133 relations: Adam Mickiewicz, Adolphe Thiers, Andrzej Wajda, Army of the Duchy of Warsaw, Ashmyany, Auguste de Marmont, Baron, Battle of Arcis-sur-Aube, Battle of Aspern-Essling, Battle of Bautzen, Battle of Berezina, Battle of Borodino, Battle of Brienne, Battle of Champaubert, Battle of Craonne, Battle of Fère-Champenoise, Battle of Golymin, Battle of Hanau, Battle of Krasnoi, Battle of La Rothière, Battle of Laon, Battle of Lützen (1813), Battle of Leipzig, Battle of Ligny, Battle of Medina de Rioseco, Battle of Montereau, Battle of Montmirail, Battle of Paris (1814), Battle of Pułtusk, Battle of Reims (1814), Battle of Saint-Dizier, Battle of Somosierra, Battle of Vauchamps, Battle of Wagram, Battle of Waterloo, Bayonet, Belarus, Borovsk, Bourbon Restoration, Bourgeoisie, Breeches, Cadre (military), Chantilly, Oise, Charles Lefebvre-Desnouettes, Chasseur, Chasseurs à Cheval de la Garde Impériale, Chevau-léger, Ciechanów, Cockade, Congress Poland, ..., Cossacks, Count, Czapka, Danube, Dominik Hieronim Radziwiłł, Duchy of Warsaw, Egypt, Elba, Ferdynand Stokowski, Fontainebleau, French invasion of Russia, French language, Galicia (Eastern Europe), Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, Grand Duke Konstantin Pavlovich of Russia, Grande Armée, Henryk Ignacy Kamieński, Horace Vernet, Horodnia, Hundred Days, Imperial Guard (Napoleon I), Izabela Czartoryska, Jacek Kaczmarski, Jan Kozietulski, January Suchodolski, Józef Bonawentura Załuski, Józef Poniatowski, Józef Wybicki, Jean-de-Dieu Soult, Juliusz Kossak, Kamieniec, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Karl Philipp, Prince of Schwarzenberg, Kingdom of Prussia, Kurtka, Latvia, Legion of Honour, Legion of the Vistula, Light cavalry, List of Marshals of France, Lithuania, Lithuanian Tartars of the Imperial Guard, Loire, Louis-François Lejeune, Louis-Nicolas Davout, Madrid, Maloyaroslavets, Maltese cross, Mamluk, Melee, Military police, Mirów, Warsaw, Mogilev, Moscow Kremlin, Musketoon, Napoleon, Napoleonic Wars, National Cavalry, Opinogóra Górna, Poland, Polish cavalry, Polish language, Polish Legions (Napoleonic period), Poznań, Puławy, Sabre, Saint-Denis, Seine-Saint-Denis, Second Polish Republic, Smolensk, Society of Motherland Friends, Somosierra, Stefan Żeromski, Tomasz Łubieński, Toruń, Uhlan, Vienna, Vilkaviškis, Vilnius, Virtuti Militari, War of the Fifth Coalition, War of the Fourth Coalition, Warsaw, Wincenty Krasiński, Zygmunt Krasiński. Expand index (83 more) » « Shrink index
Adam Bernard Mickiewicz (24 December 179826 November 1855) was a Polish poet, dramatist, essayist, publicist, translator, professor of Slavic literature, and political activist.
Marie Joseph Louis Adolphe Thiers (15 April 17973 September 1877) was a French statesman and historian.
Andrzej Witold Wajda (6 March 1926 – 9 October 2016) was a Polish film and theatre director.
Army of the Duchy of Warsaw refers to the military forces of the Duchy of Warsaw.
Ashmyany (Ашмя́ны; Łacinka: Ašmiany; Ошмя́ны; Ašmena; Oszmiana; אָשמענע, Oshmene) is a town in Grodno Region, Belarus, located at 50 km from Vilnius, capital of the Ashmyany raion.
Auguste Frédéric Louis Viesse de Marmont (20 July 1774 – 22 March 1852) was a French general and nobleman who rose to the rank of Marshal of France and was awarded the title (duc de Raguse).
Baron is a rank of nobility or title of honour, often hereditary.
The Battle of Arcis-sur-Aube (20–21 March 1814) saw an Imperial French army under Napoleon face a much larger Allied army led by Karl Philipp, Prince of Schwarzenberg during the War of the Sixth Coalition.
