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2nd Army (Russian Empire)

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The Russian 2nd Army (2-я армия, 2А) was an army-level command of the Imperial Russian Army in World War I. It was formed just prior to the outbreak of hostilities from the units of Warsaw Military District and was mobilized in August 1914. [1]

48 relations: Aleksei Baiov, Alexander Samsonov, Anthony Veselovsky, Army, Austria-Hungary, Battle of Gumbinnen, Battle of Stallupönen, Battle of Tannenberg, Belarus, Cryptography, Eastern Front (World War I), First Battle of the Masurian Lakes, French Third Republic, General of the cavalry, General of the infantry, General officer, German Empire, I Corps (German Empire), Imperial Russian Air Service, Imperial Russian Army, Jeziorany, Königsberg, Lake Naroch Offensive, Lieutenant general, Mobilization, Nikolai Danilov, Northwestern Front (Russian Empire), Paul von Rennenkampf, Prisoner of war, Pyotr Telezhnikov, Russian invasion of East Prussia (1914), Sergei Scheidemann, Slutsk, Telegraphy, Vladimir Vasilyevich Smirnov, Warsaw, Warsaw Military District (Russian Empire), World War I, XVII Corps (German Empire), XX Corps (German Empire), Yakov Zhilinsky, 13th Army Corps (Russian Empire), 1st Army (Russian Empire), 1st Army Corps (Russian Empire), 42nd Infantry Division (Russian Empire), 5th Infantry Division (Russian Empire), 6th Army Corps (Russian Empire), 9th Cavalry Division (Russian Empire).

Aleksei Baiov

Aleksei Baiov (February 8, 1871 – May 8, 1935) was an Imperial Russian division, corps and army commander.

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Alexander Samsonov

Aleksandr Vasilyevich Samsonov (Алекса́ндр Васи́льевич Самсо́нов) was a career officer in the cavalry of the Imperial Russian Army and a general during the Russo-Japanese War and World War I.

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Anthony Veselovsky

Anthony Veselovsky (7 March 1865 – 1939) was an Imperial Russian division, corps and army commander.

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Army

An army (from Latin arma "arms, weapons" via Old French armée, "armed" (feminine)) or land force is a fighting force that fights primarily on land.

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Austria-Hungary

Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy in English-language sources, was a constitutional union of the Austrian Empire (the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council, or Cisleithania) and the Kingdom of Hungary (Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen or Transleithania) that existed from 1867 to 1918, when it collapsed as a result of defeat in World War I. The union was a result of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 and came into existence on 30 March 1867.

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Battle of Gumbinnen

The Battle of Gumbinnen, initiated by forces of the German Empire on 20 August 1914, was a German offensive on the Eastern Front during the First World War.

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Battle of Stallupönen

The Battle of Stallupönen, fought between Russian and German armies on August 17, 1914, was the opening battle of World War I on the Eastern Front.

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Battle of Tannenberg

The Battle of Tannenberg was fought between Russia and Germany between the 26th and 30th of August 1914, the first month of World War I. The battle resulted in the almost complete destruction of the Russian Second Army and the suicide of its commanding general, Alexander Samsonov.

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Belarus

Belarus (Беларусь, Biełaruś,; Беларусь, Belarus'), officially the Republic of Belarus (Рэспубліка Беларусь; Республика Беларусь), formerly known by its Russian name Byelorussia or Belorussia (Белоруссия, Byelorussiya), is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe bordered by Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest.

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Cryptography

Cryptography or cryptology (from κρυπτός|translit.

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Eastern Front (World War I)

