126 relations: Alan Seeger, Aléria, Algerian War, Armée d'Orient (1915–19), Army of Africa (France), Army of the Levant, Aubagne, Battle of Camarón, Battle of El-Moungar, Battle of Magenta, Battle of the Alma, Blaise Cendrars, Chad, Chief warrant officer, Christmas, Commander-in-chief, Commemorative medal of the Mexico Expedition, Crimean War, Croix de Guerre 1939–1945 (France), Emperor, Eugene Bullard, Flag of Mexico, Foreign Legion Command, Foreign Legion Pioneers (Pionniers), François Achille Bazaine, Franco-Hova Wars, Franco-Prussian War, French Army, French Foreign Legion, French Foreign Legion Museum, French Foreign Legion Music Band (MLE), Gabriel Bablon, Giuseppe Garibaldi II, Globe, Gold Medal of the City of Milan, Golden eagle, Gulf War, Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, Hohenlohe Regiment, Honneur et Fidélité, Hundred Days, Institution des Invalides de la Legion Etrangere, Instruction Group of the Foreign Legion, Jean Danjou, Jean Olié, Kabylie, Képi Blanc (publication), Killed in action, Lebanon, Legion of Honour, ..., List of French Foreign Legion units, List of Marshals of France, Louis-Antoine Gaultier, Madagascar, Major, Major (France), Marcel Letestu, Marching regiment, Marching Regiment of the Foreign Legion, Mascara, Algeria, Mexico, Moroccan Division (France), Morocco, Mounted Companies (Compagnies montées de la Légion étrangère), Mule, Multinational Force in Lebanon, Opération Daguet, Opération Sentinelle, Opération Tacaud, Operational Group of the Foreign Legion, Oran, Origins of the French Foreign Legion, Oscar de Négrier, Paris Commune, Patrice de MacMahon, Duke of Magenta, Paul Gardy, Paul-Frédéric Rollet, Peter I of Serbia, Peter J. Ortiz, Pierre Jeanpierre, Pierre Joseph Jeanningros, Pierre Segrétain, Portuguese people, Poseidon, Prince Aage, Count of Rosenborg, Ranks in the French Army, Raphaël Vienot, Régiment d'infanterie-chars de marine, Rif War, Sahara, Saharan Companies of the French Foreign Legion, Saltire, Second French intervention in Mexico, Second Italian War of Independence, Serge Andolenko, Sergeant, Sidi Bel Abbès, Siege of Sevastopol (1854–55), Siegfried Freytag, Sino-French War, Sovereign Military Order of Malta, Spaniards, Swiss Guards, Swiss people, Veracruz, Vigipirate, War on Terror, Warrant officer, World, World War I, World War II, Wounded in action, 11th Foreign Infantry Regiment, 12th Foreign Infantry Regiment, 13th Demi-Brigade of Foreign Legion, 1st Foreign Cavalry Regiment, 2nd Foreign Infantry Regiment, 2nd Foreign Legion (France), 2nd Foreign Parachute Regiment, 2nd Marching Regiment of the 1st Foreign Regiment, 2nd Marching Regiment of the 2nd Foreign Regiment, 31st Brigade (France), 3rd Marching Regiment of the 1st Foreign Regiment, 4th Foreign Regiment (France), 4th Marching Regiment of the 1st Foreign Regiment, 6th Foreign Infantry Regiment. Expand index (76 more) » « Shrink index
Alan Seeger (22 June 1888 – 4 July 1916) was an American poet who fought and died in World War I during the Battle of the Somme, serving in the French Foreign Legion.
Aléria (Ancient Greek: Ἀλαλίη, Alaliē; Latin and Italian: Aleria, U Cateraghju) is a commune in the Haute-Corse department of France on the island of Corsica, former bishopric and present Latin Catholic titular see.
The Armée d'Orient (AO) was a Field army of the French Army during World War I who fought on the Macedonian Front.
The Army of Africa (Armée d’Afrique) was an unofficial but commonly used term for those portions of the French Army recruited from or normally stationed in French North Africa (Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia) from 1830 until the end of the Algerian War in 1962.
