events.
Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second-smallest planet in the Solar System after Mercury.
The Marshall Plan (officially the European Recovery Program, ERP) was an American initiative to aid Western Europe, in which the United States gave over $13 billion (nearly $ billion in US dollars) in economic assistance to help rebuild Western European economies after the end of World War II.
Martial arts films are a subgenre of action films, which feature numerous martial arts fights between characters.
Martial law is the imposition of direct military control of normal civilian functions of government, especially in response to a temporary emergency such as invasion or major disaster, or in an occupied territory. Martial law can be used by governments to enforce their rule over the public.
Martin "Marty" Cooper (born December 26, 1928) is an American engineer.
Martin Luther King Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American Baptist minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the civil rights movement from 1954 until his death in 1968.
Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that views class relations and social conflict using a materialist interpretation of historical development and takes a dialectical view of social transformation.
was a Japanese politician and the 43rd Prime Minister of Japan from 7 December 1978 to 12 June 1980.
Massachusetts, officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.
Match Game is an American television panel game show that premiered on NBC in 1962 and was revived several times over the course of the next few decades.
Mattel, Inc. is an American multinational toy manufacturing company founded in 1945 with headquarters in El Segundo, California.
Mattel Auto Race is the first in the line of many Mattel Electronics games, and is credited with being the first handheld game that was entirely digital, only with solid-state electronics and without mechanical components, even predating the Milton Bradley Company's Microvision, having no moving mechanisms except the controls and on/off switch.
Maude is an American sitcom that was originally broadcast on the CBS network from September 12, 1972, until April 23, 1978.
Mauritania (موريتانيا; Gànnaar; Soninke: Murutaane; Pulaar: Moritani; Mauritanie), officially the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, is a country in the Maghreb region of Northwestern Africa.
, commonly referred to as simply Mazda, is a Japanese multinational automaker based in Fuchū, Aki District, Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan.
Maze War (also known as The Maze Game, Maze Wars, Mazewar or simply Maze) is a 1973 computer game which originated or disseminated a number of concepts used in thousands of games to follow, and is considered one of the earliest examples of, or progenitor of, a first-person shooter.
The McDonnell Douglas DC-9 (initially known as the Douglas DC-9) is a twin-engine, single-aisle jet airliner.
A medical drama is a television program or film in which events center upon a hospital, an ambulance staff, or any medical environment and most medical episodes are one hour long and set in a hospital.
Menachem Begin (Menaḥem Begin,; Menakhem Volfovich Begin; 16 August 1913 – 9 March 1992) was an Israeli politician, founder of Likud and the sixth Prime Minister of Israel.
Mengistu Haile Mariam (መንግስቱ ኃይለ ማርያም, pronounced; born 21 May 1937) is an Ethiopian soldier and politician who was the dictator of Ethiopia from 1977 to 1991.
The Mercalli intensity scale is a seismic intensity scale used for measuring the intensity of an earthquake.
The Mercedes-Benz S-Class, formerly known as Sonderklasse (German for "special class", abbreviated as "S-Klasse"), is a series of luxury flagship vehicles produced by the German automaker Mercedes-Benz, a division of German company Daimler AG.
Mexico City, or the City of Mexico (Ciudad de México,; abbreviated as CDMX), is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America.
The Miami Dolphins are a professional American football team based in the Miami metropolitan area.
Michael Aldrich (22 August 1941 – 19 May 2014) was an English inventor, innovator and entrepreneur.
Michael Graves (July 9, 1934 – March 12, 2015) was an American architect and principal of Michael Graves and Associates and Michael Graves Design Group.
Michael Laurence Nyman, CBE (born 23 March 1944) is an English composer of minimalist music, pianist, librettist and musicologist, known for numerous film scores (many written during his lengthy collaboration with the filmmaker Peter Greenaway), and his multi-platinum soundtrack album to Jane Campion's The Piano.
A microprocessor is a computer processor that incorporates the functions of a central processing unit on a single integrated circuit (IC), or at most a few integrated circuits.
The Microvision is the first handheld game console that used interchangeable cartridges.
A microwave oven (also commonly referred to as a microwave) is an electric oven that heats and cooks food by exposing it to electromagnetic radiation in the microwave frequency range.
Miles Dewey Davis III (May 26, 1926September 28, 1991) was an American jazz trumpeter, bandleader, and composer.
A military dictatorship (also known as a military junta) is a form of government where in a military force exerts complete or substantial control over political authority.
The Milton Bradley Company was an American board game manufacturer established by Milton Bradley in Springfield, Massachusetts, in 1860.
Mind Your Language is a British sitcom that premiered on ITV in 1977.
In visual arts, music, and other mediums, minimalism is an art movement that began in post–World War II Western art, most strongly with American visual arts in the 1960s and early 1970s.
A miniskirt (sometimes hyphenated as mini-skirt or separated as mini skirt) is a skirt with a hemline well above the knees, generally at mid-thigh level, normally no longer than below the buttocks; and a dress with such a hemline is called a minidress or a miniskirt dress.
A minority group refers to a category of people differentiated from the social majority, those who hold on to major positions of social power in a society.
Minoru Yamasaki (December 1, 1912February 6, 1986) was an American architect, best known for designing the original World Trade Center in New York City and several other large-scale projects.
The misery index is an economic indicator, created by economist Arthur Okun.
The is a group of autonomous Japanese multinational companies in a variety of industries.
A mobile phone, known as a cell phone in North America, is a portable telephone that can make and receive calls over a radio frequency link while the user is moving within a telephone service area.
Marshal Mobutu Sese Seko Kuku Ngbendu Wa Za Banga (born Joseph-Désiré Mobutu; 14 October 1930 – 7 September 1997) was the military dictator and President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (which Mobutu renamed Zaire in 1971) from 1965 to 1997.
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (Mohammad Reza Pahlavi,; 26 October 1919 – 27 July 1980), also known as Mohammad Reza Shah (Mohammad Rezā Šāh), was the last Shah of Iran from 16 September 1941 until his overthrow by the Iranian Revolution on 11 February 1979.
The mohawk (also referred to as a mohican) is a hairstyle in which, in the most common variety, both sides of the head are shaven, leaving a strip of noticeably longer hair in the center.
Monoclonal antibodies (mAb or moAb) are antibodies that are made by identical immune cells that are all clones of a unique parent cell.
Montreal (officially Montréal) is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada.
Monty Python’s Flying Circus (known during the final series as just Monty Python) is a British sketch comedy series created by the comedy group Monty Python and broadcast by the BBC from 1969 to 1974.
A Moon landing is the arrival of a spacecraft on the surface of the Moon.
Eric Morecambe (John Eric Bartholomew, 14 May 1926 – 28 May 1984) and Ernie Wise (Ernest Wiseman, 27 November 1925 – 21 March 1999), known as Morecambe and Wise (also Eric and Ernie), were an iconic English comic double act, working in variety, radio, film and most successfully in television.
Mork & Mindy is an American sitcom and a spin-off of Happy Days that aired on ABC from September 14, 1978 to May 27, 1982.
Morocco (officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco, is a unitary sovereign state located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is one of the native homelands of the indigenous Berber people. Geographically, Morocco is characterised by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of. Its capital is Rabat, and the largest city is Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Salé, Fes, Meknes and Oujda. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid dynasty and Almohad dynasty, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, and Morocco remained the only North African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier, and regained its independence in 1956. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, West African and European influences. Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, formerly Spanish Sahara, as its Southern Provinces. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. Mauritania relinquished its claim in 1979, and the war lasted until a cease-fire in 1991. Morocco currently occupies two thirds of the territory, and peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock. Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs, which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the constitutional court. Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber, with Berber being the native language of Morocco before the Arab conquest in the 600s AD. The Moroccan dialect of Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken. Morocco is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean and the African Union. It has the fifth largest economy of Africa.
Motorola, Inc. was an American multinational telecommunications company founded on September 25, 1928, based in Schaumburg, Illinois.
Mount Erebus is the second-highest volcano in Antarctica (after Mount Sidley) and the southernmost active volcano on Earth.
A moustache (mustache) is facial hair grown on the upper lip.
Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique (Moçambique or República de Moçambique) is a country in Southeast Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, and Swaziland and South Africa to the southwest.
MTM Enterprises (later known as MTM Enterprises, Inc.) was an American independent production company established in 1969 by Mary Tyler Moore and her then-husband Grant Tinker to produce The Mary Tyler Moore Show for CBS.
Muammar Mohammed Abu Minyar Gaddafi (20 October 2011), commonly known as Colonel Gaddafi, was a Libyan revolutionary, politician and political theorist.