The Eastern Front or Eastern Theater of World War I (Восточный фронт, Vostochnıy front, sometimes called the Second Fatherland War or Second Patriotic War (Вторая Отечественная война, Vtoraya Otechestvennaya voyna) in Russian sources) was a theatre of operations that encompassed at its greatest extent the entire frontier between the Russian Empire and Romania on one side and the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Bulgaria, the Ottoman Empire and the German Empire on the other. It stretched from the Baltic Sea in the north to the Black Sea in the south, included most of Eastern Europe and stretched deep into Central Europe as well. The term contrasts with "Western Front", which was being fought in Belgium and France. During 1910, Russian General Yuri Danilov developed "Plan 19" under which four armies would invade East Prussia. This plan was criticised as Austria-Hungary could be a greater threat than the German Empire. So instead of four armies invading East Prussia, the Russians planned to send two armies to East Prussia, and two Armies to defend against Austro-Hungarian forces invading from Galicia. In the opening months of the war, the Imperial Russian Army attempted an invasion of eastern Prussia in the northwestern theater, only to be beaten back by the Germans after some initial success. At the same time, in the south, they successfully invaded Galicia, defeating the Austro-Hungarian forces there. In Russian Poland, the Germans failed to take Warsaw. But by 1915, the German and Austro-Hungarian armies were on the advance, dealing the Russians heavy casualties in Galicia and in Poland, forcing it to retreat. Grand Duke Nicholas was sacked from his position as the commander-in-chief and replaced by the Tsar himself. Several offensives against the Germans in 1916 failed, including Lake Naroch Offensive and the Baranovichi Offensive. However, General Aleksei Brusilov oversaw a highly successful operation against Austria-Hungary that became known as the Brusilov Offensive, which saw the Russian Army make large gains. The Kingdom of Romania entered the war in August 1916. The Entente promised the region of Transylvania (which was part of Austria-Hungary) in return for Romanian support. The Romanian Army invaded Transylvania and had initial successes, but was forced to stop and was pushed back by the Germans and Austro-Hungarians when Bulgaria attacked them in the south. Meanwhile, a revolution occurred in Russia in February 1917 (one of the several causes being the hardships of the war). Tsar Nicholas II was forced to abdicate and a Russian Provisional Government was founded, with Georgy Lvov as its first leader, who was eventually replaced by Alexander Kerensky. The newly formed Russian Republic continued to fight the war alongside Romania and the rest of the Entente until it was overthrown by the Bolsheviks in October 1917. Kerensky oversaw the July Offensive, which was largely a failure and caused a collapse in the Russian Army. The new government established by the Bolsheviks signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with the Central Powers, taking it out of the war and making large territorial concessions. Romania was also forced to surrender and signed a similar treaty, though both of the treaties were nullified with the surrender of the Central Powers in November 1918.

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First Battle of the Masurian Lakes

The First Battle of the Masurian Lakes was a German offensive in the Eastern Front during the early stages of World War I. It pushed the Russian First Army back across its entire front, eventually ejecting it from Germany.

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French Third Republic

The French Third Republic (La Troisième République, sometimes written as La IIIe République) was the system of government adopted in France from 1870 when the Second French Empire collapsed during the Franco-Prussian War until 1940 when France's defeat by Nazi Germany in World War II led to the formation of the Vichy government in France.

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General of the cavalry

General of the Cavalry (General der Kavallerie) was a General officer rank in the cavalry in various states of which the modern states of German and Austria are successors or in other armies which used the German model.

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General of the infantry

General of the Infantry is a military rank of a General officer in the infantry and refers to.

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General officer

A general officer is an officer of high rank in the army, and in some nations' air forces or marines.

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German Empire

The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.

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I Corps (German Empire)

The I Army Corps / I AK (I.) was a corps level command of the Prussian and then the Imperial German Armies from the 19th Century to World War I. It was established with headquarters in Königsberg (now Kaliningrad, Russia).

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Imperial Russian Air Service

The Imperial Russian Air Service (Императорскiй военно-воздушный флотъ, literally Emperor's Military Air Fleet) was an air force founded in 1912 for Imperial Russia.

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Imperial Russian Army

The Imperial Russian Army (Ру́сская импера́торская а́рмия) was the land armed force of the Russian Empire, active from around 1721 to the Russian Revolution of 1917.

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Jeziorany

Jeziorany ((Seeburg) formerly known in Polish as Zybork, is a town in Olsztyn County, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland, with 3,411 inhabitants (2004).

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Königsberg

Königsberg is the name for a former German city that is now Kaliningrad, Russia.

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Lake Naroch Offensive

The Lake Naroch Offensive in 1916 was an unsuccessful Russian offensive on the Eastern Front in World War I. It was launched at the request of Marshal Joseph Joffre and intended to relieve the German pressure on French forces.

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Lieutenant general

Lieutenant general, lieutenant-general and similar (abbrev Lt Gen, LTG and similar) is a three-star military rank (NATO code OF-8) used in many countries.

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Mobilization

Mobilization, in military terminology, is the act of assembling and readying troops and supplies for war.

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Nikolai Danilov

Nikolai Danilov (April 25, 1867 – May 1934) was an Imperial Russian corps and army commander.

