267 relations: Aldershot, Aldershot Command, Allies of World War II, Amphibious warfare, Andrew Wauchope, Anzio, Archibald Montgomery-Massingberd, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, Arthur Holland (British Army officer), Arthur Paget (British Army officer), Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, Austrian Empire, Axis powers, Balaklava, Baltic Sea, Battle of Anzio, Battle of Aubers Ridge, Battle of Épehy, Battle of Balaclava, Battle of Belmont (1899), Battle of Boshof, Battle of Colenso, Battle of France, Battle of Inkerman, Battle of Loos, Battle of Magersfontein, Battle of Modder River, Battle of Mons, Battle of Monte Cassino, Battle of Paardeberg, Battle of Passchendaele, Battle of Pozières, Battle of Quatre Bras, Battle of Salamanca, Battle of Stormberg, Battle of Talavera, Battle of the Alma, Battle of the Bidassoa, Battle of the Pyrenees, Battle of the Somme, Battle of Toulouse (1814), Battle of Vitoria, Battle of Waterloo, Beecham's Pills, Bernard Montgomery, Black Watch, Black Week, Bloemfontein, Bonn, Bordon and Longmoor Military Camps, ..., Boshof, Brigade, Brigade of Guards, British Army, British Army of the Rhine, British Army Order of Battle (September 1939), British Expeditionary Force (World War I), British Expeditionary Force (World War II), Cameronians (Scottish Rifles), Cape Town, Captain (British Army and Royal Marines), Cecil Romer, Charge of the Light Brigade, Charles Cavendish, 3rd Baron Chesham, Charles Loewen, Charles Lyell, 2nd Baron Lyell, Charles W. H. Douglas, Charles Walter Allfrey, Christiaan de Wet, Churchill tank, Clement Armitage, Coldstream Guards, Colin Campbell, 1st Baron Clyde, Congress of Vienna, Crimea, Crimean War, David Henderson (British Army officer), De Aar, Denbighshire, Division (military), Duke of Wellington's Regiment, Dunkirk evacuation, Edwin Morris (British Army officer), Eighth Army (United Kingdom), Felix Ready, First Army (United Kingdom), First Battle of the Aisne, First Battle of the Marne, First Battle of Ypres, France, Francis Matthews (British Army officer), Frederick Roberts, 1st Earl Roberts, French Expeditionary Corps (1943–44), French North Africa, General (United Kingdom), George Cooke (British Army officer), George Henri Anne-Marie Victor de Villebois-Mareuil, George Younghusband, Gerald Templer, German Army (Wehrmacht), Glamorgan, Gloucestershire Regiment, Gordon Highlanders, Gothic Line, Grenadier Guards, Guards Division (United Kingdom), Guy Bainbridge, Guy Gregson, Harold Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis, Hector MacDonald, Henry Askew, Henry Bentinck (British Army officer), Henry Edward Colvile, Highland Brigade (United Kingdom), Highland Light Infantry, Horatius Murray, Hougoumont, I Canadian Corps, I Corps (United Kingdom), II Corps (Poland), II Corps (United States), Imperial Yeomanry, Infantry, Italian Campaign (World War II), James Graham (British Army soldier), James Grierson, James Newton Rodney Moore, John Dill, John Duncan (British Army officer), John Hope, 4th Earl of Hopetoun, John Kenneally, John Kennedy (British Army officer), John P. Lucas, Kenneth Anderson (British Army officer), Kimberley, Northern Cape, King's German Legion, King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster), King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry, King's Regiment (Liverpool), King's Royal Rifle Corps, King's Shropshire Light Infantry, Kingdom of Prussia, Kingdom of Sardinia, Kroonstad, Lance corporal, Lieutenant (British Army and Royal Marines), Lieutenant general (United States), Lieutenant-general (United Kingdom), Liri, List of British divisions in World War I, List of British divisions in World War II, List of component units of British 1st Infantry Division, List of higher formations British 1st Infantry Division served under, List of military divisions, London Regiment (1908–1938), London Scottish (regiment), Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire), Lucian Truscott, Luftwaffe, Machine Gun Corps, Mahikeng, Majaz al Bab, Major general (United States), Major-general (United Kingdom), Mark W. Clark, Modder River, Northern Cape, Napoleon, Napoleonic Wars, Nettuno, Northamptonshire Regiment, Operation Diadem, Orange Free State, Orange River, Ottoman Empire, Outlaw, Paul Methuen, 3rd Baron Methuen, Peninsular War, Peregrine Maitland, Peter Strickland (British Army officer), Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Prince George, Duke of Cambridge, Princess Royal Barracks, Deepcut, Prisoner of war, Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders, Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey), Redvers Buller, Reginald Hobbs, Regular army, Richard Gale (British Army officer), Richard Haking, Richard Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane, Rimington's Guides, Rome, Ronald Penney, Royal Berkshire Regiment, Royal Engineers, Royal Field Artillery, Royal Garrison Artillery, Royal Horse Artillery, Royal Munster Fusiliers, Royal Northumberland Fusiliers, Royal Sussex Regiment, Royal Welch Fusiliers, Russian Empire, Saint Helena, Samuel Lomax, Scots Guards, Seaforth Highlanders, Sevastopol, Sherwood Foresters, Siege of Ladysmith, Siege of San Sebastián, Siege of Tarragona (1813), South Staffordshire Regiment, South Wales Borderers, Strafing, Suez Canal, The Thin Red Line (Battle of Balaclava), Thomas Brodie, Tiger I, Tunis, Tunisian Campaign, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, United States Army North, United States Army Rangers, V Corps (United Kingdom), Vaal River, Verden an der Aller, VI Corps (United States), Victoria Cross, Walter Clutterbuck, Welch Regiment, Wentworth Harman, Western Front (World War I), Willward Alexander Sandys-Clarke, Winston Churchill, Winter Line, World War I, World War II, XIII Corps (United Kingdom), 10th Army (Wehrmacht), 12th Royal Lancers, 142nd Regiment Royal Armoured Corps, 18th Army Group, 18th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 1st (United Kingdom) Division, 1st Armoured Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 1st Fallschirm-Panzer Division Hermann Göring, 1st Royal New South Wales Lancers, 24th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 25th Army Tank Brigade, 2nd Guards Brigade (United Kingdom), 2nd Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 37th (North Hampshire) Regiment of Foot, 3rd Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 3rd Infantry Division (United States), 42nd Regiment of Foot, 509th Infantry Regiment (United States), 56th (London) Infantry Division, 5th Battalion, Royal Sussex Regiment, 62nd (Wiltshire) Regiment of Foot, 66th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 76th Regiment of Foot, 77th (East Middlesex) Regiment of Foot, 8.8 cm Flak 18/36/37/41, 93rd (Sutherland Highlanders) Regiment of Foot, 9th Queen's Royal Lancers. Expand index (217 more) » « Shrink index
Aldershot is a town in the Rushmoor district of Hampshire, England.