Muhammad Ali (born Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr.; January 17, 1942 – June 3, 2016) was an American professional boxer, activist, and philanthropist.
Munich (München; Minga) is the capital and the most populated city in the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps.
The Munich massacre was an attack during the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, West Germany, in which the Palestinian terrorist group Black September took eleven Israeli Olympic team members hostage and killed them along with a German police officer.
Murray Bookchin (January 14, 1921 – July 30, 2006)was an American social theorist, author, orator, historian, and political philosopher.
Muscle car is an American term used to refer to a variety of high-performance automobiles.
The terms Muslim world and Islamic world commonly refer to the unified Islamic community (Ummah), consisting of all those who adhere to the religion of Islam, or to societies where Islam is practiced.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
The National Film Registry (NFR) is the United States National Film Preservation Board's (NFPB) selection of films deserving of preservation.
Natural language processing (NLP) is an area of computer science and artificial intelligence concerned with the interactions between computers and human (natural) languages, in particular how to program computers to process and analyze large amounts of natural language data.
Neoliberalism or neo-liberalism refers primarily to the 20th-century resurgence of 19th-century ideas associated with laissez-faire economic liberalism.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
New German Cinema (Neuer Deutscher Film) is a period in German cinema which lasted from the late 1960s into the 1980s.
New Hollywood, sometimes referred to as the "American New Wave," refers to a movement in American film history from the mid-to-late 1960s to the early 1980s when a new generation of young filmmakers came to prominence in the United States.
New York is an American biweekly magazine concerned with life, culture, politics, and style generally, and with a particular emphasis on New York City.
The New York Yankees are an American professional baseball team based in the New York City borough of the Bronx.
New-age music is a genre of music intended to create artistic inspiration, relaxation, and optimism.
Nicolae Ceaușescu (26 January 1918 – 25 December 1989) was a Romanian Communist politician.
Nigeria Airways Ltd., more commonly known as Nigeria Airways, was a Nigerian airline.
The Nineteenth Amendment (Amendment XIX) to the United States Constitution prohibits the states and the federal government from denying the right to vote to citizens of the United States on the basis of sex.
The Nissan Sunny is a midsize sedan car built by the Japanese automaker Nissan from 1966 to 2006.
Avram Noam Chomsky (born December 7, 1928) is an American linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, historian, social critic and political activist.
Nobutoshi Kihara (木原 信敏 Kihara Nobutoshi, 14 October 1926 – 13 February 2011) was an engineer at Sony, best known for his work on the original Walkman cassette-tape player in the 1970s and was commonly called Mr.
Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann; Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom in the north-east of the island of Ireland, variously described as a country, province or region.
A novelist is an author or writer of novels, though often novelists also write in other genres of both fiction and non-fiction.
Nudity in film is the presentation in a film of at least one person who is nude, partially nude or wearing less clothing than contemporary norms in some societies consider "modest".
O'Hare International Airport, usually referred to as O'Hare Airport, Chicago O'Hare, or simply O'Hare, is an international airport located on the far Northwest Side of Chicago, Illinois, northwest of the Loop business district, operated by the Chicago Department of Aviation and covering.
The Oakland Athletics, often referred to as the A's, are an American professional baseball team based in Oakland, California.
The October Crisis (La crise d'Octobre) occurred in October 1970 in the province of Quebec in Canada, mainly in the Montreal metropolitan area.
Odisha (formerly Orissa) is one of the 29 states of India, located in eastern India.
Ogaden (pronounced and often spelled Ogadēn; Ogaadeen) is the unofficial name of the Somali Region, the territory comprising the eastern portion of Ethiopia.
The Ogaden War was a Somali military offensive between July 1977 and March 1978 over the disputed Ethiopian region Ogaden starting with the Somali Democratic Republic's invasion of Ethiopia.
One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest is a 1975 American comedy-drama film directed by Miloš Forman, based on the 1962 novel One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest by Ken Kesey.
Opera windows are small porthole-sized side windows in the C-pillar of some cars.
An optical fiber or optical fibre is a flexible, transparent fiber made by drawing glass (silica) or plastic to a diameter slightly thicker than that of a human hair.
The Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC) is a multi-governmental organization headquartered in Kuwait which coordinates energy policies among oil-producing Arab nations.
Outlaw country is a subgenre of American country music, most popular during the 1970s and early 1980s, sometimes referred to as the outlaw movement or simply outlaw music.
The Pahlavi dynasty (دودمان پهلوی) was the ruling house of the imperial state of Iran from 1925 until 1979, when the 2,500 years of continuous Persian monarchy was overthrown and abolished as a result of the Iranian Revolution.
Pan American World Airways, originally founded as Pan American Airways and commonly known as Pan Am, was the principal and largest international air carrier in the United States from 1927 until its collapse on December 4, 1991.
A papasan chair (also called a bowl chair or moon chair) is a large rounded bowl-shaped chair with an adjustable angle.
A paperback is a type of book characterized by a thick paper or paperboard cover, and often held together with glue rather than stitches or staples.
PARC (Palo Alto Research Center; formerly Xerox PARC) is a research and development company in Palo Alto, California, with a distinguished reputation for its contributions to information technology and hardware systems.
Park Chung-hee (or; 14 November 1917 – 26 October 1979) was a South Korean politician, general, who served as the President of South Korea from 1963 until his assassination in 1979, assuming that office after first ruling the country as head of a military junta installed by the May 16 coup in 1961.
The Parti Québécois (French for Quebec Party; PQ) is a sovereignist provincial political party in Quebec in Canada.
Patton is a 1970 American epic biographical DeLuxe Color war film about U.S. General George S. Patton during World War II.
Sir James Paul McCartney (born 18 June 1942) is an English singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, and composer.
Pay television, subscription television, premium television, or premium channels are subscription-based television services, usually provided by both analog and digital cable and satellite television, but also increasingly via digital terrestrial and internet television.
The PDP-10 is a mainframe computer family manufactured by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) from 1966 into the 1980s.
Pennies From Heaven is a 1978 BBC musical drama serial written by Dennis Potter.
Penthouse is a men's magazine founded by Robert C. "Bob" Guccione.
The People's Republic of Kampuchea (PRK; សាធារណរដ្ឋប្រជាមានិតកម្ពុជា, Sathéaranakrâth Pracheameanit Kâmpŭchéa; République populaire du Kampuchéa) was founded in Cambodia by the Salvation Front, a group of Cambodian communists dissatisfied with the Khmer Rouge after the overthrow of Democratic Kampuchea, Pol Pot's government.
A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.
Peter De Vries (February 27, 1910 – September 28, 1993) was an American editor and novelist known for his satiric wit.
Peter Eisenman (born 1932) is an American architect.
Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.
The phi X 174 (or ΦX174) bacteriophage is a single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) virus and the first DNA-based genome to be sequenced.
The Philadelphia Flyers are a professional ice hockey team based in Philadelphia.
Philip Glass (born January 31, 1937) is an American composer.
Philip Cortelyou Johnson (July 8, 1906 – January 25, 2005) was an American architect.
The Philippine Basketball Association (PBA) is a men's professional basketball league in the Philippines composed of twelve company-branded franchised teams.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
Phnom Penh (or; ភ្នំពេញ phnum pɨñ), formerly known as Krong Chaktomuk or Krong Chaktomuk Serimongkul (ក្រុងចតុមុខសិរិមង្គល), is the capital and most populous city in Cambodia.
Phyllis (Φυλλίς) is a character in Greek mythology, daughter of a Thracian king (according to some, of Sithon;Servius on Virgil's Eclogue 5. 10 most other accounts do not give her father's name at all, but one informs that he was named either Philander, Ciasus, or Thelus).
Pierre Laporte (25 February 1921 – 17 October 1970) was a French Canadian lawyer, journalist and politician who was the Deputy Premier and Minister of Labour of the province of Quebec before being kidnapped and assassinated by members of the group Front de libération du Québec (FLQ) during the October Crisis.
Joseph Philippe Pierre Yves Elliott Trudeau (October 18, 1919 – September 28, 2000), often referred to by the initials PET, was a Canadian statesman who served as the 15th Prime Minister of Canada (1968–1979 and 1980–1984).
Pink Floyd were an English rock band formed in London in 1965.
The Pittsburgh Steelers are a professional American football team based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Platform shoes are shoes, boots, or sandals with an obvious thick sole, usually in the range of.
Play for Today is a British television anthology drama series, produced by the BBC and transmitted on BBC1 from 1970 to 1984.
Playboy is an American men's lifestyle and entertainment magazine.
