247 relations: Actions of the Hohenzollern Redoubt, Afrika Korps, Amiens, Amman, Anglo-Iraqi War, Ar-Rutbah, Arab Legion, Ardennes, Armistice of 11 November 1918, Armistice of Saint Jean d'Acre, Armor-piercing shell, Army Reserve (United Kingdom), Arras, Assam, Attack on the Gommecourt Salient, Baghdad, Ballsbridge, Bangalore, Barrage (artillery), Battle honour, Battle of Cambrai (1917), Battle of Cambrai (1918), Battle of France, Battle of Imphal, Battle of Kohima, Battle of Loos, Battle of Passchendaele, Battle of Polygon Wood, Battle of Singapore, Battle of St Quentin Canal, Battle of the Menin Road Ridge, Battle of the Sambre (1918), Battle of the Selle, Battle of the Somme, Béhagnies, Bishop's Stortford, Bordon and Longmoor Military Camps, Boston, Bourlon, Brigadier (United Kingdom), British Army, British Cyprus, British Expeditionary Force (World War I), British Expeditionary Force (World War II), British Raj, Bucquoy, Bullecourt, Burma Campaign 1942–43, Cadre (military), Cantaing-sur-Escaut, ..., Central Force, Central Provinces, Chemical weapons in World War I, Chindits, Chindwin River, Counter-battery fire, Curragh, Cyrenaica, Damascus, Dún Laoghaire, De Bange 90 mm cannon, Distinguished Service Order, Dublin, Dugout (shelter), Dunkirk, Dunkirk evacuation, Dyle (river), Easter Rising, Eighth Army (United Kingdom), Emirate of Transjordan, Ervillers, Erwin Rommel, Euphrates, Fallujah, Flying column, Foncquevillers, Fourteenth Army (United Kingdom), Fovant, French Mandate for Syria and the Lebanon, German Army (German Empire), Gomiécourt, Gommecourt, Pas-de-Calais, Grenade, Grimsby, Habforce, Hailakandi, Haldane Reforms, Hampshire Royal Horse Artillery, Hemel Hempstead, Hindenburg Line, Hooge in World War I, Hulluch, Hundred Days Offensive, III Corps (United Kingdom), Imphal, Interdiction, Iraq Levies, J (Sidi Rezegh) Battery Royal Horse Artillery, James Edward Edmonds, James Joseph Kingstone, Jessami, Jock Campbell (British Army officer), John Vereker, 6th Viscount Gort, Joseph Laycock, Kharasom, Kingcol, Kirkuk–Haifa oil pipeline, Kohima, Leicestershire Royal Horse Artillery, Lens, Pas-de-Calais, Lewis gun, Lieutenant (British Army and Royal Marines), Lieutenant colonel (United Kingdom), Lille, Lincoln, England, Lincolnshire, Louth, Lincolnshire, Luton, Magnesium sulfate, Major (United Kingdom), Mandatory Palestine, Mariani, Jorhat, Marseille, Martin Farndale, Méricourt, Pas-de-Calais, Middle East Command, Military Cross, Monsoon, Mory, Pas-de-Calais, Mumbai, Munich Agreement, Naga Hills, Naga people, Neil Hotchkin, No man's land, North Staffordshire Regiment, Northern Command (United Kingdom), Nottingham, Nottinghamshire Royal Horse Artillery, Operation Alberich, Operation Crusader, Operation U-Go, Orde Wingate, Order of St Michael and St George, Order of the Bath, Ordnance BLC 15-pounder, Ordnance QF 18-pounder, Ordnance QF 25-pounder, Palmyra, Panzer, Phoney War, Ploegsteert, Pochuri language, QF 4.5-inch howitzer, Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey), Quneitra, RAF Habbaniya, Ramadi, Ranchi, Rifle Brigade (The Prince Consort's Own), Royal Air Force, Royal Artillery, Royal Corps of Signals, Royal Engineers, Royal Field Artillery, Royal Fusiliers, Royal Garrison Artillery, Sailly-au-Bois, Salient (military), Salisbury Plain, Scheldt, Seclin, Second Battle of Bir el Gubi, Second lieutenant, Shrapnel shell, South Staffordshire Regiment, Spring Offensive, Stafford Hotchkin, Staffordshire Brigade, Syria–Lebanon Campaign, Territorial Decoration, Territorial Force, The National Archives (United Kingdom), Tobruk, Tournai, Transjordan Frontier Force, Tunnel warfare, Ukhrul, V Corps (United Kingdom), Vermelles, Vichy France, Vichy French Air Force, Victoria Cross, Victoria Street North drill hall, Grimsby, VII Corps (United Kingdom), Volunteer Force, Volunteer Officers' Decoration, War Office, Wessex (Hampshire) Heavy Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery, Western Desert (Egypt), Western Desert Campaign, Western Front (World War I), Wire obstacle, World War I, World War II, XII Corps (United Kingdom), XVIII Corps (United Kingdom), XXXIII Corps (British India), Ypres, Ypres Salient, 101st Motorised Division Trieste, 115th (North Midland) Field Regiment, Royal Artillery, 132nd Armoured Division Ariete, 138th (Lincoln and Leicester) Brigade, 139th (Sherwood Foresters) Brigade, 15th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht), 176th (2/1st Staffordshire) Brigade, 177th (2/1st Lincoln and Leicester) Brigade, 178th (2/1st Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire) Brigade, 