221 relations: Abbeville, Ablainzevelle, Achi Baba, Achiet-le-Grand, Achiet-le-Petit, Alçıtepe, Alexandria, Allied invasion of Italy, Ancre, Anti-Aircraft Command, ANZAC Mounted Division, Armistice of 11 November 1918, Army Reserve (United Kingdom), Arthur Egerton, 3rd Earl of Wilton, Auxiliary Territorial Service, Ayette, Barrage (artillery), Battle honour, Battle of Albert (1918), Battle of Amiens (1918), Battle of Britain, Battle of Krithia Vineyard, Battle of Passchendaele, Battle of Poelcappelle, Battle of Romani, Battle of the Canal du Nord, Battle of the Selle, Béthune, Beaucourt-sur-l'Ancre, Belle Vue, Manchester, Bihucourt, Birmingham, Bolton, Breastwork (fortification), Brewood, British Army, British Expeditionary Force (World War I), Bucquoy, Burrow Head, Cadre (military), Cairo, Canal de la Somme, Cardwell Reforms, Charleroi, Childers Reforms, Chorley, Chorlton-on-Medlock, Colombo, Coventry, De Havilland, ..., Demobilization, Distinguished Service Order, Douchy-lès-Ayette, Dunkirk evacuation, East Anglia, Easter Sunday Raid, Eccles, Greater Manchester, Egyptian Expeditionary Force, El Qantara, Egypt, Facing colour, Fallowfield, Fifth Army (United Kingdom), Flamethrower, Flanders, Forêt de Mormal, Frederick Cawley, 1st Baron Cawley, Gallipoli Campaign, GL Mk. I radar, Grenade, Haldane Reforms, Hapag-Lloyd, Harold Cawley, Harpurhey, Hautmont, Havrincourt, Hébécourt, Somme, Heinkel He 111, Herbert Alexander Lawrence, Hervilly, Heywood (UK Parliament constituency), Hindenburg Line, Hulme, Hulme Barracks, Imbros, Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service, India Command, Isbergues, Ismailia, J. & N. Philips, James Edward Edmonds, Japanese invasion of Malaya, Kearsley Power Station, Kent, La Bassée, Lancashire Fusiliers, Lancashire Landing Commonwealth War Graves Commission Cemetery, Lancashire Militia, Landing at Cape Helles, Lee–Enfield, Leominster, Lewis gun, Leyland, Lancashire, Lieutenant colonel (United Kingdom), Light machine gun, Liverpool, Lord Lieutenant of Lancashire, Lostock, Bolton, Luftwaffe, Manchester, Manchester Airport, Manchester Athenaeum, Manchester docks, Manchester Regiment, Manorbier, Market Street, Manchester, Martin Farndale, Member of parliament, Menin Gate, Merry Hill, Wolverhampton, Michael Carver, Middle East Command, Military Cross, Miraumont, Mitsubishi A6M Zero, Moss Side, Mounted infantry, Munich Agreement, Nakajima B5N, Nieuwpoort, Belgium, No man's land, Officers' Training Corps, Order of St Michael and St George, Order of the British Empire, Orkney, Passendale, Péronne, Somme, Peel Green, Pelusium, Pendlebury, Phoney War, Pillbox (military), Pont-Remy, Puisieux, Pas-de-Calais, QF 3-inch 20 cwt, QF 3.7-inch AA gun, Reginald Wingate, Rosières-en-Santerre, Royal Artillery, Royal Engineers, Royal Exchange, Manchester, Royal Indian Artillery, Salford, Greater Manchester, Sambre, Scapa Flow, Scotland, Second Boer War, Selle, Shetland, Somme (river), Southampton, Spanish flu, Spring Offensive, Sri Lanka, SS Scharnhorst (1904), Stanhope Memorandum, Stokes mortar, Stormtrooper, Stretford, Sussex, Swinton, Greater Manchester, Territorial Decoration, Territorial Force, The National Archives (United Kingdom), Thiennes, Third Army (United Kingdom), Third Battle of Krithia, Trescault, Trincomalee, Tunnel warfare, Tycroes, University of Manchester, Villers-au-Flos, Volunteer Force, Wales, War Office, West Midlands (region), Western Front (World War I), William Molyneux, 4th Earl of Sefton, William Romaine Callender, Wire obstacle, Witley, World War I, World War II, Ypres Salient, 103rd (Lancashire Artillery Volunteers) Regiment Royal Artillery, 11th Anti-Aircraft Division (United Kingdom), 125th (Lancashire Fusiliers) Brigade, 126th (East Lancashire) Brigade, 127th (Manchester) Brigade, 16th (Irish) Division, 180th Tunnelling Company, 199th (Manchester) Brigade, 2nd Anti-Aircraft Brigade (United Kingdom), 2nd Anti-Aircraft Division (United Kingdom), 33rd (Western) Anti-Aircraft Brigade, 34th (South Midland) Anti-Aircraft Brigade, 3rd Anti-Aircraft Division (United Kingdom), 3rd Manchester Rifles, 40th Division (United Kingdom), 42nd (East Lancashire) Infantry Division, 44th Anti-Aircraft Brigade (United Kingdom), 4th Anti-Aircraft Division (United Kingdom), 50th (Northumbrian) Division, 6.5×50mmSR Arisaka, 63rd (West Suffolk) Regiment of Foot, 66th Division (United Kingdom), 6th Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery, 71st (East Lancashire) Searchlight Regiment, Royal Artillery, 73rd Division (United Kingdom), 7th Battalion, Lancashire Fusiliers, 96th Regiment of Foot. Expand index (171 more) » « Shrink index