Pluto (minor planet designation: 134340 Pluto) is a dwarf planet in the Kuiper belt, a ring of bodies beyond Neptune.
Pol Pot (ប៉ុល ពត; 19 May 1925 – 15 April 1998) was a Cambodian revolutionary and politician who served as the Prime Minister of Democratic Kampuchea from 1976 to 1979.
Police Woman is an American television Police procedural starring Angie Dickinson that ran on NBC for four seasons, from September 13, 1974, to March 29, 1978.
The Polisario Front, Frente Polisario, FRELISARIO or simply POLISARIO, from the Spanish abbreviation of Frente Popular de Liberación de Saguía el Hamra y Río de Oro ("Popular Front for the Liberation of Saguia el-Hamra and Río de Oro" الجبهة الشعبية لتحرير ساقية الحمراء و وادي الذهب Al-Jabhat Al-Sha'abiyah Li-Tahrir Saqiya Al-Hamra'a wa Wadi Al-Dhahab, Front populaire de Libération de la Seguia el Hamra et du Rivière d'or), is a Sahrawi rebel national liberation movement aiming to end Moroccan presence in the Western Sahara.
Politics (from Politiká, meaning "affairs of the cities") is the process of making decisions that apply to members of a group.
A polo neck, roll-neck, (UK), turtleneck (US, Canada), or skivvy (Australia, New Zealand) is a garment—usually a sweater—with a close-fitting, round, and high part similar to a collar that folds over and covers the neck.
Pong is one of the earliest arcade video games.
The Pontiac Firebird is an American automobile built by Pontiac from the 1967 to the 2002 model years.
Pop art is an art movement that emerged in Britain and the United States during the mid- to late-1950s.
Pope John Paul I (Ioannes Paulus I; Giovanni Paolo I; born Albino Luciani;; 17 October 191228 September 1978) served as Pope of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City from 26 August 1978 to his sudden death 33 days later.
Pope Paul VI (Paulus VI; Paolo VI; born Giovanni Battista Enrico Antonio Maria Montini; 26 September 1897 – 6 August 1978) reigned from 21 June 1963 to his death in 1978.
Porridge is a British sitcom, starring Ronnie Barker and Richard Beckinsale, written by Dick Clement and Ian La Frenais, and broadcast on BBC One from 1974 to 1977.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
The Portuguese Colonial War (Guerra Colonial Portuguesa), also known in Portugal as the Overseas War (Guerra do Ultramar) or in the former colonies as the War of Liberation (Guerra de Libertação), was fought between Portugal's military and the emerging nationalist movements in Portugal's African colonies between 1961 and 1974.
The Portuguese Empire (Império Português), also known as the Portuguese Overseas (Ultramar Português) or the Portuguese Colonial Empire (Império Colonial Português), was one of the largest and longest-lived empires in world history and the first colonial empire of the Renaissance.
Positron-emission tomography (PET) is a nuclear medicine functional imaging technique that is used to observe metabolic processes in the body as an aid to the diagnosis of disease.
The post–World War II economic expansion, also known as the postwar economic boom, the long boom, and the Golden Age of Capitalism, was a period of strong economic growth beginning after World War II and ending with the 1973–75 recession.
Postmodernism is a broad movement that developed in the mid- to late-20th century across philosophy, the arts, architecture, and criticism and that marked a departure from modernism.
The Prague Spring (Pražské jaro, Pražská jar) was a period of political liberalization in Czechoslovakia during the era of its domination by the Soviet Union after World War II.
The President of Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশের রাষ্ট্রপতি —) is the Head of State of Bangladesh.
The President of Iraq is the head of state of Iraq and "safeguards the commitment to the Constitution and the preservation of Iraq's independence, sovereignty, unity, the security of its territories in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution".
The President of the Philippines (Pangulo ng Pilipinas, informally referred to as Presidente ng Pilipinas; or in Presidente de Filipinas) is the head of state and head of government of the Philippines.
The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.
The Prime Minister of Spain, officially the President of the Government of Spain (Presidente del Gobierno de España), is the head of the government of Spain.
Progressive rock (shortened as prog; sometimes called art rock, classical rock or symphonic rock) is a broad genre of rock music that developed in the United Kingdom and United States throughout the mid to late 1960s.
Progressivism is the support for or advocacy of improvement of society by reform.
Pacific Southwest Airlines (PSA) Flight 182 was a Boeing 727-214 commercial airliner, registration, that collided with a private Cessna 172 light aircraft, registration, over San Diego, California, at 9:01 am on Monday, September 25, 1978.
Psychedelic rock is a diverse style of rock music inspired, influenced, or representative of psychedelic culture, which is centred around perception-altering hallucinogenic drugs.
Punctuated equilibrium (also called punctuated equilibria) is a theory in evolutionary biology which proposes that once species appear in the fossil record the population will become stable, showing little evolutionary change for most of its geological history.
Punk subculture includes a diverse array of ideologies, fashion, and other forms of expression, visual art, dance, literature and film.
Q... is a surreal television comedy sketch show written by Spike Milligan and Neil Shand, and starring Spike Milligan with a number of supporting players, usually including Julia Breck, John Bluthal, Bob Todd, and John Wells.
Quebec (Québec)According to the Canadian government, Québec (with the acute accent) is the official name in French and Quebec (without the accent) is the province's official name in English; the name is.
Quebec nationalism or Québécois nationalism asserts that the Québécois people are a nation, distinct from the rest of Canada, and promotes the unity of the Québécois people in the province of Quebec.
Queen are a British rock band that formed in London in 1970.
Quezon City (Lungsod Quezon,; Ciudad Quezón; also known as QC or Kyusi) is the most populous city in the Philippines.
Rachel Louise Carson (May 27, 1907 – April 14, 1964) was an American marine biologist, author, and conservationist whose book Silent Spring and other writings are credited with advancing the global environmental movement.
Racism is the belief in the superiority of one race over another, which often results in discrimination and prejudice towards people based on their race or ethnicity.
Rainer Werner Fassbinder (31 May 1945 – 10 June 1982) was a West German filmmaker, actor, playwright and theatre director, who was a catalyst of the New German Cinema movement.
The Raleigh Chopper is a children's bicycle, a wheelie bike, manufactured and marketed in the 1970s by the Raleigh Bicycle Company of Nottingham, England.
Ralph Henry Baer (born Rudolf Heinrich Baer; March 8, 1922 – December 6, 2014) was a German-born American inventor, game developer, and engineer.
The Ramones were an American punk rock band that formed in the New York City neighborhood of Forest Hills, Queens, in 1974.
"Rapper's Delight" is a 1979 hip hop track by the Sugarhill Gang and produced by Sylvia Robinson.
Rapping (or rhyming, spitting, emceeing, MCing) is a musical form of vocal delivery that incorporates "rhyme, rhythmic speech, and street vernacular", which is performed or chanted in a variety of ways, usually over a backbeat or musical accompaniment.
Raymond Lee Harvey was an Ohio-born unemployed American drifter.
The Red Army Faction (RAF; German),See the section ''Faction'' versus ''Fraktion'' also known as the Baader-Meinhof Group or Baader-Meinhof Gang, was a West German far-left militant organization founded in 1970.
The Red Brigades (Brigate Rosse, often abbreviated BR) was a left-wing terrorist organization, based in Italy, responsible for numerous violent incidents, including assassinations, kidnapping and robberies during the so-called "Years of Lead".
Reggae is a music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1960s.
Groupe Renault is a French multinational automobile manufacturer established in 1899.
René Lévesque (Quebec French pronunciation:; August 24, 1922 – November 1, 1987) was a reporter, a minister of the government of Quebec (1960–1966), the founder of the Parti Québécois political party and the 23rd Premier of Quebec (November 25, 1976 – October 3, 1985).
Renzo Piano, (born 14 September 1937) is an Italian architect and engineer.
REO Speedwagon (originally styled as R.E.O. Speedwagon) is an American rock band from Champaign, Illinois.
Return to Forever is a jazz fusion group founded and led by pianist Chick Corea.
Rhoda is an American sitcom starring Valerie Harper which aired a total of 109 half-hour episodes and one hour-long episode over five seasons from September 9, 1974 to December 9, 1978.
Rhythm and blues, commonly abbreviated as R&B, is a genre of popular music that originated in African American communities in the 1940s.
A facelift, technically known as a rhytidectomy (from Ancient Greek ῥυτίς (rhytis) "wrinkle" + ἐκτομή (ektome) "excision", surgical removal of wrinkles), is a type of cosmetic surgery procedure used to give a more youthful facial appearance.
Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was an American politician who served as the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 until 1974, when he resigned from office, the only U.S. president to do so.
