210 relations: Adolf Hitler, Adriatic Sea, Airborne forces, Airspeed Horsa, Alexander Stanier, Allied invasion of Italy, Allied invasion of Sicily, Allies of World War II, Amphibious warfare, Antwerp, Apulia, Army Air Corps (United Kingdom), Arnhem, Battle of Arnhem, Battle of France, Border Regiment, Boulogne-sur-Mer, Brest, France, Brian Horrocks, Brigade, Brigadier (United Kingdom), Brindisi, British airborne operations in North Africa, British Army, British Army during the Second World War, British Raj, Caen – Carpiquet Airport, Calabria, Chemical plant, Chiefs of Staff Committee, Code name, Combined Operations Headquarters, Commando Order, Commandos (United Kingdom), Company (military unit), Division (military), Dundurn Press, Durham Light Infantry, Eighth Army (United Kingdom), England, Ernest Down, Essex Regiment, First Allied Airborne Army, First Canadian Army, Focke-Wulf Fw 200 Condor, Foggia, Franz Böhme, Frederick Browning, Garrison, General (United Kingdom), ..., General Aircraft Hotspur, General Aircraft Limited, General officer commanding, George F. Hopkinson, Gerald Lathbury, German Instrument of Surrender, German nuclear weapon project, Glider infantry, Glider Pilot Regiment, Grave, Netherlands, Haakon VII of Norway, Handley Page Halifax, Harold Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis, Heavy water, I Airborne Corps (United Kingdom), Imperial War Museum, Infantry, Intelligence Corps (United Kingdom), Invasion of Normandy, John Frost (British Army officer), John Frost Bridge, Landing craft, Lieutenant-general (United Kingdom), Line infantry, List of British divisions in World War II, Major, Major-general (United Kingdom), Manchester, Marshall Cavendish, Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania, Mediterranean and Middle East theatre of World War II, Mediterranean Sea, Meucon Airport, Meuse, Michael Joseph (publisher), Military glider, Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom), Morlaix, Motor Gun Boat, Mountain warfare, Nederrijn, Nijmegen, No. 1 Parachute Training School RAF, No. 2 Commando, No. 295 Squadron RAF, Normandy landings, Norsk Hydro, North African Campaign, Nuclear reactor, Office of Public Sector Information, Operation Baytown, Operation Berlin (Arnhem), Operation Biting, Operation Colossus, Operation Doomsday, Operation Freshman, Operation Fustian, Operation Ladbroke, Operation Market Garden, Operation Slapstick, Operation Torch, Operation Turkey Buzzard, Orléans, Oslo, Osprey Publishing, Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry, Panzer division, Parachute Regiment (United Kingdom), Paratrooper, Pen and Sword Books, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders, RAF Ringway, Rhine, Richard Gale (British Army officer), Rouen, Roy Urquhart, Royal Air Force, Royal Army Service Corps, Royal Artillery, Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers, Royal Engineers, Royal Military Police, Royal Navy, Royal Ulster Rifles, Royal Warwickshire Regiment, Royal Welch Fusiliers, Rural–urban fringe, Saint-Arnoult-en-Yvelines, Saint-Jouin-Bruneval, Saint-Malo, Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte, Salerno, Sapper, Scheldt, Seine, Sicily, Simeto, Somerset Light Infantry, South Staffordshire Regiment, Stackpole Books, Stavanger, Syracuse, Sicily, Taranto, The Daily Telegraph, The History Press, Transworld Publishers, Tunisia, Tunisian Campaign, United States Army Central, V-1 flying bomb, Vemork, Victor Gollancz Ltd, Victory in Europe Day, Waal (river), Waco CG-4, War Office, Würzburg radar, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, William Blackwood, Winston Churchill, World War II, XIII Corps (United Kingdom), XX Corps (United States), XXX Corps (United Kingdom), 101st Airborne Division, 10th Parachute Battalion (United Kingdom), 10th SS Panzer Division Frundsberg, 11th Parachute Battalion (United Kingdom), 156th Parachute Battalion (United Kingdom), 1st Airborne Division (United Kingdom), 1st Airlanding Brigade (United Kingdom), 1st Airlanding Light Regiment, 1st Battalion, Parachute Regiment, 1st Independent Parachute Brigade (Poland), 1st Parachute Brigade (United Kingdom), 1st Parachute Division (Germany), 1st Somersetshire Engineers, 21st Army Group, 2nd Battalion, Parachute Regiment, 2nd Parachute Brigade (United Kingdom), 31st Brigade (United Kingdom), 3rd Battalion, Parachute Regiment, 3rd Parachute Brigade (United Kingdom), 44th Airborne Division (India), 4th Battalion, Parachute Regiment, 4th Parachute Brigade (United Kingdom), 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division, 52nd (Lowland) Infantry Division, 5th (Scottish) Parachute Battalion, 6th (Royal Welch) Parachute Battalion, 6th Airborne Division (United Kingdom), 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 7th (Light Infantry) Parachute Battalion, 82nd Airborne Division, 8th (Midlands) Parachute Battalion, 8th Infantry Division (India), 9 Parachute Squadron RE, 9th (Eastern and Home Counties) Parachute Battalion, 9th SS Panzer Division Hohenstaufen. Expand index (160 more) » « Shrink index
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
The Adriatic Sea is a body of water separating the Italian Peninsula from the Balkan peninsula.