The Army of the Levant (Armée du Levant) identifies the armed forces of France and then Vichy France which occupied, and were in part recruited from, a portion of the "Levant" during the interwar period and early World War II.
Aubagne (Aubanha in Occitan according to the classic norm or Aubagno according to the Mistralian norm) is a commune in the Bouches-du-Rhône department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of southern France.
The Battle of Camarón (Bataille de Camerone) which occurred over ten hours on 30 April 1863 between the French Foreign Legion and the Mexican army, is regarded as a defining moment in the Foreign Legion's history.
The Battle of El-Moungar was a battle fought during the South-Oranese Campaign between a contingent of the French Army of Africa, mainly from the French Foreign Legion, and Moroccan tribesmen.
The Battle of Magenta was fought on 4 June 1859 during the Second Italian War of Independence, resulting in a French-Sardinian victory under Napoleon III against the Austrians under Marshal Ferencz Gyulai.
The Battle of the Alma was a battle in the Crimean War between an allied expeditionary force made up of French, British and Turkish forces and Russian forces defending the Crimean Peninsula on 20September 1854.
Frédéric-Louis Sauser (1 September 1887 – 21 January 1961), better known as Blaise Cendrars, was a Swiss-born novelist and poet who became a naturalized French citizen in 1916.
Chad (تشاد; Tchad), officially the Republic of Chad ("Republic of the Chad"), is a landlocked country in Central Africa.
Chief Warrant Officer is a military rank used by the United States Armed Forces, the Canadian Armed Forces, the Pakistan Air Force, the Israel Defense Forces, the South African National Defence Force, the Lebanese Armed Forces and, since 2012, the Singapore Armed Forces.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
A commander-in-chief, also sometimes called supreme commander, or chief commander, is the person or body that exercises supreme operational command and control of a nation's military forces.
The Commemorative medal of the Mexico Expedition (Médaille commémorative de l'expédition du Mexique) was a French commemorative campaign medal established by decree of French emperor Napoleon III on 29 August 1863 to recognize military service during the 1862-1863 French intervention in Mexico.
The Crimean War (or translation) was a military conflict fought from October 1853 to February 1856 in which the Russian Empire lost to an alliance of the Ottoman Empire, France, Britain and Sardinia.
The Croix de guerre 1939–1945 (War Cross 1939–1945) is a French military decoration, a version of the Croix de guerre created on September 26, 1939, to honour people who fought with the Allies against the Axis forces at any time during World War II.
An emperor (through Old French empereor from Latin imperator) is a monarch, usually the sovereign ruler of an empire or another type of imperial realm.
Eugene Jacques Bullard (October 9, 1895 – October 12, 1961), born Eugene James Bullard, was the first African-American military pilot.
The flag of Mexico (Bandera de México) is a vertical tricolor of green, white, and red with the national coat of arms charged in the center of the white stripe.
The Foreign Legion Command (Commandement de la Légion Étrangère, (COMLE)) (official) is the Command of the French Foreign Legion.
The Pioneers of the French Foreign Legion (Les Pionniers de la Légion étrangère) are a "unit of tradition".
François Achille Bazaine (13 February 181123 September 1888) was an officer of the French army.
The Franco-Hova Wars or Franco-Malagasy Wars comprised two French military interventions in Madagascar between 1883 and 1896 that overthrew the ruling monarchy of the Merina Kingdom, and resulted in Madagascar becoming a French colony.
The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War (Deutsch-Französischer Krieg, Guerre franco-allemande), often referred to in France as the War of 1870 (19 July 1871) or in Germany as 70/71, was a conflict between the Second French Empire of Napoleon III and the German states of the North German Confederation led by the Kingdom of Prussia.
The French Army, officially the Ground Army (Armée de terre) (to distinguish it from the French Air Force, Armée de L'air or Air Army) is the land-based and largest component of the French Armed Forces.
The French Foreign Legion (Légion étrangère) (FFL; Légion étrangère, L.É.) is a military service branch of the French Army established in 1831.