Richard George Rogers, Baron Rogers of Riverside (born 23 July 1933) is a British architect noted for his modernist and functionalist designs in high-tech architecture.
Rising Damp is a British sitcom produced by Yorkshire Television for ITV.
Robert Francis "Bobby" Kennedy (November 20, 1925 – June 6, 1968) was an American politician and lawyer who served as the 64th United States Attorney General from January 1961 to September 1964, and as a U.S. Senator for New York from January 1965 until his assassination in June 1968.
Roberto Marcelo Levingston Laborda (January 10, 1920 – June 17, 2015) was an Argentine Army general who was President of Argentina from June 18, 1970 to March 22, 1971, during the Revolución Argentina period in Argentine history.
Robin Morgan (born January 29, 1941) is an American poet, author, political theorist and activist, journalist, lecturer, and former child actor.
Rocky is a 1976 American sports drama film directed by John G. Avildsen and both written by and starring Sylvester Stallone.
Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113 (1973), is a landmark decision issued in 1973 by the United States Supreme Court on the issue of the constitutionality of laws that criminalized or restricted access to abortions.
Roger Thomas Staubach (born February 5, 1942), nicknamed "Roger the Dodger", "Captain America" and "Captain Comeback", is a former American football quarterback in the National Football League (NFL).
The Roland MC-8 MicroComposer by the Roland Corporation was introduced in early 1977 at a list price of US$4,795 (¥1,200,000 JPY).
The Roland TR-808 Rhythm Composer is a drum machine introduced by the Roland Corporation in 1980 and discontinued in 1983.
A ROM cartridge, sometimes referred to simply as a cartridge or cart, is a removable enclosure containing ROM designed to be connected to a consumer electronics device such as a home computer, video game console and to a lesser extent, electronic musical instruments.
Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was an American politician and actor who served as the 40th President of the United States from 1981 to 1989.
Ronnie Lee Milsap (born January 16, 1943) is an American country music singer and pianist.
Roxy Music were an English rock band formed in 1970 by Bryan Ferry, who became the band's lead vocalist and chief songwriter, and bassist Graham Simpson.
Royal Jordanian Airlines (الملكيَّة الأردنيَّة; transliterated: Al-Malakiyyah al-'Urduniyyah) is the flag carrier airline of Jordan with its head office in Amman, Jordan, operating scheduled international services over four continents from its main base at Queen Alia International Airport.
Sayyid Ruhollah Mūsavi Khomeini (سید روحالله موسوی خمینی; 24 September 1902 – 3 June 1989), known in the Western world as Ayatollah Khomeini, was an Iranian Shia Islam religious leader and politician.
The "rural purge" of American television networks (in particular CBS) was a series of cancellations in the early 1970s of still-popular rural-themed shows with demographically skewed audiences, the majority of which occurred at the end of the 1970–71 television season.
Rush was a Canadian rock band comprising Geddy Lee (bass, vocals, keyboards), Alex Lifeson (guitars) and Neil Peart (drums, percussion, lyrics).
Sacramento is the capital city of the U.S. state of California and the seat of Sacramento County.
Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (Arabic: صدام حسين عبد المجيد التكريتي; 28 April 1937 – 30 December 2006) was President of Iraq from 16 July 1979 until 9 April 2003.
Salvador Guillermo Allende Gossens (26 June 1908 – 11 September 1973) was a Chilean physician and politician, known as the first Marxist to become president of a Latin American country through open elections.
The Salyut programme (Салю́т,, meaning "salute" or "fireworks") was the first space station programme, undertaken by the Soviet Union.
Samora Moisés Machel (29 September 1933 – 19 October 1986) was a Mozambican military commander, politician and revolutionary.
A sample-return mission is a spacecraft mission with the goal of collecting and returning with tangible samples from an extraterrestrial location to Earth for analysis.
San Diego (Spanish for 'Saint Didacus') is a major city in California, United States.
San Francisco (initials SF;, Spanish for 'Saint Francis'), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California.
Sanford and Son is an American sitcom that ran on the NBC television network from January 14, 1972, to March 25, 1977.
In the context of spaceflight, a satellite is an artificial object which has been intentionally placed into orbit.
Saturday Night Fever is a 1977 American musical drama film directed by John Badham.
Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun and the second-largest in the Solar System, after Jupiter.
Saudi Arabia, officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), is a sovereign Arab state in Western Asia constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula.
Saul Bellow (born Solomon Bellows; 10 June 1915 – 5 April 2005) was a Canadian-American writer.
R. P. Feynman, The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Vol.1, Chaps.1,2,&3.
Science fiction (often shortened to Sci-Fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction, typically dealing with imaginative concepts such as advanced science and technology, spaceflight, time travel, and extraterrestrial life.
In some countries, security police are those persons, employed by or for a governmental agency, who provide police and security services to those agencies' properties.
Mom Rajawongse Seni Pramoj (26 May 190528 July 1997) (หม่อมราชวงศ์เสนีย์ ปราโมช,, pronunciation) was three times the prime minister of Thailand and a politician in the Democrat Party.
The Sex Pistols were an English punk rock band that formed in London in 1975.
Sexual harassment is bullying or coercion of a sexual nature, or the unwelcome or inappropriate promise of rewards in exchange for sexual favors.
Sexual Politics is a 1970 book by Kate Millett, based on her PhD dissertation.
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (শেখ মুজিবুর রহমান);; (17 March 1920 – 15 August 1975), shortened as Sheikh Mujib or just Mujib, was a Bengali politician and statesman.
Shirley Anita Chisholm (née St. Hill; November 30, 1924 – January 1, 2005) was an American politician, educator, and author.
Shock rock is an umbrella term for artists who combine rock music or metal with highly theatrical live performances emphasizing shock value.
Showtime is an American premium cable and satellite television network that serves as the flagship service of the Showtime Networks subsidiary of CBS Corporation, which also owns sister services The Movie Channel and Flix.
Sideburns, sideboards, or side whiskers are patches of facial hair grown on the sides of the face, extending from the hairline to run parallel to or beyond the ears.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
Singer Presents...ELVIS (commonly referred to as the 68 Comeback Special) is a television special starring singer Elvis Presley, aired by the National Broadcasting Company (NBC) on December 3, 1968.
The Sino-Albanian split refers to the gradual worsening of relations between Albania and the People's Republic of China in the period 1972–78.
The Sino-Vietnamese War (Chiến tranh biên giới Việt-Trung), also known as the Third Indochina War, was a brief border war fought between the People's Republic of China and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam in early 1979.
Sisterhood Is Powerful: An Anthology of Writings from the Women's Liberation Movement is a 1970 anthology of radical feminist writings edited by Robin Morgan, a feminist poet and founding member of New York Radical Women.
A sitcom, short for "situation comedy", is a genre of comedy centered on a fixed set of characters who carry over from episode to episode.
The Six-Day War (Hebrew: מלחמת ששת הימים, Milhemet Sheshet Ha Yamim; Arabic: النكسة, an-Naksah, "The Setback" or حرب ۱۹٦۷, Ḥarb 1967, "War of 1967"), also known as the June War, 1967 Arab–Israeli War, or Third Arab–Israeli War, was fought between 5 and 10 June 1967 by Israel and the neighboring states of Egypt (known at the time as the United Arab Republic), Jordan, and Syria.
Skylab was the United States' space station that orbited the Earth from 1973 to 1979, when it fell back to Earth amid huge worldwide media attention.
Smallpox was an infectious disease caused by one of two virus variants, Variola major and Variola minor.
The Smart Araneta Coliseum, known as The Big Dome, is an indoor multi-purpose sports arena that is part of the Araneta Center in the Cubao area of Quezon City, Philippines.
Smokey and the Bandit is a 1977 American action comedy film starring Burt Reynolds, Sally Field, Jackie Gleason, Jerry Reed, Pat McCormick, Paul Williams and Mike Henry.
Snake is the common name for a video game concept where the player maneuvers a line which grows in length, with the line itself being a primary obstacle.
Snooker is a cue sport which originated among British Army officers stationed in India in the latter half of the 19th century.
Soap is an American sitcom that originally ran on ABC from September 13, 1977 until April 20, 1981.
A soap opera or soaper is an ongoing, episodic work of fiction presented in serial format on television, radio and in novels, featuring the lives of many characters and focusing on emotional relationships to the point of melodrama.
A social class is a set of subjectively defined concepts in the social sciences and political theory centered on models of social stratification in which people are grouped into a set of hierarchical social categories, the most common being the upper, middle and lower classes.