Airborne Military parachuting or gliding form of inserting personnel or supplies.
The Airspeed AS.51 Horsa was a British troop-carrying glider used during the Second World War.
Brigadier Sir Alexander Beville Gibbons Stanier, 2nd Baronet of Peplow Hall DSO & Bar, MC (31 January 1899 – 10 January 1995) was a British Army officer who fought in World War I and World War II, particularly distinguished for his actions at Boulogne in 1940, on D-Day in 1944, and in the Rhineland in 1944.
The Allied invasion of Italy was the Allied amphibious landing on mainland Italy that took place on 3 September 1943 during the early stages of the Italian Campaign of World War II.
The Allied invasion of Sicily, codenamed Operation Husky, was a major campaign of World War II, in which the Allies took the island of Sicily from the Axis powers (Italy and Nazi Germany).
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
Amphibious warfare is a type of offensive military operation that today uses naval ships to project ground and air power onto a hostile or potentially hostile shore at a designated landing beach.
Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.
Apulia (Puglia; Pùglia; Pulia; translit) is a region of Italy in Southern Italy bordering the Adriatic Sea to the east, the Ionian Sea to the southeast, and the Strait of Òtranto and Gulf of Taranto to the south.
The Army Air Corps (AAC) is a component of the British Army, first formed in 1942 during the Second World War by grouping the various airborne units of the British Army (which are no longer part of the AAC).
Arnhem (or; Arnheim, Frisian: Arnhim, South Guelderish: Èrnem) is a city and municipality situated in the eastern part of the Netherlands.
The Battle of Arnhem was a major battle of the Second World War fought in and around the Dutch towns of Arnhem, Oosterbeek, Wolfheze, Driel and the surrounding countryside from 17–26 September 1944.
The Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries during the Second World War.
The Border Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, which was formed in 1881 under the Childers Reforms by the amalgamation of the 34th (Cumberland) Regiment of Foot and the 55th (Westmorland) Regiment of Foot.
Boulogne-sur-Mer, often called Boulogne (Latin: Gesoriacum or Bononia, Boulonne-su-Mér, Bonen), is a coastal city in Northern France.
Brest is a city in the Finistère département in Brittany.
Lieutenant-General Sir Brian Gwynne Horrocks, (7 September 1895 – 4 January 1985) was a British Army officer, chiefly remembered as the commander of XXX Corps in Operation Market Garden and other operations during the Second World War.
A brigade is a major tactical military formation that is typically composed of three to six battalions plus supporting elements.
Brigadier (Brig) is a senior rank in the British Army and the Royal Marines.
Brindisi (Brindisino: Brìnnisi; Brundisium; translit; Brunda) is a city in the region of Apulia in southern Italy, the capital of the province of Brindisi, on the coast of the Adriatic Sea.
The British airborne operations in North Africa were conducted by British paratroopers of the 1st Parachute Brigade, commanded by Brigadier Edwin Flavell, as part of the Tunisian Campaign of World War II, over the period between November 1942 and April 1943.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
The British Army was, in 1939, a volunteer army, that introduced limited conscription in early 1939, and full conscription shortly after the declaration of war with Germany.
The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.
Caen – Carpiquet Airport (French: Aéroport de Caen - Carpiquet) is a civil airport located in Carpiquet, 6 km west of Caen, both communes of the Calvados département in the Normandy (formerly Lower Normandy) region of France.
Calabria (Calàbbria in Calabrian; Calavría in Calabrian Greek; Καλαβρία in Greek; Kalavrì in Arbëresh/Albanian), known in antiquity as Bruttium, is a region in Southern Italy.
