996 relations: A Nightmare on Elm Street (franchise), A Tribe Called Quest, A View to a Kill, About Last Night (1986 film), Abu Nidal, Abu Nidal Organization, AC/DC, Adolfo Suárez, Air India Flight 182, Airstrike, Airwolf, Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, Al-Qaeda, Alabama (American band), Alaska, ALF (TV series), Alfa Romeo, Ali Khamenei, Alice (TV series), Alice in Chains, Amadeus (film), Amen (TV series), American imperialism, American Motors Corporation, American Music Award, Americo-Liberians, Amiga 500, Andrew McCarthy, Andy Gibb, Andy Griffith, Anglosphere, Angola, Angolan Civil War, Anorexia nervosa, Anthony Michael Hall, Anthrax (American band), Anti-bureaucratic revolution, Antigua and Barbuda, Anwar Sadat, Apple II series, Apple Inc., Apple Lisa, Arab–Israeli conflict, Arcade game, Argentina, Armenia, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Arrow Air Flight 1285, Arsenio Hall, Arthur Scargill, ..., Asia, Assassination of Anwar Sadat, Assassination of Benigno Aquino Jr., Assassination of Indira Gandhi, Assassination of Olof Palme, Assisted reproductive technology, AT&T Stadium, Atari 7800, Audio commentary, Augusto Pinochet, Australia Act 1986, Aviator sunglasses, Azerbaijan, B movie, Back to the Future, Back to the Future (franchise), Back to the Future Part II, Bad (album), Bad (tour), Bad Brains, Bad Religion, Baghdad, Band Aid (band), Barbara Mandrell, Barney Miller, Batman (1989 film), Battle of Cuito Cuanavale, BBC, Bea Arthur, Beastie Boys, Beetlejuice (TV series), Beirut, Belize, Benigno Aquino Jr., Benson (TV series), Berlin Wall, Betamax, Bettino Craxi, Betty White, Beverly Hills Cop, Beverly Hills Cop (film series), Bhopal, Bhopal disaster, Big hair, Bill & Ted's Excellent Adventure, Bill Russell NBA Finals Most Valuable Player Award, Billboard Hot 100, Biz Markie, Black Flag (band), Black Sabbath, Black Sea, Blaise Compaoré, Bligh Reef, Blockbuster (entertainment), Blood Circus (band), Bob Hawke, Bob Marley, Bodyguard, Bologna Centrale railway station, Bologna massacre, Bon Jovi, Bon Scott, Boogie Down Productions, Boombox, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Boston Celtics, Brat Pack (actors), Brian Mulroney, Brighton hotel bombing, Bruce Willis, Brunei, Bulgaria, Bulletin board system, Buran (spacecraft), Burkina Faso, Cable television, Cairo, Calgary, Cameroon, Canada Act 1982, Canada–United States Free Trade Agreement, Canadian dollar, Canadian English, Canary Islands, Car bomb, Carburetor, Carlos Salinas de Gortari, Caucasus, Celtics–Lakers rivalry, Central Intelligence Agency, Cerritos, California, Chariots of Fire, Charles in Charge, Cheers, Chemical weapon, Chen Yun, Chernobyl disaster, Chiang Ching-kuo, Chicago, Chicago Bears, Child's Play (franchise), Chile, China, Chrysler, Chuck Norris, Chun Doo-hwan, Citroën, Clarence Gilyard, Class (film), Cliff Burton, Clube de Regatas do Flamengo, Coach (TV series), Coal mining in the United Kingdom, Cocaine, Cold War, Cold War (1985–1991), College rock, Colombia, Colonialism, Commodore 64, Commodore International, Commonwealth realm, Communism, Communist Party of China, Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Computer mouse, Computer network, Conservative Party (UK), Constitution Act 1986, Conway Twitty, Cool Runnings, Corazon Aquino, Country music, Coup d'état, Crack epidemic, Crocodile Dundee, Crystal Gayle, Cuba, D.O.A. (band), Dallas (1978 TV series), Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, Dan-Air Flight 1008, Daniel Roebuck, Darfur genocide, David Lange, David Letterman, De La Soul, Dead Kennedys, Death of Marvin Gaye, Decade, Deep Purple, Def Leppard, DeLorean DMC-12, Delta Air Lines Flight 191, Demi Moore, Deng Xiaoping, Denim, Designing Women, Detroit, Detroit Metropolitan Airport, Dictator, Die Hard (film series), Diff'rent Strokes, Digger (video game), DirecTV, Dirty Dancing, Dish Network, Dissolution of the Soviet Union, DIY ethic, DJ Jazzy Jeff & The Fresh Prince, Dolly Parton, Don Simpson, Don Williams, Donald Trump, Donkey Kong, Donkey Kong (video game), Doogie Howser, M.D., Double Fantasy, Dow Jones Industrial Average, Dragon Ball, Driving Miss Daisy, Drum machine, DuckTales, Duran Duran, Dynasty (1981 TV series), Dynasty (sports), E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial, Eagle (automobile), Early 1980s recession, East Asia, EastEnders, Eddie Murphy, Edmonton Oilers, EDSA (road), El Al, El Mozote massacre, El Niño, El Salvador, Elena Ceaușescu, Eleventh five-year plan (Soviet Union), Elizabeth II, Emilio Estevez, Empty Nest, Enlargement of the European Union, Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS, EPMD, Era of Stagnation, Eric B. & Rakim, Erich Honecker, Estelle Getty, Ethiopia, Ethnic nationalism, Europe (band), European Economic Community, European Space Agency, Exxon Valdez, Eye liner, Facelift (album), Fahd of Saudi Arabia, Falcon Crest, Falkland Islands, Falklands War, Family Matters, Family Ties, Fast Times at Ridgemont High, Fatal Attraction, Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile, FC Bayern Munich, Felipe González, Ferdinand Marcos, Ferris Bueller's Day Off, Fiat Automobiles, Fidel Castro, FidoNet, First Intifada, Flashdance, Flight jacket, Footloose (1984 film), For Your Eyes Only (film), Forced displacement, Forest Whitaker, François Mitterrand, Francesco Cossiga, Friday the 13th (franchise), Frogger, Fuel injection, Full House, G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero, Game & Watch, Game Boy, Gander, Newfoundland and Labrador, Gandhi (film), Garfield and Friends, Gaza Strip, Gene therapy, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Genetic engineering, George H. W. Bush, George Jones, George Strait, Geraldo (talk show), German reunification, Gimme a Break!, Glam metal, Glasnost, Global warming, Glove, Golden age hip hop, Golden Axe, Government of New Zealand, Grammy Award, Grammy Award for Album of the Year, Grandmaster Flash, Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five, Graphical user interface, Green River (band), Greenpeace, Gregorian calendar, Grenada, Group B, Growing Pains, Grunge, Guns N' Roses, Gwangju Uprising, Hair mousse, Hairstyles in the 1980s, Haiti, Halley Armada, Halley's Comet, Hank Williams Jr., Happy Days, Hard rock, Hardcore punk, Haute couture, Hawthorn Football Club, Hüsker Dü, HBO, Head of the Class, Headband, Heart (band), Heat wave, Heathcliff (1984 TV series), Heavy metal music, Hee Haw, Hellraiser (franchise), Helmut Kohl, Hi-top fade, High-concept, Highway to Heaven, Hill Street Blues, Hindu, Hip hop music, History of Brazil since 1985, Hong Kong action cinema, Hosni Mubarak, House music, Houston Rockets, Hungarian People's Republic, Hungry Like the Wolf, Hurricane Alicia, Hurricane Allen, Hurricane Gilbert, Hurricane Hugo, Hurricane Joan–Miriam, IBM Personal Computer, Ice-T, Illinois, India, Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom, Indira Gandhi, Industrial action, Ingvar Carlsson, Inspector Gadget (1983 TV series), Internal conflict in Peru, International Monetary Fund, Internet, Iran, Iran Air Flight 655, Iran–Contra affair, Iran–Iraq War, Iraq, Iron Curtain, Iron Maiden, Islamic Jihad Organization, Islamism, Israel, Italy, Jackée Harry, Jackie Chan, Jamaica national bobsleigh team, James Brady, Japan, Japan Airlines Flight 123, Jean-Claude Duvalier, Jeep, Jennifer Jason Leigh, Jheri curl, Jimmy Carson, Joaquim Chissano, João Figueiredo, Jodie Foster, Joe Gibbs, Joe Montana, Joe Pesci, Joe Satriani, John Bonham, John DeLorean, John Hinckley Jr., John Hughes (filmmaker), John Lennon, John Woo, Joint venture, Josip Broz Tito, Judas Priest, Judd Nelson, Jumpsuit, Jungle Brothers, Just Say No, Juventus F.C., Kanak and Socialist National Liberation Front, Karen Carpenter, Keanu Reeves, Keating Five, Ken Westerfield, Kenny Rogers, Kevin Bacon, Kim Il-sung, Kiribati, Kiss (band), Knight Rider (1982 TV series), Knots Landing, Konstantin Chernenko, Korean Air Lines Flight 007, Kurds, L.A. Law, Lahar, Laissez-faire, Lake Nyos, Larry Bird, Latin America, Laverne & Shirley, League Cup, Leather, Leather jacket, Lebanese Civil War, Lebanon, Led Zeppelin, Lee Kuan Yew, Lee Teng-hui, Leg warmer, Legal drama, Leggings, Leonid Brezhnev, Leopoldo Galtieri, Let's Go Crazy, Lethal Weapon (franchise), Letterboxing (filming), Liberia, Libya, Licence to Kill, Like a Virgin (song), Limnic eruption, List of best-selling albums, List of James Bond films, List of nuclear weapons tests of France, List of years in literature, List of years in television, Live Aid, Liverpool F.C., LL Cool J, Los Angeles, Los Angeles Kings, LOT Polish Airlines Flight 5055, Lou Grant (TV series), Lovesexy, M*A*S*H (TV series), MacGyver (1985 TV series), Macintosh, Macintosh 128K, Madison Square Garden, Madonna (entertainer), Magic Johnson, Magnum, P.I., Mahathir Mohamad, Malcolm Fraser, Malfunkshun, Mani pulite, Manila, Mannequin (1987 film), Manuel Noriega, Margaret Thatcher, Mario, Marla Gibbs, Married... with Children, Martin Gélinas, Marty McSorley, Marvin Gay Sr., Marvin Gaye, Master System, Masters of the Universe, Matlock (TV series), Mötley Crüe, McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle, Mega Man, Megadeth, Mehmet Ali Ağca, Mel Gibson, Melanoma, Melvins, Members Only (fashion brand), Mengistu Haile Mariam, Merle Haggard, Metallica, Methyl isocyanate, Metroid, Mexico, Miami Vice, Michael J. Fox, Michael Jackson, Michael Jordan, Michael Milken, Michigan, MIDI, Mike Krushelnyski, Mike Tyson, Mikhail Gorbachev, Military dictatorship, Military intelligence, Miniskirt, Minor Threat, Minutemen (band), Mir, Miracle on Ice, Mobutu Sese Seko, Molly Ringwald, Moment magnitude scale, Moonlighting (TV series), Moonwalk (dance), Mork & Mindy, Moruroa, Moscow, Mother Love Bone, Mount St. Helens, MSX, MT Vector, MTV, Muammar Gaddafi, Mudhoney, Mullet (haircut), Multinational corporation, Muppet Babies (1984 TV series), Murder of John Lennon, Murder, She Wrote, Murphy Brown, Music industry, Music video, Muslim, MV Doña Paz, N.W.A, Nagorno-Karabakh War, Namibia, Nancy Reagan, Nancy Stafford, NASA, National Football League, National Hockey League, National Union of Mineworkers (Great Britain), NBA Finals, Neighbours, Neo-fascism, Neoliberalism, Nevado del Ruiz, New Caledonia, New Hollywood, New wave music, New York City, New York Islanders, Newhart, Nicaragua, Nicolae Ceaușescu, Nicolas Cage, Nicotiana, Nigeria, Night Court, Nintendo, Nintendo Entertainment System, Nirvana (band), Noboru Takeshita, Northwest Airlines Flight 255, Nuclear fuel, Nuclear meltdown, Nuclear reactor, Nuclear weapon, Nuclei Armati Rivoluzionari, O-ring, Octopussy, Oil tanker, Olof Palme, Olympic Games, One Day at a Time, Operation Cyclone, Operation Opera, Operation Wooden Leg, Ordinary People, Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States, Out of Africa (film), Ozzy Osbourne, P. W. Botha, Pac-Man, Pacific Southwest Airlines Flight 1771, Pakistan, Palau, Palestine Liberation Organization, Pan Am Flight 103, Pan Am Flight 759, Panama, Patrick Swayze, Pee-wee's Playhouse, People Power Revolution, People's Liberation Army, Perestroika, Perfect Strangers (TV series), Perm (hairstyle), Personal computer, Peugeot, Phạm Văn Đồng, Philadelphia Flyers, Philippines, Pierre Trudeau, Piper PA-28 Cherokee, Pixies, Platoon (film), Plot (narrative), Plutonium, Poison (American band), Politics of Israel, Poltergeist (film series), Pope, Pope John Paul II, Pope John Paul II assassination attempt, Popular culture, Porky's, Predator (film), Preimplantation genetic diagnosis, Prem Tinsulanonda, Premiership of Margaret Thatcher, Presidency of Ronald Reagan, President of Serbia, President of the United States, Pretty in Pink, Prime Minister of Italy, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Prime time, Prince (musician), Prince William Sound, Privatization, Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization (1968), Provisional Irish Republican Army, PSV Eindhoven, Public Enemy (band), Punk rock, Punky Brewster, Purple Rain (album), Quantum Leap, Quebec, Quebec referendum, 1980, Queen (band), R.E.M., Raúl Alfonsín, Raging Bull, Raiders of the Lost Ark, Rain Man, Rainbow Warrior (1955), Rajiv Gandhi, Rallying, Rambo (film series), Randy Rhoads, Randy Travis, Ray-Ban, Ray-Ban Wayfarer, Real Madrid C.F., Renault, Republic, Return of the Jedi, Revolution, Ricky Skaggs, Right-wing politics, Risky Business, River Phoenix, Riyadh, Rob Lowe, Roger Moore, Roh Tae-woo, Romanian Revolution, Ronald Reagan, Ronnie James Dio, Ronnie Milsap, Roseanne, Rouge (cosmetics), Rubik's Cube, Rue McClanahan, Ruhollah Khomeini, Run-DMC, Ruud Lubbers, Saddam Hussein, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Salvadoran Civil War, Salyut 6, Salyut 7, Sam Raimi, Samora Machel, San Francisco, San Francisco 49ers, Sandro Pertini, SANU Memorandum, Sarajevo, Satellite dish, Saudi Arabia, Saudia Flight 163, Saved by the Bell, Screaming Trees, Sean Penn, Second Sudanese Civil War, Sega, Sega Genesis, Seinfeld, Seoul, Sex-selective abortion, Shlomo Argov, Showtime (TV network), Sikh, Sioux City, Iowa, Sitiveni Rabuka, Sixteen Candles, Skin Yard, Slayer, Slobodan Milošević, Soap (TV series), Soap opera, Social Distortion, Socialism, Socialism with Chinese characteristics, Socialist Autonomous Province of Kosovo, Socialist Autonomous Province of Vojvodina, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Socialist Republic of Montenegro, Socialist Republic of Romania, Socialist Republic of Serbia, Solidarity (Polish trade union), Sonic Youth, Soundgarden, South African Airways Flight 295, South African Border War, South Asia, South Korea, South Sudan, Soviet Union, Soviet–Afghan War, Space Shuttle, Space Shuttle Challenger, Space Shuttle Challenger disaster, Space Shuttle Columbia, Space Shuttle Discovery, SS Admiral Nakhimov, St. Elmo's Fire (film), St. Elsewhere, St. Peter's Square, Stanley Cup, Star Trek: The Next Generation, Stock market, Stock market crash, Straight edge, Strait of Hormuz, Stranger Things, STS-51-L, Sudan, Suharto, Suicidal Tendencies, Super Bowl XX, Super Mario Bros., Super Mario Bros. 2, Super Mario Bros. 3, Supply-side economics, Suriname, Surrogacy, Sweden, Sylvester Stallone, Synth-pop, Synthesizer, Synthwave, Syria, T. J. Hooker, Tad (band), Taiwan, Taxi (TV series), Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement, Techno, Teen film, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (1987 TV series), Television, Tenerife, Terms of Endearment, Tetris, Texas, Thailand, The A-Team, The Beatles, The Blues Brothers, The Breakfast Club, The Cosby Show, The Criterion Collection, The Dukes of Hazzard, The Empire Strikes Back, The Evil Dead, The Facts of Life (TV series), The Golden Girls, The Hogan Family, The Incredible Hulk (1978 TV series), The Jeffersons, The Jesus and Mary Chain, The Judds, The Last Emperor, The Legend of Zelda, The Living Daylights, The Love Boat, The New York Times, The Oak Ridge Boys, The Raccoons, The Reflex, The Replacements (band), The Simpsons, The Smiths, The Smurfs (TV series), The Statler Brothers, The Stone Roses, The Sugarhill Gang, The Terminator, The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson, The Transformers (TV series), The U-Men, The Walt Disney Company, The Wonder Years, Third generation of video game consoles, Third World, Thomas Sankara, Thompson Twins, Three's Company, Thriller (Michael Jackson album), ThunderCats (1985 TV series), Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, TILLING (molecular biology), Tim Berners-Lee, Tim Hardin, Timothy Dalton, Tom Bailey (musician), Tone Loc, Too Close for Comfort, Top Gun, Trapper John, M.D., Tsui Hark, Tunis, Tunisia, Turbine engine failure, UK miners' strike (1984–85), Ukraine, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, Ultimate (sport), Ultrasound, Union Carbide, UNITA, United Airlines Flight 232, United Kingdom, United Nations Security Council, United States, United States dollar, United States invasion of Grenada, US Airways, Usenet, Uskoreniye, USS Vincennes (CG-49), Valley Girl (film), Van Halen, Vanuatu, Velvet Revolution, VHS, Video game crash of 1983, Videocassette recorder, Viking program, Virtuoso, Voltron, Wadham College, Oxford, Walkman, War, War on drugs, Warner Bros., Washington (state), Washington Redskins, Waylon Jennings, Wayne Gretzky, Weird Science (film), West Bank, West Germany, Western Europe, When Doves Cry, Whitney Houston, Who Framed Roger Rabbit, Who's the Boss?, Wilfried Martens, William R. Tolbert Jr., Willie Nelson, WKRP in Cincinnati, Wojciech Jaruzelski, World Bank, World Wide Web, WrestleMania, WrestleMania 32, WrestleMania III, WWE, XTC, Yamaha DX7, Yasuhiro Nakasone, Yitzhak Shamir, Yngwie Malmsteen, Yugoslavia, Yuri Andropov, Zambia, Zastava Koral, Zimbabwe, ZX Spectrum, 1926 United Kingdom general strike, 1970s in Western fashion, 1979–80 NHL season, 1980, 1980 Stanley Cup Finals, 1980 Summer Olympics, 1980 Summer Olympics boycott, 1980 Surinamese coup d'état, 1980 Winter Olympics, 1980s in music, 1980s in video gaming, 1980s in Western fashion, 1981, 1981 Stanley Cup Finals, 1982, 1982 Lebanon War, 1982 Stanley Cup Finals, 1983, 1983 Beirut barracks bombings, 1983 Stanley Cup Finals, 1983–1985 famine in Ethiopia, 1984, 1984 anti-Sikh riots, 1984 NBA Finals, 1984 Stanley Cup Finals, 1984 Summer Olympics, 1984 Winter Olympics, 1985, 1985 Chicago Bears season, 1985 NBA Finals, 1985 Rome and Vienna airport attacks, 1985 Stanley Cup Finals, 1986, 1986 Cerritos mid-air collision, 1986 NBA Finals, 1986 United States bombing of Libya, 1987, 1987 Fijian coups d'état, 1987 NBA Finals, 1987 Stanley Cup Finals, 1988, 1988 Armenian earthquake, 1988 Stanley Cup Finals, 1988 Summer Olympics, 1988 Winter Olympics, 1988–89 North American drought, 1989, 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, 1989 World Series, 1990s, 1991 Soviet coup d'état attempt, 1999 (Prince album), 2 Live Crew, 227, 227 (TV series), 24th Annual Grammy Awards. 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A Nightmare on Elm Street is an American horror franchise that consists of nine slasher films, a television series, novels, and comic books.
