231 relations: A Sầu Valley, Admiralty Islands, Admiralty Islands campaign, Air assault, An Khê District, Angels of Bataan, Antipolo, Apocalypse Now, Armoured warfare, Army National Guard, Điện Biên Phủ, Baghdad, Bagram Airfield, Baldric, Batangas, Battle of Baqubah, Battle of Chosin Reservoir, Battle of Huế, Battle of Ia Drang, Battle of Khe Sanh, Battle of Leyte, Battle of Norfolk, Battle of Pusan Perimeter, Battle of Signal Hill (Vietnam), Battle of Unsan, Bell AH-1 Cobra, Bell UH-1 Iroquois, Bend (heraldry), Bicol Region, Boeing CH-47 Chinook, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cambodian Campaign, Camp Evans (Vietnam), Camp Harry J. Jones, Camp Radcliff, Cavalry tactics, Central Highlands, Vietnam, Charge (heraldry), Chief (heraldry), Civic action program, Civil Actions Medal, Combat Aviation Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Combat Service Identification Badge, Company E, 52nd Infantry (LRP) (United States), Corregidor, Cross of Valour (Greece), Defense Visual Information Distribution Service, Division (military), Dong Re Lao Mountain, Douglas, Arizona, ..., Emil Kapaun, Exercise Reforger, Fort Benning, Fort Bliss, Fort Hood, Future Force Unit of Action, Gallantry Cross (Vietnam), Garryowen (air), Georgia (U.S. state), Gordon M. Craig, Gulf War, Heads in heraldry, Ho Chi Minh City, Hobart R. Gay, Huế, I Corps (South Vietnam), I Marine Expeditionary Force, Ia Drang Valley, II Corps (South Vietnam), III Corps (United States), Incheon, Infantry, Iraq War, Iraq War order of battle, 2009, Iraq War troop surge of 2007, Iraqi Armed Forces, James L. Stone, Jesus S. Duran, Jim Crow laws, John J. Pershing, Kenyon A. Joyce, Khe Sanh, Killeen, Texas, Kite shield, Korean War, Lingayen Gulf, List of commanders of 1st Cavalry Division (United States), Lloyd L. Burke, Lockheed C-130 Hercules, Long-range penetration, Long-range reconnaissance patrol, Louisiana Maneuvers, Luzon, M1 Abrams, M16 rifle, M2 Bradley, Manila, Marikina River, Medal of Honor, Meritorious Unit Commendation, Military colours, standards and guidons, Mississippi Army National Guard, Momote Airport, National Geographic, National Geographic (U.S. TV channel), National Route 9 (Vietnam), NATO, New Guinea, Nineveh Governorate, No Gun Ri massacre, Normans, North Korea, Oliver Stone, Operation Crazy Horse, Operation Delaware, Operation Enduring Freedom, Operation Inherent Resolve, Operation Masher, Operation Thayer, Oregon Army National Guard, Peacekeeping, People's Army of Vietnam, People's Volunteer Army, Phước Vĩnh Base Camp, Philippine Republic Presidential Unit Citation, Platoon (film), Pleiku, Presidential Unit Citation (United States), Pristina International Airport, Pyongyang, Quartermaster Corps (United States Army), Quảng Trị, Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation, Resolute Support Mission, Robert H. Young, Robert M. McGovern, Samar, Samuel S. Coursen, Second Battle of Fallujah, September 11 attacks, Shield, Shoulder sleeve insignia, Siege of Plei Me, Sikorsky CH-54 Tarhe, South Korea, Square division, Stabilisation Force in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Strathpine, Queensland, Sustainment Brigades in the United States Army, Table of organization and equipment, Tacloban, Tagaytay, Tet Offensive, The Long Road Home (miniseries), Tibor Rubin, Tom Berenger, Train Advise Assist Command – East, Train Advise Assist Command – South, Tuzla, U.S. Army Combat Arms Regimental System, United Nations Command, United States Army, United States Army Center of Military History, United States Army Command and General Staff College, United States Army War College, United States Department of Defense, United States Department of War, University of Santo Tomas, Unsan County, Valorous Unit Award, Vandegrift Combat Base, Viet Cong, Vietnam, Vietnam War, VII Corps (United States), Walton Walker, War in Afghanistan (2001–present), War on Terror, Washington, D.C., We Were Soldiers, We Were Soldiers Once… and Young, Willem Dafoe, World War II, X Corps (United States), Yalu River, Yokohama, 101st Airborne Division, 10th Cavalry Regiment (United States), 10th Mountain Division, 115th Brigade Support Battalion, 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment, 12th Cavalry Regiment, 155th Armored Brigade Combat Team, 15th Cavalry Division (United States), 15th Medical Battalion (United States Army), 16th Cavalry Regiment, 17th Cavalry Regiment, 1st Armored Division (United States), 1st Battalion, 227th Aviation Regiment (United States), 1st Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division (United States), 1st Cavalry Division (United States), 1st Cavalry Division Artillery (United States), 1st Cavalry Division Horse Cavalry Detachment, 1st Cavalry Regiment (United States), 1st Infantry Division (United States), 1st Marine Division (United States), 2003 invasion of Iraq, 256th Infantry Brigade Combat Team (United States), 2nd Armored Division (United States), 2nd Battalion, 227th Aviation Regiment (United States), 2nd Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division (United States), 2nd Cavalry Division (United States), 2nd Infantry Division (United States), 2nd Marine Division (United States), 39th Infantry Brigade Combat Team (United States), 3rd Battalion, 16th Field Artillery Regiment, 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division, 3rd Cavalry Regiment (United States), 3rd Engineer Battalion (United States), 3rd Infantry Division (United States), 45th Infantry Division (United States), 4th Cavalry Regiment (United States), 4th Infantry Division (United States), 5th Cavalry Regiment, 7th Cavalry Regiment, 7th Infantry Division (United States), 81st Stryker Brigade Combat Team, 82nd Field Artillery Regiment, 8th Cavalry Regiment, 91st Engineer Battalion (United States), 9th Cavalry Regiment (United States). 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The A Shau Valley (Vietnamese: thung lũng A Sầu) is a valley in Vietnam's Thừa Thiên–Huế Province, west of the coastal city of Huế, along the border of Laos.
