44 relations: Alcohol, Alkane, Atom, Autoignition temperature, Boiling point, Branching (polymer chemistry), Bromine, Carbon, Carbon dioxide, Chemical property, Combustion, Distillation, Ether, Flame, Flash point, Halogen, Heptane, Hexane, Hydrogen, Impurity, Isomer, Melting point, Methyl group, NFPA 704, Oxygen, Physical property, Refining, Solvent, Substitution reaction, Sunlight, Ultraviolet, Valnoctamide, Valpromide, Water, 1,1,1-Trichloroethane, 2-Ethyl-1-butanol, 2-Ethylhexanoic acid, 2-Ethylhexanol, 2-Methylheptane, 2-Methylpentane, 3-Ethylpentane, 3-Methylheptane, 3-Methylhexane, 3-Methylpentane.
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.
In organic chemistry, an alkane, or paraffin (a historical name that also has other meanings), is an acyclic saturated hydrocarbon.
An atom is the smallest constituent unit of ordinary matter that has the properties of a chemical element.
The autoignition temperature or kindling point of a substance is the lowest temperature at which it spontaneously ignites in normal atmosphere without an external source of ignition, such as a flame or spark.
The boiling point of a substance is the temperature at which the vapor pressure of the liquid equals the pressure surrounding the liquid and the liquid changes into a vapor.
In polymer chemistry, branching occurs by the replacement of a substituent, e.g., a hydrogen atom, on a monomer subunit, by another covalently bonded chain of that polymer; or, in the case of a graft copolymer, by a chain of another type.
Bromine is a chemical element with symbol Br and atomic number 35.
Carbon (from carbo "coal") is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6.
Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.
A chemical property is any of a material's properties that becomes evident during, or after, a chemical reaction; that is, any quality that can be established only by changing a substance's chemical identity.
Combustion, or burning, is a high-temperature exothermic redox chemical reaction between a fuel (the reductant) and an oxidant, usually atmospheric oxygen, that produces oxidized, often gaseous products, in a mixture termed as smoke.
Distillation is the process of separating the components or substances from a liquid mixture by selective boiling and condensation.
Ethers are a class of organic compounds that contain an ether group—an oxygen atom connected to two alkyl or aryl groups.
A flame (from Latin flamma) is the visible, gaseous part of a fire.
The flash point of a volatile material is the lowest temperature at which vapours of the material will ignite, when given an ignition source.
The halogens are a group in the periodic table consisting of five chemically related elements: fluorine (F), chlorine (Cl), bromine (Br), iodine (I), and astatine (At).
n-Heptane is the straight-chain alkane with the chemical formula H3C(CH2)5CH3 or C7H16.
Hexane is an alkane of six carbon atoms, with the chemical formula C6H14.
Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.
Impurities are either naturally occurring or added during synthesis of a chemical or commercial product.
An isomer (from Greek ἰσομερής, isomerès; isos.
The melting point (or, rarely, liquefaction point) of a substance is the temperature at which it changes state from solid to liquid at atmospheric pressure.
A methyl group is an alkyl derived from methane, containing one carbon atom bonded to three hydrogen atoms — CH3.
"NFPA 704: Standard System for the Identification of the Hazards of Materials for Emergency Response" is a standard maintained by the U.S.-based National Fire Protection Association.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
A physical property is any property that is measurable, whose value describes a state of a physical system.
Refining (also perhaps called by the mathematical term affining) is the process of purification of a (1) substance or a (2) form.
A solvent (from the Latin solvō, "loosen, untie, solve") is a substance that dissolves a solute (a chemically distinct liquid, solid or gas), resulting in a solution.
Substitution reaction (also known as single displacement reaction or single substitution reaction) is a chemical reaction during which one functional group in a chemical compound is replaced by another functional group.
Sunlight is a portion of the electromagnetic radiation given off by the Sun, in particular infrared, visible, and ultraviolet light.
Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.
Valnoctamide (INN, USAN) has been used in France as a sedative-hypnotic since 1964.
Valpromide (marketed as Depamide by Sanofi-Aventis) is a carboxamide derivative of valproic acid used in the treatment of epilepsy and some affective disorders.
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.
The organic compound 1,1,1-trichloroethane, also known as methyl chloroform, is a chloroalkane.
2-Ethyl-1-butanol (IUPAC name: 2-ethylbutan-1-ol) is an organic chemical compound.
2-Ethylhexanoic acid is the organic compound with the formula CH3(CH2)3CH(C2H5)CO2H.
2-Ethylhexanol (abbreviated 2-EH) is a branched, eight-carbon chiral alcohol.
2-Methylheptane is a branched alkane isomeric to octane.
2-Methylpentane, trivially known as isohexane, is a branched-chain alkane with the molecular formula C6H14.
3-Ethylpentane (C7H16) is a branched, saturated hydrocarbon.
3-Methylheptane is a branched alkane isomeric to octane.
3-Methylhexane is a branched hydrocarbon with two enantiomers.
3-Methylpentane is a branched-chain alkane with the molecular formula C6H14.