60 relations: Agent Orange, Amenorrhea, Anorexia (symptom), Antiestrogen, Apoptosis, Aryl hydrocarbon receptor, Benzo(a)pyrene, Cancer, Carcinogen, Catalysis, Causality, Chemical formula, Chloracne, Chlorophenol, Cleft lip and cleft palate, Combustion, Congener (chemistry), Developmental toxicity, Dioxins and dioxin-like compounds, Enzyme, Estrogen, Gene, Gene expression, Genotoxicity, Guinea pig, Hamster, Hydronephrosis, International Agency for Research on Cancer, La Repubblica, List of IARC Group 1 carcinogens, Meta-analysis, Multiple myeloma, Mutagen, Myeloid leukemia, Neural tube defect, Organ (anatomy), Organic synthesis, Oxidative stress, Phenoxy herbicide, Polychlorinated dibenzodioxins, Polychlorinated dibenzofurans, Rat, Relative risk, Seveso, Seveso disaster, Spina bifida, Statistical significance, Strain (biology), Teratology, Thymus, ..., Toxic equivalency factor, Transcription factor, Triangle of death (Italy), Ukraine, United States Department of Health and Human Services, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Vienna, Vietnam War, Viktor Yushchenko, 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid. Expand index (10 more) » « Shrink index
Agent Orange is an herbicide and defoliant chemical, one of the tactical use Rainbow Herbicides.
Amenorrhoea is the absence of a menstrual period in a woman of reproductive age.
Anorexia (from Ancient Greek ανορεξία: 'ἀν-' "without" + 'όρεξις', spelled 'órexis' meaning "appetite") is the decreased sensation of appetite.
Antiestrogens, also known as estrogen antagonists or estrogen blockers, are a class of drugs which prevent estrogens like estradiol from mediating their biological effects in the body.
Apoptosis (from Ancient Greek ἀπόπτωσις "falling off") is a process of programmed cell death that occurs in multicellular organisms.
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR or AHR or ahr or ahR) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the AHR gene.
Benzopyrene is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon and the result of incomplete combustion of organic matter at temperatures between and.
Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.
A carcinogen is any substance, radionuclide, or radiation that promotes carcinogenesis, the formation of cancer.
Catalysis is the increase in the rate of a chemical reaction due to the participation of an additional substance called a catalysthttp://goldbook.iupac.org/C00876.html, which is not consumed in the catalyzed reaction and can continue to act repeatedly.
Causality (also referred to as causation, or cause and effect) is what connects one process (the cause) with another process or state (the effect), where the first is partly responsible for the second, and the second is partly dependent on the first.
A chemical formula is a way of presenting information about the chemical proportions of atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound or molecule, using chemical element symbols, numbers, and sometimes also other symbols, such as parentheses, dashes, brackets, commas and plus (+) and minus (−) signs.
Chloracne is an acne-like eruption of blackheads, cysts, and pustules associated with over-exposure to certain halogenated aromatic compounds, such as chlorinated dioxins and dibenzofurans.
A chlorophenol is any organochloride of phenol that contains one or more covalently bonded chlorine atoms.
Cleft lip and cleft palate, also known as orofacial cleft, is a group of conditions that includes cleft lip (CL), cleft palate (CP), and both together (CLP).
Combustion, or burning, is a high-temperature exothermic redox chemical reaction between a fuel (the reductant) and an oxidant, usually atmospheric oxygen, that produces oxidized, often gaseous products, in a mixture termed as smoke.
In chemistry, congeners are related chemical substances "related to each other by origin, structure, or function".
Developmental toxicity is any structural or functional alteration, reversible or irreversible, which interferes with homeostasis, normal growth, differentiation, development or behavior, and which is caused by environmental insult (including drugs, lifestyle factors such as alcohol, diet, and environmental toxic chemicals or physical factors).
Dioxins and dioxin-like compounds (DLCs) are compounds that are highly toxic environmental persistent organic pollutants (POPs).
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
Estrogen, or oestrogen, is the primary female sex hormone.
In biology, a gene is a sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a molecule that has a function.
Gene expression is the process by which information from a gene is used in the synthesis of a functional gene product.
In genetics, genotoxicity describes the property of chemical agents that damages the genetic information within a cell causing mutations, which may lead to cancer.
The guinea pig or domestic guinea pig (Cavia porcellus), also known as cavy or domestic cavy, is a species of rodent belonging to the family Caviidae and the genus Cavia.