The Admiralty Islands are an archipelago group of 18 islands in the Bismarck Archipelago, to the north of New Guinea in the South Pacific Ocean.
The Admiralty Islands campaign (Operation Brewer) was a series of battles in the New Guinea campaign of World War II in which the United States Army's 1st Cavalry Division occupied the Japanese-held Admiralty Islands.
Air assault is the movement of ground-based military forces by vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) aircraft—such as the helicopter—to seize and hold key terrain which has not been fully secured, and to directly engage enemy forces behind enemy lines.
An Khê is a town (''thị xã'') of Gia Lai Province in the Central Highlands region of Vietnam.
The Angels of Bataan (also known as the "Angels of Bataan and Corregidor" and "The Battling Belles of Bataan") were the members of the United States Army Nurse Corps and the United States Navy Nurse Corps who were stationed in the Philippines at the outset of the Pacific War and served during the Battle of the Philippines (1941–42).
, officially the, (name), or simply known as City, is a settlement_text and the capital of the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people.
Apocalypse Now is a 1979 American epic war film directed, produced, and co-written by Francis Ford Coppola.
Armoured warfare, mechanised warfare or tank warfare is the use of armoured fighting vehicles in modern warfare.
The Army National Guard (ARNG), in conjunction with the Air National Guard, is a militia force and a federal military reserve force of the United States.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
Điện Biên, sometimes called Dienbien Phu (/ means Dienbien Prefecture), is a city in the northwestern region of Vietnam.
Baghdad (بغداد) is the capital of Iraq.
Bagram Airfield also known as Bagram Air Base is the largest U.S. military base in Afghanistan.
A baldric (also baldrick, bawdrick, bauldrick as well as other rare or obsolete variations) is a belt worn over one shoulder that is typically used to carry a weapon (usually a sword) or other implement such as a bugle or drum.
Batangas, officially known as the Province of Batangas (Lalawigan ng Batangas) is a province in the Philippines located in the Calabarzon region in Luzon.
The Battle of Baqubah II (March–August 2007) took place during the Iraq War in the capital of the Iraqi province Diyala, to the north-east of Baghdad.
The Battle of Chosin Reservoir, also known as the Chosin Reservoir Campaign or the Battle of Jhangjin Lake (장진호 전투; hanja: 長津湖戰鬪; rr: Jangjin ho jeontu), was a decisive battle in the Korean War.
The Battle of Huế – also called the Siege of Huế – was one of the bloodiest and longest battles of the Vietnam War.
The Battle of Ia Drang was the first major battle between the United States Army and the North Vietnamese Army-NVA (People's Army of Vietnam-PAVN), part of the Pleiku Campaign conducted early in the Vietnam War. It comprised two main engagements. The first involved the 1st Battalion, 7th Cavalry Regiment and supporting units, and took place November 14–16, 1965 at LZ X-Ray, located at the eastern foot of the Chu Pong massif in the central highlands of Vietnam. The second engagement involved the 2nd Battalion, 7th Cavalry Regiment plus supporting units, and took place on November 17 at LZ Albany, farther north in the Ia Drang Valley. It is notable for being the first large scale helicopter air assault and also the first use of B-52 strategic bombers in a tactical support role. The size of the clearing at LZ X-Ray meant that troops had to be shuttled in, the first lift landing at 10:48. The last troops of the battalion were landed at 15:20, by which time the troops on the ground were already heavily engaged, with one platoon cut off. Faced with heavy casualties and unexpected opposition, 1st Battalion was reinforced by B Company 2nd Battalion 7th Cavalry. Fighting continued the following day when the LZ was further reinforced by A Company 2/7 and also by 2nd Battalion 5th Cavalry, and the lost platoon was rescued. The last Vietnamese assaults on the position were repulsed on the morning of 16th. As the Vietnamese forces melted away, the remainder of 2/7 and A Company of 1st Battalion 5th Cavalry arrived. By mid-afternoon 1/7 and B Company 2/7 had been airlifted to LZ Falcon, and on the 17th November 2/5 marched out towards LZ Columbus while the remaining 2/7 and 1/5 companies marched towards LZ Albany. The latter force became strung out and, in the early afternoon, were badly mauled in an ambush before they could be reinforced and extricated. The battle at LZ X-Ray was documented in the CBS special report Battle of Ia Drang Valley by Morley Safer and the critically acclaimed book We Were Soldiers Once... And Young by Harold G. Moore and Joseph L. Galloway. In 1994, Moore, Galloway and men who fought on both the American and North Vietnamese sides, traveled back to the remote jungle clearings where the battle took place. At the time the U.S. did not have diplomatic relations with Vietnam. The risky trip which took a year to arrange was part of an award-winning ABC News documentary, They Were Young and Brave produced by Terence Wrong. In 2002, Randall Wallace depicted the battle at LZ X-Ray in the movie We Were Soldiers starring Mel Gibson and Barry Pepper as Moore and Galloway, respectively. Galloway later described Ia Drang as "the battle that convinced Ho Chi Minh he could win".