In the Battle of Aspern-Essling (21–22 May 1809), Napoleon attempted a forced crossing of the Danube near Vienna, but the French and their allies were driven back by the Austrians under Archduke Charles.
In the Battle of Bautzen (20–21 May 1813) a combined Russian–Prussian army was pushed back by Napoleon I of France but escaped destruction, some sources claiming that Michel Ney failed to block their retreat.
The Battle of Berezina (or Beresina) took place from 26 to 29 November 1812, between the French army of Napoleon, retreating after his invasion of Russia and crossing the Berezina (near Borisov, Belarus), and the Russian armies under Mikhail Kutuzov, Peter Wittgenstein and Admiral Pavel Chichagov.
The Battle of Borodino (la Moskova) was a battle fought on 7 September 1812 in the Napoleonic Wars during the French invasion of Russia.
The Battle of Brienne (29 January 1814) saw an Imperial French army led by Emperor Napoleon I attack Prussian and Russian forces commanded by Prussian Field Marshal Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher.
The Battle of Champaubert (10 February 1814) was the opening engagement of the Six Days' Campaign.
The Battle of Craonne (7 March 1814) was battle between an Imperial French army under Emperor Napoleon I opposing a combined army of Imperial Russians and Prussians led by Prussian Field Marshal Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher.
The Battle of Fère-Champenoise (25 March 1814) was fought between two Imperial French corps led by Marshals Auguste de Marmont and Édouard Mortier, duc de Trévise and a larger Coalition force composed of cavalry from the Austrian Empire, Kingdom of Prussia, Kingdom of Württemberg, and Russian Empire.
The Battle of Golymin took place on 26 December 1806 during the Napoleonic Wars at Gołymin, Poland, between around 17,000 Russian soldiers with 28 guns under Prince Golitsyn and 38,000 French soldiers under Marshal Murat.
The Battle of Hanau was fought on (30 – 31 October 1813) between Karl Philipp von Wrede’s Austro-Bavarian corps and Napoleon's retreating French during the War of the Sixth Coalition.
The Battle of Krasnoi (Krasny) (November 15 to 18, 1812) was a series of skirmishes fought in the final stage of Napoleon's retreat from Moscow.
The Battle of La Rothière was fought on 1 February 1814 between the French Empire and allied army of Austria, Prussia, Russia, and German States previously allies with France.
The Battle of Laon (9–10 March 1814) was the victory of Blücher's Prussian army over Napoleon's French army near Laon.
In the Battle of Lützen (German: Schlacht von Großgörschen, May 2, 1813), Napoleon I of France halted the advances of the Sixth Coalition after the French invasion of Russia and the massive French losses in the campaign.
The Battle of Leipzig or Battle of the Nations (Битва народов, Bitva narodov; Völkerschlacht bei Leipzig; Bataille des Nations, Slaget vid Leipzig) was fought from 16 to 19 October 1813, at Leipzig, Saxony.
The Battle of Ligny (16 June 1815) was the last victory of the military career of Napoleon Bonaparte.
The Battle of Medina de Rioseco, also known as the Battle of Moclín, was fought during the Peninsular War on 14 July 1808 when a combined body of Spanish militia and regulars moved to rupture the French line of communications to Madrid.
The Battle of Montereau (18 February 1814) was fought during the War of the Sixth Coalition between an Imperial French army led by Emperor Napoleon and a corps of Austrians and Württembergers commanded by Crown Prince Frederick William of Württemberg.
The Battle of Montmirail (11 February 1814) was fought between a French force led by Emperor Napoleon and two Allied corps commanded by Fabian Wilhelm von Osten-Sacken and Ludwig Yorck von Wartenburg.
The Battle of Paris was fought on March 30–31, 1814 between the Sixth Coalition—consisting of Russia, Austria, and Prussia against the French Empire.
The Battle of Pułtusk took place on 26 December 1806 during the War of the Fourth Coalition near Pułtusk, Poland.
The Battle of Reims (12–13 March 1814) was fought at Reims, France between an Imperial French army commanded by Emperor Napoleon and a combined Russian-Prussian corps led by General Emmanuel de Saint-Priest.