A chemical plant is an industrial process plant that manufactures (or otherwise processes) chemicals, usually on a large scale.
The Chiefs of Staff Committee (CSC) is composed of the most senior military personnel in the British Armed Forces who advise on operational military matters and the preparation and conduct of military operations.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
A code name or cryptonym is a word or name used, sometimes clandestinely, to refer to another name, word, project or person.
Combined Operations Headquarters was a department of the British War Office set up during Second World War to harass the Germans on the European continent by means of raids carried out by use of combined naval and army forces.
The Commando Order was issued by the OKW, the High Command of the German armed forces, on 18 October 1942 stating that all Allied commandos encountered in Europe and Africa should be killed immediately without trial, even if in proper uniforms or if they attempted to surrender.
The Commandos also known as British Commandos were formed during the Second World War in June 1940, following a request from the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Winston Churchill, for a force that could carry out raids against German-occupied Europe.
A company is a military unit, typically consisting of 80–150 soldiers and usually commanded by a major or a captain.
A division is a large military unit or formation, usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers.
Dundurn Press is the largest Canadian-owned book publishing company of adult and children’s fiction and non-fiction in Canada.
The Durham Light Infantry (DLI) was a light infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 to 1968.
The Eighth Army was a field army formation of the British Army during the Second World War, fighting in the North African and Italian campaigns.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
Lieutenant-General Sir Ernest Edward Down KBE CB (1902–1980) was a senior officer of the British Army, who saw active service during World War II.
The Essex Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 to 1958.
The First Allied Airborne Army was an Allied formation formed on 2 August 1944 by the order of General Dwight D. Eisenhower, the Supreme Allied Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force.
The First Canadian Army (1reArmée canadienne) was a field army and the senior formation of the Canadian Army that served on the Western Front from July 1944 until May 1945 during the Second World War.
The Focke-Wulf Fw 200 Condor, also known as Kurier to the Allies, was a German all-metal four-engined monoplane originally developed by Focke-Wulf as a long-range airliner.
Foggia (Foggiano: Fògge) is a city and comune of Apulia, in southern Italy, capital of the province of Foggia.
Franz Friedrich Böhme (15 April 1885 – 29 May 1947) was an Austrian general in the Wehrmacht during World War II, serving as Commander of the XVIII Mountain Corps, Hitler's Plenipotentiary Commanding General (Bevollmächtigter Kommandierender General) in the Balkans, and commander-in-chief in German-occupied Norway during World War II.
Lieutenant-General Sir Frederick Arthur Montague "Boy" Browning, (20 December 1896 – 14 March 1965) was a senior officer of the British Army who has been called the "father of the British airborne forces".
Garrison (various spellings) (from the French garnison, itself from the verb garnir, "to equip") is the collective term for a body of troops stationed in a particular location, originally to guard it, but now often simply using it as a home base.
General (or full general to distinguish it from the lower general officer ranks) is the highest rank currently achievable by serving officers of the British Army.
The General Aircraft GAL.48 Hotspur was a military glider designed and built by the British company General Aircraft Ltd during World War II.
General Aircraft Limited was a British aircraft manufacturer from its formation in 1931 to amalgamation with Blackburn Aircraft in 1949 to become Blackburn and General.
The General Officer Commanding (GOC) is the usual title given in the armies of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth (and some other, such as in Ireland) nations to a General Officer who holds a command appointment.
Major General George Frederick Hopkinson OBE MC (14 December 1895 – 9 September 1943) was a senior British Army officer who commanded the 1st Airborne Division during World War II, where he was killed in action in Italy.
General Sir Gerald William Lathbury, (14 July 1906 – 16 May 1978) was a senior British Army officer who fought during the Second World War, serving with distinction with the British Army's airborne forces, commanding the 1st Parachute Brigade in Sicily, Italy and Holland.
The German Instrument of Surrender ended World War II in Europe.
The German nuclear weapon project (Uranprojekt; informally known as the Uranverein; Uranium Society or Uranium Club) was a scientific effort led by Germany to develop and produce nuclear weapons during World War II.
Glider infantry (also referred to as airlanding infantry esp. in British usage) was a type of airborne infantry in which soldiers and their equipment were inserted into enemy-controlled territory via military glider rather than parachute.
The Glider Pilot Regiment was a British airborne forces unit of the Second World War, which was responsible for crewing the British Army's military gliders and saw action in the European theatre in support of Allied airborne operations.