A Tribe Called Quest was an American hip-hop collective formed in 1985 and originally composed of MC and main producer Q-Tip,.
A View to a Kill is a 1985 James Bond spy film, the fourteenth in the ''James Bond'' series produced by Eon Productions, and the seventh and last to star Roger Moore as the fictional MI6 agent James Bond.
About Last Night (styled as “About Last Night...”) is a 1986 American romantic comedy-drama film directed by Edward Zwick, and starring Rob Lowe and Demi Moore as Chicago yuppies who enter a committed relationship for the first time.
Sabri Khalil al-Banna (May 1937 – 16 August 2002), known as Abu Nidal, was the founder of Fatah: The Revolutionary Council, a militant Palestinian splinter group more commonly known as the Abu Nidal Organization (ANO).
The Abu Nidal Organization (ANO) is the most common name for the Palestinian militant group Fatah – The Revolutionary Council (Fatah al-Majles al-Thawry).
AC/DC are an Australian rock band, formed in Sydney in 1973 by brothers Malcolm and Angus Young.
Adolfo Suárez González, 1st Duke of Suárez, GE, KOGF, OCIII (25 September 1932 – 23 March 2014) was a Spanish lawyer and politician.
Air India Flight 182 was an Air India flight operating on the Toronto–Montreal–London–Delhi route.
An airstrike or air strike is an offensive operation carried out by attack aircraft.
Airwolf is an American television series that ran from 1984 until 1987.
Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani (Akbar Hāshemī Rafsanjānī or Hashemi Bahramani; 25 August 1934 – 8 January 2017) was an influential Iranian politician, writer and one of the founding fathers of the Islamic Republic who was the fourth President of Iran from 3 August 1989 until 3 August 1997.
Al-Qaeda (القاعدة,, translation: "The Base", "The Foundation" or "The Fundament" and alternatively spelled al-Qaida, al-Qæda and sometimes al-Qa'ida) is a militant Sunni Islamist multi-national organization founded in 1988.
Alabama is an American country and Southern rock band formed in Fort Payne, Alabama, in 1969.
Alaska (Alax̂sxax̂) is a U.S. state located in the northwest extremity of North America.
ALF is an American sitcom that aired on NBC from September 22, 1986, to March 24, 1990.
Alfa Romeo Automobiles S.p.A. is a car manufacturer, founded by Frenchman Alexandre Darracq as A.L.F.A. (" Anonima Lombarda Fabbrica Automobili", "Lombard Automobile Factory Company") on 24 June 1910, in Milan.
Sayyid Ali Hosseini Khamenei (سید علی حسینی خامنهای,; born 17 July 1939) is a ''marja'' and the second and current Supreme Leader of Iran, in office since 1989.
Alice is an American sitcom that aired on CBS from August 31, 1976, to March 19, 1985.
Alice in Chains is an American rock band from Seattle, Washington, formed in 1987 by guitarist/vocalist Jerry Cantrell and drummer Sean Kinney, who then recruited bassist Mike Starr and lead vocalist Layne Staley.
Amadeus is a 1984 American period drama film directed by Miloš Forman, adapted by Peter Shaffer from his stage play Amadeus.
Amen is an American sitcom produced by Carson Productions that aired on NBC from September 27, 1986 to May 11, 1991.
American imperialism is a policy aimed at extending the political, economic, and cultural control of the United States government over areas beyond its boundaries.
American Motors Corporation (AMC) was an American automobile company formed by the 1954 merger of Nash-Kelvinator Corporation and Hudson Motor Car Company.
The American Music Awards (AMAs) is an annual American music awards show, created by Dick Clark in 1973 for ABC when the network's contract to air the Grammy Awards expired.
Americo-Liberians, or African Americans in Liberian English, are a Liberian ethnicity of African-American, Afro-Caribbean, and liberated African descent.
The Amiga 500, also known as the A500, is the first low-end Commodore Amiga 16/32-bit multimedia home/personal computer.
Andrew Thomas McCarthy (born November 29, 1962) is an American actor, travel writer and television director.
Andrew Roy Gibb (5 March 1958 – 10 March 1988) was an English singer, songwriter, performer, and teen idol.
Andy Samuel Griffith (June 1, 1926 – July 3, 2012) was an American actor, comedian, television producer, Southern gospel singer, and writer, whose career spanned seven decades of music and television.
The Anglosphere is a set of English-speaking nations which share common roots in British culture and history, which today maintain close cultural, political, diplomatic and military cooperation.
Angola, officially the Republic of Angola (República de Angola; Kikongo, Kimbundu and Repubilika ya Ngola), is a country in Southern Africa.
The Angolan Civil War (Guerra civil angolana) was a major civil conflict in Angola, beginning in 1975 and continuing, with some interludes, until 2002.
Anorexia nervosa, often referred to simply as anorexia, is an eating disorder characterized by low weight, fear of gaining weight, and a strong desire to be thin, resulting in food restriction.
Michael Anthony Hall (born April 14, 1968), known professionally as Anthony Michael Hall, is an American actor, film producer, and director who starred in several teen-oriented films of the 1980s.
Anthrax is an American heavy metal band from New York City, formed in 1981 by rhythm guitarist Scott Ian and bassist Dan Lilker.
The Anti-bureaucratic revolution was a campaign of street protests ran between 1986 and 1989 in former Yugoslavia by supporters of Serbian leader Slobodan Milošević.
Antigua and Barbuda is a sovereign state in the West Indies in the Americas, lying between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.
Muhammad Anwar el-Sadat (محمد أنور السادات, Egyptian muħæmmæd ˈʔɑnwɑɾ essæˈdæːt; 25 December 1918 – 6 October 1981) was the third President of Egypt, serving from 15 October 1970 until his assassination by fundamentalist army officers on 6 October 1981.
The Apple II series (trademarked with square brackets as "Apple.
Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.
The Apple Lisa is a desktop computer developed by Apple, released on January 19, 1983.
The Arab–Israeli conflict refers to the political tension, military conflicts and disputes between a number of Arab countries and Israel.
An arcade game or coin-op is a coin-operated entertainment machine typically installed in public businesses such as restaurants, bars and amusement arcades.
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.
Armenia (translit), officially the Republic of Armenia (translit), is a country in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia.
Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger (born July 30, 1947) is an Austrian-American actor, filmmaker, businessman, investor, author, philanthropist, activist, politician, and former professional bodybuilder and powerlifter.
Arrow Air Flight 1285 was a McDonnell Douglas DC-8 jetliner that operated as an international charter flight carrying U.S. troops from Cairo, Egypt, to their home base in Fort Campbell, Kentucky, via Cologne, West Germany, and Gander, Canada.
Arsenio Hall (born February 12, 1956) is an American comedian, actor, and talk show host.
Arthur Scargill (born 11 January 1938) is a British trade unionist.
Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.
The assassination of Anwar Sadat occurred on 6 October 1981.
The assassination of Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino Jr., former Philippine Senator, took place on Sunday, August 21, 1983 at Manila International Airport (renamed Ninoy Aquino International Airport in his honor).
Indira Gandhi, the 3rd Prime Minister of India, was assassinated at 9:20 a.m. on 31 October 1984, at her Safdarjung Road, New Delhi residence.
On Friday, 28 February 1986, at 23:21 CET (22:21 UTC), Olof Palme, Prime Minister of Sweden, was fatally wounded by a single gunshot while walking home from a cinema with his wife Lisbet Palme on the central Stockholm street Sveavägen.
Assisted reproductive technology (ART) is the technology used to achieve pregnancy in procedures such as fertility medication, in vitro fertilization and surrogacy.
AT&T Stadium, formerly Cowboys Stadium, is a retractable roof stadium in Arlington, Texas, United States.
The Atari 7800 ProSystem, or simply the Atari 7800, is a home video game console officially released by the Atari Corporation in 1986.
An audio commentary is an additional audio track, usually digital, consisting of a lecture or comments by one or more speakers, that plays in real time with a video.
Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte (25 November 1915 – 10 December 2006) was a Chilean general, politician and the dictator of Chile between 1973 and 1990 who remained the Commander-in-Chief of the Chilean Army until 1998 and was also President of the Government Junta of Chile between 1973 and 1981.
The Australia Act 1986 is the short title of each of a pair of separate but related pieces of legislation: one an Act of the Commonwealth (i.e. federal) Parliament of Australia, the other an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Aviator sunglasses are a style of sunglasses that were developed by Bausch & Lomb.
A B movie or B film is a low-budget commercial movie, but not an arthouse film.
Back to the Future is a 1985 American science fiction film directed by Robert Zemeckis and written by Zemeckis and Bob Gale.
The Back to the Future franchise is an American science fiction–adventure comedy film series written and directed by Robert Zemeckis, produced by Bob Gale and Neil Canton for Steven Spielberg's Amblin Entertainment, and distributed by Universal Pictures.
Back to the Future Part II is a 1989 American adventure film directed by Robert Zemeckis and written by Bob Gale.
Bad is the seventh studio album by American singer and songwriter Michael Jackson, released on August 31, 1987 in the United States by Epic Records and internationally by CBS Records.
Bad was the first solo concert tour by American recording artist Michael Jackson, launched in support of his seventh studio album Bad (1987).
Bad Brains is an American hardcore punk band formed in Washington, D.C., in 1977.
Bad Religion is an American punk rock band that formed in Los Angeles, California, in 1980.
Baghdad (بغداد) is the capital of Iraq.
Band Aid is a charity supergroup featuring mainly British and Irish musicians and recording artists.
Barbara Ann Mandrell (born December 25, 1948) is an American country music singer, musician, and actress.
Barney Miller is an American sitcom set in a New York City Police Department police station on East 6th St in Greenwich Village.
Batman is a 1989 American superhero film directed by Tim Burton and produced by Jon Peters and Peter Guber, based on the DC Comics character of the same name.
The Battle of Cuito Cuanavale in 1987-88 was a crucial event of the Angolan Civil War and the South African Border War.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
Beatrice "Bea" Arthur (born Bernice Frankel; May 13, 1922 – April 25, 2009) was an American actress, comedian, singer, Marine, and animal rights activist.
The Beastie Boys were an American rap rock band from New York City, formed in 1979.
Beetlejuice is an animated television series that ran from September 9, 1989 to October 26, 1991 on ABC and on Fox from September 9, 1991 to December 6, 1991.
Beirut (بيروت, Beyrouth) is the capital and largest city of Lebanon.
Belize, formerly British Honduras, is an independent Commonwealth realm on the eastern coast of Central America.
Benigno Simeon "Ninoy" Aquino Jr. (November 27, 1932 – August 21, 1983) was the husband of former Philippine President Corazon Aquino and father of former Philippine President Benigno Aquino III.
Benson is an American sitcom that originally aired on ABC from September 13, 1979, to April 19, 1986.
The Berlin Wall (Berliner Mauer) was a guarded concrete barrier that physically and ideologically divided Berlin from 1961 to 1989.
Betamax (also called Beta, as in its logo) is a consumer-level analog-recording and cassette format of magnetic tape for video.
Benedetto "Bettino" Craxi (24 February 1934 – 19 January 2000) was an Italian politician, leader of the Italian Socialist Party from 1976 to 1993 and Prime Minister of Italy from 1983 to 1987.
Betty Marion White Ludden (born January 17, 1922), known professionally as Betty White, is an American actress and comedian, with the longest television career of a female entertainer.
Beverly Hills Cop is a 1984 American action comedy film directed by Martin Brest, written by Daniel Petrie Jr. and starring Eddie Murphy as Axel Foley, a street-smart Detroit cop who visits Beverly Hills, California to solve the murder of his best friend.
Beverly Hills Cop is a series of American action comedy films and an unaired television pilot based on characters created by Daniel Petrie, Jr. and Danilo Bach.
Bhopal is the capital city of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh and the administrative headquarters of Bhopal district and Bhopal division.
The Bhopal disaster, also referred to as the Bhopal gas tragedy, was a gas leak incident on the night of 2–3 December 1984 at the Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL) pesticide plant in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India.
Big hair is a hairstyle that emphasizes large volume or largely styled hair, especially when those styles make the hair occupy a large amount of space above and around the head.
Bill & Ted's Excellent Adventure is a 1989 American science fiction comedy film directed by Stephen Herek and written by Chris Matheson and Ed Solomon.
The Bill Russell NBA Finals Most Valuable Player Award (formerly known as the NBA Finals Most Valuable Player Award) is an annual National Basketball Association (NBA) award given since the 1969 NBA Finals.
The Billboard Hot 100 is the music industry standard record chart in the United States for songs, published weekly by Billboard magazine.
Marcel Theo Hall (born April 8, 1964), better known by his stage name Biz Markie, is an American rapper, beatboxer, DJ, actor, comedian, reality television personality and commercial spokesperson.
Black Flag was an American punk rock band formed in 1976 in Hermosa Beach, California.
Black Sabbath were an English rock band, formed in Birmingham in 1968, by guitarist and main songwriter Tony Iommi, bassist and main lyricist Geezer Butler, drummer Bill Ward and singer Ozzy Osbourne.
The Black Sea is a body of water and marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean between Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and Western Asia.
Blaise Compaoré (born 3 February 1951)Profiles of People in Power: The World's Government Leaders (2003), page 76–77.
Bligh Reef, sometimes known as Bligh Island Reef, is a reef off the coast of Bligh Island in Prince William Sound, Alaska.
A blockbuster is a work of entertainment – especially a feature film, but also other media – that is highly popular and financially successful.
Blood Circus was an early, short-lived grunge band from Seattle, Washington.
Robert James Lee Hawke, (born 9 December 1929) is a former Australian politician who was the 23rd Prime Minister of Australia, serving from 1983 to 1991.
Robert Nesta Marley, OM (6 February 1945 – 11 May 1981) was a Jamaican singer-songwriter who became an international musical and cultural icon, blending mostly reggae, ska, and rocksteady in his compositions.
A bodyguard (or close protection officer) is a type of security guard or government law enforcement officer or soldier who protects a person or people — usually high-ranking public officials or officers, wealthy people, and celebrities — from danger: generally theft, assault, kidnapping, assassination, harassment, loss of confidential information, threats, or other criminal offences.
Bologna Centrale is a railway station in Bologna, Italy.
The Bologna massacre (strage di Bologna) was a terrorist bombing of the Central Station at Bologna, Italy, on the morning of 2 August 1980, which killed 85 people and wounded more than 200.
Bon Jovi is an American rock band from Sayreville, New Jersey.
Ronald Belford "Bon" Scott (9 July 1946 – 19 February 1980) was an Australian singer and songwriter, best known for being the lead vocalist and lyricist of the Australian hard rock band AC/DC from 1974 until his death in 1980.
Boogie Down Productions was a hip hop group, originally composed of KRS-One, D-Nice, and DJ Scott La Rock.
A boombox is a transistorized portable music player featuring one or two cassette tape recorder/players and AM/FM radio, generally with a carrying handle.
Bosnia and Herzegovina (or; abbreviated B&H; Bosnian and Serbian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH) / Боснa и Херцеговина (БиХ), Croatian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH)), sometimes called Bosnia-Herzegovina, and often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe located on the Balkan Peninsula.
The Boston Celtics are an American professional basketball team based in Boston, Massachusetts.
The Brat Pack is a nickname given to a group of young actors who frequently appeared together in teen-oriented coming-of-age films in the 1980s.
Martin Brian Mulroney (born March 20, 1939) is a Canadian politician who served as the 18th Prime Minister of Canada from September 17, 1984, to June 25, 1993.
The Brighton hotel bombing was a Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) assassination attempt against the top tier of the British government that occurred on 12 October 1984 at the Grand Brighton Hotel in Brighton, England.
Walter Bruce Willis (born March 19, 1955) is an American actor, producer, and singer.
Brunei, officially the Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace (Negara Brunei Darussalam, Jawi), is a sovereign state located on the north coast of the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia.
Bulgaria (България, tr.), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Република България, tr.), is a country in southeastern Europe.
A bulletin board system or BBS (also called Computer Bulletin Board Service, CBBS) is a computer server running software that allows users to connect to the system using a terminal program.
Buran (Бура́н,, meaning "Snowstorm" or "Blizzard"; GRAU index serial number: "11F35 K1") was the first spaceplane to be produced as part of the Soviet/Russian Buran programme.
Burkina Faso is a landlocked country in West Africa.
Cable television is a system of delivering television programming to paying subscribers via radio frequency (RF) signals transmitted through coaxial cables, or in more recent systems, light pulses through fiber-optic cables.
Cairo (القاهرة) is the capital of Egypt.
Calgary is a city in the Canadian province of Alberta.
The Canada Act 1982 (1982 c. 11) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that was passed (as stated in the preamble) at the request of the Parliament of Canada, to "patriate" Canada's constitution, ending the necessity for the British parliament to be involved in making changes to the Constitution of Canada.
The Canada–United States Free Trade Agreement (CUSFTA; French: Accord de libre-échange, ALE) is a trade agreement reached by negotiators for Canada and the United States on October 4, 1987 and signed by the leaders of both countries on January 2, 1988.
The Canadian dollar (symbol: $; code: CAD; dollar canadien) is the currency of Canada.
Canadian English (CanE, CE, en-CA) is the set of varieties of the English language native to Canada.
The Canary Islands (Islas Canarias) is a Spanish archipelago and autonomous community of Spain located in the Atlantic Ocean, west of Morocco at the closest point.
A car bomb, lorry bomb, or truck bomb, also known as a vehicle-borne improvised explosive device (VBIED), is an improvised explosive device placed inside a car or other vehicle and detonated.
A carburetor (American English) or carburettor (British English; see spelling differences) is a device that mixes air and fuel for internal combustion engines in the proper ratio for combustion.
Carlos Salinas de Gortari (born 3 April 1948) is a Mexican economist and politician affiliated with the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) who served as President of Mexico from 1988 to 1994.
The Caucasus or Caucasia is a region located at the border of Europe and Asia, situated between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea and occupied by Russia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Armenia.
The Celtics–Lakers rivalry is a National Basketball Association (NBA) rivalry between the Boston Celtics and the Los Angeles Lakers.
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).
Cerritos (Spanish for little hills), formerly named Dairy Valley because of the preponderance of dairy farms in the area, is an affluent suburban city in Los Angeles County, California, United States, and is one of several cities that constitute the Gateway Cities of southeast Los Angeles County.
Chariots of Fire is a 1981 British historical drama film.
Charles in Charge is an American sitcom starring Scott Baio.
Cheers is an American sitcom that ran on NBC from September 30, 1982, to May 20, 1993, with a total of 275 half-hour episodes for eleven seasons.
A chemical weapon (CW) is a specialized munition that uses chemicals formulated to inflict death or harm on humans.
Chen Yun (pronounced; 13 June 1905 – 10 April 1995) was one of the most influential leaders of the People's Republic of China during the 1980s and 1990s.
The Chernobyl disaster, also referred to as the Chernobyl accident, was a catastrophic nuclear accident.
Chiang Ching-kuo (Ningbo dialect) (27 April 1910 – 13 January 1988) was a politician in Taiwan.
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.
The Chicago Bears are a professional American football team based in Chicago, Illinois.
