77 relations: Allies of World War II, Armoured warfare, Battle of Chambois, Breda, Chambois, Orne, Coevorden, Coudehard-Montormel Memorial, Cromwell tank, Crusader tank, Division (military), Drenthe, Duns, East Frisia, Emmen, Netherlands, Emsland, English Channel, Exile, Falaise Pocket, First Canadian Army, Flanders, George Kitching, German Army (Wehrmacht), Ghent, Great Polish Map of Scotland, Groningen (province), Haddington, East Lothian, Haren, Germany, Hill 262, I Corps (Polish Armed Forces in the West), Invasion of Normandy, John Keegan, Kriegsmarine, List of military divisions, M4 Sherman, Major general, Moerdijk, Motorized infantry, Netherlands, Non-commissioned officer, Officer, Operation Overlord, Operation Totalize, Overijssel, Panzer division, Poland, Poles in the United Kingdom, Polish Armed Forces in the West, Polish Canadians, Polish hussars, Polish Institute and Sikorski Museum, ..., Polish language, Rhine, Saint-Omer, Schutzstaffel, Scotland, Stadskanaal, Stanisław Żółkiewski, Stanisław Maczek, Stephen E. Ambrose, United Kingdom, Władysław Sikorski, Wehrmacht, Western betrayal, Western Front (World War II), Wilhelmshaven, World War II, World War II Behind Closed Doors: Stalin, the Nazis and the West, Ypres, 10th Armoured Cavalry Brigade (Poland), 10th Motorized Cavalry Brigade (Poland), 1st Armoured Division (Poland), 1st Armoured Regiment (Poland), 1st Independent Parachute Brigade (Poland), 21st Army Group, 2nd Armoured Regiment (Poland), 3rd Polish Infantry Brigade, 4th Canadian Division. Expand index (27 more) » « Shrink index
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
Armoured warfare, mechanised warfare or tank warfare is the use of armoured fighting vehicles in modern warfare.
The Battle of Chambois was a battle during World War II in August 1944.
Breda is a city and municipality in the southern part of the Netherlands, located in the province of North Brabant.
Chambois is a former commune in the Orne département in north-western France.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
Coevorden (Dutch Low Saxon: Koevern) is a municipality and a city in the northeastern Netherlands.
The Coudehard-Montormel Memorial (mémorial de Coudehard-Montormel or mémorial de Montormel) is a historical museum on mont Ormel in France, dedicated to the battle of the Falaise pocket, the last episode in the battle of Normandy.
The Cromwell tank, officially Tank, Cruiser, Mk VIII, Cromwell (A27M), was one of the series of cruiser tanks fielded by Britain in the Second World War.
The Tank, Cruiser, Mk VI or A15 Crusader was one of the primary British cruiser tanks during the early part of the Second World War.
A division is a large military unit or formation, usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers.
Drenthe is a province of the Netherlands located in the northeastern part of the country.
Duns (historically Dunse) is a town in the Scottish Borders, Scotland.
East Frisia or Eastern Friesland (Ostfriesland; East Frisian Low Saxon: Oostfreesland; Oost-Friesland) is a coastal region in the northwest of the German federal state of Lower Saxony.
Emmen is a municipality and town of the province Drenthe in the northeastern Netherlands.
Landkreis Emsland is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany named after the river Ems.
The English Channel (la Manche, "The Sleeve"; Ärmelkanal, "Sleeve Channel"; Mor Breizh, "Sea of Brittany"; Mor Bretannek, "Sea of Brittany"), also called simply the Channel, is the body of water that separates southern England from northern France and links the southern part of the North Sea to the Atlantic Ocean.
To be in exile means to be away from one's home (i.e. city, state, or country), while either being explicitly refused permission to return or being threatened with imprisonment or death upon return.
The Falaise Pocket or Battle of the Falaise Pocket (12 – 21 August 1944) was the decisive engagement of the Battle of Normandy in the Second World War.
The First Canadian Army (1reArmée canadienne) was a field army and the senior formation of the Canadian Army that served on the Western Front from July 1944 until May 1945 during the Second World War.
