67 relations: African Americans, Alice Claypoole Vanderbilt, American Revolutionary War, Anderson Cooper, Aquidneck Island, Army of observation, Babcock's/Lippitt's Regiment, Battle of Bunker Hill, Battle of Harlem Heights, Battle of Long Island, Battle of Pine's Bridge, Battle of Princeton, Battle of Red Bank, Battle of Rhode Island, Battle of the Assunpink Creek, Battle of White Plains, Bristol, Rhode Island, Brown University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, Christopher Greene, CNN, Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Company (military unit), Continental Army, Continental Congress, Cornelius Vanderbilt II, Croton River, East Greenwich, Rhode Island, Fort Mercer, George Washington, Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette, Henry Sherburne (colonel), Hessian (soldier), Hudson Valley, Infantry, James De Lancey (loyalist), James Mitchell Varnum, Jeremiah Olney, Kent County, Rhode Island, Loyalist (American Revolution), Nathanael Greene, New York and New Jersey campaign, Newburgh, New York, Portsmouth, Rhode Island, Providence, Rhode Island, Rhode Island, Rhode Island General Assembly, Rhode Island Line, Richmond's Regiment, Robert K. Wright Jr., ..., Roxbury, Boston, Samuel Ward Jr., Saratoga, New York, Sherburne's Additional Continental Regiment, Siege of Boston, Siege of Fort Mifflin, Siege of Yorktown, Silas Talbot, Valley Forge, Warren, Rhode Island, Washington County, Rhode Island, Watercolor painting, Westchester County, New York, Yorktown campaign, Yorktown, New York, 1st Rhode Island Infantry, 2nd Rhode Island Regiment. Expand index (17 more) » « Shrink index
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
Alice Claypoole Gwynne Vanderbilt (November 26, 1845 – April 22, 1934) was the wife of Cornelius Vanderbilt II and reigned as the matriarch of the Vanderbilt family for over 60 years.
The American Revolutionary War (17751783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a global war that began as a conflict between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence as the United States of America. After 1765, growing philosophical and political differences strained the relationship between Great Britain and its colonies. Patriot protests against taxation without representation followed the Stamp Act and escalated into boycotts, which culminated in 1773 with the Sons of Liberty destroying a shipment of tea in Boston Harbor. Britain responded by closing Boston Harbor and passing a series of punitive measures against Massachusetts Bay Colony. Massachusetts colonists responded with the Suffolk Resolves, and they established a shadow government which wrested control of the countryside from the Crown. Twelve colonies formed a Continental Congress to coordinate their resistance, establishing committees and conventions that effectively seized power. British attempts to disarm the Massachusetts militia at Concord, Massachusetts in April 1775 led to open combat. Militia forces then besieged Boston, forcing a British evacuation in March 1776, and Congress appointed George Washington to command the Continental Army. Concurrently, an American attempt to invade Quebec and raise rebellion against the British failed decisively. On July 2, 1776, the Continental Congress voted for independence, issuing its declaration on July 4. Sir William Howe launched a British counter-offensive, capturing New York City and leaving American morale at a low ebb. However, victories at Trenton and Princeton restored American confidence. In 1777, the British launched an invasion from Quebec under John Burgoyne, intending to isolate the New England Colonies. Instead of assisting this effort, Howe took his army on a separate campaign against Philadelphia, and Burgoyne was decisively defeated at Saratoga in October 1777. Burgoyne's defeat had drastic consequences. France formally allied with the Americans and entered the war in 1778, and Spain joined the war the following year as an ally of France but not as an ally of the United States. In 1780, the Kingdom of Mysore attacked the British in India, and tensions between Great Britain and the Netherlands erupted into open war. In North America, the British mounted a "Southern strategy" led by Charles Cornwallis which hinged upon a Loyalist uprising, but too few came forward. Cornwallis suffered reversals at King's Mountain and Cowpens. He retreated to Yorktown, Virginia, intending an evacuation, but a decisive French naval victory deprived him of an escape. A Franco-American army led by the Comte de Rochambeau and Washington then besieged Cornwallis' army and, with no sign of relief, he surrendered in October 1781. Whigs in Britain had long opposed the pro-war Tories in Parliament, and the surrender gave them the upper hand. In early 1782, Parliament voted to end all offensive operations in North America, but the war continued in Europe and India. Britain remained under siege in Gibraltar but scored a major victory over the French navy. On September 3, 1783, the belligerent parties signed the Treaty of Paris in which Great Britain agreed to recognize the sovereignty of the United States and formally end the war. French involvement had proven decisive,Brooks, Richard (editor). Atlas of World Military History. HarperCollins, 2000, p. 101 "Washington's success in keeping the army together deprived the British of victory, but French intervention won the war." but France made few gains and incurred crippling debts. Spain made some minor territorial gains but failed in its primary aim of recovering Gibraltar. The Dutch were defeated on all counts and were compelled to cede territory to Great Britain. In India, the war against Mysore and its allies concluded in 1784 without any territorial changes.