1916 Birthday Honours, 1941 Iraqi coup d'état, 1st Staffordshire Artillery Volunteers, 23rd Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 26th Brigade Royal Field Artillery, 28th Division (United Kingdom), 2nd Anti-Aircraft Division (United Kingdom), 31st Division (Imperial Japanese Army), 37th Division (United Kingdom), 3rd Division (United Kingdom), 3rd North Midland Brigade, Royal Field Artillery, 40th Division (United Kingdom), 42nd (East Lancashire) Infantry Division, 46th (North Midland) Division, 46th (South Devonshire) Regiment of Foot, 4th Home Counties Brigade, Royal Field Artillery, 4th North Midland Brigade, Royal Field Artillery, 56th (London) Infantry Division, 57th (2nd West Lancashire) Division, 59th (2nd North Midland) Division, 5th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 61st (2nd South Midland) Division, 62nd (2nd West Riding) Division, 6th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 70th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 7th Armoured Division (United Kingdom), 7th Queen's Own Hussars, 7th Support Group (United Kingdom). 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The Actions of the Hohenzollern Redoubt took place from 13–19 October 1915, at the Hohenzollern Redoubt (Hohenzollernwerk) near Auchy-les-Mines in France, on the Western Front in World War I. In the aftermath of the Battle of Loos (25 September – 8 October 1915), the 9th (Scottish) Division captured the strongpoint and then lost it to a German counter-attack.
The Afrika Korps or German Africa Corps (Deutsches Afrikakorps, DAK) was the German expeditionary force in Africa during the North African Campaign of World War II.
Amiens is a city and commune in northern France, north of Paris and south-west of Lille.
Amman (عمّان) is the capital and most populous city of Jordan, and the country's economic, political and cultural centre.
The Anglo–Iraqi War (2–31 May 1941) was a British military campaign against the rebel government of Rashid Ali in the Kingdom of Iraq during the Second World War.
Ar-Rutbah (الرطبة, also known as Rutba, Rutbah, Rutbah Wells, or Ar-Rutba) is an Iraqi town in western Al Anbar province, completely inhabited with Sunni Muslims.
The Arab Legion was the regular army of Transjordan and then Jordan in the early part of the 20th century.
The Ardennes (L'Ardenne; Ardennen; L'Årdene; Ardennen; also known as the Ardennes Forest or Forest of Ardennes) is a region of extensive forests, rough terrain, rolling hills and ridges formed by the geological features of the Ardennes mountain range and the Moselle and Meuse River basins.
The Armistice of 11 November 1918 was the armistice that ended fighting on land, sea and air in World War I between the Allies and their last opponent, Germany.
The Armistice of Saint Jean d'Acre (also known as the Convention of Acre) concluded the Syria-Lebanon Campaign of World War II.
An armor-piercing shell, AP for short, is a type of ammunition designed to penetrate armor.
The Army Reserve is the active-duty volunteer reserve force and integrated element of the British Army.
Arras (Atrecht) is the capital (chef-lieu/préfecture) of the Pas-de-Calais department, which forms part of the region of Hauts-de-France; prior to the reorganization of 2014 it was located in Nord-Pas-de-Calais.
Assam is a state in Northeast India, situated south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra and Barak River valleys.
The Attack on the Gommecourt Salient was a British operation against the northern flank of the German 2nd Army that took place on 1 July 1916, on the Western Front in France, during the First World War.
Baghdad (بغداد) is the capital of Iraq.
Ballsbridge or Ball's Bridge is an affluent neighbourhood of the city of Dublin, the capital of the Republic of Ireland.
Bangalore, officially known as Bengaluru, is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka.
A barrage is massed artillery fire aimed at points, typically apart, along one or more lines that can be from a few hundred to several thousand yards long.
A battle honour is an award of a right by a government or sovereign to a military unit to emblazon the name of a battle or operation on its flags ("colours"), uniforms or other accessories where ornamentation is possible.
The Battle of Cambrai (Battle of Cambrai, 1917, First Battle of Cambrai and Schlacht von Cambrai) was a British attack followed by the biggest German counter-attack against the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) since 1914, in the First World War.