Aldershot Command was a Home Command of the British Army.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
Amphibious warfare is a type of offensive military operation that today uses naval ships to project ground and air power onto a hostile or potentially hostile shore at a designated landing beach.
Major-General Andrew Gilbert Wauchope, CB, CMG (5 July 1846 – 11 December 1899) was a British Army officer, killed commanding a brigade at the Battle of Magersfontein in the South African War.
Anzio is a city and comune on the coast of the Lazio region of Italy, about south of Rome.
Field Marshal Sir Archibald Armar Montgomery-Massingberd, (6 December 1871 – 13 October 1947), known as Archibald Armar Montgomery until October 1926, was a senior British Army officer who served as Chief of the Imperial General Staff (CIGS) from 1933 to 1936.
The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that existed from 1881 until amalgamation into the Royal Regiment of Scotland on 28 March 2006, from when it became a single battalion in the Royal Regiment of Scotland.
Lieutenant-General Sir Arthur Edward Aveling Holland (13 April 1862 – 7 December 1927) was a British Army officer and Conservative and Unionist politician.
General Sir Arthur Henry Fitzroy Paget (1 March 1851 – 8 December 1928) was a soldier who reached the rank of General and served as Commander-in-Chief, Ireland, where he was partly responsible for the Curragh Incident.
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, (1 May 1769 – 14 September 1852) was an Anglo-Irish soldier and statesman who was one of the leading military and political figures of 19th-century Britain, serving twice as Prime Minister.
The Austrian Empire (Kaiserthum Oesterreich, modern spelling Kaisertum Österreich) was a Central European multinational great power from 1804 to 1919, created by proclamation out of the realms of the Habsburgs.
The Axis powers (Achsenmächte; Potenze dell'Asse; 枢軸国 Sūjikukoku), also known as the Axis and the Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis, were the nations that fought in World War II against the Allied forces.
Balaklava (Балаклáва, Балаклáва, Balıqlava, Σύμβολον) is a former city on the Crimean Peninsula and part of the city of Sevastopol.
The Baltic Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, enclosed by Scandinavia, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russia, Poland, Germany and the North and Central European Plain.
The Battle of Anzio was a battle of the Italian Campaign of World War II that took place from January 22, 1944 (beginning with the Allied amphibious landing known as Operation Shingle) to June 5, 1944 (ending with the capture of Rome).
The Battle of Aubers Ridge was a British offensive on the Western Front on 9 May 1915 during World War I. The battle was part of the British contribution to the Second Battle of Artois, a Franco-British offensive intended to exploit the German diversion of troops to the Eastern Front.
The Battle of Épehy was a battle of the First World War fought on 18 September 1918, involving the British Fourth Army (under the command of General Henry Rawlinson) against German outpost positions in front of the Hindenburg Line.
The Battle of Balaclava, fought on 25 October 1854 during the Crimean War, was part of Siege of Sevastopol (1854–1855) to capture the port and fortress of Sevastopol, Russia's principal naval base on the Black Sea.
The Battle of Belmont is the name of an engagement of the Second Boer War on 23 November 1899, where the British under Lord Methuen assaulted a Boer position on Belmont kopje.
The Battle of Boshof was a battle fought during the Second Boer War on 5 April 1900 between British forces and mostly French volunteers of the Boer army.
The Battle of Colenso was the third and final battle fought during the Black Week of the Second Boer War.
The Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries during the Second World War.
The Battle of Inkerman was fought during the Crimean War on 5 November 1854 between the allied armies of Britain, France and Ottoman Empire against the Imperial Russian Army.
The Battle of Loos was a battle that took place from 1915 in France on the Western Front, during the First World War.
The Battle of MagersfonteinSpelt incorrectly in various English texts as "Majersfontein", "Maaghersfontein" and "Maagersfontein".
The Battle of Modder River (known in Afrikaans as Slag van die Twee Riviere, which translates as "Battle of the two rivers") was an engagement in the Boer War, fought at Muddy River, on 28 November 1899.
The Battle of Mons was the first major action of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) in the First World War.
The Battle of Monte Cassino (also known as the Battle for Rome and the Battle for Cassino) was a costly series of four assaults by the Allies against the Winter Line in Italy held by Axis forces during the Italian Campaign of World War II.