The Battle of Saint-Dizier was a battle during the War of the Sixth Coalition, fought on 26 March 1814, and is notable as Napoleon's last victory before he abdicated.
The Battle of Somosierra took place on November 30, 1808, during the Peninsular War, when a French army under Napoleon I forced a passage through the Sierra de Guadarrama shielding Madrid.
The Battle of Vauchamps (14 February 1814) was the final major engagement of the Six Days Campaign of the War of the Sixth Coalition.
The Battle of Wagram (5–6 July 1809) was a military engagement of the Napoleonic Wars that ended in a costly but decisive victory for Emperor Napoleon I's French and allied army against the Austrian army under the command of Archduke Charles of Austria-Teschen.
The Battle of Waterloo was fought on Sunday, 18 June 1815, near Waterloo in present-day Belgium, then part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands.
A bayonet (from French baïonnette) is a knife, sword, or spike-shaped weapon designed to fit on the end of a rifles muzzle, allowing it to be used as a pike.
Belarus (Беларусь, Biełaruś,; Беларусь, Belarus'), officially the Republic of Belarus (Рэспубліка Беларусь; Республика Беларусь), formerly known by its Russian name Byelorussia or Belorussia (Белоруссия, Byelorussiya), is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe bordered by Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest.
Borovsk (Бо́ровск) is a town and the administrative center of Borovsky District of Kaluga Oblast, Russia, located on the Protva River just south from the oblast's border with Moscow Oblast.
The Bourbon Restoration was the period of French history following the fall of Napoleon in 1814 until the July Revolution of 1830.
The bourgeoisie is a polysemous French term that can mean.
Breeches are an article of clothing covering the body from the waist down, with separate coverings for each leg, usually stopping just below the knee, though in some cases reaching to the ankles.
A cadre is the complement of commissioned officers and non-commissioned officers of a military unit responsible for training the rest of the unit.
Chantilly is a commune in the Oise department in the valley of the Nonette in the Hauts-de-France region of northern France.
Charles, comte Lefebvre-Desnouettes or Lefèbvre-Desnoëttes (14 September 1773, Paris – 22 May 1822) became a French officer during the French Revolutionary Wars and a general during the Napoleonic Wars.
Chasseur, a French term for "hunter", is the designation given to certain regiments of French and Belgian light infantry (chasseurs à pied) or light cavalry (chasseurs à cheval) to denote troops trained for rapid action.
The Chasseurs à Cheval de la Garde Impériale (in English: Horse Chasseurs of the Imperial Guard) constituted a light cavalry regiment in the Consular, then Imperial Guard during the French Consulate and First French Empire respectively.
The Chevau-légers (from French cheval—horse—and léger—light) was a generic French name for several units of light and medium cavalry.
Ciechanów (German: Zichenau) is a city in north-central Poland with 45,900 inhabitants (2006).
A cockade is a knot of ribbons, or other circular- or oval-shaped symbol of distinctive colors which is usually worn on a hat.
The Kingdom of Poland, informally known as Congress Poland or Russian Poland, was created in 1815 by the Congress of Vienna as a sovereign state of the Russian part of Poland connected by personal union with the Russian Empire under the Constitution of the Kingdom of Poland until 1832.
Cossacks (козаки́, translit, kozaky, казакi, kozacy, Czecho-Slovak: kozáci, kozákok Pronunciations.
Count (Male) or Countess (Female) is a title in European countries for a noble of varying status, but historically deemed to convey an approximate rank intermediate between the highest and lowest titles of nobility.
Czapka (plural: czapki) is a Polish and Belarusian generic word for a cap.
The Danube or Donau (known by various names in other languages) is Europe's second longest river, after the Volga.
Prince Dominik Hieronim Radzivil (1786–1813) was a Polish-Lithuanian nobleman.
The Duchy of Warsaw (Księstwo Warszawskie, Duché de Varsovie, Herzogtum Warschau) was a Polish state established by Napoleon I in 1807 from the Polish lands ceded by the Kingdom of Prussia under the terms of the Treaties of Tilsit.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
Elba (isola d'Elba,; Ilva; Ancient Greek: Αἰθαλία, Aithalia) is a Mediterranean island in Tuscany, Italy, from the coastal town of Piombino, and the largest island of the Tuscan Archipelago.