The Battle of Cambrai, 1918 (also known as the Second Battle of Cambrai) was a battle between troops of the British First, Third and Fourth Armies and German Empire forces during the Hundred Days Offensive of the First World War.
The Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries during the Second World War.
The Battle of Imphal took place in the region around the city of Imphal, the capital of the state of Manipur in northeast India from March until July 1944.
The Battle of Kohima was the turning point of the Japanese U Go offensive into India in 1944 during the Second World War.
The Battle of Loos was a battle that took place from 1915 in France on the Western Front, during the First World War.
The Battle of Passchendaele (Flandernschlacht, Deuxième Bataille des Flandres), also known as the Third Battle of Ypres, was a campaign of the First World War, fought by the Allies against the German Empire.
The Battle of Polygon Wood took place during the second phase of the Third Battle of Ypres in World War I and was fought near Ypres in Belgium, in the area from the Menin road to Polygon Wood and thence north, to the area beyond St Julien.
The Battle of Singapore, also known as the Fall of Singapore, was fought in the South-East Asian theatre of World War II when the Empire of Japan invaded the British stronghold of Singapore—nicknamed the "Gibraltar of the East".
The Battle of St Quentin Canal was a pivotal battle of World War I that began on 29 September 1918 and involved British, Australian and American forces operating as part of the British Fourth Army under the overall command of General Sir Henry Rawlinson.
The Battle of the Menin Road Ridge, sometimes called "Battle of the Menin Road", was the third British general attack of the Third Battle of Ypres in the First World War.
The Second Battle of the Sambre (4 November 1918) (which included the Second Battle of Guise (2ème Bataille de Guise) and the Battle of Thiérache (Bataille de Thiérache) was part of the final European Allied offensives of World War I.
The Battle of the Selle (17–25 October 1918) was a battle between Allied forces and the German Army, fought during the Hundred Days Offensive of World War I.
The Battle of the Somme (Bataille de la Somme, Schlacht an der Somme), also known as the Somme Offensive, was a battle of the First World War fought by the armies of the British Empire and France against the German Empire.
Béhagnies is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region in northern France.
Bishop's Stortford is a historic market town and civil parish in Hertfordshire, England.
Bordon and Longmoor Military Camps are British Army training camps and training area close to the A3 and A325 roads in and around the settlements of Bordon, Longmoor, Liss and Liphook in Hampshire, England.
Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.
Bourlon is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region in northern France.
Brigadier (Brig) is a senior rank in the British Army and the Royal Marines.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
British Cyprus was the island of Cyprus under the dominion of the British Empire, administered sequentially from 1878 to 1914 as a British protectorate, a unilaterally annexed military occupation from 1914 to 1922 and from 1922 to 1960 as a Crown colony.
The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the British Army sent to the Western Front during the First World War.
The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the name of the British Army in Western Europe during the Second World War from 2 September 1939 when the BEF GHQ was formed until 31 May 1940, when GHQ closed down.
The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.
Bucquoy is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region in northern France.
Bullecourt is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region in France.
The Burma Campaign in the South-East Asian Theatre of World War II took place over four years from 1942 to 1945.
A cadre is the complement of commissioned officers and non-commissioned officers of a military unit responsible for training the rest of the unit.
Cantaing-sur-Escaut is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
GHQ Central Force was a home command of the British Army during the First World War.
The Central Provinces was a province of British India.
The use of toxic chemicals as weapons dates back thousands of years, but the first large scale use of chemical weapons was during World War I. They were primarily used to demoralize, injure, and kill entrenched defenders, against whom the indiscriminate and generally very slow-moving or static nature of gas clouds would be most effective.
The Chindits, known officially as the Long Range Penetration Groups, were special operations units of the British and Indian armies, which saw action in 1943–1944, during the Burma Campaign of World War II.
The Chindwin River (ချင်းတွင်းမြစ်) is a river in Burma (Myanmar), and the largest tributary of the country's chief river the Ayeyarwady (Irrawaddy).
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
Counter-battery fire (sometimes called counter-fire) is a battlefield military activity to defeat the enemy's indirect fire elements (guns, rocket launchers, artillery and mortars), including their target acquisition, command and control components.
The Curragh (An Currach) is a flat open plain of almost of common land in County Kildare, Ireland, between Newbridge and Kildare.
Cyrenaica (Cyrenaica (Provincia), Κυρηναία (ἐπαρχία) Kyrēnaíā (eparkhíā), after the city of Cyrene; برقة) is the eastern coastal region of Libya.
Damascus (دمشق, Syrian) is the capital of the Syrian Arab Republic; it is also the country's largest city, following the decline in population of Aleppo due to the battle for the city.
Dún Laoghaire is a suburban coastal town in County Dublin, Ireland, about 12 km (7.5 miles) south of Dublin city centre.
The De Bange 90 mm cannon (Mle 1877) was a type of field artillery piece developed in France by Colonel Charles Ragon de Bange in 1877, and adopted by the French Army that same year.