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Northwestern Front (Russian Empire)

The Northwestern Front (Се́веро-За́падный фронт) was an army group of the Imperial Russian Army during the First World War.

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Paul von Rennenkampf

Paul Georg Edler von Rennenkampf(f) (Russified into Павел-Георг Карлович (фон) Ренненкампф, Pavel-Georg Karlovich (von) Rennenkampf; – 1 April 1918) was an Baltic German nobleman and military leader of Baltic German extraction, General of the Cavalry (1910), General-Adjutant (1912), who served in the Imperial Russian Army.

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Prisoner of war

A prisoner of war (POW) is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.

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Pyotr Telezhnikov

Pyotr Dmitryvich Telezhnikov (birth surname Schreider; born 31 March 1863) was an Imperial Russian division, corps and army commander.

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Russian invasion of East Prussia (1914)

The Russian invasion of East Prussia occurred during the First World War, lasting from August to September 1914.

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Sergei Scheidemann

Sergei Mikhailovich Scheidemann (August 18, 1857 – 1922) was an army commander of the Imperial Russian Army in World War I. After the October Revolution, he went over to the Bolsheviks.

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Slutsk

Slutsk (officially transliterated as Sluck, Слуцк; Слуцк; Słuck, Sluckas, Yiddish/Hebrew: סלוצק Slotsk) is a city in Belarus, located on the Sluch River south of Minsk.

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Telegraphy

Telegraphy (from Greek: τῆλε têle, "at a distance" and γράφειν gráphein, "to write") is the long-distance transmission of textual or symbolic (as opposed to verbal or audio) messages without the physical exchange of an object bearing the message.

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Vladimir Vasilyevich Smirnov

Vladimir Vasilyevich Smirnov (July 4, 1849 – November 1, 1918) was an Imperial Russian Army general who was division, corps and army commander.

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Warsaw

Warsaw (Warszawa; see also other names) is the capital and largest city of Poland.

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Warsaw Military District (Russian Empire)

The Warsaw Military District (Варшавский вое́нный о́круг) was a Russian military district of the Imperial Russian Army.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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XVII Corps (German Empire)

The XVII Army Corps / XVII AK (XVII.) was a corps level command of the German Army before and during World War I. As the German Army expanded in the latter part of the 19th century, the XVII Army Corps was set up on 1 April 1890 in Danzig as the Generalkommando (headquarters) for West Prussia.

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XX Corps (German Empire)

The XX Army Corps / XX AK (XX.) was a corps level command of the German Army before and during World War I. As the German Army expanded in the latter part of the 19th century and early part of the 20th century, the XX Army Corps was set up on 1 October 1912 in Allenstein as the Generalkommando (headquarters) for the southern part of East Prussia.

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Yakov Zhilinsky

Yakov Grigoryevich Zhilinsky (Я́ков Григо́рьевич Жили́нский; 27 March 1853 – 1918) was a Russian cavalry general, chief of staff of the Imperial Russian Army from 2 February 1911 to 4 March 1914.

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13th Army Corps (Russian Empire)

The 13th Army Corps was a corps of the Imperial Russian Army, formed in the 1870s.

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1st Army (Russian Empire)

The 1st Army (translit) was an army-level command of the Russian Imperial Army created during World War I. The First Army, commanded by General Paul Rennenkampf, invaded East Prussia at the outbreak of war in 1914 along with the Second Army commanded by General Alexander Samsonov.

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1st Army Corps (Russian Empire)

The 1st Army Corps (1-й армейский корпус) was a formation in the Imperial Russian Army, formed in the 1870s.

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42nd Infantry Division (Russian Empire)

The 42nd Infantry Division (42-я пехотная дивизия, 42-ya Pekhotnaya Diviziya) was an infantry formation of the Russian Imperial Army.

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5th Infantry Division (Russian Empire)

The 5th Infantry Division (5-я пехотная дивизия, 5-ya Pekhotnaya Diviziya) was an infantry formation of the Russian Imperial Army that existed in various formations from 1806 until the end of World War I and the Russian Revolution.

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6th Army Corps (Russian Empire)

The 6th Army Corps was an Army corps in the Imperial Russian Army.

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9th Cavalry Division (Russian Empire)

The 9th Cavalry Division (9-я кавалерийская дивизия, 9-ya Kavaleriiskaya Diviziya) was an cavalry formation of the Russian Imperial Army.

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Redirects here:

Russian Second Army, Second Army (Russian Empire).

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2nd_Army_(Russian_Empire)

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