Grave (formerly De Graaf) is a municipality in the Dutch province North Brabant.
Haakon VII (born Christian Frederik Carl Georg Valdemar Axel; 3 August 187221 September 1957), known as Prince Carl of Denmark until 1905, was a Danish prince who became the first king of Norway after the 1905 dissolution of the union with Sweden.
The Handley Page Halifax was a Royal Air Force (RAF) four-engined heavy bomber of the Second World War.
Field Marshal Harold Rupert Leofric George Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis, (10 December 1891 – 16 June 1969) was a senior British Army officer who served with distinction in both the First World War and the Second World War and, afterwards, as Governor General of Canada, the 17th since Canadian Confederation.
Heavy water (deuterium oxide) is a form of water that contains a larger than normal amount of the hydrogen isotope deuterium (or D, also known as heavy hydrogen), rather than the common hydrogen-1 isotope (or H, also called protium) that makes up most of the hydrogen in normal water.
The I Airborne Corps was an airborne forces corps raised by the British Army during the Second World War.
Imperial War Museums (IWM) is a British national museum organisation with branches at five locations in England, three of which are in London.
Infantry is the branch of an army that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and tank forces.
The Intelligence Corps (Int Corps) is a corps of the British Army.
The Western Allies of World War II launched the largest amphibious invasion in history when they assaulted Normandy, located on the northern coast of France, on 6 June 1944.
Major General John Dutton (Johnny) Frost CB, DSO & Bar, MC, DL (31 December 1912 – 21 May 1993) was an airborne officer of the British Army best known for being the leader of the small group of British airborne troops that actually arrived at Arnhem bridge during the Battle of Arnhem in Operation Market Garden, in World War II.
John Frost Bridge (John Frostbrug in Dutch) is the road bridge over the Lower Rhine at Arnhem, in the Netherlands.
Landing craft are small and medium seagoing vessels such as boats, and barges, used to convey a landing force (infantry and vehicles) from the sea to the shore during an amphibious assault.
Lieutenant general (Lt Gen), formerly more commonly lieutenant-general, is a senior rank in the British Army and the Royal Marines.
Line infantry was the type of infantry that composed the basis of European land armies from the middle of the 17th century to the middle of the 19th century.
This page is a list of British Army divisions that existed in World War II.
Major is a military rank of commissioned officer status, with corresponding ranks existing in many military forces throughout the world.
Major general (Maj Gen), is a "two-star" rank in the British Army and Royal Marines.
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 530,300.
Marshall Cavendish is a subsidiary company of Times Publishing Group, the printing and publishing subsidiary of Singapore-based conglomerate Fraser and Neave (which in turn currently owned by ThaiBev) and at present is a publisher of books, business directories and magazines.
Mechanicsburg is a borough in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, United States, west of Harrisburg.
The Mediterranean and Middle East Theatre was a major theatre of operations during the Second World War.
The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa and on the east by the Levant.
Vannes Airport (aéroport de Vannes-Golfe du Morbihan) is a regional airport in France.
The Meuse (la Meuse; Walloon: Moûze) or Maas (Maas; Maos or Maas) is a major European river, rising in France and flowing through Belgium and the Netherlands before draining into the North Sea.
Michael Joseph (26 September 1897 – 15 March 1958) was a British publisher and writer.
Military gliders (an offshoot of common gliders) have been used by the military of various countries for carrying troops (glider infantry) and heavy equipment to a combat zone, mainly during the Second World War.
The Ministry of Defence (MoD or MOD) is the British government department responsible for implementing the defence policy set by Her Majesty's Government and is the headquarters of the British Armed Forces.
Morlaix (Montroulez) is a commune in the Finistère department of Brittany in northwestern France.
Motor Gun Boat (MGB) was a Royal Navy term for a small military vessel of the Second World War.
Mountain warfare refers to warfare in the mountains or similarly rough terrain.
Course of the Nederrijn Nederrijn ("Nether Rhine"; not to be confused with the section called Lower Rhine further upstream) is the name of the Dutch part of the Rhine from the confluence at the town of Angeren of the cut-off Rhine bend of Oude Rijn and the Pannerdens Kanaal (which was dug to form the new connection between the Waal and Nederrijn branches).
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
Nijmegen (Nijmeegs: Nimwegen), historically anglicized as Nimeguen, is a municipality and a city in the Dutch province of Gelderland.