Hamsters are rodents (order Rodentia) belonging to the subfamily Cricetinae, which contains about 25 species classified in six or seven genera.
Hydronephrosis describes urine-filled dilation of the renal pelvis and/or calyces as a result of obstruction.
The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC; Centre International de Recherche sur le Cancer, CIRC) is an intergovernmental agency forming part of the World Health Organization of the United Nations.
la Repubblica (the Republic) is an Italian daily general-interest newspaper.
Substances, mixtures and exposure circumstances in this list have been classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as Group 1: The agent (mixture) is carcinogenic to humans.
A meta-analysis is a statistical analysis that combines the results of multiple scientific studies.
Multiple myeloma, also known as plasma cell myeloma, is a cancer of plasma cells, a type of white blood cell normally responsible for producing antibodies.
In genetics, a mutagen is a physical or chemical agent that changes the genetic material, usually DNA, of an organism and thus increases the frequency of mutations above the natural background level.
Myeloid leukemia is a type of leukemia affecting myeloid tissue.
Neural tube defects (NTDs) are a group of birth defects in which an opening in the spinal cord or brain remains from early in human development.
Organs are collections of tissues with similar functions.
Organic synthesis is a special branch of chemical synthesis and is concerned with the intentional construction of organic compounds.
Oxidative stress reflects an imbalance between the systemic manifestation of reactive oxygen species and a biological system's ability to readily detoxify the reactive intermediates or to repair the resulting damage.
Phenoxy herbicides (or "phenoxies") are a family of chemicals related to the growth hormone indoleacetic acid (IAA).
Polychlorinated dibenzodioxins (PCDDs), or simply dioxins, are a group of polyhalogenated organic compounds that are significant environmental pollutants.
Polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) are a family of organic compounds with one or several of the hydrogens in the dibenzofuran structure replaced by chlorines.
Rats are various medium-sized, long-tailed rodents in the superfamily Muroidea.
In statistics and epidemiology, relative risk or risk ratio (RR) is the ratio of the probability of an event occurring (for example, developing a disease, being injured) in an exposed group to the probability of the event occurring in a comparison, non-exposed group.
Seveso (in Lombard dialect: Séves) is a town and comune in the Province of Monza and Brianza, in the Region of Lombardy.
The Seveso disaster was an industrial accident that occurred around 12:37 pm on July 10, 1976, in a small chemical manufacturing plant approximately north of Milan in the Lombardy region of Italy.
Spina bifida is a birth defect where there is incomplete closing of the backbone and membranes around the spinal cord.
In statistical hypothesis testing, a result has statistical significance when it is very unlikely to have occurred given the null hypothesis.
In biology, a strain is a low-level taxonomic rank used at the intraspecific level (within a species).
Teratology is the study of abnormalities of physiological development.
The thymus is a specialized primary lymphoid organ of the immune system.
Toxic equivalency factor (TEF) expresses the toxicity of dioxins, furans and PCBs in terms of the most toxic form of dioxin, 2,3,7,8-TCDD.
In molecular biology, a transcription factor (TF) (or sequence-specific DNA-binding factor) is a protein that controls the rate of transcription of genetic information from DNA to messenger RNA, by binding to a specific DNA sequence.
The triangle of death (Italian: Triangolo della morte) is an area in the Italian province of Campania comprising the municipalities of Acerra, Nola and Marigliano that contains the largest illegal waste dump in Europe.
Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.
The United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), also known as the Health Department, is a cabinet-level department of the U.S. federal government with the goal of protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services.
The Environmental Protection Agency is an independent agency of the United States federal government for environmental protection.
Vienna (Wien) is the federal capital and largest city of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria.
The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.
Viktor Andriyovych Yushchenko (Віктор Андрійович Ющенко,; born February 23, 1954) is a Ukrainian politician who was the third President of Ukraine from January 23, 2005 to February 25, 2010.
2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (also known as 2,4,5-T), a synthetic auxin, is a chlorophenoxy acetic acid herbicide used to defoliate broad-leafed plants.
2,3,7,8-TCDD, 2,3,7,8-Tetrachloro-dibenzo-p-dioxin, 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin, 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-para-dioxin, 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin, 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzodioxin, C12H4Cl4O2, TCDBD, TCDD dioxin, Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin, Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin, Tetradioxin.