Child’s Play (also called Chucky) is an American slasher horror film series created by Don Mancini that consists of seven slasher films, starring Academy Award nominee Brad Dourif.
Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Fiat Chrysler Automobiles US LLC (commonly known as Chrysler) is the American subsidiary of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles N.V., an Italian-American automobile manufacturer registered in the Netherlands with headquarters in London, U.K., for tax purposes.
Carlos Ray Norris (born March 10, 1940) is an American martial artist, actor, film producer and screenwriter.
Chun Doo-hwan (or; born 18 January 1931) is a South Korean politician and former South Korean army general who served as the President of South Korea from 1979 to 1988, ruling as an unelected coup leader from December 1979 to September 1980 and as elected president from 1980 to 1988.
Citroën is a French automobile manufacturer, part of the PSA Peugeot Citroën group since 1976, founded in 1919 by French industrialist André-Gustave Citroën (1878–1935).
Clarence Alfred Gilyard Jr. (born December 24, 1955) is an American actor, college professor, and author who has been featured in movies, television and regional theatre since 1980.
Class is a 1983 American comedy film directed by Lewis John Carlino, starring Rob Lowe, Jacqueline Bisset and Cliff Robertson.
Clifford Lee "Cliff" Burton (February 10, 1962 – September 27, 1986) was an American musician and songwriter, best known as the second bass guitarist for the American band Metallica from December 1982 until his death in September 1986.
Clube de Regatas do Flamengo (English: Flamengo Rowing Club), commonly referred to as Flamengo, is a Brazilian sports club based in Rio de Janeiro.
Coach is an American sitcom that aired for nine seasons on ABC from February 28, 1989 to May 14, 1997, with a total of 200 half-hour episodes.
Coal mining in the United Kingdom dates back to Roman times and occurred in many different parts of the country.
Cocaine, also known as coke, is a strong stimulant mostly used as a recreational drug.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
The Cold War period of 1985–1991 began with the rise of Mikhail Gorbachev as leader of the Soviet Union.
College rock was the alternative rock music played on student-run university and college campus radio stations located in the United States and Canada in the 1980s.
Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a sovereign state largely situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America.
Colonialism is the policy of a polity seeking to extend or retain its authority over other people or territories, generally with the aim of developing or exploiting them to the benefit of the colonizing country and of helping the colonies modernize in terms defined by the colonizers, especially in economics, religion and health.
The Commodore 64, also known as the C64 or the CBM 64, is an 8-bit home computer introduced in January 1982 by Commodore International (first shown at the Consumer Electronics Show, in Las Vegas, January 7–10, 1982).
Commodore International (or Commodore International Limited) was an American home computer and electronics manufacturer founded by Jack Tramiel.
A Commonwealth realm is a sovereign state that is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations and shares the same person, currently Queen Elizabeth II, as its head of state and reigning constitutional monarch, but retains a Crown legally distinct from the other realms.
In political and social sciences, communism (from Latin communis, "common, universal") is the philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money and the state.
The Communist Party of China (CPC), also referred to as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the founding and ruling political party of the People's Republic of China.
The Communist Party of the Soviet Union was the founding and ruling political party of the Soviet Union.
A computer mouse is a hand-held pointing device that detects two-dimensional motion relative to a surface.
A computer network, or data network, is a digital telecommunications network which allows nodes to share resources.
The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom.
The Constitution Act 1986 is an Act of the New Zealand Parliament that forms a major part of the Constitution of New Zealand.
Harold Lloyd Jenkins (September 1, 1933 – June 5, 1993), better known by his stage name Conway Twitty, was an American country music singer.
Cool Runnings is a 1993 American comedy sports film directed by Jon Turteltaub and starring Leon, Doug E. Doug, Rawle D. Lewis, Malik Yoba, and John Candy.
Maria Corazon "Cory" Sumulong Cojuangco Aquino (January 25, 1933 – August 1, 2009) was a Filipina politician who served as the 11th President of the Philippines and the first woman to hold that office.
Country music, also known as country and western or simply country, is a genre of popular music that originated in the southern United States in the early 1920s.
A coup d'état, also known simply as a coup, a putsch, golpe de estado, or an overthrow, is a type of revolution, where the illegal and overt seizure of a state by the military or other elites within the state apparatus occurs.
The American crack epidemic was a surge of crack cocaine use in major cities across the United States between the early 1980s and the early 1990s.
Crocodile Dundee (stylised as "Crocodile" Dundee in the U.S.) is a 1986 Australian-American action comedy film set in the Australian Outback and in New York City.
Brenda Gail Gatzimos (née Webb; January 9, 1951), known professionally as Crystal Gayle, is an American singer.
Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos.
D.O.A. is a Canadian punk rock band from Vancouver, British Columbia.
Dallas is an American prime time television soap opera that aired on CBS from April 2, 1978, to May 3, 1991.
Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport is the primary international airport serving the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex area in the U.S. state of Texas.
Dan-Air Flight 1008 was a fatal accident involving a Boeing 727-46 jet aircraft operated by Dan Air Services Limited on a non-scheduled international passenger service from Manchester to Tenerife.
Daniel Randall James Roebuck (born March 4, 1963) is an American character actor of television, film, and theatre.
The Darfur genocide refers to the systematic killing of Darfuri men, women, and children which has occurred during the ongoing conflict in Western Sudan.
David Russell Lange (4 August 1942 – 13 August 2005) was a New Zealand politician who served as the 32nd Prime Minister of New Zealand from 1984 to 1989.
David Michael Letterman (born April 12, 1947) is an American television host, comedian, writer, and producer.
De La Soul is an American hip hop trio formed in 1987 on Long Island, New York.
Dead Kennedys are an American punk rock band that formed in San Francisco, California, in 1978.
Marvin Gaye was an American musician who gained worldwide fame for his work with Motown Records.
A decade is a period of 10 years.
Deep Purple are an English rock band formed in Hertford in 1968.
Def Leppard are an English rock band formed in 1977 in Sheffield as part of the new wave of British heavy metal movement.
The DeLorean DMC-12 (commonly referred to simply as "the DeLorean", as it was the only model ever produced by the company) is a sports car originally manufactured by John DeLorean's DeLorean Motor Company for the American market from 1981 to 1983.
Delta Air Lines Flight 191 was a regularly scheduled Delta Air Lines domestic service from Fort Lauderdale, Florida, to Los Angeles with an intermediate stop at Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport (DFW).
Demi Gene Guynes (born November 11, 1962), professionally known as Demi Moore, is an American actress, former songwriter, and model.
Deng Xiaoping (22 August 1904 – 19 February 1997), courtesy name Xixian (希贤), was a Chinese politician.
Denim is a sturdy cotton warp-faced textile in which the weft passes under two or more warp threads.
Designing Women is an American sitcom created by Linda Bloodworth-Thomason that aired on CBS from September 29, 1986, until May 24, 1993, producing seven seasons and 163 episodes.
Detroit is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Michigan, the largest city on the United States–Canada border, and the seat of Wayne County.
Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport, usually called Detroit Metro Airport, Metro Airport, or just DTW, is a major international airport in the United States covering, effective March 1, 2018.
A dictator is a political leader who possesses absolute power.
The Die Hard series is an American action film series that originated with Roderick Thorp's novel Nothing Lasts Forever.
Diff'rent Strokes is an American sitcom that aired on NBC from November 3, 1978, to May 4, 1985, and on ABC from September 27, 1985, to March 7, 1986.
Digger is a computer game released by Canadian developer Windmill Software in 1983 for the IBM PC.
DirecTV (stylized as DIRECTV) is an American direct broadcast satellite service provider based in El Segundo, California and is a subsidiary of AT&T.
Dirty Dancing is a 1987 American romantic drama dance film written by Eleanor Bergstein, directed by Emile Ardolino and starring Patrick Swayze and Jennifer Grey in the lead roles, and featuring Cynthia Rhodes and Jerry Orbach.
Dish Network Corporation +1-８５５-５５３-９４４４ is a U.S. television provider.
The dissolution of the Soviet Union occurred on December 26, 1991, officially granting self-governing independence to the Republics of the Soviet Union.
DIY ethic refers to the ethic of self-sufficiency through completing tasks without the aid of a paid expert.
DJ Jazzy Jeff & the Fresh Prince was an American hip hop duo from West Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Dolly Rebecca Parton (born January 19, 1946) is an American singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, record producer, actress, author, businesswoman, and philanthropist, known primarily for her work in country music.
Donald Clarence "Don" Simpson (October 29, 1943 – January 19, 1996) was an American film producer, screenwriter, and actor.
Donald Ray Williams (May 27, 1939 – September 8, 2017) was an American country singer, songwriter, and 2010 inductee to the Country Music Hall of Fame.
Donald John Trump (born June 14, 1946) is the 45th and current President of the United States, in office since January 20, 2017.
is a series of video games featuring the adventures of an ape-like character called Donkey Kong, conceived by Shigeru Miyamoto in 1981.
is an arcade game released by Nintendo in 1981.
Doogie Howser, M.D. is an American Medical comedy-drama television series that ran for four seasons on ABC from September 19, 1989, to March 24, 1993, totaling 97 episodes.
Double Fantasy is a 1980 album released by John Lennon and Yoko Ono.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA), or simply the Dow, is a stock market index that shows how 30 large, publicly owned companies based in the United States have traded during a standard trading session in the stock market.
is a Japanese media franchise created by Akira Toriyama in 1984.
Driving Miss Daisy is a 1989 American comedy-drama film directed by Bruce Beresford and written by Alfred Uhry, based on Uhry's play of the same name.
A drum machine is an electronic musical instrument that creates percussion.
DuckTales is an American animated television series, produced by Walt Disney Television Animation and distributed by Buena Vista Television.
Duran Duran are an English new wave and synthpop band formed in Birmingham in 1978.
Dynasty is an American prime time television soap opera that aired on ABC from January 12, 1981 to May 11, 1989.
In sports, a dynasty is a team or individual that dominates their sport or league for an extended length of time.
E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial is a 1982 American science fiction film co-produced and directed by Steven Spielberg, and written by Melissa Mathison.
Eagle was a marque of the Chrysler Corporation following the purchase of American Motors Corporation (AMC) in 1987 and marketed through the end of the 1998 model year.
The early 1980s recession was a severe global economic recession that affected much of the developed world in the late 1970s and early 1980s.
East Asia is the eastern subregion of the Asian continent, which can be defined in either geographical or ethno-cultural "The East Asian cultural sphere evolves when Japan, Korea, and what is today Vietnam all share adapted elements of Chinese civilization of this period (that of the Tang dynasty), in particular Buddhism, Confucian social and political values, and literary Chinese and its writing system." terms.
EastEnders is a British soap opera created by Julia Smith and Tony Holland which has been broadcast on BBC One since 1985.
Edward Regan Murphy (born April 3, 1961) is an American comedian, actor, writer, singer, and producer.
The Edmonton Oilers are a professional ice hockey team based in Edmonton, Alberta.
Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (Abenida Epifanio de los Santos), commonly referred to by its acronym EDSA, is a limited-access circumferential highway around Manila, the capital of the Philippines.
El Al Israel Airlines Ltd. (TASE: ELAL), trading as El Al (אל על, "To the Skies" or "Skywards", إل-عال), is the flag carrier of Israel.
The El Mozote Massacre took place in and around the village of El Mozote, in Morazán department, El Salvador, on December 11, 1981, when the Salvadoran Army killed more than 800 civilians during the Salvadoran Civil War.
El Niño is the warm phase of the El Niño Southern Oscillation (commonly called ENSO) and is associated with a band of warm ocean water that develops in the central and east-central equatorial Pacific (between approximately the International Date Line and 120°W), including off the Pacific coast of South America.
El Salvador, officially the Republic of El Salvador (República de El Salvador, literally "Republic of The Savior"), is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America.
Elena Ceaușescu (née Lenuța Petrescu; 7 January 1916 – 25 December 1989) was a Romanian communist politician who was the wife of Nicolae Ceaușescu, President of the Socialist Republic of Romania.
The Eleventh Five-Year Plan, or the 11th Five-Year Plan, of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a set of goals designed to strengthen the country's economy between 1981 and 1985.
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.
Emilio Estevez (born May 12, 1962) is an American actor, director, and writer.
Empty Nest is an American sitcom that originally aired on NBC from October 8, 1988, to April 29, 1995.
The European Union (EU) has expanded a number of times throughout its history by way of the accession of new member states to the Union.
HIV/AIDS is a global pandemic.
EPMD is an American Hip Hop group from Brentwood, New York.
The Era of Stagnation (Период застоя, Stagnation Period, also called the Brezhnevian Stagnation) was the period in the history of the Soviet Union which began during the rule of Leonid Brezhnev (1964–1982) and continued under Yuri Andropov (1982–1984) and Konstantin Chernenko (1984–1985).
Eric B. & Rakim are a hip hop duo formed in Long Island, New York, in 1986, composed of Eric B. (born Eric Barrier) and MC Rakim (born William Michael Griffin Jr.). AllMusic wrote that "during rap's so-called golden age in the late '80s, Eric B. & Rakim were almost universally recognized as the premier DJ/MC team in all of hip-hop." Tom Terrell of NPR called them "the most influential DJ/MC combo in contemporary pop music period," while the editors of About.com ranked them as No.
Erich Honecker (25 August 1912 – 29 May 1994) was a German politician who, as the General Secretary of the Socialist Unity Party, led the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) from 1971 until the weeks preceding the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. From 1976 onward he was also the country's official head of state as chairman of the State Council following Willi Stoph's relinquishment of the post. Honecker's political career began in the 1930s when he became an official of the Communist Party of Germany, a position for which he was imprisoned during the Nazi era. Following World War II, he was freed and soon relaunched his political activities, founding the youth organisation the Free German Youth in 1946 and serving as the group's chairman until 1955. As the Security Secretary of the Party’s Central Committee in the new East German state, he was the prime organiser of the building of the Berlin Wall in 1961 and, in this function, bore responsibility for the "order to fire" along the Inner German border. In 1971, he initiated a political power struggle that led, with Soviet support, to his replacing Walter Ulbricht as First Secretary of the Central Committee and as chairman of the state's National Defense Council. Under his command, the country adopted a programme of "consumer socialism" and moved toward the international community by normalising relations with West Germany and also becoming a full member of the UN, in what is considered one of his greatest political successes. As Cold War tensions eased in the late 1980s under perestroika and glasnost, the liberal reforms of Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, Honecker refused all but cosmetic changes to the East German political system, citing the continual hardliner attitudes of Kim Il-sung and Fidel Castro, whose respective regimes of North Korea and Cuba had been critical of reforms, leaders who ruthlessly suppressed opposition. As anticommunist protests grew, Honecker begged the USSR to intervene and suppress the protests to maintain communist rule in East Germany like the Prague Spring of 1968 and the Hungarian Revolution of 1956; Gorbachev refused. Honecker was forced to resign by his party in October 1989 in a bid to improve the government's image before the public. Honecker's eighteen years at the helm of the soon-to-collapse German Democratic Republic came to an end. Following German reunification, he sought asylum in the Chilean embassy in Moscow in 1991 but was extradited back to Germany a year later to stand trial for his role in the human rights abuses committed by the East German government. However, the proceedings were abandoned due to illness and he was freed from custody to travel to join his family in exile in Chile, where he died in May 1994 from liver cancer.
Estelle Getty (née Scher; also known as Estelle Gettleman; July 25, 1923 – July 22, 2008) was an American actress and comedian, who appeared in film, television, and theatre.
Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk), is a country located in the Horn of Africa.
Ethnic nationalism, also known as ethno-nationalism, is a form of nationalism wherein the nation is defined in terms of ethnicity.
Europe is a Swedish rock band formed in Upplands Väsby in 1979,http://www.dn.se/arkiv/teater/hardrock-tog-priset-enkopingsband-vann-rock-sm/ by vocalist Joey Tempest, guitarist John Norum, bass guitarist Peter Olsson, and drummer Tony Reno.
The European Economic Community (EEC) was a regional organisation which aimed to bring about economic integration among its member states.
The European Space Agency (ESA; Agence spatiale européenne, ASE; Europäische Weltraumorganisation) is an intergovernmental organisation of 22 member states dedicated to the exploration of space.
Oriental Nicety, formerly Exxon Valdez, Exxon Mediterranean, SeaRiver Mediterranean, S/R Mediterranean, Mediterranean, and Dong Fang Ocean, was an oil tanker that gained notoriety after running aground in Prince William Sound spilling hundreds of thousands of barrels of crude oil in Alaska.
Eye liner or eyeliner is a cosmetic used to define the eyes.
Facelift is the debut studio album by the American rock band Alice in Chains.
Fahd bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques (فهد بن عبد العزيز آل سعود; 16 March 1921 – 1 August 2005) was King of Saudi Arabia from 1982 to 2005.
Falcon Crest is an American prime time television soap opera that aired for nine seasons on CBS from December 4, 1981 to May 17, 1990.
The Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) is an archipelago in the South Atlantic Ocean on the Patagonian Shelf.
The Falklands War (Guerra de las Malvinas), also known as the Falklands Conflict, Falklands Crisis, Malvinas War, South Atlantic Conflict, and the Guerra del Atlántico Sur (Spanish for "South Atlantic War"), was a ten-week war between Argentina and the United Kingdom over two British dependent territories in the South Atlantic: the Falkland Islands, and its territorial dependency, the South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.
Family Matters is an American sitcom series which originated on ABC from September 22, 1989 to May 9, 1997, before moving to CBS from September 19, 1997 to July 17, 1998.
Family Ties is an American sitcom that aired on NBC for seven seasons, premiering on September 22, 1982, and concluding on May 14, 1989.
Fast Times at Ridgemont High is a 1982 American coming-of-age comedy film directed by Amy Heckerling and written by Cameron Crowe, adapted from his 1981 book of the same name.
Fatal Attraction is a 1987 American psychological erotic thriller film directed by Adrian Lyne and written by James Dearden.
The Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA, English: International Automobile Federation) is an association established as the Association Internationale des Automobile Clubs Reconnus (AIACR, English: 'International Association of Recognized Automobile Clubs') on 20 June 1904 to represent the interests of motoring organisations and motor car users.
Fußball-Club Bayern München e.V., commonly known as FC Bayern München, FCB, Bayern Munich, or FC Bayern, is a German sports club based in Munich, Bavaria (Bayern).
Felipe González Márquez (born 5 March 1942) is a Spanish lawyer, professor, and politician, who was the Secretary-General of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) from 1974 to 1997, and the 3rd Prime Minister of Spain since the restoration of democracy, from 1982 to 1996.
Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos Sr. (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was a Filipino politician and kleptocrat who was President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986.
Ferris Bueller's Day Off is a 1986 American coming-of-age comedy film written, co-produced, and directed by John Hughes, and co-produced by Tom Jacobson.
Fiat Automobiles S.p.A. (originally FIAT, lit) is the largest automobile manufacturer in Italy, a subsidiary of FCA Italy S.p.A., which is part of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (previously Fiat S.p.A.). Fiat Automobiles was formed in January 2007 when Fiat reorganized its automobile business, and traces its history back to 1899 when the first Fiat automobile, the Fiat 4 HP, was produced.
Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (August 13, 1926 – November 25, 2016) was a Cuban communist revolutionary and politician who governed the Republic of Cuba as Prime Minister from 1959 to 1976 and then as President from 1976 to 2008.
Traditional FidoNet logo by John Madil FidoNet is a worldwide computer network that is used for communication between bulletin board systems (BBSes).
The First Intifada or First Palestinian Intifada (also known simply as the intifada or intifadah) was a Palestinian uprising against the Israeli occupation of the West Bank and Gaza.
Flashdance is a 1983 American romantic drama film directed by Adrian Lyne.
A flight jacket is a casual jacket that was originally created for military pilots and eventually became part of popular culture and apparel.