In the social sciences, social structure is the patterned social arrangements in society that are both emergent from and determinant of the actions of the individuals.
Soft Machine are an English rock and jazz band from Canterbury, named after the book The Soft Machine by William S. Burroughs.
Softly, Softly is a British television drama series, produced by the BBC and screened on BBC 1 from January 1966.
Somalia (Soomaaliya; aṣ-Ṣūmāl), officially the Federal Republic of SomaliaThe Federal Republic of Somalia is the country's name per Article 1 of the.
Somerset (or archaically, Somersetshire) is a county in South West England which borders Gloucestershire and Bristol to the north, Wiltshire to the east, Dorset to the south-east and Devon to the south-west.
is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan, Minato, Tokyo.
Soong Ching-ling (27 January 189329 May 1981) was a Chinese political figure.
Soul music (often referred to simply as soul) is a popular music genre that originated in the African American community in the United States in the late 1950s and early 1960s.
Soul Train is an American music-dance television program which aired in syndication from October 2, 1971 to March 27, 2006.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
South Asia or Southern Asia (also known as the Indian subcontinent) is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east.
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.
Southern Airways Flight 932 was a chartered Southern Airways Douglas DC-9 domestic United States commercial jet flight from Stallings Field (ISO) in Kinston, North Carolina, to Huntington Tri-State Airport/Milton J. Ferguson Field (HTS) in Ceredo, West Virginia.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
The Soviet–Afghan War lasted over nine years, from December 1979 to February 1989.
Soweto is a township of the City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality in Gauteng, South Africa, bordering the city's mining belt in the south.
The Soweto uprising was a series of demonstrations and protests led by black school children in South Africa that began on the morning of 16 June 1976.
Soyuz is a series of spacecraft designed for the Soviet space program by the Korolev Design Bureau (now RKK Energia) in the 1960s that remains in service today.
Soyuz 7K-T No.39, (also named Soyuz 18a or Soyuz 18-1 by some sources and also known as the April 5 Anomaly) was an unsuccessful launch of a manned Soyuz spacecraft by the Soviet Union in 1975.
is an arcade game created by Tomohiro Nishikado and released in 1978.
A space probe is a robotic spacecraft that does not orbit the Earth, but, instead, explores further into outer space.
The Space Shuttle was a partially reusable low Earth orbital spacecraft system operated by the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), as part of the Space Shuttle program.
A space station, also known as an orbital station or an orbital space station, is a spacecraft capable of supporting crewmembers, which is designed to remain in space (most commonly as an artificial satellite in low Earth orbit) for an extended period of time and for other spacecraft to dock.
Spasim is a 32-player 3D networked space flight simulation game and first-person space shooter developed by Jim Bowery for the PLATO computer network and released in March 1974.
Terence Alan Milligan, (16 April 1918 – 27 February 2002), known as Spike Milligan, was a British-Irish comedian, writer, poet, playwright and actor.
In media, a spin-off (or spinoff) is a radio program, television program, video game, film, or any narrative work, derived from already existing works that focus on more details and different aspects from the original work (e.g. particular topics, characters or events).
SS Edmund Fitzgerald was an American Great Lakes freighter that sank in a Lake Superior storm on November 10, 1975, with the loss of the entire crew of 29.
In economics, stagflation, a portmanteau of stagnation and inflation, is a situation in which the inflation rate is high, the economic growth rate slows, and unemployment remains steadily high.
The Stanley Cup (La Coupe Stanley) is the championship trophy awarded annually to the National Hockey League (NHL) playoff winner.
Star Wars is an American epic space opera media franchise, centered on a film series created by George Lucas.
Star Wars (later retitled Star Wars: Episode IV – A New Hope) is a 1977 American epic space opera film written and directed by George Lucas.
Stephen William Hawking (8 January 1942 – 14 March 2018) was an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, and author, who was director of research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology at the University of Cambridge at the time of his death.
Stephen Jay Gould (September 10, 1941 – May 20, 2002) was an American paleontologist, evolutionary biologist, and historian of science.
Stephen Edwin King (born September 21, 1947) is an American author of horror, supernatural fiction, suspense, science fiction, and fantasy.
Bantu Stephen Biko (18 December 1946 – 12 September 1977) was a South African anti-apartheid activist.
Stephen Michael Reich (born October 3, 1936) is an American composer who, along with La Monte Young, Terry Riley, and Philip Glass, pioneered minimal music in the mid to late 1960s.
Styx is an American rock band from Chicago that formed in 1972 and became famous for its albums released in the late 1970s and early 1980s.
(or) is the automobile manufacturing division of Japanese transportation conglomerate Subaru Corporation (formerly known as Fuji Heavy Industries), the twenty-second largest automaker by production worldwide in 2012.
A subcompact car is the American term for an automobile with a class size smaller than a compact car usually not exceeding in length, but larger than a microcar.
Suffrage, political franchise, or simply franchise is the right to vote in public, political elections (although the term is sometimes used for any right to vote).
Muhammad Suharto (also written Soeharto;, or Muhammad Soeharto; 8 June 1921 – 27 January 2008) was an Indonesian military leader and politician who served as the second President of Indonesia, holding the office for 31 years from the ousting of Sukarno in 1967 until his resignation in 1998.
The Super Bowl is the annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL).
Superman (informally titled Superman: The Movie in some listings and reference sources) is a 1978 superhero film directed by Richard Donner and based on the DC Comics character of the same name.
Superpower is a term used to describe a state with a dominant position, which is characterised by its extensive ability to exert influence or project power on a global scale.
Supertramp (known as Daddy in 1969–1970) are an English rock band formed in London in 1969.
The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
Suriname (also spelled Surinam), officially known as the Republic of Suriname (Republiek Suriname), is a sovereign state on the northeastern Atlantic coast of South America.
Sustainable development is the organizing principle for meeting human development goals while at the same time sustaining the ability of natural systems to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services upon which the economy and society depend.
Swinging, sometimes called wife swapping, husband swapping or partner swapping, is a non-monogamous behavior in which both singles and partners in a committed relationship engage in sexual activities with others as a recreational or social activity.
Sykes is a British sitcom that aired on BBC 1 from 1972 to 1979.
Syria (سوريا), officially known as the Syrian Arab Republic (الجمهورية العربية السورية), is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
was a Japanese politician and the 42nd Prime Minister of Japan (67th administration) from 24 December 1976 to 7 December 1978.
was a Japanese politician who served as the 41st Prime Minister of Japan from 1974 until 1976.
Talking Heads was an American rock band formed in 1975 in New York City and active until 1991.
Tammy Wynette (born Virginia Wynette Pugh; May 5, 1942 – April 6, 1998), was an American country music singer-songwriter and one of country music's best-known artists and biggest-selling female singers.
Tangerine Dream is a German electronic music band founded in 1967 by Edgar Froese.
Tangshan is a largely industrial prefecture-level city in northeastern Hebei province, China.
Tanzania, officially the United Republic of Tanzania (Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania), is a sovereign state in eastern Africa within the African Great Lakes region.
Theodore Anthony Nugent (born December 13, 1948) is an American singer-songwriter, guitarist and activist.
Teletext (or broadcast teletext) is a television information retrieval service created in the United Kingdom in the early 1970s by the Philips Lead Designer for VDUs, John Adams.
The Templo Mayor (Spanish for " Greater Temple") was the main temple of the Aztecs in their capital city of Tenochtitlan, which is now Mexico City.
Tenerife is the largest and most populated island of the seven Canary Islands.
On March 27, 1977, two Boeing 747 passenger jets, KLM Flight 4805 and Pan Am Flight 1736, collided on the runway at Los Rodeos Airport (now Tenerife North Airport), on the Spanish island of Tenerife, Canary Islands, killing 583 people, making it the deadliest accident in aviation history.
Tenerife North Airport, formerly Los Rodeos Airport, is one of the two international airports on the island of Tenerife, Spain.
The Terracotta Army is a collection of terracotta sculptures depicting the armies of Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China.
Terry and June is a BBC television sitcom, which was broadcast on BBC1 from 1979 to 1987.
Terry Paxton Bradshaw (born September 2, 1948) is a former American football quarterback who played professionally in the National Football League (NFL).
Terry Allen Winograd (born February 24, 1946) is an American professor of computer science at Stanford University, and co-director of the Stanford Human-Computer Interaction Group.
"The Me Decade and the Third Great Awakening" is an essay by American author Tom Wolfe, in which Wolfe coined the phrase Me' Decade", a term that became common as a descriptor for the decade of the 1970s.