The Battle of Paardeberg or Perdeberg ("Horse Mountain") was a major battle during the Second Anglo-Boer War.
The Battle of Passchendaele (Flandernschlacht, Deuxième Bataille des Flandres), also known as the Third Battle of Ypres, was a campaign of the First World War, fought by the Allies against the German Empire.
The Battle of Pozières (23 July – 3 September 1916) took place in France around the village of Pozières, during the Battle of the Somme.
The Battle of Quatre Bras was fought on 16 June 1815, two days before the Battle of Waterloo.
In Battle of Salamanca (in French and Spanish known as "Battle of Arapiles") an Anglo-Portuguese army under the Duke of Wellington defeated Marshal Auguste Marmont's French forces among the hills around Arapiles, south of Salamanca, Spain on 22July 1812 during the Peninsular War.
The Battle of Stormberg was the first British defeat of Black Week, in which three successive British forces were defeated by Boer irregulars in the Second Boer War.
The Battle of Talavera (27–28 July 1809) was fought just outside the town of Talavera de la Reina, Spain some southwest of Madrid, during the Peninsular War.
The Battle of the Alma was a battle in the Crimean War between an allied expeditionary force made up of French, British and Turkish forces and Russian forces defending the Crimean Peninsula on 20September 1854.
In the Battle of the Bidasoa (or the Battle of Larrun) on 7 October 1813 the Allied army of Arthur Wellesley, Marquess of Wellington wrested a foothold on French soil from Nicolas Soult's French army.
The Battle of the Pyrenees was a large-scale offensive launched on 25 July 1813 by Marshal Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult from the Pyrénées region on Emperor Napoleon’s order, in the hope of relieving French garrisons under siege at Pamplona and San Sebastián.
The Battle of the Somme (Bataille de la Somme, Schlacht an der Somme), also known as the Somme Offensive, was a battle of the First World War fought by the armies of the British Empire and France against the German Empire.
The Battle of Toulouse (10 April 1814) was one of the final battles of the Napoleonic Wars, four days after Napoleon's surrender of the French Empire to the nations of the Sixth Coalition.
At the Battle of Vitoria (21 June 1813) a British, Portuguese and Spanish army under General the Marquess of Wellington broke the French army under Joseph Bonaparte and Marshal Jean-Baptiste Jourdan near Vitoria in Spain, eventually leading to victory in the Peninsular War.
The Battle of Waterloo was fought on Sunday, 18 June 1815, near Waterloo in present-day Belgium, then part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Beecham's Pills were a laxative first marketed around 1842 in Wigan, Lancashire.
Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, (17 November 1887 – 24 March 1976), nicknamed "Monty" and "The Spartan General", was a senior British Army officer who fought in both the First World War and the Second World War.
The Black Watch, 3rd Battalion, Royal Regiment of Scotland (3 SCOTS) is an infantry battalion of the Royal Regiment of Scotland.
In a disastrous week during the second Boer War, dubbed Black Week, from 10–17 December 1899, the British Army suffered three devastating defeats by the Boer Republics at the battles of Stormberg, Magersfontein and Colenso, with a total of 2,776 men killed, wounded and captured.
Bloemfontein (Afrikaans and Dutch "fountain of flowers" or "blooming fountain"; also known as Bloem) is the capital city of the province of Free State of South Africa; and, as the judicial capital of the nation, one of South Africa's three national capitals (the other two being Cape Town, the legislative capital, and Pretoria, the administrative capital) and is the seventh largest city in South Africa.
The Federal City of Bonn is a city on the banks of the Rhine in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia, with a population of over 300,000.
Bordon and Longmoor Military Camps are British Army training camps and training area close to the A3 and A325 roads in and around the settlements of Bordon, Longmoor, Liss and Liphook in Hampshire, England.
Boshof is a farming town in the west of the Free State province, South Africa.
A brigade is a major tactical military formation that is typically composed of three to six battalions plus supporting elements.
The Brigade of Guards was an administrative formation of the British Army from 1856 to 1968.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
There have been two formations named British Army of the Rhine (BAOR).
The organisation of Divisions and Brigades of British Army in 1939, at the outbreak of the Second World War, is listed below.
The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the British Army sent to the Western Front during the First World War.
The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the name of the British Army in Western Europe during the Second World War from 2 September 1939 when the BEF GHQ was formed until 31 May 1940, when GHQ closed down.
The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) was a rifle regiment of the British Army, the only regiment of rifles amongst the Scottish regiments of infantry.
Cape Town (Kaapstad,; Xhosa: iKapa) is a coastal city in South Africa.
Captain (Capt) is a junior officer rank of the British Army and Royal Marines and in both services it ranks above lieutenant and below major with a NATO ranking code of OF-2.
General Sir Cecil Francis Romer, (14 November 1869 – 1962) was a British Army general who reached high command during the 1920s.
The Charge of the Light Brigade was a charge of British light cavalry led by Lord Cardigan against Russian forces during the Battle of Balaclava on 25 October 1854 in the Crimean War.
Brigadier General Charles Compton William Cavendish, 3rd Baron Chesham (13 December 1850 – 9 November 1907), styled The Honourable Charles Cavendish between 1863 and 1882, was a British soldier, courtier and Conservative politician.
General Sir Charles Falkland Loewen, (17 September 1900 – 17 August 1986) was a Canadian born and educated soldier who became Adjutant-General to the Forces in the United Kingdom.
Charles Antony Lyell, 2nd Baron Lyell VC (14 June 1913 – 27 April 1943) was a British recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
General Sir Charles Whittingham Horsley Douglas, (17 July 1850 – 25 October 1914) was a British Army officer who served in the Second Anglo-Afghan War, the First Boer War, the Suakin Expedition, the Second Boer War and the First World War.