The French Foreign Legion Museum (Musée de la Légion étrangère) situated in Aubagne, France, represents the history and "arms history" accomplishments (faits d'armes) of the French Foreign Legion throughout the course of various collections and expositions.
The French Foreign Legion Music Band or Foreign Legion Music (Musique de la Légion étrangère, MLE), formerly officially designated as the Principal Music of the Foreign Legion (Musique principale de la Légion étrangère) is a Musical Formation of the French Army composed largely of Legionnaires.
Gabriel Bablon (September 1, 1905 - March 27, 1956) was a Frenchman and Compagnon de la Libération.
Brigadier-General Giuseppe Garibaldi II (29 July 1879 – 19 May 1950), better known as Peppino, was an Italian soldier, patriot and revolutionary, grandson of Giuseppe Garibaldi.
A globe is a spherical model of Earth, of some other celestial body, or of the celestial sphere.
The Gold Medal of the City of Milan was a French medal issued in 1909 to commemorate the fiftieth anniversary of France's 1859 Italian campaign, an intervention in the Second Italian War of Independence.
The golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) is one of the best-known birds of prey in the Northern Hemisphere.
The Gulf War (2 August 199028 February 1991), codenamed Operation Desert Shield (2 August 199017 January 1991) for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia and Operation Desert Storm (17 January 199128 February 1991) in its combat phase, was a war waged by coalition forces from 35 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait.
Field Marshal Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, (24 June 1850 – 5 June 1916), was a senior British Army officer and colonial administrator who won notoriety for his imperial campaigns, most especially his scorched earth policy against the Boers and his establishment of concentration camps during the Second Boer War, and later played a central role in the early part of the First World War.
The Hohenlohe Regiment (Régiment de Hohenlohe) was an infantry regiment of the French Army established after the abdication of Napoleon I. It consisted of foreign soldiers who wished to continue in French service under the restored monarchy.
Honneur et Fidélité ("Honour and Fidelity") is the motto of the French Foreign Legion.
The Hundred Days (les Cent-Jours) marked the period between Napoleon's return from exile on the island of Elba to Paris on20 March 1815 and the second restoration of King Louis XVIII on 8 July 1815 (a period of 110 days).
Institution des Invalides de la Legion Etrangere (Institution des invalides de la Légion étrangère) is one of various detachments reserved exclusively for personnel having served in the French Foreign Legion and for the most part, is also serviced by veteran legionnaires.
The Instruction Group of the Foreign Legion (Groupement d'instruction de la Légion étrangère (G.I.L.E)) was stationed at Bonifacio (Corsica) for instruction and at Corté (Minoterie) for the instruction of the cadres and specialists (CICS), then at the citadel of Corté at the beginning of the years 1960 after the departure of Algeria.
Jean Danjou (15 April 1828 – 30 April 1863) was a decorated captain in the French Foreign Legion.
Jean Olié (March 24, 1904 - 2003) was a Général of the French Army and the 1st Inspector of the Autonomous Group of the Foreign Legion serving primarily in the French Foreign Legion from 1924 to 1961.
Kabylie, or Kabylia (Tamurt en Yiqbayliyen; Tazwawa; ⵜⴰⵎⵓⵔⵜ ⵏ ⵍⴻⵇⴱⴰⵢⴻⵍ), is a cultural region, natural region, and historical region in northern Algeria.
Képi Blanc (Képi Blanc) is the monthly French magazine of the French Foreign Legion.
Killed in action (KIA) is a casualty classification generally used by militaries to describe the deaths of their own combatants at the hands of hostile forces.
Lebanon (لبنان; Lebanese pronunciation:; Liban), officially known as the Lebanese RepublicRepublic of Lebanon is the most common phrase used by Lebanese government agencies.
The Legion of Honour, with its full name National Order of the Legion of Honour (Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur), is the highest French order of merit for military and civil merits, established in 1802 by Napoléon Bonaparte and retained by all the divergent governments and regimes later holding power in France, up to the present.
This article lists the principal units of the French Foreign Legion created since 1831.
Marshal of France (Maréchal de France, plural Maréchaux de France) is a French military distinction, rather than a military rank, that is awarded to generals for exceptional achievements.