The Allman Brothers Band was an American rock band formed in Jacksonville, Florida, United States, in 1969 by brothers Duane Allman (slide guitar and lead guitar) and Gregg Allman (vocals, keyboards, songwriting), as well as Dickey Betts (lead guitar, vocals, songwriting), Berry Oakley (bass guitar), Butch Trucks (drums), and Jai Johanny "Jaimoe" Johanson (drums).
The Aunty Jack Show was a Logie Award–winning Australian television comedy series that ran from 1972 to 1973.
The Beatles were an English rock band formed in Liverpool in 1960.
The Bellamy Brothers are an American pop and country music duo consisting of brothers David Milton Bellamy (born September 16, 1950) and Homer Howard Bellamy (born February 2, 1946), from Darby, Florida, United States.
The Benny Hill Show is a British comedy television show starring Benny Hill that aired in various forms between 15 January 1955 and 16 May 1991 in over 140 countries.
The Bionic Woman is an American television science fiction action series starring Lindsay Wagner that aired between 1976 and 1978.
The Carol Burnett Show (also Carol Burnett and Friends in syndication) is an American variety/sketch comedy television show starring Carol Burnett, Harvey Korman, Vicki Lawrence, and Lyle Waggoner.
The Clash were an English rock band formed in London in 1976 as a key player in the original wave of British punk rock.
The Dark Side of the Moon is the eighth studio album by English rock band Pink Floyd, released on 1 March 1973 by Harvest Records.
The Deer Hunter is a 1978 American epic war drama film co-written and directed by Michael Cimino about a trio of Russian American steelworkers whose lives are changed forever after they fought in the Vietnam War.
The Don Lane Show was an Australian talk show television series aired on Nine Network in 1975 until 10 November 1983.
The Doobie Brothers are an American rock band from San Jose, California.
The Ed Sullivan Show was an American television variety show that ran on CBS from June 20, 1948, to June 6, 1971, and was hosted by New York entertainment columnist Ed Sullivan.
In India, "the Emergency" refers to a 21-month period from 1975 to 1977 when Prime Minister Indira Gandhi had a state of emergency declared across the country.
The Exorcist is a 1973 American supernatural horror film adapted by William Peter Blatty from his 1971 novel of the same name, directed by William Friedkin, and starring Ellen Burstyn, Linda Blair, Max von Sydow, and Jason Miller.
The Fall and Rise of Reginald Perrin is a series of novels written by David Nobbs.
The French Connection is a 1971 American crime thriller film directed by William Friedkin.
The Godfather is a 1972 American crime film directed by Francis Ford Coppola and produced by Albert S. Ruddy, based on Mario Puzo's best-selling novel of the same name.
The Godfather Part II is a 1974 American crime film produced and directed by Francis Ford Coppola from a screenplay co-written with Mario Puzo, starring Al Pacino and Robert De Niro.
The Good Life is a British sitcom, produced by BBC television.
The Goon Show was a British radio comedy programme, originally produced and broadcast by the BBC Home Service from 1951 to 1960, with occasional repeats on the BBC Light Programme.
The Headhunters was an American jazz-fusion band formed by Herbie Hancock in 1973.
The Jeffersons is an American sitcom that was broadcast on CBS from January 18, 1975, through July 2, 1985, lasting 11 seasons and a total of 253 episodes.
The Kendalls were an American country music duo, consisting of Royce Kendall (born Royce Kykendall in Saint Louis, Missouri, September 25, 1935 – May 22, 1998) and his daughter Jeannie Kendall (born October 30, 1954).
The Love Boat is an American comedy television series set on a cruise ship, which aired on the ABC Television Network from May 5, 1977, until May 24, 1986; three-hour specials aired in 1986–87 and 1990.
The Mary Tyler Moore Show is an American sitcom created by James L. Brooks and Allan Burns that aired on CBS from 1970 to 1977.
The Moody Blues are an English rock band formed in Birmingham in 1964.
The Movie Channel (TMC) is an American premium cable and satellite television network that is owned by the Showtime Networks, Inc. subsidiary of CBS Corporation.
The Naked Vicar Show is a satirical Australian radio and television series.
The New York Five refers to a group of five New York City architects (Peter Eisenman, Michael Graves, Charles Gwathmey, John Hejduk and Richard Meier) whose photographed work was the subject of a CASE (Committee of Architects for the Study of the Environment) meeting at the Museum of Modern Art, organized by Arthur Drexler and Colin Rowe in 1969, and featured in the subsequent book Five Architects, published by Wittenborn in 1972, then more famously by Oxford Press in 1975.
The Oak Ridge Boys are an American country and gospel vocal quartet.
The Omen is a 1976 English-language supernatural horror film directed by Richard Donner, and written by David Seltzer.
The Oregon Trail is a computer game originally developed by Don Rawitsch, Bill Heinemann, and Paul Dillenberger in 1971 and produced by the Minnesota Educational Computing Consortium (MECC) in 1974.
The Paul Hogan Show is a popular Australian comedy show which aired on Australian television from 1973 until 1984.
The Price Is Right is an American television game show created by Bob Stewart, Mark Goodson and Bill Todman.
The Red Skelton Show is an American television comedy/variety show that, from 1951 to 1971, was an entertainment staple and an institution to a generation of viewers.
"The Revolution Will Not Be Televised" is a poem and song by Gil Scott-Heron.
The Rocky Horror Picture Show is a 1975 musical science-fiction horror-comedy film by 20th Century Fox produced by Lou Adler and Michael White and directed by Jim Sharman.
The Rolling Stones are an English rock band formed in London, England, in 1962.
The Sonny & Cher Comedy Hour is an American variety show starring American pop-singer Cher and her husband Sonny Bono.
The Statler Brothers (sometimes referred to in country music circles as simply The Statlers) were an American country music, gospel, and vocal group.
The Sting is a 1973 American caper film set in September 1936, involving a complicated plot by two professional grifters (Paul Newman and Robert Redford) to con a mob boss (Robert Shaw).
The Sugarhill Gang is an American hip hop group.
The Sullivans is an Australian drama television series produced by Crawford Productions which ran on the Nine Network from 15 November 1976 until 10 March 1983.
The Sweeney is a 1970s British television police drama focusing on two members of the Flying Squad, a branch of the Metropolitan Police specialising in tackling armed robbery and violent crime in London.
The Virginian (slightly repackaged as The Men from Shiloh in its final year) is an American Western television series starring James Drury, Doug McClure and Lee J. Cobb, which aired on the National Broadcasting Company (NBC) television network from 1962 to 1971 for a total of 249 episodes.
The Who are an English rock band formed in 1964.
The Young and the Restless (often abbreviated as Y&R) is an American television soap opera created by William J. Bell and Lee Phillip Bell for CBS.
Theocracy is a form of government in which a deity is the source from which all authority derives.
Third-wave feminism is an iteration of the feminist movement that began in the early 1990s United States and continued until the fourth wave began around 2012.
Three's Company is an American sitcom that aired for eight seasons on ABC from March 15, 1977, to September 18, 1984.
The Thrilla in Manila was the third and final boxing match between Muhammad Ali and Joe Frazier.
Till Death Us Do Part is a British television sitcom that aired on BBC1 from 1965 to 1975.
Thomas Wade Landry (September 11, 1924 – February 12, 2000) was an American football player and coach.
Thomas Kennerly Wolfe Jr. (March 2, 1930Some sources say 1931; the New York Times and Reuters both initially reported 1931 in their obituaries before changing to 1930. See and – May 14, 2018) was an American author and journalist widely known for his association with New Journalism, a style of news writing and journalism developed in the 1960s and 1970s that incorporated literary techniques.
Tonghai County (通海县; pinyin: Tōnghǎi Xiàn) is located in Yuxi Prefecture-level City, Yunnan Province, China.
The Toyota Corolla is a line of subcompact and compact cars manufactured by Toyota.
The Trabant is an automobile which was produced from 1957 to 1990 by former East German car manufacturer VEB Sachsenring Automobilwerke Zwickau. Although it is often seen as symbolic of the defunct East Germany and the collapse of the Eastern Bloc in general, it was a sought-after car in East Germany before the fall of the Berlin Wall. The Trabant had a hard plastic body mounted on a one-piece steel chassis (a so-called unibody or monocoque), front-wheel drive, a transverse engine, and independent suspension unusual features at that time. Called "a spark plug with a roof", 3,096,999 Trabants in a number of models were produced over nearly three decades with few significant changes in their basic design. Older models became popular with collectors in the United States due to their low cost and fewer restrictions on the importation of antique cars. The Trabant also gained a following among car tuning and rally racing enthusiasts.