Abbeville is a commune in the Somme department and in Hauts-de-France region in northern France.
Ablainzeville is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in northern France.
Achi Baba (Alçıtepe) is a height dominating the Gallipoli Peninsula in Turkey, located in Çanakkale Province.
Achiet-le-Grand is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in northern France.
Achiet-le-Petit is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in northern France.
Alçıtepe, also known by its former name, Krithia (Κριθία), is a small village on a commanding high plateau in the Eceabat District of Çanakkale Province, Turkey, about 4 miles from Cape Helles, the tip of the Thracian Chersonesos, now Gallipoli Peninsula.
Alexandria (or; Arabic: الإسكندرية; Egyptian Arabic: إسكندرية; Ⲁⲗⲉⲝⲁⲛⲇⲣⲓⲁ; Ⲣⲁⲕⲟⲧⲉ) is the second-largest city in Egypt and a major economic centre, extending about along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part of the country.
The Allied invasion of Italy was the Allied amphibious landing on mainland Italy that took place on 3 September 1943 during the early stages of the Italian Campaign of World War II.
The Ancre is a river of Picardy, France.
Anti-Aircraft Command (AA Command, or "Ack-Ack Command") was a British Army command of the Second World War that controlled the Territorial Army anti-aircraft artillery and searchlight formations and units defending the United Kingdom.
The Australian and New Zealand Mounted Division was a mounted infantry division of the British Empire during the First World War.
The Armistice of 11 November 1918 was the armistice that ended fighting on land, sea and air in World War I between the Allies and their last opponent, Germany.
The Army Reserve is the active-duty volunteer reserve force and integrated element of the British Army.
Arthur Edward Holland Grey Egerton, 3rd Earl of Wilton (25 November 1833 – 18 January 1885), styled Viscount Grey de Wilton from 1833 to 1882, was a British peer and Conservative Member of Parliament from the Egerton family.
The Auxiliary Territorial Service (ATS; often pronounced as an acronym) was the women's branch of the British Army during the Second World War.
Ayette is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in northern France.
A barrage is massed artillery fire aimed at points, typically apart, along one or more lines that can be from a few hundred to several thousand yards long.
A battle honour is an award of a right by a government or sovereign to a military unit to emblazon the name of a battle or operation on its flags ("colours"), uniforms or other accessories where ornamentation is possible.
Battle of Albert (21–23 August 1918) was the third battle by that name fought during World War I, following the First Battle of Albert and the Second Battle of Albert, with each of the series of three being fought roughly two years apart.
The Battle of Amiens, also known as the Third Battle of Picardy (3ème Bataille de Picardie), was the opening phase of the Allied offensive which began on 8 August 1918, later known as the Hundred Days Offensive, that ultimately led to the end of the First World War.
The Battle of Britain (Luftschlacht um England, literally "The Air Battle for England") was a military campaign of the Second World War, in which the Royal Air Force (RAF) defended the United Kingdom (UK) against large-scale attacks by Nazi Germany's air force, the Luftwaffe.
The Battle of Krithia Vineyard (6–13 August 1915) was fought during the Gallipoli Campaign during the First World War.