Louis-Antoine Gaultier (1898–1970) was a général of the French Army who served mainly in the French Foreign Legion.
Madagascar (Madagasikara), officially the Republic of Madagascar (Repoblikan'i Madagasikara; République de Madagascar), and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of East Africa.
Major is a military rank of commissioned officer status, with corresponding ranks existing in many military forces throughout the world.
Major (Major) in France, is a senior superior military rank (grade militaire) across various military and security institutions with history dating back well beyond the 18th century.
Marcel Letestu (8 April 1918 – 29 August 2006) was a Général de brigade of the French Army and Commandant of the French Foreign Legion.
A regiment de marche (roughly 'marching regiment' in English) is a French temporary (provisional not permanent), regiment created for a specific campaign or other military purpose.
The Marching Regiment (Régiment de Marche) of the French Foreign Legion (RMLE) was a French military unit that fought in World War I and World War II.
Mascara is the capital city of Mascara Province, Algeria, in northwestern Algeria.
Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
The Moroccan Division (Division marocaine, 1re D.M) or the 1st Moroccan Division of 1914, initially the Marching Division of Morocco (« Division de Marche du Maroc »'''D.M du Maroc'''.) was an infantry division of France's Army of Africa (Armée d'Afrique) which participated in World War I. During the major engagements of the Division, the composition of the latter consisted of, half of Maghrebi soldiers (Algerian and Tunisian Tirailleurs, Moroccans) and the other half made of "European" soldiers (Marsouins ex-Infantry Colonial Troops, Zouaves and Legionnaires), the Moroccan Division illustrated capability in the First Battle of the Marne in September and the Battle of Artois of May 1915 where for the first time, a French division pierced the front.
Morocco (officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco, is a unitary sovereign state located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is one of the native homelands of the indigenous Berber people. Geographically, Morocco is characterised by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of. Its capital is Rabat, and the largest city is Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Salé, Fes, Meknes and Oujda. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid dynasty and Almohad dynasty, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, and Morocco remained the only North African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier, and regained its independence in 1956. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, West African and European influences. Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, formerly Spanish Sahara, as its Southern Provinces. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. Mauritania relinquished its claim in 1979, and the war lasted until a cease-fire in 1991. Morocco currently occupies two thirds of the territory, and peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock. Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs, which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the constitutional court. Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber, with Berber being the native language of Morocco before the Arab conquest in the 600s AD. The Moroccan dialect of Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken. Morocco is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean and the African Union. It has the fifth largest economy of Africa.
While the infantry was very efficient in the Aurès (Aurès), in Kabylie (Kabylie) and all the mountainous regions, they were slow when the terrain became flat in the desert.
A mule is the offspring of a male donkey (jack) and a female horse (mare).
The Multinational Force in Lebanon (MNF) was an international peacekeeping force created in August 1982 following the 1981 U.S.-brokered ceasefire between the PLO and Israel to end their involvement in the conflict between Lebanon's pro-government and pro-Syrian factions.
Opération Daguet (Operation Brocket) was the codename for French operations during the 1991 Gulf War.
Opération Sentinelle is a French military operation with 10,000 soldiers and 4,700 police and gendarmes deployed since the aftermath of the January 2015 Île-de-France attacks, with the objective of protecting sensitive "points" of the territory from terrorism.
Opération Tacaud was a French military operation in Chad, that took place between 20 February 1978 and May 1980.
The Operation Group of the Foreign Legion (Groupement opérationnel de la Légion étrangère (G.O.L.E)) was a unit of the Foreign Legion with an operational vocation.
Oran (وَهران, Wahrān; Berber language: ⵡⴻⵂⵔⴰⵏ, Wehran) is a major coastal city located in the north-west of Algeria.
The French Foreign Legion is an elite force composed of soldiers of different race, trade, religion, and sentiments, which began as part of the French Army.
François Oscar de Négrier (2 October 1839 – 22 August 1913) was one of the most charismatic French generals of the Third Republic, winning fame in Algeria in the Sud-Oranais campaign (1881) and in Tonkin during the Sino-French War (August 1884 – April 1887).
