74 relations: Agent Orange, Amine, Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority, Auxin, Broad-leaved tree, Carcinogen, Catabolism, Cell culture, Cereal, Chemical formula, Chloroacetic acid, Choline, Decarboxylation, Dicamba, Dichlorprop, Dicotyledon, Dow AgroSciences, Dow Chemical Company, Enlist Weed Control System, Ester, European Food Safety Authority, Federal Register, Four Corners (Australian TV program), Genetic pollution, Genetically modified maize, Genetically modified soybean, Glyphosate, Grassland, Halogenation, Herbicide, Hydroxylation, Imperial Chemical Industries, In situ, Indole-3-acetic acid, Infertility, International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lawn, List of IARC Group 2B carcinogens, Maize, Maximum residue limit, MCPA, Mecoprop, Median lethal dose, Meristem, Metadata, Monochlorophenol, Monocotyledon, Multiple discovery, Murashige and Skoog medium, Natural Resources Defense Council, ..., Nitrosamine, Organic compound, Phenol, Phenoxy herbicide, Plant hormone, Poaceae, Rice, Rothamsted Research, Salt (chemistry), Sierra Club Canada, Sodium bicarbonate, United States Department of Agriculture, United States Environmental Protection Agency, University of Chicago, Vietnam War, Weed, Westport, Connecticut, Wheat, World Health Organization, World War II, 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin, 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, 2,4-Dichlorophenol, 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid. Expand index (24 more) » « Shrink index
Agent Orange is an herbicide and defoliant chemical, one of the tactical use Rainbow Herbicides.
In organic chemistry, amines are compounds and functional groups that contain a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair.
The Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority (APVMA) is the Australian Government statutory agency responsible for the management and regulation of all agricultural and veterinary chemical products in Australia.
Auxins (plural of auxin) are a class of plant hormones (or plant growth regulators) with some morphogen-like characteristics.
A broad-leaved, broad-leaf, or broadleaf tree is any tree within the diverse botanical group of angiosperms which has flat leaves and produces seeds inside of fruits.
A carcinogen is any substance, radionuclide, or radiation that promotes carcinogenesis, the formation of cancer.
Catabolism (from Greek κάτω kato, "downward" and βάλλειν ballein, "to throw") is the set of metabolic pathways that breaks down molecules into smaller units that are either oxidized to release energy or used in other anabolic reactions.
Cell culture is the process by which cells are grown under controlled conditions, generally outside their natural environment.
A cereal is any edible components of the grain (botanically, a type of fruit called a caryopsis) of cultivated grass, composed of the endosperm, germ, and bran.
A chemical formula is a way of presenting information about the chemical proportions of atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound or molecule, using chemical element symbols, numbers, and sometimes also other symbols, such as parentheses, dashes, brackets, commas and plus (+) and minus (−) signs.
Chloroacetic acid, industrially known as monochloroacetic acid (MCA) is the organochlorine compound with the formula ClCH2CO2H.
Choline is a water-soluble vitamin-like essential nutrient.
Decarboxylation is a chemical reaction that removes a carboxyl group and releases carbon dioxide (CO2).
Dicamba (3,6-dichloro-2-methoxybenzoic acid) is a broad-spectrum herbicide first registered in 1967.
Dichlorprop is a chlorophenoxy herbicide similar in structure to 2,4-D that is used to kill annual and perennial broadleaf weeds.
The dicotyledons, also known as dicots (or more rarely dicotyls), are one of the two groups into which all the flowering plants or angiosperms were formerly divided.
Dow AgroSciences LLC is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Dow Chemical Company specializing in not only agricultural chemicals such as pesticides, but also seeds and biotechnology solutions.
The Dow Chemical Company, commonly referred to as Dow, is an American multinational chemical corporation headquartered in Midland, Michigan, United States, and the predecessor of the merged company DowDuPont.
The Enlist Weed Control System is an agricultural system that includes seeds for genetically modified crops that are resistant to Enlist (a broadleaf herbicide with two active agents, 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and glyphosate) and the Enlist herbicide; spraying the herbicide will kill weeds but not the resulting crop.
In chemistry, an ester is a chemical compound derived from an acid (organic or inorganic) in which at least one –OH (hydroxyl) group is replaced by an –O–alkyl (alkoxy) group.
The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) is the agency of the European Union (EU) that provides independent scientific advice and communicates on existing and emerging risks associated with the food chain.
The Federal Register (FR or sometimes Fed. Reg.) is the official journal of the federal government of the United States that contains government agency rules, proposed rules, and public notices.
Four Corners is an Australian investigative journalism/current affairs documentary television program, the longest of its kind nationally.
Genetic pollution is a controversial term for uncontrolled gene flow into wild populations.
Genetically modified maize (corn) is a genetically modified crop.
A genetically modified soybean is a soybean (Glycine max) that has had DNA introduced into it using genetic engineering techniques.
Glyphosate (N-(phosphonomethyl)glycine) is a broad-spectrum systemic herbicide and crop desiccant.
Grasslands are areas where the vegetation is dominated by grasses (Poaceae); however, sedge (Cyperaceae) and rush (Juncaceae) families can also be found along with variable proportions of legumes, like clover, and other herbs.
Halogenation is a chemical reaction that involves the addition of one or more halogens to a compound or material.