The Battle of Khe Sanh (21 January – 9 July 1968) was conducted in the Khe Sanh area of northwestern Quảng Trị Province, Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam), during the Vietnam War.
The Battle of Leyte (Filipino: Labanan sa Leyte, Waray: Gubat ha Leyte, 17 October - 26 December 1944) in the Pacific campaign of World War II was the amphibious invasion of the island of Leyte in the Philippines by American forces and Filipino guerrillas under the command of General Douglas MacArthur, who fought against the Imperial Japanese Army in the Philippines led by General Tomoyuki Yamashita.
The Battle of Norfolk was a tank battle fought on February 27, 1991, during the Persian Gulf War, between armored forces of the United States and United Kingdom, and those of the Ba'athist Iraqi Republican Guard.
The Battle of Pusan Perimeter was a large-scale battle between United Nations and North Korean forces lasting from August 4 to September 18, 1950.
The Battle of Signal Hill was a company size engagement between members of Company E, 52nd Infantry (LRP) long-range reconnaissance patrol of the 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile) and the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) from 19–21 April 1968 during Operation Delaware.
The Battle of Unsan, also known as the Battle of Yunshan, was a series of engagements of the Korean War that took place from 25 October to 4 November 1950 near Unsan, North Pyongan province in present-day North Korea.
The Bell AH-1 Cobra is a two-blade, single-engine attack helicopter manufactured by Bell Helicopter. It was developed using the engine, transmission and rotor system of the Bell UH-1 Iroquois. A member of the prolific Huey family, the AH-1 is also referred to as the HueyCobra or Snake. The AH-1 was the backbone of the United States Army's attack helicopter fleet, but has been replaced by the AH-64 Apache in Army service. Upgraded versions continue to fly with the militaries of several other nations. The AH-1 twin-engine versions remain in service with United States Marine Corps (USMC) as the service's primary attack helicopter. Surplus AH-1 helicopters have been converted for fighting forest fires.
The Bell UH-1 Iroquois (nicknamed "Huey") is a utility military helicopter powered by a single turboshaft engine, with two-blade main and tail rotors.
In heraldry, a bend is a band or strap running from the upper dexter (the bearer's right side and the viewer's left) corner of the shield to the lower sinister (the bearer's left side, and the viewer's right).
The Bicol Region, also known simply as Bicol and historically known as Ibalon prior to Spanish colonization, (Rehiyon nin Bikol/Kabikolan; Rinconada Bicol: Rehiyon ka Bikol; Kabikulan; Bicolandia) is a region of the Philippines, designated as Region V. Bicol comprises six provinces, four on the Bicol Peninsula mainland (the southeastern end of Luzon) – Albay, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, and Sorsogon – and the offshore island provinces of Catanduanes and Masbate.
The Boeing CH-47 Chinook is an American twin-engine, tandem-rotor, heavy-lift helicopter developed by American rotorcraft company Vertol and manufactured by Boeing Vertol (later known as Boeing Rotorcraft Systems).
Bosnia and Herzegovina (or; abbreviated B&H; Bosnian and Serbian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH) / Боснa и Херцеговина (БиХ), Croatian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH)), sometimes called Bosnia-Herzegovina, and often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe located on the Balkan Peninsula.
The Cambodian Campaign (also known as the Cambodian Incursion and the Cambodian Invasion) was a series of military operations conducted in eastern Cambodia during 1970 by the United States and the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) as an extension of the Vietnam War and the Cambodian Civil War.
Camp Evans is a former U.S. Army and U.S. Marine Corps base northwest of Huế in central Vietnam.
Camp Harry J. Jones was an encampment of the United States Army.
Camp Radcliff (also known as An Khê Army Airfield, An Khê Base or the Golfcourse) is a former U.S. Army base in the An Khê District in central Vietnam.
For much of history, humans have used some form of cavalry for war and, as a result, cavalry tactics have evolved over time.
Tây Nguyên, translated as Western Highlands and sometimes also called Central Highlands, is one of the regions of Vietnam.
In heraldry, a charge is any emblem or device occupying the field of an escutcheon (shield).
In heraldic blazon, a chief is a charge on a coat of arms that takes the form of a band running horizontally across the top edge of the shield.
A civic action program also known as civic action project is a type of operation designed to assist an area by using the capabilities and resources of a military force or civilian organization to conduct long-term programs or short-term projects.
The Republic of Vietnam Civil Actions Medal (Dân Vụ Bội Tinh) also known as the Vietnam Civil Actions Medal or Civil Actions Medal, is a military decoration of the former South Vietnamese government (1955–75).
The Combat Aviation Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division is a divisional aviation brigade of the United States Army.
The Combat Service Identification Badge (CSIB) is a metallic heraldic device worn on the right side of the United States Army's Army Service Uniform that uniquely identifies a soldier's combat service with major U.S. Army formations.
Company E, 52nd Infantry, (LRP) was a 120 man-sized long-range reconnaissance patrol unit attached to the 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile) in Vietnam in 1967-69.
Corregidor Island, locally called Isla ng Corregidor, is an island located at the entrance of Manila Bay in southwestern part of Luzon Island in the Philippines.
The Cross of Valour (Αριστείον Ανδρείας, Aristeion Andreias, lit. "Gallantry/Bravery Award") is the second highest (and until 1974 the highest) military decoration of the Greek state, awarded for acts of bravery or distinguished leadership on the field of battle.