The Battle of Passchendaele (Flandernschlacht, Deuxième Bataille des Flandres), also known as the Third Battle of Ypres, was a campaign of the First World War, fought by the Allies against the German Empire.
The Battle of Poelcappelle was fought in Flanders, Belgium, on 9 October 1917 by the British and German armies, during the First World War and marked the end of the string of highly successful British attacks in late September and early October, during the Third Battle of Ypres.
The Battle of Romani was the last ground attack of the Central Powers on the Suez Canal at the beginning of the Sinai and Palestine Campaign during the First World War.
The Battle of Canal du Nord was part of a general Allied offensive against German positions on the Western Front during the Hundred Days Offensive of World War I. The battle took place in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France, along an incomplete portion of the Canal du Nord and on the outskirts of Cambrai between 27 September and 1 October 1918.
The Battle of the Selle (17–25 October 1918) was a battle between Allied forces and the German Army, fought during the Hundred Days Offensive of World War I.
Béthune (archaic and Bethwyn historically in English) is a city in northern France, sub-prefecture of the Pas-de-Calais department.
Beaucourt-sur-l'Ancre is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Belle Vue is an area of Gorton, in the city of Manchester, England.
Bihucourt is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region in northern France.
Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England, with an estimated population of 1,101,360, making it the second most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Bolton (locally) is a town in Greater Manchester in North West England. A former mill town, Bolton has been a production centre for textiles since Flemish weavers settled in the area in the 14th century, introducing a wool and cotton-weaving tradition. The urbanisation and development of the town largely coincided with the introduction of textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution. Bolton was a 19th-century boomtown, and at its zenith in 1929 its 216 cotton mills and 26 bleaching and dyeing works made it one of the largest and most productive centres of cotton spinning in the world. The British cotton industry declined sharply after the First World War, and by the 1980s cotton manufacture had virtually ceased in Bolton. Close to the West Pennine Moors, Bolton is northwest of Manchester. It is surrounded by several smaller towns and villages that together form the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton, of which Bolton is the administrative centre. The town of Bolton has a population of 139,403, whilst the wider metropolitan borough has a population of 262,400. Historically part of Lancashire, Bolton originated as a small settlement in the moorland known as Bolton le Moors. In the English Civil War, the town was a Parliamentarian outpost in a staunchly Royalist region, and as a result was stormed by 3,000 Royalist troops led by Prince Rupert of the Rhine in 1644. In what became known as the Bolton Massacre, 1,600 residents were killed and 700 were taken prisoner. Bolton Wanderers football club play home games at the Macron Stadium and the WBA World light-welterweight champion Amir Khan was born in the town. Cultural interests include the Octagon Theatre and the Bolton Museum and Art Gallery, as well as one of the earliest public libraries established after the Public Libraries Act 1850.
A breastwork is a temporary fortification, often an earthwork thrown up to breast height to provide protection to defenders firing over it from a standing position.
Brewood refers both to a settlement, which was once a town but is now a village, in South Staffordshire, England, and to the civil parish of which it is the centre.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the British Army sent to the Western Front during the First World War.
Bucquoy is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region in northern France.
Burrow Head is the southernmost tip of the Machars peninsula in south-west Scotland.
A cadre is the complement of commissioned officers and non-commissioned officers of a military unit responsible for training the rest of the unit.
Cairo (القاهرة) is the capital of Egypt.
The Canal de la Somme is a canal in northern France.
The Cardwell Reforms were a series of reforms of the British Army undertaken by Secretary of State for War Edward Cardwell between 1868 and 1874 with the support of Liberal prime minister William Ewart Gladstone.
Charleroi (Tchålerwè) is a city and a municipality of Wallonia, located in the province of Hainaut, Belgium.
The Childers Reforms of 1881 reorganised the infantry regiments of the British Army.
Chorley is a market town in Lancashire, England, north of Wigan, south west of Blackburn, north west of Bolton, south of Preston and north west of Manchester.
Chorlton-on-Medlock is an inner city area of Manchester, England.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
Colombo (translit,; translit) is the commercial capital and largest city of Sri Lanka.
Coventry is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England.
De Havilland Aircraft Company Limited was a British aviation manufacturer established in late 1920 by Geoffrey de Havilland at Stag Lane Aerodrome Edgware on the outskirts of north London.