Tri-State Airport, also known as Milton J. Ferguson Field, is a public airport in Wayne County, West Virginia, three miles south of Huntington, West Virginia, near Ceredo and Kenova.
A tropical cyclone is a rapidly rotating storm system characterized by a low-pressure center, a closed low-level atmospheric circulation, strong winds, and a spiral arrangement of thunderstorms that produce heavy rain.
Turkish Airlines Flight 981 was a regularly scheduled flight from Istanbul Yesilköy Airport to London Heathrow Airport with an intermediate stop at Orly Airport in Paris.
The Twenty-sixth Amendment (Amendment XXVI) to the United States Constitution prohibits the states and the federal government from using age as a reason for denying the right to vote to citizens of the United States who are at least eighteen years old.
Typhoon Tip, known in the Philippines as Typhoon Warling, was the largest and most intense tropical cyclone ever recorded.
UFO are an English rock band that was formed in London in 1968.
Uganda, officially the Republic of Uganda (Jamhuri ya Uganda), is a landlocked country in East Africa.
The Uganda–Tanzania war (commonly known in Uganda as the Liberation War) was fought between Uganda and Tanzania in 1978–1979, and led to the overthrow of Idi Amin's regime.
Ultimate, originally known as Ultimate frisbee, is a non-contact team sport played with a flying disc (frisbee).
Uncontrolled decompression is an unplanned drop in the pressure of a sealed system, such as an aircraft cabin or hyperbaric chamber, and typically results from human error, material fatigue, engineering failure, or impact, causing a pressure vessel to vent into its lower-pressure surroundings or fail to pressurize at all.
The 1979 United Kingdom general election was held on 3 May 1979 to elect 635 members to the British House of Commons.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States.
The United States presidential election of 1980 was the 49th quadrennial presidential election.
The United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary, informally the Senate Judiciary Committee, is a standing committee of 21 U.S. Senators whose role is to oversee the Department of Justice (DOJ), consider executive nominations, and review pending legislation.
Uriah Heep are an English rock band formed in London in 1969.
Valéry Marie René Georges Giscard d'Estaing (born 2 February 1926), also known as Giscard or VGE, is a French author and elder statesman who served as President of France from 1974 to 1981 and is now a member of the Constitutional Council.
Van Halen is an American hard rock band formed in Pasadena, California, in 1972.
Evángelos Odysséas Papathanassíou (born 29 March 1943), best known professionally as Vangelis (Βαγγέλης), is a Greek composer of electronic, progressive, ambient, jazz, and orchestral music.
Variety shows, also known as variety arts or variety entertainment, is entertainment made up of a variety of acts including musical performances, sketch comedy, magic, acrobatics, juggling, and ventriloquism.
Viacom Inc. is an American multinational media conglomerate with interests primarily in film and television.
A video game is an electronic game that involves interaction with a user interface to generate visual feedback on a video device such as a TV screen or computer monitor.
A videocassette recorder, VCR, or video recorder is an electromechanical device that records analog audio and analog video from broadcast television or other source on a removable, magnetic tape videocassette, and can play back the recording.
The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.
Viking 1 was the first of two spacecraft (along with Viking 2) sent to Mars as part of NASA's Viking program.
Village People is an American disco group best known for their on-stage costumes, catchy tunes and suggestive lyrics.
Vinyl roof refers to a vinyl covering for an automobile's top.
Adeline Virginia Woolf (née Stephen; 25 January 188228 March 1941) was an English writer, who is considered one of the most important modernist 20th-century authors and a pioneer in the use of stream of consciousness as a narrative device.
A voicemail system (also known as voice message or voice bank) is a computer-based system that allows users and subscribers to exchange personal voice messages; to select and deliver voice information; and to process transactions relating to individuals, organizations, products and services, using an ordinary telephone.
Vojvodina (Serbian and Croatian: Vojvodina; Војводина; Pannonian Rusyn: Войводина; Vajdaság; Slovak and Czech: Vojvodina; Voivodina), officially the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina (Аутономна Покрајина Војводина / Autonomna Pokrajina Vojvodina; see Names in other languages), is an autonomous province of Serbia, located in the northern part of the country, in the Pannonian Plain.
The Volkswagen Golf is a compact car produced by the German manufacturer Volkswagen since 1974, marketed worldwide across seven generations, in various body configurations and under various nameplates – such as the Volkswagen Rabbit in the United States and Canada (Mk1 and Mk5), and as the Volkswagen Caribe in Mexico (Mk1).
Voyager 1 is a space probe launched by NASA on September 5, 1977.
The Voyager program is an American scientific program that employs two robotic probes, Voyager 1 and Voyager 2, to study the outer Solar System.
Walkman is a Sony brand tradename, originally used for portable audio cassette players from the late 1970s onwards.
The War Measures Act (Loi sur les mesures de guerre) (5 George V, Chap. 2) was a statute of the Parliament of Canada that provided for the declaration of war, invasion, or insurrection, and the types of emergency measures that could thereby be taken.
The Watergate scandal was a major political scandal that occurred in the United States during the early 1970s, following a break-in by five men at the Democratic National Committee (DNC) headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C. on June 17, 1972, and President Richard Nixon's administration's subsequent attempt to cover up its involvement.
Waylon Arnold Jennings (pronounced; June 15, 1937 – February 13, 2002) was an American singer, songwriter, and musician.
Weather Report was an American jazz fusion band of the 1970s and early 1980s.
West Germany is the common English name for the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG; Bundesrepublik Deutschland, BRD) in the period between its creation on 23 May 1949 and German reunification on 3 October 1990.
West Pakistan (مغربی پاکستان,; পশ্চিম পাকিস্তান) was one of the two exclaves created at the formation of the modern State of Pakistan following the 1947 Partition of India.
West Virginia is a state located in the Appalachian region of the Southern United States.
The Western is a genre of various arts which tell stories set primarily in the later half of the 19th century in the American Old West, often centering on the life of a nomadic cowboy or gunfighter armed with a revolver and a rifle who rides a horse.
The Western Hemisphere is a geographical term for the half of Earth which lies west of the prime meridian (which crosses Greenwich, London, United Kingdom) and east of the antimeridian.
The Western Sahara War (حرب الصحراء الغربية, Guerre du Sahara occidental, Guerra del Sahara Occidental) was an armed struggle between the Sahrawi indigenous Polisario Front and Morocco between 1975 and 1991, being the most significant phase of the Western Sahara conflict.
The Western world refers to various nations depending on the context, most often including at least part of Europe and the Americas.
Wham-O Inc. is an American toy company headquartered in Carson, California, United States.
What's Happening!! is an American sitcom that aired on ABC from August 5, 1976, to April 28, 1979.
"White Christmas" is a 1942 Irving Berlin song reminiscing about an old-fashioned Christmas setting.
William ("Willie" or "Will") Crowther (born 1936) is a computer programmer and caver.
Sir William McMahon, (23 February 190831 March 1988), was an Australian politician who served as the 20th Prime Minister of Australia, in office from 1971 to 1972 as leader of the Liberal Party.
Willie Hugh Nelson (born April 29, 1933) is an American musician, singer, songwriter, author, poet, actor, and activist.
The Willis Tower, built as and still commonly referred to as the Sears Tower, is a 110-story, skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois.
Willy Brandt (born Herbert Ernst Karl Frahm; 18 December 1913 – 8 October 1992) was a German statesman who was leader of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) from 1964 to 1987 and served as Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) from 1969 to 1974.
The Winter of Discontent was the winter of 1978–79 in the United Kingdom, during which there were widespread strikes by public sector trade unions demanding larger pay rises, following the ongoing pay caps of the Labour Party government led by James Callaghan against Trades Union Congress opposition to control inflation, during the coldest winter for 16 years.
The women's liberation movement (also Women's Liberation Movement, WLM) was a political alignment of women and feminist intellectualism that emerged in the late 1960s, and continued to the 1980s, primarily in the industrialized nations of the Western world, and which effected great change (political, intellectual, cultural) throughout the world.
Wonder Woman, known from seasons 2 and 3 as The New Adventures of Wonder Woman, is an American television series based on the DC Comics comic book superhero of the same name.
Woody Herman Shaw, Jr. (December 24, 1944 – May 10, 1989) was an American trumpeter, flugelhornist, cornetist, composer and band leader.
The World Series is the annual championship series of Major League Baseball (MLB) in North America, contested since 1903 between the American League (AL) champion team and the National League (NL) champion team.
The original World Trade Center was a large complex of seven buildings in Lower Manhattan, New York City, United States.
Wright Marion Morris (January 6, 1910 – April 25, 1998) was an American novelist, photographer, and essayist.