No.1 Parachute Training School RAF (No.1 PTS) is a Royal Air Force training unit that was initially based at RAF Ringway, now Manchester Airport and is currently based at RAF Brize Norton.
No 295 Squadron RAF was an airborne forces and transport squadron of the Royal Air Force during World War II.
The Normandy landings were the landing operations on Tuesday, 6 June 1944 of the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord during World War II.
Norsk Hydro ASA (often referred to as just Hydro) is a Norwegian aluminium and renewable energy company, headquartered in Oslo.
The North African Campaign of the Second World War took place in North Africa from 10 June 1940 to 13 May 1943.
A nuclear reactor, formerly known as an atomic pile, is a device used to initiate and control a self-sustained nuclear chain reaction.
The Office of Public Sector Information (OPSI) is the body responsible for the operation of Her Majesty's Stationery Office (HMSO) and of other public information services of the United Kingdom.
Operation Baytown was an Allied amphibious landing on the mainland of Italy that took place on 3 September 1943, part of the Allied invasion of Italy, itself part of the Italian Campaign, during the Second World War.
Operation Berlin (25–26 September 1944) was a night-time evacuation of the remnants of the beleaguered British 1st Airborne Division, trapped in German occupied territory north of the Lower Rhine in the Netherlands during Operation Market Garden in the Second World War.
Operation Biting, also known as the Bruneval Raid, was the code name given to a British Combined Operations raid on a German coastal radar installation at Bruneval in northern France, which took place on the night of 27–28 February 1942 during World War II.
Operation Colossus was the codename given to the first airborne operation undertaken by the British military, which occurred on 10 February 1941 during World War II.
In Operation Doomsday, the British 1st Airborne Division acted as a police and military force during the Allied occupation of Norway in May 1945, immediately after the victory in Europe during the Second World War.
Operation Freshman was the codename given to a British airborne operation conducted in November 1942 during World War II.
Operation Fustian was an airborne forces operation undertaken during the Allied invasion of Sicily in July 1943 in the Second World War.
Operation Ladbroke was a glider landing by British airborne troops during the Second World War near Syracuse, Sicily, that began on 9 July 1943 as part of Operation Husky, the Allied invasion of Sicily.
Operation Market Garden (17–25 September 1944) was an unsuccessful Allied military operation planned, and predominantly led, by the British.
Operation Slapstick was the code name for a British landing from the sea at the Italian port of Taranto during the Second World War.
Operation Torch (8–16 November 1942, formerly Operation Gymnast) was a Anglo–American invasion of French North Africa, during the North African Campaign of the Second World War.
Operation Turkey Buzzard, also known as Operation Beggar, was a British supply mission to North Africa that took place between March and August 1943, during the Second World War.
Orléans is a prefecture and commune in north-central France, about 111 kilometres (69 miles) southwest of Paris.
Oslo (rarely) is the capital and most populous city of Norway.
Osprey Publishing is an Oxford-based publishing company specializing in military history.
The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry was a light infantry regiment of the British Army that existed from 1881 until 1958, serving in the Second Boer War, World War I and World War II.
A panzer division is one of the armored (tank) divisions in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II.
The Parachute Regiment, colloquially known as the Paras, is an elite airborne infantry regiment of the British Army.
Paratroopers are military parachutists—military personnel trained in parachuting into an operation and usually functioning as part of an airborne force.
Pen and Sword Books is a British publisher which specializes in printing and distributing books on military history, militaria and other niche subjects.
The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of the United Kingdom government.
The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders or 79th (The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders) Regiment of Foot was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, raised in 1793.
RAF Ringway was a Royal Air Force station in Ringway, Cheshire, England, near Manchester.
--> The Rhine (Rhenus, Rein, Rhein, le Rhin,, Italiano: Reno, Rijn) is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Liechtenstein, Swiss-Austrian, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the German Rhineland and the Netherlands and eventually empties into the North Sea.
General Sir Richard Nelson "Windy" Gale (25 July 1896 – 29 July 1982) was a senior officer in the British Army who served in both world wars.
Rouen (Frankish: Rodomo; Rotomagus, Rothomagus) is a city on the River Seine in the north of France.
Major-General Robert Elliott "Roy" Urquhart CB DSO (28 November 1901 – 13 December 1988) was a British Army officer who saw service during World War II and Malayan Emergency.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
The Royal Army Service Corps (RASC) was a corps of the British Army responsible for land, coastal and lake transport, air despatch, barracks administration, the Army Fire Service, staffing headquarters' units, supply of food, water, fuel and domestic materials such as clothing, furniture and stationery and the supply of technical and military equipment.