Demobilization or demobilisation (see spelling differences) is the process of standing down a nation's armed forces from combat-ready status.
The Distinguished Service Order (DSO) is a military decoration of the United Kingdom, and formerly of other parts of the Commonwealth of Nations, awarded for meritorious or distinguished service by officers of the armed forces during wartime, typically in actual combat.
Douchy-lès-Ayette is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
The Dunkirk evacuation, code-named Operation Dynamo, and also known as the Miracle of Dunkirk, was the evacuation of Allied soldiers during World War II from the beaches and harbour of Dunkirk, in the north of France, between 26 May and 4 June 1940.
East Anglia is a geographical area in the East of England.
The Easter Sunday Raid (or Battle of Ceylon) was an air attack by carrier-based aircraft of the Imperial Japanese Navy against Colombo, Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), on Easter Sunday, 5 April 1942, during the South-East Asian theatre of World War II.
Eccles (pop. 38,756 (2011)) is a town in Greater Manchester, England, west of Salford and west of Manchester city centre, between the M602 motorway to the north and the Manchester Ship Canal to the south. Historically part of Lancashire, Eccles grew up around the 13th-century Parish Church of St Mary. Evidence of pre-historic human settlement has been discovered locally, but the area was predominantly agricultural until the Industrial Revolution, when a textile industry was established in the town. The arrival of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, the world's first passenger railway, led to the town's expansion along the route of the track linking those two cities. Eccles cakes, first produced and sold in the town in 1793, are now exported across the world.
The Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) was a British Empire military formation, formed on 10 March 1916 under the command of General Archibald Murray from the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force and the Force in Egypt (1914–15), at the beginning of the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of the First World War.
El Qantara (the bridge) is a northeastern Egyptian city on both sides of the Suez Canal located in the Egyptian governorate of Ismailia, northeast of Cairo and south of Port Said.
A facing colour is a common tailoring technique for European military uniforms where the visible inside lining of a standard military jacket, coat or tunic is of a different colour to that of the garment itself.
Fallowfield is a suburb of the city of Manchester, Greater Manchester, England.
The Fifth Army was a field army of the British Army during World War I that formed part of the British Expeditionary Force on the Western Front between 1916 and 1918.
A flamethrower is a mechanical incendiary device designed to project a long, controllable stream of fire.
Flanders (Vlaanderen, Flandre, Flandern) is the Dutch-speaking northern portion of Belgium, although there are several overlapping definitions, including ones related to culture, language, politics and history.
The Forêt de Mormal (Forest of Mormal) is a forest in France, near the Franco-Belgian border.
Frederick Cawley, 1st Baron Cawley PC, JP (9 October 1850 – 30 March 1937), known as Sir Frederick Cawley, Bt, between 1906 and 1918, was a British businessman and Liberal Party politician.
The Gallipoli Campaign, also known as the Dardanelles Campaign, the Battle of Gallipoli, or the Battle of Çanakkale (Çanakkale Savaşı), was a campaign of the First World War that took place on the Gallipoli peninsula (Gelibolu in modern Turkey) in the Ottoman Empire between 17 February 1915 and 9 January 1916.
Gun Laying radar, Mark I, or GL Mk.
A grenade is a small weapon typically thrown by hand.
The Haldane Reforms were a series of far-ranging reforms of the British Army made from 1906 to 1912, and named after the Secretary of State for War, Richard Burdon Haldane.
Hapag-Lloyd is a multinational German-based transportation company.
Captain Harold Thomas Cawley (12 June 1878 – 23 September 1915) was a British barrister, Liberal Party politician and soldier.
Harpurhey is an inner-city area of Manchester in North West England, approximately three miles north east of the city centre.
Hautmont is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
Havrincourt is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in Hauts-de-France in France.
Hébécourt is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
The Heinkel He 111 was a German aircraft designed by Siegfried and Walter Günter at Heinkel Flugzeugwerke in 1934.
General Sir Herbert Alexander Lawrence, (8 August 1861 – 17 January 1943) was a general in the British Army, a banker and a businessman.
Hervilly is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Heywood was a county constituency in the county of Lancashire of the House of Commons for the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Hindenburg Line (Siegfriedstellung or Siegfried Position) was a German defensive position of World War I, built during the winter of 1916–1917 on the Western Front, from Arras to Laffaux, near Soissons on the Aisne.
Hulme is an inner city area and electoral ward of Manchester, England, immediately south of Manchester city centre.