Footloose is a 1984 American musical drama film directed by Herbert Ross.
For Your Eyes Only is a 1981 British spy film, the twelfth in the ''James Bond'' series produced by Eon Productions, and the fifth to star Roger Moore as the fictional MI6 agent James Bond.
Forced displacement or forced immigration is the coerced movement of a person or people away from their home or home region and it often connotes violent coercion.
Forest Steven Whitaker III (born July 15, 1961) is an American actor, producer, and director.
François Maurice Adrien Marie Mitterrand (26 October 1916 – 8 January 1996) was a French statesman who was President of France from 1981 to 1995, the longest time in office of any French president.
Francesco Cossiga, (1928 – 2010).
Friday the 13th is an American horror franchise that comprises twelve slasher films, a television show, novels, comic books, video games, and tie‑in merchandise.
Frogger is a 1981 arcade game developed by Konami.
Fuel injection is the introduction of fuel in an internal combustion engine, most commonly automotive engines, by the means of an injector.
Full House is an American television sitcom created by Jeff Franklin for ABC.
G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero (also known as Action Force in the UK) is a military-themed line of action figures and toys in Hasbro's G.I. Joe franchise.
Game & Watch (Gēmu & Uotchi; called Tricotronic in West Germany and Austria) is a line of handheld electronic games produced by Nintendo from 1980 to 1991.
The is an 8-bit handheld game console which was developed and manufactured by Nintendo and first released on the 100th anniversary of Nintendo in Japan on, in North America on and in Europe on.
Gander is a town located in the northeastern part of the island of Newfoundland in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, approximately south of Gander Bay, south of Twillingate and east of Grand Falls-Windsor.
Gandhi is a 1982 epic historical drama film based on the life of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, the leader of India's non-violent, non-cooperative independence movement against the United Kingdom's rule of the country during the 20th century.
Garfield and Friends is an American animated television series based on the comic strip Garfield by Jim Davis.
The Gaza Strip (The New Oxford Dictionary of English (1998) – p.761 "Gaza Strip /'gɑːzə/ a strip of territory under the control of the Palestinian National Authority and Hamas, on the SE Mediterranean coast including the town of Gaza...". قطاع غزة), or simply Gaza, is a self-governing Palestinian territory on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea, that borders Egypt on the southwest for and Israel on the east and north along a border.
In the medicine field, gene therapy (also called human gene transfer) is the therapeutic delivery of nucleic acid into a patient's cells as a drug to treat disease.
General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was an office of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) that by the late 1920s had evolved into the most powerful of the Central Committee's various secretaries.
Genetic engineering, also called genetic modification or genetic manipulation, is the direct manipulation of an organism's genes using biotechnology.
George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12, 1924) is an American politician who served as the 41st President of the United States from 1989 to 1993.
George Glenn Jones (September 12, 1931 – April 26, 2013) was an American musician, singer and songwriter.
George Harvey Strait (born May 18, 1952) is an American country music singer, songwriter, actor, and music producer.
Geraldo is an American daytime television talk show hosted by Geraldo Rivera that aired in syndication from September 7, 1987 to June 12, 1998.
The German reunification (Deutsche Wiedervereinigung) was the process in 1990 in which the German Democratic Republic (GDR, colloquially East Germany; German: Deutsche Demokratische Republik/DDR) became part of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG, colloquially West Germany; German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland/BRD) to form the reunited nation of Germany, and when Berlin reunited into a single city, as provided by its then Grundgesetz (constitution) Article 23.
Gimme a Break! is an American sitcom that aired on NBC for six seasons from October 29, 1981 until May 12, 1987.
Glam metal (also known as hair metal and often used synonymously with pop metal) is a subgenre of heavy metal, which features pop-influenced hooks and guitar riffs, and borrows from the fashion of 1970s glam rock.
In the Russian language the word glasnost (гла́сность) has several general and specific meanings.
Global warming, also referred to as climate change, is the observed century-scale rise in the average temperature of the Earth's climate system and its related effects.
A glove (Middle English from Old English glof) is a garment covering the whole hand.
Golden age hip hop is a name given to mainstream hip hop music created in the mid/late 1980s and early 1990s, particularly by artists and musicians originating from the New York metropolitan area.
is a series of side-scrolling, beat 'em up, arcade video games developed by Sega.
The Government of New Zealand (Te Kāwanatanga o Aotearoa), or New Zealand Government (ceremonially referred to as Her Majesty's Government in New Zealand on the Seal of New Zealand), is the administrative complex through which authority is exercised in New Zealand.
A Grammy Award (stylized as GRAMMY, originally called Gramophone Award), or Grammy, is an award presented by The Recording Academy to recognize achievement in the music industry.
The Grammy Award for Album of the Year is presented by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences of the United States to "honor artistic achievement, technical proficiency and overall excellence in the recording industry, without regard to album sales, chart position, or critical reception." Album of the Year is the most prestigious award category at the Grammys having been presented since 1959.
Joseph Saddler (born January 1, 1958), better known as Grandmaster Flash, is an American hip hop recording artist and DJ.
Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five were an American hip hop group formed in the South Bronx of New York City in 1976.
The graphical user interface (GUI), is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, instead of text-based user interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation.
Green River were an American rock band formed in Seattle, Washington in 1984.
Greenpeace is a non-governmental environmental organization with offices in over 39 countries and with an international coordinating body in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
The Gregorian calendar is the most widely used civil calendar in the world.
Grenada is a sovereign state in the southeastern Caribbean Sea consisting of the island of Grenada and six smaller islands at the southern end of the Grenadines island chain.
Group B was a set of regulations introduced in 1982 for competition vehicles in sportscar racing and rallying regulated by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA).
Growing Pains is an American television sitcom that aired on ABC from September 24, 1985, to April 25, 1992.
Grunge (sometimes referred to as the Seattle sound) is a subgenre of alternative rock and a subculture that emerged during the in the Pacific Northwest U.S. state of Washington, particularly in Seattle and nearby towns.
Guns N' Roses, often abbreviated as GNR, is an American hard rock band from Los Angeles, California, formed in 1985.
The Gwangju Uprising, alternatively called May 18 Democratic Uprising by UNESCO, and also known as May 18 Gwangju Democratization Movement, was a popular uprising in the city of Gwangju, South Korea, from May 18 to 27, 1980.
Hair mousse, also referred to as styling foam, is a hairstyling product to protect, stiffen, or style hair.
Hairstyles in the 1980s included the mullet, tall mohawk hairstyles, jheri curls, flattops, and hi-top fades, which became popular styles.
Haiti (Haïti; Ayiti), officially the Republic of Haiti and formerly called Hayti, is a sovereign state located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea.
The Halley Armada is the name of five space probes sent to examine Halley's Comet during its 1986 sojourn through the inner Solar System, connected with apparition "1P/1982 U1".
Halley's Comet or Comet Halley, officially designated 1P/Halley, is a short-period comet visible from Earth every 74–79 years.
Randall Hank Williams (born May 26, 1949), known professionally as Hank Williams Jr., is an American singer-songwriter and musician.
Happy Days is an American television sitcom that aired first-run from January 15, 1974, to September 24, 1984 on ABC, with a total of 255 half-hour episodes spanning eleven seasons.
Hard rock is a loosely defined subgenre of rock music that began in the mid-1960s, with the garage, psychedelic and blues rock movements.
Hardcore punk (often abbreviated to hardcore) is a punk rock music genre and subculture that originated in the late 1970s.
Haute couture (French for "high sewing" or "high dressmaking" or "high fashion") is the creation of exclusive custom-fitted clothing.
The Hawthorn Football Club, nicknamed the Hawks, is a professional Australian rules football club in the Australian Football League (AFL).
Hüsker Dü were an American rock band formed in Saint Paul, Minnesota, in 1979.
Home Box Office (HBO) is an American premium cable and satellite television network of Home Box Office, Inc..
Head of the Class is an American sitcom that ran from 1986 to 1991 on the ABC television network.
A headband is a clothing accessory worn in the hair or around the forehead, usually to hold hair away from the face or eyes.
Heart is an American rock band that first found success in Canada and later in the United States and worldwide.
A heat wave is a period of excessively hot weather, which may be accompanied by high humidity, especially in oceanic climate countries.
Heathcliff (Heathcliff and the Catillac Cats) is an animated television series that debuted on September 5, 1984.
Heavy metal (or simply metal) is a genre of rock music that developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s, largely in the United Kingdom.
Hee Haw was an American television variety show featuring country music and humor with the fictional rural "Kornfield Kounty" as a backdrop.
Hellraiser is a British horror franchise that consists of ten films, a series of books, various comic books, and additional merchandise and media.
Helmut Josef Michael Kohl (3 April 1930 – 16 June 2017) was a German statesman who served as Chancellor of Germany from 1982 to 1998 (of West Germany 1982–1990 and of the reunited Germany 1990–1998) and as the chairman of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) from 1973 to 1998.
A hi-top fade is a style of haircut where hair on the sides is cut off or kept very short while hair on the top of the head is very long.
High-concept is a type of artistic work that can be easily pitched with a succinctly stated premise.
Highway to Heaven is an American television drama series which ran on NBC from 1984 to 1989.
Hill Street Blues is an American serial police drama that aired on NBC in primetime from 1981 to 1987 for 146 episodes.
Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.
Hip hop music, also called hip-hopMerriam-Webster Dictionary entry on hip-hop, retrieved from: A subculture especially of inner-city black youths who are typically devotees of rap music; the stylized rhythmic music that commonly accompanies rap; also rap together with this music.
Brazilian history since 1985 is the contemporary epoch in the history of Brazil, beginning when civilian government was restored after a 21-year-long military regime established after the 1964 coup d'etat.
Hong Kong action cinema is the principal source of the Hong Kong film industry's global fame.
Muhammad Hosni El Sayed Mubarak (محمد حسني السيد مبارك,,; born 4 May 1928) is a former Egyptian military and political leader who served as the fourth President of Egypt from 1981 to 2011.
House music is a genre of electronic dance music created by club DJs and music producers in Chicago in the early 1980s.
The Houston Rockets are an American professional basketball team based in Houston, Texas.
The Hungarian People's Republic (Magyar Népköztársaság) was a one-party socialist republic (communist state) from 20 August 1949 to 23 October 1989.
"Hungry Like the Wolf" is a song by the British new wave band Duran Duran.
Hurricane Alicia was a small but powerful hurricane that caused major destruction within the southeastern parts of Texas in August of 1983.
Hurricane Allen was a rare and extremely powerful Cape Verde hurricane that struck the Caribbean, eastern and northern Mexico, and southern Texas in August 1980.
Hurricane Gilbert was the most intense Atlantic hurricane on record until it was surpassed in 2005 by Hurricane Wilma.
Hurricane Hugo was a powerful Cape Verde hurricane that caused widespread damage and loss of life in Guadeloupe, Saint Croix, Puerto Rico, and the Southeast United States.
Hurricane Joan was a powerful hurricane that caused death and destruction in over a dozen countries in the Caribbean and Central America.
The IBM Personal Computer, commonly known as the IBM PC, is the original version and progenitor of the IBM PC compatible hardware platform.
Tracy Lauren Marrow (born February 16, 1958), better known by his stage name Ice-T, is an American musician, rapper, songwriter, actor, record executive, record producer, and author.
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade is a 1989 American action-adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg, from a story co-written by executive producer George Lucas.
Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom is a 1984 American action-adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg.
Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi (née Nehru; 19 November 1917 – 31 October 1984) was an Indian politician, stateswoman and a central figure of the Indian National Congress.
Industrial action (Europe, India, South Africa and Australia) or job action (Canada and US) refers collectively to any measure taken by trade unions or other organised labour, most times when they are forced out of work due to contract termination and no agreement being reached, meant to reduce productivity in a workplace.
Gösta Ingvar Carlsson (born 9 November 1934) is a Swedish politician who twice served as Prime Minister of Sweden, first from 1986 to 1991 and again from 1994 to 1996.
Inspector Gadget is a French-American-Canadian comic science fiction cartoon series that revolves around the adventures of a clumsy, dim-witted detective named Inspector Gadget—a human being with various bionic gadgets built into his body.
The Peru's internal War on Terror, beginning in 1980, is an ongoing armed conflict between the government of Peru and some terrorist organizations such as the insurgent People's Guerilla Army (Ejército Guerrillero Popular), armed wing of the Communist Party of Peru (known as Shining Path or "PCP-SL") and the Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement which was also involved in the conflict from 1982 to 1997.
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, D.C., consisting of "189 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world." Formed in 1945 at the Bretton Woods Conference primarily by the ideas of Harry Dexter White and John Maynard Keynes, it came into formal existence in 1945 with 29 member countries and the goal of reconstructing the international payment system.
The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.
Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
On 3 July 1988, Iran Air Flight 655, a scheduled civilian passenger flight from Tehran to Dubai, was shot down by an SM-2MR surface-to-air missile fired from, a guided missile cruiser of the United States Navy.
The Iran–Contra affair (ماجرای ایران-کنترا, caso Irán-Contra), also referred to as Irangate, Contragate or the Iran–Contra scandal, was a political scandal in the United States that occurred during the second term of the Reagan Administration.
The Iran–Iraq War was an armed conflict between Iran and Iraq, beginning on 22 September 1980, when Iraq invaded Iran, and ending on 20 August 1988, when Iran accepted the UN-brokered ceasefire.
Iraq (or; العراق; عێراق), officially known as the Republic of Iraq (جُمُهورية العِراق; کۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west.
The Iron Curtain was the name for the boundary dividing Europe into two separate areas from the end of World War II in 1945 until the end of the Cold War in 1991.
Iron Maiden are an English heavy metal band formed in Leyton, East London, in 1975 by bassist and primary songwriter Steve Harris.
The Islamic Jihad Organization – IJO (حركة الجهاد الإسلامي., Harakat al-Jihad al-Islami) or Organisation du Jihad Islamique (OJI) in French, but best known as "Islamic Jihad" (Arabic: Jihad al-Islami) for short, was a Shia militia known for its activities in the 1980s during the Lebanese Civil War.
Islamism is a concept whose meaning has been debated in both public and academic contexts.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Jacqueline Yvonne Harry (born August 14, 1956), better known by her mononymous stage name Jackée, is an American actress, singer, comedian, director, and television personality.
Chan Kong-sang, SBS, MBE, PMW (生; born 7 April 1954), known professionally as Jackie Chan, is a Hong Kong martial artist, actor, film director, producer, stuntman, and singer.
The Jamaican national bobsleigh team represents Jamaica in international bobsledding competitions.
James Scott Brady (August 29, 1940 – August 4, 2014) was an assistant to the U.S. President and White House Press Secretary under President Ronald Reagan.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
was a scheduled domestic Japan Airlines passenger flight from Tokyo's Haneda Airport to Osaka International Airport, Japan.
Jean-Claude Duvalier, nicknamed “Baby Doc” (Bebe Dòk) (3 July 19514 October 2014), was the President of Haiti from 1971 until he was overthrown by a popular uprising in 1986.
Jeep is a brand of American automobiles that is a division of FCA US LLC (formerly Chrysler Group, LLC), a wholly owned subsidiary of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles.
Jennifer Jason Leigh (born Jennifer Leigh Morrow; February 5, 1962) is an American actress.
The Jheri curl (often spelled Jerry curl or Jeri Curl) is a permed hairstyle that was popular among African Americans during the 1980s.
James Charles Carson (born July 20, 1968) is a retired American professional hockey player.
Joaquim Alberto Chissano (born 22 October 1939) is a politician who served as the second President of Mozambique, from 1986 to 2005.
João Baptista de Oliveira Figueiredo (January 15, 1918 – December 24, 1999) was a Brazilian military leader and politician who was the 30th President of Brazil, the last of the military regime that ruled the country following the 1964 coup d'état.
Alicia Christian "Jodie" Foster (born November 19, 1962) is an American actress, director, and producer.
Joe Jackson Gibbs (born November 25, 1940) is a former American football coach, current NASCAR Championship team owner, and former NHRA team owner.
Joseph Clifford Montana Jr. (born June 11, 1956), nicknamed "Joe Cool" and "The Comeback Kid", is a former American football quarterback who played in the National Football League (NFL) for 16 seasons, primarily with the San Francisco 49ers and then with the Kansas City Chiefs for the final two seasons of his NFL career.
Joseph Frank Pesci (born February 9, 1943) is an American actor, comedian and singer.
Joseph Satriani (born July 15, 1956)Prato, Greg.
John Henry Bonham (May 31, 1948 – September 25, 1980) was an English musician and songwriter, best known as the drummer for the British rock band Led Zeppelin.
John Zachary DeLorean (January 6, 1925 – March 19, 2005) was an American engineer, inventor and executive in the U.S. automobile industry, widely known for his work at General Motors and as founder of the DeLorean Motor Company.
John Warnock Hinckley Jr. (born May 29, 1955) is an American man who, on March 30, 1981, attempted to assassinate U.S. President Ronald Reagan in Washington, D.C. He wounded Reagan with a bullet that ricocheted and hit him in the chest.
John Wilden Hughes Jr. (February 18, 1950 – August 6, 2009) was an American writer, director, and producer.
John Winston Ono Lennon (9 October 19408 December 1980) was an English singer, songwriter, and peace activist who co-founded the Beatles, the most commercially successful band in the history of popular music.
John Woo SBS (Wu Yu-seng; Ng Yu-sum (Cantonese); born May 1, 1946) is a Chinese-born Hong Kong film director, writer, and producer.
A joint venture (JV) is a business entity created by two or more parties, generally characterized by shared ownership, shared returns and risks, and shared governance.
Josip Broz (Cyrillic: Јосип Броз,; 7 May 1892 – 4 May 1980), commonly known as Tito (Cyrillic: Тито), was a Yugoslav communist revolutionary and political leader, serving in various roles from 1943 until his death in 1980.
Judas Priest are an English heavy metal band formed in West Bromwich in 1969.
Judd Asher Nelson (born November 28, 1959) is an American actor who played John Bender in The Breakfast Club, Alec Newbary in St. Elmo's Fire, Hot Rod and Rodimus Prime in The Transformers: The Movie and Transformers: Animated, Joe Hunt in Billionaire Boys Club, Nick Peretti in New Jack City, Billy Beretti in Empire, and Jack Richmond in Suddenly Susan.Nelson, Judd, Biography: True Story Website Nelson, Judd, Internet Movie Database.
A jumpsuit is a one-piece garment with sleeves and legs and typically without integral coverings for feet, hands or head.
Jungle Brothers are an American hip hop group composed of Michael Small (Mike Gee), Nathaniel Hall (Afrika Baby Bam), and Sammy Burwell (DJ Sammy B).
"Just Say No" was an advertising campaign, part of the U.S. "War on Drugs", prevalent during the 1980s and early 1990s, to discourage children from engaging in illegal recreational drug use by offering various ways of saying no.
Juventus Football Club S.p.A. (from iuventūs, "youth"), colloquially known as Juve, is a professional Italian football club in Turin, Piedmont.
The Kanak and Socialist National Liberation Front (Front de Libération Nationale Kanak et Socialiste, FLNKS) is a militant pro-independence alliance of political parties in New Caledonia.
Karen Anne Carpenter (March 2, 1950 – February 4, 1983) was an American singer and drummer, and part of the duo the Carpenters with her brother Richard.
Keanu Charles Reeves (born September 2, 1964) is a Canadian actor, director, producer, and musician.
Image:AlanCranston.jpg|Alan Cranston (D-CA) Image:Dennis DeConcini.jpg|Dennis DeConcini (D-AZ) File:John Glenn Low Res.jpg|John Glenn (D-OH) File:John McCain Official Other Version.jpg|John McCain (R-AZ) Image:Riegle2.jpg|Donald W. Riegle (D-MI) The Keating Five were five United States Senators accused of corruption in 1989, igniting a major political scandal as part of the larger Savings and Loan crisis of the late 1980s and early 1990s.