The Defense Visual Information Distribution Service (DVIDS), formerly the "Defense Video & Imagery Distribution System," is an operation supported by the Defense Media Activity (DMA).
A division is a large military unit or formation, usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers.
Dong Re Lao Mountain is located at in the A Shau Valley, Vietnam, near the Laotian border.
Douglas is a city in Cochise County, Arizona, United States that lies in the north-west to south-east running San Bernardino Valley within which runs the Rio San Bernardino.
Emil Joseph Kapaun (April 20, 1916 – May 23, 1951) was a Roman Catholic priest and United States Army captain who served as a United States Army chaplain during World War II and the Korean War.
Exercise Campaign Reforger (from return of forces to '''Ger'''many) was an annual exercise and campaign conducted, during the Cold War, by NATO.
Fort Benning is a United States Army base straddling the Alabama-Georgia border next to Columbus, Georgia.
Fort Bliss is a United States Army post in the U.S. states of New Mexico and Texas, with its headquarters located in El Paso, Texas.
Fort Hood is a U.S. military post located in Killeen, Texas.
The Future Force unit of action (UA) will be the United States Army’s tactical warfighting echelon.
The Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross also known as the Vietnamese Gallantry Cross or Vietnam Cross of Gallantry (Anh Dũng Bội Tinh) is a military decoration of the former Government of South Vietnam (Republic of Vietnam).
"Garryowen", also known as "Garyowen", "Garry Owen" and "Gary Owens", is an Irish tune for a quickstep dance.
Georgia is a state in the Southeastern United States.
Gordon Maynard Craig (August 1, 1929 – September 10, 1950) was a soldier in the United States Army during the Korean War.
The Gulf War (2 August 199028 February 1991), codenamed Operation Desert Shield (2 August 199017 January 1991) for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia and Operation Desert Storm (17 January 199128 February 1991) in its combat phase, was a war waged by coalition forces from 35 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait.
The heads of humans and other animals are frequently occurring charges in heraldry.
Ho Chi Minh City (Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh; or; formerly Hô-Chi-Minh-Ville), also widely known by its former name of Saigon (Sài Gòn; or), is the largest city in Vietnam by population.
Hobart Raymond Gay (May 16, 1894 – August 19, 1983), nicknamed Hap, was a United States Army lieutenant general.
Huế (is a city in central Vietnam that was the seat of Nguyễn Dynasty emperors from 1802 to 1945, and capital of the protectorate of Annam. A major attraction is its vast, 19th-century citadel, surrounded by a moat and thick stone walls. It encompasses the Imperial City, with palaces and shrines; the Forbidden Purple City, once the emperor's home; and a replica of the Royal Theater. The city was also the battleground for the Battle of Huế, which was one of the longest and bloodiest battles of the Vietnam War.
The I Corps Tactical Zone was a corps of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN), the army of the nation state of South Vietnam that existed from 1955 to 1975.
The I Marine Expeditionary Force ("I" pronounced "One") is a Marine Air Ground Task Force (MAGTF) of the United States Marine Corps primarily composed of the 1st Marine Division, 3rd Marine Aircraft Wing, and 1st Marine Logistics Group.
The Ia Drang Valley is a valley located about 32 miles south west of Pleiku in the Central Highlands of Vietnam.
The II Corps was a corps of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN), the army of the nation state of South Vietnam that existed from 1955 to 1975.
III Corps is a corps of the United States Army headquartered at Fort Hood, Texas.
Incheon (formerly romanized as Inchŏn; literally "kind river"), officially the Incheon Metropolitan City (인천광역시), is a city located in northwestern South Korea, bordering Seoul and Gyeonggi to the east.
Infantry is the branch of an army that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and tank forces.
The Iraq WarThe conflict is also known as the War in Iraq, the Occupation of Iraq, the Second Gulf War, and Gulf War II.
Below is an estimated list of the major units deployed within the Multi-National Force - Iraq and other United States military units that were operating in Iraq under the U.S. Central Command (USCENTCOM) in 2009, during the Iraq War.
In the context of the Iraq War, the surge refers to United States President George W. Bush's 2007 increase in the number of American troops in order to provide security to Baghdad and Al Anbar Province.
The Iraqi Armed Forces are the military forces of the Government of Iraq.
James Lamar Stone (December 27, 1922 – November 9, 2012) was a United States Army officer and a recipient of America's highest military decoration—the Medal of Honor—for his actions in the Korean War.
Jesus Santiago Duran (July 26, 1948 – February 17, 1977) was a U.S. Army veteran of the Vietnam War, and a recipient of the Medal of Honor.
Jim Crow laws were state and local laws that enforced racial segregation in the Southern United States.
General of the Armies John Joseph "Black Jack" Pershing (September 13, 1860 – July 15, 1948) was a senior United States Army officer.
Kenyon A. Joyce was a major general in the United States Army.
Khe Sanh is the district capital of Hướng Hoá District, Quảng Trị Province, Vietnam, located 63 km west of Đông Hà.
Killeen is a city in Bell County, Texas, United States.
A kite shield is a large, almond-shaped shield rounded at the top and curving down to a point or rounded point at the bottom.
The Korean War (in South Korean, "Korean War"; in North Korean, "Fatherland: Liberation War"; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) was a war between North Korea (with the support of China and the Soviet Union) and South Korea (with the principal support of the United States).
The Lingayen Gulf is a large gulf on northwestern Luzon in the Philippines, stretching.
This is a list of commanders of the US 1st Cavalry Division of the United States Army.