Lieutenant General Sir Charles Walter Allfrey, (24 October 1895 – 2 November 1964) was a senior British Army officer who served in both the world wars, most notably during the Second World War as General Officer Commanding of V Corps in North Africa and Italy from 1942 to 1944.
Christiaan Rudolf de Wet (7 October 1854 – 3 February 1922) was a Boer general, rebel leader and politician.
The Tank, Infantry, Mk IV (A22) Churchill was a British heavy infantry tank used in the Second World War, best known for its heavy armour, large longitudinal chassis with all-around tracks with multiple bogies, its ability to climb steep slopes, and its use as the basis of many specialist vehicles.
General Sir (Charles) Clement Armitage, (12 December 1881 – 15 December 1973) was a British Army officer who commanded 1st Infantry Division shortly before World War II.
The Coldstream Guards (COLDM GDS) is a part of the Guards Division, Foot Guards regiments of the British Army.
Field Marshal Colin Campbell, 1st Baron Clyde, (20 October 1792– 14 August 1863), was a British Army officer.
The Congress of Vienna (Wiener Kongress) also called Vienna Congress, was a meeting of ambassadors of European states chaired by Austrian statesman Klemens von Metternich, and held in Vienna from November 1814 to June 1815, though the delegates had arrived and were already negotiating by late September 1814.
Crimea (Крым, Крим, Krym; Krym; translit;; translit) is a peninsula on the northern coast of the Black Sea in Eastern Europe that is almost completely surrounded by both the Black Sea and the smaller Sea of Azov to the northeast.
The Crimean War (or translation) was a military conflict fought from October 1853 to February 1856 in which the Russian Empire lost to an alliance of the Ottoman Empire, France, Britain and Sardinia.
Lieutenant General Sir David Henderson, (11 August 1862 – 17 August 1921) was the senior leader of British military aviation during the First World War, having previously established himself as the leading authority on tactical intelligence in the British Army.
De Aar is a town in the Northern Cape, South Africa.
Denbighshire (Sir Ddinbych) is a county in north-east Wales, named after the historic county of Denbighshire, but with substantially different borders.
A division is a large military unit or formation, usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers.
The Duke of Wellington's Regiment (West Riding) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, forming part of the King's Division.
The Dunkirk evacuation, code-named Operation Dynamo, and also known as the Miracle of Dunkirk, was the evacuation of Allied soldiers during World War II from the beaches and harbour of Dunkirk, in the north of France, between 26 May and 4 June 1940.
General Sir Edwin Logie Morris KCB OBE MC (10 March 1889 – 29 June 1970) was a senior British Army officer who served during the First World War and later the Second World War, where he became Chief of the General Staff, India between February 1942 and April 1944.
The Eighth Army was a field army formation of the British Army during the Second World War, fighting in the North African and Italian campaigns.
General Sir Felix Fordati Ready (16 July 1872 – 6 April 1940) was a British Army officer who served as Quartermaster-General to the Forces from 1931 to 1935.
The First Army was a formation of the British Army that existed during the First and Second World Wars.
The First Battle of the Aisne (1re Bataille de l'Aisne) was the Allied follow-up offensive against the right wing of the German First Army (led by Alexander von Kluck) and the Second Army (led by Karl von Bülow) as they retreated after the First Battle of the Marne earlier in September 1914.
The Battle of the Marne (Première bataille de la Marne, also known as the Miracle of the Marne, Le Miracle de la Marne) was a World War I battle fought from It resulted in an Allied victory against the German armies in the west.
The First Battle of Ypres (Première Bataille des Flandres Erste Flandernschlacht, was a battle of the First World War, fought on the Western Front around Ypres, in West Flanders, Belgium, during October and November 1914.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Major General Francis Raymond Gage Matthews CB DSO (26 January 1903 – 26 May 1976) was a British Army officer who served in World War II and later was Commander of British Forces in Hong Kong.
Field Marshal Frederick Sleigh Roberts, 1st Earl Roberts, (30 September 1832 – 14 November 1914) was a British soldier who was one of the most successful commanders of the 19th century.
The French Expeditionary Corps (Corps Expéditionnaire Français, CEF), also known as the French Expeditionary Corps in Italy (Corps Expéditionaire Français en Italie, CEFI.), was an expeditionary force composed of Free French soldiers that fought in the Italian Campaign during World War II under the command of General Alphonse Juin.
French North Africa was a collection of territories in North Africa controlled by France, centering on French Algeria.
General (or full general to distinguish it from the lower general officer ranks) is the highest rank currently achievable by serving officers of the British Army.
Major-General Sir George Cooke (17683February 1837), was a British Army officer who commanded the 1st Division, under overall command of the Prince of Orange, at the Battle of Waterloo.
George Henri Anne-Marie Victor count de Villebois-Mareuil or by his shortened name George de Villebois-Mareuil (22 March 1847, Montaigu, Brittany, France - 6 April 1900, Boshof, Orange Free State, South Africa) was a former colonel in the French infantry who fought and died on the side of the Boers during the Second Anglo-Boer War.
Sir George John Younghusband, (9 July 1859 – 30 September 1944) was a cavalry officer and major-general in the British Indian Army.
Field Marshal Tun Sir Gerald Walter Robert Templer,, SMN (11 September 1898 – 25 October 1979) was a senior British Army officer who fought in both the world wars.
The German Army (Heer) was the land forces component of the Wehrmacht, the regular German Armed Forces, from 1935 until it was demobilized and later dissolved in August 1946.