Ferdynand Ignacy Stokowski (26 August 1776, in Sierpowie – 1827) was a Polish officer in the French army of the Napoleonic Wars.
Fontainebleau is a commune in the metropolitan area of Paris, France.
The French invasion of Russia, known in Russia as the Patriotic War of 1812 (Отечественная война 1812 года Otechestvennaya Voyna 1812 Goda) and in France as the Russian Campaign (Campagne de Russie), began on 24 June 1812 when Napoleon's Grande Armée crossed the Neman River in an attempt to engage and defeat the Russian army.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
Galicia (Ukrainian and Галичина, Halyčyna; Galicja; Czech and Halič; Galizien; Galícia/Kaliz/Gácsország/Halics; Galiția/Halici; Галиция, Galicija; גאַליציע Galitsiye) is a historical and geographic region in Central Europe once a small Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia and later a crown land of Austria-Hungary, the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, that straddled the modern-day border between Poland and Ukraine.
Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, Fürst von Wahlstatt (16 December 1742 – 12 September 1819), Graf (count), later elevated to Fürst (sovereign prince) von Wahlstatt, was a Prussian Generalfeldmarschall (field marshal).
Konstantin Pavlovich (Константи́н Па́влович; 8 May 1779 27 June 1831 was a grand duke of Russia and the second son of Emperor Paul I and Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg. He was the Tsesarevich of Russia throughout the reign of his elder brother Alexander I, but had secretly renounced his claim to the throne in 1823. For 25 days after the death of Alexander I, from 19 November (O.S.)/1 December 1825 to 14 December (O.S.)/26 December 1825 he was known as His Imperial Majesty Konstantin I Emperor and Sovereign of Russia, although he never reigned and never acceded to the throne. His younger brother Nicholas became Tsar in 1825. The succession controversy became the pretext of the Decembrist revolt. Konstantin was known to eschew court etiquette and to take frequent stands against the wishes of his brother Alexander I, for which he is remembered fondly in Russia, but in his capacity as the governor of Poland he is remembered as a strong ruler.
The Grande Armée (French for Great Army) was the army commanded by Napoleon during the Napoleonic Wars.
Henryk Ignacy Kamieński (31 July 1777, Hruszwicy – 26 May 1831 at Ostrołęka) was a Polish brigadier general.
Émile Jean-Horace Vernet (30 June 1789 – 17 January 1863) was a French painter of battles, portraits, and Orientalist subjects.
Horodnia (Городня) is a town in Chernihiv Raion, Chernihiv Oblast (province) of Ukraine.
The Hundred Days (les Cent-Jours) marked the period between Napoleon's return from exile on the island of Elba to Paris on20 March 1815 and the second restoration of King Louis XVIII on 8 July 1815 (a period of 110 days).
The Imperial Guard (French: Garde Impériale) was originally a small group of elite soldiers of the French Army under the direct command of Napoleon I, but grew considerably over time.
Princess Izabela Dorota Czartoryska (née Fleming; 3 March 1746 – 15 July 1835) was a Polish noblewoman, writer, and art collector who is widely regarded as a very prominent figure of the Enlightenment in Poland.
Jacek Kaczmarski (22 March 1957, Warsaw – 10 April 2004, Gdańsk) was a Polish singer, songwriter, poet and author.
Baron Jan Leon Hipolit Kozietulski (4 July 1781 – 3 February 1821) was a Polish noble, military commander and an officer of the armed forces of the Duchy of Warsaw during the Napoleonic Wars.
January Suchodolski (September 19, 1797 – March 20, 1875) was a Polish painter and Army officer.
Józef Bonawentura Załuski (14 July 1787 – 25 April 1866) was a Polish General Officer and diarist, and participant in the Napoleonic Wars of 1808–1814.
Prince Józef Antoni Poniatowski (7 May 1763 – 19 October 1813) was a Polish leader, general, minister of war and army chief, who became a Marshal of the French Empire.
Józef Rufin Wybicki (29 September 1747 – 19 March 1822) was a Polish jurist, poet, political and military activist.
Marshal General Jean-de-Dieu Soult, 1st Duke of Dalmatia, (29 March 1769 – 26 November 1851) was a French general and statesman, named Marshal of the Empire in 1804 and often called Marshal Soult.