Lloyd Leslie Burke (September 29, 1924 – June 1, 1999) was a soldier in the United States Army during the Korean War.
The Lockheed C-130 Hercules is a four-engine turboprop military transport aircraft designed and built originally by Lockheed (now Lockheed Martin).
A long-range penetration patrol, group, or force is a special operations unit capable of operating long distances behind enemy lines far away from direct contact with friendly forces as opposed to a Long Range Reconnaissance Patrol, a small group primarily engaged in scouting missions.
A long-range reconnaissance patrol, or LRRP (pronounced "lurp"), is a small, heavily armed reconnaissance team that patrols deep in enemy-held territory.
The Louisiana Maneuvers were a series of U.S. Army exercises held around Northern and Western-Central Louisiana, including Fort Polk, Camp Claiborne and Camp Livingston, in 1940 and 1941.
Luzon is the largest and most populous island in the Philippines.
The M1 Abrams is an American third-generation main battle tank named for General Creighton Abrams.
The M16 rifle, officially designated Rifle, Caliber 5.56 mm, M16, is a United States military adaptation of the ArmaLite AR-15 rifle.Kern, Danford Allan (2006).. m-14parts.com. A thesis presented to the Faculty of the US Army Command and General Staff College in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree MASTER OF MILITARY ART AND SCIENCE, Military History. Fort Leavenworth, KansasKokalis, Peter G.. Nodakspud.com The original M16 was a selective fire 5.56mm rifle with a 20-round magazine. In 1964, the M16 entered U.S. military service and the following year was deployed for jungle warfare operations during the Vietnam War. In 1969, the M16A1 replaced the M14 rifle to become the U.S. military's standard service rifle.Ezell, Edward Clinton (1983). Small Arms of the World. New York: Stackpole Books. pp. 46–47..Urdang, p. 801. The M16A1 improvements include a bolt-assist, chrome plated bore and a new 30-round magazine. In 1983, the U.S. Marine Corps adopted the M16A2 rifle and the U.S. Army adopted it in 1986. The M16A2 fires the improved 5.56×45mm NATO (M855/SS109) cartridge and has a new adjustable rear sight, case deflector, heavy barrel, improved handguard, pistol grip and buttstock, as well as a semi-auto and three-round burst only fire selector. Adopted in 1998, the M16A4 is the fourth generation of the M16 series.Weapons of the Modern Marines, by Michael Green, MBI Publishing Company, 2004, page 16 It is equipped with a removable carrying handle and Picatinny rail for mounting optics and other ancillary devices. The M16 has also been widely adopted by other militaries around the world. Total worldwide production of M16s has been approximately 8 million, making it the most-produced firearm of its 5.56 mm caliber. The U.S. Military has largely replaced the M16 in combat units with a shorter and lighter version named the M4 carbine.
The M2 Bradley, or Bradley IFV, is an American infantry fighting vehicle that is a member of the Bradley Fighting Vehicle family.
Manila (Maynilà, or), officially the City of Manila (Lungsod ng Maynilà), is the capital of the Philippines and the most densely populated city proper in the world.
Marikina River (Tagalog: Ilog Marikina) is a river in eastern Metro Manila, Philippines.
The Medal of Honor is the United States of America's highest and most prestigious personal military decoration that may be awarded to recognize U.S. military service members who distinguished themselves by acts of valor.
The Meritorious Unit Commendation (MUC; pronounced muck) is a mid-level unit award of the United States Armed Forces.
In military organizations, the practice of carrying colours, standards or guidons, both to act as a rallying point for troops and to mark the location of the commander, is thought to have originated in Ancient Egypt some 5,000 years ago.
The Mississippi Army National Guard is the Army National Guard component of the Mississippi National Guard.
Momote Airport is an airport on Los Negros Island in the Admiralty Islands, Papua New Guinea.
National Geographic (formerly the National Geographic Magazine and branded also as NAT GEO or) is the official magazine of the National Geographic Society.
National Geographic (formerly National Geographic Channel and also commercially abbreviated and trademarked as Nat Geo or Nat Geo TV) is an American digital cable and satellite television network that is owned by National Geographic Partners, majority-owned by 21st Century Fox with the remainder owned by the National Geographic Society.
National Route 9 (Quốc lộ 9 (or abbrv. QL9) or Đường 9) runs across Vietnam roughly in line with the 17th Parallel.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 29 North American and European countries.
New Guinea (Nugini or, more commonly known, Papua, historically, Irian) is a large island off the continent of Australia.
Nineveh Governorate (محافظة نينوى) (ܗܘܦܲܪܟܝܵܐ ܕܢܝܼܢܘܹܐ) is a governorate in northern Iraq that contains the ancient Assyrian city of Nineveh.
The No Gun Ri massacre occurred on July 26–29, 1950, early in the Korean War, when an undetermined number of South Korean refugees were killed in a U.S. air attack and by small- and heavy-weapons fire of the 7th Cavalry Regiment at a railroad bridge near the village of Nogeun-ri (노근리), 100 miles (160 km) southeast of Seoul.
The Normans (Norman: Normaunds; Normands; Normanni) were the people who, in the 10th and 11th centuries, gave their name to Normandy, a region in France.
North Korea (Chosŏn'gŭl:조선; Hanja:朝鮮; Chosŏn), officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (abbreviated as DPRK, PRK, DPR Korea, or Korea DPR), is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula.
William Oliver Stone (born September 15, 1946) is an American writer and filmmaker.