Glamorgan, or sometimes Glamorganshire, (Morgannwg or Sir Forgannwg) is one of the thirteen historic counties of Wales and a former administrative county of Wales.
The Gloucestershire Regiment, commonly referred to as the Glosters, was a line infantry regiment of the British Army from 1881 until 1994.
The Gordon Highlanders was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that existed for 113 years, from 1881 until 1994, when it was amalgamated with the Queen's Own Highlanders (Seaforth and Camerons) to form the Highlanders (Seaforth, Gordons and Camerons).
The Gothic Line (Gotenstellung; Linea Gotica) was a German defensive line of the Italian Campaign of World War II.
The Grenadier Guards (GREN GDS) is an infantry regiment of the British Army.
The Guards Division was an infantry division of the British Army that was formed in the Great War in France in 1915 from battalions of the elite Guards regiments from the Regular Army.
Major-General Sir (Edmund) Guy (Tulloch) Bainbridge, KCB (11 November 1867 - 27 September 1943) was a British Army officer who commanded 25th Division during the First World War.
Major-General Guy Patrick Gregson CB CBE DSO & Bar MC (1906–1988) was a British Army officer who became General Officer Commanding 1st Division.
Field Marshal Harold Rupert Leofric George Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis, (10 December 1891 – 16 June 1969) was a senior British Army officer who served with distinction in both the First World War and the Second World War and, afterwards, as Governor General of Canada, the 17th since Canadian Confederation.
Major General Sir Hector Archibald MacDonald, KCB, DSO (Eachann Gilleasbaig MacDhòmhnaill; 4 March 1853 – 25 March 1903), also known as Fighting Mac, was a distinguished Victorian soldier.
Sir Henry Askew CB (1775–1847) was an officer of the British Army.
General Sir Henry John William Bentinck KCB (8 September 1796 – 29 September 1878) was a British soldier and courtier.
Major-General Sir Henry Edward Colvile, (10 July 1852 – 25 November 1907) was an English soldier.
The Highland Brigade is a historical unit of the British Army, which has been formed and reformed a number of times.
The Highland Light Infantry (HLI) was a light infantry regiment of the British Army formed in 1881.
General Sir Horatius Murray (1903–1989) was a senior British Army officer who served with distinction during World War II and later in the Korean War.
Château d'Hougoumont (originally Goumont) is a large farmhouse situated at the bottom of an escarpment near the Nivelles road in Braine-l'Alleud, near Waterloo, Belgium.
I Canadian Corps was one of the two corps fielded by the Canadian Army during the Second World War.
I Corps ("First Corps") was an army corps in existence as an active formation in the British Army for most of the 80 years from its creation in the First World War until the end of the Cold War, longer than any other corps.
The Polish II Corps (Drugi Korpus Wojska Polskiego), 1943–1947, was a major tactical and operational unit of the Polish Armed Forces in the West during World War II.
The II Corps was a corps-sized formation of the United States Army that was active in both World War I and World War II.
The Imperial Yeomanry was a volunteer mounted force of the British Army that mainly saw action during the Second Boer War.
Infantry is the branch of an army that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and tank forces.
The Italian Campaign of World War II consisted of the Allied operations in and around Italy, from 1943 to the end of the war in Europe.
James Graham (1791–1845) was an Irish non-commissioned officer (NCO) in the British Army during the Napoleonic wars, recognised as the "bravest man in the army".
Lieutenant-General Sir James Moncrieff Grierson, ADC(Gen.) (27 January 1859 – 17 August 1914) was a British soldier.
General Sir (James Newton) Rodney Moore, (1905–1985) was a senior British Army officer who fought in the Second World War and later was General Officer Commanding (GOC) London District.
Field Marshal Sir John Greer Dill, (25 December 1881 – 4 November 1944) was a senior British Army officer with service in both the First World War and the Second World War.
Major-General Sir John Duncan (24 February 1872 – 17 September 1948) was a British Army officer who commanded the Shanghai Defence Force.
General John Hope, 4th Earl of Hopetoun PC KB FRSE (17 August 1765 – 27 August 1823), known as the Honourable John Hope from 1781 to 1814 and as the Lord Niddry from 1814 to 1816, was a Scottish politician and British Army officer.
John Patrick Kenneally (né Leslie Jackson) VC (15 March 1921 – 27 September 2000) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Major General Sir John Kennedy (1878–1948) was a senior British Army officer who served in the First World War and commanded 1st Infantry Division.
Major General John Porter Lucas (January 14, 1890 – December 24, 1949) was a senior officer of the United States Army who saw service in World War I and World War II.
General Sir Kenneth Arthur Noel Anderson, (25 December 1891 – 29 April 1959) was a senior British Army officer who saw service in both world wars.
Kimberley is the capital and largest city of the Northern Cape Province of South Africa.
The King's German Legion (KGL) was a British Army unit of mostly expatriate German personnel during the period 1803–16.
The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army.
The King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry (KOYLI) was a light infantry regiment of the British Army.
The King's Regiment (Liverpool) was one of the oldest line infantry regiments of the British Army, having been formed in 1685 and numbered as the 8th (The King's) Regiment of Foot in 1751.
The King's Royal Rifle Corps was an infantry rifle regiment of the British Army that was originally raised in British North America as the Royal American Regiment (also known as the Royal Americans) in the Seven Years' War and for Loyalist service in the American Revolutionary War.
The King's Shropshire Light Infantry (KSLI) was a light infantry regiment of the British Army, formed in the Childers Reforms of 1881, but with antecedents dating back to 1755.
The Kingdom of Prussia (Königreich Preußen) was a German kingdom that constituted the state of Prussia between 1701 and 1918.