The Royal Regiment of Artillery, commonly referred to as the Royal Artillery (RA) and colloquially known as "The Gunners", is the artillery arm of the British Army.
The Corps of Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers (REME; pronounced phonetically as "Reemee" with stress on the first syllable) is a corps of the British Army that maintains the equipment that the Army uses.
The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually just called the Royal Engineers (RE), and commonly known as the Sappers, is one of the corps of the British Army.
The Royal Military Police (RMP) is the corps of the British Army responsible for the policing of army service personnel, and for providing a military police presence both in the UK and while service personnel are deployed overseas on operations and exercises.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
The Royal Irish Rifles (became the Royal Ulster Rifles from 1 January 1921) was an infantry rifle regiment of the British Army, first created in 1881 by the amalgamation of the 83rd (County of Dublin) Regiment of Foot and the 86th (Royal County Down) Regiment of Foot.
The Royal Warwickshire Regiment, previously titled the 6th Regiment of Foot, was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in continuous existence for 283 years.
The Royal Welch Fusiliers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Prince of Wales' Division.
The rural–urban fringe, also known as the outskirts or the urban hinterland, can be described as the "landscape interface between town and country", or also as the transition zone where urban and rural uses mix and often clash.
Saint-Arnoult-en-Yvelines is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France in north-central France.
Saint-Jouin-Bruneval is a commune in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region in northern France.
Saint-Malo (Gallo: Saent-Malô) is a historic French port in Brittany on the Channel coast.
Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte is a commune in the Manche department in Normandy in north-western France.
Salerno (Salernitano: Salierne) is a city and comune in Campania (southwestern Italy) and is the capital of the province of the same name.
A sapper, also called pioneer or combat engineer, is a combatant or soldier who performs a variety of military engineering duties such as breaching fortifications, demolitions, bridge-building, laying or clearing minefields, preparing field defenses as well as building, and working on road and airfield construction and repair.
The Scheldt (l'Escaut, Escô, Schelde) is a long river in northern France, western Belgium and the southwestern part of the Netherlands.
The Seine (La Seine) is a river and an important commercial waterway within the Paris Basin in the north of France.
Sicily (Sicilia; Sicìlia) is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea.
The Simeto (Sicilian: Simetu Symaethus; Greek Σύμαιθος) is a long river in Sicily, southern Italy.
The Somerset Light Infantry (Prince Albert's) was a light infantry infantry regiment of the British Army, which served under various titles from 1685 to 1959.
The South Staffordshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence for only 68 years.
Stackpole Books is an trade publishing company in Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania.
Stavanger is a city and municipality in Norway.
Syracuse (Siracusa,; Sarausa/Seragusa; Syrācūsae; Συράκουσαι, Syrakousai; Medieval Συρακοῦσαι) is a historic city on the island of Sicily, the capital of the Italian province of Syracuse.
Taranto (early Tarento from Tarentum; Tarantino: Tarde; translit; label) is a coastal city in Apulia, Southern Italy.
The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.
The History Press is a British publishing company specialising in the publication of titles devoted to local and specialist history.
Transworld Publishers Inc. is a British publishing house in Ealing, London that is a division of Penguin Random House, one of the world's largest mass media groups.