The Distinguished Service Order (DSO) is a military decoration of the United Kingdom, and formerly of other parts of the Commonwealth of Nations, awarded for meritorious or distinguished service by officers of the armed forces during wartime, typically in actual combat.
Dublin is the capital of and largest city in Ireland.
A dugout or dug-out, also known as a pit-house, earth lodge, is a shelter for humans or domesticated animals and livestock based on a hole or depression dug into the ground.
Dunkirk (Dunkerque; Duinkerke(n)) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
The Dunkirk evacuation, code-named Operation Dynamo, and also known as the Miracle of Dunkirk, was the evacuation of Allied soldiers during World War II from the beaches and harbour of Dunkirk, in the north of France, between 26 May and 4 June 1940.
The Dyle (Dyle and Dijle), is a river in central Belgium, left tributary of the Rupel.
The Easter Rising (Éirí Amach na Cásca), also known as the Easter Rebellion, was an armed insurrection in Ireland during Easter Week, April 1916.
The Eighth Army was a field army formation of the British Army during the Second World War, fighting in the North African and Italian campaigns.
The Emirate of Transjordan (إمارة شرق الأردن lit. "Emirate of east Jordan"), also hyphenated as Trans-Jordan and previously known as Transjordania or Trans-Jordania, was a British protectorate established in April 1921.
Ervillers is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
Erwin Rommel (15 November 1891 – 14 October 1944) was a German general and military theorist.
The Euphrates (Sumerian: Buranuna; 𒌓𒄒𒉣 Purattu; الفرات al-Furāt; ̇ܦܪܬ Pǝrāt; Եփրատ: Yeprat; פרת Perat; Fırat; Firat) is the longest and one of the most historically important rivers of Western Asia.
FallujahSometimes also transliterated as Falluja, Fallouja, or Falowja (الفلوجة, Iraqi pronunciation) is a city in the Iraqi province of Al Anbar, located roughly west of Baghdad on the Euphrates.
A flying column is a small, independent, military land unit capable of rapid mobility and usually composed of all arms.
Foncquevillers is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
The British Fourteenth Army was a multi-national force comprising units from Commonwealth countries during World War II.
Fovant is a village and civil parish in southwest Wiltshire, England, lying about west of Salisbury on the A30 Salisbury-Shaftesbury road, on the south side of the Nadder valley.
The Mandate for Syria and Lebanon (Mandat français pour la Syrie et le Liban; الانتداب الفرنسي على سوريا ولبنان) (1923−1946) was a League of Nations mandate founded after the First World War and the partitioning of the Ottoman Empire concerning Syria and Lebanon.
The Imperial German Army (Deutsches Heer) was the name given to the combined land and air forces of the German Empire (excluding the Marine-Fliegerabteilung maritime aviation formations of the Imperial German Navy).
Gomiécourt is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
Gommecourt is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
A grenade is a small weapon typically thrown by hand.
Grimsby, also known as Great Grimsby, is a large coastal English town and seaport in North East Lincolnshire, of which it is the administrative centre.
Habforce was a British Army military unit created in 1941 during the Anglo-Iraqi War and still active during the Syria-Lebanon campaign during the fighting in the Middle East of World War II.
Hailakandi (pron:ˈhaɪləˌkʌndi) is a town and the district headquarters of Hailakandi district in the Indian state of Assam.
The Haldane Reforms were a series of far-ranging reforms of the British Army made from 1906 to 1912, and named after the Secretary of State for War, Richard Burdon Haldane.
The Hampshire Royal Horse Artillery was a Territorial Force Royal Horse Artillery battery that was formed in Hampshire in 1909.
Hemel Hempstead is a new town in Hertfordshire, England.
The Hindenburg Line (Siegfriedstellung or Siegfried Position) was a German defensive position of World War I, built during the winter of 1916–1917 on the Western Front, from Arras to Laffaux, near Soissons on the Aisne.
In World War I, the area around Hooge on Bellewaerde Ridge, about east of Ypres in Flanders in Belgium, was one of the eastern-most sectors of the Ypres Salient and was the site of much fighting between German and Allied forces.
Hulluch is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
The Hundred Days Offensive was the final period of the First World War, during which the Allies launched a series of offensives against the Central Powers on the Western Front from 8 August to 11 November 1918, beginning with the Battle of Amiens.
III Corps was an army corps of the British Army formed in both the First World War and the Second World War.
Imphal is the capital city of the Indian state of Manipur.
Interdiction is a military term for the act of delaying, disrupting, or destroying enemy forces or supplies en route to the battle area.
The Iraq Levies (also known as the Assyrian Levies as they would eventually become dominated by ethnic Assyrians) was the first Iraqi military force established by the British in British controlled Iraq.