The Paris Commune (La Commune de Paris) was a radical socialist and revolutionary government that ruled Paris from 18 March to 28 May 1871.
Patrice de MacMahon, Duke of Magenta, 6th Marquess of MacMahon, 1st Duke of Magenta (born Marie Edme Patrice Maurice; 13 June 1808 – 17 October 1893), was a French general and politician, with the distinction of Marshal of France.
Paul Gardy was Général de brigade of the French Army and Commandant of the French Foreign Legion in 1951 and 1958.
Paul-Frédéric Rollet (1875–1941) was a Général Division General Commandant of the French Foreign Legion, Les Chefs COMLE who led in the Marching Regiment of the Foreign Legion RMLE, and was the 1st Inspector of the Foreign Legion, a post which he created under his intentions.
Peter I (Petar/Петар; – 16 August 1921) reigned as the last King of Serbia (1903–1918) and as the first King of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (1918–1921).
Pierre (Peter) Julien Ortiz OBE (July 5, 1913 – May 16, 1988) was a United States Marine Corps colonel who received two Navy Crosses for extraordinary heroism as a major in World War II.
Pierre Paul Jeanpierre (14 March 1912 – 29 May 1958) was a Frenchman, a soldier of legend in the French Foreign Legion who initially served in the French Army.
Pierre Jean Joseph Jeanningros, (21 November 1816 Besançon, France - 30 April 1902) was a French général, famous for having commanded the French Foreign Legion.
Pierre Côme André Segrétain (7 November 1909 – 8 October 1950) was a French infantry and airborne officer of the French Army and French Foreign Legion who fought in World War II and the First Indochina War, primarily in Foreign Legion units.
Portuguese people are an ethnic group indigenous to Portugal that share a common Portuguese culture and speak Portuguese.
Poseidon (Ποσειδῶν) was one of the Twelve Olympians in ancient Greek religion and myth.
Prince Aage, Count of Rosenborg, (Aage Christian Alexander Robert; 10 June 1887 – 19 February 1940) was a Danish prince and officer of the French Foreign Legion.
Rank insignia in the French army are worn on the sleeve or on shoulder marks of uniforms, and range up to the highest rank of Marshal of France, a state honour denoted with a seven-star insignia that was last conferred posthumously on Marie Pierre Koenig in 1984.
Raphaël Vienot (August 31 1804 – May 2 1855) was colonel of the French Army who particularly illustrated himself during the Crimean War and was killed in action while leading the assault of his regiment.
The Régiment d'infanterie chars de marine RICM in French, (R.I.C.M, or Marine Infantry Tank Regiment) is a light cavalry regiment of the French Army heir to the Régiment d'infanterie coloniale du Maroc RICM (R.I.C.M, or Colonial Infantry Regiment of Morocco).
The Rif War was an armed conflict fought from 1920 to 1927 between the colonial power Spain (later joined by France) and the Berber tribes of the Rif mountainous region. Led by Abd el-Krim, the Riffians at first inflicted several defeats on the Spanish forces by using guerrilla tactics and captured European weapons. After France's military intervention against Abd el-Krim's forces and the major landing of Spanish troops at Al Hoceima, considered the first amphibious landing in history to involve the use of tanks and aircraft, Abd el-Krim surrendered to the French and was taken into exile. In 1909, Rifian tribes aggressively confronted Spanish workers of the iron mines of the Rif, near Melilla, which led to the intervention of the Spanish Army. The military operations in Jebala, in the Moroccan West, began in 1911 with the Larache Landing. Spain worked to pacify a large part of the most violent areas until 1914, a slow process of consolidation of frontiers that lasted until 1919 due to World War I. The following year, after the signing of the Treaty of Fez, the northern Moroccan area was adjudicated to Spain as a protectorate. The Riffian populations strongly resisted the Spanish, unleashing a conflict that would last for several years. In 1921, the Spanish troops suffered the catastrophic Disaster of Annual, the biggest defeat in the history of Spain, in addition to a rebellion led by Rifian leader Abd el-Krim. As a result, the Spanish retreated to a few fortified positions while Abd el-Krim ultimately created an entire independent state: the Republic of the Rif. The development of the conflict and its end coincided with the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera, who took on command of the campaign from 1924 to 1927. In addition, and after the Battle of Uarga in 1925, the French intervened in the conflict and established a joint collaboration with Spain that culminated in the notorious renowned Alhucemas landing. By 1926 the area had been pacified; Abd-el-Krim surrendered in July 1927; and the Spanish regained the previously lost territory. The Rif War is still considered controversial among historians. Some see in it a harbinger of the decolonization process in North Africa. Others consider it one of the last colonial wars, as it was the decision of the Spanish to conquer the Rif — nominally part of their Moroccan protectorate but de facto independent — that catalyzed the entry of France in 1924. The Rif War left a deep memory both in Spain and in Morocco. The Riffian insurgency of the 1920s can be interpreted as a precursor to the Algerian war of independence, which took place three decades later.