Ken Westerfield (born May 23, 1947) is a pioneering Frisbee disc player.
Kenneth Ray Rogers (born August 21, 1938) is an American singer, songwriter, actor, record producer, and entrepreneur.
Kevin Norwood Bacon (born July 8, 1958) is an American actor and musician.
Kim Il-sung (or Kim Il Sung) (born Kim Sŏng-ju; 15 April 1912 – 8 July 1994) was the first leader of North Korea, from its establishment in 1948 until his death in 1994.
Kiribati, officially the Republic of Kiribati (Gilbertese: Ribaberiki Kiribati),.
Kiss (often stylized as KISS) is an American rock band formed in New York City in January 1973 by Paul Stanley, Gene Simmons, Peter Criss, and Ace Frehley.
Knight Rider is an American television series created and produced by Glen A. Larson.
Knots Landing is an American prime time television soap opera that aired on CBS from December 27, 1979, to May 13, 1993.
Konstantin Ustinovich Chernenko (p, 24 September 1911 – 10 March 1985) was a Soviet politician and the fifth General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
Korean Air Lines Flight 007 (also known as KAL007 and KE007)KAL 007 was used by air traffic control, while the public flight booking system used KE 007 was a scheduled Korean Air Lines flight from New York City to Seoul via Anchorage, Alaska.
The Kurds (rtl, Kurd) or the Kurdish people (rtl, Gelî kurd), are an ethnic group in the Middle East, mostly inhabiting a contiguous area spanning adjacent parts of southeastern Turkey (Northern Kurdistan), northwestern Iran (Eastern Kurdistan), northern Iraq (Southern Kurdistan), and northern Syria (Western Kurdistan).
L.A. Law is an American television legal drama series that ran for eight seasons on NBC, from September 15, 1986 to May 19, 1994.
A lahar (from wlahar) is a violent type of mudflow or debris flow composed of a slurry of pyroclastic material, rocky debris and water.
Laissez-faire (from) is an economic system in which transactions between private parties are free from government intervention such as regulation, privileges, tariffs and subsidies.
Lake Nyos is a crater lake in the Northwest Region of Cameroon, located about northwest of Yaoundé the capital.
Larry Joe Bird (born December 7, 1956) is an American professional basketball executive, former coach and former player, most recently serving as president of the Indiana Pacers in the National Basketball Association (NBA).
Latin America is a group of countries and dependencies in the Western Hemisphere where Spanish, French and Portuguese are spoken; it is broader than the terms Ibero-America or Hispanic America.
Laverne & Shirley (originally Laverne DeFazio & Shirley Feeney) is an American television sitcom that ran for eight seasons on ABC from January 27, 1976, to May 10, 1983.
In association football, a League Cup or Secondary Cup generally signifies a cup competition for which entry is restricted only to teams in a particular league.
Leather is a durable and flexible material created by tanning animal rawhides, mostly cattle hide.
A leather jacket is a jacket-length coat that is usually worn on top of other apparel or item of clothing, and made from the tanned hide of various animals.
The Lebanese Civil War (الحرب الأهلية اللبنانية – Al-Ḥarb al-Ahliyyah al-Libnāniyyah) was a multifaceted civil war in Lebanon, lasting from 1975 to 1990 and resulting in an estimated 120,000 fatalities.
Lebanon (لبنان; Lebanese pronunciation:; Liban), officially known as the Lebanese RepublicRepublic of Lebanon is the most common phrase used by Lebanese government agencies.
Led Zeppelin were an English rock band formed in London in 1968.
Lee Kuan Yew GCMG CH SPMJ (16 September 1923 – 23 March 2015), commonly referred to by his initials LKY, was the first Prime Minister of Singapore, governing for three decades.
Lee Teng-hui (born 15 January 1923) is a Taiwanese politician.
Leg warmers are coverings for the lower legs, similar to socks but thicker and generally footless.
A legal drama or a courtroom drama is a genre of film and television that generally focuses on narratives regarding legal practice and the justice system.
Leggings refer to several types of leg coverings.
Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev (a; Леоні́д Іллі́ч Бре́жнєв, 19 December 1906 (O.S. 6 December) – 10 November 1982) was a Soviet politician who led the Soviet Union from 1964 to 1982 as the General Secretary of the Central Committee (CC) of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), presiding over the country until his death and funeral in 1982.
Leopoldo Fortunato Galtieri Castelli (15 July 1926 12 January 2003) was an Argentine general and President of Argentina from 22 December 1981 to 18 June 1982, during the last military dictatorship (known officially as the National Reorganization Process).
"Let's Go Crazy" is a 1984 song by Prince and The Revolution, from the album Purple Rain.
Lethal Weapon is an American buddy cop action comedy franchise created by Shane Black.
Letterboxing is the practice of transferring film shot in a widescreen aspect ratio to standard-width video formats while preserving the film's original aspect ratio.
Liberia, officially the Republic of Liberia, is a country on the West African coast.
Libya (ليبيا), officially the State of Libya (دولة ليبيا), is a sovereign state in the Maghreb region of North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south and Algeria and Tunisia to the west.
Licence to Kill is a 1989 British spy film, the sixteenth in the ''James Bond'' film series produced by Eon Productions, and the last to star Timothy Dalton in the role of the fictional MI6 agent James Bond.
"Like a Virgin" is a song recorded by American singer Madonna for her second studio album Like a Virgin (1984).
A limnic eruption, also termed a lake overturn, is a rare type of natural disaster in which dissolved carbon dioxide suddenly erupts from deep lake waters, forming a gas cloud capable of suffocating wildlife, livestock, and humans.
This is a list of the world's best-selling albums of recorded music.
James Bond is a fictional character created by novelist Ian Fleming in 1953.
The List of nuclear weapons tests of France consists of all the atomic tests the French executed in the areas of Reggane and In Ekker in Algeria and the Mururoa and Fangataufa Atolls in French Polynesia, from 13 February 1960 through 27 January 1996.
This page gives a chronological list of years in literature (descending order), with notable publications listed with their respective years and a small selection of notable events.
Live Aid was a dual-venue benefit concert held on 13 July 1985, and an ongoing music-based fundraising initiative.
Liverpool Football Club is a professional football club in Liverpool, England, that competes in the Premier League, the top tier of English football.
James Todd Smith (born January 14, 1968), known professionally as LL Cool J (short for Ladies Love Cool James), is an American rapper, actor, author and entrepreneur from Queens, New York.
Los Angeles (Spanish for "The Angels";; officially: the City of Los Angeles; colloquially: by its initials L.A.) is the second-most populous city in the United States, after New York City.
The Los Angeles Kings are a professional ice hockey team based in Los Angeles.
LOT Polish Airlines Flight 5055 was an Ilyushin Il-62M of LOT Polish Airlines that crashed in the late morning hours of Saturday, May 9, 1987.
Lou Grant is an American drama television series starring Ed Asner in the title role as a newspaper editor that aired on CBS from September 20, 1977, to September 13, 1982.
Lovesexy is the tenth studio album by American recording artist Prince.
M*A*S*H is an American television series that aired on CBS from 1972 to 1983.
MacGyver is an American action-adventure television series created by Lee David Zlotoff and starring Richard Dean Anderson as the title character.
The Macintosh (pronounced as; branded as Mac since 1998) is a family of personal computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Inc. since January 1984.
The Macintosh 128K, originally released as the Apple Macintosh, is the original Apple Macintosh personal computer.
Madison Square Garden, often called "MSG" or simply "The Garden", is a multi-purpose indoor arena in the New York City borough of Manhattan.
Madonna Louise Ciccone (born August 16, 1958) is an American singer, songwriter, actress, and businesswoman.
Earvin "Magic" Johnson Jr. (born August 14, 1959) is an American retired professional basketball player and current president of basketball operations of the Los Angeles Lakers of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
Magnum, P.I. is an American crime drama television series starring Tom Selleck as Thomas Magnum, a private investigator (P.I.) living on Oahu, Hawaii.
Tun Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad (Jawi:محضير بن محمد; IPA:; born 10 July 1925) is a Malaysian politician currently serving as the Prime Minister of Malaysia for the second time.
John Malcolm Fraser (21 May 1930 – 20 March 2015) was an Australian politician who served as the 22nd Prime Minister of Australia, in office from 1975 to 1983 as leader of the Liberal Party.
Malfunkshun is an alternative rock band formed on Easter Sunday in 1980 by Andrew Wood and his brother Kevin Wood and is often recognized as one of the "Founding Fathers of the grunge scene" or the "Godfathers of Grunge".
Mani pulite (Italian for "clean hands") was a nationwide judicial investigation into political corruption in Italy held in the 1990s.
Manila (Maynilà, or), officially the City of Manila (Lungsod ng Maynilà), is the capital of the Philippines and the most densely populated city proper in the world.
Mannequin is a 1987 American romantic comedy film starring Andrew McCarthy, Kim Cattrall, Meshach Taylor, James Spader, G. W. Bailey, and Estelle Getty.
Manuel Antonio Noriega Moreno (February 11, 1934 – May 29, 2017) was a Panamanian politician and military officer who was the de facto ruler of Panama from 1983 to 1989.
Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, (13 October 19258 April 2013) was a British stateswoman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990.
() is a fictional character in the ''Mario'' video game franchise, owned by Nintendo and created by Japanese video game designer Shigeru Miyamoto.
Marla Gibbs (born Margaret Theresa Bradley; June 14, 1931) is an American actress, comedian, singer, writer and producer, whose career spans five decades.
Martin Gélinas (born June 5, 1970) is a Canadian former professional ice hockey forward who played 1,273 games in the National Hockey League (NHL) for the Edmonton Oilers, Quebec Nordiques, Vancouver Canucks, Carolina Hurricanes, Calgary Flames, Florida Panthers and Nashville Predators.
Martin James McSorley (born May 18, 1963) is a Canadian retired professional hockey player, who played in the National Hockey League from 1983 until 2000.
Marvin Pentz Gay Sr. (October 1, 1914 – October 10, 1998) was an American Pentecostal minister.
Marvin Gaye (born Marvin Pentz Gay Jr.; April 2, 1939 – April 1, 1984) was an American singer, songwriter and record producer.
The is a third-generation home video game console that was manufactured by Sega.
Masters of the Universe (commonly abbreviated MOTU and sometimes referred to as He-Man, after the lead hero) is a media franchise created by Mattel.
Matlock is an American television legal drama, starring Andy Griffith in the title role of criminal-defense attorney Ben Matlock.
Mötley Crüe was an American heavy metal band formed in Los Angeles, California, on January 17, 1981.
The McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle is an American twin-engine, all-weather tactical fighter aircraft designed by McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) to gain and maintain air supremacy in all aspects of aerial combat.
Mega Man, known as in Japan, is a video game franchise created by Capcom, starring the robot character Mega Man, or one of his many counterparts.
Megadeth is an American heavy metal band from Los Angeles, California.
Mehmet Ali Ağca (born 9 January 1958) is a Turkish assassin and Grey Wolves member who murdered left-wing journalist Abdi İpekçi on 1 February 1979, and later shot and wounded Pope John Paul II on 13 May 1981, after escaping from a Turkish prison.
Mel Colmcille Gerard Gibson (born January 3, 1956) is an American actor and filmmaker.
Melanoma, also known as malignant melanoma, is a type of cancer that develops from the pigment-containing cells known as melanocytes.
The Melvins are an American rock band that formed in 1983 in Montesano, Washington.
Members Only is a brand of clothing that became popular in the 1980s with its line of jackets.
Mengistu Haile Mariam (መንግስቱ ኃይለ ማርያም, pronounced; born 21 May 1937) is an Ethiopian soldier and politician who was the dictator of Ethiopia from 1977 to 1991.
Merle Ronald Haggard (April 6, 1937 – April 6, 2016) was an American country singer, songwriter, guitarist, and fiddler.
Metallica is an American heavy metal band.
Methyl isocyanate (MIC) is an organic compound with the molecular formula CH3NCO.
Metroid is an action game franchise created by Nintendo.
Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
Miami Vice is an American television crime drama series created by Anthony Yerkovich and executive produced by Michael Mann for NBC.
Michael Andrew Fox (born June 9, 1961), known professionally as Michael J. Fox, is a Canadian-American actor, author, producer, and activist with a film and television career spanning from the 1970s.
Michael Joseph Jackson (August 29, 1958 – June 25, 2009) was an American singer, songwriter, and dancer.
Michael Jeffrey Jordan (born February 17, 1963), also known by his initials, MJ, is an American former professional basketball player.
Michael Robert Milken (born July 4, 1946) is an American former financier and philanthropist.
Michigan is a state in the Great Lakes and Midwestern regions of the United States.
MIDI (short for Musical Instrument Digital Interface) is a technical standard that describes a communications protocol, digital interface, and electrical connectors that connect a wide variety of electronic musical instruments, computers, and related music and audio devices.
Michael Krushelnyski (born April 27, 1960) is a Canadian retired professional ice hockey centre / Left winger who played 14 yrs in the NHL.
Michael Gerard Tyson (born June 30, 1966) is an American former professional boxer who competed from 1985 to 2005.
Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev, GCL (born 2 March 1931) is a Russian and former Soviet politician.
A military dictatorship (also known as a military junta) is a form of government where in a military force exerts complete or substantial control over political authority.
Military intelligence is a military discipline that uses information collection and analysis approaches to provide guidance and direction to assist commanders in their decisions.
A miniskirt (sometimes hyphenated as mini-skirt or separated as mini skirt) is a skirt with a hemline well above the knees, generally at mid-thigh level, normally no longer than below the buttocks; and a dress with such a hemline is called a minidress or a miniskirt dress.
Minor Threat was an American hardcore punk band, formed in 1980 in Washington, D.C. by vocalist Ian MacKaye and drummer Jeff Nelson.
Minutemen were an American punk rock band formed in San Pedro, California in 1980.
Mir (Мир,; lit. peace or world) was a space station that operated in low Earth orbit from 1986 to 2001, operated by the Soviet Union and later by Russia.
The "Miracle on Ice" refers to a medal-round game during the men's ice hockey tournament at the 1980 Winter Olympics in Lake Placid, New York, played between the hosting United States, and the four-time defending gold medalists, the Soviet Union.
Marshal Mobutu Sese Seko Kuku Ngbendu Wa Za Banga (born Joseph-Désiré Mobutu; 14 October 1930 – 7 September 1997) was the military dictator and President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (which Mobutu renamed Zaire in 1971) from 1965 to 1997.
Molly Kathleen Ringwald (born February 18, 1968) is an American actress, singer, and author.
The moment magnitude scale (MMS; denoted as Mw or M) is one of many seismic magnitude scales used to measure the size of earthquakes.
Moonlighting is an American comedy-drama television series that aired on ABC from March 3, 1985, to May 14, 1989.
The moonwalk is a dance move in which the dancer moves backwards while seemingly walking forwards.
Mork & Mindy is an American sitcom and a spin-off of Happy Days that aired on ABC from September 14, 1978 to May 27, 1982.
Moruroa (Mururoa, Mururura), also historically known as Aopuni, is an atoll which forms part of the Tuamotu Archipelago in French Polynesia in the southern Pacific Ocean.
Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.
Mother Love Bone was an American rock band that formed in Seattle, Washington, in 1987.
MSX is a standardized home computer architecture, first announced by Microsoft on June 16, 1983, and marketed by Kazuhiko Nishi, then Vice-president at Microsoft Japan and Director at ASCII Corporation.
Vector was a Philippine oil tanker that collided with the ferry ''Doña Paz'' on December 20, 1987 in Tablas Strait, Philippines, resulting in an estimated death toll of over 4,000 lives.
MTV (originally an initialism of Music Television) is an American cable and satellite television channel owned by Viacom Media Networks (a division of Viacom) and headquartered in New York City.
Muammar Mohammed Abu Minyar Gaddafi (20 October 2011), commonly known as Colonel Gaddafi, was a Libyan revolutionary, politician and political theorist.
Mudhoney is an American alternative rock band.
The mullet is a hairstyle that is short at the front and sides, and long in the back.
A multinational corporation (MNC) or worldwide enterprise is a corporate organization that owns or controls production of goods or services in at least one country other than its home country.
Jim Henson's Muppet Babies, commonly known by the shortened title Muppet Babies, is an American animated television series that aired from September 15, 1984 to November 2, 1991 on CBS.
John Lennon was an English musician who gained worldwide fame as a member of the Beatles, for his subsequent solo career, and for his political activism and pacifism.
Murder, She Wrote is an American crime drama television series starring Angela Lansbury as mystery writer and amateur detective Jessica Fletcher.
Murphy Brown is an American sitcom that aired on CBS from November 14, 1988, to May 18, 1998, for a total of 247 episodes.
The music industry consists of the companies and individuals that earn money by creating new songs and pieces and selling live concerts and shows, audio and video recordings, compositions and sheet music, and the organizations and associations that aid and represent music creators.
A music video is a short film that integrates a song with imagery, and is produced for promotional or artistic purposes.
A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.
MV Doña Paz was a Philippine-registered passenger ferry that sank after colliding with the oil tanker on December 20, 1987.
N.W.A (an abbreviation for Niggaz Wit Attitudes) was an American hip hop group from Los Angeles, California.
The Nagorno-Karabakh War was an ethnic and territorial conflict that took place in the late 1980s to May 1994, in the enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh in southwestern Azerbaijan, between the majority ethnic Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh backed by the Republic of Armenia, and the Republic of Azerbaijan.
Namibia, officially the Republic of Namibia (German:; Republiek van Namibië), is a country in southern Africa whose western border is the Atlantic Ocean.
Nancy Davis Reagan (born Anne Frances Robbins; July 6, 1921 – March 6, 2016) was an American film actress and the wife of Ronald Reagan, the 40th President of the United States.
Nancy Elizabeth Stafford (born June 5, 1954) is an American actress, speaker and author, known for her roles on television.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
The National Football League (NFL) is a professional American football league consisting of 32 teams, divided equally between the National Football Conference (NFC) and the American Football Conference (AFC).
The National Hockey League (NHL; Ligue nationale de hockey—LNH) is a professional ice hockey league in North America, currently comprising 31 teams: 24 in the United States and 7 in Canada.
The National Union of Mineworkers (NUM) is a trade union for coal miners in Great Britain, formed in 1945 from the Miners' Federation of Great Britain (MFGB).
The NBA Finals is the annual championship series of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
Neighbours is an Australian television soap opera.
Neo-fascism is a post–World War II ideology that includes significant elements of fascism.
Neoliberalism or neo-liberalism refers primarily to the 20th-century resurgence of 19th-century ideas associated with laissez-faire economic liberalism.
The Nevado del Ruiz, also known as La Mesa de Herveo (Mesa of Herveo, the name of the nearby town), or Kumanday in the language of the local pre-Columbian indigenous people, is a stratovolcano located on the border of the departments of Caldas and Tolima in Colombia, about west of the capital city Bogotá.
New Caledonia (Nouvelle-Calédonie)Previously known officially as the "Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies" (Territoire de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et dépendances), then simply as the "Territory of New Caledonia" (French: Territoire de la Nouvelle-Calédonie), the official French name is now only Nouvelle-Calédonie (Organic Law of 19 March 1999, article 222 IV — see). The French courts often continue to use the appellation Territoire de la Nouvelle-Calédonie.
New Hollywood, sometimes referred to as the "American New Wave," refers to a movement in American film history from the mid-to-late 1960s to the early 1980s when a new generation of young filmmakers came to prominence in the United States.
New wave is a genre of rock music popular in the late 1970s and the 1980s with ties to mid-1970s punk rock.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
The New York Islanders are a professional ice hockey team based in New York City.