J (Sidi Rezegh) Battery Royal Horse Artillery are a Close Support Battery of 3rd Regiment Royal Horse Artillery.
Brigadier General Sir James Edward Edmonds (25 December 1861 – 2 August 1956) was a British First World War officer of the Royal Engineers.
Brigadier James Joseph "Joe" Kingstone DSO & Bar MC CBE (26 August 1892 − 20 September 1966) was an officer in the British Army during the First and Second World Wars.
Jessami is a town in Ukhrul district, Manipur, India.
Major-General John Charles Campbell, (10 January 1894 – 26 February 1942), known as Jock Campbell, was a British Army officer and a Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Field Marshal John Standish Surtees Prendergast Vereker, 6th Viscount Gort, (10 July 1886 – 31 March 1946) was a senior British Army officer.
Brigadier-General Sir Joseph Frederick Laycock (12 June 1867 – 10 January 1952), sometimes known as Joe Laycock, was a British Army officer and Olympic sailor.
Kharasom is a village located north of Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur state, India.
Kingcol was a British Army flying column created during the Anglo-Iraqi War.
The Mosul–Haifa oil pipeline (also known as the Iraq–Haifa pipeline or Mediterranean pipeline) was a crude oil pipeline from the oil fields in Kirkuk, located in the former Ottoman vilayet of Mosul in northern Iraq, through Jordan to Haifa (in mandatory Palestine, now in the territory of Israel).
Kohima is the hilly capital city of India's north eastern state of Nagaland.
The Leicestershire Royal Horse Artillery was a Territorial Force Royal Horse Artillery battery that was formed in Leicestershire in 1908.
Lens (Linse) is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in northern France.
The Lewis gun (or Lewis automatic machine gun or Lewis automatic rifle) is a First World War-era light machine gun of US design that was perfected and mass-produced in the United Kingdom, and widely used by British and British Empire troops during the war.
Lieutenant (Lt) is a junior officer rank in the British Army and Royal Marines.
Lieutenant colonel (Lt Col), is a rank in the British Army and Royal Marines which is also used in many Commonwealth countries.
Lille (Rijsel; Rysel) is a city at the northern tip of France, in French Flanders.
Lincoln is a cathedral city and the county town of Lincolnshire in the East Midlands of England.
Lincolnshire (abbreviated Lincs) is a county in east central England.
Louth is a market town and civil parish in the East Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England.
Luton is a large town in Bedfordshire, England, Luton east of Aylesbury, west of Stevenage, northwest of London, and southeast of Milton Keynes.
Magnesium sulfate is an inorganic salt with the formula MgSO4(H2O)x where 0≤x≤7.
Major (Maj) is a military rank which is used by both the British Army and Royal Marines.
Mandatory Palestine (فلسطين; פָּלֶשְׂתִּינָה (א"י), where "EY" indicates "Eretz Yisrael", Land of Israel) was a geopolitical entity under British administration, carved out of Ottoman Syria after World War I. British civil administration in Palestine operated from 1920 until 1948.
Mariani (IPA: ˌmɑːrɪˈænɪ) is a neighbourhood town of Jorhat.
Marseille (Provençal: Marselha), is the second-largest city of France and the largest city of the Provence historical region.
General Sir Martin Baker Farndale KCB (6 January 1929 – 10 May 2000) was a British Army General who reached high office in the 1980s.
Méricourt is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
Middle East Command, later Middle East Land Forces, was a British Army Command established prior to the Second World War in Egypt.
The Military Cross (MC) is the third-level military decoration awarded to officers and (since 1993) other ranks of the British Armed Forces, and used to be awarded to officers of other Commonwealth countries.
Monsoon is traditionally defined as a seasonal reversing wind accompanied by corresponding changes in precipitation, but is now used to describe seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with the asymmetric heating of land and sea.
Mory is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
Mumbai (also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.
The Munich Agreement was a settlement permitting Nazi Germany's annexation of portions of Czechoslovakia along the country's borders mainly inhabited by German speakers, for which a new territorial designation, the "Sudetenland", was coined.
The Naga Hills, reaching a height of around, lie on the border of India and Burma (Myanmar).
The Naga people are an ethnic group conglomerating of several tribes native to the North Eastern part of India and north-western Myanmar (Burma).
Neil Stafford Hotchkin (4 February 1914 – 6 February 2004) was an English first-class cricketer active 1934–48 who played for Cambridge University and Middlesex.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
No man's land is land that is unoccupied or is under dispute between parties who leave it unoccupied due to fear or uncertainty.
The North Staffordshire Regiment (Prince of Wales's) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, which was in existence between 1881 and 1959.
Northern Command was a Home Command of the British Army from 1793-1889 and 1905-1972.
Nottingham is a city and unitary authority area in Nottinghamshire, England, north of London, in the East Midlands.