Tunisia (تونس; Berber: Tunes, ⵜⵓⵏⴻⵙ; Tunisie), officially the Republic of Tunisia, (الجمهورية التونسية) is a sovereign state in Northwest Africa, covering. Its northernmost point, Cape Angela, is the northernmost point on the African continent. It is bordered by Algeria to the west and southwest, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. Tunisia's population was estimated to be just under 11.93 million in 2016. Tunisia's name is derived from its capital city, Tunis, which is located on its northeast coast. Geographically, Tunisia contains the eastern end of the Atlas Mountains, and the northern reaches of the Sahara desert. Much of the rest of the country's land is fertile soil. Its of coastline include the African conjunction of the western and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Basin and, by means of the Sicilian Strait and Sardinian Channel, feature the African mainland's second and third nearest points to Europe after Gibraltar. Tunisia is a unitary semi-presidential representative democratic republic. It is considered to be the only full democracy in the Arab World. It has a high human development index. It has an association agreement with the European Union; is a member of La Francophonie, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Arab Maghreb Union, the Arab League, the OIC, the Greater Arab Free Trade Area, the Community of Sahel-Saharan States, the African Union, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Group of 77; and has obtained the status of major non-NATO ally of the United States. In addition, Tunisia is also a member state of the United Nations and a state party to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. Close relations with Europe in particular with France and with Italy have been forged through economic cooperation, privatisation and industrial modernization. In ancient times, Tunisia was primarily inhabited by Berbers. Phoenician immigration began in the 12th century BC; these immigrants founded Carthage. A major mercantile power and a military rival of the Roman Republic, Carthage was defeated by the Romans in 146 BC. The Romans, who would occupy Tunisia for most of the next eight hundred years, introduced Christianity and left architectural legacies like the El Djem amphitheater. After several attempts starting in 647, the Muslims conquered the whole of Tunisia by 697, followed by the Ottoman Empire between 1534 and 1574. The Ottomans held sway for over three hundred years. The French colonization of Tunisia occurred in 1881. Tunisia gained independence with Habib Bourguiba and declared the Tunisian Republic in 1957. In 2011, the Tunisian Revolution resulted in the overthrow of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, followed by parliamentary elections. The country voted for parliament again on 26 October 2014, and for President on 23 November 2014.
The Tunisian Campaign (also known as the Battle of Tunisia) was a series of battles that took place in Tunisia during the North African Campaign of the Second World War, between Axis and Allied forces.
The United States Army Central, formerly the Third United States Army, commonly referred to as the Third Army and as ARCENT is a military formation of the United States Army, which saw service in World War I and World War II, in the 1991 Gulf War, and in the coalition occupation of Iraq.
The V-1 flying bomb (Vergeltungswaffe 1 "Vengeance Weapon 1")—also known to the Allies as the buzz bomb, or doodlebug, and in Germany as Kirschkern (cherrystone) or Maikäfer (maybug)—was an early cruise missile and the only production aircraft to use a pulsejet for power.
Vemork is the name of a hydroelectric power plant outside Rjukan in Tinn, Norway.
Victor Gollancz Ltd was a major British book publishing house of the twentieth century.
Victory in Europe Day, generally known as V-E Day, VE Day or simply V Day, celebrated on May 8, 1945 to mark the formal acceptance by the Allies of World War II of Nazi Germany's unconditional surrender of its armed forces.
The Waal (Dutch) is the main distributary branch of the river Rhine flowing approximately through the Netherlands.
The Waco CG-4A was the most widely used American troop/cargo military glider of World War II.
The War Office was a department of the British Government responsible for the administration of the British Army between 1857 and 1964, when its functions were transferred to the Ministry of Defence.
The low-UHF band Würzburg radar was the primary ground-based gun laying radar for the Luftwaffe and the Wehrmacht Heer (German Army) during World War II.
Weidenfeld & Nicolson Ltd (established 1948), often shortened to W&N or Weidenfeld, is a British publisher of fiction and reference books.
William Blackwood (20 November 1776 – 16 September 1834) was a Scottish publisher who founded the firm of William Blackwood and Sons.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
XIII Corps was a corps-sized formation of the British Army that fought on the Western Front during the First World War and was reformed for service during the Second World War, serving in the Mediterranean and Middle East throughout its service.
The XX Corps of the United States Army fought from northern France to Austria in World War II.
XXX Corps (30 Corps) was a corps of the British Army during the Second World War.
The 101st Airborne Division ("Screaming Eagles") is an elite modular specialized light infantry division of the US Army.
The 10th (Sussex) Battalion, The Parachute Regiment was an airborne infantry battalion of the Parachute Regiment, raised by the British Army during the Second World War.
The 10th SS Panzer Division "Frundsberg" (10.) was a German Waffen SS armoured division during World War II.
The 11th Parachute Battalion was an airborne infantry battalion of the Parachute Regiment, raised by the British Army in World War II.
The 156th Parachute Battalion was an airborne infantry battalion of the Parachute Regiment raised by the British Army during the Second World War.
The 1st Airborne Division was an airborne infantry division of the British Army during the Second World War.
The 1st Airlanding Brigade was an airborne infantry brigade of the British Army during the Second World War and the only glider infantry formation assigned to the 1st Airborne Division, serving alongside the 1st and 4th Parachute Brigades.
The 1st Airlanding Light Regiment was an airborne forces unit of the British Army's Royal Artillery during the Second World War.