Hulme Barracks was a military installation in Hulme, Manchester, England.
Imbros or İmroz, officially changed to Gökçeada since 29 July 1970,Alexis Alexandris, "The Identity Issue of The Minorities In Greece An Turkey", in Hirschon, Renée (ed.), Crossing the Aegean: An Appraisal of the 1923 Compulsory Population Exchange Between Greece and Turkey, Berghahn Books, 2003, (older name in Turkish: İmroz; Greek: Ίμβρος Imvros), is the largest island of Turkey and the seat of Gökçeada District of Çanakkale Province.
The was the air arm of the Imperial Japanese Navy.
Following the Kitchener Reforms of 1903 during the British Raj, the Commander-in-Chief, India, enjoyed control of the Army of India and answered to the civilian Viceroy of India.
Isbergues is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
Ismailia (الإسماعيلية) is a city in north-eastern Egypt.
Brigadier General Sir James Edward Edmonds (25 December 1861 – 2 August 1956) was a British First World War officer of the Royal Engineers.
The Japanese Invasion of Malaya began just after midnight on 8 December 1941 (local time) before the attack on Pearl Harbor.
Kearsley Power Station was a coal-fired power station in Stoneclough, near Kearsley, Bolton, England.
Kent is a county in South East England and one of the home counties.
La Bassée is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
The Lancashire Fusiliers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that saw distinguished service through many centuries and wars, including the Second Boer War both World War I and World War II, and had many different titles throughout its 280 years of existence.
Lancashire Landing Cemetery is a Commonwealth War Graves Commission cemetery located on the Gallipoli peninsula in Turkey.
The Lancashire Militia, based in Lancashire, England, was one of a number of county-based irregular military units designed to provide, during times of international tension, homeland security, relief of regular troops from routine garrison duties, and a source of trained officers and men for the regular Army.
The landing at Cape Helles (Turkish: Seddülbahir Çıkarması) was part of the amphibious invasion of the Gallipoli peninsula by British and French forces on 25 April 1915 during the First World War.
The Lee–Enfield is a bolt-action, magazine-fed, repeating rifle that served as the main firearm used by the military forces of the British Empire and Commonwealth during the first half of the 20th century.
Leominster is a market town in Herefordshire, England, and is located at the confluence of the River Lugg and its tributary the River Kenwater, approximately north of the city of Hereford and approx 7 miles south of the Shropshire border, 11 miles from Ludlow in Shropshire.
The Lewis gun (or Lewis automatic machine gun or Lewis automatic rifle) is a First World War-era light machine gun of US design that was perfected and mass-produced in the United Kingdom, and widely used by British and British Empire troops during the war.
Leyland is a town in the South Ribble borough, in the county of Lancashire, England.
Lieutenant colonel (Lt Col), is a rank in the British Army and Royal Marines which is also used in many Commonwealth countries.
A light machine gun (LMG) is a machine gun designed to be employed by an individual soldier, with or without an assistant, as an infantry support weapon.
Liverpool is a city in North West England, with an estimated population of 491,500 in 2017.
This is a list of people who have served as Lord Lieutenant of Lancashire.
Lostock is a mostly residential district of Bolton in Greater Manchester, England.
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II.
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 530,300.
Manchester Airport is an international airport in Ringway, Manchester, England, south-west of Manchester city centre.
The Athenaeum in Princess Street Manchester, England, now part of Manchester Art Gallery, was originally a club built for the Manchester Athenaeum, a society for the "advancement and diffusion of knowledge", in 1837.
Manchester docks were a series of nine docks in Salford, Stretford and Manchester at the east end of the Manchester Ship Canal in North West England.
The Manchester Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 until 1958.
Manorbier (Maenorbŷr) is a community, parish and village on the south coast of Pembrokeshire, Wales.
Market Street is one of the principal retail streets in Manchester, England.
General Sir Martin Baker Farndale KCB (6 January 1929 – 10 May 2000) was a British Army General who reached high office in the 1980s.
A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament.
The Menin Gate Memorial to the Missing is a war memorial in Ypres, Belgium, dedicated to the British and Commonwealth soldiers who were killed in the Ypres Salient of World War I and whose graves are unknown.
Merry Hill is a suburb of Wolverhampton, West Midlands and a ward of Wolverhampton City Council.
Field Marshal Richard Michael Power Carver, Baron Carver, (24 April 1915 – 9 December 2001) was a senior British Army officer.