The Nottinghamshire Royal Horse Artillery was a Territorial Force Royal Horse Artillery battery that was formed in Nottinghamshire in 1908.
Operation Alberich (Unternehmen Alberich) was the code name of a German military operation in France during the First World War.
Operation Crusader was a military operation during the Second World War by the British Eighth Army against the Axis forces in North Africa between 18 November and 30 December 1941.
The U Go offensive, or Operation C (ウ号作戦 U Gō sakusen), was the Japanese offensive launched in March 1944 against forces of the British Empire in the northeast Indian regions of Manipur and the Naga Hills (then administered as part of Assam).
Orde Charles Wingate & Two Bars (26 February 1903 – 24 March 1944) was a senior British Army officer, known for his creation of the Chindit deep-penetration missions in Japanese-held territory during the Burma Campaign of World War II.
The Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George is a British order of chivalry founded on 28 April 1818 by George, Prince Regent, later King George IV, while he was acting as regent for his father, King George III.
The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (formerly the Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath) is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725.
The Ordnance BLC 15 pounder gun (BLC stood for BL Converted) was a modernised version of the obsolete BL 15 pounder 7 cwt gun, incorporating a recoil and recuperator mechanism above the barrel and a modified quicker-opening breech.
The Ordnance QF 18 pounder,British military traditionally denoted smaller ordnance by the weight of its standard projectile, in this case approximately or simply 18-pounder Gun, was the standard British Empire field gun of the First World War-era.
The Ordnance QF 25-pounder, or more simply 25-pounder or 25-pdr, was the major British field gun and howitzer during the Second World War, possessing a 3.45-inch (87.6 mm) calibre.
Palmyra (Palmyrene: Tadmor; تَدْمُر Tadmur) is an ancient Semitic city in present-day Homs Governorate, Syria.
The word Panzer is a German word that means "armour" or specifically, "tank".
The Phoney War (Drôle de guerre; Sitzkrieg) was an eight-month period at the start of World War II, during which there was only one limited military land operation on the Western Front, when French troops invaded Germany's Saar district.
Ploegsteert is a village in Belgium located in the municipality of Comines-Warneton in the Hainaut province and is the most westerly settlement of the Walloon region.
Pochuri, or Pochuri Naga, is an Angami–Pochuri language spoken in Nagaland, India.
The Ordnance QF 4.5-inch howitzer was the standard British Empire field (or ‘light’) howitzer of the First World War era.
The Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey) was a line infantry regiment of the English and later the British Army from 1661 to 1959.
Quneitra (also Al Qunaytirah, Qunaitira, or Kuneitra; القنيطرة al-Qunayṭrah) is the largely destroyed and abandoned capital of the Quneitra Governorate in south-western Syria.
Royal Air Force Station Habbaniya, more commonly known as RAF Habbaniya, (originally RAF Dhibban) was a Royal Air Force station at Habbaniyah, about west of Baghdad in modern-day Iraq, on the banks of the Euphrates near Lake Habbaniyah.
Ramadi (الرمادي Ar-Ramādī; also formerly rendered as Rumadiyah or Rumadiya) is a city in central Iraq, about west of Baghdad and west of Fallujah.
Ranchi is the capital of the Indian state of Jharkhand.
The Rifle Brigade (The Prince Consort's Own) was an infantry rifle regiment of the British Army formed in January 1800 as the "Experimental Corps of Riflemen" to provide sharpshooters, scouts, and skirmishers.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
The Royal Regiment of Artillery, commonly referred to as the Royal Artillery (RA) and colloquially known as "The Gunners", is the artillery arm of the British Army.
The Royal Corps of Signals (often simply known as the Royal Signals - abbreviated to R SIGNALS) is one of the combat support arms of the British Army.
The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually just called the Royal Engineers (RE), and commonly known as the Sappers, is one of the corps of the British Army.
The Royal Field Artillery (RFA) of the British Army provided close artillery support for the infantry.
The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in continuous existence for 283 years.
The Royal Garrison Artillery (RGA) was formed in 1899 as a distinct arm of the British Army's Royal Regiment of Artillery serving alongside the other two arms of the Regiment, the Royal Field Artillery (RFA) and the Royal Horse Artillery (RHA).
Sailly-au-Bois is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
A salient, also known as a bulge, is a battlefield feature that projects into enemy territory.
Salisbury Plain is a chalk plateau in the south western part of central southern England covering.
The Scheldt (l'Escaut, Escô, Schelde) is a long river in northern France, western Belgium and the southwestern part of the Netherlands.
Seclin is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
The Second Battle of Bir el Gubi was fought near Bir el Gubi, Libya, between 3 and 7 December 1941, between Italian (later reinforced by German) and Commonwealth forces.
Second lieutenant (called lieutenant in some countries) is a junior commissioned officer military rank in many armed forces, comparable to NATO OF-1b rank.