Flanders (Vlaanderen, Flandre, Flandern) is the Dutch-speaking northern portion of Belgium, although there are several overlapping definitions, including ones related to culture, language, politics and history.
Major-General George Kitching (1910–1999) CBE, DSO, CD was a senior Canadian Army officer who saw active service in World War II.
The German Army (Heer) was the land forces component of the Wehrmacht, the regular German Armed Forces, from 1935 until it was demobilized and later dissolved in August 1946.
Ghent (Gent; Gand) is a city and a municipality in the Flemish Region of Belgium.
The Great Polish Map of Scotland is a large (50 m x 40 m) three-dimensional, outdoor concrete scale model of Scotland, located in the grounds of the Barony Castle Hotel, outside the village of Eddleston near Peebles in the Scottish Borders.
Groningen (Gronings: Grunn; Grinslân) is the northeasternmost province of the Netherlands.
The Royal Burgh of Haddington (Haidintoun) is a town in East Lothian, Scotland.
Haren (Polish: 1945–1948 Maczków) is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany in the district of Emsland.
Hill 262, or the Mont Ormel ridge (elevation), is an area of high ground above the village of Coudehard in Normandy that was the location of a bloody engagement in the final stages of the Battle of Falaise in the Normandy Campaign during the Second World War.
The Polish I Corps (I Korpus Polski; from 1942, Polish I Armored-Mechanized Corps, I Korpus Pancerno-Motorowy) was a tactical unit of the Polish Armed Forces in the West during World War II.
The Western Allies of World War II launched the largest amphibious invasion in history when they assaulted Normandy, located on the northern coast of France, on 6 June 1944.
Sir John Desmond Patrick Keegan (15 May 1934 – 2 August 2012) was an English military historian, lecturer, writer and journalist.
The Kriegsmarine (literally "War Navy") was the navy of Germany from 1935 to 1945.
The article provides links to lists of military divisions arranged by ordinal number, name, country or conflict.
The M4 Sherman, officially Medium Tank, M4, was the most widely used medium tank by the United States and Western Allies in World War II.
Major general (abbreviated MG, Maj. Gen. and similar) is a military rank used in many countries.
Moerdijk is a municipality and a town in the South of the Netherlands, in the province of North Brabant.
In NATO and most other western countries, motorized infantry is infantry that is transported by trucks or other un-protected motor vehicles.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
A non-commissioned officer (NCO) is a military officer who has not earned a commission.
An officer is a person who has a position of authority in a hierarchical organization.
Operation Overlord was the codename for the Battle of Normandy, the Allied operation that launched the successful invasion of German-occupied Western Europe during World War II.
Operation Totalize (also spelled Operation Totalise in recent British sources) was an offensive launched by Allied troops in the First Canadian Army during the later stages of Operation Overlord, from 8 to 9 August 1944.
Overijssel (Dutch Low Saxon: Oaveriessel) is a province of the Netherlands in the central-eastern part of the country.
A panzer division is one of the armored (tank) divisions in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II.
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
The Polish community in the United Kingdom since the mid-20th century largely stems from the Polish presence in the British Isles during the Second World War, when Poles made a substantial contribution to the Allied war effort.
The Polish Armed Forces in the West refers to the Polish military formations formed to fight alongside the Western Allies against Nazi Germany and its allies during World War II.
Polish Canadians are citizens of Canada with Polish ancestry, and Poles who immigrated to Canada from abroad.
The Polish Hussars (or; Husaria), or Winged Hussars, were one of the main types of the cavalry in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth between the 16th and 18th centuries.
The Polish Institute and Sikorski Museum (Instytut Polski i Muzeum im.), commonly known as Sikorski Institute, is a London-based non-governmental organisation of the Polish community in the United Kingdom.
Polish (język polski or simply polski) is a West Slavic language spoken primarily in Poland and is the native language of the Poles.
--> The Rhine (Rhenus, Rein, Rhein, le Rhin,, Italiano: Reno, Rijn) is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Liechtenstein, Swiss-Austrian, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the German Rhineland and the Netherlands and eventually empties into the North Sea.