Middle East Command, later Middle East Land Forces, was a British Army Command established prior to the Second World War in Egypt.
The Military Cross (MC) is the third-level military decoration awarded to officers and (since 1993) other ranks of the British Armed Forces, and used to be awarded to officers of other Commonwealth countries.
Miraumont is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
The Mitsubishi A6M "Zero" is a long-range fighter aircraft manufactured by Mitsubishi Aircraft Company, a part of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, and operated by the Imperial Japanese Navy from 1940 to 1945.
Moss Side is an inner-city area and electoral ward of Manchester, England.
Mounted infantry were infantry who rode horses instead of marching.
The Munich Agreement was a settlement permitting Nazi Germany's annexation of portions of Czechoslovakia along the country's borders mainly inhabited by German speakers, for which a new territorial designation, the "Sudetenland", was coined.
The Nakajima B5N (中島 B5N, Allied reporting name "Kate") was the standard carrier-based torpedo bomber of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) for much of World War II.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
Nieuwpoort (West Flemish: Nieuwpôort) (French: Nieuport) is a municipality located in Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium, and in the Flemish province of West Flanders.
No man's land is land that is unoccupied or is under dispute between parties who leave it unoccupied due to fear or uncertainty.
The Officers' Training Corps (OTC), more fully called the University Officers' Training Corps (UOTC), are military leadership training units similar to a university club but operated by the British Army.
The Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George is a British order of chivalry founded on 28 April 1818 by George, Prince Regent, later King George IV, while he was acting as regent for his father, King George III.
The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry, rewarding contributions to the arts and sciences, work with charitable and welfare organisations, and public service outside the Civil service.
Orkney (Orkneyjar), also known as the Orkney Islands, is an archipelago in the Northern Isles of Scotland, situated off the north coast of Great Britain.
Passendale or Passchendaele (obsolete spelling, retained in English) is a rural Belgian village in the Zonnebeke municipality of West Flanders province.
Péronne is a commune of the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Peel Green is a district, which along with Patricroft and Barton-upon-Irwell forms the western end of the town of Eccles, in the City of Salford, Greater Manchester, England.
Pelusium (الفرما; Ⲡⲉⲣⲉⲙⲟⲩⲛ or Ⲡⲉⲣⲉⲙⲟⲩⲏ), was an important city in the eastern extremes of Egypt's Nile Delta, 30 km to the southeast of the modern Port Said, becoming a Roman provincial capital and Metropolitan archbishopric, remaining a multiple Catholic titular see.
Pendlebury is a suburban town in the City of Salford, Greater Manchester, England.
The Phoney War (Drôle de guerre; Sitzkrieg) was an eight-month period at the start of World War II, during which there was only one limited military land operation on the Western Front, when French troops invaded Germany's Saar district.
Pillboxes are concrete dug-in guard posts, normally equipped with loopholes through which to fire weapons.
Pont-Remy is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Puisieux or Puisieux-au-Mont is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
The QF 3 inch 20 cwt anti-aircraft gun became the standard anti-aircraft gun used in the home defence of the United Kingdom against German airships and bombers and on the Western Front in World War I. It was also common on British warships in World War I and submarines in World War II.
The QF 3.7-inch AA was Britain's primary heavy anti-aircraft gun during World War II.
General Sir Francis Reginald Wingate, 1st Baronet, (25 June 1861 – 29 January 1953) was a British general and administrator in Egypt and the Sudan.
Rosières-en-Santerre is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
The Royal Regiment of Artillery, commonly referred to as the Royal Artillery (RA) and colloquially known as "The Gunners", is the artillery arm of the British Army.
The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually just called the Royal Engineers (RE), and commonly known as the Sappers, is one of the corps of the British Army.
The Royal Exchange is a grade II listed building in Manchester, England.
The Royal Regiment of Indian Artillery, generally known as the Royal Indian Artillery (RIA), was an administrative corps of the British Indian Army.
Salford is a town in the City of Salford, North West England.
The Sambre is a river in northern France and in Wallonia, Belgium.
Scapa Flow viewed from its eastern end in June 2009 Scapa Flow is a body of water in the Orkney Islands, Scotland, sheltered by the islands of Mainland, Graemsay, Burray,S.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
The Second Boer War (11 October 1899 – 31 May 1902) was fought between the British Empire and two Boer states, the South African Republic (Republic of Transvaal) and the Orange Free State, over the Empire's influence in South Africa.