Shrapnel shells were anti-personnel artillery munitions which carried a large number of individual bullets close to the target and then ejected them to allow them to continue along the shell's trajectory and strike the target individually.
The South Staffordshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence for only 68 years.
The 1918 Spring Offensive, or Kaiserschlacht (Kaiser's Battle), also known as the Ludendorff Offensive, was a series of German attacks along the Western Front during the First World War, beginning on 21 March 1918, which marked the deepest advances by either side since 1914.
Colonel Stafford Vere Hotchkin (1876 – 8 August 1953) was an English landowner, soldier, High Sheriff of Rutland and briefly a Conservative Member of Parliament.
The Staffordshire Brigade (later 137th Brigade) was a volunteer infantry brigade formation of the British Army from 1888 to 1936.
The Syria–Lebanon campaign, also known as Operation Exporter, was the British invasion of Vichy French Syria and Lebanon from June–July 1941, during the Second World War.
The Territorial Decoration (TD) was a military medal of the United Kingdom awarded for long service in the Territorial Force and its successor, the Territorial Army.
The Territorial Force was a part-time volunteer organisation, created in 1908 to help meet the military needs of the United Kingdom (UK) without resorting to conscription.
The National Archives (TNA) is a non-ministerial government department.
Tobruk or Tubruq (Αντίπυργος) (طبرق Ṭubruq; also transliterated as Tóbruch, Tobruch, Tobruck and Tubruk) is a port city on Libya's eastern Mediterranean coast, near the border of Egypt.
Tournai (Latin: Tornacum, Picard: Tornai), known in Dutch as Doornik and historically as Dornick in English, is a Walloon municipality of Belgium, southwest of Brussels on the river Scheldt.
The Trans-Jordan Frontier Force was formed on 1 April 1926, to replace the disbanded British Gendarmerie.
Tunnel warfare is a general name for war being conducted in tunnels and other underground cavities.
Ukhrul/Hunphun is a town in Ukhrul district in the state of Manipur, India.
V Corps was a corps-sized formation of the British Army that saw service in both World War I and World War II.
Vermelles is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
Vichy France (Régime de Vichy) is the common name of the French State (État français) headed by Marshal Philippe Pétain during World War II.
The Vichy French Air Force (Armée de l'air de Vichy) was the aerial branch of the armed forces of Vichy France - the government of France that collaborated with the Axis powers following the defeat of France by Germany in 1940.
The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest award of the British honours system.
The Victoria Street North drill hall is a former military installation in Grimsby.
VII Corps was an army corps of the British Army active in the First and Second World Wars.
The Volunteer Force was a citizen army of part-time rifle, artillery and engineer corps, created as a popular movement throughout the British Empire in 1859.
The Volunteer Officers' Decoration, post-nominal letters VD, was instituted in 1892 as an award for long and meritorious service by officers of the United Kingdom's Volunteer Force.
The War Office was a department of the British Government responsible for the administration of the British Army between 1857 and 1964, when its functions were transferred to the Ministry of Defence.
The Wessex (Hampshire) Heavy Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery was a volunteer unit of the British Territorial Force formed in 1908.
The Western Desert of Egypt is an area of the Sahara which lies west of the river Nile, up to the Libyan border, and south from the Mediterranean sea to the border with Sudan.
The Western Desert Campaign (Desert War), took place in the deserts of Egypt and Libya and was the main theatre in the North African Campaign during the Second World War.
The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.
In the military science of fortification, wire obstacles are defensive obstacles made from barbed wire, barbed tape or concertina wire.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
XII Corps was an army corps of the British Army that fought in the First and Second World Wars.
The XVIII Corps was a British infantry formation during World War I. It was reactivated, briefly, in Cyprus during World War II as part of a military deception.
The British Indian XXXIII Corps was a corps-sized formation of the Indian Army during World War II.
Ypres (Ieper) is a Belgian municipality in the province of West Flanders.
The Ypres Salient is the area around Ypres in Belgium which was the scene of some of the biggest battles in World War I.
101st Motorised Division Trieste or 101° Divisione Trieste (Italian) was a Motorised Division of the Italian Army during World War II.
The 115th (North Midland) Field Regiment was a part-time unit of Britain's Royal Artillery (RA), raised as part of the Territorial Army (TA) just before the outbreak of World War II.
The Ariete Armoured Division was an armoured division of the Italian Army during World War II.
The 138th (Lincoln and Leicester) Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service in World War I with the 46th (North Midland) Division.
The 139th (Sherwood Foresters) Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service in World War I with the 46th (North Midland) Division.
The 15th Panzer Division (15.) was an armoured division in the German Army, the Wehrmacht, during World War II, established in 1940.
The 176th (2/1st Staffordshire) Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service in the First World War on the Western Front and disbanded in 1919.