The 1st Battalion, Parachute Regiment (1 PARA), forms the United Kingdom's Special Forces Support Group (SFSG). An airborne light infantry unit, the battalion has since 2006 been the main contributor of manpower to the Special Forces Support Group (SFSG) and is capable of a wide range of operations. Personnel regularly deploy outside the United Kingdom on operations and training. All personnel complete the Pre Parachute Selection (P Company) course at the Infantry Training Centre Catterick Garrison, North Yorkshire (previously at Aldershot, Hampshire). 1 PARA is permanently attached to the SFSG. Once selected, they receive further training on additional weapons, communications equipment and specialist assault skills. Under Army 2020, it is expected that 1 PARA will remain as part of the SFSG.
The 1st (Polish) Independent Parachute Brigade was a parachute infantry brigade of the Polish Armed Forces in the West under the command of Major General Stanisław Sosabowski, created in September 1941 during the Second World War and based in Scotland.
The 1st Parachute Brigade was an airborne forces brigade formed by the British Army during the Second World War.
The 1st Parachute Division (1.) was an elite German military parachute-landing division that fought during World War II.
The 1st Somersetshire Engineers was a volunteer unit of Britain's Royal Engineers (RE) whose history dated back to 1868.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
The 21st Army Group was a World War II British headquarters formation, in command of two field armies and other supporting units, consisting primarily of the British Second Army and the First Canadian Army.
The Second Battalion, Parachute Regiment (2 PARA), is a battalion-sized formation of the Parachute Regiment, part of the British Army, and subordinate unit within 16th Air Assault Brigade whose Commanding Officer for the period 2013-2016 was Lieutenant Colonel Oliver Kingsbury OBE.
The 2nd Parachute Brigade was an airborne forces brigade formed by the British Army during the Second World War.
The 31st Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of the British Army in both World War I and World War II.
The 3rd Battalion, Parachute Regiment (3 PARA), is a battalion sized formation of the British Army's Parachute Regiment and is a subordinate unit within 16 Air Assault Brigade.
The 3rd Parachute Brigade was an airborne forces brigade raised by the British Army during the Second World War.
The 44th Indian Airborne Division was an airborne forces division of the Indian Army during World War II, created in 1944.
The 4th Battalion, Parachute Regiment (4 PARA), is an Army Reserve unit of the British Army and is based across the United Kingdom.
The 4th Parachute Brigade was an airborne, specifically a parachute infantry, brigade formation of the British Army during the Second World War.
The 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that saw distinguished service in the Second World War.
The 52nd (Lowland) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that was originally formed as the Lowland Division, in 1908 as part of the Territorial Force.
The 5th (Scottish) Parachute Battalion was an airborne infantry battalion of the Parachute Regiment, raised by the British Army during the Second World War.
The 6th (Royal Welch) Parachute Battalion was an airborne infantry battalion of the Parachute Regiment raised by the British Army during the Second World War.
The 6th Airborne Division was an airborne infantry division of the British Army during the Second World War.
The 78th Infantry Division, also known as the Battleaxe Division, was an infantry division of the British Army, raised during World War II that fought, with great distinction, in Tunisia, Sicily and Italy from late 1942–1945.
The 7th (Light Infantry) Parachute Battalion was an airborne infantry battalion of the Parachute Regiment, formed by the British Army during the Second World War.
The 82nd Airborne Division is an airborne infantry division of the United States Army, specializing in parachute assault operations into denied areas.
The 8th (Midlands) Parachute Battalion was an airborne infantry battalion of the Parachute Regiment, raised by the British Army during the Second World War.
The 8th Mountain Division was raised as the 8th Indian Infantry division of the British Indian Army.
9 Parachute Squadron RE (often abbreviated to '9 Sqn'), is an airborne detachment of the Royal Engineers, part of the British Army.
The 9th (Eastern and Home Counties) Parachute Battalion was an airborne infantry battalion of the Parachute Regiment, raised by the British Army during the Second World War.
The 9th SS Panzer Division "Hohenstaufen" (9. SS-Panzerdivision "Hohenstaufen".) was a Waffen-SS armoured division of Nazi Germany during World War II.
1st Airborne Division, 1st Airbourne Division (United Kingdom), 1st British Airborne Division, British 1st Airborne, British 1st Airborne Division, Operation Axehead, Operation Beneficiary, Operation Infaturate, Operation Linnet, Operation Lucky Strike, Operation Reinforcement, Operation Sword Hilt, Operation Transfigure, Operation Wastage, Operation Wild Oats.