Operation Crazy Horse (16 May to 5 June 1966), named after Lakota warrior Crazy Horse, was a search and destroy mission during the Vietnam War conducted by military forces of the United States, South Vietnam, and the Republic of South Korea in two valleys in Bình Định Province of South Vietnam.
Operation Delaware/Operation Lam Son 216 was a joint military operation launched during the Vietnam War.
Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) is the official name used by the U.S. government for the Global War on Terrorism.
Operation Inherent Resolve (OIR) is the U.S. military's operational name for the military intervention against the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIL, in the vernacular, Daesh), including both the campaign in Iraq and the campaign in Syria.
Operation Masher (24 January—6 March 1966) was in early 1966 the largest search and destroy mission that had been carried out in the Vietnam War up until that time.
Operation Thayer (13 September 1966 – 1 October 1966), Operation Irving (2 October 1966 – 24 October 1966) and Operation Thayer II (24 October 1966 – 11 February 1967) were related operations with the objective of eliminating communist People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) and Viet Cong (VC) influence in Bình Định Province on the central coast of South Vietnam.
The Oregon Army National Guard is a federally mandated and equipped military organization under the civilian direction of the Oregon Military Department, with the Governor of Oregon as its Commander-in-Chief.
Peacekeeping refers to activities intended to create conditions that favour lasting peace.
The People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN; Quân Đội Nhân Dân Việt Nam), also known as the Vietnamese People's Army (VPA), is the military force of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
The (Chinese) People's Volunteer Army (PVA or CPVA) was the armed forces deployed by the People's Republic of China during the Korean War.
Phước Vĩnh Base Camp (also known as Phước Vĩnh Combat Base) is a former U.S. Army base north of Biên Hòa in southern Vietnam.
The Philippine Presidential Unit Citation Badge is a unit decoration of the Republic of the Philippines.
Platoon is a 1986 American anti-war film written and directed by Oliver Stone, starring Tom Berenger, Willem Dafoe, and Charlie Sheen.
Pleiku is a city in central Vietnam, located in that nation's central highland region.
The Presidential Unit Citation (PUC), originally called the Distinguished Unit Citation, is awarded to units of the Uniformed services of the United States, and those of allied countries, for extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy on or after 7 December 1941 (the date of the Attack on Pearl Harbor and the start of American involvement in World War II).
Pristina International Airport "Adem Jashari" (Aeroporti Ndërkombëtar i Prishtinës "Adem Jashari"; is an international airport located south-west of Pristina, Kosovo.
Pyongyang, or P'yŏngyang, is the capital and largest city of North Korea.
The United States Army Quartermaster Corps, formerly the Quartermaster Department, is a Sustainment, formerly combat service support (CSS), branch of the United States Army.
Quảng Trị is a city in Quảng Trị Province in the North Central Coast region of Vietnam.
The Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation (Hangul: 대한민국 대통령 부대 표창; Hanja: 大韓民國大統領 部隊表彰) is a military unit award of the government of South Korea that may be presented to South Korean military units, and foreign military units for outstanding performance in defense of the Republic of Korea.
Resolute Support Mission or Operation Resolute Support is a NATO-led train, advise and assist mission consisting of over 13,000 troops in the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, which began on January 1, 2015.
Robert Harley Young (March 4, 1929 – November 5, 1950) was a soldier in the United States Army during the Korean War.
Robert Milton McGovern (1928 – January 30, 1951) was an officer in the United States Army during the Korean War.
Samar is the third largest island in the Philippines.
Samuel Streit Coursen (August 4, 1926 – October 12, 1950) was a 1949 graduate of the United States Military Academy and company commander in the United States Army during the Korean War.
The Second Battle of Fallujah—code-named Operation Al-Fajr (Arabic: الفجر "the dawn") and Operation Phantom Fury—was a joint American, Iraqi, and British offensive in November and December 2004, considered the highest point of conflict in Fallujah during the Iraq War.
The September 11, 2001 attacks (also referred to as 9/11) were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda against the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001.
A shield is a piece of personal armour held in the hand or mounted on the wrist or forearm.
A shoulder sleeve insignia (often abbreviated SSI), is an embroidered patch worn on some uniforms of the United States Army.
The Siege of Plei Me (Vietnamese: Bao vây Plei Me) (19–25 October 1965) was the beginning phase of the first major confrontation between soldiers of the communist North Vietnamese Army (PAVN) and the U.S. army during the Vietnam War.
The Sikorsky CH-54 Tarhe is a twin-engine heavy-lift helicopter designed by Sikorsky Aircraft for the United States Army.
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.
A square division is a designation given to the way military divisions are organized.
The Stabilisation Force in Bosnia and Herzegovina (SFOR) was a NATO-led multinational peacekeeping force deployed to Bosnia and Herzegovina after the Bosnian war.
Strathpine is a suburb in the Moreton Bay Region, Queensland, Australia.
As part of the early 21st century transformation of the United States Army from a division-based structure to a brigade-based army; the division support commands, corps support groups, and area support groups were inactivated and transformed to sustainment brigades (previously called sustainment units of action (SUS or SUA). The sustainment brigade is designed to provide mission command for combat support and combat service support units. It can be adjusted in size to support anywhere from one to ten brigade combat teams (BCTs). A sustainment brigade has a joint capability that allows the Army to better manage the flow of logistics into the area of operations (AO) and provides support to other services for common logistics like fuel, common ammo, medical supplies, repair parts of wheeled vehicles, and so forth. A sustainment brigade is designed to operate independently in a theater of operations, in conjunction with other sustainment brigades under the command of a sustainment command (expeditionary), or directly under a theater sustainment command. When in theater, a sustainment command (expeditionary) will report to the theater sustainment command. As of the last published information, there will be 31 sustainment brigades; 10 active duty brigades as part of the Army's active divisions, 2 independent active duty brigades, 10 Army National Guard brigades and 9 US Army Reserve brigades.
