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# 2 21 polytope

In 6-dimensional geometry, the 221 polytope is a uniform 6-polytope, constructed within the symmetry of the E6 group. [1]

## Complex polytope

In geometry, a complex polytope is a generalization of a polytope in real space to an analogous structure in a complex Hilbert space, where each real dimension is accompanied by an imaginary one.

## Complex reflection group

In mathematics, a complex reflection group is a finite group acting on a finite-dimensional complex vector space that is generated by complex reflections: non-trivial elements that fix a complex hyperplane pointwise.

## Configuration (polytope)

In geometry, H. S. M. Coxeter called a regular polytope a special kind of configuration.

## Convex polytope

A convex polytope is a special case of a polytope, having the additional property that it is also a convex set of points in the n-dimensional space Rn.

## Coxeter element

In mathematics, the Coxeter number h is the order of a Coxeter element of an irreducible Coxeter group.

## Coxeter group

In mathematics, a Coxeter group, named after H. S. M. Coxeter, is an abstract group that admits a formal description in terms of reflections (or kaleidoscopic mirrors).

## Coxeter–Dynkin diagram

In geometry, a Coxeter–Dynkin diagram (or Coxeter diagram, Coxeter graph) is a graph with numerically labeled edges (called branches) representing the spatial relations between a collection of mirrors (or reflecting hyperplanes).

## Cross-polytope

In geometry, a cross-polytope, orthoplex, hyperoctahedron, or cocube is a regular, convex polytope that exists in n-dimensions.

## Cubic surface

A cubic surface is a projective variety studied in algebraic geometry.

## Dodecagon

In geometry, a dodecagon or 12-gon is any twelve-sided polygon.

## Dynkin diagram

In the mathematical field of Lie theory, a Dynkin diagram, named for Eugene Dynkin, is a type of graph with some edges doubled or tripled (drawn as a double or triple line).

## E6 (mathematics)

In mathematics, E6 is the name of some closely related Lie groups, linear algebraic groups or their Lie algebras \mathfrak_6, all of which have dimension 78; the same notation E6 is used for the corresponding root lattice, which has rank 6.

## E6 polytope

In 6-dimensional geometry, there are 39 uniform polytopes with E6 symmetry.

## Edmund Hess

Edmund Hess (17 February 1843 &ndash; 24 December 1903) was a German mathematician who discovered several regular polytopes.

## Emanuel Lodewijk Elte

Emanuel Lodewijk Elte (16 March 1881 in Amsterdam – 9 April 1943 in Sobibór) at joodsmonument.nl was a Dutch mathematician.

## Geometry

Geometry (from the γεωμετρία; geo- "earth", -metron "measurement") is a branch of mathematics concerned with questions of shape, size, relative position of figures, and the properties of space.

## Gosset–Elte figures

In geometry, the Gosset–Elte figures, named by Coxeter after Thorold Gosset and E. L. Elte, are a group of uniform polytopes which are not regular, generated by a Wythoff construction with mirrors all related by order-2 and order-3 dihedral angles.

## Harold Scott MacDonald Coxeter

Harold Scott MacDonald "Donald" Coxeter, FRS, FRSC, (February 9, 1907 &ndash; March 31, 2003) was a British-born Canadian geometer.

## Hessian polyhedron

In geometry, the Hessian polyhedron is a regular complex polyhedron 333,, in \mathbb^3.

## Isosceles triangle

In geometry, an isosceles triangle is a triangle that has two sides of equal length.

## Ludwig Schläfli

Ludwig Schläfli (15 January 1814 – 20 March 1895) was a Swiss mathematician, specialising in geometry and complex analysis (at the time called function theory) who was one of the key figures in developing the notion of higher-dimensional spaces.

## Orthographic projection

Orthographic projection (sometimes orthogonal projection), is a means of representing three-dimensional objects in two dimensions.

## Petrie polygon

In geometry, a Petrie polygon for a regular polytope of n dimensions is a skew polygon in which every (n – 1) consecutive sides (but no n) belongs to one of the facets.