Anderson Hays Cooper (born June 3, 1967) is an American journalist, television personality, and author.
Aquidneck Island, officially Rhode Island, is an island in Narragansett Bay and in the U.S. state of Rhode Island and the Providence Plantations, which is partially named after the island.
An army of observation is a military body whose purpose is to monitor a given area or enemy body in preparation for possible hostilities.
Babcock's/Lippitt's Regiment was a regiment raised for the defense of Rhode Island during the American Revolution.
The Battle of Bunker Hill was fought on June 17, 1775, during the Siege of Boston in the early stages of the American Revolutionary War.
The Battle of Harlem Heights was fought during the New York and New Jersey campaign of the American Revolutionary War.
The Battle of Long Island is also known as the Battle of Brooklyn and the Battle of Brooklyn Heights.
The Battle of Pine's Bridge was a minor engagement during the American Revolutionary War that took place on May 14, 1781.
The Battle of Princeton was a battle of the American Revolutionary War, fought near Princeton, New Jersey on January 3, 1777.
The Battle of Red Bank (October 22, 1777) was a battle of the American Revolutionary War in which a Hessian force was sent to take Fort Mercer on the left bank (or New Jersey side) of the Delaware River just south of Philadelphia, but was decisively defeated by a far inferior force of Colonial defenders.
The Battle of Rhode Island (also known as the Battle of Quaker Hill and the Battle of Newport) took place on August 29, 1778.
The Battle of the Assunpink Creek, also known as the Second Battle of Trenton, was a battle between American and British troops that took place in and around Trenton, New Jersey, on January 2, 1777, during the American Revolutionary War, and resulted in an American victory.
The Battle of White Plains was a battle in the New York and New Jersey campaign of the American Revolutionary War fought on October 28, 1776, near White Plains, New York.
Bristol is a town in the historic county seat of Bristol County, Rhode Island, United States.
Brown University is a private Ivy League research university in Providence, Rhode Island, United States.
Cambridge is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, and part of the Boston metropolitan area.
Christopher Greene (May 12, 1737 – May 14, 1781) was an American legislator and soldier.
Cable News Network (CNN) is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel and an independent subsidiary of AT&T's WarnerMedia.
The Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations was one of the original Thirteen Colonies established on the east coast of North America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean.
A company is a military unit, typically consisting of 80–150 soldiers and usually commanded by a major or a captain.
The Continental Army was formed by the Second Continental Congress after the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War by the colonies that became the United States of America.
The Continental Congress, also known as the Philadelphia Congress, was a convention of delegates called together from the Thirteen Colonies.
Cornelius Vanderbilt II (November 27, 1843 – September 12, 1899) was an American socialite, heir, businessman, and a member of the prominent United States Vanderbilt family.
The Croton River is a river in southern New York that begins where its eastern and western tributaries join downstream from the Croton Falls Reservoir.
East Greenwich is an affluent town and the county seat of Kent County, Rhode Island, United States.
Fort Mercer was a fort on the Delaware River in New Jersey constructed by the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War.
George Washington (February 22, 1732 –, 1799), known as the "Father of His Country," was an American soldier and statesman who served from 1789 to 1797 as the first President of the United States.
Marie-Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette (6 September 1757 – 20 May 1834), in the United States often known simply as Lafayette, was a French aristocrat and military officer who fought in the American Revolutionary War.
Colonel Henry Sherburne (1748-1824) was an officer in the Continental Army during the American Revolution.
Hessians were German soldiers who served as auxiliaries to the British Army during the American Revolutionary War.