A table of organization and equipment (TOE or TO&E) is the specified organization, staffing, and equipment of units.
(), or simply referred to as City is a highly urbanized city in the.
Tagaytay, officially Tagaytay City, (Lungsod Tagaytay), is a component city in the province of Cavite, in the Philippines.
The Tet Offensive (Sự kiện Tết Mậu Thân 1968), or officially called The General Offensive and Uprising of Tet Mau Than 1968 (Tổng Tiến công và Nổi dậy Tết Mậu Thân 1968) by North Vietnam and the NLF (National Liberation Front), was one of the largest military campaigns of the Vietnam War, launched on January 30, 1968, by forces of the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese People's Army of Vietnam against the forces of the South Vietnamese Army of the Republic of Vietnam, the United States Armed Forces, and their allies.
The Long Road Home is an American drama miniseries created by Mikko Alanne.
Tibor "Ted" Rubin (June 18, 1929 – December 5, 2015) was a Hungarian-born Holocaust survivor who emigrated to the United States in 1948 and received the Medal of Honor for his actions during the Korean War as a United States Army soldier and prisoner of war (POW) from President George W. Bush on September 23, 2005, 55 years later.
Tom Berenger (born Thomas Michael Moore; May 31, 1949) is an American television and motion picture actor.
Train Advise Assist Command – East (TAAC – East) is a multinational military formation, part of NATO's Resolute Support Mission within Afghanistan.
Train Advise Assist Command – South (TAAC – South) is a multinational military formation, part of NATO's Resolute Support Mission within Afghanistan.
Tuzla is the third largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the administrative center of Tuzla Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Combat Arms Regimental System (CARS), was the method of assigning unit designations to units of some of the combat arms branches (specifically, Infantry, including Special Forces, Field Artillery, and Armor) of the United States Army from 1957 to 1981.
The United Nations Command (UNC) is the unified command structure for the multinational military forces, established in 1950, supporting South Korea (the Republic of Korea or ROK) during and after the Korean War.
The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Army Center of Military History (CMH) is a directorate within the Office of the Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army.
The United States Army Command and General Staff College (CGSC or, obsolete, USACGSC) at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, is a graduate school for United States Army and sister service officers, interagency representatives, and international military officers.
The United States Army War College (USAWC) is a U.S. Army educational institution in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, on the 500-acre (2 km²) campus of the historic Carlisle Barracks.
The Department of Defense (DoD, USDOD, or DOD) is an executive branch department of the federal government of the United States charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government concerned directly with national security and the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Department of War, also called the War Department (and occasionally War Office in the early years), was the United States Cabinet department originally responsible for the operation and maintenance of the United States Army, also bearing responsibility for naval affairs until the establishment of the Navy Department in 1798, and for most land-based air forces until the creation of the Department of the Air Force on September 18, 1947.
The Pontifical and Royal University of Santo Tomas, The Catholic University of the Philippines, or simply the University of Santo Tomas (UST), is a private, Roman Catholic research university in Manila, Philippines.
Unsan County is a ''kun'', or county, in eastern North P'yŏngan province, North Korea.
The Valorous Unit Award (VUA) is the second highest United States military unit decoration which may be bestowed upon a military unit after the Presidential Unit Citation (PUC).
Vandegrift Combat Base (also known as FSB Vandegrift and LZ Stud) is a former U.S. Army and Marine Corps and Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) base north of Ca Lu in Quảng Trị Province, Vietnam.
The National Liberation Front of South Vietnam (Mặt trận Dân tộc Giải phóng miền Nam Việt Nam) also known as the Việt Cộng was a mass political organization in South Vietnam and Cambodia with its own army – the People's Liberation Armed Forces of South Vietnam (PLAF) – that fought against the United States and South Vietnamese governments during the Vietnam War, eventually emerging on the winning side.
Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.
The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.
The VII Corps of the United States Army was one of the two principal corps of the United States Army Europe during the Cold War.
Walton Harris Walker (December 3, 1889 – December 23, 1950) was a United States Army four-star general who served as a commander in World War I, World War II, and the Korean War, where he commanded the Eighth United States Army before dying in a jeep accident.
The War in Afghanistan (or the U.S. War in Afghanistan; code named Operation Enduring Freedom – Afghanistan (2001–2014) and Operation Freedom's Sentinel (2015–present)) followed the United States invasion of Afghanistan of October 7, 2001.
The War on Terror, also known as the Global War on Terrorism, is an international military campaign that was launched by the United States government after the September 11 attacks in the United States in 2001.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
We Were Soldiers is a 2002 American war film that dramatizes the Battle of Ia Drang on November 14, 1965.
We Were Soldiers Once… and Young is a 1992 book by Lt. Gen. Harold G. Moore (Ret.) and war journalist Joseph L. Galloway about the Vietnam War.
William James "Willem" Dafoe (born July 22, 1955) is an American actor with Italian citizenship.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
X Corps was a corps of the United States Army in World War II and the Korean War.
The Yalu River, also called the Amrok River or Amnok River, is a river on the border between North Korea and China.
, literally "Port to the side" or "Beside the port", is the second largest city in Japan by population, after Tokyo, and the most populous municipality of Japan.