Juliusz Fortunat Kossak (Nowy Wiśnicz, 15 December 1824 – 3 February 1899, Kraków) was a Polish historical painter and master illustrator who specialized in battle scenes, military portraits and horses.
Kamieniec or Kamieniec Suski (Finckenstein) is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Susz, within Iława County, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, in northern Poland.
Karl Philipp, Fürst zu Schwarzenberg (or Charles Philip, Prince of Schwarzenberg; 18/19 April 1771 – 15 October 1820) was an Austrian field marshal.
The Kingdom of Prussia (Königreich Preußen) was a German kingdom that constituted the state of Prussia between 1701 and 1918.
A kurtka is the generic word for a jacket in a number of European languages, most notably in Polish and Russian.
Latvia (or; Latvija), officially the Republic of Latvia (Latvijas Republika), is a sovereign state in the Baltic region of Northern Europe.
The Legion of Honour, with its full name National Order of the Legion of Honour (Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur), is the highest French order of merit for military and civil merits, established in 1802 by Napoléon Bonaparte and retained by all the divergent governments and regimes later holding power in France, up to the present.
The Legion of the Vistula (Legia Nadwiślańska) was a unit of Poles in the service of Napoleonic France, one of the larger Polish legions of the Napoleonic period.
Light cavalry comprises lightly armed and lightly armoured troops mounted on horses, as opposed to heavy cavalry, where the riders (and sometimes the horses) are heavily armored.
Marshal of France (Maréchal de France, plural Maréchaux de France) is a French military distinction, rather than a military rank, that is awarded to generals for exceptional achievements.
Lithuania (Lietuva), officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in the Baltic region of northern-eastern Europe.
The Lithuanian Tartars of the Imperial Guard (Tartares lituaniens de la Garde impériale) were a light cavalry unit of Napoleon's Imperial Guard, in the service of the French Army from 1812 to 1814.
The Loire (Léger; Liger) is the longest river in France and the 171st longest in the world.
Louis-François, Baron Lejeune (3 February 1775 in Strasbourg – 29 February 1848) was a French general, painter, and lithographer.
Louis-Nicolas d'Avout (10 May 17701 June 1823), better known as Davout, 1st Duke of Auerstaedt, 1st Prince of Eckmühl, was a French general who was Marshal of the Empire during the Napoleonic era.
Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole.
Maloyaroslavets (Малояросла́вец) is a town and the administrative center of Maloyaroslavetsky District in Kaluga Oblast, Russia, located on the right bank of the Luzha River (Oka's basin), northeast of Kaluga, the administrative center of the oblast.
The Maltese cross is the cross symbol associated with the Order of St. John since 1567, with the Knights Hospitaller and the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, and by extension with the island of Malta.
Mamluk (Arabic: مملوك mamlūk (singular), مماليك mamālīk (plural), meaning "property", also transliterated as mamlouk, mamluq, mamluke, mameluk, mameluke, mamaluke or marmeluke) is an Arabic designation for slaves.
Melee (or, French: mêlée) or pell-mell battle generally refers to disorganized close combat in battles fought at abnormally close range with little central control once it starts.
Military police (MP) are law enforcement agencies connected with, or part of, the military of a state.
Mirów is one of the neighbourhoods of the Wola district of Warsaw, Poland.
Mogilev (or Mahilyow; Магілёў,; Łacinka: Mahiloŭ; Могилёв,; מאָליעוו, Molyev) is a city in eastern Belarus, about from the border with Russia's Smolensk Oblast and from the border with Russia's Bryansk Oblast.
The Moscow Kremlin (p), usually referred to as the Kremlin, is a fortified complex at the heart of Moscow, overlooking the Moskva River to the south, Saint Basil's Cathedral and Red Square to the east, and the Alexander Garden to the west.
The musketoon is a shorter-barrelled version of the musket and served in the roles of a shotgun or carbine.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom.
The National cavalry (Kawaleria narodowa) was a branch of Polish–Lithuanian cavalry in the Polish armed forces in the last quarter of the 18th century.
Opinogóra Górna is a village in Ciechanów County, Masovian Voivodeship, in east-central Poland.
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
The Polish cavalry (jazda, kawaleria, konnica) can trace its origins back to the days of medieval mounted knights.