The Kingdom of SardiniaThe name of the state was originally Latin: Regnum Sardiniae, or Regnum Sardiniae et Corsicae when the kingdom was still considered to include Corsica.
Kroonstad (Afrikaans for "Crown City") is the third-largest city in the Free State (after Bloemfontein and Welkom) and lies two hours drive from Gauteng.
Lance corporal is a military rank, used by many armed forces worldwide, and also by some police forces and other uniformed organisations.
Lieutenant (Lt) is a junior officer rank in the British Army and Royal Marines.
In the United States Army, United States Marine Corps, and the United States Air Force, lieutenant general (abbreviated LTG in the Army, Lt Gen in the Air Force, and LtGen in the Marine Corps) is a three-star general officer rank, with the pay grade of O-9.
Lieutenant general (Lt Gen), formerly more commonly lieutenant-general, is a senior rank in the British Army and the Royal Marines.
The Liri (Latin Liris or Lyris, previously, Clanis; Greek: Λεῖρις) is one of the principal rivers of central Italy, flowing into the Tyrrhenian Sea a little below Minturno under the name Garigliano.
List of military divisions — List of British divisions in World War I This page is a list of British divisions that existed in World War I. Divisions were either infantry or cavalry.
This page is a list of British Army divisions that existed in World War II.
This is a list of components units of British 1st Infantry Division during World War II.
This is a list of higher formations British 1st Infantry Division served under.
The article provides links to lists of military divisions arranged by ordinal number, name, country or conflict.
The London Regiment was an infantry regiment in the British Army, part of the Territorial Force (later renamed the Territorial Army).
The London Scottish was a Volunteer infantry regiment of the British Army.
The Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire) (until 1921 known as the Loyal North Lancashire Regiment) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that was in existence from 1881 to 1970.
General Lucian King Truscott Jr. (January 9, 1895 – September 12, 1965) was a highly decorated senior United States Army officer, who saw distinguished active service during World War II.
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II.
The Machine Gun Corps (MGC) was a corps of the British Army, formed in October 1915 in response to the need for more effective use of machine guns on the Western Front in the First World War.
Mahikeng, formerly and still commonly known as Mafikeng and historically Mafeking in English, is the capital city of the North-West Province of South Africa.
Majaz al Bab (مجاز الباب), also known as Medjez el Bab, or as Membressa under the Roman Empire, is a town in northern Tunisia.
In the United States Army, United States Marine Corps, and United States Air Force, major general is a two-star general-officer rank, with the pay grade of O-8.
Major general (Maj Gen), is a "two-star" rank in the British Army and Royal Marines.
Mark Wayne Clark (May 1, 1896 – April 17, 1984) was a United States Army officer who saw service during World War I, World War II, and the Korean War.
Modder River (Modderrivier; "modder" is Afrikaans for "mud") is an irrigation and stock farming town situated south of Kimberley near the confluence of the Riet and Modder rivers in the Northern Cape province of South Africa.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom.
Nettuno is a town and comune of the Metropolitan City of Rome in the Lazio region of central Italy, south of Rome.
The Northamptonshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 until 1960.
Operation Diadem, also referred to as the Fourth Battle of Monte Cassino or, in Canada, the Battle of the Liri Valley, was an offensive operation undertaken by the Allies of World War II (U.S. Fifth Army and British Eighth Army in May 1944, as part of the Italian Campaign of World War II. Diadem was supported by air attacks called Operation Strangle. The opposing force was the German 10th Army. The object of Diadem was to break the German defenses on the Gustav Line (the western half of the Winter Line) and open up the Liri Valley, the main route to Rome. General Sir Harold Alexander, Commander-in-Chief (C-in-C) of the Allied Armies in Italy (AAI), planned Diadem to coordinate roughly with the invasion of Normandy, so that German forces would be tied down in Italy, and could not be redeployed to France. Four corps were employed in the attack. From right to left these were Polish II Corps and British XIII Corps, of Eighth Army, and the Free French Corps (including Moroccan Goumiers) and U.S. II Corps, of Fifth Army. Fifth Army also controlled U.S. VI Corps in the Anzio beachhead, some 60 miles northwest. Diadem was launched at 23:00pm on 11 May 1944 by elements, composed of the British 4th Infantry Division and 8th Indian Infantry Division with supporting fire from the 1st Canadian Armoured Brigade. They made a successful strongly opposed night crossing of the Garigliano and Rapido rivers. This broke into the heart of the German defenses in the Liri valley against strong opposition and drew German theater reserves reducing pressure on the Anzio beachhead. The Free French Corps pushed through the mountains to the left on 14 May, supported by U.S. II Corps along the coast. On 17 May, Polish II Corps on the right attacked Monte Cassino. The German position collapsed, and the Germans fell back from the Gustav Line to the Hitler Line some 10 miles to their rear. On 23 May, the four corps attacked the Hitler Line. On the same day, the U.S. VI Corps attacked out of the Anzio beachhead. The Hitler Line was breached by 1st Canadian Infantry Division's 4th Princess Louise Dragoon Guards at Pontecorvo on 23 May. German Tenth Army was forced to retire northwestward. U.S. VI Corps, moving northeast from Anzio, was on the point of cutting the German line of retreat, when Lieutenant General Mark W. Clark, commander of the U.S. Fifth Army, inexplicably ordered them to turn northwest and advance on Rome instead. There is much speculation that he did this so that his Fifth Army would capture Rome ahead of the Eighth Army advancing up the Liri Valley. The German 10th Army thus avoided being surrounded. The Germans fought a series of delaying actions, retired to the Trasimene Line, and then to the Gothic Line (identified on German maps as the "Green" Line), north of the Arno River.