The Sahara (الصحراء الكبرى,, 'the Great Desert') is the largest hot desert and the third largest desert in the world after Antarctica and the Arctic.
The Saharan Mounted Companies of the French Foreign Legion was formed of turning Legionnaires of various nationalities and races hailing from the respective French Foreign Legion infantry and cavalry regiments garrisoned in the respective continent.
A saltire, also called Saint Andrew's Cross, is a heraldic symbol in the form of a diagonal cross, like the shape of the letter X in Roman type.
The Second French Intervention in Mexico (Sp.: Segunda intervención francesa en México, 1861–67) was an invasion of Mexico, launched in late 1861, by the Second French Empire (1852–70).
The Second Italian War of Independence, also called the Franco-Austrian War, Austro-Sardinian War or Italian War of 1859 (Campagne d'Italie), was fought by the French Empire and the Kingdom of Sardinia against the Austrian Empire in 1859 and played a crucial part in the process of Italian unification.
Serge Andolenko (June 26, 1907 - August 27, 1973) was a French military officer of Russian origin who became brigade général of the French Army.
Sergeant (abbreviated to Sgt and capitalized when used as a named person's title) is a rank in many uniformed organizations, principally military and policing forces.
Sidi Bel Abbès (سيدي بلعباس), also called Bel Abbès is capital (2005 pop. 200,000)Sidi Bel Abbes, lexicorient.com (Encyclopaedia of the Orient), internet article.
The Siege of Sevastopol (at the time called in English the Siege of Sebastopol) lasted from September 1854 until September 1855, during the Crimean War.
Siegfried Freytag (10 November 1919 – 2 June 2003) was a fighter pilot who served and fought in the Luftwaffe of during World War II.
The Sino-French War (Guerre franco-chinoise, សង្គ្រាមបារាំង-ចិន, Chiến tranh Pháp-Thanh), also known as the Tonkin War and Tonquin War, was a limited conflict fought from August 1884 through April 1885, to decide whether France would supplant China's control of Tonkin (northern Vietnam).
The Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem, of Rhodes and of Malta (Supremus Ordo Militaris Hospitalis Sancti Ioannis Hierosolymitani Rhodius et Melitensis), also known as the Sovereign Military Order of Malta (SMOM) or the Order of Malta, is a Catholic lay religious order traditionally of military, chivalrous and noble nature.
Spaniards are a Latin European ethnic group and nation.
Swiss Guards (Gardes Suisses; Schweizergarde) are the Swiss soldiers who have served as guards at foreign European courts since the late 15th century.
The Swiss (die Schweizer, les Suisses, gli Svizzeri, ils Svizzers) are the citizens of Switzerland, or people of Swiss ancestry. The number of Swiss nationals has grown from 1.7 million in 1815 to 7 million in 2016. More than 1.5 million Swiss citizens hold multiple citizenship. About 11% of citizens live abroad (0.8 million, of whom 0.6 million hold multiple citizenship). About 60% of those living abroad reside in the European Union (0.46 million). The largest groups of Swiss descendants and nationals outside Europe are found in the United States and Canada. Although the modern state of Switzerland originated in 1848, the period of romantic nationalism, it is not a nation-state, and the Swiss are not usually considered to form a single ethnic group, but a confederacy (Eidgenossenschaft) or Willensnation ("nation of will", "nation by choice", that is, a consociational state), a term coined in conscious contrast to "nation" in the conventionally linguistic or ethnic sense of the term. The demonym Swiss (formerly in English also Switzer) and the name of Switzerland, ultimately derive from the toponym Schwyz, have been in widespread use to refer to the Old Swiss Confederacy since the 16th century.