The 101st Airborne Division ("Screaming Eagles") is an elite modular specialized light infantry division of the US Army.
The 10th Cavalry Regiment is a unit of the United States Army.
The 10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry) is a light infantry division in the United States Army based at Fort Drum, New York.
The 115th Brigade Support Battalion is a battalion of the United States Army.
The 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment ("Blackhorse Regiment") is a unit of the United States Army garrisoned at Fort Irwin, California.
The 12th Cavalry is a cavalry regiment of the United States Army.
The 155th Armored Brigade Combat Team is a brigade combat team of the Mississippi Army National Guard.
The 15th Cavalry Division was created with the 1st & 2nd Cavalry Brigades in February 1917 at Fort Sam Houston, Texas.
The 15th Medical Battalion is a former battalion of the United States Army.
The 16th Cavalry Regiment is a Regiment of the United States Army first established in 1916.
The 17th Cavalry Regiment is a historical organization within the United States Army that began as a regiment of cavalry after the Pancho Villa Expedition.
The 1st Armored Division—nicknamed "Old Ironsides"—is a combined arms division of the United States Army.
The 1st Battalion, 227th Aviation Regiment is an attack helicopter battalion that is a subunit of the 1st Air Cavalry Brigade (1ACB), the aviation brigade for the 1st Cavalry Division.
The 1st Armored Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division (the "Iron Horse Brigade") was constituted 29 August 1917 in the United States Army as Headquarters, 1st Cavalry Brigade.
The 1st Cavalry Division ("First Team") is a combined arms division and is one of the most decorated combat divisions of the United States Army.
The 1st Cavalry Division Artillery (DIVARTY) or "Red Team" is the Force Fires Headquarters for the 1st Cavalry Division.
The 1st Cavalry Division Horse Cavalry Detachment is a United States Army equestrian military unit.
The 1st Cavalry Regiment is a United States Army unit to have its antecedents in the early 19th century in the formation of the United States Regiment of Dragoons.
The 1st Infantry Division is a combined arms division of the United States Army, and is the oldest continuously serving in the Regular Army.
The 1st Marine Division (1st MARDIV) is a Marine infantry division of the United States Marine Corps headquartered at Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, California.
The 2003 invasion of Iraq was the first stage of the Iraq War (also called Operation Iraqi Freedom).
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
The 256th Infantry Brigade Combat Team ("Louisiana Brigade") is a modular infantry brigade combat team (IBCT) of the Louisiana Army National Guard.
The 2nd Armored Division ("Hell on Wheels") was an armored division of the United States Army.
The 2nd Battalion, 227th Aviation Regiment fly the Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk and the Boeing CH-47 Chinook.
The 2d Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division (the "Black Jack Brigade") is a cavalry unit of the United States Army based in Fort Hood, Texas.
The 2nd Cavalry Division was a cavalry division of the United States Army.
The 2nd Infantry Division ("Indianhead"; "2ID," "2nd ID", or "Second D") is a formation of the United States Army.
The U.S. 2nd Marine Division (2nd MARDIV) is a division of the United States Marine Corps, which forms the ground combat element of the II Marine Expeditionary Force (II MEF).
The 39th Infantry Brigade Combat Team, formerly called the 39th Infantry Brigade (Separate) – nicknamed the Arkansas Brigade or the Bowie Team – is a infantry brigade combat team of the United States Army made up of soldiers from the Arkansas Army National Guard.
The 3rd Battalion, 16th Field Artillery Regiment is a field artillery battalion assigned to the 2nd Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division.
The 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division ("Grey Wolf") is a combined arms armored brigade of the 1st Cavalry Division.
The 3rd Cavalry Regiment, formerly 3rd Armored Cavalry Regiment ("Brave Rifles") is a regiment of the United States Army currently stationed at Fort Hood, Texas.
The 3rd Engineer Battalion is a unit of the United States Army that deploys to designated contingency areas and conducts combat and/or stability operations in support of a brigade combat team.
The 3rd Infantry Division (nicknamed "The Rock of the Marne)" is an Infantry division of the United States Army based at Fort Stewart, Georgia.
The 45th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the United States Army, part of the Oklahoma Army National Guard, from 1920 to 1968.
The 4th Cavalry Regiment is a United States Army cavalry regiment, whose lineage is traced back to the mid-19th century.
The 4th Infantry Division is a division of the United States Army based at Fort Carson, Colorado.
The 5th Cavalry Regiment ("Black Knights") is a historical unit of the United States Army that began its service in the decade prior to the American Civil War and continues in modified organizational format in the U.S. Army.
The 7th Cavalry Regiment is a United States Army cavalry regiment formed in 1866.
The 7th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the United States Army.
The 81st Stryker Brigade Combat Team is a modular brigade of the United States Army National Guard based in Washington, Oregon and California and is subordinate to the 7th Infantry Division.
82nd Field Artillery Regiment is a field artillery regiment of the United States Army.
The 8th Cavalry Regiment is a regiment of the United States Army formed in 1866 during the American Indian Wars.
The 91st Engineer Battalion was a military engineer unit in the United States Army.
The 9th Cavalry Regiment includes active duty reconnaissance units of the United States Army.
1965 Fort Benning Mid-Air Helicopter Collision, 1st Air Cavalry Division, 1st Cav, 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile), 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile) (United States), 4th Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division, 4th Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division (United States), 4th Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (United States), U.S. 1st Air Cavalry Division, U.S. 1st Cavalry Division, U.S. 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile), U.S. 1st cavalry Division, US 1st Cavalry Division, US First Cavalry Division, US first cavalry.