Newhart is an American sitcom that aired on CBS from October 25, 1982, to May 21, 1990, with a total of 184 half-hour episodes spanning over eight seasons.
Nicaragua, officially the Republic of Nicaragua, is the largest country in the Central American isthmus, bordered by Honduras to the north, the Caribbean to the east, Costa Rica to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Nicolae Ceaușescu (26 January 1918 – 25 December 1989) was a Romanian Communist politician.
Nicolas Kim Coppola (born January 7, 1964), known professionally as Nicolas Cage, is an American actor, director and producer.
Nicotiana is a genus of herbaceous plants and shrubs of the family Solanaceae, that is indigenous to the Americas, Australia, south west Africa and the South Pacific.
Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.
Night Court is an American television situation comedy that aired on NBC from January 4, 1984, to May 31, 1992.
Nintendo Co., Ltd. is a Japanese multinational consumer electronics and video game company headquartered in Kyoto.
The Nintendo Entertainment System (commonly abbreviated as NES) is an 8-bit home video game console that was developed and manufactured by Nintendo.
Nirvana was an American rock band formed by lead singer and guitarist Kurt Cobain and bassist Krist Novoselic in Aberdeen, Washington, in 1987.
was a Japanese politician and the 74th Prime Minister of Japan from 6 November 1987 to 3 June 1989.
Northwest Airlines Flight 255, a McDonnell Douglas MD-82, crashed shortly after takeoff from Detroit Metropolitan Airport on August 16, 1987, at about 8:46 p.m. EDT (00:46 UTC August 17), killing all six crew members and 148 of its 149 passengers, along with two people on the ground.
Nuclear fuel is a substance that is used in nuclear power stations to produce heat to power turbines.
A nuclear meltdown (core melt accident or partial core melt) is a severe nuclear reactor accident that results in core damage from overheating.
A nuclear reactor, formerly known as an atomic pile, is a device used to initiate and control a self-sustained nuclear chain reaction.
A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions, either fission (fission bomb) or from a combination of fission and fusion reactions (thermonuclear bomb).
The Nuclei Armati Rivoluzionari (Armed Revolutionary Core), abbreviated NAR, was an Italian neofascist Militant organization active from 1977 to November 1981.
An O-ring, also known as a packing, or a toric joint, is a mechanical gasket in the shape of a torus; it is a loop of elastomer with a round cross-section, designed to be seated in a groove and compressed during assembly between two or more parts, creating a seal at the interface.
Octopussy is a 1983 British spy film, the thirteenth in the ''James Bond'' series produced by Eon Productions, and the sixth to star Roger Moore as the fictional MI6 agent James Bond.
An oil tanker, also known as a petroleum tanker, is a ship designed for the bulk transport of oil or its products.
Sven Olof Joachim Palme (30 January 1927 – 28 February 1986) was a Swedish Social Democratic politician and statesman.
The modern Olympic Games or Olympics (Jeux olympiques) are leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions.
One Day at a Time is an American sitcom that aired on CBS from December 16, 1975, until May 28, 1984.
Operation Cyclone was the code name for the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) program to arm and finance the mujahideen, in Afghanistan from 1979 to 1989, prior to and during the military intervention by the USSR in support of its client, the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan.
Operation Opera (מבצע אופרה.), also known as Operation Babylon, was a surprise Israeli air strike carried out on 7 June 1981, which destroyed an Iraqi nuclear reactor under construction 17 kilometers (10.5 miles) southeast of Baghdad.
Operation "Wooden Leg" (מבצע רגל עץ Mivtza Regel Etz) was an attack by Israel on the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) headquarters in Hammam Chott, near Tunis, Tunisia, on October 1, 1985.
Ordinary People is a 1980 American drama film that marked the directorial debut of actor Robert Redford.
The Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) is an inter-governmental organisation dedicated to economic harmonisation and integration, protection of human and legal rights, and the encouragement of good governance between countries and dependencies in the Lesser Antilles in the Eastern Caribbean.
Out of Africa is a 1985 American epic romantic drama film directed and produced by Sydney Pollack, and starring Robert Redford and Meryl Streep.
John Michael "Ozzy" Osbourne (also known as The Prince of Darkness) (born 3 December 1948) is an English singer, songwriter and actor.
Pieter Willem Botha, (12 January 1916 – 31 October 2006), commonly known as "P.
, stylized as PAC-MAN, is an arcade game developed by Namco and first released in Japan as Puck Man in May 1980.
Pacific Southwest Airlines Flight 1771 was a scheduled flight from Los Angeles, California, to San Francisco.
Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.
Palau (historically Belau, Palaos, or Pelew), officially the Republic of Palau (Beluu er a Belau), is an island country located in the western Pacific Ocean.
The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO; منظمة التحرير الفلسطينية) is an organization founded in 1964 with the purpose of the "liberation of Palestine" through armed struggle, with much of its violence aimed at Israeli civilians.
Pan Am Flight 103 was a regularly scheduled Pan Am transatlantic flight from Frankfurt to Detroit via London and New York.
Pan Am Flight 759 was a regularly scheduled domestic passenger flight from Miami to San Diego, with en route stops in New Orleans and Las Vegas, United States.
Panama (Panamá), officially the Republic of Panama (República de Panamá), is a country in Central America, bordered by Costa Rica to the west, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south.
Patrick Wayne Swayze (August 18, 1952 – September 14, 2009) was an American actor, dancer, and singer-songwriter.
Pee-wee's Playhouse is an American children's television program starring Paul Reubens as the childlike Pee-wee Herman which ran from 1986 to 1990 on Saturday mornings on CBS, and airing in reruns until July 1991.
The People Power Revolution (also known as the EDSA Revolution and the Philippine Revolution of 1986 or simply EDSA 1986) was a series of popular demonstrations in the Philippines, mostly in the capital city of Manila from February 22–25, 1986.
The Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) is the armed forces of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and Communist Party of China (CPC).
Perestroika (a) was a political movement for reformation within the Communist Party of the Soviet Union during the 1980s until 1991 and is widely associated with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev and his glasnost (meaning "openness") policy reform.
Perfect Strangers is an American sitcom that ran for eight seasons from March 25, 1986 to August 6, 1993, on the ABC television network.
A permanent wave, commonly called a perm or "permanent", involves the use of heat and/or chemicals to break and reform the cross-linking bonds of the hair structure.
A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.
Peugeot is a French automotive manufacturer, part of Groupe PSA.
Phạm Văn Đồng (1 March 1906 – 29 April 2000) was a Vietnamese politician who served as Prime Minister of North Vietnam from 1955 to 1976 and, following unification, as Prime Minister of Vietnam from 1976 until he retired in 1987 under the rule of Lê Duẩn and Nguyễn Văn Linh.
The Philadelphia Flyers are a professional ice hockey team based in Philadelphia.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
Joseph Philippe Pierre Yves Elliott Trudeau (October 18, 1919 – September 28, 2000), often referred to by the initials PET, was a Canadian statesman who served as the 15th Prime Minister of Canada (1968–1979 and 1980–1984).
The Piper PA-28 Cherokee is a family of light aircraft built by Piper Aircraft and designed for flight training, air taxi and personal use.
The Pixies are an American alternative rock band formed in 1986 in Boston, Massachusetts.
Platoon is a 1986 American anti-war film written and directed by Oliver Stone, starring Tom Berenger, Willem Dafoe, and Charlie Sheen.
Plot refers to the sequence of events inside a story which affect other events through the principle of cause and effect.
Plutonium is a radioactive chemical element with symbol Pu and atomic number 94.
Poison is an American rock band that achieved great commercial success in the mid-1980s through the mid-1990s.
Politics in Israel is dominated by Zionist parties.
Poltergeist is an American horror film series distributed by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer during the 1980s.
The pope (papa from πάππας pappas, a child's word for "father"), also known as the supreme pontiff (from Latin pontifex maximus "greatest priest"), is the Bishop of Rome and therefore ex officio the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church.
Pope John Paul II (Ioannes Paulus II; Giovanni Paolo II; Jan Paweł II; born Karol Józef Wojtyła;; 18 May 1920 – 2 April 2005) served as Pope and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 1978 to 2005.
The first attempted assassination of Pope John Paul II took place on Wednesday, 13 May 1981, in St. Peter's Square in Vatican City.
Popular culture (also called pop culture) is generally recognized as a set of the practices, beliefs, and objects that are dominant or ubiquitous in a society at a given point in time.
Porky's is a 1981 Canadian-American sex comedy film written and directed by Bob Clark about the escapades of teenagers in 1954 at the fictional Angel Beach High School in Florida.
Predator is a 1987 American science fiction action horror film directed by John McTiernan and written by brothers Jim and John Thomas.
Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD or PIGD) is the genetic profiling of embryos prior to implantation (as a form of embryo profiling), and sometimes even of oocytes prior to fertilization.
Prem Tinsulanonda (เปรม ติณสูลานนท์;;; born 26 August 1920) is a retired Thai military officer who served as Prime Minister of Thailand from 3 March 1980 to 4 August 1988, during which time he was credited with ending a communist insurgency and presiding over accelerating economic growth.
Margaret Thatcher served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from May 1979 to November 1990.
The presidency of Ronald Reagan began at noon EST on January 20, 1981, when Ronald Reagan was inaugurated as 40th President of the United States, and ended on January 20, 1989.
The President of Serbia (Председник Србије / Predsednik Srbije), officially styled as the President of the Republic, is the head of state of Serbia.
The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.
Pretty in Pink is a 1986 American romantic comedy film about love and social cliques in American high schools in the 1980s.
The President of the Council of Ministers of the Italian Republic (Italian: Presidente del Consiglio dei ministri della Repubblica Italiana), commonly referred to in Italy as Presidente del Consiglio, or informally as Premier and known in English as the Prime Minister of Italy, is the head of government of the Italian Republic.
The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of the United Kingdom government.
The prime time or the peak time is the block of broadcast programming taking place during the middle of the evening for television programming.
Prince Rogers Nelson (June 7, 1958 – April 21, 2016) was an American singer, songwriter, musician, record producer and filmmaker.
Prince William Sound (Чугацкий залив Čugatski zaliv) is a sound of the Gulf of Alaska on the south coast of the U.S. state of Alaska.
Privatization (also spelled privatisation) is the purchase of all outstanding shares of a publicly traded company by private investors, or the sale of a state-owned enterprise to private investors.
The Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization or PATCO was a United States trade union that operated from 1968 until its decertification in 1981 following a strike that was declared illegal and broken by the Reagan Administration.
The Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA or Provisional IRA) was an Irish republican revolutionary organisation that sought to end British rule in Northern Ireland, facilitate the reunification of Ireland and bring about an independent socialist republic encompassing all of Ireland.
The Philips Sport Vereniging (Philips Sports Union), abbreviated as PSV and internationally known as PSV Eindhoven is a sports club from Eindhoven, Netherlands.
Public Enemy is an American hip hop group consisting of Chuck D, Flavor Flav, Professor Griff, Khari Wynn, DJ Lord, and the S1W group.
Punk rock (or "punk") is a rock music genre that developed in the mid-1970s in the United States, United Kingdom, and Australia.
Punky Brewster is an American sitcom about a young girl (Soleil Moon Frye) being raised by a foster parent (George Gaynes).
Purple Rain is the sixth studio album by American recording artist Prince, the first to feature his band the Revolution, and is the soundtrack to the 1984 film of the same name.
Quantum Leap is an American science-fiction television series that originally aired on NBC for five seasons, from March 1989 through May 1993.
Quebec (Québec)According to the Canadian government, Québec (with the acute accent) is the official name in French and Quebec (without the accent) is the province's official name in English; the name is.
The 1980 Quebec independence referendum was the first referendum in Quebec on the place of Quebec within Canada and whether Quebec should pursue a path toward sovereignty.
Queen are a British rock band that formed in London in 1970.
R.E.M. was an American rock band from Athens, Georgia, that was formed in 1980 by drummer Bill Berry, guitarist Peter Buck, bassist/backing vocalist Mike Mills, and lead vocalist Michael Stipe.
Raúl Ricardo Alfonsín Foulkes (12 March 1927 – 31 March 2009) was an Argentine lawyer and statesman who served as the President of Argentina from 10 December 1983 to 8 July 1989.
Raging Bull is a 1980 American biographical black-and-white sports drama film directed by Martin Scorsese, produced by Robert Chartoff and Irwin Winkler and adapted by Paul Schrader and Mardik Martin from Jake LaMotta's memoir Raging Bull: My Story.
Raiders of the Lost Ark (also known as Indiana Jones and the Raiders of the Lost Ark) is a 1981 American action adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg, written by Lawrence Kasdan from a story by George Lucas and Philip Kaufman.
Rain Man is a 1988 American road comedy-drama film directed by Barry Levinson and written by Barry Morrow and Ronald Bass.
Rainbow Warrior was a Greenpeace ship active in supporting a number of anti-whaling, anti-seal hunting, anti-nuclear testing and anti-nuclear waste dumping campaigns during the late 1970s and early 1980s.
Rajiv Ratna Gandhi (20 August 1944 – 21 May 1991) was an Indian politician who served as the 6th Prime Minister of India from 1984 to 1989.
Rally is a form of motorsport that takes place on public or private roads with modified production or specially built road-legal cars.
Rambo is a film series based on the David Morrell novel First Blood and starring Sylvester Stallone as John Rambo, a troubled Vietnam War veteran and former U.S. Army Special Forces soldier who is skilled in many aspects of survival, weaponry, hand-to-hand combat and guerrilla warfare.
Randall William Rhoads (December 6, 1956 – March 19, 1982) was an American heavy metal guitarist who played with Quiet Riot and Ozzy Osbourne.
Randy Bruce Traywick (born May 4, 1959), known professionally as Randy Travis, is an American country music and Christian country music singer, songwriter, guitarist, and actor.
Ray-Ban is a brand of sunglasses and eyeglasses founded in 1937 by the American company Bausch & Lomb.
Ray-Ban Wayfarer sunglasses have been manufactured by Ray-Ban since 1956, which in turn has belonged to the Italian Luxottica Group since 1999.
Real Madrid Club de Fútbol ("Royal Madrid Football Club"), commonly known as Real Madrid, or simply as Real, is a professional football club based in Madrid, Spain.
Groupe Renault is a French multinational automobile manufacturer established in 1899.
A republic (res publica) is a form of government in which the country is considered a "public matter", not the private concern or property of the rulers.
Return of the Jedi (also known as Star Wars: Episode VI – Return of the Jedi) is a 1983 American epic space opera film directed by Richard Marquand.
In political science, a revolution (Latin: revolutio, "a turn around") is a fundamental and relatively sudden change in political power and political organization which occurs when the population revolt against the government, typically due to perceived oppression (political, social, economic).
Rickie Lee Skaggs (born July 18, 1954), known professionally as Ricky Skaggs, is an American country and bluegrass singer, musician, producer, and composer.
Right-wing politics hold that certain social orders and hierarchies are inevitable, natural, normal or desirable, typically supporting this position on the basis of natural law, economics or tradition.
Risky Business is a 1983 American romantic comedy film written and directed by Paul Brickman, making his directorial debut.
River Jude Phoenix (né Bottom; August 23, 1970 – October 31, 1993) was an American actor, musician, and activist.
Riyadh (/rɨˈjɑːd/; الرياض ar-Riyāḍ Najdi pronunciation) is the capital and most populous city of Saudi Arabia.
Robert Hepler Lowe (born March 17, 1964) is an American actor.
Sir Roger George Moore (14 October 1927 – 23 May 2017) was an English actor.
Roh Tae-woo (born December 4, 1932) is a former South Korean politician and ROK Army general who served as President of South Korea from 1988 to 1993.
The Romanian Revolution (Revoluția Română) was a period of violent civil unrest in Romania in December 1989 and part of the Revolutions of 1989 that occurred in several countries.
Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was an American politician and actor who served as the 40th President of the United States from 1981 to 1989.
Ronald James Padavona (July 10, 1942May 16, 2010), known professionally as Ronnie James Dio or simply Dio, was an American singer, songwriter, and musician.
Ronnie Lee Milsap (born January 16, 1943) is an American country music singer and pianist.
Roseanne is an American television sitcom starring Roseanne Barr.
Rouge (red), also called blush or blusher, is a cosmetic typically used to redden the cheeks so as to provide a more youthful appearance, and to emphasize the cheekbones.
Rubik's Cube is a 3-D combination puzzle invented in 1974 by Hungarian sculptor and professor of architecture Ernő Rubik.
Eddi-Rue McClanahan (February 21, 1934 – June 3, 2010) was an American actress and comedian best known for her roles on television as Vivian Harmon on Maude (1972–78), Aunt Fran Crowley on Mama's Family (1983–84), and Blanche Devereaux on The Golden Girls (1985–92), for which she won an Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series in 1987.
Sayyid Ruhollah Mūsavi Khomeini (سید روحالله موسوی خمینی; 24 September 1902 – 3 June 1989), known in the Western world as Ayatollah Khomeini, was an Iranian Shia Islam religious leader and politician.
Run-DMC was an American hip hop group from Hollis, Queens, New York, founded in 1981 by Joseph Simmons, Darryl McDaniels, and Jason Mizell.
Rudolphus Franciscus Marie "Ruud" Lubbers (7 May 1939 – 14 February 2018) was a Dutch politician and diplomat of the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA), who served as Prime Minister of the Netherlands from 4 November 1982 until 22 August 1994.
Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (Arabic: صدام حسين عبد المجيد التكريتي; 28 April 1937 – 30 December 2006) was President of Iraq from 16 July 1979 until 9 April 2003.
Saint Kitts and Nevis, also known as the Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis, is an island country in the West Indies.
The Salvadoran Civil War was a conflict between the military-led government of El Salvador and the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN), a coalition or "umbrella organization" of several left-wing groups.
Salyut 6 (Салют-6; lit. Salute 6), DOS-5, was a Soviet orbital space station, the eighth flown as part of the Salyut programme.
Salyut 7 (Салют-7; Salute 7) (a.k.a. DOS-6) was a space station in low Earth orbit from April 1982 to February 1991.
Samuel M. Raimi (born October 23, 1959) is an American filmmaker, actor, and producer famous for creating the cult horror ''Evil Dead'' series, as well as directing the original ''Spider-Man'' trilogy (2002–07), the 1990 superhero film Darkman, and the 2013 Disney fantasy film Oz the Great and Powerful.
Samora Moisés Machel (29 September 1933 – 19 October 1986) was a Mozambican military commander, politician and revolutionary.
San Francisco (initials SF;, Spanish for 'Saint Francis'), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California.
The San Francisco 49ers are a professional American football team located in the San Francisco Bay Area.
Alessandro "Sandro" Pertini, (25 September 1896 – 24 February 1990) was an Italian journalist and socialist politician, who served as the seventh President of the Italian Republic, from 1978 to 1985.
The Memorandum of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, known simply as the SANU Memorandum (Меморандум САНУ), was a draft document produced by a 16-member committee of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts (SANU) from 1985 to 1986.
Sarajevo (see names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina, with a population of 275,524 in its current administrative limits.
A satellite dish is a dish-shaped type of parabolic antenna designed to receive or transmit information by radio waves to or from a communication satellite.
Saudi Arabia, officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), is a sovereign Arab state in Western Asia constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula.
Saudia Flight 163 was a scheduled Saudia passenger flight which caught fire after takeoff from Riyadh International Airport (now the Riyadh Air Base) en route to Jeddah, Saudi Arabia on 19 August 1980.
Saved by the Bell is an American television sitcom that aired on NBC from 1989 to 1993.
Screaming Trees were an American rock band formed in Ellensburg, Washington in 1985 by vocalist Mark Lanegan, guitarist Gary Lee Conner, bass player Van Conner and drummer Mark Pickerel.
Sean Justin Penn (born August 17, 1960) is an American actor and filmmaker.