Saint-Omer (Sint-Omaars) is a commune in France.
The Schutzstaffel (SS; also stylized as with Armanen runes;; literally "Protection Squadron") was a major paramilitary organization under Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party (NSDAP) in Nazi Germany, and later throughout German-occupied Europe during World War II.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
Stadskanaal is a town and municipality with a population of 32,715 in the province of Groningen in the northeast of the Netherlands.
Stanisław Żółkiewski (1547 – 7 October 1620) was a Polish nobleman of the Lubicz coat of arms, magnate and military commander of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, who took part in many campaigns of the Commonwealth and on its southern and eastern borders.
General Stanisław Maczek (31 March 1892 – 11 December 1994) was a Polish tank commander of World War II, whose division was instrumental in the Allied liberation of France, closing the Falaise pocket, resulting in the destruction of 14 German Wehrmacht and SS divisions.
Stephen Edward Ambrose (January 10, 1936 – October 13, 2002) was an American historian and biographer of U.S. Presidents Dwight D. Eisenhower and Richard Nixon.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
Władysław Eugeniusz Sikorski (20 May 1881 – 4 July 1943) was a Polish military and political leader.
The Wehrmacht (lit. "defence force")From wehren, "to defend" and Macht., "power, force".
The concept of Western betrayal refers to the view that the United Kingdom and France failed to meet their legal, diplomatic, military and moral obligations with respect to the Czechoslovak and Polish nations during the prelude to and aftermath of World War II.
The Western Front was a military theatre of World War II encompassing Denmark, Norway, Luxembourg, Belgium, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, France, Italy, and Germany. World War II military engagements in Southern Europe and elsewhere are generally considered under separate headings. The Western Front was marked by two phases of large-scale combat operations. The first phase saw the capitulation of the Netherlands, Belgium, and France during May and June 1940 after their defeat in the Low Countries and the northern half of France, and continued into an air war between Germany and Britain that climaxed with the Battle of Britain. The second phase consisted of large-scale ground combat (supported by a massive air war considered to be an additional front), which began in June 1944 with the Allied landings in Normandy and continued until the defeat of Germany in May 1945.
Wilhelmshaven (meaning William's Harbour) is a coastal town in Lower Saxony, Germany.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
World War II Behind Closed Doors: Stalin, the Nazis and the West is a 2008 six-episode BBC/PBS documentary series on the role of Joseph Stalin and German-Soviet relations before, during, and after World War II, created by Laurence Rees and Andrew Williams.
Ypres (Ieper) is a Belgian municipality in the province of West Flanders.
The Polish 10th Armoured Cavalry Brigade (Polish 10 Brygada Kawalerii Pancernej, French 10e Brigade de cavalerie blindée polonaise) was an armoured formation of the Polish Armed Forces in the West.
The 10th Cavalry Brigade (10.) was a Polish military unit in World War II.
The Polish 1st Armoured Division (Polish 1 Dywizja Pancerna) was an armoured division of the Polish Armed Forces in the West during World War II.
1st Polish Armoured Regiment (1 Pułk Pancerny) of the 1st Polish Armoured Division (1 Dywizja Pancerna) is a short history of the 1st Armoured Regiment's origins in France till the end of World War II in Germany.
The 1st (Polish) Independent Parachute Brigade was a parachute infantry brigade of the Polish Armed Forces in the West under the command of Major General Stanisław Sosabowski, created in September 1941 during the Second World War and based in Scotland.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
The 21st Army Group was a World War II British headquarters formation, in command of two field armies and other supporting units, consisting primarily of the British Second Army and the First Canadian Army.
Poland raised the 2nd Polish Armoured Regiment in France on 29 January 1940 as the 2nd Tank Battalion and fought under this title in the French campaign of 1940.
The 3rd Polish Infantry Brigade (3 Brygada Strzelców) was a Polish infantry brigade which served during World War II.
The 4th Canadian Division is a formation of the Canadian Army.