The Selle (also spelt Celle in the Oise) is a river of Picardy, France.
Shetland (Old Norse: Hjaltland), also called the Shetland Islands, is a subarctic archipelago of Scotland that lies northeast of Great Britain.
The Somme is a river in Picardy, northern France.
Southampton is the largest city in the ceremonial county of Hampshire, England.
The Spanish flu (January 1918 – December 1920), also known as the 1918 flu pandemic, was an unusually deadly influenza pandemic, the first of the two pandemics involving H1N1 influenza virus.
The 1918 Spring Offensive, or Kaiserschlacht (Kaiser's Battle), also known as the Ludendorff Offensive, was a series of German attacks along the Western Front during the First World War, beginning on 21 March 1918, which marked the deepest advances by either side since 1914.
Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea.
The SS Scharnhorst was a German passenger liner and mail ship launched in 1904.
The Stanhope Memorandum was a document written by Edward Stanhope, the Secretary of State for War of the United Kingdom, on 8 December 1888.
The Stokes mortar was a British trench mortar invented by Sir Wilfred Stokes KBE that was issued to the British, Empire and U.S. armies, as well as the Portuguese Expeditionary Corps (CEP), during the later half of the First World War.
Stormtroopers were specialist soldiers of the German Army in World War I. In the last years of the war, Stoßtruppen ("shock troops" or "thrust troops") were trained to fight with "infiltration tactics", part of the Germans' new method of attack on enemy trenches.
Stretford is a town in Trafford, Greater Manchester, England, on flat ground between the River Mersey and the Manchester Ship Canal, southwest of Manchester city centre, south of Salford and northeast of Altrincham.
Sussex, from the Old English Sūþsēaxe (South Saxons), is a historic county in South East England corresponding roughly in area to the ancient Kingdom of Sussex.
Swinton is a town in Greater Manchester, England, southwest of the River Irwell, northwest of Salford and northwest of Manchester, adjoining the towns of Pendlebury and Clifton.
The Territorial Decoration (TD) was a military medal of the United Kingdom awarded for long service in the Territorial Force and its successor, the Territorial Army.
The Territorial Force was a part-time volunteer organisation, created in 1908 to help meet the military needs of the United Kingdom (UK) without resorting to conscription.
The National Archives (TNA) is a non-ministerial government department.
Thiennes is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
The Third Army was a field army of the British Army during World War I that saw active service on the Western Front throughout the war.
The Third Battle of Krithia (Turkish: Üçüncü Kirte Muharebesi), fought on the Gallipoli peninsula during World War I, was the final in a series of Allied attacks against the Ottoman defences aimed at capturing the original objectives of 25 April 1915.
Trescault is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
Trincomalee (திருகோணமலை Tirukōṇamalai; ත්රිකුණාමළය Trikuṇāmalaya) also known as Gokanna, is the administrative headquarters of the Trincomalee District and major resort port city of Eastern Province, Sri Lanka.
Tunnel warfare is a general name for war being conducted in tunnels and other underground cavities.
Tycroes is a village in Carmarthenshire, Wales.
The University of Manchester is a public research university in Manchester, England, formed in 2004 by the merger of the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology and the Victoria University of Manchester.
Villers-au-Flos is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
The Volunteer Force was a citizen army of part-time rifle, artillery and engineer corps, created as a popular movement throughout the British Empire in 1859.
Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain.
The War Office was a department of the British Government responsible for the administration of the British Army between 1857 and 1964, when its functions were transferred to the Ministry of Defence.
The West Midlands is one of nine official regions of England at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes.
The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.
William Philip Molyneux, 4th Earl of Sefton, KG (14 October 1835 – 27 June 1897) was a British peer.
William Romaine Callender (junior) (1825 – 22 January 1876) was a British businessman and Conservative politician.
In the military science of fortification, wire obstacles are defensive obstacles made from barbed wire, barbed tape or concertina wire.
Witley is a village and civil parish in the Borough of Waverley in Surrey, England centred south west of the town of Godalming and southwest of the county town, Guildford.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The Ypres Salient is the area around Ypres in Belgium which was the scene of some of the biggest battles in World War I.