The Second Sudanese Civil War was a conflict from 1983 to 2005 between the central Sudanese government and the Sudan People's Liberation Army.
Sega Games Co., Ltd., originally short for Service Games and officially styled as SEGA, is a Japanese multinational video game developer and publisher headquartered in Tokyo, Japan, with offices around the world.
The Sega Genesis, known as the in regions outside of North America, is a 16-bit home video game console developed and sold by Sega.
Seinfeld is an American television sitcom that ran for nine seasons on NBC, from 1989 to 1998.
Seoul (like soul; 서울), officially the Seoul Special Metropolitan City – is the capital, Constitutional Court of Korea and largest metropolis of South Korea.
Sex-selective abortion is the practice of terminating a pregnancy based upon the predicted sex of the infant.
Shlomo Argov (שלמה ארגוב; 14 December 1929 – 23 February 2003) was a prominent Israeli diplomat.
Showtime is an American premium cable and satellite television network that serves as the flagship service of the Showtime Networks subsidiary of CBS Corporation, which also owns sister services The Movie Channel and Flix.
A Sikh (ਸਿੱਖ) is a person associated with Sikhism, a monotheistic religion that originated in the 15th century based on the revelation of Guru Nanak.
Sioux City is a city in Woodbury and Plymouth counties in the northwestern part of the U.S. state of Iowa.
Sitiveni Ligamamada Rabuka, OBE, MSD, OStJ, (born 13 September 1948) is best known as the instigator of two military coups that shook Fiji in 1987.
Sixteen Candles is a 1984 American coming-of-age comedy film starring Molly Ringwald, Michael Schoeffling, and Anthony Michael Hall.
Skin Yard was an American grunge band from Seattle, Washington, who were active from 1985 to 1993.
Slayer is an American thrash metal band from Huntington Park, California.
Slobodan Milošević (Слободан Милошевић; 20 August 1941 – 11 March 2006) was a Yugoslav and Serbian politician and the President of Serbia (originally the Socialist Republic of Serbia, a constituent republic within the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia) from 1989 to 1997 and President of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from 1997 to 2000.
Soap is an American sitcom that originally ran on ABC from September 13, 1977 until April 20, 1981.
A soap opera or soaper is an ongoing, episodic work of fiction presented in serial format on television, radio and in novels, featuring the lives of many characters and focusing on emotional relationships to the point of melodrama.
Social Distortion is an American punk rock band formed in 1978 in Fullerton, California.
Socialism is a range of economic and social systems characterised by social ownership and democratic control of the means of production as well as the political theories and movements associated with them.
The theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics (hp) is a broad term for political theories and polices that are seen by their proponents as representing Marxism–Leninism adapted to Chinese circumstances and specific time periods.
The Socialist Autonomous Province of Kosovo (Социјалистичка Аутономна Покрајина Косово / Socijalistička Autonomna Pokrajina Kosovo, Krahina Socialiste Autonome e Kosovës; often abbreviated SAP Kosovo), comprising the Kosovo region, was one of the two autonomous provinces of Serbia within Yugoslavia (the other being Vojvodina), between 1945 and 1990, when it was renamed Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija.
The Socialist Autonomous Province of Vojvodina (Socijalistička Autonomna Pokrajina Vojvodina, Социјалистичка Аутономна Покрајина Војводина; often abbreviated SAP Vojvodina) was one of political entities formed in Yugoslavia after World War II and one of the two autonomous provinces of Serbia within Yugoslavia (the other being Kosovo), between 1945 and the breakup of Yugoslavia.
The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFR Yugoslavia or SFRY) was a socialist state led by the League of Communists of Yugoslavia, that existed from its foundation in the aftermath of World War II until its dissolution in 1992 amid the Yugoslav Wars.
Socialist Republic of Montenegro (Socijalistička republika Crna Gora/Социјалистичка република Црна Гора), was one of the 6 republics forming the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
The Socialist Republic of Romania (Republica Socialistă România, RSR) refers to Romania under Marxist-Leninist one-party Communist rule that existed officially from 1947 to 1989.
The Socialist Republic of Serbia (Serbo-Croatian: Социјалистичка Република Србија/Socijalistička Republika Srbija) was one of the six constitutional republics of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
Solidarity (Solidarność, pronounced; full name: Independent Self-governing Labour Union "Solidarity"—Niezależny Samorządny Związek Zawodowy „Solidarność”) is a Polish labour union that was founded on 17 September 1980 at the Lenin Shipyard under the leadership of Lech Wałęsa.
Sonic Youth was an American rock band based in New York City, formed in 1981.
Soundgarden is an American rock band formed in Seattle, Washington, in 1984 by singer and rhythm guitarist Chris Cornell, lead guitarist Kim Thayil, and bassist Hiro Yamamoto.
South African Airways Flight 295 was a commercial flight from Taiwan to South Africa.
The South African Border War, also known as the Namibian War of Independence, and sometimes denoted in South Africa as the Angolan Bush War, was a largely asymmetric conflict that occurred in Namibia (then South West Africa), Zambia, and Angola from 26 August 1966 to 21 March 1990.
South Asia or Southern Asia (also known as the Indian subcontinent) is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east.
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.
South Sudan, officially known as the Republic of South Sudan, is a landlocked country in East-Central Africa.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
The Soviet–Afghan War lasted over nine years, from December 1979 to February 1989.
The Space Shuttle was a partially reusable low Earth orbital spacecraft system operated by the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), as part of the Space Shuttle program.
Space Shuttle Challenger (Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-099) was the second orbiter of NASA's space shuttle program to be put into service, after ''Columbia''.
On January 28, 1986, the NASA shuttle orbiter mission STS-51-L and the tenth flight of (OV-99) broke apart 73 seconds into its flight, killing all seven crew members, which consisted of five NASA astronauts and two payload specialists.
Space Shuttle Columbia (Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-102) was the first space-rated orbiter in NASA's Space Shuttle fleet.
Space Shuttle Discovery (Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-103) is one of the orbiters from NASA's Space Shuttle program and the third of five fully operational orbiters to be built.
SS Admiral Nakhimov (Адмирал Нахимов), launched in March 1925 and originally named SS Berlin, was a passenger liner of the German Weimar Republic later converted to a hospital ship, then a Soviet passenger ship.
The Stanley Cup (La Coupe Stanley) is the championship trophy awarded annually to the National Hockey League (NHL) playoff winner.
Star Trek: The Next Generation (abbreviated as TNG and ST:TNG) is an American science-fiction television series in the Star Trek franchise created by Gene Roddenberry that ran from 1987 to 1994.
A stock market, equity market or share market is the aggregation of buyers and sellers (a loose network of economic transactions, not a physical facility or discrete entity) of stocks (also called shares), which represent ownership claims on businesses; these may include securities listed on a public stock exchange as well as those only traded privately.
A stock market crash is a sudden dramatic decline of stock prices across a significant cross-section of a stock market, resulting in a significant loss of paper wealth.
Straight edge (sometimes abbreviated sXe or signified by XXX or X) is a subculture of hardcore punk whose adherents refrain from using alcohol, tobacco and other recreational drugs, in reaction to the excesses of punk subculture.
The Strait of Hormuz (تنگه هرمز Tangeye Hormoz) is a strait between the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman.
Stranger Things is an American science fiction-horror web television series created, written, and directed by the Duffer Brothers.
STS-51-L was the 25th mission of the United States Space Shuttle program, and disastrous final mission of the Space Shuttle ''Challenger''.
The Sudan or Sudan (السودان as-Sūdān) also known as North Sudan since South Sudan's independence and officially the Republic of the Sudan (جمهورية السودان Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān), is a country in Northeast Africa.
Muhammad Suharto (also written Soeharto;, or Muhammad Soeharto; 8 June 1921 – 27 January 2008) was an Indonesian military leader and politician who served as the second President of Indonesia, holding the office for 31 years from the ousting of Sukarno in 1967 until his resignation in 1998.
Suicidal Tendencies (also referred to as S.T. or simply Suicidal) are an American crossover thrash band founded in 1980 in Venice, California by vocalist Mike Muir, who is the only remaining original member of the band.
Super Bowl XX was an American football game between the National Football Conference (NFC) champion Chicago Bears and the American Football Conference (AFC) champion New England Patriots to decide the National Football League (NFL) champion for the 1985 season.
Super Mario Bros. is a platform video game developed and published by Nintendo.
Super Mario Bros.
Super Mario Bros.
Supply-side economics is a macroeconomic theory arguing that economic growth can be most effectively created by lowering taxes and decreasing regulation.
Suriname (also spelled Surinam), officially known as the Republic of Suriname (Republiek Suriname), is a sovereign state on the northeastern Atlantic coast of South America.
Surrogacy is a method or agreement whereby a woman agrees to carry a pregnancy for another person or persons, who will become the newborn child's parent(s) after birth.
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
Michael Sylvester Gardenzio Stallone (born July 6, 1946) is an American actor, producer and filmmaker.
Synth-pop (short for synthesizer pop; also called techno-pop) is a subgenre of new wave music that first became prominent in the late 1970s and features the synthesizer as the dominant musical instrument.
A synthesizer (often abbreviated as synth, also spelled synthesiser) is an electronic musical instrument that generates electric signals that are converted to sound through instrument amplifiers and loudspeakers or headphones.
Synthwave (also called outrun, retrowave and futuresynth) is a genre of electronic music influenced by 1980s film soundtracks and video games.
Syria (سوريا), officially known as the Syrian Arab Republic (الجمهورية العربية السورية), is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest.
Tad (often styled as TAD) was an American grunge band from Seattle, Washington, formed in 1988 by Tad Doyle.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
Taxi is an American sitcom that originally aired on ABC from September 12, 1978 to May 6, 1982 and on NBC from September 30, 1982 to June 15, 1983.
The Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement (Movimiento Revolucionario Túpac Amaru, abbreviated MRTA) was a Peruvian radical group which started in the early 1980s.
Techno is a form of electronic dance music that emerged in Detroit, Michigan, in the United States during the mid-to-late 1980s.
Teen film is a film genre targeted at teenagers and young adults in which the plot is based upon the special interests of teenagers and young adults, such as coming of age, attempting to fit in, peer pressure, first love, rebellion, conflict with parents, teen angst or alienation.
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (initially known as Teenage Mutant Hero Turtles in some European countries due to controversy at the time, and retroactively also known as TMNT 1987 or just TMNT '87) is an American animated television series produced by the studio Murakami-Wolf-Swenson and the French company IDDH.
Television (TV) is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome (black and white), or in colour, and in two or three dimensions and sound.
Tenerife is the largest and most populated island of the seven Canary Islands.
Terms of Endearment is a 1983 American comedy-drama film adapted from Larry McMurtry's 1975 novel, directed, written, and produced by James L. Brooks, and starring Shirley MacLaine, Debra Winger, Jack Nicholson, Danny DeVito, Jeff Daniels, and John Lithgow.
Tetris (Тетрис) is a tile-matching puzzle video game, originally designed and programmed by Russian game designer Alexey Pajitnov.
Texas (Texas or Tejas) is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population.
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.
The A-Team is an American action-adventure television series that ran on NBC from 1983 to 1987 about former members of a fictitious United States Army Special Forces unit.
The Beatles were an English rock band formed in Liverpool in 1960.
The Blues Brothers are an American blues and soul revivalist band which was founded in 1978 by comedy actors Dan Aykroyd and John Belushi as part of a musical sketch on Saturday Night Live.
The Breakfast Club is a 1985 American comedy-drama film written, produced, and directed by John Hughes.
The Cosby Show is an American television sitcom starring Bill Cosby, which aired for eight seasons on NBC from September 20, 1984, until April 30, 1992.
The Criterion Collection, Inc. (or simply Criterion) is an American home video distribution company which focuses on licensing "important classic and contemporary films" and selling them to film aficionados.
The Dukes of Hazzard is an American action-comedy television series that aired on CBS from January 26, 1979, to February 8, 1985.
The Empire Strikes Back (also known as Star Wars: Episode V – The Empire Strikes Back) is a 1980 American epic space opera film directed by Irvin Kershner.
The Evil Dead is a 1981 American supernatural horror film written and directed by Sam Raimi and executive produced by Raimi and Bruce Campbell, who also stars alongside Ellen Sandweiss and Betsy Baker.
The Facts of Life is an American sitcom and a spin-off of Diff'rent Strokes that originally aired on NBC from August 24, 1979 to May 7, 1988, making it one of the longest-running sitcoms of the 1980s.
The Golden Girls is an American sitcom created by Susan Harris that originally aired on NBC from September 14, 1985, to May 9, 1992, with a total of 180 half-hour episodes spanning seven seasons.
The Hogan Family (originally titled Valerie, and later, Valerie's Family) is an American sitcom that aired on NBC from March 1, 1986, to May 7, 1990, and on CBS from September 15, 1990, until July 20, 1991.
The Incredible Hulk is an American television series based on the Marvel Comics character The Hulk.
The Jeffersons is an American sitcom that was broadcast on CBS from January 18, 1975, through July 2, 1985, lasting 11 seasons and a total of 253 episodes.
The Jesus and Mary Chain are a Scottish alternative rock band formed in East Kilbride in 1983.
The Judds were an American country music duo composed of Naomi Judd (born 1946) and her daughter Wynonna Judd (born in 1964).
The Last Emperor (L'ultimo imperatore) is a 1987 British-Italian epic biographical drama film about the life of Puyi, the last Emperor of China, whose autobiography was the basis for the screenplay written by Mark Peploe and Bernardo Bertolucci.
The Legend of Zelda is a high-fantasy action-adventure video game series created by Japanese game designers Shigeru Miyamoto and Takashi Tezuka.
The Living Daylights is a 1987 British spy film, the fifteenth entry in the ''James Bond'' film series produced by Eon Productions, and the first to star Timothy Dalton as the fictional MI6 agent James Bond.
The Love Boat is an American comedy television series set on a cruise ship, which aired on the ABC Television Network from May 5, 1977, until May 24, 1986; three-hour specials aired in 1986–87 and 1990.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Oak Ridge Boys are an American country and gospel vocal quartet.
The Raccoons is a Canadian animated series which was originally broadcast from 1985 to 1992, with three preceding television specials from its inception in 1980, and one direct to video special in 1984.
"The Reflex" is the eleventh single by Duran Duran, released worldwide on 16 April 1984.
The Replacements were an American rock band formed in Minneapolis, Minnesota in 1979.
The Simpsons is an American animated sitcom created by Matt Groening for the Fox Broadcasting Company.
The Smiths were an English rock band formed in Manchester in 1982.
The Smurfs (syndicated as Smurfs' Adventures) is an American-Belgian animated fantasy-comedy television series that aired on NBC from September 12, 1981, to December 2, 1989.
The Statler Brothers (sometimes referred to in country music circles as simply The Statlers) were an American country music, gospel, and vocal group.
The Stone Roses are an English rock band formed in Manchester in 1983.
The Sugarhill Gang is an American hip hop group.
The Terminator is a 1984 American science-fiction action film directed by James Cameron.
The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson is an American talk show hosted by Johnny Carson under the Tonight Show franchise from October 1, 1962 through May 22, 1992.
The Transformers is a half-hour American animated robot superhero television series which originally aired from September 17, 1984 to November 11, 1987.
The U-Men was an American rock band, formed in Seattle, Washington, in 1981 and active until 1989.
The Walt Disney Company, commonly known as Disney, is an American diversified multinational mass media and entertainment conglomerate, headquartered at the Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California.
The Wonder Years is an American coming-of-age comedy-drama television series created by Neal Marlens and Carol Black.
In the history of computer and video games, the third generation (sometimes referred to as the 8-bit era) began on July 15, 1983, with the Japanese release of both the Family Computer (referred to in Japan in the abbreviated form "Famicom", and later known as the Nintendo Entertainment System, or NES, in the rest of the world) and SG-1000.
The term "Third World" arose during the Cold War to define countries that remained non-aligned with either NATO or the Communist Bloc.
Thomas Isidore Noël Sankara (21 December 1949 – 15 October 1987) was a Burkinabé pro-people revolutionary, Marxist, pan-Africanist and President of Burkina Faso from 1983 to 1987.
Thompson Twins were a British pop band that formed in April 1977.
Three's Company is an American sitcom that aired for eight seasons on ABC from March 15, 1977, to September 18, 1984.
Thriller is the sixth studio album by American singer Michael Jackson, released on November 30, 1982, in the United States by Epic Records and internationally by CBS Records.
ThunderCats is an American animated television series that was produced by Rankin-Bass Animated Entertainment and Leisure Concepts debuting in 1985, based on the characters created by Ted "Tobin" Wolf.
The Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, commonly known in mainland China as the June Fourth Incident (六四事件), were student-led demonstrations in Beijing, the capital of the People's Republic of China, in 1989.
TILLING (Targeting Induced Local Lesions in Genomes) is a method in molecular biology that allows directed identification of mutations in a specific gene.
Sir Timothy John Berners-Lee (born 8 June 1955), also known as TimBL, is an English engineer and computer scientist, best known as the inventor of the World Wide Web.
James Timothy Hardin (December 23, 1941 – December 29, 1980) was an American folk musician and composer.
Timothy Leonard Dalton Leggett (born 21 March 1946) is an English actor.
Thomas Alexander Bailey (born 18 January 1956) is an English singer, songwriter, composer, multi-instrumentalist, and record producer.
Anthony Terrell Smith (born March 3, 1966), better known by his stage name Tone Loc (stylized as Tone Lōc), is an American rapper and actor.
Too Close for Comfort is an American sitcom that aired on ABC from November 11, 1980, to May 5, 1983, and in first-run syndication from April 7, 1984, to February 7, 1987.
Top Gun is a 1986 American action drama film directed by Tony Scott, and produced by Don Simpson and Jerry Bruckheimer, in association with Paramount Pictures.
Trapper John, M.D. is an American medical drama television series and spin-off of the film MASH (1970).
Tsui Hark (Từ Khắc, born 15 February 1950), born Tsui Man-kong, is a Vietnam-born Chinese film director, producer and screenwriter.
Tunis (تونس) is the capital and the largest city of Tunisia.
Tunisia (تونس; Berber: Tunes, ⵜⵓⵏⴻⵙ; Tunisie), officially the Republic of Tunisia, (الجمهورية التونسية) is a sovereign state in Northwest Africa, covering. Its northernmost point, Cape Angela, is the northernmost point on the African continent. It is bordered by Algeria to the west and southwest, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. Tunisia's population was estimated to be just under 11.93 million in 2016. Tunisia's name is derived from its capital city, Tunis, which is located on its northeast coast. Geographically, Tunisia contains the eastern end of the Atlas Mountains, and the northern reaches of the Sahara desert. Much of the rest of the country's land is fertile soil. Its of coastline include the African conjunction of the western and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Basin and, by means of the Sicilian Strait and Sardinian Channel, feature the African mainland's second and third nearest points to Europe after Gibraltar. Tunisia is a unitary semi-presidential representative democratic republic. It is considered to be the only full democracy in the Arab World. It has a high human development index. It has an association agreement with the European Union; is a member of La Francophonie, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Arab Maghreb Union, the Arab League, the OIC, the Greater Arab Free Trade Area, the Community of Sahel-Saharan States, the African Union, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Group of 77; and has obtained the status of major non-NATO ally of the United States. In addition, Tunisia is also a member state of the United Nations and a state party to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. Close relations with Europe in particular with France and with Italy have been forged through economic cooperation, privatisation and industrial modernization. In ancient times, Tunisia was primarily inhabited by Berbers. Phoenician immigration began in the 12th century BC; these immigrants founded Carthage. A major mercantile power and a military rival of the Roman Republic, Carthage was defeated by the Romans in 146 BC. The Romans, who would occupy Tunisia for most of the next eight hundred years, introduced Christianity and left architectural legacies like the El Djem amphitheater. After several attempts starting in 647, the Muslims conquered the whole of Tunisia by 697, followed by the Ottoman Empire between 1534 and 1574. The Ottomans held sway for over three hundred years. The French colonization of Tunisia occurred in 1881. Tunisia gained independence with Habib Bourguiba and declared the Tunisian Republic in 1957. In 2011, the Tunisian Revolution resulted in the overthrow of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, followed by parliamentary elections. The country voted for parliament again on 26 October 2014, and for President on 23 November 2014.