The Xerox Alto is the first computer designed from its inception to support an operating system based on a graphical user interface (GUI), later using the desktop metaphor.
The Yamaha CS-80 is a polyphonic analog synthesizer released in 1976.
The Year of the Woman was a popular label attached to 1992 after the election of a number of female Senators in the United States.
Yellow Magic Orchestra (YMO) is a Japanese electronic music band formed in Tokyo in 1978 by Haruomi Hosono (bass, keyboards, vocals), Yukihiro Takahashi (drums, lead vocals) and Ryuichi Sakamoto (keyboards, vocals).
Yellow Magic Orchestra is the first official studio album by Japanese electronic music band Yellow Magic Orchestra, who were previously known as the Yellow Magic Band.
Yen Chia-kan (23 October 1905 – 24 December 1993), also known as C. K. Yen, was a Taiwanese politician.
Yes are an English progressive rock band formed in London in 1968 by singer Jon Anderson, bassist Chris Squire, guitarist Peter Banks, keyboardist Tony Kaye, and drummer Bill Bruford.
Yitzhak Rabin (יצחק רבין,; 1 March 1922 – 4 November 1995) was an Israeli politician, statesman and general.
The Yom Kippur War, Ramadan War, or October War (or מלחמת יום כיפור,;,, or حرب تشرين), also known as the 1973 Arab–Israeli War, was a war fought from October 6 to 25, 1973, by a coalition of Arab states led by Egypt and Syria against Israel.
Young Talent Time was an Australian television variety program produced by Lewis-Young Productions and screened on Network Ten.
Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija/Југославија; Jugoslavija; Југославија; Pannonian Rusyn: Югославия, transcr. Juhoslavija)Jugosllavia; Jugoszlávia; Juhoslávia; Iugoslavia; Jugoslávie; Iugoslavia; Yugoslavya; Югославия, transcr. Jugoslavija.
Yungay is a town in the Ancash Region in north central Peru, South America.
Yunnan is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the far southwest of the country.
Z-Cars or Z Cars is a British television drama series centred on the work of mobile uniformed police in the fictional town of Newtown, based on Kirkby, Lancashire (now Merseyside).
Zagreb is the capital and the largest city of Croatia.
Zaire, officially the Republic of Zaire (République du Zaïre), was the name for the Democratic Republic of the Congo that existed between 1971 and 1997 in Central Africa.
The Zeitgeist is a concept from 18th to 19th-century German philosophy, translated as "spirit of the age" or "spirit of the times".
Zhou Enlai (5 March 1898 – 8 January 1976) was the first Premier of the People's Republic of China, serving from October 1949 until his death in January 1976.
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (5 January 1928 – 4 April 1979) was a Pakistani politician who served as the 9th Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1973 to 1977, and prior to that as the 4th President of Pakistan from 1971 to 1973.
The 1970 Ancash earthquake (also known as the Great Peruvian earthquake) occurred on 31 May off the coast of Peru in the Pacific Ocean at.
The 1970 Bhola cyclone was a devastating tropical cyclone that struck East Pakistan (present-day Bangladesh) and India's West Bengal on November 12, 1970.
The 1970 FIFA World Cup was the ninth FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international football championship for men's national teams.
The 1970 Tonghai earthquake (Động Đất Thông Hải) occurred at with a moment magnitude of 7.1 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of X (Extreme).
The 1970 World Series matched the American League champion Baltimore Orioles (108–54 in the regular season) against the National League champion Cincinnati Reds (102–60), with the Orioles winning in five games.
The 1970s energy crisis was a period when the major industrial countries of the world, particularly the United States, Canada, Western Europe, Japan, Australia, and New Zealand, faced substantial petroleum shortages, real and perceived, as well as elevated prices.
Furniture of the 1970s refers to the style of furniture popular in the 1970s.
This article includes an overview of the major events and trends in popular music in the 1970s.
The decade of the 1970s saw significant changes in television programming in both the United Kingdom and the United States.
Fashion in the 1970s was about individuality.
The world population increased by 2.1% this year, the highest increase in history.
The genocide in Bangladesh began on 26 March 1971 with the launch of Operation Searchlight, as West Pakistan began a military crackdown on the Eastern wing of the nation to suppress Bengali calls for self-determination rights.
The 1971 Ugandan coup d'état was a military coup d'état executed by the Ugandan military, led by general Idi Amin, against the government of President Milton Obote on January 25, 1971.
Within the context of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) it was the longest year ever, as two leap seconds were added during this 366-day year, an event which has not since been repeated.
The 1972 Miami Dolphins season was the team’s seventh season, and third season in the National Football League (NFL).
The 1972 Summer Olympics (German: Olympische Sommerspiele 1972), officially known as the Games of the XX Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in Munich, West Germany, from August 26 to September 11, 1972.
The 1972 World Series matched the American League champion Oakland Athletics against the National League champion Cincinnati Reds, with the Athletics winning in seven games.
The 1973 Chilean coup d'état was a watershed moment in both the history of Chile and the Cold War.
The 1973 oil crisis began in October 1973 when the members of the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries proclaimed an oil embargo.
The 1973–74 stock market crash caused a bear market between January 1973 and December 1974.
The 1973–75 recession or 1970s recession was a period of economic stagnation in much of the Western world during the 1970s, putting an end to the overall Post–World War II economic expansion.
The 1974 FIFA World Cup, the tenth staging of the World Cup, was held in West Germany (including West Berlin) from 13 June to 7 July.
1974 has several new titles such as Shark Jaws, Speed Race and Dungeon.
The 1974 Stanley Cup Finals was contested by the Boston Bruins and the Philadelphia Flyers.
The 1974 Super Outbreak was the second-largest tornado outbreak on record for a single 24-hour period, just behind the 2011 Super Outbreak.
The 1974 World Series matched the two-time defending champions Oakland Athletics against the Los Angeles Dodgers with the A’s winning the Series in five games.
The 1974 Yugoslav Constitution was the fourth and final constitution of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
It was also declared the International Women's Year by the United Nations and the European Architectural Heritage Year by the Council of Europe.
The 1975 Stanley Cup Finals championship series was played by the Buffalo Sabres and the defending champion Philadelphia Flyers.
On 4 April 1975, a Lockheed C-5A Galaxy participating in Operation Babylift crashed on approach during an emergency landing at Tan Son Nhut Air Base, South Vietnam.
The 1975 World Series of Major League Baseball was played between the Boston Red Sox (AL) and Cincinnati Reds (NL).
The 1976 Guatemala earthquake struck on February 4 at with a moment magnitude of 7.5.
The 1976 Summer Olympics, officially called the Games of the XXI Olympiad (French: Les XXIes olympiques d'été), was an international multi-sport event in Montreal, Quebec, in 1976, and the first Olympic Games held in Canada.
The Tangshan earthquake, also known as the Great Tangshan earthquake,Zschau, Jochen.
The 1976 World Series matched the defending champions Cincinnati Reds of the National League against the New York Yankees of the American League, with the Reds sweeping the Series to repeat, avenging their 1939 and 1961 World Series losses to the Yankees in the process.
On 10 September 1976, British Airways Flight 476, a Hawker Siddeley Trident en route from London to Istanbul, collided mid-air near Zagreb, Yugoslavia (modern-day Croatia), with Inex-Adria Aviopromet Flight 550, a Douglas DC-9 en route from Split, Yugoslavia, to Cologne, West Germany.
In the spirit of the United Nations' proclamation that 1975 was the International Women's Year, on January 9, 1975, U.S. President Gerald Ford issued Executive Order 11832 creating a National Commission on the Observance of International Women's Year "to promote equality between men and women." Congress approved $5 million in total tax-payer contributions ($ in dollars) for both the state and national conferences as HR 9924 sponsored by Congresswoman Patsy Mink, which Ford signed into law.
The 1977 World Series was the 74th edition of Major League Baseball's (MLB) championship series.
The 1978 FIFA World Cup, the 11th staging of the FIFA World Cup, quadrennial international football world championship tournament, was held in Argentina between 1 and 25 June.
This is a list of notable events in music that took place in the year 1978.
The 1978 World Series matched the defending champions New York Yankees against the Los Angeles Dodgers in a rematch of the 1977 Series, with the Yankees winning in six games to repeat as champions.
The 1979 (or second) oil crisis or oil shock occurred in the world due to decreased oil output in the wake of the Iranian Revolution.
875 North Michigan Avenue, built as and still commonly referred to as the John Hancock Center, is a 100-story, 1,128-foot supertall skyscraper located in Chicago, Illinois.
96 (ninety-six) is the natural number following 95 and preceding 97.