## Projection (linear algebra)

In linear algebra and functional analysis, a projection is a linear transformation P from a vector space to itself such that.

## Rectified 5-cell

In four-dimensional geometry, the rectified 5-cell is a uniform 4-polytope composed of 5 regular tetrahedral and 5 regular octahedral cells.

## Rectified 5-orthoplexes

In five-dimensional geometry, a rectified 5-orthoplex is a convex uniform 5-polytope, being a rectification of the regular 5-orthoplex.

## Rectified 5-simplexes

In five-dimensional geometry, a rectified 5-simplex is a convex uniform 5-polytope, being a rectification of the regular 5-simplex.

## Regular polytope

In mathematics, a regular polytope is a polytope whose symmetry group acts transitively on its flags, thus giving it the highest degree of symmetry.

## Schläfli graph

In the mathematical field of graph theory, the Schläfli graph, named after Ludwig Schläfli, is a 16-regular undirected graph with 27 vertices and 216 edges.

## Schläfli symbol

In geometry, the Schläfli symbol is a notation of the form that defines regular polytopes and tessellations.

## Semiregular polytope

In geometry, by Thorold Gosset's definition a semiregular polytope is usually taken to be a polytope that is vertex-uniform and has all its facets being regular polytopes.

## Simplex

In geometry, a simplex (plural: simplexes or simplices) is a generalization of the notion of a triangle or tetrahedron to arbitrary dimensions.

## Tetrahedron

In geometry, a tetrahedron (plural: tetrahedra or tetrahedrons), also known as a triangular pyramid, is a polyhedron composed of four triangular faces, six straight edges, and four vertex corners.

## Thorold Gosset

John Herbert de Paz Thorold Gosset (16 October 1869 &ndash; December 1962) was an English lawyer and an amateur mathematician.

## Triangle

A triangle is a polygon with three edges and three vertices.

## Triangular prism

In geometry, a triangular prism is a three-sided prism; it is a polyhedron made of a triangular base, a translated copy, and 3 faces joining corresponding sides.

## Uniform 5-polytope

In geometry, a uniform 5-polytope is a five-dimensional uniform polytope.

## Uniform 6-polytope

In six-dimensional geometry, a uniform polypeton (or uniform 6-polytope) is a six-dimensional uniform polytope.

## Uniform k 21 polytope

In geometry, a uniform k21 polytope is a polytope in k + 4 dimensions constructed from the ''E''''n'' Coxeter group, and having only regular polytope facets.

## Uniform polytope

A uniform polytope of dimension three or higher is a vertex-transitive polytope bounded by uniform facets.

## Vertex figure

In geometry, a vertex figure, broadly speaking, is the figure exposed when a corner of a polyhedron or polytope is sliced off.

## 1 22 polytope

In 6-dimensional geometry, the 122 polytope is a uniform polytope, constructed from the E6 group.

## 2 22 honeycomb

In geometry, the 222 honeycomb is a uniform tessellation of the six-dimensional Euclidean space.

## 24-cell

In geometry, the 24-cell is the convex regular 4-polytope (four-dimensional analogue of a Platonic solid) with Schläfli symbol.

## 4 21 polytope

In 8-dimensional geometry, the 421 is a semiregular uniform 8-polytope, constructed within the symmetry of the E8 group.

## 5-cell

In geometry, the 5-cell is a four-dimensional object bounded by 5 tetrahedral cells.

## 5-demicube

In five-dimensional geometry, a demipenteract or 5-demicube is a semiregular 5-polytope, constructed from a 5-hypercube (penteract) with alternated vertices removed.

## 5-orthoplex

In five-dimensional geometry, a 5-orthoplex, or 5-cross polytope, is a five-dimensional polytope with 10 vertices, 40 edges, 80 triangle faces, 80 tetrahedron cells, 32 5-cell 4-faces.

## 5-simplex

In five-dimensional geometry, a 5-simplex is a self-dual regular 5-polytope.

## References

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