The Orange Free State (Oranje-Vrijstaat, Oranje-Vrystaat, abbreviated as OVS) was an independent Boer sovereign republic in southern Africa during the second half of the 19th century, which later became a British colony and a province of the Union of South Africa.
The Orange River (from Afrikaans/Dutch: Oranjerivier) is the longest river in South Africa and the Orange River Basin extends extensively into Namibia and Botswana to the north.
The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
In historical legal systems, an outlaw is declared as outside the protection of the law.
Field Marshal Paul Sanford Methuen, 3rd Baron Methuen, (1 September 1845 – 30 October 1932) was a British Army officer.
The Peninsular War (1807–1814) was a military conflict between Napoleon's empire (as well as the allied powers of the Spanish Empire), the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Kingdom of Portugal, for control of the Iberian Peninsula during the Napoleonic Wars.
General Sir Peregrine Maitland, GCB (6 July 1777 – 30 May 1854) was a British soldier and colonial administrator.
Lieutenant-General Sir Edward Peter Strickland KCB KBE CMG DSO (3 August 1869 - 24 June 1951) was a British Army officer who commanded 1st Infantry Division during World War I.
The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of the United Kingdom government.
Prince George, Duke of Cambridge, (George William Frederick Charles; 26 March 1819 – 17 March 1904) was a member of the British Royal Family, a male-line grandson of King George III, cousin of Queen Victoria, and maternal uncle of Queen Mary, consort of King George V. The Duke was an army officer by profession and served as Commander-in-Chief of the Forces (military head of the British Army) from 1856 to 1895.
The Princess Royal Barracks, Deepcut, commonly referred to as Deepcut Barracks, is the headquarters of the Royal Logistic Corps (RLC) of the British Army and the Defence College of Logistics, Policing and Administration.
A prisoner of war (POW) is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.
The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders or 79th (The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders) Regiment of Foot was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, raised in 1793.
The Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey) was a line infantry regiment of the English and later the British Army from 1661 to 1959.
General Sir Redvers Henry Buller, (7 December 1839 – 2 June 1908) was a British Army officer and an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Major-General Reginald Geoffrey Stirling Hobbs CB DSO OBE (8 August 1908 – 1977) was a British Army officer who became Commandant of the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst.
A regular army is the official army of a state or country (the official armed forces), contrasting with irregular forces, such as volunteer irregular militias, private armies, mercenaries, etc.
General Sir Richard Nelson "Windy" Gale (25 July 1896 – 29 July 1982) was a senior officer in the British Army who served in both world wars.
General Sir Richard Cyril Byrne Haking (24 January 1862 – 9 June 1945) was a British general who commanded XI Corps in the First World War.
Richard Burdon Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane, (30 July 1856 – 19 August 1928) was an influential Scottish Liberal and later Labour imperialist politician, lawyer and philosopher.
Rimington's Guides (also known as Rimington's Tigers or Rimington's Corps of Guides and then later as Damant's Horse) were a unit of light horse in the British Army active in the Second Boer War.
Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).
Major General Sir (William) Ronald (Campbell) Penney KBE CB DSO MC (16 May 1896 – 3 December 1964) was a British Army officer who fought in both World War I and World War II.
The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 until 1959.
The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually just called the Royal Engineers (RE), and commonly known as the Sappers, is one of the corps of the British Army.
The Royal Field Artillery (RFA) of the British Army provided close artillery support for the infantry.
The Royal Garrison Artillery (RGA) was formed in 1899 as a distinct arm of the British Army's Royal Regiment of Artillery serving alongside the other two arms of the Regiment, the Royal Field Artillery (RFA) and the Royal Horse Artillery (RHA).
The Royal Horse Artillery (RHA) was formed in 1793 as a distinct arm of the Royal Regiment of Artillery (commonly termed Royal Artillery) of the British Army.
The Royal Munster Fusiliers was a regular infantry regiment of the British Army.
The Royal Northumberland Fusiliers was an infantry regiment of the British Army.
The Royal Sussex Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that was in existence from 1881 to 1966.
The Royal Welch Fusiliers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Prince of Wales' Division.
The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.
Saint Helena is a volcanic tropical island in the South Atlantic Ocean, east of Rio de Janeiro and 1,950 kilometres (1,210 mi) west of the Cunene River, which marks the border between Namibia and Angola in southwestern Africa.
Lieutenant General Samuel Holt Lomax (August 1855 – 10 April 1915) was a British Army officer who commanded the 1st Division during the early battles of the First World War.
The Scots Guards (SG), part of the Guards Division, is one of the Foot Guards regiments of the British Army.
The Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs, The Duke of Albany's) was a historic line infantry regiment of the British Army, mainly associated with large areas of the northern Highlands of Scotland.
Sevastopol (Севастополь; Севасто́поль; Акъяр, Aqyar), traditionally Sebastopol, is the largest city on the Crimean Peninsula and a major Black Sea port.
The Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence for just under 90 years, from 1881 to 1970.
The Siege of Ladysmith was a protracted engagement in the Second Boer War, taking place between 2 November 1899 and 28 February 1900 at Ladysmith, Natal.
In the Siege of San Sebastián (7 July – 8 September 1813) Allied forces under the command of Arthur Wellesley, Marquess of Wellington captured the city of San Sebastián in northern Basque Country from its French garrison under Louis Emmanuel Rey.
In the Siege of Tarragona (3–11 June 1813), an overwhelming Anglo-Allied force commanded by Lieutenant General John Murray, 8th Baronet failed to capture the Spanish port of Tarragona from a small Franco-Italian garrison led by General of Brigade Antoine Marc Augustin Bertoletti.