Veracruz, formally Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave,In isolation, Veracruz, de and Llave are pronounced, respectively,, and.
Vigipirate (Plan Vigipirate) is France's national security alert system.
The War on Terror, also known as the Global War on Terrorism, is an international military campaign that was launched by the United States government after the September 11 attacks in the United States in 2001.
A warrant officer (WO) is an officer in a military organisation who is designated an officer by a warrant, as distinguished from a commissioned officer who is designated an officer by a commission, and a non-commissioned officer who is designated an officer, often by virtue of seniority.
The world is the planet Earth and all life upon it, including human civilization.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Wounded in action (WIA) describes combatants who have been wounded while fighting in a combat zone during wartime, but have not been killed.
The 11th Foreign Infantry Regiment (11e Régiment Étranger d'Infanterie, 11e REI) was a regiment of the French Foreign Legion which served during World War II from 1939 to 1940.
The 12th Foreign Infantry Regiment (12e Régiment étranger d'infanterie, 12e REI) was an infantry regiment of the French Foreign Legion which existed from 1939 to 1940 at the beginning of World War II.
The 13th Demi-Brigade of Foreign Legion (13e Demi-Brigade de Légion Étrangère, 13e DBLE), was created in 1940 and was the main unit of the 1st Free French Division, Free French Forces (FFL).
The 1st Foreign Cavalry Regiment is the only cavalry regiment in the French Foreign Legion.
The 2nd Foreign Infantry Regiment (2e Régiment Étranger d'Infanterie, 2e REI) is an infantry regiment of the French Foreign Legion.
The 2nd Foreign Legion (Deuxième legion) was created by the King.
The 2nd Foreign Parachute Regiment (2e Régiment étranger de parachutistes, 2e REP) is the only airborne regiment of the French Foreign Legion.
The 2nd Marching Regiment of the 1st Foreign Regiment, (2e régiment de marche du 1er étranger, '''2e R.M. 1er R.E'''.) was a French Military unit of the Legion which formed the Marching Regiment of the Foreign Legion (R.M.L.E) and existed ephemerally from end of 1914 to 1915.
The 2nd Marching Regiment of the 2nd Foreign Regiment, (2e Régiment de Marche du 2e étranger, '''2eR.M. 2eR.E'''.) was a French Military unit in the Legion which formed the Marching Regiment of the Foreign Legion (R.M.L.E) and existed ephemerally from end of 1914 to 1915.
The 31st Brigade (31e Brigade) was a French Army and French Foreign Legion combined arms brigade created in 1981 whose components were all reassigned in 1984.
The 3rd Marching Regiment of the 1st Foreign Regiment, (3e régiment de marche du 1er étranger, '''3eR.M. 1erR.E'''.) was a French Military unit of the Legion which formed the Marching Regiment of the Foreign Legion (R.M.L.E) and existed ephemerally from end of 1914 to 1915.
The 4th Foreign Regiment (4e Régiment étranger, 4e RE) is the unit currently responsible for training the French Foreign Legion.
The 4th Marching Regiment of the 1st Foreign Regiment, (4e régiment de marche du 1er étranger, '''4eR.M. 1erR.E'''.), also known as the Garibaldi Legion (« Légion Garibaldienne »), was a French Military unit of the Legion which formed the Marching Regiment of the Foreign Legion (R.M.L.E).
The 6th Foreign Infantry Regiment (6e Régiment Étranger d'Infanterie, 6e REI) was an infantry regiment of the French Foreign Legion from 1939 to 1941 and again from 1949 to 1955.