103rd (Lancashire Artillery Volunteers) Regiment Royal Artillery is part of the Army Reserve and primarily has sub-units throughout the Greater Manchester and Merseyside area of the North-West of England, in recent years it has extended its footprint to Wolverhampton, Isle of Man, Carlisle and Nottingham.
The 11th Anti-Aircraft Division (11th AA Division) was an air defence formation of the British Army during the early years of World War II.
The 125th (Lancashire Fusiliers) Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of the British Army that saw active service during both the First and Second World Wars.
The 126th (East Lancashire) Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army during the First World War and the Second World War.
The 127th (Manchester) Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service during both the First and Second World Wars.
The 16th (Irish) Division was an infantry division of the British Army, raised for service during World War I. The division was a voluntary 'Service' formation of Lord Kitchener's New Armies, created in Ireland from the 'National Volunteers', initially in September 1914, after the outbreak of the Great War.
The 180th Tunnelling Company was one of the tunnelling companies of the Royal Engineers created by the British Army during World War I. The tunnelling units were occupied in offensive and defensive mining involving the placing and maintaining of mines under enemy lines, as well as other underground work such as the construction of deep dugouts for troop accommodation, the digging of subways, saps (a narrow trench dug to approach enemy trenches), cable trenches and underground chambers for signals and medical services.
The 199th (2/1st Manchester) Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of the British Army that saw active service during the Great War as part of 66th (2nd East Lancashire) Division and was reformed as 199th Infantry Brigade in World War II, serving with 55th (West Lancashire) Infantry Division until August 1944 when it was redesignated 166th Infantry Brigade.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
2nd Anti-Aircraft Brigade (2 AA Bde) was an air defence formation of the British Army during World War II, seeing active service in the Battle of France and the North African and Italian campaigns.
The 2nd Anti-Aircraft Division (2nd AA Division) was an Air Defence formation of the British Army from 1935 to 1942.
The 33rd (Western) Anti-Aircraft Brigade was an air defence formation of Anti-Aircraft Command of the Territorial Army, part of the British Army, formed shortly before the outbreak of World War II.
The 34th (South Midland) Anti-Aircraft Brigade (34 AA Bde) was an air defence formation of Anti-Aircraft Command in the British Territorial Army formed shortly before the outbreak of World War II.
The 3rd Anti-Aircraft Division was an air defence formation of the Territorial Army, part of the British Army, created in the period of tension before the outbreak of World War II.
The 3rd Manchester Rifles, later the 7th Battalion, Manchester Regiment was a unit of Britain's Volunteers and Territorial Force raised in Manchester.
The 40th Division was an infantry division of the British Army active during World War I, where it served on the Western Front.
The 42nd (East Lancashire) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army.
44th Anti-Aircraft Brigade (44 AA Bde) was an air defence formation of Britain's Territorial Army (TA).
The 4th Anti-Aircraft Division (4th AA Division) was an air defence formation of Britain's Territorial Army, created in the period of tension before the outbreak of World War II.
The 6.5×50mm semi-rimmed (6.5×50mmSR) Japanese cartridge, currently manufactured under the designation 6.5mm Jap, was adopted by the Imperial Japanese Army in 1897, along with the Type 30 Arisaka infantry rifle and carbine.
The 63rd Regiment of Foot, was a British Army regiment, raised in 1756.
The 66th (2nd East Lancashire) Division was an infantry division of the British Army, part of the Territorial Force, which saw service in the trenches of the Western Front, during the later years of the Great War and was disbanded after the war.
6th Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery was an air defence unit of the British Army raised in the years leading up to World War II.
The 71st (East Lancashire) Searchlight Regiment, Royal Artillery was an air defence unit of Britain's Territorial Army (TA), which was raised just before the outbreak of World War II and served as part of Anti-Aircraft Command during and after the war.
73rd Division was a short-lived infantry division of the British Army during World War I. It served in Home Forces and never went overseas.
The 7th Battalion, Lancashire Fusiliers, was a volunteer unit of Britain's Territorial Army from 1908 until 1967.
The 96th Regiment of Foot was a British Army regiment, raised in 1798.
2nd Volunteer Battalion, Manchester Regiment, 43rd (Fallowfield) Lancashire Rifle Volunteer Corps, 465th (Manchester) Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery, 65th (The Manchester Regiment) Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery, 6th (1st Manchester) Lancashire Rifle Volunteer Corps, 6th Battalion, Manchester Regiment, 6th/7th Battalion, Manchester Regiment.