The South Staffordshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence for only 68 years.
The South Wales Borderers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence for 280 years.
Strafing is the military practice of attacking ground targets from low-flying aircraft using aircraft-mounted automatic weapons Less commonly, the term can be used—by extension—to describe high-speed firing runs by any land or naval craft (e.g. fast boats) using smaller-caliber weapons and targeting stationary or slow-moving targets.
thumb The Suez Canal (قناة السويس) is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea through the Isthmus of Suez.
The Thin Red Line was a military action by the British Sutherland Highlanders 93rd (Highland) Regiment at the Battle of Balaklava on 25 October 1854, during the Crimean War.
Major-General Thomas Brodie, CB, CBE, DSO (20 November 1903 – 1 September 1993) was a British Army soldier who saw service in World War II, Palestine and the Korean War.
The Tiger I is a German heavy tank of World War II deployed from 1942 in Africa and Europe, usually in independent heavy tank battalions.
Tunis (تونس) is the capital and the largest city of Tunisia.
The Tunisian Campaign (also known as the Battle of Tunisia) was a series of battles that took place in Tunisia during the North African Campaign of the Second World War, between Axis and Allied forces.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.
The United States Army North is a formation of the United States Army Service Component Command of United States Northern Command.
The United States Army Rangers are designated U.S. Army Ranger units, past or present, or are graduates of the U.S. Army Ranger School.
V Corps was a corps-sized formation of the British Army that saw service in both World War I and World War II.
The Vaal River is the largest tributary of the Orange River in South Africa.
Verden an der Aller, also called Verden (Aller) or simply Verden, is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany, on the river Aller.
The VI Corps was activated as VI Army Corps in August 1918 at Neufchâteau, France, serving in the Lorraine Campaign.
The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest award of the British honours system.
Major-General Walter Edmond Clutterbuck DSO MC (17 November 1894 – 2 February 1987) was a British Army officer who fought during both World War I and World War II.
The Welch Regiment (or "The Welch", an archaic spelling of "Welsh") was an infantry regiment of the line of the British Army in existence from 1881 until 1969.
Lieutenant-General Sir (Antony Ernest) Wentworth Harman (1872 - 26 September 1961) was a British Army officer who commanded 1st Infantry Division.
The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.
Willward Alexander Sandys-Clarke VC (8 June 1919 – 23 April 1943) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
The Winter Line was a series of German and Italian military fortifications in Italy, constructed during World War II by Organisation Todt and commanded by Albert Kesselring.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
XIII Corps was a corps-sized formation of the British Army that fought on the Western Front during the First World War and was reformed for service during the Second World War, serving in the Mediterranean and Middle East throughout its service.
The 10th Army (German: 10. Armee) was a World War II field army of Wehrmacht (Germany).
The 12th (Prince of Wales's) Royal Lancers was a cavalry regiment of the British Army first formed in 1715.
The 142nd (Suffolk) Regiment Royal Armoured Corps (142 RAC) was an armoured regiment of the British Army's Royal Armoured Corps that was raised in World War II and saw active service.
The 18th Army Group was an Allied formation in the Second World War.
The 18th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service during World War I and World War II.
The 1st (United Kingdom) Division, formerly known as the 1st Armoured Division, is a division of the British Army, currently the only British division to be stationed in Germany.
The 1st Armoured Infantry Brigade is an infantry brigade of the British Army with a long history including service during both World War I and World War II.
The Fallschirm-Panzer-Division 1.
The 1st Royal New South Wales Lancers was an Australian Army light cavalry (reconnaissance) regiment.
The 24th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of the British Army from the First World War, serving through the Second World War, until 1999 when it was merged with the 5th Airborne Brigade to form 16 Air Assault Brigade.
The 25th Army Tank Brigade was an armoured brigade formation of the British Army that was active before and during World War II.
The 2nd Guards Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army, formed in the First World War.
The 2nd Infantry Brigade (later 2 (South East) Brigade) was a regional brigade of the British Army, active since before the First World War.
The 37th (North Hampshire) Regiment of Foot was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, raised in Ireland in February 1702.
The 3rd Infantry Brigade was a Regular Army infantry brigade of the British Army, part of the 1st Infantry Division.
The 3rd Infantry Division (nicknamed "The Rock of the Marne)" is an Infantry division of the United States Army based at Fort Stewart, Georgia.
The 42nd (Royal Highland) Regiment of Foot was a Scottish infantry regiment in the British Army also known as the Black Watch.
The 509th Infantry Regiment is an airborne infantry regiment of the United States Army.
The 56th (London) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army, which served under several different titles and designations.
The 5th (Cinque Ports) Battalion, Royal Sussex Regiment, was an infantry battalion of the British Army.
The 62nd (Wiltshire) Regiment of Foot was an infantry regiment of the British Army, which was raised in 1756 and saw service through the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
The 66th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that was originally raised, as the 66th Brigade, in 1914 during the Great War as part of Kitchener's New Armies and served with the 22nd Division.
The 76th Regiment of Foot was a British Army regiment, raised in 1787.
The 77th (East Middlesex) Regiment of Foot (The Duke of Cambridge's Own) was a line regiment of the British Army, raised in 1787.
The 8.8 cm Flak 18/36/37/41 is a German 88 mm anti-aircraft and anti-tank artillery gun from World War II.
The 93rd (Sutherland Highlanders) Regiment of Foot was a Line Infantry Regiment of the British Army, raised in 1799.
The 9th Queen's Royal Lancers was a cavalry regiment of the British Army, first raised in 1715.