The Hudson Valley comprises the valley of the Hudson River and its adjacent communities in the U.S. state of New York, from the cities of Albany and Troy southward to Yonkers in Westchester County.
Infantry is the branch of an army that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and tank forces.
James De Lancey (September 6, 1746 – May 2, 1804) was a colonial American who lead one of the best known and most feared of the loyalist units, the De Lancey's Brigade, during the American Revolution.
James Mitchell Varnum (December 17, 1748 – January 9, 1789) was an American legislator, lawyer, generalHeitman, Officers of the Continental Army, 559.
Jeremiah Olney (1749 – 10 November 1812) was born into an old family from Rhode Island.
Kent County is a county located in the U.S. state of Rhode Island.
Loyalists were American colonists who remained loyal to the British Crown during the American Revolutionary War, often called Tories, Royalists, or King's Men at the time.
Nathanael Greene (June 19, 1786, sometimes misspelled Nathaniel) was a major general of the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783).
The New York and New Jersey campaign was a series of battles in 1776 and the winter months of 1777 for control of New York City and the state of New Jersey during the American Revolutionary War between British forces under General Sir William Howe and the Continental Army under General George Washington.
Newburgh is a city located in Orange County, New York, United States, north of New York City, and south of Albany, on the Hudson River.
Portsmouth is a town in Newport County, Rhode Island, USA.
Providence is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Rhode Island and is one of the oldest cities in the United States.
Rhode Island, officially the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, is a state in the New England region of the United States.
The State of Rhode Island General Assembly is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Rhode Island.
The Rhode Island Line was a formation within the Continental Army.
Richmond's Regiment was a regiment formed by the state of Rhode Island in November 1775, during the American Revolution for the defense of the state against an attack by the British.
Robert K. Wright Jr. (born 1946) is an American military historian and author.
Roxbury is a dissolved municipality and a currently officially recognized neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts.
Saratoga is a town in Saratoga County, New York, United States.
Sherburne's Additional Continental Regiment (a.k.a. Sherburne's Battalion) was a unit of the Continental Army which served from January 1, 1777 until it was disbanded on January 1, 1781.
The Siege of Boston (April 19, 1775 – March 17, 1776) was the opening phase of the American Revolutionary War.
The Siege of Fort Mifflin or Siege of Mud Island Fort from September 26 to November 16, 1777 saw British land batteries commanded by Captain John Montresor and a British naval squadron under Vice Admiral Lord Richard Howe attempt to capture an American fort in the Delaware River commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Samuel Smith.
The Siege of Yorktown, also known as the Battle of Yorktown, the Surrender at Yorktown, German Battle or the Siege of Little York, ending on October 19, 1781, at Yorktown, Virginia, was a decisive victory by a combined force of American Continental Army troops led by General George Washington and French Army troops led by the Comte de Rochambeau over a British Army commanded by British peer and Lieutenant General Charles Cornwallis.
Silas Talbot (January 11, 1751 – June 30, 1813) was an officer in the Continental Army and in the Continental Navy during the American Revolution.
Valley Forge functioned as the third of eight military encampments for the Continental Army’s main body, commanded by General George Washington.
Warren is a town in Bristol County, Rhode Island, United States.
Washington County, known locally as South County, is a county located in the U.S. state of Rhode Island.
Watercolor (American English) or watercolour (British English; see spelling differences), also aquarelle (French, diminutive of Latin aqua "water"), is a painting method in which the paints are made of pigments suspended in a water-based solution.
Westchester County is a county in the U.S. state of New York.
The Yorktown or Virginia campaign was a series of military maneuvers and battles during the American Revolutionary War that culminated in the decisive Siege of Yorktown in October 1781.
Yorktown is a U.S. town that lies on the north border in Westchester County, New York, in a suburb approximately north of midtown Manhattan.
For the Continental Army unit, see 1st Rhode Island Regiment. The 1st Rhode Island Infantry were two regiments of the United States Army, the first of which was raised in 1861 at the beginning of the American Civil War on a 90-day enlistment, the second during the Spanish–American War in 1898.
The 2nd Rhode Island Regiment (also known as Hitchcock's Regiment and the 11th Continental Infantry) was authorized on 6 May 1775 under Colonel Daniel Hitchcock in the Rhode Island Army of Observation and was organized on 8 May 1775 as eight companies of volunteers from Providence County of the colony of Rhode Island.