Herbicides, also commonly known as weedkillers, are chemical substances used to control unwanted plants.
Hydroxylation is a chemical process that introduces a hydroxyl group (-OH) into an organic compound.
Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI) was a British chemical company and was, for much of its history, the largest manufacturer in Britain.
In situ (often not italicized in English) is a Latin phrase that translates literally to "on site" or "in position".
Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA, 3-IAA) is the most common, naturally occurring, plant hormone of the auxin class.
Infertility is the inability of a person, animal or plant to reproduce by natural means.
The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC; Centre International de Recherche sur le Cancer, CIRC) is an intergovernmental agency forming part of the World Health Organization of the United Nations.
A lawn is an area of soil-covered land planted with grasses and other durable plants such as clover which are maintained at a short height with a lawnmower and used for aesthetic and recreational purposes.
Substances, mixtures and exposure circumstances in this list have been classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as Group 2B: The agent (mixture) is "possibly carcinogenic to humans".
Maize (Zea mays subsp. mays, from maíz after Taíno mahiz), also known as corn, is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago.
The maximum residue limit (also maximum residue level, MRL), is the maximum amount of pesticide residue that is expected to remain on food products when a pesticide is used according to label directions, that will not be a concern to human health.
MCPA (2-methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid) is a powerful, selective, widely used phenoxy herbicide.
Mecoprop, or methylchlorophenoxypropionic acid (MCPP), is a common general use herbicide found in many household weed killers and "weed-and-feed" type lawn fertilizers.
In toxicology, the median lethal dose, LD50 (abbreviation for "lethal dose, 50%"), LC50 (lethal concentration, 50%) or LCt50 is a measure of the lethal dose of a toxin, radiation, or pathogen.
A meristem is the tissue in most plants containing undifferentiated cells (meristematic cells), found in zones of the plant where growth can take place.
Metadata is "data that provides information about other data".
The monobromophenols are chemical compounds consisting of phenol substituted with a chlorine atom.
Monocotyledons, commonly referred to as monocots, (Lilianae sensu Chase & Reveal) are flowering plants (angiosperms) whose seeds typically contain only one embryonic leaf, or cotyledon.
The concept of multiple discovery (also known as simultaneous invention) is the hypothesis that most scientific discoveries and inventions are made independently and more or less simultaneously by multiple scientists and inventors.
Murashige and Skoog medium (or MSO or MS0 (MS-zero)) is a plant growth medium used in the laboratories for cultivation of plant cell culture.
The Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) is a United States-based, non-profit international environmental advocacy group, with its headquarters in New York City and offices in Washington, D.C.; San Francisco; Los Angeles; New Delhi, India; Chicago; Bozeman, Montana; and Beijing, China.
Nitrosamines are chemical compounds of the chemical structure R1N(–R2)–N.
In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.
Phenol, also known as phenolic acid, is an aromatic organic compound with the molecular formula C6H5OH.
Phenoxy herbicides (or "phenoxies") are a family of chemicals related to the growth hormone indoleacetic acid (IAA).
Plant hormones (also known as phytohormones) are chemicals that regulate plant growth.
Poaceae or Gramineae is a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants known as grasses, commonly referred to collectively as grass.
Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima (African rice).
Rothamsted Research, previously known as the Rothamsted Experimental Station and then the Institute of Arable Crops Research, is one of the oldest agricultural research institutions in the world, having been founded in 1843.
In chemistry, a salt is an ionic compound that can be formed by the neutralization reaction of an acid and a base.
Sierra Club Canada (SCC) is a Canadian environmental organization.
Sodium bicarbonate (IUPAC name: sodium hydrogen carbonate), commonly known as baking soda, is a chemical compound with the formula NaHCO3.
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), also known as the Agriculture Department, is the U.S. federal executive department responsible for developing and executing federal laws related to farming, forestry, and food.
The Environmental Protection Agency is an independent agency of the United States federal government for environmental protection.
The University of Chicago (UChicago, U of C, or Chicago) is a private, non-profit research university in Chicago, Illinois.
The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.
A weed is a plant considered undesirable in a particular situation, "a plant in the wrong place".
Westport is an affluent town located in Connecticut, along Long Island Sound within Connecticut's Gold Coast in Fairfield County, Connecticut.
Wheat is a grass widely cultivated for its seed, a cereal grain which is a worldwide staple food.
The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is a polychlorinated dibenzo''-p-''dioxin (sometimes shortened, though inaccurately, to simply "dioxin") with the chemical formula.
2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (also known as 2,4,5-T), a synthetic auxin, is a chlorophenoxy acetic acid herbicide used to defoliate broad-leafed plants.
2,4-Dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) is a chlorinated derivative of phenol with the molecular formula C6H4Cl2O.
2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (usually called 2,4-D) is an organic compound with the chemical formula C8H6Cl2O3.
2, 4 D, 2, 4-D, 2, 4-d, 2,4 dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, 2,4-D, 2,4-Dicholorophenoxyacedtic Acid, 2,4-d, 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, 2,4D, 2,4d, 2-4D, 24-D, 24D, 24d, Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, Dichlorprop-p 2-ethylhexyl ester, Dichlorprop-p dimethylamine salt, Dicholorophenoxyacedtic Acid, Dicholorophenoxyacedtic acid, Hedonal, Trinoxol.