A turbine engine failure occurs when a turbine engine in an aircraft unexpectedly stops producing thrust or power production due to a malfunction other than fuel exhaustion, although the term "turbine engine failure" can also apply to failure of any turbine engine, such as ground-based turbines used in power plants, turbine-engined vessels (i.e. CODAG) and vehicles, etc.
The miners' strike of 1984–85 was a major industrial action to shut down the British coal industry in an attempt to prevent colliery closures.
Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.
The Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (Ukrainian SSR or UkrSSR or UkSSR; Украї́нська Радя́нська Соціалісти́чна Респу́бліка, Украї́нська РСР, УРСР; Украи́нская Сове́тская Социалисти́ческая Респу́блика, Украи́нская ССР, УССР; see "Name" section below), also known as the Soviet Ukraine, was one of the constituent republics of the Soviet Union from the Union's inception in 1922 to its breakup in 1991. The republic was governed by the Communist Party of Ukraine as a unitary one-party socialist soviet republic. The Ukrainian SSR was a founding member of the United Nations, although it was legally represented by the All-Union state in its affairs with countries outside of the Soviet Union. Upon the Soviet Union's dissolution and perestroika, the Ukrainian SSR was transformed into the modern nation-state and renamed itself to Ukraine. Throughout its 72-year history, the republic's borders changed many times, with a significant portion of what is now Western Ukraine being annexed by Soviet forces in 1939 from the Republic of Poland, and the addition of Zakarpattia in 1946. From the start, the eastern city of Kharkiv served as the republic's capital. However, in 1934, the seat of government was subsequently moved to the city of Kiev, Ukraine's historic capital. Kiev remained the capital for the rest of the Ukrainian SSR's existence, and remained the capital of independent Ukraine after the breakup of the Soviet Union. Geographically, the Ukrainian SSR was situated in Eastern Europe to the north of the Black Sea, bordered by the Soviet republics of Moldavia, Byelorussia, and the Russian SFSR. The Ukrainian SSR's border with Czechoslovakia formed the Soviet Union's western-most border point. According to the Soviet Census of 1989 the republic had a population of 51,706,746 inhabitants, which fell sharply after the breakup of the Soviet Union. For most of its existence, it ranked second only to the Russian SFSR in population, economic and political power.
Ultimate, originally known as Ultimate frisbee, is a non-contact team sport played with a flying disc (frisbee).
Ultrasound is sound waves with frequencies higher than the upper audible limit of human hearing.
Union Carbide Corporation is a wholly owned subsidiary (since 2001) of Dow Chemical Company.
The National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) (Portuguese: União Nacional para a Independência Total de Angola) is the second-largest political party in Angola.
United Airlines Flight 232 was a DC-10, registered as N1819U, that crash-landed at Sioux City, Iowa on July 19, 1989 after suffering catastrophic failure of its tail-mounted engine, which led to the loss of many flight controls.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
The United States invasion of Grenada was a 1983 invasion led by the United States of the Caribbean island nation of Grenada, which has a population of about 91,000 and is located north of Venezuela, that resulted in a U.S. victory within a matter of weeks.
US Airways (formerly known as USAir) was a major American airline that ceased to operate independently when the Federal Aviation Administration granted a single operating certificate (SOC) for US Airways and American Airlines on April 8, 2015.
Usenet is a worldwide distributed discussion system available on computers.
Uskoreniye (p; literally meaning acceleration) was a slogan and a policy announced by Communist Party General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev on 20 April 1985 at a Soviet Party Plenum, aimed at the acceleration of political, social and economic development of the Soviet Union.
USS Vincennes (CG-49) was a guided missile cruiser outfitted with the Aegis combat system that was in service with the United States Navy from July 1985 to June 2005.
Valley Girl is a 1983 American romantic comedy film directed by Martha Coolidge, and stars Nicolas Cage, Deborah Foreman, Michelle Meyrink, Elizabeth Daily, Cameron Dye and Michael Bowen.
Van Halen is an American hard rock band formed in Pasadena, California, in 1972.
Vanuatu (or; Bislama, French), officially the Republic of Vanuatu (République de Vanuatu, Bislama: Ripablik blong Vanuatu), is a Pacific island nation located in the South Pacific Ocean.
The Velvet Revolution (sametová revoluce) or Gentle Revolution (nežná revolúcia) was a non-violent transition of power in what was then Czechoslovakia, occurring from 17 November to 29 December 1989.
The Video Home System (VHS) is a standard for consumer-level analog video recording on tape cassettes.
The video game crash of 1983 (known as the Atari shock in Japan) was a large-scale recession in the video game industry that occurred from 1983 to 1985, primarily in North America, because of market saturation.
A videocassette recorder, VCR, or video recorder is an electromechanical device that records analog audio and analog video from broadcast television or other source on a removable, magnetic tape videocassette, and can play back the recording.
The Viking program consisted of a pair of American space probes sent to Mars, Viking 1 and Viking 2.
A virtuoso (from Italian virtuoso or, "virtuous", Late Latin virtuosus, Latin virtus, "virtue", "excellence", "skill", or "manliness") is an individual who possesses outstanding technical ability in a particular art or field such as fine arts, music, singing, playing a musical instrument, or composition.
Voltron: Defender of the Universe is an American animated television series that features a team of space explorers who pilot a giant Super Robot known as "Voltron".
Wadham College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom.
Walkman is a Sony brand tradename, originally used for portable audio cassette players from the late 1970s onwards.
War is a state of armed conflict between states, societies and informal groups, such as insurgents and militias.
War on Drugs is an American term usually applied to the U.S. federal government's campaign of prohibition of drugs, military aid, and military intervention, with the stated aim being to reduce the illegal drug trade.
Washington, officially the State of Washington, is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States.
The Washington Redskins are a professional American football team based in the Washington metropolitan area.
Waylon Arnold Jennings (pronounced; June 15, 1937 – February 13, 2002) was an American singer, songwriter, and musician.
Wayne Douglas Gretzky (born January 26, 1961) is a Canadian former professional ice hockey player and former head coach.
Weird Science is a 1985 American teen comic science fiction film written and directed by John Hughes and starring Anthony Michael Hall, Ilan Mitchell-Smith, and Kelly LeBrock.
The West Bank (الضفة الغربية; הגדה המערבית, HaGadah HaMa'aravit) is a landlocked territory near the Mediterranean coast of Western Asia, the bulk of it now under Israeli control, or else under joint Israeli-Palestinian Authority control.
West Germany is the common English name for the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG; Bundesrepublik Deutschland, BRD) in the period between its creation on 23 May 1949 and German reunification on 3 October 1990.
Western Europe is the region comprising the western part of Europe.
"When Doves Cry" is a song by American musician Prince, and the lead single from his 1984 album Purple Rain.
Whitney Elizabeth Houston (August 9, 1963 – February 11, 2012) was an American singer and actress.
Who Framed Roger Rabbit is a 1988 American live-action/animated fantasy film directed by Robert Zemeckis, produced by Frank Marshall and Robert Watts, and written by Jeffrey Price and Peter S. Seaman.
Who's the Boss? is an American sitcom created by Martin Cohan and Blake Hunter, which aired on ABC from September 20, 1984, to April 25, 1992.
Wilfried Achiel Emma Martens (19 April 1936 – 9 October 2013) was a Flemish Belgian politician.
William Richard Tolbert Jr. (13 May 1913 – 12 April 1980) was the 20th President of Liberia from 1971 until 1980, when he was killed in a coup d'état led by Samuel Doe.
Willie Hugh Nelson (born April 29, 1933) is an American musician, singer, songwriter, author, poet, actor, and activist.
WKRP in Cincinnati is an American sitcom that featured the misadventures of the staff of a struggling fictional radio station in Cincinnati, Ohio.
Wojciech Witold Jaruzelski (6 July 1923 – 25 May 2014) was a Polish military officer and politician.
The World Bank (Banque mondiale) is an international financial institution that provides loans to countries of the world for capital projects.
The World Wide Web (abbreviated WWW or the Web) is an information space where documents and other web resources are identified by Uniform Resource Locators (URLs), interlinked by hypertext links, and accessible via the Internet.
WrestleMania is a professional wrestling event produced annually between mid-March to early April by WWE, an American professional wrestling promotion based in Stamford, Connecticut.
WrestleMania 32 was the thirty-second annual WrestleMania professional wrestling pay-per-view (PPV) event and WWE Network event produced by WWE.
WrestleMania III was the third annual WrestleMania professional wrestling pay-per-view (PPV) event produced by the World Wrestling Federation (WWF).
World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc., d/b/a WWE, is an American integrated media and entertainment company that primarily is known for professional wrestling.
XTC were an English rock band formed in Swindon in 1972 and active until 2006.
The Yamaha DX7 is an FM synthesis-based digital synthesizer and electronic keyboard manufactured by the Yamaha Corporation from 1983 to 1989.
is a Japanese politician who served as Prime Minister of Japan from 27 November 1982 to 6 November 1987.
Yitzhak Shamir (יצחק שמיר,; born Yitzhak Yezernitsky; October 22, 1915 – June 30, 2012) was an Israeli politician and the seventh Prime Minister of Israel, serving two terms, 1983–84 and 1986–1992.
Yngwie Johan Malmsteen (born Lars Johan Yngve Lannerbäck; 30 June 1963) is a Swedish guitarist and bandleader.
Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija/Југославија; Jugoslavija; Југославија; Pannonian Rusyn: Югославия, transcr. Juhoslavija)Jugosllavia; Jugoszlávia; Juhoslávia; Iugoslavia; Jugoslávie; Iugoslavia; Yugoslavya; Югославия, transcr. Jugoslavija.
Yuri Vladimirovich Andropov (p; – 9 February 1984) was a Soviet politician and the fourth General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
Zambia, officially the Republic of Zambia, is a landlocked country in south-central Africa, (although some sources prefer to consider it part of the region of east Africa) neighbouring the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia to the south, and Angola to the west.
The Zastava Koral (Застава Корал), also marketed as the Yugo, was a front-engine, front-wheel drive, four-door hatchback supermini manufactured by Zastava Automobiles, at the time a Yugoslav corporation.
Zimbabwe, officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers, bordered by South Africa, Botswana, Zambia and Mozambique. The capital and largest city is Harare. A country of roughly million people, Zimbabwe has 16 official languages, with English, Shona, and Ndebele the most commonly used. Since the 11th century, present-day Zimbabwe has been the site of several organised states and kingdoms as well as a major route for migration and trade. The British South Africa Company of Cecil Rhodes first demarcated the present territory during the 1890s; it became the self-governing British colony of Southern Rhodesia in 1923. In 1965, the conservative white minority government unilaterally declared independence as Rhodesia. The state endured international isolation and a 15-year guerrilla war with black nationalist forces; this culminated in a peace agreement that established universal enfranchisement and de jure sovereignty as Zimbabwe in April 1980. Zimbabwe then joined the Commonwealth of Nations, from which it was suspended in 2002 for breaches of international law by its then government and from which it withdrew from in December 2003. It is a member of the United Nations, the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU), and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA). It was once known as the "Jewel of Africa" for its prosperity. Robert Mugabe became Prime Minister of Zimbabwe in 1980, when his ZANU-PF party won the elections following the end of white minority rule; he was the President of Zimbabwe from 1987 until his resignation in 2017. Under Mugabe's authoritarian regime, the state security apparatus dominated the country and was responsible for widespread human rights violations. Mugabe maintained the revolutionary socialist rhetoric of the Cold War era, blaming Zimbabwe's economic woes on conspiring Western capitalist countries. Contemporary African political leaders were reluctant to criticise Mugabe, who was burnished by his anti-imperialist credentials, though Archbishop Desmond Tutu called him "a cartoon figure of an archetypal African dictator". The country has been in economic decline since the 1990s, experiencing several crashes and hyperinflation along the way. On 15 November 2017, in the wake of over a year of protests against his government as well as Zimbabwe's rapidly declining economy, Mugabe was placed under house arrest by the country's national army in a coup d'état. On 19 November 2017, ZANU-PF sacked Robert Mugabe as party leader and appointed former Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa in his place. On 21 November 2017, Mugabe tendered his resignation prior to impeachment proceedings being completed.
The ZX Spectrum is an 8-bit personal home computer released in the United Kingdom in 1982 by Sinclair Research.
The 1926 general strike in the United Kingdom was a general strike that lasted 9 days, from 3 May 1926 to 12 May 1926.
Fashion in the 1970s was about individuality.
The 1979–80 NHL season was the 63rd season of the National Hockey League.
The 1980 Stanley Cup Finals was contested by the New York Islanders in their first-ever Finals appearance and the Philadelphia Flyers, in their fourth Finals appearance, first since 1976.
The 1980 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXII Olympiad (r), was an international multi-sport event held in Moscow, Soviet Union, in present-day Russia.
The 1980 Summer Olympics boycott was one part of a number of actions initiated by the United States to protest the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.
The Surinamese coup d'état of 1980, usually referred to as the Sergeants' Coup (Dutch: De Sergeantencoup), occurred on 25 February 1980, when a group of 16 sergeants (Dutch: groep van zestien) led by Dési Bouterse overthrew the government of Prime Minister Henck Arron with a violent coup d'état.
The 1980 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XIII Olympic Winter Games (French: Les XIIIes Jeux olympiques d'hiver), was a multi-sport event which was celebrated from February 13, through February 24, 1980, in Lake Placid, New York.
This article includes an overview of the major events and trends in popular music in the 1980s.
The second decade in the industry's history was decade of highs and lows for video games.
1980s fashion in Britain, America, Europe and Australia had heavy emphasis on expensive clothes and fashion accessories.
The 1981 Stanley Cup Finals was contested by the Minnesota North Stars, making their first Finals appearance, and the defending champion New York Islanders, in their second Finals appearance.
The 1982 Lebanon War, dubbed Operation Peace for Galilee (מבצע שלום הגליל, or מבצע של"ג Mivtsa Shlom HaGalil or Mivtsa Sheleg) by the Israeli government, later known in Israel as the Lebanon War or the First Lebanon War (מלחמת לבנון הראשונה, Milhemet Levanon Harishona), and known in Lebanon as "the invasion" (الاجتياح, Al-ijtiyāḥ), began on 6 June 1982, when the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) invaded southern Lebanon, after repeated attacks and counter-attacks between the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) operating in southern Lebanon and the IDF that had caused civilian casualties on both sides of the border.
The 1982 Stanley Cup Finals was played between the Vancouver Canucks in their first Finals appearance and the defending champion New York Islanders, in their third Finals appearance.
The year 1983 saw both the official beginning of the Internet and the first mobile cellular telephone call.
The 1983 Beirut barracks bombing was a suicide attack that occurred on October 23, 1983, in Beirut, Lebanon, during the Lebanese Civil War.
The 1983 Stanley Cup Finals was contested by the Edmonton Oilers in their first-ever Finals appearance and the defending champion New York Islanders, in their fourth, and fourth consecutive, Finals appearance.
A widespread famine affected Ethiopia from 1983 to 1985.
The 1984 anti-Sikh riots, also known as the 1984 Sikh Massacre, was a series of organised pogroms against Sikhs in India by anti-Sikh mobs (notably Congress Party members and temporarily released convicts) in response to the assassination of Indira Gandhi by her Sikh bodyguards.
The 1984 NBA Finals, also known as Showdown '84, was the championship round of the National Basketball Association (NBA)'s 1983–84 season, and the culmination of the season's playoffs.
The 1984 Stanley Cup Final was held between the Edmonton Oilers and the then-defending champion New York Islanders.
The 1984 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXIII Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event that was held from July 28 to August 12, 1984, in Los Angeles (LA), California, United States.
The 1984 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XIV Olympic Winter Games (XIVes Jeux olympiques d'hiver; XIV. / XIV Зимске олимпијске игре; XIV Зимски олимписки игри), was a winter multi-sport event which took place from 8–19 February 1984 in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina, SFR Yugoslavia.
The year 1985 was designated as the International Youth Year by the United Nations.
The 1985 Chicago Bears season was their 66th regular season and 16th post-season completed in the National Football League (NFL).
The 1985 NBA World Championship Series was the championship round of the National Basketball Association (NBA)'s 1984–85 season, and the culmination of the season's playoffs.
The Rome and Vienna airport attacks were two major terrorist attacks carried out on 27 December 1985.
The 1985 Stanley Cup Finals was played between the defending champion Edmonton Oilers, in their third straight Finals appearance, and the Philadelphia Flyers.
The year 1986 was designated as the International Year of Peace by the United Nations.
The 1986 Cerritos midair collision was a plane crash that occurred over the Los Angeles suburb of Cerritos, California, on Sunday, August 31, 1986.
The 1986 NBA Finals was the championship round of the National Basketball Association (NBA)'s 1985–86 season, and the culmination of the season's playoffs.
The 1986 United States bombing of Libya, code-named Operation El Dorado Canyon, comprised air strikes by the United States against Libya on Tuesday, 15 April 1986.
The Fiji coups of 1987 resulted in the overthrow of the elected government of Fijian Prime Minister Timoci Bavadra, the deposition of Elizabeth II as Queen of Fiji, and in the declaration of a republic.
The 1987 NBA Finals was the championship round of the National Basketball Association (NBA)'s 1986–87 season, and the culmination of the season's playoffs.
The 1987 Stanley Cup Finals was played between the Edmonton Oilers and the Philadelphia Flyers.
In the 20th century, the year 1988 has the most Roman numeral digits (11).
The 1988 Armenian earthquake, also known as the Spitak earthquake (Սպիտակի երկրաշարժ Spitaki yerkrašarž), occurred on December 7 at with a surface wave magnitude of 6.8 and a maximum MSK intensity of X (Devastating).
The 1988 Stanley Cup Finals was between the Edmonton Oilers and Boston Bruins.
The 1988 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXIV Olympiad (Korean), were an international multi-sport event celebrated from 17 September to 2 October 1988 in Seoul, South Korea.
The 1988 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XV Olympic Winter Games (Les XVes Jeux olympiques d'hiver), was a Winter Olympics multi-sport event celebrated in and around Calgary, Alberta, Canada, between February 13 and 28, 1988 and were the first Winter Olympics to be held over a whole two week period.
The North American Drought of 1988 ranks among the worst episodes of drought in the United States.
1989 was a turning point in political history because a wave of revolutions swept the Eastern Bloc in Europe, starting in Poland and Hungary, with experiments in power sharing, coming to a head with the opening of the Berlin Wall in November, and the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia, embracing the overthrow of the communist dictatorship in Romania in December, and ending in December 1991 with the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
The 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake occurred in Northern California on October 17 at local time (1989-10-18 00:04 UTC).
The 1989 World Series was the 86th edition of Major League Baseball's championship series, and the conclusion of the 1989 Major League Baseball season.
The 1990s (pronounced "nineteen-nineties" and abbreviated as the "Nineties") was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 1990, and ended on December 31, 1999.
The 1991 Soviet coup d'état attempt, also known as the August Coup (r "August Putsch"), was an attempt by members of the Soviet Union's government to take control of the country from Soviet President and General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev.
1999 is the fifth studio album by American recording artist Prince.
The 2 Live Crew is an American hip-hop group from Miami, Florida.
Year 227 (CCXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
227 is an American sitcom that originally aired on NBC from September 14, 1985 to May 6, 1990.
The 24th Annual Grammy Awards were held on February 24, 1982, at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles, and were broadcast live on American television.