Polish (język polski or simply polski) is a West Slavic language spoken primarily in Poland and is the native language of the Poles.
The Polish Legions (Legiony Polskie we Włoszech; also known as the Dąbrowski Legions) in the Napoleonic period, were several Polish military units that served with the French Army, mainly from 1797 to 1803, although some units continued to serve until 1815.
Poznań (Posen; known also by other historical names) is a city on the Warta River in west-central Poland, in the Greater Poland region.
Puławy is a city in eastern Poland, in Lublin Province of northern Lesser Poland, located at the confluence of the Wisła and Kurówka rivers.
The sabre (British English) or saber (American English) is a type of backsword with a curved blade associated with the light cavalry of the early modern and Napoleonic periods.
Saint-Denis is a commune in the northern suburbs of Paris, France.
The Second Polish Republic, commonly known as interwar Poland, refers to the country of Poland between the First and Second World Wars (1918–1939).
Smolensk (a) is a city and the administrative center of Smolensk Oblast, Russia, located on the Dnieper River, west-southwest of Moscow.
Society of Motherland Friends (pol. Towarzystwo Przyjaciół Ojczyzny) was a secret society of patriotic youth created in Warsaw under the Prussian partition in 1803 by son of starosta (pol. starościc) of Opinogóra Wincenty Krasiński with a help of young aristocrats: Józef Krasiński, Ludwik Pac, Stanisław Małachowski, Henryk Łubieński, Piotr Łubieński and Tomasz Łubieński, and under the protection of the Marshal Stanisław Małachowski, in whose chateau by the Krakowskie Przedmieście street (today Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw) they held their first meetings.
Somosierra is a municipality in the Community of Madrid, Spain, located at 83 km north of Madrid, in the mountain pass with the same name, at a elevation of 1433 metres above sea level, being the northernmost town of Community of Madrid.
Stefan Żeromski (14 October 1864 – 20 November 1925) was a Polish novelist and dramatist.
Tomasz Andrzej Adam Łubieński, comte de Pomian (24 December 1784, Szczytniki near Kalisz - 27 August 1870, Warsaw) was a brigadier general in the Polish army, senator, landowner in Kalisz and businessman.
Toruń (Thorn) is a city in northern Poland, on the Vistula River.
Uhlans (Polish: Ułan; German: Ulan) were Polish light cavalry armed with lances, sabres and pistols.
Vienna (Wien) is the federal capital and largest city of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria.
Vilkaviškis (is a city in southwestern Lithuania. It is located northwest from Marijampolė, on a bank of Šeimena River. The city got its name from the Vilkauja River, a tributary to Šeimena. Initially named Vilkaujiškis the name was later changed to an easier to pronounce form Vilkaviškis. Until 1941 the city had a large Jewish Community which was annihilated by the Nazis and their local collaborators. The whole Jewish population was killed in a single day,(tzom-gedalia), after the entry of the Germans into the city. This is the town from which the Cauliflower Revolution originated.
Vilnius (see also other names) is the capital of Lithuania and its largest city, with a population of 574,221.
The War Order of Virtuti Militari (Latin: "For Military Virtue", Polish: Order Wojenny Virtuti Militari) is Poland's highest military decoration for heroism and courage in the face of the enemy at war.
The War of the Fifth Coalition was fought in 1809 by a coalition of the Austrian Empire and the United Kingdom against Napoleon's French Empire and Bavaria.
The Fourth Coalition fought against Napoleon's French Empire and was defeated in a war spanning 1806–1807.
Warsaw (Warszawa; see also other names) is the capital and largest city of Poland.
Count Wincenty Krasiński (5 April 1782 – 24 November 1858) was a Polish nobleman (szlachcic), political activist and military leader.
Count Zygmunt Krasiński (19 February 1812 – 23 February 1859), a Polish nobleman traditionally ranked with Adam Mickiewicz and Juliusz Słowacki as one of Poland's Three National Bards — the trio of great Romantic poets who influenced national consciousness during the period of Poland's political bondage.
1er regiment de chevau-legers lanciers polonais de la Garde imperiale, 1er régiment de chevau-légers lanciers polonais de la Garde impériale, 1st (Polish) Lancer Regiment, Polish 1st Light Cavalry Regiment of the Imperial Guard, Szwoleżerowie Gwardii.