The 177th (2/1st Lincoln and Leicester) Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service in the First World War as part of 59th (2nd North Midland) Division and fought again in the Second World War, now the 177th Infantry Brigade, with the 59th (Staffordshire) Infantry Division before being disbanded in August 1944.
The 178th (2/1st Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire) Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army.
The 1916 Birthday Honours were appointments by King George V to various orders and honours to reward and highlight good works by citizens of the British Empire.
The 1941 Iraqi coup d'état (Arabic: ثورة رشيد عالي الكيلاني), also called the Rashid Ali Al-Gaylani coup or the Golden Square coup, was a nationalist and pro-Nazi Coup d'état in Iraq on 1 April 1941 that overthrew the pro-British regime of Regent 'Abd al-Ilah and his Prime Minister Nuri al-Said and installed Rashid Ali al-Gaylani as Prime Minister.
The 1st Staffordshire Artillery Volunteers, later 2nd North Midland Brigade, was a Volunteer unit of the Royal Artillery of the British Army recruiting primarily from Staffordshire that fought on the Western Front during the First and Second World Wars in the Normandy Campaign and Belgium, Holland, and Germany.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
The 23rd Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service in both World War I, mainly on the Western Front, and World War II.
XXVI Brigade, Royal Field Artillery was a brigade of the Royal Field Artillery which served in the First World War.
The 28th Division was an infantry division of the British Army raised for service in World War I.
The 2nd Anti-Aircraft Division (2nd AA Division) was an Air Defence formation of the British Army from 1935 to 1942.
The was an infantry division of the Imperial Japanese Army.
The 37th Division was an infantry division of the British Army, raised during World War I. The divisional symbol was a gold horseshoe, open end up.
The 3rd (United Kingdom) Division, known at various times as the Iron Division, 3rd (Iron) Division, Monty's Iron Sides or as Iron Sides;Delaforce is a regular army division of the British Army.
The 3rd North Midland Brigade, Royal Field Artillery was a volunteer unit of the British Territorial Force formed in 1908.
The 40th Division was an infantry division of the British Army active during World War I, where it served on the Western Front.
The 42nd (East Lancashire) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army.
The 46th (North Midland) Division was an infantry division of the British Army, part of the Territorial Force, that saw service in World War I. At the outbreak of the war, the 46th Division was commanded by Major-General Hon.
The 46th (South Devonshire) Regiment of Foot was an infantry regiment of the British Army, raised in 1741.
The IV Home Counties (Howitzer) Brigade, Royal Field Artillery was a new volunteer unit formed in Kent as part of the Territorial Force (TF) in 1908.
The 4th North Midland Brigade, sometimes known as the 'Derbyshire Howitzers', was a part-time unit of Britain's Royal Field Artillery created in 1908 as part of the Territorial Force.
The 56th (London) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army, which served under several different titles and designations.
The 57th (2nd West Lancashire) Division was an infantry formation of the Territorial Force created in 1914 as part of the massive expansion of the British Army during the First World War.
The 59th (2nd North Midland) Division was an infantry division of the British Army during World War I. It was formed in late 1914/early 1915 as a 2nd Line Territorial Force formation raised as a duplicate of the 46th (North Midland) Division.
The 5th Infantry Division was a regular army infantry division of the British Army.
The 61st (2nd South Midland) Division was an infantry division of the British Army raised in 1915 during the Great War as a second-line reserve for the first-line battalions of the 48th (South Midland) Division.
The 62nd (2nd West Riding) Division was an infantry division of the British Army that saw active service on the Western Front during the First World War.
The 6th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that was first established by Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington for service in the Peninsular War as part of the Anglo-Portuguese Army and was active for most of the period since, including the First World War and the Second World War.
The 70th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that fought during the Western Desert Campaign of the Second World War.
The 7th Armoured Division was an armoured division of the British Army that saw distinguished active service during World War II, where its exploits in the Western Desert Campaign gained it the Desert Rats nickname.
The 7th Queen's Own Hussars was a cavalry regiment in the British Army, first formed in 1690.
The 7th Support Group was a brigade size formation within the British 7th Armoured Division, active during World War II.
1st (Boston) Lincolnshire Artillery Volunteers, 1st Administrative Brigade, Lincolnshire Artillery Volunteers, 1st Lincolnshire Royal Garrison Artillery (Volunteers), 1st North Midland Brigade, Royal Field Artillery, 230th Brigade, Royal Field Artillery, 295th Brigade, Royal Field Artillery, 2nd (Grimsby) Lincolnshire Artillery Volunteers, 3rd (Louth) Lincolnshire Artillery Volunteers, 60th (North Midland) Brigade, Royal Field Artillery, 60th (North Midland) Field Brigade, Royal Artillery, 60th (North Midland) Field Regiment, Royal Artillery, 60th (North Midland) Regiment, Royal Artillery.